Active music listening, active music therapy, auditory integration training, Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music, "brain music" treatment, calming music therapy, contingent music, creative arts therapy, dinner music intervention, evocative music, expressive therapy, group chanting and singing, group drumming, Guided Imagery and Music (GIM), Hemi-Sync , Heidelberg Model, improvisational music therapy, Individualized Music-Focused Auditory Therapy (IMAT), instructional music therapy, interactive music therapy, karaoke therapy, live music therapy, lullaby therapy, lyric analysis, mandalas, Medical Resonance Therapy Music (MRT-Music), medicine song, MT, muscle relaxation, music and movement, music and sign language, music-assisted progressive muscle relaxation, music-assisted reframing, music-based exercise, music-based imagery, music-based intervention, music exposure therapy, music in therapy, music intervention, music listening intervention, music stimulation, music therapy, music-reinforced ...
Sonora: Interdisciplinary Organisation for Music Therapy and Research" is a non-profit organization created in 2014. It consists of a team of scientists from the fields of music therapy, arts therapies, medicine, psychology, education, musicology and related humanistic disciplines. Our common goal is to develop the art and science of music therapy, explore its scientific bases and its beneficial effects as a health provider, as well as its overall contribution to promoting the highest quality of human life. The primary aim of Sonora is to conduct interdisciplinary clinical work and research on the role and function of music in relation to health and disease. Sonora operates with versatility in multiple dimensions within the area of music therapy. We embrace a broad range of approaches within the fields of music therapy, music psychotherapy, neurologic music therapy, music medicine, music psychology, neuroscience, and music therapy and technology. Sonora also provides training in the receptive ...
This qualitative research study explored areas of similarity and contrast between a music therapy students interpretations of selected audiovisual excerpts from music therapy sessions with a child with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and his parents interpretations of the same. A further feature of the study was investigating how these interpretations could inform the collaborative creation of a music activity for use in the home environment. Eight one-on-one music therapy sessions were conducted with an eight year-old boy with ASD at Alpha School in the Western Cape. The sessions were video recorded. Once the music therapy process was complete, four primary excerpts and five secondary excerpts were selected. Interpretations of the four primary excerpts were written by the music therapy student. A semi-structured interview consisting of two parts was then conducted with the childs parent. Part one involved eliciting the parents interpretations of the four primary excerpts. Part two ...
Chiltern is a dynamic Social Enterprise, passionate about ensuring that our award winning, evidence-based Neuro Music Therapy service is accessible to all. Chiltern provides Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT) and MATADOC assessments (Music Therapy Assessment Tool in Awareness for Disorders of Consciousness) to children with a range of needs. We have the most experienced team of practicing Neurologic Music Therapists in the UK, using evidenced-based techniques that use music to support improvements in speech and language, cognition and memory, physical difficulties and emotional well-being. We work closely with individuals, siblings, families at home, case managers and solicitors, and also provide services in hospitals and neuro-rehabilitation settings.. Anyone can get in touch with us to request a Neurologic Music Therapy assessment of 4 sessions, where we can look at whether NMT will be useful as an ongoing therapy, or whether a standard music therapy service, or home programme, using music would ...
Differences in symptom scores at the end of treatment were smaller than those reported in previous studies of music therapy for inpatients (Tang et al, 1994; Hayashi et al, 2002). Multiple factors could be responsible for these differences. First, previous studies provided more intensive interventions and achieved higher levels of attendance at therapy sessions. For instance, Tang and colleagues reported that all patients involved in their trial attended all music therapy sessions. We were keen to examine the effects of music therapy in an acute in-patient setting. The length of in-patient stay has decreased in most mental health units over recent years (National Statistics, 2004), and in the present study the majority of participants had left the in-patient unit before the end of therapy. As a result of this, a third of those randomised to music therapy had fewer than the four sessions we aimed to deliver to them. Previous studies have examined the impact of music therapy among people with ...
Differences in symptom scores at the end of treatment were smaller than those reported in previous studies of music therapy for inpatients (Tang et al, 1994; Hayashi et al, 2002). Multiple factors could be responsible for these differences. First, previous studies provided more intensive interventions and achieved higher levels of attendance at therapy sessions. For instance, Tang and colleagues reported that all patients involved in their trial attended all music therapy sessions. We were keen to examine the effects of music therapy in an acute in-patient setting. The length of in-patient stay has decreased in most mental health units over recent years (National Statistics, 2004), and in the present study the majority of participants had left the in-patient unit before the end of therapy. As a result of this, a third of those randomised to music therapy had fewer than the four sessions we aimed to deliver to them. Previous studies have examined the impact of music therapy among people with ...
Introduction. Long term music therapy for people with intellectual disabilities and the NDIS. As the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) fully rolls out across Australia, participants will be able to choose the providers of all their services. Upon entering the scheme, participants may use a NDIS planner who can provide advice regarding the range of services which may be accessed. Music therapy has a long history of working with people with intellectual disabilities (Alvin, 1965; Nordoff & Robbins, 1971) and is provided for under the support category of Capacity Building for Improved Daily Living in the NDIS Price Guide (Australian Department of Human Services (DHS), 2016).. To date the inclusion of music therapy in a participants NDIS plan has been ad hoc with some participants gaining approval for music therapy services and others not. To address these issues a White Paper was recently prepared for the Australian Music Therapy Association (AMTA) discussing the inclusion of music ...
Mariza Neiada is a music therapist from Athens and is currently working with children in special education settings. Mariza studied music therapy and vocal performance at Berklee College of Music in Boston, Massachusetts and completed the Neurologic Music Therapy certification training. From January 2013 to January 2014, Mariza worked as a contracted music therapist at South Shore Conservatory in Massachusetts. From June 2014 to June 2015, she coordinated and participated in a programme which focused on music therapy and parent-infant bonding in cooperation with the Child Psychiatric clinic of a Greek state paediatric university hospital. Since February 2015, Mariza has been working at Psychomotor Athens and conducts individual music therapy sessions with children who have developmental, physical and emotional needs.. Email: [email protected] ...
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. (American Music Therapy Association definition, 2005).
Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. (American Music Therapy Association definition, 2005).
Nov 07 2015, 10:00 AM What is Music Therapy?. Engaging in music therapy can help people feel emotionally supported, motivate them to engage in their treatment, and help them connect with family in a new and different way. Music therapy may consist of creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music. No previous musical experience is necessary and anyone can benefit from music therapy!. Join our specialist, Beth ...
The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the effects of music therapy on comfort in acute mechanically ventilated patients in the Intensive Care Unit. Mechanical ventilation leads to decreased comfort. Pain and anxiety may increase during this treatment modality, and the literature suggests this may directly affect patient comfort levels. Music therapy as a nursing intervention within the context of comfort, pain, and anxiety of mechanically ventilated patients was investigated. This quasi-experiemental study used a pre-test and post-test design with subjects serving as their own control. The convenience sample consisted of 2 men and 3 women who were mechanically ventilated and fit the selection criteria. Dependent variables measured included comfort, pain, and anxiety. Physiologic dependent measures included heart rate, respiratory rate, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure collected at timed intervals. Comfort was measured using a modified version of the Hospice Comfort ...
Copyright © 1998-2020. American Music Therapy Association® and its logo are registered trademarks with the U.S. Patent and Trademark office. Information, files, graphics, and other content on this site are the property of the American Music Therapy Association® and may not be reproduced beyond personal use in print or any other media without express written permission of the American Music Therapy Association. The American Music Therapy Association® is a 501(c)3 non-profit organization and accepts contributions which support its mission. Contributions are tax deductible as allowed by law ...
So when we go in, we bring in drums, things that are colourful and bright, and just let them play. Itll help them during the day, sometimes even between extra procedures. For example, putting on ointments, it helps them not to cry so much.". KK Womens and Childrens Hospital started its music therapy programme for children in 2007. In 2009, a similar programme was extended to women with cancer and those suffering from illnesses such as depression.. AID FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES. Special education school Rainbow Centre also offers music therapy for some of its 100 students with learning disabilities. A student with autism will typically attend a weekly one-on-one session lasting half an hour, during which a variety of instruments, from drums to xylophones, will be used.. "For music therapy session, we focus on what the child is able to do," said the schools Senior Music Therapist Loi Wei Ming. "For example, if the child is not able to interact with a person, we might structure ...
Evidence suggests that music therapy is beneficial for all individuals, both physically and mentally. Benefits of music therapy include improved heart rate, reduced anxiety, stimulation of the brain, and improved learning. Music therapists use their techniques to help their patients in many areas, ranging from stress relief before and after surgeries to neuropathologies such as Alzheimers disease. One study found that children who listened to music while having an IV inserted into their arms showed less distress and felt less pain than the children who did not listen to music while having an IV inserted.[3] Studies on patients diagnosed with mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia have shown a visible improvement in their mental health after music therapy.[4] ...
Despite recent advances in medicine, patients with advanced illness continue to report high rates of suffering due to psychoexistential concerns such as loss of function, meaninglessness and anxieties in relation to death and dying. Palliative care recognises the total pain experienced by end-of-life patients and supports the use of adjunct complementary therapies to address aspects of patient suffering still outside the remit of medical science and technology.. Music therapy is frequently used as a palliative therapy and entails the use of music to achieve individual goals in the context of a therapeutic relationship with a professional music therapist. Aligning with the goals of palliative care, the primary aim of music therapy is to improve peoples quality of life by relieving physical and psychological symptoms, facilitating communication and alleviating spiritual or existential concerns.. However, there are currently no guidelines in place for the use of music therapy in palliative care. ...
Read our Music Therapy Awareness Month Press Release.. MUSIC HEALS: Watch this CBC video about how Musical therapy gives hope to burn victim James Harder.. Music Therapy Article on CNN: When patients have music emergencies. __________________________________________. HELP FILL A DREAM FOUNDATION has donated funds for a new Soundbeam 5 and laptop for one of our Music Therapy studios. The Soundbeam 5 is the incredible music instrument that uses motion sensors to translate body movements into music and sound.. On behalf of all the participants who ever dreamed to play an instrument but were unable to do so until today, we say "Thank you from the bottom o f our heart" . And to our participants just remember to never let go of your dreams ...
Music Therapy Month is March and it is here! Music Heals partnered with Blenz as an official iPod Pharmacy depot in British Columbia. For every iPod donation you make youll receive a free $5 gift card.. In Toronto we partnered with Vortex Records and Twelfth Fret Guitar Shop. The online zine Toronto is Awesome helped out by letting me post a guest blog on the topic of Music Therapy Month and the iPod Pharmacy. If youd like to read or share it you can find it here.. Please lend a hand by helping us spread the word about music therapy month, the iPod Pharmacy and Music Heals.ca.. Thx. df. ...
Not to long ago, a study from the Kansas looked at some aspect of this. The investigators evaluated the impact of music therapy with and without a specific emphasis on emotional-approach coping. This randomized, controlled trial aimed to use Active Music Engagement with Emotional-Approach Coping to improve well-being in post-operative liver and kidney transplant recipients (N = 29). Results indicated that music therapy led to significant increases in positive affect, music therapy using led to significant decreases in pain, and both conditions led to significant decreases in negative affect, an indicator of perceived stress/anxiety. Another study that had evaluated this in Minnesota: Results indicated there were significant improvements in self-reported levels of relaxation, anxiety , pain, and nausea. Although there was no reliability measure, there were significant increases in positive verbalizations and positive affect in liver and kidney transplant recipients. It appears that in both the ...
Alison Etter, MT-BC received a Bachelor of Music in Music Therapy from Southern Methodist University and completed her clinical internship at San Antonio State Hospital. She is currently working towards a Masters in Music Therapy at Colorado State University. She has worked at Kerrville State Hospital for over 4 years. She represents the Southwestern region on the AMTA Technology Committee and has served for 2 years. In 2014 she received the Harmony award for Clinical Practice from SWAMTA. Presentations include: Texas Forensic Networking Conference, Central Texas Music Therapy Association conference, SWAMTA conference, and the AMTA conference.. Jaimie Peterson, MAAT, ATR received her BFA in Painting from the Kansas City Art Institute and her MAAT at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. She has worked at Kerrville State Hospital for over 6 years. Her masters thesis on the art of Vietnam Veterans was exhibited at the Betty Rymer at the Art Institute of Chicago, the National Veterans Art ...
A substantial body of research exists to support the effectiveness of music therapy in a variety of settings. Music therapy research is published regularly in the Journal of Music Therapy, and can also be found in other professional journals and publications. Reprints of such research articles will be provided upon request.. ...
How to Use Music Therapy to Benefit Individuals With Parkinsons Disease. Music Therapy has proven to be particularly effective for persons with Parkinsons Disease (PD). Research in both music therapy and in neuroscience has shown that...
Music Therapy for Drug and Alcohol Treatment in Frederick, MD. Find phone numbers, addresses and information about Music Therapy for Drug and Alcohol Treatment in Frederick.
By Marcela De Vivo, mother of a child with a severe disability and freelance writer who works with Oltarsh law firms. She writes on immigration law, health and special education law and inclusion. Individuals of all ages and all abilities can benefit from music therapy. Previously, music therapy has been used to support emotional, cognitive and social development in many…
Early Childhood Music Therapy and Autism Spectrum Disorders : Developing Potential in Young Children and Their Families (Petra Kern) at Booksamillion.com. This comprehensive book includes an overview of recent developments in ASD and effective music therapy interventions based on ASD-specific approaches, instructional strategies and techniques for use in childrens natural environments. Therapists wishing to conduct family-centered practice and to support parents integrate music into home routines will find a wealth of information, together with insights from music therapists who are parents of children with ASD..
Music therapy has been useful for various types of diseases. In this article, we want to know the impact of music on lung inflammation. The pain arising from respiratory and complication of lung chronic can be reduced with music therapy. Doctors believe that the music therapy can be effective on improving symptoms of lung chronic obstructive (COPD). Physicians stating that breathing is hard for the patients with lung chronic inflammatory diseases and they explained about it. The patients who have experienced music therapy, are in the better condition and quality of life and psychological comfort than the patients who are just under medical treatment. Music therapy appears as an essential factor in a coherent way to control chronic respiratory disease and can be used as a mediator to treat symptoms. we can introduce musician who do charity works. ...
Music therapy has been useful for various types of diseases. In this article, we want to know the impact of music on lung inflammation. The pain arising from respiratory and complication of lung chronic can be reduced with music therapy. Doctors believe that the music therapy can be effective on improving symptoms of lung chronic obstructive (COPD). Physicians stating that breathing is hard for the patients with lung chronic inflammatory diseases and they explained about it. The patients who have experienced music therapy, are in the better condition and quality of life and psychological comfort than the patients who are just under medical treatment. Music therapy appears as an essential factor in a coherent way to control chronic respiratory disease and can be used as a mediator to treat symptoms. we can introduce musician who do charity works. ...
Music therapy for Alzheimers helps patients in such ways as wandering reduction, sleep enhancement, mood improvement and more. See below for local businesses in Gilbert that give access to types of music for treating Alzheimers, as well as advice and content on art therapy and pet therapy for Alzheimers treatment.
Music therapy for Alzheimers helps patients in such ways as wandering reduction, sleep enhancement, mood improvement and more. See below for local businesses in Roswell that give access to types of music for treating Alzheimers, as well as advice and content on art therapy and pet therapy for Alzheimers treatment.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of music therapy before, during, and after cardiac catheterization is associated on (a) change in reactive hyperemia index measured before and after catheterization using peripheral arterial tonometry and (b) patient stress and discomfort measured by a questionnaire, as compared to the standard of care (no music during cardiac catheterization).. The hypothesis of the study is that music therapy during cardiac catheterization will be associated with more favorable change in reactive hyperemia and higher patient satisfaction compared to no music playback. ...
Listen to New Age Noise|Relaxing Music Therapy Radio, free! Stream songs by New Age Noise|Relaxing Music Therapy & similar artists!
AIM: To determine the effect of cold therapy, music therapy and lidocaine spray on pain and anxiety following chest tube removal (CTR). METHODS: This study was a randomized clinical trial. The participants were randomly assigned either one of four groups: control group, cold therapy, music therapy, and lidocaine spray. The primary outcome of the study was to measure pain using Visual Analog Scale. Anxiety was used as secondary outcome. RESULTS: Thirty patients in each arm completed the study. There was no difference in pain scores between groups immediately after and 20min after CTR (F=2.06, p=0.108). However, there was a significant difference between the anxiety scores of control and intervention groups 20min after CTR (p|0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cold therapy reduced anxiety levels after the procedure. A multimodal approaches, such as the administration of pharmacologic agents in conjunction with non-pharmacological interventions including cold therapy may also be suggested.
Systematic literature review can summarise and critique research findings from a number of possible perspectives.. You may find the following readings helpful.. General. Hanson-Abromeit, D. & Moore, K.S. (2014). The systematic review as a research process in music therapy. Journal of Music Therapy 51(1) :4.. Robinson K. A., Saldanha I. J., and Mckoy N. A. (2011). Development of a framework to identify research gaps from systematic reviews. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 64(12): 1325.. Barnett-Page E., and Thomas J. (2009). Methods for the synthesis of qualitative research: a critical review. BMC Medical Research Methodology 9: 59.. Tricco A. C.,Straus S. E., and Moher, D. (2009). How can we improve the interpretation of systematic reviews? BMC Medicine 9:31. Meta-analysis (use of statistical techniques for combining and summarising quantitative results from controlled clinical trials). There are many books and e-books in the collection with the subject terms Meta-analysis or Evidence-based ...
Making sense of spirituality in music therapy: Some research orientations, contradictions and ways forward. Jerome Booth Music Therapy Centre, ARU, Cambridge Campus. Monday 16 April, 5.30-6.30pm.
A Music Therapy Professional needs to meet specific criteria and take their role in a serious manner. These basic standards must be followed.
Best Drug Rehabilitation offers music therapy classes. Contact us online or at our toll-free number to learn about music therapy and our other services.
The most relevant trends and data to help you find the best accredited music therapy programs in Spartanburg, South Carolina. Learn about students, faculty and music therapy professional salaries.
The most relevant trends and data to help you find the best accredited music therapy schools in North Carolina. Insight on students, faculty and music therapy professional salaries.
If you would like to obtain a Masters degree in Music Therapy in Quebec, please visit: https://www.concordia.ca/finearts/creative-arts-therapies/programs/music-therapy.html. In the following link you can appreciate some videos from Quebecs Music Therapy Association: http://www.musicotherapieaqm.org/fr/ressources/videos ...
Music therapy has been used for thousands of years because of its ability to promote healing and enhance the quality of life for many patients. Research found that this is done by helping patients express themselves emotionally and socially interact more with other patients and loved ones.. There is even evidence that music therapy can be used for pain relief as long as it is used with another more conventional form of treatment. It helps relieve stress and the nausea associated with chemotherapy. Depending on the type of music used, there have been reported cases of music therapy lowering heart rate and blood pressure.. Because of this, music therapy is usually used to help treat physical, emotional and mental symptoms. This is most often done in relation to the pain, anxiety and nausea symptoms caused by cancer and chemotherapy. That is because it helps these patients calm down, sleep more and feel less depressed.. In order for music therapy to work, music therapists create a course of music ...
2011 Nordoff Robbins Music Therapy - A non-profit making company limited by guarantee (trading as Nordoff Robbins).. Registered in England No. 1514616. Registered Charity No. 280960. Registered Office: 2 Lissenden Gardens, London NW5 1PQ.. ...
Review question We reviewed the evidence for the effects of music interventions on functional outcomes in adults with acquired brain injury.. Background Acquired brain injury (brain damage through accident or illness, including stroke, that is unlikely to degenerate further) can cause problems with movement, language, sensation, thinking, or emotion. Any of these can severely reduce a survivors quality of life. Many new treatments have been developed to help recover lost functions and to prevent depression. Music interventions involve using music to aid rehabilitation. Specific treatments may include using rhythm to aid movement and walking; playing music instruments to improve movement; singing to improve speaking and voice quality; listening to music to improve pain management, mood, or thinking; and playing and composing music to improve a sense of well-being.. Study characteristics We aimed to identify research studies that tested music interventions combined with standard care for adults ...
Golisano Childrens Hospitals music therapy team of one is happy to welcome Elaine Vuong as a second member of the staff. Vuongs 15-hour-per-week position is currently being funded by the Battle of the Beaks basketball games, annual games played between Nazareth College and St. John Fisher Colleges boys and girls teams that are largely supported by the Rochester community.. Vuong, a board-certified music therapist, received her Bachelor of Music in Music Therapy, with a minor in Psychology and a certification in music education, from Nazareth College. She then went on to get her Master of Music in Music Therapy at Florida State University, but always intended to come back to serve the community where she grew up.. Before Vuong, Rosemary Obi was the only music therapist on staff and, therefore, had to spread herself thin across all of the patient units. Now Obi can focus on providing music therapy for patients in the new Golisano Childrens Hospital tower as Vuong works with patients on the ...
We are surrounded every day by music and rhythm, from the radio in the car to the beating of our hearts. Music is naturally motivating, organizing, and energizing. Even when were not thinking of it, music has a profound influence on our emotions and moods in ways that words so often do not.. Music in healing and the promotion of wellness has been used by cultures worldwide for centuries. Since the 1940s, it has been researched and adapted for clinical use by medical practitioners for a wide range of diagnoses and challenges. Music has been utilized purposefully in addiction recovery since the 1970s, providing a supportive outlet through which to work toward physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual healing.. Though everyone has a relationship with their favorite music, music therapy is more than just listening. At Choices for Recovery, our board-certified music therapist works with individuals in our program using creative means to work toward specific recovery goals in a safe and empowering ...
Dental anxiety has been identified as a significant and common problem in both children and adults and is considered an obstacle for dental care providers in the delivery of quality oral care. Patients with dental anxiety tend to avoid professional dental care which poses a problem for dentists and patients alike.There are various treatment options for reducing dental anxiety. Music has been used in different medical fields to meet physiological, psychological, and spiritual needs of patients. Music interventions can either be passive (music listening) or active music (therapy).There was a significant gap in the literature on the effectiveness of music therapy and music listening in reducing dental anxiety in patients undergoing various dental treatments/procedures. This systematic review specifically examined the effectiveness of music interventions in reducing dental anxiety in both paediatric and adult patients.The objective of this systematic review was to critically appraise, synthesise and ...
Research has shown that music has a deep effect on your body and psyche. In fact, theres a growing field of health care known as Music Therapy, which uses music to heal. Those who practice music therapy are finding a benefit in using music to help cancer patients, children with ADD, and others, and even hospitals are beginning to use music and music therapy to help with pain management, to help ward off depression, to promote movement, to calm patients, to ease muscle tension, and for many other benefits that music and music therapy can bring. This is not surprising, as music have effect on the body and mind in many powerful ways ...
Now we have our blog set up (thanks Amy), I can use it to check in with you all from down under - gday! This morning I spoke at the annual meeting of the Australian Music Therapy Association - definitely not my usual crowd but a fantastic group of highly committed and passionate music therapists. …
How Music Helps in Music Therapy and Everyday Life (Music and Change: Ecological Perspectives) de Gary Ansdell en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 1409434141 - ISBN 13: 9781409434146 - Routledge - 2016 - Tapa dura
The Raukatauri Music Therapy Centre was named by its founder, singer and songwriter Hinewehi Mohi, after her daughter, Hineraukatauri.. The name Raukatauri comes from the legend of Hine Raukatauri, the Goddess of Flutes, who is the personification of Music. In Maori legend, Hine Raukatauri is the casemoth who lives in her elongated cocoon that hangs from many native trees. Maori make a unique flute, the putorino, in the shape of the casemoths home.. The male casemoth pupates and flies away, but the female remains in her case. At night as the breeze blows through the cocoon, the call of the female moth to her lover is heard as a sweet but barely audible sound. This has been the inspiration for all Maori flute music.. When Hinewehi Mohi came to name her daughter, who has severe cerebral palsy, she was reminded of the goddess trapped in her case - just as her daughter is trapped in her body, incapable of much independent movement. Music, as in the legend, has been the means of communication ...
Audio therapy is the clinical use of recorded sound, music, or spoken words, or a combination thereof, recorded on a physical medium such as a compact disc (CD), or a digital file, including those formatted as MP3, which patients or participants play on a suitable device, and to which they listen with intent to experience a subsequent beneficial physiological, psychological, or social effect. Audio therapy synthesises elements from a number of discreet areas of research and practice, including receptive music therapy, bibliotherapy, creative visualization, guided imagery, guided meditation, sound healing, and cognitive behavioral therapy. The term "receptive music therapy" denotes a process by which patients or participants listen to music with specific intent to therapeutically benefit; and is a term used by therapists to distinguish it from "active music therapy" by which patients or participants engage in producing vocal or instrumental music. Receptive music therapy is an effective ...