TY - JOUR. T1 - Excess morbidity in the hepatitis C-diagnosed population in Scotland, 1991-2006. AU - Mcdonald, Scott. AU - Hutchinson, Sharon. AU - Bird, Sheila M. AU - Mills, P.. AU - Hayes, P.. AU - Dillon, J.F.. AU - Goldberg, David J.. PY - 2011/3. Y1 - 2011/3. N2 - We estimated the excess risk of in-patient hospitalization in a large cohort of persons diagnosed with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, controlling for social deprivation. A total of 20 749 individuals diagnosed with HCV in Scotland by 31 December 2006 were linked to the Scottish hospital discharge database, and indirectly standardized hospitalization rates, adjusting for sex, age, year and deprivation were calculated. We observed significant excess morbidity considering episodes for: any diagnosis [standardized morbidity ratio (SMR) 3·4, 95% CI 3·3-3·5]; liver-related diagnoses (SMR 41·3, 95% CI 39·6-43·0); and only non-liver-related diagnoses (SMR 2·14, 95% CI 2·08-2·19). Cox regression analyses of the 2000-2006 ...
Background Morbidity and mortality conferences are a tool for evaluating care management, but they lack a precise format for practice in intensive care units.. Objectives To evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of regular morbidity and mortality conferences specific to intensive care units for improving quality of care and patient safety.. Methods For 1 year, a prospective study was conducted in an 18-bed intensive care unit. Events analyzed included deaths in the unit and 4 adverse events (unexpected cardiac arrest, unplanned extubation, reintubation within 24-48 hours after planned extubation, and readmission to the unit within 48 hours after discharge) considered potentially preventable in optimal intensive care practice. During conferences, events were collectively analyzed with the help of an external auditor to determine their severity, causality, and preventability.. Results During the study period, 260 deaths and 100 adverse events involving 300 patients were analyzed. The adverse ...
Neuroanesthesia Morbidity & Mortality Conference (M&M) is a monthly learning opportunity for faculty, CRNAs, and rotating residents to convene to review and discuss complicated patient cases, anesthetic complications, and collaborate to determine the best way to proceed for optimal patient outcomes.. ...
The morbidity and mortality conference is a traditional forum that provides clinicians with an opportunity to discuss medical errors and adverse events. ...
This book is the first of its kind to describe interdisciplinary approaches to biomedical studies. It views analyses of biomedical data sets, such as cancer morbidity and mortality, from a different and richer than classic epidemiological perspective by using mathematical modeling methods, including ones providing insights into probable mechanisms of human carcinogenesis. The book will be useful for many specialists, e.g., epidemiologists, oncologists, medical researchers, biologists, public health and environmental specialists, and specialists in mathematical modeling. Medical, biology and math undergraduates and postgraduates, as well as basic and applied researchers attempting to extend their studies in collaboration with other specialists in interdisciplinary teams, will find practical information here. Biomedical specialists could be interested in historical aspects of cancer treatment and prevention, mechanisms of carcinogenesis, cancer risk factors, cancer mortality and morbidity trends in the U
For research papers The BMJ has fully open peer review. This means that accepted research papers submitted from September 2014 onwards usually have their prepublication history posted alongside them on thebmj.com.. This prepublication history comprises all previous versions of the manuscript, the study protocol (submitting the protocol is mandatory for all clinical trials and encouraged for all other studies at The BMJ), the report from the manuscript committee meeting, the reviewers comments, and the authors responses to all the comments from reviewers and editors.. In rare instances we determine after careful consideration that we should not make certain portions of the prepublication record publicly available. For example, in cases of stigmatised illnesses we seek to protect the confidentiality of reviewers who have these illnesses. In other instances there may be legal or regulatory considerations that make it inadvisable or impermissible to make available certain parts of the ...
Levels of morbidity varied within and between regions, with several clusters of very high morbidity identified. At the regional level, morbidity was modestly associated with practice funding, with the North East and North West appearing underfunded. The regression model explained 39% of the variability in practice funding, but even after adjusting for covariates, a large amount of variability in funding existed across regions. High morbidity and, especially, rural location were very strongly associated with higher practice funding, while associations were more modest for high deprivation and older age.. ...
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Does this 80 year-old patient understand a Whipple operation (pancreatic cancer resection)? My patient does not have a genetic predisposition, but she is requesting bilateral mastectomies. What should I do? I dont think my patients surrogate decision maker is really acting in his best interest. What are my options? Surgeons deal with ethical challenges daily, as they obtain consent to perform complex operations, implement innovations, disclose errors, or interact with surrogate decision-makers. Communication breakdowns between physicians, patients, nurses, and other providers can result in decreased quality of care.. Ethics education can prepare trainees for complex cases by teaching them to clarify values and contexts, and to listen and communicate effectively.1 A review of empiric studies on surgical ethics education2 highlighted two overarching goals: (1) cultivating virtuous physicians and (2) teaching skills for the recognition and management of ethical quandaries that develop in the ...
This educational activity is designed to serve as a platform for reviewing the learning opportunities in selected, adverse events, and as a means to meet a graduate medical education requirement. More than 90% of academic programs have a M&M conference. In the Department of Surgery, residents and fellows predominate as the presenters and the primary audience, however the learning environment experience is strengthened with consistent faculty input ...
To review trauma cases and processes to improve patient outcomes through effective utilization of multidisciplinary trauma resources and improved staff, nursing and resident competencies. ...
EURIPA will be delivering a workshop on Chronic Care in rural areas at the WONCA Europe conference at the end of June in Prague. To inform the workshop we are running a questionnaire over the next few weeks and we would be very grateful if you were able to complete the survey using the link below by Sunday 4th June 2017. ...
Ravi Kiran E, Vijaya K, Sajjan BS, Satish Kumar V, Aneeta R, AnandVimalDev D, Jegan P. Morbidity pattern and Time trends of Filaria cases at a PHC in Dakshina Kannada District. Ind. J. Pub. Health. 2005;49(2):100-101 ...
Values shown are as of October 1971.. Curative medical care was available free of charge to the villagers on weekdays throughout the period of the study at a clinic adjacent to the feeding center. The program relied on auxiliary nurses to provide care under the close supervision of a physician, to whom difficult cases were referred. Pregnant women were immunized against tetanus and children against tuberculosis, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, measles, and poliomyelitis. Additional details are given in Habicht and Martorell (1992).. In addition to data on the intake of supplement by mothers and children, longitudinal information on diet, morbidity, growth, and mental development was collected at specific ages in children from birth to seven years of age, and dietary, morbidity, anthropometric, and clinical information on mothers during pregnancy and lactation. Diets were assessed by means of 24-hour dietary recalls, and morbidity data were collected through interviews of mothers at home ...
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of cancer patients experience psychiatric morbidity in association with diagnosis and treatment. If this morbidity is to be reduced, a better understanding is needed of the factors which influence adjustment to cancer. METHOD: A review of the literature was carried out to explore those factors associated with poor psychological adjustment to cancer. These are described under four heading: characteristics of the patient; disease and treatment variables; the interaction between patient and illness; and environmental factors. RESULTS: A number of risk factors for psychiatric morbidity can be identified from each of the four areas. Methodological limitations are highlighted, in particular the preponderance of cross-sectional study designs. CONCLUSIONS: Increased awareness of the risk factors for psychiatric morbidity should lead to earlier detection and more appropriate treatment. Future research should focus on those risk factors which are potentially modifiable ...
H.R. 2715: The Paperwork Elimination Act... Hearing... Serial No. 104-68... Committee On Small Business, U.S. House Of Representatives... 104th Congress, 2nd Session, March 27, 1996 ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Bereavement and long-term morbidity. T2 - an Australian project. AU - Bartrop, Roger W.. AU - Forcier, Lina. AU - Jones, Mike. AU - Kubb, Rosie. AU - Luckhurst, Elizabeth. AU - Penny, Ronald. PY - 1990/11/19. Y1 - 1990/11/19. N2 - spouse-bereaved subjects who had participated in earlier bereavement studies volunteered to allow investigation of their health up to eleven years after the death of their spouse. Re-enrolled controls were also studied over a similar period. Morbidity was measured in three ways: self-reports from the subjects, data obtained from medical records, and morbidity data common to both sources (confirmed data). The findings showed that the bereaved had an elevation in morbidity rate over non-bereaved, which was both substantial and statistically significant. Diseases of the circulatory system were significantly more common in the bereaved, as were psychiatric disorders in all data sources. Furthermore, bereaved had more respiratory and musculo-skeletal system ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Determinants of childhood morbidity in Bangladesh: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey 2011. AU - Hasanb, M.M.. AU - DAVEY, Rachel. N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Objectives: The present study aims to estimate the incidence of preventable infectious diseases or associated symptoms among young children in Bangladesh and also determine the factors affecting these conditions. The study hypothesised that various background characteristics of children as well as their parents influence the incidence of morbidity of children aged below 5 years. Setting: The study used data from the most recent nationally representative cross-sectional Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) conducted in 2011. Participants: A total of 7550 children aged below 5 years during the survey from ...
Participants mostly agreed that MMCs were beneficial in terms of healthcare quality and safety improvement. MMCs were perceived as beneficial for teamwork and the functioning of the unit. The improvement of practices and organization seemed to be the main objective perceived by the participants. Moreover, an educational role, for initial and continuing education, was perceived by most participants, particularly by the senior physicians. Most of participants were satisfied with MMCs and experienced a friendly and non-blaming environment.. The search for failures and the discussion of errors are well-documented opportunities for improvement of safety and education [2, 14]. The present results suggest that the analysis of these failures was perceived as determinant in improving patient safety. However, without a thorough analysis, this discussion seems to result in a blaming environment that is incompatible with constructive discussion [6, 15-18]. Indeed, personal failures are often spontaneously ...
In 2005, the United States Congress passed the Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act. The main goal of this law was to encourage health care providers to present their errors without fear of reprisal. The idea was to improve the quality of care for all patients; this is an important public policy interest. The errors reported would eventually be listed in a database created by the Department of Health and Human Services. This database could be accessed and medical errors could be analyzed, to hopefully develop best practices that would result in a decrease in similar types of errors in the future. There are currently some databases available for review, but the product envisioned by the law has not yet been realized.. ...
ACCME Accreditation Statement:The Medical College of Wisconsin is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.AMA Credit Designation Statement:The Medical College of Wisconsin designates this live activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™.
Morbidity see also Morbidity and mortality conference. ---------- Morbidity refers to the state of being diseased or unhealthy within a population. Precise delineation of individualized risks of morbidity and mortality is crucial in decision making in neurosurgery. Overall, the magnitude of medical errors in neurosurgery and the lack of focused research emphasize the need for prospective categorization of morbidity with judicious attribution. Ultimately, we must raise awareness of the impa…
The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO) in Africa has produced a large amount of data on participating countries, and in particular on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). These data are increasingly considered as unevaluable and, therefore, as requiring a rigorous process of validation before they can be used for research or public health purposes. The aim of this study was to propose a method to assess the level of adequacy of IDSR morbidity data in reflecting actual morbidity. A systematic search of English- and French-language articles was performed in Scopus, Medline, Science Direct, Springer Link, Cochrane, Cairn, Persée, and Erudit databases. Other types of documents were identified through manual searches. Selected articles focused on the determinants of the discrepancies (differences) between reported morbidity and actual morbidity. An adequacy score was constructed using some of the identified determinants. This
Mortality and morbidity data collected over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic clearly demonstrates that COVID-19 has the most severe effects on people who are 65 years and older and individuals with comorbidities. Protecting these higher-risk individuals is of the utmost concern in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic.. According to Texas death certificate data, more than 70 percent of the deaths directly caused by COVID-19 are among people 65 years and older. Additionally, a growing body of scientific evidence shows that adults of any age with certain underlying medical conditions have an increased risk of severe disease, defined as hospitalization, admission to the intensive care unit, mechanical ventilation or death.. In Texas, Phase 1B of vaccination will focus on people for whom there is strong and consistent evidence that COVID-19 makes them more likely to become very sick or die. Preventing the disease among people who have these risk factors will dramatically reduce the number of Texans ...
This commentary describes how one academic hospital identified weaknesses in and subsequently enhanced its morbidity and mortality conferences.
Chronic disease morbidity and income level in an employed population.: Does Adding Laypersons to Primary Care Teams Improve Care for Chronic Diseases? The full
In this review the authors recognise the growing contribution of obesity to problems in obstetrics and gynaecology. They then focus on methods to reduce complications in intrapartum and gynaecological care particularly in relation to operating on the obese woman. Strategies to reduce surgical morbidity are discussed including consideration of the site of incision, asepsis and reduction in postoperative complications ...
Current research in high-cost patients has focused on care redesign of the treatment of patients with multiple chronic morbidities.7 40 One contribution of our review is our identification of notable differences in characteristics and utilisation across payers and countries. This (clinical) diversity of high-cost patients may even be larger at a local level. Segmentation analysis has been suggested as a method to identify homogenous and meaningful segments of patients with similar characteristics, needs and behaviour, which allows for tailored policy.41 Such segmentation analysis may powerfully inform population health management initiatives. Given the multiple needs and cross-sectoral utilisation of high-cost patients, we suggest such analyses should capture both characteristics and utilisation as broadly as possible, to fully apprehend high-cost patients care needs and utilisation. In the context of high-cost patients, multimorbidity complicates segmentation, and the usefulness of segmentation ...
Results Nine QOF conditions were identified as robust co-predictors (Hazard Ratio ≥1.2) of mortality independent of age and sex, and were assigned integer score weights based on the strength of their association with mortality. Cancer (HR=3.4) and Dementia (HR=2.8) were the strongest predictors. In a Cox model with age and sex included, the addition of the QOF score improved model discrimination in predicting mortality (c-statistic=0.82 vs. 0.78), performing similarly to the Charlson index, an established morbidity index. In a multilevel logistic model, an individuals QOF score explained more of the variation in mortality between practices than the Charlson index (46% compared to 32%). At practice level, the mean QOF score per patient was strongly correlated with practice standardised mortality ratios (r=0.64) and explained more variation in practice death rates than the Charlson index. ...
My overall area of interest is pediatric dermatology. In the course of providing patient care, my aim is to advance scientific knowledge in this field. This goal is achieved through clinical observation, clinical trials, and collaboration with laboratories exploring the molecular basis of disease. I am also interested in providing care for skin disease in developing countries. In the course of a number of projects in Latin America and Africa, I have developed protocols and teaching manuals for this purpose. Finally, I am actively involved in developing new models for teaching doctor-patient communication to medical students, residents, and practicing physicians in all fields of medicine. My work on this includes some new methods for teaching empathic communication in the course of traditional morbidity and mortality conferences.
Within this chapter, we begin with the invaluable context of the experience of living after cancer as a young person. Then we move to describe the growing body of data indicating the consequences of cancer in patients diagnosed aged as teenagers and young adults (YAs). We identify that, while the variation in definitions used in the literature hamper firm conclusions, specific patterns of substantial morbidity are observed which are distinct from those seen in younger children. When combined with the epidemiology, the overall burden of late effects of adolescents and YA cancer and its treatment are a substantial public health problem. The progress in parts of Europe and the US in bringing together outcomes into medium-sized data sets, combined with the gaps in the data and remaining uncertainties, mean that the time is right for international epidemiological ascertainment of these adverse effects. There are potential benefits for commencing prospective clinical as well retrospective ...
Objective: Review challenging clinical scenarios presented by surgical trainees. Attendees are encouraged to interact with the presenters and panelists in an M&M format.. Description: This is meant to be a dynamic, interactive session where residents present their most spectacular patient experiences in a format similar to morbidity and mortality conference. This is modeled after the session at the American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress where panelists are encouraged to challenge the presenter and fellow panelists as the case is chronologically unveiled. Cases that present particularly challenging scenarios in regards to clinical decision-making are encouraged.. Format: Submissions will be accepted in the standard Abstract format using the same criteria as allowed for other AHS abstract submissions. Presentations, however, are in a PowerPoint format and we encourage liberal use of de-identified imaging, pictures, and video to compliment the clinical information when possible. To allow ...
Stroke is a vascular disease for which mortality and morbidity are relatively well-documented because most stroke victims are admitted to hospitals. Trends in stroke mortality, incidence, and prevalence are somewhat similar to those for other cardiovascular conditions. Stroke mortality has been decreasing since the 1960s, but without a consistent decrease in stroke incidence. Stroke incidence has even been reported to have been higher in the 1980s than during the 1970s, and there was no sustained decline in incidence during the 1990s.... ...
Study of psychiatric morbidity in cancer patients- in teaching hospital. Introduction: Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Co morbidity of cancer...
Evaluation of the safety of the Perceval S prosthesis in terms of percentage incidence of mortality and morbidity at 3-6 months after ...
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Series is prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). [It] is the agencys prim....
MedWorm checks thousands of medical RSS feeds each day and categorizes them for easy access. Here you can read summaries of all the latest updates from CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) -| εβδομαδιαία αναφορά νοσηρότητας και θνησιμότητας
Joining continuous wireless glucose monitoring systems with the central monitoring system in the CCU could have powerful impact on morbidity and mortality rates.
in ICU, we have fewer cases to handle, but we offer maximal care that one could offer to those who are in need. still there are cases which we are not able to salvage, for example those who are in really bad with impending mortality, and those which curative management was not available at the…
A fanlisting is a place where people who enjoy similar things come together! All you have to do is join. You, of course, can show your pride by a small graphic on your LJ somewhere. But its really easy to join! Its really easy to join! My point is to make a place where people who love to think…
Scuttling, always scuttling... - photo by Mitch Waxman Its been so weird being out and about during the daylight hours, I tell ya. After several months of being absolutely nocturnal, my recent switchover to a diurnal existence has really been messing with my head. People? Freaking people? Gah. What can I tell you, a humble…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Community Morbidity Patterns and Mexican American Folk Illnesses. T2 - A Comparative Methodology. AU - Trotter, Robert T.. PY - 1983/1. Y1 - 1983/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3242691817&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=3242691817&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1080/01459740.1983.9987026. DO - 10.1080/01459740.1983.9987026. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:3242691817. VL - 7. SP - 33. EP - 44. JO - Medical Anthropology: Cross Cultural Studies in Health and Illness. JF - Medical Anthropology: Cross Cultural Studies in Health and Illness. SN - 0145-9740. IS - 1. ER - ...
Tran, D., Jorm, L., Lujic, S., Bambrick, H. & Johnson, M. (2012). Country of birth recording in Australian hospital morbidity data : Accuracy and predictors. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health,36(4), 310-316. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2012.00893.x ...
subjects are shifted by this download clinical anesthesiology lessons learned from morbidity and mortality conferences. Of Neuropsychopharmacology And Cover Topics Ranging From only processors To Drug Pathways In Depression Treatment. manner: A Search to Joseph T. Neuropsychopharmacology: A fascination to Joseph T. Influential Neuroscientists Of Our Times.
My name is Bradley Peterson and I am a pediatric intensive care physician with over 40 years of experience in caring for the sickest and most severely injured children in San Diego, California and its extended service area of some 5 million people. I am board certified in pediatrics, anesthesia, and pediatric critical care. I also have extensive experience in post-operative congenital cardiac disease.. I have served as chairman of the PICU morbidity and mortality conference for 40 years. I also chair the pediatric transport morbidity and mortality meeting and have co-chaired the trauma morbidity and mortality conference.. I served as the medical director and grew a 54-bed PICU from an 8-bed PICU in its opening in 1978. I still care for patients and take regular calls. In my career I have cared for more than 30,000 patients and achieved some of the best survival rates in the nation as measured by the National PRISM scores.. I helped establish the pediatric trauma center. In 1984 I started the ...
Written by experts in the anesthesiology field, this book explores the various issues and complications that arise during the administration of anesthesiology in various clinical settings. Additionally, 26 real-life cases are explored and examined throughout the book
A primary objective of schistosomiasis control programmes is to achieve, and hence also demonstrate, a quantifiable reduction in schistosome-associated morbidity as a consequence of chemotherapeutic intervention. Inherent within such an objective, it is necessary to define and validate direct and indirect indicators of schistosome-related morbidity. However, to define and thereby document such morbidity, and its reduction following treatment, may not be straightforward, particularly for intestinal schistosomiasis-induced morbidity, which is often not apparent in all but the most severe or chronic cases. Within all Schistosomiasis Control Initiative activities, across selected sub-Saharan African countries since 2002, a range of standard and novel potential morbidity markers have been monitored and evaluated. Parasitological intensity measures, combined with haemoglobin/anaemia counts and ultrasonography, proved valuable schistosomiasis-related morbidity indicators, being both logistically ...
National Statistics Institute (Spain). Spain Hospital Morbidity Survey 2010. Madrid, Spain: National Statistics Institute (Spain ...
Pooja Chauhan1, V. Chandrashekar2. 1Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, MRIMS, Hyderabad, 2Professor and Head of department of Community medicine, Narayana Medical College, Nellore.. Abstract :. Background: Health problems of the old people are a very important component of any healthcare delivery system. Age related changes in immune system and degenerative phenomenon render people susceptible to a variety of infections, neoplasia and other disabilities.. Objectives: To study the morbidity pattern among elderly people of Venkatachalem village, Nellore.. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Venkatachalem village. 290 people of age 60 yrs and above were included in the study. Morbidity was assessed by history taking, clinical examination, reviewing past medical records and medicines taken by the study subject.. Result: The average number of morbidity per person was 3.5. The common morbidities were joint complaints (65.9%), anemia (56.6%), cataract (48.3%), and ...
  Abstract   Background & Aim: Neonatal morbidity is known as an important problem in neonatal medicine. Since there has been a noticeable increase in rates of cesarean sections compared to normal vaginal delivery, determining the best time of delivery is of paramount importance. The aim of this study was to ...
Because of the diversity of the cardiac phenotypes, classification of the overall spectrum of congenital cardiac defects has always been challenging, with the challenge exacerbated by the oft-complex association of intracardiac and extracardiac defects. The more complex the pathology, nonetheless, the more important is the need for specialists to speak a common language, and to unify the diagnostic process.. Two systems of classifications for coding and establishing medical and administrative databases for congenital heart defects (CHD) are currently used globally: the 10th revised version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) [1], and the International Paediatric and Congenital Cardiac Code (IPCCC), the latter designed in particular for evaluating the results of congenital cardiac surgery [2].. ICD-10 was created by the World Health Organization to permit the systematic analysis, the interpretation and the comparison of the mortality and morbidity data harvested in different ...
article{48bf2943-4c38-43f3-b6c6-e29be91dacfd, abstract = {Objective. Patients with RA have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Management of RA has changed substantially over time. Our aim was to evaluate changes in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality over the period of 1978-2002. Methods. Two cohorts of consecutive patients with RA seen at outpatient clinics in Malmö, Sweden, were started in 1978 (n = 148) and 1995 (n = 161) and compared with the corresponding background population. Patients were followed for 8 years, and fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular first events were identified using two national registers, hospital discharge and cause of death. Standardized morbidity ratio (SMoR) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR), adjusted for age and sex were calculated. Results. Sex distribution, age at disease onset and disease duration were similar in both groups. The 1995 cohort was more extensively treated with DMARDs and had less disease activity and disability. Total ...
Among the 155 interviews audited for quality control, only 25 of them (16.1%) had to change something in the records. Most the corrections were about identification data; in only six records (3.8%) the supervisor had to update morbidity data.. Discussion. This study presents an example of a simple and viable method of teleresearch in reproductive health to trace a specific subject selected from a database carried out in Brazil. Although telephone surveys have been used to explore information on health in developed settings for several years 1,15, there is still some discussion on the validity of telephone surveys for the administration of questionnaires and the mode of contact can interfere in response rates and account for selection bias in public health research. The validity of this method of collecting data needs a high rate of response to truly represent the studied population, therefore it is important to use recruitment methods that are easily reproducible 8,9,16,17.. In our study the ...
Definition of morbidity rate in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is morbidity rate? Meaning of morbidity rate as a legal term. What does morbidity rate mean in law?
Background The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for enUmeration of Morbidity and Mortality (POSSUM) and its Portsmouth modification (P-POSSUM) were developed for comparative audit in surgical patients. This study evaluated applicability of these systems in estimating mortality and morbidity risks in a cohort of patients undergoing laparotomy at the national referral hospital in Nairobi, Kenya. Methods Data of 166 patients undergoing laparotomy was subjected to POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems and analyzed using linear and exponential methods. The discrimination power of POSSUM and P-POSSUM as predictors of surgical outcome was measured using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The overall observed to expected (O:E) ratio using linear analysis was 0.29:1 (POSSUM) and 0.67:1 (P-POSSUM) while exponential analysis gave an O:E of 0.2:1 (POSSUM) and 0.4:1 (P-POSSUM). The predicted morbidity using POSSUM was 1.09:1 (linear analysis) and 1:1 (exponential analysis). ...
Mortality and morbidity are increased among infants born at term whose birth weights are at or below the 3rd percentile for their gestational age.
Nephrolithiasis is a highly prevalent disease worldwide with rates ranging from 7 to 13% in North America, 5-9% in Europe, and 1-5% in Asia. Due to high rates of new and recurrent stones, management of stones is expensive and the disease has a high level of acute and chronic morbidity.
In December 2019, a cluster of acute respiratory illness, now known as SARS-CoV-2-associated pneumonia or clinical COVID-19, emerged in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.1 This illness has spread rapidly worldwide and as of June 12, 2020, had been reported in more than 16.5 million individuals.2 Disease presentation has been variable, with some individuals exhibiting almost no symptoms and others dying rapidly.3-5 Early reports from China on those with a more severe disease course suggested an overrepresentation of patients with cancer, although the number of patients in these series was small.6,7 Patients with severe disease presentation are more likely to die of the disease, with some series reporting extremely high mortality rates among individuals requiring ventilator support.4,5,8 Based on a concern for excess morbidity and mortality from SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with cancer, many changes to clinical practice across the spectrum of disease have been rapidly adopted, including delays ...
Health, ...Amsterdam December 18 2012 - Sexual and reproductive morbidities are...Editor of RHM Marge Berer characterises this lack of priority ...The issue captures a range of perspectives focusing not just on clinic...Papers included are from Albania Australia Bangladesh Brazil Centr...,Reproductive,Health,Matters,announces,publication,of,its,themed,issue,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The effects of elevated blood lipid concentrations on cardiovascular mortality and morbidity are reviewed, with particular emphasis on how high fat diets and antihypertensive drugs can influence the...
Purpose:. The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has made major progress in the last decade. The survival of CML patients has improved with advent of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The cost of medication, compliance of patients and access to care are important issues that can also affect outcome. The purpose of the present study is to investigate effects of insurance status on outcomes of CML by analyzing data from National cancer database.. Methods:. Data was analyzed from 18, 415 men and women (≥ 18 years of age) registered in the NCDB who were diagnosed with CML between 2004 and 2012 and had follow-ups to end of 2013. The primary predictor variable was insurance status and the outcome variable was overall survival. Additional variables addressed and adjusted for included sex, age, race, Charleston Co morbidity index, level of education, income, and distance traveled, facility type, diagnosing/treating facility and treatment delay.. Results:. The mean age of patients was 59 years with ...
Abstract: The morbidity and the death rate in our country remain a burning issue for both the scientists and the government. These factors show not only the living quality but also the index of all human development. The statistics analysis reveals that the situation with morbidity and the death rate is complicated. In some regions, the morbidity rate decreases while the death rate remains sustainable. In other regions, though, it increases, which harms the whole country. All these factors do not allow our country to stand in line with the most developed countries. However, the situation differs in some regions, where the death and morbidity rates are rather low. The Tyumen Region stands among them. This article observes the morbidity and death rates of rural population in municipal districts of the Tyumen Region. The existing studies show that the numbers for the rural population are bigger than in city districts. Yet in some cases, the rural inhabitants suffer fewer diseases than the city ...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the UK, accounting for almost 1 in 3 deaths. It accounts for 180,000 deaths per year, 45% of which are due to coronary heart disease. Despite its position of leading cause of death in the UK, mortality is falling, having reduced by over half since its peak in the 1970s and 1980s. Morbidity on the other hand is increasing and CVD has a significant cost burden on the NHS, totalling 7.88bn in 2010.1. Earlier this month the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) updated their guidance on lipid therapy in primary prevention of CVD. NICE recommends individuals with known CVD risk factors as well as those over the age of 40 be formally risk assessed for CVD. The updated guidance recommends using the QRISK2 risk assessment tool in people up to and including age 84 years. Individuals with a greater than 10% 10 year risk of developing CVD should be first offered lifestyle modification advise and optimisation of all ...
Short- and long-term morbidity and mortality in the population exposed to dioxin after the Seveso accident. Ind Health. 2003 Jul; 41(3):127-38 ...
Raynham, O W, Lubbe, D E and Fagan, J J Tracheal stenosis: preventable morbidity on the increase in our intensive care units. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j., Sept 2009, vol.99, no.9, p.645-646. ISSN 0256- ...
NEJM 21-28 Dec 2017 Vol 377. When to clamp the cord in preterm babies. The result of this trial is nice and simple: Among preterm infants, delayed cord clamping did not result in a lower incidence of the combined outcome of death or major morbidity at 36 weeks of gestation than immediate cord clamping. Nevertheless I managed to struggle with it, due to the word gestation. These babies had been out of the womb for 6+ weeks before they reached the outcome point, because they were all born before 30 weeks gestation. They had been randomised as fetuses (sorry Mr Trump, it just slipped out) in mothers who were at high risk of preterm birth. So just to repeat the Australian trials message for Pommie simpletons like me: when babies are born before 30 weeks gestation, they are not disadvantaged (oops, done it again) by immediate rather than delayed cord clamping, as judged by outcomes at 36 weeks. Not being an obstetrician, I dont know whether this has changed the climate (damn) of opinion in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Breathing better or wheezing worse? The changing epidemiology of asthma morbidity and mortality. AU - Weiss, K. B.. AU - Gergen, P. J.. AU - Wagener, D. K.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 1993. Y1 - 1993. KW - hospitalization. KW - prevalence. KW - surveillance. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027217431&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027217431&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1146/annurev.pu.14.050193.002423. DO - 10.1146/annurev.pu.14.050193.002423. M3 - Review article. C2 - 8323600. AN - SCOPUS:0027217431. VL - 14. SP - 491. EP - 513. JO - Annual Review of Public Health. JF - Annual Review of Public Health. SN - 0163-7525. ER - ...
Today, NHS Digital published the findings of a new Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. But what does that mean and is it important? Our director, Carol Povey, explains in the video and blog below.
Epidemiological analyses are always carried out with reference to a population, which is the group of individuals that are at risk for the disease or condition. The population can be defined geographically, but if only a portion of the individuals in that area are susceptible, additional criteria may be required. Susceptible individuals may be defined by particular behaviors, such as intravenous drug use, owning particular pets, or membership in an institution, such as a college. Being able to define the population is important because most measures of interest in epidemiology are made with reference to the size of the population.. The state of being diseased is called morbidity. Morbidity in a population can be expressed in a few different ways. Morbidity or total morbidity is expressed in numbers of individuals without reference to the size of the population. The morbidity rate can be expressed as the number of diseased individuals out of a standard number of individuals in the population, ...
In 2018, nearly 75 million people were displaced from their place of origin of which 20.4 million are considered as refugees. Children constitute
Several years ago I started following the CDCs Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). It used to come weekly in the mail (perhaps it
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Being immunocompromised impacts the ability to fight infection and viruses such as coronavirus. These individuals suffer more severe COVID-19 symptoms and higher morbidity.
On Saturday I woke up around 10 in the morning. The sun was sneaking through the curtains. I handt slept for 8 hours for long time. It was a non-stop week. The previous day started with a hospital meeting on morbidity and mortality, then in the operating theatre for surgery on two patients with brain…
Thank you to all who contributed last week. We hope you liked the short case format and would welcome feedback. This week we are back to our traditional format. What effect does old age have on morbidity and mortality in anaesthesia? You are called to recovery as the anaesthetist on call to review a 84…
Im an ENFP, and especially with my INF friends I have noticed an interest in creepy things... I personally love them, and I was wondering if you guys
Today, Indo-European languages are spoken by almost 3 billion native speakers across all inhabited continents,[61] the largest number by far for any recognised language family. Of the 20 languages with the largest numbers of native speakers according to Ethnologue, 10 are Indo-European: Spanish, English, Hindustani, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, Punjabi, German, French and Marathi, accounting for over 1.7 billion native speakers.[62] Additionally, hundreds of millions of persons worldwide study Indo-European languages as secondary or tertiary languages, including in cultures which have completely different language families and historical backgrounds-there are between 600 million[63] and one billion[64] L2 learners of English alone. The success of the language family, including the large number of speakers and the vast portions of the Earth that they inhabit, is due to several factors. The ancient Indo-European migrations and widespread dissemination of Indo-European culture throughout Eurasia, ...