Downloadable! In this paper, we present an economic model of moral motivation. Consumers prefer regarding themselves as socially responsible individuals. Voluntary contributions to public goods are motivated by this preference. The self-image as socially responsible is determined by a comparison of ones actual behavior against an endogenous moral ideal. Public policy influences voluntary contributions through its effects on relative prices and budget or time constraints, but also indirectly through the policys effect on the moral ideal. This implies that economic incentives may have adverse effects on contributions. We present survey data on recycling behavior and voluntary community work, which is consistent with the model predictions.
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Dawid, H. (1999). Adaptive Learning by Genetic Algorithms, Analytical Results and Applications to Economic Models, 2nd extended and revised edition 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-18142- ...
By Robert W. Jolly; Abstract: An economic model of livestock production based on control theory is presented. This model can be used to examine both
A joint study from UCLA and the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System found that the combination of a common nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and an acid-lowering drug is both cost-effective and treatment-effective. The study team compared 3 therapies for treating arthritis: (1) an NSAID, such as ibuprofen or naproxen; (2) an NSAID with an acid-reducer (proton pump inhibitor; PPI), such as lansoprazole (Prevacid) or esomeprazole magnesium (Nexium); and (3) a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, such as rofecoxib (Vioxx) or celecoxib (Celebrex). The results showed that, for high-risk patients, an OTC NSAID used with a PPI was the safest and most cost-effective treatment. Study author Dr. Brennan Spiegel, codirector of the Center for the Study of Digestive Healthcare Quality and Outcomes, remarked, "COX-2 inhibitors were not a health economic bargain at all-especially given the added costs of more heart attacks." ...
Designed to develop students abilities to conduct empirical research in economics. Students explore various forms of economic data and interpret and test economic models by applying statistical methods developed in the course of the program to interpret the data and draw inferences about the economic model tested. Prerequisite: Open only to Honours Economics students who have earned at least 14.0 university credits, including ECON 2000H, 2010H, and 3200H. Excludes ECON 4040Y. ...
This book describes exactly how regression models are developed and evaluated. The data used in the book are the kind of data managers are faced with in the real world. The book provides instructions and screen shots for using Microsoft Excel to build business/economic regression models. Upon completion, the reader will be able to interpret the output of the regression models and evaluate the models for accuracy and shortcomings ...
Interdisciplinary approach that combines work from Economics and Computer Science Coordination and incentive problems prevalent to any kind of
A combined analysis of faunal remains and macrolithic tools, reflecting meat and plant food consumption, was conducted on six multi-phase settlements in the Aisne valley (Picardy, France), dating to the late Linearbandkeramik (LBK). A new socio-economic model is proposed. A study of the house plans, phase and position in the settlements leads to distinctions between houses according to subsistence, with links made between the economic and symbolic importance of agricultural and hunting activities. Although all households were autonomous in their daily consumption, some surplus was produced. Long houses carried out more animal husbandry and cereal processing, while small houses are more linked to hunting and secondary animal exploitation. These differences between households can be interpreted in terms of sociology, identity and economy, which allows the examination of different facets of the same society, based on comparisons of the respective value of farming and hunting in LBK society.
Tom is a US Navy Veteran, owns an Insurance Agency and is currently an IT Manager for a Virginia Distributor. He has been published in American Thinker, currently writes for the Richmond Examiner as well as Virginia Right! Blog.. Tom lives in Hanover County, Va and is involved in politics at every level and is a Recovering Republican who has finally had enough of the War on Conservatives in progress with the Leadership of the GOP on a National Level.. ...
[The] economic model, which leaves bureaucrats guessing about the market effects of their directives, is ultimately untenable. A. Gary Shilling Sound...
I am interested in using health economic models to inform decisions related to gynecologic cancers. Specific models have addressed the decision to administer intraperitoneal chemotherapy for newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer following optimal cytoreduction, the choice of chemotherapy regimen for recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer, and the exploration of screening strategies for ovarian cancer.
I am interested in using health economic models to inform decisions related to gynecologic cancers. Specific models have addressed the decision to administer intraperitoneal chemotherapy for newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer following optimal cytoreduction, the choice of chemotherapy regimen for recurrent platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer, and the exploration of screening strategies for ovarian cancer.
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Washington, DC, February 1, 2017)-The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) commented on the Institute of Clinical and Economic Reviews (ICER) updated value assessment framework, which was released today.. "We recognize that developing frameworks is challenging and appreciate that ICER has made significant changes," said NPC President Dan Leonard. "We look forward to reviewing the updated framework in greater detail and understanding how these changes could work in practice.". NPC has remained engaged with ICER and offered constructive feedback to improve and evolve its framework. On initial review, ICER appears to have taken steps to improve the transparency and reproducibility of its economic models, formally included patient-centered factors into the framework, and considerably revised its approach to budget impact assessment by incorporating a range of potential product uptake rates and potential prices in its calculations. It also appears that ICER will no longer calculate a value-based ...
An alternative method for determining the best drug therapy for managing chronic disease could reduce treatment costs or give patients more immediate relief than other common approaches typically approved for use by managed care and health insurance companies, a study by researchers at UC Davis School of Medicine has concluded. Their study, "N-of-1 Trials of Expensive Biological Therapies - A Third Way?" appeared in the May 2008 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.. The investigators developed an economic model to evaluate the costs of three clinical strategies that typically doctors use to treat rheumatoid arthritis: stepped care, open access and an "n-of-1 trial." They wanted to explore whether the n-of-1 trial represented a way to balance the interests of patients with those of payers when establishing policies regarding the use of expensive drugs.. N-of-1 trials are single-patient, randomized comparisons of an active drug against an alternative drug or placebo. Such trials are ...
The argument that competition is good for patient outcomes and as an economic paradigm in medical care reflects a misunderstanding of health economics and clinical guidelines. Despite what some politicians and others would have you believe, the health care industry is not a classic, free market/supply-demand economic model. Anyone who has studied Econ 101 should be able to understand this. As for patient outcomes, the basic paradigm being undercut is that more volumes means more repetitions and better skill sets. Thats why, as one example, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has guidelines for patient volume for maintaining OB units in hospitals. This model of repetition applies to any skill set, but in medicine, it can have life or death implications ...
Parameters are numbers that determine relationships among variables in the equations of IFs. You often set parameters to a single value across time and they therefore do not always "vary" as do "real" variables. Many parameters are "policy handles." More generally, parameters can actually be thought of as a special type of variable, the value of which you set in order to determine the behavior of the model. See the IFs project document called Guide to Scenario Analysis for much more information on parameter types and especially on the important parameters of IFs, organized by the models of the IFs system. Multipliers: They have a normal value of 1, and to increase whatever they multiply (say agricultural yield) by 50 percent you increase the parameter to 1.5. To decrease it by 25 percent you would decrease the multiplier parameter to 0.75. You will almost always spread such changes out over time, keeping the multipliers value at 1 in the base year and gradually increasing or decreasing it over ...
Parameters are numbers that determine relationships among variables in the equations of IFs. You often set parameters to a single value across time and they therefore do not always "vary" as do "real" variables. Many parameters are "policy handles." More generally, parameters can actually be thought of as a special type of variable, the value of which you set in order to determine the behavior of the model. See the IFs project document called Guide to Scenario Analysis for much more information on parameter types and especially on the important parameters of IFs, organized by the models of the IFs system. Multipliers: They have a normal value of 1, and to increase whatever they multiply (say agricultural yield) by 50 percent you increase the parameter to 1.5. To decrease it by 25 percent you would decrease the multiplier parameter to 0.75. You will almost always spread such changes out over time, keeping the multipliers value at 1 in the base year and gradually increasing or decreasing it over ...
Policies and strategies must be implemented to ensure consistency across the five societal challenges and to maximise synergies and minimise trade-offs over time. Since there are often different ways to set up and maintain inclusive and sustainable agri-food systems, we frequently rely on scenario analysis to assess alternative policy options.
The process of estimating the expected value of a portfolio after a given period of time, assuming specific changes in the values of the portfolios securities or key factors that would affect security values, such as changes in the interest rate. Scenario analysis commonly focuses on estimating what a portfolios value would decrease to if an unfavorable event, or the worst-case scenario, were realized.
Bank credit , Capital controls , Capital inflows , Central and Eastern Europe , Economic growth , Economic models , Emerging markets , Fiscal policy , Monetary policy ...
Any economic model that doesnt properly address inequality will eventually face a crisis of legitimacy, as todays global protests are now demonstrating. Unless the relative economic roles of the market and the state are rebalanced, the protests of 2011 will become more severe, eventually harming long-term economic growth and welfare.
Downloadable! Widespread use of antibiotics is considered the major driving force behind the development of antibiotic resistance. The benefits of exceeding the welfare-maximizing level of antibiotic use are below the costs of resistance created by this excess quantity of antibiotics used, thereby resulting in a welfare deadweight loss. This paper uses a simple economic model to examine the theoretical and empirical aspects of the welfare loss generated by resistance and analyzes its policy implications. The annual deadweight loss associated with outpatient prescriptions for amoxicillin in the United States is estimated at $225 million. Published in 2002 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
This is a lovely little example of a standard economic model in action. Well, I think its a lovely little example and as Im the one doing the writing thats what well call it. Raghuram Rajan, the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, was asked why dosa, a standard [...]
The paper explores relationship between farm-size and higher yields using data from Ukraines farms. Using panel data analysis for all the countrys farms with more than 200 hectares in 2001-2011, the paper suggests that higher yields and profits are driven by the exit of unproductive farms and entry of more efficient farms.. An economic model of Brazils ethanol-sugar markets and impacts of fuel policies ...
4. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants [those leaving the country] and rebels. New York Post: The Presidents new jobs-killer: "...President Obama explicitly targeted the industry for two massive tax hikes. First, hed ban oil and gas companies from using the Section 199 tax credit, a measure for domestic manufacturers enacted in 2004 to boost US employment... Second, he wants to end dual capacity protection for US energy firms... Without this shield against double taxation on foreign revenues, American companies would be competing on an uneven global playing field... Yet, by the federal governments own economic model, these tax hikes would lead to huge, immediate job losses ...
Access to capital markets , Credit , Developing countries , Economic models , Emerging markets , Labor markets , Monetary policy , Private sector ...
The Spatio-Temporal Epidemiological Modeler (STEM) is an Eclipse based RCP for modeling the global spread of infectious disease. STEM started in the Eclipse Open Healthcare Framework and was later promoted as a top level Eclipse Technology project designed to allow global collaboration on the development of infectious disease models. It embodies a flexible "graph based" representational framework that allows models to be composed from different components provided by different researchers. It also includes extensive data sets that represent the entire political geography of the planet (244 countries) as well as sophisticated mathematical models for predicting disease propagation. STEM also integrates internal views for geographic visualization and as well as offering interfaces to Google Earth. Scenarios can be created using drag-and-drop editors and can include Models that incorporate different layers of abstraction, for instance it can layer economic models "over top" of disease models. Recent ...
Since the questionable election of neoliberal enthusiast Felipe Calderón, the situation of the EZLN has taken a turn for the worse. Vincente Fox shared Calderóns basic economic perspective, Calderón narrowly prevailed in a very contentious race for the presidency against Lopez Obrador, in which the latter, as well as most of his supporters, were vehemently opposed to the continuation of neoliberal economic policies in Mexico. As Lopez Obrador announced, "We are going to revamp the economic model, because neoliberalism isnt working." Calderóns suspect squeaker victory left him with a weak mandate and a polarized country. In response to this lack of overwhelming popular support and the gradual increase in resistance against the governments economic policies, especially prevalent in poor and indigenous regions, he has relied heavily upon the military-which has now begun to be somewhat subsidized by the U.S.-to maintain a "mano dura" or "iron fist" throughout the country. The manifestation ...
Nick Paul Taylor. In this weeks EuroBiotech Report, a whos who of Big Pharma companies joined a European public-private consortium to develop and test new economic models of antibiotic R&D with the goal of making antibiotic R&D economically attractive again. And more.. FierceBiotech News. ...
To improve the accuracy of recruiting-resource allocation, RAND researchers Rebecca Kilburn and Jacob Klerman have updated the principal economic model of enlistment decisionmaking with data from 1992 and 1994.
As the United Nations and countries around the world look at cooperatives as an alternative economic model for the production of energy, rural energy cooperatives have thrived for over eight decades in the U.S., and citizens in some parts of the country are beginning to reclaim them through the democratic process.
The authors provide a detailed technical description of the Terms-of-Trade Economic Model (ToTEM), which replaced the Quarterly Projection Model (QPM) in December 2005 as the Banks principal projection and policy-analysis model for the Canadian economy. ...
A new economic model has been developed by researchers to predict the waves of forest degradation that emanate from African cities in search of nearby reso
The dynamics of a linear (or linearized) dynamic stochastic economic model can be expressed in terms of matrices (A,B,C,D) that define a state space system. An associated state space system (A,K,C,Sigma) determines a vector ...
Economists and statisticians are rediscovering geography. Until relatively recently, most economic models essentially ignored spatial variations in data and in relationships; these were not at the...
You plan to analyze the value of a potential investment by calculating the sum of the present values of its expected cash flows. Which of the following would lower the calculated value of the investment? A. The cash flows are.
Use this calculator to determine the how much needs to be invested now to achieve a future goal. The total amount required immediately is reduced by the present value of a stream of additional deposits.
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Get this from a library! The economic value of water. [Diana C Gibbons; Resources for the Future.] -- Gibbons examines the water supply problem through five case studies. The problems faced by these regions and the methods suggested to overcome them provide excellent models for the entire United ...
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Youve been saving up for a new car that you think costs $25,000. You already have $10,000 and you think that, with interest and additional savings, the $10,000 will grow to $20,000 in three years. Suddenly, the phone rings and a.