Countries Compared by Military > Armed forces personnel. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Middle-Eastern-and-North-Africa/Military/Armed-forces-personnel. "Countries Compared by Military > Armed forces personnel. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster." 2000. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Middle-Eastern-and-North-Africa/Military/Armed-forces-personnel,.. Countries Compared by Military > Armed forces personnel. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, IISS (International Institute for Strategic Studies). 2001. The Military Balance 2001-2002. Oxford: Oxford ...
Smoking in the United States military has been observed in previous wars, but smokings close association with the United States military started in World War I when tobacco companies began to target military personnel through the distribution of cigarettes to servicemen and the eventual inclusion of cigarettes into rations. Although the military has attempted to implement tobacco control initiatives, the association between smoking and military personnel has persisted to the present day as smoking rates remain high, despite declines in civilian rates. Such high rates have led to questions about the effect of smoking from the apparent health risks to troop readiness and training costs. With the entrance of the United States into World War I in 1918, cigarette use increased dramatically among United States military personnel as they were targeted by tobacco companies which touted cigarettes as a way for soldiers to psychologically escape from their current circumstances, boosting overall troop ...
Sports Performance 15 Basic Training Principles Basic Training Principles What is Physical Fitness?  Being physically fit means to be able to perform everyday activities with ease. Basic Training Principles 5 Components of Physical Fitness: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Muscular Strength Muscular Endurance Cardiovascular Endurance Flexibility Body Composition Basic Training Principles 1. Muscular Strength  The capacity to exert force against a resistance.  Resistance training programs are the most efficient way to gain rapid strength.  Increased in strength is related to increase in muscular endurance. Basic Training Principles 2. Muscular Endurance  The bodys ability to resist fatigue or sustain prolonged activity.  Endurance can be improved by using a moderate load and progressively increasing the no. of reps. Basic Training Principles 3. Cardiovascular Endurance  The ability of the circulatory and respiratory system to carry oxygen to the working muscles and waste products away.  An ...
During basic military training, there is a total tobacco ban…and the prohibition is strictly enforced. At the beginning of basic military training, airmen are searched and all tobacco products are confiscated. Tobacco products are considered contraband along with alcohol, drugs, weapons, and chewing gum. The airmen recruits are required to maintain a money list (i.e., a list of all serial numbers for all their money), which is checked regularly by basic military training instructors. Airmen are under constant supervision, and there are no tobacco products accessible even during those rare occasions when airmen are not supervised. An honor code is established early in basic training so that if a recruit breaks the rules, fellow airmen are duty bound to report the infraction. Finally, the punishment for tobacco use during basic military training is severe. In virtually all cases, the airman is recycled (forced to repeat some or all of basic training), a possible sanction that few airmen ...
During basic military training, there is a total tobacco ban…and the prohibition is strictly enforced. At the beginning of basic military training, airmen are searched and all tobacco products are confiscated. Tobacco products are considered contraband along with alcohol, drugs, weapons, and chewing gum. The airmen recruits are required to maintain a money list (i.e., a list of all serial numbers for all their money), which is checked regularly by basic military training instructors. Airmen are under constant supervision, and there are no tobacco products accessible even during those rare occasions when airmen are not supervised. An honor code is established early in basic training so that if a recruit breaks the rules, fellow airmen are duty bound to report the infraction. Finally, the punishment for tobacco use during basic military training is severe. In virtually all cases, the airman is recycled (forced to repeat some or all of basic training), a possible sanction that few airmen ...
United States Military Bases Portugal News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about United States Military Bases Portugal From The latimes
This study was conducted to investigate whether incidence rates of malignant cutaneous melanoma in U.S. Department of Defense active duty military personnel differed from rates in the U.S. general population between 2000 and 2007.
As World War II progressed, most major armies integrated tanks or assault guns with mechanized infantry, as well as other supporting arms, such as artillery and engineers, as combined arms units. Allied armored formations included a mechanized infantry element for combined arms teamwork. For example, US armored divisions had a balance of three battalions each of tanks, armored infantry, and self-propelled artillery. The US armored infantry was fully equipped with M2 and M3 halftracks. In the British and Commonwealth armies, "Type A armoured brigades," intended for independent operations or to form part of armored divisions, had a "motor infantry" battalion mounted in Bren Carriers or later in lend-lease halftracks. "Type B" brigades lacked a motor infantry component and were subordinated to infantry formations. The Canadian Army and, subsequently the British Army, used expedients such as the Kangaroo APC, usually for specific operations rather than to create permanent mechanized infantry ...
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Of the 8 confirmed or probable cases of TBE among U.S. military service members and beneficiaries during the 13-year surveillance period, 7 occurred in 2017 or 2018. Five of the cases occurred in service members and 3 in children; all cases occurred in Germany in the states of BW or Bavaria. There were no cases of TBE identified among U.S. military service members or beneficiaries traveling to Europe. All but 1 of the cases were hospitalized in a host nation medical facility, and most of the case information was extracted from translations of those hospitalization records. RME surveillance identified 5 of the cases, while laboratory data identified only 1. This is not surprising, as only laboratory tests from MTFs could reliably be obtained and only 1 of the cases was treated in an MTF. Additional case finding using outpatient records revealed large numbers of misclassified cases regardless of data source, largely from medical encounters for TBE vaccine or tick bites that were miscoded as TBE ...
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Myositis, an autoimmune muscle disease, likely develops as a result of environmental exposures in genetically susceptible persons. Preliminary data suggest a trend for an increasing incidence in myositis in military personnel over the last decade for unknown reasons. Although a few environmental exposures have been preliminarily associated with myositis in the civilian population, these have not been confirmed. In addition, no study has assessed exposures that might result in the development of myositis in military personnel. Military personnel experience a number of intense, unique exposures, often over a relatively short interval, which include different stresses, novel vaccines, distinct occupational exposures, battlefield injuries and unique chemicals during field deployment, that differ from those exposures in non-military populations. Therefore, we propose a protocol that consists of three complementary approaches to attempt to determine the environmental factors associated with the ...
PURPOSE: Overuse injuries are a major concern for physical active individuals engaged in endurance type activities. This is especially true for soldiers during basic military training or subjects with a sedentary lifestyle taking up exercise to prevent disease, as they are vulnerable for sustaining an overuse injury. Contradictory to traumatic injuries, little is known about the prevention of overuse injuries using a training program. This study evaluates the preventive effect of a training program based on known intrinsic risk factors for the occurrence of anterior knee pain and shin pain in soldiers undergoing basic military training. We also evaluate the effect on physical performance.. METHODS: From December 2004 - March 2006 1000 soldiers undergoing basic military training divided into 24 platoons are cluster randomised into a prevention-training (PRE) group or a placebo-training (PLA) group. The PRE group will perform exercises based on known intrinsic risk factors namely strength, ...
More than 9 million eligible military service members, retirees and their families will have 24/7 access to registered nurses and care coordination services. Washington (Oct. 10, 2017) - Optum, the health services company of UnitedHealth Group (NYSE: UNH), will operate the Military Health Systems (MHS) worldwide Nurse Advice Line, serving more than 9 million military service members, retirees and their families.. Currently, nurse advice line services are provided to eligible military health system beneficiaries in the United States and Eurasia. The new Global Nurse Advice Line combines these two services and adds coverage for those in the Pacific Region and Latin America. Additional enhancements to the nurse advice line will include offering communications channels other than the telephone, such as web-chat and video teleconferencing, giving beneficiaries access to their self-care instructions, and allowing users to speak with a primary care provider after nurse triage, to name just a ...
Free Online Library: Seroconversion for infectious pathogens among UK Military personnel deployed to Afghanistan, 2008-2011.(RESEARCH) by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general Hemorrhagic fever Health aspects Military aspects Hemorrhagic fevers Infection Pathogenic microorganisms Zoonoses
Commercial inactivated parenteral influenza vaccines reduced febrile (, or = 38 degrees C) respiratory illness by 53% (95% CL: 41-63%) during a 3 week outbreak in 1998 when A/Sydney/5/97(H3N2)-like influenza viruses were shown to be the predominant etiological agents and an older antigenic variant, A/Nanchang/933/95, served as the vaccine virus. The calculatory efficacy for preventing virologically diagnosed influenza infections was 57% (95% CL: 40-68%). The study population consisted of 1374 young male military conscripts. Vaccination coverage on a voluntary basis was 67%. Vaccination was ineffective in preventing febrile illness during a second epidemic wave lasting 2 weeks when mainly adenoviruses were shown to have been circulating in the garrison. Out of the 36 nasopharyngeal aspirates positive for influenza A by antigen detection, 18 A/Sydney/5/97-like strains (10 from non-vaccinated and eight from vaccinated subjects) and two A/Nanchang/933/95-like strains (both from non-vaccinated ...
Training for enlisted personnel. Newly enlisted members of the Armed Forces undergo initial-entry training, better known as basic training or boot camp. Basic training includes courses in military skills and protocols and typically lasts 8 to 13 weeks, including a week of orientation and introduction to military life. Basic training also includes weapons training, team building, and rigorous physical exercise designed to improve strength and endurance.. Following basic training, military members attend additional training at technical schools that prepare them for a particular military occupational specialty. This formal training period generally lasts from 10 to 20 weeks. Training for certain occupations-nuclear power plant operator, for example-may take as long as a year. In addition to getting classroom instructions, military members receive on-the-job training at their first duty assignment.. Training for warrant officers. Warrant officers are technical and tactical experts in a specific ...
Expanded Access to Industry-Leading Technology for 10.2 Million Military Personnel ATLANTA, GA - April 17, 2017 - AMNIOX Medical, Inc., a TissueTech, Inc. company, announced a new Federal Supply Schedule contract for its NEOX and CLARIX product lines. The agreement provides the Military Health System broad access to NEOX Wound Allograft - indicated for use as a wound covering for dermal ulcers and defects - and CLARIX Regenerative Matrix - indicated for use as a surgical covering, wrap or barrier in orthopedic surgery and soft tissue repair.. The Military Health System encompasses the U.S. Department of Defenses institutions providing health care to active duty and retired U.S. Military personnel and their dependents. This system provides healthcare coverage to 10.2 million lives. Amniox Medical is partnering exclusively with Alliant Healthcare, a verified Service-Disabled, and Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB). As an SDVOSB, Alliant is a priority provider of medical products and services ...
In March, two Naval Academy graduates will become the second set of women to enter the course. In the coming years, Amos is counting on dozens more female volunteers to provide him with enough information to decide whether women can make it in the infantry. The outcome, he says, is far from certain. "I think there is absolutely no reason to think our females cant be tankers … or be artillery Marines," he said, referring to tracked amphibious assault vehicles. "The infantry is different." Indeed, Amos said, if too few women are able, or willing, to join the infantry, he or his successor may ask the defense secretary to keep the infantry closed to women. The deadline for that request is January 2016. "You could reach the point where you say, Its not worth it, " Amos said. "The numbers are so infinitesimally small, its not worth it." Advocates for women almost certainly would protest any effort to keep the Marines infantry male-only. They acknowledge the harshness of infantry life: carrying ...
PLANTATION, Fla., Nov. 07, 2016-- TradeStation, a Monex Group company and award-winning* online broker-dealer and futures commission merchant, announced today that it will offer commission-free trading for all active-duty U.S. military personnel, as well as extend the company s lowest per-trade commission rate to U.S. military veterans.. The TradeStation...
Methods This was a prospective observational study of the Parachute (n=734), Guards (n=1044), Line (n=3472) and Gurkha (n=458) Regiments of the British Army recruits during a 26-week basic military training programme over a 2-year period. The participant demographic characteristics were: age 18.9 years (SD±2.3), height 176.5 cm (SD±7.80), mass 69 kg (SD±9.7) and body mass index 22.14 kg/m2 (SD±2.5). ...
Field training exercises are usually practice "mini-battles" which provide fairly realistic scenarios and situations based on actual situations a unit might face if deployed. While squad and platoon sized units can conduct an FTX, most of these exercises involve units ranging from a company up to a regiment or brigade. Field training exercises rarely reach division strength. The exercise is usually carefully planned out by field grade or general officers, usually without disclosing plans or other information to company-grade officers. This makes the situation more unpredictable and realistic since company-grade officers make the majority of quick and immediate decisions on the battlefield. Nearly every possibility is considered during planning, and often the scenarios can be more difficult or more far-fetched than actual battles, thus sharpening the skills of those participating to a level which will surpass that of the enemy.[1] ...
Norovirus is often transmitted from person-to-person. Transmission may also be food-borne, but only few norovirus outbreak investigations have identified food items as likely vehicles of norovirus transmission through an analytical epidemiological study. During 7-9 January, 2009, 36 persons at a military base in Germany fell ill with acute gastroenteritis. Food from the military bases canteen was suspected as vehicle of infection, norovirus as the pathogen causing the illnesses. An investigation was initiated to describe the outbreaks extent, to verify the pathogen, and to identify modes of transmission and source of infection to prevent further cases. For descriptive analysis, ill persons were defined as members of the military base with acute onset of diarrhoea or vomiting between 24 December 2008, and 3 February 2009, without detection of a pathogen other than norovirus in stools. We conducted a retrospective cohort study within the headquarters company. Cases were military base members with onset
Navy Seaman Recruit George L. Robertson completes basic training - Navy Seaman Recruit George L. Robertson son of Micheal N. Robertson of Daingerfield Texas and Monica E. McCormick of Copperas Cove Texas recently completed U.S. Navy basic training...
In addition to those persons, including the dependents of naval and Marine Corps personnel, now authorized to receive hospitalization at naval hospitals, hospitalization and dispensary service may be provided at naval hospitals and dispensaries outside of the continental limits of the United States and in Alaska, to the officers and employees of any department or agency of the Federal Government, to employees of a contractor with the United States or his subcontractor, to the dependents of such persons, and in emergencies to such other persons as the Secretary of the Navy may prescribe: Provided, That such hospitalization and dispensary service to other than the dependents of naval and Marine Corps personnel shall be permitted only where facilities are not otherwise available in reasonably accessible and appropriate non-Federal hospitals. The charge for hospitalization or dispensary service for persons other than dependents of naval and Marine Corps personnel as specified in this section shall ...
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Among service members deployed during 2018, injury/poisoning, musculoskeletal diseases, and signs/symptoms accounted for more than half of the total healthcare burden while deployed. Compared to the distribution of major burden of disease categories documented in garrison, a relatively greater proportion of in-theater medical encounters due to respiratory infections, skin diseases, infectious/parasitic diseases, and digestive diseases was documented.
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Records Management and Policy (PERS-313). The Records Management Policy Branch (located in building #769 at the Navy Personnel Command, Naval Support Activity Mid-South, Millington, Tennessee) is responsible for policy and maintenance of the Navys Official Military Personnel File (OMPF). The OMPF. The OMPF is stored in the Electronic Military Personnel Record System (EMPRS) and consists of permanent documents that reflect a members fitness for service, performance of duties, and entitlements, which satisfy both statutory and corporate requirements, and affect or influence a members career and benefits. The variety of documents includes information about the accession, training, education, performance, discipline, decoration and awards, assignments, duties, casualty status, and separation/retirement of the Navy member. Compensation, physical condition, medical treatment, personal documents, and non-service related documents might be maintained as part of the OMPF record if deemed necessary and ...
With the recent increase in womens representation in the military, baseline physical measurement data are needed to help set appropriate accession and retention standards and to design useful prevention and intervention programs in the areas of physical fitness and health. This study incorporated several body composition indices to obtain anthropometric data for a representative sample of 1,292 active duty Navy and Marine Corps women and men. It also assessed the extent to which personnel met weight-for-height and body fat standards.
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2016 Global Armored Vehicle Industry Report is a professional and in-depth research report on the worlds major regional market conditions of the Armored Vehicle industry, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia) and the main countries (United States, Germany, Japan and China).. The report firstly introduced the Armored Vehicle basics: definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain overview; industry policies and plans; product specifications; manufacturing processes; cost structures and so on. Then it analyzed the worlds main region market conditions, including the product price, profit, capacity, production, capacity utilization, supply, demand and industry growth rate etc. In the end, the report introduced new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis.. The report includes six parts, dealing with: 1.) basic information; 2.) the Asia Armored Vehicle industry; 3.) the North American Armored Vehicle industry; 4.) ...
Sexual assault on military campuses reached a 10-year low during the 2013-2014 academic year, according to the DoDs Annual Report on Sexual Harassment and Violence at the Military Service Academies released on February 11, 2015. However, sexual violence remains an issue on military campuses, particularly for female cadets and midshipmen. The report, which focuses on the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York; the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland; and the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado, details that although unwanted sexual contact (USC) incident numbers in 2013-2014 were the lowest reported since the survey was first conducted in 2005, 8.2% of women enrolled at these academies and 1.1% of enrolled men experienced USC in 2013-2014. These percentages are down from the 2011-2012 program year when 12.4% of enrolled women and 2% of enrolled men reported USC. Related: Sexual Trauma in the Military According to a DoD press release, although incident rates of USC have declined among ...
|p|The United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA), also known as West Point, Army, The Academy, or simply, The Point, is a four-year coeducational federal service academy located in West P...
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Overall, the reasons for medical evacuation were comparable between the military and nonmilitary personnel, although we noted several important differences. The observation that military personnel were more likely to be evacuated with war-related injuries, and nonmilitary members with non-war-related injuries, was not unexpected. What was surprising was that the principal contributor to this disparity was the higher evacuation rates among military personnel than among nonmilitary personnel because of psychiatric diagnoses (9.1% v. 2.1%). This effect was amplified by the fact that military personnel were less likely than nonmilitary members to return to duty after evacuation because of a psychiatric condition.. The other major finding was the higher toll that circulatory conditions and noncardiac chest or abdominal pain exacted on nonmilitary members. In contrast, military personnel evacuated with non-war-related injuries were more likely to have a diagnosis related to musculoskeletal/ spine ...
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Best-selling British author and tabloid editor, Piers Morgan - known best as the rude Brit on "Americas Got Talent" judges panel - was named the winner of tonights finale. He beat out the second strongest player and fundraiser, talented country singer Trace Adkins.. That means the $250,000 grand prize will go to Morgans charity of choice: the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund, which aids families of United States military personnel lost or wounded in action.. The fund also helped build BAMCs state-of-the-art physical rehabilitation facility for soldiers wounded in Iraq, The Center for the Intrepid.. It must have been an especially gratifying and emotional moment for the two visitors from Brooke Army Medical Center, who were introduced earlier on stage with show host Donald Trump: U.S. Army Corporal Shane Parsons and Marine Corps Lance Corporal Matthew Bradford, who lost their legs in combat. The latter also lost his eyesight.. This charity particularly resonates with Britains Morgan because his ...
Best-selling British author and tabloid editor, Piers Morgan - known best as the rude Brit on "Americas Got Talent" judges panel - was named the winner of tonights finale. He beat out the second strongest player and fundraiser, talented country singer Trace Adkins.. That means the $250,000 grand prize will go to Morgans charity of choice: the Intrepid Fallen Heroes Fund, which aids families of United States military personnel lost or wounded in action.. The fund also helped build BAMCs state-of-the-art physical rehabilitation facility for soldiers wounded in Iraq, The Center for the Intrepid.. It must have been an especially gratifying and emotional moment for the two visitors from Brooke Army Medical Center, who were introduced earlier on stage with show host Donald Trump: U.S. Army Corporal Shane Parsons and Marine Corps Lance Corporal Matthew Bradford, who lost their legs in combat. The latter also lost his eyesight.. This charity particularly resonates with Britains Morgan because his ...
Looking for 42nd Infantry Division (United States)? Find out information about 42nd Infantry Division (United States). nickname of the 42d Division of the U.S. army. The first U.S. combat division to arrive in France in World War I, it participated in the second battle of... Explanation of 42nd Infantry Division (United States)
PLEASE CROSS POST TO OTHERS SO THESE CANINE HEROES ARE NOT FORGOTTEN Dedicated to the memory of all those who served . . . Italy, France, Russia, Belgium, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, and Great Britain all have formal monuments and decorations dedicated to war dogs by the military organizations under which they served. War dogs in other countries have also been awarded medals and other forms of official recognition for serving their countries. Of all of the countries to employ the use and help of dogs during times of war, the United States military stands alone as the only world military to not formally acknowledge the contributions made by its canine soldiers. Due to a policy that has existed since World War II, and despite the protests of armed forces personnel, the United States military refuses to formally recognize the accomplishments of its canine soldiers, stating that such recognition is demeaning to service personnel. ...
Navy Seaman Recruit Sebastien Sylla, son of Marie D. Desmornes of Waltham, recently completed U.S. Navy basic training at Recruit Training Command, Great Lakes, Ill.During the eight-week program, Sylla completed a variety of training, which included classroom study and practical instruction on naval customs, first aid, firefighting, water safety and survival, and shipboard and aircraft safety. An emphasis was also placed on physical fitness.The capstone event of boot camp is Battle Stations.
LID - Light Infantry Division. Looking for abbreviations of LID? It is Light Infantry Division. Light Infantry Division listed as LID
Learn more about SAMHSAs work with the VA and DoD to help protect veterans and military service members from opioid misuse for pain management.
... was last measured at 4 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied
Active Duty Installations/Units-The MEIR course is funded by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs (ASD(HA)) when hosted by active duty military installations/units. DoD military personnel, DoD civilians, National Guard personnel and allied military personnel are authorized to take the course free of charge. Civilians and contractors, may also attend for free, but only if there are open seats after all others have been seated.. National Guard Installations/Units-When the MEIR course is hosted by National Guard installations/units or the primary audience will be National Guard personnel, the hosting installation/unit must fund the MTTs travel. The host site has the option to restrict which students may attend or allow all qualified personnel to attend. The forty student minimum criterion does not apply in this case.. Other Installations/Agencies-Federal and state government agencies may request the MEIR course, but will be responsible for all course-related expenses. Please ...
LocationThe Luke Air Force Base (LAFB) site occupies 4,198 acres in Glendale, Arizona, which is approximately 13 miles west of downtown Phoenix. There are approximately 4,900 military personnel and dependents living on base. Civilian and other military personnel who commute to the base daily from off-base areas bring the total daily base population to approximately
Massage therapists often see clients suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)-and with military maneuvers in Iraq and Afghanistan continuing, many therapists count returning veterans among their clientele.. New research shows military personnel who suffer from poor mental or physical health are up to three times more likely to develop PTSD once deployed.. "Post-traumatic stress disorder is a debilitating disorder that is associated with considerable morbidity," the study authors noted. "It is essential to determine risk factors for PTSD to provide intervention services before, during and after military deployment." ...
Patti works with various branches of the military, including the Coast Guard and National Guard, to help military personnel know about and utilize their yearly tuition assistance enlistment benefits. Patti stressed how many service personnel do not even know about these benefits. And, if they do, they face obstacles such as dealing with the complicated forms for accessing these benefits ...
by admin , Apr 16, 2013 , Appreciate what you have, Difficult situations, Finding Happiness, Finding Inspiration, Finding Success, Lisa Cypers Kamen, Lisa Kamen, PTSD, Reintegrating combat veterans, Resources for military families, Supporting military personnel. Healing Power of Music If youve ever found solace in your favorite song, you already know that music can work wonders on your mood. But theres evidence that the healing power of music goes well beyond that: new research shows that the tempo, movement and dynamics in ...
Background  The Millennium Cohort Study - assesses stress, PTSD, alcohol and tobacco use, and other military and/or combat-related exposures  The DoD Birth and Infant Health Registry - captures inpatient and outpatient healthcare information for the first year of life on infants born to military families
NMCPHC Workplace Health Risk Assessment (HRA). Complete the HRA at https://nmcpeh-hpwebsvr.med.navy.mil/HRA/Pages/Default.aspx. HRA Helpdesk (757) 953-0737 or [email protected] About the NMCPHC Workplace HRA: The Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center (NMCPHC) Workplace Health Risk Assessment (HRA) is a brief, anonymous, optional tool for military members and GS civilians which measures lifestyle behaviors that are most commonly associated with adverse health outcomes. Users are asked to select their workplace from a searchable database within the tool. The user is scored as healthy or unhealthy for each of the questions and is scored as high, medium, or low risk based on the number of unhealthy behaviors they reported. "High risk" means the user is likely to be a high consumer of healthcare services. Persons who complete the HRA receive a printable Participants Report which highlights health risks, provide credible web-based sources of health ...
MORTALITY OP THE BRITISH ARMY, AT HOME, AT HOME AND ABROAD, AND DURING THE RUSSIAN WAR, AS COMPARED WITH THE MORTALITY OF THE CIVIL POPULATION IN ENGLAND. Jlbsfratdr to Mies wit liwjritms, [Beprinted from the Report of the Royal Commission appointed to enquire into tke Regulations affectiny the Sanitary Stale of I he Army.] LONDON: PRINTED BY HARRISON AND SONS, ST. MARTINS LANE, 18 58. MORTALITY BRITISH ARMY, AT HOME, AT HOME AND ABROAD, AND DURING THE RUSSIAN WAR, AS COMPARED WITH THE MORTALITY OF THE CIVIL POPULATION IN ENGLAND. Illustrate k Sables snti gragrams. IReprintcdfrom the Report of the Royal Commission, appointed to enquire into the Regulations affecting the Sanitary State of the Army. LONDON: PRINTED BY HARRISON AND SONS, ST. MARTINS LANE, 1858. CONTENTS. s We Paoe. Description of Diagrams of the Mortality iu the British Army ... .1 Index to the Tables. Table A & B. Mortality of the British Army at Home 9 Table C - a. Average Strength, Deaths, and Bate of Mortality each year, ...
US military demographics have changed dramatically since the dissolution of the draft in 1973. As the military became an all-volunteer force with career options, new challenges emerged for the Department of Defense to include housing; family services; overseas resources, including education; aging issues; and an increasing retiree population. The addition of more women to the uniformed services (increasing from 1% in 1970 to 15% in 2009) brought with it the need to balance mission and motherhood in a military workplace.12 Use of the National Guard and Reserve to augment the active duty wartime deployments has resulted in the involvement of even more children and families.. Of the 60% of active duty service members who are married, 93% have female spouses (wives), and 44% have children. On average, military parents marry and have children at a younger age than civilian US parents. Seventy-five percent of all military children are younger than 11 years. The National Guard and Reserve members have ...
Westmorland Prisoners of War : UK Military Family History Online. Complete your family history by finding web sites with online information so that you can answer the question: Who Do You Think You Are?
It seems that the self-styled Gung-Ho Party is losing its appeal in certain quarters, as we see HERE:The latest annual poll conducted by the Military Times has found that nearly one-third of U.S. military personnel identified themselves as Republicans, down from almost 50 percent in 2006, the Washington Times reported.One soldier attributed the numbers to the Tea Party. It may have to do with the rise of the Tea Party movement, said a Marine lieutenant colonel who described himself as conservative. Republicans kind of used to be seen as the party that took care of the military, ... Read more
This is the accessible text file for GAO report number GAO-06-642 entitled Military Personnel: Military Departments Need to Ensure That Full Costs of Converting Military Health Care Positions to Civilian Positions Are Reported to Congress which was released on May 3, 2006. This text file was formatted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to be accessible to users with visual impairments, as part of a longer term project to improve GAO products accessibility. Every attempt has been made to maintain the structural and data integrity of the original printed product. Accessibility features, such as text descriptions of tables, consecutively numbered footnotes placed at the end of the file, and the text of agency comment letters, are provided but may not exactly duplicate the presentation or format of the printed version. The portable document format (PDF) file is an exact electronic replica of the printed version. We welcome your feedback. Please E-mail your comments regarding the ...
Report - Military Personnel Center Methodology for Military Value Analysis. Includes charts, graphs, stats, and additional information for your viewing.
Research Paper Title Smoking and Injury in Royal Marines Training. Background Training for the Royal Marines (RMs) is considered to be one of the most arduous military training regimes in the world. Approximately 16% of the annual intake of recruits suffer an injury. Smoking has been found to be a predisposition to injury. Objective To…
Service in the Armed Forces is generally associated with good mental and physical health.1 However, in the past few years, the mental health (MH) of service personnel and veterans has become a topic of considerable concern for the Ministry of Defence, the National Health Service and society as a whole.2 The evidence collected on the health of UK Armed Forces personnel suggests that the majority of personnel do well both in service and after they return to civilian life.3 ,4 However, a small proportion of personnel do suffer from formal MH disorders. Mental illness is a cause of morbidity and mortality and is associated with both homelessness and involvement in the Criminal Justice System. Unfortunately, there is still a high degree of stigma associated with MH.1. In August 2010, the Member of Parliament and former Royal Navy Doctor Andrew Murrison wrote a report entitled: Fighting Fit: A Mental Health Plan for Servicemen and Veterans.1 The aim of this report was to address veterans needs and ...
U.S. Southern Command, headed by Gen. Douglas Fraser, conducted the investigation into the military members involvement in the April incident, which brought shame to the elite presidential protection force and unearthed revelations of other episodes of misconduct within the Secret Service.. The military service members, all enlisted personnel, were assigned to support the Secret Service in preparations for a visit to the coastal resort of Cartagena by President Barack Obama. All of the military had behind-the-scenes roles and were not directly involved in presidential security.. The U.S. officials spoke about the investigation on condition of anonymity because the results have not been released. Military officials were expected to brief Congress members on the matter.. Of the nine who were given administrative punishments, three have asked for courts martial, which would provide them with a public trial to contest the decision, U.S. Southern Command said in a statement. Military members have ...
The Kings Light Infantry (Shropshire Regiment) was formed on 1 July 1881 as the county regiment of Herefordshire and Shropshire as part of the Childers Reforms.[1] It was renamed as The Kings (Shropshire Light Infantry) on 10 March 1882.[2][3]. The regiment was an amalgamation of the 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot and the 85th (Kings Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot, which became the regular 1st and 2nd Battalions. The 1881 reforms also redesignated the militia and rifle volunteers units within the regimental district as battalions of the regiment. Accordingly, the Shropshire Militia and Royal Herefordshire Militia became the 3rd and 4th (Militia) Battalions respectively, and the 1st and 2nd Shropshire Rifle Volunteer Corps became the 1st and 2nd Volunteer Battalions. The 1st Herefordshire (Herefordshire and Radnorshire) Rifle Volunteer Corps was also affiliated as a volunteer battalion, without change of title.[2][4]. The 1st battalion of the KSLI was stationed in Egypt from 1882, and ...
Close to 2,000 members of the United Kingdoms armed forces are to deploy to the Baltic in May, that countrys Ministry of Defence has announced.
The US military has been a leading proponent of vaccine development since its founding. General George Washington ordered the entire American army to be variolated against smallpox after recognizing the serious threat that it posed to military operations. He did this on the recommendation from Dr. John Morgan, the physician-in-chief of the American army, who wrote a treatise on variolation in 1776. Although cases of smallpox still occurred, they were far fewer than expected, and it is believed that the vaccination program contributed to victory in the War of Independence. Effective military force requires personnel who are healthy and combat ready for worldwide deployment. Given the geography of US military operations, military personnel should also be protected against diseases that are endemic in potential areas of conflict. For this reason, and unknown to many, the US military has strongly supported vaccine research and development. Four categories of communicable infectious diseases threaten
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The Indiana Law Enforcement Academy will begin to bill police departments $500 per student this fall. Participation in the Academys 15-week basic training
Eventbrite - Public Health, Wiltshire Council presents Cervical Cytology Basic Training - Wednesday, 18 October 2017 at Voluntary Action Swindon. Find event and ticket information.
Testing and Calibration Companies owned by past military and present military members. Veteran Owned Businesses (VOB), Active Duty Military, Reservists and Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Companies (SDVOSB) of the United States Army (USARMY), Air Force (USAF), Marines (USMC), Navy (USN), Coast Guard (USCG) and National Guard specializing in offering testing and calibration services for instruments, hardware systems and more.
From my perspective as a mental health professional, an even bigger tragedy is the realization that when service members and veterans do overcome mental health stigma and access care, they are still unlikely to receive the best treatments available. This is not a DOD or a VA problem; this is a problem of our mental health care system as a whole in the US, which continues to perpetuate the myth that all psychological treatments are equally effective, and that any treatment is better than no treatment. What we actually know, however, based on decades of research, is that trauma victims who receive prolonged exposure (PE) or cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for PTSD are three to four times more likely to experience full remission from PTSD. These better outcomes occur regardless of the trauma, whether rape, violent assault or combat. Early findings further suggest that PE and CPT reduce suicidal ideation among military personnel with PTSD. And just within the past month, preliminary data ...
We performed a general survey on pathogens responsible for respiratory infectious diseases at a recruit training site for the first time. To improve the data quality, we selected commercial kits for preliminary screening. The results showed that the pathogen carrier rate in recruits without respiratory symptoms was very low, and among 795 nasopharyngeal swab samples, only two were adenovirus-positive; they were identified as group C type 1 adenovirus with low virulence.. During the 3 months of training, 5 cases of adenovirus were detected among 39 recruits with fever and respiratory symptoms, indicating that adenovirus is the major causal pathogen for respiratory infectious disease at recruit training sites. According to retrospective studies on respiratory infections in troops during the past 25 years in the USA, the most common ARDs pathogens in troops are adenovirus, influenza (parainfluenza) viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, metapneumovirus, rhinovirus, human coronavirus, mycoplasma ...
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea ,, South Korean authorities deployed 900 military personnel at the Pyeongchang Olympics on Tuesday after the security force was depleted by an outbreak of norovirus.. Games organizers said 32 workers are being treated for norovirus in quarantine, including 21 from the Civil Security Staff and three foreigners.. About 1,200 people working security were being kept in their rooms while being tested for norovirus.. "To address the shortfall in security workforce due to the isolation, 900 military personnel have been deployed to take over the work of the civil safety personnel," the organizing committee said in a statement. "They will work across 20 venues until all affected workforce are able to return to duty.". ...
To salute the veterans and active service personnel in honor of Independence Day, Hempstead Town will waive parks admission fees on the July 4th weekend for active military personnel and …
Truth: 3Ms Combat Arms Earplugs are meant to protect military personnel from the loud noises that can permanently damage their hearing. These dangerous sounds can be both constant or sudden.. Truth: 3M and Aearo Technologies were aware that their Combat Arms earplugs were too short to adequately protect their wearers ears. The companies failed to disclose this information to the US government before finalizing a contract.. Truth: Many military personnel have experienced tinnitus or hearing loss as a result of exposure to dangerously loud noises as a result of earplug failure.. 3M and Aearo Technologies Combat Arms Earplugs were designed for use by military personnel and were supposed to protect against the high levels of noise and extremely loud sounds, such as gunfire, that military personnel would be subjected to. Left unprotected, constant exposure to loud noises or even one loud sharp sound can permanently damage hearing. Hearing loss is the number one reason military veterans file for ...
Laing, S., Walsh, N., Bilzon, J., Dorrington, M., Bland, D. and Dunklin, S., 2005. Upper respiratory tract infection and saliva immunoglobin-A during an arduous military training programme. In: International Congress on Soldiers Physical Performance, 2005-01-01.. ...
Thousands of military spouses suffer with some degree of depression, but I believe male military spouses could be at greater risk simply because were men.
Arapahoe County, Colorado Veteran Owned Businesses (VOB), Active Duty Military, Reservists and Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Companies (SDVOSB) of the United States Army (USARMY), Air Force (USAF), Marines (USMC), Navy (USN), Coast Guard (USCG) and National Guard located Arapahoe County, Colorado
Washington Veteran Owned Businesses (VOB), Active Duty Military, Reservists and Service Disabled Veteran Owned Small Companies (SDVOSB) of the United States Army (USARMY), Air Force (USAF), Marines (USMC), Navy (USN), Coast Guard (USCG) and National Guard located Washington
Noncombatant military personnel do not engage in direct combat with the enemy during war, but they still face trauma that elevates their risk for developing combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new research shows.
Pay, benefits and retirement issues are still the top worries for military families, according to new results from an annual military lifestyle survey.
Denver, Colorado - November 23 2009. To meet the growing demand for integrating location-driven solutions in the modern military training environment, Ubisense has developed a new ground breaking tra...
A US military base in South Korea is shrouded in a corruption scandal with reports that a conglomerate corporation paid nearly $3 million (£2.24 million) in bribes to get lucrative contracts, it has been revealed.
The Millennium Cohort Study is an ongoing longitudinal cohort study headquartered at the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, California and designed to evaluate any long-term health effects of military service, including deployments. It is the largest population-based prospective health project in US military history, currently collecting data on over 200,000 enrolled participants. Investigators that conduct the Millennium Cohort Study include uniformed and non-uniformed scientists from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Department of Veterans Affairs and academic institutions.
Purpose: This study examined Military Health System (MHS) beneficiaries progress toward Healthy People 2010 (HP2010) objectives. Selfreported survey data from the 2008 PHS were used to assess whether the HP2010 goals were met and to analyze the association between sociodemographic characteristics and health outcomes according to HP2010 objectives.Design: A representative sample of beneficiaries from the MHS (n ¼ 55,000), stratified by beneficiary category, military Service and TRICARE region, were asked to complete an anonymous mail or web survey.
The U.S. Marine Corps will begin to test at least 50 technology platforms in April at Camp Pendleton in California as part of a technology demonstration that will last for nine months, Breaking Defense reported Thursday.. Navy Capt. Chris Mercer, director of the service branchs rapid prototyping, experimentation and demonstration, said more than 100 engineers and operators from the Navy and Marine Corps evaluated and selected 50 technologies out of 124 proposals received for the Ship To Shore Maneuver Exploration and Experimentation Advanced Naval Technology Exercise 2017, Sydney J. Freedberg Jr. wrote.. The S2ME2 ANTX 2017 exercise will field-test several technology platforms across six mission areas.. Those areas include early intelligence and reconnaissance, threat identification, reconnaissance and threat elimination, manuever ashore, combat power ashore and amphibious command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance.. Examples of such technologies ...
Lumbar disc disease (LDD) is among the most common ailments in Western societies.1 In the military, LDD often results in significant impairments and contributes greatly to health care costs and disability.2 Military training often results in exacerbation or presentation of LDD related symptoms. LDD appears to be a multifactorial disorder in which genetics play an important role, as it is evident from several recent studies.3. Collagen is the most abundant structural component of the extracellular matrix. Changes in collagen cross linking have been identified in degenerative disc disease, and LDD was recently associated with a polymorphism of the collagen type IX (COL9A3) gene.3 Type I collagen is the major protein in skin, ligaments, and bone; both COL1A1 and COL1A2 are present in the main components of the intervertebral disc, the annulus fibrosus (primarily) and the nucleus pulposus (secondarily).4. A G→T polymorphism within the COL1A1 regulatory region that affects the recognition site for ...
Navy and Marine Corps Public Health Center (NMCPHC) Industrial Hygiene Department helps manage and coordinate the Navy and Marine Corps participation in the Department of Defense (DOD) Hazardous Materials Information Resource System (HMIRS). HMIRS is the DOD repository for Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and related information on hazardous materials and currently contains over 550,000 product records. HMIRS is available online at https://h2.hmms.hill.af.mil. The HMIRS NexGen Quick Guide can assist with navigating through HMIRS. Access to HMIRS is controlled by the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) through the use of their Account Management and Provisioning System (AMPS). Requests for access to HMIRS must be made online using the AMPS website at https://amps.dla.mil. Once registered, access control at DLA will provide you with a User ID and Password which can be used for initial access to HMIRS, after the initial access, your CAC will be used for future access. Contact the DLA access control team at ...
The National Military Family Association, in partnership with Discovery Education and American Heroes Channel (AHC), has launched the "My Hero Is …" contest for students in grades 3-8. This national competition provides an opportunity for AHC viewers to nominate their personal military hero and tell why the person deserves the honor. The contest launched nationally on September 22 at MyHeroIsContest.com, where entrants can submit a video no longer than 30 seconds explaining who their military hero is and why. Entrants can nominate anyone associated with the United States military-for example, an active service member, a veteran, or a member of a military family who serves by supporting their military member from the home front. First-place winners will be featured in an interstitial on American Heroes Channel and will be flown to New York City to take part on the National Military Family Associations float in the national Veterans Day parade on November 11. Students may choose to submit their ...
Soldiers are regarded as some of the most physically fit individuals, as their occupation demands for them to be at peak health conditions. However, a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association reveals that a smaller proportion of active US Army personnel have ideal cardiovascular health compared to the civilian population. The recent research points out […]
Meeting Carlos put me back in the frame of mind of why military families - especially - even more so than non-military families, need to support other military families, no matter their positions on Iraq war. It is an extension of the principle of what it means to be a community of military families. When one talks to Carlos, one feels the form and shape of his grief, more than hears the words he attempts to share. It is not possible or likely to leave a conversation with him without feeling the decency of empathy and compassion he deserves, he and his family. Even with the polarized and entrenched variances of viewpoints on invasion and occupation of Iraq as response to a threat of terror, there remains room for the reality that military families face singularly and apart from the rest of Americans who do not have loved ones deployed in Iraq. When it gets down to real people rather than airy, abstract, political rhetoric and talking points, Carlos experience of the loss of his son is a clear ...
The transition from Operation Desert Shield to Operation Desert Storm is a small one, but its important to the troops who served there.
May 28 - President Obama says Vietnam War veterans were blamed unfairly for a conflict they didnt start as he honored fallen U.S. military personnel. Rough Cut (no reporter narration)}
Body mass index (BMI) has risen among members of the military, though to a lesser degree than in civilian populations. BMI as an anthropometric tool has been essential for population surveillance and documenting the obesity epidemic and its health consequences. One use for BMI in population surveillance is to model the BMI trajectories of a population over time. Many studies are available on the BMI trajectories and determinants of BMI in civilians, but few studies of this nature in military populations exist. Establishing the shape and determinants of BMI trajectories among Soldiers is critical given the importance of weight management to military service requirements. Military service can be characterized as an ever-changing, demanding profession that requires dedication to a highly stressful lifestyle. Unites States Army Soldiers must balance stressors that normally occur over an individuals life-course with unique stressors associated with Army service, such as deployment and routine relocations.
The American Clinical Laboratory Association (ACLA) thanks the Members of the House Military Personnel Subcommittee for consideration of our comments for the hearing, "Defense Health Agency." ACLA is a not-for-profit association representing the nations leading national and regional clinical laboratories on key issues of common concern, including federal and state government reimbursement and regulatory policies.. Clinical laboratories provide critical testing services to TRICARE beneficiaries. Clinical laboratory tests guide more than 70% of medical decisions made by healthcare professionals. The information provided by clinical labs helps diagnose, treat and monitor patients as accurately and quickly as possible. Our member laboratories proudly provide clinical laboratory services to our men and women in the armed services and their families.. ACLA submits this statement for the record as to express its strong opposition to TRICAREs current policy of non-coverage for molecular diagnostic ...
USAs luftvåben,[1] United States Air Force (USAF), er et af USAs fem værn. Under Den amerikanske borgerkrig anvendtes brintballoner til artilleriobservation og i 1909 indkøbtes et fly fremstillet af brødrene Wright. I 1912 blev en aeronautisk sektion af "U.S. Army Signal Corps" oprettet. I 1917, da USA gik ind i 1. verdenskrig, blev "U.S. Army Air Service" formet som en del af "American Expeditionary Force" (AEF). I 1926 blev "Air Service" reorganiseret som en gren af hæren og blev til "U.S. Army Air Corps" (USAAC). I 1941, blev "Army Air Corps" til "U.S. Army Air Forces" (USAAF). I 1947 blev "Army Air Forces" til et selvstændigt værn under navnet: "United States Air Force". U.S. Army beholdt dog helikoptere og små propelfly i det nyoprettede "Army Aviation". I 1947 oprettedes også Air National Guard, et lufthjemmeværn med jetjagere. USAF består pr. 2004 af 352.000 aktive folk og 9.000+ fly. US Air Force har Department of the Air Force (luftvåbenministeriet) som politisk paraply. ...
Expanded Access to Industry-Leading Technology for 10.2 Million Military Personnel ATLANTA, GA - April 17, 2017 - AMNIOX Medical, Inc., a TissueTech, Inc. company, announced a new Federal Supply Schedule contract for its NEOX and CLARIX product lines. The agreement provides the Military Health System broad access to NEOX Wound Allograft - indicated for use as a wound covering for dermal ulcers and defects - and CLARIX Regenerative Matrix - indicated for use as a surgical covering, wrap or barrier in orthopedic surgery and soft tissue repair.. The Military Health System encompasses the U.S. Department of Defenses institutions providing health care to active duty and retired U.S. Military personnel and their dependents. This system provides healthcare coverage to 10.2 million lives. Amniox Medical is partnering exclusively with Alliant Healthcare, a verified Service-Disabled, and Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB). As an SDVOSB, Alliant is a priority provider of medical products and services ...
A-3. LIGHT INFANTRY BRIGADE. Light infantry brigades have the most austere of the three light headquarters organizations in terms of communications capabilities and the number of staff officers. There are few vehicles in the main CP. Organizational maintenance is centralized at the brigade maintenance section. All Class I rations are prepared by the brigade mess team. Like the light infantry division, the brigade must depend on corps-level transportation assets. A key characteristic of the light infantry brigade is its limited antiarmor capability. There are 12 TOWs and Javelins per brigade. In addition, the light infantry division has only one attack helicopter battalion and an air cavalry squadron.. A-4. AIRBORNE BRIGADE. Once it completes entry operations, the airborne brigade essentially functions as a light infantry brigade. It has more CS and CSS assets than does the light infantry brigade and has 60 TOWs and 54 Dragons or Javelins. The airborne division has only one attack helicopter ...
Knotts Berry Farm is once again offering free admission to active, retired and Veteran U.S. military personnel starting Monday.
Marine Corps Manpower Plans and Policy Division, Manpower & Reserve Affairs, is responsible for formulating Marine Corps force manpower plans. Accomplishing this mission requires extensive knowledge of the Human Resource Development Process (HRDP) for controlling future personnel attrition, retention, and accession quantities to ensure appropriate quantities of its various Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) and overall end strength are maintained. To assist their mission, an agent-based computer simulation model was developed in the Java computer language. This thesis investigates that simulation model, titled Manpower Simulation Model (MSM). This thesis provides documentation of MSMs architecture and processes, tests the sensitivity of its inputs through the use of an experimental design, and validates MSMs output measures by calculating the relative error for five successive forecast years for various HRDP categories. This thesis found that MSMs structure and output measurement ...
Close air support (CAS)-delivery of airborne munitions to support ground forces-is difficult and dangerous because it requires intricate coordination between combat aircrews and dismounted ground forces (for example, joint terminal attack controllers, or JTACs). DARPAs Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) program focuses on technologies to enable sharing of real-time situational awareness and weapons systems data through approaches designed to work with almost any aircraft. PCAS envisions more precise, prompt and easy air-ground coordination for CAS and other missions under stressful operational conditions and seeks to minimize the risk of friendly fire and collateral damage by enabling the use of smaller munitions to hit smaller, multiple or moving targets. This capability is critically important in urban environments.. On March 27, DARPA successfully tested the full PCAS prototype system for the first time as part of TALON REACH, a U.S. Marine Corps infantry/aviation training exercise ...
FORT BENNING, Ga. (AP) - The young Army infantry recruits lined up in full combat gear, guns at the ready. At the signal, a soldier in front kicked in the door and they burst into the room, swiveling to check around the walls for threats. Youre dead! one would-be enemy yelled out from a dark corner, the voice slightly higher than the others echoing through the building. It was 18-year-old Kirsten, training to become one of the Armys first women serving as infantry soldiers.