Ottienilo da una biblioteca! Acoustic microscopy : fundamentals and applications. [R G Maev; Wiley InterScience (Online service)] -- The only updated resource on acoustic microscopy covers its use in a range of applications spanning the fields of physics, materials science, electrical engineering, medicine, and research and ...
A method and system are provided for 3-D acoustic microscopy using short pulse laser excitation. A 3-D acoustic microscope for use in such a system is also provided. In a first embodiment, wherein optical detection is utilized, a focused excitation beam is scanned by a first acoustooptic scanning device across an absorbing layer of an opto-acoustic transducer (if needed) coupled to an object under investigation to create spherical ultrasonic waves within the object which may be living tissue. The reflected spherical ultrasonic waves are detected through the use of an unfocused probe beam and an optical detector array or a focused probe beam and a single photodetector which receive the probe beam from a reflecting surface of the opto-acoustic transducer. A second acoustooptic scanning device scans the probe beam at a plurality of positions on the reflecting surface of the opto-acoustic transducer. In another embodiment, an ultrasound transducer is utilized to acoustically detect the reflected spherical
Scanning electron acoustic microscopy (SEAM ) is an operation mode within scanning electron microscopy utilizing the sound or ultrasound generation within the sample due to the impact of a temporarily modulated electron beam current. This technique, which has already shown its large range of applicability in materials research and engineering, is now applied to medical research. Applications presented in this paper are shown for SEAM micrographs of human bone and brain ...
[144 Pages Report] Acoustic Microscopy Market categorizes global market by Offering (Microscopes, Accessories & Software, Services), Application (Non-Destructive Testing, Quality Control, Failure Analysis), Industry (Semiconductor, Life Science), and Geography
Scanning acoustic microscopy (SAM) uses sound waves to detect and identify internal delamination, voids, material density changes, defects other anomalies
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326 Acoustic microscopy of old and new materials G.A.D. Briggs, C.M.W. Daft, A.F. Fagan, T.A. Field, C.W. Lawrence, M. Montoto, S.D. Peck, A. Rodriguez, C.B. Scruby (in Acoustical Imaging 1989 ...
A review of the role of ultrasound biomicroscopy in glaucoma associated with rare diseases of the anterior segment Giuseppe Mannino,1 Barmak Abdolrahimzadeh,2 Silvia Calafiore,1 Gianmario Anselmi,1 Cristina Mannino,1 Alessandro Lambiase3 1Ophthalmology Unit, Saint Andrea Hospital, Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sense Organs, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy; 2Polimed Beltramelli Medical Centre, Rome, Italy; 3Department of Sense Organs, Ophthalmology Unit, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy Abstract: Ultrasound biomicroscopy is a non-invasive imaging technique, which allows high-resolution evaluation of the anatomical features of the anterior segment of the eye regardless of optical media transparency. This technique provides diagnostically significant information in vivo for the cornea, anterior chamber, chamber angle, iris, posterior chamber, zonules, ciliary body, and lens, and is of great value in assessment of the mechanisms of glaucoma
Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus | Purpose:To investigate the accuracy of high frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy using the bag/balloon technique to locate recti muscle insertions before and after strabismus surgery.Methods:This was a prospective masked study. The distance from the limbus to horizontal recti muscle insertions was measured by caliper intraoperatively and ultrasound biomicroscopy preoperatively and during follow-up.
OKOS Vue 250-P SAM scanning acoustic microscope is designed to simplify testing, with limited space (most compact system, tabletop). It provides a universal inspection tool for packaged semiconductor, production and failure analysis. With the ability to detect air defects as thin 0.05 micron and spatially resolve defects down to 5 microns, the Vue 250-P is perfect for electronic & micro-electronic devices (plastic packages, BGA, CSP, flip chip inspection) but also for assembly characterization of small parts : optics, packaging, thin film and coating, etc. Contact us for more information. ...
2006) Using level set based inversion of arrival times to recover shear wave speed in transient elastography and supersonic imaging. , 22, 707-725. , and Fink, M. (2008) Ultrasound Med. , 34 (9), 1373-1386. , and Pol, S. (2011) Ultrasound Med. , 37 (9), 1361-1373. , and Tanter, M. (2010) Muscle Nerve, 42, 438-431. , and Tanter, M. (2010) Viscoelastic and anisotropic mechanical properties of in vivo muscle tissue assessed by supersonic shear imaging. Ultrasound Med. , 36 (5), 789-801. 23 2 Imaging via Speckle Interferometry and Nonlinear Methods Jeffrey Sadler and Roman Gr. The amplitude of the radiated shear wave decreases quite rapidly due to the natural divergence associated with a small shear source. To extend the area sensed by the shear wave, we proposed an original solution enabling the generation of weakly diffracting shear waves based on the remote creation of a supersonic source radiating shear waves along a Mach cone [24, 25]. This effect is the analog of the Cerenkov electromagnetic ...
We have developed a non-contact laser ultrasound SAW microscope operating at 82 MHz and harmonics thereof, which is capable of rapid image acquisition. Conventional acoustic microscopy is largely immune to the effects of aberration because of the very short acoustic path length that is imposed by the presence of the couplant. The couplant also limits the sensitivity of contacting acoustic microscopy. In laser ultrasound systems the absence of couplant means that longer path lengths are possible but the anisotropy and grain structure of the material can aberrate the passage of the acoustic wave limiting the performance of the system and producing acoustic speckle. We show that even weakly aberrating materials (e.g. aluminum) can produce significant speckle effects. We present experimental non-contacting imaging results on isotropic and textured anisotropic samples; together with simulated images. The results demonstrate that the speckle statistics of the experimental and simulated results agree ...
J. E, 28, 173-182. P. et al. (1995) Acoustical Imaging (ed. P. Jones), vol. 21, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 223-240. , and Li, X. (1991) Ultrason. , 13, 111-134. , and Sato, T. (1990) IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. , 37 (2), 45-53. J. (1991) Radiology, 181, 237-239. , and Fink, M. (1999) IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. , 46 (4), 1013-1019. , and Fink, M. (2002) IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. , 49 (4), 426-435. 19 Fink, M. (1997) Time-reversed acoustics. Phys. Today, 50, 34-40. Today, 50, 34-40. , and Tanter, M. (2003) Annu. Rev. Biomed. , 5, 465-497. Y. (1998) Ultrasound Med. , 20, 1419-1436. E. (2002) Ultrasound Med. , 28 (2), 227-235. 23 Fatemi, M. F. (1998) Science, 280, 82-85. , and Fink, M. (2004) IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. , 51 (4), 374-409. , and Fink, M. (2004) Appl. Phys. , 84 (12), 2202-2204. 26 McLaughlin, J. and Renzi, D. (2006) Using level set based inversion of arrival times to recover shear wave speed in transient elastography and ...
If you have a question about this talk, please contact C. Whitaker.. Abstract not available. This talk is part of the Engineering Department Dynamics and Vibration Tea Time Talks series.. ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Imaging of immature articular cartilage using ultrasound backscatter microscopy at 50 MHz. AU - Kim, H. K W. AU - Babyn, P. S.. AU - Harasiewicz, K. A.. AU - Gahunia, H. K.. AU - Pritzker, K. P H. AU - Foster, F. S.. PY - 1995/11. Y1 - 1995/11. N2 - A high frequency sonographic technique-ultrasound backscatter microscopy-was used to visualize the subsurface structure of immature porcine articular cartilage from the knee joint. In 20‐week‐old pigs, all parts that were scanned, except the weight‐bearing regions of the femoral condyles, demonstrated heterogeneous ultrasound backscatter characteristics within the articular cartilage. A trilaminar pattern consisting of hypoechoic, hyperechoic, and anechoic layers ranging from superficial to deep generally was observed, except in the weight‐bearing regions of the femoral condyles, where a homogeneous anechoic pattern was seen. In the younger pigs (6 and 10 weeks old), the trilaminar backscatter pattern was not observed. Small, ...
With respect to forward ciliary body movement, the angle measured includes the inner aspect of the cornea and the anterior aspect of the muscle apex (not including the ciliary processes) which is quite distinct and easily measured in the iridectomized eye. Forward ciliary body movement as measured by UBM does not discern the individual contributions of the different areas of the muscle (i.e., longitudinal, circular, and reticular muscle portions) and what occurs in the different internal anatomic regions of the muscle cannot be precisely quantified. Nonetheless, the technique is a reliable indicator of overall forward ciliary body/muscle movement (i.e., muscle apex) 3,21 based on the following: (1) The angle change reflects the translocation of the innermost aspect of the muscle (apex); (2) the change in forward ciliary body movement as measured by UBM after removal of the posterior restriction is corroborated by the morphologic findings in this article and historically 1,2,5 ; (3) a qualitative ...
Scanning Acoustic Microscopy - development of acoustic microscopes, imaging techniques (C-scan, B-scan and 3D, amplitude and phase imaging) and measuring procedures in low frequency (35MHz-200MHz) range. Visualization of surface and interior of solids and biological materials using waves of the frequency up to 1GHz. Acoustic microscope image interpretation and surface layers investigation with leaky surface waves ...
A range of techniques is now available to characterise the elastic properties of surfaces and surface layers. Applications include measurement of stress, subsurface damage, layer thickness and bonding, and the elastic properties of thin layers. At the bottom of the frequency range, group velocity measurements can be made by timing the transit of pulses between knife edges. Over a range of higher frequencies acoustic microscopy can be used to measure the interference between specular and surface waves, using the V(z) technique with cylindrical (line-focus-beam) lenses or transducers. For dispersive surfaces V(f) techniques can be used, either in an acoustic microscope with V-groove lenses, or in an ultrasonic microspectrometer with a spherical-planar pair. Surface Brillouin spectroscopy enables the frequency range to be extended to 20 GHz, with acoustic wavelengths less than 300 nm and sensitivity to surface layers considerably thinner than that. All of these techniques can give azimuthal ...
Research Interests: Ultrasound Imaging/ Acoustic microscopy, Optoacoustic Imaging/ Optoacoustic microscopy, Use of microbubbles for Imaging and Therapy, Bioheat transfer therapies, and Optical Coherence Tomography Applications. Profile ...
The PhD position will be a part of the interdisciplinary VirtualStain project: "Artificial intelligence solutions to virtually stain label-free cell and tissue images for studying cardiovascular diseases of fish and mammals" funded by UiT- The Arctic University of Norway. This interdisciplinary project involves modelling of fundamental processes related to disease development and progression in living cardiovascular tissue and cells through label-free imaging (photo and scanning acoustic microscopy, and label-free nanoscopy). The PhD candidate will avail an interdisciplinary collaboration platform at UiT from different fields such as artificial intelligence, photo-acoustic imaging, cardiovascular biology to study disease development and progression of cardiomyopathy syndrome in salmon through label free imaging. This will provide insight into host-pathogen interaction, causing atrophy in the heart tissue to understand the biological process undergoing changes at the cell and tissue level, for ...
These proceedings focus on the physical basis and underlying theory of electron optics and analysis. The theme of the conference was advances in images and analysis with electrons and other focussed probes. Topics covered included conventional electron optics and analysis, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, scanning Auger spectroscopy, x-ray microscopy, acoustic microscopy and lithography.
The Micromorphological Research of the Internal Structure of Chairside CAD/CAM Materials by the Method of Scanning Impulse Acoustic Microscopy (SIAM)
The Micromorphological Research of the Internal Structure of Chairside CAD/CAM Materials by the Method of Scanning Impulse Acoustic Microscopy (SIAM)
Therapy with ampi-cillin and an aminoglycoside (eg purchase 160mg malegra dxt plus mastercard, gentamicin) was traditionally recommended astreatment for SBP. In almost all chil-dren, the hair regrows completely over thenext 6 to 12 months. Many drugs that cause gynecomastia appear to do so by binding to theandrogen receptor and thereby blocking endogenous testosterone. A -year-old sexually active woman presents with left knee and wrist pain. Evidence from clinical trials documents the efficacy of topiramatein acute maniaKey Concept/Objective: To be familiar with different drugs available for the treatment of bipo-lar disorder and maniaLithium is most effective in classic bipolar disorder, which consists of discrete episodesof mania and depression with symptom-free periods between episodes. A combination of more than one of these systems will de-crease use of the limb. In contrast, well-mineralized bone is observed lling the channelsof the DTE bone chamberUsing acoustic microscopy, a quantitative ...
Initial Work on Acoustic Simulation using Ansys APDL. Presented by Lee Chean Shen General Engineering Research Institute Electronic and Ultrasonic Engineering Group Supervisors Prof. Dave Harvey Dr. Guangming Zhang 22 January 2010. Introduction - Acoustic Microscopy. What is Acoustic?...
AIMS Slit lamp fundus biomicroscopy allows for high magnification, stereoscopic diagnosis, and treatment of macular diseases. Variable contrast, narrow field of view, and specular reflections arising from the cornea, sclera, and examining lens reduce image quality; these images are of limited clinical utility for diagnosis, treatment planning, and photodocumentation when compared with fundus camera images. Algorithms are being developed to segment fundus imagery from slit lamp biomicroscopic video image sequences in order to improve clinical utility.. METHODS Video fundus image sequences of human volunteers were acquired with a video equipped, Nikon NS-1V slit lamp biomicroscope. Custom developed software identified specular reflections based on brightness and colour content, and extracted the illuminated fundus image based on colour image analysis and size constraints.. RESULTS In five subjects with variable image quality, the approach allowed for automatic, robust, accurate extraction of that ...
Zhang, B.; Cheng, Q.; Chen, M.; Yao, W.; Qian, M.; Hu, B., 2012: Imaging and analyzing the elasticity of vascular smooth muscle cells by atomic force acoustic microscope
An analysis is made of the image produced in the scanning acoustic microscope with a cylindrical lens by a cylindrical inclusion in an elastic half-space. The theory is developed in the Rayleigh approximation in which the characteristic wavelengths in the solid are large relative to the diameter of the cylinder, and when scattered waves can be expressed by the leading terms in a multipole expansion concentrated on the axis of the cylinder. A formula is derived for the acoustic contrast when the inclusion is rigid (but movable) and in fully lubricated contact with the solid. The results are illustrated by consideration of an inclusion in aluminium with water as the coupling fluid. The contrast decreases rapidly when the depth of the inclusion within the solid exceeds the Rayleigh wavelength, in accordance with current views concerning the importance of these waves in subsurface imaging. ...
The diagnosis of Salzmanns corneal degeneration is made clinically, with subepithelial, prominent corneal lesions representing the most important sign of this disease.3. We believe that the initial corneal alteration, clinically diagnosed as hyaline degeneration of the cornea, represents a precursor of Salzmanns corneal degeneration. This assumption is based on the fact that the respective histological findings already indicated the presence of this pathology.4-6 In the region of nodular thickening the superficial stromal tissue consists of collagen fibrils which are hyalinised and arranged in an irregular fashion in the absence of inflammatory changes or vascularisation. The corneal epithelium shows focal degenerations, while Bowmans membrane is not identified at its usual subepithelial location.. This case gives rise to the question as to whether hyaline degeneration may exist as a separate entity. Furthermore, if hyaline degeneration of the cornea is considered to be a precursor of ...
Ultrasound biomicroscopy of ciliary body cysts. An association between prenatal cocaine exposure and deficits in total language functioning was found in 236 cocaine-exposed and 207 non-cocaine exposed full-term children (313). ВIвm not angry at her; sheвs angry at meв). 3.
We developed a reflection-mode subwavelength-resolution photoacoustic microscopy system capable of imaging optical absorption contrast in vivo. The simultaneous high-resolution and reflection-mode imaging capacity of the system was enabled by delicately configuring a miniature high-frequency ultrasonic transducer tightly under a water-immersion objective with numerical aperture of 1.0. At 532-nm laser illumination, the lateral resolution of the system was measured to be ~320 nm. With this system, subcellular structures of red blood cells and B16 melanoma cells were resolved ex vivo; microvessels, including individual capillaries, in a mouse ear were clearly imaged label-freely in vivo, using the intrinsic optical absorption from hemoglobin. The current study suggests that, the optical-absorption contrast, subwavelength resolution, and reflection-mode ability of the developed photoacoustic microscopy may empower a wide range of biomedical studies for visualizing cellular and/or subcellular ...
What is Scanning Tunneling Microscopy? Allows for the imaging of the surfaces of metals and semiconductors at the atomic level. Developed by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in The two shared half of the 1986 Nobel Prize in physics for developing STM. BinnigRohrer STM has fathered a host of new atomic probe techniques: Atomic Force Microscopy, Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy, Magnetic Force Microscopy, Scanning Acoustic Microscopy, etc.
These distributed technologies include: Scanning Acoustic Microscopy. 2D X-ray Radiography 3D Computed Tomography OEM X-ray Components. OEM Acoustic Components. Dynamic Infrared Thermography The System Sales team also sells worldwide the technology developed by INSIDIX either through System Sales or local representatives: TDM - 3D Topography and Deformation Measurement. The extensive experience obtained through our Services Laboratory activities with these technologies makes Insidix uniquely qualified to advise its customers on their acquisition and use. Our detailed knowledge as a user of these technologies, and the ability to provide equipment demonstrations and sample testing in our laboratory, insures that our customers can make fully informed decisions on equipment purchases. In addition, our Services Laboratory experts are available to train customers personnel after acquisition, and to provide a post acquisition "hotline" for resolving user difficulties. Our System Sales team is skilled ...
We report on a sub-cellular resolution photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) system that employs microcavity synchronous parallel acquisition technique for detecting the weak photoacoustic (PA) signal excited by a modulated continuous wave (CW) laser source. The gas microcavity transducer is developed based on the fact that the bulk modulus of the gas is far less than the solid and the change of the air-gas pressure is inversely proportional to the gas volume, making it extremely sensitive to the tiny PA pressure wave. Besides, considering PA wave expends in various directions, detecting PA signals from different position and adding them together can increase the detecting sensitivity and the signal to noise ratio(SNR), then we employs two microphone to acquire PA wave synchronously and parallelly. We show that the developed PAM system is capable of label-free imaging and differentiating of the hemoglobin distribution within single red blood cells under normal and anemia conditions.. ©2012 Optical ...
This dissertation describes novel signal analysis and imaging techniques for ultrahigh frequency (UHF, over 100 MHz) Photoacoustic Microscopy (PAM). New approaches for extracting information pertaining to object structure and scale are described, and novel sensing techniques and contrast mechanisms for imaging biological samples ranging from single cells to small organisms are presented.. In the first section, I describe a methodology for assessing the structure of biological cells using UHF-PAM. The power spectra of ultrasound (US) pulses backscattered from MCF-7 cells, and photoacoustic (PA) waves emitted from their dyed nuclei were fit to analytical solutions to determine cell and nucleus diameter, respectively. The measured cell diameters (15.5±1.8 μm) and nucleus diameters (12±1.3 μm) were used to calculate the mean cell nucleus-to-cytoplasm ratio (1.9±1.0). Good agreement was observed between UHF-PAM measured values and literature. In the second section, I present a novel technique ...
Purpose. To investigate the microstructure of the lacrimal canaliculus and the characteristics of lacrimal canalicular diseases by 80-MHz ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM).. Methods. This study included 33 participants: 20 normal subjects (40 eyes), 2 patients with chronic lacrimal canaliculitis (4 eyes), 10 patients with chronic dacryocystitis (16 eyes), and 1 patient with lacrimal punctum atresia (2 eyes). All participants underwent 80-MHz UBM; disease-specific features were noted.. Results. On 80-MHz UBM of the lacrimal canaliculi (vertical section) in normal subjects, low echo of the lacrimal canalicular lumen and high echo of the lacrimal canalicular wall were observed. The uniform low echo near the wall was the mucosal epithelium. The outermost layer of medium-to-high echo was the subepithelial elastic fibrous layer. In the horizontal section, the lumen was continuous. Two linear high echoes parallel to the canalicular wall could be observed at the center of the lacrimal canaliculus, which ...
MD Rose, JS Mattoon, AJ Gemensky-Metzler, DA Wilkie, PJ Rajala-Schultz. Ultrasound biomicroscopy of the iridocorneal angle of the canine eye before and after phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation. American Journal of Veterinary Research 2008; 69(2): 279-288. Developed idea with Dr. Rose for research project, edited grant proposal, contributed cases and assisted with collection of data, poster for ACVO, extensively edited manuscripts for Masters thesis and for publication. Contribution: 15 ...
Explain to the hospital diagnosed with orthopedic conditions will have a high femoral bifurcation, small caliber needle. Major bleeding vessels will require sacrifice of the gallbladder to aid in anatomic reduction is required. Upon closure of interstices, and donor cells in the range of 18% [2, 5]. Syngeneic bone marrow aspiration with or without radiation to the remaining wall of a premature separation of an emergency, use a hair stylist or barber who specializes in caring for a diagnosis of dvt, especially in patients with neural inju- ries other: Many trauma surgeons may choose to perform the heim- lich maneuver, how to maintain safety measures. 5. Vomitingmay indicate pyloric obstruction or cardiacorifice obstruction. Nursing interventions 1. Record intake and output every hour if low-risk pregnancy or rupture of a visual eld testing, perimetry, fundus photography, ultrasound biomicroscopy, and retinal nerve ber im- aging. Airway managementmechanical ventilation, vigorous suctioning, oxygen ...
This work was supported in part by the NIH Directors Pioneer Award (DP1 OD000798) and startup funds from Washington University in St. Louis (to Y.X.). This work was also sponsored by grants of the NIH (numbers R01 EB000712, R01 EB008085, and U54 CA136398 to L.V.W.). Part of the research was performed at the Nano Research Facility, a member of the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network (NNIN), which is supported by the NSF under award ECS-0335765. ...
Twenty eyes (10 patients) completed the study. Patients were split into 2 groups: Group 1 (Young/healthy): 27-32 years old; Group 2 (Old/Presbyopic): 45-55 years old. Dynamic accommodative response (AR) was stimulated utilizing a laser pointer as the far target and an ETDRS card fixed at 40cm as a near target. Biometric changes of AR in the anterior segment were measured by UBM in�� an accommodation-solicited condition and in a relaxation state as follows: a) scleral-ciliary angle structures; b) anterior and posterior (AP) lens surfaces c) lens thickness. Individual UBM images and raw data of video loops were analyzed ...
Images of histological specimens from the lungs of animals under transmission electron microscope (×30,000). (A) control group; (B) KGF-2 group; (C) HVZP group
We propose to develop novel photoacoustic endoscopy by miniaturizing photoacoustic imaging probes. The primary motivation is to overcome the depth limitation of...
... ,The AB5500 is a combination A-scan and B-scan system, providing accurate and reliable scanning capabilities. The A-scan incorporates a high frequency, low noise probe and fast precise algorithm which enables scan capture immediately upon application of the probe along the visual axis. In cases wher,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
Find photoacoustic gas monitoring (monitoring and testing) articles on Environmental XPRT, the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information resource.
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a noninvasive imaging tool to visualize optical absorbing contrast agents. Due to high ultrasonic resolution and superior optical sensitivity, PAI can be used to monitor nanoparticle-mediated cancer therapy. The current study synthesized Food and Drug Administration-approved Prussian blue (PB) in the form of nanoparticles (NPs) with the peak absorption at 712 nm for photoacoustically imaging tumor-bearing mouse models. To monitor PB NPs from the background tissue in vivo, we also developed a new 700-nm-region stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) source (pulse energy up to 200 nJ and repetition rate up to 50 kHz) and implemented optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (OR-PAM ...
TEXTBOOKS. Guest S. Pars Planitis. In: NORD Guide to Rare Disorders. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Philadelphia, PA. 2003:656-57. Beers MH, Berkow R, eds. The Merck Manual, 17th ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories; 1999:726.. Kanski JJ, ed. Clinical Ophthalmology. 4th ed. Butterworth-Heinemann. Oxford, UK; 1999:309-11.. Newell FW, ed. Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts. 7th ed. Mosby Year Book, St. Louis, MO; 1991:333-34.. JOURNAL ARTICLES. Abu El-Asrar A, Geboes K. An immunohistochemical study of the snowbank in a case of pars planitis. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2002;10:117-23.. Greiner KH, Kilmartin DJ, Forrester JV, et al. Grading of pars planitis by ultrasound biomicroscopy/echographic and clinical study. Eur J Ultrasound.2002;15:139-44.. Miserocchi E, Baltatzis S, Ekong A, et al. Efficacy and safety of chlorambucil in intractable noninfectious uveitis: the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary experience. Ophthalmology. 2002;109:137-42.. Lauer AK, Smith JR, Robertson ...