TY - JOUR. T1 - The GPR55 agonist lysophosphatidylinositol relaxes rat mesenteric resistance artery and induces Ca2+ release in rat mesenteric artery endothelial cells. AU - Alsuleimani, Y. M.. AU - Hiley, C. R.. PY - 2015/6/1. Y1 - 2015/6/1. N2 - Background and Purpose Lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI), a lipid signalling molecule, activates GPR55 and elevates intracellular Ca2+. Here, we examine the actions of LPI in the rat resistance mesenteric artery and Ca2+ responses in endothelial cells isolated from the artery. Experimental Approach Vascular responses were studied using wire myographs. Single-cell fluorescence imaging was performed using a MetaFluor system. Hypotensive effects of LPI were assessed using a Biopac system. Key Results In isolated arteries, LPI-induced vasorelaxation was concentration- and endothelium-dependent and inhibited by CID 16020046, a GPR55 antagonist. The CB1 receptor antagonist AM 251 had no effect, whereas rimonabant and O-1918 significantly potentiated LPI ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Assessing myogenic response and vasoactivity in resistance mesenteric arteries using pressure myography. AU - Jadeja, Ravirajsinh N.. AU - Rachakonda, Vikrant. AU - Bagi, Zsolt. AU - Khurana, Sandeep. PY - 2015/7/6. Y1 - 2015/7/6. N2 - Small resistance arteries constrict and dilate respectively in response to increased or decreased intraluminal pressure; this phenomenon known as myogenic response is a key regulator of local blood flow. In isobaric conditions small resistance arteries develop sustained constriction known as myogenic tone (MT), which is a major determinant of systemic vascular resistance (SVR). Hence, ex vivo pressurized preparations of small resistance arteries are major tools to study microvascular function in near-physiological states. To achieve this, a freshly isolated intact segment of a small resistance artery (diameter ~260 μm) is mounted onto two small glass cannulas and pressurized. These arterial preparations retain most in vivo characteristics and ...
We have investigated effects of altered extracellular sodium, intracellular sodium concentration, and membrane potential on the contractile responses of rat isolated mesenteric small arteries (internal diameter ca. 200 microns), when mounted as ring preparations on an isometric myograph. To avoid possible neural effects, all vessels were denervated in vitro using 6-hydroxydopamine. In unstimulated vessels, exposure to low-Na+ solutions (25 mM sodium, sucrose, or choline-substituted) did not cause any response nor did exposure to ouabain (1 mM) for 1 hour [when intracellular sodium concentration increased to 64 mmol/(liter-cell)]. However, a response was obtained if ouabain-exposed vessels were subjected to low-sodium solutions (ca. 15% of maximal response). The magnitude of the response was dependent on the ratio of intracellular to extracellular sodium and was not inhibitable by the calcium blockers, felodipine (1 nM) or D600 (10 microM). This response could therefore be explained in terms of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mechanisms of vasorelaxation induced by oleoylethanolamide in the rat small mesenteric artery. AU - Alsuleimani, Yousuf M.. AU - Hiley, C. Robin. PY - 2013/2/28. Y1 - 2013/2/28. N2 - The actions of the anandamide-like mono-unsaturated fatty acid oleoylethanolamide (OEA) were first linked to satiety and control of food intake and recently reported to relax resistance vessels. This study characterizes its vasorelaxant mechanisms. Vasorelaxation to OEA were assessed in third order branches of rat superior mesenteric artery using a wire myograph. The roles of the endothelium, KCa channels, perivascular sensory nerves, NO, cannabinoid receptors, and the phospholipase C (PLC)/inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) and RhoA/ROCK signalling pathways, were assessed. OEA caused concentration- and endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation (pEC50=6.7±0.1, Rmax=93.1±2. 5%). L-NAME greatly reduced the response (residual relaxation of only 24.6±12.8%). Capsaicin and pertussis toxin significantly reduced ...
In WT mice, endothelium-dependent relaxations of small mesenteric arteries were mainly mediated by EDHF, whereas those of the aorta were mediated by NO, a finding that is consistent with our previous studies (2, 4, 14). Interestingly, EDHF-mediated relaxations were progressively reduced in accordance with the number of disrupted NOS genes in mesenteric arteries and were absent in n/i/eNOS−/− mice, indicating that EDHF-mediated relaxations are totally mediated by the endothelial NOSs system in mouse mesenteric arteries.. In this study, after the classical definition of EDHF (1-3), we evaluated EDHF-mediated responses in mouse mesenteric arteries in the presence of indomethacin and l-NNA. It is known that eNOS generates superoxide anions under normal conditions from reductase domain and only when uncoupled (e.g., BH4 and/or l-arginine depletion) from the oxidase domain, and that l-arginine analogues only inhibit the latter process (40). Indeed, we were able to demonstrate that endothelial ...
In the isolated canine mesenteric artery relaxation caused by nicorandil [N-(2-hydroxyethyl)nicotinamide nitrate ester; SG-75] in the presence of noradrenaline was accompanied by a concomitant...
1 the alpha(2)-adrenoceptor function in mesenteric arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was investigated by comparing membrane potential changes in response to adrenergic agonists in preparations from female SHR, Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and normotensive Wistar rats (NWR).2 Resting membrane potential was found to be less negative in mesenteric arteries from SHR than in those from NWR and WKY. Apamin induced a decrease in the membrane potential of mesenteric artery rings without endothelium from NWR and WKY, but had no effects in those from SHR. Both UK 14,304 and adrenaline, in the presence of prazosin, induced a hyperpolarization that was significantly lower in de-endothelialized mesenteric rings from SHR than in those from NWR and WKY. in mesenteric rings with endothelium, however, similar hyperpolarization was observed in the three strains.3 in NWR mesenteric rings with endothelium the hyperpolarization induced by activation of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors was abolished by apamin, whereas in ...
Downregulation of L-type Ca2+ channel in rat mesenteric arteries leads to loss of smooth muscle contractile phenotype and inward hypertrophic ...
article{b05afb58-252f-4a27-a2c1-eeed80e365a7, author = {Möller, Sebastian and Uddman, Erik and Welsh, Nicola and Edvinsson, Lars and Adner, Mikael}, issn = {1879-0712}, language = {eng}, number = {2-3}, pages = {209--215}, publisher = {Elsevier}, series = {European Journal of Pharmacology}, title = {Analysis of the time course for organ culture-induced endothelin ET(B) receptor upregulation in rat mesenteric arteries.}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2999(02)02499-8}, volume = {454}, year = {2002 ...
Methods Rat mesenteric arteries were mounted in a wire myograph and pre-constricted with U46619; cumulative concentration response curves were then constructed for the vasodilator responses to DHA (100 nM-30 µM). Blockade of NO PGI2 and endothelium dependent hyperpolarization (EDH) vasodilator pathways on DHA induced relation were assessed using pharmacological blockade. The effect of DHA on endothelium-dependent and independent relaxation produced by ACh and NONOate, respectively, was also assessed.. ...
Evidence is provided for expression and a functional role for phosphodiesterase type V (PDE-V) in the rat isolated small mesenteric artery. The reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT--PCR) demonstrated mRNA for PDE-V, while Western blotting and immunocytochemical studies showed corresponding protein expression. Smooth muscle relaxation to the nitric oxide donor, diethylamine NONOate (DEA NONOate; 1 nM - 10 microM; pEC(50)=6.7+/-0.3) was potentiated significantly by the specific inhibitor of PDE-V, 4-[[3,4-(methylenedioxy)benzyl]amino]-6-chloroquinazoline (MBCQ; 1 microM; pEC(50)=10.5+/-0.04). These data show that PDE-V is expressed in both the smooth muscle and endothelial cells of a resistance artery, and the enzyme can significantly influence nitric oxide-evoked vasorelaxation.
Vascular thiol redox state has been shown to modulate vasodilator functions in large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels and other related channels. However, the role of vascular redox in small resistance arteries is unknown. To determine how in vivo modulation of thiol redox state affects small resistance arteries relaxation, we generated a transgenic mouse strain that overexpresses thioredoxin, a small redox protein (Trx-Tg), and another strain that is thioredoxin-deficient (dnTrx-Tg). The redox state of the mesenteric arteries (MAs) in Trx-Tg mice is found to be predominantly in reduced state; in contrast, MAs from dnTrx-Tg mice remain in oxidized state. Thus, we created an in vivo redox system of mice and isolated the second-order branches of the main superior MAs from wild-type, Trx-Tg, or dnTrx-Tg mice to assess endothelium-dependent relaxing responses in a wire myograph. In MAs isolated from Trx-Tg mice, we observed an enhanced intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium channel ...
Ligating to induce ischemia: ligate the feeding branch of the anterior mesenteric artery and the corresponding vein simultaneously with a snare created by 2-0 silk suture or polyethylene tube for 10 min. Both artery and vein were ligated to stop blood supply and induce venule congestion to enhance ischemia.Sham-operated rats without I/R were used as control ...
Rho-kinase expression was investigated in the rat mesenteric artery and the effects of its inhibitors, (+)-(R)-trans-4-(1-aminoethyl)-N(4-pyridyl) cyclohexanecarboxamide dihydrochloride monohydrate (Y-27632) and fasudil (HA-1077), were examined on the increase in perfusion pressure induced by two different receptor agonists, namely the alpha-adrenoceptor agonist, phenylephrine and, the endothelin ETA and ETB receptor agonist, endothelin-1. Y-27632 and fasudil produced a concentration-dependent decrease in perfusion pressure. There was no difference between the concentration -response lines of these two inhibitors. The maximum decrease in the perfusion pressure induced by 10(-5) M Y-27632 was 85.8 +/- 3.7% when the tone was increased by phenylephrine. However, it was 48.1 +/- 5.4% ( ...
Video articles in JoVE about mesenteric artery superior include Assessing Myogenic Response and Vasoactivity In Resistance Mesenteric Arteries Using Pressure Myography.
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Affiliation:筑波大学,基礎医学系,講師, Research Field:General pharmacology,血管生物学, Keywords:エンドセリン,腸管膜動脈,神経ペプチド,血管拡張神経,冠血管,mesenteric artery,血管内皮細胞,CGRP,脳脊髄液,骨格筋, # of Research Projects:4, # of Research Products:0
TY - JOUR. T1 - The contribution of d-tubocurarine-sensitive and Apamin-sensitive K-channels to EDHF-mediated Relaxation of Mesenteric Arteries from eNOS-/- Mice. AU - Chen, Xiaoliang. AU - Li, Yang. AU - Hollenberg, Morley. AU - Triggle, Christopher. AU - Ding, Hong. PY - 2012/5. Y1 - 2012/5. N2 - The nature of the potassium channels involved in determining endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor-mediated relaxation was investigated in first-order small mesenteric arteries from male endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS-/-)-knockout and control (+/+) mice. Acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of small mesenteric arteries of eNOS-/- was resistant to N-nitro-L-arginine and indomethacin and the guanylyl cyclase inhibitor, 1H-(1,2,4) oxadiazolo (4,3-a) quinoxalin-1-one. Apamin and the combination of apamin and iberiotoxin or apamin and charybdotoxin induced a transient endothelium-dependent contraction of small mesenteric arteries from both eNOS-/- and +/+ mice. ...
Increasing evidence shows that sex hormones exert a protective effect on the vasculature, especially in the regulation of the active vasomotor responses. However, whether sex hormones affect vascular remodelling is currently unclear. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that testosterone in males and β-oestradiol in females prevent inward remodelling, possibly through inhibition of cross-linking activity induced by enzymes of the TG (transglutaminase) family. Small mesenteric arteries were isolated from male and female Wistar rats. Dose-dependent relaxation to testosterone and β-oestradiol was inhibited by the NO synthase inhibitor L-NAME (NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester), confirming that these hormones induce NO release. When arteries were cannulated, pressurized and kept in organ culture with ET-1 (endothelin-1) for 3 days we observed strong vasoconstriction and inward remodelling. Remodelling was significantly inhibited by testosterone in males, and by β-oestradiol in females. ...
Many studies in recent years have implicated an altered microvascular structure in the genesis and maintenance of hypertension.4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 In the present study we have provided further evidence that resistance arteries from genetically hypertensive rats have a reduced internal diameter compared with arteries from their normotensive controls. In order to do this, we used a pressure myograph. This technique has the advantage that it allows arteries to assume the stereological conformation they would attain in vivo,12 13 in contrast to some other methodologies used for examining resistance artery structure, such as wire myography.13 The media-to-lumen ratio of resistance arteries from DI/H rats was increased compared with DI/N controls. Although this could be taken as evidence for vascular growth, there was no difference in media cross-sectional surface area in arteries from DI/N and DI/H rats. Our results suggest, therefore, that the architecture of the mesenteric vasculature in DI/H rats ...
The novel findings of the present investigation in pressurized rat resistance mesenteric arteries with endothelium include the following: (1) raloxifene at therapeutically achievable concentrations reduces myogenic constriction in a concentration-dependent manner; (2) dilatations to raloxifene are rapid and nongenomic in nature, unrelated to ICI 182,780-sensitive estrogen receptor; (3) endothelium-derived NO accounts in large part for raloxifene-induced dilatations, as they are inhibited by l-NAME; (4) eNOS activation is causally controlled by Ca2+ influx stimulated by raloxifene without involving PI3K/Akt-related mechanisms; (5) raloxifene dose not modulate CTX/apamin-sensitive endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor-mediated dilatations; and (6) there is a marked gender difference in dilator responses to raloxifene, which is more effective on female arteries. The present study has provided the first line of experimental evidence exhibiting a potent vasodilating effect of raloxifene in ...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in vascular reactivity of mesenteric arteries resulting from hyperbaric oxygen treatment. It was hypothesized that hyperbaric oxygen treatment alters vascular reactivity in mesenteric arteries due to enhanced production of ATP resulting in significantly larger responses to vasoactive stimuli. All arteries were dissected from porcine mesenteries and placed in Krebs- Henseleit solution. Arteries were initially mounted in isolated organ baths and passively loaded with tensions ranging from 1 to 25 grams at odd intervals to ascertain the optimal passive tension for studying mesenteric arteries. Following a 1-hour equilibration in Krebs-Henseleit solution, arteries were treated with potassium chloride (a nonreceptormediated vasoconstrictor; KCl; 15 - 60 mM) to assess vascular reactivity. Following determination of the optimal passive tension, additional arteries were dissected and tested for viability with KCl. Viable arteries were then subjected to a 2
Trykk myography brukes til å vurdere vasoactivity av små arterier som utvikler vedvarende innsnevring når trykk. Dette manuskriptet...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Gender differences in the effect of age on electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced adrenergic vasoconstriction in rat mesenteric resistance arteries. AU - Sullivan, Jennifer C. AU - Davison, Cathy A.. PY - 2001/3/14. Y1 - 2001/3/14. N2 - The objective of this study was to examine the effects of gender and age on electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced vasoconstriction. Fisher 344 rats were studied: young females (YF, n = 38), young males (YM, n = 29), old females (OF, n = 33), and old males (OM, n = 30). Isolated mesenteric resistance arteries (endothelium-intact or denuded) were pressurized, and outer diameter was monitored. Dose-response curves were performed to KCl and phenylephrine (PE). EFS (0.1-16 Hz) responses were expressed as percentage of constriction from baseline. Area under the curve (AUC) was calculated and comparisons were made using analysis of variance and t tests. Females became less responsive to EFS-induced constriction with age, whereas constrictor ...
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels contribute to endothelial cytosolic calcium signaling. Roles for both transient receptor potential C3 (TRPC3) and vallinoid type4 (TRPV4) in agonist-evoked endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation have been proposed. Thus, in this study we have investigated the functional contribution of these channels to endothelium-dependent modulation of phenylephrine- and nerve-evoked increases in tone and to acetylcholine-evoked relaxation in rat mesenteric arteries. Using an immunohistochemical approach, TRPC3 and TRPV4 antibodies showed low level diffuse and punctate labeling in endothelial cells and absence in smooth muscle cells. 1-[4- [(2,3,3-Trichloro-1-oxo-2-propen-1-yl)amino]phenyl]-5- (trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (Pyr3), a selective inhibitor of TRPC3 channels enhanced nerve- and phenylephrine-induced increases in tone in endotheliumintact arteries but was without effect on acetylcholine-evoked relaxations. 1-(4-chloro-2-nitrophenyl) sulfonyl
In rat mesenteric arteries, the ability of ACh to evoke hyperpolarization of smooth muscle cells and consummate dilatation relies on an increase in endothelial cell cytosolic free [Ca2+] and activation of Ca2+-activated K+ channels (KCa). The time course of average and spatially organized rises in endothelial cell [Ca2+]i and concomitant effects on membrane potential were investigated in individual cells of pressurized arteries and isolated sheets of native cells stimulated with ACh. In both cases, ACh stimulated a sustained and oscillating rise in endothelial cell [Ca2+]i. Overall, the oscillations remained asynchronous between cells, yet occasionally localized intercellular coordination became evident. In pressurized arteries, repetitive waves of Ca2+ moved longitudinally across endothelial cells, and depended on Ca2+-store refilling. The rise in endothelial cell Ca2+ was associated with sustained hyperpolarization of endothelial cells in both preparations. This hyperpolarization was also evident when
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n either of two arteries arising from the aorta and passing between the two layers of the mesentery to the intestine: a) one that arises just above the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta into the common iliac arteries and supplies the left half…
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Results: Intrathecal injection of TRPV1 shRNA (6 μg kg−1 per day) for 3 days increased systolic blood pressure and MAP when compared to rats that received control shRNA (control shRNA: 112±2 vs TRPV1 shRNA: 123±2 mmHg). TRPV1 expression was suppressed in T8-L3 segments of dorsal horn and DRG as well as mesenteric arteries of rats given TRPV1 shRNA. Contents of tyrosine hydroxylase, a marker of sympathetic nerves, were increased in mesenteric arteries of rats treated with TRPV1 shRNA. Pretreatment with the 1-adrenoceptor blocker, prazosin (1 mg/kg/day, p.o.), abolished the TRPV1 shRNA-induced pressor effects ...
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In this study, our aims were to investigate transient receptor potential melastatin-8 channels (TRPM8) involvement in rotundifolone induced relaxation in the mesenteric artery and to increase the understanding of the role of these thermosensitive TRP channels in vascular tissue. Thus, message and protein levels of TRPM8 were measured by semi-quantitative PCR and western blotting in superior mesenteric arteries from 12 week-old Spague-Dawley (SD) rats. Isometric tension recordings evaluated the relaxant response in mesenteric rings were also performed. Additionally, the intracellular Ca2+ changes in mesenteric artery myocytes were measured using confocal microscopy. Using PCR and western blotting, both TRPM8 channel mRNA and protein expression was measured in SD rat mesenteric artery. Rotundifolone and menthol induced relaxation in the isolated superior mesenteric artery from SD rats and improved the relaxant response induced by cool temperatures. Also, this monoterpene induced an increase in transient
TY - JOUR. T1 - Inducible nitric oxide synthase-derived superoxide contributes to hypereactivity in small mesenteric arteries from a rat model of chronic heart failure. AU - Miller, A A. AU - Megson, I L. AU - Gray, G A. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The aims of this study were to (a) determine whether inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is expressed in small mesenteric arteries from rats with chronic heart failure (CHF), (b) investigate the functional significance of this potential source of nitric oxide (NO) on vascular responsiveness and (c) investigate the role that superoxide plays in modulating vascular function in these arteries. CHF was induced in male Wistar rats by coronary artery ligation (CAL). In sham-operated rats the ligature was not tied but pulled under the artery. Six weeks after surgery CAL rats had left ventricular (LV) infarctions and elevated LV end-diastolic pressures. Immunoreactive iNOS was found in endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells and in the adventitia of ...
The superior mesenteric artery is a major blood vessel in the digestive system. This artery branches off the abdominal aorta and supplies oxygenated blood to the pancreas and the lower parts of the intestine. This includes the lower duodenum, as well as transverse colon. The artery branches into several other
New pharmacotherapies are required to improve vessel graft protection and prevent vasoconstriction and spasm in CABG surgery. Previously we have studied adenosine (A) and lidocaine (L) relaxation in rat aortic rings, and reported a possible crosstalk between L relaxation and adenosine A(2a) receptor inhibition. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of AL combination compared to A and L alone on relaxation in intact and denuded rat aortic rings and in guinea-pig pressurized mesenteric arterial segments. Aortic rings were harvested from Sprague-Dawley rats and equilibrated in an organ bath containing modified Krebs-Henseleit (KH) solution, pH 7.4, 37 degrees C. Rings were pre-contracted sub-maximally with 0.3 mu M norepinephrine, and the effects of increasing AL, A or L (up to 1.0 mM) were examined in intact and denuded rings. Mesenteric artery segments were isolated from guinea-pigs and mounted in an arteriograph containing KH solution and pressurised to 60 mmHg. Arteries were ...
Retrograde superior mesenteric artery stenting (ROMS) represents a significant development in the treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia. Compared to traditional surgical mesenteric bypass, ROMS is a less invasive technique that avoids many complicat
Approach and Results-Real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, and Western analyses supported the synthesis and expression of chemerin in perivascular adipose tissue, whereas the primary chemerin receptor ChemR23 was expressed both in the tunica media and endothelial layer. The ChemR23 agonist chemerin-9 caused receptor, concentration-dependent contraction in the isolated rat thoracic aorta, superior mesenteric artery, and mesenteric resistance artery, and contraction was significantly amplified (more than 100%) when nitric oxide synthase was inhibited and the endothelial cell mechanically removed or tone was placed on the arteries. The novel ChemR23 antagonist CCX832 inhibited phenylephrine-induced and prostaglandin F2α-induced contraction (+perivascular adipose tissue), suggesting that endogenous chemerin contributes to contraction. Arteries from animals with dysfunctional endothelium (obese or hypertensive) demonstrated a pronounced contraction to chemerin-9. Finally, ...
The inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) brings oxygen-rich blood to the large intestine, specifically to the upper region of the rectum and the left colic flexure, a bend at the intestines left side. The upper part of the rectum should not be confused with the anus itself.
Inferior mesenteric artery angiogram (bottom image) and subsequent venous phase image (top image)demonstrates pooling of contrast material in the splenic flexur
In the current study, we found that type 2 diabetes impaired the ability of mesenteric arteries to remodel and improve NO-dependent dilation in response to a chronic increase in blood flow. Indeed, AGEs and RAGEs were overexpressed, whereas eNOS level and MMP activity were reduced in arteries from ZDF rats. Ongoing treatment with the AGE-breaker ALT-711 restored the ability of mesenteric arteries from ZDF rats to increase their diameter and improved endothelium-dependent dilation in response to a chronic rise in blood flow.. Physiologically, a chronic rise in blood flow in resistance arteries enlarges vascular diameter and improves endothelium-dependent dilation (9,19,34). This remodeling is essential to adjust organ perfusion during physiological processes, such as development (35), pregnancy (36), or exercise training (37), as well as during pathological processes (mainly ischemic diseases). A similar remodeling also occurs in response to vasodilator treatments (38,39). This remodeling plays a ...
The Arteriograph is a diagnostic instrument which is able to measure the severity of arteriosclerosis. This is the condition of arterial blockage caused by inflammation or damage within arteries followed by an over production of a compound known as plaque created by the body to repair the damage. Plaque is made up of cholesterol, minerals such as calcium, specialised red blood cells known as platelets and other clotting factors. The Arteriograph is a simple and painless, non invasive investigation that can diagnose arteriosclerosis at an early stage . Symptoms of arterial blockage include chest pain from blocking heart arteries, or the loss of sensation, numbness, or cramp in the lower limbs as the leg arteries block. These symptoms tend not to occur until a considerable amount of an artery is blocked and other arteries are no longer able to offer effective collateral circulation. Symptoms of cardiovascular disease leading to heart attacks and strokes usually appear only in the last and late ...
A 56--year-old man pre-sented -with com-plete occlu-sion of the -superior and infe-rior mes-en-teric -arteries -resulting in -chronic mes-en-teric -ischemia. -After a min-imal angio-plasty a Wall-stent was -inserted -across the -superior mes-en-teric -artery occlu-sion. -This pro-duced imme-diate clin-ical -relief, -with a suc-cessful angio-graphic -result. -Eight -months -later, an intra-stent occlu-sion -with -acute -bowel infarc-tion was -treated in emer-gency by saph-e-nous -vein -bypass -graft. -Despite the -death of the -patient a few -days -later -from a -multivis-ceral -failure syn-drome, -this -method -seemed to us fea-sible in -treating a chron-i-cally -occluded SMA in -patients -with -high oper-a-tive -risk.. ...
Details of the image Enlarged arc of Riolan and marginal artery of Drummond secondary to occluded coeliac axis and superior mesenteric artery Modality: CT (C+ arterial phase)
The pharmacological effects on the cardiovascular system of yangambin, a lignan isolated from Ocotea duckei Vattimo (Lauraceae), were studied in rats using combined functional and biochemical approaches. In non-anaesthetized rats, yangambin (1, 5, 10, 20, 30 mg/kg, i.v.) induced hypotension (−3.5 ± 0.2; −7.1 ± 0.8; −8.9 ± 1.3; −14 ± 2.3, −25.5% ± 2.6%, respectively) accompanied by tachycardia (5.9 ± 0.5; 5.9 ± 1.6; 8.8 ± 1.4; 11.6, 18.8% ± 3.4%, respectively). In isolated rat atria, yangambin (0.1 µM-1 mM) had very slight negative inotropic (Emax = 35.6% ± 6.4%) and chronotropic effects (Emax = 10.2% ± 2.9%). In endothelium-intact rat mesenteric artery, yangambin (0.1 µM-1 mM) induced concentration-dependent relaxation (pD2 = 4.5 ± 0.06) of contractions induced by phenylephrine and this effect was not affected by removal of the endothelium. Interestingly, like nifedipine, the relaxant effect induced by yangambin was more potent on the contractile response induced by KCl 80 mM
Vascular Disturbances A frequent misconception, despite abundant experience to the contrary, is that pain associated with intraabdominal vascular disturbances is sudden and catastrophic in nature. The pain of embolism or thrombosis of the superior mesenteric artery or that of impending rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm certainly may be severe and diffuse. Yet, just as frequently, the patient with occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery has only mild continuous diffuse pain for 2 or 3 days before vascular collapse or findings of peritoneal inflammation appear. ...
A review of the clinical presentation and sonographic diagnosis of mesenteric artery ischemia. Mesenteric artery insufficiency, Other mesenteric pathologies, Stents, Surgical management.