Edited by Dr. Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada. This thematic series on public health ethics follows a previous Public Health Reviews issue on the topic of public health ethics training in the European region, to emphasize the neglect and the importance of the topic for public health education in Europe. The current issue evolved from a Working Group of the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER) which was mandated to develop public health ethics curriculum materials for European schools of public health, as well as for practitioners and policy makers. Training of public health professionals in this field is essential to ensure confidence, credibility and public trust, when addressing the wide range of ethical conflicts that arise frequently in public health policy and practice.. Publication charges for this collection were funded by ASPHER. Articles have undergone the journal's standard peer-review process overseen by the Guest Editor, who declares no competing ...
Intent: We will describe a partnership between three universities, two in Norway and one in Canada, in order to illustrate how the integration of occupational science and public health perspectives on diverse health determinants contributed to interdisciplinary graduate education through a collaborative international exchange. Two specific initiatives will be addressed: the development of integrated occupational science and public health curriculum materials, and the participation of students from each country in courses at the institutions overseas. Argument: The conditions of everyday life and the occupations these conditions enable are well recognized as key determinants of health and well-being within occupational science, occupational therapy and public health. Within occupational science in particular, there is growing recognition that full realization of the vision of health promotion through occupation requires expanding beyond individual-level approaches in order to address socio-political
HCR 101: Your Guide to Understanding Healthcare Reform Are You Ready for Healthcare Reform? By now, you ve probably been hearing a lot about the Affordable Care Act (also known as healthcare reform or
Self-rated health status (SRHS) is a reliable and valid measure for assessing the subjective and objective health of individuals. Previous studies have either focused predominantly on the elderly or investigated only a narrow range of factors potentially associated with SRHS. In examining student populations, these past studies were limited to single countries. The objectives of this study were to assess which candidate variables were independently associated with SRHS in university students, to compare these variables by country and by gender, and to investigate which of the variables was most important as a rating frame for SRHS. The data is from the Cross-National Student Health Survey, conducted in 2005 in universities in Germany, Bulgaria, and Poland (n = 2103; mean age = 20.7 years). SRHS was assessed with a single question using a five-point scale ranging from 'excellent' to 'poor'. The study also measured a wide range of variables including: physical and psychological health, studying, social
Four sets: 1. Policy framework; 2. Regional strategy for appropriate health care technology; 3. Policy formulation and implementation; 4. Country situation analysis. This set of four books proposes a macro policy and is designed to serve as a stem policy and to provide a framework for the operation and technical policies still to be developed by individual countries. It is part of a proposed interregional approach aimed at producing a complimentary set of guidelines and documents to assist countries in health care technology policy formulation and implementation. They cover the development of a regional strategy for health technology management, health technology management policy formulation, and guidelines for conducting a country situation analysis for health technology management ...
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES THROUGH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF FLUORIDE - THE PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH. Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries is a severe public health problem across the world. The current global and regional patterns of dental caries reflect distinct risk profiles of countries which relate to the structure of the society, living conditions, lifestyles, and the existence of preventive oral health programmes. Research conducted in high income countries documents that systematic use of fluoride reduces the burden of dental caries; such research is scarce in low and middle income countries.. Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on effective use of fluoride, highlights the public health approach to fluoridation, and clarifies how automatic fluoridation contributes to breaking social inequities in dental caries.. Data collection: Scientific publications on fluoride administration stored in PubMed/Medline and caries data from the WHO ...
Health Reports, volume 22, number 1. Physical activity of Canadian adults: Accelerometer results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey
The Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) aims to collect important health information through a household interview and direct physical measures at a mobile examination centre (MEC), sometimes referred to as a mobile clinic.
LIFEPATH. Tennessee's Public Health Training Center. The Tennessee Long-Distance Internet Facilitated Educational Program for Applied Training in Health (Tennessee LIFEPATH) is a workforce development partnership aimed at public health employees in the state of Tennessee. Tennessee LIFEPATH's mission is to provide a home for the collaborative partnership between Tennessee's academic public health training providers and the Tennessee's public health workforce, and to provide comprehensive, competency-based training for that workforce. LIFEPATH's vision is to be a vital collaboration that will provide multiple entry points for public health workers to obtain public health education and training designed to improve their skills, experiences, and competencies. LIFEPATH provides a wide range of academic and non-academic programs to assure that Tennessee's public health workforce has the knowledge, skills, and training to meet Tennessee's present and forthcoming health challenges. Tennessee LIFEPATH ...
The Second Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA II) is a collaborative effort of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA). The NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1994: SECOND SUPPLEMENT ON AGING (SOA II) (ICPSR 2563) serves as the baseline for this study. LSOA II, Wave 3 consists of 7,936 survivor interviews and 906 decedent interviews in two data files: the Survivor File (Part 1) and the Decedent File (Part 2). The Survivor File contains one record for each sample person (N = 9,447) interviewed at baseline and includes information drawn from several additional sources, including the 1994 National Health Interview Survey (ICPSR 6724) core questionnaire, the 1994 National Health Interview Survey: Family Resources Supplement (ICPSR 2656), Phase I of the 1994 National Health Interview Survey on Disability (ICPSR 2539), and the SOA II baseline interview (ICPSR 2563). Wave 3 questions (beginning at variable SF3664) examined migration, convalescent home ...
The National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A) was designed to estimate the lifetime-to-date and current prevalence, age-of-onset distributions, course, and comorbidity of DSM-IV disorders in the child and adolescent years of life among adolescents in the United States; to identify risk and protective factors for the onset and persistence of these disorders; to describe patterns and correlates of service use for these disorders; and to lay the groundwork for subsequent follow-up studies that can be used to identify early expressions of adult mental disorders. The core NCS-A interview schedule was an adaptation of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). NCS-A also administered the non-verbal subtest (Matrices subtest) of the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT). In addition to interviewing adolescents, information was collected from a parent or a parent surrogate to obtain an additional perspective on the adolescent's mental ...
| Swine flu | | Chandigarh Forum General Disussion and Social Network on Public Problems, Government Policies and Schemes | Chandigarh Forum General Disussion and Social Network on Public Problems, Government Policies and Schemes
TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood neglect and suicidal behavior. T2 - Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. AU - Stickley, Andrew. AU - Waldman, Kyle. AU - Ueda, Michiko. AU - Koyanagi, Ai. AU - Sumiyoshi, Tomiki. AU - Narita, Zui. AU - Inoue, Yosuke. AU - DeVylder, Jordan E.. AU - Oh, Hans. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Background: Although child neglect is common, there has been comparatively little research on it or its specific forms and their effects on mental health in adulthood. Objective: This study aimed to examine the association between exposure to different forms of childhood neglect and lifetime suicidal behavior among a nationally representative sample of adults in the U.S. general population. Methods: Data were analyzed from 5665 adults that were drawn from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Information was obtained on 'care', 'supervisory' and 'medical' neglect in childhood and lifetime suicidal behavior (ideation, plan, attempt). Lifetime ...
Back to Researcher Profiles Sharla Smith, MPH, PhD, serves as an Assistant Professor in the Preventive Medicine and Public Health Department at the University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita. Dr. Smith's research focus concerns strategies for infant mortality, community health education, organizing and financing public health services, and program and partnership development. She has specific expertise in maternal and child health issues that relate to the public health systems, public health agencies, policy, and community organizations.. Her current research focuses on the association of public health delivery systems and injury related infant mortality. She has taught several public health courses including public health law, introduction to public health, introduction to health policy and politics, and epidemiology. Dr. Smith earned a Master of Public Health degree in Health Policy and Management and a PhD in Health Systems and Services Research from the University of Arkansas for ...
Understanding Tobacco Policy Making From Local Policy Makers' Point of View: A study of elected Arizona policy makers at the city and county levels Merrill Eisenberg, Ph.D. Kirsten Elliott Kristie Taylor Ron Woodard Arizona Tobacco Information Network November, 2000 Funded by the Arizona Department of Health Services, Tobacco Education and Prevention Program (TEPP) Page 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Purpose Formative Research and Survey Development Identifying Policy Makers and Public Information Survey Distribution and Efforts to Increase Response Rate Confidentiality Data Analysis II. Methods A. B. C. D. E. III. Findings A. Background: Who are the Arizona Local Policy Makers? B. Sample Description C. Perceived Locus of Responsibility for Public Health and Tobacco Control D. The Salience of Tobacco Control E. Knowledge and Attitudes About Tobacco and Tobacco Policy F. Who Do You Trust? G. What Types of Information Are Preferred by Local level Policy Makers? H. What Resources Do Policy Makers Have for ...
Public Health Recommendations for the Prevention and Control of Head Lice Infestation in Schools and Child Care Settings A Guide for School and Child Care Setting Administrators For further information call or visit us on the World Wide Web Acute Disease Service Oklahoma State Department of Health Phone (405) 271-4060 http://ads.health.ok.gov FOREWARD The Head Lice Control Manual is intended to: 1) provide basic information about head lice infestation, treatment, and prevention, 2) communicate the recommendations of the Oklahoma State Department of Health regarding head lice control, and 3) provide a foundation for school and child care setting head lice policies. This manual has been prepared by a joint working group consisting of: epidemiologists of the Communicable Disease Division, nurses and nurse practitioners of the Nursing Service and the Local Health Service, nurses of the School Health Program of the Maternal and Child Health Service, all of the Oklahoma State Department of Health. ...
The US health care system must meet the "triple aim" of improving population health, improving patients' experience of care, and lowering costs. APTA is committed to public policy that promotes evidence-based, patient-centered care and improves individual and population health. APTA believes that physical therapists and physical therapist assistants-by nature of the individualized, cost-effective, evidence-based services they provide to keep people healthy, fit, and mobile-are central to this important effort.. APTA establishes its public policy priorities every 2 years in conjunction with each new session of the US Congress. Priorities are determined through member input and then review by APTA's Public Policy and Advocacy Committee (PPAC), followed by review and approval by APTA's Board of Directors.. Download Transforming Health Care: The Public Policy Priorities of the American Physical Therapy Association, 2017-2018 (.pdf).. This document, aimed at federal policymakers and their staff, ...
BACKGROUND: Millions of consumers have accessed health information online. However, little is known about their health status. OBJECTIVE: To explore use of Internet health information among those who were sicker (fair/poor general health status) compared with those reported being healthier. METHODS: A national, random-digit telephone survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project identified 521 Internet users who go online for health care information. Our primary independent variable was general health status rated as excellent, good, fair, or poor. Patterns of Internet use, and types of information searched were assessed. RESULTS: Among the 521 users, 64% were female, most (87%) were white, and median age was 42 years. Most individuals indicated that they learned something new online (81%) and indicated that they believe most information on the Internet (52%). Compared with those with excellent/good health, those with fair/poor health (N = 59) were relative newcomers to the Internet but tended
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This systematic review provides clear evidence that FGM/C entails harms to women's physical health throughout their life, from the moment of cutting as an infant or child, to sexuality and childbirth in adulthood. Predictably, the most common direct, procedure-related complication includes haemorrhage, most likely resulting from laceration of the internal pudendal artery or the clitoral artery. It is difficult to determine the number of females who die from procedure-related complications. Only a few studies reported death, but highly publicised fatalities from FGM/C heighten the awareness of the possible harms posed by the procedure, such as three recent cases in Egypt and Kenya.88-90. We found several long-term consequences of FGM/C, including increased risks of urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, dyspareunia and obstetric complications. Studies have been published since we conducted our search, and they corroborate our findings.91-98 The identified risks from FGM/C are also ...
STEIN, Dan J et al. Perpetration of gross human rights violations in South Africa: association with psychiatric disorders. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2009, vol.99, n.5, pp.390-395. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: A nationally representative study of psychiatric disorders in South Africa provided an opportunity to study the association between perpetration of human rights violations (HRVs) during apartheid and psychiatric disorder. Prior work has suggested an association between perpetration and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but this remains controversial. METHODS: Subjects reported on their perpetration of human rights violations, purposeful injury, accidental injury and domestic violence. Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition) disorders were assessed with Version 3.0 of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0). Socio-demographic characteristics of these groups were calculated. Odds ...
Justice Reinvestment in Oklahoma 1 Justice Reinvestment in Oklahoma Analysis and Policy Framework Background IN JANUARY 2011, GOVERNOR MARY FALLIN, Speaker of the House Kris Steele, Senate Presi-dent Pro Tempore Brian Bingman, and Supreme Court Justice James Edmondson expressed interest in employing a justice reinvestment strategy, which is a data-driven approach to contain corrections spending and reinvest a portion of the savings generated in strat-egies that will increase public safety. These state lead-ers wrote to the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), a division of the U.S. Department of Justice, and the Pew Center on the States (Pew) seeking intensive tech-nical assistance, which was approved by BJA and Pew in May 2011. As a result, the Council of State Govern-ments Justice Center (CSG Justice Center) -the tech-nical assistance provider working in partnership with BJA and Pew -launched a comprehensive analysis of the state 's criminal justice system. To guide the CSG Justice Center 's ...
BACKGROUND: Migration, for various reasons, continues to increase the immigrant population of Norway. Few studies compare adolescent ethnic Norwegians (EN) with adolescent immigrants for their health status and health behavior. This study describes differences in health status and health behavior between adolescent EN and immigrant groups from Pakistan, Somalia and Vietnam (PSV) seen as one group, and also between EN and each of the three immigrant groups. It also examines whether age at arrival in Norway and parental education impact health status and health behavior for each of the three immigrant groups. METHODS: In 2006, the Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), in cooperation with the city of Oslo (Drug Competence Center), carried out a questionnaire survey in Oslo schools for 11,500 pupils aged 14-17. 10,880 individuals answered the questionnaire (response rate of 93%). Health status in terms of self-assessed health, mental health status and chronic physical illness and health behavior in ...
Women's empowerment and use of antenatal care (ANC) services remain important in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). This assessed the association between women's empowerment and ANC use in five ASEAN countries. ANC information for the most recent births of 29,444 currently married women in the last 5 years preceding the Demographic Health Survey was analyzed (Cambodia [DHS2014], Indonesia [DHS2012], Myanmar [DHS2015-2016], Philippines [DHS2013], and Timor-Leste [DHS2009]). Analyses used multiple logistic regression adjusting for complex sampling designs. The number of ANC visits was positively associated with labor-force participation in Cambodia, the Philippines, and Timor-Leste; with disagreement with justification for wife beating and women's knowledge level in Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar; and with women's decision-making power in Cambodia and Indonesia. The association of women's empowerment variables with timing of the first ANC visit was not as evident as that for number ...
The European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) was planned to answer specific questions about the distribution of asthma and health care given for asthma in the European Community. Specifically, the survey is designed to estimate variations in the prevalence of asthma, asthma-like symptoms and airway responsiveness; to estimate variations in exposures to known or suspected risk factors for asthma, and assess to what extent these variations explain the variations in the prevalence of disease; and to estimate differences in the use of medication for asthma. The protocol provides specific instructions on the sampling strategy adopted by the survey teams, as well as providing instructions on the use of questionnaires, the tests for allergy, lung function measurements, tests of airway responsiveness, and blood and urine collection. The principal data collection sheets and questionnaires are provided in the appendices, together with information on coding and quality control. The protocol is ...
A new survey indicates that small hospitals expect bigger hospitals to lead the drive toward a new health delivery model, where clinically integrated networks will provide care and insure the patients receiving it.. The survey, from the New York-based consultancy firm, Kurt Salmon, discovered that 77 percent of respondents see clinical integration initiatives occurring in their markets. Eighty-one percent of the community hospital executives surveyed said they believe clinically integrated networks will develop their own insurance product or develop one through collaboration with a payer.. The survey also revealed that most are under the belief that large health systems and hospitals will develop clinically integrated networks. Only 18.5 percent of respondents believed hospitals with under 300 beds could build one, while 61 percent see large regional health systems in their markets positioning themselves to own the entire integrated care continuum. Large, urban hospitals are three times more ...
Adgate JL, Goldstein BD, McKenzie LM. 2014. Potential public health hazards, exposures and health effects from unconventional natural gas development. Environ Sci Technol 48(15):8307-8320.. Bell IR, Baldwin CM, Schwartz GE. 1998. Illness from low levels of environmental chemicals: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Am J Med 105(3A):74S-82S.. Bhattacharyya N. 2009. Contemporary assessment of the disease burden of sinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy 23(4):392-395.. Burch RC, Loder S, Loder E, Smitherman TA. 2015. The prevalence and burden of migraine and severe headache in the United States: updated statistics from government health surveillance studies. Headache 55(1):21-34.. Casey JA, Curriero FC, Cosgrove SE, Nachman KE, Schwartz BS. 2013. High-density livestock operations, crop field application of manure, and risk of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in Pennsylvania. JAMA Intern Med 173(21):1980-1990.. Casey JA, Savitz DA, Rasmussen SG, ...
Joel Teitelbaum, J.D., LL.M., is an associate professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management as well as the director of the Hirsh Health Law and Policy Program at the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health. He is the former vice chair for Academic Affairs in the Department. Professor Teitelbaum also serves as the co-principal investigator of the National Center for Medical-Legal Partnership at GW. He has taught graduate courses on health care law, health care civil rights, public health law, minority health policy, and long-term care law and policy, and an undergraduate survey course on health law. In 2009 he became the first member of the SPHHS faculty to win the University-wide Bender Teaching Award, and he received an SPHHS Excellence in Teaching Award in 2008 for his graduate coursework. He has authored or co-authored many articles, book chapters, policy papers, and reports on civil rights issues in health care, insurance law and policy, health ...
Rural areas in developing counties lack transportation for health delivery partly because of the geography of area [4], individual lifestyles, low household prioritization on health, and inadequacy of policy to provide transportation for health delivery as shown by our results. This challenges the effectiveness of primary health delivery programmes and strategies implemented to increase access to maternal and child health services in particular. This paper demonstrates the need for effective transportation in health delivery particularly in developing countries [11, 13] where ambulance services may not be efficient in supporting access to critical health services, and presents a framework for sustainable transportation services driven by community participation.. In the construct of the current paradigm of PHC in Ghana, referral is relied heavily upon because the main services provided under the CHPS strategy are preventive health and basic health care. This makes transportation issues very ...
The mission of the Mental Health Association is to promote an environment of empowerment and acceptance for all people dealing with mental health issues through advocacy, education, and comprehensive support services. We foster opportunities for growth, recovery, inclusion, and, most importantly HOPE. We envision a community in which all members with mental health issues are accepted, not stigmatized, and have an opportunity to reach their full potential.. Founded in 1965, the Mental Health Association of Washington County is a non-profit agency dedicated to assisting people with mental illness. For over 45 years, the Mental Health Association has played a leading role in advocacy, providing services, and educating the community.. The Mental Health Association has been a catalyst for change in improving the availability and diversity of Mental Health services. The Mental Health Association developed and operated the first social and vocational rehabilitation services in the county. Besides the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Behavioral correlates of fruit and vegetable intake in Puerto Rico. T2 - Results from the health information national trends survey. AU - Colón-López, Vivian. AU - Banerjee, Geetanjoli. AU - Gertz, Alida María. AU - Ortiz, Ana Patricia. AU - Calo, William. AU - Finney-Rutten, Lila J.. AU - Colón-Ramos, Uriyoán. AU - Hesse, Bradford W.. AU - Tortolero, Guillermo. PY - 2013/11/29. Y1 - 2013/11/29. N2 - Objective: A diet high in fruit and vegetables (FV) is associated with a decreased risk for chronic diseases, such as cancer. Limited information exists regarding the factors associated with FV intake in persons living in Puerto Rico. The objective of this study was to examine sociodemographic, behavioral, and health-belief factors associated with dietary habits in Puerto Rico. Methods: Secondary data analysis of adults aged 18 years and older from the Puerto Rico Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS-PR) conducted in 2009. Multivariate logistic regression models were ...
Non-elderly adults have not been so fortunate. Those between ages 18 and 64 experienced a 4.6 percentage-point increase in the share uninsured from 2000 to 2012. Unlike children, their ESI losses were not fully offset by increasing public coverage.. For young adults, health reform played a key role in preventing a decline in workplace coverage. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes provisions that allow young adults up to age 26 to secure health insurance coverage through their parents' employer-sponsored health insurance policies. Looking closely at changes in employer-sponsored insurance since the young adult provision took effect in mid-2010, it is clear that young adults are benefiting.. Figure E illustrates the change in employer-sponsored health insurance and the change in employment rates by age group from 2009 and 2012. Young adults, ages 19-25, are the only age group to see increases in employer-sponsored health insurance since 2009. One explanation for this outcome ...
Background There is increasing emphasis on pharmacists' assuming responsibility for public health promotion and delivery with formal expansion of public health activities in their practice. A number of pharmacy school accreditation bodies now incorporate public health competencies within expected professional training outcomes. The objective of this study was to characterize pharmacy student perceptions towards pharmacist public health services roles and responsibilities. Methods All undergraduate students at the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University were surveyed 1 week following a student-led breast cancer awareness event. A questionnaire was devised from a literature review and comprised of 10 questions assessing pharmacy student motivations, perceptions and anticipated comfort with various pharmacist-conducted public health activities. Results Ninety-four per cent of students responded, most having participated in the breast cancer awareness event. They generally felt pharmacist ...
Racial/ethnic differences in health are evident among men. Previous work suggests associations between mental and physical health but few studies have examined how mood/anxiety disorders and chronic physical health conditions covary by age, race, and ethnicity among men. Using data from 1,277 African American, 629 Caribbean Black, and 371 non-Hispanic White men from the National Survey of American Life, we examined associations between race/ethnicity and experiencing one or more chronic physical health conditions in logistic regression models stratified by age and 12-month mood/anxiety disorder status. Among men ,45 years without mood/anxiety disorders, Caribbean Blacks had lower odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Among men aged 45+ years with mood/anxiety disorders, African Americans had greater odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Future studies should explore the underlying causes of such variation and how studying mental and chronic physical health ...
Mental Health Status of Prisoners in Jail It is recognized that one of the major issues in jail management is responding to the needs of a growing number of inmates with mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to assess the nature and severity of mental health problems among inmate population. The mental health status of 1,500 (1,337 responded) inmates of the 30 prisons located in nationwide area was examined using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). And the scores on MMPI were examined in relation to some offender characteristics such as type of offence, treatment classification, frequence of discipline. The result indicates that the percentage of inmate population with scores over 70 on every sub-categories of the scale is higher than that of general populations reflecting high rate of deviation from average normal mental health. It seems likely that many of inmates are in need of specific mental health treatment services. The nature and severity of mental health
This project integrates theoretical work on justice and health care with practical research on decision-making and limit-setting in managed care organizations (MCOs). Dr. Daniels explores the issue of legitimacy and its role in decisions by private insurers and governments that affect patient welfare. Among the areas his study addresses are: 1) how conditions needed to establish legitimate limit-setting can be applied to create detailed and specific regulatory requirements; 2) how MCOs can use concepts of legitimacy to improve decisions about coverage of new technologies, treatment guidelines, and disease management; 3) incorporating these processes into regulatory requirements; 4) including specific features of fair process in benchmarks of fairness; and 5) using them to address issues of access, benefits, efficiency, and process in nations' health reform efforts and in developing countries. Dr. Daniels explores the conditions under which limit-setting decisions can achieve legitimacy and ...
Back to Researcher Profiles Dr. Beatty's research interests are in public health services and systems research, performance management, rural public health and rural health disparities. Kate Beatty is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Services Management and Policy at East Tennessee State University's College of Public Health. Dr. Beatty received her PhD in Public Health Studies at Saint Louis University's College for Public Health and Social Justice in August 2013. More specifically, she has worked with both national and state-level data to examine factors associated with accreditation on local health departments, with a focus on the unique challenges faced by rural communities.. Dr. Beatty has worked with other researchers and practitioners in public health services and systems research, including the Missouri Practice-Based Research Network, on several projects related to local health department accreditation. More recently, Dr. Beatty has begun working with health management ...
The task force also discerned that minorities experience significantly poorer health outcomes when compared to their white counterparts. While the health status for Americans overall is improving, the health status for minorities is declining. Because of these disparities, the U.S. Secretary created the federal Office of Minority Health to continually monitor minority health issues and to recommend ways to improve the health status and outcomes for minorities.. The Commissioner's Advisory Council on Health Disparity and Health Equity Background. In 1990, Virginia's State Health Commissioner created the Minority Health Advisory Committee (MHAC) to ensure that the health priorities and health concerns of Virginia's minority populations were adequately addressed by the Virginia Department of Health. The MHAC included appointed representatives from local, state and federal public health agencies, University of Virginia's Center for Public Service, Virginia Commonwealth University's Department of ...
Articles like How academic medical centers and health systems are rising to meet the challenge of innovation from Russell Reynolds Associates can provide you with insights and expertise to help navigate difficult organizational challenges. Read more.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oral health status and development of ventilator-associated pneumonia. T2 - A descriptive study. AU - Munro, Cindy L.. AU - Grap, Mary Jo. AU - Elswick, R. K.. AU - McKinney, Jessica. AU - Sessler, Curtis N.. AU - Hummel, Russell S.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and may be influenced by oral health. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between ventilator-associated pneumonia and oral health status, changes in oral health status during the first 7 days after intubation, and microbial colonization of the oropharynx and trachea. METHODS: A total of 66 patients were enrolled within 24 hours of intubation and were followed up for up to 7 days. Data on oral health measures and the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) were collected at baseline, day 4 (n = 37), and day 7 (n = 21). A regression model was used to predict risk of pneumonia at day 4. RESULTS Dental plaque and oral ...
Abstract Reproductive health services are crucial for maternal and child health, but universal health coverage is still not within reach in most societies. Ethiopia's goal of universal health coverage promises access to all necessary services for everyone while providing protection against financial risk. When moving towards universal health coverage, health plans and policies require contextualized knowledge about baseline indicators and their distributions. To understand more about the factors that explain coverage, we study the relationship between socioeconomic and geographic factors and the use of reproductive health services in Ethiopia, and further explore inequalities in reproductive health coverage. Based on these findings, we discuss the normative implications of these findings for health policy. Using population-level data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (2011) in a multivariate logistic model, we find that family planning and use of antenatal care are associated with ...
The One Health Center of Excellence for Research and Training in UF's Emerging Pathogens Institute, in collaboration with U.S. and Mongolian institutions, has identified the first known case of an equine influenza virus in camels. Their findings will be published in the December issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.. "Over the last 10 years, we've been amazed at all the cross-species jumps of influenza. Now we're finding yet another," says Gregory C. Gray, center director and environmental and global health professor in UF's College of Public Health and Health Professions.. Although there is no immediate risk, the inter-mammalian transmission of the virus is a major concern for public health researchers interested in controlling the threat of pandemic influenza, he says.. Camels have recently been implicated in the transfer of the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome virus to man. This new discovery further demonstrates the potential role of camels in the ecology of zoonotic diseases, which ...
Younger people with heart failure often experience poor self-rated health. Furthermore, poor self-rated health is associated with long-term sick leave and disability pension. Socio-demographic factors affect the ability to return to work. However, little is known about people on sick leave due to heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between self-rated health, mood, socio-demographic factors, sick leave compensation, encounters with healthcare professionals and social insurance officers and self-estimated ability to return to work, for people on sick leave due to heart failure. This population-based investigation had a cross-sectional design. Data were collected in Sweden in 2012 from two official registries and from a postal questionnaire. In total, 590 subjects, aged 23-67, responded (response rate 45.8%). Descriptive statistics, correlation analyses (Spearman bivariate analysis) and logistic regression analyses were used to investigate associations. Poor ...
No human society is mundane to healthcare delivery method. Apparently, the process of healthcare delivery depicts the extent of the social development of a particular society. However, the healthcare delivery process in Nigeria from the colonial era attained a new paradigm by shifting from the practice of traditional medicine to the western styled patterns. Since the colonial Nigeria, both the traditional and western medicine has been dependable sources of preventive medicine for the Nigeria populace. In spite of the outright condemnation of the traditional healthcare practices, it received unbridled patronage by a larger Nigeria populace, thus the post-independence Nigeria witnessed a paradox of health care delivery.. Aim: This paper aims to provide an understanding on the revolutions in the healthcare delivery system in Nigeria since the colonial period.. Methodology: An extensive review of literature was carried out to elicit information on the Nigerian healthcare delivery since the colonial ...
Examines and compares the health status and health service utilization of women and men in a provincial correctional jail in Atlantic Canada. Finds that prisoners experienced a number of physical and mental health issues and a large proportion used health services during incarceration. The quality and accessibility of health services played a significant role in how participants viewed health care in jail. Sex and gender are shown to influence the health status and use of health services among provincial prisoners. Females report more heath issues and poorer overall health, as well as more difficulties accessing health services during incarceration than male prisoners. Race also plays a role in health status and health service utilization. Aboriginal prisoners rate their overall physical and mental health poorer than non-Aboriginals. They also report a greater need for health services, but use them less than non-Aboriginal prisoners.. ...
Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
Objectives: To evaluate the oral health status of the professional soccer players in Thailand. Methods: Twenty-five Thailand professional soccer players' oral conditions were examined and included in this study. DMFT, Quigley & Hein plaque index (PI), Löe & Silness gingival index, World Health Organization malocclusion index, pocket depth, TMJ examination and history of dental trauma were recorded. Results: The results demonstrated poor oral health level including dental caries (84%), DMFT score mean was 10.08, dental attrition (60%) and periodontal pocket (36%). Thirty percent of all players presented bruxism. More than 40% of athletes were bothered by their oral health with 28% reporting an impact on quality of life and 18% on training and performance. Conclusion: The oral health of Thai professional soccer players was poor that may result in negative impact on well-being, training and performance. As oral health is an important element of overall health and well-being, health promotion is required
Introduction xiii Acknowledgments xvii. The Authors xix. The Contributors xxi. Part One Issues and Methods of Public Health Practice. 1 The Need for Change in the Practice of Public Health 3. Mission and Services of Public Health 3. Public Health's History and Its Impact on Current Services 10. Gap Between Mission and Current Public Health Practice 13. 2 The Success of Public Health Programs: Critical Factors 27. Definition of Public Health 30. Public Health Systems 31. Community Health Workers 34. Population-Based Medicine 36. Problems in Our Health Care System 36. The Need for Improved Accountability of Public Health Professionals 39. Local Health Departments 39. Epidemic of Chronic Diseases 42. Information Management 44. Expansion of Health Education Programs 45. Public Health and the Legacy Concept 46. The Need for Leadership Development in Public Health 48. 3 Critical Issues for the Future of Health Care in the United States 53. Why We Are Failing in Our Health Care Reform Efforts 57. Root ...
Examines and compares the health status and health service utilization of women and men in a provincial correctional jail in Atlantic Canada. Finds that prisoners experienced a number of physical and mental health issues and a large proportion used health services during incarceration. The quality and accessibility of health services played a significant role in how participants viewed health care in jail. Sex and gender are shown to influence the health status and use of health services among provincial prisoners. Females report more heath issues and poorer overall health, as well as more difficulties accessing health services during incarceration than male prisoners. Race also plays a role in health status and health service utilization. Aboriginal prisoners rate their overall physical and mental health poorer than non-Aboriginals. They also report a greater need for health services, but use them less than non-Aboriginal prisoners.. ...
Student Health Service administrators are hoping to receive an accreditation from a prestigious health care commission which would make it one of the few student health organizations in the nation to receive this status. Accreditation could mean increased grant dollars for Student Health, and would ensure students that Student Health maintains certain health care standards, said Joe Porcelli, the chairperson of the Student Health Advisory Board. The Joint Commission for Accreditation, Ambulatory Health Care Organizations will evaluate the service this month. Student Health Director MarJeanne Collins said this week that JCAAHCO has only accredited 17 student health organizations, adding that the group has "very meticulous requirements about how you have ongoing health care." Porcelli said accreditation "would vastly increase Student Health's stature in the industry." Collins said that beginning September 24, the JCAAHCO will examine Student Health's operational systems and announce its results at ...