TY - JOUR. T1 - Neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. AU - Mokdad, Ali H. AU - KINFU, Yohannes. AU - GBD 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Neonatal, Infant, and under-5 Mortality Collaborators. PY - 2018/5. Y1 - 2018/5. N2 - OBJECTIVES: Although substantial reductions in under-5 mortality have been observed during the past 35 years, progress in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) has been uneven. This paper provides an overview of child mortality and morbidity in the EMR based on the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study. METHODS: We used GBD 2015 study results to explore under-5 mortality and morbidity in EMR countries. RESULTS: In 2015, 755,844 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 712,064-801,565) children under 5 died in the EMR. In the early neonatal category, deaths in the EMR decreased by 22.4%, compared to 42.4% globally. The rate of years of life lost per 100,000 population ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Trends in HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality in Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990-2015. T2 - findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. AU - Gbd 2015 Eastern Mediterranean Region Hiv/Aids Collaborators. AU - El Bcheraoui, Charbel. AU - Wang, Haidong. AU - Charara, Raghid. AU - Khalil, Ibrahim. AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar. AU - Afshin, Ashkan. AU - Collison, Michael. AU - Daoud, Farah. AU - Chew, Adrienne. AU - Krohn, Kristopher J.. AU - Carter, Austin. AU - Foreman, Kyle J.. AU - He, Fei. AU - Kassebaum, Nicholas J.. AU - Kutz, Michael. AU - Mirarefin, Mojde. AU - Nguyen, Grant. AU - Silpakit, Naris. AU - Sligar, Amber. AU - Abajobir, Amanuel A.. AU - Abate, Kalkidan H.. AU - Abbas, Kaja M.. AU - Abd-Allah, Foad. AU - Abera, Semaw F.. AU - Adane, Kelemework. AU - Agarwal, Arnav. AU - Ahmadkiadaliri, Aliasghar. AU - Ahmadi, Alireza. AU - Ahmed, Muktar B.. AU - Al Lami, Faris H.. AU - Alam, Khurshid. AU - Alasfoor, Deena. AU - Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza. AU - Al-Maskari, ...
Address by Dr Hussein A. Gezairy Regional Director WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region to the Eighth meeting of the regional technical advisory group on poliomyelitis eradication, Eastern Mediterranean Region, Cairo, Egypt, 21-23 October ...
Sexual and reproductive ill health accounts for a considerable proportion of the disease burden among individuals, families and communities and has a broad impact on social and economic development in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region. However, information on the major determinants of reproductive morbidity and mortality in the Region is not sufficient to enable evidence-based planning, implementation and evaluation of reproductive health programmes. The framework for monitoring and evaluation of reproductive health programmes in the Eastern Mediterranean Region was developed by the Regional Office to facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of reproductive health programmes in the Region and the comprehensive assessment of national reproductive health strategies and programme ...
Sharka disease, cited in the domestic and external quarantine lists of Turkey and as one of the 16 most important plant pathogens in EU member states, threatens stone-fruit plantations. Plum pox virus (PPV) has been observed in Turkey since 1968, and was detected in Adana and Mersin provinces of the Mediterranean region in 2006. Extensive surveys to determine the current occurrence of PPV in the region were conducted in stone-fruit orchards and nurseries (almond, apricot, nectarine, peach and plum) of six provinces in the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey between 2008 and 2011. A total of 542 samples, each of which represented an orchard/nursery sample, were collected and tested by DAS-ELISA and RT-PCR. According to the results, seven samples out of 542 were found infected with PPV by DAS-ELISA and confirmed by RT-PCR. Infected orchards were reported to the responsible authorities for eradication, and a total of seven orchards (four from Mersin, two from Hatay and one from Adana) were ...
OBJECTIVES: Assessing the burden of maternal mortality is important for tracking progress and identifying public health gaps. This paper provides an overview of the burden of maternal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015.. METHODS: We used the results of the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to explore maternal mortality in the EMR countries.. RESULTS: The maternal mortality ratio in the EMR decreased 16.3% from 283 (241-328) maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 237 (188-293) in 2015. Maternal mortality ratio was strongly correlated with socio-demographic status, where the lowest-income countries contributed the most to the burden of maternal mortality in the region.. CONCLUSION: Progress in reducing maternal mortality in the EMR has accelerated in the past 15 years, but the burden remains high. Coordinated and rigorous efforts are needed to make sure that adequate and timely services and interventions are available for ...
OBJECTIVES:We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. METHODS:We conducted a systematic analysis of mortality and morbidity data for LRI and its specific etiologic factors, including pneumococcus, Haemophilus influenzae type b, Respiratory syncytial virus, and influenza virus. We used modeling methods to estimate incidence, deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). We calculated burden attributable to known risk factors for LRI. RESULTS:In 2015, LRIs were the fourth-leading cause of DALYs, causing 11,098,243 (95% UI 9,857,095-12,396,566) DALYs and 191,114 (95% UI 170,934-210,705) deaths. The LRI DALY rates were higher than global estimates in 2015. The highest and lowest age-standardized rates of DALYs were observed in Somalia and Lebanon, respectively. Undernutrition in childhood and ambient particulate matter air pollution in the
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group. In 2013, mental disorders contributed to 5.6% of the total disease burden in the EMR (1894 DALYS/100,000 population): 2519 DALYS/100,000 (2590/100,000 males, 2426/100,000 females) in high-income countries, 1884 DALYS/100,000 (1618/100,000 males, 2157/100,000 females) in middle-income countries, 1607 DALYS/100,000 (1500/100,000 males, 1717/100,000 females) in low-income countries. Females had a greater proportion of burden due to mental disorders than did ...
OBJECTIVES: We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 to report the burden of musculoskeletal disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). METHODS: The burden of musculoskeletal disorders was calculated for the EMRs 22 countries between 1990 and 2013. A systematic analysis was performed on mortality and morbidity data to estimate prevalence, death, years of live lost, years lived with disability and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). RESULTS: For musculoskeletal disorders, the crude DALYs rate per 100 000 increased from 1297.1 (95% uncertainty interval (UI) 924.3-1703.4) in 1990 to 1606.0 (95% UI 1141.2-2130.4) in 2013. During 1990-2013, the total DALYs of musculoskeletal disorders increased by 105.2% in the EMR compared with a 58.0% increase in the rest of the world. The burden of musculoskeletal disorders as a proportion of total DALYs increased from 2.4% (95% UI 1.7-3.0) in 1990 to 4.7% (95% UI 3.6-5.8) in 2013. The range of point prevalence (per 1000) among the EMR
TY - JOUR. T1 - Burden of musculoskeletal disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2013. T2 - Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. AU - Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar. AU - Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.. AU - Vollset, Stein Emil. AU - El Bcheraoui, Charbel. AU - Daoud, Farah. AU - Afshin, Ashkan. AU - Charara, Raghid. AU - Khalil, Ibrahim. AU - Higashi, Hideki. AU - Abd El Razek, Mohamed Magdy. AU - Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad. AU - Alam, Khurshid. AU - Akseer, Nadia. AU - Al-Hamad, Nawal. AU - Ali, Raghib. AU - Almazroa, Mohammad Abdulaziz. AU - Alomari, Mahmoud A.. AU - Al-Rabeeah, Abdullah A.. AU - Alsharif, Ubai. AU - Altirkawi, Khalid A.. AU - Atique, Suleman. AU - Badawi, Alaa. AU - Barrero, Lope H.. AU - Basulaiman, Mohammed. AU - Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad. AU - Bedi, Neeraj. AU - Bensenor, Isabela M.. AU - Buchbinder, Rachelle. AU - Danawi, Hadi. AU - Dharmaratne, Samath D.. AU - Zannad, Faiez. AU - Farvid, Maryam S.. AU - Fereshtehnejad, Seyed Mohammad. AU - Farzadfar, ...
Leaf litter, at the interface between the soil and the atmosphere, releases Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOC) which play an important role both in global atmospheric chemistry and plant ecology. Litter is especially important in the Mediterranean region, where it is produced in high amounts and decomposes slowly. Only leaf litter emissions of two dominant species (Pinus halepensis and Eucalyptus spp.) present in the Mediterranean region have been studied so far. The aim of this study is to characterize (quantitatively and qualitatively) the BVOC emissions (C10-C15) from litter (freshly fallen and non-decomposed leaves) under laboratory conditions. Sixteen species frequently found in the Mediterranean region were considered, nine of which possess terpene storage structures. Results show a large diversity of BVOC (87 compounds detected, terpenes, alkanes, alkenes, aldehydes, ketones, benzenoids), with terpene emission being higher than non-terpenic emission in most of the cases. Species ...
There are many genetic and acquired risk factors that are known to cause venous thromboembolic disorders (VTE). One of these is the Prothrombin G20210A mutation, which has been identified in 1996. Prothrombin G20210A mutation causes higher levels of the clotting factor prothrombin in the blood of carriers, which creates a higher tendency towards blood clotting (hypercoagulability), and therefore the carriers become at higher risk of developing VTE. High prevalence of Prothrombin G20210A mutation was reported in Caucasian populations, but the prevalence was almost absent in non-Caucasians. That was most obvious in countries of South Europe and the Mediterranean region. This review article discusses Prothrombin G20210A mutation, how it causes VTE, the origin of the mutation, and its distribution worldwide with special concentration on the Mediterranean area.. ...
With the growing interest of cardiovascular computed tomography around the world, international membership in the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) has been increasing annually. As the number of SCCT members in a particular country or region grow to a certain size, it becomes feasible for those members to be able to establish an International Regional Committee (IRC) of SCCT. The Board of Directors recognizes this and actively encourages the formation of International Regional Committees for the mutual benefit for the local members in those regions and SCCT. IRCs are committees set up to promote cardiovascular CT and the objectives of SCCT in a certain region.. Australia/New Zealand (ANZ) IRC. Brazil IRC. Canada IRC. China IRC. Europe IRC. India IRC. Israel IRC. Japan IRC. Korea IRC. Latin America IRC. Middle East IRC. Taiwan IRC. UK IRC. To learn more about the International Regional Committee Policy, which details the criteria for IRCs, click here.. If you are interested in ...
Mediterranean Region is a mountainous region. Toros Mountains, a mountain chain from west to east, covers most of the region. Another chain is Amonos Mountains which run from north to south in the extreme east of the region. The mountains run in parallel to sea and in most places the mountains meet the sea except in coastal plains. The coastal plains were formed in the lower courses of the rivers. The most important coastal plain is Çukurova (Cilicia of the antiquity) in the eastern part of the region. It was formed by three rivers, Berdan, Seyhan and Ceyhan. Main lakes of the region, like Lake Beyşehir, Lake Eğridir and Lake Burdur which form a closed basin are in the north west of the region. The capital of each province is a city bearing the name of the province except Antakya which is the capital city of Hatay Province. However, as the provinces are the administrative units their border lines do not exactly match that of the region. Thus the region includes also the eastern part of Muğla ...
It is becoming clear that the Mediterranean region is one of the hottest of the biodiversity hotspots on the planet. There is also an increasing concern for the conservation, adaptive management, and restoration of the unique natural ecosystems and cultural landscapes that characterize this area. The regions biological and cultural heritage as well as its huge wealth of biodiversity is now at real risk.
Buy Integrated Water Resources Management in the Mediterranean Region (9789400747555): Dialogue Towards New Strategy: NHBS - Redouane Choukr-Allah, Ragab Ragab, Rafael Rodriguez-Clemente, Springer Nature
A comparative study of the traditional use of oregano-like herbs in the Mediterranean region provides convincing evidence that the hyssop of the Bible is the carvacrol chemotype of the plant Majorana
Presentation of UN SDSN and MED SDSN Regional SDSN Center for the Mediterranean Region UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SOLUTIONS NETWORK UN SDSN has been launched by the SG Ban Ki- Moon on August
Martínez, M.D.; Lana, F. Shear-wave velocity tomography of the lithosphere-asthenosphere system beneath the Mediterranean region. Tectonophysics, 2010, vol. 481, núm. 1-4, p. 51-67 ...
Cooling demand in Europe is predicted to grow 25-50% between 2020-2050. Meanwhile, the EU aims to lower the greenhouse gas emissions from its building stock by 60%. Therefore, it is essential to find solutions that can meet the growing cooling demand with less energy and integrate renewable energy sources. The goal of this thesis is to technically evaluatehigh-temperature cooling systems and their contributions to the targets mentioned above. The study was conducted using advanced building energy simulations and developing analytical methods. IDA Indoor Climate and Energy 4.8was selected as the simulation tool. The study is a part of GEOFIT project, and the used building physics and measurement data were based on one of the project pilots. The selected building is a representative office building that is a part of a three-building school complex. The building is located in Sant Cugat near Barcelona, in an area which has a typical Mediterranean climate. The simulated building model was validated ...
Sandra Pérez, Marianne Köck, Lei Tong, Antoni Ginebreda, Rebeca López-Serna, Cristina Postigo, Rikke Brix, Miren López de Alda, Mira Petrovic, Yanxin Wang, and Damià Barceló. Wastewater Reuse in the Mediterranean Area of Catalonia, Spain: Case Study of Reuse of Tertiary Effluent from a Wastewater Treatment Plant at el Prat de Llobregat (Barcelona). Waste Water Treatment and Reuse in the Mediterranean Region, the Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, 2010, 1-46, DOI: 10.1007/698_2010_88. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010. ...
The WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, in collaboration with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness - Eastern Mediterranean Region (IAPB-EMR), IMPACT EMR and Prevention of Blindness Union (PBU) organized a regional workshop on WHO Global Action Plan 2014-2019 Towards Universal Eye Health and Child Eye Health, from 18 to 20 March 2014 in Cairo, Egypt.. The objective of the workshop was to guide Member States on developing and implementing national plans of avoidable blindness 2014-2019 in line with the WHO Global Action Plan Towards Universal Eye Health within the framework of the health system.. This summary report on the Regional workshop is to guide Eastern Mediterranean Region Member States on developing and implementing national plans of Avoidable Blindness 2014-2019 in line with the WHO Action Plan Towards Universal Eye Health within the framework of the Health System.. ...
Tobacco use is one of the leading causes of premature death and disability worldwide. It is also a key risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. In most countries in WHOs Eastern Mediterranean Region, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disease, says Dr Jaouad Mahjour, Acting WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean. In 2015, nearly 1.4 million deaths in the Region were caused by cardiovascular disease. It has been estimated that in the next decade, deaths from cardiovascular disease, which in the Eastern Mediterranean Region is mostly attributable to ischaemic heart disease, will increase more significantly than in any other region of the world except Africa.. Large sections of the public do not realize that tobacco is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease. Thus, on World No Tobacco Day this year, WHO aims to increase public awareness on the link between tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke and ...
Visión general del programa internacional de la División de Influenza de los CDC en la Región Mediterránea Oriental (EMR) de la OMS, sus objetivos y metas; además de informes anuales para descargar sobre los países que reciben apoyo.
Prevalence of Hepatitis D in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Systematic Review and Meta Analysis. Amini, Neda; Alavian, Seyed Moayed; Kabir, Ali; Aalaei-Andabili, Seyed Hossein; Hosseini, Seyed Yasser Saiedi; Rizzetto, Mario // Hepatitis Monthly;Jan2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 Background: Hepatitis D Virus (HDV) causes the most threatening form of chronic viral hepatitis. To date, there is no overall estimation of HDV prevalence in the Eastern Mediterranean Region Office of WHO (EMRO) countries. Objectives: To provide a clear estimation of HDV prevalence in the... ...
Assessing the burden of maternal mortality is important for tracking progress and identifying public health gaps. This paper provides an overview of the bu
Mokdad, Ali H, Khalil, Ibrahim, Collison, Michael, El Bcheraoui, Charbel, Charara, Raghid, Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar, Afshin, Ashkan, Chew, Adrienne, Daoud, Farah, Krohn, Kristopher J et al (show 178 more authors) , Colombara, Danny, Ehrenkranz, Rebecca, Kutz, Michael, Wang, Haidong, Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu, Abd-Allah, Foad, Abraha, Haftom Niguse, Abu-Raddad, Laith J, Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad, Ahmadi, Alireza, Ahmed, Kedir Yimam, Ahmed, Muktar Beshir, Al Lami, Faris Hasan, Alam, Khurshid, Alasfoor, Deena, Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza, Alkaabi, Juma M, Al-Maskari, Fatma, Al-Raddadi, Rajaa, Altirkawi, Khalid A, Anber, Nahla, Ansari, Hossein, Asayesh, Hamid, Asghar, Rana Jawad, Atey, Tesfay Mehari, Ayele, Tadesse Awoke, Baernighausen, Till, Bacha, Umar, Barac, Aleksandra, Barker-Collo, Suzanne L, Baune, Bernhard T, Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad, Geffen, David, Bedi, Neeraj, Bensenor, Isabela M, Berhane, Adugnaw, Beyene, Addisu Shunu, Bhutta, Zulfiqar A, Boneya, Dube Jara, Borschmann, Rohan, Breitborde, Nicholas ...
When the bulk of phosphorus (P) is located near the soil surface, spring drying of topsoil in Mediterranean-type climates can reduce P availability to crops and cause potential yield loss. In crop species that require a P supply during spring, deep-placement of P fertiliser has proved an effective method of improving P availability and grain yields; however, the spring P demand of field-grown canola (Brassica napus L.) and therefore potential response to deep P placement is not known. This study investigated the effect of deep- (0.170.18m), conventional- (shallow, 0.070.08m), split- (50% deep, 50% shallow), and nil-P fertiliser treatments on P accumulation and seed yields of canola in two field trials. In addition, a glasshouse experiment with different depths of P fertiliser placement and topsoil drying at different growth stages was conducted. In the glasshouse study, deep P placement resulted in greater P uptake by plants, but did not increase seed yields regardless of the time of topsoil ...
Ansell TJ, Jones PD, Allan RJ, Lister D, Parker DE, BrunetM, Moberg A, Jacobeit J, Brohan P, Rayner NA, Aguilar E, Alexandersson H, Barriendos M, Brandsma T, Cox NJ, Della-Marta PM, Drebs A, Founda D, Gerstengarbe F, Hickey K, Jónsson T, Luterbacher J, Nordli Ø, Oesterle H, Petrakis M, Philipp A, Rodwell MJ, Saladie O, Sigro J, Slonosky V, Srnec L, Swail V, García-Suárez AM, Tuomenvirta H, Wang X, Wanner H, Werner P, Wheeler D, Xoplaki E. 2006. Daily mean sea level pressure reconstructions for the European-North Atlantic region for the period 1850-2003. Journal of Climate 19: 2717-2742 ...
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The uniqueness of MUFA as a major nutrient in the Mediterranean regions food supply was first identified by Ancel Keys and his colleagues in the landmark Seven Countries Study.9 Certain Mediterranean populations in that study (Corfu and Crete) had a low prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and low plasma cholesterol levels despite consumption of a diet high in total fat (33% to 40% of calories) and low in SFA (7% to 8% of calories). The typical diet of populations living in Mediterranean countries (eg, Spain, Italy, and Greece) is high in olive oil, which provides 14% to 40% of calories,10 11 12 and consequently is high in MUFA (16% to 29% of calories)9 11 13 14 15 16 and oleic acid. Although the Mediterranean diet differs in many respects from the typical American diet, the prevailing view was that these diets protected against CHD because they were low in SFA. A recent study conducted in the United States reported that intake of both MUFA and PUFA was associated with reduced CVD risk. A ...
ISN will attend the 66th session of World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Committee for Europe, taking place in Copenhagen as of September 12, 2016...
The past decade has witnessed a quantum leap in our understanding of the origins, diffusion, and impact of early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin. In large measure these advances are attributable to new methods for documenting domestication in plants and animals. The initial steps toward plant and animal domestication in the Eastern Mediterranean can now be pushed back to the 12th millennium cal B.P. Evidence for herd management and crop cultivation appears at least 1,000 years earlier than the morphological changes traditionally used to document domestication. Different species seem to have been domesticated in different parts of the Fertile Crescent, with genetic analyses detecting multiple domestic lineages for each species. Recent evidence suggests that the expansion of domesticates and agricultural economies across the Mediterranean was accomplished by several waves of seafaring colonists who established coastal farming enclaves around the Mediterranean Basin. This process also involved the
Environmental Vulnerability to Climate Change in Mediterranean Basin: Socio-Ecological Interactions Between North and South: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3427-3.ch003: The Mediterranean basin (MB) connects the south with the north and the East (Europe, Africa & Asia).It is a highly heterogeneous region where natural and
Abstract. The present study investigates the radiative effects of dust aerosols in the Mediterranean region during summer 2012 using a coupled regional aerosol-atmosphere-ocean model (CNRM-RCSM5). A prognostic aerosol scheme, including desert dust, sea salt, organic, black-carbon and sulphate particles, has been integrated to CNRM-RCSM5 in addition to the atmosphere, land surface and ocean components. An evaluation of this aerosol scheme of CNRM-RCSM5, and especially of the dust aerosols, has been performed against in situ and satellite measurements, showing its ability to reproduce the spatial and temporal variability of aerosol optical depth (AOD) over the Mediterranean region in summer 2012. The dust vertical and size distributions have also been evaluated against observations from the TRAQA/ChArMEx campaign. Three simulations have been carried out for summer 2012 with CNRM-RCSM5, including the full prognostic aerosol scheme, only monthly-averaged AOD means from the aerosol scheme or no ...
M. Bahadir, G. Pfister und W. Lorenz: Plastic Sheet Formulations of Pesticides - Prepa ration and Field Trials. Proceed. Intern. Symp. Control. Rel. Bioact. Mater. 12, 116-117 (1985). C. Kaiser, W. Lorenz und M. Bahadir: Analytical Control of Monomer Behaviour during Shredding and Re-use of Cable Polymers (Book of Abstracts). IUPAC Intern. Symp. Recycling of Polymers - Science and Technology, 18.-20.8.1991, Marbella-Spain, p. 100 (1991). C. Kaiser, W. Lorenz und M. Bahadir: Residues in Recycled Goods from Shredded Plastics (Book of Abstracts). 6th International Symposium on Environmental Pollution and its Impact on Life in the Mediterranean Region, October 6th to 9th, 1991 Como - Italy, p. 100 (1991). J. Gunschera, W. Lorenz und M. Bahadir: Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Chemical Institute Waste Water (Book of Abstracts). 6th International Symposium on Environmental Pollution and its Impact on Life in the Mediterranean Region, October 6th to 9th, 1991 Como - Italy, p. 18 (1991). H. Wichmann, W. ...
1. Mission. Minority Rights Group International will fund qualified consultants or researchers to carry out a study of the feasibility of using legal remedies for abuses of cultural rights particularly affecting minorities.. Each study should result in a 10-20 pages practically oriented report detailing key information and findings, including names and contacts details of suitably qualified lawyers interested in taking cases (if possible pro bono) as well as existing precedents and areas of the law which would benefit from clarification or enforcement. The reports should, where possible, also list NGOs already undertaking human rights legal work in that country and their degree of interest in litigating cultural rights/minority rights, as well as organisations interested in starting litigation work that are not already doing so. All reports will be peer-reviewed for quality by 2 experts on that country as well as an MRG minority legal specialist. Once finalised, the reports will be used by MRG ...
The summer drenching program has long been a mainstay of sheep worm control in winter rainfall regions. However, in areas where summers are very hot and dry, it is also a major causal factor for drench resistance, with a consequent reduction in the long-term effectiveness of worm control.
Prior to slaughtering, feed was withdrawn from the pigs for a period of 12 h. Each producers pigs originated from a single pen. The pigs from both producers were transported to the abattoir in an open truck with slatted sides and a slatted floor to avoid slipping and injury during transport, with each producer s pigs being transported separately. The transport route of road A was 35 km and took 45 min, with the road being a combination of dirt roads with speed bumps (7 km), urban traffic, paved roads and highways. Transport time and distance for road B were 30 min and 25 km respectively, with the route taken being a combination of paved roads and highways with minimal stops due to traffic control measures. The pigs were transported in the early morning to avoid high ambient summer temperatures and offloaded at the abattoir using a height-adjustable ramp. Unloading from the trucks to the lairage pens and from the pens to the slaughter area was done without electrical prodders. The pigs were ...
This study investigates how medium-term gully-development data differ from short-term data, and which factors influence their spatial and temporal variability at nine selected actively retreating bank gullies situated in four Spanish basin landscapes. Small-format aerial photographs using unmanned, remote-controlled platforms were taken at the gully sites in short-term intervals of one to two years over medium-term periods of seven to 13 years and gully change during each period was determined using stereophotogrammetry and a geographic information system. Results show a high variability of annual gully retreat rates both between gullies and between observation periods. The mean linear headcut retreat rates range between 0·02 and 0·26 m a-1. Gully area loss was between 0·8 and 22 m² a-1 and gully volume loss between 0·5 to 100 m³ a-1, of which sidewall erosion may play a considerable part. A non-linear relationship between catchment area and medium-term gully headcut volume change was ...
Ankara said on Wednesday that the eastern Mediterranean region where its ship will carry out a seismic survey is part of Turkeys continental shelf, rejecting Greeces accusation that the ship is encroaching on its own shelf.
Parts of the mitochondrial genes coding for 12SrRNA and 16SrRNA (together about 960 bp) were sequenced for all Mediterranean species of `Mountain lizards` of the genera Archaeolacerta (sensu lato) and Iberolacerta. All subspecies of the Iberian species Iberolacerta cyreni and I. monticola were included in this study. In addition, samples of Apathya cappadocica and Darevskia rudis were analysed to elucidate the relationships of the European `Mountain lizards` to their possible relatives in the Near East. Maximum parsimony and neighbour joining analyses lead to the following major conclusions: (i) the monophyly of the genus Iberolacerta is very well supported; (ii) Archaeolacerta bedriagae (the type species of the genus) is most basal with respect to the ingroup taxa. If we accept Iberolacerta as a genus, Archaeolacerta becames paraphyletic. Therefore, we propose to restrict Archaeolacerta to the type species and to treat A. mosorensis and A. oxycephala provisionally as members of the collective ...
Root traits are related to plant water-use among rangeland Mediterranean species F. Fort ab, F. Volaire c, L. Guilioni d, K. Barkaoui e, M-L. Navas a, C. Roumet b a Montpellier SupAgro, CEFE UMR 5175, Université de Montpellier - Université Paul Valéry - EPHE, 1919 route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France; b CNRS,…
Decaploid A. agropyroides had near-autopolyploid karyotype structure and contained characteristic sequence motifs of nrDNA repeats not encountered in any of the diploids studied. Special repeat types found in one of its accessions (Crete) showed that A. agropyroides originated from a diploid species with a hybrid background. One of the genomes involved was close to both that of extant species (Avenula aetolica, Avenula compressa, Avenula hookeri, Avenula schelliana, Avenula versicolor) distributed mostly in the eastern Mediterranean to Asia and North America and also to the west Mediterranean (Avenula bromoides). The other resembled that of exclusively western Mediterranean species (Avenula albinervis, Avenula levis, Avenula marginata, Avenula sulcata). Main conclusions ...
Peter Hotez published a similar editorial earlier this year, focusing on the role of violent conflict and NTDs in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), providing a number of concrete examples for the arguments laid out above. In particular, he mentioned that the Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study EMR Collaborators, led by Dr. Ali Mokdad found that war, mass human displacement, and political instability have blocked improvements in health for the region, with resultant reductions in life expectancies in several countries, as well as a rise in mental health and drug-use disorders. While the overall disease burden due to infectious diseases significantly declined between 1990 and 2015, several important NTDs have emerged or reemerged in the region. In particular, cutaneous leishmaniasis has increased by 174% since 1990 globally, mostly in the EMR region. Relative to before the Syrian war, case numbers have increased 2-5-fold to over 100,000 cases in 2014 alone, due to the lack of vector ...
The Common fig is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region (from Afghanistan to Greece). It is
Animal Production in Australia 1998 Vol. 22 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STAPLE LENGTH GROWTH AND WOOL GROWTH IN THREE MERINO STRAINS IN A MEDITERRANEAN ENVIRONMENT J.R. BRIEGEL, N.R. ADAMS and T. ODEA CRC for Premium Quality Wool, Fitzroy, Vic 3065 and CSIRO Division of Animal Production, Wembley, WA 6014 Studies by Wheeler et al. (1977) in a non-Mediterranean environment found that the correlation between fleece weight growth and staple length was too variable for length growth to be used to estimate the wool production rate. The aim of this study was to examine this relationship in a seasonal environment using three groups of thirty 15-month Merino wethers, WA strong wool, NSW medium wool and NSW fine wool (n = 90). The sheep were run as a flock at Yalanbee Research Station, CSIRO, Bakers Hill, WA and dyebanded at two monthly intervals for a period 12 months. The ratio of clean wool growth to staple length varied significantly between the six seasonal periods (P , 0.001) (Table 1) but genotype had no ...
This study shows high prevalence and burden of musculoskeletal disorders, especially for low back pain, neck pain and osteoarthritis in the region. The burden of these disorders has increased in the EMR more than the rest of the world during 1990-2013. Although the increase in burden is mainly related to increase in population size and ageing, despite most of the other diseases, there was no decrease in the age-standardised rates of burden. The proportion of musculoskeletal disorders burden over total burden of disease has even increased. Musculoskeletal disorders are the second leading cause of disability in the EMR. Although population ageing is a main reason for increasing burden of musculoskeletal disorders, a large proportion of the burden is imposed on people in their most active and productive years of life. We did not find a specific association between income level of the country and burden of musculoskeletal disorders; however, the relative importance of risk factors (occupational ...
Prevalence and risk factors associated with nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean region Abdulrahman O Musaiger1, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa21Nutrition and Health Studies Unit, Deanship of Scientific Research, University of Bahrain, Bahrain, and Arab Center for Nutrition, Bahrain; 2Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Movement Science, College of Education, and Scientific Board, Obesity Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaAbstract: This paper reviews the current situation concerning nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (N-NCDs) and the risk factors associated with these diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). A systematic literature review of studies and reports published between January 1, 1990 and September 15, 2011 was conducted using the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, obesity, cancer, and osteoporosis have become the main causes of
In recent years, a number of zoonotic flaviviruses have emerged worldwide, and wild birds serve as their major reservoirs. Epidemiological surveys of bird populations at various geographical scales can clarify key aspects of the eco-epidemiology of these viruses. In this study, we aimed at exploring the presence of flaviviruses in the western Mediterranean by sampling breeding populations of the yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis), a widely distributed, anthropophilic, and abundant seabird species. For 3 years, we sampled eggs from 19 breeding colonies in Spain, France, Algeria, and Tunisia. First, ELISAs were used to determine if the eggs contained antibodies against flaviviruses. Second, neutralization assays were used to identify the specific flaviviruses present. Finally, for colonies in which ELISA-positive eggs had been found, chick serum samples and potential vectors, culicid mosquitoes and soft ticks (Ornithodoros maritimus), were collected and analyzed using serology and PCR, ...
The Permian odonatopteran Protanisoptera are discovered for the first time in the playa palaeoenvironments of Gonfaron and Lodève (Southern France). The new genus and species Bansheepteron gonfaronensis is erected and described on the basis of a distal half of a wing from the Guadalupian of Gonfaron. It is compared with all the previously described protanisopterans. Another specimen consisting of a basal half of a wing from the Guadalupian of Lodève, attributed to cf. Bansheepteron gonfaronensis, is also described. Furthermore, three new panorthopteran Caloneurodea are described from the Early to Middle Permian (Cisuralian and Guadalupian) of Southern France, viz. Gallogramma galadrieli gen. et sp. nov. from the le Luc Basin (Gonfaron, Var), and Paleuthygramma cf. acuta Carpenter, 1943 from the Lodève Basin (Hérault). These new fossils increase the palaeodiversity of the Caloneurodea, an interesting clade which now gathers six species in the red Permian of the Southern France, making it one ...
In another article, a population-based cohort from Bordeaux, France, Feart and colleagues5 attempted to replicate the association of Mediterranean-type diet and cognitive decline previously described by Scarmeas et al.2 The authors used 4 neuropsychological tests to evaluate cognitive decline. Individualswho had high adherence to the Mediterranean-type diet in this study had higher Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores at the end of the 5-year follow-up period in some of the analytic models, but there were no statistically significant associations with changes in other cognitive assessments with only one exception (the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test) among the several models. Moreover, there was no reduction in incident dementia in those with high adherence to the Mediterranean-type diet, although the study was underpowered for this outcome. In addition, the neuropsychological tests used in the study may not have been ideal; while the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test used by ...
EN]• This study assesses how different phases of shoot growth underlie seasonal change in leaf and stem dry matter content (LDMC and SDMC, respectively) of 12 woody Mediterranean species. The relationship between LDMC and nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC) concentrations is also explored and the seasonal vs interspecies variability of LDMC compared. • LDMC, SDMC and shoot elongation rate (SER) were measured on a monthly basis for a minimum of 12 months. Bud growth rate (BGR) and NSC concentrations were also assessed in several of the study species. • LDMC and SDMC decreased during shoot elongation in spring and increased in summer, showing a significant negative correlation with SER, but were unrelated to BGR. Half of the species analysed showed a positive relationship between LDMC and NSC. Seasonal fluctuations of LDMC within species were higher than interspecies differences, and species ranking was significantly affected by the month of sampling, except during winter months. • Seasonal ...
Necmettin Akten. Institute of Marine Sciences and Management, Istanbul University, Müsküle Sokak No.1, 34470 Vefa, Istanbul, TURKEY. Abstract. The Turkish Straits, for the last 10 years at least, have been turned into one of the key shipping foci of the world seaborne oil trade. Nearly 123 million tons of oil passed through the Strait of Istanbul in 2002, representing 5 per cent of the world oil trade by sea. Number of crude carriers passed through the Strait that period, up or down, was 6022. The Strait of Istanbul is the most congested sea lanes in the World. On a daily basis an average of 142 vessels (or nearly 12 vessels an hour) navigates through the Strait. When local or domestic traffic is taken into account, almost another 2.000 crossings a day must be added to the figure above. Shipping traffic in the Strait was 4125 transits in the year 1841. There are now an average of 25.000 transits per year in each direction including inter alia, tankers, chemicals, product tankers, LNG and, LPG ...
The Mediterranean climate of the North African Kingdom of Morocco combines the warmth of the desert with the cool breezes of its coastal areas. Moroccos unique mountainous ranges and forest landscapes are home to thousands of different plant species, many of which are unique to the Mediterranean area. Beyond ...
Made with the best murciano-granadina goat milk, originally from the mediterranean regions of Murcia and Andalucia.. Our quality department takes an exhaustive control of all our raw material, through a selection of the best goat milks of the Mediterranean area, in order to obtain a high quality product with a unique flavor.Our lactose free fresh cheese is higly digestive and helps people with lactose intolerance to enjoy a healthy product.. The practical and innovative reclosable cutting-board package keeps the freshness of the cheese at his best until the last slice. ...
You are here: Home / Library / RBINS collections by external author(s) / Three new species of Estheria Robineau -Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae) from the Mediterranean, with a key to the European and Mediterranean species of the genus ...
Organiser: CAMS/EUMETSAT. Join our next hackathon and challenge yourself to create a solution to help people recognise and avoid air pollutants in their daily lives.. Urban air pollution poses a significant threat to human health and the quality of life of millions of people worldwide. Nine out of ten people are estimated to live in areas where the air contains high levels of pollutants, causing around 7 million deaths every year. More than 90% of air pollution-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, mainly in Asia and Africa, but also in the Eastern Mediterranean region, central Europe and the Americas. Many of these areas have no air-quality monitoring networks and rely mainly on satellite data.. Your challenge is to create solutions that help people in their daily lives to recognise and avoid air pollutants. To solve this challenge, you are encouraged to use data from the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) and EUMETSAT.. Various approaches are welcome: Create ...
Organiser: CAMS/EUMETSAT. Join our next hackathon and challenge yourself to create a solution to help people recognise and avoid air pollutants in their daily lives.. Urban air pollution poses a significant threat to human health and the quality of life of millions of people worldwide. Nine out of ten people are estimated to live in areas where the air contains high levels of pollutants, causing around 7 million deaths every year. More than 90% of air pollution-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, mainly in Asia and Africa, but also in the Eastern Mediterranean region, central Europe and the Americas. Many of these areas have no air-quality monitoring networks and rely mainly on satellite data.. Your challenge is to create solutions that help people in their daily lives to recognise and avoid air pollutants. To solve this challenge, you are encouraged to use data from the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) and EUMETSAT.. Various approaches are welcome: Create ...
Clinical trials offer immensely to the evidence cart through the introduction of improved therapeutic regimens and better patient care. Registration of clinical trials ensures free accessibility of trial related information to the public and conforms to international standards. Clinical trial registration is an ethical, scientific and moral responsibility, as well as an obligation upon all investigators and sponsors. Clinical trial registries have not been established in several countries especially in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. The aim of this editorial is to highlight the status of clinical trial registration and regulations to provide new evidence on the issue targeting researchers to register their studies.. Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is increasingly being incorporated into healthcare system by healthcare professionals and policymakers to implement the most effective treatment options based on documented evidence.1,2 In the EBM pyramid, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials ...
Analyzing data from BCI control of robotic arms , Pandria, Niki, Athanasiou Alkinoos, Arfaras George, and Bamidis Panagiotis , 9th Conference of Eastern Mediterranean Region and the Italian Region of the International Biometric Society Conference, 05/2017, Thessaloniki, Greece, p.146, (2017) ...
https://wppf.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/FIP-JPA-Regional-Conference-2019_Preliminary-Programme_頁面_1.jpg 2677 3704 wppfweb /wp-content/uploads/2016/06/WPPF-LOGO-180x180.jpg wppfweb2019-04-02 09:32:122019-04-02 09:34:34FIP JPA Regional Conference for the Eastern Mediterranean Region Amman, Jordan - 25 & 26 April 2019 ...
Anise (Pimpinella anisum), also called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. Its flavor has similarities with some other s
Eesti Teadusinfosüsteem koondab informatsiooni teadus- ja arendusasutuste, teadlaste, teadusprojektide ning erinevate teadustegevuste tulemuste kohta.
wild olive manufacturers and wild olive suppliers Directory - Find wild olive products,Choose Quality wild olive manufacturers, suppliers, factory at ECBAY
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Vitamin D status in patients with knee or hip osteoarthritis in a Mediterranean country. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Chloroplast DNA variation was studied in three evergreen Quercus species (Q. suber L., Q. ilex L. and Q. coccifera L.) from the Western Mediterranean Basin using PCR-RFLP. We studied five primer pair/enzyme combinations, four of them previously used in other European Quercus, obtaining a large number of haplotypes (81) grouped in three main types (suber type, ilex-coccifera I type and ilex-coccife ...
Background: To describe the socio-demographic factors associated with exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) in different settings (home, leisure, and workplace). Methods: We analysed cross-sectional data on self-reported SHS exposure in 1059 non-daily smokers interviewed in the Cornellà Health Interview Survey Follow-up Study in 2002. We calculated age-adjusted prevalence rates and prevalence rate ratios of SHS exposure at home, at the workplace, during leisure time, and in any of these settings./nResults: The age-standardized prevalence rate of SHS exposure in any setting was 69.5% in men and 62.9% in women. Among men, 25.9% reported passive smoking at home, 55.1% during leisure time, and 34.0% at the workplace. Among women, prevalence rates in these settings were 34.1%, 44.3% and 30.1%, respectively. Overall exposure to SHS decreased with age in both men and women. In men, SHS exposure was related to marital status, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol intake. In women, SHS exposure was ...
Mediterranean region and Africa and included one new species, L. atlanticus Gladstones. He states that though there are few lupin species in the Mediterranean countries and Africa, their taxonomy for a long time has been too complicated. Gladstones identified the following species: L. albus L., L.angustifolius L., L. micranthus Guss., L. luteus L., L. hispanicus Boiss. et Reut., L. cosentini Guss., L. digitatus Forsk., L. princei Harms, L. pilosus Murr., L. palaestinus Boiss., L. atlanticus Gladstones and L. somaliensis Baker. He pointed out many errors in the previous descriptions of the listed species and described the same species anew mentioning all their synonyms and introducing corrections and changes in the taxonomy of the Mediterranean lupin species. Gladstones (1974) indicated two varieties in L. albus L.: var. albus and var. graecus (Boiss. et Sprun.) J. S. Gladstones. The majority of botanists had previously regarded L. graecus as a separate species. In «Flora Europeae» it held the ...
Mediterranean region and Africa and included one new species, L. atlanticus Gladstones. He states that though there are few lupin species in the Mediterranean countries and Africa, their taxonomy for a long time has been too complicated. Gladstones identified the following species: L. albus L., L.angustifolius L., L. micranthus Guss., L. luteus L., L. hispanicus Boiss. et Reut., L. cosentini Guss., L. digitatus Forsk., L. princei Harms, L. pilosus Murr., L. palaestinus Boiss., L. atlanticus Gladstones and L. somaliensis Baker. He pointed out many errors in the previous descriptions of the listed species and described the same species anew mentioning all their synonyms and introducing corrections and changes in the taxonomy of the Mediterranean lupin species. Gladstones (1974) indicated two varieties in L. albus L.: var. albus and var. graecus (Boiss. et Sprun.) J. S. Gladstones. The majority of botanists had previously regarded L. graecus as a separate species. In «Flora Europeae» it held the ...
[ Mediterranean Sea On World Map ] - Gallery For Gt Mediterranean Region Countries,Gallery For Gt Mediterranean Sea Location On World Map,Mediterranean Sea Map Images Amp Pictures Becuo
Abstract. This paper presents the summary of the key objectives, instrumentation and logistic details, goals, and initial scientific findings of the European Marie Curie Action SAPUSS project carried out in the western Mediterranean Basin (WMB) during September-October in autumn 2010. The key SAPUSS objective is to deduce aerosol source characteristics and to understand the atmospheric processes responsible for their generations and transformations - both horizontally and vertically in the Mediterranean urban environment. In order to achieve so, the unique approach of SAPUSS is the concurrent measurements of aerosols with multiple techniques occurring simultaneously in six monitoring sites around the city of Barcelona (NE Spain): a main road traffic site, two urban background sites, a regional background site and two urban tower sites (150 m and 545 m above sea level, 150 m and 80 m above ground, respectively). SAPUSS allows us to advance our knowledge sensibly of the atmospheric chemistry and ...
The course aims to provide an overview on Mediterranean interaction during the Iron Age by concentrating on trade contacts and economic relations, visible in the material culture of various Mediterranean regions. The focus will be twofold: on the material culture used by scholars for reconstructing trade and on the different models and economic theories employed to understand trade. The course lectures (and seminars) will be organised according to different themes (eg. trade and religion, textual and historical sources on trade, coinage, trade and the city etc), and will concern a selection of cultural regions (rather than the whole Mediterranean basin). ...
The technologies which have had the most profound effects on human life are usually simple. A good example of a simple technology with profound historical consequences is hay. Nobody knows who invented hay, the idea of cutting grass in the autumn and storing it in large enough quantities to keep horses and cows alive through the winter. All we know is that the technology of hay was unknown to the Roman Empire but was known to every village of medieval Europe. Like many other crucially important technologies, hay emerged anonymously during the so-called Dark Ages. According to the Hay Theory of History, the invention of hay was the decisive event which moved the center of gravity of urban civilization from the Mediterranean basin to Northern and Western Europe. The Roman Empire did not need hay because in a Mediterranean climate the grass grows well enough in winter for animals to graze. North of the Alps, great cities dependent on horses and oxen for motive power could not exist without hay. So ...
The technologies which have had the most profound effects on human life are usually simple. A good example of a simple technology with profound historical consequences is hay. Nobody knows who invented hay, the idea of cutting grass in the autumn and storing it in large enough quantities to keep horses and cows alive through the winter. All we know is that the technology of hay was unknown to the Roman Empire but was known to every village of medieval Europe. Like many other crucially important technologies, hay emerged anonymously during the so-called Dark Ages. According to the Hay Theory of History, the invention of hay was the decisive event which moved the center of gravity of urban civilization from the Mediterranean basin to Northern and Western Europe. The Roman Empire did not need hay because in a Mediterranean climate the grass grows well enough in winter for animals to graze. North of the Alps, great cities dependent on horses and oxen for motive power could not exist without hay. So ...
The gnarled scrub savannahs that coat hills in and around Austin invariably draw comparison to Mediterranean terrains and flora. Like Greece, southern France, and North Africa, central Texas lies mostly over limestone bedrock and usually enjoys mild, well-watered winters, followed by hot, dry summers. Many excellent garden plants from the rugged Mediterranean garigue seem at home nestled here among local oaks and junipers.. However, its prudent to be aware of things that set this region apart. Unlike Tuscany or California, which have true Mediterranean climates, with cool springs and little or no summer rain, central Texas passes rapidly from its brief, erratic winter to a torrid summer. And although droughts are frequent, thunder-storms may arrive at almost any moment.. This reality limits success with plants like hardy lavenders, which struggle with fungal and bacterial diseases if dampened in hot weather. When clients show me romantic pictures of lavender-covered hills in France, 1 suggest ...
Picture a dinner in Greece…family and friends gathered around an outdoor table, laughing and enjoying a beautiful spread of local produce, seafood and wine. As it turns out, science is confirming what Yiayia knew all along…in addition to being delicious and fresh, eating this way is good for your health.. For eons, people throughout the Mediterranean region have eaten a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lots of heart-healthy fats in the form of fish, avocados and olive oil.. How can a simple diet lead to better health? For starters, its simple. The Mediterranean diet is naturally low in calories, eliminates most junk foods, and features lots of daily activity.. Scientific research also points to the Mediterranean diet being naturally high in omega-3 fatty acids, which is one of the most obvious differences from the Standard American Diet.. While no supplement can deliver all the benefits of living--and eating--along the banks of the Mediterranean, a daily dose of OmegaXL ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evolutionary transcriptomics reveals the origins of olives and the genomic changes associated with their domestication. AU - Gros-Balthazard, Muriel. AU - Besnard, Guillaume. AU - Sarah, Gautier. AU - Holtz, Yan. AU - Leclercq, Julie. AU - Santoni, Sylvain. AU - Wegmann, Daniel. AU - Glémin, Sylvain. AU - Khadari, Bouchaib. PY - 2019/10/1. Y1 - 2019/10/1. N2 - The olive (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea) is one of the oldest and most socio-economically important cultivated perennial crop in the Mediterranean region. Yet, its origins are still under debate and the genetic bases of the phenotypic changes associated with its domestication are unknown. We generated RNA-sequencing data for 68 wild and cultivated olive trees to study the genetic diversity and structure both at the transcription and sequence levels. To localize putative genes or expression pathways targeted by artificial selection during domestication, we employed a two-step approach in which we identified ...
Download report: https://www.agrifutures.com.au/wp-content/uploads/publications/00-116.pdf. Wild olive selection for quality oil production. RIRDC Publication 00-116, August 2000. Author(s): UA-41A. The olive (Olea europaea L.) is a small evergreen tree adapted to a Mediterranean climate. It yields two products, table olives and olive oil, both of which are important commodities on world markets. One of Australias first industries following European settlement was table olive and olive oil production, and many introductions of olive varieties were made from overseas. Despite this, the Australian olive industry went into decline and almost all olive products consumed are now imported.. Olives are ideally suited to the southern Australian environment, as demonstrated by its status as an invasive weed, by natural seed propagation from the original introductions. The olive competes so well with native vegetation in disturbed sites, that eradication programs are underway throughout southern ...
The Early Pleistocene is an epoch characterized by several climatic oscillations, with its lower and upper boundaries coinciding respectively with the beginning of the Northern Hemisphere Glaciation and the Middle Pleistocene Transition. During this time interval, the Mediterranean region was strongly affected by rapid climatic changes, the expression of which is clearly recorded by the biotic evolution in fossil archives. One of the most important of these biotic events is the appearance of the boreal guest Arctica islandica at the beginning of the Calabrian Stage, indicating that climatic deterioration had started to affect the Mediterranean Sea. The Arda River marine succession, cropping out in Western Emilia, Northern Italy, continuously covers the Early Pleistocene time interval; it represents an ideal setting to study the climatic oscillations of the Early Pleistocene and, in particular, to understand how seasonality varies during these climate changes. It consists mainly of sandstones ...
For centuries, the healthier populations in the Mediterranean region have enjoyed wine in light to moderate amounts, usually with meals. Observational studies there and in other parts of the world have associated reasonable alcohol consumption with prolonged lifespan, reduced coronary artery disease, diminished Alzheimers and other dementias, and possibly fewer strokes. Alcohol tends to increase HDL…
Researchers used historical data and computer models to forecast the likely impact of climate change on the Mediterranean region, based on the targets for limiting global warming 195 countries agreed to during a summit in France last year.. The Paris Agreement says its necessary to limit global warming to 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit, if possible 2.7 degrees, Joel Guiot, a researcher at the National Center of Scientific Research in France who co-wrote the study, said. That doesnt seem much to people, but we wanted to see what the difference would be on a sensitive region like the Mediterranean.. The authors examined the environmental changes the Mediterranean has undergone during the last 10,000 years, using pollen records to gauge the effect that temperatures had on plant life.. They came up with four scenarios pegged to different concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Three of the scenarios are already widely used by scientists to model future climate change, while the fourth ...
Basil is a versatile and widely used aromatic herb. Basil is an annual plant that is easy to grow from seed but is very sensitive to cold. The plant grows well in warm climates and is widely used throughout southern Europe, particularly the Mediterranean, and in many parts of Asia. There are numerous species of basil; some have scents reminiscent of pineapple, lemon, cinnamon or cloves; others have beautiful purple leaves. The variety called holy basil (tulsi) is an essential part of an authentic Thai curry. In Mediterranean regions, basil and tomato is a classic combination. Pesto, made from basil leaves and pine nuts, with parmesan or pecorino cheese and olive oil (traditionally pounded together in a mortar and pestle - the latter lends pesto its name) is another classic dish. ...
Based on the seven O. europaea sequences, length polymorphism was detected in 62 regions. These polymorphisms were either due to a variable number of repeats in a microsatellite motif or another type of indel (Additional file 2). The PCR primers were designed in flanking regions to specifically amplify short segments (generally inferior to 240 bp). For locus multiplexing, the annealing temperature of all these primers needed to be similar, while the size of PCR products of each locus should be as different as possible. Finally, these primers were also designed to allow amplification of short DNA segments for characterization of poorly preserved material and highly degraded DNAs from herbarium samples. Additionally, the 5 end of the reverse primer of locus 19 was tagged with the sequence GTGTCTT to minimize band stuttering. All primer pairs and specific characteristics of generated fragments are given in Additional file 2. To reduce the cost of the PCR characterization (i.e., time and costs), we ...
Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 032; Regional Committee for the Western Pacific, 032 (Manila : WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 1981) ...
Ornamental tree with small, green olives that ripen to black in fall. Plant in container to keep tree small at 8-10 feet tall. Plant in landscape in zones 8-10.
More than half the frogs, toads, newts and other amphibians in Europe could be wiped out in less than 50 years, British scientists said. In a report to the Zoological Society of London, researchers said Thursday that the most threatened species live in southern Europe, The Guardian reported. The Mediterranean climate is expected to become significantly hotter and drier, which is bad news for the Mallorcan midwife toad and the brook newt of Sardinia. Amphibians are the lifeblood of many environments, playing key roles in the function of ecosystems, and it is both extraordinary and terrifying that in just a few decades the world could lose half of all these species, said Sir David Attenborough, famed for his television nature shows. One-third of the amphibian species in the world are listed as endangered. Researchers said climate change adds to the stress caused by habitat loss and the spread of disease. Researchers said snakes, birds and fish that prey on amphibians also appear to be dropping ...
Rich tomatoes, spicy garlic, fresh oregano and basil--nothing smells better coming out of the oven than Italian food. In Italy, growing good food, cooking good food, and eating good food all go hand in hand. A vegetable garden, or orto, is common in an Italian yard. Tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, and aubergines (eggplant) are easily grown staples of Italian cooking. Salad greens and herbs round out the garden. A traditional Italian garden contains artichokes, cardoon, several types of beans and tomatoes, beets, and squash. Youll find basil, oregano, fennel, and parsley the featured herbs. Agriculturally, only 5% of land in Italy is cultivated, but the temperate Mediterranean climate makes Italy a leader in production of olive oil. They are major exporters of tomatoes, rice, and wine. Tomatoes are a staple food in Italy. Salsa di Pomodoro alla Spagnola, the oldest known Italian recipe featuring tomatoes, dates to the 17th century. There are many varieties of tomato, Roma being the most common in ...
The possibility of using Pallenis maritima, a native drought tolerant plant, on an urban extensive green roof at the semi-arid Mediterranean region was investigated under sparse irrigation and light substrate. Rooted stem cuttings were planted in November 2012 in experimental modules with a green roof infrastructure on a fully exposed flat roof at the Agricultural University of Athens, Greece. Two substrate types with 10 cm depth were used, one with soil, i.e., grape marc compost:perlite:soil: pumice (3:3:2:2, v/v) and a lighter one without soil, i.e., grape marc compost:perlite: pumice (3:3:4, v/v). The experiment lasted 16 months, including one hot and dry (summer) and two cold and wet (winter) periods. Two irrigation frequencies were applied during the dry period (May-Sept. 2013), i.e., every 3 days (normal) and 5 days (sparse) when substrate moisture was 17-20% and 5-9%, respectively. Plant growth was evaluated by plant horizontal expansion recorded monthly during the whole experimental ...