Math Warning] Its a bit difficult to explain these edge shadows (also called volumetric shadows). You can think of them in terms of three dimensional geometry. The contrail is a line in three dimensional space. The camera (or observer) is a point in three dimensional space. The sun is essentially infinitely far away, and so is only really relevant as a directional vector (a vector in three dimensions, where the magnitude is unimportant ). These three quantities are what you need to consider to understand the condition for the edge shadow.. Given the line (contrail) and direction vector (sun) we can form a plane that contains the line, and is parallel to the direction vector. This plane cuts through the contrail, the atmosphere, and intersects the ground. Projecting two end points of the contrail along the plane in the direction of the suns vector, we get essentially a two dimensional parallelepiped (although the far edge is not very well defined). This parallelepiped is quite thin (its as ...
The classic argument of most Chemtrail discussions is-- This is a Contrail, and not a Chemtrail. If youve ever wondered what the differences between a Contrail and Chemtrail are, I have photographs that show how chemtrails morph into huge geoengineered clouds from smaller pencil thin lines. Ive posted numerous videos that show the difference between a chemtrail and contrail.
It doesnt matter what this site tries to propose to you, its a lie. Those pics are photoshopped. CHEMTRAILS ARE REAL! Just listen to how many ambulances you hear during the day or night after a heavy spraying. That will tell you all you need to know. Heres part of my testimony on when I found out about chemtrails… It was last week sometime when I really began to notice the heavy spraying coming out of these jets in the sky. There were multiple lines and planes…I thought that very strange. They seemed to be lasting quite a long time and they formed plumes that appeared as if they were dripping something from them. I had never seen anything like this before in my life. Usually a contrail dissipates after a few seconds. These lines stayed for hours and spread into clouds and turned the whole sky milky white/silver. While I was outside observing these chemtrails, both my eyes and sinuses started burning. I quickly went inside and started to do my own research on what these funny lines in the ...
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All terms used in this subpart, but not specifically defined in this rule shall have the meaning given them in the Act and in Subpart A of this Regulation.. (a) Bagging Operation means mechanical process by which bags are filled with nonmetallic minerals.. (b) Belt Conveyor means a conveying device that transports material from one location to another by means of an endless belt that is carried on a series of idlers and routed around a pulley at each end.. (c) Bucket Elevator means a conveying device of nonmetallic minerals consisting of a head and foot assembly which supports and drives an endless single or double strand chain or belt to which buckets are attached.. (d) Building means any frame structure with a roof.. (e) Capacity means the cumulative rated capacity of all initial crushers that are part of the plant.. (f) Capture System means the equipment (including enclosures, hoods, ducts, fans, dampers, etc) used to capture and transport particulate matter generated by one or ...
Anyone who remembers the days of the Celeron 300A will no doubt recall that extreme cooling referred almost exclusively to home built watercooling rigs. It was not long thereafter that manufacturers of after market coolers began to use extreme to refer to anything other than the stock cooling system supplied with the CPU. In so doing they have stripped the word of most of its original meaning. The word extreme, even if we take it to be synonymous with water cooled, seems somehow to be an inadequate description for some cooling alternatives. Certain cooling practices have proven so effective that they cool the processor to the point where it encounters a phenomenon known as the cold bug. This is the point where a processor is cooled so much that the quantum mechanical processes that make the device run are no longer able to take place. If extreme is inadequate to describe this type of cooling, it stands to reason that we need a different word. Thus I propose we now term any cooling ...
The following data is profoundly interesting and may offer an answer to the ongoing mystery of the spraying of American citizens from the air. The source has asked to remain anonymous.
(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers are making progress in developing a system that measures the mechanical properties of living cells, a technology that could be used to diagnose human disease and better understand biological processes.
Contrails, or condensation trails, are clouds created by airplanes. They are also found at the high level. Students often mistakenly assume that contrails are smoke and exhaust from an airplane, but contrails are actually clouds formed when the tiny particles (aerosols) and warm water vapor in the plane s exhaust combine with the ambient water vapor to form ice crystals. The presence and character of contrails can tell us about the state of the atmosphere along the plane s flight path. If the air is very dry and there is not enough water vapor to condense, no cloud forms. If the air is a little moister, a contrail may form and quickly evaporate (which is called a short-lived contrail). If the air contains enough water vapor, a contrail may form and remain for hours (known as a persistent contrail), or even spread to cover very large areas. Researchers are very interested in these clouds that humans cause. When making cloud observations, you should therefore note the presence and number of ...
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It is not a mechanical process that the Apostle is establishing in I John 1: 9 as if to say that no sin is forgiven that is not confessed. This is the error of the Pelagians and Catholics who think that if they die with any unconfessed sin then they are doomed. No one even knows the depth of his own sin. How can a man confess his sins if he is not even aware of them? What the Apostle is saying is that the person who is walking with God and in the light is one who is a confessor of his hamartia ...
The physical or mechanical process of separating insoluble particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or liquid, by passing the fluid through a filter medium that will not allow the particulate to pass through it. (099)
It suggests a belief that intelligence is the output of a mechanical process, a series of discrete steps that can be isolated, measured, and optimized.
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For background estimates, the variants of the KC-135/707 generally use more than 10,000 lbs/hour in fuel, which is ~1200 gallons of the least dense (0.8 kg/L) fuel. This provides enough water vapor to form a condensation trail that we see when contrails form. This is natural condensation of aersols as opposed to the 100 to 500 gallons being sprayed as an aerosol. The spray is going to consume a greater weight of liquid since the addition of metals would increase the density proportionally. At 1200 gallons per hour fuel consumption that is 20 gallons a minute, which if we assume is similar to the slower application of the mystery spray that is more dense, giving us a 5 minute application with 100 gallons and a maximum of 25 minutes of application. Neither of which would seem to give the coverage attributed to this mechanism, especially given the chemtrails are supposedly bigger in diameter than contrails ...
Yes, I did read the WHOLE thread. Same debate, different thread. Like always. Same people. Same re-hashed info. Seems we always debate on chemtrails and contrails and their differences. That is not the issue with me, nor does it matter when you take into account that harmful elements are being thrust into our atmosphere. The Chemtrail/Contrail debate is there to detract attention from the real issue. The real issue is what we are being subjected to. Ozweatherman is here to debunk chemtrails like always. Has he stopped to think that maybe his education was designed to lead him astray? I mean, he went to school right? How do we know he wasnt taught disinformation and is spreading it to us all? How do we know his credentials or whos agenda he is following? How does he know if what he learned and is re-hashing to us is the absolute 100% truth ...
If you, like yours truly, is a notorious knuckle-cracker, I have some really excellent news for you. According to recent research, it appears that cracking your knuckles may not be bad for you after all. In fact, it may actually be good for you. So w
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Researchers continue to describe new findings on the human brain. Long-held beliefs are changing as we learn that our brains continue to form new neurons and connections throughout our lives. I can see applications in organizations for the information being uncovered. From education and training to relationship building and communication, our brains impact how we function…
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මා මෙයට කලින් ලියපු මෙන්න මේ කතාවේ නඩු තීන්දුව දුන්න විනිසුරු සඳහන් කරපු එක කරුණක් තමා අර කාබනික කෘෂි නිෂ්පාදන ප්‍රමිති ආයතනයේ අන්රිසනබල් මුරණ්ඩු කම. එහි දෙවන කොටස තාමත් ලියවී නැත්තේ අභියාචනාධිකරණ තීන්දුව තවම දීල නැති නිසා. මෙවැනි කරුණක් ගැන ලෝකයේ දුන්න ප්‍රථමවරට උසාවි තීන්දුවක් ඉල්ලපු වතාව මේකයි. මෙවැනි කරුණු වලට ලෝක යුද්ද ඇති වන්නට…
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Background The tectorial membrane (TM) in the mammalian cochlea displays anisotropy, where mechanical or structural properties differ along varying directions. The anisotropy arises from the presence of collagen fibrils organized in fibers of ∼1 µm diameter that run radially across the TM. Mechanical coupling between the TM and the sensory epithelia is required for normal hearing. However, the lack of a suitable technique to measure mechanical anisotropy at the microscale level has hindered understanding of the TMs precise role. Methodology/Principal Findings Here we report values of the three elastic moduli that characterize the anisotropic mechanical properties of the TM. Our novel technique combined Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), modeling, and optical tracking of microspheres to determine the elastic moduli. We found that the TMs large mechanical anisotropy results in a marked transmission of deformations along the direction that maximizes sensory cell excitation, whereas in the perpendicular
Cleaner aircraft emissions would solve part of the problem highlighted in the study. Reducing the number of soot particles emitted by aircraft engines decreases the number of ice crystals in contrails, which in turn reduces the climate impact of contrail cirrus. However, "larger reductions than the projected 50% decrease in soot number emissions are needed," says Burkhardt. She adds that even 90% reductions would likely not be enough to limit the climate impact of contrail cirrus to 2006 levels.. Another often discussed mitigation method is rerouting flights to avoid regions particularly sensitive to the effects of contrail formation. But Bock and Burkhardt caution about applying measures to reduce the climate impact of short-lived contrail cirrus that could result in increases in long-lived CO2 emissions, in particular given the uncertainties in estimating the climate impact of contrail cirrus. They say that measures to reduce soot emissions would be preferable to minimise the overall radiative ...
Mechanobiology : An emerging field at the interface of biology and engineering, mechanobiology explores the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to mechanical signals-and holds great promise in one day unravelling the mysteries of cellular and extracellular matrix mechanics to cure a broad range of diseases. Mechanobiology: Exploitation for Medical Benefit presents a comprehensive overview of principles of
The chewing of food begins the mechanical process of digestion. It makes food easier to swallow and increases the surface area in contact with digestive juices. Moreover, the tongue uses its mechanics to push the food to the back of the throat to the pharynx. Next, the esophagus moves the food down to the stomach through rhythmic contractions of the smooth muscles, which is called peristalsis (Whitney 75). As the food moves through the digestive tract, peristalsis is a significant mechanical process.. Digestion: Muscular action. Food travels through the gastrointestinal tract through many different muscular actions. "Gut motility is the term given to the stretching and contractions of the muscles in the gastrointestinal tract" (Kellow and Parkman, 2014). When food first enters the mouth, it is chewed up into many small pieces so that swallowing is easy. After food is swallowed, the autonomic muscles of the GI tract take over. The first muscular action in the GI tract is peristalsis. There are ...
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The goal of the Contrails project is to help preserve and disseminate the technical record of 20th century aerospace research, highlighting in particular the research endeavors of the Illinois Tech community.
As we cock our heads skyward to wonder at the jets above us and the beautiful plumes of white they leave behind as godly evidence of their whirlwind trip into the heavens, there are some scientists who believe we are being slowly poisoned by those white plumes -- those contrails -- by chemicals that are…
The goal of the Contrails project is to help preserve and disseminate the technical record of 20th century aerospace research, highlighting in particular the research endeavors of the Illinois Tech community.
The vision of the research group in COntinuum Biomechanics and Mechanobiology is on developing a systemic, comprehensive system models in health and disease. Our approach is to integrate experimental methods, mathematical modeling and numerical simulations. We utilize our expertise for various biomechanical applications and basic research projects.
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When cultured in the absence of light, these cells form a monolayer identical to the wild-type cells. Then, we are able to shine light over a specific, well-controlled pattern on this monolayer triggering the local expression of Src in this predefined region. This enables us to analyze the competition between a transformed patch of cells and the surrounding untransformed monolayer.. The phenotype is spectacular: in the region that is exposed to light, the cells collectively extrude and form a 3D aggregate of transformed cells budding on top of the cell sheet. In contrast with single-cell extrusion, these collectively extruded cells remain alive and attached to each other. Moreover, these aggregates display some of the hallmarks of an epithelial-to-mesenchymal like transition such as the delocalization of E-cadherin from membrane to cytoplasm and the up-regulation of vimentin. As for the mechanical process that results in this collective extrusion, traction force measurements are compatible with ...
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A liquid cooling system utilizing minimal size and volume enclosures, air pockets, compressible objects, and flexible objects is provided to protect against expansion of water-based solutions when frozen. In such a system, pipes, pumps, and heat exchangers are designed to prevent cracking of their enclosures and chambers. Also described are methods of preventing cracking in a liquid cooling system. In all these cases, the system must be designed to tolerate expansion when water is frozen.
A liquid cooling system utilizing minimal size and volume enclosures, air pockets, compressible objects, and flexible objects is provided to protect against expansion of water-based solutions when frozen. In such a system, pipes, pumps, and heat exchangers are designed to prevent cracking of their enclosures and chambers. Also described are methods of preventing cracking in a liquid cooling system. In all these cases, the system must be designed to tolerate expansion when water is frozen.
In this report, Dr. Wright aims to explain both the causes of environmental stress cracking (ESC) and its implications. ESC is the premature initiation of cracking and embrittlement of a plastic due to the simultaneous action of stress and strain and contact with specific fluids.
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