TY - JOUR. T1 - Gender-specific, lifestyle-related factors and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk; the ATTICA and GREECS cohort studies. AU - Kouvari, Matina. AU - Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B.. AU - Chrysohoou, Christina. AU - Georgousopoulou, Ekavi. AU - Notara, Venetia. AU - Tousoulis, Dimitrios. AU - Pitsavos, Christos. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - Background: Lifestyle remains a huge driving force of Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) on-set/progression. Lifestyle-patterns are highly dependent on gender-related attitudes. Objective: To evaluate the gender-specific association of lifestyle-related factors (adherence to Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), Physical Activity (PA), smoking) with 10-year first and recurrent CVD events. Methods: Two prospective studies, the ATTICA (2002-2012, n=3,042 subjects free-of-CVD) and GREECS (2004-2014, n=2,172 subjects with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)) were undertaken. Baseline adherence to MedDiet (MedDietScore ,27/≥27, range 0-55), PA (sedentary/physically ...
A number of studies have evidenced the effect of modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet, breastfeeding and nutritional status on breast cancer risk. However, none have addressed the missing data problem in nutritional epidemiologic research in South America. Missing data is a frequent problem in breast cancer studies and epidemiological settings in general. Estimates of effect obtained from these studies may be biased, if no appropriate method for handling missing data is applied. We performed Multiple Imputation for missing values on covariates in a breast cancer case-control study of Córdoba (Argentina) to optimize risk estimates. Data was obtained from a breast cancer case control study from 2008 to 2015 (318 cases, 526 controls). Complete case analysis and multiple imputation using chained equations were the methods applied to estimate the effects of a Traditional dietary pattern and other recognized factors associated with breast cancer. Physical activity and socioeconomic status were
The patients anxiety state is augmented more by disclosure of disease labeling, or diagnosis from the physician at a general checkup than by a simple notification of abnormal values. Excluding the effects of potential confounding variables such as anxiety traits or depressive states associated with personality and types of lifestyle-related diseases also led to similar results. Additionally, even with mild deviations in the abnormal test values, disease diagnosis disclosure elicited an anxiety state in patients. Despite these results, improvements in daily life behavior due to the perception of abnormality notification or diagnosis disclosure were not observed one month after the general checkup. The results of the present study showed that, even in a general checkup for the general population, disclosing non-critical diseases such as lifestyle-related diseases exacerbated anxiety as a short-term psychological impact.. Anxiety state is thought to be affected by many factors. In particular, ...
Decreased nitric oxide (NO) availability due to obesity and endothelial dysfunction might be causally related to the development of lifestyle-related diseases such as insulin resistance, ischemic heart disease, and hypertension. In such situations, instead of impaired NO synthase (NOS)-dependent NO generation, the entero-salivary nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway might serve as a backup system for NO generation by transmitting NO activities in the various molecular forms including NO and protein S-nitrosothiols. Recently accumulated evidence has demonstrated that dietary intake of fruits and vegetables rich in nitrate/nitrite is an inexpensive and easily-practicable way to prevent insulin resistance and vascular endothelial dysfunction by increasing the NO availability; a NO-rich diet may also prevent other lifestyle-related diseases, including osteoporosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cancer. This review provides an overview of our current knowledge of NO generation through the
For those suffering heart disease or at high risk, consider making dietary changes with the Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes Diet. Look up easy-to-cook TLC diet recipes.
The present randomised cross-over clinical trial investigated the effects of two intervention diets (non-soya legume-based therapeutic lifestyle change (TLC) diet v. isoenergetic legume-free TLC diet) on inflammatory biomarkers among type 2 diabetic patients. A group of thirty-one participants (twen …
Hypertension lifestyle modifications - lifestyle recommendations to reduce blood pressure measurements - medical guideline. Try out our medical algorithms.
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and certain dietary factors are individually related to colorectal cancer (CRC) risk; however, little is known about their joint effects. The aim of this study was to develop a healthy lifestyle index (HLI) composed of five potentially modifiable lifestyle factors - healthy weight, physical activity, non-smoking, limited alcohol consumption and a healthy diet, and to explore the association of this index with CRC incidence using data collected within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. METHODS: In the EPIC cohort, a total of 347,237 men and women, 25- to 70-years old, provided dietary and lifestyle information at study baseline (1992 to 2000). Over a median follow-up time of 12 years, 3,759 incident CRC cases were identified. The association between a HLI and CRC risk was evaluated using Cox proportional hazards regression models and population attributable risks (PARs) ...
The effect of adherence to the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) lifestyle recommendations on cancer aggressiveness is unknown. We examined associations between adherence to recommendations and risk of highly aggressive prostate cancer in research subjects enrolled in the North Carolina-Louisiana Pr …
Know the lifestyle risk factors. Can healthy lifestyles help lower the. Risk factors are things that increase the chance a person will develop certain disease.. Katerina maximova received training in chronic disease epidemiology at mcgill university and has been involved primary prevention of throu. Adhering to healthy lifestyle may cut stroke risk. As you get older, your risk of diabetes will be lower if make healthy lifestyle choices like eating right or staying active.. ...
To describe the modifiable lifestyle risk factors for stroke among a high risk population for stroke. Africa suffers from rapid population growth, adoption of harmful western diets, and increased prevalence of hypertension and obesity. A total of 440 study participants were screened and 87 individuals with hypertension plus at least one other known stroke risk factor were enrolled. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the screened population was 19.7 and 1.8%, respectively. Among those with hypertension only 2.3% (2/87) had ever had serum lipid assessment. Seventy-two percent (68/87) had very high serum LDL-cholesterol, while 33.3% (29/87) had low levels of HDL-cholesterol, and 67.8% had mean blood pressures greater than 160/100 mmHg and 40% (35/87) were obese, with a BMI ≥30. Targeting individuals with modifiable stroke risk factors and implementing self-management programs may be a way to reduce stroke burden in Uganda.
Scott, David and Happell, Brenda 2011, The high prevalence of poor physical health and unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in individuals with severe mental illness, Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 589-597, doi: 10.3109/01612840.2011.569846. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Lifestyle risk factors predict healthcare costs in an aging cohort. AU - Leigh, J Paul. AU - Hubert, Helen B.. AU - Romano, Patrick S. PY - 2005/12. Y1 - 2005/12. N2 - Background: While the U.S. elderly population uses a disproportionate amount of healthcare resources, there is limited knowledge from prospective studies regarding the impact of lifestyle-related factors on costs in this group. The association was examined between smoking, drinking, exercise, body mass index (BMI), and changes in these risk factors, and healthcare costs after 4 years among 68- to 95-year-olds. Methods: A total of 1323 participants completed annual surveys providing information on lifestyle factors (1986-1994) and health utilization (1994-1998). Healthcare costs in nine categories were ascertained from validated utilization. The relationships between risk factors and costs were examined in 2004 using linear regression models. Results: Fewer cigarette pack-years and lower BMI were the most ...
Secondary outcomes include cognitive function, PA level, depressive symptoms, cost of interventions, diet and sleep quality. They are measured as follows: cognitive function is assessed with processing speed, task switching and executive function using Trails A and B, and the Digit Symbol Modalities Test (DSMT). These tests were chosen because the executive function is the most sensitive cognitive domain to PA interventions25 and a decline in processing speed is associated with cardiovascular risk factors.26 Both Trails and DSMT have been used widely and have been reported to have good reliability and validity.27-30 Moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a continuous measure of activity that registers three or more metabolic equivalents for 10 min or longer on an ActiGraph Link activity monitor (http://actigraphcorp.com/products/actigraph-link/), which is worn for 7 days. Self-reported PA is also being recorded using the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire ...
Obesity is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. However, abdominal obesity has been more closely linked to metabolic complications that increase type 2 diabetes risk than excess body weight. Excess intra-abdominal (visceral) fat has also been shown to precede the development of type 2 diabetes. In this regard, reducing intra-abdominal fat through weight loss can improve metabolic risk variables, including glucose-insulin parameters. Several intervention studies have reported that lifestyle modification programs stressing physical activity and healthy eating could substantially reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in high-risk patients with abdominal obesity and impaired glucose tolerance. These lifestyle modification programs were shown to be remarkably effective despite the fact that they only produced less than a 5% weight loss. By itself, physical activity has a significant metabolic impact by improving indices of plasma glucose-insulin homeostasis, even in the absence of weight loss. Although ...
BACKGROUND: Promoting positive changes in lifestyle behavior in the whole population may be a feasible and effective approach to reducing type 2 diabetes burden, but the impact of population shifts of modifiable risk factors remains unclear. Currently most of the evidence on modifiable lifestyle behavior and type 2 diabetes risk on a population level comes from studies of between-individual differences. The objective of the study was to investigate the association and potential impact on disease burden for within-individual change in lifestyle behavior and diabetes risk.. METHODS: Population-based prospective cohort study of 35,680 participants aged 30-50 at baseline in 1990-2003 in Västerbotten County, Sweden (follow-up until 2013). Five self-reported modifiable lifestyle behaviors (tobacco use, physical activity, alcohol intake, dietary fiber intake and dietary fat intake) were measured at baseline and 10 year follow-up. Lifestyle behaviors were studied separately, and combined in a score. ...
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: Lifestyle May 2014, Author: Terry Burns, Name: Lifestyle May 2014, Length: 13 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2014-05-07
Worldwide Clinical Trials developed a program for a cardiovascular outcome trial and came away with these 5 tips for success in continued cardiovascular clinical studies.
Negative lifestyle factors are known to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk (CVR) in children, but research on their combined impact on a general population of children is sparse. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the combined impact of easily assessable negative lifestyle factors on the CVR scores of randomly selected children after 4 years.; Of the 540 randomly selected 6- to 13-year-old children, 502 children participated in a baseline health assessment, and 64% were assessed again after 4 years. Measures included anthropometry, fasting blood samples, and a health assessment questionnaire. Participants scored one point for each negative lifestyle factor at baseline: overweight; physical inactivity; high media consumption; little outdoor time; skipping breakfast; and having a parent who has ever smoked, is inactive, or overweight. A CVR score at follow-up was constructed by averaging sex- and age-related z-scores of waist circumference, blood pressure, glucose, inverted high-density ...
PURPOSE: Negative lifestyle factors are known to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk (CVR) in children, but research on their combined impact on a general population of children is sparse. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the combined impact of easily assessable negative lifestyle factors on the CVR scores of randomly selected children after 4 years. METHODS: Of the 540 randomly selected 6- to 13-year-old children, 502 children participated in a baseline health assessment, and 64% were assessed again after 4 years. Measures included anthropometry, fasting blood samples, and a health assessment questionnaire. Participants scored one point for each negative lifestyle factor at baseline: overweight; physical inactivity; high media consumption; little outdoor time; skipping breakfast; and having a parent who has ever smoked, is inactive, or overweight. A CVR score at follow-up was constructed by averaging sex- and age-related z-scores of waist circumference, blood pressure, glu
Sufficient sleep duration is a significant factor that contributes to the regulation of hormonal and metabolic procedures in children. A recent study suggests that insufficient sleep may be associated with unhealthy lifestyle habits in children, including obesity, unhealthy dietary habits, and increased screen time. Pa
People with job stress and an unhealthy lifestyle are at higher risk of coronary artery disease than people who have job stress but lead healthy lifestyles, found a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).
TY - JOUR. T1 - Relationship between Sedentary Time, Physical Activity and Multiple Lifestyle Factors in Children. AU - Sheldrick, Michael. AU - TYLER, RICHARD. AU - Mackintosh, Kelly A. AU - Stratton, Gareth. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - An improved understanding of relationships between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), screen-time and lifestyle factors is imperative for developing interventions, yet few studies have explored such relationships simultaneously. Therefore, the studys aim was to examine the relationship between sufficient MVPA (≥60 min·day-1) and excessive screen-time (≥2 h·day-1) with lifestyle factors in children. In total, 756 children (10.4±0.6 years) completed a questionnaire, which assessed sleep duration, MVPA, homework/reading, screen-time and diet, and a 20 metre multi-stage shuttle run test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Body mass and stature were measured and used to calculate BMI (body mass index) for age/sex z-scores. Fruit and ...
PubMed journal article: Effects of C282Y, H63D, and S65C HFE gene mutations, diet, and life-style factors on iron status in a general Mediterranean population from Tarragona, Spain. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Read the latest Anglia stories, NHS restricts treatment to those with unhealthy lifestyles on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Anglia news
The lifestyle consulting program through one year follow-up could effective increase the scores of health responsibility and nutrition according to the past three-year study. Behavior change is a dynamic and complex process. Using a long-term follow up approach will be able to understand the trajectory of behavior change. The purpose of this study is to explore life experience and lifestyle intervention program for patients with chronic kidney disease using mixed methods with a longitudinal approach. The first year of this study will include a qualitative study with in depth interview of the subjects who attend previous study in the research team and have the scores of health promoting lifestyle among the highest 27% and lowest 27%. The life experience will be explored. The quantitative study will be an experimental design. Qualified subjects will be randomly assigned to intervention or control group. The intervention protocol is based on trans-theoretical model. Each subject will be followed ...
Results Cigarette smoking was associated with increased risk for all polyps and was stronger for SSPs than for ADs (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.62, for current vs never, ptrend=0.008). Current regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was associated with a 40% reduction in SSP risk in comparison with never users (OR 0.68, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.96, ptrend=0.03), similar to the association with AD. Red meat intake was strongly associated with SSP risk (OR 2.59, 95% CI 1.41 to 4.74 for highest vs lowest intake, ptrend,0.001) and the association with SSP was stronger than with AD (ptrend=0.003). Obesity, folate intake, fibre intake and fat intake were not associated with SSP risk after adjustment for other factors. Exercise, alcohol use and calcium intake were not associated with risk for SSPs. ...
Objective: Premature CVD death is common among first responders. Effective risk reduction programs are urgently needed to address this public health concern. We tested the one year effectiveness of a lifestyle-based intervention program in police officers and firefighters in the Boston and Phoenix areas.. Methods: 173 participants with excess abdominal fat or CVD risk were assigned to a one year intervention or control group using cluster randomization by city. The intervention was comprised of a personalized nutrition plan based on an algorithm combining laboratory results with food preferences, phone coaching to encourage adherence to lifestyle recommendations including healthy eating and exercise and online food journaling.. Results: 130 participants remained in the study for one year (68 intervention; 62 control). In the intervention group the mean weight loss from baseline was 4.8% (4.9 kg, p,0.01) at 6 months and 3.1% (3.2 kg, p,0.01) from baseline at 1 year; waist circumference reduction ...
Summary Public Health England (PHE) and the Cambridge Institute of Public Health have produced a summary of reviews which offer evidence to support the commissioning of interventions concerning a range of modifiable lifestyle risk factors / unhealthy behaviours in older adults. The aim is to help local authorities and CCGs identify which interventions a most…
This study is timely given recent indications that the CHD mortality rate in women ages 35 to 44 years may not be declining as it is in other groups (2). Furthermore, there is limited evidence regarding associations between modifiable lifestyle factors and CHD in young women. Existing evidence for CHD risk factors in young women comes primarily from small case-control studies and is limited to oral contraceptive use (24), smoking (25), diabetes (25), hypertension (25), alcohol (26), and coffee (27).. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the association between lifestyle factors and risk for both clinical CVD risk factors and incident CHD. Focusing on primordial prevention through healthy lifestyle could importantly address the economic burden of the medical management of clinical CVD risk factors (1,7) as well the substantial health care costs of subsequent CHD, stroke, eye disease, and premature death (1,4,7,28,29). In the American Heart Associations 2020 Impact Goals, ...
MONDAY, Sept. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- An unhealthy lifestyle is a bigger contributor to heart disease than genetics for many younger adults, according to a new study.. The findings show that good health habits should be a key part of prevention efforts, even in people with a family history of early heart disease, researchers said.. The study included 1,075 people under age 50. Of those, 555 had coronary artery disease.. The investigators assessed five lifestyle factors linked to heart disease: physical inactivity, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol.. In all, 73% of patients had at least three of the risk factors compared to 31% of those without coronary artery disease (the control group).. In both groups, the odds of coronary artery disease increased with each additional risk factor. The risk was three times higher for those with a single risk factor and 24 times higher for those with three or more, the findings showed.. The researchers also found that the ...
III criteria for primary prevention using statin therapy. All partici- The primary purpose of this study was to test whether an pants were randomized to an alternative treatment group (AG) orto receive simvastatin (40 mg/d) in this open-label trial con- alternative regimen reduced serum low-density lipopro- ducted between April 1, 2006, and June 30, 2006. The alternative tein cholesterol (LDL-C) in a primary prevention popula- treatment included therapeutic lifestyle changes, ingestion of red tion. Specifically, the efficacy and safety of RYR, fish oil, yeast rice, and fish oil supplements for 12 weeks. The simvastatingroup received medication and traditional counseling. The primary and therapeutic lifestyle changes (alternative regimen) was outcome measure was the percentage change in low-density lipo- compared to those of a standard dose of a cholesterol- protein cholesterol (LDL-C). Secondary measures were changes in lowering agent (simvastatin, 40 mg/d) and traditional diet RESULTS: There ...
Four-month comparison of bad cholesterol-lowering results with statin drugs vs. a combo of fish oil & red yeast rice found equivalent benefit - indi
Q During a health check-up, I was found to have approximately 50 to 70 per cent blockage of my heart artery on the computed tomography (CT) scan.. Read more at straitstimes.com.
This report presents the latest information from the 2010 General Lifestyle Survey. The report covers the main topics of the survey, which are presented as seven chapters: Smoking; Drinking; Households, families and people; Housing and consumer durables; Marriage and cohabitation; Pensions; and General health.. We carried out a user feedback survey for the GLF publication. The survey provided an opportunity for you to tell us about your use of the GLF estimates and your perceptions of the quality of the publication ...
To evaluate the vigilance of medical specialists as to the lifestyle of their cardiovascular outpatients by comparing lifestyle screening as registered in medical records versus a lifestyle questionnaire (LSQ), a study was carried out at the cardiovascular outpatient clinic of the university hospital of Nijmegen, The Netherlands, between June 2004 and June 2005. For 209 patients information from medical records on lifestyle habits, physician feedback, and interventions in the past year was compared to data gathered in the last month by a self-report LSQ. Doctors register smoking habits most consistently (90.4%), followed by alcohol use (81.8%), physical activity (50.2%), and eating habits (27.3%). Compared to the LSQ, smoking, unhealthy alcohol use, physical activity, and unhealthy eating habits are underreported in medical records by 31, 83, 54 and 97%, respectively. Feedback, advice or referral was documented in 8% for smoking, 3% for alcohol use, 12% for physical activity, and 26% for eating habits.
Jenkins, F. and Cook, A.C. (1999) Health and lifestyle data by Primary Care Group. Project report. South East Institute of Public Health (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) ...
Studying gene-lifestyle interaction may help to identify lifestyle factors that modify genetic susceptibility and uncover genetic loci exerting important subgroup effects. Adequately powered studies with prospective, unbiased, standardised assessment of key behavioural factors for gene-lifestyle studies are lacking. This case-cohort study aims to investigate how genetic and potentially modifiable lifestyle and behavioural factors, particularly diet and physical activity, interact in their influence on the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Incident cases of type 2 diabetes occurring in European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohorts between 1991 and 2007 from eight of the ten EPIC countries were ascertained and verified. Prentice-weighted Cox regression and random-effects meta-analyses were used to investigate differences in diabetes incidence by age and sex. A total of 12,403 verified incident cases of type 2 diabetes occurred during 3.99 million person-years of ...
Results: The total average score from the scale was 115.78 36.20 and the average scores from the items were 2.57 0.46. The highest average scores were obtained from interpersonal support sub dimension, the lowest were from exercise. Age groups, working status, smoking, physical activity, body mass index and general health perceptions were the effective variables on scores. Women who didnt measured their blood-glucose and cholesterol level, who didnt practice self-breast examination and mammography during the last year, had significantly lower health responsibility, self-actualization, exercise, and stress management scores ...
Type II diabetes is a progressive condition when the insulin producing cells in your body are unable to produce enough insulin, or when the insulin that your body is producing does not work properly. This can lead to a build up of glucose, when the body become too damaged from this build up it can cause life threatening complications such as: heart attacks, strokes and may lead to amputations.. Diabetes does run in the family. If you have a family member with diabetes, you have a genetic disposition to the condition. While genetics already put people at risk of diabetes, it is greatly increased if those family members display several modifiable lifestyle factors including high blood pressure, overweight or obesity, insufficient physical activity, poor diet and carrying extra weight around the waist.. Unfortunately, there is no current cure for type II diabetes but, you can manage the condition through lifestyle changes and medication. Introducing positive lifestyle changes will not only help you ...
Many patients at high risk of cardiovascular diseases are managed and monitored in general practice. Recommendations for cardiovascular risk management, including lifestyle change, are clearly described in the Dutch national guideline. Although lifestyle interventions, such as advice on diet, physical exercise, smoking and alcohol, have moderate, but potentially relevant effects in these patients, adherence to lifestyle advice in general practice is not optimal. The IMPALA study intends to improve adherence to lifestyle advice by involving patients in decision making on cardiovascular prevention by nurse-led clinics. The aim of this paper is to describe the design and methods of a study to evaluate an intervention aimed at involving patients in cardiovascular risk management. A cluster-randomised controlled trial in 20 general practices, 10 practices in the intervention arm and 10 in the control arm, starting on October 2005. A total of 720 patients without existing cardiovascular diseases but eligible
This list of 4 quick tips to reduce lifestyle risk factors for stroke can dramatically impact your health. See what you should change today.
We appreciate the opportunity to respond to Gregg et al. (1) regarding our commentary on community-based lifestyle modification programs to prevent diabetes (2). Gregg et al. believe that we have a disagreement over the interpretation of the extant data and that in our analysis we ignored other important findings of the landmark trials.. Gregg et al. (1) cite the 2012 systematic review by Ali et al. (3) (which we discussed in our article) as evidence that in community programs an average 4% weight loss was observed (1), which Gregg et al. believe is comparable to the major prevention trials. What Gregg et al. (1) ignore is the fact that the duration of the intervention and follow-up in 24 of the 28 studies in the Ali article was less than 1 year- most were 3-9 months; only 4 had a duration of 1 year. As we showed (2), which was also confirmed in a more recent meta-analysis of lifestyle interventions (4), community-based studies lasting 1 year were able to achieve a weight loss compared with ...
The Effect of Demographic and Lifestyle Factors on Mode of Travel in School-Aged Children in The UK: A cross-Sectional Study From Understanding Society
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UC Berkeley was awarded a five-year grant expected to total $47 million from the U.S. National Institute on Aging (NIA) to incorporate advanced brain imaging into an Alzheimers Association-led study to explore whether lifestyle changes can protect memory in those at risk of developing dementia.. The expanded study will be the first large-scale investigation of how lifestyle interventions, which include exercise, diet, cognitive stimulation and health coaching, affect well-known biological markers of Alzheimers and dementia in the brain.. A healthy diet and lifestyle are generally recognized as good for health, but this study is the first large randomized controlled trial to look at whether lifestyle changes actually influence Alzheimers disease-related brain changes, said Susan Landau, a research neuroscientist at Berkeleys Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, and principal investigator of the add-on study.. The U.S. study to Protect brain health through lifestyle Intervention to Reduce ...
Lifestyle intervention compared with placebo groups resulted in significant improvement in insulin resistance and LDL level. After excluding trials that used metformin in the comparison group, both insulin resistance and LDL improved further. A downward but insignificant trend was found for total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL in the lifestyle intervention groups. Of note, there was significant variability in the comparator groups of the included studies. The researchers chose studies that had comparison groups that underwent any type of physical activity change, followed a dietary intervention that differed from one received by the lifestyle intervention group, followed usual diet, or received antiobesity or PCOS medications. This likely contributed to the high overall heterogeneity between studies, which was stated as a limitation by the researchers ...
In a double-blind, randomized clinical trial, we assigned 9306 participants with impaired glucose tolerance and either cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular risk factors to receive nateglinide (up to 60 mg three times daily) or placebo, in a 2-by-2 factorial design with valsartan or placebo, in addition to participation in a lifestyle modification program ...
There are a number of causes of slow metabolism that includes:. Hormonal aberrations. Hormones are chemicals in our body that performs different functions in our body. In case of any hormonal aberration, the speed of metabolic processes is greatly affected. A few most important of these hormones are insulin, thyroid and cortisol. Thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) is one the most common cause of genetic or acquired slow metabolism.. Genetics. At times, deficiency of some enzymes run in families leading to slow metabolism and obesity trends that can only be managed by dietary modification and life-style changes. Although it is difficult to deal with genetic causes of slow metabolism directly, but the effects and complications can be largely controlled by organic methods without necessitating the need of medications or supplements.. Physical inactivity and unhealthy lifestyle or habits. Sometimes people dont realize, but the unhealthy lifestyle, type of foods consumed on daily basis and other ...
Species, Genomes and Genes, Research Grants, Research Topics about Modifiable lifestyle-related factors and triple negative breast cancer prognosis
A healthy diet and exercise have improved the health of people without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who have Metabolic Syndrome. In this study we would like to find out if the same benefit can be seen in people with HIV and Metabolic Syndrome. Patients with Metabolic Syndrome usually have a large waist, high blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar levels. These are risk factors, which may increase ones chance of developing heart disease and/or diabetes. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of different methods of treating HIV associated Metabolic Syndrome. The groups are: 1) a lifestyle modification program plus metformin (also known as glucophage), 2) lifestyle modification plus placebo, 3) metformin alone or 4) placebo alone. The lifestyle modification program consists of nutrition and exercise sessions with the goal of improving body composition, heart health, and ways to lower the risk of developing diabetes ...
Indices of socio-economic deprivation are often used as a proxy for differences in the health behaviours of populations within small areas, but these indices are a measure of the economic environment rather than the health environment. Sets of synthetic estimates of the ward-level prevalence of low fruit and vegetable consumption, obesity, raised blood pressure, raised cholesterol and smoking were combined to develop an index of unhealthy lifestyle. Multi-level regression models showed that this index described about 50% of the large-scale geographic variation in CHD mortality rates in England, and substantially adds to the ability of an index of deprivation to explain geographic variations in CHD mortality rates.
In the journal PLoS Medicine, Wei Zheng, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., and colleagues at Vanderbilt University Medical Center now report results from a large study quantifying the impact of combining healthy lifestyle factors.. They found that a healthy lifestyle pattern - being normal weight, having low belly fat, participating in regular physical activity, limiting exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke, and consuming higher amounts of fruits and vegetables - reduced mortality in Chinese women who do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol regularly.. The results show that overall lifestyle modification, to include a combination of these health-related lifestyle factors, is important in disease prevention, said Zheng, an Ingram Professor of Cancer Research and director of the Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center.. A number of unhealthy lifestyle factors - for example, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, diet deficient in fruits and vegetables, high amount of belly fat, and exposure to ...
PubMed journal article 4. Chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer, lifestyle-related disease were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Healthy lifestyle and the risk of Alzheimer dementia. T2 - Findings from 2 longitudinal studies. AU - Dhana, Klodian. AU - Evans, Denis A.. AU - Rajan, Kumar B.. AU - Bennett, David A.. AU - Morris, Martha C.. PY - 2020/7/28. Y1 - 2020/7/28. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of a healthy lifestyle on the risk of Alzheimer dementia. METHODS: Using data from the Chicago Health and Aging Project (CHAP; n = 1,845) and the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP; n = 920), we defined a healthy lifestyle score on the basis of nonsmoking, ≥150 min/wk moderate/vigorous-intensity physical activity, light to moderate alcohol consumption, high-quality Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay diet (upper 40%), and engagement in late-life cognitive activities (upper 40%), giving an overall score ranging from 0 to 5. Cox proportional hazard models were used for each cohort to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the lifestyle score with ...
Participants who attended the lifestyle intervention program had significantly fewer emergency department presentations [Risk Ratio (RR) 0.31, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.11 to 0.83] and potentially avoidable emergency department presentations (RR 0.06, 95%CI .004 to .097) over the follow-up period. There were no differences between the groups in hospital admissions and there were insufficient data to determine changes in metabolic parameters. Lifestyle group participants increased their exercise capacity [6-minute walk test mean difference (MD) 41m, 95%CI 20 to 62] and had a mild decrease in weight (MD -0.8kg, 95%CI -1.5 to -0.2) and waist circumference (MD -1.3cm, 95%CI -2.1 to -0.6) after 8 weeks.. Significance of findings to allied health ...
Dr. Jaimon T. Kelly, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Faculty of Medicine, Griffith University, G40 Griffith Health Centre, Level 8.86, Gold Coast Campus Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD 4222, Australia, or Dr. Juan-Jesus Carrero, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Nobels väg 12A, 171 65 Solna, Sweden. Email: jaimon.kelly{at}griffith.edu.au or Juan.jesus.carrero{at}ki.se ...
The purpose of this study was to describe and examine the lifestyle physical activity behaviors (household, leisure, occupational) of older rural women. Background characteristics included demographics, environment, social support, and health. Intrapersonal characteristics included motivation and self-efficacy. The majority of the womens energy expenditure was in the household dimension. Social s
A study exploring the impact of a healthy lifestyle on age-related macular degeneration (AMD) found that women whose diets were the healthiest (scored on the 2005 Healthy Eating Index) had…
Obesity causes lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes, arteriosclerosis, and other heart and cerebrovascular diseases. Thus, some people are trying to reduce their weight to prevent lifestyle-related diseases and keep their weight from increasing. However, it is not only obesity that triggers illness, but being exceedingly thin as well. For adults, obesity is determined using the BMI (Body Mass Index), an international standard index. A BMI of 25 or higher is considered obese, increasing the risk of lifestyle-related diseases. However, low body weight with a BMI of less than 18.5, so-called leanness, also increases the risk of poor physical condition and illness. In recent years, the weight loss of young women has increased iron deficiency anemia and irregular menstruation due to rapid diet and dietary bias. The desire to lose weight also causes anorexia nervosa. Also, newborn babies with a BMI of less than 18.5 often have a low birth weight of less than 2,500 g at birth. It is said that ...
Overweight and obesity is a significant health concern during pregnancy. Our aim was to investigate the effect of providing antenatal dietary and lifestyle advice to women who are overweight or obese on components of maternal diet and physical activity. We conducted a randomised controlled trial, in which pregnant women with a body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, and singleton gestation between 10+0 to 20+0 weeks were recruited and randomised to Lifestyle Advice (involving a comprehensive dietary and lifestyle intervention over their pregnancy) or Standard Care. Within the intervention group, we conducted a nested randomised trial in which a subgroup of women were further randomised to receive access to supervised group walking sessions in addition to the standard information presented during the intervention contacts (the Walking group) or standard information only. The outcome measures were maternal dietary intake, (including food groups, macronutrient and micronutrient intake, diet quality (using the Healthy
Cholesterol is a lipid or fat that is produced by the liver. It is crucial for body function and metabolism. However, there is a certain amount of this compound that should be present in human body. High cholesterol level can harm your health in
To reduce cardiometabolic risk, a short-term lifestyle intervention can be effective in improving weight, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to study results published in Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.. Researchers conducted a systematic search from April 2013 to December 2016 of databases, using relevant terms; studies were included if they evaluated the effect of lifestyle interventions on a range of health outcomes in women with overweight/obesity and PCOS, regardless of pregnancy status. Lifestyle intervention was defined as dietary intervention alone, a combination of diet and physical activity, or a behavioral intervention to modify either healthy eating alone or a combination of healthy eating and physical activity.. Outcomes included change in weight, insulin resistance, and lipid profile, including levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density ...
People can live longer if they practice 1 or more healthy lifestyle behaviors - getting regular physical activity, not smoking, eating a healthy diet, and limiting alcohol - according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). During the study period, people who engaged in all 4 healthy behaviors were 63% less likely to die early, compared with people who did not practice any of the behaviors. Not smoking provided the most protection from dying from all of the causes examined. People who engaged in all 4 healthy behaviors were 66% less likely to die early from cancer, 65% less likely to die early from cardiovascular disease, and 57% less likely to die early from other causes compared with people who did not engage in any of the healthy behaviors.. Although studies have shown only a small percentage of people have adopted all of these healthy lifestyle behaviors, significant progress has been made in decreasing the rate of people who smoke. This study adds to the mounting ...
Spencer EA, Pirie KL, Stevens RJ, Beral V, Brown A, Liu B, Green J, Reeves GK; Million Women Study Collaborators. Eur J Epidemiol. 2008; 23 :793-9. To compare the effect of potentially modifiable lifestyle factors on the incidence of vascular disease in women with and without diabetes. In 1996-2001 over one million middle-aged women in the UK joined a prospective study, providing medical history, lifestyle and socio-demographic information. All participants were followed for hospital admissions and deaths using electronic record-linkage. Adjusted relative risks (RRs) and incidence rates were calculated to compare the incidence of coronary heart disease and stroke in women with and without diabetes and by lifestyle factors. At recruitment 25,915 women (2.1% of 1,242,338) reported current treatment for diabetes. During a mean follow-up of 6.1 years per woman, 21,928 had a first hospital admission or death from coronary heart disease (RR for women with versus without diabetes = 3.30, 95% CI ...
The objective of this systematic review were to determine the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and on independent, modifiable risk factors for metabolic syndrome in people with metabolic syndrome. Randomised controlled trials published in English that evaluated the effectiveness of supervised, multifaceted lifestyle interventions in people with metabolic syndrome were included. Lifestyle interventions were defined as any supervised intervention involving both diet and exercise with or without other components, such as counselling. The risk of bias of the included trials was assessed using the PEDro scale, and these were used to determine the quality of the evidence using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Outcomes were prevalence of metabolic syndrome, risk factors for metabolic syndrome (eg, waist circumference, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, body mass index), and quality of life. ...
Unhealthy lifestyle is one of the risks of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in our population even among the healthcare provider. They should be as the role model for their NCDs patients in the clinics. Therefore, this study was to determine the lifestyle practice and lifestyle-related NCDs (LR-NCDs) status among primary health care staffs. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was done among 69 health-staff (20- physicians (PCPs), 16-nurses and 33-Para-Med) aged between 20-60 years from 3 selected governments primary health care clinics in Kuantan on April 2015. A pre-tested questionnaire is used to the collect history of LR-NCDs, smoking, exercise status and 24-hours- dietary recall. The BMI, systolic and diastolic blood pressure of the participants were also measured. The Nutritionist-Pro-(g) software was used to extract macronutrients (Carbohydrate, Protein and Total-Fat %) and balance-diet (within recommended %). Results: The most common LR-NCDs among health-staff were overweight (34.8%) and ...
Nearly 13% of Hispanic adults have type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and this population is 1.5 times more likely to die from the disease than non Hispanic Whites [1, 2]. However, among Mexican Americans, the largest Hispanic subpopulation, prevalence rates are even higher and are approaching 14% amongst adults 20 years of age and older [3]. For Mexican-American women, the threat of diabetes dominates their daily lives as they have higher prevalence rates than their male counterparts, and are more likely to experience risk factors such as obesity, being overweight, and having sedentary habits, compared to other women in general [4].. These factors and the complexity of diabetes and diabetes management present difficulties for both clinicians and patients. One of the most critical elements of diabetes self-management, but most challenging behaviors to tackle, is diet. The ways of food (foodways) are deeply entrenched in most cultures, including the Mexican-American culture. Therefore, diet is one of the ...
We thank Dr. Samaha for his comments and appreciate the point raised about the fairness of comparisons between the Mediterranean diets and a less intensively promoted low-fat diet. We think that it is fair to compare interventions with different grades of intensity as far as their context can be appropriately conceptualized. Our intervention was not designed as a tightly controlled, feeding trial. Instead, the PREDIMED study is a demonstration project conducted among free-living individuals that is similar to health-promoting lifestyle recommendations in the primary care setting (1). We conceptualized our intervention as the combination of enabling factors, such as providing healthy foods, and education plus counseling to achieve behavior change. The comparison group was given written instructions to follow a low-fat diet, which is common practice in primary care. However, we realize that the intervention in participants in the low fat-diet was indeed less intensive, and, because the study is ...
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied. Body composition, fasting glucose and lipid levels, and maximal oxygen consumption were measured at baseline, after 100 days, and at 1 year. Repeated-measures analyses of variance were conducted to compare measures at baseline with measures at 100 days and at 1 year. Results: Seventy-four ...
Introduction: Diagnostic testing may represent a teachable moment for patients newly presenting with symptoms suggestive of CAD and requiring further evaluation, and may influence risk factor management, independent of test results. However, little is known about changes in medications and lifestyle after anatomical versus functional testing.. Hypothesis: Patients assigned to coronary CTA will report greater use of preventive medications and lifestyle practices.. Methods: We randomly assigned 10,003 symptomatic patients (53% women; mean age 61 yrs) to anatomical testing with CTA or functional testing (exercise ECG, nuclear stress, or stress echocardiography). We assessed use of preventive medications (aspirin, statin, beta blocker, and ACEi/ARB) and lifestyle practices (heart healthy diet, regular exercise, smoking, and obese/overweight status [BMI,25]) at 60 days. Chi-square tests assessed between-group changes (initiation or discontinuation). Multivariable logistic regression models assessed ...
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Dr. Radzik advises that you combine proper nutrition, active lifestyle, and other preventive measures with the appropriate medical care that only your physician can and will provide. Although prevention makes great difference, do not underestimate the benefits of early detection. Here, primary example is early detection of colon polyps and early stage of colon cancer. There are many other conditions that are easy to control with a proper nutritional and lifestyle modification program.. ...
If your doctor makes a recommendation for treatment, he might suggest numerous sorts of cholesterol screening. The front runner is called fasting lipid profile. In this procedure, your doctor takes an example of your blood using a non-penetrated skin hook. Your healthcare provider then measures your triglycerides, high thickness lipoproteins, high pressure in your arteries, as well as low thickness lipoproteins. Sigma Cholesterol Pkit. If you take every one of these right into consideration, after that your healthcare provider can establish how healthy you are. He can likewise prescribe a drug that is created particularly to reduced cholesterol. One more choice would be a mix of medications. Some individuals choose to take an all-natural cholesterol drug along with an everyday workout regimen and a healthy lifestyle modifications program. If you do select to make use of cholesterol decreasing medicines, make certain to follow your medical professionals orders very closely. Your healthcare ...
Approximately 2.3 million people in the UK aged over 17 years have diagnosed diabetes, of which 90 % are diagnosed with type 2 [1]. This number is expected to rise to 4 million by 2025 [2]. Complications in diabetes arise from poor glycaemic control [3], and include renal disease, retinopathy, and peripheral vascular disease [1]. People with diabetes have two times the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) compared with the general population [1], and CHD is the cause of death in 52 % of people with diabetes [4]. Good glycaemic control has, however, been found to be associated with reductions in the complications associated with diabetes and the risk of developing CHD [3].. Glycaemic control and the health risks associated with diabetes can be managed through appropriate self-management behaviours including taking medication appropriately, regular physical activity, following a healthy diet and checking feet. These behaviours are also established as important in the prevention of CHD ...
Given the increased burden of diabetes worldwide, preventive actions are urgently needed. Lifestyle modifications have been shown to be effective in the prevention of diabetes when offered to high risk middle-age individuals, but identification of those at risk is challenging. Pregnancy is a good opportunity to identify women at risk since glucose testing is routinely done for the detection of gestational diabetes. Since retesting at postpartum is also routinely recommended for these women, those found to be at higher risk can be targeted for early diabetes prevention. Moreover, lifestyle interventions are usually implemented during pregnancy for the treatment of gestational diabetes. Since women frequently abandon these lifestyle changes after pregnancy, interventions to encourage a healthy lifestyle are needed and must be tailored to the postpartum period so as to take into account the difficulties involved in this setting of adapting to the needs of the new baby.. Motivational interviewing ...
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BACKGROUND: Potentially modifiable lifestyle factors may influence cognitive health in later life and offer potential to reduce the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. The concept of cognitive reserve has been proposed as a mechanism to explain individual differences in rates of cognitive decline, but its potential role as a mediating pathway has seldom been explored using data from large epidemiological studies. We explored the mediating effect of cognitive reserve on the cross-sectional association between lifestyle factors and cognitive function in later life using data from a population-based cohort of healthy older people. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We analysed data from 2,315 cognitively healthy participants aged 65 y and over in the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study Wales (CFAS-Wales) cohort collected in 2011-2013. Linear regression modelling was used to investigate the overall associations between five lifestyle factors-cognitive and social activity, physical activity, diet, alcohol ...
Rates of diabetes and obesity are soaring, a leading health charity has warned after the number of cases increased by over 145,000 during the last year.
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We developed a model to compare the impacts of different lifestyle interventions among prediabetes individuals and to identify the optimal age groups for such interventions. A stochastic simulation was developed to replicate the prediabetes and diabetes trends (1997-2010) in the U.S. adult population. We then simulated the population-wide impacts of three lifestyle diabetes prevention programs, i.e., the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), DPP-YMCA, and the Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP-PD), over a course of 10, 15 and 30 years. Our model replicated the temporal trends of diabetes in the U.S. adult population. Compared to no intervention, the diabetes incidence declined 0.3 per 1,000 by DPP, 0.2 by DPP-YMCA, and 0.4 by HELP-PD over the 15-year period. Our simulations identified HELP-PD as the most cost-effective intervention, which achieved the highest 10-year savings of $38 billion for those aged 25-65, assuming all eligible individuals participate in the intervention and
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Pre-diabetes is almost always asymptomatic. It tends to be diagnosed incidentally (when blood tests are performed for other reasons) or as part of a proactive screening programme delivered either to an entire population or to selected individuals. Most commonly, screening blood tests are offered to people identified as at high risk of developing diabetes based on demographic variables (eg, age, ethnicity), survey questions (eg, family history of diabetes, personal history of gestational diabetes) or biomarkers (eg, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure), typically combined in a diabetes risk score.14 People diagnosed with pre-diabetes may be offered a lifestyle programme (to encourage a healthy diet and increased physical activity) or metformin. These interventions have been shown to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes in a significant proportion of participants in large randomised trials in the USA,15 Europe,16 China17 and India.18 Lifestyle programmes in these trials were intensive and ...
The researchers recruited 2459 participants via Web 2.0 platforms. All participants answered a survey which questioned their various lifestyle and health behaviours, depression, quality of life and numerous other factors. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted from this data. The results highlight that 19.4% of the sample were positive for depression. Through a bivariate analysis, it was evident that many lifestyle factors were linked with depression risk. These included smoking, lack of exercise and inadequate diet. Those who took omega3 supplements, a healthy diet and drank alcohol in moderation had a lesser risk of developing depression. The researchers conclude that the study indicates that there is a clear association between depression risk and modifiable demographic and lifestyle factors. They also suggest that health professionals and those living with multiple sclerosis can understand these factors are modifiable and depression can be managed by adopting changes into their existing ...
Os efeitos termorregulatórios e cardiovasculares da exposição à sauna são mostrados no quadro 1.. VASODILATAÇÃO CUTÂNEA EM RESPOSTA AO ESTRESSE TÉRMICO EM INDIVÍDUOS SAUDÁVEIS. O controle reflexo do fluxo sanguíneo na pele em humanos é efetuado por dois ramos do sistema nervoso autônomo simpático: o sistema vasoconstritor ativo noradrenérgico(26) e o sistema vasodilatador ativo dependente da acetilcolina(27) mediado por óxido nítrico (NO)(28-30) e prostaglandina(30).. O óxido nítrico é um mediador importante do processo de homeostase e mecanismos de defesa do organismo. Nos vasos, o NO é produzido pelo endotélio, por intermédio da enzima endotélio óxido nítrico sintase (eNOS), que é ativada por estresse mecânico (como shear stress, ou força tangencial exercida pelo fluxo sanguíneo sobre a superfície do endotélio)(31,32) e estimulação pela bradicinina e acetilcolina. O óxido nítrico tem várias funções, mas sua ação como fator relaxante derivado do ...
OBJECTIVE-To assess the efficacy of a lifestyle intervention program that can be readily translated into clinical practice for obese patients with type 2 diabetes.. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-The study consisted of a 12-month randomized controlled trial of 147 health plan members with type 2 diabetes and obesity (BMI ≥27 kg/m2). Participants were randomized to lifestyle case management or usual care. Case management entailed individual and group education, support, and referral by registered dietitians; intervention cost was $350 per person. Individuals treated with usual care received educational material. Both groups received ongoing primary care. Outcomes were difference between groups for change in weight (kilograms), waist circumference (centimeters), HbA1c, fasting lipid levels, use of prescription medications, and health-related quality of life.. RESULTS-Case management resulted in greater weight loss (P , 0.001), reduced waist circumference (P , 0.001), reduced HbA1c level (P = 0.02), ...
by Bahar Alptekin Technology is changing our lives. The developments on IT are creating new businesses, new methods and new concepts. The concept of Digital Life Style was introduced by Microsoft. It is the unavoidable result of the advanced technology…. Today life is easy with mobile technologies, internet, hotspots, wireless, smart buildings, and digital homes. The target is becoming faster, higher, stronger, better, easier and warmer bla bla… The comport and luxury provided by technology is the key of Digital Life Style. For example: INTEL is focusing on Digital Home. The innovation of new chips is providing us with better homes. Digital Home lets you to manage your business from home, provides easier house-hold applications and protects you with much more secure systems.. Remote controls have been the key tools…. These kinds of achievements occurred because of the parallel progress of hardware and software technologies…. Hotspots in airports, stadiums, Starbucks Coffee shops lets you ...
Increases in overweight and obesity among youths have resulted in the diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at earlier ages. The impact of lifestyle-related factors has been implicated; however, its relation to morbidity and mortality and sex differences remain unclear. We aimed to document the changes in risk factors and sex differences associated with T2DM-related morbidity and mortality during 1995-2015. We used mortality rates and morbidity estimates from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2016 using Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALY). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to determine associations between T2DM-related mortality and related risk factors. DALYs were grouped by country income level, and were stratified by sex. Increases in mortality were observed for both sexes, and females tended to have higher mortality rates per 100,000 persons. Body mass index (BMI) continued to be the leading risk factor for T2DM-related mortality, and increases in BMI were more common in low-
Adopting a healthier lifestyle, which includes eating right and exercising, may improve your memory and problem-solving skills, thereby lowering your risk for dementia.