Nearly half of all Americans have at least 3 of the risk factors listed above.[3]. Signs of a Heart Attack in Men-When to Get Help. While some heart attack symptoms occur suddenly, without warning, many start with mild discomfort that slowly builds throughout the day, or comes and goes intermittently. Individuals who have diabetes may experience heart attack symptoms very mildly as well, or may exhibit no symptoms during a heart attack at all. If youve had a heart attack previously, your symptoms may be different with subsequent heart attacks also. It is important to note that symptoms vary from person to person and not all signs may be present during a heart attack.. The American Heart Association recommends calling 9-1-1 immediately if you experience any of these heart attack warning signs.. Chest discomfort-This may include chest pressure, pain, tightness, fullness, or squeezing that lasts for more than a few minutes, or is intermittent.. Upper body discomfort-This includes pain/discomfort ...
Understanding how our knowledge about the world is organized can help us understand how we are able to access that knowledge to easily identify objects and communicate with others. One general view of object knowledge organization assumes that object knowledge is represented by how we perceive and interact with objects (for example features like the color or shape we see and touch) (i.e., feature view; e.g., Allport, 1985; Barsalou, 1999, 2008; Gallese & Lakoff, 2005; Tyler & Moss, 2001). In contrast, an alternative view hypothesizes that in addition to features from different modalities (e.g., visual, motor, and tactile), taxonomic (e.g., dog and rabbit are animal) and thematic category information (e.g., eating theme: a dog is chewing a bone) is also critical for representing object knowledge (i.e., feature-plus-category view; e.g., Crutch & Warrington, 2005, 2010; Patterson et al., 2007; Schwartz et al., 2011; Mirman & Graziano, 2012). In order to examine these two general views of object ...
By Jason Baehr. This ebook is the 1st systematic therapy of responsibilist or character-based advantage epistemology, an method of epistemology that specializes in highbrow personality virtues like open-mindedness, fair-mindedness, inquisitiveness, and highbrow braveness, rigor, and carefulness. Baehr distinguishes 4 major types of character-based advantage epistemology and develops a entire evaluation of every. for college students philosophers searching for an creation to this interesting new box, the booklet deals a quick heritage of advantage epistemology, an summary of latest learn within the box, and an advent to highbrow virtues that distinguishes them from highbrow abilities, temperaments, schools, and abilities. For experts in epistemology, it offers such a lot intensive exam so far of the function that the concept that of highbrow advantage may possibly play in a philosophical account of information. Baehr additionally argues for increasing the borders of epistemology right to ...
Why does the College Curriculum describe knowledge in terms of domains? First, its a necessary part of constructing COLL 200 courses, where you consider the ideas and methods central to one academic discipline while also looking outward to one or both of the other domains. Its also a useful way to describe the content of individual courses - regardless of their home academic departments or programs - for your three electives (one in each knowledge domain).. Here are the official descriptions of the three knowledge domains:. Arts, Letters, and Values (ALV). Courses in this domain examine the expression and evaluation of values and attitudes. Courses may develop the ability of students to express their own values and attitudes or to develop their own evaluations using literature, art, music, performance, or philosophy. Others may examine the expressions and evaluations themselves historically, cross-culturally, or via the social and cognitive processes that produce them.. Cultures, Societies, ...
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Not all people who have heart attacks experience the same symptoms or experience them to the same degree. Many heart attacks arent as dramatic as the ones youve seen on TV. Some people have no symptoms at all, while for others, the first sign may be sudden cardiac arrest. Still, the more signs and symptoms you have, the greater the likelihood that you may be having a heart attack. The severity of heart attack symptoms can vary too. Some people have mild pain, while others experience severe pain. ...
She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. Dr. It is important for you to know the most common symptoms of a heart attack and also remember these facts: Heart disease wasnt even on Jennifers radar. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Jennifer reminds us how heart disease takes too many of our moms, sisters, and friends from us every day. This video-presented by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health-discusses the warning symptoms of a heart attack. Balloon angioplasty of the coronary artery and stents (percutaneous coronary intervention, PCI) is a heart attack symptoms in men non-surgical procedure that relieves ...
Find and save ideas about Heart disease symptoms on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Symptoms of heart disease, Heart attack signs and Heart attack symptoms.
Find and save ideas about Heart disease symptoms on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Symptoms of heart disease, Heart attack signs and Heart attack symptoms.
Heart attacks symptoms vary greatly for men and women. Learn the warning signs of a heart attack and know the symptoms that may require an immediate trip to the hospital.
Get tips on heart health with diet and lifestyle advice. Learn about heart attack symptoms, heart conditions, cholesterol treatment and more on heart disease.
Mild heart attack symptoms can be treated through proper medication, which has been recommended or prescribed by your physician. Prevention is critical.
This book offers a view of the current state of play in epistemology in the form of twelve chapters by some of the philosophers who have most influenced the course of debates in recent years. Topics include epistemic justification, solipsism, scepticism, and modal, moral, naturalistic, and probabilistic epistemology. Such approaches as reliabilism, evidentialism, infinitism, and virtue epistemology are here developed further by the philosophers who pioneered them.
Defining Epistemology. Epistemology is the study of knowledge acquisition. It involves an awareness of certain aspects of reality, and it seeks to discover what is known and how it is known. Considered as a branch of philosophy, epistemology addresses cognitive sciences, cultural studies and the history of science. Moreover, epistemology explains why our minds relate to reality and how these relationships are either valid or invalid. It is needed in order to distinguish between the truth and falsehood as we obtain knowledge from the world around us.. Epistemology encompasses the construction of concepts, the nature of conditions and the validity of the senses. Because the study of epistemology enables us to think about the way we think, it is a useful method for evaluating the world around us. Accordingly, without epistemology, human beings would have no reason to believe in their thoughts and actions. Teachers would have no reason to give tests or assign class work because there would be no ...
Defining Epistemology. Epistemology is the study of knowledge acquisition. It involves an awareness of certain aspects of reality, and it seeks to discover what is known and how it is known. Considered as a branch of philosophy, epistemology addresses cognitive sciences, cultural studies and the history of science. Moreover, epistemology explains why our minds relate to reality and how these relationships are either valid or invalid. It is needed in order to distinguish between the truth and falsehood as we obtain knowledge from the world around us.. Epistemology encompasses the construction of concepts, the nature of conditions and the validity of the senses. Because the study of epistemology enables us to think about the way we think, it is a useful method for evaluating the world around us. Accordingly, without epistemology, human beings would have no reason to believe in their thoughts and actions. Teachers would have no reason to give tests or assign class work because there would be no ...
Rudolf Steiner Archive: Truth and Knowledge: vi. Epistemology Free of Assumptions and Fichtes Science of Knowledge - Truth and Knowledge: vi. Epistemology Free of Assumptions and Fichtes Science of Knowledge
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Agnes Bolinska.. Historians and philosophers of science have long recognised that the generation of scientific knowledge is a social endeavour, and that traditional epistemologies, which focus on individual scientists, are unable to capture its dynamics. Historians have provided rich accounts of research groups and institutions, although more recently, epistemological questions have received less attention. Philosophers of science, on the other hand, have developed formalised models that are difficult to match with actual historical episodes. In this paper, I argue that an integrated HPS perspective helps to better understand the social epistemologies of scientific collectives.. I flesh out this claim by presenting episodes from the history of photosynthesis research in the late 19th to mid-20th century. In this period, photosynthesis became a subject of great interest for researchers from many different disciplines, while the underlying ...
Rudolf Steiner Archive: Truth and Knowledge: iv. The Starting Point of Epistemology - Truth and Knowledge: iv. The Starting Point of Epistemology
Erin Beeghly is assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Utah,​ where her research focuses on the intersection of ethics, epistemology, political philosophy and moral philosophy. This year, as the Philip L. Quinn Fellow at the Center, she is working on Seeing Difference: The Ethics and Epistemology of Stereotyping, which examines the conditions under which judging people by group membership is wrong ...
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http://www.stanleykrippner.com/papers/shamanic_epistemology.html The Epistemology and Technologies of Shamanic States of Consciousness Stanley Krippner, Ph.D., Saybrook Graduate School ABSTRACT:
What are the symptoms of a heart attack in women? The American Heart Association explains how signs of a heart attack in women may be different than heart attack signs in men.
A method of treating coronary prone patients when heart attack symptoms occur before qualified direct contact personal care can be administered to the patient which comprises providing each of a multiplicity of coronary prone patients with (1) a plurality of separate medicaments in self-administering form and (2) a device operable when disposed in operative relation to a patient to provide auditory signals indicative of the existing heart beat conditions of the patient, establishing communication by telephone between the patients experiencing heart attack symptoms and a source capable of making a qualified response based upon the existing heart beat conditions of the patient as to the medicament which will be effective when administered, disposing the device in operative relation with the patient and communicating the signals to the qualified source by means of the communication, communicating by means of the communication a qualified response from the source an indicated medicament which should be
Heart attack symptoms vary widely. For instance, you may have only minor chest discomfort while someone else has excruciating pain. Some people may have a history of heart disease in their family while others will have none at all. In addition, the American Heart Association specifically points out that heart attack symptoms in women can differ from the more classic symptoms experienced by men. For example, women may experience only one or some of the following:. ...
Women: Did you know that insomnia, flu-like symptoms, or even jaw pain might be symptoms of heart attack? Heres what to be on the look-out for. From Caring.com.
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when one or more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.. The blockage is often a result of atherosclerosis-a buildup of plaque composed of fat deposits, cholesterol, and other substances. Plaque ruptures and eventually a blood clot forms. The actual cause of a heart attack is a blood clot that forms within the plaque-obstructed area.. If the blood and oxygen supply is cut off severely or for a long period of time, muscle cells of the heart suffer damage and die. The result is dysfunction of the muscle of the heart in the area affected by the lack of oxygen.. ...
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when one or more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.. The blockage is often a result of atherosclerosis-a buildup of plaque composed of fat deposits, cholesterol, and other substances. Plaque ruptures and eventually a blood clot forms. The actual cause of a heart attack is a blood clot that forms within the plaque-obstructed area.. If the blood and oxygen supply is cut off severely or for a long period of time, muscle cells of the heart suffer damage and die. The result is dysfunction of the muscle of the heart in the area affected by the lack of oxygen.. ...
Possible symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain in the jaw or left shoulder. This eMedTV article discusses these symptoms in detail and provides a detailed list of signs that may indicate you are having a heart attack
Almost all heart attacks occur when a blood clot suddenly and completely blocks a coronary artery. This condition is called a coronary thrombosis, or simply a coronary. The part of the heart muscle nourished by the blocked artery becomes damaged by lack of oxygen.
Heart attack is a life-and-death emergency... every second counts. If you see or experience any of the symptoms listed below, immediately call 9-1-1.
List of 47 causes of Digestive symptoms and Heart attack, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
This suggests symptoms may be ignored or attributed to some other cause by both patients and physicians.. If you, or someone you know, is experiencing symptoms of a heart attack, do not delay! Acting fast can save a life and limit damage to the heart. Do not wait for more than a few minutes - 5 minutes at most - to call 9-1-1.. References. ...
Normally, the heart takes it easy during sleep, as blood pressure and heart rate drop to low and relaxed levels. However, having a heart attack during...
When every minute counts, its important to know the signs of a heart attack so you can act quickly. Would you recognise all these symptoms?
Millions of women are at risk for heart disease. But only one in five women know that heart disease is the biggest threat to their health.. More women will also die from heart disease than men. Although rates of heart disease deaths in men have been on a steady decline, rates of heart disease deaths in women have gone down much more slowly.. Why is this the case? Men and women have physiological differences in the size of their heart that may help explain why heart disease is so deadly for women. But theres another difference thats just as important: Women are less likely to think theyre having a heart attack when they experience heart attack symptoms. Almost two thirds of women who die suddenly of coronary heart disease have no previous symptoms. (Coronary heart disease is a condition that causes blockages in the blood vessels that carry blood to your heart).. Studies also suggest that women may not take heart attack symptoms as seriously as they should. Alarmingly, just 65 percent of women ...
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Epistemology: (Gr. episteme, knowledge + logos, theory) The branch of philosophy which investigates the origin, structure, methods and validity of knowledge. The term epistemology appears to have been used for the first time by J. F. Ferrier, Institutes of Metaphysics (1854) who distinguished two branches of philosophy -- epistemology and ontology. The German equivalent of epistemology, Erkenntnistheorie, was used by the Kantian, K. L. Reinhold, Versuch einer Neuen Theorie des menschlichen Vorstellungsvermögens (1789); Das Fundament des philosophischen Wissens (1791), but the term did not gain currency until after its adoption by E. Zeller, Ueber Aufgabe und Bedeutung der Erkenntnisstheorie (1862). The term theory of knowledge is a common English equivalent of epistemology and translation of Erkenntnistheorie; the term Gnosiology has also been suggested but has gained few adherents. The scope of epistemology may be indicated by considering its relations to the allied disciplines: (a) ...
Despite the significance of knowledge transfer in IT service industry, our understanding of knowledge transfer between projects remains limited. Different from the existing studies mainly examining knowledge transfer at organizational level or at individual level within the same project team, this study examines the factors that influence cross-project knowledge transfer in IT service firms. Based on the process logic of knowledge transfer, we develop an integrated theoretical model that posits that cross-project knowledge transfer is influenced by knowledge, transfer activities, project teams transfer capabilities, project team context and project task context. We use the recipient IT project implementation performance to measure the effectiveness of cross-project knowledge transfer. Results of the preliminary test show that the designed questionnaires have scalability for the latent constructs, and the theoretical model has its rationality to some extent. To fully assess our proposed research model,
The primary uses of probability in epistemology are to measure degrees of belief and to formulate conditions for rational belief and rational change of belief. The degree of belief a person has in a proposition A is a measure of their willingness to act on A to obtain satisfaction of their preferences. According to probabilistic epistemology, sometimes called Bayesian epistemology, an ideally rational persons degrees of belief satisfy the axioms of probability. For example, their degrees of belief in A and -A must sum to 1. The most important condition on changing degrees of belief given new evidence is called conditionalization. According to this, upon acquiring evidence E a rational person will change their degree of belief assigned to A to the conditional probability of A given E. Roughly, this rule says that the change should be minimal while accommodating the new evidence. There are arguments, Dutch book arguments, that are claimed to demonstrate that failure to satisfy these ...
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Ikujiro Nonaka proposed a model (SECI, for Socialisation, Externalisation, Combination, Internalisation) which considers a spiraling interaction between explicit knowledge and tacit knowledge.[36] In this model, knowledge follows a cycle in which implicit knowledge is extracted to become explicit knowledge, and explicit knowledge is re-internalised into implicit knowledge.[36] Hayes and Walsham (2003) describe knowledge and knowledge management as two different perspectives.[37] The content perspective suggests that knowledge is easily stored; because it may be codified, while the relational perspective recognises the contextual and relational aspects of knowledge which can make knowledge difficult to share outside the specific context in which it is developed.[37] Early research suggested that KM needs to convert internalised tacit knowledge into explicit knowledge to share it, and the same effort must permit individuals to internalise and make personally meaningful any codified knowledge ...
Is It Gerd Or A Heart Attack This low-acid fruit can help those with acid reflux by coating an irritated esophageal lining and thereby helping to ... Like other high-fiber foods, oatmeal may help stave off acid reflux symptoms.
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In this article trends in the design of iconic elite life science buildings is discussed. Four main elite life science buildings of the new century are considered. The buildings reflect things going on in and around elite contemporary life science today, including changing ideas about the relation between the public and science, and about the relation of science to the market. Reading trends in the design of science buildings is a way to follow the evolving epistemology of the life sciences and changing demands of science policy.. ...
Author Information: Dave Beisecker, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, [email protected] Normative Functionalism and the Pittsburgh School: Table of Contents Beisecker, Dave. 2012. Normative Functionalism and its Pragmatist Roots. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 2 (1): 109-116. The PDF of the article gives specific page numbers. Shortlink: http://wp.me/p1Bfg0-CT Precis In what follows, I shall characterize…
Get free online Praxis II citizenship education: content knowledge practice test questions. Study for your Praxis II citizenship education: content knowledge test with our free Praxis II citizenship education: content knowledge practice questions.
A heart attack occurs if the blood flow that carries oxygen to the heart is reduced or cut off completely. This may happen if the coronary arteries that pump blood to the heart become narrow due to a build-up of fat or other substances.. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), a heart attack affects someone in the United States about every 40 seconds. Conversely, individuals who know how to identify heart attack symptoms may be able to mitigate the effects of a heart attack quickly.. Women are a little unique when it comes to recognizing the symptoms of a heart attack. The hallmark symptoms of chest pressure, shortness of breath, arm pain, neck pain, nausea and/or dizziness may occur, which is the standard watch-list for suspicions of cardiac injury. However, women generally experience other symptoms which may not be as easily recognized for being related to heart distress.. As in the case above where the elderly woman did not associate a toothache with her heart, frequently minor ...
Empty buckets seldom burst into flames. --Robert Pondiscio, Literacy is Knowledge. People who push curriculum as a solution are generally pushing content knowledge, and theyre pushing content knowledge as a means of improving reading comprehension. Most of these people are in some way associated with Core Knowledge, the primary organization pushing this approach. They arent…
It may be caused by cold weather in poor elasticity of blood vessels and vascular spasm. See paragraph Heart Attack Symptoms. Immediate hospitalization is crucial. The blockage of a blood vessel of the heart leads to atrophy and subsequent myocardial necrosis if a stand is not put or a more complex heart surgery is not performed within 3 to 6 hours ...
quiz for medical students about things like gonorrhea, birth control, heart attack symptoms in women, and diaper rash. Not mCAT study guide.
Have heart attack symptoms? Learn how cardiovascular surgeons provide cardiac services from Cleveland Clinic and Hillcrest Hospital for follow-up.
Science Assignment Help, Nature of scientific knowledge, Nature of scientific knowledge: Science, as we have seen, is inseparable from the rest of human endeavour. In the past few thousand years of human history, an immense fund of scientific knowledge has been built up, the most dramatic scientific
View reviews from patients and their medical experiences and knowledge with Transient Ischemic Attack(TIA, Mini-Stroke) - Symptoms. Share your comments to help others and address questions on symptoms, complications, treatments, and diagnosis from eMedicineHealths physicians.
One of the central questions in cognitive science concerns the role which general systems (e.g. attention, memory) play in the acquisition, storage, and retrieval of abstract and concrete representations. On one hand, this question refers to the issue of the activation exchange, overlap or higher-order universal representations available for different knowledge domains. On the other, this question concerns the role of control and access mechanisms in regulating the interplay between different knowledge representations. Our newly organized research group pursues these two questions in a research agenda focusing on the role of domain-general (e.g. attention) and domain-specific (perceptual, sensory-motor) systems in representing abstract and concrete knowledge. We incorporate various theoretical approaches and research methodologies in order to investigate the cognitive processes and the corresponding neuroanatomical networks involved in human communication. Our main focus is on the analysis of ...
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When stomach pain persists, it could be a gallbladder attack or gallstones, a condition common in people ages 40-50 and can require surgery when left untreated.
Relativism about KnowledgeAbstract It is, in one sense, a truism that all knowledge is relative. At least, it is not wildly controversial...
the Lab Non-Textual Materials focuses on developing innovative solutions to problems in the areas of collecting, indexing, providing and (digitally) archiving non-textual materials. In future, it should be possible for such material to be published, located, cited and made available on a permanent basis as easily as textual documents. To achieve this, infrastructures, tools and services are being developed to actively support users in the scientific work process. In addition to seeking solutions for specific users needs and other object types, the adaptation to new knowledge domains is also taken into account. To ensure research approaches are transferred to digital library practice quickly and successfully, the developments are systematically flanked by user-centred software design, ensuring the optimum usability of the portals and tools. ...
A world undergoing radical change and ongoing technological revolution needs critical thinkers who. can work with a range of cognitive skills and from across multiple knowledge domains to find. solutions to todays highly complex problems.. In response to this reality the Faculty of Humanities is offering an exciting new interdisciplinary and. highly customisable degree offering.. Now you can register for a BA in which you can choose your own preferred combinations of. Humanities subjects. In other words, you can create your own BA from the 17 Humanities subjects. that are available at UJ. In addition to this flexibility, you will even be able to combine them with. subjects selected from other faculties.. HERE ARE VIDEOS THAT EXPLAIN EACH MAJOR WITHIN THE NEW BA:. ...
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Much research in educational technology has focused mainly on how the technology supports student learning. Research on what teachers need to know in order to appropriately incorporate technology into their teaching has been limited because of the lack of theoretical grounding for understanding teachers cognitive process of technology integration into teaching and learning. With the technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) framework, components that influence teachers decisions about using technology to support student learning can be explicitly examined. The purpose of this study is to investigate how to prepare teachers to take into account the pedagogical uses of technology as well as the knowledge of students to inform the designing of tasks for science learning. Both the learning-by-design (LBD) and the experiencing-model-based-inquiry (EMBI) approaches support the cognitive processing necessary for planning to use technology to teach conceptual content in science.
In attempting to account for what effects liberating insight and what makes up the awakened mind, Abhidharma inquiries extended into the field of epistemology. We have seen that the Abhidharmas analysis of sentient experience reveals that what we perceive as a temporally extended, uninterrupted flow of phenomena is, in fact, a rapidly occurring sequence of causally connected consciousness moments or cittas (i.e., assemblages of citta and caitta/cetasika), each with its particular object. The mature Abhidharma thus assimilates the analysis of phenomena-in-time-as-constituted-by-consciousness with a highly complex description of the consciousness process, dissolving the causal relations between ordered successions of consciousness moments into the activity of perception. As previously noted in section 2, for the Abhidharma, as in Buddhist epistemology in general, sensory perception is the paradigm of perceptual, sentient experience. Like every instance of consciousness, sensory perception is ...
I do not believe in justification. This is just one of my main points: I dont think that our task is to justify - our task is to propose conjectures, and then to be very critical of our own theories. The best of these theories we may publish and then they may be criticized by others. We learn from this mutual criticism, from our mistakes, from seeing new possibilities. But we dont justify anything. It is a mistaken view to believe that either science or history exists for justification. We like to have all the evidence we can; but even the best evidence will not as a rule justify our more interesting theories. We can never build upon rock. This doesnt mean that we should believe, or accept, every theory. We should be critical, very critical; and the value of our work will be roughly proportional to the amount of criticism we have put into it before we published it.. But there are some who would like to justify their knowledge, by logic reason and empirical facts. Anyway i am sure there is ...
If this conveys the central idea, one wonders how reasonable it is. Aristotle says in Nicomachean Ethics, I.3, that Our discussion will be adequate if it has as much clearness as the subject-matter admits of; for precision is not to be sought for alike in all discussions, any more than in all the products of the crafts (Barnes, The Complete Works of Aristotle, Princeton : Princeton University Press, 1984, 2, p.1730.). Aristotle clearly recognises that one cannot reasonably expect or require the same rigorous standard of proof from an orator as one can from a mathematician. Equally he himself cannot offer the same degree of rigour in discussing ethical topics as he uses in setting out his logical theory : the subject-matter does not allow it. Precision and rigour have to be relativised, indexed, to subject-matter. If this is so then the requirement of epistemic parity does not appear reasonable. But you mainly wanted to know what epistemic parity is. This I hope I have indicated clearly. As ...
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Yesterday I finished leading three weeks of adult Sunday school based on the film The God Delusion Debate, a dialogue/debate between Richard Dawkins and John Lennox. Overall it was an engaging dialogue and Lennox made some good points. He also had what was undoubtedly the best line of the event. After the moderator quoted Dawkins appealing to John Lennon (Imagine theres no heaven…) Lennox responded that rather than listen to John Lennon he should now listen to John Lennox. (The second best line also belonged to Lennox when he asked Dawkins if he had faith in his wife.). But Lennox stumbled at a few points, though I doubt many people in the room would have noticed. The two main quibbles I had with him concerned his comments on epistemology and cosmology.. Epistemology. The first problem came when Lennox responded to Dawkins anti-faith rhetoric by insisting that faith is based on evidence. This implies a type of evidentialism in which every proposition one rationally believes requires some ...
This paper has two purposes. The first is to help bridge some of the old divides that separate our various epistemologies and disciplines, and which therefore interfere with our understanding of life in general and consumer behavior in particular. The second is to encourage research into a topic that, despite its ubiquity, has received relatively little attention from scholarsCthe social meanings of money. As we all learned in graduate school, our preferred ways of knowing, our epistemologies, vary on a continuum from empiricist to rationalist, in which the former is characterized by more objective, quantitative methods, e.g., Galton s and Thurstone s, the latter by more subjective and qualitative ones, e.g., Spinoza s and Freud s. Recently critical has been added to the lexicon, to describe methods and values still further from the empiricist tradition.. The empiricist/rationalist dialectic occurs not only across disciplines (engineering versus the humanities, for example), but within ...
The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and ...
Failure to understand our own biases has helped to create a crisis of confidence about the reproducibility of published results, says statistician John Ioannidis, co-director of the Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. The issue goes well beyond cases of fraud. Earlier this year, a large project that attempted to replicate 100 psychology studies managed to reproduce only slightly more than one-third. In 2012, researchers at biotechnology firm Amgen in Thousand Oaks, California, reported that they could replicate only 6 out of 53 landmark studies in oncology and haematology. And in 2009, Ioannidis and his colleagues described how they had been able to fully reproduce only 2 out of 18 microarray-based gene-expression studies. ...
1 hour ago, New Buddha said: If, as you climb the stairs, you begin to feel winded, this feeling is different than e-motions (changes in b...
This study presents the first evidence that TMR during sleep facilitates the emergence of explicit knowledge. Explicit recall of a sequence cued during sleep was significantly greater than recall of an un-cued sequence. Response speed was also influenced by TMR during sleep, with significantly more overnight RT improvement for the cued than uncued sequence. This bias was predicted by fast spindles at motor regions in the learning hemisphere.. Explicit awareness of implicitly learned SRTT sequences can emerge spontaneously after nocturnal sleep (Fischer et al., 2006). The gradual transition between implicit and explicit knowledge facilitates adaptation to a changing environment, and our data suggest that TMR can bias this otherwise spontaneous process. This result suggests that memory reactivation may underpin the emergence of explicit memory during offline consolidation and lends strong support to the active systems consolidation model (Diekelmann and Born, 2010), which proposes that memories ...
That Gods greatest work is-the Master of Trinity. Thus wrote Sir Francis Doyle on Whewells book, The Plurality of Worlds.. No generalisation is applicable to Whewell. Leslie Stephen, who described him as a critic rather than an original investigator in science, was forced at once to qualify this statement by noting that his work on the theory of the tides was original investigation of a high order. The whole cast of Whewells mind was philosophical, and indeed the promotion of interest in philosophy was one of the permanent marks heleft on Cambridge. He revelled in ethical speculation and in the classification of facts and ideas; and he was concerned in the invention of scientific nomenclature in the fields of both geology and electricity. In a sense his History of the Inductive Sciences, 1837, the fruit of his exceptional powers of assimilating information on a universal scale, with its bias towards the recording of the evolution and dissemination of theories, was a by-product of his later ...
Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right. This week we continue with the parts of the body, introducing new vocabulary. These medical words and others like them are proof that Latin is, indeed, used in every language. Since Latin and Greek were the languages used in scientific nomenclature, wherever medicine and modern science are practiced by those educated in these disciplines, Latin and Greek loanwords exist in the languages. Yet another powerful argument for having a Latin course: it helps enormously with developing the specialized vocabulary needed for scientific professions! ...
OJEDA, Jaime et al. Biocultural interactions of the yaghan people with seaweeds and mollusks: Field environmental philosophy approach. Magallania [online]. 2018, vol.46, n.1, pp.155-181. ISSN 0718-2244. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-22442018000100155.. The coastal areas of the Magellan ecoregion host considerable diversity of macroalgae and mollusks. Indigenous peoples, such as the Yaghan, have developed biocultural interactions with austral coastal ecosystems. This study is an interdisciplinary ecological, ethnoecological and philosophical analysis. It applies the conceptual framework of biocultural ethics to characterize the intertidal habitat within the biocultural context of the Yaghan people. This is done through the composition of inhabitants, such as macroalgae and mollusks, linked to seasonal habits of abundance. Based on this account, we suggest methods and activities of biocultural conservations. We applied the Field Environmental Philosophy approach, which was carried out in Róbalo ...
What would really make a difference to your organisation? A better product, an improved process, a new technology? A Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) is a tried-and-tested government programme which brings an ambitious graduate, supported by a university specialist, into your company to lead a project and make that difference And a smaller organisation pays just one third of the cost!
When we try to understand life and the world using knowledge gained from our very own observations and experience, we become coherent, less conflicted and less frustrated and everything begins to make more sense. Here are posts on scientific knowledge, theories and discoveries.
When we try to understand life and the world using knowledge gained from our very own observations and experience, we become coherent, less conflicted and less frustrated and everything begins to make more sense. Here are posts on scientific knowledge, theories and discoveries.
Downloadable! The quest to measure knowledge effectively will in no doubt lead to better knowledge policies of governments around the world in both developing and developed countries. This paper endeavours to seta sound theoretical base for measuring knowledge and does this by demonstrating that existing tools used by economists for measuring knowledge are largely self contradictory, they contradict existing theory. Knowledge to be measured effectively we must give knowledge its own units like weight and length have their own units, only then can we say how much knowledge one needs to carry out a particular task.
Some knowledge is easy to codify, but most of our important knowledge is not. Explicit knowledge is easier to codify and more suitable for enterprise-wide initiatives, while implicit knowledge requires personal interpretation and engagement to make sense of it. The organization can help this knowledge to flow. Three related knowledge management (KM) processes are required - PKM, Team KM, and Org KM.. PKM focuses on individual sense-making, but within a social context and in various networks. It is a self-directed way to develop our expertise, especially through loose relationships in our social networks and stronger ones in our communities of practice. The organization needs to support, not direct, these connections.. Team KM is based on narrating our work - often using enterprise social networks - so that everyone on a team knows what is going on and why. Decisions, and why they were made, are shared. New processes and methods are co-developed to create emergent practices. This method of work ...
Learn about scientific thinking and the ways observation and testing add to the body of scientific knowledge. Includes history on the development of scientific thought.
The details of bibliography - A research process for integrating Indigenous and scientific knowledge in cultural landscapes: principles and determinants of success in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, Australia
TOK is not traditional text-based philosophy. Nor is it Epistemology with a major emphasis on the useful, but ultimately slippery and paradoxical, notion of Justified True Belief. TOK Knowledge Questions are big questions; but they are not too big. Anchored in the real world they stop short of wild metaphysical speculation. Ever so often timeless philosophical riddles emerge naturally in TOK classes. It can be fun; even awe inspiring to allow students a first pass or brief encounter with them. This is more than playing tennis with the net down; as long as dizzy, aimless discussion is avoided; or better-elevated.. One way of framing the biggest (from the Western perspective: Pre-Socratic) metaphysical questions is to acknowledge that they are way beyond the scope of 100 hours of TOK. Their resolution may be forever beyond the grasp of mere human intellect and ingenuity. Another way is to designate (and perhaps sanitize) them as the subject matter of certain Areas of Knowledge-Philosophy (as a ...
I have suffered from a virus and every anxiety attack symptom since 1st Jan this year and have been to the Docs 3 times with a phone appointment as well and they have found nothing although I know Petechiae can be a cause for concern so I may go back ...
According to the mission statement of the institute and the principles of evidence-based medicine, we teach students of human medicine the methodical principles of medical biometry and clinical epidemiology, which are fundamental prerequisites needed to implement scientific results into medical practice . This concerns, in particular, the knowledge and skills necessary for the critical evaluation and interpretation of the results of clinical and epidemiological studies. Of main concern are problems with practical relevance, such as the quantification of health risks, the evaluation of diagnostic methods or the evaluation of therapeutic arrangements. The potential as well as limits of how different types of studies contribute to scientific knowledge are explained using studies investigating important clinical and epidemiological problems. We aim to impart an intuitive understanding of statistical principles and methods, consciously forgoing extensive systematic and formal explanations.. In ...
The OAK-Lab studies object recognition and perceptual expertise, using a combination of behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods.. The general research goal of the lab is to understand how the human brain perceives the visual world, and how such processes are influenced by experience and learning. We study this broad question by examining how visual and conceptual knowledge interact to constrain representations of objects, faces, and scenes.. ...