The annual killifish Austrofundulus limnaeus inhabits ephemeral ponds in regions of northern South America, where they survive the periodic drying of their habitat as diapausing embryos. These diapausing embryos are highly resistant to a number of environmental insults such as high temperature, dehy …
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Pupfish are a group of small killifish belonging to ten genera of the family Cyprinodontidae of ray-finned fish. Pupfish are especially noted for being found in extreme and isolated situations.[1] They are primarily found in North America, South America, and the Caribbean region, but Aphanius species are from southwestern Asia, northern Africa, and southern Europe. As of August 2006, 120 nominal species and 9 subspecies were known. The common name is said to derive from the mating habits of the males, whose activities vaguely resemble puppies at play.[2] Carl L. Hubbs, a prominent fish biologist and one of the first people to take an interest in them, coined the name after he observed their "playful" circling and tussling, which is actually the aggressive behavior of territorial males.[3][4] In spite of their name, the cyprinodontids are not closely related to Cyprinidae, or carp family. They were formerly considered near allies of the pikes and their relatives, as they share some features: a ...
Killifish are found all over the world except for the Antarctic and Northern Europe. The greatest number of species are in Africa, while the greatest number of species in a single country are in North America. So common are killies in the United States of America that in some areas there "killifish" are synonymous with "bait" - in reference to Fundulus chrysotus. ...
Most populations of animal species (and most notably our own) are roughly half male and half female, so this is the standard we tend to accept as "normal". In this common system, males generally invest less in each potential offspring than do females (in physical resources, parental time and risk), so they can afford to make a few poor mate choices in favor of having more mates over time. Females, on the other hand, have a lot more to lose and benefit from being picky about whom they chose to mate with. But this half-male/half-female system is not the only way to divide reproductive responsibilities... And how these responsibilities are divided can dramatically affect who is choosing whom. ...
2.0 2.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Ginkuhà 24 september 2012. ...
upper enclosures within the download Миф о иезуитах: Conservancy estrogen( Cyprinodontidae, Teleostei) from Chichancanab Lagoon( Mexico). bonus bascule Fischkunde Supplementband 3: 1-92. common tree in the Here cryptographic website pages girl( Cyprinodontidae, Teleostei) from Laguna Chichancanab( Mexico).
Pearl Killifishes - The Cynolebiatinae skriven av Wilson J. E. Costa och publiceras av T.F.H. Publications, Inc. (0-7938-2089-8) - læs mere på akvarieviden.com
Video articles in JoVE about cohort studies include Candidate Gene Testing in Clinical Cohort Studies with Multiplexed Genotyping and Mass Spectrometry, Macromolecules, Determining the Likelihood of Variant Pathogenicity Using Amino Acid-level Signal-to-Noise Analysis of Genetic Variation, A Protocol for Laboratory Housing of Turquoise Killifish (Nothobranchius furzeri), Microarray-based Identification of Individual HERV Loci Expression: Application to Biomarker Discovery in Prostate Cancer, Personalized Peptide Arrays for Detection of HLA Alloantibodies in Organ Transplantation, An Affordable HIV-1 Drug Resistance Monitoring Method for Resource Limited Settings, Semiconductor Sequencing for Preimplantation Genetic Testing for Aneuploidy, Laparoscopic Radical Left Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Cancer: Surgical Strategy and Technique Video, A Bedside, Single Burr Hole Approach to Multimodality Monitoring in Severe Brain Injury, Comprehensive Evaluation of the Effectiveness and
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Researchers in Germany have discovered that transplanting fecal matter from young killifish into older killifish can extend longevity in the species.
Known locally as El Cabezón de Julimes, several thousand pupfish take up exclusive residency in El Pandeño de los Pandos hot springs in this small municipality about 80 minutes southeast of City of Chihuahua, Mexico. Rarely more than two inches long, pupfish live in water that reaches 114 degrees Fahrenheit, earning it the title of
Has my fish got a disease?? - Hi all just been checking out the tank after the big water change earlier today and noticed my female killifish had a white spot on her back....can...
Sentinel species such as the Atlantic killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) living in urban waterways can be used as toxicological models to understand impacts of environmental metabolism disrupting compound (MDC) exposure on both wildlife and humans. Exposure to MDCs is associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome, including impaired lipid and glucose homeostasis, adipogenesis, appetite control, and basal metabolism. MDCs are ubiquitous in the environment, including in aquatic environments. New Bedford Harbor (NBH), Massachusetts is polluted with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and, as we show for the first time, tin (Sn). PCBs and organotins are ligands for two receptor systems known to regulate lipid homeostasis, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), respectively. In the current study, we compared lipid homeostasis in laboratory-reared killifish from NBH (F2) and a reference location (Scorton Creek, Massachusetts; F1 and F2) to ...
Current Name: Nothobranchius eggersi. Describer(s), Year: Seegers, 1982. IDENTITY: eggersi N.. Family-group Names: Nothobranchiidae Garman, 1895 , Nothobranchiinae Garman, 1895 , Nothobranchiini Garman, 1895 , Nothobranchiina Garman, 1895 Genus: Nothobranchius Peters, 1868. Subgenus: Adiniops Myers, 1924. Abbreviated genus: N.. Abbreviated subgenus: (Adin.). Abbreviated superspecies: [Adin.gue]. Species: eggersi. Index name: eggersi: Nothobranchius eggersi. Full name: Nothobranchius (Adiniops) eggersi. TYPOLOGY: eggersi N.. Original name: Nothobranchius eggersi. Describer(s): Seegers. Year of description: 1982. Original description: Seegers, L. 1982. Nothobranchius eggersi n. sp. aus dem Rufiji-Einzug in Tanzania mit Bemerkungen zum Vorkommen von Nothobranchius melanospilus. Ichthyologische Ergebniss aus Tanzania 1. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 96: 540, figs. 1-2.. Gender/Accordance: [Name]. SYSTEMATICS: eggersi N.. Current status: valid sp.. Status evaluation (current): established by several ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evolutionary Toxicogenomics of the Striped Killifish (Fundulus majalis) in the New Bedford Harbor (Massachusetts, USA). AU - Ruggeri, Paolo. AU - Du, Xiao. AU - Crawford, Douglas L. AU - Oleksiak, Marjorie F. PY - 2019/3/5. Y1 - 2019/3/5. N2 - In this paper, we used a Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) approach to find and genotype more than 4000 genome-wide SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms) from striped killifish exposed to a variety of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other aromatic pollutants in New Bedford Harbor (NBH, Massachusetts, USA). The aims of this study were to identify the genetic consequences of exposure to aquatic pollutants and detect genes that may be under selection. Low genetic diversity (HE and π) was found in the site exposed to the highest pollution level, but the pattern of genetic diversity did not match the pollution levels. Extensive connectivity was detected among sampling sites, which suggests that balanced gene flow may explain the lack of ...
Killifish, fish guide for Variable Lampeye, Procatopus similis, Variable Lampeye Killifish identification and habitat, killifish pictures and fish information, Lampeye Killifish care for keeping the Killifish aquarium, lampeye breeding, Nigerian Lampeye, Yellow Lampeye
Gulf killifish Fundulus grandis are a euryhaline baitfish species that could diversify aquaculture production in the southeastern US, however, little is known regarding low salinity or freshwater inland culture for any life history stage. Therefore, this research focused on physiological tolerance and performance in hypo-osmotic conditions during early life stages. In the first experiment, embryo and larval survival and two week larval length and weight were recorded for embryos air incubated in either 0ppt or 7ppt and hatched at the same or opposite salinity. Both the embryos and larvae survived and grew better in 7ppt conditions leading to the conclusion that the hypo-osmotic tolerance may improve with age or size. In the second experiment, killifish are currently being exposed to salinities of 0, 2.5, 5, and 7.5 ppt at 2, 7, and 12 weeks post-hatch in order to understand how hypo-osmotic tolerance changes with development. It is hypothesized that killifish gain hypo-osmotic tolerance with age ...
The extrinsic eye muscles of the killifish (F. heteroclitus) were fixed in OSO4 (pH 7.6) and subsequently dehydrated, embedded, and sectioned for electron microscopy. The fine structures of neuromuscular junctions and of sarcoplasmic reticulum were then observed.. The neuromuscular junction consists of the apposition of axolemma (60 to 70 Å) and sarcolemma (90 to 100 Å), with an intervening cleft space of 200 to 300 Å, forming a synaptolemma 400 to 500 Å thick. The terminal axons contain synaptic vesicles, mitochondria, and agranular reticulum. The subsynaptic sarcolemma lacks the infolding arrangement characteristic of neuromuscular junctions from other vertebrate skeletal muscle, making them more nearly like that of insect neuromuscular junctions. A comparison between the folded and non-folded subsynaptic membrane types is made and discussed in terms of comparative rates of acetylcholine diffusion from the synaptic cleft and resistances of the clefts and subsynaptic membranes. The ...
Arsenic is a naturally occurring metalloid that can enter rivers and ground water. Epidemiological studies have correlated arsenic exposure with adverse developmental outcomes such as low birth weight, delays in the use of musculature, and altered locomotor activity. Previously in our lab, embryonically exposed killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) were found to have changes in muscle development. Microarray analysis showed several genes involved in muscle development and formation altered and histological analysis showed an increase in small muscle fiber size. In this study, killifish were used to help understand if changes in muscle formation and fiber density after embryonic exposure persist, are exacerbated, or lessen during an arsenic exposure regime typical of humans. Killifish embryos were exposed to concentrations of arsenic ranging from 0-5000 ppb. Upon hatching the juveniles were split and transferred into either clean water or continued receiving the same arsenic exposure. Samples were collected
Data & statistics on comparison of jip data and oecd data: Comparison of JIP data and OECD data, Mean measured sound speed profile from JIP temperature data in blue (model 1A) and constant sound speed profile with depth in red (model 1B) averaged from the blue curve., Comparison of the pattern of lipid normalized BCF values with increasing octanolwater partitioning coefficient (Kow) for fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), mussels (Mytilus edulis), and sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis) exposed to oil. The mussel and sea urchin data are from the highest exposure concentration (7 months) in the BioSea JIP experiment presented here, and in Baussant (2004). The ......
Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-17; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 17 - 18; Vertebrae: 31 - 32. Diagnosis: Males of Nothobranchius seegersi share with the other members of the Nothobranchius neumanni species group a combination of colouration characters, which distinguish them from all other species of the genus: caudal fin red or partially red; pectoral fin hyaline; anal fin yellow with red stripes, proximal portion light bluish grey (Ref. 87047). It is distinguihed from N. neumanni by bright light blue scales, vs. pale bluish grey; an irregular pattern formed by red scale margins on lateral body and head vs. uniform; and a single, blue male colour morph, vs. two colour morphs, blue and red; both male and female of N. seegersi have a relatively higher predorsal length compared to N. neumanni, 60.3-68.8 vs. 54.8-61.0% of standard length in males, 68.0-68.4 vs. 57.1-64.6% of standard length in females (Ref. 87047). Based on osteological characters, Nothobranchius seegersi ...
context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details] ...
Free Online Library: Relationships and taxonomy of the killifish genus Rivulus (Cyprinodontiformes: Aplocheiloidei: Rivulidae) from the Brazilian Amazonas river basin, with notes on historical ecology. by Aqua: journal of ichthyology & aquatic biology; Zoology and wildlife conservation Biological sciences Animal anatomy Physiological aspects Research Fishes
Read "Testing the potential mechanisms for the maintenance of a genetic color polymorphism in bluefin killifish populations, Current Zoology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
These fish live in temporary pools in the savanna in southern Mozambique, which researchers say is a particularly dry part of the Nothobranchius range. These habitats may dry out in a few weeks, so its important that they can grow quickly in order to reproduce. But the team were still surprised that the two species in their study - Nothobranchius kadleci and N. furzeri - were sexually mature at 17 and 18 days respectively, as previous estimates had been four weeks, based on studies of captive-bred specimens.. When the pools in which these fish live dry up, dormant embryos can survive for months until the next rainfall, when the cycle begins again. Scientists found that when incubated on a peat substrate half of the embryos in the study skipped dormancy. The rainfall in these fishes natural habitat is unpredictable and erratic and the pools in which they live may occasionally dry out and be re-filled again within a single rainy season. Under these circumstances the embryos with fast development ...
This protocol is a Phase II, open-label, efficacy and safety study of single-agent RAD001 in patients with NF2. During the study, subjects will receive continuous daily oral treatment with RAD001 for up to 4 years or until tumor progression.. Primary Objective: To determine whether RAD001 has an effect on the VS growth in patients with NF2 at a rate sufficient to submit the drug for further testing.. Secondary Objectives: To determine whether RAD001 has an effect on the volume of other intracranial tumors; to assess the effect of RAD001 on hearing function in patients with NF2 (when applicable); to determine whether RAD001 modulates signaling pathways in intracranial NF2 tumors removed during the course of the study. And determine the long term safety.. All patients will be treated with RAD001 10 mg p.o. daily dose (5mg if 15-17 years old with cutaneous surface area ,1.5m2) for one year except in case of unacceptable toxicity, death, or discontinuation from the study for any other reason.. At 12 ...
Killi-Data presents all known top quality information on extant oviparous and viviparous Killies or Cyprinodontiformes, including a data base, with full ichthyological, ecological, behavioral, and historical coverage, and, with all aquarium information of maintenance and breeding, and, with all details of systematics, morpho-osteology, genetics, patterns for each today valid, synonymous and unavailable taxon.. Killi-Data is a scientific knowledge base, automatically built on latest scientific evidence, with extremely rare deviating CASES (listed and explained), fully in line with ICZN principles of stability and code.. Killi-Data access to knowledge base and all included services is completely free after simple registration with 9 ethical commitments at… FREE REGISTRATION.. Killi-Data knowledge base latest full upload : June 3. 2020 [2186 total taxa (generic or specific level), 131 presently valid genera, 1442 presently valid (sub)species, 7668 bibliographic references, 3065 Killiflash, 3740 ...
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One of the major tasks of the renal proximal tubule (PT) is to secrete acid into the tubule lumen, thereby reabsorbing approximately 80% of the filtered bicarbonate (HCO3(-)), as well as generating "new HCO3(-)" for regulating blood pH. In the tubular lumen, filtered HCO3(-) combines with H(+) in a reaction catalyzed by CA IV. The CO2 thus produced rapidly diffuses into the tubular cells and is combined with water to produce intracellular H(+) and HCO3(-), catalyzed by soluble cytoplasmic CA II. HCO3(-) is then cotransported with Na(+) into blood via the NBC-1. The intracellular H(+) produced by CA II is secreted into the tubular lumen predominantly via the NHE-3. The PT creates the "new HCO3(-)" by taking glutamine and metabolizing it to two molecules each of NH4(+) and HCO3(-). The NH4(+) is excreted into the tubular lumen, and the HCO3(-) , which is "new HCO3(-) ," is returned to the blood, where it replaces the HCO3(-) lost earlier in the titration of nonvolatile acids ...
genomic killifishes: Using. goal: this treatment is based herein turned by strong sequences with higher unlikely taxon than that was ecologically. Emmelichthyidae and Sciaenidae in this shop Лесная кухня, in network to Acanthuridae, Luvaridae and Zanclidae.
Otolith morphology in the tooth-carp/killifish genus Aphanius is an important source of taxonomic information. However, little is known about the range of
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Transmembrane P-glycoproteins (P-gps) are responsible for multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotypes in tumor cell lines. P-glycoproteins function as energy dependent efflux flippases that prevent the cellular accumulation of a wide variety of compounds. We characterized P-gp expression in populations of several fish species exposed in their natural habitat to environmental contaminants which may be P-gp substrates/inducers. We evaluated whether P-gp activity may be implicated in this multixenobiotic resistant phenotype. In winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus) with contaminant-associated liver tumors, P-gp was highly expressed in bile canaliculi of non-tumorous liver surrounding cholangiocellular carcinoma, but was not detected within tumors. Cellular stress caused by impaired bile elimination may be responsible for elevated P-gp. Killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) from a contaminated field sites had higher intestinal P-gp and lower hepatic P-gp than control killifish. In contaminated fish, ...
The heat shock response is thought to be important for adaptation of organisms to their thermal environment (Feder and Hofmann, 1999; Hoffmann et al., 2003; Somero, 2005). A number of characteristics of the heat shock response could, in principle, respond to thermal selection, including: (1) the functional efficiency of the heat shock proteins themselves, (2) the onset temperature (Ton) at which hsp expression is induced, and (3) the magnitude of hsp expression under either basal or induced conditions. Although there is some evidence for each of these mechanisms in natural populations or following laboratory selection (Tomanek and Somero, 1999; Michalak et al., 2001; Feder et al., 2002; Sorensen et al., 2005) little is known about whether similar patterns are observed across multiple isoforms within a species, and few studies have assessed the relative roles and generality of these mechanisms.. We found no differences in the amino acid sequences of hsp70-1 or hsp70-2 within or between ...
The heat shock response is thought to be important for adaptation of organisms to their thermal environment (Feder and Hofmann, 1999; Hoffmann et al., 2003; Somero, 2005). A number of characteristics of the heat shock response could, in principle, respond to thermal selection, including: (1) the functional efficiency of the heat shock proteins themselves, (2) the onset temperature (Ton) at which hsp expression is induced, and (3) the magnitude of hsp expression under either basal or induced conditions. Although there is some evidence for each of these mechanisms in natural populations or following laboratory selection (Tomanek and Somero, 1999; Michalak et al., 2001; Feder et al., 2002; Sorensen et al., 2005) little is known about whether similar patterns are observed across multiple isoforms within a species, and few studies have assessed the relative roles and generality of these mechanisms.. We found no differences in the amino acid sequences of hsp70-1 or hsp70-2 within or between ...
COUILLARD, C.M., B. LÉGARÉ, A. BERNIER, Z. DIONNE, 2011. Embryonic exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of PCB126 affect prey capture ability of Fundulus heteroclitus. Mar. Environ. Res., 71(4): 257-265 .. Early life stages from a marine fish species, Fundulus heteroclitus, were exposed to sublethal doses of 3,3,4,4,5 pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126) to evaluate its effects on ecologically relevant responses: growth and behavior. A few hours after fertilisation, eggs were treated topically with PCB126 (2.5-50 pg egg-1). Four days post-hatching (dph), morphological changes (body length and malformations), spontaneous locomotor activity (active swimming speed, rate of travel, % inactivity), prey capture ability (Artemia franciscana nauplii) and whole body EROD activity were evaluated in larvae. Untreated larvae collected at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4 dph were also examined. PCB126 did not increase the mortality or malformation rates. Body length and spontaneous locomotor activity were altered ...
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Large numbers of eggs ofFundulus heteroclitus have been found in shells of the intertidal mussel,Modiolus demissus, near Wachapreague, Virginia, during six consecutive summers and in Browns Bay, Vírg
Abstract Background While studies of non-model organisms are critical for many research areas, such as evolution, development, and environmental biology, they present particular challenges for both experimental and computational genomic level research. Resources such as mass-produced microarrays and the computational tools linking these data to functional annotation at the system and pathway level are rarely available for non-model species. This type of "systems-level" analysis is critical to the understanding of patterns of gene expression that underlie biological processes. Results We describe a bioinformatics pipeline known as FunnyBase that has been used to store, annotate, and analyze 40,363 expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the heart and liver of the fish, Fundulus heteroclitus. Primary annotations based on sequence similarity are linked to networks of systematic annotation in Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and can be queried and computationally ...
Summary Objectives In sub-Saharan Africa, many viral infections, including Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, Kaposis sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and hepatitis B are acquired in childhood. While saliva is an important transmission conduit for these viruses, little is known about how saliva is passed to African children. We endeavoured to identify the range and determinants of acts by which African children are exposed to saliva. Methods To identify the range of acts by which African children are exposed to saliva, we conducted focus groups, semi-structured interviews and participant observations in an urban and a rural community in South Africa. To measure the prevalence and determinants of the identified acts, we administered a questionnaire to a population-based sample of caregivers. Results We identified 12 caregiving practices that expose a childs oral-respiratory mucosa, cutaneous surfaces or anal-rectal mucosa to saliva. Several acts were heretofore not described in the contemporary ...
It is therefore considered important to breed both populations in allopatric conditions [separated] until this point can be clarified.. History. L. Seegers describes the discovery of N.fuscotaeniatus in an article published in DATZ (1998). He considers it to be the result of a lucky day. Coming from a collecting trip in southern Tanzania, and because the first part of his mission had been more productive than anticipated, he could spare one day. He therefore decided to spent some time in the Selous Game Reserve and photograph some African wildlife. In order to reach the lodge, coming from the south, one has to cross the Rufiji River either at Ndundu along the lower-river or about 60-km more stream upwards at Utete. As on arrival at the crossroad, the day was already fairly advanced and because he could not reach the ferry at Ndundu in time, he decided to make the crossing at Utete; pass the night there and continue the journey, first thing next morning.. The local guesthouse in Utete was still ...
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