TY - JOUR. T1 - Ionophoric Properties of Angiotensin II Peptides. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Kinetic Studies of the Hormone-Mediated Transport of Manganese Ions Across Phosphatidylcholine Bilayers. AU - Degani, Hadassa. AU - Lenkinski, Robert E.. PY - 1980/1/1. Y1 - 1980/1/1. N2 - The linear peptide hormones angiotensin II and [Asn1, Val5] angiotensin II are found to mediate the transport of Mn(II) ions across phosphatidylcholine bilayers. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) is applied to monitor the rate of transport of Mn(II) ions by measuring the rate of disappearance of the NMR signal of the choline methyl groups of the inner phospholipid layer. This rate of disappearance is analyzed in terms of a pseudo-first-order rate equation for the transport process. The rate of transport of Mn(II) varies linearly with both the concentrations of Mn(II) and angiotensin II (A-II) present, suggesting that the ions are transported in a complex with 1:1 stoichiometry. An analysis of the ...
Chemicals. Salinomycin was prepared conveniently by isolation of its sodium salt from commercially available veterinary premix - SACOX® following acidic extraction using the procedure described previously (Huczyński et al., 2012). The spectroscopic data of salinomycin were in agreement with previously published assignments (Huczyński et al., 2012). Monensin was purchased from Sigma-Aldrich.. Bacterial strains. Twelve clinical S. epidermidis strains and two reference strains: S. epidermidis ATCC 12228 and S. epidermidis ATCC 35984 were used in this study.. The clinical strains were isolated from blood of hospitalised patients. S. epidermidis ATCC 12228 was used in biofilm assay as a negative control (low biofilm-producer), S. epidermidis ATCC 35984 was used as positive control (high biofilm-producer).. Microorganisms were obtained from the collection of Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.. Evaluation of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and ...
We are delighted to announce that Craig Franklin (University of Queensland, Australia) has been appointed as the next EiC of JEB, starting on 1 August. With research interests in animal ecophysiology and conservation physiology, Craig is already familiar with the journal, having been a Monitoring Editor since 2011. We are looking forward to welcoming him in his new role.. ...
In the present study we examined the possible role of p90Rskin pathways leading to neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells induced by nerve growth factor (NGF) and the calcium ionophore ionomycin....
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of a typical interphase 3T3 fibroblast consists of a compact perinuclear arrangement of cisternae and lamellae which can be observed by immunofluorescence with anti-endoplasmin. During mitosis the reticulum dissociates into small fragments from which it appears to re-assemble in the daughter cells. When interphase 3T3 cells are exposed to calcium ionophores, but not other ionophores, there is a similar dissociation of the ER into small uniform fragments, which are dispersed throughout the cytoplasm. Electron microscopy shows that the fragments consist of small vesicular structures and that essentially all of the rough ER except the nuclear envelope is dissociated. The dissociation of the ER by calcium ionophore is a relatively specific process since other organelles and supramolecular assemblies remain unaffected. When cells with dissociated ER are returned to normal medium, there is a rapid reassembly of the fragments into the continuous reticulum. In a proportion ...
... was isolated from Streptomyces conglobatus as a potent Gram positive antibiotic. During isolation, it was recognised that ionomycin exhibits a very high affinity and selectivity for calcium ions, suggesting the metabolite acts as a calcium ionophore. More recently, ionomycin has been used in cell biology as a universal calcium ionophore to explore the role of calcium regulation in the cell ...
Buy A23187 - an affordable, high quality calcium ionophore from Hello Bio, a trusted supplier for life science researchers worldwide
FOWLER J. E. Seminars in Developmental Biology: Simple Systems for the Analysis of Important Developmental Problems. 6, 347-58, 1995 被引用文献1件 ...
Activation of PPI hydrolysis by carbachol elicits a robust translocation of CaM from membranes into cytosol which was previously shown to be mimicked by the addition of the calcium ionophore ionomycin and the phorbol ester TPA28 ...
This page contains information on the chemical Lonomycin A, 11-O-demethyl-23,27-didemethoxy-, monosodium salt (28S)- including: 2 synonyms/identifiers.
Calcium ionophore IV | C52H100N2O3 | CID 601910 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
The Ca2+ ionophore 4-Br A23187 is effective in increasing [Ca2+]i and eliciting secretion when ICRAC is inhibited by SK&F 96365. Antigen (Ag) (1 μg/ml) sti
Understanding the key aspects of the pathogenesis of alcoholic fatty liver disease particularly alterations to mitochondrial function remains to be resolved. The role of fatty acids in this regard requires further investigation due to their involvement in fatty liver disease and obesity. This study aimed to characterize the early effects of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids alone on liver mitochondrial function and during concomitant ethanol exposure using isolated liver mitochondria and VA-13 cells (Hep G2 cells that efficiently express alcohol dehydrogenase). Liver mitochondria or VA-13 cells were treated with increasing concentrations of palmitic or arachidonic acid (1 to 160 μM) for 24 h with or without 100 mM ethanol. The results showed that in isolated liver mitochondria both palmitic and arachidonic acids significantly reduced state 3 respiration in a concentration-dependent manner (P,0.001), implicating their ionophoric activities. Increased ROS production occurred in a ...
The novel laser desorption method laser-induced liquid beam ionization/desorption (LILBID) is applied to the mass spectrometric examination of selective ion binding by natural and synthetic ionophores in methanol solutions. The ions are desorbed from a liquid jet with an IR laser pulse and then extracted perpendicularly into a reflectron time-of-flight (RE-TOF) analyzer. LILBID studies on the natural ion carriers valinomycin and monensin A are presented, as well as those on the synthetic crown ethers 18-crown-6, diaza-18-crown-6, and benzo-15-crown-5. No fragment ions are detected, and the measured ion selectivity is in good qualitative agreement with published stability constants of the complexes. The observed specific recognition of silver ions by diaza-18-crown-6 can be rationalized by the principle of hard and soft acids and bases, which predicts stable complexes when the polarizabilities of Lewis acid and base are similar. Weak, noncovalent interactions like those in the sandwich complex ...
An enhanced antimicrobial antithrombogenic medical device is formed by using an oligodynamic metal and a noble metal with a polymer, and forming the mixture into a device. By using low concentrations of conductive polymers or ionophoric compounds, non-conductive, or highly plasticized polymers can be likewise blended into an iontophoretic-capable composition. The surface of the device may be treated with a solvent to remove the top surface of the polymer and create surface voids in the composition in order to expose previously encapsulated iontophoretic materials. This surface treatment results in a larger reaction area of the iontophoretic capable composition that produces larger yields of bacteriostatic oligodynamic ions for a longer duration thereby increasing the antimicrobial effectiveness of the composition. The surface of the antimicrobial composition may be treated with an anticoagulant such as heparin or heparin complexed with a quaternary ammonium salt for an added bacteriostatic effect.
foobsr writes ScienceDaily in an article points to research conducted at Colorado State University which produces evidence that antibiotics used for animal growth stimulation are making their way into the environment, among them three ionophore antibiotics exclusively used in agricultural applicati...
Definition of ionomycin in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of ionomycin. What does ionomycin mean? Information and translations of ionomycin in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
... s are a complex of depsipeptides produced by several Fusarium species. Typically, the complex contains 4 major components: A, A1, B and B1 together with minor amounts of enniatins C, D, E and F. The enniatins act as ionophores. Recently their effects on acyl-CoA cholesterol transferase, as nematocides and the selectivity of their antitumor action have received more focus ...
Previous studies have shown that local selective in situ injury of pial arteriolar endothelium eliminates the dilations produced by acetylcholine or bradykinin. One means of producing such injury employs a helium-neon laser in the presence of intravascular Evans blue. Since the endothelium-dependent dilations produced by acetylcholine or bradykinin may be initiated by interaction with endothelial surface receptors, it is possible that the light simply inactivates or destroys these receptors. We used calcium ionophore A-23187, another dilating agent known from in vitro studies of large arteries to be endothelium-dependent, which moves calcium into endothelial cells rather than interacting with surface receptors. Our data in 10 mice show that before injury, 10(-5)M A-23187 dilated arterioles to 109 +/- 2% of control diameter. After selective endothelial injury by helium-neon laser, dilation was essentially abolished (101 +/- 1% of baseline diameter; p less than 0.01, Wilcoxon test). Undamaged ...
Acquiring therapy resistance is one of the major obstacles in the treatment of patients with cancer. The discovery of the cancer stem cell (CSC)-specific drug salinomycin raised hope for improved treatment options by targeting therapy-refractory CSCs and mesenchymal cancer cells. However, the occurrence of an acquired salinomycin resistance in tumor cells remains elusive. To study the formation of salinomycin resistance, mesenchymal breast cancer cells were sequentially treated with salinomycin in an in vitro cell culture assay, and the resulting differences in gene expression and salinomycin susceptibility were analyzed. We demonstrated that long-term salinomycin treatment of mesenchymal cancer cells resulted in salinomycin-resistant cells with elevated levels of epithelial markers, such as E-cadherin and miR-200c, a decreased migratory capability, and a higher susceptibility to the classic chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin. The formation of salinomycin resistance through the acquisition of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cyclosporin A inhibits initiation but not progression of human T cell proliferation triggered by phorbol esters and calcium ionophores. AU - Kumagai, N.. AU - Benedict, S. H.. AU - Mills, G. B.. AU - Gelfand, E. W.. PY - 1988/12/1. Y1 - 1988/12/1. N2 - Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a potent inhibitor of T lymphocyte proliferation induced by Ag and mitogens. In an attempt to further delineate the mechanism of action of CsA, we have examined its effects on T cell proliferation induced by the combination of the phorbol ester, phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB), and the calcium ionophore, ionomycin. T cells were rendered competent as the result of a 30-min initial incubation with both drugs, after which the drugs were washed out. Competence is defined as the ability to subsequently proliferate in response to exogenously added IL-2 or PDB in the second phase of the culture, but not to synthesize IL-2 or proliferative without these additions. Addition of CsA (1 μg/ml) to the cells in the ...
The transmembrane migration method has permitted quantification of the effect of drugs on human sperm motility. Calcium ionophores and calcium antagonists have paradoxical effects on motility depending on the stage of sperm maturity. Drugs with membrane stabilizing properties inhibit sperm motility. Propranolol, for example, has been shown to have contraceptive activity when administered intra-vaginally. Pharmacokinetic studies have shown that the systemic availability of vaginally administered propranolol is markedly greater than after oral administration. Seminal fluid concentrations of propranolol after oral administration are similar to those in plasma, but cervicovaginal mucus concentrations are much higher, and residence times much longer. The clinical consequences of these observations await elucidation.. ...
A molecule that allows ions to cross lipid bilayers. There are two classes: carriers and channels. Carriers, like valinomycin, form cage like structures around specific ions, diffusing freely through the hydrophobic regions of the bilayer.…
BAM15, ST056388, mitochondrial protonophore uncoupler that does not depolarize the plasma membrane IDNUMBER ST056388 Other identifiers: SBB001916, ST4027337, T4021910, TBB011486, T3149443, ST236891 Formula: C16H10F2N6O MW: 340. 29 NAME: (2-fluorophenyl)amine SMILES: c12c(nc(c(n1)Nc1c(F)cccc1)Nc1c(F)cccc1)non2 InChI=1S/C16H10F2N6O/c17-9-5-1-3-7-11(9)19-13-14(20-12-8-4-2-6-10(12)18)22-16-15(21-13)23-25-24-16/h1-8H,(H,19,21,23)(H,20,22,24) InChIKey=OEGJBRZAJRPPHL-UHFFFAOYSA-N MDL: MFCD00373912 Contact us to order....
DU TOIT, A.N et al. The effect of dietary lipid saturation and monensin-Na on the CLA content of lambs meat. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2013, vol.43, suppl.1, pp.75-80. ISSN 2221-4062.. A study was conducted to investigate the influence of an ionophore antibiotic and lipid saturation within a standard finishing diet on the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content of lambs meat. Two identical sheep grower diets containing 145 g CP, 282 g NDF and 45 g EE per kg DM were formulated. One diet contained no ionophore antibiotic and the other monensin-Na included at 165 g/ton. These two basal diets were supplemented, according to a 2 x 3 factorial design, with three lipid sources [i.e. 20 g/kg of either beef tallow, sunflower oil or a CLA oil concentrate] differing in saturation level and fatty acid profile. Sixty South African Mutton Merino lambs (31.15 ± 2.83 kg) were randomly allocated to the six treatments. After dietary adaptation of 10 days, the lambs received their respective treatment ...
The cattle producer has at his disposal numerous tools and management practices which can serve to improve the health, performance and productivity of his animals. These can include various medications and antibiotics, ionophores, a host of implants, trace element compounds and vitamins of all sorts. One area that has gained a fair bit of press is that of the feeding of yeast cultures and direct-fed microbials.
Complete information for DDHD1 gene (Protein Coding), DDHD Domain Containing 1, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Complete information for DDHD2 gene (Protein Coding), DDHD Domain Containing 2, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium