Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-derived psychopathology subtypes among former prisoners of war (POWs): replication and ...
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Generations of readers have learned social psychology from this book-it provides balanced, up-to-date, and accurate coverage of basic topics, research, and theories. Balancing cutting-edge findings and classic work in the field, the user-friendly Social Psychology shows how its methods and theories can be applied to everyday experiences and current social issues. Interesting and easy to read and understand, the topics covered are broad in scope but not overwhelming; these include: perception of people and events; attitudes and influence; social interactions and relationships; helping and hurting others; social psychology and health; and social psychology and the law. Teachers, health professionals, lawyers, business leaders, and people in many different professions will find Social Psychology to be a valuable reference and handbook.
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4. MB Personality Plus 1.0 MB Personality Plus is a personality profile test based on the four key personality profiles. This test not only shows your dominant personality type but also shows how ... interact with people. MB Personality Plus is based on the personality Plus... Details - Download Tags: mb personality plus , personality plus test , personality plus , mb personality , shows how , plus test , personality type , personality profile , personality , test ...
View this term paper on Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Is One. Over the past six decades the MBTI has become very successful worldwide It is used by a number of...
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The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Departments Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Departments Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
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The relevance of individual psychoanalytic psychotherapy in the context of post-apartheid South Africa is a contentious issue. The western-centric universalist bias of this treatment approach has been criticised for not being applicable to Black South African individuals. With these criticisms in mind the appropriacy and efficacy of psychoanalytic psychotherapy was examined by focusing on three Black English-speaking South African women between the ages of 25 and 35 from the urban Western Cape. A collective case study design situated within a postmodern framework of enquiry was chosen for its capacity to incorporate both the therapists and the participants experience of the therapeutic process over time. This study focused on the analytic attitude, which comprises the basic template through which psychoanalytic psychotherapy is practised. The model used was that described by Ivey (1999) which includes five elements: generative uncertainty, abstinence, neutrality, countertransference ...
Looking for online definition of extraversion in the Medical Dictionary? extraversion explanation free. What is extraversion? Meaning of extraversion medical term. What does extraversion mean?
Betty MacDonald Fan Club, founded by Wolfgang Hampel, has members in 40 countries. Wolfgang Hampel, author of Betty MacDonald biography interviewed Betty MacDonalds family and friends. His Interviews have been published on CD and DVD by Betty MacDonald Fan Club. If you are interested in the Betty MacDonald Biography or the Betty MacDonald Interviews send us a mail, please. Several original Interviews with Betty MacDonald are available. We are also organizing international Betty MacDonald Fan Club Events for example, Betty MacDonald Fan Club Eurovision Song Contest Meetings in Oslo and Düsseldorf, Royal Wedding Betty MacDonald Fan Club Event in Stockholm and Betty MacDonald Fan Club Fifa Worldcup Conferences in South Africa and Germany. Betty MacDonald Fan Club Honour Members are Monica Sone, author of Nisei Daughter and described as Kimi in Betty MacDonalds The Plague and I, Betty MacDonalds nephew, artist and writer Darsie Beck, Betty MacDonald fans and beloved authors and artists Gwen ...
This study examined the relationship between attitudes and aptitudes toward Computer-aided design (CAD) and personality types among interior design students. Twenty-eight junior and 28 senior interior design students at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University comprised the population of this study. Information was mainly obtained from the survey questionnaire and Keirsey Temperament Sorter which were administered during the last week of the spring semester 1991.. The collected data was analyzed by descriptive statistics. The frequency distribution and mean scores were used to describe the characteristics of the sample population, attitudes and aptitudes toward CAD, and personality types. Correlation coefficients were used to examine the hypotheses of this study that a significant relationship exists between students attitudes and aptitudes toward CAD and personality types.. Results of this study revealed that students seem to have higher preference for Extravert, Intuition, Feeling, ...
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Glendale. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
Life goals, values, vocational interests, and personality traits are important factors that influence career and everyday life decision-making. This dissertation presents a framework for how personality traits, interests, and values relate to life goals. There were two studies conducted using structural equation modeling. Study 1 was a cross-sectional study investigating the domain-specific relationship among major life goals, personality traits, interests, and values. The results showed that personality traits are the most fundamental disposition and can predict vocational interests, values, and then goals. Moreover, in certain domains, interests serve as a mediator between personality traits and life goals; values serve as a mediator between personality traits and goals, and between interests and goals. Study 2 is a longitudinal study examining how relationships among major life goals, interests, and personality traits may change over time. The results indicated that personality, interests, ...
I received my B.A. and M.A. in sociology from the Miami University of Ohio. My Ph.D. in sociology is from Duke University (1975) and my postdoctoral training, in aging, was performed at Duke University School of Medicine. I am a sociologist interested in social psychology, aging and adult development, medical sociology, and family relationships. I have performed extensive research in these areas. My most recent work examines social precursors of depression, the effects of stress on health, and the relationships between religion and health. I enjoy teaching Social Psychology (SOC 106/PSY 116),and graduate seminars in medical sociology and life course and aging. In 1991, I won the Trinity College Distinguished Teaching Award for my outstanding work in the classroom. I collect murder mysteries ...
What is Paranoid Personality Disorder about paranoid personality Paranoid personality disorder Paranoid personality mixture Personality Disorder (r paranoid personality personality disorder from personality disorder Paranoid personality and schizotypal subtypes.2 for paranoid personality google Paranoid Personality Disorder yahoo Paranoid Personality Disorder mages images ...
Dr. Hess is a clinical pediatric psychologist, working in the areas of Child, Adolescent & Family Therapy/Development Delays. An expert in her field, Dr. Hess has over 24 years of experience. The practice is divided into two categories.
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The aims of the present study were to examine the frequency of personality disorders in 36 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and to investigate whether patients with a coexisting personality disorder could be characterized by certain personality traits assessed by means of the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP). In total, 27 (75%) of the OCD patients fulfilled the DSM-III-R criteria for a personality disorder, and 13 patients (36%) had an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Subjects with a comorbid personality disorder had significantly higher scores on most of the KSP scales, including all anxiety scales, as well as scales measuring indirect aggression, irritability, guilt and detachment, whereas subjects without personality disorders did not differ significantly from healthy controls with regard to personality traits.. ...
In this article, we describe 8 legal cases reporting the use of the MMPI-A (Butcher et al., 1992) that were identified by an exhaustive search of the Westlaw database. These case studies provide a unique perspective on the uses of the MMPI-A as reflected in documented court decisions. For each case, we first provide a brief discussion of the legal issue or standard of law addressed by the MMPI-A findings. We then provide an abstract of the facts of the case and the nature of the involvement of the MMPI-A. We conclude each case with a more general discussion of the psychological uses and limitations of the MMPI-A as applied to this specific legal issue or standard. Not only do these cases display a wide range of legal issues, but they also provide an excellent opportunity to discuss some important uses and limitations of MMPI-A assessment when used as a component in a forensic evaluation.
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Read "The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-RF in Treatment-Seeking Veterans with History of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Even though many HR professionals say that personality tests can be good predictors for job-related behavior, most organizations are choosing not to use the tests when hiring and promoting employees, according to a recent poll conducted by the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM).. Approximately 80 percent of the 495 HR professionals surveyed for the poll reported that their organizations did not use personality tests in hiring or job promotions. About 2 percent of the respondents said that they were uncertain if their organizations used the tests.. Nearly three-quarters (71 percent) of poll respondents indicated that personality tests can be useful in predicting job-related behavior and organizational fit.. About 90 of the respondents (18 percent) said that their employers used the tests when hiring or promoting workers. According to these respondents, their organizations used the personality tests most often when hiring or promoting for manager-level positions.. Among poll participants ...
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Freud hoped his model was universally valid and so turned to ancient mythology and ethnography for comparative material. Freud named his new theory the Oedipus complex after the famous Greek tragedy Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. "I found in myself a constant love for my mother, and jealousy of my father. I now consider this to be a universal event in childhood." Freud said.[19] Freud sought to anchor this pattern of development in the dynamics of the mind. Each stage is a progression into adult sexual maturity, characterized by a strong ego and the ability to delay gratification (cf. Three essays on the theory of Sexuality). He used the Oedipus conflict to point out how much he believed that people desire incest and must repress that desire. The Oedipus conflict was described as a state of psychosexual development and awareness. Freud originally thought child sexual abuse was a general explanation for the origin of neuroses, but he abandoned this so-called "seduction theory". He noted finding many ...
Women undergo physiological and psychological changes during pregnancy, labor and lactation. The psychological adaptations can be affective, cognitive and behavioral and can be measured by dimensional personality instruments. This study aims to compare (1) the personality profile in mothers after birth with a normative group of non-lactating women and to examine (2) whether the personality profile differs 2 days, 2 months and 6 months after birth between mothers who have been exposed to epidural anesthesia, oxytocin administration or neither. Sixty-nine primiparae were assigned to four groups: mothers having received oxytocin infusion during labor (OT iv group, n=9), mothers having received epidural analgesia with/without oxytocin infusion (EDA group, n=23), mothers having received 10 iU oxytocin intramuscularly after birth (OT im group, n=15) and mothers having received none of these treatments (unmedicated group, n=22). At 2 days and 2 and 6 months postpartum mothers completed the Karolinska ...
personality tests, such as the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), might be more sensitive to reflectsubclinical personality and be more state-dependent in an individuals lifetime, so they are good scales to predict thepsychological distress regarding certain states. The aim of this study was to identify the specific pattern between body mass index(BMI) and psychological distress using the objective personality test. We investigated BMI and the Korean Military MultiphasicPersonality Inventory (MPI). A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted with 19-yr-old examinees who were admittedto the Military Manpower Administration in Korea from February 2007 to January 2010. Of 1,088,107 examinees, we enrolled771,408 subjects who were psychologically apparent healthy possible-military-service groups. Afterwards, we reviewed andanalyzed directly measured BMI and MPI results. In terms of the validity scales, the faking-good subscale showed an invertedU-shaped association, and ...
Behavior analysts provide services to individuals, families, group homes, schools, mental health agencies, hospitals, industrial and business settings, and other agencies working with individuals who require intensive behavioral training and/or consultation. Special populations such as individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities have been shown to benefit greatly from Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services. Applied Behavior Analysis is also frequently used in the field of education for both neuro-typical students and students with disabilities. Behavior analyst professionals are strongly encouraged by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) to pursue Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) or Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA) certification. BCBA and BCaBA certifications are considered the industry standard in this field and are nationally and internationally recognized. The Applied Behavior Analysis Certificate of Advanced Study ...
View Notes - Leadership A from BUSI 405 at UNC. o Some do: extraversion, conscientiousness, positive self concept, drive, integrity, need for socialized power, job related knowledge, intelligence,
Have you ever felt insecure in your career … A Threat from Within," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(3), 395-408. Hogan, Robert, Clinton B. …. Career Assessment Tests & Quizzes. A career assessment test helps to determine the best career option for an individual based on skills, aptitude, interest …. "Hes a big personality who is an extremely successful basketball … thats the …. you need to take a job aptitude test. These kinds of career tests can be invaluable to job seekers and established professionals alike because they show you how your personality can affect how you interact with others in a work …. Corporate Social Responsibility Interview Questions And Answers Corporate social responsibility (CSR) among small-medium enterprises … pretest interviews were conducted with two … I already know the answers to these rhetorical questions. On individual projects … ...
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EXPERT NUMBER: 547. STATE: CA. REGION: Pacific, Southwestern, Western. COUNTRY: US. Provides Opinion & Testimony In:. Psychoanalyst Licensed Clinical Psychologist, Psychologist, Sexual Predators, Violence Potential, Workplace Violence, Etiology of Psychotic Behavior, Competency Stand Trial, Child Abuse Allegations, Workers Compensation, Criminal Responsibility, Development Disability, Substance Abuse, Psychological Test, Forensic, Assessment of Criminal Responsibility, Restoration of Insanity, Assessment of Violence Potential, Evaluation of Potential Violence Between Inmates, Post Traumatic Stress Disorders, Effects of Trauma On Behavior, Evaluation of Developmentally Disabled, Mental Health Care System, Managed Care, Differential Diagnosis, Personality Disorders, Psychotic Thinking, Affective Disorders, Impulse Disorders, Psychoanalysis, Intensive Psychotherapy, Psychodiagnosis, Family Therapy, Anxiety, Depression, Violent, Impulse Disorders, Personality Disorders, Primitive Mental States, ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Childrens Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Childrens Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
As of January 2018, the Applied Behavior Analysis program is not accepting applicants.**. The Department of Psychology at Central Washington University is excited to offer a Masters degree in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). The Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.® (BACB) has approved our course sequence as meeting the coursework requirements for eligibility to take the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) Examination®. Applicants have to meet additional requirements to fully qualify for certification. These requirements are outlined on the BACB website.. In addition to the formal coursework, the CWU ABA program arranges one academic year of supervised internship. Most students are hired by local agencies during their internship and remain with these agencies following graduation in order to complete the remaining fieldwork hours required for certification. Most students finish their fieldwork hours within 6-9 months of graduation and receive promotions as BCBAs within their ...
I saw an article this week on The Wall Street Journal online that literally made my blood boil. I saw the headline and I swear my blood pressure rose immediately. The article boldly proclaimed, "How An Introvert Can Be Happier: Act Like An Extrovert.". Gasp.. Clinch fists. Take a breath.. I almost lost my marbles.. Then….I decided to read it. I understood from a marketing standpoint, the title could have been there to simply draw people in to read, so I waited to have a full-on freak out session.. I didnt end up having a freak-out session, but I did read the whole article. I remained a little disgusted with the premise of it throughout, to be honest. And if I may be so bold as to say - I strongly disagreed with what theyre calling "research." Id like to see the data, the controls, the variables and everything that was involved in them publishing it.. From that article, the author quoted the infamous Susan Cain (who I hope to have on here soon for our Expressive Introvert series):. [quote ...
This study examined the effects of vocal and non-vocal background music on the task performance of introverts and extraverts on a memorization task. Prior to the memorization task, participants (N = 38) completed Eysencks Personality Inventory in order to determine introversion and extraversion. In the presence of either vocal or non-vocal music, participants memorized and recalled a 15-word list. The results did not support the hypothesis suggesting that extroverts would perform better on a task with vocal background music than introverts. Analysis was calculated using a 2X2 between-groups ANOVA design.
The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has many events every year to raise funds for and awareness of Cystic Fibrosis. Earlier this week, one of the event directors at the Cincinnati branch of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation reached out to me to tell me about an event taking place over the next 12 weeks, and asked if we would be interested in helping out. Here is a little bit about the event, called Cincinnatis Finest Young Professionals:. "The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation of Greater Cincinnati recognizes that there are many outstanding young professionals in the Tri-State area who exemplify outstanding leadership qualities, are very active in volunteer roles and have excelled in the business community. The CF Foundation will recognize the "cream of the crop" at the Inaugural Cincinnatis Finest Finale. The event is designed to spotlight Greater Cincinnatis most influential trendsetters, honoring their professional and charitable accomplishments. Up to 25 young professionals, chosen by a Judges Review ...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the masters and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldnt typically afford it.
Description of disease Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Treatment Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Symptoms and causes Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder Prophylaxis Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
Young adults who had been maltreated as children differed from others who had not been maltreated in the connectivity of nine cortical regions. The differences could compromise the maltreated groups basic social perceptual skills, ability to maintain a healthy balance between introversion and extroversion, and ability to self-regulate their emotions and behavior. ...
He was a pioneer in the study of the human unconscious and the impact of sexual desire on human behavior, and his 1900 work The Interpretation of Dreams is arguably one of the greatest treatises on psychology ever written. But Freud recognized that it was not an easy tome to digest, and prepared this shorter, more accessible version.First published in 1914, On Dreams is a highly readable introduction to Freuds theories on one of the most mysterious aspects of the human mind. He discusses: the meaning of dreams the mechanisms of dreams dreams as the realization of unfulfilled desires dreams and repression three classes of dreams dream symbolism and more.Austrian psychiatrist SIGMUND FREUD (1856-1939) developed psychoanalysis-dialogue between doctor and patient-as a tool for understanding and curing psychopathologies. While some of his ideas have been supplanted by subsequent research and refinement, his work continues to profoundly influence the sciences and the humanities alike.
The Professional Personality Inventory is a personality assessment that identifies individuals who will succeed in roles that require a college education
The Authoritarian Personality_ involved a series of studies sponsored by the American Jewish Committee which were supposed to define a certain personality type which would be easily taken up with antidemocratic propaganda, in light of the tragedy and disaster that was the Third Reich. Scales were developed to assess Antisemitism, Political-Economic Conservativism (which amounted to support for laissez-faire capitalism), and Authoritarianism (the F (for Fascist) scale). Both the Antisemitism scale and the Political-Economic Conservativism scale involved predictable statements in which the subjects had to state their level of agreement with in order to achieve a score. The F scale, involved a series of statements which were designed to measure conventionalism, authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, anti-intraception (i.e. Opposition to the subjective, the imaginative, and the tender-minded.), superstition and stereotypy, power and toughness, destructiveness and cynicism, ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Support Forum for Survivors of a Relationship with a Narcissist or Psychopath. Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Psychopath Discussions.
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial teams psychologist will assess your childs development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your childs developmental level, refer you for ...
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NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their childs anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
The term Antisocial Personality Disorder or ASPD for short, refers to a chronic mental condition involving a pattern of disregard for the rights of others including the violation of others rights. Deceit and manipulation are common features of this personality disorder.. Personality disorders refer to mental health conditions related to the way a person feels, thinks, perceives or relates to others. Antisocial personality disorder is a pretty difficult personality disorder as the behavior of people with this disorder might be irresponsible, manipulative, impulsive, reckless, and indifferent to others feelings. Most often this personality disorder will lead to criminal behavior.. In DSM 5 it is included in cluster B, called emotional, dramatic and erratic cluster. The disorders in cluster B are characterized by problems with emotional regulation and impulse control.. This cluster also includes disorders such as Histrionic Personality Disorder, Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Borderline ...
Dr Georg Auzinger is a Consultant and Reader in Intensive Care Medicine and the Clinical Director for Critical Care at Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. He graduated from the Medical School of the University of Innsbruck in 1990. He trained in Internal Medicine in Austria, followed by Specialist Intensive Care training at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. The Alfred Hospital is a quaternary referral institution for Major Trauma, Heart and Lung Transplantation, Extracorporeal Cardiac and Respiratory Support, Burns and Hyperbaric Medicine. In 2002 he was appointed as a Consultant Intensivist at Kings College Hospital for General and Liver Intensive Care Units (ICUs). He was the Lead Clinician for the Liver ICU from 2007 until 2015, when he was appointed Clinical Director for Critical Care at Kings.. Doctor Auzinger has special interests in extracorporeal cardio-respiratory assist, acute liver failure, liver transplantation, ARDS, fungal infection, and TEE and TTE in ...
Alcohol dependence is a heavy burden on patients, their families, and society. Epidemiological studies indicate that alcohol dependence will affect many individuals at some time in their lives, with men affected more frequently than women. Since alcohol-dependent patients often exhibit a lack of social skills and suffer from interpersonal problems, the aim of this study is to elucidate whether men and women experience the same interpersonal problems. Eighty-five alcohol-dependent patients (48 men; 37 women) after detoxification and 62 healthy controls (35 men; 27 women) were recruited. Interpersonal problems were measured with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-64). Additionally, alcohol-dependent patients were interviewed with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and were subtyped according to Leschs Alcohol Typology (LAT). There were no significant gender differences in the AUDIT and LAT between alcohol-dependent men and women. Interpersonal problems of alcohol-dependent
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sensory processing sensitivity, personality dimensions and mental health. In a sample of University of Mohaghegh Ardabili students. One hundred and eighty students were included in this study. All participants were asked to complete the highly sensitive person scale, NEO-five factor inventory and general health…
In these population based data from central and eastern Europe, we found that all indicators of alcohol intake and problematic drinking were associated with effort-reward imbalance but not with job control. The association with effort-reward imbalance was independent of deprivation and education but some of it was related to depressive symptoms.. Alcohol accounts for a substantial burden of ill health in the region, especially in the former Soviet Union.20,35 The social and health impact of alcohol in the region is at least partly related to the pattern of binge drinking.21,36 It is therefore important to understand the distribution of drinking and alcohol related problems in the population. Alcohol intake has previously been found to be associated with education and marital status in Russia37 and with education in the Czech Republic38 and Poland (unpublished data). Psychosocial factors are often thought to be at least partly responsible for the association between socioeconomic position and ...
The aim of this module is to provide the student with tangible experience of applying psychology theory to practice. Rather than focus on psychopathology, the module focuses on utilising established positive psychology approaches in supporting psychological growth, well-being and resilience. During the first half of the module, students will study the theoretical underpinnings of positive psychology and will work in small groups to design a positive psychology well-being intervention. During the final half of the module, the well-being intervention will be delivered to fellow undergraduate student across all years. Skills gained in this module will support future applications for assistant psychology posts in addition to other support roles with the aim of pursuing a career as a psychologist. Skills gained in this module are also applicable to other established careers such as social work, nursing, occupational therapy or further academic study (e.g. PhD). The module is a unique opportunity to ...
In this study, we will treat patients with brief psychodynamic psychotherapy. Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a type of treatment that may be as helpful as medications in treating depression. It focuses on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as well as both current and past relationships. Psychotherapy explores better ways of coping with feelings, expressing needs, and interacting with others in order to cope with depression and other life problems. Subjects will go to 16 weekly, 45-minute, individual sessions of psychodynamic psychotherapy over the course of the study. At five times throughout the study, subjects will come in for extra visits, which last approximately 1.5 hours and which include: speaking with a study doctor about depressive symptoms, filling out extra questionnaires, and performing positron emission tomography (PET)and a Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG). The QEEG is a machine that measures the electrical activity of the brain. This task will take approximately 15 minutes ...
Dependent personality disorder (DPD), formerly known as asthenic personality disorder, is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. This personality disorder is a long-term condition in which people depend on others to meet their emotional and physical needs, with only a minority achieving normal levels of independence. The cause of dependent personality disorder is unknown. A study in 2012 estimated that between 55% and 72% of the risk of the condition is inherited from ones parents. The difference between a "dependent personality" and a "dependent personality disorder" is somewhat subjective, which makes diagnosis sensitive to cultural influences such as gender role expectations. Dependent personality disorder occurs in about 0.6% of the general population. The disorder is diagnosed more often in females than males; however, research suggests that this is largely due to behavioural differences in interviews and self-reporting rather ...
The present study was concerned with certain individual differences that relate to a subjects ability to increase his heart rate on command when given appropriate external feedback. The main purpose was to extend to the operant conditioning paradigm Eysencks theory that introverts classically condition more readily than extraverts. A second purpose was to determine which personality factors-extraversion, anxiety, and ability to perceive autonomic responses-contribute to heart rate control in operant conditioning. The Eysenck Personality Inventory and the Autonomic Perception Questionnaire were administered to 46 undergraduate males who attempted to accelerate their heart rates, with visual proportional feedback provided, during 20, 30-sec trials. Results indicated that heart rate acceleration did not correlate with any of the variables examined. The findings are discussed in light of previous related studies and suggestions for future research are provided.
When I first started working, I thought most of the companies have cubicles and every staff has their own cabinets, workspace as well as computer and stationery. My first two jobs kind of proved me wrong. As I moved on from company to company, I have my very own space eventually. And soon, personality assessment test becomes more and more popular. It is said to be able to improve the mentality of staffs, as it is part of team building and training. However, I dont think many companies do this, as it can be quite expensive. Team building can normally take from a few hours to a few days depending on the type of packages. I have never been to any team building session. I did attend a talk about stress once but I am not sure whether or not it was about team building. The presenter taught us how to handle stress as well as going through a series of personality assessment tests. It was really good but at the end of the day, some of the things will only work in a perfect world.. Some management teams ...
Ink Blot Test (subjective), Thematic Apperception (actual images), MMPI (Minnesota multiphase personality inventory, Most widely used, OBJECTIVE), Myers-Briggs (rates personality on Extravert Vs. Introvert, Intuition vs. Sensing, Feeling vs. Thinking, and Judging vs. perceiving) ...
September 3, 2009 /Press Release/ -- Mount Sinai researchers have found that real-time brain imaging suggests that patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) are physically unable to activate neurological networks that can help regulate emotion. The findings, by Harold W. Koenigsberg, MD, Professor of Psychiatry at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, were presented at the 11th International Congress of the International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders (ISSPD), held August 21 - 23 at The Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York. The research will also be published in the journal Biological Psychiatry.. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Dr. Koenigsberg observed how the brains of people with BPD reacted to social and emotional stimuli. He found that when people with BPD attempted to control and reduce their reactions to disturbing emotional scenes, the anterior cingulated cortex and intraparetical sulci areas of the brain that are active in healthy people under ...
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Our research looks at what studying strategies undergraduate students with disabilities use to learn, why they use some strategies over others, and what metacognitive awareness is involved in these decisions. Previous research has shown that, while practicing information retrieval through self-testing is extremely beneficial to learning, many students tend to use the strategy of repeated reading, which does little in the way of learning more after the initial reading, and the importance of engaging in metacognitive awareness becomes apparent (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009).We are looking for a deeper understanding of the connections between metacognitive awareness of learning, working memory, and learning for undergraduate students with disabilities, and how metacognitive strategies can possibly be applied. The participants are undergraduate students at the University of North Florida who are registered with the campus Disability Resource Center (N=400), with students who are a part of the Access
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelors degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. Theres a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find its a waste of time. So its something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. Thats a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, theres the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
div class=citation vocab=http://schema.org/,,i class=fa fa-external-link-square fa-fw,,/i, Data from ,span resource=http://link.collegeofphysicians.org/resource/H9U4bDkSdiI/ typeof=CreativeWork http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/Work,,span property=name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label,,a href=http://link.collegeofphysicians.org/resource/H9U4bDkSdiI/,A treatise on dyspepsia, or indigestion; : with observations on hypochondriasis and hysteria,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof=LibrarySystem http://library.link/vocab/LibrarySystem resource=http://link.collegeofphysicians.org/,,span property=name http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/label,,a property=url href=http://link.collegeofphysicians.org/,College of Physicians of Philadelphia,/a,,/span,,/span,,/span,,/span,,/div ...
Psychoticism is one of the three traits used by the psychologist Hans Eysenck in his P-E-N model (psychoticism, extraversion and neuroticism) model of personality. Psychoticism is a personality pattern typified by aggressiveness and interpersonal hostility. High levels of this trait were believed by Eysenck to be linked to increased vulnerability to psychosis such as schizophrenia. He also believed in a genetic basis to the trait, suggesting that blood relatives of psychotics would show high levels of psychoticism. Psychoticism is conceptually similar to the constraint factor in Tellegens three-factor model of personality. Psychoticism may be divided into narrower traits such as impulsivity and sensation-seeking. These may in turn be further subdivided into even more specific traits. For example, impulsivity may be divided into narrow impulsivity (unthinking responsivity), risk taking, non-planning, and liveliness. Sensation seeking has also been analysed into a number of separate facets. ...
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is involved in phase II (conjugative) metabolism of catecholamines and catechol drugs, such as dopamine, as well as the catechol-estrogens. COMT transfers a donor methyl-group from S-adenosylmethionine to acceptor hydroxy groups on catechol structures (aromatic ring structures with vicinal hydroxy-groups).(1) Bioactive catecholamine metabolites are metabolized by COMT in conjunction with monoamine oxidase (MAO):. -Norepinephrine is methylated by COMT forming normetanephrine.. -Epinephrine is methylated by COMT forming metanephrine.. -Dopamine is converted to homovanillic acid through the combined action of MAO and COMT.. Parkinsonism patients receiving levodopa (L-DOPA) therapy are frequently also prescribed a COMT inhibitor to minimize metabolism of L-DOPA by COMT, thereby prolonging L-DOPA action.. COMT is also involved in the inactivation of estrogens. Estradiol can be hydroxylated forming the catechol estrogens 2-hydroxyestradiol and 4-hydroxyestradiol.(2) ...
Phenylketonuria is a genetically metabolic disorder caused by physical impacts such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, a sometimes deadly skin disease, tremors, seizures, and death. As well, in many instances the mood becomes more unstable during pharmacological treatment. The side effects such as car accident or lack of oxygen circulated in their body shutting down. Eating disorder treatment options that one of their manic episodes, a person might feel too tired to get out of control. They often feel powerless and as though their illness is in our brain for years and can be linked to the personality disorder nos and to actually worsen in their daily activity as resulting of inherited cause of depressive and anxiety are nervous disorders that women are much more than medication and the personality disorder mmpi are very common. When treating digestive system are not fully understood, but it can be prescribed by an experienced doctor who knows your condition in eating behavior, such as depression, ...
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Societys Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
Human beings are social organisms with an intrinsic desire to seek and participate in social interactions. Social anhedonia is a personality trait characterized by a reduced desire for social affiliation and reduced pleasure derived from interpersonal interactions. Abnormally high levels of social anhedonia prospectively predict the development of schizophrenia and contribute to poorer outcomes for schizophrenia patients. Despite the strong association between social anhedonia and schizophrenia, the neural mechanisms that underlie individual differences in social anhedonia have not been studied and are thus poorly understood. Deficits in face emotion recognition are related to poorer social outcomes in schizophrenia, and it has been suggested that face emotion recognition deficits may be a behavioral marker for schizophrenia liability. In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to see whether there are differences in the brain networks underlying basic face ...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pdyeGeL6I_4&feature=player_embedded Video: About Psychodynamic Psychotherapy By JOHN M. GROHOL, PSYD Founder & Editor-in-Chief Joseph Burgo, one of our bloggers here at Psych Central, has recently inaugurated a new series of videos about psychodynamic psychotherapy, aimed at people who may be considering treatment and dont know quite what to expect from this particular type of therapy.…
Introduction. Personality and motivation In this assignment, I will be talking about the many different theories that attempt to explain where your personality comes from and how it can change you as a person. It will also link this with where motivation comes from. Personality is defined as a persons attributes made up of physical, mental, emotional and social characteristics. Motivation is described as an incentive to complete a task. There are some theories of personality that suggest that you develop your personality from birth, which stay with you through childhood and into adulthood, whereas others say that you develop your personality throughout your life through experiences you encounter. This is known as the nature vs nurture debate. The nature side of this debate argues that you are born with your own unique personality which doesnt change through your life, similar to your genes. One example of this is the trait theory. The trait theory suggests that your personality is made up of a ...
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is the most widely used and researched clinical personality assessment instrument in personnel selection. This instrumental study addresses the comparability of the MMPI-2 in assessing Spanish-speaking employees to the performance of English...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapists likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patients experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patients formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
On Christmas day, Elton John and David Furnish were blessed with a son born via a surrogate mother. Many have speculated about the upbringing of the child, especially due to the age of the parents, but is homosexuality a result of upbringing or a result of an individuals genetic code?. It was originally thought by the American Psychological Association (APA) that homosexuality was a mental disorder, an idea shared by Sigmund Freud and David Halperin. They believe in the planophysical theory, which states that homosexuality is an error or a freak of nature as a result of unresolved oedipal issues. Halperin postulates that a weak father and a strong mother would result in a weak, homosexual son due to the mother having a stronger image. However, other psychologists argue this could also result in a strong son to make compensation for his fathers weakness. Due to the lack of evidence and the ambiguity, this theory is commonly disregarded.. Since the removal of homosexuality from the Diagnostic ...
Paul Gösch (30 August 1885 - 22 August 1940), also Goesch or Göschen, was a German artist, architect, lithographer, and designer of the early twentieth century; he was associated with the main elements of German Expressionism. Gösch was born in Schwerin. He suffered from "physical and emotional frailty" throughout his life, but nonetheless maintained "a robust determination to create prolifically and to further the utopian causes of the avant-garde of his time." Born in Schwerin, the son of a lawyer and judge, Gösch grew up in Berlin, where his father held a teaching position at the University of Berlin. Gösch matriculated in the technical college at Berlin-Charlottenburg in 1903 to study architecture. As a student, he reportedly met both Sigmund Freud and Rudolf Steiner. He developed an interest in Anthroposophy, Steiners version of Theosophy, and later helped construct the Goetheanum in 1913-14. He also suffered his earliest psychiatric hospitalization (1909), but still attained his ...
פרסומים. 1. Sagiv, L., & Schwartz, S. H. (1995). Value priorities and readiness for out-group social contact. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 437-448.. 2. Schwartz, S. H., & Sagiv, L. (1995). Identifying culture-specifics in the content and structure of values. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 26, 92-116.. 3. Shiri, S., & Sagiv, L. (1995). Hashimush betipologia shel Holland lehatama bein tipusey ishiut ishiut taasukatiim levein gishot yeuziot bebhirat mikzoa (Use of. Holland typology to match personality types and counseling approaches in vocational counseling). Adam Veavoda, 6, 58-67.. 4. Schwartz, S. H., Verkasalo, M., Antonovsky, A., & Sagiv, L. (1997). Social desirability and value priorities: Much substance, some style. British Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 3-18.. 5. Boehnke, K., Schwartz, S. H., Stromberg, C., & Sagiv, L. (1998). The structure and dynamics of worry: Theory, measurement and cross-national replications. Journal of Personality, 66, ...
Findings from a team of Dutch and American researchers indicate that people with BPD have symptoms that partially overlap with somatoform disorders, although there are key differences. The study, published in the March 2015 issue of Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotional Dysregulation, compared emotional and relationship stability problems in people with BPD versus people with somatoform disorders.5. Of 472 adult participants, an estimated 25% were diagnosed with BPD and about 33% were diagnosed with a somatoform disorder. An additional 25% had a combined diagnosis of BPD and a somatoform disorder, while the remaining individuals had mental health problems unrelated to BPD or somatoform disorders. The goal of the study was to assess whether emotional control and relationship stability problems linked to both or either disorder were associated with any degree of poor bonding attachment during childhood and the formation of anxiety-based or avoidance-based relationships in ...
After reading all of this you might be thinking, these sound pretty similar. Due to the similarities it can be difficult for people to get the correct diagnosis. It is important to look at the differences between them so that someone can be diagnosed with the right one. When clinicians do this it is called a differential diagnosis. The main difference between schizotypal and schizoid personality disorder is that schizoid does not have any paranoid ideation or suspiciousness. This means that people with a schizoid diagnosis will not be overly worried about other peoples motivations or worried that people are out to get them. However, people with schizotypal personality disorder will have these kinds of beliefs. The next difference has to do with the reasons people with these disorders isolate themselves. For people with schizotypal personality disorder the isolation and lack of close friendships is due to social anxiety or eccentricity. For schizoid personality disorder this type of isolation is ...
Project: Parramatta River Regional Park, Yaralla, Landscape Conservation Management Plan, National Parks & Wildlife Service, New South Wales, Australia. US/ICOMOS ANNOUNCES THE 1998 INTERNATIONAL SUMMER INTERN PROGRAM IN HISTORIC PRESERVATION. US/ICOMOS is seeking US-citizen graduate students or young professionals for paid internships in Australia, Austria, Croatia, Chile, France, Ghana, Great Britain, India, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Slovak Republic, Spain, Transylvania, Turkey and other countries in summer 1998. Participants work for public and private nonprofit historic preservation organizations and agencies, under the direction of professionals, for a period of three months. Internships in the past have required training in architecture, architectural history, landscape architecture, materials conservation, history, archaeology, interpretation, museum studies and cultural tourism.. In some countries with convertible currency, interns will be paid a stipend equivalent to $4,000 for the ...
Douglas Weiss, Ph.D. is an author, speaker, licensed psychologist, and marriage counselor who specializes in sexual issues. He is also the founder and president of the American Association for Sex Addiction Therapy, as well as the clinical director of the Heart to Heart Counseling Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. He has written over forty books on self-help and sexual and marital issues, including sexual anorexia. Weiss received a Bachelor of Arts in Pastoral Ministries from United Wesleyan College, a dual masters degree in Divinity and in Marriage and Family Counseling from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, as well as a doctorate in Psychology from North Central University. He has been married to his wife Lisa, his business partner and co-worker at the Heart to Heart Counseling Center, for over twenty-five years and they have two children. Weiss has stated that he suffered from sexual addiction throughout his teenage years and young adulthood and has identified his past as the ...
ANT 310 Culture and Personality: Psychological Anthropology (3).. Examination of the human personality within cultural contexts. Topics include personality formation and child-rearing; stress and mental/physical health problems which occur with cultural change; aging, roles and communication among local and worldwide ethnic groups.. ANT 312 Language and Culture (3).. Analysis of language as an aspect of culture. Relationship between language and culture patterns, dynamics of language and cultural change; the problem of meaning.. ANT 313 Methods and Techniques of Archaeology (3).. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.. Basic procedures and techniques used by archaeologists to excavate, analyze and interpret prehistoric remains. Field and/or laboratory activities. Variable topics will include field procedures, laboratory procedures or archaeological method and theories. Six hours of activity per week.. ANT 315 Magic and Religion (3).. A comparative analysis of magico-religious systems in their ...
The webinar will be available to members of Pharmacist Society and Generation NP, two online social media communities created by Skipta, the premier closed-loop social networking platform for medical professionals. This webinar, the latest in an on-going series, is part of CRNs initiative to help ensure that healthcare practitioners have access to science-based information on dietary supplements and the supplement industry. The webinar will be held Dec. 10, from 2-3 p.m., EST, and will be co-presented by Taylor Wallace, senior director, scientific and regulatory affairs, CRN, and Andrea Singer, associate professor, Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology at Georgetown University Medical Center and clinical director of the National Osteoporosis Foundation. The webinar will review updated recommendations for calcium and vitamin D intake and explore the role of calcium in bone health as well as other non-skeletal benefits. Wallace and Singer will examine research on the two nutrients, including ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: Methodological behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Dr Salisbury qualified from University College London in 1980 and trained as a pathologist at University College Hospital London and Kings College Hospital London. He was appointed as Clinical Senior Lecturer to Kings College School of Medicine & Dentistry and Honorary Consultant Histopathologist to Kings College Hospital in 1987 and promoted to Reader in Histopathology in 1997. He was Clinical Director of Histopathology from 1997 to 2004 and was appointed Head of the Clinical Service in 2011.. Dr Salisbury is the joint lead of the Clinical Academic Department of Cellular Pathology and a member of the Cancer Clinical Academic Group Executive Board of Kings Health Partners.. Dr Salisburys specialist interests are in haematopathology, dermatopathology, autopsy pathology and osteoarticular pathology. He has written two books (on bone and joint diseases and on molecular pathology), several book chapters and over 140 articles in academic journals.. ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwatas research ...
This study investigated the psychological wellbeing and body perception among young Italian people. Drinking, eating, and sexual behaviors have been examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) and psychological well-being by EPOCH framework. This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted on Italian adolescent and young adult population through an online survey. Qualitative and quantitative data on lifestyle, BMI classes, and psychological characteristics of wellness in youth were obtained from a sample of 1221 Italian participants using a self-report questionnaire on body perception and habits, a socio-demographics inventory, and the EPOCH measure. Findings suggest that being underweight or overweight is associated with various factors, including gender, self-control regarding food, perception of ones body, and the happiness domain. EPOCH framework revealed the psychological wellness of girls and young women did not seem strongly affected by BMI, though Perseverance and Happiness ...
Thanks to the ever larger penetration of the Internet and especially with the advent of Web 2.0 and social media, hoaxes, rumours and urban legends have become an almost everyday occurrence. While social psychology research contends that rumors can negatively impact on the public by generating distress, intense fear, anxiety, possibly resulting in herd behaviour and violence [1], there is evidence that disease-related rumours may alter health-related behaviors and interfere with medical decision-making [2]. Medical misinformation is most frequently associated with collective emergency situations (e.g., Ebola infected patients refused to be hospitalized because of rumours that international health care workers intentionally brought the virus with them [3]; people from around Kenema, Sierra Leone attacked the hospital after hearing rumours of conspiracy [4]; during the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, rumours that ingestion of iodized salt could prevent radiation damage lead to a shortage ...
The present study was an attempt to examine the relationship between personality variables and neuropsychological deficits in chronic schizophrenic subjects. The groups were composed of 73 chronic schizophrenic subjects with measureable cortical atrophy on CAT-Scan and 118 chronic schizophrenic subjects without identifiable brain damage. The relationship between neuropsychological deficit and personality variables was tested by means of discriminant analysis. As hypothesized, the brain-damaged group was found to have a stronger relationship between the neuropsychological deficits and the personality variables than the nonbrain-damaged group. Canonical correlation was used to demonstrate the underlying neuropsychological pattern which was found related to the personality profile of the MMPI for the entire sample of chronic schizophrenics. A frontal and anterior temporal lobe neuropsychological profile was found related to a particular personality profile.
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundts great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
BACKGROUND: Surgeons have a reputation for decisiveness and self-confidence, which suggests that they may tolerate uncertainty poorly and therefore be less capable than other doctors of experiencing clinical equipoise. Their typical behaviour is characteristic of the stable extrovert personality and so they may prefer spontaneous clinical judgement over randomized trials. The aim of this study was to compare personality dimensions and tolerance of uncertainty among surgeons and hospital physicians, to determine whether differences in either property might help to explain the apparently poor performance of surgeons in conducting randomized controlled trials. METHODS: This was a postal questionnaire study of 1000 consultant general surgeons and 1000 consultant physicians. Respondents completed a short self-assessment of Eysenck personality dimensions, Budners Intolerance of Ambiguity scale and a short questionnaire about attitudes to randomized trials. Correlation and multiple regression analyses were
Charles G. Morris: Charles G. Morris received his B.A. from Yale University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois. He joined the University of Michigan in 1965 as Assistant Professor of Psychology and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1971 and Professor in 1987. He served as Associate Dean in the College of Literature, Science and the Arts and as Associate Chair of the Department of Psychology. Upon his retirement in 2002, he was appointed Emeritus Professor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. He is the author of more than two dozen books, more than a dozen articles, and more than thirty papers and presentations. His books include "Psychology: An Introduction," "Understanding Psychology," "Basic Psychology," "Psychology: Concepts and Applications," and "Contemporary Psychology and Effective Behavior," His early research centered on leadership, group interaction, and group problem solving. More ...
The current use of clinical psychological tests in batteries has been open to question in a variety of studies. Often, it seems as though the addition of more or different test information does not improve the quality of the psychologists evaluation. If there are meaningful interrelationships between the many variables in a test battery, then it would appear that factor analysis would be a most useful technique in revealing them. Unfortunately, factor analysis of groups of tests have often been unsatisfactory in revealing personality dimensions across tests. Rather, they have each produced instrument factors that reflect mainly the form and character of the original component measured. The current study has used a variant of standard factor analytic methods that eliminate the emergence of instrument factors and make evident relationships between tests. A group of six measures was administered to 88 male college students. The tests included the 16 P.F., WAIS, TAT, HIT, MMPI, and a personal history
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids dont have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...
The degree of degeneration of the pre-operative tendon shows a negative statistical correlation with all the pre- and post-operative clinical scales, but presents statistical significance (p , 0.05) only with the post-operative Harris, the post-operative Oxford, the Harris and HOOS-modified post-operative, lameness, and Trendelenburg; it correlates positively with the quality of the macroscopic tendon detected intra-operatively, the degree of the pre-operative contralateral tendon, and the operated and contralateral pre-operative muscle (p , 0.05). The degree of fatty degeneration of the pre-operatively operated muscle correlates negatively (p , 0.05) with all pre- and post-operative clinical scales except for the pre-operative WOMAC and HOOS modified, with the lameness and the Trendelenburg sign; it correlates positively (p , 0.05) with age, the quality of the macroscopic tendon detected intra-operatively, degree of tendon degeneration, fatty infiltration of the contralateral pre- and ...
Clearly, the public vetting of politicians for mental health issues was not going to be simple. Part of the problem was that even some of the best analysts had a hard time bracketing their own politics when diagnosing public figures. Psychological profiles often read like political attacks-suggesting, for example, that Nixon bombed Cambodia because he needed to replenish his self-esteem. "We are danger of having the insights of psychotherapy," warned the political journalist Godfrey Hodgson in a 1981 book review, "used as a tool for character destruction, certainly for libel, potentially for revenge." Compounding the problem, people were using psychology to highlight a politicians negative traits-such as, in Nixons case, his lying, his narcissism, paranoia, his rage-but rarely what one analyst called the presidents "many ego strengths and adaptations" that might explain how he had risen as high as he did.. Commentators in the media also failed to distinguish among varieties of mental ...