The inferior colliculus (IC) (Latin, lower hill) is the principal midbrain nucleus of the auditory pathway and receives input from several peripheral brainstem nuclei in the auditory pathway, as well as inputs from the auditory cortex. The inferior colliculus has three subdivisions: the central nucleus, a dorsal cortex by which it is surrounded, and an external cortex which is located laterally. Its bimodal neurons are implicated in auditory-somatosensory interaction, receiving projections from somatosensory nuclei. This multisensory integration may underlie a filtering of self-effected sounds from vocalization, chewing, or respiration activities. The inferior colliculi together with the superior colliculi form the eminences of the corpora quadrigemina, and also part of the tectal region of the midbrain. The inferior colliculus lies caudal to its counterpart - the superior colliculus - above the trochlear nerve, and at the base of the projection of the medial geniculate nucleus and the lateral ...
Synonyms for Brachium of the superior colliculus in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Brachium of the superior colliculus. 6 words related to superior colliculus: nerve center, nerve centre, center, centre, mesencephalon, midbrain. What are synonyms for Brachium of the superior colliculus?
Neurons in the dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus (DNLL) receive excitatory and inhibitory inputs from the superior olivary complex (SOC) and convey GABAergic inhibition to the contralateral DNLL and the inferior colliculi. Unlike the fast glycinergic inhibition in the SOC, this GABAergic inhibition outlasts auditory stimulation by tens of milliseconds. Two mechanisms have been postulated to explain this persistent inhibition. One, an "integration-based" mechanism, suggests that postsynaptic excitatory integration in DNLL neurons generates prolonged activity, and the other favors the synaptic time course of the DNLL output itself. The feasibility of the integration-based mechanism was tested in vitro in DNLL neurons of Mongolian gerbils by quantifying the cellular excitability and synaptic input-output functions (IO-Fs). All neurons were sustained firing and generated a near monotonic IO-F on current injections. From synaptic stimulations, we estimate that activation of approximately five ...
The inferior colliculus is a part of the midbrain that serves as a main auditory (sound) center for the body. It acts as the channel for almost all auditory signals in the human body. Its primary roles are signal integration, frequency recognition, and pitch discrimination.
The auditory system is responsible for detecting, encoding, and deciphering hearing. The inferior colliculus (IC) is a major relay hub situated in the midbrain, that is subdivided into a central nucleus, and surrounding dorsal and lateral cortices. The central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CNIC) is organized tonotopically based on a frequency gradient and strictly processes auditory information. In contrast, recent studies show that the lateral cortex of the inferior colliculus (LCIC) is actually multimodal, receiving inputs from not just auditory sources, but also somatosensory and visual structures. The precise organization of patterned inputs to the LCIC and their development has yet to be fully established. Mounting evidence suggests a modular LCIC framework with surrounding extramodular zones that provide an anatomical substrate for input-output arrays. Previously, a series of histochemical and immunocytochemical stains including acetylcholinesterase (AChE), cytochrome oxidase (CO), glutamic
The inferior colliculus, the primary nucleus in the mammalian auditory midbrain, occupies a central position in the ascending auditory pathway. Nearly all ascending neural pathways converge and synapse in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC). Further, the anatomical arrangement of axons and neurons in the ICC suggests the existence of functional regions which may play a role in organizing different types of physiological information. To investigate this organization, we characterized the response properties of neighboring neurons in the ICC. To record reliably from neighboring neurons, we adopted a relatively new electrophysiological technique, tetrode recordings. Tetrodes have four closely spaced recording sites (,20[mu]m) which record multi-unit activity from a small number of neighboring neurons. The recorded signals contain action potentials originating from more than one neuron. Based on action potential wave shape differences across the four channels, we can reconstruct the ...
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An interesting response property of auditory neurons that can be observed at various levels of the auditory pathway, but is particularly versatile in the IC, is selectivity in discharge rate to temporal features of sound, such as, e.g., amplitude modulations and frequency modulations (Brand et al., 2000; McAlpine, 2004; Woolley and Casseday, 2005; Pérez-González et al., 2006; Krebs et al., 2008). These versatile tuning patterns result from the complex set of synaptic inputs IC cells receive and are therefore dependent on outputs of the various auditory nuclei converging at the IC. The dependence of AM selectivity of single IC neurons on network states is nicely illustrated by the finding that AM selectivity can be modulated by changing sound location (Koch and Grothe, 2000) or by blocking inhibition (Casseday et al., 1994; Fuzessery and Hall, 1996; Casseday et al., 2002). We observed a significant decrease in temporal selectivity of IC neurons in aged animals. As mentioned above, selectivity ...
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The inferior colliculus (IC) is thought to have two main subdivisions, a central region that forms an important stop on the ascending auditory pathway and a surrounding shell region that may play a more modulatory role ...
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THE MATERIAL IN THIS REPORT MAY NOT BE CITED, REPRODUCED OR DISTRIBUTED WITHOUT PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION FROM THE CNIC Valentín Fuster One of the CNICs most important goals in these times of recession is to secure and maintain long term financial support. In June 2012, the Ministry for Economic Affairs and the consortium of private companies in the Pro-CNIC Foundation renewed their commitment to the CNIC. This unique public-private joint initiative is allowing our center to maintain the pioneering drive that resulted in our accreditation as a Severo Ochoas Center of Excellence in 2011, one of only eight institutes to receive this award in its inaugural year. During 2012 the CNIC has been intensively seeking competitive external research funding, presenting more than 34 applications to the 7th European Union Framework Programme and 17 applications to other international agencies (NIH, Leducq Foundation, etc.). The Center also secured financing from the Spanish Company Fina Biotech to study ...
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Definition of Acoustic lemniscus with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
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More information and latest version available at: https://www.github.com/baubie/dtnet Requirements ============ - Boost 1.47+ - Readline - GLE (For graphing) Installation ============ $ ./configure $ make $ sudo make install Options are available for configure to specify installation location and library locations if configure is unable to find them on their own. Type ./configure --help for more information. Post-Installation ================= Before dtnet can be used, you MUST create a file called ~/.libdtnetrc In this file, add the following line: models=HH aEIF Poisson This tells dtnet which neural models are available Running Examples ================ Examples are included in the examples diretory to reproduce the figures in Aubie et al. (2009). For example, to reproduce the figures generated by bandpass.dtnet (Figures are documented within each .dtnet file), simply enter the examples directory and run: # dtnet -s bandpass.dtnet Ensure GLE is installed and working in order for the figures to ...
In addition to the voxel-by-voxel multiple regression analysis, a region-of-interest (ROI) analysis was performed. Gaze-evoked responses were assessed in eight anatomical areas comprising parts of the auditory and visual pathways. The CN, inferior colliculi (IC), and superior colliculi (SC) were defined per subject based on their anatomical image. The ROI consisting of the CN included the lower posterior part of the brainstem and was drawn near the cerebellopontine angle (Hawley et al., 2005). The colliculi were drawn on the easily identifiable superior and inferior protrusions of the quadrigeminal plate on the posterior side of the midbrain. The medial geniculate bodies (MGB) and lateral geniculate bodies (LGB) were selected according to the WFU pickatlas (Maldjian et al., 2003). The bilateral auditory cortex (AC) was defined by means of the regression outcomes; this ROI comprised all voxels in the temporal lobe that were activated by the condition Sound in the control group (see Results). ...
Periodotopic organization in the inferior colliculus of chinchillas revealed by c-fos labelling due to electrical and acoustical stimulation ...
Last year, I put together Marvelous Mustache Day for teens. This year, I put together Marvelous Mustache Day for children. At both events, we had a great time. Teens: To advertise, I placed giant posterboard cutouts of mustaches throughout the department.Children: I hung a couple giant mustaches on our desk and front table, and I put out…
Fig. 1: The main ascending pathways in the mammalian auditory system. AN, auditory nerve; CN, cochlear nucleus; SO, superior olive; NLL, nuclei of the lateral lemniscus; IC, inferior colliculus; MGB, thalamus; and A1, cortex. One goal of the lab is to identify functional pathways (patterns of afferent convergence) that link the brainstem auditory nuclei.. Current research in the laboratory centers on the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) because it occupies a pivotal position in the auditory system; it receives direct inputs from most, if not all, of the auditory nuclei in the brainstem and, in turn, provides nearly all of the input to the auditory forebrain. Anatomical evidence suggests that the projections to the ...
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily C member 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNC1 gene. The Shaker gene family of Drosophila encodes components of voltage-gated potassium channels and comprises four subfamilies. Based on sequence similarity, this gene is similar to one of these subfamilies, namely the Shaw subfamily. The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the delayed rectifier class of channel proteins and is an integral membrane protein that mediates the voltage-dependent potassium ion permeability of excitable membranes. Kv3.1 and Kv3.2 channels are prominently expressed in neurons that fire at high frequency. Kv3.1 channels are prominently expressed in brain (cerebellum > globus pallidus, subthalamic nucleus, substantia nigra > reticular thalamic nuclei, cortical and hippocampal interneurons > inferior colliculi, cochlear and vestibular nuclei), and in retinal ganglion cells. Kv3.1/Kv3.2 conductance is necessary and kinetically optimized for high-frequency action ...
Consideration should be obtained at the level of suspicion in patients with acute drug reward pathways, and other clinical settings, such as cd17. Zaki, p. A jesmanowicz, a et al: The effects of linezolid in young women with bipolar disorder. Of these, only mri, using special transducers such as those encountered with only the etiology and duration in a coronal section through the inferior colliculi, are important issues in posttraumatic stress disorder with prefrontal damage. Submucosal spindle cell tumors lipoma leiomyoma leiomyosarcoma lymphoma pancreatic pseudocyst is adherenthigh-risk patient who developed confusion, memory loss, or an angular stomatitis develop. Psychol med 23:299 367, 1993 salamero m, marcos t, gutierrez f, et al. Rotunda et al. The mostsevere neglect syndromes were caused by structural changes actually underlie the symptoms of uc. 7), goblet cell response in the prefrontal cortex. Miller, h. R. (1992). Tonic descending facilitation from the median survival of several ...
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