In this paper, we investigated inequalities in the distribution of neonatal and postneonatal mortality in rural areas of Iran over the course of 16 years. Our findings showed that despite notable decreases in neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates over the study period, inequalities in distribution of these measures in Iran persisted, and higher neonatal and postneonatal mortality rates were still reported in areas of lower socioeconomic status.. The regression models built to evaluate neonatal mortality rates showed that the proportions of births occurring in hospitals and literate women of reproductive age were associated with lower mortality rates; additionally, higher neonatal mortality rates were observed in areas with a higher proportion of infants classified as having low birth weight. Moreover, in the evaluation of postneonatal mortality rates, the proportion of births occurring in hospitals and to younger mothers were associated with lower mortality rates.. We also evaluated ...
Downloadable! This paper examines the relationship between health aid and infant mortality, using data from in total 135 countries (for the purposes of this study, developing countries), between 1975 and 2010. Utilizing both conventional Instrumental Variable and System GMM approaches, a tentative conclusion can be drawn that aid comes to have a statistically significant and positive effect on infant mortality rate, as doubling of aid leads to an approximately 1.3% reduction in infant mortality rates. Thus for an average aid recipient country, doubling per capita aid leads to a reduction of about 790 deaths per million live births in a particular year. This effect, in comparison to the set goals of the Millennium Development Goals, is small and may not be enough to ensure that the MDG targets are met by 2015.
Preface This report presents data from the National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) project. The NIMS project was a collaborative effort between the Public Health Service and states to address the issue of infant mortality. Factors that affected the risk of infant mortality for single-born infants included birthweight, race, sex, gestation, birth order, maternal age and education, and prenatal care. The most important predictor for infant survival was birthweight, with improved survival for both blacks and whites associated with increased birthweights. Overall, black infants had twice the mortality risk of white infants. The higher risk for blacks was related to higher prevalence of low birthweight and to higher mortality risks in both the neonatal and postneonatal periods. In general, the black-white differential exists regardless of other infant and maternal characteristics. Findings from NIMS have been published in a special section of Public Health Reports (March-April 1987) and ...
September is dedicated to raising awareness about infant mortality in order to help expecting mothers seek out the best possible pre-natal care. Infant mortality refers to the death of a baby before it reaches its first birthday. Though infant mortality continues to decline in the United States, the U.S. still ranks 23rd among industrialized nations in the world in infant mortality. Although its difficult to draw comparisons with other countries, its evident that the high rate of low birth weight in the U.S. is the major reason for the country?s unrelenting high rate of infant mortality. In particular, its a critical public health issue for African American families, as well as for Native Americans and Hispanics.. To align your organization with this cause, show your support with an infant mortality awareness promotion. You can organize special programs for the parents-to-be at your company, encouraging quality pre-natal and healthy behavior during the gestation period, which spans from ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Foreign aid is used by recipient economies to ease the otherwise existing resource constraints. One of the areas to which aid has been directed is the health sector. To name a few, health-aid is used to provide basic health infrastructure, basic nutrition, infectious disease control, health education, and health personnel development. However, not enough attention has been paid to health-aids effectiveness on health outcomes. Our findings suggest that health-aid does not have a significant impact on infant mortality - one of the major health indicators for the developing countries. We however, find that gross domestic product per capita and primary levels of education are both important determinants of infant mortality. Physician stock to some extent also does influence.
Data & statistics on Infant mortality rate in London Bills: The infant mortality rate (up to 12 months of age) for Croydon for 2007-2009 was 5 deaths of children aged under one year per 1,000 live births. This was higher than the rate for London and England., Croydon London England, Profile of children subject to a CPP...
The purpose of this study was to identify disparities in neonatal, post-neonatal, and overall infant mortality rates among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks gestation) and early term (37-38 weeks gestation) by race/ethnicity, maternal age, and plurality. In analyses of 2003-2005 data from US period linked birth/infant death datasets, we compared infant mortality rates by race/ethnicity, maternal age, and plurality among infants born late preterm or early term and also determined the leading causes of death among these infants. Among infants born late preterm, infants born to American Indian/Alaskan Native, non-Hispanic black, or teenage mothers had the highest infant mortality rates per 1,000 live births (14.85, 9.90, and 11.88 respectively). Among infants born early term, corresponding mortality rates were 5.69, 4.49, and 4.82, respectively. Among infants born late preterm, singletons had a higher infant mortality rate than twins (8.59 vs. 5.62), whereas among infants born early term, the ...
reports that infant mortality dropped from 6.7 to 5.9 per thousand live births between 1995 and 1996, a 12% drop. Infant mortality nationwide dropped five percent in the same period, from 7.6 to 7.2 per thousand live births.According to Dr. Irwin Silberman, county director of Family Health Programs, part of the reason the countys rate is better than the national average is "because of its high percentage of Hispanic and Asian women" who "do better than non-Hispanic Caucasians when it comes to infant mortality." He said, "These are women who are survivors. They are strong and well-nourished, and they live in families with strong support systems." Silberman cited other factors contributing to the infant mortality decline, including "better access to health care, improved public health efforts, advances in medical sciences and technology, and lower rates of substance abuse, crime and violence." He said, "You have to look at it as a package of good things that have been happening to women." Dr. ...
According to the NCHS Data Brief (10/08), the infant mortality rate declined during the 20th century but has not declined significantly since 2000. Researchers, policy makers, and parents are concerned about the historically recent stagnation in the infant mortality rate. This fact in and of itself does not concern me - the rate that is.…
Objective. In recent years, gains in neonatal survival have been most evident among very low birth weight, preterm, and low birth weight (LBW) infants. Most of the improvement in neonatal survival since the early 1980s seems to be the consequence of decreasing birth weight-specific mortality rates, which occurred during a period of increasing preterm and LBW rates. Although the decline in neonatal mortality has been widely publicized in the United States, research suggests that clinicians may still underestimate the chances of survival of an infant who is born too early or too small and may overestimate the eventuality of serious disability. So that clinicians may have current and needed ethnic- and race-specific estimates of the "chances" of early survival for newborn infants, we examined birth weight/gestational age-specific neonatal mortality rates for the 3 largest ethnic/racial groups in the United States: non-Hispanic whites, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic blacks. Marked racial variation in ...
Background Infant mortality can be an essential signal of people wellness within a nation. HA14-1 using Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation. Simulation-based Bayesian kriging was used HA14-1 to produce maps of all-cause and cause-specific mortality risk. Results Infant mortality increased significantly over the study period, mainly due to the effect of the HIV epidemic. There was a high burden of neonatal mortality (especially perinatal) with several hot spots observed in close proximity to health facilities. Significant risk factors for all-cause infant mortality were mothers death in first 12 months (most commonly due to HIV), death of earlier sibling and increasing quantity of household deaths. Becoming given birth to to a Mozambican mother posed a significant risk for infectious and parasitic deaths, particularly acute diarrhoea and malnutrition. Conclusions This study demonstrates the use of Bayesian geostatistical models in assessing risk factors and producing clean maps of infant ...
The Commission was charged with conducting an inventory of all state programs that may impact infant mortality and their available funding streams, as well as to evaluate each programs performance in improving the infant mortality rate in this state.. The Commission considered a variety of approaches including developing better data practices, cultivating collaboration between state and local initiatives, conducting public awareness campaigns, developing screening tools to focus resources on areas with the most pressing need, and addressing the social determinants of health. Furthermore, the Commission was clear in all its discussions that successes in reducing the overall rate of infant mortality without also favorably impacting the disparity between white and black babies would be nothing more than a hollow victory.. The recommendations recognize that changes are needed inside and outside the health care system and at the state and local levels to address and remove barriers that prevent too ...
A Milwaukee ad agency is using a different approach than the Nationwide ad seen during the Super Bowl to draw attention to infant mortality.
While earlier parts of this article have addressed the racial differences in infant deaths, a closer look into the effects of racial differences within the country is necessary to view discrepancies. Non-Hispanic Black women lead all other racial groups in IMR with a rate of 11.3, while the Infant Mortality Rate among white women is 5.1.[117] Black women in the United States experience a shorter life expectancy than white women, so while a higher IMR amongst black women is not necessarily out of line, it is still rather disturbing.[118] While the popular argument leads to the idea that due to the trend of a lower socio-economic status had by black women there is in an increased likelihood of a child suffering. While this does correlate, the theory that it is the contributing factor falls apart when we look at Latino IMR in the United States. Latino people are almost just as likely to experience poverty as blacks in the U.S., however, the Infant Mortality Rate of Latinos is much closer to white ...
An estimated 2 maternal deaths occur daily among black women in the U.S. This is linked to poor health care options for American-Americans.
OBJECTIVE: The rate of preterm births has been increasing in the United States, especially for births 34 to 36 weeks of gestation (late preterm), which now constitute 71% of all preterm births. The causes for these trends remain unclear. We characterized the delivery indications for late preterm births and their potential impact on neonatal and infant mortality rates.. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the 2001 US Birth Cohort Linked birth/death files of 3 483 496 singleton births, we categorized delivery indications as follows: (1) maternal medical conditions; (2) obstetric complications; (3) major congenital anomalies; (4) isolated spontaneous labor: vaginal delivery without induction and without associated medical/obstetric factors; and (5) no recorded indication.. RESULTS: Of the 292 627 late-preterm births, the first 4 categories (those with indications and isolated spontaneous labor) accounted for 76.8%. The remaining 23.2% (67 909) were classified as deliveries with no recorded indication. ...
Sir, - Dr James Deeney, chief medical officer at the Department of Health in the 1940s, wrote a memoir, To Cure and to Care. In it he mentions the very high infant mortality rate in Bessborough mother and baby home in Cork. He described how the Department of Health closed it down until the source of the infection was identified and addressed. This led to a real and dramatic reduction in the number of infant deaths. - Yours, etc,. CILIAN Ó SÚILLEABHÁIN,. Cork. ...
New state figures show a slight drop in Ohios overall infant mortality rate, though the rate for black infants is nearly three times that of whites.
Premature births are the main reason that the U.S. infant mortality rate is higher than in most European countries, according to a government report issued November 3. In the U.S. one in eight births is premature. These births are much less common in Europe, and in Ireland and Finland only one in eighteen babies is premature.
The purpose of this research was to study infant mortality and their rates in Duval County, Florida. Infant mortality rate is the estimate of infant deaths per 1,000 li..
Which country requires the most infant vaccine doses and yet has the highest infant mortality rate? Yes, that would be the United States, based on new rese
In an attempt to check infant mortality rate, Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illnesses (IMNCI) programme was launched in city on Thursday with an objective to train basic health workers including ANMs and ASHAs to provide better medical care to newborn to save their lives ...
The disturbing high infant mortality rate in South Africa is highlighted through awareness campaigns such as Pregnancy Week, held from 12 - 18 February this year.
Center for Health Reporting, Analysis, John Gonzales, Posted: January 2, 2013. A consistent theme has emerged from the federal Healthy Start program since its founding in 1991: Infant mortality is not tackled during the 9 months of a womans pregnancy alone.. "If we really want to improve pregnancy outcomes and reduce infant mortality in this country, we need to start improving womens health before pregnancy," said Dr. Michael Lu, the programs director.. Accordingly, Lu is listening to program managers nationwide to chart a course for the third major reboot of the program, "Healthy Start 3.0.". Healthy Start is the federal governments signature program focused on reducing infant mortality. Not to be confused with the state education program of the same name, it is funded at just under $105 million nationwide and was reauthorized through 2013 with solid bipartisan support.. Lu, a medical doctor and former UCLA professor who has been a leading researcher on infant mortality, says much of the ...
Fewer babies are dying in the United States than a decade ago, according to NBC News. The U.S. infant mortality rate, which is higher than in other developed countries, is down 15 percent over the last...
After holding steady from 2000 through 2005, the US infant mortality rate dropped 12% from 2005 through 2011, according to a new CDC report . In 2011, the rate was 6.05 deaths of babies less than a year... Health News Summaries. | Newser
Today in Boston, black infants such as Destiny are more likely to celebrate their first birthdays than ever before. A report scheduled to be released Friday shows that infant mortality -- the measure of how many babies die during the first year of life -- has reached a historic low for black children.
Aaron Carroll: So why is our infant mortality so bad?: ...Everyone knows that in international comparisons, the infant mortality rate in the US is terrible. Some people think its because we code things differently and try harder to save premature...
The overall infant mortality rate in the U.S. in 1993 was 8.4 deaths per 1, 000 live births, a new low. Provisional data for 1994 show the infant mortality rate dropping to 7.9. In 1993 for white infants the rate was 6.8, while for black infants the rate was 16.5. Although significant gaps in infant mortality remain between the black and white population, there was a larger decline in mortality for black infants from 1992 to 1993 than for white infants ...
Background The Programme for the Awareness and Elimination of Diarrhoea (PAED) was a pilot comprehensive diarrhoea prevention and control programme aimed to reduce post-neonatal, all-cause under-five mortality by 15?% in Lusaka Province. probability of dying after the 28th day and before the fifth birthday among children aged 1C59 months. The Kaplan-Meier time to event analysis was used to estimate the probability of death; multiplying this probability by 1000 to yield the post-neonatal mortality rate. Survival-time inverse probability weighting model was used to estimate Average Treatment Effect (ATE). Results The percentage of children under age 5 who had diarrhoea in the last 2?weeks preceding the survey declined from 15.8?% (95?% CI: 15.2?%, 16.4?%) in 2012 to 12.7?% (95?% CI: 12.3?%, 13.2?%) in 2015. Over the same period, mortality in post-neonatal children under 5?years of age declined by 34?%, from an estimated rate of 29 deaths per 1000 live births (95 % CI: (26, 32) death per 1000 live ...
Acknowledging the high infant mortality was an immense health concern for the nation, Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad informed the parliament of Indian scenario which is worse than its neighbours.
A series of in-depth articles appeared in The Commercial Appeal in 2005 about infant mortality in Shelby County, Tennessee and was followed by the 2006 Governors Summit, which was focused on the problem statewide. These events became the catalysts for increasing awareness of infant mortality and its associated disparities in Shelby County. This growing awareness…
The plan includes not only goals but also outlines the efforts and progress made during the 2012-2015 Infant Mortality Reduction Plan. According to the 2014 estimate, the state rate is currently down to 6.75 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, nearing the Healthy People 2020 goal of six infant deaths per 1,000 live births ...
A shocking research study published on May 4, 2011, shows a link between the number of vaccinations given to infants and an increase in infant mortality rate, (IMR). The study, published in the peer reviewed international journal, Human & Experimental Toxicology, looked at the infant mortality rate (IMR) for 34 nations including the United States, and compared that to the number of vaccinations given in the first year of life. In the studys introduction, the authors note that infant mortality rate (IMR) is one of the most important measures of childrens health and overall development in countries. In developing nations, IMRs are higher because the basic necessities, such as clean water, good nutrition, good sanitation, and easy access to health care, are lacking or unevenly distributed. In developed nations, such as the US, these factors do not come into play and are not primarily responsible for IMR statistics. n this study, a literature review was conducted to compare the immunization schedules
I have a question regarding the following: *Excluded are congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities from the hospital group. This may not include all lethal anomalies, as some may be labeled as something else, like cardiac disease, for example. Were these excluded in the MANA study also? I only ask because I wonder if its a possibility that some of the deaths among the homebirths in the MANA study were attributed to any of these. I see this as a possibility because there are women who homebirth who choose to forego the screens and tests that would detect these anomalies, which would then include the baby in the neonatal mortality rates among homebirth but not have been a result of the decision to have a home birth. If they are included in the MANA study, and not in the hospital numbers used to compare to, how can we be sure there is an actual increase in neonatal mortality in homebirth? Especially since there are studies that show little to no significant difference ...
Among the possible causes of the decline are various targeted new public health initiatives and improved access to water and sanitation. A Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition using Demographic and Health Survey data shows that the increased ownership of insecticide-treated bednets in endemic malaria zones explains 39 percent of the decline in postneonatal mortality and 58 percent of the decline in infant mortality. Changes in other observable candidate factors do not explain substantial portions of the decline. The portion of the decline not explained may be associated with generalized trends such as the overall improvement in living standards that has taken place with economic growth ...
The study, entitled Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity?, was conducted by Neil Z. Miller and Gary S. Goldman. It was published in the reputable Human and Experimental Toxicology journal, which is indexed by the National Library of Medicine...Despite the fact that the United States administers the highest number of vaccine doses to children in the entire developed world, 26 before infants reach the age of one, its infant mortality rate is higher than 33 other nations, all of which administer less vaccines. The study clearly illustrates the fact that developed countries which administer less vaccines have lower infant mortality rates, suggesting a direct statistical link between vaccination side-effects and infant deaths ...
Belatedly but with unprecedented determination, South Africa is slowly preparing to fill the gaping holes in its health system that contribute directly to between a quarter and half of all avoidable maternal, neonatal and child deaths. That is the opinion of Professor Bob Pattinson, Director of the Medical Research Councils (MRCs) Maternal and Infant Health Care Strategies Research Unit and a key government advisor. Interviewed at the 19th World Congress of Gynaecology and Obstetrics held in Cape Town last October, Pattinson was asked for a local outlook given South Africas comparatively dismal maternal and increasing infant mortality rates. South Africa is one of only 12 countries in which mortality rates for children have consistently risen since 1990, the baseline year for the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). Pattinson and his research have produced papers showing that thousands of deaths of mothers and babies can be prevented at district hospital level - where little has changed since ...
At Marys Center, we love children, and we want to see them happy and healthy. Vaccines play an important part in child health. In commemoration of National Infant Immunization Week (April 22 - April 29, 2017), one of our pediatricians, Dr. Christian Cornejo, answers some common questions about vaccinations. ...
This past Saturday marked the beginning of National Infant Immunization Week, an annual observance by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to promote the benefits of immunizations and to improve the health of children under the age of two.  
Having trouble viewing this email? View it as a Web page. You are subscribed to National Infant Immunization Week (NIIW) Activities for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Activities have been added for Connecticut and Texas. To see what is planned, visit NIIW State and Territorial Activities. What are your NIIW plans? Share your…
GPs must target their resources on disadvantaged families to cut the growing disparity in infant mortality rates, according to public health minister Caroline Flint.
Impoverished Third World countries often find themselves at the bottom of lists when it comes to infant mortality rates. There is a part of Milwaukee
With a view to improve neonatal survival, data on birth outcomes are critical for planning maternal and child health care services. We present information on neonatal survival from Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in Tanzania, regarding the influence of mothers age and other related factors on neonatal survival of first and second births. The study conducted analysis using longitudinal health and demographic data collected from Ifakara HDSS in parts of Kilombero and Ulanga districts in Morogoro region. The analysis included first and second live births that occurred within six years (2004-2009) and the unit of observation was a live birth. A logistic regression model was used to assess the influence of socio-demographic factors on neonates survival. A total of 18,139 first and second live births were analyzed. We found neonatal mortality rate of 32 per 1000 live births (95% CI: 29/1000-34/1000). Results from logistic regression model indicated increase in risk of neonatal
IMNCI has been implemented in India with a view to reduce neonatal and infant mortality by strengthening community based management of neonates, infants and children. First 10 days of neonatal life are very critical. IM(N)CI envisages 3-6 home visits to neonates within first 10 days of life. It has been shown in several studies that home visit by a health worker reduces the chances of neonatal death. A field-worker trained in supportive supervision of IMNCI, visits previously trained IMNCI worker, evaluates her field activities and skills and provides her hands-on in-situ training. The worker is revisited and supported six times over a period of 1 year and her performance reviewed again on key indicators. The changes in field performance, skills and its outcomes are noted by the field worker through a structured format and analysed by a data analyst in excel. The trained workers were given composite scores on four key areas of performance viz. Assessment, Classification, Treatment and ...
The association of maternal age with infant mortality, child anthropometric failure, diarrhoea and anaemia for first births: evidence from 55 low- and middle-income countries ...
Infant mortality has shown a steady decline in recent years but a marked socioeconomic gradient persists. Antenatal care is generally thought to be an effective method of improving pregnancy outcomes, but the effectiveness of specific antenatal care
In a recent population-based study, researchers assessed the risk of stillbirth and infant mortality associated with the use of SSRIs during pregnancy.
Preliminary infant mortality figures from Milwaukee show 84 babies died last year, a drop from the previous two years. But the city also had its lowest number of live births in 40 years.
A new study by researcher at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests that infant mortality in the developing world can reduced by 15 per cent by administering