STEIN, Dan J et al. Perpetration of gross human rights violations in South Africa: association with psychiatric disorders. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2009, vol.99, n.5, pp.390-395. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: A nationally representative study of psychiatric disorders in South Africa provided an opportunity to study the association between perpetration of human rights violations (HRVs) during apartheid and psychiatric disorder. Prior work has suggested an association between perpetration and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but this remains controversial. METHODS: Subjects reported on their perpetration of human rights violations, purposeful injury, accidental injury and domestic violence. Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition) disorders were assessed with Version 3.0 of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0). Socio-demographic characteristics of these groups were calculated. Odds ...
by Athena Kolbe, Dr. Royce Hutson. Reliable evidence of the frequency and severity of human rights abuses in Haiti after the departure of the elected president in 2004 was scarce. We assessed data from a random survey of households in the greater Port-au-Prince area. METHODS: Using random Global Positioning System (GPS) coordinate sampling, 1260 households (5720 individuals) were sampled. They were interviewed with a structured questionnaire by trained interviewers about their experiences after the departure of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. The response rate was 90.7%. Information on demographic characteristics, crime, and human rights violations was obtained. FINDINGS: Our findings suggested that 8000 individuals were murdered in the greater Port-au-Prince area during the 22-month period assessed. Almost half of the identified perpetrators were government forces or outside political actors. Sexual assault of women and girls was common, with findings suggesting that 35,000 women were ...
BRASILIA Brazil (AP) - Brazilian legislators have started investigating human rights abuses committed during the South American countrys past military regime. Congresswoman Luiza Erundina tells reporters the move is meant to Full version (available...
Ten years after the fall of Saddam Hussein, Iraq remains enmeshed in a grim cycle of human rights abuses, Amnesty International said in a report Monday.
Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as chromosomes, gonads, or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies". Such variations may involve genital ambiguity, and combinations of chromosomal genotype and sexual phenotype other than XY-male and XX-female. Intersex infants and children may be subject to stigma, discrimination and human rights violations, including in education, employment and medical settings. Human rights violations in medical settings are increasingly recognized as human rights abuses. Other human rights and legal issues include the right to life, access to justice and reparations, access to information, and legal recognition. Implementation of rights protections in legislation and regulation has been slower. Few countries so far protect intersex people from discrimination, or provide access to reparations for harmful practices. This page summarizes reports and ...
The following letter was sent on behalf of international, regional, and national organizations to express urgent concerns over the threats, intimidation and criminalization of Indigenous Penan families protesting at the Murum Hydroelectric Dam site in Sarawak. It can be downloaded here: Human Rights Violations of Penan Indigenous Protesters at Murum Dam Site. Monday 11th November, 2013. Dato Sri Mohammed Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak. Office of the Prime Minister. Main Block, Perdana Putra Building. Federal Government Administrative Centre. 62502 Putrajaya, MALAYSIA. Via e-mail: [email protected]. RE: Situation of Penan Families At Murum Dam Site, Sarawak. Dear Prime Minister Najib,. On behalf of the undersigned organizations, we are writing to express our serious concern about the situation of hundreds of Indigenous Penan women, men and children who are peacefully protesting at the site of the Murum Hydroelectric Project and have been cordoned off by a barricade of armed police, as of 5 November, ...
The following video only begins to tell the gruesome tale: News reports of Chen Guangcheng, who escaped house arrest just over a week ago, drew Americas attention to Chinas human rights violations last week, despite the the fact that many mainstream news outlets initially failed to report on Chens staunch pro-life advocacy. Not surprisingly, anti-abortion groups also…
Rt. Hon David Cameron. 10 Downing Street. London. SW1A 2AA. Dear Prime Minister,. I am writing in response to your comments about Indonesia during your trip there last week. While you were right to say that Indonesia has made significant progress in terms of the consolidation of democracy and the growth of a strong civil society and independent media, I respectfully suggest that you have overstated the extent of Indonesias "transformation", and therefore the extent to which it should be championed by the UK as a model for other Muslim-majority countries to emulate. Specifically, Human Rights Watch remains very concerned by serious, ongoing human rights abuses in Indonesia.. While Indonesias senior officials pay lip service to protecting human rights, they have done far too little to ensure accountability for human rights abuses committed by Indonesian security forces. As you know, the Indonesian military is still actively engaged in an internal armed conflict in Papua. You yourself, two years ...
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), an autonomous organ of the Organisation of American States (OAS), held a hearing on the "general situation of human rights in Paraguay" in Washington, US, on Friday and various Paraguayan organisations brought grievances to address.. Among the most important issues presented were the Curuguaty Massacre of last June and the so-called parliamentary coup against Fernando Lugo last year. The organisations demanded that the commission urge Paraguayan state investigation into the allegations of torture in the Curuguaty incident.. They also asked for clarification regarding the procedure for the seizure of lands belonging to the Cuyabia indigenous community. The same request was made on the continuous felling of the Ayoreo Totobiegosode Natural and Cultural Heritage Site.. The organisations alerted the Commission to the recent murders of three farming leaders. They also asked them to help get the threats against human rights advocates in the ...
Impunity means "exemption from punishment or loss or escape from fines". In the international law of human rights, it refers to the failure to bring perpetrators of human rights violations to justice and, as such, itself constitutes a denial of the victims right to justice and redress. Impunity is especially common in countries that lack a tradition of the rule of law, suffer from corruption or that have entrenched systems of patronage, or where the judiciary is weak or members of the security forces are protected by special jurisdictions or immunities. The amended Set of Principles for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights Through Action to Combat Impunity, submitted to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on 8 February 2005, defines impunity as: "the impossibility, de jure or de facto, of bringing the perpetrators of violations to account - whether in criminal, civil, administrative or disciplinary proceedings - since they are not subject to any inquiry that might lead to ...
This hearing examined evidence that, as Egypts political and social crisis persists, violence against Coptic women and girls is escalating, including kidnappings, forced conversions, and other human rights abuses. According to a new report released at the hearing by Michele Clark, at least 550 Coptic women and girls over the last five years have been kidnapped from their communities. The few who have been found suffered human rights abuses including forced conversion, rape, forced marriage, beatings, and domestic servitude while being held by their captors, raising the question
Diamonds are a luxury fashion commodity and anything that tarnishes the public perception of diamonds can cause irreparable damage to the brand image in a relatively short period. The diamond brand image suffered badly in the 90s as a result of the exposure by Global Witness of diamond-funded gross human rights violation in some African countries. The term "blood diamonds" became widely know and the a film of that name starring Leonardo di-Caprio cemented the public association between diamonds and gross human rights violations. In response, the industry introduced regulations known as the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP) which purports to end the trade in "conflict diamonds". However, the KP was seriously flawed from the outset as it only regulates "rough diamonds used by rebel groups…." As a result of this sleight of hand the Israeli diamond industry evades the regulations, and regardless of what human rights violations they may be funding, Israeli diamonds cannot be classed as ...
In other words, in the large majority of cases that were Concluded or Withdrawn, the process had not reached a mutually satisfactory outcome. Only 49 from our 191 cases in this category were resolved to the satisfaction of both parties. If we take this as a global proportion of all cases we analysed, then approximately 1 in 8 of the total number of 403 cases reached an outcome that satisfied both the corporation and the complainant. Counted as an annual total this equates to around 3-4 cases per year.. In scrutinising the detail of those cases, we found a series of blockages in the system that prevented a mutually satisfactory conclusion. Our analysis identified four major weaknesses within the Guidelines rooted in its voluntary characteristics. Firstly, companies often refuse to engage with NCPs. Secondly, NCPs often display a lack of political will to intervene in ways that challenge corporations. Thirdly, even if there was a clearer political will, NCPs cannot oblige or coerce companies ...
In Canada and around the world, the issue of human rights sanctions and the Sergei Magnitsky case have drawn strong interest, and rightly so.
In June 2003, Amnesty International published reports of human rights abuse by the U.S. military and its coalition partners at detention centers and prisons in Iraq.[21] These included reports of brutal treatment at Abu Ghraib prison, which had once been used by the government of Saddam Hussein, and had been taken over by the United States after the invasion. On June 20, 2003, Abdel Salam Sidahmed, Deputy Director of AIs Middle East Program, described an uprising by the prisoners against the conditions of their detention, saying "The notorious Abu Ghraib Prison, centre of torture and mass executions under Saddam Hussein, is yet again a prison cut off from the outside world. On 13 June there was a protest in this prison against indefinite detention without trial. Troops from the occupying powers killed one person and wounded seven."[21]. On July 23, 2003, Amnesty International issued a press release condemning widespread human rights abuses by U.S. and coalition forces. The release stated that ...
Posted November 10, 1999 In some parts of India, poor people use their kidneys as collateral for money lenders who have come to expect desperate people to sell their body organs. In South Africa, eyes from the corpses of poor -- mostly black -- people in police mortuaries have been harvested without consent and delivered to a local eye bank, then appear later at medical centers in other countries. These are two examples of a growing international traffic in human organs that until now has been largely unmonitored and prone to human rights abuses. This week, a new Organs Watch program, the only one of its kind in the world, was launched by four professors -- two from Berkeley and two from Columbia University Medical School. Their new documentation center located at Berkeley will investigate reports and rumors of human rights abuses surrounding organ trafficking, identify hot spots where abuse may be occurring and begin to define the line between ethical transplant surgery and practices that are ...
This article in the Journal of Medical Ethics was directed at Archi from the Editor of E&P, and has got me all thoughtful about how a simple understanding of statistics is essential to everyone, even those working with the judiciary.. The team writing this study reviewed the decisions of forensic physicians who were determining if the age of adolescents involved in French judicial proceedings for criminal or asylum purposes, looking to see if their decisions were supported by the best quality evidence. The key finding - that they often were not - seemed to frequently centre on the average.. Let me explain. If a wrist X-ray gives a skeletal age of 8 years 2 months … this isnt true. Its the average age of the folk who were x-rayed to make up the atlas. Some might have been 7 years, others 9 years 10 months. The truth is most likely to be about 8yr 2m, but may be wildly different. The spread of ages is captured with the standard deviation, and about 95% of the ages will be within 2 standard ...
I couldnt disagree with you more, but we need to clear away the areas of common ground in order to figure out exactly where our disagreement lies. I agree with you that there should be a general presumption in favour of state sovereignty in international affairs. Such a presumption provides alibis for dictators, but it also protects weak but democratic states from more powerful neighbours. Where states are democratic, their sovereignty is also an expression of their peoples right to self-determination. So there are reasons of principle not to interfere in states whose internal affairs we find disagreeable. I also accept that human rights abuses, by themselves, do not legitimise military intervention. Other kinds of soft intervention-formal protests, assistance to persecuted groups, boycotts and sanctions-are preferable. Military intervention should always be an instrument of absolute last resort. So the question is to define when human rights abuses in another country justify that last ...
The death penalty, the Supreme Court claims, is an act of retribution; so whatever suffering the condemned endure is part of the price they pay for their crimes. Punishment, after all, is meant to inflict pain. And while the Court disapproves of any form of physical abuse of prisoners (such as beatings, prolonged sleep deprivation, or withholding food and water or necessary medications), thus far it has ignored mental suffering endured by men and women condemned to death. In the Courts reasoning, even though life sentences without parole are available, only a death for a death will do. In Gregg, the Court says: Retribution is an expression of the communitys belief that certain crimes are themselves so grievous an affront to humanity that the only adequate response may be the penalty of death. And, as I noted in my letter to Pope John Paul II, the U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that killing human beings is not an assault on their dignity. Thus, by legal ...
29 April 2017. ...We have read IDIs report and while we share concern for the communities negatively impacted by some of the projects mentioned, we find many factual inaccuracies in the report. As it has been communicated to IDI on numerous occasions during the report compilation, many of the sub-projects mentioned either pre-date or fall outside the scope of IFCs investment with the financial institutions (FIs) mentioned. In many other cases, the FIs have no exposure to the projects cited.... In leveraging our reach and scale through financial intermediaries, however, IFC cannot have the same level of oversight of the sub-projects supported by our FI clients as with our direct investments. But this work is a development imperative, and we are committed to supporting our clients and reducing the E&S risks in our portfolio. As part of this ongoing process, we are making some important additional improvements to the way we work, as our CEO, Philippe Le Houérou explains in his blog "Re-examining ...
Millions Suffer While The Government Is Rewarded By The Clinton Administration By Rep. Chris Smith _The following article contains the remarks of United States…
To get a full picture of how palm production impacts an entire ecosystem and the many dynamic individuals that call that system home, lets take a look into the environmental, animal, and human impact of palm oil production.
'The situation in the United States is a far cry from the ideals that Washington proclaims,' says a newly-released report on global injustice.
post 9/11 civil and/or human rights abuses. Examples of questions that essays might engage include the following ones: what role does testimonial evidence of human rights abuses play in ...
We do not open attachments. Stop e-mailing them. Threats and abusive e-mail are not covered by any privacy rule. This isnt to the reporters at a certain paper (keep em coming, they are funny). This is for the likes of failed comics who think they can threaten via e-mails and then whine, "E-mails are supposed to be private." E-mail threats will be turned over to the FBI and they will be noted here with the names and anything I feel like quoting. This also applies to anyone writing to complain about a friend of mine. Thats not why the public account exists ...
This case is one of several brought against Shell in relation to the violent suppression of the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni people, a group campaigning for the rights of local people and protesting against pollution caused by oil companies. Nine of the Movements members, including its leader, well-known writer Ken Saro-Wiwa, were hanged in 1995 after being convicted of murder by a military tribunal. The executions of the Ogoni nine, as they are known globally, were condemned by governments and human rights activists around the world.. Since the Second World War and the Nuremberg war crimes trials, international law has held that human rights abuses can be prosecuted around the globe. A motion to have the original case dismissed on the grounds that it could more conveniently be heard in England was overturned, with the Court of Appeals ruling the United States was a proper forum because the defendants had an office in New York.. In 2009, after more than a decade in the American ...
The New York Police Department has shown "a pattern of abusive and unaccountable protest policing" during the Occupy protests, a wide consortium of legal experts detail in a report (PDF) issued today.. The lawyers say NYPD officers violated human rights in hundreds of instances, yet "there has been near-complete impunity for alleged abuses." Only one officer has been disciplined throughout the protests that started last fall.. "The excessive and unpredictable policing of Occupy Wall Street is one more example of the dire need for widespread reform of NYPD practices. These violations are occurring against a backdrop of police infiltration of activist groups, massive stop-and-frisk activity in communities of color, and the surveillance of Muslims," Emi MacLean, a human rights lawyer and primary author of the report, said in a statement. "This report is a call to action.". The report is a the first by the Protest and Assembly Rights Project, which was started by a group of law clinics including The ...
July 03, 2014. By MICHELLE FAUL. Associated Press Leaders at an African summit have voted to give themselves and their allies immunity from prosecution for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide at a new African Court of Justice and Human Rights.. The decision comes as the continent confronts human rights violations and has two sitting presidents and one ousted president facing charges at the International Criminal Court.. Amnesty International called it "a backward step in the fight against impunity and a betrayal of victims of serious violations of human rights.". "At a time when the African continent is struggling to ensure that there is accountability for serious human rights violations and abuses, it is impossible to justify this decision which undermines the integrity of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, even before it becomes operational," said Amnestys Netsanet Belay.. The decision came June 27 at an African Union summit vote in Equatorial Guinea from which ...
Israel says investigators report to the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva is unbalanced and fails to take the threats Israel faces
The Commission was established in 2009 and was mandated to shed light on acts of political violence committed between 1958 and 2005 and identify the people responsible for these acts; propose measures for reparations for the victims; and make recommendations to the Togolese Government on the fate of convicted perpetrators of grave human rights violations, as well as measures to prevent recurrence of such acts.. The UN Human Rights office believes that truth and reconciliation commissions are the driving force of transitional justice, which has been used to resolve crises after mass human rights violations, and prevent vengeance and future escalation of violence. During 34 months, the Commission gathered some 22,400 statements from across the country, the Togolese diaspora abroad and on the internet. Eventually, only 523 cases were submitted for hearing. The Commissioners explained that it would have taken them 17 years to hear all those who had made statements. The Commissioners and ...
Beyond Pesticides, December 5, 2011) On December 3, the 27th anniversary of the Bhopal pesticide plant disaster in Bhopal, India, a trial began in an international peoples court in India involving the worlds six largest pesticide companies: Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer, BASF, Dow and Dupont. These companies, collectively known as the "Big 6," are cited by prosecutors for their human rights violations, including internationally recognized rights to life, livelihood and health. Beyond Pesticides joined Pesticide Action Network (PAN) and others in signing a joint statement demanding that these companies be held accountable for their human rights violations, which was presented at the trial. The trial, hosted by PAN International, is facilitated by the Permanent Peoples Tribunal (PTT), an international opinion tribunal independent from State authorities. The prosecutions 230-page indictment outlines the global threats to human rights. It begins: The victims and survivors of [pesticide industry] ...
Dhaka) - The Bangladeshi government is failing to keep its commitment to end extrajudicial killings, torture, and other abuses by the Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) and hold those responsible accountable, Human Rights Watch said in a new report today.. The 53-page report, "Crossfire: Continued Human Rights Abuses by Bangladeshs Rapid Action Battalion," documents abuses by RAB in and around Dhaka, the capital, under the current Awami League-led government. Nearly 200 people have been killed in RAB operations since January 6, 2009, when the government assumed office. While in opposition the Awami League promised to end extrajudicial killings, but since it came to office senior government officials have denied that RAB has committed abuses, and some have even justified them. "After two years in office, the government has had more than enough time to take action to stop the RABs murderous practices," said Brad Adams, Asia director at Human Rights Watch. "A death squad is roaming the streets of ...
GARY MAUSER, representing the National Firearms Association of Canada, said he had a 20-year career in academic research on firearms and crime. In his professional opinion, there was no empirical evidence to support claims that civilian access to small arms and light weapons engendered criminal or terrorist violence. A wide variety of other factors had been found important, however: lack of economic freedom; organized crime; non-democratic government; governmental corruption; drug trafficking; and a history of violent ethnic conflict. Indeed, surveys showed that firearm ownership was highly concentrated among the largest and wealthiest societies, which were also the most politically stable countries in the world and typically had low levels of violence. And even if gun bans worked, many alternative weapons were available to would-be murderers - eight decades of police-state enforcement of handgun prohibition would have kept Russian gun ownership low, yet its murder rates had long been four times ...
Turkey was among the first, if not the first, country to congratulate Iranian President Ahmadinejad on his disputed election victory this past July. While it could well be argued that Turkey did not want to make an enemy of the Iranian regime by criticizing the election, the Turkish government broke its diplomatic silence after the phone call when Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu described the election as "dynamic and well-attended," calling on dissidents to succumb to the result while refraining to comment on the human rights violations that caused other governments to raise concern. In October, Prime Minister Erdogan again decided not to comment on continued human rights violations in Iran, critcizing NATO policy toward Irans nuclear pursuits as failing to take into account Irans need to develop critical infastructure while calling the country a "friend" with which it has had no difficulties ...
Since 2009, an Islamist armed group known as Boko Haram has been carrying out acts of violence and terrorist attacks in parts of Northern and Central Nigeria. In their response, Nigerian security forces have also perpetrated serious human rights violations. HRDs, often caught in the middle of the conflict, are increasingly targeted by both sides, and work under great fear and insecurity. There were reports of threats and intimidation of HRDs and journalists by Boko Haram as well as of bombing of media outlets. As a consequence, many journalists have stopped reporting on the security situation in certain areas while others continue to operate under great fear of retaliation. Similarly, many lawyers taking up cases of human rights violations have closed their practices for fear of reprisals or relocated to safer areas to continue their work.. Women HRDs face serious challenges especially in certain areas of the country including the Northern states, where Sharia law is applied, the South-East and ...
The New York Police Department has shown "a pattern of abusive and unaccountable protest policing" during the Occupy protests, a wide consortium
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The use of the controversial pellet guns as a non-lethal weapon has been much criticised as its use during the 2016 unrest led to the death of at least 10 people and blinded scores.
Barely two weeks into office and Australias prime minister, Tony Abbott, has committed his government to upholding an appeasement policy that has seen Australia entangled in some of the worst human rights abuses imaginable in the neighbouring region of West Papua, where a struggle for independence has been waged for over four decades. ...
President Donald Trump used a series of public appearances in the Philippines on Monday to heap praise upon the island nations strongman president, Rodrigo Duterte, and shut down reporters who tried to press the leaders on the countrys human rights abuses.
PESHAWAR, Aug 16: Members of civil society organisations have expressed concern over growing threats and attacks against human rights activists and demanded of the government to ensure protection to them. A special meeting of End Violence against Women and Girls Alliances Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata chapter and Pakhtunkhwa Civil Society Network (PCSN) was held here on Thursday to discuss issues related to the recent wave of threats to NGOs and their employees. The participants demanded of the government to take effective steps for curbing threats to the life of human rights activists and journalists.. The alliance called upon the state to adopt measures necessary to prevent recurrence of threats. It said that the state machinery must protect the individuals, groups, and organisations of civil society dedicated to the promotion and protection of fundamental rights and liberties.. The meeting discussed that rights workers should expose human rights abuses by involving government and other ...
A series of unstable governments ensued until the establishment in 1954 of the regime of dictator Alfredo Stroessner, who remained in office for more than three decades until 1989. Paraguay was modernized to some extent under Stroessners regime, although his rule was marked by extensive human rights abuses.[40]. Stroessner and the Colorado party ruled the country from 1954 to 1989. The dictator oversaw an era of economic expansion, but also had a poor human rights and environmental record (see "Political History"). Paraguay actively participated in Operation Condor.[41] Torture and death for political opponents was routine. After his overthrow, the Colorado continued to dominate national politics until 2008. The splits in the Colorado Party in the 1980s, and the prevailing conditions: Stroessners advanced age, the character of the regime, the economic downturn, and international isolation, were catalysts for anti-regime demonstrations and statements by the opposition prior to the 1988 general ...
Sub-Saharan Africa has enormous tourism potential: leopards lounging in acacia trees, elephant herds drifting across vast savannah plains, gorillas and chimps rioting in deep forests, the earliest traces of human beings and their works. But according to the World Bank, the region receives a mere 3% of global tourism arrivals.. What scares tourists off may have something to do with an unfair, continent-wide reputation for lawlessness. There is a way around this. During the 1970s, entrepreneurs created the idea of eco-tourism as an alternative to the sun and sand package tours that wreaked havoc on the environment and local communities. Perhaps the eco-tourism concept could be expanded to encompass human rights more broadly, focusing not just on the ethical conduct of companies but on governments as well. Thus, travelers could be assured that their fees, taxes and entertainment dollars arent being used to support regimes engaged in grand corruption, human rights abuses, wildlife trafficking and ...
By Brett Garling, Mission Blue If youre planning on booking that next dive trip to the Maldives, you may want to think twice. Human rights abuses there are on the rise. I think its important for tourists to know the facts of whats happening in the Maldives, Human Rights Lawyer Amal Cooney recen...
The Philippines. Benigno Aquino III, the son of the late president Corazon Aquino, swept to power in the May presidential elections on a platform of fighting corruption and promoting justice for victims of crime. The national and local elections were considered largely free and fair, though marred by violence, including dozens of killings prior to election day. Political violence continued after the elections as more than 20 activists, journalists, party members, and politicians were killed since Aquino took office on June 30.. The Philippines is a multiparty democracy with an elected president and legislature, a thriving civil society sector, and a vibrant media. But several key institutions, including law enforcement agencies and the justice system, remain weak and the military and police commit human rights violations with impunity.. In September Andal Ampatuan Jr. and 18 others went on trial for the November 23, 2009, massacre of 58 people, including more than 30 media workers in Maguindanao ...
Please ask if clearance to strike was obtained from AI because the next report we shall get now is "HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSE" by the Military. What pity do the captured book haram fighters deserve in view of terror unleashed on innocent people?. ...
Gopal Dayaneni, Oil Campaign Coordinator, Project Underground. Im here today to speak about the resolution that was written and passed by the Second People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit in October of this year. Incidentally, the first People of Color Summit was held in 1991, when there was a President named George Bush who insisted on bombing a country called Iraq - for its oil. At that time, when the Environmental Justice Principles were established, there was a clear commitment to citing militarism and war as grave environmental abuses and human rights abuses. We now find ourselves in the eerie parallel world of George Two.. I will tell you why people from across the country, from all nine environmental justice networks, representing hundreds of communities and thousands of individuals decided to take a position against this war. It is because they recognized the inextricable relationship between war and environmental abuse - and not just environmental abuses in Iraq but the ...
This is the first focused study on the relationship between the use of national courts to pursue retrospective justice and the construction of viable democracies. Included in this interdisciplinary volume are fascinating, detailed essays on the experiences of eight countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Poland, and South Africa. According to the contributors, the most important lesson for leaders of new democracies, who are wrestling with the human rights abuses of past dictatorships, is that they have many options.. Democratizing regimes are well-advised to be attentive to the significant political, ethical, and legal constraints that may limit their ability to achieve retribution for past wrongs. On prudential ground alone, some fledgling regimes will have no choice but to restrain their desire for punishment in the interest of political survival. However, it would be incorrect to think that all new democracies are therefore bereft of the political and legal resources ...
The Supreme Court rules that German carmaker Daimler AG s not liable in the U.S. for alleged human rights abuses by a subsidiary during Argentinas dictatorship.