Housefly. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a common housefly (Musca domestica). The head (centre right) is dominated by a pair of large compound eyes (brown), each eye composed of about 4000 image-forming facets called ommatidia. Mouthparts are visible between and beneath the eyes. Hairs on the head and body act as tactile (touch) organs. The housefly has one pair of wings (silver/grey) and six legs. They tend to frequent unsavoury places, feeding on decomposing matter as well as human food, and they may pick up and transmit serious diseases to humans. Magnification: x12 at 6x7cm size. Magnification :x20 at 4x4 size. - Stock Image Z340/0455
Annoying Buzz (Ex): A flying housefly that occupies the same square as another creature drones incessantly. A creature with a housefly occupying its square at the end of the round must make a DC 18 will save or fly into a berserk rage, picking up anything it and trying to smash the fly until the creature or the fly is dead. Naturally, this can also end up with a PC hitting another PC in the face. Distraction (Ex): A creature with a housefly in its square at the end of its turn must succeed on a DC 11 fortitude save or be nauseated for one round. Contaminate Food (Ex): A housefly that spends two rounds on food of any kind contaminates it with the Slimy Doom disease. Housefly Reflexes (Ex): A stationary housefly may make a reflex save against any attack, even those that would not allow a reflex save, such as an axe flying at the face of its current target. Improved Evasion (Ex): a housefly can avoid even magical and unusual attacks with great agility. If a housefly makes a successful Reflex saving ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Crystallization of cytochrome b from larvae of the housefly, Musca domestica L. by Kouhei Ohnishi et al.
The housefly, Musca domestica L., is one of the most common insects, associated with vectoring of various etiological agents. In order to search for effect
Adult house flies, Musca domestica L., are mechanical vectors of more than 100 devastating diseases that have severe consequences for human and animal health. House fly larvae play a vital role as decomposers of animal wastes, and thus live in intimate association with many animal pathogens. We have sequenced and analyzed the genome of the house fly using DNA from female flies. The sequenced genome is 691 Mb. Compared with Drosophila melanogaster, the genome contains a rich resource of shared and novel protein coding genes, a significantly higher amount of repetitive elements, and substantial increases in copy number and diversity of both the recognition and effector components of the immune system, consistent with life in a pathogen-rich environment. There are 146 P450 genes, plus 11 pseudogenes, in M. domestica, representing a significant increase relative to D. melanogaster and suggesting the presence of enhanced detoxification in house flies. Relative to D. melanogaster, M. domestica has also
Synonyms for Musca domestica in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Musca domestica. 2 synonyms for Musca domestica: house fly, housefly. What are synonyms for Musca domestica?
Drosophila has contributed an enormous wealth of experimental data and insight into the molecular dissection of the circadian clock. The negative feedback model was developed in the fly with PER (Siwicki et al. 1988; Hardin et al. 1990), and the fact that the murine clock is also built around the negative regulation of PER proteins further supports the generality of the higher eukaryote model (Shearman et al. 2000). One of the anchors for this model is that the per-encoded mRNAs and proteins cycle in pacemaker cells and that PER also enters the nucleus in a temporally regulated manner. Exactly what causes this temporal change in the relative abundance of PER between different cellular compartments is currently under debate (Nawathean and Rosbash 2004; Meyer et al. 2006), but the general observation that, in several insect orders, PER can be found to be exclusively cytoplasmic in its neuronal expression is inconsistent with its "dedicated" role as a circadian transcriptional regulator. One group ...
Many different sex-determining mechanisms prevail among insects. Flies in particular are well suited for examining the evolution of this variety. The wide-spread housefly (Musca domestica) is very unusual in this regard: Depending on where they live, they use different methods for sex determination. In northern latitudes, females have X chromosomes, while males have an X and a Y chromosome. Here, as well, the Y chromosome carries a gene that determines maleness. In southern latitudes, on the other hand, houseflies do not have a Y chromosome. The male-determining gene lies on one of the other five chromosomes.. The gene responsible for determining maleness in houseflies has been unknown until now. Together with colleagues from Groningen (the Netherlands) and Göttingen (Germany), the group of researchers led by Daniel Bopp of the Institute of Molecular Life Sciences of the University of Zurich has succeeded in identifying this gene. With genetic tricks, the scientists created offspring of the ...
Looking for Musca domestica? Find out information about Musca domestica. common name of the fly fly, name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true... Explanation of Musca domestica
A theory of movement perception has been proposed to explain the optomotor responses of the housefly (Musca domestica), and this has been tested by McCann & Maginitie (1965). The present study was made in order to ascertain if the anatomical and physiological properties of the compound eye are commensurate with those postulated by the model. The three properties studied were the inter-ommatidial angle, the receptive field of the retinula cells, and the relationship between light intensity and the magnitude of the generator potential. The angle between the axes of adjacent ommatidia was measured anatomically. This varies with the position in the eye but has a mean value of 3.9° in the horizontal plane and 2.4° in the vertical. During dark adaptation the secondary pigment cells contract by about 5 pm at either end, moving the pigment back away from the lenses and also exposing the focal region of the ommatidium. The receptive field of single retinula cells was measured electrophysiologically. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acquisition and retention of Clostridium difficile by Musca domestica larvae and pupae during metamorphosis. AU - Davies, Matthew. AU - Anderson, Moray. AU - Hilton, Anthony C.. N1 - © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ PY - 2017/4/1. Y1 - 2017/4/1. N2 - Background: Transfer of Clostridium difficile by Musca domestica has been demonstrated, revealing their potential for disseminating infection in the hospital environment. Aim: To determine the ability of M. domestica larvae to acquire and retain C. difficile throughout their metamorphosis into adult flies. Methods: Larvae were exposed to spores of C. difficile in a faecal emulsion and examined externally and internally to determine carriage and internalisation of spores through their development to adults. Findings: Larvae harboured C. difficile externally, with means of 21.56 +/- 5.76 CFUs at day zero, ...
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At the end of their fourth instar, the larvae crawl to a dry, cool place and transform into pupae. The pupal case is cylindrical with rounded ends, about 1.2 mm (0.05 in) long, and formed from the last shed larval skin. It is yellowish at first, darkening through red and brown to nearly black as it ages. Pupae complete their development in from two to six days at 35 °C (95 °F), but may take 20 days or more at 14 °C (57 °F).[13]. When metamorphosis is complete, the adult fly emerges from the pupa. To do this, it uses the ptilinum, an eversible pouch on its head, to tear open the end of the pupal case. The adult housefly lives from two weeks to a month in the wild, or longer in benign laboratory conditions. Having emerged from the pupa, it ceases to grow; a small fly is not necessarily a young fly, but is instead the result of getting insufficient food during the larval stage.[13]. Male houseflies are sexually mature after 16 hours and females after 24. Females produce a pheromone, ...
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Housefly records Presents 1297 This EP sees the welcome return of Arkeytexture to Housefly and this EP is deeper than ever. Arkeytexture is an artist that never fails to amaze me as an artist his music speaks to me on the deepest basis.This self titled EP brings his breed of beautifully visceral electronic dub... The EP is full to bursting with atmospheres that twist and curl...basses that rattle the soul and beats that would make any bad boy nod..
A possible relationship between the phospholipid base composition of larvae of the housefly and the size, number and total volume of midgut mitochondria was examined. The phospholipid composition of the larvae was altered by restricting the amount of choline, substituting choline by N-dimethylethyl-(2-hydroxyethyl)-ammonium salt or 2-N-dimethylaminoethanol and by the addition of 2-aminobutan-1-ol to the larval diet. Mitochondrial measurements were made on electron micrographs of the epithelial cells in the midgut of third instar larvae. Reduction in the normal proportion of phosphatidylcholine in the phospholipids of the larvae was associated with an increase in the average size of the mitochondria and a decrease in their number, probably due to enhanced mitochondrial fusion. The opposite effect was noted when phosphatidyl-2-aminobutan-1-ol was present as a part replacement of the phosphatidyl-ethanolamine normally present in the larvae. Larvae which contained both phosphatidyl-2-aminobutan-1-ol ...
Parasites and pathogenic bacteria associated with houseflies and the public health implications in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria. Abstract : Houseflies are known as nuisance pests due to their ubiquitous nature in the environment. The present study investigates the roles of houseflies as mechanical vectors of parasites and bacteria in Osogbo, Southwestern Nigeria. The body parts of the houseflies collected from slaughter slabs, dumping grounds and palm wine spots were examined for parasitic cysts and bacterial isolates. The bacteria were isolated using standard bacteriological procedures and the parasites were observed microscopically. The bacteria isolates were thereafter subjected to antibiotic sensitivity test using standard protocol. All the seventy (70) samples examined harbored pathogenic bacteria. The bacteria isolated include, Salmonella typhii, Klebsiella pneumonia, Proteus vulgaris, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia species., Enterobacteraerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, ...
Macro Animal Insect Housefly Pest Eye photo, resolution 3184×2123 pixel, Image type JPEG, free download and free for commercial use.
The housefly: its natural history, medical importance, and control by West, Luther S. and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at AbeBooks.com.
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Close-up photo taken by a sequential electron microscope, of a houseflys bristles which are effective in carrying bacteria colonies.
The causes of fluctuating asymmetry (FA) are poorly understood, yet it has been widely used as a measure of fitness. Many studies have demonstrated that individuals with low FA are preferred as mates, and it has been argued that this is because FA provides an indicator of genetic quality. However, the relative importance of genes versus environment in determining the level of FA shown by an organism is currently the subject of much controversy. As yet there is no clear consensus as to whether FA generally has a heritable component and if so how large this might be, or indeed if it is sensible to generalize at all. In Musca domestica flies with low wing length FA have beeen found to enjoy higher mating success. In order to interpret this finding we assess whether wing length FA in this species is heritable, and also how it is influenced by environmental stresses induced by temperature and crowding. We also examine whether offspring viability is related to parental FA. We found that wing length FA ...
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
Ms Wakefield and her colleagues at the Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) and AB Agri have been investigating the possibility of using the insects as a sustainable protein source in animals in Britain, particularly focussing on chickens, pigs and fish.. With the EU only 25-30 per cent self sufficient in crop protein, new sources of protein are needed to replace unsustainable imported soy.. Insects are a good candidate because they can live on waste such as manure or food waste, and rapidly convert it into protein-rich insect biomass.. The researchers used larvae of the house fly Musca domestica in their experiments. They have managed to optimise the production methods of the fly larvae, establishing the best conditions for the larvae to grow in.. Nutritional profiling of the larvae showed that protein levels were generally more than 50 per cent of dry matter. The amino acid profile of the larvae feed showed that levels of methionine, lysine and others were the same or higher than in soy ...
The house fly, Musca domestica L., is a ubiquitous cosmopolitan pest of agricultural and public health importance that causes irritation, spoils food and vectors pathogenic organisms. M. domestica is able to breed and develop in a vast array of organic larval substrates. Cattle feedlots with abundant carbohydrate sources for adults and manure for larvae provide ideal breeding conditions for this nuisance fly. Consequently vast populations of M. domestica can build up in cattle feedlots during warm moist seasons.. To date the most prevalent fly control strategy pursued in feedlots has involved chemical control. However, M. domestica has demonstrated an amazing resilience to chemical control through developing resistance to a wide range of chemical classes of insecticides including organophosphates, carbamates and pyrethroids as well as growth regulator insecticides such as diflubenzuron and cyromazine. Resistance has developed to even new classes of insecticide, such as spinosad and the ...
Enterococci are important nosocomial pathogens, with Enterococcus faecalis most commonly responsible for human infections. In this study, we used several measures to test the hypothesis that house flies, Musca domestica (L.), acquire and disseminate antibiotic-resistant and potentially virulent E. faecalis from wastewater treatment facilities (WWTF) to the surrounding urban environment. House flies and sludge fromfourWWTF (1-4) as well as house flies from three urban sites close to WWTF-1 were collected and cultured for enterococci. Enterococci were identified, quantified, screened for antibiotic resistance and virulence traits, and assessed for clonality. Of the 11 antibiotics tested, E. faecalis was most commonly resistant to tetracycline, doxycycline, streptomycin, gentamicin, and erythromycin, and these traits were intra-species horizontally transferrable by in vitro conjugation. Profiles of E. faecalis (prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and virulence traits) from each of WWTF sludge and ...
Looking for House fly? Find out information about House fly. common name of the fly fly, name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true... Explanation of House fly
Dear Colleagues, I am an MSc student at the UNESCO-IHE (Netherlands), my thesis work is on the Faecal sludge treatment by means of bio-predating using house...
Male determiner protein (M-factor) that controls male somatic sexual differentiation (PubMed:28495751). Acts as a dominant factor that regulates the mRNA splicing of transformer (tra) and doublesex (dsx) transcripts and promotes expression of male splice forms of tra and dsx (PubMed:28495751). Probably acts as a component of the spliceosome C complex required for mRNA splicing factor and exon-junction complex (EJC) assembly (By similarity). Hinders eIF4AIII from non-specifically binding RNA and escorts it to the splicing machinery to promote EJC assembly on mature mRNAs (By similarity).
Escherichia coli O157, a food-borne human pathogen, causes hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Cattle are a major reservoir and the organism resides in the hindgut and is shed in the feces. Cattle feces are a major source of food and water contamination. Houseflies feed on cattle manure and are a source of E. coli O157 transmission. We have observed that houseflies have an affinity for a steam-flaked corn product (SFC-36) made from tempered whole corn that is more ruminally digestible than the traditional SFC (SFC-18). Therefore, we investigated whether SFC-36 diets contained and resulted in higher E. coli concentrations in the feces of cattle compared to SFC-18 diets. Concentrations of E. coli were not different between the two SFC diet samples, but resulted in higher coliforms in diets containing the SFC-36 after exposure to the environment. However, E. coli concentrations in feces from cattle fed the two diets were similar. In fact, cattle fed the diet containing SFC-18 flakes ...
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Eega (lit. The Fly) is a 2012 Indian fantasy action film written by K. V. Vijayendra Prasad and directed by his son, S. S. Rajamouli. Produced by Korrapati Ranganatha Sais Varahi Chalana Chitram with an estimated budget of ₹260 to 400 million (US$3.99-6.14 million), it was filmed simultaneously as a bilingual in Telugu and Tamil languages, the latter titled Naan Ee (lit. I, Housefly). The film stars Sudeep, Nani and Samantha Ruth Prabhu. M. M. Keeravani composed the soundtrack and score. K. K. Senthil Kumar was director of photography and Kotagiri Venkateswara Rao edited the film. Janardhan Maharshi and Crazy Mohan wrote the dialogue for the Telugu and Tamil versions, respectively. The films narrative is in the form of a bedtime story told by a father to his daughter. Its protagonist Nani, who is in love with his neighbour Bindu, is murdered by a wealthy businessman named Sudeep, who is attracted to Bindu and considers Nani a rival. Nani reincarnates as a housefly and tries to avenge his ...
Harbal Khatnil is a liquid herbal formulation for keeping away all kinds of household insects viz. kills housflies, kills mosquitoes and kills ants.
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I am writing this article as a way of promoting our fly killer machines. It provides information on diseases that can be caused by house flies.. Houseflies frequent dung heaps and other fecal sources. They also visit decaying matter including dead animals. When landing on food that is prepared for human consumption, contaminated material is often transferred to the food.. There are a wide range of diseases that can be transmitted by flies. Here are some of them:. Typhoid Fever (Salmonella typhi). Symptoms: High temperature (up to 104 deg F or 40 deg C), loss of appetite, headache, stomach pain and usually some weakness. Sometimes a pink skin rash appears.. Treatment: A doctor will usually prescribe an antibiotic and the symptoms will cease in a few days. If no treatment is given, the subject may become seriously ill and even die from secondary problems (up to 20% typhoid fever sufferers die without treatment).. Cholera (cause by Vibria cholerae, a bacterium). Symptoms: unexpected episodes of ...
The research in my laboratory focuses on the development of genetic strategies for the control of pest insect species. One important aspect of this is the use of gene vectors that efficiently introduce genes into these species. These gene vectors must be robust enough to allow the high frequency transformation of a target insect species yet be able to be easily manipulated so they can function as effective genetic tools. Transposable elements are small pieces of DNA that can move within and between genomes and some of these have been developed as rudimentary gene vectors in some insect species. We have participated in the isolation and development of two such transposable elements, the Hermes element from the housefly, Musca domestica and the Herves element from the malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae. Both are members of the hAT superfamily of transposable elements and this superfamily is related to V(D)J recombination system that is largely responsible for generating antibody diversity in the ...
Cylofly 20 is used to control flies around cattle, sheep and goats, and on horses and their ‎surroundings. The product may also be used around milking cows, sheep and goats.‎ Houseflies (Musca domestica) bother animals and transmit the contagious ‎keratoconjunctivitis inflammation among cattle, sheep and goats. Blood-sucking flies ‎cause, among other things, summer hives (Urticaria) in horses with an allergic reaction ‎to fly bites. Treatment with Cylofly 20 may significantly minimize these phe. Composition: Cyhalotrin 20%‎ ...
The often maligned common house fly, Musca domestica, is considered to be a nuisance as well as a vector for many diseases affecting both humans and animals.
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The identifier 17018967 is not present in the current release of the VectorBase database.. This view requires a gene, transcript or protein identifier in the URL. For example: ...
Garcia-Maruniak A, Abd-Alla AMM, Salem TZ, Parker AG, Lietze V-U, van Oers MM, Maruniak JE, Kim W, Burand JP, Cousserans F et al.. 2009. Two viruses that cause salivary gland hypertrophy in Glossina pallidipes and Musca domestica are related and form a distinct phylogenetic clade.. J Gen Virol. 90(Pt 2):334-46. ...
Shoo, fly! Dont bother me! When they manage to make their way into your home, house flies are unpleasant and annoying to have around, with their incessant movement and relentless buzzing. Much worse than that, though, is the fact that the common house fly can carry dangerous diseases such as cholera and typhoid fever, tuberculosis, salmonella, and dysentery, as well as spreading the larvae of parasitic worms. And since they love to land on any exposed food (ingesting it and vomiting it up to break it down for digestion - eeww!), they can easily pass these illnesses on to you. Here are 8 natural home remedies to get rid of these insect pests ...
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Colourcanada House Fly Close Up | Cheap Stock Photo - Inexpensive high resolution stock macro photograph of a black house fly on a white background. JPG Size: 4032 x 3024 Resolution: 314 pixels/inch 2 MB zip file
The Diptera, commonly called true flies or two-winged flies, are a familiar group of insects that includes, among many others, midges, gnats, mosquitoes, horseflies, blackflies, fruit flies, and houseflies. Diptera are among the most diverse insect orders, with a current world tally close to 160,000 extant species.. ...
HOW TO CAPTURE AND LEASH A FLY Pet flies: the next best thing to mutated pet komodo dragons. What you need: An adult fly|housefly A short length of stri...
Flies keen senses allow for some incredible maneuvers. During flight, a male housefly chasing a female can make turns within 40 milliseconds-less than the blink of an eye. When theyre hungry, flies track weak scents of food to far-flung places. Both feats depend on the tight integration of sight and smell.. Now, Frye and Brian Duistermars, also of UCLA, have begun to explore just what flies need to pull it off. Their findings, published online on February 14th in Current Biology, a publication of Cell Press, provide insight into the brains of other animals, including our own, they said.. "We know a lot about how individual sensory systems work," Frye said. "Our view gets cloudy when it comes to the integration of senses.". They already knew that certain neurons in the fly brain are sensitive to the motion of the whole panorama, whereas others zero in on small objects. They now find that the panoramic view of the world is whats required for accurate odor tracking. Small object landmarks arent ...
Researchers of Hunan Normal University in China studied the digestibility of amino acids in the housefly and black soldier fly prepupea meal fed to pigs.
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found evidence that houseflies collected near broiler poultry operations may contribute to the dispersion of drug-resistant bacteria and thus increase the potential for human exposure to drug-resistant bacteria.