Tying it all together is the blood supply. And it is RICH. It has to be - its the only protection the hooves have from the cold, and that protection is superb. The hoofs components, together, are very demanding of constant, steady blood flow. They get help from whats known as "hoof mechanism"; because of the hoofs architecture, its blood supply is cut off for an instant with every step the horse takes, allowing a momentary pressure build in the arteries feeding the hoof and a small pressure decrease in the hoof itself. But as the hoof completes each step and raises off the ground, that blockage is released, and the built up pressure forces a spurt of blood flow through the hoof. The hoof itself also expands slightly as it takes weight with each step; that forces blood through the hoof, and when the hoof is raised, the expansion relaxes, allowing the blood pressure in the hoof to restabilize. These two actions are synchronized, with the result that each hoof is referred to as a sort-of ...
Horses hooves are susceptible to a variety of kinds of cracks including grass cracks, sand cracks, and horizontal cracks also known as blow-outs. A crack is a separation or break in the hoof wall and are identified according to their location as toe, quarter or heel cracks. Grass cracks begin at the ground surface and extend upward, while sand cracks begin at the coronet and extend down. Grass cracks often occur in unshod hooves when the hoof wall is not trimmed regularly and becomes too long when it cracks because of percussive force. Sand cracks usually occur as a result of cuts and injuries to the coronet. Too much moisture or repeated wet-to-dry circumstance that cause expansion and contraction of the hoof wall also lead to hoof wall cracks. In addition vitamin or essential amino acid deficiencies may be a contributing factor. Hoof cracks do not unite from side to side, but rather new horn starts at the coronary band and grows down much like the growth of a finger nail from the nail ...
A configurable hoof drying apparatus. The drying components of the apparatus are selectable, configurable and inter-changeable for desired drying needs and change a pressure, speed and temperature of an original drying air source. Therefore it can be used with a hot/warm/cool/cold air drying source. The hoof drying apparatus is portable and specifically designed, but is not limited to, drying hooves for the purposes of: hoof wall repair, preparation for medication for hoof diseases and preparation of the hoof for application of hoof dressings and hoof shoes. The hoof drying apparatus can also be used for drying non-hoofed animals.
The Horses Hoof is an informational website, as well as a quarterly printed 32 page COLOR magazine, published since 2000 (available in our online store). The Horses Hoof, both magazine and website, is a generic barefoot resource for both horseowners and professionals, created in 2000 by barefoot advocates James and Yvonne Welz. The Horses Hoof is for everyone! If you are interested in instruction in our own hoof care method please visit http://www.HoofHelpOnline.com
A horse hoof is a structure surrounding the distal phalanx of the 3rd digit (digit III of the basic pentadactyl limb of vertebrates, evolved into a single weight-bearing digit in equids) of each of the four limbs of Equus species, which is covered by complex soft tissue and keratinised (cornified) structures. Since a single digit must bear the full proportion of the animals weight that is borne by that limb, the hoof is of vital importance to the horse. The phrase "no hoof, no horse" underlines how much the health and the strength of the hoof is crucial for horse soundness. Both wild and feral equid hooves have enormous strength and resilience, allowing any gait on any ground. A common example of the feral horse type is the Mustang. The Mustang is, in part, descended from the Iberian horses brought to the Americas by the Spanish, but most herds also have ancestry from other breeds. Therefore, the famous Mustang hoof strength is in part a result of natural selection and environment. Thus, it is ...
Dogs love eating horse hoof trimmings. Many horse owners grab fresh hoof trimmings and offer them as treats for their dogs. Is this practice safe? If you do offer hoof trimmings for your dogs enjoyment, you should read this article to learn how to avoid potential illness in your dog.. ...
The essential hoof book the complete modern guide to horse feet anatomy care and health disease diagnosis and treatment kauffmann susan cline christina ovnicek gene on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers the essential hoof book the complete modern guide to horse feet anatomy care and health disease diagnosis and treatment. Buy the essential hoof book the complete modern guide to horse feet anatomy care and health disease diagnosis and treatment 1 by susan kauffmann isbn 9781570767326 from amazons book store everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. The essential hoof book the complete modern guide to horse feet anatomy care and health disease diagnosis and treatment kindle edition by kauffmann susan cline christina ovnicek gene download it once and read it on your kindle device pc phones or tablets use features like bookmarks note taking and highlighting while reading the essential hoof book the complete modern guide to . The essential hoof book is the hoof health care ...
Adjacent to the house of [von] Dalwigk, ruler of Hoof, Jews were granted permission to settle. In the beginning of the 18th century, a few protected Jews lived in Hoof (called Hof, or court until 1850), Breitenbach, and Elmshagen.. In 1715 there were six Schuetzjuden (protected Jews) in Breitenbach, one of them the owner of a house and a widow, who owned a small home.. In 1744, seven Jewish families settled in Hoof, and eight families in Breitenbach, among them a cantor. In 1776, nine Jewish families lived in Hoof, in Breitenbach, 14. Jews of Hoof barely earned a living in petty trade and in the sale of livestock. In 1799 a melamed (teacher) was in Hoof. In that same year, the Jews of Hoof complained before the Prince of Nassau about the ban imposed by the city rabbi on young men and women dancing but the prince sided with the rabbi.. Wolf Breitenbach (1751-1829, born in Breitenbach) earned exceptional fame. Despite his coming from a poor household, he studied Jewish and secular knowledge in ...
Small-scale components of the equine hoof wall were tested to determine their mechanical roles in the morphological hierarchy. Macroscale tensile tests conducted on samples of the inner wall tubules and intertubular material showed a sixfold difference in mean initial stiffnesses (0.47 and 0.08 GPa, respectively), indicating that the inner wall tubules stiffen the wall along its longitudinal axis. The similarity in material properties of tubule and intertubular samples from the mid-wall suggests that tubules in this region offer only minor reinforcement along the longitudinal axis.Microscale tests conducted on rows of keratin strands from the inner wall tubules and intertubular material, and on intertubular keratin strands of the mid-wall, produced estimates of the stiffnesses of the hydrated matrix (0.03 GPa) and intermediate filament (IF; 3-4 GPa) components of the nanoscale (α -keratin) composite. The results from these tests also suggest that the properties of the keratin composite vary ...
Free Shipping on most orders over $60. Great Low Price. Farriers Finish Hoof Disinfectant & Conditioner helps to maintain healthy hooves. Active against a wide spectrum of bacterial and fungal infections which cause poor hoof quality, white line disease, and thrush. Also maintains correct moisture balance in excessively wet or dry conditions.Farriers Finish Hoof Disinfectant Conditioner Life Data Labs Topicals Conditioners | Farrier Hoof
Last May I got Lyra and her feet were a mess. Especially her front right hoof - the capsule was very distorted with severe medial/lateral imbalances. The hoof itself had twisted into a wry hoof. Bars seemed invisible but were actually so huge they just flowed into the quarters and toe of the hoof. This first photo shows the hoof in May of 2008 and in Oct. 2008. The rest of the photos were from today (Sunday). Im stuck, a crack has returned, my balance is off and Im having a hard time reading the hoof again. All ideas will be much appreciated ...
Carr Day & Martin Cornucrescine Hoof Ointment is the worlds first and original hoof ointment for horses! Ideal for soft, crumbly hooves and dry, brittle or cracked, split hooves. Cornucrescine Hoof Ointment maintains optimum condition and helps restructure and grow the hoof. Also aids regrowth of h
The flexible Cattle Wrap (red) bandage is specially made for hoof trimmers. Cattle Wrap (red) is made of a strong material and is flexible in both length and height. The bandage does not stick to itself or skin and hair. Therefore, this self-adherent bandaging tape has no need to be pinned or tied what makes it easy to assemble.. Besides, the Cattle Wrap (red) tape is flexible, breathable and made of a lightweight and porous material that allows movement without becoming loose. In addition, the tape protects wounds, holds dressings in place and absorbs no moisture.. In combination with hoof blocks and other hoof care products, the Cattle Wrap (red) hoof tape provides the most used alternative to treat an injured claw of cows and cattle. Can also be used as a running bandage, leg wrap, tail wrap, to hold dressings and run down patches.. Recommended by hoof trimmer!. ...
If you have horses, you may be familiar with the term white line disease but may not know a lot about the condition. White line disease is really not a disease and the white line is actually not a structure but a space involving the junction of the hoof wall and the sole. But even though the name is not correct, we continue to refer to it as the white line and white line disease. The condition is characterized by separation of the hoof wall from the solar area and the tissue under the hoof wall. The area of separation under the hoof wall is open and many organisms have been incriminated in causing the disease.. There are many products on the market that claim to cure white line disease by killing the infection. Unfortunately, none of these products will work without treating the real problem, which is instability of the hoof wall and separation. X-rays are required to determine the extent of the separation and then your veterinarian can resect or remove the damaged hoof wall because without hoof ...
The hoof is a highly specialised horny shell composed of three layers, the stratum externum (outer layer of the wall,) stratum medium and stratum internum (middle and inner layers.) The hoof covers the sensitive bones, nerves, connective tissue and vascular tissue of the forefoot. The primary function of the hoof is to protect the underlying structures, and to increase the surface area for the dissipation of locomotor forces.. The hoof wall itself is composed mainly of keratinised tissue representing the modified epidermis of the skin. However the innermost layer of horn adjacent to the corium, is a growing layer consisting of horn cells. Cells from this layer are continually dividing to produce horn cells which are added to the bulk of the horn. Growth occurs in a tubular fashion from the surface of papillae projecting from the coronary corium. The hoof wall is therefore formed of tubules of horn tissue held together by non-tubular horn. Keratin Sulphate (a proteinaceous material with a high ...
Tying it all together is the blood supply. And it is RICH. It has to be - its the only protection the hooves have from the cold, and that protection is superb. The hoofs components, together, are very demanding of constant, steady blood flow. They get help from whats known as "hoof mechanism"; because of the hoofs architecture, its blood supply is cut off for an instant with every step the horse takes, allowing a momentary pressure build in the arteries feeding the hoof and a small pressure decrease in the hoof itself. But as the hoof completes each step and raises off the ground, that blockage is released, and the built up pressure forces a spurt of blood flow through the hoof. The hoof itself also expands slightly as it takes weight with each step; that forces blood through the hoof, and when the hoof is raised, the expansion relaxes, allowing the blood pressure in the hoof to restabilize. These two actions are synchronized, with the result that each hoof is referred to as a sort-of ...
REMINDER!. Hoofcare & Lameness subscribers save $50 on registration for the 5th International Equine Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot. November 6-8, 2009 West Palm Beach, Florida. Important information: Your registration includes all meals plus the now-famous Saturday night dinner cruise.. But the deadline to contact the conference is today, October 15!. Speakers include (among many) Hoofcare & Lameness authors Chris Pollitt, Paul Goodness, Katy Watts, Scott Morrison, Michael Wildenstein, and many more.. Laminitis researchers from around the world will report on university-based research while a practical program brings the latest and most creative treatment and management information for all types of foot problems from lameness specialist veterinarians and clinic-based farriers.. A special presentation by Dr Pollitt will feature his high-definition videography of wild horse hooves in Australia and his extrapolation of wild horse hoof data as it compares to and contrasts with ...
Hoof care is an important aspect of sheep production and management. Hoof diseases can affect the health and welfare of sheep and have a negative effect on productivity. Hooves should be regularly checked for disease and excess growth. Animals which have excessive hoof growth, recurrent hoof problems and/or fail to respond to treatment should be culled.
To offer a look at the disease and how it occurs, Dr. Black offered this description of his research, "Horses, like ballerinas, stand on their toes. In each hoof, the final toe bone, the distal phalanx, is attached to the hoof capsule by a very hard working tissue called the digital laminae. The digital laminae is a two-layer tissue that spans between the outer surface of the distal phalanx and the inner surface of the hoof capsule, thus suspending the entire body weight of the horse within the hoof capsule. During laminitis, the epidermal and dermal layers of one or both front hoof laminae, and sometimes all hoofs, separate, causing the affected distal phalanx to rotate and sink within the hoof capsule and to press on the sole of the hoof. This results in painful and often crippling lameness.". ...
Steve Gerratt of Ida-Gold Farms in Burley, Idaho decided to improve animal health and welfare by taking on lameness with his own two hands by implementing in-house hoof trimming
Vettec has been producing horse hoof care products for over 15 years for hoof repair, glue on shoes and materials for creating instant horse pads. FREE shipping offer! Shop in our Vettec Products department online made by Jorgenson Labs. Shop, sign-up and save, or request your free catalog.
Hoofmaker 10Kg is a supplement to assist with healthy and fast horse hoof growth. Purchase hoof supplements for horses at Amacron Equine online store!
Hoof Heal - Award-winning hoof dressing for horses helps prevent brittle and dry hooves as well as encourages healthy hoof growth. Creates a flexible barrier that breathes and prolongs protection. Ongoing use helps keep coronary band, heel, sole and frog healthy and capable of handling impact without cracking. Creates long-lasting show-ring s
Shur Hoof original proven formulation of all natural ingredients - pine tar, fish oil, turpentine, iodine - promotes healthy, supple hooves. Helps prevent thrush of the frog and penetrates deep into hoof walls to improve texture and elasticity. Brush on long-lasting hoof dressing twice weekly; works
Thin Ground Blade Hoof Trimming Knife - Made by Aesculap, a German manufacturer known for high-quality instruments. Features high-grade stainless steel blade which maintains a sharper edge over other knives.
Digital dermatitis (DD) is an infectious foot disease causing severe lameness in dairy cattle (worldwide) and sheep (UK). This study investigated whether DD Treponema phylogroups can be present on equipment used to trim ruminant hooves and, therefore, consider this trimming equipment as a possible vector for the transmission of DD. Equipment was tested after being used to trim DD symptomatic and asymptomatic cattle and sheep hooves, and subsequently after disinfection of equipment. After trimming, Treponema medium/Treponema vincentii-like, Treponema phagedenis-like and Treponema denticola/T putidum-like DD spirochaetes, were shown to be present on 23/37 (62%), 21/37 (57%) and 20/37 (54%) of knives, respectively. After disinfection, detection rates for the DD treponemes were 9/37 (24%), 6/37 (16%) and 3/37 (8%), respectively. Following culture of a swab, an isolate belonging to the T phagedenis-like spirochaetes was identified from a knife sample after trimming a DD positive cow. No ...
No hoof, no horse! Shop SmartPak for a wide variety of hoof supplements that provide the ingredients your horse needs to grow strong, healthy hooves.
No hoof, no horse! Shop SmartPak for a wide variety of hoof supplements that provide the ingredients your horse needs to grow strong, healthy hooves.
At the International Equine Conference on Laminitis and Diseases of the Foot held in 2013, A.W. van Eps from the Australian Equine Laminitis Research Unit in Australia presented information* on the use of therapeutic hypothermia, or cooling, to prevent the progression of laminitic changes in equine hooves.. To be effective, cooling must take place early in the course of the disease, preferably before any signs of pain or discomfort are seen. This means that a horse can undergo therapeutic hypothermia based on a veterinarians opinion that the horse is at risk for laminitis because of another condition or situation. Because laminitis frequently follows enteritis, carbohydrate overload, colitis, and some other conditions, horses that are being treated for these situations are good candidates for prophylactic digital hypothermia, according to van Eps.. Laminitis signs may be seen within hours of some events such as carbohydrate overload, while signs may appear as late as five days after colitis or ...
The original Effol Hoof-Ointment ensures healthy hoof growth and also has a disinfecting effect. The combination of laurel and thymol effectively helps to protect against hoof diseases. Vaseline forms a water-repellent and dirt-repellent film which protects the hoof against outside influences. Daily use guarantees an end to brittle hooves! For external use - Always start from the coronet when applying Effol Hoof-Ointment. Effol Hoof-Ointment - a valuable product for over 100 years! Available in green, yellow and black ...
Effol Hoof Ointment green The classic product The original Effol Hoof-Ointment ensures healthy hoof growth and also has a disinfecting effect. The combination of laurel and thymol effectively helps to protect against hoof diseases. Vaseline forms a water-repellent and dirt-repellent film which protects the hoof against
Effol Hoof Ointment yellow The original Effol Hoof-Ointment ensures healthy hoof growth and also has a disinfecting effect. The combination of laurel and thymol effectively helps to protect against hoof diseases. Vaseline forms a water-repellent and dirt-repellent film which protects the hoof against outside influences
Looking for terminal hoof papilla? Find out information about terminal hoof papilla. 1. the small projection of tissue at the base of a hair, tooth, or feather 2. any other similar protuberance 3. any minute blunt hair or process occurring... Explanation of terminal hoof papilla
Cracks may form in the horses hoof wall, usually in a vertical direction, and either originate from the ground surface (sometimes called grass cracks) or, less commonly,
Foot abscesses usually develop at an area of separation of the horny outer of hoof wall from the softer underlying layer of the hoof, often at the white Dirt accumulates in these cracks and the area soon becomes infected.
Formula 4 Feet - 26 FACTS Equi Life Ltd, the distribution arm of The Laminitis Clinic, has launched a New Generation equine hoof supplement, Formula4 Feet, providing unique benefits for both horses with poor hoof horn quality, cracked hooves, weak heels and those at risk of laminitis. Robert Eustace FRCVS, Director of the Laminitis Clinic, developed Formula4 Feet in collaboration with Dr. David Frape, the countrys leading equine nutritionist. Mr. Eustace is increasingly disturbed by the insidious increase in GM ingredients in horse feeds. He takes the view that the consequences of feeding GM ingredients are unknown and that until extensive research is undertaken, to prove safety both to animals and the environment; it is prudent to avoid such materials. The nutrition for hooves provided by Formula4 Feet leads to obvious improvement in hoof horn quality. 1. Formula4 Feet is the first non-GM hoof supplement to be made anywhere in the world. It is manufactured in the UK in an establishment using ...
The horns and hoofs are treated separately. The hoofs are soaked in water until they become spongy and can be freed from the bones, after which they are spread out in the sun to dry. The horns are cured in the sun until the horn pith is completely dried and can be removed by hammering. The horns and hoofs together are put into an autoclave (digester) and steam cooked for seven hours at 100-112° C. The material is then dried and finely ground ...
Durable laminated poster depicts the anatomy of the hoof and its neurovascular anatomy. Other illustrations on this poster include Layers of the Hoof, Stages of Laminitis, Parasagittal Section of the Hoof, and more. 20 x 26 size and laminated on both sides in heavy plastic.
Based in County Cork, Ireland, we are a farming family so we understand the needs of the Irish farmer. Our core product is our rollover crate, fixed and mobile. Whether youre a farmer, professional hoof trimmer or a veterinary practice youll appreciate how the Crate takes the heavy lifting out of hoof trimming and hoof care. We also supply the highest quality hoof trimming and hoof care supplies at affordable prices - with an easy, fast and economical service. ...
The smaller number of sows without any claw lesions may be linked to the intensive selection and management in todays swine industry that has made pigs grow rapidly to a large body weight. It has been suggested that this rapid growth affects the soundness of legs and feet.3 The findings of the present study are thus in agreement with a previous report6 that more than 96% of loose-housed sows and 80% of confined sows had at least one lesion on the lateral hind claws. The most prevalent lesions reported in that study6 were hoof-wall cracks, heel lesions, cracks in the white line, and overgrown heels. In the present study, the majority of sows had lesions on the wall, heel, and white line. In a recent study,7 it was reported that hyperkeratinization of soft heel tissue was observed in 74% to 84% of sows autopsied. Other common claw lesions observed were cracks in the hoof wall (44% to 49%), cracks in the sole (75% to 77%), and cracks in the white line (63% to 65%).7. The weight distribution of ...
Hoofcare Publishing chronicles progress in the art and science of preventing, recognizing and treating lameness problems in horses. Methods covered range from barefoot trimming to hoof boots, horseshoeing, equine podiatry and veterinary medical and surgical treatment. The history and culture of the professions are also a feature. The Hoof Blog is written for and by the dedicated professionals from all fields who are at work in the rewarding pursuit of optimizing performance or facilitating rehabilitation. Hoofcare Publishing supports and champions a diverse worldwide community of professionals via a portfolio of educational and media projects and publications. Fran Jurgas Hoof Blog © 2004-2017 Hoofcare Publishing. No use of content or images without permission. Usually, all you have to do is ask. Social media sharing is encouraged and appreciated ...
Hoofcare Publishing chronicles progress in the art and science of preventing, recognizing and treating lameness problems in horses. Methods covered range from barefoot trimming to hoof boots, horseshoeing, equine podiatry and veterinary medical and surgical treatment. The history and culture of the professions are also a feature. The Hoof Blog is written for and by the dedicated professionals from all fields who are at work in the rewarding pursuit of optimizing performance or facilitating rehabilitation. Hoofcare Publishing supports and champions a diverse worldwide community of professionals via a portfolio of educational and media projects and publications. Fran Jurgas Hoof Blog © 2004-2017 Hoofcare Publishing. No use of content or images without permission. Usually, all you have to do is ask. Social media sharing is encouraged and appreciated ...
Hoofcare Publishing chronicles progress in the art and science of preventing, recognizing and treating lameness problems in horses. Methods covered range from barefoot trimming to hoof boots, horseshoeing, equine podiatry and veterinary medical and surgical treatment. The history and culture of the professions are also a feature. The Hoof Blog is written for and by the dedicated professionals from all fields who are at work in the rewarding pursuit of optimizing performance or facilitating rehabilitation. Hoofcare Publishing supports and champions a diverse worldwide community of professionals via a portfolio of educational and media projects and publications. Fran Jurgas Hoof Blog © 2004-2017 Hoofcare Publishing. No use of content or images without permission. Usually, all you have to do is ask. Social media sharing is encouraged and appreciated ...
Hoofcare Publishing chronicles progress in the art and science of preventing, recognizing and treating lameness problems in horses. Methods covered range from barefoot trimming to hoof boots, horseshoeing, equine podiatry and veterinary medical and surgical treatment. The history and culture of the professions are also a feature. The Hoof Blog is written for and by the dedicated professionals from all fields who are at work in the rewarding pursuit of optimizing performance or facilitating rehabilitation. Hoofcare Publishing supports and champions a diverse worldwide community of professionals via a portfolio of educational and media projects and publications. Fran Jurgas Hoof Blog © 2004-2017 Hoofcare Publishing. No use of content or images without permission. Usually, all you have to do is ask. Social media sharing is encouraged and appreciated ...
Seasonal weather changes have a major effect on a horses hoof health. Depending on the time of year, horses hooves change and may require extra attention and treatment.
The second disease process noted in these radiographs is White Line Disease. This is evidence by the gas lucency traveling up the dorsal hoof wall (yellow arrows in Figure 4). The lateral radiograph is only 2 dimensional hence it is impossible to predict if this gas lucency is right down the middle of the hoof or if it wraps around the medial and lateral aspect of the hoof. Regardless, the gas lucency corresponds to separation of the hoof wall from the underlying tissue. White line disease may be the primary problem or secondary. In this case, it is likely secondary to the chronic founder/laminits however in primary cases, it can cause coffin bone rotation and result in laminitis. This condition results from the accumulation of dead/decaying material that slowly works its way from the sole surface up the hoof wall. The offending organism is believed to be in part anaerobic bacteria that thrive in a low-oxygen environment and produce gas that can be seen on a radiograph. Excessive gas ...
Several studies have been conducted into how much biotin a horse requires. A study published in the Equine Vet Journal (1992), found that greater growth rates and hardness of hooves was achieved at a daily feeding rate of 15mg of biotin than at 7.5mg in horses diets. The level of biotin included in Dengie Healthy Hooves has been formulated accordingly and thus when fed at the recommended rates will provide a 500kg horse with 15mg of biotin per day.. Research published in the Vet Record (1987) demonstrated that alfalfa increases the quality and quantity of horn growth which was attributed to the highly available calcium and essential amino acids found naturally in alfalfa.. B vitamins have a wide range of functions within the horses digestive system including energy metabolism and growth and development. Healthy Hooves was the first chopped fibre feed on the market with a full range of all these important nutrients.. ...
Hoof and Mouth Disease (HMD) is an acute infectious disease of cloven-hoofed animals. The name Foot and Mouth Disease is a misnomer since the animals this disease affects technically do not have feet. In susceptible populations, there is a high rate of illness when an outbreak occurs but the death loss is minimal. This disease primarily has severe economic implications for the livestock industries. Hoof and Mouth disease is characterized by vesiculation, or blistering of the hooves and oral cavity. Cattle, swine, sheep, and goats are all susceptible. Seven immunologic types, over 60 subtypes and numerous strains have been identified.. The disease is enzootic in many areas of the world, including most of Asia, Africa, and South America. North and Central America, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan are free of infection. It had been largely controlled by vaccination in Europe and the Scandinavian Countries. Until recently the United Kingdom was considered free of the disease. Mexico experienced ...
Product is A topical antiseptic formula that helps hooves retain moisture, promote new hoof growth, and makes hooves more elastic and flexible.
Define hoof: a curved covering of horn that protects the front of or encloses the ends of the digits of an ungulate mammal and… - hoof in a sentence