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Abstract Body mass index (BMI ) values reflect the net balance between nutrition, work effort, and calories consumed to fight disease. Nineteenth-century prison records in the United States demonstrate that the BMI values of blacks and whites were distributed symmetrically; neither underweight nor obese individuals were common among the working class. BMI values declined throughout the nineteenth century. By modern standards, however, nineteenth-century BMI s were in healthy weight ranges, though the biological living standards in rural areas exceeded those in urban areas. The increase in BMI s during the twentieth century did not have its origin in the nineteenth century.. ...
NCGS is preparing to launch a special guest-edited issue in Summer 2008 that would read nineteenth-century texts within a disability studies/queer studies/gender studies framework. The issue will engage and answer these and other questions: how do issues of the disabled body and the gendered body parallel each other, or collapse into one another? What are the implications of disability in the construction and practice of femininity in nineteenth-century culture? What are the implications of disability in the construction and practice of masculinity in nineteenth-century culture? How do images and metaphors of physical difference work, with gender, into the forms of nineteenth-century literature and culture? What are the connections between gender, ability/disability, and work in the nineteenth century? What are the theoretical implications of prosthetics in writing/understanding nineteenth-century culture? What are the implications of bodily performance in general in the nineteenth century? Is ...
In this first English-language study of popular and scientific responses to tuberculosis in nineteenth-century France, David Barnes provides a much-needed historical perspective on a disease that is making an alarming comeback in the United States and Europe. Barnes argues that French perceptions of the disease--ranging from the early romantic image of a consumptive woman to the later view of a scourge spread by the poor--owed more to the power structures of nineteenth-century society than to medical science. By 1900, the war against tuberculosis had become a war against the dirty habits of the working class. Lucid and original, Barness study broadens our understanding of how and why societies assign moral meanings to deadly diseases.. ...
He is not the download A Concise History of Modern Korea: From the Late Nineteenth of an African Canadian Achievement Award and the Harry Jerome Award. Reproduced on May 28, 1954, Mayor Tory is a economic, and windward, Toronto Maple Leafs force. MayorTory and his exchange Barbara have emerged involved for 37 events.
|em|Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest|/em| presents a dramatic, gripping chronicle of exploration and missions from the early nineteenth century through the Conference of Berlin in 1884 and the subsequent scramble for Africa. Unique sources provide a wealth of research topics on explorers, politicians, evangelists, journalists, and tycoons blinded by romantic nationalism or caught up in the competition for markets and converts. These monographs, manuscripts, and newspapers cover key issues of economics, world politics, and international strategy.
Sir William Osler, Baronet: Sir William Osler, Baronet, Canadian physician and professor of medicine who practiced and taught in Canada, the United States, and Great Britain and whose book The Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892) was a leading textbook. Osler played a key role in transforming the organization and
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Having live-in domestic servants seems like the height of luxury today, but in the nineteenth century, hired girls were common in middle-class households in Illinois. In a society without electricity and running water, household chores were onerous, and in the nineteenth century, a wave of immigrants made labor cheap and plentiful.
This thesis examines the relations between music and literature through fictional women musicians in nineteenth-century European literature and more particularly through their bodies. The female body appears to be a rich juncture between music and literature, facilitating musical references in literature as well as creating complex musical narrative systems anchored in social, cultural and scientific discourses of the long nineteenth century. All types of women musicians are examined (singers, instrumentalists, composers, and even listeners) along with different discourses on the body (social, philosophical and scientific), shedding a new light on gender and the arts. Our chronological as well as thematic approach strives to highlight a common representation of the body and of female musicians in literature. German Romantic texts thus present women musicians as elusive figures who play a key role in the impossibility to materialise the abstract. Realist and sensation novels are analysed through ...
In neurological circles today the name James Taylor (1859-1946) is probably remembered mainly for his role in editing the Selected Writings of John Hughlings Jackson, the most readily available source of Jacksons contributions to neurological knowledge. Taylors own neurological achievements are largely or entirely forgotten, but in his day he was an influential figure whose career linked the great figures of the golden era of late nineteenth century British neurology to the neurology of the first half of the twentieth century. Not only was he a junior professional colleague and close friend of both John Hughlings Jackson and William Gowers, he also produced a substantial corpus of neurological writings in his own right, including a textbook of child neurology and the first English language account of subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord.
The manuscript and archives collections contain everything from the daybooks of eighteenth century silversmiths to late nineteenth century tradecards for sewing machines; from architectural drawings for early nineteenth century town houses to rare autochromes of Winterthurs gardens; from photographs of Shaker communities to the exercise books of school children.. Peggy Clayton, who lived near Halifax, NC, created her calligraphy mathematics exercise book (Doc 1442) in the 1770s, ornamenting it with pictures of American ships, flags, and patriotic sentiments as well as standard exercises like addition, subtraction, multiplication, rule of three, and simple and compound interest. She used the common writing materials of the period - hand-made laid paper, a quill pen and iron gall ink. The folded leaves were sewn into a soft cover composed of a canvas laminated between a heavy outer paper and newsprint on the inside.. The cover is detached from the manuscript and it is soiled, torn and dog-eared ...
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From the early nineteenth century to the current day reformers, policy makers, prison governors and medical officers have grappled with relentlessly high levels of mental illness in prisons. Since the creation of modern and specialised prisons and prison regimes, prison regimes and conditions - the separate system, solitary confinement and overcrowding - were criticised for their impact on the mental wellbeing of their inmates. This paper explores the management of mentally ill prisoners in the late nineteenth century, paying particular attention to Liverpool Borough Prison. Managing mentally ill prisoners - male and female - became a significant part of the prison surgeons workload and a drain on the prisons resources. Drawing on underexploited prison archives, official papers, medical literature, and asylum casebooks, this paper examines the efforts of prison officers to cope with mental illness among prison populations, and how these drew on, reflected and reinforced late ...
Although most of the organs found in Peru today were imported from Europe during the hundred years that followed independence and the establishment of the Republic (1821), only a few of this large and unique collection have been studied and evaluated. These instruments attest to a vibrant and varied use of the organ in ecclesiastical contexts that continues a long and consistent tradition, well documented from the beginnings of the viceregal era in 1535. Among the surviving nineteenth-century organs in Peru, those built by the Italian immigrant Innocente Foglia stand out because they appear to be the only organs constructed in Peru during this period of the Republic. All the Foglia organs known at present are in prominent churches in major cities and exhibit an amalgamation of various national styles, both Romantic and pre-Romantic. Innocente Foglia is also known to have repaired and restored many of the imported European organs in Peru. Basic biographical information about Foglia, recently ...
7) What is science? I was dismayed to discover that students in my own university were being taught (by someone with a new PhD in history of science from a prestigious institution) that there was no such thing as science in the seventeenth century. But this, after all, is what Henrys textbook says, and Dear in his 2012 review essay confidently asserts: specialist historians seem increasingly agreed that science as we now know it is an endeavour born of the nineteenth century. On her university website one distinguished historian of science is described thus: Paula Findlen teaches history of science before it was science (which is, after all, a nineteenth-century word). (http://web.stanford.edu/ dept/HPS/findlen.html, accessed 7 Dec 2015). How have we got to the point where it appears to make sense to claim that science is a nineteenth-century word? Because Newton, we are told, was not a scientist (which indeed is a nineteenth-century word) but a philosopher. Even if one charitably ...
A glorious companion volume to Historical Fashion in Detail: The 17th and 18th Centuries (V&A ) and Modern Fashion in Detail (V&A ), this book captures the opulence and variety of nineteenth-century fashion through an authoritative text, exquisite colour photography and line drawings of the complete garments.
At the May 29, 2017, Board meeting, Trustees approved a recommendation for the Ancaster Accommodation Review to rebuild C.H. Bray and Rousseau Elementary Schools on their existing sites, build an addition at Ancaster Senior Elementary School and close Fessenden and Queens Rangers Elementary Schools once the new schools and the addition are constructed. This approval also requires a boundary review to determine the boundaries of the new schools at the Beverly Community Centre site and C.H. Bray. The schools involved in the boundary review include the new school at Greensville (Greensville and Spencer Valley), the new school at Beverly Community Centre Site (Beverly Central and Dr. John Seaton), Queens Rangers, C.H. Bray and Sir William Osler.. ...
Read the full-text online edition of The Italian Traditions & Puccini: Compositional Theory and Practice in Nineteenth-Century Opera (2011).
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The purpose of this new book is to persuade us that Charles Thomas Jackson, who gave Morton a little background information about ether and spent the rest of his life claiming priority for the Great Invention, was not as crazy as has been previously alleged. The critical incident reported in this book concerns the accidental meeting in Fall 1832 of Jackson and Samuel Morse on the boat Sully as it crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Europe to America. Morse, a successful artist, had become interested in the possibility of developing an electric telegraph. He and passengers on the Sully , including Jackson, chatted about the possibility of sending messages through wires. Jackson later claimed he had given Morse the whole idea. The meat of this book consists of sworn depositions given by Jackson in the course of complicated lawsuits brought by others claiming they, and not Morse, were responsible for key elements of the electric telegraph ...
press release Goetz, C. G. (2000). Battle of the titans - Charcot and Brown-Sequard on cerebral localization. Neurology, 54(9), 1840-1847. Objective: To examine the differing views of Jean-Martin Charcot and Charles Edouard Brown-Sequard-two celebrated neuroscientists of the nineteenth century-on cerebral localization as exemplified in their controversial debate of 1875 at the Societe de Biologie in Paris. Background: As clinicopathologic correlations were developed in the mid and late nineteenth century, cerebral localization was a primary topic of debate at scientific, social, and religious levels. Charcot, representing an anatomic approach to research, and Brown-Sequard, representing a physiologic perspective, disagreed fundamentally on the importance of cerebral localization to normal behavior and neurologic illness. Methods: The minutes of the Societe de Biologie meetings of 1875 and 1876, as well as primary archive documents from the Archives Nationales de 1Academie des Sciences and the ...
This thesis is the first to combine organology, musicology, history and ethnography in a comprehensive study focusing on Irish organ-building. Chapter One commences with an extensive historical survey of Irish organ-building. Chapter Two proposes that there was a thriving indigenous industry in the nineteenth century with two leading families, Telford and White. It describes their family and business history that continued until the early part of the following century. It also exposes evidence of religious prejudice and comments on Irish exports within the British Empire. Chapter Three proposes a relationship between manufactory and functionality, and suggests that Irish organ-builders were following English builders in the use of practical casework designs. A case study of Telfords work at Trinity College Chapel, Dublin and Durrow (1838, 1842) examples expedient measures in the building of a new organ and adaptation of an old organ. Chapter Four presents analyses of layout, architectural ...
This class focuses on the history of biology within modern and contemporary art, architecture, and design. It traces biocentrism †a biology-based philosophy of the oneness of art and science †from the late nineteenth century to the present within the greater world of art. It is a realm notably stretched, expanded and refashioned to include the pragmatic activities and thinking of scientists. We will trace the influences of this nature-holism from the nineteenth-century naturalists Ernst Haeckel and Raoul Francé to the fount of twentieth-century modern design at the German and American Bauhaus in the work of Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Lászlo Moholy-Nagy to twenty-first century bioart and synthetic biology in contemporary architecture and design. The class brings to the fore the lesser known pedagogy of biofunctionalism within the Bauhaus, comparing it to New Objectivity Bauhaus functionalism. Readings trace the diasporic spread of this Bauhaus biofunctionalism ...
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During the nineteenth century, Britains urban population increased as its rural population diminished. A historian theorizes that, rather than industrializations being the cause, this change ...
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A philosophical review of Richard Rapport, M.D., Nerve Endings: The Discovery of the Synapse (New York: Norton, 2005). Richard Rapports remarkable book returns us to the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century where amateur science hewed more closely to aesthetic vision. The main characters are the cantankerous Italian, Camillo Golgi, and the pensive, ardent…
Nordic Landscape Painting In The Nineteenth Century by Torsten Gunnarsson available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. In this richly illustrated book, Torsten Gunnarsson provides for the first time a comprehensive...
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On the whole, the psychological work of the last quarter of the nineteenth century emphasized the study of consciousness to the neglect of the total life of intellect and character. - Edward Thorndike quotes from BrainyQuote.com
County histories, especially those published between 1870 and 1915, provide county surveys from the time of origin to the time of printing. Each contains biographical sketches of individuals and families living within the county. Most also contain family name indexes. The Library has histories from each of Illinois 102 counties; nearly all were published in the nineteenth century. For a surname index of the biographical sketches in the Librarys collection of Illinois county histories, visit the Searchable Surname Index.. County plat books contain detailed maps of the townships within the county and indicate ownership of the land at the time of printing (ca. 1870-1930). Some also contain brief histories and biographical sketches.. The Library holds indexes to federal census records for Illinois for 1810, 1818, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850, 1860, and 1870, as well as abridged copies of federal records for many Illinois counties (1810-1880).. Privately printed lists of cemetery inscriptions, ...
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Brian Oxman, Joe Jacksons attorney, said some family members were disappointed that the physician was charged only with involuntary manslaughter. The criminal case comes after a seven-month investigation that stretched from the master bedroom of Jacksons Holmby Hills mansion to the heart clinic Murray ran in a poor neighborhood of Houston. The focus, however, rarely left Murray. Within weeks of Jacksons death, detectives described the doctor as a manslaughter suspect in court papers that said he admitted leaving the singer alone and under the influence of propofol -- a powerful anesthetic used to render surgical patients unconscious -- in a bedroom of the sprawling home. The coroners office ruled Jacksons death a homicide and said the cause was acute propofol intoxication in conjunction with the effect of other sedatives Murray acknowledged providing. Despite the almost immediate focus on Murray -- authorities first questioned him in the hospital where doctors were working in vain to ...
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The following is from the book Emil Seletz, Sculptor. All through my medical training I have always been inspired by the great physician. The father of the first truly great volume on medicine is by Sir William Osler. While in Baltimore in 1937, I visited with sculptor Hans Schuller, and he related to me his making of a portrait bust of Sir William Osler. This was sometime in early 1905. It was his custom in modeling a portrait bust of a male subject to use the Greek style of finishing with the naked unclothed chest. Mrs. Osler wanted Oslers accustomed wing collar and elegant dress, but Hans Schuller would not agree to her request. Dr. Osler looked quite young at that time. Mrs. Osler refused to accept the bust (eventually acquired by Johns Hopkins). When beginning the portrait bust of Dr. Osler, my good friend Dr. Elmer Belt, the urologist and universally famous for his Leonardo DaVinci collection, procured for me some 30 or more photographs of Sir William Osler as well as copies of drawings ...
Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex, by historian of science Alice Domurat Dreger, was published in 1998 by Harvard University Press. In the book, Dreger describes how many doctors and scientists treated human hermaphrodites from the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth century. She states that during this time period, many physicians and scientists struggled to determine the nature sex, and to support a classification of sex as male or female, many physicians and scientists resorted to viewing a persons gonads for identification of his or her sex.. Format: Articles Subject: Publications, Theories, Disorders ...
Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex, by historian of science Alice Domurat Dreger, was published in 1998 by Harvard University Press. In the book, Dreger describes how many doctors and scientists treated human hermaphrodites from the late nineteenth century to the early twentieth century. She states that during this time period, many physicians and scientists struggled to determine the nature sex, and to support a classification of sex as male or female, many physicians and scientists resorted to viewing a persons gonads for identification of his or her sex.. Format: Articles Subject: Publications, Theories, Disorders ...
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This chapter examines the impact of cheap reprint libraries on the regular book trade, distribution methods and rates, international copyright, and the very concept of the book in the nineteenth century. It first provides an overview of the content and readership of cheap reprints, also known as weeklies and series, and their growth as well as the threat they posed to publishers and booksellers. It then considers the development of international copyright and its implications for library publishing, as well as the effect of libraries on the Post Office Department. The chapter concludes with an assessment of the decline of cheap reprint books and their legacy on nineteenth-century publishing.
Know Jagiellonian University course/tuition fees, Course duration, application deadline, acceptance rate, reviews. Check out our promotional video. Exchange rates are also volatile and are subject to change. It was founded on 12 May 1364 by the Polish king Casimir the Great. The Jubilee year 2014 marked the 650th anniversary of this remarkable event. The University also includes nearly 30 Ph.D. programmes. Todays JU links tradition with the challenges of the modern world. Poland is known as the destination to be if you want to experience the very soul of Europe. Thanks! The Jagiellonian University is a public higher education institution, a self-governed university, which comprises 16 Faculties, where 4 thousand academic staff conduct research and provide education to almost 50 thousand students, within the framework of more than 87 different fields of study. The Jagiellonian Universitys offer for prospective students includes over 140 undergraduate (first-cycle) programmes of study and about ...
Wed 15th November (1-2pm): Hardy Seminar Room 1 (Hardy Building). Dr Shirley Brook (BGU) The Social Networks and Information Environment of Nineteenth Century Agricultural Improvement. There was great zeal for Improvement in nineteenth-century farming circles. Progress was fuelled and facilitated by the proliferation of farming publications and increasing opportunities for social exchange afforded not only by membership of agricultural societies but also attendance at their shows. The influence of such media on both the farmers and the landowners, whose activities shaped the rural landscape, will be considered in this talk.. For further information, please contact the convenor:. Dr R C F von Friedeburg (Reader in History) [email protected] ...
From the birth of geography as a science during the Greek classical period and until the late nineteenth century with the birth of anthropogeography (human geography), geography was almost exclusively a natural science: the study of location and descriptive gazetteer of all places of the known world. Several works among the best known during this long period could be cited as an example, from Strabo (Geography), Eratosthenes (Geographika) or Dionisio Periegetes (Periegesis Oiceumene) in the Ancient Age to the Alexander von Humboldt (Kosmos) in the nineteenth century, in which geography is regarded as a physical and natural science, of course, through the work Summa de Geografía of Martín Fernández de Enciso from the early sixteenth century, which indicated for the first time the New World. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a controversy exported from geology, between supporters of James Hutton (uniformitarianism thesis) and Georges Cuvier (catastrophism) strongly influenced the ...
From the birth of geography as a science during the Greek classical period and until the late nineteenth century with the birth of anthropogeography (human geography), geography was almost exclusively a natural science: the study of location and descriptive gazetteer of all places of the known world. Several works among the best known during this long period could be cited as an example, from Strabo (Geography), Eratosthenes (Geographika) or Dionisio Periegetes (Periegesis Oiceumene) in the Ancient Age to the Alexander von Humboldt (Kosmos) in the nineteenth century, in which geography is regarded as a physical and natural science, of course, through the work Summa de Geografía of Martín Fernández de Enciso from the early sixteenth century, which indicated for the first time the New World. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a controversy exported from geology, between supporters of James Hutton (uniformitarianism thesis) and Georges Cuvier (catastrophism) strongly influenced the ...
From those viewed as medical marvels in the nineteenth century to questions surrounding quality of life in the late twentieth century, the course explores the continuities and changes in the relationship between medical science and difference. Between the eighteenth and nineteenth century, and into the twentieth, the increasing influence of medical practitioners ensured that disability, deformity, disfigurement and mental illness were categorised through a medical perspective. Categories about the acceptability of physical and social norms were constructed from the eighteenth century, indeed, the term normal was not commonly used in the English language until the 1840s. In the nineteenth century, the growth of capitalism and the concentration on industrialization, excluded those deemed different from the workplace and the community as they were not judged to be economically useful. In addition, philanthropic gestures which grew in the nineteenth century, saw people who were categorised as ...
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American Routes provides a comparative and historical analysis of the migration and integration of white and free black refugees from nineteenth-century St. Domingue/Haiti to Louisiana and follows ... More. American Routes provides a comparative and historical analysis of the migration and integration of white and free black refugees from nineteenth-century St. Domingue/Haiti to Louisiana and follows their descendants over the course of two hundred years. The refugees reinforced Louisianas triracial system and pushed back Anglo-American racialization by several decades. But over the course of the nineteenth century, the ascendance of the Anglo-American racial system began to eclipse Louisianas triracial Latin/Caribbean system. The result was a racial palimpsest that transformed everyday life in southern Louisiana. White refugees and their descendants in Creole Louisiana succumbed to pressure to adopt a strict definition of whiteness as purity according to standards of the Anglo-American racial ...
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Sound of mind? Music as therapy in the nineteenth century lunatic asylum. Jerome Booth Music Therapy Centre, ARU, Cambridge Campus. Monday 6 November, 5.30-6.30pm.
In the first essay of this series I pointed out that contemporary electoral instability resembles the electorally chaotic late nineteenth century period after the return of the Confederate states to the Union.
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New Mexicos energy and mineral wealth is one of the richest endowments of any state in the United States. New Mexico has the second largest identified uranium ore reserves of any state after Wyoming, but no uranium ore has been mined in New Mexico since 1998. Uranium mining in New Mexico is not what one would consider a success story. In fact, is it fraught with corporate disregard for the land and the indigenous people who worked the mines early on.. When Anglo-American miners appeared on the Colorado Plateau in the late nineteenth century, they extracted uranium, radium, and vanadium from small amounts of pitchblende and carnotite ore. Manual methods of mining, including the use of hand picks, sorting by hand, and transportation by burros or donkeys, limited the scope and impact of mining. During the early twentieth century, new mining methods included the use of diesel-powered equipment in underground mines and in transportation of ore by trucks to extraction mills. Thus began a dramatic ...
New York: Columbia University Press. SEE THIS HERE, Feminist Studies, 14: 33-50. Veil, Princeton: Princeton University Press. , Durham, NC: Duke University Press. What is Third-Wave Feminism? mods Essay, terms, regular): 175-196. Please get the download strikes wars for download ages if any or are a publicity to develop few particulates. CRC Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing Series) . world corporations and Style may be in the history week, were address even! differ a download strikes wars and to assist belts if no % lines or possible functions. representation worlds of protections two kimberlites for FREE! strip years of Usenet glaciers! download strikes wars and revolutions in an international perspective strike waves in the late nineteenth and: EBOOKEE has a air information of disputes on the understanding( traditional Mediafire Rapidshare) and is nearly be or live any data on its vibration. ...
There is no general prohibition against women singing in classic Jewish law based on the Talmud and subsequent codes and commentaries until the early nineteenth century. The current blanket prohibition accepted by Haredi and some modern Orthodox rabbis was first suggested and rejected by Rabbi Joshua Falk (d. 1614) and was only given as a halachic ruling by Rabbi Moshe Sofer, the Hatam Sofer, in the early nineteenth century.... There is therefore no halachic justification for anyone walking out when women sing. But even if one accepts the very strict ruling of the Hatam Sofer, it is forbidden to walk out in order not to insult the female performers. ...
Today I found out Alfred Nobel, who left most of his fortune to start the Nobel Prizes, was once nicknamed The Merchant of Death.. The merchant of death title was given to him due to Nobel inventing, and making most of his vast fortune off of, dynamite and other types of explosives, such as ballistite, which was the precursor to quite a lot of military grade explosive devices.. Nobel came up with the idea of using his money for these annual prizes after his brother, Ludvig, died in 1888 and a French newspaper mistakenly thought it had been Alfred Nobel himself who died. The newspaper published the obituary under the title: The Merchant of Death is Dead, going on to state: Dr. Alfred Nobel, who became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before, died yesterday.. When Nobel read this, he began thinking of how to improve his public image after his death and decided on leaving his enormous fortune to fund a set of prizes named after himself. The Nobel Prizes were ...
My monograph Before George Eliot: Marian Evans and the Periodical Press (Cambridge University Press, 2013) offers a reorientation of George Eliot studies, of nineteenth-century media history and of debates about the professionalization of female authorship in the nineteenth-century in its focus on the first decade of George Eliots working life as an editor, journalist and serial fiction writer. The book is joint winner of the Robert and Vineta Colby Scholarly Book Prize for 2014, an international award for the book that most advances understanding of the nineteenth-century British Press (See http://rs4vp.org/colby-prize/). Before George Eliot was published in paperback by Cambridge University Press in 2016. My current work in this area includes book chapters and essays on genre and transmission in the periodical press ...
Since the 1970s, the prevailing historical model of modern medicine suggests that the nineteenth century in particular was a time of significant change with respect to womens ability to negotiate their own bodies. In 1973, Carroll Smith-Rosenberg and Charles Rosenberg wrote, Since at least the time of Hippocrates and Aristotle, the roles assigned women have attracted an elaborate body of medical and biological justification. This was especially true in the nineteenth century. Many historians have since written about nineteenth-century medical ideologys insistence on the pathological (inherently diseased) nature of woman.. In 1881 Sinclair Coghill wrote in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), Menstruation and pregnancy, although strictly physiological in design and general issue, are yet conditions of such extreme organic tension that they may pass, by almost imperceptible degrees, into the domain of pathology. He went on to say, The sexual system dominates the other organic systems in ...
Jacksons Artist Watercolours can compete with the finest professional watercolours available today. They are made from premium Sudanese Kordofan gum arabic, honey, purified water and fine artist pigments. These ingredients are blended together and slo
Historically, rhinoplasty involved more nasal reconstruction than is now used in contemporary techniques. It is believed that as early as 1600 bc , Egyptians were performing various types of nasal surgery and manipulations. Indian physician Sushruta Samhita, who lived around 1000 to 800 bc , is also recognized as one of the pioneers of rhinoplasty. In 1818, German surgeon Carl van Graefe used the term rhinoplasty for the first time in his textbook. Other prominent surgeons, such as Johann Dieffenbach, John Roe, and Robert Weir, made significant contributions to the art of rhinoplasty in the middle to late nineteenth century. However, the father of modern rhinoplasty is considered to be Dr. Jacques Joseph (1865-1934), an orthopedic surgeon from Berlin who performed a rhinoplasty using external incisions in 1898. Three surgeons, Joseph Safian, Gustave Aufricht, and Samuel Fomon, traveled to Europe to learn Josephs techniques, and these three men were instrumental in bringing rhinoplasty to the ...
31st Annual Conference of the Nineteenth Century Studies Association. The University of Tampa, March 11-13, 2010, Tampa, Florida. Dramatic expression and self-conscious performances marked almost every aspect of nineteenth century life and artistic culture, as theatrical turns and performative mindsets introduced in the 17th-18th centuries expanded in the 1780s through the beginning of World War One. We invite paper and panel proposals that explore these themes and subjects in the long Nineteenth Century (1780-1914). Papers might address the theatrical shows-whether serious drama, circus displays, vaudeville, operas, or Shakespearean revivals-that appeared in cities and towns on both sides of the Atlantic (as well as in more distant lands). Or they might investigate how politics, social events, military engagements, domestic affairs, public trials, crime reports, religious rituals, architectural spaces, sculptural moments, exhibition halls, artistic and musical compositions, and the early moving ...
Purchase A Historical Perspective on Evidence-Based Immunology - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780123983817, 9780123983756
2017, King College, Ressels review: Modafinil 200 mg, 100 mg. Order cheap Modafinil online no RX... Clinical syndromeMyotonia is usually mild, approximately % may have percussion myotonia. Biomaterials;: Ц.. The medial alignment depended on the diameterof the bone and the diameter of the implant. Further progression of treatment can be imple-The patient is instructed to squeeze the gluteals mented by introducing step training. Patellar Tendinopathy: The Science Behind Treatment Patients with chronic symptoms may exhibit tendinopathy. This position also works well for examiners with small hands or when examining a very large leg. The rst clinical descriptions of the disease datefrom the late nineteenth century, and the medicalinterest in AS was stimulated by a series of publica-tions in the s by Vladimir von Bechterew(Ц) in St Petersburg, Russia. The evolution of clinical applications of biodegradable implants in arthroscopic surgery. There are no hard and fast rules, such as wait three ...
Michael Jacksons groundbreaking Bad album will be re-released to celebrate its 25th anniversary.The iconic record is to be accompanied by a number of never- before-heard demos recorded by the late singer - who passed away from acute Propofol intoxication in...
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TY - BOOK. T1 - Miners Lung: A History of Coal Dust Disease in Britain. AU - McIvor, Arthur. AU - Johnston, Ronald. N1 - Book published by Ashgate (2007), ISBN: 9780754636731 (http://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=1751&calcTitle=1&forthcoming=1&title_id=4553&edition_id=7272). PY - 2007/1/1. Y1 - 2007/1/1. N2 - Arthur McIvor and Ronald Johnston explore the experience of coal miners lung diseases and the attempts at voluntary and legal control of dusty conditions in British mining from the late nineteenth century to the present. In this way, the book addresses the important issues of occupational health and safety within the mining industry; issues that have been severely neglected in studies of health and safety in general. The authors examine the prevalent diseases, notably pneumoconiosis, emphysema and bronchitis, and evaluate the roles of key players such as the doctors, management and employers, the state and the trade unions. Throughout the book, the integration of oral testimony helps ...
AV 28 Lake Erie Islands Collection 1 OHIO HISTORICAL SOCIETY Audiovisual Collections AV 28 LAKE ERIE ISLANDS COLLECTION ( 1921 - 1928) OVERVIEW OF THE COLLECTION Number: AV 28 Title: Lake Erie Islands Collection Creator: Unknown Dates: 1921 - 1928 Media: Nitrate film negatives Quantity: 0.12 cubic feet Location: Fifth floor, Nitrate film storage area, Cabinet 1, Drawer C HISTORICAL SKETCH OF THE COLLECTION The Lake Erie Islands have been popular recreation and vacation since the late nineteenth century. Wealthy and prominent Ohioans popularized the Lake Erie Islands as a vacation destination. The town of Put- In- Bay on South Bass Island is a particularly popular place for boating and fishing. The first hotels for tourists on the Island were built in the late 1860 s and early 1870 s. The United States Commission for Fish and Fisheries chose Put- in- Bay as the location for a fish hatchery in 1889. The state of Ohio built a fish hatchery near the U. S. fish hatchery in 1907. It was operated by ...
Sample, Char, Hutchinson, Steve, Cowley, Jennifer, Watson, Tim, Hallaq, Bilal and Maple, Carsten (2017) Data fidelity : securitys soft underbelly. In: IEEE 11th International conference on Recent Challenges in Information Systems, Brighton, UK, 10-12 May 2017. Published in: Proceedings of 11th IEEE RCIS conference (In Press) Saul, Krysia and Thistlethwaite, Jill. (2011) Facial disfigurement. BMJ, Vol.343 . d5203. ISSN 0959-535X Saunders, Janet Florence (1983) Institutionalised offenders : a study of the Victorian institution and its inmates, with special reference to late nineteenth century Warwickshire. PhD thesis, University of Warwick. Scharf, Kimberley A. and Smith, Sarah M.. (2016) Relational altruism and giving in social groups. Journal of Public Economics, 141 . pp. 1-10. ISSN 0047-2727 Shaffie, Fuziah (2006) British colonial policy on social welfare in Malaya : child welfare services 1946-1957. PhD thesis, University of Warwick. Sidebotham, Peter (2013) Rethinking filicide. Child Abuse ...
This paper examines the post-First World War reconstruction of masculinity around notions of endurance in the British outdoor movement. From the 1860s onwards, long-distance walking trials in the Lake District became part of the regional mountaineering and rambling culture, offering middle-class mountaineers strenuous physical challenges which were expressions of regional pride and in which the Lake District became a synecdoche of the Alps, a place for excursive rehearsal of Alpine-scale ambitions. Part of a wider cultural turn towards gigantism in sport and exploration prior to the First World War, these challenges increasingly deployed insights from the life-reform and body-management movements of the late nineteenth century, drawing on developments from other endurance sports such as cycling. They culminated in the standardized but largely informal Lake District Twenty-four Hour Fell Record, the pre-war record being established by Dr Arthur Wakefield of Keswick in 1905. Post-war efforts to ...
Until 300 years ago, the Chinese considered Taiwan a land beyond the seas, a ball of mud inhabited by naked and tattooed savages. The incorporation of this island into the Qing empire in the seventeenth century and its evolution into a province by the late nineteenth century involved not only a reconsideration of imperial geography but also a reconceptualization of the Chinese domain. The annexation of Taiwan was only one incident in the much larger phenomenon of Qing expansionism into frontier areas that resulted in a doubling of the area controlled from Beijing and the creation of a multi-ethnic polity. The author argues that travelers accounts and pictures of frontiers such as Taiwan led to a change in the imagined geography of the empire. In representing distant lands and ethnically diverse peoples of the frontiers to audiences in China proper, these works transformed places once considered non-Chinese into familiar parts of the empire and thereby helped to naturalize Qing expansionism. By
In this paper I view the history of kinesiology in America through the lens of a shifting academic landscape where physical culture and building acted upon each other to reflect emergent views concerning the nature of training in physical education and scientific developments around human movement. It is also an organizational history that has been largely lived in the gymnasium and the laboratory from its inception in the late nineteenth century to its current arrangements in the academy. Historians have referred to this in appropriately embodied terms as the head and the heart of physical education, and of course the impact of gender, class, and race was ever present. I conclude that the profession/discipline conundrum in kinesiology that has ebbed and flowed in the shifting spaces and carefully organized places of the academy has not gone away in the twenty-first century and that the complexities of todays training require more fertile and flexible collaborative approaches in research, ...
In this paper I view the history of kinesiology in America through the lens of a shifting academic landscape where physical culture and building acted upon each other to reflect emergent views concerning the nature of training in physical education and scientific developments around human movement. It is also an organizational history that has been largely lived in the gymnasium and the laboratory from its inception in the late nineteenth century to its current arrangements in the academy. Historians have referred to this in appropriately embodied terms as the head and the heart of physical education, and of course the impact of gender, class, and race was ever present. I conclude that the profession/discipline conundrum in kinesiology that has ebbed and flowed in the shifting spaces and carefully organized places of the academy has not gone away in the twenty-first century and that the complexities of todays training require more fertile and flexible collaborative approaches in research, ...
Nevertheless, we can provide some information on the time-scale for detection by using the unprecedented change concept mentioned briefly in Section 8.14. This should provide an upper bound to the time of detection since more sophisticated methods should produce earlier results. We take a conservative view as a starting point namely that the magnitude of natural variability is such that all of the warming of the past century could be attributed to this cause. (Note that this is not the same as denying the existence of an enhanced greenhouse effect. With such a noise level the past warming could be explained as a 1°C greenhouse effect offset by 0.5°C natural variability.) We then assume, again somewhat arbitrarily that a further 0.5°C warming (i.e., a total warming of 1°C since the late nineteenth century) is required before we could say with high confidence, that the only possible explanation would be that the enhanced greenhouse effect was as strong as predicted by climate models. Given the ...
Scheduled for one half day on Wednesday, 19 August at San Francisco State University. Project-Based Learning (PBL) builds on John Deweys work on experiential, hands-on, student-directed learning, a century ago. According to the Buck Institute for Education, PBL is a systematic teaching method that engages students in learning knowledge and skills through an extended inquiry process structured around complex, authentic questions and carefully designed products and tasks. Although the various learning settings and PBL projects may resemble each other in terms of their organizational arrangements, the learning is ultimately delivered within a student-teacher relationship. The structure of this relationship and that of the school itself were shaped by an industrial culture that developed during a period of rapid industrialization in the late nineteenth century when the dual revolutions of technology and information processing were transforming the United States. For just as the technological and ...
Im just here to set you guys strait. Communism and socialism are purely democratic. Stalinism, the kind of socialism exhibited in the Soviet Union, was not democratic. But in their forms as put down by Marx, Engels, Lenin, and Gramsci, is entirely Democratic and egalitarian. Those of you who only look at the American propagandized version of history will obviously fail to see that. Even when Marx said the word dictatorship he meant it only in the sense that a social democracy will only serve the interests of the lower classes. As for violent revolution, that was the course of change in the late nineteenth century. Now we have routes for peaceful change such as demonstrations, elections, etc. So they were simply victims of their time when they said that violent revolution was the only course of change. When it comes to Big Brother, you Americans have secret police state where you are watched without knowing about it. At any time you are outdoors, you had better suspect yourself of being ...
Its the final weekend of Tate Moderns s exhibition on looking. From the Tate website:. Exposed offers a fascinating look at pictures made on the sly, without the explicit permission of the people depicted. With photographs from the late nineteenth century to present day, the pictures present a shocking, illuminating and witty perspective on iconic and taboo subjects.. If you cannot make it to the exhibition this weekend heres a video about the show from the Tate Channel:. ...
Description: This book applies philosophical hermeneutics to biblical studies. Whereas traditional studies of the Bible limit their analysis to the exploration of the texts original historical sense, this book discusses how to move beyond these issues to a consideration of biblical texts existential significance for the present. In response to the rejection of biblical significance in the late nineteenth century and the accompanying crisis of nihilism, B. H. McLean argues that the philosophical thought of Heidegger, Bultmann, Gadamer, Habermas, Ricoeur, Levinas, Deleuze and Guattari provides an alternative to historically oriented approaches to biblical interpretation. He uses basic principles drawn from these philosophers writings to create a framework for a new post-historical mode of hermeneutic inquiry that transcends the subject-based epistemological structure of historical positivism.. Subjects: Methods, Historical Approaches, History, Literary Approaches, Hermeneutics, History of ...
Baseball, more than any other sport, has been associated with spit tobacco use. This is a short narrative of how tobacco made its way into the culture of baseball. As discovered earlier in the chapter, tobacco has a long and strong economic and use history in the USA from the 1600s on. Baseball rules were being formalized in the mid-nineteenth century, long before the carcinogenic properties of tobacco were discovered. By the late nineteenth century, the average American was consuming more than 3 pounds of tobacco annually [5]; tobacco had been firmly inserted into the culture of baseball. Spit tobacco was the choice of baseball players for obvious reasons; they could use tobacco on the field without using hands to hold a cigarette. Additionally, the baseball fields were not as well-groomed as they are today, and baseball games were very dirty and dusty. Spit tobacco helped the players with increased saliva flow, and an added benefit was that tobacco-laced saliva helped them lube their gloves to ...
GEORGES BIZET Carmen: extracts from Suite n. 1 e n. 2. In a musical fresco dedicated to the late nineteenth century France, it could not miss a chapter dedicated to the influences of the non-European cultures on the classical music production of that time. The French colonial empire was at its peak in the American continents, Asia and Africa. The relationship with overseas lands was intense, not only from a commercial point of view. In the motherland began to arrive Caribbean rhythms, new traditional melodies of the most distant and unknown countries, in addition to the unusual tones for European people, due to the importation of ethnic instruments, which occurs much less for example, in German or English music in the same period. New keyboard instruments such as the xylophone, the marimba, the tam tam, the gamelan, to name a few, enriched in a decisive way the Western symphony orchestra sound. Saint-Saëns, Delibes, Roussel, Berlioz, Verdi, Massenet and Bizet - the authors proposed in the ...
Fascinating article suggesting that the polio epidemics of the late nineteenth century to mid-twentieth century were actually caused by mass poisoning...
The story of Joseph Carey Merrick began in 1862, when he was born to Mary Jane and Joseph Merrick of Leicester, but the story of the Elephant Man did not start until several years later. It was when he was a toddler that tumours first appeared on Merricks body. They continued to grow and multiply throughout his short life, the result of what is now generally understood to be Proteus Syndrome. Without modern surgical treatment, the condition eventually became so severe that it made a normal life impossible. As the autobiographical pamphlet above states, Merrick found a means of supporting himself by joining travelling freak shows, displaying his deformity to the public under the stage name of The Elephant Man.. While touring, Merrick composed - albeit possibly with the help of an external writer - the above statement as part of a pamphlet to be distributed to crowds at each exhibition. He later attained fame of a different sort through his relationship with Dr. Frederick Treves, whose reports ...
Scientific inquiry into synaesthesia has only become popular in the past few decades, despite the earliest medically documented cases being recorded in the early nineteenth century [1]. Because of the wide variation in types and degrees of experience within this phenomenon, the term synaesthesia was not implemented until a large number of cases surfaced. Many of the first studied cases involved the the perception of colour. There was much interest at the time regarding the relationship between sounds and colours, a topic first brought to light in the seventeenth century by eminent scientists such as Isaac Newton[2]. He specifically believed in a physical law that could relate the seven colours in the light spectrum with the seven octaves of audible pitch [2]. This led to a liberal outlook in the field of cross-sensory perceptions, although no such experiences had yet been recorded. The lack of case studies prior to the nineteenth century could be due to the supernatural beliefs circulating in ...
The great hope of some reform-minded Americans is that there will be, sooner or later, a political backlash against rising inequality in America. Kevin Phillips, a former Republican adviser, is one of these. A principal aim of his wise if sprawling new book, Wealth and Democracy, is to show that the growth of private wealth in the 1990s was analogous to the rise of private wealth in previous eras, especially the Gilded Age of the late nineteenth century and the 1920s.. In all these periods, Phillips argues, great fortunes had the effect of undermining democratic values and creating difficult economic times for many and perhaps even most other Americans. In the past, the nation always seemed to alternate between the domination of private and of public interests, and it is possible that it will do so again. The Gilded Age of Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, Carnegie, Astor, and Morgan was followed by new regulations on business and commerce, progressive income taxes, and the establishment of the Federal ...
Introduction. Task 2: Joseph Lister believed that germs caused infection. Briefly describe the contributions made by Louis Pasture, Florence Nightingale and James Simpson to medical science and then explain which of these three people you think had the greatest influence on Lister. James young who was professor of midwifery at Edinburgh University, experimented on himself and his assistants to find a more effective anaesthetic than ether which had been developed in the USA but had been found to cause a nasty cough to patients. In 1847 he tested chloroform and found it to be a much less potent substance than ether. He reported his discoveries, but without a proper system of regulation in place, the substance was misused and caused the death of a 15-year-old girl by another doctor. The medical profession became less sceptical however, when in 1853 Queen Victoria was successfully anaesthetised with chloroform during the birth of her ninth child and the procedure one again became commonly used. ...
Multiflora rose prefers old fields, fencerows, power lines, roadsides, and forest edges. In other parts of its range it is successful in the understory of hardwood forests. It tolerates both moist and relatively dry conditions.. Distribution. Multiflora rose is native to eastern Asia. It was brought to North America in the late nineteenth century to be used in horticultural plantings. Since then it has been widely planted for a variety of reasons, including wildlife food and cover, erosion control, and as a living fence to border properties or pen livestock. Its use was historically advocated by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service and by some state conservation departments. Multiflora rose is now naturalized (established and reproducing in the wild) throughout much of the United States. In Maine, it is documented in Oxford, Waldo, and York Counties, but likely occurs in more.. Control. The best method of controlling multiflora rose is to prevent it from becoming established in the first place. It ...