Lyme borreliosis (LB) and nephropathia epidemica (NE) are zoonoses resulting from two different transmission mechanisms and the action of two different pathogens: the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and the Puumala virus, respectively. The landscape configuration is known to influence the spatial spread of both diseases by affecting vector demography and human exposure to infection. Yet, the connections between landscape and disease have rarely been quantified, thereby hampering the exploitation of land cover data sources to segment areas in function of risk. This study implemented a data-driven approach to relate land cover metrics and an indicator of NE/LB risk at different scales of observation of the landscape. Our results showed the suitability of the modeling approach (r² | 0.75, ? | 0.001) and highlighted the relevance of the scale of observation in the set of landscape attributes found to influence disease risk as well as common and specific risk factors of NE and LB.
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The late sequelae of hemorrhagic fever have not yet been completely delineated, since the opportunity for large scale follow-up study has been limited. Some of the early interest in this regard has centered around investigation of the inability of some patients to excrete a concentrated urine following apparent recovery from the acute phase of the disease. Initial consideration has been given to a residual renal defect as a responsible factor. That other factors may also be operative is suggested by our experience with a recent patient.. Pathologic alterations have been reported in widespread areas of the body among patients dying ...
Abstract Fourteen of 3,754 U.S. Marines who participated in a joint United States-Republic of Korea training exercise during the autumn of 1986 developed hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Clinical and laboratory findings among cases included fever, headache, fatigue, gastrointestinal dysfunction, thrombocytopenia, and proteinuria. Ten individuals were hospitalized; 2 died. No subclinical infections were identified through a post-deployment screen of sera obtained from 2,053 exercise participants. Analysis of questionnaires identified no environmental, occupational, or temporal factors as risks for developing disease. However, 13 of the 14 cases occurred among individuals housed at 1 of the 2 base camps used during the exercise. This outbreak represents the largest cluster of HFRS cases among U.S. personnel in the Republic of Korea since the Korean conflict.
Free Online Library: Landscape elements and Hantaan virus-related hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Peoples Republic of China.(RESEARCH) by Emerging Infectious Diseases; Health, general
Learn about Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. What are the symptoms, the causes and how to treat this condition? What can we do to cope and prevent it
Symptoms of HFRS usually develop within 1 to 2 weeks after exposure to infectious material, but in rare cases, they may take up to 8 weeks to develop. Initial symptoms begin suddenly and include intense headaches, back and abdominal pain, fever, chills, nausea, and blurred vision. Individuals may have flushing of the face, inflammation or redness of the eyes, or a rash. Later symptoms can include low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure, which can cause severe fluid overload. The severity of the disease varies depending upon the virus causing the infection. Hantaan and Dobrava virus infections usually cause severe symptoms, while Seoul and Puumala virus infections are usually more moderate. Complete recovery can take weeks or months.. ...
Blood stasis and blood heat are two pathogens in the theory system of Chinese Medicine, which can cause many diseases independently. But in internal intractable diseases, such as viral hepatitis, stroke, and epidemic hemorrhagic fever, blood stasis and blood heat always accompany with each other. So the hypothesis is raised that blood stasis with heat (YURE) is a compound pathogen and key pathogenesis in internal intractable diseases. This study was aimed to verify the role that the compound pathogen played in hemorrhagic stroke and to observe the progress of the key pathogenesis. A randomized and controlled trial would be conducted in five hospitals, where 300 hospitalized patients with hemorrhagic stroke in the acute phase would receive different intervention with basic modern medicine treatment or Chinese herbs formula combined with the former. The Chinese herbs formula, which was designed under the guidance of the theory system of Chinese Medicine, was supposed to cool blood heat and ...
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网友投诉东易日盛退还设计费不合理 长沙公司称等总部回复 (何先生预付了24000元作为装修设计合同款。) (长沙市民何先生对与东易日盛签订的设计合同中"设计费不予返还"条款提出质疑) 网友发帖投诉:湖南长沙东易日盛(国际家居设计馆)设计费不退还 红网长沙11月13日讯(时刻新闻记者 康希)买完东西退换货是常有的事,不过换作是装修设计,退"货"就不是这么简单了。最近,市民何先生与长沙东易日盛国际家居设计馆就设计费退还问题产生了分歧,为此他在红网消费维权频道上发帖,想要咨询解决办法。 双方矛盾 整体设计费退还20%合不合理? 今年9月,何先生来到位于韶山南路的东易日盛国际家居设计馆,委托公司给自家一套200平的房子做装修设计。在与一位副主任级别的设计师谈定签约后,何先生预付了24000元的设计费。 ...
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The effects of air pollution on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, and the resulting impacts on public health, have been widely studied. However, little is known about the effect of air pollution on the occurrence of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), a rodent-borne infectious disease. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between air pollution and HFRS incidence from 2001 to 2010, and estimated the significance of the correlation under the effect of climate variables. We obtained data regarding HFRS, particulate matter smaller than 10 μm (PM10) as an index of air pollution, and climate variables including temperature, humidity, and precipitation from the national database of South Korea. Poisson regression models were established to predict the number of HFRS cases using air pollution and climate variables with different time lags. We then compared the ability of the climate model and the combined climate and air pollution model to predict the occurrence of HFRS. The
Thirty cases of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) due to Puumala virus (PUUV), Saaremaa virus (SAAV), and Dobrava virus infection were confirmed in Estonia. Except for the levels of serum creatinine, no remarkable differences were found in the clinical course of HFRS caused by PUUV and SAAV ...
Introduction: Pancreatitis is a rare complication of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). The causative agents of HFRS are hantaviruses, which belong to the genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae. The purpose of this study was to evaluate cases of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with HFRS at the Service of Infectious Diseases, Tirana, Albania.. Methodology: In this retrospective study, clinical and laboratory data was obtained from 36 patients with confirmed HFRS, between January 2011 and December 2016. The diagnosis had been confirmed by a positive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for IgM or IgG antibodies to hantavirus.. Results: The average patient age was 39.7 ± 14.1 years with a range of 15-59 years. From 36 HFRS patients, four (11.1%) were found to have AP, all were male. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom and an increase in amylase and lipase was observed in all four patients. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) indicated pancreatitis with surrounding edema, ...
An unexpected and large outbreak of Puumala virus infection in Sweden resulted in 313 nephropathia epidemica patients/100,000 persons in Västerbotten County during 2007. An increase in the rodent population, milder weather, and less snow cover probably contributed to the outbreak ...
Puumala virus, which causes nephropathia epidemica (NE), is the most prevalent hantavirus in Germany; bank voles serve as the main reservoir. During 2001-2007, most NE cases reported from Germany occurred in the southwestern state of Baden-Württemberg. We investigated the influence of bank vole habitats (beech forest, seed plants), vole food supply (beechnut mast), climate factors (winter and spring temperatures), and human population density on spatial and temporal occurrence of NE cases in Baden-Württemberg. Using Poisson-regression analyses, we found that all these factors influenced disease incidence. Furthermore, an independent trend of increasing incidence predicted that incidence will nearly double each year. The regression model explained 75% of the annual variation in NE incidence. The results suggest that environmental drivers lead to increasing incidence of NE infections in the southern part or even other parts of Germany.
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Principal Investigator:YAMANOUCHI TAKAHISA, Project Period (FY):1987 - 1988, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Co-operative Research (A), Research Field:Laboratory animal science
wherein X means an alkenyl group C2-C7 substituted by two methyls, nitro-radical mono-substituted thienyl, unsubstituted quinolinyl, unsubstituted indolyl, unsubstituted pyridazinyl, unsubstituted piperazinyl, C1-C6-alkyl disubstituted piperazinyl, unsubstituted piperidinyl, unsubstituted pyrazinyl, unsubstituted imidazolyl, unsubstituted pyrimidinyl, phenyl monosubstituted pyrimidinyl, pyrimidinyl disubstituted by an amine radical and a radical specified in a group containing -F, -Cl, -Br or -I, hydroxyl trisubstituted phenyl, methoxy-radical trisubstituted phenyl, hydroxyl and methoxy-radical disubstituted phenyl, pyrazolyl disubstituted by a radical specified in a group containing a C1-C6-alkyl, and by a radical specified in a group containing -F, -C1, -Br or -I; Y means aminophenyl monosubstituted by a radical of -F, -O, -Br or -I phenyl, hydroxyethyl disubstituted by hydroxymethyl or C1-C6-alkyl and phenyl monosubstituted by a nitro group, an amino group or a halogen atom; Y also means ...
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Models from different countries took to the catwalk in qipao, a traditional Chinese dress, at the first Shenyang Qipao International Cultural Festival held at the Shenyang Palace Museum in Shenyang, Northwest Chinas Liaoning province, on Tuesday.
Mr. Liu Tingheng, 64, lived in Benxi City, Liaoning Province. He was arrested and detained four times. In September 2001, he was detained in the Weining Forced Labour Camp of Benxi City. Guards locked him in a small cell1, and Guard Gao (male, given name unknown) cuffed his hands behind his back, which cut into his flesh and caused his wrists and hands to swell the next day. Gao had him cuffed for more than twenty days, around the clock. He was bitten by mosquitoes all over his body and suffered incontinence. After being released from the small cell, he was tortured with the sitting board2 13 hours per day, during which he was not allowed to talk or move. Practitioners were constantly beaten by prisoners. Mr. Lius term was extended by six months. Around April 12th, 2007, Mr. Liu was arrested for the last time and detained in Benxi City Forced Labour Camp. He was detained in the Legal Centre inside the camp for nine months and forced to go through brainwashing torture. He was not allowed to be ...
Summary and Final Impressions Although hemorrhagic fevers (HF) have been extensively treated in scientific literature of the U.S.S.R., these diseases were of limited concern to Soviet health authorities until 1965 when a regulation to make them reportable was introduced. Our discussions with medical and other scientific authorities suggested that HF incidence is higher and exposure risk is much greater than we had anticipated on the basis of official reports; furthermore, it seemed that the number and variety of recognized natural foci are on the increase. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is by far the most important epidemic HF in the Soviet Union today. Omsk HF (OHF) has been of little recent importance, except among workers in the muskrat for industry. Crimean type HF (CTHF) has been absent from the Crimea for many years; a very similar epidemic disease presumably caused by the same virus now occurs in the Volga and Don delta regions. Central Asian HF (CAHF) was said to be practically non
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Symptoms of Seoul virus infection typically begin within 1 to 2 weeks after contact with infectious material and include fever, headache, and back pain.
Hemorrhagic fever with renal failure syndrome (HFRS) occurs mainly in Europe and Asia and is characterized by fever and renal failure associated with hemorrhagic manifestations. Hemorrhagic fever with renal failure syndrome is caused by an airborne contact with secretions from rodent hosts infected with the group of viruses belonging to the g...
Two patients of the novel coronavirus pneumonia, a woman and her daughter, were cured and discharged from the hospital in Shenyang on Sunday.
Glycoprotein N and Glycoprotein C interact with each other and are present at the surface of the virion. They are able to attach the virion to host cell receptors. This attachment induces virion internalization predominantly through clathrin-dependent endocytosis. Also promotes fusion of viral membrane with host endosomal membrane after endocytosis of the virion. Glycoprotein N contains an ITAM motif which is likely to dysregulate normal immune and endothelial cell responses and contribute to virus pathogenesis (By similarity).
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(CIDRAP News) - The novel H7N9 virus has been detected in a 36-year-old Shandong province man, the areas first case, as health officials reported three more infections and one additional death from already-affected areas.
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Arbidol is an antiviral treatment for influenza infection used in Russia and China. Arbidol inhibits membrane fusion. Arbidol prevents contact between the virus and target host cells. Fusion between the viral capsid and the cell membrane of the target cel
With the rapid development of Chinas socio-economic, the traditional risk factors caused by poverty such as malnutrition, the poor health condition are being gradually replaced by modern risk factors
Background The American Dream refers, in part, in the United States to the notion that upward social mobility and success is possible for every individual through hard work. This popular mindset can be seen in an array of different capacities, including where one lives. The Changsha Depp Real-Estate Development Company has taken this idea to...
مطالعه تغییرات زمانی و مکانی، و تخمین نوسانات تراز آب های زیرزمینی در مطالعات و برنامه ریزی مدیریت منابع آب جهت استمرار و یا توسعه بهره برداری آن از اهمیت بسیاری برخوردار است. تاکنون مدل های مختلفی برای تخمین پارامتر تراز آب زیرزمینی مورد استفاده قرار گرفته است، در این بین مدل های تصادفی غالبا در زمینه ی مطالعه پارامترهای هیدرولوژیکی به وفور بکار گرفته شده اند. نمونه ی پرکاربرد از مدل های تصادفی در بررسی سری های زمانی، مدل خود همبسته یکپارچه میانگین متحرک(ARIMA) می باشد که اساس این مدل ها بر پایه زنجیره مارکف بنا نهاده شده است. در مطالعات گذشته معمولا یک ...
Hantavirus är en grupp av virus som finns hos gnagare som bär på viruset utan att själva bli märkbart sjuka. Varje hantavirus har anpassat sig till sin egen art av gnagare som de infekterar (kallas virusets reservoar). Hantaviruset kan överföras till människor från gnagare och kallas då för en zoonos eftersom detsprids från djur till människa. I människa orsakar hantavirus blödarfeber med njurpåverkan i Eurasien och blödarfeber med med hjärt och lungpåverkan i Nord- och Sydamerika.. I Sverige har vi bara ett hantavirus som är sjukdomsframkallande hos människor, Puumala-viruset som även finns i delar av övriga Europa. Det framkallar en relativt mild form av blödarfeber, som kallas sorkfeber eller Nephropathia epidemica. Puumala-virusets reservoar är skogssorken (Myodes glareolus).. Människor smittas oftast av hantavirus när de andas in infekterat damm som innehåller utsöndringar (avföring, urin eller saliv) från gnagare som har torkat in och sedan blivit luftburet. ...
Title:A UPLC-MS/MS Method for Simultaneous Determination of Six Bioactive Compounds in Rat Plasma, and its Application to Pharmacokinetic Studies of Naoshuantong Granule in Rats. VOLUME: 15 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Ping Wang, Shenmeng Jiang, Yu Zhao, Shuo Sun, Xiaoli Wen, Xingjie Guo* and Zhen Jiang*. Affiliation:Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang ...
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and leptospirosis are seasonal rodent-borne infections in the Republic of Korea (Korea). The occurrences of HFRS and leptospirosis are influenced by climatic variability. However, few studies have examined the effects of local climatic variables on the development of these infections. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of climatic factors on the occurrence of HFRS and leptospirosis in Korea. Daily records on human cases of HFRS and leptospirosis between January 2001 to December 2009 were analyzed. The associations of climatic factors with these cases in high incidence provinces were estimated using the time-series method and multivariate generalized linear Poisson models with a maximal lag of 12 weeks. From 2001 to 2009, a total of 2912 HFRS and 889 leptospirosis cases were reported, with overall incidences of 0.67 and 0.21 cases per 100,000, respectively, in the study areas. The increase in minimum temperature (1 °C) at a lag of 11 weeks
Health, ...Ume findings raise the question:Can hantavirus infection spread amon...In connection with last years epidemic a research team at Ume Univer...In Sweden a form of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome called neph...It has recently been shown in South America that the Andes hantavirus...,Can,hantavirus,infection,spread,among,humans?,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Tick-borne infections are endemic in Switzerland with borreliosis being the most frequent one, followed by the vaccine-preventable tick-borne encephalitis and more rarely by anaplasmosis, rickettsioses and babesiosis. Short characteristics of these infections are presented. The main preventive measures for stays in endemic regions include not leaving forest tracks and wearing closely fitted clothes and shoes, impregnated with an insecticide. Following at-risk activities, clothes as well as the body should be searched for ticks and they have to be removed using a tick removing tool. The body area of the tick bite has to be observed and a physician visit is strongly urged in case of rising fever and/or of erythema migrans. Hantavirus infections: Nephropathia epidemica is a zoonosis caused by the Puumala type of hantavirus and transmission occurs by inhaling aerolized excretions of the bank vole. There is no known human to human transmission. The incidence of this infection varies in a cyclic ...
All viral haemorrhagic fevers, also called VHFs, are caused by a handful of virus families. The illnesses they cause can be spectacularly nasty, including Ebola, Marburg, Lassa fever and yellow fever.. What do they all have in common? They all affect multiple organs, damage blood vessels and throw the bodys ability to regulate itself into chaos. Some of the diseases caused are mild, like the Scandinavian nephropathia epidemica. Others, like Ebola, are deadly more often than not.. You can catch VHFs anywhere in the world, but theyre most often found where the animals that carry them live. Lassa fever, for example, is only found in rural West Africa, carried by local rats and mice.. As an ordinary traveller, the risk is relatively low. But it makes a great deal of sense to avoid areas where there have been outbreaks, especially important when there are no drugs to treat VHFs. All doctors can do is treat the symptoms.. All VHF illnesses come with a fever, as the name implies, and most also come ...