The scope of published literature on racial/ethnic disparities is broad. In addition, although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality rates10 and dental care11 have been fairly well described, relatively little has been published on racial/ethnic disparities in children and adolescents. The terms that have been used to describe disparities also have been neither standardized nor consistent. As a consequence, the literature search was limited to only those studies that specifically examined racial/ethnic disparities for US children and adolescents, to ensure a focus on disparities and a body of literature in urgent need of a systematic review. Thus, articles on racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality and dental care were excluded, because disparities in these domains have comparatively been more well described, and articles on pediatric workforce diversity, an area that was addressed in a recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement,12 also ...
Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.. The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare have exploded onto the public stage. The causes of these disparities have been divided into health system factors and patient-provider factors. Health system factors include language and cultural ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Extramural Loan Repayment Program for Health Disparities Research (LRP-HDR) NOT-OD-12-126. NIH
The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) tracks disparities in both quality of and access to health care in the United States for both the general population and for AHRQs congressionally designated priority populations.
The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) tracks disparities in both quality of and access to health care in the United States for both the general population and for AHRQs congressionally designated priority populations.
Eliminating Healthcare Disparities in America von Richard Allen Williams und Buchbewertungen gibt es auf ReadRate.com. Bücher können hier direkt online erworben werden.
This essay from a Journal of Health and Social Behavior supplement is a survey of sociological literature examining health and race. The authors revisit a century of contributions from W.E.B. Dubois to Robert Bullards study of environmental racism.
The 5-year survival after a first diagnosis of breast cancer is 13% lower in black than in white American women, an alarming disparity that cannot be explained by stage of disease at presentation. Nonadherence to breast cancer treatment and treatment delays from diagnosis to initiation of treatment may be among the reasons for worse breast cancer outcomes in black women. This recognition is critical because it suggests that breast cancer survival disparity can be decreased through clinical interventions that increase adherence to chemotherapy. The ACTS (Attitudes, Communication, Treatment, Support) Intervention is a onetime, intensive psycho-educational intervention using a race-matched breast cancer survivor interventionist to: address Attitudes, including perceptions and stressors, that may impact adherence to clinical visits and treatment; encourage and model patient Communication with health care providers regarding physical and emotional needs, with attention to race-discordant situations; ...
For the study, a team of researchers from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Cancer Project Biostatistical Center examined data collected from nearly 15,000 individuals af various ethnicities. The results showed that African-American participants had significantly worse five-year survival rates, compared to Caucasians ...
The results suggest that socioeconomic disparities exist at multiple stages in the path to smoking cessation. Potential effects on socioeconomic disparities should be considered when implementing cessation interventions.
This Saturday, April 28th, Ill be joining documentary filmmaker Lisa Biagiotti and Stephen Inrig, a professor at UT Southwestern Medical Center, on a panel session at the annual meeting of the American Association for the. ...
Health,...Estimates of ethnic disparities across a variety of preventive screeni...Kevin Fiscella and colleagues from the University of Rochester School ...The results of Fiscella et al.s study show that with the exception o...,Ethnic,disparities,in,Medicare,claims?,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: NCMHD Disparities Research and Education Advancing Mission (DREAM) Career Transition Award (K22) RFA-MD-09-001. NCMHD
Get the facts about health inequalities in your community. Close the Gap is your resource in addressing healthcare disparities in the US.
Theres a lot of research that shows we have disparities in the health care system. Its well-documented. I dont want to read another study that documents that we have disparities in health care. I want to start reading articles about what were doing about it. What are the interventions that we can design and implement to make a difference for these patients? How can we reduce these gaps?" ...
At NAATPN, our aim is to be the leading source of education and advocacy for tobacco, cancer health disparities affecting African Americans.
Persistent disparities exist in routine immunizations and immunizations in a public health emergency such as the H1N1 pandemic between Black and White adults fo...
Two new papers reveal striking racial and ethnic disparities in the incidence and prevalence of lupus, a systemic autoimmune disease that can affect virtually any organ system. The reports, which are
Health care disparities, boiled down The issue of health care for disabled people is a heavily multi-pronged issue. In the United States (I know health care disparities are rampant and this is not a solely U.S.-centric topic, but I may follow up with more depending on sources that can be located), many disabled people live…
Differences in insurance and socioeconomic status appears to explain most of the disparities in breast cancer incidence and survival between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women.
A major task of this report-categorization of select measures of diabetes quality of care, along with certain cardiovascular and depression care measures-revealed some important themes in limitations of existing research on disparities, particularly in care for older adults. First, most health care measures for priority conditions in older adults, such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions, are largely concentrated in the IOM domain of effectiveness of care, with relatively few items found in the safety, patient-centered or timely/accessible domains.
Differences in access to healthcare across different populations is the main reason for existing disparities in healthcare provision. These differences occur for several reasons and some of the main factors that contribute to the problem in the United States are described below.
Cancer is complicated, challenging and creating gaps of health and healthcare in vulnerable communities. Its presence requires more attention, care, f...
The Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research program is a collaborative effort supported by the NIEHS, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that encourages basic, biological, clinical, epidemiological, behavioral, and/or social scientific investigations of disease conditions that are known to be a significant burden in low socioeconomic and health disparate populations. The Centers, funded through a P50 grant mechanism, support research efforts, mentoring, capacity building, research translation, and information dissemination, and are designed to address program-specific research priorities.. The boxes below show the primary areas of research of the five EHD Centers along with key questions they are addressing related to health disparities.. ...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented sex and racial/ethnic disparities in outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but the explanation of these disparities remains limited. In a setting that controls for access to medical care, we evaluated whether sex and racial/ethnic disparities in prognosis after AMI persist after consideration of socioeconomic background, personal medical history, and medical management.. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of the members (20,263 men and 10,061 women) of an integrated health care delivery system in northern California who had experienced an AMI between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2002, and were followed up for a median of 3.5 years (maximum, 8 years). Main outcome measures included AMI recurrence and all-cause mortality.. RESULTS: In age-adjusted analyses relative to white men, black men (hazard ratio [HR], 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-1.65), black women (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.26-1.72), and Asian women (HR, ...
One of the most vexing policy issues in health care today is that of the continued presence of disparities. The current evidence on disparities in health care is ubiquitous and clearly race is a factor. Several measures of disparity, including mortality rates, quality of care and access to preventative, primary and follow up care demonstrate disparities among Blacks when compared to Whites. Much research has gone into examining the causes of health care disparities, but not a great deal examines the role of prevalence in those disparities. This study seeks to examine the role of prevalence in health care disparities and posits that having a rare disease exposes one to greater disparities than non-rare disease. The 2006 HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was utilized, which captured patient and hospital-level data for all discharges from 658 participating hospitals in 29 states. Discharges for three rare cancers and three non-rare cancers were used (n = 10,548 and 41,323 respectively). ...
Research shows individuals with developmental disabilities experience significant disparities in healthcare quality, access, status and unmet needs.
Racial-ethnic disparities in health status are well documented (IOM 2002, DHHS 1999), but the role of occupational racial-ethnic segregation and hazardous job exposures remain relatively unexplored. Racial-ethnic health disparities may reflect exposure to hazardous work environments that are associated with poor health status. This analysis explores associations between job segregation, occupational skill levels, occupational physical demands, occupational environmental exposures and health status. This study uses individual level data from the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and occupation level data from detailed US Census (2000) and the Occupational Information Network (O*Net 14.0). Preliminary models show that occupation-level demographic variables are significant predictors of both physical and mental health outcomes, although the patterns of associations are unique for each outcome. The percentage of black workers in occupations is associated with greater odds of reporting ...
Reducing racial and ethnic disparities in health care has become an important policy goal in the United States and other countries, but evidence to inform interventions to address disparities is limited. The objective of this study was to identify important dimensions of interventions to reduce health care disparities. We used qualitative research methods to examine interventions aimed at improving diabetes and/or cardiovascular care for patients from racial and ethnic minority groups within five health care organizations. We interviewed 36 key informants and conducted a thematic analysis to identify important features of these interventions. Key elements of interventions included two contextual factors (external accountability and alignment of incentives to reduce disparities) and four factors related to the organization or intervention itself (organizational commitment, population health focus, use of data to inform solutions, and a comprehensive approach to quality). Consideration of these ...
Build your knowledge and meet the requirements in any stage of your life through in-person meetings, journals, or from your own home. ...
Chapter 8 discussed culture and health. Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. Health disparities are the different rates of being healthy or sick (or having specific conditions) between groups, while health care disparities are the differences in treatment and in access to treatment (Mio, Barker, & Tumambing 2012). These two disparities can not be reasonably separated, as receiving poor care (or no care) can lead people to try to deal with health problems on their own and mistrust doctors, which in turn rather definitively leads to not accessing health care. I know that past healthcare experiences have influenced my decisions to (not) seek care for illness or injury. After I had a doctor explain that my injury (which I had already said was a month prior) could not be a broken foot because for a broken foot to appear as it did on the MRI, the injury would need to be about a month old, my trust definitely decreased. It was, in fact, a broken foot. I suspect he couldnt believe a ...
PCORIs Advisory Panel on Healthcare Delivery and Disparities Research (HDDR) was approved by our Board of Governors to advise and provide assistance in identifying our National Priorities and to establish our patient-centered research agenda.
Blog from CRCHD. Stay up-to-date with cancer health disparities issues and read CRCHD spotlights on promising research findings and program updates.
The effort to address healthcare disparities in a wealthy state comes as Medicaid is at a crossroads. A recent report found the $15.5 billion program falls short in key areas, and the governor is trying to extract money from Horizons Medicaid reserves, set aside to pay claims, for an addiction program.
Health, ...Pediatric researchers have found race- and ethnicity-based disparities...Overall black Hispanic and other race children were less likely to... By documenting inequities in analgesia and length of stay for abdomin...The researchers analyzed data from the 2006-2009 National Hospital Amb...,Racial,and,ethnic,disparities,exist,in,ER,pain,management,for,children,with,abdominal,pain,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities.. ...
Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. Health disparities in cancer incidence and mortality may reflect differences in exposures to risk factors early in life. Understanding the distribution of exposures to early life risk and protective factors for cancer across different populations can shed light on opportunities to promo...
Zogg, C., Jiang, W., Chaudhary, M., Scott, J., Shah, A., Helmchen, L. A., & +10 additional authors (2016). Racial disparities in emergency general surgery: Do differences in outcomes persist among universally insured military patients?. Journal of Trauma & Acute Care Surgery, 80 (5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001004 ...
This collection of an interactive CD and brochure provides an opportunity for individual or group dialogue and reflection about racial disparity in health care and the importance of cultural competence. The collection includes a dramatized case study, discussion questions and examples of addressing disparities from the ministry. Ethics Lab 3 was originally presented at CHAs 2007 Assembly in Chicago.. System Requirements:. ...
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Racial and economic disparities in the U.S. health care system may come down to access to medical care, hints a new report on...
The lead author of a new study that showed a clear racial gap in funding for biomedical research suggests that the disparity is not deliberate, but still does damage to both the unfunded researchers and U.S. healthcare on the whole.
Genetic differences between African Americans and other ethnic groups appear to explain only a small part of the disparity in cardiovascular disease rates and outcomes.
1 Target has been revised. See Data Details for more information.. 2 Baseline has been revised. See Data Details for more information.. Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release. Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.. Data availability by population groups may vary for each time point. Hence, assessment of changes in summary measures over time may be limited.. Disparities are assessed relative to the group with the least adverse, or most favorable, event or condition.. ...
The number of Americans being screened for cancer are significantly low, particularly among racial and ethnic minorities, according to a new report from the
Helps health care students and practitioners in delivering skilled and appropriate care to various patients, no matter their ethnicity, country of origin, or access to services. This title presents information on differences in access to heath-care, immun
A high level of participant enrollment was achieved in the CHCs. The calculation of a standard response rate, however, is not possible, due to the recruitment
Given the merely average state of communications infrastructure in Germany today, this country could fall behind in the international competition to attract investment.
The surveys hosted on the DRC include data on a wide range of topics. Click below to learn more about the content available in each survey ...
Income-related inequalities in health and in health services use pose a disturbing and challenging issue in health systems, which are based on social health insurance such as Israel. To explore income-related inequalities in health and in health services use in Israel in 2009-2010. We used the Central Bureau of Statistics file, which linked information on 7,175 households (24,595 persons) from the 2009 Health Survey and the 2010 Incomes Survey. Raw and adjusted concentration curves and indices were calculated for ten chronic conditions (adjusting for age), visits to physicians and hospitalizations (adjusting for health and location). There is no income-related inequality in asthma and in cancer. The income-related inequality in the remaining eight conditions is pro-poor, namely, they are more prevalent among poor households. The order of the level of inequality is (from the least unequally distributed): any condition, hypertension, heart diseases, diabetes, depression, respiratory diseases, digestive
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD) invites you to participate in the Cancer Health Disparities Summit 2008, to be held July 14-16 at the Bethesda North Marriott Hotel and Conference Center, Bethesda, Maryland. The overall theme for this years Summit is Eliminating Cancer Health Disparities Through Science, Training, and Community. Cancer Health Disparities 2008 (Summit 08) will highlight the science of the programs and grantees funded through the CRCHD. The CRCHD is central to NCIs efforts to reduce the unequal burden of cancer in our society and to train the next generation of competitive researchers in cancer and cancer health disparities research. Summit 08 will share evidence-based prevention, screening, treatment, and survivorship interventions from the Community Networks Program (CNP), Minority Institution and Cancer Center Partnerships (MICCP), and Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP).. Summit 08 is now combined with the ...
Racial/ethnic disparities in the incidence of HIV/AIDS among children have been documented since 1981--1986, when 78% of children with AIDS were black or Hispanic (1). These racial/ethnic disparities have been reflected in rates of perinatal HIV infection. Although the total number of annual perinatal HIV infections in the United States has decreased approximately 90% since 1991 (3) and the findings in this report indicate a continued decrease during 2004--2007, racial/ethnic disparities persist. Of all reported diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection during 2004--2007, 85% were in children who were black or Hispanic, and rates were several-fold higher among black and Hispanic children than among white children. To eliminate perinatal transmission and racial/ethnic disparities, continued measures are needed, including primary HIV prevention for women, reproductive health and family planning for women with HIV infection, and prenatal care and early treatment with antiretroviral medications for ...
Other Course Information A. Objectives 1) To identify and describe the distribution of health disparities and their contributing factors across population groups and disease outcomes. 2) To describe key multi level factors that are mechanisms by which health care disparities occur. 3) Examine the strengths and weaknesses of current health disparities research, and identify the challenges in the measurement of health disparities and the successful completion of health disparities research. 4) Understand the role of social factors such as cultural competence in health promotion, and disease prevention 5) To be able to describe and critique current and proposed medical care, social, environmental, and public health strategies to address health disparities. 6) To identify innovative strategies (including cultural competency training, increased diversity in the workforce, and development of culturally appropriate interventions) that may contribute substantively toward the elimination of health ...
AbstractA variety of scholars have explored the role of communication in reducing, maintaining, and even widening health disparities, but comparatively less attention has focused on the content and effects of communication about health disparities in the mass media. This article aims to summarize the current state of knowledge about these issues by identifying key outcomes and audiences for mass-mediated communication about health disparities, describing what is known about public opinion about health disparities, reviewing selected research on the content and effects of mass-mediated communication about health disparities, and identifying priorities for future research to better understand the role of communication in shaping public support and collective action to reduce health disparities. | Health promotion. Social marketing
Figure 1. Coding procedure for content analysis. aHealth disparities were defined as "differences in health status across population groups, whether defined by race or ethnicity, gender, social class, geographic location, or sexual orientation" (52, p. 101). Extensive coding guidelines elaborated on this definition. For example, differences in health status could include variations in the "incidence, prevalence, mortality, [or] burden of disease and other adverse health conditions" (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999), as well as differences in disease prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship across population groups (cancer disparities are identified in NCIs cancer control continuum as a cross-cutting concern). In addition, the coding instrument described the injustice inherent in disparities [e.g., "differences which are unnecessary and unavoidable but, in addition, are also considered unfair and unjust," (53, p. 219)], as well as the ...
The new multi-year grant positions CMH as a national center of excellence in translating evidence-based research into community-based interventions designed to prevent disease and promote health
Review Committee Members Eliseo Perez-Stable - Chair Norman Anderson Ana Maria Cuervo Hugh Hendrie Andrea LaCroix Rick Morimoto Fox Wetle
Downloadable! Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men in the United States. The American Cancer Society estimates that 238,590 U.S. men will develop PCa and 29,720 men will die from the disease in 2013. PCa exhibits the most profound racial disparities of all cancers with African American men having a 70% higher incidence rate and more than two times higher mortality rate than Caucasian men. Published research on PCa disparities focuses on singular outcomes such as incidence, mortality or quality of life. The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive summary of the racial disparities found at each stage of the PCa Care Continuum which includes prevention , detection , treatments , and outcomes and survival . It focuses primarily on disparities among Caucasian (white) and African American men.
Origins and Strategies for Addressing Ethnic and Racial Disparities in Pharmaceutical Therapy: The Health-Care System, the Provider, and the Patient by Richard Levy, PhD; Robert C. Like, MD, MS; and Harry S. Shabsin, PhD. Landmark publication reveals disparities in pharmaceutical treatment for minority patients-a must read for those committed to eliminating health care disparities.. This authoritative, comprehensive resource provides systematic documentation about the impact of medication disparities on minorities.. Asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, HIV/AIDS, pain, and other chronic and infectious diseases are reviewed, revealing the profound impact of disparities in medication use, adherence rates, and response on our health-care system.. For health-care practitioners, policy makers, and third-party payers, this book provides important recommendations to improve medication use and outcomes for minorities.. Click here for ebook. About the Authors. Richard Levy, PhD, is a ...
Gift of Life Community Health Worker Bernice Loza is a remarkable resource for the complex challenges that can affect Hispanic women. She provides expert client navigation, offering additional support services that commonly affect our clients, along with access to organizations that can help them understand immigration laws and surmount unemployment, poverty and lack of healthcare.. Bernice is also a bilingual patient advocate who works with clients who have received a positive breast cancer diagnosis. Being diagnosed with breast cancer can be scary - for anyone! - but would be even more distressing if the information was shared in an unfamiliar language. The role Bernice plays in helping Spanish-speaking breast cancer clients understand their diagnosis, develop a treatment plan and communicate with hospitals and doctors is priceless. Love, care and concern is expressed and, most importantly, understood with her invaluable support.. Thanks, in part, to the Avon Breast Health Outreach Program ...
First, the way the tech economy is currently structured and incented is that nearly all resources target sales organizations {from which the C-suite execs originate - and are thus biased}. I contend that most of these C-folks will be outsourced by a national implementation of subcontract.com (or some such) sooner than they think if Walllstreet has its way. These resources reward winning the deal, rather than doing the deal; rather than toward building the skillsets of the professional services side (who actually do the technical work that provides the clients value add). My sense is that because many of the US IT work force who were right-sized after the internet bubble and left the IT Sector, they cannot now realistically be expected to return to help with the eHealth build out In order for them to contribute. The American Health IT sector needs to incent less with promises of stock options and more with upfront offers of educational loan repayment. While there is federal school loan ...
Volunteer with Breast Cancer Patient Navigation Program. Find Breast Cancer Patient Navigation Program volunteering opportunities at VolunteerMatch!
Its not uncommon, viagra sale especially during Black History Month, no rx to hear discussion of disparities in medicine and health care, particularly as they pertain to African Americans. Its easy to read the U.S. Centers for Disease Controls Health Disparities & Inequalities Report and know that a disparity exists, but what does that really mean?. From the CDCs website, here are examples of health disparities:. ...
The Healthcare Access and Quality (HAQ) Index is measured on a scale from 0 (worst) to 100 (best) based on death rates from 32 causes of death that could be avoided by timely and effective medical care (also known as amenable mortality).
This study examines race- and income-based disparities in cancer risks from air toxics in Cancer Alley, LA, USA. Risk estimates were obtained from the 2005 National Air Toxics Assessment and socioeconomic and race data from the 2005 American Community Survey, both at the census tract level. Disparities were assessed using spatially weighted ordinary least squares (OLS) regression and quantile regression (QR) for five major air toxics, each with cancer risk greater than 10−6. Spatial OLS results showed that disparities in cancer risks were significant: People in low-income tracts bore a cumulative risk 12% more than those in high-income tracts (p < 0.05), and those in black-dominant areas 16% more than in white-dominant areas (p < 0.01). Formaldehyde and benzene were the two largest contributors to the disparities. Contributions from emission sources to disparities varied by compound. Spatial QR analyses showed that magnitude of disparity became larger at the high end of exposure range,
In recent years, the health sciences have begun to strongly consider the way cultural political, and socio-economic factors affect patients health. This consideration has led to many positive changes. Future health professionals are being trained in cultural sensitivity, and community health programs aimed at reducing healthcare disparities are making an impact across the country and…
The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for societys most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. ...
by TimH , Oct 19, 2014. Previous research has linked poor mental health among people living with HIV to a greater likelihood of participating in risky behaviors. "Untreated mental illnesses can be detrimental to the health and well-being of younger patients with HIV and may place others at risk for being infected with the virus," says Laura B. Whiteley, MD. Exploring Disparities Few studies have explored disparities in the receipt of mental healthcare among adolescents and young adults living with HIV. To address this issue, Dr. Whiteley and colleagues had a study published in the Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care. The researchers conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,706 HIV-infected adolescents and young adults aged 13 to 26 who were engaged in care. According to findings, there was a significant disparity in mental healthcare utilization for psychiatrically symptomatic African-American adolescents and young adults living with HIV. "African-American youth ...
In the United States, black individuals are twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared with white individuals, and these disparities are particularly pronounced in young and middle age. Prior studies have identified differences in traditional risk factors that may be associated with racial disparities in diabetes incidence but have not simultaneously adjusted for risk factors measured across multiple domains (eg, the individual and the environment) and updated over time.
Join the Institute for Diversity in Health Management on March 9 at the Hyatt Regency Denver for a morning of education and best practice sharing in diversity management and disparities elimination at its regional symposium workshop, "Aligning Cultural Competency to Improve Safety, Quality, and Equity." With an increasingly diverse United States population, and strong evidence of racial and ethnic disparities in health care, it is critically important that health care professionals are educated to specifically address issues of culture in an effective manner. This workshop will discuss national and organizational initiatives to increase cultural competency within health care organizations to eliminate disparities in care. Register here. This symposium, a pre-conference event, is being held in conjunction with the Association for Community Health Improvement (ACHI) National Conference. For more ACHI program details, click here. REPORTS AND RESOURCES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: ...
Health Disparities and Community Involvement- will be our discussion topic at The Wellness Lounge, A Step Further 9 a.m. E.S.T. | Health Disparities and Community Involvement Monday, August 4, 2014 on The Wellness Lounge - A Step Further | VoiceAmerica - The Leader in Internet Media
CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received a $3 million, five-year grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to establish the UNC Center for Diabetes Translation Research to Reduce Health Disparities (CDTR).. Its mission is to reduce diabetes-related disparities among poor and underserved populations by providing resources and support to foster translational research in North Carolina and beyond. The centers research will examine and compare different techniques for bringing effective preventive and therapeutic interventions into practice.. Currently, one in nine adults in the U.S. (about 264 million) has Type 2 diabetes. If trends continue, projections suggest that one in three people may have the condition by 2050. Diabetes-related annual costs are currently $174 billion and may increase to $336 billion by 2034. Poor, minority and rural populations with limited access to health care suffer disproportionately. ...
A method and apparatus are provided for encoding and decoding a multi-view moving picture. A method of estimating a disparity vector to encode a multi-view moving picture includes: estimating disparity vectors for a predetermined number of encoded macroblocks; and calculating disparity vectors of macroblocks adjacent to the encoded macroblocks using the estimated disparity vectors. Therefore, it is possible to quickly perform encoding of a multi-view moving picture and enhance compressibility of the multi-view moving picture.
This project explores how healthcare disparities are measured, formally taught by faculty and understood by primary care residents.
Source: The Prostate, Sep 19, 2011. DOI: 10.1002/pros.21491, by Pandhare-Dash J, Mantri CK, Gong Y, Chen Z, Dash C. Laboratory of Retrovirology and Epigenetics, Center for AIDS Health Disparities Research, Vanderbilt-Meharry Center For AIDS Research, and Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, Meharry Medical College School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA. [Email: [email protected]] ...
Caring and Aging with Pride was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA). It is the first national federally-funded project to examine LGBT aging and health. The report addresses several topics including: health disparities, resilience, physical health, mental health, healthcare access, health behaviors, services and programs, HIV, caregiving and suggested policy improvements. ...
Research suggests that the health benefits of more education is less pronounced in African Americans compared to whites. Understand the study and what it reveals about racial disparities.
Philadelphia, Pa (PRWEB) February 17, 2012 -- In an effort to reduce and eventually eliminate cancer disparities among adults in the Philadelphia region, the
Breast cancer, the most common cancer diagnosis among women worldwide, occurs in greater incidence among Caucasian American (CA) women compared to African Ameri...
In Developing Countries, Provision Of Public Services Continues To Fall Short Of Demand. Under Severe Infrastructure Backlogs, Marginal Benefit Theory Envisages That Measures Aimed At Maximising Average Access Rates Can Have Contradictory Impacts In The Medium Term: Depending On Sector Characteristics And Infrastructure Needs, Geographical Disparities May Decline In Some Sectors, And Persist Or Widen In Others. Relative To Expected Outcomes, Tobit Models With/Without Eligibility and Spatial Effects Suggest Mixed Evidence for Access to Primary Schools and Healthcare across Districts (Departments) In Niger. With Strict Eligibility Thresholds, These Effects Are More Relevant For Healthcare. Once Local Population Is Accounted For, Sahelian And Sahelo-Sudanian Districts Lag Systematically Behind Others In School Access Improvements. In Both Sectors, Hardly Any Additional Gains Appear To Accrue To Worse-Off Districts, Relative To Targeted Districts Randomly Chosen. This Implies No Selectivity Bias In ...
Woolf SH, Braveman P. Where Health Disparities Begin: The Role Of Social And Economic Determinant And Why Current Policies May Make Matters Worse. Health Affairs. 2011;30(10):1852-1859Social Determinants - they are the difficult stuff to change, however they may be more influential than all of the
The December issue of The Observer contains an article on James S. Jacksons research on the (situational) sources of racial disparities in our healthcare system. Weve excerpted a sample of that article below. * * * The knowledge of racial inequities in America is hardly breaking news. Our countrys long history of segregation and discrimination…
Seattle Quality of Life Group - Measuring and Improve Health Disparities in Children, Adolescents, Adults from Stigmatized Populations
Most of the analyses in this supplement are descriptive and did not control for potential confounders or adjust for age; therefore, caution should be used in comparing these findings to findings from studies with different analytical approaches. When data were available and suitable for analysis, disparities were examined for characteristics that included race and ethnicity, sex, age, household income, educational attainment, and geographic location. Other characteristics that were analyzed included place of birth, language spoken at home, disability status, and sexual orientation. Consistent definitions were used as a guide to promote standardization of analyses across the reports. However, readers should be attentive to the definitions used in each report. There are some similarities and some differences in definitions across reports because there are multiple ways to categorize these variables. For certain variables, the most appropriate categorization depends on the topic being studied ...
Memphis no longer has the largest disparity in mortality rates between white and black breast-cancer patients of any large city in America, and a new consortium is helping narrow the gap further.
Disparity estimation is a fundamental problem of computer vision. Besides other approaches, disparity estimation from phase information is a quite wide-spread technique. In the present paper, we have considered the influence of the involved quadrature filters and we have replaced them with filters based on the monogenic signal. The implemented algorithm makes use of a scale-pyramid and applies channel encoding for the representation and fusion of the estimated data. The performed experiments show a significant improvement of the results.. ...
The CDC and other public health organizations have identified numerous disparities in the incidence and outcomes of HIV disease among different population groups
As the U.S. welcomes its largest and most diverse group of older residents, insights from ethnogeriatrics specialists at the AGS shed light on health disparities and the importance of embracing culture as a critical facet of care For More Information:Dan Trucil212-308-1414, ext.
Usually I do not set my readers puzzles. It is not seemly. However, the recent coverage of a paper published in Nature has set me a puzzle which I would like you to help me solve. Are the authors of the paper, the reviewers and the editors of Nature Neuroscience aware of what has been left out of this study? Did they spot the gap which calls into question the conclusions, or just choose not to mention it? Let me tell you the story, and then you can judge for yourselves.. Family income, parental education and brain structure in children and adolescents. Nature Neuroscience (2015)doi:10.1038/nn.3983 Published online 30 March 2015. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3c4TxciNeJZT2EzTjV5UEZKRGM/view?usp=sharing. The paper has multiple authors, but I think it kinder not to list all their names. Here is their abstract, which is what most people will read: Socioeconomic disparities are associated with differences in cognitive development. The extent to which this translates to disparities in brain ...
There are disparities among African Americans with autism which need our attention to ensure all persons with autism live up to their full potential.
Prices for identical goods and services are usually the same or very close at competing businesses. Thats not the case when it comes to health care - not by a long shot. For example, in Pensacola, Fla., there are huge price disparities for MRI tests. Its not a matter of greed or poor decision-making by MRI providers or a lack of consumer awareness. For better or worse, its the way our insurance-based health care system works. Listen here.. ...
Although the medical profession strives for equal treatment of all patients, disparities in health care are prevalent. Cultural stereotypes may not be consciously endorsed, but their mere existence influences how information about an individual is processed and leads to unintended biases in decision …
Here is the best resource for homework help with HLTS 200 : Disparities in Health Care at Duquesne. Find HLTS200 study guides, notes, and practice tests from
This partnership was established to test prevention strategies to address cardiovascular disease using community health workers. ...
Oscar-winning Parasite director Bong Joon-ho said Wednesday hes glad that the film succeeded even though the audiences might feel uncomfortable with his explicit description of bitter wealth disparity in modern society.
The cocaine sentencing disparity has been a festering indefensible abomination for decades, and now that were finally on track to fix this mess once and for all, I dont hear anyone complaining. Its great that the new administration is following through on their promises to support sentencing reform, but its also just appalling to think that its taken this long to get any momentum going towards fixing this notorious injustice. There was never anything to be afraid of. Fixing dumb laws is the duty of the Congress and theyd be hard pressed to find a dumber one than this. Dont make this more complicated than it has to be. Just fix it already.. ...
The automation age could widen economic disparities between high-growth cities and struggling rural areas, thus affecting where companies hire, invest, and locate operations.
Since its implementation, the Affordable Care Act had made considerable strides in expanding healthcare access to millions of Americans. But the progress advanced by the ACA didnt only come in the form of provisions that banned discriminatory…
A study of gay men in Malawi reveals very low levels of HIV testing and treatment access nationwide - with distinct geographic disparities in HIV prevalence that need to be taken into consideration and addressed.. ...
In social work, examining health disparities is an important step in learning about the necessity of providing health improvement and support opportunities. Whether youre looking to conduct studies for the benefit of improving services and access through evidenced based promotion or youre simply interested in what disparities exist in health and healthcare services, keep reading for more! ...
Research from the Vanguard Group finds there are differences in defined contribution (DC) retirement plan account balances across racial and ethnic groups.