The scope of published literature on racial/ethnic disparities is broad. In addition, although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality rates10 and dental care11 have been fairly well described, relatively little has been published on racial/ethnic disparities in children and adolescents. The terms that have been used to describe disparities also have been neither standardized nor consistent. As a consequence, the literature search was limited to only those studies that specifically examined racial/ethnic disparities for US children and adolescents, to ensure a focus on disparities and a body of literature in urgent need of a systematic review. Thus, articles on racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality and dental care were excluded, because disparities in these domains have comparatively been more well described, and articles on pediatric workforce diversity, an area that was addressed in a recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement,12 also ...
Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.. The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare have exploded onto the public stage. The causes of these disparities have been divided into health system factors and patient-provider factors. Health system factors include language and cultural ...
National Institutes of Health. Specialized Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research [P50 Clinical Trial Optional]. https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-MD-20-001.html. Declaration of Intent to Submit. Due to the large number of limited submission opportunities available, we have decided to institute a Declaration of Intent to Submit process. If there is no interest in a particular opportunity, there is no need to go through the entire limited submission process. However, if the declarations of intent exceed the sponsor limit, we will set dates for an internal limited submission competition.. If you are interested in submitting a proposal for the above titled opportunity, please email [email protected] and include the sponsor name, program name, title of your proposal and a one to three sentence description of the project by October 9, 2019.. ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Extramural Loan Repayment Program for Health Disparities Research (LRP-HDR) NOT-OD-12-126. NIH
The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) tracks disparities in both quality of and access to health care in the United States for both the general population and for AHRQs congressionally designated priority populations.
The National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) tracks disparities in both quality of and access to health care in the United States for both the general population and for AHRQs congressionally designated priority populations.
Eliminating Healthcare Disparities in America von Richard Allen Williams und Buchbewertungen gibt es auf ReadRate.com. Bücher können hier direkt online erworben werden.
DALLAS, February 11, 2021 - Structural racism is a public health crisis in the U.S. and worldwide. The scientific publishing community can improve our understanding and address the significant health impacts of structural racism in racial and ethnic disparities research, according to a new statement, The Groundwater of Racial and Ethnic Disparities Research: A Statement from Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, published today in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal, from the journals editors.. It is critical to acknowledge the societal structures - the groundwater, as it is called in The Groundwater Approach: Building a Practical Understanding of Structural Racism from The Racial Equity Institute - that have led to disproportionate rates of disease among people from various racial and ethnic groups. Previous research attributes many disparities to issues related to individual factors or local systems not the underlying ...
This essay from a Journal of Health and Social Behavior supplement is a survey of sociological literature examining health and race. The authors revisit a century of contributions from W.E.B. Dubois to Robert Bullards study of environmental racism.
The 5-year survival after a first diagnosis of breast cancer is 13% lower in black than in white American women, an alarming disparity that cannot be explained by stage of disease at presentation. Nonadherence to breast cancer treatment and treatment delays from diagnosis to initiation of treatment may be among the reasons for worse breast cancer outcomes in black women. This recognition is critical because it suggests that breast cancer survival disparity can be decreased through clinical interventions that increase adherence to chemotherapy. The ACTS (Attitudes, Communication, Treatment, Support) Intervention is a onetime, intensive psycho-educational intervention using a race-matched breast cancer survivor interventionist to: address Attitudes, including perceptions and stressors, that may impact adherence to clinical visits and treatment; encourage and model patient Communication with health care providers regarding physical and emotional needs, with attention to race-discordant situations; ...
For the study, a team of researchers from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Cancer Project Biostatistical Center examined data collected from nearly 15,000 individuals af various ethnicities. The results showed that African-American participants had significantly worse five-year survival rates, compared to Caucasians ...
The results suggest that socioeconomic disparities exist at multiple stages in the path to smoking cessation. Potential effects on socioeconomic disparities should be considered when implementing cessation interventions.
Better Health is a network of healthcare professional blogs, offering commentary on news, research, health policy, healthcare reform, true stories, disease management and expert interviews.
Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Reproductive and Perinatal Outcomes - ISBN: 9781441914996 - (ebook) - von Arden Handler, Joan Kennelly, Nadine Peacock, Verlag: Springer
This Saturday, April 28th, Ill be joining documentary filmmaker Lisa Biagiotti and Stephen Inrig, a professor at UT Southwestern Medical Center, on a panel session at the annual meeting of the American Association for the. ...
Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health care quality have been extensively documented. Recently, the elimination of disparities in health care has become the focus of a national initiative. Yet, there is little effort to monitor and address disparities in health care through organizati …
Health,...Estimates of ethnic disparities across a variety of preventive screeni...Kevin Fiscella and colleagues from the University of Rochester School ...The results of Fiscella et al.s study show that with the exception o...,Ethnic,disparities,in,Medicare,claims?,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: NCMHD Disparities Research and Education Advancing Mission (DREAM) Career Transition Award (K22) RFA-MD-09-001. NCMHD
MNT: Could you highlight some of the race-related inequities in health that the COVID-19 crisis has brought to light? Are there any inequalities that are specific to COVID-19 in terms of access to resources, testing, treatment options, and so on? Those of us who work in the health disparities space are saddened but not surprised at the race-based disparities that the COVID-19 crisis has brought to light. These disparities have always been there, and we have been talking about them for years. However, these inequalities cannot be ignored against the backdrop of a pandemic. The first thing to point out is that the racialized class and occupational structures of the U.S. are to blame for the fact that many people of color (POC) are far more likely to be exposed to COVID-19.. Due to institutional discrimination (both historical and present day), black and other people of color are more likely to end up in occupations that leave them simultaneously at higher risk of exposure and with a relative lack ...
Village Birth International and Ancient Song Doula Services, in collaboration with Every Mother Counts, are excited to share: ADVANCING BIRTH JUSTICE: Community-Based Doula Models as a Standard of Care for Ending Racial Disparities, a white paper and resource created to uplift community-based doula care as a solution to ending maternal health disparities. Support and share…
Get the facts about health inequalities in your community. Close the Gap is your resource in addressing healthcare disparities in the US.
Theres a lot of research that shows we have disparities in the health care system. Its well-documented. I dont want to read another study that documents that we have disparities in health care. I want to start reading articles about what were doing about it. What are the interventions that we can design and implement to make a difference for these patients? How can we reduce these gaps? ...
At NAATPN, our aim is to be the leading source of education and advocacy for tobacco, cancer health disparities affecting African Americans.
Persistent disparities exist in routine immunizations and immunizations in a public health emergency such as the H1N1 pandemic between Black and White adults fo...
Addressing racial disparities in healthcare and identifying the causes is a major priority among both healthcare providers and public health agencies, and one such factor may be missed nursing care after a heart attack, according to a study published in Medical Care.
Two new papers reveal striking racial and ethnic disparities in the incidence and prevalence of lupus, a systemic autoimmune disease that can affect virtually any organ system. The reports, which are
Health care disparities, boiled down The issue of health care for disabled people is a heavily multi-pronged issue. In the United States (I know health care disparities are rampant and this is not a solely U.S.-centric topic, but I may follow up with more depending on sources that can be located), many disabled people live…
Differences in insurance and socioeconomic status appears to explain most of the disparities in breast cancer incidence and survival between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women.
A major task of this report-categorization of select measures of diabetes quality of care, along with certain cardiovascular and depression care measures-revealed some important themes in limitations of existing research on disparities, particularly in care for older adults. First, most health care measures for priority conditions in older adults, such as diabetes and cardiovascular conditions, are largely concentrated in the IOM domain of effectiveness of care, with relatively few items found in the safety, patient-centered or timely/accessible domains.
Differences in access to healthcare across different populations is the main reason for existing disparities in healthcare provision. These differences occur for several reasons and some of the main factors that contribute to the problem in the United States are described below.
Black preschoolers are suspended 3.6 times more often than whites--just one of many revelations from the Department of Education. Host Linda Wertheimer speaks to Ed Team reporter Anya Kamenetz.
The Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research program is a collaborative effort supported by the NIEHS, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that encourages basic, biological, clinical, epidemiological, behavioral, and/or social scientific investigations of disease conditions that are known to be a significant burden in low socioeconomic and health disparate populations. The Centers, funded through a P50 grant mechanism, support research efforts, mentoring, capacity building, research translation, and information dissemination, and are designed to address program-specific research priorities.. The boxes below show the primary areas of research of the five EHD Centers along with key questions they are addressing related to health disparities.. ...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented sex and racial/ethnic disparities in outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but the explanation of these disparities remains limited. In a setting that controls for access to medical care, we evaluated whether sex and racial/ethnic disparities in prognosis after AMI persist after consideration of socioeconomic background, personal medical history, and medical management.. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of the members (20,263 men and 10,061 women) of an integrated health care delivery system in northern California who had experienced an AMI between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2002, and were followed up for a median of 3.5 years (maximum, 8 years). Main outcome measures included AMI recurrence and all-cause mortality.. RESULTS: In age-adjusted analyses relative to white men, black men (hazard ratio [HR], 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-1.65), black women (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.26-1.72), and Asian women (HR, ...
One of the most vexing policy issues in health care today is that of the continued presence of disparities. The current evidence on disparities in health care is ubiquitous and clearly race is a factor. Several measures of disparity, including mortality rates, quality of care and access to preventative, primary and follow up care demonstrate disparities among Blacks when compared to Whites. Much research has gone into examining the causes of health care disparities, but not a great deal examines the role of prevalence in those disparities. This study seeks to examine the role of prevalence in health care disparities and posits that having a rare disease exposes one to greater disparities than non-rare disease. The 2006 HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was utilized, which captured patient and hospital-level data for all discharges from 658 participating hospitals in 29 states. Discharges for three rare cancers and three non-rare cancers were used (n = 10,548 and 41,323 respectively). ...
An NCI Cancer Currents blog about a new study showing that subsidies for prescription drugs can help to reduce racial/ethnic disparities in the use of a proven breast cancer treatment.
Research shows individuals with developmental disabilities experience significant disparities in healthcare quality, access, status and unmet needs.
Racial-ethnic disparities in health status are well documented (IOM 2002, DHHS 1999), but the role of occupational racial-ethnic segregation and hazardous job exposures remain relatively unexplored. Racial-ethnic health disparities may reflect exposure to hazardous work environments that are associated with poor health status. This analysis explores associations between job segregation, occupational skill levels, occupational physical demands, occupational environmental exposures and health status. This study uses individual level data from the 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) and occupation level data from detailed US Census (2000) and the Occupational Information Network (O*Net 14.0). Preliminary models show that occupation-level demographic variables are significant predictors of both physical and mental health outcomes, although the patterns of associations are unique for each outcome. The percentage of black workers in occupations is associated with greater odds of reporting ...
UF Health is a collaboration of the University of Florida Health Science Center, Shands hospitals and other health care entities ...
Treatment disparities mediated about one-third of OS differences observed between white and Black patients with stage IV colorectal cancer, according to a retrospective cohort study presented at Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. This finding may be an underestimate because of the limited granularity of available treatment mediator variables, according to Douglas S. Swords, MD, MS, surgical
Reducing racial and ethnic disparities in health care has become an important policy goal in the United States and other countries, but evidence to inform interventions to address disparities is limited. The objective of this study was to identify important dimensions of interventions to reduce health care disparities. We used qualitative research methods to examine interventions aimed at improving diabetes and/or cardiovascular care for patients from racial and ethnic minority groups within five health care organizations. We interviewed 36 key informants and conducted a thematic analysis to identify important features of these interventions. Key elements of interventions included two contextual factors (external accountability and alignment of incentives to reduce disparities) and four factors related to the organization or intervention itself (organizational commitment, population health focus, use of data to inform solutions, and a comprehensive approach to quality). Consideration of these ...
Build your knowledge and meet the requirements in any stage of your life through in-person meetings, journals, or from your own home. ...
Provides state- and county-level statistics from 2011-2015 on health disparities and related information for the state of Illinois. Includes data on demographics, social determinants of health, health behaviors, healthcare access, morbidity, and more. Sponsoring organization: Illinois Department of Public Health. Date: 01/2020
In this large cohort of children tested for SARS-CoV-2 through community-based testing, we found evidence of both racial and/or ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Specifically, minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged children had a higher likelihood of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Furthermore, these observed racial and/or ethnic disparities in infection rates only slightly attenuated after adjustment for socioeconomic status.. Our findings of disproportionately higher rates of SARS-CoV-2 infection among minority youth mirror those found in recent adult literature. For instance, Millet et al3 found that US counties with higher populations of Black residents had disproportionately higher rates of SARS-CoV-2-related infection and deaths, beyond adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, and socioeconomic determinants. Similarly, through an analysis using health system data in California, Azar et al5 found higher rates of SARS-CoV-2 infection among Black ...
Chapter 8 discussed culture and health. Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. Health disparities are the different rates of being healthy or sick (or having specific conditions) between groups, while health care disparities are the differences in treatment and in access to treatment (Mio, Barker, & Tumambing 2012). These two disparities can not be reasonably separated, as receiving poor care (or no care) can lead people to try to deal with health problems on their own and mistrust doctors, which in turn rather definitively leads to not accessing health care. I know that past healthcare experiences have influenced my decisions to (not) seek care for illness or injury. After I had a doctor explain that my injury (which I had already said was a month prior) could not be a broken foot because for a broken foot to appear as it did on the MRI, the injury would need to be about a month old, my trust definitely decreased. It was, in fact, a broken foot. I suspect he couldnt believe a ...
Mamary AJ, Stewart JI, Kinney GL, et al for the COPDGene investigators. Race and gender disparities are evident in COPD underdiagnoses across all severities of measured airflow obstruction.
PCORIs Advisory Panel on Healthcare Delivery and Disparities Research (HDDR) was approved by our Board of Governors to advise and provide assistance in identifying our National Priorities and to establish our patient-centered research agenda.
Blog from CRCHD. Stay up-to-date with cancer health disparities issues and read CRCHD spotlights on promising research findings and program updates.
The effort to address healthcare disparities in a wealthy state comes as Medicaid is at a crossroads. A recent report found the $15.5 billion program falls short in key areas, and the governor is trying to extract money from Horizons Medicaid reserves, set aside to pay claims, for an addiction program.
Despite national initiatives aimed at reducing racial disparities in healthcare, these disparities persist in patients undergoing major surgical procedures in the United States, a new study indicates.
Dr. John Bruchhaus at St. Francis Medical Center said pre-existing medical conditions and other socioeconomic factors are contributing to the racial disparities of COVID-19 patients.
Dr. John Bruchhaus at St. Francis Medical Center said pre-existing medical conditions and other socioeconomic factors are contributing to the racial disparities of COVID-19 patients.
Health, ...Pediatric researchers have found race- and ethnicity-based disparities...Overall black Hispanic and other race children were less likely to... By documenting inequities in analgesia and length of stay for abdomin...The researchers analyzed data from the 2006-2009 National Hospital Amb...,Racial,and,ethnic,disparities,exist,in,ER,pain,management,for,children,with,abdominal,pain,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Individuals with a terminal illness, and the caregivers in their families, face many challenging questions, and the health care they receive can vary widely. For practitioners and policymakers seeking to better understand end-of-life care concerns, RAND researchers address a range of pertinent topics, including quality of care, costs, patient preferences, pain management, best practices, treatment disparities, and access requirements.
The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities.. ...
Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. Health disparities in cancer incidence and mortality may reflect differences in exposures to risk factors early in life. Understanding the distribution of exposures to early life risk and protective factors for cancer across different populations can shed light on opportunities to promo...
Zogg, C., Jiang, W., Chaudhary, M., Scott, J., Shah, A., Helmchen, L. A., & +10 additional authors (2016). Racial disparities in emergency general surgery: Do differences in outcomes persist among universally insured military patients?. Journal of Trauma & Acute Care Surgery, 80 (5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001004 ...
Sikander Ailawadhi, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, US, talks to the MM Hub at ASCO 2019, about how racial disparities influence the outcomes of patients with multiple myeloma.
Dr. Fredriksen-Goldsens primary area of scholarship focuses on the intersection of health disparities, aging and care giving in marginalized communities. Currently, as the Principal Investigator of the National Health, Aging and Sexuality Study: Caring and Aging with Pride over Time (R01), she is leading the first national longitudinal study on health disparities of LGBT midlife and older adults and their caregivers.. ...
This collection of an interactive CD and brochure provides an opportunity for individual or group dialogue and reflection about racial disparity in health care and the importance of cultural competence. The collection includes a dramatized case study, discussion questions and examples of addressing disparities from the ministry. Ethics Lab 3 was originally presented at CHAs 2007 Assembly in Chicago.. System Requirements:. ...
At any given time about 15,000 people wait for a new liver across the country but only a fraction receive one before its too late. Why transplant centers consider some patients before others involves a matrix of factors that has changed over time.
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Racial and economic disparities in the U.S. health care system may come down to access to medical care, hints a new report on...
The lead author of a new study that showed a clear racial gap in funding for biomedical research suggests that the disparity is not deliberate, but still does damage to both the unfunded researchers and U.S. healthcare on the whole.
Genetic differences between African Americans and other ethnic groups appear to explain only a small part of the disparity in cardiovascular disease rates and outcomes.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Jun 9:cebp.1728.2020. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-20-1728. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Colorectal
1 Target has been revised. See Data Details for more information.. 2 Baseline has been revised. See Data Details for more information.. Data are subject to revision and may have changed since a previous release. Unless noted otherwise, any age-adjusted data are adjusted using the year 2000 standard population.. Data availability by population groups may vary for each time point. Hence, assessment of changes in summary measures over time may be limited.. Disparities are assessed relative to the group with the least adverse, or most favorable, event or condition.. ...
The number of Americans being screened for cancer are significantly low, particularly among racial and ethnic minorities, according to a new report from the
Our education efforts are aligned with the needs of each region in our global network, with a focus on alleviating disparities in education. See more.
Helps health care students and practitioners in delivering skilled and appropriate care to various patients, no matter their ethnicity, country of origin, or access to services. This title presents information on differences in access to heath-care, immun
Strategies for Measuring Most cancers Disparities , which evaluates measures of health disparities included in HDCalc. The monograph discusses main points that
A high level of participant enrollment was achieved in the CHCs. The calculation of a standard response rate, however, is not possible, due to the recruitment
The surveys hosted on the DRC include data on a wide range of topics. Click below to learn more about the content available in each survey ...