The Kellogg Health Scholars Program develops new leadership in the effort to reduce and eliminate health disparities and to secure equal access to the conditions and services essential for achieving healthy communities.The Program consists of two tracks and offers two-year postdoctoral fellowships at eight training sites. The Center on Social Disparities in Health provides a nexus for collaborations among distinguished researchers with expertise in multiple disciplines relevant to social disparities in health. Center faculty - including those based at UCSF as well as collaborating investigators at the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), Stanford University, the University of Texas at Austin, and other institutions - have demonstrated a long-standing commitment to studying and addressing social disparities in health.. Major themes of research at the Center on Social Disparities in Health include:. ...
The Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research program is a collaborative effort supported by the NIEHS, the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that encourages basic, biological, clinical, epidemiological, behavioral, and/or social scientific investigations of disease conditions that are known to be a significant burden in low socioeconomic and health disparate populations. The Centers, funded through a P50 grant mechanism, support research efforts, mentoring, capacity building, research translation, and information dissemination, and are designed to address program-specific research priorities.. The boxes below show the primary areas of research of the five EHD Centers along with key questions they are addressing related to health disparities.. ...
The Commission was a truly global process, bringing together hundreds of researchers and practitioners from universities and research institutions, government ministries, and international and civil society organizations.. Knowledge networks, including academics and practitioners from around the world, collected evidence on policies and interventions to improve health and reduce health inequities across a number of areas including: early child development, employment conditions, globalization, women and gender equity, urban settings, social exclusion, health systems, measurement, and priority public health conditions. The Commission built further evidence-gathering partnerships through two regional networks (the Nordic and Asian networks) and with researchers in additional key areas, such as ageing, indigenous peoples, food and nutrition, violence and conflict, and the environment. Partnerships with a number of countries committed to tackling health inequities were established. Brazil, Canada, ...
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) provides a major opportunity for New York to address health disparities. In April 2012, Governor Cuomo created a Health Benefits Exchange which will offer affordable health coverage to individuals consumers and small businesses seeking to provide coverage for employees. Those whose incomes qualify will receive subsidies in the form of tax credits to use towards their monthly premiums.. ...
Chapter 8 discussed culture and health. Part of the chapter is on health (care) disparities. Health disparities are the different rates of being healthy or sick (or having specific conditions) between groups, while health care disparities are the differences in treatment and in access to treatment (Mio, Barker, & Tumambing 2012). These two disparities can not be reasonably separated, as receiving poor care (or no care) can lead people to try to deal with health problems on their own and mistrust doctors, which in turn rather definitively leads to not accessing health care. I know that past healthcare experiences have influenced my decisions to (not) seek care for illness or injury. After I had a doctor explain that my injury (which I had already said was a month prior) could not be a broken foot because for a broken foot to appear as it did on the MRI, the injury would need to be about a month old, my trust definitely decreased. It was, in fact, a broken foot. I suspect he couldnt believe a ...
An interactive web tool for measuring inequalities in influenza immunization among seniors. Companion product to the report Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada.
Despite Canadas generally high standard of living and a health care system that offers universal access to high quality care, there are major health disparities in our nation. These health disparities are most pronounced for vulnerable populations particularly new immigrants, refugees and Canadian born people from non-dominant ethno-racial communities who often, through the process of racialization, are treated in different and unequal in ways with regressive social, economic and political impacts (Galabuzi, 2001). Improving the health of such vulnerable populations requires moving beyond interventions focused on changing individual behaviours to approaches that address systemic issues that impact on their health, namely racism and racial discrimination.. Emerging research shows that the main determinants of health are neither medical nor behavioural but rather social and economic (Raphael, 2004). Despite evidence of the health impacts of structural inequalities, health determinants such as ...
Persistent health disparities are a major contributor to disproportionate burden of cancer for some populations. Health disparities in cancer incidence and mortality may reflect differences in exposures to risk factors early in life. Understanding the distribution of exposures to early life risk and protective factors for cancer across different populations can shed light on opportunities to promo...
Figure 1. Coding procedure for content analysis. aHealth disparities were defined as "differences in health status across population groups, whether defined by race or ethnicity, gender, social class, geographic location, or sexual orientation" (52, p. 101). Extensive coding guidelines elaborated on this definition. For example, differences in health status could include variations in the "incidence, prevalence, mortality, [or] burden of disease and other adverse health conditions" (originally defined by NIH working group on health disparities in 1999), as well as differences in disease prevention, detection, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship across population groups (cancer disparities are identified in NCIs cancer control continuum as a cross-cutting concern). In addition, the coding instrument described the injustice inherent in disparities [e.g., "differences which are unnecessary and unavoidable but, in addition, are also considered unfair and unjust," (53, p. 219)], as well as the ...
Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations..
Given that we know that interventions shown to be effective in improving the health of a population may actually widen the health inequalities gap while others reduce it, it is imperative that all systematic reviewers consider how the findings of their reviews may impact (reduce or increase) on the health inequality gap. This study reviewed existing guidance on incorporating considerations of health inequalities in systematic reviews in order to examine the extent to which they can help reviewers to incorporate such issues. A mapping review was undertaken to identify guidance documents that purported to inform reviewers on whether and how to incorporate considerations of health inequalities. Searches were undertaken in Medline, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library Methodology Register. Review guidance manuals prepared by international organisations engaged in undertaking systematic reviews, and their associated websites were scanned. Studies were included if they provided an overview or discussed the
Abstract The Norwegian strategy for reducing health inequalities from 2007 has been recognised as one of the most ambitious and encompassing in Europe. By proposing action on the social determinants of health, such as income structure, employment opportunities and affordable child-care, the strategy was able to approach the entire social gradient rather than just the socially disadvantaged. In this article, we present the main features of the health equity strategy, and discuss possible obstacles to a successful implementation and a prolonged commitment to reducing health inequalities in Norway. We raise three major concerns: 1) a stubborn fundamental inequality structure, 2) a lack of focus on the gradient in the implementation of cross-sectoral reforms and 3) a possible re-orientation of policy away from redistribution and universalism.. ...
Citation: Morenoff JD, House JA, Hansen BB, Williams DR, Kaplan GA, Hunte HE. Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: The role of neighborhood context. Soc Sci Med 2007, 65(9):1853-66. ,http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/57187 ...
Connecting the Dots. Racism, Stress, and Health Inequity. A Tale of Two Babies. Elijah. Joseph. The Cycle Begins. Pre-term Delivery. Low Birth Weight. Infant Mortality. What are Health Disparities?.
Health,...... (Tackling health inequalities in primary care) ...By way of diminishing health problems through social inequalities gen...Diseases have both biological and societal causes and yet medical trea...,Recording,Patients,Socio-Economic,Status,Is,Necessary,For,Tackling,Health,Inequalities,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
What would it take to eradicate health inequalities? Testing the fundamental causes theory of health inequalities in Scotland October We are happy to consider requests for other languages or formats.
In June 2000, Eliseo Perez Stable, MD received $3.75 million from the National Cancer Institute for a five year program to study cancer among Latinos. According to NCI, Latinos die disproportionately of colon and breast cancer compared to groups having higher rates of those types of cancer and Latinas have one of the highest cervical cancer death rates. In October 2000, Paula Braveman, MD, MPH received funding for two years from the Centers for Disease Control to describe socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in maternal and infant health in California and 4-6 other states. The main goals of the project are to (1) describe disparities in low birth weight, unintended pregnancy, delayed prenatal care, and non-initiation/discontinuation of breast-feeding during the last decade; and (2) to recommend individual/household- and area-level measures of socio- economic status for ongoing, routine monitoring of social disparities in the selected indicators over time. In January 2001, Braveman was ...
The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities.. ...
Downloadable! The results of new direct price level comparisons across 146 countries in 2005 have led to large revisions of PPP (purchasing power parity) exchanges rates, particularly for China and India. The recalculation of international and global inequalities, using the new PPPs, shows that inequalities are substantially higher than previously thought. Inequality between global citizens is estimated at 70 Gini points rather than 65 as before. The richest decile receives 57 percent of global income rather than 50 percent.
Background It is widely recognised that the pursuit of sustainable development cannot be accomplished without addressing inequality, or observed differences between subgroups of a population....
Seattle Quality of Life Group - Measuring and Improve Health Disparities in Children, Adolescents, Adults from Stigmatized Populations
Helps health care students and practitioners in delivering skilled and appropriate care to various patients, no matter their ethnicity, country of origin, or access to services. This title presents information on differences in access to heath-care, immun
A high level of participant enrollment was achieved in the CHCs. The calculation of a standard response rate, however, is not possible, due to the recruitment
Solving inequalities of the form (p(x))/(q(x))|0 (instead of | there can be another symbol of inequality), where p(x) and q(x) are polynomials,
VERT2CON convert a set of points to the set of inequality constraints which most tightly contain the points ie create constraints to bound the convex hull of the given pointsAb vert2conVV a set of points each ROW of which is one
Differin - A defect of symmetry is sometimes apparent in the inequality of corresponding lobes; but those above enumerated are always present.
Income-related inequalities in health and in health services use pose a disturbing and challenging issue in health systems, which are based on social health insurance such as Israel. To explore income-related inequalities in health and in health services use in Israel in 2009-2010. We used the Central Bureau of Statistics file, which linked information on 7,175 households (24,595 persons) from the 2009 Health Survey and the 2010 Incomes Survey. Raw and adjusted concentration curves and indices were calculated for ten chronic conditions (adjusting for age), visits to physicians and hospitalizations (adjusting for health and location). There is no income-related inequality in asthma and in cancer. The income-related inequality in the remaining eight conditions is pro-poor, namely, they are more prevalent among poor households. The order of the level of inequality is (from the least unequally distributed): any condition, hypertension, heart diseases, diabetes, depression, respiratory diseases, digestive
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: NIMHD Resource-Related Minority Health and Health Disparities Research (U24) RFA-MD-11-005. NIMHD
Siegel M, Allanson P (2015). Longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities: methods, challenges and applications. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research in press. Siegel M, Mielck A, Maier W (2015). Individual income, area deprivation, and health: Do income-related health inequalities vary by small area deprivation? Health Economics 24(11):1523-1530. F. Henschel, M. Redaelli, M. Siegel, S. Stock (2015). Correlation of Incident Potentially Inappropriate Medication Prescriptions and Hospitalization: An Analysis Based on the PRISCUS List. Drugs - Real World Outcomes 2(3):249-259. Röttger J, Blümel M, Engel S, Grenz-Farenholtz B, Fuchs S, Linder R, Verheyen F, Busse R (2015): Exploring Health System Responsiveness in Ambulatory Care and Disease Management and its Relation to Other Dimensions of Health System Performance (RAC) - Study Design and Methodology. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015;4(7): 431-437. Klein G, Lickfett L, Schreieck J, Deneke T, Wieczorek M, for the ...
The scope of published literature on racial/ethnic disparities is broad. In addition, although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality rates10 and dental care11 have been fairly well described, relatively little has been published on racial/ethnic disparities in children and adolescents. The terms that have been used to describe disparities also have been neither standardized nor consistent. As a consequence, the literature search was limited to only those studies that specifically examined racial/ethnic disparities for US children and adolescents, to ensure a focus on disparities and a body of literature in urgent need of a systematic review. Thus, articles on racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality and dental care were excluded, because disparities in these domains have comparatively been more well described, and articles on pediatric workforce diversity, an area that was addressed in a recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement,12 also ...
NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Extramural Loan Repayment Program for Health Disparities Research (LRP-HDR) NOT-OD-12-126. NIH
Other Course Information A. Objectives 1) To identify and describe the distribution of health disparities and their contributing factors across population groups and disease outcomes. 2) To describe key multi level factors that are mechanisms by which health care disparities occur. 3) Examine the strengths and weaknesses of current health disparities research, and identify the challenges in the measurement of health disparities and the successful completion of health disparities research. 4) Understand the role of social factors such as cultural competence in health promotion, and disease prevention 5) To be able to describe and critique current and proposed medical care, social, environmental, and public health strategies to address health disparities. 6) To identify innovative strategies (including cultural competency training, increased diversity in the workforce, and development of culturally appropriate interventions) that may contribute substantively toward the elimination of health ...
AbstractA variety of scholars have explored the role of communication in reducing, maintaining, and even widening health disparities, but comparatively less attention has focused on the content and effects of communication about health disparities in the mass media. This article aims to summarize the current state of knowledge about these issues by identifying key outcomes and audiences for mass-mediated communication about health disparities, describing what is known about public opinion about health disparities, reviewing selected research on the content and effects of mass-mediated communication about health disparities, and identifying priorities for future research to better understand the role of communication in shaping public support and collective action to reduce health disparities. | Health promotion. Social marketing
An interactive web tool for measuring inequalities in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease hospitalization. Companion product to the report Trends in Income-Related Health Inequalities in Canada.
Hypertension is the number one cause of racial group disparities in mortality in the U.S. Thus, understanding the mechanisms by which race is linked with the cardiovascular system is key. African Americans (AA) are exposed to more stress across the lifespan and lifetime adversity is associated with cardiovascular disease (CHD) and hypertension. However, mechanisms accounting for the links between long-term stress exposure, hypertension and CHD remain unclear. Cardiovascular reactivity is hypothesized to be a major contender as it predicts increased risk of cardiac events and mortality, especially among people with hypertension. According to existing theories of racial health disparities, stress, and social relations, racial health disparities are due to variations in long-term exposure to stress and stress reactivity (biological, psychological, behavioral) and those race differences are moderated by social relations and age. In response to the FOA Aging Research on Stress and Resilience to ...
Social determinants of health (SDOH) will play a key role in quality reporting in the coming years. But until just recently physicians did not know the The AMA has created a free online education module to educate medical students and physicians of SDOH and proper documentation.
September 24, 2013 3:00-4:00 p.m. EDT. Join us for #HealthPromoChat (http://en.healthnexus.ca/health_promo_chat), hosted by Health Promotion Ontario (HPO) conference coordinator Tanya Beattie.. In anticipation of the Septembera 26th HPO conference, Think Big and Lets Get Going: Applying SDOH, well be talking about a SDOH continuum of activities that move upstream. Share your current work and challenges in education and awareness, programs, initiatives, resources, policies and inter-sectoral action. Lets keep the conversation, and action, going!. Questions to explore:. ...
Significant recognition of health and health care disparities began over a decade ago with several landmark reports and the first major legislation focused on reduction of disparities. The release of two Surgeon Generals reports in the early 2000s showed disparities in tobacco use and access to mental health services by race and ethnicity.24,25 The first major legislation focused on reduction of disparities, the Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act of 2000,26 created the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities, and authorized the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to regularly measure progress on reduction of disparities. Soon after, the Institute of Medicine released two seminal reports documenting racial and ethnic disparities in access to and quality of care.27,28. The ACA advanced efforts to improve health and health care and reduce disparities.29 The ACAs broad coverage expansions and increased funding for community health ...
Despite impressive improvements in aggregate indicators of health globally over the past few decades, health inequities between and within countries have persisted, and in many regions and countries are widening. Our recommendations regarding research priorities for health equity are based on an assessment of what information is required to gain an understanding of how to make substantial reductions in health inequities. We recommend that highest priority be given to research in five general areas: (1) global factors and processes that affect health equity and/or constrain what countries can do to address health inequities within their own borders; (2) societal and political structures and relationships that differentially affect peoples chances of being healthy within a given society; (3) interrelationships between factors at the individual level and within the social context that increase or decrease the likelihood of achieving and maintaining good health; (4) characteristics of the health ...
The new multi-year grant positions CMH as a national center of excellence in translating evidence-based research into community-based interventions designed to prevent disease and promote health
Proactive Community Services (PCS) evidence-based HIV/STI prevention program provides access to comprehensive services for high-risk, hard to reach individuals.. Our services include outreach, testing, counseling, linkages to primary and secondary care, condom distribution, and educational and awareness activities designed to increase knowledge and skills of individuals while reducing the risk for becoming infected or infecting others with HIV or other sexually transmitted infections. Health disparities are still present within African American communities: African Americans are 8.6 times more likely to be diagnosed with HIV infection, as compared to the Non-Hispanic White population and are living below poverty at a rate of 28.1 percent compared to 11.0 percent of non-Hispanic Whites according to the 2012 U.S Census bureau. ...
Background: Publicly funded computed tomography (CT) procedure descriptions in Australia often specify the body site, rather than indication for use. This study aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of demographic versus non-demographic factors in driving the increase in CT services in Australia. Methods: A decomposition analysis was conducted to assess the proportion of additional CT attributable to changing population structure, CT use on a per capita basis (CPC, a proxy for change in practice) and/or cost of CT. Aggregated Medicare usage and billing data were obtained for selected years between 1993/4 and 2012/3. Results: The number of billed CT scans rose from 33 per annum per 1000 of population in 1993/94 (total 572,925) to 112 per 1000 by 2012/13 (total 2,540,546). The respective cost to Medicare rose from $145.7 million to $790.7 million. Change in CPC was the most important factor accounting for changes in CT services (88%) and cost (65%) over the study period. Conclusions: While ...
Article Decomposition analysis of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion in selected countries. This article introduces an approach applicable to analysing different factors influencing elements relevant in sustainable development like environmental impa...
Healthcare disparities pose a major challenge to the diverse 21st century America. Demographic trends indicate that the number of Americans who are vulnerable to suffering the effects of healthcare disparities will rise over the next half century. These trends pose a daunting challenge for policymakers and the healthcare system. Wide disparities exist among groups on the basis of race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography. Healthcare disparities have occurred across different regional populations, economic cohorts, and racial/ethnic groups as well as between men and women. Education and income related disparities have also been seen. Social, cultural and economic factors are responsible for inequalities in the healthcare system.. The issue of racial and ethnic disparities in healthcare have exploded onto the public stage. The causes of these disparities have been divided into health system factors and patient-provider factors. Health system factors include language and cultural ...
Education, training, and a broad understanding of the social, political, economic, and environmental factors underlying poor health and health disparities are key elements in dealing with neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). We have now completed 3 years of the Harvard-Brazil Collaborative Public Health Field Course, and we believe this model is effective in educating students and in building networks for future research, education, and policy. We developed an innovative course curriculum that is multidisciplinary and multi-institutional and aims to prepare students, faculty, and researchers to find new approaches to reducing the burden of NTDs. Four of the five disease examples covered in the course are NTDs: dengue, leishmaniasis, leptospirosis, and schistosomiasis (the fifth is HIV/AIDS).. Based on interactions with students in the classroom, we concluded that there was a need for students to spend time in settings where these diseases persist to better understand that interventions must draw ...
Back to Health disparities grantee assistance Health disparities grantee assistance For assistance, please contact the Office of Health Equity. Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment Office of Health Equity 4300 Cherry Creek Drive South C-1 Denver, CO 80246
Abstract Black-white mortality disparities remain sizable in the United States. In this study, we use the concept of avoidable/amenable mortality to estimate cause-of-death contributions to the difference in life expectancy between whites and blacks by gender in the United States in 1980, 1993, and 2007.
Concerted efforts to prevent or detect colorectal cancer at earlier stages in black patients could improve the worsening black-white disparities uncovered in a recent analysis.
Its not uncommon, viagra sale especially during Black History Month, no rx to hear discussion of disparities in medicine and health care, particularly as they pertain to African Americans. Its easy to read the U.S. Centers for Disease Controls Health Disparities & Inequalities Report and know that a disparity exists, but what does that really mean?. From the CDCs website, here are examples of health disparities:. ...
From the crime-ridden Central American cities to the low-growth countries in Africa and Asia, widespread poverty and inequality are the engines of international immigration
Health,... ...WASHINGTON June 10 -- Today CongresswomanSt... Mr. Chairman I am appreciative of the opportunity to address theimp... This is an issue of great importance not just to my district but to...,Tubbs,Jones,Addresses,Health,Disparities,Issue,During,Hearing,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Temas de actualidad / Current topics Research plan to reduce health disparities in the United States of America1 Key words: Equity, research, ethnic groups, United States of America. The health of persons living in the United States of America has generally improved in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are still noticeable differences between the burdens of illness and death experienced by the majority of the countrys population and by such minorities as African-Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Asians, and Pacific Islanders. These minority groups suffer from a shorter life expectancy, as well as higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, infant mortality, birth defects, asthma, diabetes, stroke, sexually transmitted diseases, and mental illness (see box, "The scope of health disparities in the United States"). Racial and ethnic minorities now make up some 28% of the population in the United States, but that figure is expected to be almost 40% in 2030. Various ...
This report is a summary of three regional Health Equity Roundtables (June 2014) that convened stakeholders, thought-leaders, and experts in the fields of health equity, tobacco control, public health and chronic disease to provide input on tangible, innovative, and promising practices for implementing the Advancing Health Equity in Tobacco Control strategies in California ...
Today, CDC released new data on social determinants of health among adults diagnosed with HIV infection in an HIV surveillance supplemental report. This ...
The results suggest that socioeconomic disparities exist at multiple stages in the path to smoking cessation. Potential effects on socioeconomic disparities should be considered when implementing cessation interventions.
A total of 56 tests of change in inequalities over time are shown in Tables 2 and 3 for men and women respectively. Results for change in absolute inequalities are shown by Models 3a; change in relative inequalities by Models 3b.. Four tests - the prevalence of raised cholesterol in young men and women - showed no change over time, i.e. no association with IMD. No change in inequalities occurred in 38 tests; statistically significant changes were found in 14. Five tests showed increasing absolute inequalities in obesity in older men and women, diabetes in young men and older women, and physical activity in older women. Three tests showed increasing relative inequalities in obesity in young women and in smoking and healthy eating in older men. Both absolute and relative inequality increased in high blood pressure in young women. Four tests for the prevalence of raised cholesterol showed widening absolute and relative inverse gradients from 1998 onwards in older men and women.. Obesity trends in ...
The fact that people of African descent, many Latino populations and indigenous people are sicker and die younger is well-established. The typical explanations rely on diet and other lifestyle factors like smoking. In the last decade there has even been a renewed emphasis on possible genetic factors that might be implicated in these long-standing health inequalities. This course will consider these explanations against those that focus on the "social determinants." The central insight to emerge from the field of social epidemiology is that social status is the strongest predictor of health, determining access to the resources (material and psychological) that are protective of health. Social status ultimately reflects political equality/inequality. This will be a recurring theme in the course. This seminar will explore the following questions: What is the evidence of racial, ethnic and class health inequalities in the United States? What explains the rise in medical research that searches for a ...
This infographic illustrates multiple potential pathways leading from race and ethnicity to disparities in health outcomes, mechanisms of health disparities. Chapter 4 of "What Pharmacists Need to Know About Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities" explores mechanisms and explanations and provides students with tools for understanding this complex topic.. The visual can provoke thought, raise questions, and educate, all at the same time. The infographic suggests pathways, but doesnt cover them all. The student can take this infographic, generate hypotheses, and explore relationships.. For example, a student might begin with the association between race and ethnicity and socio-economic status, and then follow the pathways leading through occupation, income, education or neighborhood, which then lead through variables such environmental exposures, ability to understand health information or health insurance coverage, and then to health outcomes.. Another set of pathways might begin with the ...
In probabilistic logic, the Fréchet inequalities, also known as the Boole-Fréchet inequalities, are rules implicit in the work of George Boole and explicitly derived by Maurice Fréchet that govern the combination of probabilities about logical propositions or events logically linked together in conjunctions (AND operations) or disjunctions (OR operations) as in Boolean expressions or fault or event trees common in risk assessments, engineering design and artificial intelligence. These inequalities can be considered rules about how to bound calculations involving probabilities without assuming independence or, indeed, without making any dependence assumptions whatsoever. The Fréchet inequalities are closely related to the Boole-Bonferroni-Fréchet inequalities, and to Fréchet bounds. If Ai are logical propositions or events, the Fréchet inequalities are Probability of a logical conjunction (&) max(0, P(A1) + P(A2) + ... + P(An) − (n − 1)) ≤ P(A1 & A2 & ... & An) ≤ min(P(A1), P(A2), ...
The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for societys most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. ...
Majid Ezzati and colleagues analyze US county-level mortality data for 1961 to 1999, and find a steady increase in mortality inequality across counties between 1983 and 1999.
Health,...Estimates of ethnic disparities across a variety of preventive screeni...Kevin Fiscella and colleagues from the University of Rochester School ...The results of Fiscella et al.s study show that with the exception o...,Ethnic,disparities,in,Medicare,claims?,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Health Disparities and Community Involvement- will be our discussion topic at The Wellness Lounge, A Step Further 9 a.m. E.S.T. | Health Disparities and Community Involvement Monday, August 4, 2014 on The Wellness Lounge - A Step Further | VoiceAmerica - The Leader in Internet Media
Gewalt SC, Berger S, Szecsenyi J, Bozorgmehr K. "If you can, change this system". Pregnant asylum seekers perceptions on social determinants and material circumstances affecting their health whilst living in state-provided accommodation in Germany - a prospective, qualitative case study. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1): 287 ...
This thesis aimed to contribute to current understanding of intervention-generated inequalities, that is, the concern that processes in the planning or delivery of an intervention may create or exacerbate the health differences between population groups. This was done by examining the impact of secondary and tertiary preventive interventions for type 2 diabetes by socio-economic status (SES). Previous research has shown that the condition places a disproportionate burden on individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. It addition, managing the condition involves a range of health care; all potentially exacerbating existing health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted and secondary data analyses of patient data collected by a hospital diabetes register. The Index of Multiple Deprivation 2004 was used as an indicator of patients SES. Multilevel models were fitted using repeated measurements, with patients nested within general practices. Interaction effects were used to determine ...
In Developing Countries, Provision Of Public Services Continues To Fall Short Of Demand. Under Severe Infrastructure Backlogs, Marginal Benefit Theory Envisages That Measures Aimed At Maximising Average Access Rates Can Have Contradictory Impacts In The Medium Term: Depending On Sector Characteristics And Infrastructure Needs, Geographical Disparities May Decline In Some Sectors, And Persist Or Widen In Others. Relative To Expected Outcomes, Tobit Models With/Without Eligibility and Spatial Effects Suggest Mixed Evidence for Access to Primary Schools and Healthcare across Districts (Departments) In Niger. With Strict Eligibility Thresholds, These Effects Are More Relevant For Healthcare. Once Local Population Is Accounted For, Sahelian And Sahelo-Sudanian Districts Lag Systematically Behind Others In School Access Improvements. In Both Sectors, Hardly Any Additional Gains Appear To Accrue To Worse-Off Districts, Relative To Targeted Districts Randomly Chosen. This Implies No Selectivity Bias In ...
Precision Medicine has the potential to improve clinical outcomes and minimize risk and adverse effects of treatments and medication. During President Obamas State of the Union address in 2015, he highlighted the promise of precision medicine and announced the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI). Part of the PMI is the creation of the Precision Medicine Initiative Cohort. This program aims to recruit at least one million Americans to contribute their data over the span of many years to improve health outcomes, understand the impact of new treatments, and accelerate a new era of data-drive and precise preventive care and treatment. Precision medicine could address multiple issues we face, including cancer treatment and address health disparities in health disparity populations. However, little is known about health disparities populations knowledge level of precision medicine. A pilot study was conducted to investigate whether self-identified Blacks/African-Americans could define the following ...
Correcting social, economic and healthcare inequalities may have the most significant impact in reducing survival differences in colorectal cancer
CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has received a $3 million, five-year grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to establish the UNC Center for Diabetes Translation Research to Reduce Health Disparities (CDTR).. Its mission is to reduce diabetes-related disparities among poor and underserved populations by providing resources and support to foster translational research in North Carolina and beyond. The centers research will examine and compare different techniques for bringing effective preventive and therapeutic interventions into practice.. Currently, one in nine adults in the U.S. (about 264 million) has Type 2 diabetes. If trends continue, projections suggest that one in three people may have the condition by 2050. Diabetes-related annual costs are currently $174 billion and may increase to $336 billion by 2034. Poor, minority and rural populations with limited access to health care suffer disproportionately. ...
At NAATPN, our aim is to be the leading source of education and advocacy for tobacco, cancer health disparities affecting African Americans.
Woolf SH, Braveman P. Where Health Disparities Begin: The Role Of Social And Economic Determinant And Why Current Policies May Make Matters Worse. Health Affairs. 2011;30(10):1852-1859Social Determinants - they are the difficult stuff to change, however they may be more influential than all of the
Dornsife brings its focus and experience in urban population health to address health disparities around the world through the Office of Global Health.
Theres a lot of research that shows we have disparities in the health care system. Its well-documented. I dont want to read another study that documents that we have disparities in health care. I want to start reading articles about what were doing about it. What are the interventions that we can design and implement to make a difference for these patients? How can we reduce these gaps?" ...
Spatial inequalities in territorial-based greenhouse emissions matter in terms of regulation, both at the international and subnational levels. This column decomposes these inequalities worldwide for the two major greenhouse gases over the period 1970-2008. Within-country inequalities are larger, and rising, while between-country inequalities are smaller and falling. Moreover, social tensions arising from the discrepancy between the distribution of emissions and the distribution of damages appear to be larger within than between countries, and larger for carbon dioxide than for methane.. ...
Philadelphia, Pa (PRWEB) February 17, 2012 -- In an effort to reduce and eventually eliminate cancer disparities among adults in the Philadelphia region, the
Researchers have been measuring and describing health disparities in the United States for well over a century. Despite this, persistent health disparities cont...
Get the facts about health inequalities in your community. Close the Gap is your resource in addressing healthcare disparities in the US.
For example, between 2003 and 2006, 30.6% of direct medical care expenditures for minority communities resulted from health inequalities. Eliminating health inequalities for minorities during the period would have saved $229.4 billion. The costs of health inequalities and premature death for the same four years totaled $1.24 trillion [see "Building Stronger Communities for Better Health: The Geography of Health Equity," Dr. Brian D. Smedly, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies ...
Analysis of Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities, Prince Georges County (EHDIC-PG) - This project is an epidemiologic study of the adult resid...
In mathematics, the Grunsky matrices, or Grunsky operators, are matrices introduced by Grunsky (1939) in complex analysis and geometric function theory. They correspond to either a single holomorphic function on the unit disk or a pair of holomorphic functions on the unit disk and its complement. The Grunsky inequalities express boundedness properties of these matrices, which in general are contraction operators or in important special cases unitary operators. As Grunsky showed, these inequalities hold if and only if the holomorphic function is univalent. The inequalities are equivalent to the inequalities of Goluzin, discovered in 1947. Roughly speaking, the Grunsky inequalities give information on the coefficients of the logarithm of a univalent function; later generalizations by Milin, starting from the Lebedev-Milin inequality, succeeded in exponentiating the inequalities to obtain inequalities for the coefficients of the univalent function itself. Historically the inequalities were used in ...
Most of the analyses in this supplement are descriptive and did not control for potential confounders or adjust for age; therefore, caution should be used in comparing these findings to findings from studies with different analytical approaches. When data were available and suitable for analysis, disparities were examined for characteristics that included race and ethnicity, sex, age, household income, educational attainment, and geographic location. Other characteristics that were analyzed included place of birth, language spoken at home, disability status, and sexual orientation. Consistent definitions were used as a guide to promote standardization of analyses across the reports. However, readers should be attentive to the definitions used in each report. There are some similarities and some differences in definitions across reports because there are multiple ways to categorize these variables. For certain variables, the most appropriate categorization depends on the topic being studied ...
Differences in insurance and socioeconomic status appears to explain most of the disparities in breast cancer incidence and survival between Hispanic and non-Hispanic women.
The purpose of the event is to join black Greek organizations and engage in informative and creative community service strategies to address health disparities in the community. Each organization will design exclusive activities and work collaboratively to address the risks, protective factors prevention, and intervention techniques needed to develop and maintain physical and mental health in our communities ...
Closing the Gap: A National Blueprint to Improve the Health of Persons with Mental Retardation* is a 2002 report of the Surgeon Generals Conference on Health Disparities and Mental Retardation:
As the U.S. welcomes its largest and most diverse group of older residents, insights from ethnogeriatrics specialists at the AGS shed light on health disparities and the importance of embracing culture as a critical facet of care For More Information:Dan Trucil212-308-1414, ext.
The CDC and other public health organizations have identified numerous disparities in the incidence and outcomes of HIV disease among different population groups
Sadly, it does not appear to be the case, at least not explicitly. And yet, economists such as Joseph Stiglitz, Paul Krugman and goodness knows how many empirical studies, highlight how poverty and inequality are bad for society, for the economy and for the country. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/oct/12/west-virginia-poverty-inequality-election
In the U.S., not every person is able to receive the same quality of health care. In addition to that, not every person is at a societal or income level where they are able to maintain and afford a healthy lifestyle. A persons health care is not solely determined by their choice in lifestyle but rather depends on many other factors not always in their control, such as socioeconomic status, education, their environment and their culture.
This partnership was established to test prevention strategies to address cardiovascular disease using community health workers. ...
Downloadable! Although the GATT compliance record is mixed, this study finds consistent evidence that GATT reforms improved market efficiency and integration in the beef and wheat market. Cointegration analysis shows much improved price transmission and speed of adjustment. Variance decomposition analysis reveals larger and quicker impacts in prices of non-fundamental shocks originating from other markets. Results make a stronger case for more reforms in the current revisitation of the Agreement.
This indicator is available in the following set of views in the "By topic" section of the Global Health Observatory. These links will open a new browser tab or window onto the selected view. ...
This indicator is available in the following set of views in the "By topic" section of the Global Health Observatory. These links will open a new browser tab or window onto the selected view. ...
In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […] The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra-wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised. ...
Help tutor your child in Maths Year 8 with Understand Expressions, Equations, Inequalities, Terms and Factors National Curriculum Interactive Worksheets from EdPlace
A University of Texas at Arlington social work researcher is taking a fotonovela, a popular comic-book style education tool that uses culturally sensitive images, to overcome the barriers to treatment and encourage Hispanic patients to seek care.. Katherine Sanchez, an assistant professor in the School of Social Work, recently won a nearly $400,000 three-year research grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) Academic Research Enhancement Awards (AREA) program for her proposal, "METRIC: Measurement, Education and Tracking in Integrated Care: Strategies to Increase Patient Engagement and Reduce Mental Health Disparities among Hispanics." She hopes to reduce mental health disparities among Hispanics through integrated health care and culturally adapted depression education.. "We know from over 20 years of research that integrated health care is an effective model for the treatment of depression," said Sanchez, who won a ...
1 AHDCONNECTION Arizonas Leading Health Disparities Resource Volume 1, Issue 1, July 31, 2008 Directors Spotlight By Susan Gerard, Director of ADHS I am very pleased to announce the release of the inaugural edition of AHDConnection, the quarterly informational newsletter for the Ari-zona Health Disparities Center (AHDC), a part of the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS). The AHDC serves as Arizonas central source of information and resources related to minority and vulnerable population health and health disparities. This newsletter will serve as an informational tool and resource for ADHS staff. Health disparities continue despite advances in health care and technology. Even after control-ling for economic and health insurance status, differences still occur in diagnosis and treatment of certain health conditions, utilization of preven-tive services and health outcomes. We can each do our part by making a commitment to learn more about health disparities, understand the cul-tural ...
Order no. 13400188. Evidence indicates that actions within four main themes (early child development, fair employment and decent work, social protection, and the living environment) are likely to have the greatest impact on the social determinants of health and health inequities. A systematic search and analysis of recommendations and policy guidelines from intergovernmental organizations and international bodies identified practical policy options for action on social determinants within these four themes. Policy options focused on early childhood education and care; child poverty; investment strategies for an inclusive economy; active labour market programmes; working conditions; social cash transfers; affordable housing; and planning and regulatory mechanisms to improve air quality and mitigate climate change. Applying combinations of these policy options alongside effective governance for health equity should enable WHO European Region Member States to reduce health inequities and synergize ...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented sex and racial/ethnic disparities in outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but the explanation of these disparities remains limited. In a setting that controls for access to medical care, we evaluated whether sex and racial/ethnic disparities in prognosis after AMI persist after consideration of socioeconomic background, personal medical history, and medical management.. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of the members (20,263 men and 10,061 women) of an integrated health care delivery system in northern California who had experienced an AMI between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2002, and were followed up for a median of 3.5 years (maximum, 8 years). Main outcome measures included AMI recurrence and all-cause mortality.. RESULTS: In age-adjusted analyses relative to white men, black men (hazard ratio [HR], 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-1.65), black women (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.26-1.72), and Asian women (HR, ...
Arroyo V, Díaz J, Ortiz C, Carmona R, Sáez M, Linares C. 2016. Short term effect of air pollution, noise and heat waves on preterm births in Madrid (Spain). Environ Res 145:162-168, PMID: 26706568, 10.1016/j.envres.2015.11.034. Auger N, Hansen AV, Mortensen L. 2013. Contribution of maternal age to preterm birth rates in Denmark and Quebec, 1981-2008. Am J Public Health 103(10):e33-e38, PMID: 23947312, 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301523. Benmarhnia T, Rey L, Cartier Y, Clary CM, Deguen S, Brousselle A. 2014. Addressing equity in interventions to reduce air pollution in urban areas: a systematic review. Int J Public Health 59(6):933-944, PMID: 25255913, 10.1007/s00038-014-0608-0. Birth Cohort Public Use File, 1999-2003 2015, https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data_access/vitalstatsonline.htm [accessed 10 November 2015]. Blumenshine P, Egerter S, Barclay CJ, Cubbin C, Braveman PA. 2010. Socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med 39(3):263-272, PMID: 20709259, ...
Highlights reform provisions to reduce racial/ethnic health disparities, including requiring data collection, integrating minority health into national strategies, and funding efforts to increase minorities representation in the healthcare workforce.