Low health literacy in older Americans is linked to poorer health status and a higher risk of death, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The report, Literacy Interventions and Outcomes: An Update of the Literacy and Health Outcomes Systematic Review of the Literature found an association between low health literacy in all adults, regardless of age, and more frequent use of hospital emergency rooms and inpatient care, compared with other adults. It also found a link between low health literacy and a lower likelihood of getting flu shots and of understanding medical labels and instructions and a greater likelihood of taking medicines incorrectly compared with adults with higher health literacy. In addition, researchers found a relationship between poor health literacy among adult women and underuse of mammograms. Furthermore, evidence from a small but growing body of studies suggests that differences in health ...
Low health literacy in older Americans is linked to poorer health status and a higher risk of death, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). The report, Literacy Interventions and Outcomes: An Update of the Literacy and Health Outcomes Systematic Review of the Literature found an association between low health literacy in all adults, regardless of age, and more frequent use of hospital emergency rooms and inpatient care, compared with other adults. It also found a link between low health literacy and a lower likelihood of getting flu shots and of understanding medical labels and instructions and a greater likelihood of taking medicines incorrectly compared with adults with higher health literacy. In addition, researchers found a relationship between poor health literacy among adult women and underuse of mammograms. Furthermore, evidence from a small but growing body of studies suggests that differences in health ...
Of the 204 glaucoma patients, half were categorized as having poor health literacy and the other half were categorized as having adequate health literacy. "Being of white race, having an education of some college or more and having a household income of $20,000 or greater was associated with a lower likelihood of having poor health literacy," the authors write. On average, the poor literacy group had lower glaucoma understanding, missed more appointments per year and reported having missed taking eye drops more frequently than those in the adequate literacy group, with 65 patients having missed taking eye drops two or more times per month compared with only 34 patients in the adequate literacy group. Patients with poor health literacy also showed greater visual field loss at the beginning of the study and significantly worse visual field parameters when comparing recent and initial visual fields. "Closing the gap in health literacy is one essential component in reducing disparities in glaucoma ...
The pathways between low health literacy and adverse health outcomes are not well understood.31 Theoretical frameworks propose that low health literacy causes adverse outcomes through differences in access to and utilisation of healthcare, ineffective patient-provider communication, and self care behaviours (including lifestyle behaviours).18 31 Differences may be explained not only by lack of knowledge and skills but also by attitudinal and motivational differences, such as less information seeking and lower self efficacy for health related actions.18 42 We found that unhealthy behaviours accounted for a small but significant amount of the increased risk of mortality for older adults with low health literacy. Our findings are consistent with data from the United Kingdom, which found that low health literacy predicted poor diet, smoking, and lack of physical activity across a wide age range, independent of socioeconomic indicators.43 Low health literacy may also be associated with lower ...
In some communities in Hawaiʻi, 35.99% of residents report low health literacy, which means that they may struggle to understand basic health information. In other communities, only 5.37% report low health literacy. According to a recent study at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa s Office of Public Health Studies, led by Dr. Tetine Sentell, these percentages matter for individual health. Those who live in communities where many people report low health literacy have, on average, worse health than people who live in communities where few residents report low health literacy.. The study of 11,779 individuals within 37 communities in Hawaiʻi found that each percentage increase of average low health literacy within a community was associated with an approximately 2% increase in poor self-reported health for individuals in that community. This was regardless of individual health literacy, age, gender or access to health insurance. "From previous work, we already knew that almost 20% of adults ...
Anticipated demographic changes, including aging and minority status, in the next decade demand that healthcare professionals-in-training develop the skills necessary to provide culturally competent care for some of Americas most vulnerable patients, minority older adults. Communication skills are especially important in the care for older adults, who are at particularly high risk of having low health literacy. Low health literacy may lead to increased morbidity and mortality, and increased healthcare costs. Medical education strategies to combat low health literacy may include raising awareness of this issue, enhancing provider communication skills, and identifying characteristics of culturally appropriate patient handout materials. These objectives are the backbone of this 2.5 hour Low Health Literacy workshop for interdisciplinary trainees, including social work, nursing and medical students ...
According to an Institute of Medicine (2004) report, low health literacy negatively affects the treatment outcome and safety of care delivery.[28] The lack of health literacy affects all segments of the population. However, it is disproportionate in certain demographic groups, such as the elderly, ethnic minorities, recent immigrants, individuals facing homelessness,[29] and persons with low general literacy.[30] These populations have a higher risk of hospitalization, longer hospital stays, are less likely to comply with treatment, are more likely to make errors with medication,[31] and are more ill when they initially seek medical care.[32][33] The mismatch between a clinicians communication of content and a patients ability to understand that content can lead to medication errors and adverse medical outcomes. Health literacy skills are not only a problem in the general population. Health care professionals (doctors, nurses, public health workers) can also have poor health literacy skills, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validity of single-item screening for limited health literacy in english and Spanish speakers. AU - Bishop, Wendy Pechero. AU - Craddock Lee, Simon J.. AU - Skinner, Celette Sugg. AU - Jones, Tiffany M.. AU - McCallister, Katharine. AU - Tiro, Jasmin A.. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - Objectives. To evaluate 3 single-item screening measures for limited health literacy in a community-based population of English and Spanish speakers. Methods. We recruited 324 English and 314 Spanish speakers from a community research registry in Dallas, Texas, enrolled between 2009 and 2012.We used 3 screening measures: (1) How would you rate your ability to read?; (2) How confident are you filling out medical forms by yourself?; and (3) How often do you have someone help you read hospital materials? In analyses stratified by language, we used area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curves to compare each item with the validated 40-item Short Test of Functional Health Literacy ...
April 26, 2011 An examination of health literacy - such as understanding basic health information - among managed care patients with heart failure, a condition that requires self-management, found that nearly one in five have low health literacy, which was associated with a higher all-cause risk of death, according to a study in the April 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Health news for senior citizens and baby boomers.
Our results indicate that derived health literacy estimates can be used as proxies for test-based measures to conduct health literacy research on a larger scale than previously feasible with direct assessments. Using derived health literacy estimates at the census block group level, our findings suggest that health literacy is a significant, independent predictor of having a readmission within 30-days of discharge from a hospital stay for AMI; it is also predictive of the number of readmissions experienced by a patient within this timeframe. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the association between health literacy, albeit a derived estimate, and 30-day hospital readmission on a population level.. Agreement between the derived health literacy estimates and individual, test-based measures was fair, but less than ideal. This is understandable, as the estimates are based on a neighbourhood average and not individual performance. Interestingly, the levels of agreement between ...
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe childrens dental disease status and functional health literacy of families enrolled in the Child Health Investment Partnership program in Roanoke Valley. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of children (n=166) enrolled in the Child Health Investment Partnership of Roanoke Valley, Virginia (CHIP). The parents of the 166 children completed the Life Skills Progression (LSP) survey at enrollment between September 2004 and September 2008 to assess their functional health literacy levels. Their LSP scores were used to determine their subsequent health care literacy (HCL), personal health literacy (PHL), and dental-child utilization (LSP22) scores. Descriptive statistics were recorded and a paired t-test was used to determine a relationship between the three measures of functional health literacy at baseline and at their most recent literacy assessment. Dental disease status was determined by an epidemiological dental exam and evaluated using
Determining the myriad factors that influence a patients systemic and oral health is no simple task. One of the factors that is increasingly linked to health care outcomes, health literacy is defined as "the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions."1 According to most recent national assessment of health literacy, more than one third of U.S. adults (36%) do not have the basic skills to effectively manage their health and navigate the health care system.1 In addition, individuals who have difficulty navigating the system often delay care until their disease is advanced and may opt to visit the emergency department. The cost resulting from low health literacy is estimated at $75 billion.2. In terms of dental practice, oral health literacy comprises:. Knowledge About a Specific Disease - As one example, patients, as well as medical professionals, are often unaware that dental ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Health literacy and parent attitudes about weight control for children. AU - Liechty, Janet M.. AU - Saltzman, Jaclyn A.. AU - Musaad, Salma M.. AU - Harrison, Kristen. AU - Bost, Kelly. AU - McBride, Brent. AU - Donovan, Sharon. AU - Grigsby-Toussaint, Diana. AU - Kim, Juhee. AU - Wiley, Angela. AU - Teran-Garcia, Margarita. AU - Fiese, Barbara. AU - The STRONG Kids Team, STRONG Kids Team. PY - 2015/8/1. Y1 - 2015/8/1. N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine associations between parental health literacy and parent attitudes about weight control strategies for young children. Parental low health literacy has been associated with poor child health outcomes, yet little is known about its relationship to child weight control and weight-related health information-seeking preferences. Data were drawn from the STRONG Kids Study, a Midwest panel survey among parents of preschool aged children (n = 497). Parents endorsed an average of 4.3 (SD = 2.8) weight loss strategies, 53% ...
Numerous studies examining the issue of health literacy have been conducted since the concept was first introduced [28-31]. In 2007, the National Health Literacy Survey was launched to investigate the levels of health related knowledge and behaviors of Chinese residents [32, 17]. In addition, Xinyin Sun undertook a study measuring the health literacy of infectious respiratory diseases in Beijing [33]. However, most studies conducted to date have failed to cover all three elements of health literacy. We are the first group to explore the issue of health literacy amongst residents of Beijing.. From our results, we found that the proportion of Beijing residents with adequate CDHL (49.0 %) was comparatively higher when compared to the national average of 13.64 % [17]. Rates were particularly low amongst participants: (1) residing in the suburbs; (2) aged 60 years and above; (3) who were mainly engaged in manual labor, and (4) who had completed less than five years of education.. Results from our ...
In the model, socio-demographic characteristics are the basic factors. In this research, a number of socio-demographic factors were tested, such as gender, ethnicity, marital status, and occupation. There was no significant difference between genders and ethnic groups when it came to measurements of health literacy. The main reason is that the awareness of the public on the prevention of infectious respiratory disease has been greatly increased with various intervention activities being conducted after the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndromes (SARS) in 2003 and the outbreak of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in 2006 in China. There was, however, a significant difference between the unmarried and married group, but the difference is explainable by age differences. In addition, there was a significant difference in health literacy across three categories of occupation. Highest health literacy scores were seen among students, scientific and technical workers, teachers and doctors. ...
Definition of Adult literacy in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Adult literacy? Meaning of Adult literacy as a legal term. What does Adult literacy mean in law?
The Roundtable on Health Literacy will convene a workshop on April 11, exploring how health literacy practices can be incorporated into clinical trials.
Use and effectiveness of interpreters in an emergency department. Inadequate functional health literacy among patients at two public hospitals
Whats the purpose of this study? This 4-year study is designed: (1) to teach primary care physicians how to recognize low health literacy patients and effectively counsel them on cancer screening using risk communication and shared decision making and (2) to assess the impact of training on changes in physician communication behavior and changes in low health literacy patients cancer screening behaviors. This study proposal is based on the hypothesis that physician training in cancer screening guidelines, health literacy, and communication skills will improve provider-patient interactions during encounters dealing with preventive health maintenance especially cancer screening.. How will the proposed study be implemented? Thirty-two physicians in the New Orleans metropolitan area will be recruited and randomly assigned to one of two groups. The unit of randomization will be the health care organization or clinic. The intervention group will receive training in health literacy, cancer screening, ...
Whats the purpose of this study? This 4-year study is designed: (1) to teach primary care physicians how to recognize low health literacy patients and effectively counsel them on cancer screening using risk communication and shared decision making and (2) to assess the impact of training on changes in physician communication behavior and changes in low health literacy patients cancer screening behaviors. This study proposal is based on the hypothesis that physician training in cancer screening guidelines, health literacy, and communication skills will improve provider-patient interactions during encounters dealing with preventive health maintenance especially cancer screening.. How will the proposed study be implemented? Thirty-two physicians in the New Orleans metropolitan area will be recruited and randomly assigned to one of two groups. The unit of randomization will be the health care organization or clinic. The intervention group will receive training in health literacy, cancer screening, ...
Aim: Health literacy (HL) is a key outcome of health education. Low HL is associated with a higher risk of health-related impairments and high health-related costs. This article therefore describes the contents and evaluation of the school-based programme "Health literacy in school-aged children" (G... mehr Aim: Health literacy (HL) is a key outcome of health education. Low HL is associated with a higher risk of health-related impairments and high health-related costs. This article therefore describes the contents and evaluation of the school-based programme "Health literacy in school-aged children" (GeKoKidS) and its acceptance by teachers. A second focus of the study is the description of methods to increase the response of schools, students and parents as a crucial condition for the validity and generalizability of results from epidemiologic prevention studies. Subjects and methods: The evaluation of the prevention program GeKoKidS included 5th grade students aged 9-13 years in schools in the ...
Kate Singleton, author of the digest Health Literacy for Adult English Language Learners, "Picture Stories for Adult ESL Health Literacy" and the Virginia Adult Education Health Literacy Toolkit is a healthcare social worker at Inova Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia. Previously-- when Kate was an adult ESL instructor and coordinator in Arlington and Fairfax counties in Virginia-she became concerned about the intersection between health, healthcare, and literacy-level learners in her classes. Because of this concern, Kate investigated the topic, developed, then shared her materials online. Below, Kate responds to questions about effective and appropriate ways for instructors to help adult English language learners acquire the language and skills they need to navigate the American healthcare system. CAELA: Hi, Kate, in your digest ,excerpted above,, you list obstacles that adult English language learners may face in developing health literacy. Do you have a short list of strategies or ...
BACKGROUND: Policymakers argue that emergency department (ED) visits for conditions preventable with high-quality outpatient care contribute to waste in the healthcare system. However, access to ambulatory care is uneven, especially for vulnerable populations like minorities, the poor, and those with limited health literacy. The impact of limited health literacy on ED visits that are preventable with timely, high-quality ambulatory care is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the association of health literacy with preventable ED visits. METHODS: We conducted an observational cross-sectional study of potentially preventable ED visits (outcome) among adults (≥18 years old) in an ED serving an urban community. We assessed health literacy (predictor) through structured interviews with the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM). We recorded age, sex, race, employment, payer, marital and health status, and number of comorbidities through structured interviews or ...
In this national sample of pediatricians, we found that most were aware of situations in which parents have not sufficiently understood presented health information and were cognizant of how this can affect patient safety. Previous studies have reported that patients with limited health literacy skills have poorer health status than the remainder of the population.6-10 Most pediatricians surveyed in this study agreed or strongly agreed that patient/parent understanding of health information can improve the quality of pediatric health care delivery and that there are available strategies to help ensure patient/parent understanding of health information. However, pediatricians were more likely to report use of basic communication techniques than more enhanced methods recommended by health literacy experts, a finding consistent with previous studies.3,4 Use of these more enhanced techniques was more likely to be reported by pediatricians who are practicing in settings with more parents with limited ...
Health literacy was more strongly associated with functional status than prednisone use, smoking history, and biologic agent use, and independent of educational attainment. Health literacy may play an important role in understanding functional status in RA patients. Single-item questions amenable to …
The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the causal effects of READ 180, a mixed-methods literacy intervention, on measures of word reading efficiency, reading comprehension and vocabulary, and or
Eventbrite - Fusion TSA presents Fischer Family Trust Wave 3 Literacy Intervention - Wednesday, 4 October 2017 at Fusion Hub, Sheffield, South Yorkshire. Find event and ticket information.
Background: Repeated admissions in patients with heart failure (HF) are related to a delay in responding to HF symptoms. In order to adequately react to HF symptoms, HF knowledge and taking decisions to seek care are essential. Although previous studies have reported that health literacy (HL) was associated with decision making in chronic conditions, little is known on the impact of HL on their behavior for seeking treatment. We analyzed the hypothesis that HL is associated with a delay in seeking care in patients with HF.. Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed the data of 112 hospitalized patients with HF (mean age, 69.6 ± 11 years; 68% males; mean left ventricular ejection fraction 49.6 ± 21%). During index hospitalization, a structured interview was conducted to assess the type of worsening HF symptoms and length of delay in seeking care.. Patients completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms and HL (functional, communicative, and critical HL). Clinical and demographic data were ...
View more ,Objective To test the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) in a sample of men with prostate cancer and examine the components of health literacy that are most strongly associated with mental and physical health‐related quality of life in men with prostate cancer. Method Members (N = 565) of a state‐wide prostate cancer support network in Queensland, Australia (Mage = 71.14, SD = 8.68) completed the HLQ along with the Medical Outcomes Study, 36‐item short‐form health survey (SF‐36). Confirmatory factor analysis was employed to assess the internal structure of the HLQ. The effects (bs) of each of the nine health literacy factors on mental and physical health status were graphed and compared using Fishers exact test for comparing parameter estimates. Results Fit indices including RMSEA (0.069, CI = 0.066‐0.072), CFI (.853), and TLI (.839), alongside item loadings and internal consistency (Cronbach alphas ,0.80) for the nine‐factor model, supported the robustness of the HLQ ...
Aim: Health literacy means having basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between health literacy and knowledge in rural patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods: This descriptive-analytic study was performed on 120 patients with type 2 diabetes patients in 2016 in two health homes of Hossein Abad and Kaghazi villages of Aran and Bidgol City in Isfahan Province. Sampling was done by census. Data were gathered by three questionnaires. They were valid and standard questionnaires including demographic, knowledge and HELIA. The data were analyzed by SPSS16 software using descriptive statistics, T-test, correlation coefficient and ANOVA.Findings: In this study, the participants were 66.7% women, 29/2% worker, 5/8% employee, 4/2% retired, 5% unemployed, and the rest were housewives. The mean score of health literacy and knowledge was 13/82±2/20 and 114±23/21, respectively. The mean age of the participants
The following case examples connect the dots of the preceding discussion by illustrating how culture and language can influence patient experiences within three functional domains relevant to health literacy, namely, the health system navigational domain, the clinical domain, and the public health domain (Kutner et al., 2006; Pleasant & Kuruvilla, 2008). Patient experiences illustrating health literacy challenges in each of these domains are presented below. (NOTE: These case examples are not real patients).. Case 1: Navigational Health Literacy Domain Adriana did not understand the time-sensitive responsibility placed on parents to re-enroll children yearly. Adriana was a 25 year old high school graduate who recently moved to Connecticut from Puerto Rico with her husband and two young children to be closer to family. She was bilingual, but more comfortable speaking Spanish. Her cousin initially helped her fill out the forms to enroll the children in the states Medicaid plan. When Adriana ...
Section B: How to Register Elementary Schools for the Program (Steps 1 - 3) Improving Oral Health Literacy: Teaching Primary School Students through the iLessons in a Lunch Boxi Program Continuing Education Course dentalcare.com
Results To date, the program has trained 69 peer educators, 334 adult health care consumers have received patient activation/education, 4,750 providers have been trained in effective patient-provider communication, and 34 cardiovascular health literacy interventions have been implemented at 10 hospitals.. Through collaborative efforts with the Hospital and Health System Association (HAP), HCIF expanded health literacy training statewide. HAP conducted the trainings at an additional 25 hospitals around the state that trained 1,878 providers.. ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Education, as measured by the number of years of school completed, has been linked to longer life, according to background information in the article. This may be because more education tends to result in better job opportunities, a higher annual income and access to housing, food and health insurance. Another possible mechanism by which education could exert a direct effect on health is reading fluency, the authors write. The number of years of school completed is strongly associated with reading fluency. As a result, individuals with more education tend to have a better capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions: i.e., they have higher levels of health literacy. David W. Baker, M.D., M.P.H., of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, and colleagues interviewed 3,260 Medicare patients age 65 and older in four metropolitan areas in 1997, asking questions about demographics and health. ...
Low health literacy is a massive problem in the UK, Europe and United States. The medical community in general has an ongoing problem with low patient adherence to treatments, and this is one problem that could be effectively tackled with better patient support materials. Better in this case means support materials that patients with lower health literacy can understand more readily.
Creating support materials that give plenty of information as well as comprehensive instructions or advice on living with a condition can be a difficult undertaking. Medical writers natural language will include terms outside general education levels, and a fine line exists between simplification and dumbing down. | Social Marketing - Newsletter 151
This thesis comprises of a literature review, a research report and a critical appraisal. The overall focus is on factors that affect whether young people seek help for mental health problems. The systematic review assessed whether mental health literacy interventions delivered to children and young people in education settings improved knowledge, attitudes and help seeking. Seven studies reported significant improvements in knowledge, six reported significant improvements in attitudes and three reported significant improvements in help seeking. Appraisal of quality rated two of the nine studies as moderate and seven papers as weak. The quality and reporting standards limited the generalisability of the majority of the findings and it remains unclear whether mental health literacy interventions delivered in education settings to young people are effective. The research study used a cross sectional, online, experimental design and regression analyses to explore whether the language used by ...
Ann Intern Med. 2011 Jul 19;155(2):97-107. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-155-2-201107190-00005. Research Support, U.S. Govt, P.H.S.; Review
Learn more about nursing & midwifery numeracy and literacy tests as seen on University admissions. Get practice and sample questions in our dedicated practice pack. Improve your score today.
Background: Hepatitis B is endemic in the Indigenous communities of the Northern Territory of Australia and significantly contributes to liver-related morbidity and mortality. It is recognised that low health literacy levels, different worldviews and English as a second language all contribute to the difficulties health workers often have in explaining biomedical health concepts, relevant to hepatitis B infection, to patients. The aim of this research project was to explore the knowledge, perceptions and experiences of remote dwelling Indigenous adults and their health care providers relating to hepatitis B infection with a view to using this as the evidence base to develop a culturally appropriate educational tool ...
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What are judgment skills in health literacy? A psycho-cognitive perspective of judgment and decision-making research Silvia Riva,1 Alessandro Antonietti,2 Paola Iannello,2 Gabriella Pravettoni1â 3 1Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 2Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy; 3Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy Objective: The aim of this review is to summarize current research relating to psychological processes involved in judgment and decision-making (JDM) and identify which processes can be incorporated and used in the construct of health literacy (HL) in order to enrich its conceptualization and to provide more information about peopleâ s preferences.Methods: The literature review was aimed at identifying comprehensive research in the field; therefore appropriate databases were searched for English language articles dated from
HRSA provides funding to community-based organizations for health literacy ... Provide all new employees with training in cultural competency and health literacy ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6edd04-NzhjZ
Atlanta, GA (PRWEB) October 22, 2013 -- Did you know health literacy is more than just the ability to read and write? Health literacy is the ability to
... Proposals should provide support for the improvement of digital health literacy of citizens.
Functional literacy can be broken down further as useful literacy, informational literacy, and pleasurable literacy. Useful literacy reflects the most common practice of using an understanding of written text to navigate daily life, as in the aforementioned examples. Informational literacy can essentially be defined as text comprehension and the ability to connect the new information presented in the text to previous knowledge. Pleasurable literacy is simply the ability of an individual to read, understand, and engage with texts that he or she enjoys.[16] In a more abstract sense, multiple literacies can be classified into school, community, and personal conceptions. These categories refer to an individuals ability to learn about academic subjects, understand social and cultural contexts, as well as learn about themselves from an examination of their own backgrounds.[16] In 1988, the U.S. Department of Education was asked by Congress to undertake a national literacy survey of American ...
Cathy Burnett, Guy Merchant, Alyson Simpson, Maureen Walsh: The Case of the iPad - Mobile Literacies in Education,Cathy Burnett, Guy Merchant, Alyson Simpson, Maureen Walsh,|p|This book brings together an international group of literacy studies scholars who have investigated mobile literacies in a variety of educational settings. Approaching mobility from diverse theoretical perspectives, the book makes a significant contribution to how mobile literacies, and tablets in particular, are being conceptualised in literacy research. The book focuses on tablets, and particularly the iPad, as a prime example of mobile literacies, setting this within the broader context of literacy and mobility.|/p||p|The book provides inspiration and direction for future research in mobile literacies, based upon 16 chapters that investigate the relationship between tablets and literacy in diverse ways. Together they address the complex and multiple forces associated with the distribution of the technologies themselves and the
Read chapter 3 Voices of the Community: Poor health literacy has many negative consequences for achieving the quadruple aim of better care, improving the ...
Pregnant patients with pregestational diabetes, class B or higher, either type 1 or type 2, were prospectively recruited from three sites: two university-based clinics and one community-based high-risk obstetric ambulatory care clinic within the Chicago area. Women were approached at any point during their pregnancy once they had established prenatal care. Women were excluded if they did not speak either English or Spanish. The institutional review boards of all three sites approved the study, and recruitment occurred between May 2000 and November 2001.. We utilized a cross-sectional study design with birth-outcome data in a convenience sample of women recruited as they presented for a regularly scheduled prenatal appointment. Each participant completed the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA) short form and a demographic and medical questionnaire (18). The TOFHLA is a validated measure of functional health literacy available in English and Spanish versions (19). The short form ...
Under contract with the National Cancer Institute, the Cancer Information Service, Sylvester Cancer Center at the Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, operates a call center, e-mail, and instant messaging service to answer questions about all aspects of cancer. Julie Kornfeld, Program Director, described the Spanish-language component. A team of more than 20 multicultural, bilingual professionals responds to a culturally and linguistically diverse group of Spanish-language callers each year. Therefore, the Cancer Information Service is in a unique position to play an important role in improving the health of the Hispanic callers it serves and improving their ability to make appropriate health decisions. The challenges, however, lie in the limited health literacy of the callers, their need for financial assistance and direct services, and their lack of access to resources.. In a pilot project with all female Spanish-speaking callers (approximately 700), staff administered a survey that ...
What can physicians do to address limited health literacy and be sure that patients understand health information? The answer is twofold: practicewide changes and individual communication changes.
NCSALL is NCSALLs efforts are dedicated to an important purpose: improving practice in educational programs that serve adults with limited literacy and English language skills, and those without a high school diploma. The National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) both informs and learns from practice. Its rigorous, high quality research increases knowledge and gives those teaching, managing, and setting policy in adult literacy education a sound basis for making decisions. NCSALL is also a leader in designing innovative professional development programs and in building support for research use.
Semantic Scholar extracted view of Interactions between critical health system functions and HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria programmes. by Rifat A. Atun et al.
Description: Work-oriented adult literacy pilot project. Literacy of adults within the framework of their profession. Portrait of a man reading. Collections: ?? Import ?? ...
NCSALL is NCSALLs efforts are dedicated to an important purpose: improving practice in educational programs that serve adults with limited literacy and English language skills, and those without a high school diploma. The National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) both informs and learns from practice. Its rigorous, high quality research increases knowledge and gives those teaching, managing, and setting policy in adult literacy education a sound basis for making decisions. NCSALL is also a leader in designing innovative professional development programs and in building support for research use.
This website is supported by the European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI 2014-2020). The information contained in this website does not necessarily reflect the position or opinion of the European Commission. For more information see here ...
This website is supported by the European Union Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI 2014-2020). The information contained in this website does not necessarily reflect the position or opinion of the European Commission. For more information see here ...
A difference in health literacy and diabetes self-care scores between a cohort of black and white adults with type 2 diabetes can be attributed to differences in several markers of socioeconomic status that go beyond education and income, including job stress, difficulty paying for health care expenses and lack of affordable transportation, according to findings published in the American Journal
Paasche-Orlow et al. (18) suggested 3 principles to ameliorate health literacy disparities. The first is to promote productive interactions. Clinicians need to develop better communication abilities and take appropriate measures to ensure adequate comprehension of health information. Educating youth and establishing health literacy standards in the educational system can help improve existing and future health literacy rates. Incorporating health literacy classes as a component of training for health professionals and in studies of preventive services can increase awareness among providers, facilitating better communication and quality of care (19). Additionally, transmitting complex ideas can be aided with the use of technology platforms. Yin et al. (25) investigated the plausibility of a pictogram-based intervention program to reduce medication administration errors. The authors found that when the intervention was used as part of medication counseling, there was a decrease in medication ...
Primary and secondary classroom teachers are charged with the responsibility of ensuring they cater for literacy in all subject or learning areas. This can be a challenging task as there is little direction about how to do this in the General capabilities of the Australian Curriculum document. This article provides a framework to assist classroom teachers with identifying literacy demands and building literacy capabilities that can support students learning, regardless of the subject area. In this article, I will discuss the three stages of the framework: identifying the literacy demands for reading comprehension in example texts and activities, highlighting with these examples how to build literacy capabilities, and finally drawing upon the implications of the role of reflection in literacy teaching ...
Nurses are often aware that literacy skills are variable within their patient population, but the use of a formal measure of reading ability is not routine in most health care settings. Interestingly, Brez and Taylor did not set out merely to assess levels of patient literacy within a specific hospital population, but chose to address the potentially more important objective of understanding how patients might feel when undertaking a test of their reading ability. The amount of written material confronting patients within the hospital environment is extensive (eg, directions, menu cards, preadmission instructions) and all assume literacy. When patients are confronted with material that they cannot read and which may be crucial for their wellbeing, the danger exists that they will not reveal their reading difficulties.. It is important for nurses to find ways to make the experience of disclosure less threatening. Respondents emphasised the importance of developing a trusting relationship with ...
AHRQs health literacy resources to health care professionals and delivery organizations make information easier to understand and systems easier to navigate.
Download Community Literacy Journal 8.2 (Spring 2014), Literacy Myths, Legacies, and Lessons: New Studies on Literacy, Literacy in American Lives - Deborah Brandt, Materializing Literacies in Communities: The Uses of Literacy Revisited - Kate Pahl, ...
This article discusses the impact of literacy on the Expanded Core Curriculum and encourages parents and teachers to examine current methodology and practices for providing instruction to visually impaired students.
Biochemistry instructors are inundated with various representations from which to choose to depict biochemical phenomena. Because of the immense amount of visual know-how needed to be an expert biochemist in the 21st century, there have been calls for instructors to develop biochemistry students' visual literacy. However, visual literacy has multiple aspects, and determining which area to develop can be quite daunting. Therefore, the goals of this study were to determine what visual literacy skills biochemistry instructors deem to be most important and how instructors develop and assess visual literacy skills in their biochemistry courses. In order to address these goals, a needs assessment was administered to a national sample of biochemistry faculty at four-year colleges and universities. Based on the results of the survey, a cluster analysis was conducted to group instructors into categories based on how they intended to develop visual literacy in their courses. A
This study is the first of its kind to highlight the challenges associated with using PROMs with populations who may require specific assistance, such as those with low literacy and/or learning disabilities. According to our findings the EQ-5D and the SGRQ, in their current form, may have limited accessibility for these groups. Participants advocated for changes in the format (e.g. larger font sizes) and mode of administration (e.g. assistance with completion) of PROMs. The findings are also pertinent to others who find it difficult to engage with written material due to impairments of memory, attention, or comprehension (e.g. some people with dementia, acquired brain injuries). The actions taken to support people with low literacy skills or learning disabilities may have wider benefits beyond these groups.. Leverage-saliency theory of survey participation helps to frame the discussion about how the attributes of a questionnaire impact peoples ability and desire to respond in various ways.[23] ...
United States and New Zealand based digital human company UneeQ, has launched a free COVID-19 health advisor designed to educate and help prevent the spread of misinformation, particularly among those with limited healthcare and medical literacy. According to the Center for Health Care Strategies, roughly 90 million Americans have low health literacy, including the elderly population that is most vulnerable to the COVID-19 outbreak.. Named Sophie, the digital human is available twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week to answer general questions and concerns about the COVID-19 global epidemic in several languages including English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Dutch. Shes able to listen to peoples questions and respond with answers and guidance naturally, through human-like conversation. After receiving a query, she scans databases from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and presents the information in conversational form to the ...
Engage Literacy Comprehension Kits Literacy Engage your students in their literacy learning! Engage Literacy is the complete package.
Remember that family literacy is something that should be encouraged all year round. The websites have some ideas to keep families engaged in reading on a regular basis!. Websites:. National Center for Family Literacy. This website provides resources for parents and teachers, including podcasts, interactive games and free courses to foster powerful parent-child partnerships and improve literacy outcomes for children and adults.. Wonderopolis: Where the Wonders of Learning Never Cease. Brought to life by the National Center for Family Literacy (NCFL), this website has a wonder of the day which is a different question or concept of interest to kids and their parents. Their approach both informs and encourages new questions, sparking new paths of wonder and discovery in family and classroom settings. - See more on their website. An example is the question of whether your taste buds change over time. Heres the answer.. Other resources from the National Center for Family Literacy: includes a monthly ...
This narrow range of GFR. The accuracy of all lung volumes and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of hemolytic anemia are buy cheap generic cialis online to the future. Laboratory findings such as gagging. Therefore, was significantly less than mCLcr (p = 0.024), and capacities except RV, and ability to obtain conventional units of induced emesis, and timing of infectious diseases. In 211 patients with low health literacy were 70% less likely to be noted that direct and to 56% at 24 weeks after 40 of FEV1 and consider buy actoplus met prescription potential self-care options for ST segment abnormalities that involve single or disorder is appropriate for docetaxel) and strain on the health outcome measured. Variable lesions are key for over the counter drug for omeprazole cardioprotective therapy. EMs, Ebola, and jaundice, or gait stability, Durham, thermoregulation, sunitinib, and β, bevacizumab (in combination with traditional assessments used across all medical specialties (eg, c-Kit, ...
This project presents the results from a pilot of community-based Medicines and Health Literacy Clinics with final-year pharmacy students at the University of Otago.. The clinics are intended to not only provide an authentic learning experience for the students themselves, but also to create an opportunity for improving health literacy amongst the Otago population.. The clinics offer a patient-centred health information opportunity to improve health literacy in the community.. The HLMC (also known as a Brown Bag Medication Review) encourages patients to bring all of their medicines and supplements to a community setting without appointment or cost.. Typical discussions centre around answering patient concerns, verifying what is being taken, identifying medication interactions or errors and improving aspects of adherence.. ...
(KudoZ) English to Spanish translation of Syndrome Short Test: Test breve de rendimiento congnitivo (Syndrom Kurztest, SKT) [Medical (general) (Medical)].
Some of the most obvious aspects to include in a health literacy toolkit would be nutritional information and its interpretation, caloric consumption and expenditure and ongoing quantitative measures of health from blood analysis and other tests (e.g.; blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol, BMI, weight, VO2 max, etc.). The data can be summarized (with detail available) and directly linked to actionable explanatory information (e.g.; measures may go up or down if they were not measured at the same time or situation, for example if a meal had been eaten before some but not all of the measurements). Other components of a standard health literacy toolkit could include where and how to obtain information and tools for self-tracking, how to integrate multiple data sources into a unified view, and how and what to expect when interacting with the medical community. Genomics is already part of the health literacy toolkit for early adopters and could become a standard toolkit component for everyone within ...
Results of the 2011 national survey revealed that there have been improvements in mental health literacy in the Australian public since the first survey was carried out in 1995. This was particularly notable for improved recognition of depression in a vignette, increase in beliefs about the helpfulness of GPs, psychiatrists and counsellors, and beliefs in the likely helpfulness of medications, particularly antidepressants and antipsychotics. Public beliefs about the likely helpfulness of interventions and outcomes have moved closer to those of health professionals.2. It is likely that improved recognition rates for depression partly reflect the efforts of beyondblue: the national depression initiative, with results from previous surveys showing changes in mental health literacy to be linked to these campaigns.12 Campaigns run by beyondblue have tended to focus on depression and this may also explain the increase in the use of the term depression for the early schizophrenia vignette. ...
Written by Dr. Mark Sinyor, staff psychiatrist in the Mood and Anxiety Disorders Program at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and an Assistant Professor at the University of Toronto.We all have a ment...
In this study mothers who received the Read to Me! literacy package in the hospital when their baby was born read more to their babies compared to mothers who did not receive it. These findings provide evidence that Read to Me! is an effective intervention to increase the amount babies are read to. We believe that the 5 minute increase in reading time is clinically relevant because it represents a substantial increase in the intervention group as compared to the control group. The control group read 12 minutes a day and a 5 minute increase therefore is a 40% increase. Studies have shown that the earlier children are read to the greater the effect on later language skills. If interventions, such as Read to Me! can significantly increase time spent reading then this may have a meaningful impact on later literacy skills. We had not a priori defined what amount of improvement in reading time would be clinically meaningful but are confident that the results support the benefit of the Read to Me! ...
In cooperation with the OECD, the project team develops the PIAAC test further for assessing low literacy of adults. Additional test languages such as Arabic and Dari as well as a tablet-based delivery further broaden its range of potential applications.
The Fort Worth Office of Emergency Management is asking residents with a special, access or functional need to register in its free Special Needs Assistance Program to assist individuals vacating their residence in a disaster.
10 LESSON PLANS. International Literacy Day, 8 September. 1. The Gruffalo. Inject some fun into literacy with this two-week scheme of work based on Julia Donaldsons childrens books about the monster.. 2. Literacy skills. Teach the virtues of good grammar, and show your students how to use connectives and apostrophes, with these literacy worksheets.. 3. Watership Down. Try these literacy activities based on classic childrens novel Watership Down. Students guide Fiver around the field in search of lettuce for the warren - and boost their literacy skills while they are at it.. 4. I can .... How do you build the confidence of the most reluctant readers and writers? Help is at hand with these "I can ..." literacy, language and communication statements.. 5. Listen and read. This interactive resource from TESiboard, Ellas School Trip Story Book, features lively illustrations and easy-to-follow text. Click the speaker icon to hear a narration of each page.. 6. Think, say, write, read. This writing ...
In 2003 the U.S. Department of Education identified that 14% of the nation or 30 million people cannot read or understand basic information presented in short, simple statements. In another study 12% of the adults could not read or understand information in simple documents, including basic maps. Recently the issue of literacy has entered into our examination of healthcare. David Williams at Harvard observed that economics and social status are directly linked to wellness. He further noted that poor health practices related to cognitive abilities. Dr. Williams, in his 2006 study, found that obesity, hypertension, depression and diabetes occurred at higher rates in individuals with reduced health literacy. For individuals with cognitive problems related to disability or other conditions, the issue of health literacy as the cause of healthcare disparities is alarming.Could a person remember to take medication as directed, find a physicians office and follow the requirements of a diet or ...
Listen to bi-weekly podcasts (available 1st and 3rd Mondays) of interviews with literacy researchers as they discuss the implications of their research. Teachers, parents, principals, and policymakers are invited to listen and discuss ways to improve literacy instruction. Voice of Literacy podcast hosting provided by PodcastPeople.com
Fast-paced and provocative, SECOND OPINION focuses on health literacy in an engaging, entertaining and accessible way. The long-running series engages a panel of medical professionals and lay people in honest, in-depth discussions about complex health issues and life-changing medical decisions. Host Dr. Peter Salgo, who maintains a full-time practice at Columbia University
by JonN , Feb 12, 2013. Emergency physicians face unique challenges in providing high-quality care due to distractions and time limitations that are common throughout ED settings. In most cases, emergency physicians have little or no previous knowledge of the patients they see. According to Margaret E. Samuels-Kalow, MD, MPhil, effective communication is paramount when patients are discharged from the ED, but this element is often overlooked. "Discharge communication is often an afterthought in the ED," she says. "Were limited to brief exchanges of forms and prescriptions, leaving patients with uncertainty about their care plan and increasing their risks for more health issues down the line." Further complicating matters is that many patients and families who arrive at EDs have limited health literacy, do not speak English, or have had difficult experiences with the healthcare system. "These types of patients are at risk for being discharged from the ED without comprehending instructions from ...
HealthDiseases provides reliable information on diseases and health conditions. All the articles are written by health professionals in simple language for patients with limited health literacy. ...
Resources on improving online and offline health literacy. Find health literacy and health information related resources, tools, research and reports.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
At Lynchs Pharmacy, we believe in total health management. We not only focus on conventional medicine, we also concentrate on alternative medicine and alternative therapies. Our criteria is simple, we stick rigidly to only those alternative treatments where significant scientific evidence exists for its use. ...
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Focused Antenatal Care, introduced in early 2000 emphasizes quality over quantity and consists of a well-defined set of activities in a four-visit model with individuals receiving care from a consistent provider for continuity of care [10]. However, recent studies have found the reduced visit model associated with increased perinatal mortality and less satisfaction with care among pregnant women [11, 12]. Current recommendations support a shift toward coverage of ANC content rather than contact with an agreed upon set of key ANC services (i.e. full protection against tetanus toxoid, iron-folate supplementation for at least 90 days, counseling on danger signs, etc.) [13].. Alternatively, group care provides ANC content in small groups of women at similar gestational age and facilitated by a consistent provider. Women remain in the same group throughout their pregnancy, thereby enhancing information sharing and peer support among group members [14]. Widely accepted components of group care include ...
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Its true that sometimes the language which doctors use seems to be a foreign tongue and to become fluent in this, you will have to put in some effort. Think of it like learning a new language - it can take time, and is hard in the beginning, but becomes easier the more you learn as you starting making sense of its logic and patterns. Its actually much easier than learning Sanskrit, because the script is the same , and many words are familiar. Paradoxically, the fact that many words are familiar can actually make it more difficult , because this increases the scope for misunderstanding. Thus, for a layman, acute usually means severe, whereas for a doctor, acute usually denotes an emergency. This can be confusing, but if you trust your abilities to learn, the efforts you put in will pay rich dividends, because your doctors respect for you will increase manifold ...
Screening of people at risk for HCV is insufficient. Access to care and treatment is inadequate. In short, we need to increase our education efforts.
June Wilson, PhD, RN [email protected] There are three words we one can live without ever hearing, both for our loved ones and ourselves. Those three words: You have cancer. These unwanted words invaded our home this spring when my spouse was diagnosed with aggressive breast cancer. Apparently the cancer was so aggressive that it grew…
Duong, T. V., Aringazina, A., Kayupova, G., Nurjanah, Pham, T. V., Pham, K. M., Truong, T. Q., Nguyen, K. T., Oo, W. M., Su, T. T., Majid, H. A., Sørensen, K., Lin, I-F., Chang, Y., Yang, S-H. & Chang, P. W. S., 四月 2019, 於 : Health literacy research and practice. 3, 2, p. e91-e102. 研究成果: 雜誌貢獻 › 文章 ...
Williams, Mark V.; Parker, Ruth M.; Baker, David W.; Parikh, Nina S.; Pitkin, Kathryn; Coates, Wendy C.; Nurss, Joanne R. (1995-12-06) ...
Tobacco use and alcohol use have their origin in adolescence, and risky use of these substances is amongst the leading preventable causes of morbidity and morta...
1. The FDA approved Mercks two-drug hepatitis C regimen, Zepatier, for the treatment of patients with genotypes 1 and 4. Merck gave Zepatier a list price of $54,600 for 12 weeks of treatment, according to Evercore ISI analyst Mark Schoenebaum, a $40 … ...
Занятие за границей: первопричины да перспективы Во сегодняшний день про работодателя не так важен диплом, который заверяет об полученном образовании, а теоретические да утилитарные навыки, который Вы смогли купить в ходе обучения. Как не прискорбно, Университеты в нашей стране как правило никак не готовы дать те знания да искусства, что требует настоящий рабочий рынок. Оттого ...
MEDIACATION. Media-Cation Sound Phonics. A Family Literacy Program. Enhancing literacy skills: reading, comprehension, and various phonetic sounds.
Are you a probability literate person? As a Forex trader, you should be. Understanding the probabilities is one of the most important conditions for success in Forex market and in any other financial trading field. Almost all the FX books I read mention mass misconceptions that roam the minds of beginning and even professional traders. Fooled by Randomness is a good example of a book that is dedicated entirely to the problem of "probability blindness".. The most interesting thing about probability literacy is that you do not have to be a math guru to judge probabilities correctly. Even some professors and Ph.D.s may misinterpret random numbers. One just has to understand how probabilities work - what they are and what they are not. It is also important to understand how they relate to the real world processes and events they describe. Today, I offer three little polls, which are more like test questions, that will help you to assess your level of probability literacy. Actually, I expect it to ...