Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
... was last measured at 85.28 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Europe and Central Asia.
National health accounts (NHA) constitute a systematic monitoring of the resource flows in a countrys health care system, helping to inform the evaluation of health care policy.. This NHA report for Haiti contains tables analysis on subaccounts for HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis, and malaria. Specifically, the tables contain data on health care expenditures with regard to financing sources and health care functions.. The report is available for download from the WHO National Health Accounts website.. ...
Background/ Objective: The main health status indicators in the SAARC-ASEAN region are far behind than those of OECD group and world average. Similarly, total health expenditure (% of GDP) in the region is also lower than that of OECD region and world. Therefore, this study aims to investigate a relationship between the healthcare expenditures and three main health status outcomes (life expectancy at birth, crude death rate and infant mortality rate) in the region.. Methods: Using the World Bank data set for 20 years (1995-2014) in 15 countries of the region, a panel data analysis is conducted where relevant fixed and random effect models are estimated to determine the effects of healthcare expenditures on health outcomes. The separate effects of private and public health expenditures were also explored.. Results: Total health expenditure, public health expenditure and private health expenditure have significant effect in reducing infant mortality rate and the extent of effect of private health ...
Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com", World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Hot-countries/Health/Health-expenditure,-total/%-of-GDP. "Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster." 1995-2011. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Hot-countries/Health/Health-expenditure,-total/%-of-GDP,.. Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National ...
RESULTS. Total domestic health expenditure was $68 620 million in the fiscal year 2001/02. In real terms, expenditure grew at an average rate of 7% while gross domestic product increased by 4% during the same period. This indicates a growing share of health spending relative to gross domestic product, from 3.8% in 1989/90 to 5.5% in 2001/02. This upward trend was largely driven by increased public spending that rose 208% in real terms over the period, compared with 76% for private spending. Out-of-pocket payments by households accounted for about 70% of private spending while employers and insurance accounted for 28%. Private insurance plays an increasingly important role in financing private spending whereas household expenditure has shown a corresponding decrease during the period. Expenditure incurred at providers of ambulatory services and hospitals accounted for more than 70% of total health expenditure during the observed period. Hospitals share of total spending increased by 18%, ...
Downloadable! We make use of panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey between 1991 and 2006 to investigate whether health insurance increases out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure risk. We find that health insurance increases the probability of catastrophic OOP health expenditures using a series of Probit models. We then use two-part as well as sample selection models to account for selection on unobservable variables and find that although the probability of positive OOP health expenditures increases with the availability of health insurance, the actual level of OOP health expenditures decreases. More specifically, we find that for a per- son with positive OOP health expenditures, having health insurance reduces the level of OOP expenses by 12.56 percent while controlling for selection effects.
Health Expenditure: Short and Long-Term Relations in Latin America, 1995-2010: 10.4018/IJPHIM.2015070102: This chapter explores the factors associated with the growth of total health expenditure, in addition to its main components, government health expenditure
The 2007 Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilisation Survey (2007 KHHEUS) assess the utilisation of health services, as well as out-of-pocket expenditures on health at the national and regional levels, and by socioeconomic and demographic groups. The survey was as undertaken as part the National Health Accounts (NHA) estimation. NHA estimates give information not only on the distribution of health funding by financing sources but also by the entities through which the funds pass (financing agents), the health services providers that consume the funds, and ultimately the health functions on which the funds are spent. The KHHEUS 2007 survey was carried out by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Partners.. ...
Government has an essential role in making the health of its population and this role has risen substantially in todays scenario. This scenario is unlike that of private sector where the prices are high and question of affordability is the biggest challenge thus it becomes prior to study the causality between public health expenditure and health status. The prime objective of this study is to figure out the impact of per capita public health expenditure on health status of the population across countries using infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, and under-5 mortality rate as proxies using cross-sectional data of South-Asian countries. Dataset has been prepared by taking annual data for the years 1994 onwards till 2014 from World Bank and World Development Indicators. We adopt a robust Fixed Effects (FE) model as the baseline specification and compare the results with robust OLS and robust OLS with lagged explanatory variables. This study unveils that public health expenditure ...
The objective of the first Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) for Niger is to increase understanding of the link between public spending and service delivery at the facility level in order to contribute to improving the effectiveness and accountability in the use of public funds. Specifically, this PETS focuses on identifying the discrepancies, inefficiencies and delays in public spending execution for selected expenditures in the education and health sectors. The medium to long term goal of these PETS is to launch a process aimed at continuous improvements in public expenditure efficiency and equity by focusing on capacity building in this area in the ministries of education and health and in the Institute of National Statistics (INS). The main challenge faced by a tracking survey in a country like Niger is the availability and accuracy of records keeping. The Niger PETS highlights a general lack of systematic information recording. The quality of records in the education sector is low ...
Downloadable! Fiscal imbalances were a main cause for chronic high inflation and macroeconomic instability before the 2000/2001 crisis. Fiscal consolidation is the cornerstone of post-crisis stabilization. It has been quite successful over the past three years as sizeable primary surpluses have been sustained and the fall in interest rates has reduced the interest cost of public debt. Fiscal targets have been achieved chiefly by raising revenues which has increased the tax burden; greater emphasis should now be placed on the control of public expenditure. At the same time, core public services such as education, justice, infrastructure and rural development will need to be upgraded. Social security costs may also rise with the planned shift to universal health insurance, and the ambitious administrative decentralization project could cause upward pressure on local spending. Far-reaching rationalization of public expenditures is therefore required to meet the quantitative fiscal targets while ...
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07 examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1996-97 to 2006-07. It shows that Australia spent over $ 94.0 billion on health in 2006-07, an estimated rise of $7.3 billion since 2005-06. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding (Australian Government, other governments and the non-government sector). This report will be helpful to anyone interested in studying, analysing and comparing estimates of health expenditure in Australia.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validating the New Primary Care Measure in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. AU - Olaisen, R. Henry. AU - Flocke, Susan A.. AU - Smyth, Kathleen A.. AU - Schluchter, Mark D.. AU - Koroukian, Siran M.. AU - Stange, Kurt C.. PY - 2020/1/1. Y1 - 2020/1/1. N2 - Background:The advancement of primary care research requires reliable and validated measures that capture primary care processes embedded within nationally representative datasets.Objective:The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a newly developed measure of primary care processes [Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)-PC] with preliminary evidence of moderate to excellent reliability.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of community-dwelling adults with history of office-based provider visit/s using the MEPS (2013-2014).Methods:The 3 MEPS-PC subscales (Relationship, Comprehensiveness, and Health Promotion) were tested for construct validity against known measures of primary care: Usual Source of ...
Public health focuses on prevention, promotion and protection rather than on treatment; on populations rather than on individuals; and on the factors and behaviours that cause illness.. The estimates included in the Public health expenditure in Australia series relate only to public health activities where the funding was provided or the expenditure incurred by the key health departments and agencies in the various jurisdictions. They are accompanied by descriptions of public health activities undertaken nationally and by states and territories.. Total expenditure on reported public health activities by health departments in Australia during 2007-08 was $2,158.8 million or $101.61 per person on average. This was an increase of $444.0 million on what was spent in 2006-07 which, after adjusting for inflation, represented real growth of 21.5% in 2007-08. Average expenditure per person increased by 19.4%.. Expenditure on public health increased by 77.7%, in real terms, between 1999-00 and 2007-08, ...
For 2000-01, the preliminary estimate of total expenditure on health (including both public and private sectors) was $60.8b, compared with expenditure of $55.7b in the previous year (table 9.22). This represented an average rate of health expenditure in 2000-01 of $3,153 per person. In 2000-01, governments provided more than two-thirds (70%) of the funding for health expenditure, while the remaining 30% was provided by the private sector. Health expenditure in volume terms grew at an average annual rate of 4.4% between 1990-91 and 2000-01. In 2000-01, health expenditure as a proportion of gross domestic product was 9.0%. This ratio was 8.8% in 1999-2000, up from 8.7% in 1998-99. ...
This third edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and health care quality across 27 Asia/Pacific countries and economies. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and economies.. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate. It is a joint OECD and ...
This seventh edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in health costs, health activities and health results of health systems. Key health indicators provide information on health status including suicide and life expectancy, the determinants of health, health care activities and health expenditure and financing in OECD countries. Each health indicator in the book is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the health data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.. ...
Data & statistics on Annual government health expenditure by age and service group: Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Figures Figure 1 Economic case for investing in reducing the mental health burden Figure 2 Public mental health service utilisation and relative need for children and young people Figure 3 Average per capita expenditure per annum in specialist public mental health services by age group (2007) Figure 4 Commonwealth funded MBS average expenditure per capita Figure ..., Major features of the Korean Family Planning Program Percentage of contraceptive users among currently married women, ages 15-44, by area and by method: South Korea, 1971-94 Percentage of contraceptive users by method and source of services: South Korea, 1973-94 Government budgets for family planning (FP) and maternal and child health (MCH) programs: South Korea, 1975-96 Percentage change in the total ..., Analytical framework Human capital stream and indicative objectives and outcomes Composition of natural gas costs
It is expected, based on the available literature, that technology will be the major determinant of health expenditure. Much of the existing literature on this topic, though, suffers from the use of econometric techniques-such as standard ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression-to analyse time-series data. This is now known to be problematic as, typically, health expenditure (HE) and GDP are cointegrated [27]. Modern time-series econometric techniques are able to overcome the possibly spurious results [76] that can be associated with regressing non-stationary cointegrated time-series. Given the statistical problems that beset the historical literature on this topic, it is interesting that research tends to confirm its long-standing and somewhat counter-intuitive result: technically (according to the standard economic definition), health care is a "luxury". Specifically, spending in the health sector tends to rise at a faster rate than national income. Indeed the "income elasticity of HE" (i.e., ...
In 2010 expenditures on health in the USA amounted to $2 584 billion, which 2.5 times more than expenditures on health in all emerging countries taken together, or was equal to GDP of such developed country as France ...
The OECD has loads of data on health expenditure in the 25 or so countries that make up the wealthy and democratic countries. Inspired by @bengoldacres arguments with someone on whether the Swiss govt provided better value healthcare than the UK govt, I wanted to go look at data on public health spending (i.e. not…
For 1999-00, the preliminary estimate of total expenditure on health services (including both public and private sectors) was $53.7b, compared with expenditure of $51.0b in the previous year (table 9.29). This represented an average rate of health services expenditure in 1999-00 of $2,817 per person. In 1999-00, governments provided more than two-thirds (71%) of the funding for health expenditure, while the remaining 29% was provided by the private sector. Health expenditure in volume terms grew at an average annual rate of 4.0% between 1989-90 and 1999-00. In 1999-00, health services expenditure as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was 8.5%. The ratio was 8.6% in 1998-99, up from 8.4% in 1996-97 and 1997-98. ...
BACKGROUND: There is little systematic assessment of how total health expenditure is distributed across diseases and comorbidities. The objective of this study was to use statistical methods to disaggregate all publicly funded health expenditure by disease and comorbidities in order to answer three research questions: (1) What is health expenditure by disease phase for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in New Zealand? (2) Is the cost of having two NCDs more or less than that expected given the independent costs of each NCD? (3) How is total health spending disaggregated by NCDs across age and by sex? METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used linked data for all adult New Zealanders for publicly funded events, including hospitalisation, outpatient, pharmaceutical, laboratory testing, and primary care from 1 July 2007 to 30 June 2014. These data include 18.9 million person-years and $26.4 billion in spending (US$ 2016). We used case definition algorithms to identify if a person had any of six NCDs (cancer, ...
The Canadian Institute for Health Information has released the latest version of its annual report on public and private health expenditure at both the provincial and federal levels. As always, the CIHI provides a wealth of health data and information...
Public Expenditure Management Volumes 1-6 Six Volumes in a Slip Case - Volume 1 Using Resources Well Sold Separately, 9780114300272, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
This report presents analyses based on the Household Expenditure and Utilization Survey conducted in February/March 2003 in Kenya. The survey was part of an elaborate National Health Accounts (NHA) framework comprising the Household and Institutional Surveys. The central issues addressed by the Survey were the utilization, expenditure levels and the principal determinants for health care use as well as health insurance coverage. The , KHHEUS 2013 Survey was carried out by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and partners.. ...
Medicines are key inputs for quality medical care and the prevention of disease, and when administered appropriately, as evidence from Sub-Saharan African countries shows, they can contribute significantly to reducing death rates due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. But it is also obvious that not everybody in these countries, particularly the poor, enjoys this benefit, since limited access to essential drugs remains a key challenge in most health systems. High out-of-pocket expenditures, typically more than 40% of total health expenditures in some countries (a large portion for outpatient drugs), also place a heavy burden on poor families with chronically ill members who require daily drug intake.
Health expenditure as a % of GDP,Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of financing agent (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of financing agent (PPS),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of function (PPS),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type function (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of provider (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of provider (PPS),Health expenditure per inhabitant (Euro)
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services conducts the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) to produce national and regional estimates of various aspects of health care. The MEPS has a complex sample design that includes both stratification and clustering. The sampling weights are adjusted for nonresponse and raked with respect to population control totals from the Current Population Survey. See the MEPS Survey Background (2006) and Machlin, Yu, and Zodet (2005) for details. In this example, the 1999 full-year consolidated data file HC-038 (MEPS HC-038, 2002) from the MEPS is used to investigate the relationship between medical insurance coverage and the demographic variables. The data can be downloaded directly from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Web site at http://www.meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_stats/download_data_files_detail.jsp?cboPufNumber=HC-038 in either ASCII format or SAS transport format. The Web site includes a detailed description of the data as well ...
AbstractUsing paradata from a prior survey that is linked to a new survey can help a survey organization develop more effective sampling strategies. One example of this type of linkage or subsampling is between the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). MEPS is a nationally representative sample of the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population based on a complex multi-stage sample design. Each year a new sample is drawn as a subsample of households from the prior years NHIS. The main objective of this article is to examine how paradata from a prior survey can be used in developing a sampling scheme in a subsequent survey. A framework for optimal allocation of the sample in substrata formed for this purpose is presented and evaluated for the relative effectiveness of alternative substratification schemes. The framework is applied, using real MEPS data, to illustrate how utilizing paradata from the linked survey offers the possibility of making
Data & statistics on Annual Growth in Milk Production and Total World Output: Annual Growth in Milk Production and Total World Output, Annual Growth in Milk Production and Total World Output, Production of major crops and commodities, 2006 Cereal production and yield Fruit total (excluding melons) production (000 MT) Vegetable total (including melons) production (000 MT) Meat and milk production Fisheries status of Asia-Pacific region Poverty reduction elasticities of agricultural growth Thematic focus of national agricultural research in Southeast Asia, 2002/2003 Thematic focus of the ......
The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey is a set of large-scale surveys of families and individuals, their medical providers, and employers across the United States.
The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey is a set of large-scale surveys of families and individuals, their medical providers, and employers across the United States.
The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey is a set of large-scale surveys of families and individuals, their medical providers, and employers across the United States.
In this study we show that patient case-mix measured with ACGs is the major determinant of pharmaceutical expenditure variability in our setting. Adjustment for ACGs allows a much fair comparison of expenditures among centers and physicians. We also show that pharmaceutical expenditure correlates negatively with a prescription quality index more strongly when adjusted for ACGs, which can be interpreted as evidence that, when complexity of the patients is accounted for, better quality of prescription is associated with lower expenditure.. In this analysis adult and pediatric data have been analyzed separately because their distribution is different and the proportion of expenditure variance explained for the main factors is also different. In adults, the expenditure is higher. A significant percentage of patients attended the centers but had no prescription (13%, figure 1). The distribution of the logarithmic expenditure looks like a mixture of two overlapped normal populations. Possibly this ...
Data Collection Notes: Event-based datasets for Parts 2 through 5 may be linked to person-level data in Part 1 by means of unique person identification numbers contained in each dataset. Other data files from the NATIONAL MEDICAL CARE EXPENDITURE SURVEY, 1977 have been released by the ICPSR for public use. These include NATIONAL MEDICAL CARE EXPENDITURE SURVEY, 1977: HEALTH INSURANCE/EMPLOYER SURVEY, BENEFIT DATA FOR THE PRIVATELY INSURED POPULATION UNDER AGE 65 (ICPSR 9076) and NATIONAL MEDICAL CARE EXPENDITURE SURVEY, 1977: HEALTH INSURANCE/EMPLOYER SURVEY DATA (ICPSR 8627). Information regarding private health insurance premiums of the United States population as a whole can be found in PART One of ICPSR 8627.. ...
Objectives: We estimate for young children the annual excess health service use, healthcare expenditures, and disability bed days for respiratory conditions associated with exposure to smoking in the home in the United States.. Methods: Health service use, healthcare expenditures and disability bed days data come from the 1999 and 2001 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). Reported smoking in the home comes from the linked National Health Interview Survey, from which the MEPS sample is drawn. Multivariate statistical analysis controls for potential confounding factors. The sample is 2759 children aged 0-4.. Results: Smoking in the home is associated with an increase in the probability of emergency department visits for respiratory conditions by five percentage points and the probability of inpatient use for these conditions by three percentage points. There is no relation between indoor smoking by adults and either ambulatory visits or prescription drug expenditures. Overall, indoor smoking ...
Since 2001 the Netherlands has shown a sharp upturn in life expectancy (LE) after a longer period of slower improvement. This study assessed whether changes in healthcare expenditure (HCE) explain this reversal in trends in LE. As an alternative explanation, the impact of changes in smoking behavior was also evaluated. To quantify the contribution of changes in HCE to changes in LE, we estimated a health-production function using a dynamic panel regression approach with data on 19 OECD countries (1980-2009), accounting for temporal and spatial correlation. Smoking-attributable mortality was estimated using the indirect Peto-Lopez method. As compared to 1990-1999, during 2000-2009 LE in the Netherlands increased by 1.8 years in females and by 1.5 years in males. Whereas changes in the impact of smoking between the two periods made almost no contribution to the acceleration of the increase in LE, changes in the trend of HCE added 0.9 years to the LE increase between 2000 and 2009. The exceptional reversal
UPDATED: An updated version of this analysis is now available online.. Recent policy debate has focused on the issue of rising health care costs and whether it might be possible to control costs by requiring consumers to pay a larger share of their health care costs out of pocket. While most of the policy discussion has focused on people of working age, rising health care costs and the burden of out-of-pocket spending also affects seniors, who generally have higher medical expenses and lower incomes than younger adults.. This analysis examines the relative burdens of out-of-pocket spending on seniors and younger adults. Using data from the Consumer Expenditures Survey from 1998 to 2003, it finds that seniors consistently spent a larger share of their income out of pocket on health care than younger people. Given the persistent differences between young and old, it suggests that even with Medicares prescription drug benefit, significantly narrowing the wide gap between seniors and younger adults ...
The less generous insurance coverage for mental health care has generated some controversy. The major unresolved question is how the demand for outpatient mental health care responds to cost sharing. We used data from a randomized trial of fee-for-service health insurance for the nonelderly to address this question. The study enrolled 5809 persons. The results are based on 19 819 person-years of data. One hundred thirty-three percent more is spent on outpatient psychotherapy when care is free to patients than when they pay 95% of the fee, subject to an annual catastrophic limit. But, the absolute level of expenditure is low on all plans; $32 per person per year with free care. The response to psychotherapy services to cost sharing is insignificantly larger than that for outpatient general medical services. We found no evidence that more generous coverage for outpatient psychotherapy decreases total health expenditures.
Among nonelderly adults receiving hypertension treatment, 13.1% had high burdens, meaning that healthcare expenditures accounted for more than 20% of their income.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The burden of AKI around the globe has not been systematically examined. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS A systematic review (2004-2012) of large cohort studies was conducted to estimate the world incidence of AKI and its stages of severity and associated mortality, and to describe geographic variations according to countries, regions, and their economies. AKI definitions were reclassified according to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) staging system. Random-effects model meta-analyses and meta-regressions were used to generate summary estimates and explore sources of heterogeneity. RESULTS There were 312 studies identified (n=49,147,878) , primarily in hospital settings. Most studies originated from North America, Northern Europe, and Eastern Asia, from high-income countries, and from nations that spent ≥5% of the gross domestic product on total health expenditure. Among the 154 studies (n=3,585,911) that adopted a KDIGO-equivalent AKI
The health system in South Africa is unique in many ways. South Africa spends 41.8% of total health expenditures on private voluntary health insurance
total medicare spending 2019 PDF download: National Health Expenditure Projections 2017-2026 - CMS Among the major payers for health care, growth in spending for Medicare … Over 2019-20, national health expenditures are expected to tick up 0.2 … By 2026, federal, state, and local governments are projected to sponsor 47 percent of total. 2018 Medicare … ...
The CE Survey Methods Symposium was a half-day event to share information about recent findings and new projects in the CEs survey methods program, including updates about the survey redesign. The first session provided an overview of current CE research projects that have focused on improvements to the CE surveys that can be implemented on a small-scale or as part of a full redesign. Topics included the initial results of a field test of a web-based expenditure diary, methods and concerns of using expenditure data from subsequent interviews to replace collected information in the first interview, and the results and lessons of two records studies that were conducted in 2010 and 2011. The second session focused on the survey redesign, including a comparison of international expenditure survey designs, the first public presentation of the approved Gemini redesign released on July 1st, and an overview of how measurement error might be assessed in CE, following redesign implementation. A ...
In Kenyatta National Hospital, a leading hospital in Kenya, over 30% of expenditure is currently allocated to medicines, and this needs to be optimally managed. We used inventory control techniques, ABC (Always, Better, and Control), VEN (Vital, Essential, and Non-essential) and ABC-VEN matrix analyses to study drug expenditure patterns. Of an average of 811 medicine types procured annually, 80% were formulary drugs and 20% were non-formulary. Class A medicines constituted 13.2-14.2% of different medicines procured each year but accounted for an average of 80% of total annual drug expenditure. Class B medicines constituted 15.9-17% of all the drugs procured yearly but accounted for 15% of the annual expenditure, whilst Class C medicines constituted 70% of total medicines procured but only 5% of the total expenditure. Vital and essential medicines consumed the highest percentage of drug expenditure. ABC-VEN categorization showed that an average of 31% of medicine types consumed an average of 85% ...
The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for societys most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. ...
The mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high-performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for societys most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. ...
According to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the nations spending on health care - both public and private -- is forecast to grow in the years ahead but at a slower pace than in the past. Growth for 2013 is expected to be 3.6% over the previous year, low when compared to an…
This is the second of two posts based on a new data brief from the National Institute for Health Care Management (and, even with this, I have not exhausted the content of that data brief). In the prior post, I showed their chart on the distribution of health spending. One might wonder how persistent health spending is.
Kwame McKensie publishes his debut Mental Elf blog on a recent cross-sectional study, which explores the relationship between national mental health expenditure and quality of care in longer-term psychiatric and social care facilities in Europe.. This is the fourth in a new series of Mental Elf blogs produced in partnership with the British Journal of Psychiatry.. [read the full story...] ...
Can you name the countries/self-governing states with the top 25 health expenditures as a percent of GDP (as of 2010)? Test your knowledge on this geography quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by njbmm
High medical expenditures serve as a major obstacle for many people trying to access healthcare. Our goals are to provide an updated and comprehensive description of each category of medical expenditure in inpatient and outpatient treatment, and to identify factors associated with medical expenditures. A survey of the middle-aged and elderly was conducted in August 2016 in Beijing, China. Data were collected from 808 random samples. Each participant had reported at least one inpatient or outpatient treatment episode and was 45 years old or older, were collected. Chi-squared tests, t-tests, multivariate analysis, and a linear regression were conducted in the data analysis. A total of 452 and 734 subjects had at least one inpatient and outpatient treatment, respectively. Even though insurance covered a significant amount of the total cost, the remaining out-of-pocket cost was still high, possibly resulting in financial difficulties for a number of the subjects. Demographic and socioeconomic factors were
This data set consists of United States personal expenditures (in billions of dollars) in the categories; food and tobacco, household operation, medical and health, personal care, and private education for the years 1940, 1945, 1950, 1955 and 1960. ...
We use the skew distribution generation procedure proposed by Azzalini [Scand. J. Stat., 1985, 12, 171-178] to create three new probability distribution functions. These models make use of normal, student-t and generalized logistic distribution, see Rathie and Swamee [Technical Research Report No. 07/2006. Department of Statistics, University of Brasilia: Brasilia, Brazil, 2006]. Expressions for the moments about origin are derived. Graphical illustrations are also provided. The distributions derived in this paper can be seen as generalizations of the distributions given by Nadarajah and Kotz [Acta Appl. Math., 2006, 91, 1-37]. Applications with unimodal and bimodal data are given to illustrate the applicability of the results derived in this paper. The applications include the analysis of the following data sets: (a) spending on public education in various countries in 2003; (b) total expenditure on health in 2009 in various countries and (c) waiting time between eruptions of the Old Faithful Geyser in
The Fiscal Monitor was launched in 2009 to survey and analyze the latest public finance developments, update fiscal implications of the crisis and medium-term fiscal projections, and assess policies to put public finances on a sustainable footing. It is prepared twice a year by the IMF s Fiscal Affairs Department.
holding answer 18 July 2001]: The analysis of public expenditure by region published in Public Expenditure Statistical Analyses (Cm 5110) attempts to allocate spending over regions to reflect the relative benefits incurred by the respective populations. The commentary in that document (paragraph 8.2) notes the limitations of this approach, in particular the definitional problems associated with allocating spending on the basis of who benefits. Where there is no clear basis for deciding which region benefits from a particular spending programme, or where accounting information for allocating spending by region is not available, allocation is based on other available indicators. Spending on agriculture has therefore been allocated over regions on a per capita basis. ...
The publication of the 2016 Annual Growth Survey (AGS) kick-started the EUs economic cycle for the year. The AGS sets out the economic priorities for 2016, aiming to foster growth and prevent excessive macro-economic imbalances, as well as contributing to EU 2020 targets. Yet the 2016 AGS insufficiently values health and social investments, which are key enablers of a sustainable recovery.. Labour market flexicurity, but not long-term precarious employment. The AGS states that labour market reforms should promote flexibility and security, so as to avoid labour market segmentation. This should be complemented by social protection and active labour market policies which help people during transitions between life stages and jobs. Furthermore, EuroHealthNet is pleased the AGS also makes the case for promoting work-life balance and gender equality as part of labour market reforms.. Focus in recent years, however, has been more on flexibility than security, resulting in increases in temporary (and ...
An estimated 50 million people younger than 65 years in the U.S. live in families that spend more than 10 percent of their family income on health care, an increase of more than 10 million people in the past decade, according to a study in the December 13 issue of JAMA.. Health care costs have been rising faster than the rest of the U.S. economy for many years. Out-of-pocket payments for health care services by patients increased from $162 billion in 1997 to $236 billion in 2004, according to background information in the article. Although health care expenditures are consuming a larger share of the U.S. gross domestic product, it is not clear to what extent health care expenditures are also consuming a larger share of family budgets. This information could help policymakers understand the impact of their policies and inform the debate on where to target additional subsidies.. Jessica S. Banthin, Ph.D., and Didem M. Bernard, Ph.D., of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. ...
News from a study whose results were presented at the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) meeting in Seattle reported in Saturdays Los Angeles Times featured a very disturbing story. In spite of living with type 2 diabetes for a statistically significant shorter period of time than the average patient with type 1 diabetes, the incidence of complications among patients with type 2 diabetes is simply staggering. Notably, 3 out of every 5 patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from at least 1 significant complication of the disease. One out of every 10 has 2 complications, 1 out of 15 has 3 complications, and 1 out of 13 has 4+ complications. These sobering statistics were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) report between 1999 and 2004 and combined with economic data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). The economic data came from the governments Medical Expenditure Panel Survey conducted during the same period. I should ...
NEW YORK, Sept. 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Technologies: Global Markets - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8%, from 2016 to 2021.
Chart and table showing annual growth rate of ethanol fuel consumption for Netherlands. Data obtained from the US Energy Information Administration.
Chart and table showing annual growth rate of crude oil reserves for Uganda. Data obtained from the US Energy Information Administration.
CANTEL MEDICAL CORP. (NYSE: CMN) announced today that Andrew A. Krakauer, President & CEO, will be presenting at the Needham & Company, LLC 12th Annual Growth Stock Conference.
/PRNewswire/ -- Palatin Technologies, Inc. (NYSE American: PTN) announced today that it will be presenting at Canaccord Genuitys 39th Annual Growth Conference...
The prevalence of cancer survivorship in the USA is expected to increase in the future because the US population is increasing in size and is aging and because survival following diagnosis is improvin
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of marital status in and health care expenditures among the elderly in a managed care organization. The study population consisted of 277 functionally impaired elderly people who were 75 years and older enrolled in a managed care organization. In separate analyses, the relationship between marital status and total expenditure per enrollee, the number of outpatient visits, hospital admissions, and emergency department (ED) visits during the two-year study period was examined. The results indicate that married individuals had significantly higher health care expenditures than the unmarried. However, there were no significant differences in number of hospital admissions, number of outpatient visits, and number of ED visits. It would behoove health care administrators and policy makers to take into consideration marital status when planning, designing, and implementing health care policies for the elderly ...
The objective of this article is to illustrate the usefulness of Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data for examining variations in medical expenditures for people with multiple chronic conditions (MCC).
PUNE, India, 2020-May-24 - /EPR Network/ -. Tissue Diagnostics industry is experiencing significant growth due to the rising incidence of cancer, developing infrastructure for cancer diagnosis, recommendation of cancer screening, availability of reimbursements, and increasing healthcare expenditure.. Easy accessibility to advanced technologies, government initiatives for screening cancer patients, favourable reimbursement scenario for pathology diagnostic tests, increasing healthcare expenditure, and high-quality infrastructure for hospitals and clinical laboratories in this region are the major factors driving the growth of the tissue diagnostic market in North America.. The global tissue diagnostic market size is expected to reach USD 4.7 billion by 2025 from USD 3.4 billion in 2020, at a CAGR of 6.5%.. Based on the product, the tissue diagnostics market is segmented into instruments and consumables. The consumables segment is expected to grow at the highest growth rate during the forecast ...
We will be redesigning school and district report cards in 2018. Please complete our survey to tell us what information you think would be most valuable on a school or district report card ...
The medical expenditures associated with diabetes in general and by diabetes treatment mode among U.S. youth are less known. Using administrative claims data from ,3 million youth, we estimated that the excess mean total medical expenditure associated with diabetes among youth was $7,593 per year. Estimated mean annual total medical expenditures were $9,333 for ITDM youth and $5,683 for NITDM youth, an excess of $3,650 for those with ITDM. Our ITDM group included all youth with type 1 diabetes but probably also some with type 2. Youth with NITDM most likely have type 2 diabetes (4,22-25), therefore, our estimated medical expenditures for NITDM youth likely represent a lower bound for youth with type 2 diabetes receiving medications in the U.S.. We found that excess expenditures on prescription drugs contributed the most to the total excess medical expenditures associated with diabetes in youth. This contrasts with findings for the entire diabetic population, where hospitalization or inpatient ...
The Lung Cancer Therapeutics: Global Markets report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.coms offering. Grant of fast-track designation to advance therapies by the U.S. FDA, European Medicines Agency, CFDA (China) and MHLW (Japan) is expected to significantly contribut...
Global MEMS in Medical Application Market, which stood at US$1.8 billion in 2012, is expected to reach US$6.5 billion by the end of 2019.
This paper contributes to the study of the associations between country characteristics and child health. We found that low income and inequality at the country level, but not health expenditure, were associated with diarrheal disease. These findings suggest that poverty and inequality are associated with child health. Children who live in developing countries with greater per capita GDP and lower inequality were less likely to develop diarrhea. These findings support the importance of fundamental determinants of health, such as per capita GDP and income inequalities, promulgated by social epidemiology [22]. The results could be explained by Bronfenbrenners ecological model, which considers the importance of macro level conditions on individual wellbeing [12].. On the contrary, diarrheal disease was not associated with a countrys health expenditure. It is important to interpret this finding considering that child health in general is not improved exclusively by the amount of money a country ...
People aged over 75 account for nearly 10 % of the French population and their health expenditure amounts to over 20 % of the total expenditure in this field. As this population often suffers from multiple chronic conditions, medical care can be complex because of the great diversity of situations and the number of health professionals and medical-social workers involved. However, the knowledge about the quality of care for older patients, their expectations and satisfaction with their care remains very limited in France. The notion of care quality, well developed internationally, covers the appropriateness, safety, and accessibility of care as well as patients experiences ...
One in five basic resource items for providing care to seriously ill children and newborns were typically not available over the period of study but improvements were seen for some key areas (eg, feeds for malnutrition and vitamin K). Compliance with clinical prescribing recommendations in three areas improved from below 20% to above 60% over a period of 6 years, a period during which guidelines were widely disseminated in a simple cheap format and knowledge-based and skills-based training was expanded through in-service and preservice training. Over the same period there was some improvement in the use of basic diagnostics but this was much more limited.. Alternative explanations for any improvement observed might include simple secular changes in hospital services. Although government expenditure on health did rise in absolute terms over this period, there was no significant increase year on year relative to population growth and inflation.15 Government partner spending did dramatically ...
AbstractU.S. medical spending is high by measures including the level of spending, level of spending per capita, and level of spending as a share of GDP. U.S. medical spending growth is average by measures including the annual growth rate, annual growth rate per capita, and annual growth in spending as a percent of GDP. The volatility of U.S. medical spending growth is low by measures including the standard deviation, skew, and excess kurtosis. Foreign healthcare systems, with a much larger government involvement, have not been able to control medical spending growth better than the U.S. with its mixed system. Foreign cost curves start at a lower level, but increase as quickly or even faster. In many countries, the variance around the trend is high, or a single trend over time does not exist. The implication is that it is difficult to find a foreign solution to the U.S.s problems with high medical spending, and that the U.S. may be a world leader in terms of minimizing medical spendingvolatility. If
Newtown, CT - Aug 3, 2012. 18% - thats the portion of the GDP thats collected in taxes, and its also the portion of the GDP thats consumed by national health expenditures. No wonder we have a problem. Now, of course, the government pays only about half of healthcare expenses, but thats still a chunk of change and has been growing. The result: budget deficits. If half the governments spending is on entitlement programs, that doesnt leave much for everything else. And thats why increases in government health spending that exceeds the rate of growth of GDP will simply increase deficits and the national debt unless taxes go up or all other programs are slashed. As a result, the only reasonable answer is to limit healthcare spending to the increase in GDP, or better yet, to something less. If health spending were flat for the next decade, the percentage of GDP consumed by health care would decrease, as would the rate of increase of premiums for businesses. Thats what we really need and ...
What are some alternatives? While the official poverty measure does provide useful information about cash income, using multiple measures of poverty would give our government and our nation a much more comprehensive view of economic deprivation in America. As we speak, a proposal for the Census Bureau to run a Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) is waiting for Congress as part of the 2011 budget proposal. The SPM will calculate income in a much more comprehensive way by taking into account taxes, in-kind benefits, work expenses (such as transportation), and out-of-pocket medical expenses. It will also calculate the poverty threshold based on average expenditures on food, shelter, utilities, and clothing.. If the proposed SPM is successful, we will see, for the first time in the U.S., a form of a relative poverty measure ingrained in an absolute measure. This is where the most heated controversy around this proposal lies. The existing official poverty measure uses absolute purchasing power to set ...
We constructed each variable of interest at the household level. Since some of the surveys asked different variants of some of the questions, we tried to define each variable in the most comparable way possible across countries. We normalized all household expenditure variables to a daily per capita level. Using the PPP conversion methodology discussed in the foreword, we converted the local currency units into 2005 world rupees. We then applied the daily poverty line cutoffs to each households total per capita expenditures to classify households into the relevant expenditure categories. All of the tables display variable means across households within each expenditure group weighted according to the household weights provided in most surveys.. ...
We constructed each variable of interest at the household level. Since some of the surveys asked different variants of some of the questions, we tried to define each variable in the most comparable way possible across countries. We normalized all household expenditure variables to a daily per capita level. Using the PPP conversion methodology discussed in the foreword, we converted the local currency units into 2005 world rupees. We then applied the daily poverty line cutoffs to each households total per capita expenditures to classify households into the relevant expenditure categories. All of the tables display variable means across households within each expenditure group weighted according to the household weights provided in most surveys.. ...
The only thing that stands between a man and what he wants from life is often merely the will to try it and the faith to believe that it is possible." ...
We analyze both the uses side and the sources side incidence of domestic climate policy using an analytical general equilibrium model, taking into account the degree of government program indexing. When transfer programs such as Social Security are explicitly indexed to inflation, higher energy prices automatically lead to cost-of-living adjustments for recipients. We show results with no indexing, 100 percent indexing, and partial indexing based on our analysis of actual transfer programs. When households are classified by annual income, the indexing of U.S. transfers is not enough to offset the regressive uses side, but when they are classified by annual expenditures as a proxy for permanent income, transfer indexing does offset regressivity across the lowest income groups. ...
Health care expenditures are expected to grow at an average rate of 5.8 percent for 2015 through 2025, according to new estimates released by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Office of the Actuary. The increase will bump up the health share of the economy from 17.5 percent in 2014 to 20.1 percent by the end of the period. At the same time, the number of uninsured people is projected to drop from 11 percent of the population in 2014 to 8 percent in 2025.. While the projected growth in health care expenditures will exceed projected GDP by 1.3 percent per year, it is still lower than the nearly 8 percent annual average growth rate over the two decades prior to 2008. It is identical to the rate predicted in last years report covering 2014 to 2024.. "The Affordable Care Act continues to help keep overall health spending growth at a modest level and at a lower growth rate than the previous two decades. This progress is occurring while also helping more Americans get coverage, often for ...
This document explains the methodology associated with the collection and reporting of health spending data in CIHIs National Health Expenditure Database (NHEX). ...
Industry Insights:. The global flow cytometry market size was estimated at USD 3.27 billion in 2016 and is anticipated to grow at CAGR of 10.6% in coming years. Key drivers of this market include increasing incidence of chronic disorders that requires toxicity testing for cancer tests and need for quick, accurate and sensitive prognosis techniques for the validation of disease.. Increasing awareness levels amongst healthcare experts and patients coupled with rising healthcare expenditures are major factors driving the growth. Furthermore, related benefits of cell-based assays including development in reagents and software employed for the study, ease-of-use and high sensitivity and reproductively are some other elements anticipated to boost the growth in coming years.. Technology Insights:. Cell-based technology held the leading position in 2016. Rising demand for advance diagnosis and increasing awareness related to related advantages with cell-based analysis are the elements contributing to ...
The market for machine learning in medical imaging will continue to grow, reaching about $2 billion in annual expenditures worldwide by 2023.
Lets take a look at some numbers to illustrate what follows from the claim. From 1953 to 2007 (the period of available data from the AAAS) the United States invested a total of $3.9 trillion in federal R&D. Over the same period US GDP grew from about $2.4 trillion to $13.9 trillion, representing an annual growth rate of 3.3% (data in 2007$ and available here in XLS). If we attribute half of that growth to federal R&D, or 1.65% of that 3.3% annual GDP growth rate, then that would imply a 2007 GDP of about $6 trillion in the absence of such federal investments. In other words, from 1953 to 2007 the economy grew by a cumulative $153 trillion more than it would have otherwise, representing an implausibly staggering 40 to 1 return on the federal R&D investment.. Unfortunately, such claims and the economics that follow are part of an overly simplistic story that we tell ourselves over and over. In 2007, Leo Sveikauskas of the Bureau of Economic Analysis surveyed the economy-wide returns on R&D (here ...
Learn about trends in health care spending and the AMAs efforts to reduce the rate of growth in health care costs and spending.
Raising huge sums is only the first step for any candidate or committee. The money also has to be spent -- and reported to the Federal Election Commission. While disclosure is often vague or incomplete, the FECs expenditures data sheds light on the strategies that campaigns use to turn dollars into votes, the vendors making a fortune on elections, and the groups living large on their donors money.
Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, national and State databases from Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, hospital statistics, informatics standards, and HIV and AIDS costs and care.
Sections 1, 2 and 3 are devoted to the revenue and expenditure data required to convert a physical programme into a financial one. Section 4 contains some relevant notes on taxation as applied to farming enterprise. In the final section a considerable num ...
Click to View PDF "The Equilar GDI is an important benchmark for gender diversity on public company boards," said David Chun, Founder and CEO of Equilar. "Because most research studies on board composition are a lagging measurement of whats already happened, we believe that providing a quarterly, real-time update with forward-looking analysis will bring attention to this issue." Equilar also calculated what it would take for boards to reach parity faster than the current projection. The current rate of annual growth is 3.1%, and to reach parity by 2040, the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) would have to increase to 5.1% per year. By 2030, the rate of growth would have to nearly triple to an 8.9% annual increase in female directorships. Making Progress Though gender diversity is slow to manifest, and there are still hundreds of Russell 3000 companies without female representation, data collected in connection with the Equilar GDI shows meaningful progress in some respects. For example, in ...
Zafgen, Inc. (Nasdaq:ZFGN), a biopharmaceutical company dedicated to significantly improving the health and well-being of patients affected by metabolic
From 2008 through 2012, Consumer Expenditure Survey data show that households held on to their vehicles longer, increasing the average age of Americans cars, trucks, SUVs and vans. The Consumer Expenditure survey also collects households spending on vehicle maintenance and repairs. This interactive chart allows users to explore vehicle maintenance and repair expenditures as these vehicles age.
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The Total Expenditure on books and journal during the period was ₹13,52,333.00 (Rupees Thirteen Lacs Fifty Two Thousand Three Hundred Thirty Three) only. Xerox Facilities and intern library loan facilities were provided to the students and staff.. ...
The future of the global diagnostic imaging market looks good with opportunities in hospitals and imaging centers. The global diagnostic imaging market is expected to reach an estimated $33.2 billion by 2022 and it is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 3.4% from 2017 to 2022. The major drivers for market growth are increasing healthcare expenditures, rising public awareness associated with early diagnosis of disease, technological advancement in imaging procedures, and a growing geriatric population. Emerging trends which have a direct impact on the dynamics of the industry include the increasing use of technically advanced diagnostic imaging systems, manufacturing portable diagnostic imaging systems for improved diagnosis procedures, and clear resolution for imaging with accuracy. A total of 74 figures / charts and 58 tables are provided in this 152-page report to help in your business decisions. Sample figures with some insights are shown below. To learn the scope of, benefits, companies researched ...
(EMAILWIRE.COM, May 25, 2020 ) Tissue Diagnostics industry is experiencing significant growth due to the rising incidence of cancer, developing infrastructure for cancer diagnosis, recommendation of cancer screening, availability of reimbursements, and increasing healthcare expenditure. Easy accessibility...