Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Europe and Central Asia was last measured at 85.28 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Out of pocket expenditure is any direct outlay by households, including gratuities and in-kind payments, to health practitioners and suppliers of pharmaceuticals, therapeutic appliances, and other goods and services whose primary intent is to contribute to the restoration or enhancement of the health status of individuals or population groups. It is a part of private health expenditure.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Out-of-pocket health expenditure (% of private expenditure on health) in Europe and Central Asia.
National health accounts (NHA) constitute a systematic monitoring of the resource flows in a countrys health care system, helping to inform the evaluation of health care policy.. This NHA report for Haiti contains tables analysis on subaccounts for HIV/AIDs, tuberculosis, and malaria. Specifically, the tables contain data on health care expenditures with regard to financing sources and health care functions.. The report is available for download from the WHO National Health Accounts website.. ...
Background/ Objective: The main health status indicators in the SAARC-ASEAN region are far behind than those of OECD group and world average. Similarly, total health expenditure (% of GDP) in the region is also lower than that of OECD region and world. Therefore, this study aims to investigate a relationship between the healthcare expenditures and three main health status outcomes (life expectancy at birth, crude death rate and infant mortality rate) in the region.. Methods: Using the World Bank data set for 20 years (1995-2014) in 15 countries of the region, a panel data analysis is conducted where relevant fixed and random effect models are estimated to determine the effects of healthcare expenditures on health outcomes. The separate effects of private and public health expenditures were also explored.. Results: Total health expenditure, public health expenditure and private health expenditure have significant effect in reducing infant mortality rate and the extent of effect of private health ...
In 2014, Out-of-Pocket Health Expenditure in Thailand was 12 Percent of Health Expenditure. Discover more data with NationMaster!
Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Hot-countries/Health/Health-expenditure,-total/%-of-GDP. Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National Health Account database (see http://apps.who.int/nha/database/DataExplorerRegime.aspx for the most recent updates). Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. 1995-2011. ,http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/group-stats/Hot-countries/Health/Health-expenditure,-total/%-of-GDP,.. Countries Compared by Health > Health expenditure, total > % of GDP. International Statistics at NationMaster.com, World Health Organization National ...
Though health expenditures in the U.S. are carefully tracked by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the health outcomes associated with these expenditures are not. To address this need, our past research has developed detailed measures of population health and medical spending using existing national data, in order to systematically and jointly measure the benefits and the costs of medical care. These methods have been developed to serve as a Satellite National Health Account, enabling a better understanding of the health sector in the United States. We propose two new avenues of analysis using these tools that will greatly expand our understanding of health change in relation to costs across the U.S. population. The first is to examine health in conjunction with costs among all age groups- -including the elderly, middle-aged, young adults, and children-and among different socioeconomic groups. The second is to examine the health of those with ...
RESULTS. Total domestic health expenditure was $68 620 million in the fiscal year 2001/02. In real terms, expenditure grew at an average rate of 7% while gross domestic product increased by 4% during the same period. This indicates a growing share of health spending relative to gross domestic product, from 3.8% in 1989/90 to 5.5% in 2001/02. This upward trend was largely driven by increased public spending that rose 208% in real terms over the period, compared with 76% for private spending. Out-of-pocket payments by households accounted for about 70% of private spending while employers and insurance accounted for 28%. Private insurance plays an increasingly important role in financing private spending whereas household expenditure has shown a corresponding decrease during the period. Expenditure incurred at providers of ambulatory services and hospitals accounted for more than 70% of total health expenditure during the observed period. Hospitals share of total spending increased by 18%, ...
Downloadable! We make use of panel data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey between 1991 and 2006 to investigate whether health insurance increases out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure risk. We find that health insurance increases the probability of catastrophic OOP health expenditures using a series of Probit models. We then use two-part as well as sample selection models to account for selection on unobservable variables and find that although the probability of positive OOP health expenditures increases with the availability of health insurance, the actual level of OOP health expenditures decreases. More specifically, we find that for a per- son with positive OOP health expenditures, having health insurance reduces the level of OOP expenses by 12.56 percent while controlling for selection effects.
National health accounts (NHA) constitute a systematic monitoring of the resource flows in a countrys health care system, helping to inform the evaluation of health care policy.. This report includes tables and analysis specifically concerned with health care expenditures for the treatment and prevention of tuberculosis.. ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Comparisons of aggregate health expenditure across different countries have become popular over the last three decades as they permit a systematic investigation of the impact of different institutional regimes and other explanatory variables. Over the years, several regression analyses based on cross-section and panel data have been used to explain the international differences in health expenditure. A common result of these studies is that aggregate income appears to be the most important factor explaining health expenditure variation between countries and that the size of the estimated income elasticity is high and even higher than unity which in that case indicates that health care is a luxury good. Additional results indicates, for example, that the use of primary care gatekeepers lowers health expenditure and also that the way of remunerating physicians in the ambulatory care sector appears to influence health expenditure; capitation systems tend to lead to
These facts are from the CIA-and they are undisputed:. • Infant mortality rate in the United States: 6.06 per 1,000 live births. • Infant mortality rate in France: 3.29 per 1,000 live births. • Average life expectancy in the United States: 78.37 years (75.92 for men, 80.93 for women).. • Average life expectancy in France: 81.19 years (78.20 for men, 84.54 for women).. • Total expenditure on health care in the United States: 16.2% of GDP (2009).. • Total expenditure on health care in France: 3.5% of GDP (2009).. • Expenditure on health care in the United States per capita: $7,517 per year (2009).. • Expenditure on health care in France per capita: $1,148 per year (2009).. So . . . to make it clear: France has a Socialist-Commie health care system, while the United States has the best health care system in the world-. -and yet the French live longer, have an infant mortality rate roughly half the United States, and yet still manage to spend less than Americans on health care. A ...
Health Expenditure: Short and Long-Term Relations in Latin America, 1995-2010: 10.4018/IJPHIM.2015070102: This chapter explores the factors associated with the growth of total health expenditure, in addition to its main components, government health expenditure
The study documents a direct relationship between individuals health and patterns of healthcare expenditure by isolating single-person households and creating a new reference group in which household healthcare expenditure is based on one persons expenditure patterns in accordance with his or her own state of health. The study matched two surveys using Propensity Score Matching based on single-person household, age, and gender. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) explores paths of relation between the populations income and socioeconomic level and its health self-assessment and expenditure. Single-person households health expenditure increases with age and the differences in most expenditure categories are significant. The current study looks into the direct and indirect effects of income, gender, and SES on health insurance and other out-of-pocket health expenses among single-person households. A direct link exists between income, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES) and several aspects of health
The 2007 Kenya Household Health Expenditure and Utilisation Survey (2007 KHHEUS) assess the utilisation of health services, as well as out-of-pocket expenditures on health at the national and regional levels, and by socioeconomic and demographic groups. The survey was as undertaken as part the National Health Accounts (NHA) estimation. NHA estimates give information not only on the distribution of health funding by financing sources but also by the entities through which the funds pass (financing agents), the health services providers that consume the funds, and ultimately the health functions on which the funds are spent. The KHHEUS 2007 survey was carried out by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Partners.. ...
Government has an essential role in making the health of its population and this role has risen substantially in todays scenario. This scenario is unlike that of private sector where the prices are high and question of affordability is the biggest challenge thus it becomes prior to study the causality between public health expenditure and health status. The prime objective of this study is to figure out the impact of per capita public health expenditure on health status of the population across countries using infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate, and under-5 mortality rate as proxies using cross-sectional data of South-Asian countries. Dataset has been prepared by taking annual data for the years 1994 onwards till 2014 from World Bank and World Development Indicators. We adopt a robust Fixed Effects (FE) model as the baseline specification and compare the results with robust OLS and robust OLS with lagged explanatory variables. This study unveils that public health expenditure ...
The objective of the first Public Expenditure Tracking Survey (PETS) for Niger is to increase understanding of the link between public spending and service delivery at the facility level in order to contribute to improving the effectiveness and accountability in the use of public funds. Specifically, this PETS focuses on identifying the discrepancies, inefficiencies and delays in public spending execution for selected expenditures in the education and health sectors. The medium to long term goal of these PETS is to launch a process aimed at continuous improvements in public expenditure efficiency and equity by focusing on capacity building in this area in the ministries of education and health and in the Institute of National Statistics (INS). The main challenge faced by a tracking survey in a country like Niger is the availability and accuracy of records keeping. The Niger PETS highlights a general lack of systematic information recording. The quality of records in the education sector is low ...
This paper discusses the development of public expenditure in the Netherlands since 1850. Why did public expenditure increase from 14% GDP in 1850, nearly 20% i
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07 examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1996-97 to 2006-07. It shows that Australia spent over $ 94.0 billion on health in 2006-07, an estimated rise of $7.3 billion since 2005-06. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding (Australian Government, other governments and the non-government sector). This report will be helpful to anyone interested in studying, analysing and comparing estimates of health expenditure in Australia.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Validating the New Primary Care Measure in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. AU - Olaisen, R. Henry. AU - Flocke, Susan A.. AU - Smyth, Kathleen A.. AU - Schluchter, Mark D.. AU - Koroukian, Siran M.. AU - Stange, Kurt C.. PY - 2020/1/1. Y1 - 2020/1/1. N2 - Background:The advancement of primary care research requires reliable and validated measures that capture primary care processes embedded within nationally representative datasets.Objective:The objective of this study was to assess the validity of a newly developed measure of primary care processes [Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)-PC] with preliminary evidence of moderate to excellent reliability.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of community-dwelling adults with history of office-based provider visit/s using the MEPS (2013-2014).Methods:The 3 MEPS-PC subscales (Relationship, Comprehensiveness, and Health Promotion) were tested for construct validity against known measures of primary care: Usual Source of ...
Public health focuses on prevention, promotion and protection rather than on treatment; on populations rather than on individuals; and on the factors and behaviours that cause illness.. The estimates included in the Public health expenditure in Australia series relate only to public health activities where the funding was provided or the expenditure incurred by the key health departments and agencies in the various jurisdictions. They are accompanied by descriptions of public health activities undertaken nationally and by states and territories.. Total expenditure on reported public health activities by health departments in Australia during 2007-08 was $2,158.8 million or $101.61 per person on average. This was an increase of $444.0 million on what was spent in 2006-07 which, after adjusting for inflation, represented real growth of 21.5% in 2007-08. Average expenditure per person increased by 19.4%.. Expenditure on public health increased by 77.7%, in real terms, between 1999-00 and 2007-08, ...
Road traffic injuries (RTI) are an increasing public health problem in India where out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditures on health are among the highest in the world. We estimated the OOP expenses for RTI in a large city in India. Information on medical and non-medical expenditure was documented for RTI cases of all ages that reported alive or dead to the emergency departments of two public hospitals and a large private hospital in Hyderabad. Differential risk of catastrophic OOP total expenditure (COPE-T) and medical expenditure (COPE-M), and distress financing was assessed for 723 RTI cases that arrived alive at the study hospitals with multiple logistic regression. Catastrophic expenditure was defined as expenditure | 25% of the RTI patients annual household income. Variation in intensity of COPE-M in RTI was assessed using multiple classification analysis (MCA). The median OOP medical and non-medical expenditure was USD 169 and USD 163, respectively. The prevalence of COPE-M and COPE-T was 21.9% (95% CI
For 2000-01, the preliminary estimate of total expenditure on health (including both public and private sectors) was $60.8b, compared with expenditure of $55.7b in the previous year (table 9.22). This represented an average rate of health expenditure in 2000-01 of $3,153 per person. In 2000-01, governments provided more than two-thirds (70%) of the funding for health expenditure, while the remaining 30% was provided by the private sector. Health expenditure in volume terms grew at an average annual rate of 4.4% between 1990-91 and 2000-01. In 2000-01, health expenditure as a proportion of gross domestic product was 9.0%. This ratio was 8.8% in 1999-2000, up from 8.7% in 1998-99. ...
This third edition of Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific presents a set of key indicators of health status, the determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health care expenditure and financing and health care quality across 27 Asia/Pacific countries and economies. Drawing on a wide range of data sources, it builds on the format used in previous editions of Health at a Glance, and gives readers a better understanding of the factors that affect the health of populations and the performance of health systems in these countries and economies.. Each of the indicators is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability. An annex provides additional information on the demographic context in which health systems operate. It is a joint OECD and ...
This seventh edition of Health at a Glance provides the latest comparable data on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in health costs, health activities and health results of health systems. Key health indicators provide information on health status including suicide and life expectancy, the determinants of health, health care activities and health expenditure and financing in OECD countries. Each health indicator in the book is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the health data, and a methodological box on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.. ...
Data & statistics on Annual government health expenditure by age and service group: Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Figures Figure 1 Economic case for investing in reducing the mental health burden Figure 2 Public mental health service utilisation and relative need for children and young people Figure 3 Average per capita expenditure per annum in specialist public mental health services by age group (2007) Figure 4 Commonwealth funded MBS average expenditure per capita Figure ..., Major features of the Korean Family Planning Program Percentage of contraceptive users among currently married women, ages 15-44, by area and by method: South Korea, 1971-94 Percentage of contraceptive users by method and source of services: South Korea, 1973-94 Government budgets for family planning (FP) and maternal and child health (MCH) programs: South Korea, 1975-96 Percentage change in the total ..., Analytical framework Human capital stream and indicative objectives and outcomes Composition of natural gas costs
It is expected, based on the available literature, that technology will be the major determinant of health expenditure. Much of the existing literature on this topic, though, suffers from the use of econometric techniques-such as standard ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression-to analyse time-series data. This is now known to be problematic as, typically, health expenditure (HE) and GDP are cointegrated [27]. Modern time-series econometric techniques are able to overcome the possibly spurious results [76] that can be associated with regressing non-stationary cointegrated time-series. Given the statistical problems that beset the historical literature on this topic, it is interesting that research tends to confirm its long-standing and somewhat counter-intuitive result: technically (according to the standard economic definition), health care is a luxury. Specifically, spending in the health sector tends to rise at a faster rate than national income. Indeed the income elasticity of HE (i.e., ...
In 2010 expenditures on health in the USA amounted to $2 584 billion, which 2.5 times more than expenditures on health in all emerging countries taken together, or was equal to GDP of such developed country as France ...
The OECD has loads of data on health expenditure in the 25 or so countries that make up the wealthy and democratic countries. Inspired by @bengoldacres arguments with someone on whether the Swiss govt provided better value healthcare than the UK govt, I wanted to go look at data on public health spending (i.e. not…
For 1999-00, the preliminary estimate of total expenditure on health services (including both public and private sectors) was $53.7b, compared with expenditure of $51.0b in the previous year (table 9.29). This represented an average rate of health services expenditure in 1999-00 of $2,817 per person. In 1999-00, governments provided more than two-thirds (71%) of the funding for health expenditure, while the remaining 29% was provided by the private sector. Health expenditure in volume terms grew at an average annual rate of 4.0% between 1989-90 and 1999-00. In 1999-00, health services expenditure as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was 8.5%. The ratio was 8.6% in 1998-99, up from 8.4% in 1996-97 and 1997-98. ...
BACKGROUND: There is little systematic assessment of how total health expenditure is distributed across diseases and comorbidities. The objective of this study was to use statistical methods to disaggregate all publicly funded health expenditure by disease and comorbidities in order to answer three research questions: (1) What is health expenditure by disease phase for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in New Zealand? (2) Is the cost of having two NCDs more or less than that expected given the independent costs of each NCD? (3) How is total health spending disaggregated by NCDs across age and by sex? METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used linked data for all adult New Zealanders for publicly funded events, including hospitalisation, outpatient, pharmaceutical, laboratory testing, and primary care from 1 July 2007 to 30 June 2014. These data include 18.9 million person-years and $26.4 billion in spending (US$ 2016). We used case definition algorithms to identify if a person had any of six NCDs (cancer, ...
The Canadian Institute for Health Information has released the latest version of its annual report on public and private health expenditure at both the provincial and federal levels. As always, the CIHI provides a wealth of health data and information...
Impact of Brexit on Irelands Economy: Economic and Social Research Institute Joint Committee on Finance, Public Expenditure and Reform, and Taoiseach debate - Thursday, 28 Nov 2019
This first ever Public Expenditure Review (PER) for Myanmar tries to better understand Union Budget policies to accelerate delivery of essential public services.
Public Expenditure Management Volumes 1-6 Six Volumes in a Slip Case - Volume 1 Using Resources Well Sold Separately, 9780114300272, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
Death: British Nationals Abroad [18 July 2011]. Defence: Procurement [14 December 2010]. Departmental Catering [10 January 2011]. Departmental Computers [8 November 2011]. Departmental Conditions of Employment [27 January 2011]. Departmental Conditions of Employment [25 January 2011]. Departmental Consultants [29 March 2011]. Departmental Film [31 March 2011]. Departmental Freedom of Information [7 November 2011]. Departmental Information Officers [3 March 2011]. Departmental Manpower [14 November 2011]. Departmental Manpower [4 November 2010]. Departmental Manpower [27 July 2010]. Departmental Official Cars [2 February 2011]. Departmental Official Hospitality [5 April 2011]. Departmental Photographs [28 February 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [22 March 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [16 March 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [9 March 2011]. Departmental Public Expenditure [2 February 2011]. Departmental Telecommunications [10 January 2011]. Departmental Travel [7 March ...
This report presents analyses based on the Household Expenditure and Utilization Survey conducted in February/March 2003 in Kenya. The survey was part of an elaborate National Health Accounts (NHA) framework comprising the Household and Institutional Surveys. The central issues addressed by the Survey were the utilization, expenditure levels and the principal determinants for health care use as well as health insurance coverage. The , KHHEUS 2013 Survey was carried out by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and partners.. ...
Medicines are key inputs for quality medical care and the prevention of disease, and when administered appropriately, as evidence from Sub-Saharan African countries shows, they can contribute significantly to reducing death rates due to conditions such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. But it is also obvious that not everybody in these countries, particularly the poor, enjoys this benefit, since limited access to essential drugs remains a key challenge in most health systems. High out-of-pocket expenditures, typically more than 40% of total health expenditures in some countries (a large portion for outpatient drugs), also place a heavy burden on poor families with chronically ill members who require daily drug intake.
Health expenditure as a % of GDP,Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of financing agent (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of financing agent (PPS),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of function (PPS),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type function (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of provider (Euro),Expenditure on healthcare: total and by type of provider (PPS),Health expenditure per inhabitant (Euro)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care: a population-based study in low-income urban Medellin, Colombia. AU - Londoño Agudelo, Esteban. AU - García Fariñas, Anaí. AU - Pérez Ospina, Viviana. AU - Taborda Pérez, Cecilia. AU - Villacrés Landeta, Tatiana. AU - Battaglioli, Tullia. AU - Gómez Arias, Rubén. AU - Van der Stuyft, Patrick. N1 - FTX. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Background Hypertension requires life-long medical care, which may cause economic burden and even lead to catastrophic health expenditure. Objective To estimate the extent of out-of-pocket expenditure for hypertension care at a population level and its impact on households budgets in a low-income urban setting in Colombia. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Santa Cruz, a commune in the city of Medellin. In 410 randomly selected households with a hypertensive adult, we estimated annual basic household expenditure and hypertension-attributable out-of-pocket expenditure. For ...
The bill directs the department to consult with the hospital provider fee oversight and advisory board on the development of the hospital expenditure report. The department may combine the hospital expenditure report with the advisory boards annual report on the hospital provider fee. The advisory board, using staff and analysis from the department, shall provide estimates for the payment-to-cost ratio and the cost-shift analysis portions of its report based on information provided to the department by hospitals.. The hospital expenditure report shall include, but not be limited to:. ...
National health expenditures, calendar years 1929-70 by Barbara S. Cooper; 1 edition; First published in 1972; Subjects: Cost of Medical care, Medical economics; Places: United States
Malta increased 15.6% of Healthcare Expenditure on Home Based Long Term Care (Health) by Household Out-Of-Pocket Payment in 2017, compared to the previous year.
Increase in poverty gap at $1.90 ($ 2011 PPP) poverty line due to out-of-pocket health care expenditure (USD) in Pakistan was reported at 0.21944 in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Pakistan - Increase in poverty gap at $1.90 ($ 2011 PPP) poverty line due to out-of-pocket health care expenditure (USD) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on September of 2020.
Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) in Cuba was reported at 177 % in 2014, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Cuba - Health expenditure, total (% of GDP) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on June of 2021.
Existing programs providing subsidised oral health care to older Australians are often inaccessible and unavailable.. Dental care is the second largest area of out-of-pocket health expenditure by Australians (19% of individuals recurrent health expenditure) after non-PBS medications. Australians pay 57% of the cost of dental care out of their own pockets, compared to 17.3% for all health services.. For many people on the Age Pension, especially those experiencing poverty, private health insurance is one of the essentials that must be dropped because they cannot afford the cost of living. This is particularly the case for people living on the Age Pension whilst renting. Only 16% of people over 65 who are renting have private health insurance coverage, compared to 46.8% of the general population.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predicting expenditures for medicare beneficiaries with diabetes. T2 - A prospective cohort study from 1994 to 1996. AU - Krop, Julie S.. AU - Saudek, Christopher D.. AU - Weller, Wendy E.. AU - Powe, Neil R.. AU - Shaffer, Thomas. AU - Anderson, Gerard F.. PY - 1999/10/1. Y1 - 1999/10/1. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe health care expenditures and utilization patterns among older adults with diabetes and to examine factors associated with expenditures over a 3-year period. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of health care expenditures and utilization by diabetic patients from a random nationwide sample of aged Medicare beneficiaries from 1994 to 1996. All services covered by the Medicare program were examined. Multivariate regression was used to assess the contribution of patient characteristics in 1994 on Part B, inpatient, and total expenditures in 1995 and 1996. RESULTS: Per capita expenditures for beneficiaries with diabetes (n = 169,613) were ...
The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview panel survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary or record keeping survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those which respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, automobiles, and major appliances, or expenditures which occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance ...
iv] This figure is based on calculations from the data used by Michael Lysaght, PhD, Professor and Director of the Center for Biomedical Engineering at Brown University, in publication of Lysaght M, Jaklenec A, Deweerd E: Great Expectations: Private Sector Activity in Tissue Engineering, Regenerative Medicine, and Stem Cell Therapeutics. Tissue Eng 14, 305. 2008. That data indicates that the average annual spending of companies categorized as commercial was $30 million. I then assumed that manufacturing represents 10% of annual expenditures based on the calculation that manufacturing represents between 8-15% of annual expenditures cited by Lysaght in the data. Annual expenditure for commercial-stage manufacturing does and will vary wildly depending on the type of product and the volume of production by as much, for example, as $1.5 million and $80 million for production of 20,000 products per year - the difference largely driven by the products being allogeneic versus autologous ...
The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides detailed information on income and expenditures and also furnishes the Bureau of Labor Statistics with data needed to maintain and review the Consumer Price Index. The quarterly Interview Survey component of the CES was designed to gather data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. Expenditures examined in this survey are those which respondents could be expected to recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. Consumer units, which are roughly equivalent to households, are interviewed once per quarter for five consectutive quarters. The initial interview collects demographic and family characteristics data and an inventory of major durable goods for each consumer unit. Expenditures are collected in this interview using a one-month recall. They are used along with the inventory information to bound the expenditure responsed for subsequent interviews and to classify the unit for analysis. The bounding of ...
There is evidence that the economic crisis in Greece has substantially affected patients and health care services, with chronic patients forming a particularly vulnerable group. The aim of this study was to investigate whether and in what way the current economic environment has affected patients with selected chronic conditions. A cross sectional study was carried out with a sample size of 1200 patients suffering from hypertension, diabetes and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Following a large family income decrease (35.4%) in the last 3 years, chronic patients reported decreased spending for various expenditure categories in order to maintain their ability to finance their health care needs. Among the disease groups studied, statistically significant differences were found for self-rated heath (SRH), out-of pocket health expenditures, health services utilization and the perceived need for physician services. Although need for physician visits for issues related to the chronic condition
BMI View: Malaysias new patient-centric service of sending medicine by post is an innovative approach by the government to provide healthcare directly to consumers at their homes. The key concerns include the potential loss of pharmaceuticals during delivery. However, if carefully planned and executed, this programme could boost public expenditure on healthcare. Malaysia has introduced a new service of sending prescribed medicines by post. This service is catered to patients who need to consume pharmaceuticals on a continuous basis. This that registered patients do not have to wait at hospitals, clinics or pharmacies. Healthcare providers will also be able to give more attention to patients who require more immediate medical care. This is important considering that there is a chronic shortage of doctors in Malaysia. According to the deputy health minister in Malaysia, the doctor-patient ratio was 1:940 in 2009, lower than the 1:600 standard set by the World Health Organization (WHO).. The idea ...
Yesterday, researchers from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services reported that U.S. health spending reached $2.5 trillion in 2009, and that health cares share of the economy grew 1.1 percentage points to 17.3 percent-the largest one-year increase since the federal government began keeping track in 1960. In a written statement, Commonwealth Fund president Karen Davis said that these findings underscore the need for comprehensive health care reform that will help rein in the unsustainable spending growth that is placing an increasing burden on American families, businesses, and state and local governments ...
Initial modality choice (peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis) and subsequent modality switches had significant implications for Medicare expenditure on ESRD treatments.
45 The most recent published consolidated expenditure on dental is sourced from the AIHW. The most recent publication in October 2011 relates to 2009-10 expenditure.. Public consolidated expenditure on dental services is sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). The most recent publication in October 2011 relates to 2009-10 expenditure. In 2009-10, total expenditure on dental services in Australia was $7.690 billion. Of this, $4.698 billion was funded by individuals; $1.257 billion by the Commonwealth Government; $1.076 billion by private health insurance funds (which would be funded through the premiums of members); and $628 million by State and Territory Governments. Overall, individuals directly fund a significant proportion (61 per cent) of total expenditure, reflecting the structural nature of the dental system in which the vast majority of practising dentists and services are in the private sector. In terms of public sector financing, the Commonwealth is the ...
More information in national current research information system (CRIStin). International publications in peer reviewed journals:. Miljeteig I, Defaye F, Desalegn D, Danis M. Clinical ethics dilemmas in a low-income setting - a national survey among physicians in Ethiopia. BMC Med Ethics. 2019. Miljeteig I, Defaye FB, Wakim P, Desalegn DN, Berhane Y, Norheim OF, Danis M. Financial risk protection at the bedside: How Ethiopian physicians try to minimize out-of-pocket health expenditures. PLoS One. 2019. McLean E, Desalegn DN, Blystad A, Miljeteig I. When the law makes doors slightly open: ethical dilemmas among abortion service providers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Med Ethics. 2019. Defaye FB, Danis M, Wakim P, Berhane Y, Norheim OF and Miljeteig I. Bedside rationing under resource contstraints - A national survey of Ethiopian physicians´ use of criteria for priority setting. American Journal of Bioethics - Empirical Bioethics. 2018. Onarheim KH, Melberg A, Meier BM, Miljeteig I. Towards ...
The Philippine Health Care Delivery System and Health Expenditure: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7484-4.ch016: Health is recognized by the Philippine constitution as a basic human right. The Philippines, compared to most Asian countries, produces more and better human
As our market access focus continues, Tara Prasad highlights the importance of global initiatives to help patients in the least developing countries gain access to medicine and discusses the role pharma plays in making this happen.. Driven by rapid growth and the demands of an expanding middle class, emerging economies that were previously characterized by low public expenditure on health and weak healthcare systems are now going through immense health reforms.. To give some notable examples, three of the largest emerging economies, Brazil, China and India, have put in place reforms with the objective of providing universal healthcare coverage. Meanwhile, Ghana has instituted a national health insurance system, which covers most of its population.. Spending on medicine in emerging markets is projected to nearly double by 2016, and developing countries are expected to significantly outstrip healthcare spending growth rates of developed countries. But while there are incentives to enter these ...
Alcohol expenditures can provide a different perspective on alcohol use by providing an understanding of the consumer demand for alcohol, the effect of alcohol sales on the economy and the impact on the household budget. Previous studies have focused on alcohol expenditure at the individual-level and have not considered population level factors or the influences of geographical variation. The goal of this study was to examine the socio-economic and built-environment characteristics associated with alcohol expenditures at the small-area level in the City of Toronto. Alcohol expenditure data consisting of purchases in licensed premises and purchases in stores for the year 2010 were retrieved from the Survey of Household Spending (SHS) at the Dissemination Area (DA) level. Socio-economic and built-environment variables were retrieved from the 2006 Census of Canada and DMTI Enhanced Points of Interest (EPOI) data, respectively. Multivariate spatial regression models were used to analyze the ...
Data & statistics on Idaho Projected State Health Expenditures by Program Type: Marine Traffic Forecast - Fully Assembled Automobiles (1,000 short tons), Relative Size of Snake River Barge Volumes Snake River as a Share of Columbia River...
Nonresponse is a common problem in household surveys, particularly for questions regarding income. Nonresponse means that the respondent either does not know, or refuses to provide, the information requested. Prior to publication of the 2004 tables, the Consumer Expenditure Surveys handled nonresponse to income questions by publishing income data for complete income reporters only. To be classified as a complete income reporter, the respondent had to provide a value for at least one major source of income for the consumer unit. However, not all complete reporters provided a full accounting of income for all sources for which receipt was reported.. Starting in 2004, the Consumer Expenditure Surveys introduced multiple imputation to fill in the blanks resulting from nonresponse to income questions. In this method several estimates are made each time the respondent reports the receipt of, but no value for, a particular source of income. The estimates are made based on characteristics of the ...
U.S. health care spending increased to $3.3 trillion in 2016, with out-of-pocket health care costs borne directly by consumers rising 3.9 percent - the fastest rate of growth since 2007.
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Our results demonstrate that there is a significant potential to improve the financial protection of rural Guangxi population through the expansion of NCMS from 2009 to 2013. In these five years, NCMS has raised its premium from 100 RMB to 340 RMB per person, and broaden its reimbursement scope both in inpatient and outpatient services. The dropping down of catastrophic health payments headcounts and the share of OOP in total payment provides evidence to the effectiveness of financial risk pooling intervention by NCMS, and this approach indeed help reduced the financial barriers to health care services.. The healthcare financing systems in Luchuan and Rongxian counties were found to be regressive. It was likely that the regressive nature of social insurance payments was the chief contributor to this since, even though all of the payments were disproportional, the absolute values of the Kakwani index for social insurance were bigger than for other payments (Table 1). The uneven distribution of ...
We show how Danish administrative register data can be combined with survey data at the individual level and used to validate information collected in the survey. Two examples illustrate the potential of combining survey and register data. First, expenditure survey records with information about total expenditure are merged with income tax records with information about income and wealth, which is used to impute total expenditure, then compared to the survey measure. Results suggest the two measures match each other well on average. Second, we compare responses to a one‐shot recall question about total gross personal income collected in another survey with tax records. Tax records hold detailed information about different types of income, which makes it possible to test whether response errors are related to the reporting of particular types of income. Results show bias in the mean, that the survey error has substantial variance, and that the errors are correlated with conventional covariates, ...
MANAGEMENT CONTROL - The clinical risk management. A case study ( The continuous increase in healthcare costs as regards GDP and the public expenditure reflects, on the one side, the growth of health demand due to the change in the global epidemiological landscape and, on the other side, a progressive rise in health costs, significantly influencing the sustainability of the world health system. The legislative measures adopted by many countries, primarily aiming at containing the public expenditure, have drawn the attention of academics and practitioners. The interest is focused on risk management because nowadays this process is considered necessary in healthcare public companies. The reason is that it allows, on the one hand, to reduce waste and, consequently, costs, and, on the other hand, to improve the results and the assistance quality offered. In this context, the aim of the study is twofold: i) to examine the clinical risk management in healthcare organizations; ii) to verify, through a case
For release: 10:00 a.m. (EDT), Wednesday, March 27, 2013 USDL-13-0541 Technical Information: (202) 691-6900 [email protected] www.bls.gov/cex Media Contact : (202) 691-5902 [email protected] CONSUMER EXPENDITURES MIDYEAR UPDATE -- JULY 2011 THROUGH JUNE 2012 AVERAGE Average expenditures per consumer unit(1) for July 2011 through June 2012 were 1.9 percent higher than the 2011 annual average, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. This gradual rise in spending continued the increase reported for all of 2011. All major components of household spending except apparel increased over the 12 months ending in June 2012 compared to the 2011 annual average, as shown in table A. The 6.3-percent rise in cash contributions (including payments for support of college students, alimony and child support, and giving to charities and religious organizations) was the largest percentage increase among all major components. This was followed by a 4.6-percent increase in health care spending. Other ...
Tel: (01) 727 7102. Email me. MARY LOU is Leader of Sinn Féin and Teachta Dála for the Dublin Central constituency. Mary Lou is married to Martin and they have two young children, Iseult and Gerard. She is proud to represent the people of Dublin Central where she has a reputation for hard work and championing the needs of her constituency both locally and nationally.. Prior to becoming Leader of Sinn Féin in February 2018 Mary Lou was Deputy Leader of the party. Following her election to the Dáil in 2011 Mary Lou was Sinn Féins Spokesperson for Public Expenditure and Reform and on her re-election in 2016 Sinn Féins All-Ireland Spokesperson for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. She was a prominent member of the Public Accounts Committee between 2011 and 2017 holding Ministers and senior civil servants to account. She has also served on the Joint Oireachtas Committees for Public Expenditure and Reform and the Future of Mental Health.. She was an MEP for Dublin from 2004 to 2009 and ...
Tel: (01) 727 7102. Email me. MARY LOU is Leader of Sinn Féin and Teachta Dála for the Dublin Central constituency. Mary Lou is married to Martin and they have two young children, Iseult and Gerard. She is proud to represent the people of Dublin Central where she has a reputation for hard work and championing the needs of her constituency both locally and nationally.. Prior to becoming Leader of Sinn Féin in February 2018 Mary Lou was Deputy Leader of the party. Following her election to the Dáil in 2011 Mary Lou was Sinn Féins Spokesperson for Public Expenditure and Reform and on her re-election in 2016 Sinn Féins All-Ireland Spokesperson for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention. She was a prominent member of the Public Accounts Committee between 2011 and 2017 holding Ministers and senior civil servants to account. She has also served on the Joint Oireachtas Committees for Public Expenditure and Reform and the Future of Mental Health.. She was an MEP for Dublin from 2004 to 2009 and ...
LONDON – The average expenditure of European travelers per visit to duty-free and duty paid airport retail outlets is USD 76 and USD 51 respectively. The average expenditure on food and beverages per visit to airport outlets is USD 14. Overall,...
Chart and table showing annual growth rate of motor gasoline production for Nigeria. Data obtained from the US Energy Information Administration.
Chart and table showing annual growth rate of hydroelectric power consumption for South America. Data obtained from the US Energy Information Administration.
The aim of the present research is to explore the extent to which age and time to death explain health care expenditure. The study is based on individual-level data of the entire Hungarian population aged 65+ deceased during a full calendar year. Based on the results of the performed regression analysis it can be stated that health expenditures are explained both by age and by the time to death, but the explanatory power of the remaining time to death is greater. The relationship between age and the health care expenditure is a negative one, the spending declines as a function of age, the most costly patients are those who die younger. The practical significance of this result is far from negligible. If time to death and not age is what explains the increase of health care costs, then future demographical aging will not have as much of an impact on health spending as previously predicted.. ...