Purpose: Adherence to preventive health behaviors for chronic diseases would avert 80% of all heart disease, stroke, type II diabetes, and more than 40% of cancer cases. The purpose of this study is to describe the preventive health behaviors for chronic diseases among Mexican Americans residing along U.S.-Mexico border and in the U.S. Method: Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were conducted on two rich data sets for Mexican Americans. The first data set (n=1439) was from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (CCHC), a prospective cohort study of Mexican American adults aged 18 years and older living in a large and poor city along the Texas- Mexico border. The second data set was the Hispanic Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for 2009, a national random sample telephone survey (n=30075). Results:In the CCHC, the sample (67.06% female) has a mean age of 48.06 ± 15.60 years, 48.81% employed, 45.66% has less than high school education, 77.57% chose to complete the survey in Spanish
Social group trends in health related behaviours in Wales, 1985-1990 by Christopher Smith, Health Promotion Wales starting at . Social group trends in health related behaviours in Wales, 1985-1990 has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
Media reports of health research are an everyday occurrence. While informative, when recommendations change, consumers are confused about what health behaviors are best for them. This confusion leads to doubt, and many consumers fail to perform the recommended behavior, but also unrelated health behaviors. Our research considers what types of guideline changes cause these negative reactions (Study 1), what types of psychological processes and traits contribute to these reactions (Study 2), and what types of interventions attenuate these reactions (Study 3). The presentation will focus on the success of these interventions, which are designed to accompany media reports of health research. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of an integrated package of nutrition behavior change interventions on infant and young child feeding practices and child growth from birth to 18 months. T2 - Cohort evaluation of the baduta cluster randomized controlled trial in east Java, Indonesia. AU - Fahmida, Umi. AU - Htet, Min Kyaw. AU - Ferguson, Elaine. AU - Do, Tran Thanh. AU - Buanasita, Annas. AU - Titaley, Christiana. AU - Alam, Ashraful. AU - Sutrisna, Aang. AU - Li, Mu. AU - Ariawan, Iwan. AU - Dibley, Michael John. N1 - Funding Information: Funding: This paper reports the evaluation of phase one (2014-2017) of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) Baduta Program in Sidoarjo and Malang districts of East Java. The study was funded from a grant by the Kingdom of the Netherlands to GAIN [activity number:400000062], who contracted a consortium led by the University of Sydney to conduct an independent impact evaluation. Responsibility for the contents and the opinions expressed rests solely with the ...
Efforts to reduce health disparities among Chinese American elderly in the U.S. are significantly hampered by the lack of disaggregated epidemiological and behavioral data on older Asian Americans. A more sophisticated understanding of culture is also required to move towards addressing health disparities in older ages, in particular understanding culture-bound factors that contribute to preventive health activities and health care use. In order to address these challenges, this study applies the Andersen Model of Health Care Utilization to analyze the relevance of different measures of acculturation and identify consistent patterns of predisposing, enabling, and need factors that are associated with five different preventive health activities and self-reported health for older Chinese Americans, ages 50 and over. The study also examines the additional impact of proximity to ethnic enclaves on those outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved ...
Health Behavior Science students explore healthy lifestyles through evaluation on how human actions, perceptions, communication, and environment affect health, chronic disease, relationships, and quality of life. Students acquire skills in health behavior analysis, behavior change strategies, and program development and evaluation.. Studying Health Behavior Science can prepare students for specialist positions in public health, health and wellness, non-profits, medical offices, and worksite wellness. It will also prepare students for post-graduate studies in public health, physical therapy, occupational therapy, accelerated nursing, and medicine.. Learn more about our undergraduate major in Health Behavior Science and Health Behavior Science with a Concentration in Health and Disability. Graduate programs include Doctor of Philosophy in Health Behavior Science and Promotion, Master of Science in Health Promotion, and Graduate Certificate in Health Coaching. ...
Research examining the relationship between psychological distress and health behaviors is limited, as most of these studies examine one type of psychological distress and relate it to one type of health behavior. To address this limitation, an exploratory study was conducted that included online self-report measures of a wide range of positive health behaviors (Health Behavior Checklist; HBC) and a wide range of different types of psychological distress (Brief Symptom Inventory; BSI). Participants were 762 undergraduate students from the University of Central Florida (55% female). Results revealed that the total BSI score showed statistically significant negative correlations with the HBC total score and all four HBC subscales. Thus, participants reporting more overall psychological distress reported that they engaged in fewer positive health behaviors, across all health behavior subtypes. Stepwise regressions that examined the nine BSI subscales and their relationship with the HBC total score revealed
Why Culture Matters in Health Interventions: Lessons From HIV/AIDS Stigma and NCDs. Theories about health behavior are commonly used in public health and often frame problems as ascribed or related to individuals actions or inaction. This framing suggests that poor health occurs because individuals are unable or unwilling to heed preventive messages or recommended treatment actions. The recent United Nations call for strategies to reduce the global disease burden of noncommunicable diseases like diabetes requires a reassessment of individual-based approaches to behavior change. We argue that public health and health behavior intervention should focus more on culture than behavior to achieve meaningful and sustainable change resulting in positive health outcomes. To change negative health behaviors, one must first identify and promote positive health behaviors within the cultural logic of its contexts. To illustrate these points, we discuss stigma associated with obesity and human ...
NEXT is a seven-year longitudinal assessment of a representative sample of U.S. adolescent and young adults starting at grade 10. The goals of the NEXT longitudinal study include: to identify the trajectory of adolescent health status and health behaviors from mid-adolescence through the post high school years; to examine individual predictors of the onset of key adolescent risk behaviors and risk indicators during this period; to identify genetic, personal, family, school, and social/environmental factors that promote or sustain positive health behaviors; to identify transition points in health risk and risk behaviors and changes in family, school, and social/environmental precursors to these transitions, and to examine the role of potential gene-environment interactions in the development of health status and health behaviors. .. This study collects reliable and valid data on health behaviors and health indicators and their social, environmental, and biological contexts beginning with a ...
NEXT is a seven-year longitudinal assessment of a representative sample of U.S. adolescent and young adults starting at grade 10. The goals of the NEXT longitudinal study include: to identify the trajectory of adolescent health status and health behaviors from mid-adolescence through the post high school years; to examine individual predictors of the onset of key adolescent risk behaviors and risk indicators during this period; to identify genetic, personal, family, school, and social/environmental factors that promote or sustain positive health behaviors; to identify transition points in health risk and risk behaviors and changes in family, school, and social/environmental precursors to these transitions, and to examine the role of potential gene-environment interactions in the development of health status and health behaviors.. This study collects reliable and valid data on health behaviors and health indicators and their social, environmental, and biological contexts beginning with a ...
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
From the Abstract of this journal article, appearing in Communication Theory, Volume 13 Issue 2, Pages 164 - 183: This article demonstrates the usefulness of two theories for the development o
Risk beliefs are central to most theories of health behavior, yet many unanswered questions remain about an increasingly studied risk construct, anticipated regret. The authors sought to better understand anticipated regrets role in motivating health behaviors. The authors systematically searched electronic databases for studies of anticipated regret and behavioral intentions or health behavior. They used random effects meta-analysis to synthesize effect sizes from 81 studies ( = 45,618). Anticipated regret was associated with both intentions (+ = .50, , .001) and health behavior (+ = .29, , .001). Greater anticipated regret from engaging in a behavior (i.e., action regret) predicted weaker intentions and behavior, whereas greater anticipated regret from not engaging in a behavior (i.e., inaction regret) predicted stronger intentions and behavior. Anticipated action regret had smaller associations with behavioral intentions related to less severe and more distal hazards, but these moderation ...
We examined the clustering of multiple health behaviours during pregnancy in the Born in Bradford cohort, including smoking physical inactivity, vitamin d supplementation and exposure to second-hand smoke.Latent class analysis was used to identifygroups of individuals with similar patterns of health behaviours separately for White British (WB) and Pakistani mothers. Multinomial regression was then used to examine the association between group membership and birth outcomes, which included preterm birth and mean birthweight.. ...
Read Health Behavior Change by Pip Mason with Rakuten Kobo. Engagingly written by experts with worldwide reputations in the field, Health Behavior Change presents an exciting metho...
The purpose of this Request for Proposals (RFP) is to secure the services of a consultant to conduct a review of the literature examining best, promising and negative practices for small-group nutrition and/or physical activity behaviour change and education programs targeted to women over the age of 45. The literature review will be done using the criteria developed by Sahay, Rootman and Ashbury in the Review of nutrition interventions for cancer prevention for Cancer Care Ontario (see the Flow-Charts in Figure 1 and 2 of the document, available on the Internet at http://www.cancercare.on.ca/pdf/Report%20Final%20-%20Nutrition%20Review.pdf ...
wichealth.org provides nutrition education and resources based on health behavior change modules that change according to different behavior changes.
Stroke continues to be a public health problem, and risk perceptions are key to understanding peoples thoughts about stroke risk and their preventive health behaviors. This review identifies how the perceived risk of stroke has been measured and outcomes in terms of levels, predictors, accuracy, and intervention results. Sixteen studies were included. The perceived risk of stroke has primarily been assessed with single-item measures; no multi-item surveys were found. In general, people tend to perceive a low-moderate risk of stroke; the most common predictors of higher stroke risk perceptions were having risk factors for stroke (hypertension, diabetes) and a higher number of risk factors ...
Steinmetz, H., Knappstein, M., Ajzen, I., Schmidt, P., &, Kabst, R. (2016). How effective are behavior change interventions based on the theory of planned behavior? A three-level meta-analysis. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 224(3), 216-233 ...
Introduction: Health is highly valued by individuals as well as whole social groups. Lifestyle, and related with this health behaviors are believed to be the main factors that largely determine its condition. Poland is a country, where the number of malignant cancer morbidity is systematically increasing. Breast cancer is the most common among women aged 45 years old. Despite the relative stability of the mortality outcomes the rate of it is still high. This situation is influenced by many factors, including the limited awareness of the value of health-related behaviors. Material and methods: The study included 70 women aged 45-75 years old. The study and control group consisted of: 36 women with breast cancer and 34 women without cancer in history. The specifically developed questionnaire and the Positive Health Behaviors Scale for Women developed by Hildt-Ciupińska were used in this study. IBM SPSS v. 21.0 was used for statistical analysis and non-parametric U-Mann Whitney test. Results: The ...
Are patients more willing to engage in a behavior intervention when general health is emphasized over a focus specifically on tobacco or alcohol use? The authors of this study examined intervention preferences of primary care patients who recently screened positive for tobacco use and at-risk drinking. Their findings will be useful as you incorporate similar interventions in your own practice.
Results For all outcomes except grip strength there was a dose-response relationship between healthy behaviour score and outcomes. For example, in men with four healthy behaviours and no baseline ADL problems, at 18-year follow-up 78.4% had no ADL problems, 6.6% had ADL problems, and 15.0% had died. In men with no healthy behaviours and no ADL problems at baseline, at follow-up 35.1% had no ADL problems, 8.8% had ADL problems, and 56.1% had died. Results in women were comparable but ADL differences were more marked. Number of healthy behaviours was related to follow-up cognitive function, mental health, walk speed, and lung function but not grip strength. Results were robust to adjustment for socioeconomic status (SES: measures of health, income, and level of education) and in analyses stratified by SES similar differences were found in relation to healthy behaviours within strata.. ...
People can live longer if they practice 1 or more healthy lifestyle behaviors - getting regular physical activity, not smoking, eating a healthy diet, and limiting alcohol - according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). During the study period, people who engaged in all 4 healthy behaviors were 63% less likely to die early, compared with people who did not practice any of the behaviors. Not smoking provided the most protection from dying from all of the causes examined. People who engaged in all 4 healthy behaviors were 66% less likely to die early from cancer, 65% less likely to die early from cardiovascular disease, and 57% less likely to die early from other causes compared with people who did not engage in any of the healthy behaviors.. Although studies have shown only a small percentage of people have adopted all of these healthy lifestyle behaviors, significant progress has been made in decreasing the rate of people who smoke. This study adds to the mounting ...
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.. The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery. ...
Multiple health behaviors could have greater impact on chronic diseases than single behaviors, but correlates of behavioral clusters are relatively understudied. Using data from NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (initiated in 1995) for 324,522 participants from the U.S. (age 50-71), we conducted explor …
RESULTS: In the past month, 36% reported drinking, 28% reported bingeing, and 23% reported drunkenness (11%, 5%, and 7%, respectively, 6 or more times). In the past year, 82% saw a doctor. Of that group, 54% were asked about drinking, 40% were advised about related harms, and 17% were advised to reduce or stop. Proportions seeing a doctor and asked about drinking were similar across drinking patterns. Respondents asked about drinking were more often advised to reduce or stop. Frequent drinkers, bingers, and those drunk were more often advised to reduce or stop. Nonetheless, only 25% of them received that advice from physicians. In comparison, 36% of frequent smokers, 27% of frequent marijuana users, and 42% of frequent other drug users were advised to reduce or quit those behaviors. ...
It is important to confirm health benefits experienced by breast cancer survivors after participation in a physical activity behavior change interventio
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Background: Lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers represent the greatest global health threat. Greater insight into health needs and beliefs, using broad community samples, is vital to reduce the burden of chronic disease. This study aimed to investigate gender, age, screening practices, health beliefs, and perceived future health needs for healthy ageing. Methods: Random probability sampling using self-completion surveys in 1456 adults residing in Australia. Results: Screening behaviors were associated with gender and age. Men and women >51 years were more likely (27%) to have screening health checks than those ...
Research in Health Behavior (1-10 cr.) P: Graduate GPA of at least 3.0 and consent of instructor. Research projects in the area of health behavior are conducted under the direction of a member of the graduate teaching faculty. Enrollment is limited to advanced doctoral students, and project proposals must be approved in advance ...
Research in Health Behavior (1-10 cr.) P: Graduate GPA of at least 3.0 and consent of instructor. Research projects in the area of health behavior are conducted under the direction of a member of the graduate teaching faculty. Enrollment is limited to advanced doctoral students, and project proposals must be approved in advance ...
The 2016 Japan Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth consists of Health Behaviors and Outcomes (7 indicators), and Influences on Health Behaviors (4 indicators). Three Health Behaviors and Outcomes received C grades (Participation in Sport; Sedentary Behavior; Recreational Screen Time; Physical Fitness), while 2 indicators could not be graded (Overall Physical Activity, and Active Play). The indicators Active Transportation (B) and Weight Status were favorable (A). In the Influences domain, Family Influence and Community and the Built Environment were graded as D, while School and Government Strategies and Investments were favorable (B). ...
From the February 2017 issue of Research Now). The American Academy of Health Behavior (AAHB) serves as a research home for health behavior scholars and researchers whose primary commitment is to excellence in research and the application of research to improve public health. Lara McKenzie, PhD, principal investigator in the Center for Injury Research and Policy at The Research Institute at Nationwide Childrens Hospital, was unanimously endorsed as a fellow by the AAHB Board of Directors, conferred as an indication of distinction and based solely on merit, because of her significant record and scientific accomplishments.. According to the AAHB, minimum requirements to become a fellow are to have authored or co-authored at least 50 refereed research papers published in national or international journals that regularly report the findings of original health behavior research. In addition, candidates must also meet one of the following criteria: (1) presented at least 75 scientific papers at ...
An analysis of nearly 25 years of data for about 10,000 civil servants in London finds an association between socioeconomic position and risk of death, with much of this relation accounted for by health behaviors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and physical activity, according to a study in the March 24/31 issue of JAMA.. The higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors in lower socioeconomic positions is seen to be one of the mechanisms linking lower socioeconomic position to worse health. However, major changes have occurred in population lifestyles. These include the decreasing prevalence of smoking and a remarkable increase in obesity since the 1990s. Given that changes in health behaviors may be socially patterned, previous studies with a single assessment of behaviors may have provided an inaccurate estimation of their contribution to the association between socioeconomic factors and mortality, the authors write. Silvia Stringhini, M.Sc., of the Centre for Research in Epidemiology ...
Physical therapists (PTs) can effectively counsel patients with respect to lifestyle behavior change, at least in the short term, say authors of a systematic review published in the November issue of Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. PTs can be effective health counselors individually or within an interprofessional team, they add. For this review, the authors searched databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from 1950 to July 2010. Studies were limited to the English, German, and Dutch languages. They evaluated methodological quality using the Downs and Black tool. Seven source articles with a mean quality score of 16.57 ± 4.24 points (range: low = 0; high = 28) were retrieved. Given considerable methodological heterogeneity, the studies were compared in a narrative synthesis. The target populations, types and periods of interventions, outcome measures, and findings were analyzed. According to the authors, multiple health behavior ...
This study investigated the specific health-promoting behaviors employed by early adolescents (n = 246) and their subjective well-being (SWB) to provide an understanding of how mental and physical wellness relate in teens. Participants self-reported on their dietary habits, physical activity, sleep hygiene, safety habits, and attitudes toward substance use. A comprehensive assessment of SWB was also gathered (i.e., global life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect). The researcher hypothesized that each of the five health-promoting behaviors assessed in the current study would have significant, positive correlations with the SWB of early adolescents, in that youth who reported higher levels of engagement in these healthy behaviors also would report higher levels of happiness. Furthermore, demographic characteristics of gender, race, and socioeconomic status were hypothesized to play a moderating role in the relationship between health promotion and happiness. Findings demonstrated
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, non-traumatic disease of the central nervous system (CNS). There is a growing need for alternative approaches to managing healthcare in MS. Targeting multiple, co-occurring health risk factors represents a holistic approach for managing comorbidities and many of the neuroperformance consequences of MS. Methods: Sixty-nine participants with MS completed self-report measures of smoking status, nutrition, alcohol use, physical activity levels, comorbidity and neuroperformance outcomes and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. The data were analyzed using t-tests and chi-square analyses in SPSS Statistics 22.0. Results: Of participants with two or more risk factors, 90.3% were not meeting dietary and physical activity guidelines. Total number of comorbidities (z=2.36, p=0.02), cardiovascular disease symptoms (z=2.63, p=0.01), T25FW speed (z=2.53, p=0.01), and 6MW distance (z=2.61, p=0.01) had significant differences in the cluster of ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Health Promotion Strategies LLC is very pleased to announce certification by New York State as a Womens Minority or Business Enterprise, or M/WBE.. Most contracts with New York State require that there is a percentage, often 25-30% of expenditures are with businesses that have MBWE certification. Health Promotion Strategies will help you to meet that requirement.. M/WBE-certification. ...
Background: The use of motivational interviewing (MI) for changing unhealthy behaviour of ischemic heart disease patients forces us to find methods for its effectiveness evaluation. One of the solutions could be the transtheoretical model (TTM). It is a stage-based theory of behaviour changes. Movement through the stages is hypothesized to be caused by the processes of change, decisional balance and temptation. The objective of this study is to find out how TTM can show health behaviour changes for ischemic heart disease patients. Methods: One to three MI sessions has been successfully applied for 12 cardiac patients during their rehabilitation treatment period. TTMs Readiness to Change Questionnaire was used to evaluate behaviour changes at the beginning and at the end of MI treatment. Findings: There were 7 patients at precontemplation, 5 at contemplation and none at action stages at the begining of MI sessions. Results showed that 5 patients stayed at contemplation stage but 4 patients moved ...
Empirical evidence exists showing a correlation between social support and health behaviors. However, does social support act the same across several health behaviors? The purpose of this study was to determine if social support has an impact across diet, physical activity and smoking in adults. The participants were 2,821 adults over the age of 40 from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2006, NHANES III). Multiple regression models were used to explore such a correlation. The findings suggest that social support does not act the same across varying health behaviors. The findings also suggest that educational attainment was the consistent predictor of adult health behaviors. Those participants that had higher education were more likely to exercise, less likely to smoke and more likely to adhere to food labels. The results from this study suggest that varying sources of social support is not a consistent predictor of health behaviors.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Aging and health behaviors in Mexican Americans. AU - Markides, Kyriakos S.. AU - Black, Sandra A.. PY - 1996/7. Y1 - 1996/7. N2 - This article discusses selected health behaviors and how they influence health in old age among Mexican Americans based on the literature and a recent large-scale study of elderly subjects. Particular focus is given to smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and physical activity, and cancer-screening behaviors. Sociocultural factors influencing these health behaviors include socioeconomic status, language barriers, and level of acculturation into the larger society. Implications for health promotion are also discussed.. AB - This article discusses selected health behaviors and how they influence health in old age among Mexican Americans based on the literature and a recent large-scale study of elderly subjects. Particular focus is given to smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and physical activity, and cancer-screening behaviors. Sociocultural factors ...
Rationale The reasoned action approach (RAA) is a social cognitive model that outlines the determinants of intentional behavior. Primary and meta-analytic studies support RAA predictions for multiple health behaviors. However, including past behavior as a predictor in the RAA may attenuate model effects. Direct effects of past behavior on behavior may reflect non-conscious processes whereas indirect effects of past behavior through social cognitive variables may represent reasoned processes. Objective The present study extended a previous meta-analysis of the RAA by including effects of past behavior. The analysis also tested effects of candidate moderators of model predictions: behavioral frequency, behavior type, and measurement lag. Method We augmented a previous meta-analytic data set with correlations between model constructs and past behavior. We tested RAA models that included and excluded past behavior using meta-analytic structural equation modeling and compared the effects. Separate ...
Downloadable! During the postwar period German states pursued policies to increase the share of young Germans obtaining a university entrance diploma (Abitur) by building more academic track schools, but the timing of educational expansion differed between states. This creates exogenous variation in the availability of higher education, which allows estimating the causal effect of education on health behaviors. Using the number of academic track schools in a state as an instrumental variable for years of schooling, we investigate the causal effect of schooling on health behavior such as smoking and related outcomes such as obesity. We find large negative effects of education on smoking. These effects can mostly be attributed to reductions in starting rates rather than increases in quitting rates. We find no causal effect of education on reduced overweight and obesity.
Abstract: Background: Health-promoting practices, such as eating a nutrient-rich diet and being physically active, are considered proactive coping behaviors when they pre-emptively reduce the amount of stress individuals experience. However, when people experience stress they tend to cope by adopting health-defeating behaviors, such as consuming energy-dense foods or becoming less active. These be... read morehaviors have weight implications. This thesis explores the extent to which the relationships among proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors influence body weight. Aims: This study examines: 1) Associations between proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and weight status among new immigrant (,10 years in the US) mothers and, 2) Effects of relationships between and longitudinal changes in proactive coping health behaviors, stress, and coping behaviors on weight status in college students. Methods: For aim 1, cross-sectional data from the Live Well Immigrant Health ...
Successful programs recognize and take into account the individual variability among people, including their physical activity preferences, interests, and readiness to make behavior changes.
STUDY OBJECTIVE--To describe the differences in health behaviours in disparate marital status groups and to estimate the extent to which these can explain differences in health associated with marital status. DESIGN--Baseline data of a prospective cohort study were used. Directly age standardised percentages of each marital group that engaged in each of the following behaviours--smoking, alcohol consumption, coffee consumption, breakfast, leisure exercise, and body mass index--were computed. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted to estimate the health differences associated with marital status with and without control for differences in health behaviours. SETTING--The population of the city of Eindhoven and surrounding municipalities (mixed urban-rural area) in The Netherlands in March 1991. PARTICIPANTS--There were 16,311 men and women, aged 25-74 years, and of Dutch nationality. MAIN RESULTS--There were differences in relation to marital status for each health behaviour. Married ...
Scott, David and Happell, Brenda 2011, The high prevalence of poor physical health and unhealthy lifestyle behaviours in individuals with severe mental illness, Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 589-597, doi: 10.3109/01612840.2011.569846. ...
Education has come out as a social determinant of health. The aspect goes to the point of measuring health by assessing the students who graduate with regular diploma 4 years after starting 9th grade. According to data, we are improving on this aspect as a country. The percentage of students graduating in this respect has increased by [cmppp_restricted] 8% when comparing the 2010-2011 and 2016-2017 school years. In the 2010-2011 school year, the proportion was 79%, while in the 2016-2017 year, the proportion went up to 85% ( Healthy People 2020). This is a positive aspect since it shows a move towards 87%, which is the HP2020 target. This is important to the countrys health since it has an impact on varied aspects of life and health outcomes. Education is an aspect that is associated with improved health and quality of life, longer life expectancy, health-promoting behaviors like not smoking, regular physical activities, and getting routine checkups, among other things.. Among the relevant ...
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between authentic leadership characteristics and physical health behaviors, as defined by the Goolsby Leadership Model (Quick, Macik-Frey, and Cooper, 2007). Physical health was measured by physical activity, cigarette smoking, and fruit and vegetable consumption, which are three of four controllable health risk factors that are related to many of the negative consequences of chronic disease (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2009). Authentic leadership was measured using the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ) by Walumbwa et al. (2008), which measured four components of authentic leadership and produced an overall authentic leadership score. The overall leadership score did not have any significant relationships with the physical health behaviors but three authentic leadership components did have significant relationships with physical health. Specifically, self-awareness had significant ...
www.MOLUNA.de Anxiety in Health Behaviors and Physical Illness [4173079] - Anxiety in Health Behavior and Physical IllnessnEdited by Michael J. Zvolensky, University of VermontJasper A. J. Smits, Southern Methodist UniversitynWhile the links between physical illness and depression have been well-documented and analyzed, little has been made of the data relating physical illness to anxiety until now. Anxiety in Health Behavior
Background-The American Heart Associations (AHA) 2020 Strategic Impact Goals target a 20% relative improvement in overall cardiovascular health using 4 health behavior (smoking, diet, physical activity, body mass) and 3 health factor (plasma glucose, cholesterol, blood pressure) metrics. We sought to define current trends and forward projections to 2020 in cardiovascular health. Methods and Results-We included 35,059 CVD-free adults (≥20 years old) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-94 and subsequent 2-year cycles from 1999 to 2008. We calculated population prevalence of poor, intermediate, and ideal health behaviors and factors, and also computed a composite, individual-level Cardiovascular Health Score for all 7 metrics (poor=0 points; intermediate=1 point; ideal=2 points; total range 0-14 points). Prevalence of current and former smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertension declined, whereas prevalence of obesity and dysglycemia increased through 2008. ...
OBJECTIVE: It is critical that pediatric residents learn to effectively screen families for active and addressable social needs (ie, negative social determinants of health). We sought to determine 1) whether a brief intervention teaching residents about IHELP, a social needs screening tool, could improve resident screening, and 2) how accurately IHELP could detect needs in the inpatient setting. METHODS: During an 18-month period, interns rotating on 1 of 2 otherwise identical inpatient general pediatrics teams were trained in IHELP. Interns on the other team served as the comparison group. Every admission history and physical examination (H&P) was reviewed for IHELP screening. Social work evaluations were used to establish the sensitivity and specificity of IHELP and document resources provided to families with active needs. During a 21-month postintervention period, every third H&P was reviewed to determine median duration of continued IHELP use. RESULTS: A total of 619 admissions met inclusion
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The Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2005-2006 surveys collected health and social information from 11-, 13-, and 15-year old students in 41 countries and regions across Europe and North America. The self-completed questionnaire collected information on students health status, health behaviors, physical activity, sexual behavior, and substance use. The use of a standardized questionnaire allows for data analysis at the national level as well as comparison of data across countries.. The total sample size for the survey was 205,938 students. The sample size for Germany was 7,274 students.. ...
Results: The total average score from the scale was 115.78 36.20 and the average scores from the items were 2.57 0.46. The highest average scores were obtained from interpersonal support sub dimension, the lowest were from exercise. Age groups, working status, smoking, physical activity, body mass index and general health perceptions were the effective variables on scores. Women who didnt measured their blood-glucose and cholesterol level, who didnt practice self-breast examination and mammography during the last year, had significantly lower health responsibility, self-actualization, exercise, and stress management scores ...
By Tracy Epton. People engage in many behaviors that are bad for their health such as smoking, not exercising, eating unhealthily or drinking too much alcohol. What is intriguing is that people continue pursuing an unhealthy lifestyle even when they are confronted by information that tells them that these choices are bad for them; they minimize the risks or even deny them altogether. Self-affirmation theory (Steele, 1988) offers an explanation of why people do this.. Self-affirmation theory states that people are motivated to maintain their self-integrity (i.e., a positive self-image as adaptively and morally adequate, Steele, 1988, p. 262). Certain types of information threaten self-integrity; for example information that suggests that our lifestyle choices are bad for our health would indicate that we were not adaptively adequate (after all, why would someone intentionally continue to do something that is harmful to their health). In these circumstances we act defensively to avoid accepting ...
The major determinant of infant mortality in the United States is low birthweight LBW. Health behaviors related to LBW are inadequate prenatal care, poor nutrition, smoking, and moderate to heavy alcohol use. Before interventions can be designed to assist women in modifying these health behaviors, more must be understood about their causes. The...
Data from the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapies were examined to assess whether there are associations between neurocognitive functioning and risky behaviors among people living with HIV. Among the 658 HIV positive study participants examined, median age was 41 years; 57% were white, 32% were black, and 11% were Hispanic or of another ethnicity; 77% were male; 53% were men who have sex with men; median baseline cd4 count was 464 cells/mm3; 78% had a viral load ...
This Volume focuses on human capital and health behavior. Content is based on an International symposium on Human Capital and Health Behavior, held by The Centre for Health Economics at the University of Gothenburg. Content will cover both theoretical and empirical aspects of the topic.
We have produced this section about multiple health problems as a resource for people who live with two or more medical conditions and for their health professionals and carers. Here you can find out about the challenges and impact of living with multiple health problems. You can see and hear 38 people sharing their stories about the effects of health problems on their lives and their experiences of using health services. They talk about how they deal with the challenges brought by multiple health problems, for example by prioritising which health problem is the most important. They talk about where the health service has worked well and where it hasnt worked so well. Advice for patients and recommendations for improving care are offered. We hope you find the information helpful. If you are looking for advice about a specific health condition (e.g. diabetes or epilepsy) please refer to other sections of the website ...
You searched for: Academic Unit Epidemiology Remove constraint Academic Unit: Epidemiology Language English Remove constraint Language: English Date Published 2014 Remove constraint Date Published: 2014 Subject Gambling Remove constraint Subject: Gambling Subject Health behavior in adolescence Remove constraint Subject: Health behavior in adolescence ...
E- and m-health interventions are promising to change health behaviour. Many of these interventions use a large variety of behaviour change techniques (BCTs), but its not known which BCTs or which combination of BCTs contribute to their efficacy. Therefore, this experimental study investigated the efficacy of three BCTs (i.e. action planning, coping planning and self-monitoring) and their combinations on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) against a background set of other BCTs. In a 2 (action planning: present vs absent) × 2 (coping planning: present vs absent) × 2 (self-monitoring: present vs absent) factorial trial, 473 adults from the general population used the self-regulation based e- and m-health intervention MyPlan2.0 for five weeks. All combinations of BCTs were considered, resulting in eight groups. Participants selected their preferred target behaviour, either PA (n = 335, age = 35.8, 28.1% men) or SB (n = 138, age = 37.8, 37.7% men), and were then randomly allocated to
Background: Recent evidence suggests the effectiveness of stepwise, targeted approaches for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases with combinations of web-based and face-to-face interventions showing promising results. Objective: This paper reports on 1-year changes in health-risk behaviors, BMI, self-rated health, mental well-being, and risk of disease at 1-year follow-up after participation in a stepwise intervention that targeted persons at high risk of disease and persons with health-risk behavior. To this end, we distinguish between participants who took up the full intervention (web-based plus face-to-face) and those who received only the web-based intervention. Methods: The Early Detection and Prevention (Danish acronym: TOF) pilot study was conducted as a nonrandomized, 1-year follow-up intervention study in two municipalities in the Region of Southern Denmark. A total of 9400 citizens born between 1957 and 1986 (aged 29 to 60 years) were randomly sampled from participating general
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perceived classism and its relation with socioeconomic status, health, health behaviours and perceived inferiority. T2 - the Dutch Longitudinal Internet Studies for the Social Sciences (LISS) panel. AU - Simons, Audrey M. W.. AU - Koster, Annemarie. AU - Groffen, Danielle A. I.. AU - Bosma, Hans. PY - 2017/5. Y1 - 2017/5. KW - The Netherlands. KW - Perceived classism. KW - Meritocratic ideology. KW - Socioeconomic status. KW - Self-rated health. KW - Inferiority. KW - LONG-STANDING RECIPIENTS. KW - QUALITATIVE INTERVIEW. KW - LOW-INCOME. KW - DISCRIMINATION. KW - POVERTY. KW - STIGMA. KW - EXPERIENCES. KW - INEQUALITIES. KW - DISPARITIES. KW - SECURITY. U2 - 10.1007/s00038-016-0880-2. DO - 10.1007/s00038-016-0880-2. M3 - Article. VL - 62. SP - 433. EP - 440. JO - International Journal of Public Health. JF - International Journal of Public Health. SN - 1661-8556. IS - 4. ER - ...
BACKGROUND This article describes trends and stability over time in health complaints in adolescents from 2002 to 2010 and investigates associations between health complaints, behavioural and social contextual factors at individual level and economic factors at macro-level. METHODS Comprising N = 510 876 11-, 13- and 15-year-old children and adolescents in Europe, North America and Israel, data came from three survey cycles of the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Age- and gender-adjusted trends in health complaints were examined in each country by means of linear regression. By using the country as the random effects variable, we tested to what extent individual and contextual variables were associated with health complaints. RESULTS Significant associations are stronger for individual level determinants (e.g. being bullied, smoking) than for determinants at macro-level (e.g. GDP, Gini), as can be seen by the small effect sizes (less than 5% for different trends).
Synopses: A poster on the importance of Colostrum Feeding; it is an elixir to the baby. It advises not to squeeze and discard the colostrum. Colostrum is the first milk produced by a mothers mammary glands after the first 3 to 4 days of her babys birth.
Downloadable! Although researchers agree that more educated people typically engage in healthier behaviors, they have not uncovered the reason why. This paper considers several explanations, including future opportunity costs. Future opportunity costs represent any utility-improving future outcome that is affected by currently engaging in health-related behavior. This paper also examines whether there are degree effects in the health behaviors of binge drinking and smoking. Results suggest that future opportunity costs may affect smoking, although other interpretations cannot be ruled out. The results also find degree effects with regard to binge drinking. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Background: DNA-based disease risk information is becoming widely available. Expectations are high that communicating this information motivates behaviour change to reduce risk. Objective: To assess the impact of communicating DNA-based disease risk estimates on risk-reducing health behaviours and motivation to engage in such behaviours. Design: Systematic review with meta-analysis, using Cochrane methods. We assessed risk of bias for each included study and quality of evidence for each behavioural outcome. Data sources: We searched the following databases up to 25th February 2015: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We also conducted backward and forward citation searches. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies: Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials involving adults in which one group received personalised DNA-based disease risk estimates for diseases for which the risk could be reduced by behaviour change. Eligible studies included ...
Purpose/Objective(s): Cancer death rates in the US have declined. However, this trend is not true for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) where rates have remained unchanged. Further, AI/ANs have experienced the poorest five-year cancer survival rates of all racial and ethnic groups. The presentation will touch upon the historical traumas and contemporary resiliencies which have had influences on health behaviors, lifestyles, and the investigations of disparities among AI/AN Peoples and communities. The objectives will include 1) the movement of tribes exerting research sovereignty; 2) sharing the state of the science about bio-ethics in the landscapes of Indigenous Peoples; and 3) how cancer centers and academic institutions are becoming effective partners in the research process. Newsworthy exemplars of research in Indian Country will be shared.. Materials/Methods: This multifaceted presentation will share 1) research sovereignty through a tribal protocol and recommendations from the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Behaviour change techniques in home-based cardiac rehabilitation: A systematic review. AU - Heron, N.. AU - Kee, F.. AU - Donnelly, M.. AU - Cardwell, C.. AU - Tully, M.A.. AU - Cupples, M.E.. N1 - cited By 8. PY - 2016/9/29. Y1 - 2016/9/29. N2 - Background Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes offering secondary prevention for cardiovascular disease (CVD) advise healthy lifestyle behaviours, with the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) of goals and planning, feedback and monitoring, and social support recommended. More information is needed about BCT use in home-based CR to support these programmes in practice.Aim To identify and describe the use of BCTs in home-based CR programmes.Design and setting Randomised controlled trials of home-based CR between 2005 and 2015 were identified by searching MEDLINE®, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database.Method Reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts for eligibility. Relevant data, including BCTs, were ...
While persuasive technologies are found in many domains, considerable recent attention has focused on behavior change in health domains. Digital health coaching is the utilization of computers as persuasive technology to augment the personal care delivered to patients, and is used in numerous medical settings.[24] Numerous scientific studies show that online health behaviour change interventions can influence users behaviours. Moreover, the most effective interventions are modelled on health coaching, where users are asked to set goals, educated about the consequences of their behaviour, then encouraged to track their progress toward their goals. Sophisticated systems even adapt to users who relapse by helping them get back on the bandwagon.[25] ...
It is noted that most efforts to change health behaviours have had limited success. This paper suggests that in policy-making, discussions about behaviour change are subject to six common errors and that these errors have made the business of health-related behaviour change much more difficult than it needs to be ...
A new study led by a University of Kansas researcher has used national health statistics and identified how to cluster seven health behavior groups based on smoking status, alcohol use, physical activity, physician visits and flu vaccination are associated with mortality.
According to new study in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. The knowledge and skills required to change poor nutrition and health behavior choices are often unavailable to those living with financial limitations. Competing demands on time and resources may pose obstacles to their achieving better diets. However, two researchers at the University of Minnesota recently completed a study that looked at the effects that three educational sessions might have on knowledge and behaviors of 118 low-income women of ethnically diverse backgrounds.. Our research shows that with the right teaching experiences, having more classes may not be needed to reach our lower income population, says Chery Smith, PhD, MPH, RD, Professor, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota. This is really important for a group that is hard to reach, has transportation difficulties, and is extremely mobile due to work and housing changes.. Dr. Smith and former student Claire Rustad ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In-group rationalizations of risk and indoor tanning. T2 - A textual analysis of an online forum. AU - Carcioppolo, Nick. AU - Chudnovskaya, Elena V.. AU - Gonzalez, Andrea Martinez. AU - Stephan, Tyler. PY - 2016/7/1. Y1 - 2016/7/1. N2 - Unlike other health behaviors, there does not appear to be a strong relationship between perceived skin cancer risk and reduction or cessation of indoor tanning bed use. This study seeks to address this inconsistency by determining how indoor tanning bed users rationalize skin cancer risk with their tanning behavior. Qualitative textual analysis of indoor tanning message board posts (N = 330) revealed varied perceptions of risk, including acknowledging the risk of indoor tanning; denying or downplaying risk, often citing perceived health benefits associated with tanning; blaming outside forces for cancer, such as lotion or genetics; and fatalistic beliefs about cancer. These results highlight the nuanced relationship between perceived skin ...