Pri 1 2 3 4 5 6 English Tutor at Katong with Small Groups Tutorials at Katong for PSLE English Tutor Yuet Ling. Small groups English tuition with effective classes that help students to master Secondary English and understand the requirements of the latest MOE SEAB English syllabus to have a successful bid in their PSLE. Easy,…
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Synthesis and end group structure of 2-deoxydextrans prepared via the cationic ring-opening polymerization of an anhydro sugar. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
The Research Design and Methods course teaches relevant theories, concepts, tools and techniques in epidemiology to equip students with the knowledge and skills to undertake an applied epidemiological research study. The focus is on turning a research question into a study that is appropriate to the setting and will answer the research question. Students apply skills learnt by developing their own research proposal on a topic of their choosing. Teaching will be through case studies, lectures and small group tutorials. ...
Through lectures and small group tutorials student develop knowledge, skills and attitudes to safely review a patients condition and comment on therapy options and effects, while establishing the appropriate dose through the use of Kardex prescription charts. ...
In this course in St. Petersburg, as with all ESMRMB courses, it will be in the English language. There will be simultaneous translation of the lectures into the Russian language. The repetitions/small group tutorials/workshops will be performed in English with translator assistance. Eight topics will be addressed and will include bone marrow, spine, bone tumours, the shoulder, the hip, cartilage, sports injuries of the lower limb and MRI of musculo-skeletal trauma in the child and adolescent ...
The aim of the module is to provide you with a grounding in the molecular basis of infection, taking a look at the process of pathogenesis from the perspective of the pathogen. Focusing on both bacterial and fungal pathogens, the topics presented will increase your understanding of the molecular basis of microbial entry and survival within mammalian hosts, as well as how microbes cause damage to the host through the actions of toxins and secretion systems.. The module content is presented through a series of research-focused lectures that will give you a flavour of the research experiences of the main contributors. In addition, two small group tutorials will provide an opportunity to critically assess original research articles that relate to module content. The aim is for you to engage with original research literature, promoting your critical thinking skills.. Graduate attributes: as part of this module you will develop research level critical thinking skills in molecular microbiology, and ...
Physician-Patient Communication is undoubtedly the most difficult part in medical practice. Following a 30min interactive presentation on physician-patient communication by Expert Mrs E. Panagopoulou, 6 dramatized case scenarios (5min each) will be presented by actors to identify the difficulties and awkwardness that often exist. Each scenario will be followed by comments and discussion with the audience, so that the Urologist can integrate new communication approaches in his everyday practice.
Owners of rakhi stalls reported a drop in rakhi sales this year by around 30 per cent to 40 per cent even as the number of stalls in busy market areas across the city went up to nearly 500. Handmade rakhis embedded with stones were a hit this time and among the kids, Chota Bheem, Spiderman and Doraemon rakhis were popular. ...
How are stones formed? How can we prevent lithiasis relapses? How can we diagnostically approach the patient? When should we intervene in an obstruction? Which are the cases that we do not operate? How do we treat the coming renal failure? How do we protect the patient from colics before and after lithotripsy? Everything we should know about lithiasis cases, which hide many secrets.
In those days Povinelli shared the zeitgeist - spread by Whitens and Byrnes work, and started by Nick Humphrey and Alison Jolly before them - that, since the most exacting and potentially treacherous environment faced by chimpanzees and other primates was not physical, but the social environment of their peers, they had evolved a form of social cognition very much like our own, in order to deal with it. This was further elaborated into a full-blown social brain hypothesis by Robin Dunbar, who related brain neocortex size to social group size throughout the primates and up to man. Povinellis early work reflects this optimism for the mental life of apes, but both ape-language and ape-cognition research was subjected to a cold douche of searching criticism during the 1990s, and misgivings set in regarding the effectiveness of the experiments that had been constructed to guage ape cognition. Now the worm has turned again, with a number of research groups emerging with bolder and bolder claims ...
In those days Povinelli shared the zeitgeist - spread by Whitens and Byrnes work, and started by Nick Humphrey and Alison Jolly before them - that, since the most exacting and potentially treacherous environment faced by chimpanzees and other primates was not physical, but the social environment of their peers, they had evolved a form of social cognition very much like our own, in order to deal with it. This was further elaborated into a full-blown social brain hypothesis by Robin Dunbar, who related brain neocortex size to social group size throughout the primates and up to man. Povinellis early work reflects this optimism for the mental life of apes, but both ape-language and ape-cognition research was subjected to a cold douche of searching criticism during the 1990s, and misgivings set in regarding the effectiveness of the experiments that had been constructed to guage ape cognition. Now the worm has turned again, with a number of research groups emerging with bolder and bolder claims ...
In those days Povinelli shared the zeitgeist - spread by Whitens and Byrnes work, and started by Nick Humphrey and Alison Jolly before them - that, since the most exacting and potentially treacherous environment faced by chimpanzees and other primates was not physical, but the social environment of their peers, they had evolved a form of social cognition very much like our own, in order to deal with it. This was further elaborated into a full-blown social brain hypothesis by Robin Dunbar, who related brain neocortex size to social group size throughout the primates and up to man. Povinellis early work reflects this optimism for the mental life of apes, but both ape-language and ape-cognition research was subjected to a cold douche of searching criticism during the 1990s, and misgivings set in regarding the effectiveness of the experiments that had been constructed to guage ape cognition. Now the worm has turned again, with a number of research groups emerging with bolder and bolder claims ...
In those days Povinelli shared the zeitgeist - spread by Whitens and Byrnes work, and started by Nick Humphrey and Alison Jolly before them - that, since the most exacting and potentially treacherous environment faced by chimpanzees and other primates was not physical, but the social environment of their peers, they had evolved a form of social cognition very much like our own, in order to deal with it. This was further elaborated into a full-blown social brain hypothesis by Robin Dunbar, who related brain neocortex size to social group size throughout the primates and up to man. Povinellis early work reflects this optimism for the mental life of apes, but both ape-language and ape-cognition research was subjected to a cold douche of searching criticism during the 1990s, and misgivings set in regarding the effectiveness of the experiments that had been constructed to guage ape cognition. Now the worm has turned again, with a number of research groups emerging with bolder and bolder claims ...
In a recent conversation I was talking about the algorithms used by organisations like Facebook and Google to get people hooked into reading or listening to or otherwise attending to a whole host of stuff related to what they attended to yesterday. My interlocutor continued the conversation, but inadvertantly replaced the word algorithm with logarithm throughout, which I didnt correct, perhaps not so much out of politeness but because, though I knew enough about the difference to use the right word, I would have difficulty in defining either term, in case he asked. As for biorhythms, I threw them in just for fun.. Mathematics is probably my weakest subject, and for that reason Ive often been drawn to it in my dilettantish fashion, as to a kind of secret society Ive been excluded from due to lack of the requisite. So Ill start with my extremely limited and probably wrong working understanding of algos and logos (and bios), then provide a more informed account through a bit of ...
Much fundraising is done by individuals within existing social groups. Exploiting a unique dataset, we demonstrate (i) a positive relationship between social group size and the number of donations; (ii) a negative relationship between group size and the size of individual donations; (iii) no clear relationship between group size and the total amount raised. Free riding with respect to the activity being funded cannot explain the relationship between group size and donation size, since the number of social group members is only a subset of total contributors. Instead, the findings are consistent with the notion that giving in social groups is motivated by relational altruism. Full details in the University publications repository. ...
1.5-million-year-old footprints provide window to the life of Homo erectus. Researchers have recently discovered multiple assemblages of Homo erectus footprints in northern Kenya that provide unique opportunities to understand locomotor patterns and group structure through a form of data that directly records these dynamic behavior. Using novel analytical techniques, they have demonstrated that these H. erectus footprints preserve evidence of a modern human style of walking and a group structure that is consistent with human-like social behavior. Based on experimentally derived estimates of body mass from the Ileret hominin tracks, the researchers have also inferred the sexes of the multiple individuals who walked across footprint surfaces and, for the two most expansive excavated surfaces, developed hypotheses regarding the structure of these H. erectus groups. At each of these sites there is evidence of several adult males, implying some level of tolerance and possibly cooperation between ...
Ungulate group structure has been described in both sedentary and migratory populations (Knight 1970; Franklin & Lieb 1979; Shoesmith 1979; Clutton-Brock et al. 1982; Jenkins & Starkey 1982) and can be very dynamic (Bender & Haufler 1999), but the factors important to the rate of normalization of population structure following release into novel environments and how changing patterns of group structure interact with movement and demography have received much less attention. Opportunities to study these processes are unusual for a number of reasons. Determination of group status requires that a high proportion of individuals in the population are collared, and all individuals tracked for a long period of time. It also requires that a large number of individuals be released so that group-level parameters may be estimated with at least some statistical precision. Finally, the importance of group status will be most profound in social and highly cognitive animals, and the release and subsequent ...
Departments with robust quality improvement programs can attest to the effectiveness of data collection as a public relations tool, to support the requests for equipment and staffing, to facilitate operational improvement, and to demonstrate such improvements. This data gathering may support the work being done by other group members in other arenas. A better title might be director of ED operations to fully represent the scope of the role. This role is essential to the emergency physician group, and should be supported in creed and in deed.. It also might be argued that the characteristics of an individual willing to chase and mine data relative to ED processes, to analyze spreadsheets and flow charts for efficiency, and to redesign ED operations might be entirely different from the characteristics of the effective director. An ED director needs strong leadership qualities and the ability to politic effectively with institutional authority and outside agencies that affect the emergency ...
A major problem with some machines is that they not only identify the ethyl alcohol (or ethanol) found in alcohol beverages, but also other substances similar in molecular structure. Those machines identify any compound containing the methyl group structure. Over one hundred compounds can be found in the human breath at any one time and 70 to 80 percent of them contain methyl group structure and will be incorrectly detected as ethyl alcohol. Importantly, the more different ethyl group substances the machine detects, the higher the false BAC estimate will be.. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has found that dieters and diabetics can have acetone levels hundreds and even thousand of times higher than those in others. Acetone is one of the many substances that can be falsely identified as ethyl alcohol by some breath machines.. Substances in the environment can also lead to false BAC readings. For example, an alcohol-free subject was asked to apply a pint of contact cement ...
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(PhysOrg.com) -- One of the most complex human mysteries involves how and why we became an outlier species in terms of biological success.
This article contributes several significant findings to the literature. The first is that we provide a sound mathematical framework that connects cognitive limits with macroscopic social structures using layered ER networks. Kudo and Dunbar [22] have suggested that social link formation is related to social group sizes but this is the first study to show how such discrete links between individuals structurally define the aggregate layering of society. We are also able to describe a specific cognitive process-that of forming multiple one-to-one social bonds-that is quantifiable from large datasets and then to show that typically humans are able to manage four or five such connections. Specifically, in extending from a smaller to a larger social group, this expansion can be identified with the addition of (on average) a single one-to-one link for every individual such that the majority of individuals form a unique core of connected individuals around which the group can then socially cohere. Some ...
Mammalian skeletal muscle is influenced by the functional demands placed upon it. Functional morphology of facial expression musculature, or mimetic musculature, is largely unknown. Recently, primate mimetic musculature has been shown to respond to demands associated with social factors. Body size has also been demonstrated to affect many aspects of primate functional morphology and evolutionary morphology. The present study was designed to further examine the role of social variables and body size in influencing the morphology of primate mimetic musculature using a broad phylogenetic range of primates, primates with varying body sizes, and those that exploit differing time of day activity cycles and social group sizes ...
One of the intrinsic costs of social life is increased risk of acquiring socially transmitted infectious agents. Disease transmission is theoretically expected to increase with group size. However, the individuals in social groups are not randomly connected; a benefit of this social structure may be the mitigation of disease impact as group size becomes larger. We call this the social bottleneck hypothesis.. We used empirical comparative and meta-analyses to determine whether measures of social network structure covary with group size, and we coupled these tests with a simulation model of disease spread in relation to group structure and other variables. Our empirical analyses focused on potential links between network structure and size, expanding on a previous analysis of primates [29]. The data indicate that network substructure, as measured by Newmans modularity, increases in larger social groups, supporting the social bottleneck hypothesis. In a meta-analysis of variation in group size and ...
Fog computing is emerging as a powerful and popular computing paradigm to perform IoT (Internet of Things) applications, which is an extension to the cloud computing paradigm to make it possible to execute the IoT applications in the network of edge. The IoT applications could choose fog or cloud computing nodes for responding to the resource requirements, and load balancing is one of the key factors to achieve resource efficiency and avoid bottlenecks, overload, and low load. However, it is still a challenge to realize the load balance for the computing nodes in the fog environment during the execution of IoT applications. In view of this challenge, a dynamic resource allocation method, named DRAM, for load balancing in fog environment is proposed in this paper. Technically, a system framework for fog computing and the load-balance analysis for various types of computing nodes are presented first. Then, a corresponding resource allocation method in the fog environment is designed through static
A method for reassigning mobile stations a new phase within a channel is disclosed. In a communication system, a plurality of mobile stations attempt to communicate on a limited number of channels. The invention first uses a general allocation method to approximately evenly distribute the mobile stations on the available channels. After a mobile station begins active communication on the system, a second allocation method is used to change the phase of some mobile stations on a channel which has become heavily loaded. In addition, a message can also be sent to mobile stations assigned to but not yet actively communicating on the heavily loaded channel indicating that the mobile stations should change to a new channel.
The Language Department at Lane Community College offers courses in French, Spanish, and American Indian Languages. In all of our language programs, we seek to create a respectful learning environment that fosters an awareness of and appreciation for diverse cultures, while encouraging a spirit of inquiry and discovery. To facilitate students success, our innovative instructional staff embrace multiple creative approaches to teaching language which accommodate a variety of learning styles, and numerous resources are available to students.. In the classroom, students enjoy practicing their new language skills working in pairs and small groups at round tables. Native speakers are often present to assist in class, and students meet with them weekly for additional support in the form of individual and group tutorials. Instructors provide information on overseas opportunities, and every year some of our best students opt to live, study and work abroad in French and Spanish-speaking countries.. Our ...
Architecture Summer School, 2019Photographer: © Adam Hollingworth. Visit our accessibility page to view a list of supported browsers along with links to download the latest version. Architecture courses may last anywhere from one week for a short test prep course to five years for an online bachelors degree in architecture. SW7 2EU, Curating Contemporary Art and Design: Theory and Practice, RCA Short Courses Frequently Asked Questions, RCA Short Courses: Participant Testimonies, learn through individual and group tutorials, discussions, presentations and crits, experience studio teaching supported by site visits, lectures and seminars, engage with workshops in making or drawing skills, as appropriate to the brief. Projects are supported by Royal College of Art staff and external contributors with a varied range of expertise. Looking for a summer program to prepare you for school? Students might learn about famous architects, as well as different architectural styles throughout the history of ...
In the framework of staff capacity building, Fondi BESA has established a specialized training unit during 2017. In order to establish a training team, during September it was organized a three-day training with the staff within the framework of the Albanian Agriculture Support Facility, supported by EBRD and the Albanian Government.. This is a comprehensive training program designed to offer participants the opportunity to practice their training skills, the most creative, participatory and contemporary techniques and methodologies in their training, and receive feedback from the facilitator and their colleagues.. This training gives participants a good understanding of the skills required to make professional presentations, to develop and deliver high-quality interactive seminars and to provide training and mentoring at the workplace.. This training format utilizes interactive activities, including role plays, group discussions, skill practice, video tools, and training appraisal. Activities ...
Attend our interactive seminar to become a better and more confident speaker! Workshop dates are June 4, 11, and 18, 7:30 pm - 9:30 pm each night. This class is designed for entrepreneurs, administra[...] ...
Im not sure that Im actually conscious and awake, living in a dream here. (interruption) No, no, no. I dont know how to explain this. But in the news today, Ive got all kinds of people saying this and that. None of what anybody thinks is interesting is interesting to me. And the stuff that does interest me, Im still not sure why it does. So this is going to be very, very weird today because I look at the stacks of stuff here and maybe in five stacks I got three things here I really care about. The rest of it is, Okay I gotta do a service here and get involved in this because this is news that needs to be discussed, analyzed as only I can, but its tough to explain here. Its not that I dont care about it. Its that Im confused. Ive got all kinds of people all fired up about all kinds of stuff and I cant for the life of me understand why. (interruption) No, Snerdley, I do get confused at times. Its just that I never admit it. Here I am admitting it ...
US Patent, 5,836,970 A, 1998. Gilsenan, PM, Richardson, RK, Morris, ER. Heavy and weeklong terms between download proof theory the and pleasant cleaning, download 1: possible members in the 003b2 of Ca2+. Google Scholar, MS. download proof theory the first step into impredicativity success and Beginning application of experiment obsession verification offerings. Google Scholar, Crossref28. Ikeda, S, Kumagai, H, Sakiyama, T. Method for signing Continuous download proof theory the first step of free data: tile to a emergency genetic time deformed from time and substitution. Google Scholar, Crossref29. Argin-Soysal, S, Kofinas, download proof theory the first, Lo, YM. Google Scholar, Crossref30. Farris, S, Karen, M, Liu, LS. download proof theory the of local Conditions as an Converted location for the experimenter of Napoleonic books for hop chitosan things: a mathematik. If you do the healthy download proof theory requested, you can take knowledge group structures to the Transparency reality of ...
The identification of most relevant clinical criteria related to low back pain disorders may aid the evaluation of the nature of pain suffered in a way that usefully informs patient assessment and treatment. Data concerning low back pain can be of categorical nature, in the form of a check-list in which each item denotes presence or absence of a clinical condition. Latent class analysis is a model-based clustering method for multivariate categorical responses, which can be applied to such data for a preliminary diagnosis of the type of pain. In this work, we propose a variable selection method for latent class analysis applied to the selection of the most useful variables in detecting the group structure in the data. The method is based on the comparison of two different models and allows the discarding of those variables with no group information and those variables carrying the same information as the already selected ones. We consider a swap-stepwise algorithm where at each step the models ...
The group is run entirely by volunteers and aims to provide the best possible support to local people with MND, their families and carers. Originally formed over 28 years ago, the original Branch has undergone a number of organisational changes. These changes included changing to a fundraising Group because of the lack of committee members and eventually relaunching the current Group structure in February 2007. Remaining flexible is a key feature to our success and we are very proud that the founding members are still very much part of and completely involved in the Groups activities ...
There will be an open meeting of the EPD on Thursday 4th September 1830-2000 at Bonn. Important decisions will be made about its future administrative structure. Watch this space for more details! At the EPD open meeting in Bonn we must decide on the future administrative structure for the EPD. At present it is run by a small caretaking committee (Richard Bradshaw, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu and Valerie Andrieu) while progress is made in working groups that report their activities on the web-site. It would be nice to keep the whole process as open and public as possible. Please now submit ideas for how the EPD should be managed in the future that can form the basis for discussions at Bonn. I will begin…… Proposal for future administrative structure of the EPD. Richard Bradshaw. I propose that the working group structure continues, but as many of the contributors have no permanent positions there should be a group of co-ordinators, nominated and elected for fixed terms, who try and sort out ...
Throughout the year the Institute continued to provide support for local groups, including the sponsorship of regional conferences, engagement with the Alliance Research initiative to develop new services through existing industry and educational networks, support of the IA Education initiative, and support of the Translation initiative. Local Groups and global networking planning activities are continuing with the creation of a viable Local Groups and Chapters strategy. To inform our strategy for local participation, we conducted a survey of local group leaders, performed a review of local group structure at partner and similar professional organizations, and initiated a Local Groups pilot project. http://iainstitute.org/documents/research/IA_Institute_Local_Leaders_Survey_2009.pdf. The 2009 Local Groups survey was conducted in March and April of 2009 by Board member Stacy Surla and Operations Manager Noreen Whysel. 468 individuals, whom the IAI operations manager and members of the boards of ...
Nerve cells that produce dopamine for the purpose of transmitting signals to other cells affect numerous crucial brain functions. This becomes evident in diseases such as Parkinsons and schizophrenia, where dopamine transmission in the brain is impaired. In collaboration with researchers from Bonn, RUB scientists at the Mercator Research Group Structure of Memory have now identified in what way a specific form of this important cell is generated and which networks it forms in the course of brain development. In the process, the researchers discovered a data highway of sorts: the nerve cells use not only dopamine for signal transmission, but also the much-faster glutamate. The results have now been published in the trade magazine Nature Neuroscience. read more. ...
Résumé: Multiblock methods integrate the information in several blocks of explanatory variables to explain a set of dependent variables. However in many applications, multiblock techniques are used when the observations come from a homogeneous population but it often happens that the observations originate from different ones. A standard approach to obtain clusters within a regression framework is clusterwise, a.k.a. typological, regression. These methods assume that there is an underlying unknown group structure of the observations and that each cluster can be revealed by the fit of a specific regression model. In a more formal way, clusterwise regression simultaneously looks for a partition of the observations into clusters and minimizes the sum of squared errors computed over all the clusters. We propose to combine a regularized multiblock regression with a clusterwise approach. We focus on prediction as a matter of utmost importance however not addressed in the clusterwise framework. In ...
The Sr. Business Analyst is an intermediate role with the business management team for the Global Industrials IB group at Citi. The role provides exposure to broader Investment Banking groups day-to-day administrative tasks, performance reporting, business management and strategy. Will work closely with COO of group and business manager on various reporting and ad-hoc projects. Opportunity to learn Industrials Group structure, product sets, and day-to-day operations. ...
Enriched categories are powerful stuff, and I should really learn more about them. But the basic idea is simple: take some monoidal category E (ie, theres a functor *:E^2 -> E and a unit u in E, and (E, *, u) behaves like a monoid up to isomorphism). A category C enriched in E has hom-E-objects instead of hom-sets between any two objects of C. Composition is a family of E-maps o:C(B,C)*C(A,B) -> C(A,C), satisfying the usual diagrams. Enriching in Ab gives an abelian group structure on your hom-sets, so you can add morphisms; enriching in Top gives a topological structure to your hom-sets. But theres no reason your E-objects need to be sets or anything like them: for instance, categories enriched in (R,+,0) are something very close to metric spaces ...
www.MOLUNA.de Time-Frequency Representations [4191237] - The aim of this work is to present several topics in time-frequency analysis as subjects in abelian group theory. The algebraic point of view pre dominates as questions of convergence are not considered. Our approach emphasizes the unifying role played by group structures on the development of theory and algorithms.
If there is a defect in the anterior dentition using various bridges.Prop thus becoming the teeth that remain.With the loss of canines or premolars root teeth splinting fixed structures, and replace defective removable models.It is worth remembering that the bridges can not be used if the teeth are placed distally are moving.In this case, arc used to design clasps and unguiculate continuous processes.. removable splinting prostheses used in large defects and significant periodontal lesions, as well as the absence of a solid support.As a rule, set the arc prosthesis that provides lateral stability.Teeth splinting the front group structures, which can not be removed.At considerable mobility of the teeth can additionally set an arc with multi-unit prosthesis clasps.In this case the front teeth receive additional support from the lingual side.If necessary, create a circular fixation, which provides a combination of fixed and tires prosthesis, which can be removed.. When atrophy of the jaw bone to ...
p. 2215-2264. Liangjun Su, Zhentao Shi, Peter C. B. Phillips This paper provides a novel mechanism for identifying and estimating latent group structures in panel data using penalized techniques. We consider both linear and nonlinear models where the regression coefficients are heterogeneous across groups but homogeneous within a group and the group membership is unknown. Two approaches are considered-penalized profile likelihood (PPL) estimation for the general nonlinear models without endogenous regressors, and penalized GMM (PGMM) estimation for linear models with endogeneity. In both cases, we develop a new variant of Lasso called classifier‐Lasso (C‐Lasso) that serves to shrink individual coefficients to the unknown group‐specific coefficients. C‐Lasso achieves simultaneous classification and consistent estimation in a single step and the classification exhibits the desirable property of uniform consistency. For PPL estimation, C‐Lasso also achieves the oracle property so that ...
IDL Group is a leader in the creation and implementation of commercial environments. We have three individual businesses with extensive expertise in the retail, leisure, commercial and residential sectors, operating under the IDL Group structure: IDL Architecture, IDL Project and NOW London.
CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: I.: A pure Nash equilibrium guaranteeing game theoretical replica allocation method for reducing web access time
UVIs 2013 University Bound Program runs from June 23 through July 19, on UVIs Albert A. Sheen and St. Thomas campuses. A total of approximately 50 students are expected to participate in this summers residential component of the program, with students staying in UVIs residence halls. Formerly known as the Upward Bound Program, University Bound provides students with academic instruction, individual and small group tutorials and counseling, college admissions information, and cultural, social and recreational activities. The new name reflects a change in the programs funding source. Originally funded by the U.S. Department of Education, University Bound is now locally funded through the Virgin Islands Legislature. For more information contact Director Rosalia Rhymer-Rohan at (340) 693-1133 on St. Thomas or Assistant Director Michelle Albany-Crispin at (340) 692-4182 on St. Croix ...
Rapid responses are electronic letters to the editor. They enable our users to debate issues raised in articles published on thebmj.com. Although a selection of rapid responses will be included online and in print as readers letters, their first appearance online means that they are published articles. If you need the url (web address) of an individual response, perhaps for citation purposes, simply click on the response headline and copy the url from the browser window. Letters are indexed in PubMed ...
Supplementary MaterialsSupplementary Information srep28833-s1. from Zhongshan Hospital Ethics Committee was acquired before the study. All experimental protocols were carried out in accordance with the guidelines authorized by the Zhongshan Hospital Ethics Committee. Informed consent was from all the individuals with this study. IHC analysis Formalin-fixed GBC cells were inlayed in paraffin, and 4-m-thick sections were slice and mounted on slides. After deparaffin and antigen recovery, the slides were washed thrice in peroxidase obstructing remedy (DakoCytomation, Carpinteria, CA, USA). The slides were then incubated with rabbit anti-human STMN1 polyclonal antibodies (1:600; Cell Signaling Technology, MA, USA) over night at 4?C, followed by incubation with a secondary antibody (UltraSensitive SP; Fuzhou Maixin Biotech. Co., Fuzhou, China) at 25?C for 30?min. The immunolabeled slides were visualized by diaminobenzidine for 5?min, counterstained with hematoxylin, and observed under microscope ...
Analysts claim that between the criticality cycle (day 1) as well as the sensitivity cycle (day 14) there is a period of 24 hours focused in between day 11 (physical cycle) and also day 16 (intellectual cycle). Different cycles have various periods, and there are critical days at any type of time of news. When a biorhythm cycle crosses the 0-line, adding a worth or minimizing a value is credited to crucial days that are thought about irregular. Because our biorhythm cycles relocate at different rates, we have days when we work at an optimal degree as well as days when we operate at a reduced degree. The biorhythm is an power wave cycle that tracks the level of our physical, emotional as well as intellectual energy degrees. You can compute your individual biorhythm-free day. For pairs you can click right here to determine biorhythm compatibility, go into the birth day of everyone and also compare your partner to the following Click here to make clear the graph history of biorhythms. The 23-day ...
The Biorhythm calculator assists those who would like to know their existing physical, emotional, and intellectual level. By default, the Biorhythm Calculator diagram displays four primary biorhythms. The day-to-day modification curve shows how your different biorhythm worths have actually altered in the past and what you can expect the next day. Consider how you can utilize the greater and various cycles to improve your efforts around the law of tourist attraction. The Biorhythm Calculator deals with a holistic level and covers different elements. The BioRhythm Program supplies you with chart values that assist you comprehend what is going on in your life and make the best choices for the future. It will assist you avoid damage from taking you back to where you were in the past and where you are now in life. The history of biorhythm analysis and mapping is not brand-new and can be traced back to the work of Dr. Herman Svobod and Dr. Fliess in the early 20th century. Couples gain from utilizing ...
A key problem in understanding major transitions in evolution is the evolution of cooperation: how are mutants that exploit the benefits of cooperation without paying the costs (cheats) suppressed within populations? Biofilms, which display properties of both single cell and multicellular organisms, provide an excellent model system to address this question. Biofilms exhibit grouped population structure - they exist primarily as dense aggregates of cells called microcolonies. We aim to test the hypothesis that cell-grouping displayed by microcolonies in bacterial biofilms provides a mechanism to suppress cheats within the biofilm population. We are using the co-operative trait of siderophore production (an extracellular iron-chelating molecule) within Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms to investigate cooperation in biofilms. Under iron-limited conditions, production of siderophores enhanced wild type growth, but microcolonies containing GFP-tagged, pyoverdin-mutant cheats developed poorly. In ...
Mammalian skeletal muscle is influenced by the functional demands placed upon it. Functional morphology of facial expression musculature, or mimetic musculature, is largely unknown. Recently, primate mimetic musculature has been shown to respond to demands associated with social factors. Body size has also been demonstrated to affect many aspects of primate functional morphology and evolutionary morphology. The present study was designed to further examine the role of social variables and body size in influencing the morphology of primate mimetic musculature using a broad phylogenetic range of primates, primates with varying body sizes, and those that exploit differing time of day activity cycles and social group sizes ...
0155] (4-7) When a base station transmits an interference measurement signal, the base station transmits an interference measurement signal using TDD, FDD or CDM such that the interference state of the cell to which that terminal belongs and interference states of other cells can be detected separately. Further, it is also possible to use a plurality of interference measurement signals. For example, a synchronization channel (SCH) that is used near the center frequency of the operating communication band and a reference signal (i.e. pilot signal) that is transmitted using all operating communication bands may be used as interference measurement signals. In this case, a terminal measures instantaneous interference (that is, finds a short time average) using a synchronizing channel, and transmits SBI request information to the base station based on this measurement result. Next, the terminal averages an interference state per subband for a long time using a reference signal (that is, finds a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Journal club. T2 - Neurosurgical practice liability: Relative risk by procedure type. AU - Church, Ephraim W.. AU - Anderson, Brian L.. AU - Bogason, Einar T.. AU - Brandmeir, Nicholas J.. AU - Daggubati, Lekhaj C.. AU - Davanzo, Justin R.. AU - Hussain, Namath S.. AU - Lane, Jessica R.. AU - McDermott, David. AU - Payne, Russell. AU - Rohatgi, Pratik. AU - Savaliya, Sandip. AU - Sieg, Emily P.. AU - Ziu, Endrit. PY - 2016/2/1. Y1 - 2016/2/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84955264819&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84955264819&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1227/NEU.0000000000001121. DO - 10.1227/NEU.0000000000001121. M3 - Article. C2 - 26779786. AN - SCOPUS:84955264819. VL - 78. SP - 306. EP - 308. JO - Neurosurgery. JF - Neurosurgery. SN - 0148-396X. IS - 2. ER - ...
World Youth Alliance signed a partnership agreement with Minerva Schools at KGI last January 4, 2016 providing a Freshman Year Tuition Scholarship in Minerva to a chosen WYA member.. The Minerva Schools at KGI is an innovative, accredited global university program started by a Harvard Dean and a Silicon Valley entrepreneur to prepare future leaders who will serve their community and world. Minerva students live and learn in seven world cities (San Francisco, Berlin, Buenos Aires, and more) during their four years, studying in small, interactive seminars, all for $10k / year tuition. Minerva is offering one $10,000 scholarship covering freshman year tuition for a qualified World Youth Alliance student to join the Class of 2020. Learn more at https://www.minerva.kgi.edu/partners/WYA/. Please share this unique opportunity with other WYA members and friends!. ...
We are glad to invite you to the interunversity multilingual interactive seminar Zhangyru Zholy devoted to the project 100 new textbooks of Kazakhstan, which will be held on 29th November at 3.00. p.m. ...
Debbie says:. Youve probably read the sad tale of Sister Margaret McBride. Nicholas Krystof wrote about her for the New York Times.. Sister Margaret was a senior administrator of St. Josephs Hospital in Phoenix. A 27-year-old mother of four arrived late last year, in her third month of pregnancy. According to local news reports and accounts from the hospital and some of its staff members, the mother suffered from a serious complication called pulmonary hypertension. That created a high probability that the strain of continuing pregnancy would kill her. Sister Margaret was a member of [the hospitals ethics] committee. … The bishop of Phoenix, Thomas Olmsted, ruled that Sister Margaret was automatically excommunicated because she assented to an abortion. Since the excommunication, Sister Margaret has left her post as vice president and is no longer listed as one of the hospital executives on its Web site. The hospital told me that she had resigned at the bishops request but is still ...
My spouse actually tried to keep up the practice of thorough follow-up care on his patients in the large system he used to work for (7th largest in the country). When new administrators arrived on the scene, they saw the beauty of cutting care because of the bundled payments, and mandated that PAs do follow-up in the hospital. That way, they could keep the surgeons in the OR and still bill for the PAs work. My spouse objected. At that hospital he was known among the 4 neurosurgeons as the only one who takes care of his patients. When it was clear the administrative bulldozer wasnt going to stop, he insisted that at least the PAs should be supervised. That was a no go from the administrators point of view, and he was deemed not a team player despite the fact that theyd had one of the other neurosurgeons called up before the hospital ethics committee for a horrible situation in which her patient ripped out his feeding tubes not once, but three times, in the ICU. She never bothered to see ...
Subjects. Experiments were performed on healthy volunteers (male and female; n = 33) aged between 21 and 47. In accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, written consent was given by the subjects before participation in the study. Exclusions included pregnancy, asthma, any chronic skin condition, or known sensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The subjects were blind to all treatments and test solutions applied. Subjects underwent an initial training session to familiarize them with the testing and rating procedures and then attended one or more sessions, each lasting ∼1-2 hr. All procedures and protocols were approved by St. Thomas Hospital Ethics Committee.. Iontophoresis of test solutions. Skin on the volar forearm of healthy adult volunteers was used in this study. After the experimental skin was cleaned with an alcohol swab, an iontophoresis chamber was attached with an adhesive disc, and an indifferent electrode was placed at a distant site usually on the hand. ...
Subjects. Experiments were performed on healthy volunteers (male and female; n = 33) aged between 21 and 47. In accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki, written consent was given by the subjects before participation in the study. Exclusions included pregnancy, asthma, any chronic skin condition, or known sensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The subjects were blind to all treatments and test solutions applied. Subjects underwent an initial training session to familiarize them with the testing and rating procedures and then attended one or more sessions, each lasting ∼1-2 hr. All procedures and protocols were approved by St. Thomas Hospital Ethics Committee.. Iontophoresis of test solutions. Skin on the volar forearm of healthy adult volunteers was used in this study. After the experimental skin was cleaned with an alcohol swab, an iontophoresis chamber was attached with an adhesive disc, and an indifferent electrode was placed at a distant site usually on the hand. ...
This discovery and others have actually shown that people are affected by physiological, psychological, and intellectual rhythms, however the exact relationship in between these biorhythm cycles is not well understood. Some research studies have discovered evidence to support the theory that there is a link in between intellectual and biorhythm and academic performance. To enhance our understanding of biorhythms, we evaluated gender variations in retinal periodicity (RP) and its relationship to enamel density in a sample of M3s from n = 94 adults in the UK. The function of biorhythmic cycles mapping is to enable the estimation of important days for bring out or avoiding different activities. The relationship in between a 23-day physical cycle and a 28-day emotional-biorhythmic cycle and free toss precision. Our emotional-borihythmic cycle lasts 28 days, while our intellectual-borihythmic cycle lasts 33 days. Biorhythms are inorganic cycles that regulate memory, aspiration, coordination, ...
This discovery and others have actually shown that individuals are affected by physiological, psychological, and intellectual rhythms, but the exact relationship in between these biorhythm cycles is not well understood. Some research studies have actually found proof to support the theory that there is a link between intellectual and biorhythm and academic performance. To improve our understanding of biorhythms, we evaluated gender variations in retinal periodicity (RP) and its relationship to enamel thickness in a sample of M3s from n = 94 adults in the UK. The purpose of biorhythmic cycles mapping is to allow the computation of crucial days for performing or preventing different activities. The relationship between a 23-day physical cycle and a 28-day emotional-biorhythmic cycle and complimentary throw precision. Our emotional-borihythmic cycle lasts 28 days, while our intellectual-borihythmic cycle lasts 33 days. Biorhythms are inorganic cycles that control memory, aspiration, coordination, ...
Our biorhythm charts depict a range of days centered on the target day. The numbers -14, -7, +7, and +14 across the top mark dates ranging from the past to the future. The numbers from +100% (maximum) to -100% (minimum) indicate where the rhythms are on a particular day. In general, a rhythm at 0% is thought to have no real impact on your life, whereas a rhythm at +100% (a high) would give you an edge in that area, and a rhythm at -100% (a low) would make life more difficult in that area. There is no particular meaning to a day on which your rhythms are all high or all low, except the obvious benefits or hindrances that these rare extremes are thought to have on your life.. The three primary biorhythm cycles are:. Emotional: This cycle tracks the stability and positive energy of your psyche and outlook on life, as well as your capacity to empathize with and build rapport with other people.. Intellectual: This cycle tracks your verbal, mathematical, symbolic, and creative abilities, as well as ...
Our biorhythm charts depict a range of days centered on the target day. The numbers -14, -7, +7, and +14 across the top mark dates ranging from the past to the future. The numbers from +100% (maximum) to -100% (minimum) indicate where the rhythms are on a particular day. In general, a rhythm at 0% is thought to have no real impact on your life, whereas a rhythm at +100% (a high) would give you an edge in that area, and a rhythm at -100% (a low) would make life more difficult in that area. There is no particular meaning to a day on which your rhythms are all high or all low, except the obvious benefits or hindrances that these rare extremes are thought to have on your life.. The three primary biorhythm cycles are:. Emotional: This cycle tracks the stability and positive energy of your psyche and outlook on life, as well as your capacity to empathize with and build rapport with other people.. Intellectual: This cycle tracks your verbal, mathematical, symbolic, and creative abilities, as well as ...
Our biorhythm charts depict a range of days centered on the target day. The numbers -14, -7, +7, and +14 across the top mark dates ranging from the past to the future. The numbers from +100% (maximum) to -100% (minimum) indicate where the rhythms are on a particular day. In general, a rhythm at 0% is thought to have no real impact on your life, whereas a rhythm at +100% (a high) would give you an edge in that area, and a rhythm at -100% (a low) would make life more difficult in that area. There is no particular meaning to a day on which your rhythms are all high or all low, except the obvious benefits or hindrances that these rare extremes are thought to have on your life.. The three primary biorhythm cycles are:. Emotional: This cycle tracks the stability and positive energy of your psyche and outlook on life, as well as your capacity to empathize with and build rapport with other people.. Intellectual: This cycle tracks your verbal, mathematical, symbolic, and creative abilities, as well as ...
Our biorhythm charts depict a range of days centered on the target day. The numbers -14, -7, +7, and +14 across the top mark dates ranging from the past to the future. The numbers from +100% (maximum) to -100% (minimum) indicate where the rhythms are on a particular day. In general, a rhythm at 0% is thought to have no real impact on your life, whereas a rhythm at +100% (a high) would give you an edge in that area, and a rhythm at -100% (a low) would make life more difficult in that area. There is no particular meaning to a day on which your rhythms are all high or all low, except the obvious benefits or hindrances that these rare extremes are thought to have on your life.. The three primary biorhythm cycles are:. Emotional: This cycle tracks the stability and positive energy of your psyche and outlook on life, as well as your capacity to empathize with and build rapport with other people.. Intellectual: This cycle tracks your verbal, mathematical, symbolic, and creative abilities, as well as ...
Wilhelm Fliess (German: Wilhelm Fließ; 24 October 1858 - 13 October 1928) was a German Jewish otolaryngologist who practised in Berlin. He developed highly eccentric theories of human biorhythms and a possible nasogenital connection that have not been accepted by modern scientists. He is today best remembered for his close personal friendship and theoretical collaboration with Sigmund Freud, a controversial chapter in the history of psychoanalysis. Fliess developed several idiosyncratic theories, such as vital periodicity, forerunner of the popular concepts of biorhythms. His work never found scientific favor, though some of his thinking - such as the idea of innate bisexuality- was incorporated into Freuds theories. Fliess believed men and women went through mathematically fixed sexual cycles of 23 and 28 days, respectively. Another of Fliesss ideas was the theory of nasal reflex neurosis. This became widely known following the publication of his controversial book Neue Beitrage und ...
Snail brain. Three-dimensional computer graphic of a snail brain showing neurosecretions, in a study on the effect of light on snail biorhythms. Colour variations (yellow, red, white) show varying levels of neurosecretion. This research is conduc- ted by B. Buisson and A. Blanc at the Laboratory of Applied Animal Biology in St. Etienne, France. They have shown that garden snail biorhythms are under the influence of light. Snails rest by day and are active at night. Light acts on the snail eye retina which affects brain neurosecretions over a 24 hour period. These neurosecretions pass from the brain at night to nerves in the morning, reaching muscles by day causing the snail to rest. - Stock Image P331/0012
The Spleen has a wide range of functions, from digestion to muscle tone to sensuality. The Spleen manufactures Qi from our food. The Spleens role is to transform and move foods, liquids, and thoughts in the body (i.e. digestion). For this reason the Spleen is called the source of postnatal energy (acquired Qi). It has a primary role in the lymphatic and immune systems. It keeps our tissues, muscles, and thoughts moist, supple, adaptable. The Spleen governs taste and true nourishment. It regulates bio-rhythms including menstruation. The Spleen stores Yi, consciousness of potentials, the ability to focus the mind sharply and keenly. A healthy spleen requires a stabile home environment. The Spleen harmonizes upper and lower parts of the body. Worry and over-thinking are the greatest causes of Spleen depletion.. The Spleen is the largest lymphatic organ, and plays an important part in the bodys immune system, by helping it to recognize foreign invaders. The spleen is responsible for the removal of ...
There is an interesting aside here. Dunbar and others argue that social grooming is important for maintaining relationships, and for sustaining the coalitions that facilitate large group structures. While apes might spend their time picking insects out of each others fur, we waggle our tongues and use our voice boxes. Evolutionary psychologists often argue that we evolved language as a very efficient form of social grooming. Well, half of them would. The other half would argue something more along the lines that our brains got so big and heavy we had to do something useful with them, and language turns out to be a rather beneficial thing to have.. Think of it this way: If a large group of apes is only able to be large because they spent their entire time picking nits out of each others fur, it wont be a large group for very long. While they have the advantage of being able to defend themselves and pool resources, they dont have any time left for finding food. They will be an extinct bunch of ...
In this dissertation, we study the problems of structure design and optimal control of consensus and synchronization networks. Our objective is to design controller that utilize limited information exchange between subsystems in large-scale networks. To obtain controllers with low communication requirements, we seek solutions to regularized versions of the H2 optimal control problem. The proposed framework can be leveraged for control design in applications like wide-area control in bulk power systems, frequency regulation in power system/microgrids, synchronization of nonlinear oscillator networks, etc. The structure of the dissertation is organized as follows. In Part I, we focus on the optimal control problems in systems with symmetries and consensus/synchronization networks. They are characterized by structural constraints that arise either from the underlying group structure or the lack of the absolute measurements for a part of the state vector. Our framework solves the regularized ...
After exploring various group treatment approaches, the program has successfully developed and sustained 11 weekly drop- in support groups that address early recovery, relapse prevention, and issues related to HIV. This paper emphasizes how assessing and possessing an in-depth understanding of client needs is a prerequisite to planning and conducting successful group treatment. It also suggests that maintaining abstinence in recovery from chemical dependency and preventing relapse are critical to the management of HIV infection as a chronic illness. This group model is an outgrowth of ongoing work at Gouverneur Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Ryan White Mental Health Linkage Program in New York City. In addition to describing group structure and characteristics, this paper also briefly discusses staff issues. The program has found that a peer process group for co-leaders of the groups has been important. The staff meets weekly for 1 hour to review the weeks work. 7 references ...
Best Practices, LLC surveyed six industry-leading pharmaceutical companies to benchmark group structures, staff resources, career paths, training, technology, and data handling in their Manufacturing Technical Services (MTS) groups. The survey data analysis is designed to complement the best practices and other accompanying research contained in this report. This 24-page document includes data about the number of MTS employees across the manufacturing locations, the educational background of MTS employees, and the importance of MTS staff training responsibilities. The document also contains a matrix of partner responses to research questions posed to these six world-class companies. ...
We present a formal multiagent framework for coordinating a class of collaborative industrial practices called Industrial Symbiotic Networks (ISNs) as cooperative games. The game-theoretic formulation of ISNs enables systematic reasoning about what we call the ISN implementation problem. Specifically, the characteristics of ISNs may lead to the inapplicability of standard fair and stable benefit allocation methods. Inspired by realistic ISN scenarios and following the literature on normative multiagent systems, we consider regulations and normative socio-economic policies as coordination instruments that in combination with ISN games resolve the situation. In this multiagent system, employing Marginal Contribution Nets (MC-Nets) as rule-based cooperative game representations foster the combination of regulations and ISN games with no loss in expressiveness. We develop algorithmic methods for generating regulations that ensure the implementability of ISNs and as a policy support, present the ...
Federal student loans are simple interest loans, which means that interest accrues daily, separately from the principal balance. When a payment is received it is applied to accrued interest first, and the rest is applied towards the principal balance. The amount of interest assessed on each payment may vary depending on the number of days between payments.. Unless you direct your payments to an individual loan or loan group, the default allocation method is followed. Payments are allocated first to any past due loan groups. If you do not pay the current amount due, your payment will be allocated across the loan group(s) from most to least delinquent, in proportion to each loan groups regular monthly payment amount, less any amount previously paid until each loan group is at the same level of delinquency or all loan groups are up to date. Once all loan groups are up to date, payments are allocated across loan groups in an active repayment status, in proportion to each loan groups monthly ...
MUM-the Mulitattribute Utility Model-an allocation method for distinguishing enterprise from personal/professional goodwill in divorce cases, just went to trial in Florida and received ratification by both the court and the appraiser in Neary v. Neary, Case No. 06-DR-3254 (18th Cir., Seminole, FL). Ive used this method in several divorce cases in Florida, reports Kenton Thompson (RSM McGladrey, Inc., Orlando), but this is the first one that has gone through the complete trial process and had a judge weigh in on the analysis. I find it to be a very useful way to analyze and present the analysis of enterprise versus personal goodwill in these cases, he adds. It obviously requires professional judgment and some subjective decision making by the valuation expert, but so does every method that we utilize. We all recognize that cookie cutter approaches and formulas arent accurate and carry their own sets of assumptions. The Neary case is not likely to see appellate court review, Thompson says. ...
Evolved true altruistic behavior among non-relatives in non-social animals. What I mean by true altruistic behavior is the observation of an individual sacrificing its reproductive output for the benefit of individuals to which it is either unrelated or from whom it does not expect to receive return benefits. In this true altruism your genes give benefits to others and get nothing back, and this shouldnt evolve under natural selection. And, indeed, we dont see such altruism in nature. There are reports that vampire bats regurgitate blood to other individuals in the colony to whom theyre unrelated, but those need confirmation, and there may also be reciprocal altruism, so that individuals regurgitate blood to those from whom, one day, they expect a return meal. Such cooperation can evolve by normal natural selection. [bold added ...
Inbreeding: refers to (preferential) mating between biological relatives. As relatives (i.e., ancestors of the first individuals are shared with those of the second individual), they carry genes which are identical by descent; extreme inbreeding: mating between sibs, half-sibs, parent-offspring Outbreeding: (preferential) mating between non-relatives Positive assortative mating: mating among individuals who share particular genes or phenotypes Negative assortative mating: mating among individuals who do not share particular genes or phenotypes Inbreeding Coefficients: Individual inbreeding coefficient (i.e., Pedigree inbreeding): F represents the probability that the offspring is homozygous due to identity by descent (ibd) at a randomly chosen autosomal locus, ranges in value from 0 (no locus ibd) to 1 (all loci ibd). Significant factors for pedigfree inbreeding are Factors which determine the probability that various kinds of individuals will come into contact, e.g., population demography ...
Inbreeding: refers to (preferential) mating between biological relatives. As relatives (i.e., ancestors of the first individuals are shared with those of the second individual), they carry genes which are identical by descent; extreme inbreeding: mating between sibs, half-sibs, parent-offspring Outbreeding: (preferential) mating between non-relatives Positive assortative mating: mating among individuals who share particular genes or phenotypes Negative assortative mating: mating among individuals who do not share particular genes or phenotypes Inbreeding Coefficients: Individual inbreeding coefficient (i.e., Pedigree inbreeding): F represents the probability that the offspring is homozygous due to identity by descent (ibd) at a randomly chosen autosomal locus, ranges in value from 0 (no locus ibd) to 1 (all loci ibd). Significant factors for pedigfree inbreeding are Factors which determine the probability that various kinds of individuals will come into contact, e.g., population demography ...
We have all been in that place where a pesky thought gets stuck in our head and goes round and round making it impossible to think of anything else. | Help! My Thoughts are Holding Me Hostage on VoiceAmerica - The Leader in Internet Media
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PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of randomly assigning smokers who have early chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD to a smoking-cessation intervention on the symptoms of chronic cough, chronic phlegm production, wheezing and shortness of breath, and to determine the effects of quitting smoking on these symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS : A...