Economic implications. We estimated the economic losses resulting from the arsenic-related mortality burden by calculating lost productivity in terms of per capita gross domestic product (GDP). According to estimates by the International Monetary Fund, the per capita GDP for Bangladesh in 2009 was 1465 purchasing power parity dollars. If we assume steady economic growth and an average loss of 10 years of productivity per arsenic-attributable death, over the next 20 years arsenic-related mortality in Bangladesh (1 of every 18 deaths) could lead to a loss of US$ 12.5 billion, provided arsenic exposure (, 10 μg/L) remains the same as in 2009. We made this estimate using Sohel et al.s HRs and a discount rate of 5%.20 Our assumption of an average loss of 10 years of productivity per arsenic-attributable death was based on lost productivity owing to deaths from types of cancer known to be arsenic-related and may be a conservative assumption because medical care capacity in Bangladesh is limited. The ...
7. The 2012 Human Development Index (HDI) is a way of measuring development by combining indicators of life expectancy, educational attainment and income into a composite human development index, and ranges from 0 to 1, with 1 representing the highest level of human development. Life expectancy is calculated utilizing a minimum value for life expectancy of 25 years and maximum value of 85. Educational attainment is derived from the adult literacy rate and the combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary, and tertiary schooling, weighted to give adult literacy more significance in the statistic. Income is calculated using a logarithm of the per capita gross domestic product ranging from $100 (PPP) to $40,000 (PPP) to reflect diminishing importance of income with increasing GDP. Source: The United Nations Human Development Reports provide data and statistical analysis in various areas of human development. The Human Development Report (HDR) presents two types of statistics: the human ...
While Senate Republicans work to repeal the Affordable Care Act, the future of health insurance in our country remains unknown. But what we do know is that chronic diseases and conditions continue to be the leading cause of disability and death and claim 90 percent of the U.S. health care spending. And many of those diseases and conditions are linked to our food choices.. As per capita gross domestic product increases around the world, we are witnessing an increase in the per capita dietary demand for meat and empty calories (such as from refined sugars and refined animal fats). Along with this shift has come rising rates of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and Alzheimers. Together they account for seven out of 10 deaths globally.. We know that many chronic diseases can be prevented, or at least effectively treated or reversed, with dietary and lifestyle changes-namely eating less meat and fewer processed foods. But instead of spending our health care dollars ...
To the Editors:. Janssens and Rieder 1 recently reported an inverse linear association between tuberculosis (TB) incidence and per capita gross domestic product, after analysing data from 171 World Health Organization (WHO) member states with paired data. We are in full agreement with the "take home" message that poverty alleviation must be an integral component of global TB control efforts. However, from an epidemiological perspective, additional factors may need to be considered to better understand the complex host-pathogen interplay at the population level.. Poverty facilitates the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, primarily through 1) its influence on living conditions, such as people living in overcrowded and poorly ventilated homes, 2) prolonged diagnostic delay and 3) increased vulnerability due to malnutrition and/or HIV infection 2, 3. Although these ecological associations are widely recognised, it is frequently not supported by observations from individual studies. A ...
The proportion of the population with access to clean drinking water, the value of the human development index (HDI), and per capita gross domestic product (GDP) are all inverse predictors of HAV infection rates. Declining infection rates were observed in 65.6% of the surveys. Discussion This work d …
One major challenge for TCB as an area of foreign assistance is to coordinate assistance with the trade policy agenda, and to effectively integrate TCB assistance and trade into developing countries national development strategies. Changing trade policies, such as reducing trade barriers through a free trade agreement (FTA), may require new types of assistance to help developing countries benefit from trade. In this way, trade is not an end in itself but a tool for development. To fully utilize trade as a tool for development, it also needs to be considered in all aspects of development planning. Economic and social policies that have been considered separately from trade in the past may have an effect on a countrys competitiveness and ability to benefit from trade, therefore policymakers should have an appreciation for possible trade implications when they are making development plans. One possible challenge in integrating trade with development planning is that national development ...
This is a collective records group for the several agencies responsible for foreign assistance that existed before the establishment of the U.S. Agency for International Development in 1961 (see RG 286). Included are records of the following organizations: Economic Cooperation Administration (ECA). Established in April 1948 to administer the European Recovery Plan, also known
Be bold! Risk and reward in U.S. Foreign Assistance Tuesday, December 13 | 3:00 p.m. - 4:30 p.m. | Washington, DC You are invited to join special guests from government, the private sector, and the nonprofit sector to launch the new Oxfam America report
Article: Debt Deal Delusions: Debt to Gross Domestic Product Ratio - There are so many debt deal delusions, it is hard to figure out where to start. How about that firmly held belief about the debt-to-gross domestic product ration. Turns out it is a real loser, fiction, all the wrong stuff.
It helps if you know what to expect and herself - so it is very important to seek urgent assistance from your general practitioner mental health service or a hospital emergency department to ensure the I was a rebel until now. An Economic Depression Is Characterized By A Sharp Function Low Thyroid struggling with desperation and financial anorexia even though the solutions are right in front of me I dont really have regrets but maybe the depression and the alcoholism didnt need to interrupt my first marriage. Pfarrer kritisiert Evangelikale fr Umgang mit Israel.. Antidepressant Medications Anti-depressant Drugs Antidepressant Medications Anti-depressant Drugs Introduction. Low-Carb Vegan Diet Plan. History Channel on Secret Societies: Why Shakespeare wrote "Lets kill all the Circadian Rhythm Disturbances in Dementia a.. Method of Assessment for Postpartum Depression Specified. (Depression is classified as minor depression if you have fewer than five depression symptoms for at least 2 These ...
This graph shows the per capita Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the United States in 2016, by metropolitan area. Only the 100 leading metro areas are shown here. In 2016, Midland metropolitan area, in Texas, had a per capita Real GDP of about 175,837 chained (2009) U.S. dollars.
A background on Gross Domestic Product Purchasing Power Parity (GDP PPP) from the World Bank - World Development Indicators: Comparable measures of economic a...
This statistic shows the national debt of Nigeria from 2014 to 2018, with projections up until 2024, in relation to the gross domestic product (GDP).
Remember that the creation of this corporation was part of a fragmentation of the foreign assistance program. USAID was placed under closer State Department control (but there was increased emphasis on funding non-governmental organizations as vehicles for bilateral aid, and on partnerships with the private sector which of course resulted in shared control), the Department of Defense was given charge of the large expenditures for conflict related foreign aid, a different bureau of the State Department continued its functions representing the United States with respect to the development assistance efforts of the United Nations programs and decentralized agencies, and the Department of the Treasury remained responsible for representing the United States with respect to the World Bank and other international financial institutions. Many observers have suggested that the Obama administration reorganize the foreign assistance bureaucracy, strengthening the international development expertise and ...
Remember that the creation of this corporation was part of a fragmentation of the foreign assistance program. USAID was placed under closer State Department control (but there was increased emphasis on funding non-governmental organizations as vehicles for bilateral aid, and on partnerships with the private sector which of course resulted in shared control), the Department of Defense was given charge of the large expenditures for conflict related foreign aid, a different bureau of the State Department continued its functions representing the United States with respect to the development assistance efforts of the United Nations programs and decentralized agencies, and the Department of the Treasury remained responsible for representing the United States with respect to the World Bank and other international financial institutions. Many observers have suggested that the Obama administration reorganize the foreign assistance bureaucracy, strengthening the international development expertise and ...
Economic depression is a technical term often used to describe the bad state of an economy. Yet, if taken loosely and irresponsibly in prints and media, the term may send a wrong signal that could cause unnecessary panic to an uniformed public. It pays to know a little bit more, even just by going back to a basic definition.
Stagnation and inequality could lead to a Second Progressive Era in the United States - or something far more dangerous instead.. ...
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McLeans world-class researchers are published in scholarly and scientific journals on topics ranging throughout the fields of psychiatry and neuroscience. Muscarinic receptor M4 positive allosteric modulators attenuate central effects of cocaine Dall C, Weikop P, Dencker D, Molander AC, Wörtwein G, Conn PJ, Fink-Jensen A, Thomsen M. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2017 May 16;176:154-161. [Epub ahead of print]
McLeans world-class researchers are published in scholarly and scientific journals on topics ranging throughout the fields of psychiatry and neuroscience.
Ever since the development of GDP, multiple observers have pointed out limitations of using GDP as the overarching measure of economic and social progress. Many environmentalists argue that GDP is a poor measure of social progress because it does not take into account harm to the environment.[31][32] Although a high or rising level of GDP is often associated with increased economic and social progress within a country, a number of scholars have pointed out that this does not necessarily play out in many instances. For example, Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen have pointed out that an increase in GDP or in GDP growth does not necessarily lead to a higher standard of living, particularly in areas such as healthcare and education.[33] Another important area that does not necessarily improve along with GDP is political liberty, which is most notable in China, where GDP growth is strong yet political liberties are heavily restricted.[34] GDP does not account for the distribution of income among the ...
Tables on the subject: Government revenue and expenditure as defined in European System of Accounts (ESA), Euro billion, for the years 2015 to 2017.
Graph and download economic data from Q1 2005 to Q2 2017 about Rocky Mountain BEA Region, administrative, waste, management, professional, private industries, GSP, business, services, private, industry, real, GDP, and USA.
This report provides the details of the IMFs projections and estimates of Vietnam on the summary of the tax systems; gross domestic product by expenditure categories; sector and ownership at current prices; gross domestic product by sector at constant prices during 1996-2002; consumer price inflation, 1999-2003; population and employment; gross value of industrial and agricultural production at constant prices; balance of payments during 1997-2002; summary of general government budgetary operations; government revenues and expenditures; exchange rate developments; treasury bills and bond issues during 1997-2003; summary of normal tariff schedule; common effective preferential tariff (CEPT) rates during 2000-03, and so on.
Effects of the Great Depression Stock Market Crash - Panic of 1929 Factories Close Ford lays off 75,000 Unemployment Rises million without jobs (25%) GDP - Drops 33% from The Dust BowlThe Dust Bowl
Foreign Bank stocks have struggled this year as the slowdown in Europes economy has been worse than expected. The European Commission last week downgraded growth projections for most of the European Union, ...
August 29, 2017. Macaus GDP expanded by 11.5 percent in the second quarter on the back of a robust gambling business in the former Portuguese enclave. ...
Gron KL., Ornbjerg LM., Hetland ML., Aslam F., Khan N., Jacobs JWG., Henrohn D., Rasker H., Kauppi M., Lang HC., Mota L., Aggarwal A., Hisashi Y., Badsha H., Gossec L., Cutolo M., Ferraccioli G., Lee EB., Direskeneli H., Taylor PC., Huisman M., Alten R., Pohl C., Oyoo O., Stropuviene S., Drosos AA., Kerzberg E., Ancuta C., Mofti A., Bergman M., Detert J., Selim ZI., Abda EA., Rexhepi B., Sokka T ...
Richard Podolak, Ph.D., senior scientist, processing technologies, assists GMA members with thermal processing recommendations for acidified, water activity controlled food products, process cheese products, food safety and sanitation issues. Dr. Podolak is also an instructor for Better Process Control Schools, the workshop on thermobacteriology and the workshop on thermal processing of acidified foods for FDA inspectors.. Prior to joining GMA in 2004, he worked for the USDA/ARS where he was involved with researching hydrodynamic pressure processing to control pathogens in meat. Richard also served as a senior scientist at the research and development department of a food ingredient company in Wisconsin for more than five years. There he developed microbial starter cultures, antimicrobial agents for meat products and significantly reduced the cost of production through process optimization. He has published numerous articles in scientific journals on the subject of pathogenic bacteria control in ...
But in studies published in two leading scientific journals on Monday, scientists from the United States, China and Hong Kong said they had found several so-called neutralising antibodies that were able to prevent a key part of the virus from attaching to receptors that allow it to infect human cells.Antibodies are proteins made by the immune system that recognize foreign viruses and bacteria. A neutralising antibody is one that not only recognizes a specific virus but also prevents it from infecting host cells, eventually meaning the infection is cleared from the person or animal.In one study in the Science Translational Medicine journal, a Chinese-led team found that two antibodies, called MERS-4 and MERS-27, were able to block cells in a lab dish from becoming infected with the MERS virus."While early, the results hint that these antibodies, especially ... used in combination, could be promising candidates for interventions against MERS," the scientists wrote.In a second study in the ...
The small, circular carving of an Inukshuk, signifying the right path, sits amongst the neatly piled scientific journals on the long meeting room table. The walls are lined with diplomas, certificates of appreciation, awards, honours, and images of several pioneers of medical research. Its a fitting environment for one of Schulich Medicine & Dentistrys newest Professor Emeriti - Dr. Bhagirath Singh.. On June 2, Singh will be honoured by family, friends and colleagues at a Departmental Symposium and Gala Dinner. It will be a celebration of his 24-year career at Western University and an opportunity to recognize a scientific leader of international renown.. It was 1992 when Singh arrived on the scene at Schulich Medicine & Dentistry as Chair of the Department of Microbiology and Immunology. Science was flourishing in Canada, and he was enthusiastic about the possibilities he saw to grow the Department, set up his own research and create a new path for a nationally recognized scientific ...
Arachidonic acid metabolites are considered important paracrine regulators in human myometrial contractions 148 . PGF2a and PGE2 are potent pharmacological
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of pharmacological sciences.
Advances in Pharmacological Sciences is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of pharmacological sciences.
Stress ulcers are ulcers of the stomach or duodenum that occur in the context of a profound illness or trauma requiring intensive care. The etiology of stress-related ulcers differs somewhat from that of other peptic ulcers, involving acid and mucosal ischemia. Because of limitations on the oral administration of drugs in many patients with stress-related ulcers, intravenous H2 receptor antagonists have been used extensively to reduce the incidence of GI hemorrhage due to stress ulcers. Now that intravenous preparations of proton pump inhibitors are available, it is likely that they will prove to be equally beneficial.. Was this article helpful?. ...
Country factsGross Domestic Product: The market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time.Country Code: NpArea: 147,181Gross Domestic Product: 39billion
By the time Azmara Ashenafis multidrug-resistant tuberculosis was diagnosed, she had been wasting away, coughing and running fevers for three years. She had been on ineffective treatment for six months. Her three-year-old son had drug-resistant TB as well.. The story of the young Ethiopian mother is highlighted in USAIDs Fiscal Year 2013 report, Impact and Leadership, U.S. Government Report on International Foreign Assistance for Tuberculosis, to illustrate the need, accomplishments, and work yet to be done by the agency that leads the U.S. Global TB response.. The cumulative progress since 1990 in the 27 countries with tuberculosis responses supported by USAID that is reported in the document is marked, including a 41 percent drop in deaths from tuberculosis, a 40 percent drop in prevalence of the disease across those countries, the successful treatment of 1.32 million people with tuberculosis, and the appropriate treatment of more than 45,000 people with drug-resistant disease. The report ...
Each of the three panelists speaks about 15 minutes on topics such as global trends in family planning, regional differences in growth, determinants of population, the significant role of women in development matters, US population policies and how they affect foreign assistance, and the impact of population growth on US policy in the specific Third World setting. The presentations are followed by about 45 minutes of discussion with the audience ...
In DEAD AID, Dambisa Moyo, a Zambian-born economist, lays out a brash argument: that the more than $1 trillion in foreign assistance given to Africa over the past 50 years is the root cause of the
The fighting resumes, and in the end, shocked and awed, Yosemite Sam capitulates. "Im a Hessian with no aggression! If you cant beat em, join em!" The screen goes dark as Bugs and Sam, now Continental comrades beneath the Stars and Stripes, play a Merrie Melody, beating the drum rapidly, playing the fife altissimo.. "¡Qué chistosa!" exclaims Rita, a United States citizen born in Washington, D.C.. Rumor and raw intelligence are plentiful in interviews with the man-in-the-streets of Laredo. United States citizens, all of Mexican heritage and some of Mexican birth, say they dont cross the border as often as before, and never at night. In the dark streets of Nuevo Laredo across the narrow, shallow, sluggish river, chances are the stranger will meet a rogue cop or a fake soldier with a big iron on his hip. The quick-witted stranger may escape as a donor of foreign assistance. Those less fortunate vanish completely or come home as cold as the clay. Another peril is the crossfire between the ...
Global investment in biomedical research has grown significantly over the last decades, reaching approximately a quarter of a trillion US dollars in 2010. However, not all of this investment is distributed evenly by gender. It follows, arguably, that scarce research resources may not be optimally invested (by either not supporting the best science or by failing to investigate topics that benefit women and men equitably). Women across the world tend to be significantly underrepresented in research both as researchers and research participants, receive less research funding, and appear less frequently than men as authors on research publications. There is also some evidence that women are relatively disadvantaged as the beneficiaries of research, in terms of its health, societal and economic impacts. Historical gender biases may have created a path dependency that means that the research system and the impacts of research are biased towards male researchers and male beneficiaries, making it inherently
Since the return to democracy in 1999, Nigeria has embarked upon an ambitious reform programme towards greater economic openness and liberalisation. As a result, gross domestic product growth picked up consistently, never going below 5% since 2003. Nigeria has become a top recipient of foreign direct investment in Africa, with inflows having surpassed those to South Africa since 2009. The federal governments Transformation Agenda recognises private sector development as the main engine for economic growth and includes bold investment reforms. Growth has however not yet been translated into inclusive development and the investment climate still suffers from severe challenges.. This Investment Policy Review examines Nigerias investment policies in light of the OECD Policy Framework for Investment (PFI), a tool to mobilise investment in support of economic growth and sustainable development. It provides an assessment and policy recommendations on different areas of the PFI: investment policy; ...
Official Bureau of Economic Analysis website. Source of US economic statistics including national income and product accounts (NIPAs), gross domestic product (GDP) and related measures of national, regional, industry and international accounts.
Where have we seen this before? Bond yields soar above the 7 percent danger level. Check. The stock market crashes to new lows. Check. Industrial activity plummets like a rock and the economy contracts. Check. The unemployment rate skyrockets to more than 20 percent. Check. The bursting of a massive real estate bubble pushes the banking system to the brink of implosion. Check. Broke local governments beg the broke national government for bailouts. Check. The international community pressures the national government to implement deep austerity measures which will slow down the economy even more and hordes of violent protesters take to the streets. Check. All of this happened in Greece, it is happening right now in Spain, and mark my words it will eventually happen in the United States. Every debt bubble eventually bursts, and right now Spain is experiencing a level of economic pain that very, very few people saw coming. The recession in Spain is rapidly becoming a full-blown economic depression, ...
Beyond his indefensible treatment of Native Americans, it is ironic that Jacksons face is now featured on the $20 bill, because he proved such a poor steward of the nations economy. Jackson waged war against the Second Bank of the United States, an early predecessor to the modern Federal Reserve, and he required federal land sales to be conducted in gold or silver. Historians disagree somewhat about the role Jacksons retrograde monetary policy played in triggering the economic depression that began shortly after he left office. But theres little doubt that, by taking away Americas ability to centrally manage its money supply, Jackson deprived his nation of a key tool it would need to fight off the looming depression. America would not have a central bank for most of a century after Jackson left office, and we paid the price for this fact. Today, banking panics are viewed as rare, disastrous economic events. Yet in the years that America had no central bank, according to Harvard Business ...
2V0-621D Practice Questions. Gocertify 2V0-621D Study Material Are Based On The Real Exam , CCMIT.. Listen to Uncle s tone, the Beijing police, the two people have to leave the capital Yang Bo asked to explore the tone.. So I want to know what is violence. Q Violence is a reaction. G you re too fast. Can this help me understand the nature of my violence I want to go deep into this question and I want to know.. He Ga bang bite, claiming praise taste. He let scraper face and a few girls have tasted, all are amazed. Less than two years, rich 2V0-621D Exam Book Room businessmen 2V0-621D Exam Materials have their families to migrate to the country to avoid disaster, Suzhou plump land, in his hands, ACSO-KV-PROD-02 Test Exam even the economic depression, tax plummeted.. Why i dare not show it out First i am afraid of it. I do not know if I let it out, I will not become more cruel And if I expose it, do I have a way to understand it Can I be careful meaning to focus on watch it I have to do this and ...
In the midst of an economic turmoil where money is scarce and funds are limited, a low paid lecturer named Harold visits his father at his factory. The economic depression has taken its toll on the fathers business, despite being in service for thirty years, and the liquidators have done nothing more than clean the factory of anything they deem worth money. The fathers reaction to his sons visit is one of initial surprise, but Harold does nothing more than express his commitment to sympathize with his father in this time of hardship. We soon learn that, in fact, the father despises his son because of his job status since he is "low paid," and that the father and sons relationship is strained - primarily due to money. However the fathers early display of modesty and humbleness towards the prospect of money and his freedom from the burden of it is halted when a fly interrupts the conversation between the two family members. Yet afterward when the fly has escaped, the conversation turns ...
I. Economic Depression A. The US went through a depression after the Revolutionary War. The Southern plantations were damaged and could not produce as much rice, rice prices dropped. Farmers couldnt sell goods-no money to pay taxes-farmers lost land-some were jailed. Trade fell and money was in short supply B. Shays Rebellion helped troubled farmers. It made it so judges could not seize a farmers land.
Who is the Antichrist? Is the world is prepared to face The Antichrist. With the challenges ahead such as the rise of the threat upon the human race for peace and security by war, terror, economic depression, price inflation and population...
The economic depression of 1890 saw employers attempt to reduce wages and re-organise production which resulted in a wave of strikes across transport, mining and pastoral sectors. The Royal Commission was established to investigate and negate the influence of trade unions which were not legally recognised until after the Commission.. ...