OBJECTIVES--To assess the relationship between haematocrit and risk of major ischaemic heart disease events. DESIGN--Prospective study of a cohort of men followed up for 9.5 years. SETTING--General practices in 24 towns in England, Wales, and Scotland (British Regional Heart Study). SUBJECTS--Altogether 7735 men aged 40-59 years at screening, who were selected at random from one general practice in each of 24 towns, were studied. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Fatal and nonfatal ischaemic heart disease events. RESULTS--Risk of major ischaemic heart disease events was significantly increased at haematocrit levels of , or = 46.0%. Men with raised haematocrit (, or = 46.0%) showed a 30% increase in relative risk (RR) of major ischaemic heart disease events (RR = 1.32; 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.10,1.57, p , 0.01) compared with those with values below 46.0%, even after adjustment for age, social class, smoking, body mass index, physical activity, blood cholesterol, lung function (FEV1), and ...
Lawlor, DA; Davey Smith, G; Whincup, P; Wannamethee, G; Papacosta, O; Dhanjil, S; Griffin, M; Nicolaides, AN; Ebrahim, S; (2003) Association between offspring birth weight and atherosclerosis in middle aged men and women: British Regional Heart Study. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 57 (6). pp. 462-3. ISSN 0143-005X DOI: 10.1136/jech.57.6.462 ...
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the lifetime risk of undergoing primary total hip (THR) or knee (TKR) replacement in the UK. METHOD: A Population-based cohort study of 25,845 patients who had undergone a THR and 23,260 patients who had undergone a TKR between 1991 and 2006, using data from the UK General Practice Research Database. RESULTS: The estimated mortality-adjusted lifetime risk of THR at age 50 for the year 2005 was 11.6% (95% CI: 11.1, 12.1) for women and 7.1% (95% CI: 6.7, 7.5) for men. For TKR the risks were 10.8% (95% CI: 10.3, 11.3) for women and 8.1% (95% CI: 7.6, 8.5) for men. Between 1991 and 2006, the lifetime risk of THR at age 50 rose from 4.0% (95% CI: 3.5, 4.4) to 11.1% (95% CI: 10.6, 11.6) for women and for men from 2.2% (95% CI: 1.8, 2.5) to 6.6% (95% CI: 6.2, 7.0). Over the same period, for TKR the risk for women increased from 2.9% (95% CI: 2.6, 3.3) to 10.6% (95% CI: 10.1, 11.1) and for men from 1.8% (95% CI: 1.5, 2.2) to 7.7% (95% CI: 7.3, 8.2). CONCLUSION: The lifetime risk of
Childhood unintentional injuries (UI) are common but continue to happen more often to children living in less advantaged socioeconomic circumstances (SEC). Our aim was to explore how early life factors mediate the association between SEC and UIs, using the UK Millennium Cohort Study. We calculated risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for parental report of UI occurring between age 3 and 5 years, using Poisson regression according to family income as a measure of SEC. We explored potentially mediating pathways by controlling associations between SEC and UI for groups of early life risks in three domains: factors that may influence environmental safety, supervision and the MCS childs abilities and behaviours. Twenty eight percent of children had a UI from 3 to 5 years old. Children from the lowest income quintile were more likely to be injured compared to those from the highest (RR 1.20 95%CI 1.05, 1.37). Sequentially controlling for early life factors that may influence environmental
How do early-life factors explain social inequalities in adolescent mental health? Findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study ...
Downloadable! The purpose of the paper is to analyse the accuracy and usefulness of household subjective forecasts of personal finance. We use non-parametric directional analysis to assess the subjective forecasts which are based on qualitative judgments. Using the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) we are able to analyse a large number of individuals over a number of years. We also take into account individual characteristics such as gender, age, education and employment status when assessing their subjective forecasts. The paper extends the existing literature in two ways: the accuracy and usefulness of subjective forecasts, based on directional analysis, are assessed at the household level for the first time. Secondly, we adapt and extend the methods of directional analysis, which are applied to the household panel or longitudinal survey. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Synonyms for Great Britain's in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Great Britain's. 6 synonyms for Great Britain: Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, GB. What are synonyms for Great Britain's?
Green J, Roddam A, Pirie K, Kirichek O, Reeves G, Beral V, for the Million Women Study Collaborators.. Br J Cancer 2012; 106:210-6. BACKGROUND:. Hormonal factors may influence risk for upper gastrointestinal cancers in women. We examined risk of oesophageal and gastric cancers in relation to reproductive factors in a large UK cohort, the Million Women Study.. METHODS:. Among 1,319,409 women aged on average 56 years at recruitment, 1186 incident cancers of the oesophagus and 1194 of the stomach were registered during 11.9 million person-years observation. Adjusted relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models.. RESULTS:. Risks of both oesophageal and gastric cancer were significantly higher in postmenopausal than in pre- or peri-menopausal women (RRs 1.46, 1.07-2.00 and 1.59, 1.15-2.20, respectively; P≤0.01 for both); and, among postmenopausal women, risk was higher the younger women were at menopause (RR, 95% CI per 5 years ...
Downloadable! Using nationally representative, longitudinal data from the first 14 waves of the British Household Panel Survey we examine the labour market returns to inter-regional migration in Great Britain. Controlling for endogeneity, heterogeneity and self-selection, we find substantial long-run wage premiums associated with migration for both males and females who move for job-related reasons. There is, however, no evidence that moving across regions increases the probability of employment for males and females; in fact, some female movers experience a long-run employment penalty.
Reeves GK, Balkwill A, Cairns BJ, Green J, Beral V; Million Women Study Collaborators. BMC Med 2014;12:45.. BACKGROUND:. Adiposity is associated with many adverse health outcomes but little direct evidence exists about its impact on the use of health care services. We aim to describe the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and rates of hospital admission in middle-aged UK women.. METHODS:. Among 1,251,619 Million Women Study participants, 50- to 64-years old at entry into the study, routine data on hospital admissions were used to estimate hospitalization rates according to BMI after standardization for age, region of recruitment, socioeconomic status, reproductive history, smoking status, hormonal therapy use and alcohol intake. Proportional hazards models were used to estimate adjusted relative risks of hospitalization separately for 25 common types of admission.. RESULTS:. During an average of 9.2 years follow-up, there were 2,834,016 incident hospital admissions. In women with BMIs ...
The Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi of Great Britain [CVMA (GB)] and the National Monuments Record (NMR), the public archive at English Heritage, have contributed approximately 18,000 images of medieval stained glass windows in Great Britain to the Artstor Digital Library, providing a comprehensive and rare archive documenting all aspects of the medium from the period. Founded in 1949, the CVMA is an international research project dedicated to the publication of medieval stained glass. To date, committees in 14 countries (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain with Catalonia, Switzerland, and the United States of America) have collectively published nearly 100 printed volumes. CVMA (GB), Great Britains national survey of medieval stained glass, is a British Academy Research Project hosted by the University of York. In addition to its ongoing efforts to publish all medieval stained glass in Great Britain to 1540, CVMA (GB) has ...
Data came from 17 annual waves of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS), which started in 1991 and later added booster samples for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The BHPS is a well-established survey that is extensively documented elsewhere.15 16 Overall, the panel was unbalanced as individuals move in and out of the study according to a set of following rules. This analysis used the core longitudinal panel of respondents who have been in the survey at all eligible time points and whose data are weighted for selection and attrition (N = 12 390; person/years 139 928). Ethics approval was granted by University of Essex process for secondary data analysis of survey data.. Common mental illness was measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Items were coded to make a 0-12 scale, then a threshold of 4 or more was used to indicate common mental illness.17 18 19 20. Respondents who had moved since their last interview were asked why they had moved. One of the possible ...
Although social capital has been hypothesized to have positive influence on psychological health, a relationship between social capital dimensions and psychological wellbeing has rarely been found. This longitudinal study investigates the relationship between social participation in associations and self-rated psychological health. The paper uses five waves of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from 1991 to 1995 (unbalanced panel N=45,761). Ordered logit fixed effect methods were used to study the longitudinal link between structural social capital (being a member, active, and both a member and active in associations) and self-rated psychological health assessed by single items of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) controlling for age, marital status, household size, number of children, education, income, economic status, number of visits to the GP and health problems. The paper shows that being only a member and only active in associations has no statistical relationship with ...
There is growing evidence that early growth influences bone mass in later life but most studies are limited to birth weight and/or early infant growth and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements. In a British birth cohort study with prospective measures of lifetime height and weight, we investigated the growth trajectory in relation to bone in males (M) and females (F) at 60 to 64 years old. Outcomes were DXA measures of hip and spine areal bone density (aBMD) (n = 1658) and pQCT measures of distal and diaphyseal radius cross-sectional area (CSA), strength, and volumetric bone density (vBMD) (n = 1350 of the 1658). Regression models examined percentage change in bone parameters with standardized measures of birth weight, height, and weight. A series of conditional growth models were fitted for height and weight gain (using intervals: birth-2, 2-4, 4-7, 7-15, 15-20, 20-36, and 36-64 years) and height gain (using intervals: 2-4, 4-7, 7-15, and 15-36 years). Birth weight was positively related
Overview of the physical activity measures available in Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study (a CLOSER partner study)
Recent studies of disease burden have demonstrated the importance of psychological disorders. For instance, depression was the fourth leading cause of disease burden, accounting for 4.4% of total disability adjusted life years in the world in 2000 [1]. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) has been widely used in many countries for detecting psychological morbidity. Some major national studies such as the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) also employ this instrument [2]. Calibration of this instrument may therefore contribute significantly to a large community of researchers.. While the longer versions of the GHQ are normally considered multidimensional, the GHQ-12 is often regarded as measuring only a single dimension of psychological health. For example, Corti [3] analyzed the GHQ-12 data in the BHPS and maintained that the high Cronbachs alpha value indicated the unidimensionality of this instrument. However, several authors suggested that the GHQ-12 contained two or three ...
To what extent can the decline in British trade union density between 1990 and 1998 be attributed to declining opportunities to unionize compared to declining propensity to unionize among workers with the opportunity to do so and to compositional change? This question is answered using data to from both workplaces (from 1990 and 1998 Workplace Employee Relations Surveys) and individuals (fro m the British Household Panel Survey). Results show that both falling opportunities and falling propensities to unionize accounted for membership decline during this period. Membership fell because unions lacked the power to maintain bargaining relationships with management, to organize new workplaces, or to uphold the ¿social custom¿ of union membership among new workers who took union jobs. However, there was little evidence that declining union membership was the result of a change in employee attitudes towards unions.. ...
Background To assess relationships between age at first birth and cardiovascular risk factors in a large longitudinal study of men and women. By assessing associations for both genders, we were able to investigate biological versus social and behavioural explanations from early life through to adulthood. Methods Multiply-imputed data on more than 7600 men and women of a British birth cohort study (National Child Development Study, 1958 British birth cohort) were used. Cardiovascular risk factors at age 44/45 years included body mass index, waist:hip ratio, blood pressure (systolic and diastolic), cholesterol (total, low and highdensity lipoprotein), triglycerides, glycated haemoglobin, C reactive protein, von Willebrand factor and fibrinogen. Age at first birth was categorised as ,20 years, 20-24 years, 25-29 years, 30-34 years or ,34 years. Results Being younger than 20 years of age at time of first birth was associated with an adverse cardiovascular profile by mid-life. Conversely, older ...
Translate the word Great Britain to German. The dictionary languages are English-German: Britain, Great Britain. Great Britain. Great Britain.
Background: Recent clinical trials suggest that thiazolidinediones (TZDs) may increase the risk of congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the effect of TZDs on the risk of incident CHF in unselected populations has not been thoroughly investigated.. Methods: Using data from the United Kingdoms General Practice Research Database, we conducted a case-control study within a population-based cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes. Cases were identified by a clinical diagnosis of incident CHF between January 1st, 2000 and December 31st, 2006 and were then classified as possible or probable cases using prescription data. Up to 10 controls per case were matched on age, physician practice, and calendar date. A drug exposure window of 90 days was used in the primary analysis, which compared patients prescribed TZDs to those with no prescriptions for anti-diabetic medications. Data were analyzed by conditional logistic regression.. Results: We identified 3,405 incident cases (2,632 probable and 773 ...
Mangtani, P; Hall, A; Cutts, F; Roberts, J; (2003) Effectiveness of influenza vaccine against respiratory hospitalisations and deaths in 65 year olds and older: a cohort study using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database: Paper presented at Society for Social Medicine Conference Edinburgh 16th to 19th September. [Conference or Workshop Item] ...
This study analysed the determinants of screening uptake for blood pressure and cholesterol level checks. Furthermore, it investigated the presence of possible spillover effects from one type of cardiovascular screening to another type of cardiovascular screening. A dynamic random effects bivariate panel probit model with initial conditions (Wooldridge-type estimator) was adopted for the estimation. The outcome variables were the participation in blood pressure and cholesterol level checks by individuals in a given year. The balanced panel sample of 21,138 observations was constructed from 1,626 individuals from the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) between 1996 and 2008. The analysis showed the significance of past screening behaviour for both cardiovascular screening examinations. For both cardiovascular screening examinations state dependence exist. The study also shows a significant spillover effect of the cholesterol level check on the blood pressure check and vice versa. Also a poorer ...
Cancer Research UK is a registered charity in England and Wales (1089464), Scotland (SC041666) and the Isle of Man (1103). A company limited by guarantee. Registered company in England and Wales (4325234) and the Isle of Man (5713F). Registered address: Angel Building, 407 St John Street, London EC1V 4AD ...
While there is a rich literature on the socio-economic gaps in childrens average cognitive test scores in the United Kingdom, there is less evidence on the differences in childrens transitions along the ability distribution. Using data from five sweeps of the UK Millennium Cohort Study at the ages of 9 months, 3 years, 5 years, 7 years and 11 years, this paper analyses the role of household income, relative to other socio-economic factors, in influencing childrens chances of moving up or down the age-specific cognitive ability distribution as they grow older. Descriptive findings indicate a high level of variability between ages 3 and 11, but children from income-poor households are more likely to get trapped in the bottom of the age-specific cognitive ability distribution. Event history analysis shows that household income protects children from falling into the lowest-performing group without necessarily helping existing low performers improve. In contrast, parental education both protects ...
Thank you for visiting my Cancer Research UK Cycle 200 page. This September, before the end of the month, I will complete 200 miles on my bike for Cancer Research UK. I will be pedalling harder than ever because I want to raise money for life-saving research and help bring forward the day when all cancers are cured ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Cancer Research UK launches the second phase of its global Grand Challenge, with eight new questions identified as some of the biggest barriers to progress.
BACKGROUND: The General Practice Research Database (GPRD) covers over 6% of the population of England and Wales and holds data on diagnoses and prescribing from 1987 onwards. Most previous studies using the GPRD have concentrated on drug use and safety. A study was undertaken to assess the validity of using the GPRD for epidemiological research into respiratory diseases. METHODS: Age-specific and sex-specific rates derived from the GPRD for 11 respiratory conditions were compared with patient consultation rates from the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4). Within the GPRD comparisons were made between patient diagnosis rates, patient prescription rates, and patient prescription plus relevant diagnosis rates for selected treatments. RESULTS: There was good agreement between consultation rates in the MSGP4 and diagnosis or prescription plus diagnosis from the GPRD in terms of pattern and magnitude, except for acute bronchitis or bronchiolitis where the best comparison was the
In this large population-based sample of children we identified 4 BMI development trajectories. The majority of children belonged to a stable, nonoverweight group. About 1 in 7 belonged to a group with increasing BMIs with average BMIs just under the overweight range at age 3 and subsequent average BMIs increasing throughout the rest of childhood into the overweight but not obese range. A smaller group (2.5%) had average BMIs in the obese range at age 3, and their BMIs continued to increase throughout childhood. A small group (,1%) of children had BMIs in the obese range at age 3, but by age 7 their BMIs were in the nonoverweight range. Factors that predicted membership in the 2 increasing BMI trajectories included socioeconomic disadvantage, being from certain ethnic minority backgrounds, maternal smoking during pregnancy, maternal BMI, and family routines, such as skipping breakfast and not having regular bedtimes. We found that, in general, having BMIs in the overweight and obese range ...
Lifetime experiences of racism damage the health of ethnic minorities from before birth until death, writes Dr Laia Bécares. Racism is toxic for health. This can be taken literally, proven by a vast environmental justice literature that shows how some ethnic minorities are more likely than the white majority population to live within close ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chronic kidney disease, a useful trigger for proactive primary care?. T2 - Mortality results from large UK cohort. AU - Marks, Angharad. AU - MacLeod, Caitlin. AU - McAteer, Anne. AU - Murchie, Peter. AU - Fluck, Nicholas. AU - Smith, W. Cairns S.. AU - Prescott, Gordon J.. AU - Clark, Laura E.. AU - Ali, Tariq. AU - Black, Corri. PY - 2013/6. Y1 - 2013/6. N2 - Much of the emphasis for primary care management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has focused on cardiovascular risk; however, many patients die of other causes.In order to guide future primary care management of CKD, we report the causes of death from a large UK CKD cohort linked to health care administrative data.The Grampian Laboratory Outcomes Mortality and Morbidity Study (GLOMMS-1) is a community cohort of people with established CKD, identified in 2003 and followed up for 6 years. Causes of death were available from death certificates. The relative likelihood of different causes of death was compared to the general ...
Cohort profile: UK Millennium Cohort Study explains some of the background to this longitudinal data set, whats in it, how researchers can access it etc. Access the article from the International Journal of Epidemiology website
Man: So where are you from?. Woman: Scotland. Are you Scottish too?. Man: Well, no, Im English actually, but … you know … its all, like, the same thing, isnt it?. Woman: Not exactly.. Man: Go on! Isnt Scotland just like well, a bit of England?. Woman: No, it is not!. Man: Sorry, Britain I mean.. Woman: Britain is not England!. Man: Well yeah … I know that, Im not stupid or anything … but Britains, like, England, Scotland and Wales, isnt it?. Woman: Not exactly.. Man: Yeah, it is; the UK, the United Kingdom.. Woman: The United Kingdom is Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland.. Man: Oh, I see, but were all, like, the same nation, arent we?. Woman: Not really. Four nations, one state.. Man: Oh, I get it! So the UK (is), like, the same as Great Britain .... Woman: Great Britain is a geographical term - its a big island with Scotland, England and Wales on it.. Man: All right, but we all have the same prime minister, dont we?. Woman: Yes, and the same head of state.. Man: ...
SAN CLEMENTE, Calif., March 18, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- ROX Medical enrolls first UK patients in CONTROL-HTN hypertension trial at Eastbourne General Hospital.
Posted on 02/14/2020 12:22:22 PM PST by Morgana. The number of late term abortions carried out past 24 week s gestation on UK children with Down s syndrome have doubled in the past 10 years, recent figures have revealed. Michael Robinson, SPUC Director of Communications said: It is barbaric that a child who may have a disability in the UK can be aborted right up to birth. This practice has no place in a civilised society. The recent figures, obtained in response to a parliamentary question by Lord Alton, have revealed that in 2018, the number of UK children aborted past 24 weeks gestation following a possible Down s syndrome diagnosis increased from 11 in 2009 to 23 in 2018. In addition, the figures also expose that the number of abortions carried out in the UK following a Down s syndrome diagnosis have risen by almost 30% over the past decade. Public push back against disability abortion Recent weeks have witnessed a public backlash against abortion following a disability diagnosis. Over 1,800 ...
2017-2021 UK Hospital Hematology and Flow Cytometry Market Forecasts: Reagent and Instrument Supplier Shares, Competitive Strategies, Innovative Technologies, Instrumentation Review 2017-2021 UK Hospital Hematology and - Market research report and industry analysis - 10643220
The Great Britain womens national handball team is the national team of Great Britain in the sport of team handball. They were formed to take up Great Britains host nation place in the 2012 Summer Olympics. ...
Four Saints will be the biggest hurdle for the New Zealand sinners in their do-or-die Tri-Nations rugby league Test against Great Britain tomorrow. The Kiwis were punished with the loss of all points for the sin of trying to pass off Australian-born Nathan Fien as eligible for New Zealand when he wasn\t, and they must win this match to keep their slender title defense hopes alive. But while New Zealand beat Great Britain two weeks ago, the Lions have since hit a purple patch with their shock 23-12 defeat of world champions Australia in Sydney last weekend. Not surprisingly, Great Britain coach Brian
This incredible 2016 Great Britain 1 ounce Silver Britannia Proof 2 Pound Coin certified by NGC to be an Early Release in Proof 69 Ultra Cameo condition and encapsulated with an Exclusive Great Britain Label and would make a great addition to your collection.
Cancer Research UK is a registered charity in England and Wales (1089464), Scotland (SC041666), the Isle of Man (1103) and Jersey (247). A company limited by guarantee. Registered company in England and Wales (4325234) and the Isle of Man (5713F). Registered address: 2 Redman Place, London, E20 1JQ ...
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and correlates of lipid lowering drug use among older British men with established coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: Cross sectional survey within a cohort study (British regional heart study) carried out at 20 years of follow up in 1998-2000. SETTING: General practices in 24 British towns. PARTICIPANTS: 3689 men aged 60-75 years (response rate 76%). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnoses of myocardial infarction and angina based on detailed review of general practice records. Lipid lowering drug use and blood cholesterol concentrations ascertained at 20 year follow up examination. RESULTS: Among 286 men with definite myocardial infarction, 102 (36%) were taking a lipid lowering drug (93 (33%) a statin); among 360 men with definite angina without myocardial infarction, 84 (23%) were taking a lipid lowering drug (78 (21%) a statin). Most men with documented CHD who were not receiving a lipid lowering drug had a total cholesterol concentration of 5.0 mmol/l or more (87
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a known cause of cirrhosis, but it is unclear if the associated risk varies by whether alcohol is drunk with meals, or by the frequency or type of alcohol consumed. Here we aim to investigate the associations between alcohol consumption with meals, daily frequency of consumption, and liver cirrhosis. METHODS: The Million Women Study is a prospective study that includes one in every four UK women born between 1935 and 1950, recruited between 1996 and 2001. In 2001 (IQR 2000-03), the participants reported their alcohol intake, whether consumption was usually with meals, and number of days per week it was consumed. Cox regression analysis yielded adjusted relative risks (RRs) for incident cirrhosis, identified by follow-up through electronic linkage to routinely collected national hospital admission, and death databases. FINDINGS: During a mean of 15 years (SD 3) of follow-up of 401 806 women with a mean age of 60 years (SD 5), without previous cirrhosis or hepatitis, and who
Two University of Cambridge scientists, Professor Steve Jackson of The Wellcome Trust/ Cancer Research UK Gurdon Institute and Dr John Perry of the MRC Epidemiology Unit, are members of a multi-disciplinary team of scientists which has been shortlisted to the final stages of Cancer Research UKs Grand Challenge - an ambitious series of £20m global grants tackling some of the toughest questions in cancer research. The team also includes researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, The Francis Crick Institute, and the University of California, San Francisco, and is led by Professor Rong Li of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.. The Grand Challenge award aims to revolutionise how we diagnose, prevent and treat cancer by providing international multi-disciplinary teams the freedom to try novel approaches, at scale, in the pursuit of life changing discoveries. The team will now receive seed-funding of up to £30,000 to draft their full research proposal, and the winning proposal will ...
In the literature on Sens capability approach, studies focusing on the empirical measurement of conversion factors are comparatively rare. We add to this field by adopting a measure of conversion efficiency that captures the efficiency with which individuals convert their resources into achieved functioning. We use a non-parametric efficiency procedure ... read more borrowed from production theory and construct such a measure for a set of basic functionings, using data from the 2005 wave of the British Household Panel Survey. In Great Britain, 49.88% of the individuals can be considered efficient while the mean of the inefficient individuals reaches one-fifth less functioning achievement. An individuals conversion efficiency is positively affected by getting older, being self-employed, married, having no health problems and living in the London area. On the other hand, being unemployed, separated/divorced/widowed and (self-assessed) disabled decrease an individuals conversion efficiency ...
The frequency of molecular cytogenetic abnormalities in the present series of medulloblastomas conforms to data from previous studies (17 , 22 , 26 , 35 , 36) , some of which have also suggested associations between pathological variant and genetic abnormalities. Our results show an association between diploid status and desmoplastic phenotype. This finding has been reported before (37) , and the lack of correlation between ploidy status and outcome in our study at least reflects the conflicting data in the literature on this issue (36 , 38 , 39) .. Mutations of the PTCH gene on 9q22 and loss at this locus have been linked with the desmoplastic phenotype in studies of genetic abnormalities in medulloblastoma (29 , 31) . We supplemented desmoplastic medulloblastomas from patients in the International Society of Pediatric Oncology/United Kingdom Childrens Cancer Study Group PNET3 with desmoplastic tumors from other United Kingdom Childrens Cancer Study Group trial patients to assess whether this ...
Great Britain is an island in the northwest part of Europe. It is the biggest island on the continent, located just off the shore of France, west of the Netherlands, and north of Spain. Great Britain is part of the sovereign state called the United Kingdom, and contains three of its four countries: England, Scotland, and Wales. England, the biggest part of the island, is in the southeast, and its capital city is London, which is also the capital of the United Kingdom. Scotland is to the north of England, and its capital is Edinburgh. Wales is to the west of England, and its capital is Cardiff. Great Britain is not the name of the country itself. Many people call the UK England or Great Britain, and British people who do not live in these areas may not like it if other people make this mistake. West of Great Britain is a smaller island called Ireland. Ireland contains the Republic of Ireland, which is a country in itself, as well as Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland is not a part of the ...
If Great Britain wins, Uruguay is pretty much eliminated and we will probably face Senegal next. If Uruguay wins, we will probably face Uruguay next assuming Senegal wins their game. If both Uruguay vs Great Britain and Senegal vs UAE end in a tie, Uruguay is eliminated and we can face either Great Britain or Senegal depending on the scores. If Senegal wins and Uruguay vs Great Britain end in a tie, then we will probably face Great Britain next and Uruguay is eliminated. Kinda confusing lol,,but which result would be better for El Tri? BQ: Mexico vs Switzerland player of the game?
Britain has successfully dominated on ice in a variety of disciplines, including figure skating, skeleton and curling. This years aim of winning 5 medals across all disciplines may seem ambitious - but how has Britain done in the past? The Winter Olympics were born of the International Winter Sports Week in 1924, an event which brought together 16 nations, including Great Britain, to compete in events from skating to Nordic skiing. It is tied as one of Great Britains most successful Winter Games, with us winning 4 medals, including a gold in mens curling. Elsewhere in Switzerland, around the same period, Brits were revolutionizing ski racing. Though Nordic skiing was included in these early games, skiing was yet to be popularised. Sir Arnold Lunn, founder of the Kandahar Ski Club and President of the Ski Club of Great Britain, had a major role in developing Alpine ski racing and drove for its inclusion in the Olympics. In 1922, Lunn set a slalom course where skiers were judged on speed rather ...
The United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study, a population-based case-control study covering the whole of Great Britain, incorporated a pilot study measuring electric fields. Measurements were made in the homes of 473 children who were diagnosed with a malignant neoplasm between 1992 and 1996 and who were aged 0-14 at diagnosis, together with 453 controls matched on age, sex and geographical location. Exposure assessments comprised resultant spot measurements in the childs bedroom and the family living-room. Temporal stability of bedroom fields was investigated through continuous logging of the 48-h vertical component at the childs bedside supported by repeat spot measurements. The principal exposure metric used was the mean of the pillow and bed centre measurements. For the 273 cases and 276 controls with fully validated measures, comparing those with a measured electric field exposure |/=20 V m(-1) to those in a reference category of exposure |10 V m(-1), odds ratios of 1.31 (95% confidence interval 0
To investigate the effect of pubertal timing, assessed in adolescence, on bone size, strength and density in men and women in early old age.A British birth cohort study with prospective indicators of pubertal timing based on age at menarche, clinical assessment of pubertal stage, and growth tempo from serial height measures, and bone measures derived from peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at 60-64 years of age among 866 women and 792 men.A first set of regression models investigated the relationships between pubertal timing and bone size, strength and density, adjusting for current height and weight, smoking and adult socioeconomic position. To make an equivalent comparison between men and women, the percentage difference in bone outcomes was calculated for a 5-year difference in age at menarche, and in men a comparison between those who were fully mature or pre-adolescent at 14.5 years. A second set of models investigated the percentage
Objective: To test the hypothesis that reduced exposure to common infections in the first year of life increases the risk of developing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Design and setting: The United Kingdom childhood cancer study (UKCCS) is a large population based case-control study of childhood cancer across 10 regions of the UK. Participants: 6305 children (aged 2-14 years) without cancer; 3140 children with cancer (diagnosed 1991-6), of whom 1286 had acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Main outcome measure: Day care and social activity during the first year of life were used as proxies for potential exposure to infection in infancy.. Results: Increasing levels of social activity were associated with consistent reductions in risk of ALL; a dose-response trend was seen. When children whose mothers reported no regular activity outside the family were used as the reference group, odds ratios for increasing levels of activity were 0.73 (95% confidence interval 0.62 to 0.87) for any social ...
Despite growing evidence of public health benefits from urban green space there has been little longitudinal analysis. This study used panel data to explore three different hypotheses about how moving to greener or less green areas may affect mental health over time. The samples were participants in the British Household Panel Survey with mental health data (General Health Questionnaire scores) for five consecutive years, and who relocated to a different residential area between the second and third years (n = 1064; observations = 5320). Fixed-effects analyses controlled for time-invariant individual level heterogeneity and other area and individual level effects. Compared to premove mental health scores, individuals who moved to greener areas (n = 594) had significantly better mental health in all three postmove years (P = .015; P = .016; P = .008), supporting a shifting baseline hypothesis. Individuals who moved to less green areas (n = 470) showed significantly worse mental health in the year
17 March 2015 In this presentation, we employ optimal matching analysis to classify individual labour market histories (from 16 to 55, n=3645) in the British Household Panel Survey into clusters of similar employment trajectories. We then attend to how these clusters are related to participants social circumstances at 55 and subsequent labour market activity.. ...
Long hours of maternal employment, rather than lack of money may impede young childrens access to healthy foods and physical activity. Policies supporting work-life balance may help parents reduce potential barriers.
Mental retardation -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century, Mental retardation -- Government policy -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century, Mental retardation facilities -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century, People with mental disabilities -- Services for -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century, Involuntary sterilization -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th century, Psychiatry -- Great Britain -- History -- 20th ...
The Millennium Cohort Study is an ongoing longitudinal cohort study headquartered at the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, California and designed to evaluate any long-term health effects of military service, including deployments. It is the largest population-based prospective health project in US military history, currently collecting data on over 200,000 enrolled participants. Investigators that conduct the Millennium Cohort Study include uniformed and non-uniformed scientists from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Department of Veterans Affairs and academic institutions.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The myositis clinical phenotype associated with anti-Zo autoantibodies. T2 - a case series of nine UK patients. AU - Tansley, Sarah L. AU - Betteridge, Zoe. AU - Lu, Hui. AU - Davies, Emma. AU - Rothwell, Simon. AU - New, Paul P. AU - Chinoy, Hector. AU - Gordon, Patrick. AU - Gunawardena, Harsha. AU - Lloyd, Mark. AU - Stratton, Richard. AU - Cooper, Robert. AU - McHugh, Neil J. N1 - © The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology.. PY - 2019/10/26. Y1 - 2019/10/26. N2 - OBJECTIVES: It has been over 10 years since the first report of autoantibodies directed against phenylalanyl tRNA synthetase (anti-Zo) in a patient with features of the anti-synthetase syndrome. In that time no further cases have been published. Here we aim to characterize more fully the clinical phenotype of anti-Zo-associated myositis by describing the clinical features of nine patients.METHODS: Anti-Zo was identified by protein-immunoprecipitation ...
UK Data Service data catalogue record for Millennium Cohort Study, 2001-2003: Birth Registration and Maternity Hospital Episode Data.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Great Britain at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Great Britain easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
BACKGROUND: Though social class differences in coronary heart disease (CHD) are well recognized, few studies have assessed the effect of imprecision in social class assessment on the relationship or the overall contribution of social class to attributable CHD risk. METHODS: Prospective observational study of the relationship between occupational social class (assessed at baseline and after 20 years), major CHD (coronary death and non-fatal myocardial infarction) and all-cause mortality rates over 20 years among 5628 middle-aged British men with no previous evidence of CHD. RESULTS: The age-adjusted hazard of major CHD for manual men relative to non-manual men was 1.41 (95% CI: 1.21, 1.64) before correction and 1.50 (95% CI: 1.25, 1.79) after correction for imprecision of social class measurement. The imprecision-corrected estimate was attenuated to 1.28 (95% CI: 1.06, 1.54) after adjustment for the adult coronary risk factors (blood cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index, cigarette smoking,
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Though there have been other studies of snoring and sleep apnoea syndrome in the United Kingdom,14 15 16 so far as we know this is the first study with such a large representative sample of the general population. Some findings were expected, based on our knowledge of the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnoea-for example, the association between obesity or thyroid disease and breathing pauses during sleep. That obesity is a significant risk factor is not surprising given the extensive published data, and there is enough evidence to show that disordered breathing during sleep is an independent risk factor for hypertension.17 This survey re-emphasises the common association between disordered breathing during sleep and reports of disrupted nocturnal sleep, non-restorative sleep, daytime sleepiness, greater intake of caffeinated beverages, and drowsiness while driving.. A surprising finding was that the sleep disorder was as often labelled daytime sleepiness as insomnia. A diagnosis of ...
Curry Rivel (Somerset, South West England, United Kingdom) with population statistics, charts, map, location, weather and web information.
Rochester (Medway, South East England, United Kingdom) with population statistics, charts, map, location, weather and web information.
Making headlines as the largest ship in the world when it was launched back in 1843, Brunels SS Great Britain was a revolutionary work of engineering, spearheaded by Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Today, the mighty ship remains an important part of Britains maritime heritage, now a museum ship that stands proud on Bristols waterfront and draws up to 200,000 annual visitors.. Visitors to the SS Great Britain can explore below deck, dress in Victorian costumes, climb the rigging, and peek into the engine rooms, kitchens and crew quarters. Interactive on-board exhibitions tell the story of the ships great voyages, including accounts from passengers, crew, and ship captain, Captain Gray; the ships many engineering innovations; and its triumphant restoration and return to Bristol in 1970. ...
M. Bentley, Politics Without Democracy 1815-1914: Perception and Preoccupation in British Government (1984) G. Best, Mid-Victorian Britain 1851-75 (1979) A. Briggs, The Age of Improvement, 1783-1867 (2000) H. Cunningham, The Challenge of Democracy: Britain 1832-1918 (2001) E. J. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, 1783-1870 (1996) E. J. Feuchtwanger, Democracy and Empire: Britain 1865-1914 (1985) N. Gash, Aristocracy and People: Britain 1815-65 (1983) J. Harris, Private Lives, Public Spirit: Britain 1870-1914 (1914) J. F. C. Harrison, Early Victorian Britain 1832-51 (1988) ─, Late Victorian Britain 1875-1901 (1991) T. W. Heyck, The Peoples of the British Isles: A New History, vol. 2 From 1688 to 1870; vol. 3 From 1870 to Present (both 1992) K. T. Hoppen, The Mid-Victorian Generation 1846-1886 (1998) C. Matthew (ed.), The Nineteenth Century: The British Isles, 1815-1901 (2000) T. May, An Economic and Social History of Britain 1760-1990 (1996) N. McCord, British History, 1815-1906 (1991) C. ...
Smith could not have known, based on whats in Think Like a Freak, that we actually do have a model for the NHS. And, indeed, I proposed the model to Camerons team after he left the meeting.. If nothing else, the model is admirably simple.. On January 1 of each year, the British government would mail a check for 1,000 pounds to every British resident. They can do whatever they want with that money, but if they are being prudent, they might want to set it aside to cover out-of-pocket health care costs. In my system, individuals are now required to pay out-of-pocket for 100 percent of their health care costs up to 2,000 pounds, and 50 percent of the costs between 2,000 pounds and 8,000 pounds. The government pays for all expenses over 8,000 pounds in a year.. From a citizens perspective, the best-case scenario is that they use no health care, so they end up 1,000 pounds to the positive. Well over half of U.K. residents will end up spending less than 1,000 pounds on health care in a given year. ...
Today I found out the difference between The United Kingdom, England, and Great Britain. The actual name of the sovereign state we are talking about is The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). The United Kingdom is made up of the countries England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The confusion of the terms seems to revolve around […]. Read more ...
Jamie's Great Britain by Jamie Oliver. Jamie Oliver celebrates Britain's very best food in Jamie's Great Britain Jamie grew up...
The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 Oxfordshire 1868 - The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland genealogy
The Scottish Government has published the findings from the third survey of the UK-wide Millennium Cohort Study (MCS3), focusing on data from families living in Scotland.
Cancer Research UK and Cancer Research Technology - the charitys development and commercialisation arm - have partnered with Centella...
Results The BPSU survey identified 69 children (annual incidence, 0.52/100 000), including 27 HAV (39%), three HBV (4%), 16 other viruses (23%) and 23 with no aetiology identified (33%). LabBase2 identified an additional 10 HAV and 2 HBV cases in England. Of the 37 hospitalised HAV cases, 70% had travelled abroad, but only 8% had been vaccinated. Similarly, three of the five children with acute HBV had not been immunised, despite being a household contact of a known infectious individual. All patients with HAV recovered uneventfully. In contrast, three children with acute HBV developed liver failure and two required liver transplantation. ...
Cancer Research UK is a major charity whose mission is to cure cancer. Forty years ago, only one in four patients survived the disease.
Cancer Research UK is a major charity whose mission is to cure cancer. Forty years ago, only one in four patients survived the disease.
Copyright © 2003 to 2020 and ongoing, by The Norfolk Terrier Club of Great Britain. All rights reserved. Any re-use of this material is prohibited without permission from the Norfolk Terrier Club of Great Britain and without source reference. ...
The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 Kent 1868 - The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland genealogy
You searched for: Creator Imperial Cancer Research Fund (Great Britain). Laboratories Remove constraint Creator: Imperial Cancer Research Fund (Great Britain). Laboratories Format Text Remove constraint Format: Text Subject Simian virus 40 Remove constraint Subject: Simian virus 40 ...
For immediate release:|br /|New research into the data from the online medical abortion service Women on Web found that many women in Great Britain experience barriers to access including long waiting times, distance to a clinic, work or childcare commitments, privacy concerns and controlling circumstances. Abortion was legalised in Great Britain 50 years ago but is only available in special clinics and hospitals in urban areas. Only by making abortion legal and available through general physicians, nurses, midwives and other widely available healthcare providers as is also supported by the World Heath Organisation, will all women have equal access to abortion services.