The Himachal Pradesh Government today issued the notification to grant Dearness Allowance (DA) to the State Government employees with effect from Jan 1, 2017. In office memorandum issued today, the State Government enhanced the DA to State Government employees at the rate of four percent from the existing rate of 130 per cent to 134 pc to be paid with effect from Jan 1, 2017.. Moreover at the rate of two percent from existing rate of two per cent to four percent in respect of officers of all India Services who drawing pay in the revised pay scale. The DA would be paid in cash salary of September 2017 and the areas occurred form Jan 1, 2017 to Aug 31, 2017 would be credited to the GPF accounts of the employees with the salary of Sept 2017 and interest of this account would be accrued on Oct 1 2017. In case of Government employees who have retired between this terms arrears on the account of additional instalment would be paid in cash.. ...
Having previously pooh-poohed the dangers of the coronavirus, Richard Epstein is now calling for an immediate end to social distancing and business shutdowns. Its unfortunate that he has chosen to dig himself deeper into a hole rather than admitting his earlier mistake and moving on.. As I discussed in a previous post, Epstein initially predicted that the coronavirus would cause about 500 deaths in the U.S., which he then revised to 5000. The U.S. is now at 50,000, which is what Epstein initially predicted as global mortality.. Epstein says that his estimates are more accurate than initial estimates of millions of U.S. deaths. He may have been referring to the two million deaths estimated by Imperial College, London, a widely publicized forecast. But that high estimate explicitly assumed no government intervention. Epsteins estimate of the number of deaths without government intervention was one-tenth the actual number of deaths, which took place despite vigorous government intervention. That ...
The Whitehall study of British civil servants begun in 1967, showed a steep inverse association between social class, as assessed by grade of employment, and mortality from a wide range of diseases. Between 1985 and 1988 we investigated the degree and causes of the social gradient in morbidity in a …
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This is an analysis in the correct direction so that countries and the WHO acquire a know-how and tools that were missing. The past semester has been an observational experiment the world over, and lets hope that a good response to high rate epidemics is mapped out.. The countries proceeded by trial and error, some governments putting emphasis on lives and some on the economy, until their failing health systems forced them to regulate deaths.. In hind site it is easy to see that lock-downs should be selective, but the horror induced by the Lombardy horror videos, of patients effectively euthanized, dying in the corridors and army trucks carrying coffins, made some governments take early measures, as happened in Greece . The fear of the economy made other governments go with the herd immunity slogan, until their health system was overwhelmed ( see UK,…) and they came late to lock-downs, as an afterthought.. 1) The slogan vulnerable people will die anyway, go for herd immunity, was seen to be ...
The role of national governments in ecological or environmental conservation remains contentious the world over. While scientists and campaigners alike often demand that governments regulate and encourage restoration projects; ...
All the problems with the American health care system come from government intervention, so naturally the Democrats idea for fixing it is more government intervention. This is like trying to sober up by having another drink.. The reason seeing a doctor is already more like going to the DMV, and less like going to the Apple Genius Bar, is that the government decided health care was too important to be left to the free market. Yes-the same free market that has produced such a cornucopia of inexpensive goods and services that, today, even poor people have cell phones and flat-screen TVs.. As a result, its easier to get your computer fixed than your health. Thanks, government!. We already have near-universal health coverage in the form of Medicare, Medicaid, veterans hospitals, emergency rooms and tax-deductible employer-provided health care-all government creations.. So now, everyone expects doctors to be free. People who pay $200 for a haircut are indignant if it costs more than a $20 co-pay ...
Many politicians and pundits are panicked over the existing state of the oil and gasoline markets. Disregarding past experience, these parties advocate massive intervention in those markets, which would only serve to repeat and extend previous errors. These interventionists propose solutions to nonexistent problems. This Policy Analysis reviews the academic literature relevant to these matters and argues that the prevailing policy proposals are premised on a misunderstanding of energy economics and market realities. The interventionists do not distinguish between problems that government can remedy and those that it cannot. They ignore lessons that should have been learned from past experience. They embrace at best second- and third-best remedies rather than first-best remedies for the alleged problems. Moreover, they ignore the extreme difficulty associated with ensuring efficient policy response even when it seems to be theoretically warranted. Fear of oil imports is premised on pernicious
Parliament has appointed a 20-member committee to act as the emergency committee of selection, for the 7th parliament of the 4th Republic.. The mandate of this committee is to compose the various standing and select committees of Parliament so that the work of committees in the House can begin in earnest.. The Majority Leader, Osei Kyei Mensah-Bonsu on the floor of Parliament, explained that the committee of selection cannot procreate itself, so it was important for leadership to constitute that committee in consultation with the Speaker.. The 20-member committee of selection will be chaired by the Speaker of Parliament, Aaron Michael Oquaye.. ...
DOPT : Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities No.36035/02/2017-Estt (Res) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES & PENSIONS DEPARTMENT OF PERSONNEL & TRAINING North Block, New Delhi Dated the 15th January, 2018 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject: Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities - reg. With enactment of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016′ from 19th April, 2017 and notification of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES RULES, 2017′ on 15th June, 2017, the following instructions are issued in line with the provisions made therein regarding reservation for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities, as defined under Section 2(r) of the Act against the posts and services of the Central Government. 2. QUANTUM OF RESERVATION 2.1 In case of direct recruitment, four per cent of the total number of vacancies to be filled up by direct recruitment, in the cadre strength in each group of posts i.e. Groups A, B and C shall be reserved for ...
DOPT : Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities No.36035/02/2017-Estt (Res) GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES & PENSIONS DEPARTMENT OF PERSONNEL & TRAINING North Block, New Delhi Dated the 15th January, 2018 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject: Reservation for the Persons with Benchmark Disabilities - reg. With enactment of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES ACT, 2016′ from 19th April, 2017 and notification of THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES RULES, 2017′ on 15th June, 2017, the following instructions are issued in line with the provisions made therein regarding reservation for Persons with Benchmark Disabilities, as defined under Section 2(r) of the Act against the posts and services of the Central Government. 2. QUANTUM OF RESERVATION 2.1 In case of direct recruitment, four per cent of the total number of vacancies to be filled up by direct recruitment, in the cadre strength in each group of posts i.e. Groups A, B and C shall be reserved for ...
Weight: A weight variable is not included in the dataset. However, the SPSS commands created and disseminated by the data producer and incorporated as a separate section in the current ICPSR codebook include SPSS syntax for weighting the main sample only. Mode of Data Collection: on-site questionnaire Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:. ...
Protecting rights and facilitating stable relationships among federal agencies, labor organizations, and employees while advancing an effective and efficient government through the administration of the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute. ...
This paper assesses the quantitative impact of government interventions on deaths related to the COVID-19 outbreak. Using daily data for 32 countries and relyin
The department agreed to sell its remaining 234 million shares in AIG, which represented 15.9 percent of the company, for $32.50 each. The sale in effect closes the books on a rescue that at its height had the government on the hook for more than $182 billion and owning 92 percent of the company. The offering is expected to be completed Friday.. Despite the bailouts profit, critics note the huge toll it took on public confidence in the financial system and the precedent it helped set for government intervention to protect companies deemed too big to fail.. The bailout was an enormous cost to this country, said Phil Angelides, who headed the governments Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission.. Amazon.com agrees to add sales tax for Massachusetts BOSTON - Massachusetts retailers are hailing a deal reached between online seller Amazon.com and state officials to begin collecting the states 6.25 percent sales tax from Bay State residents who order items through the website.. Gov. Deval Patrick ...
with the unconstitutional act of dissolving the Parliament. The present momentous crisis required a firm, an able, and an efficient ininistry. Whether the present ministers came under that description, Parliament must determine. But he thought they afforded but an unfavourable specimen of their future conduct, by shrinking from the responsibilty of having advised the dismissal of the late ministers. It was a constitutional maxim, founded in wisdom, that, the king could do no wrong ; for if he could, what scenes of bloodshed must ensue before he could be brought to justice? The Parliament, he said, had done nothing that could rem quire a dissolution. The reason alleged for it was, the ex. pediency of taking the sen e of the people. That, he contended, was in favour of the late minis ers, and instanced the great county of York. His lordship then adverted to the accusations against the late ministers, for opposing the go. vernment. One would think, he observed, on hearing these, that this was some ...
But to an economist, it is not enough to note that you do or dont like something, to justify a policy to encourage or discourage it. We instead hold ourselves to a higher analysis standard - is there a net market failure sufficient to justify an intervention?. Except, alas, on (national at-a-time between-family) income and wealth inequality. There, most economists think it sufficient to just note that a policy influences inequality - they rarely feel a need to identity an associated market failure. For example, Christina Romer:. A successful argument for a government manufacturing policy has to go beyond the feeling that its better to produce real things than services. … The economic rationales for a policy aimed specifically at shoring up manufacturing largely fall into three categories. None are completely convincing:. MARKET FAILURES Government intervention can be justified on efficiency grounds if the free market wont work well. … The market can malfunction if there are positive ...
Comments: In October 2016, OGE submitted its action plan to address GAOs recommendations. OGE reported having a number of actions underway. OGE stated the agency is surveying agency ethics officials to determine whether executive branch agencies are experiencing data challenges related to special government employees not serving on boards. According to OGE, the agency plans to evaluate what steps may help agencies strengthen their data if the survey results show agencies are experiencing data challenges. OGE reported that, in consultation with OPM, the agency proposed new regulations that would improve coordination between agency human resource officials and agency ethics officials by requiring agency human resource officials to provide ethics officials with prompt notification of the appointment of all financial disclosure report filers, including special government employees. OGE also reported expanding the agencys ongoing review of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) in light ...
I am quite sure that Gawande would not disagree that there should be a framework, but he would be careful about what the framework consisted of. In fact, his use of agricultural history demonstrates that rather than wanting medical reform to proceed helter skelter, he sees his patchwork approach as very well suited to providing true improvement in treatment and costs savings. Gawande certainly isnt advocating that medicine follow its own entropic trajectory, just as he did NOT suggest that that was how agriculture should progress. In fact, quite the opposite. He says, The agricultural system [before 1903] was fragmented and disorganized, and ignored evidence showing how things could be done better….Laissez faire had not worked. What did work was indeed government intervention even in the face of traditional American hostility to it. Private farms remained, along with the considerable advantages of individual initiative. [But] the government was enlisted to help millions of farmers ...
Matching grants are one of the most common policy instruments used by developing country governments to try to foster technological upgrading, innovation, exports, use of business development services and other activities leading to firm growth. However, since they involve subsidizing firms, the risk is that they could crowd out private investment, subsidizing activities that firms were planning to undertake anyway, or lead to pure private gains, rather than generating the public gains that justify government intervention. As a result, rigorous evaluation of the effects of such programs is important. The authors attempted to implement randomized experiments to evaluate the impact of seven matching grant programs offered in six African countries, but in each case were unable to complete an experimental evaluation. One critique of randomized experiments is publication bias, whereby only those experiments with \interesting\ results get published. The hope is to mitigate this bias by learning from ...
22 April 2010: President Obama delivers a speech on Wall Street to advocate more government intervention in the countrys financial sector, but offers no reforms for Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, which helped precipitate the 2008 meltdown. He also delivers a speech regarding the contributions of Earth Day to environmental awareness.. Meanwhile, 200,000 gallons of oil are spilling daily.. 23 April 2010: President Obama blasts the Arizona governor, state legislators, police officers and residents for backing federal laws that prohibit illegal immigration.. 23 April 2010: The oil continues to flow.. 24 April 2010: The president delivers his weekly radio address, which focuses on further regulation of Wall Street. He also calls upon certain segments of his original supporters - African-Americans, Latinos, Hispanics, and women - and asks them to mobilize for political action.. 24 April 2010: Efforts to contain the spill are hampered by lack of resources and difficult weather.. 25 April 2010: President ...
It would be easy to ignore Bedfords essay, but it would be a mistake to do so. True, his organization has slipped into irrelevancy. David Franke, one of the founding members of YAF, estimates that the group has no more than a few hundred dues-paying members, and thus is easily dwarfed by the many thousands of young people who have flocked to Ron Pauls Young Americans for Liberty and Students for Liberty.. There are rumors, however, that YAF is trying to rebuild itself, and there is more at stake than whether Bedford will succeed in breathing new life into a moribund organization. In his attack on Ron Paul, Bedford signals the type of people that he believes are deserving of inclusion within YAF and, indirectly, the conservative movement writ large: namely, neoconservatives who generally favor government intervention, both at home and abroad.. But the issues of greatest concern for CPAC-goers do not comport with YAFs vision. Attendees signaled an interest in limited, constitutional government, ...
By Alasdair Macleod, Head of Research, GoldMoney. The economic establishment failed to foresee the banking crisis five years ago. They then assured us that monetary stimulus was all that was needed to get economic growth back on track. Despite their abysmal track record, they continue with the same flawed Keynesian and monetarist beliefs, refusing to even consider they might be wrong. They are a collective of wise monkeys, seeing no evil, hearing no evil, and saying no evil.. The economic establishment blames todays evils on free markets, on a lack of government intervention, and on banks for being reluctant to lend. It never blames the economic establishment itself. Meanwhile, it blames government deficits on cheats who dont pay their taxes. It never looks at the political cheats who fail to cut their spending according to their diminishing cloth. I could go on; instead, I will attempt to identify the mounting dangers that face us all.. There are four horsemen of the global economic ...
By Ram Puniyani MD The issues related to our educational institutions-patriotism started coming up to the fore with this Government coming to power (May 2014). One after the other news of Government intervention in different institutions, more so the nationally well known ones started disturbing us. There was the case of IIT Madras where Periyar Ambedkar Study Circle was banned. Then IIT Bombay Director […]. ...
In this paper we construct a dynamic heterogeneous agent general equilibrium model to quantify the effects of child labor legislation on human capital accumulation and the distribution of wealth and welfare. Crucial model elements include a human capital externality in the market sector, an informal home production sector in which child labor laws cannot be enforced, uninsurable idiosyncratic income risk, borrowing constraints, and endogenous wage and interest rate determination in general equilibrium. We calibrate the model to US data around 1880 and find that the welfare consequences for individual households of a transition to policies that restrict child labor or provide tax-financed free education depend crucially on the main source of a households income. Whereas households with significant financial asset holdings unambiguously lose from any government intervention, high-wage workers benefit most from a ban on child labor, while low-wage workers benefit most from free education. Based on ...
Chapter 9 summarizes lessons from successful firms and their use of constructive dialogue to help prevent undisciplined risk-taking. The books recommendation, that constructive dialogue be required of all major financial firms as a way to strengthen them and contribute to their safety and soundness, builds on the work of Professor Sydney Finkelstein and colleagues about the need for respectful challenge to help offset the possibility of flawed decision making by a leader. Moreover, only effective supervision can help protect financial firms from a race to the bottom. In 2005-2007 lenders and borrowers took on increasing amounts of risk without regard to the consequences. Citigroups CEO sought government intervention to reduce risks that firms took in the race for market share and profits. CEOs can benefit from feedback from supervisors as well as their boards, management teams, and risk officers.
The UK Government is undertaking a review of changes to the off-payroll working rules, ahead of the implementation of reforms that are due to come into force in April.. The reforms, which were announced in the 2018 Budget, are designed to tackle non-compliance with off-payroll working rules, by making medium and large organisations in the private and third sectors responsible for determining the tax status of contractors.. The review, which will conclude in mid-February, will engage with affected individuals and businesses, to ensure that the implementation of these changes is as smooth as possible.. The off-payroll working rules, known as IR355, were introduced in 2000, and require that individuals who work like employees, but through their own company, pay similar taxes to other employees. They do not affect the self-employed, as only those working like employees are in scope.. As part of the review, the UK Government will hold a series of roundtables with relevant stakeholders. CECA is ...
The tension that neo-conservatives sometimes feel between a belief in mutual respect on the one hand, and the perception that there is too much government intervention to promote equality and respect on the other, erupted into a showdown in the Reform Party at the end of April, 1996. Reform Party MP Bob Ringma made remarks that it is acceptable for a business person to move an employee whose colour or sexual orientation offends a customer to the back of the shop. Another Reform MP, Dave Chatters, supported this sentiment, and in the resulting furor Reform Party Leader Preston Manning suspended both MPs from his caucus. On May 6, Manning issued a statement defending equality and respect, and inviting those who rejected these values to leave the party. He said that the Reform Party affirms equality and tolerance, but we have done so too weakly. ... It is because we have individual members who either do not agree with this principle or do not understand what it truly means when applied to ...
This paper reviews the evidence on external costs of risky behaviors in the U.S. and provides a framework for estimating them. External costs arise when a person does not bear all the costs of his or her behavior. They provide one of the strongest rationales for government interventions. Although the earlier estimates of external costs no longer have policy relevance, they demonstrated that the existence of external costs was an empirical question. We recommend that the estimates of external costs be updated as insurance structures, environments, and knowledge about these behaviors change. The general aspects of external costs may apply to countries other than the U.S. after taking into account differences in institutional, policy and epidemiological characteristics.
Despite Brazils strengths, investors are concerned about hyperinflation and the governments intervention in businesses, says David Riedel, Founder & President at Riedel Research Group.
when the society has provided for a public good, people who shirk paying for their part in that public good still get the service for free. in this case, Neil Miller may indeed not be infected by measles, but it will be because thousands of folks have subjected themselves to the side effects of vaccines in order to assure that there will be a measles-free population.. the problem with free riders is one of leadership: if they lead other people to follow their example, soon the social good of disease-prevention will buckle as an epidemic ensues in the un-vaccinated population.. at least thats what my economic professor said. he believes in technology, he said, when it comes down to it, americans just live longer. so even though he is a free market kinda guy, he favours government intervention here to maintain the status quo of public health.. lets follow the free market approach to vaccination though: we allow information on vaccines to emerge, and allow Neil and his friends to opt out, even to ...
The successor to the Democratic-Republican Party, the Democrats historically acted as the more populist party, as opposed to the mercantilist Whigs and (later) the industrial Republicans. At the same time, however, it was rooted in many socially and economically right-wing views, notably being anti-Second Bank (Andrew Jackson), anti-tariff (i.e. the Bourbons), and supporting and upholding slavery (later segregation). The party began to move to the left in two significant shifts, starting with Woodrow Wilson in the 1910s and Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. The latter was buffered by the New Deal Coalition, a combination of urban constituents, immigrants, intellectuals, organized labor, farmers, whites from the Solid South and (for the first time) Northern African Americans, all of whom agreed on more government intervention in the economy but not much else.[5]. This coalition began to fracture in the late 1940s when members of the Liberal faction of the party such as Harry ...
The thirteen significant case studies presented here examine the challenges faced by media practitioners reporting on conflicts across the diverse media ecologies of Asia. Significant themes covered include: how media culture affects the way conflict is covered, including aspects such as resource limitations, different standards of professionalism, government intervention, and the degree of importance given to the concept of independent media; how media bias can be aggravated by competing demands of various ethnics, religious and political groups and how bias among journalists can contribute to spiralling violence; how journalist can face an identity barrier in terms of access to news and sources; and, how the media can be affected by poor working conditions, pay, training and recognition, and a lack of physical or financial security. The chapters provide a valuable range of perspectives on reporting about conflicts within Asia.
The family environment is not able to overcome childhood obesity without governmental support, a new report has found.. After five years of examining the health factors of more than 16,000 children in eight EU countries, the EU-funded I.Family study, which was published today (9 February), concluded that government intervention is vital in fighting obesity.. A key finding of the study was that the rates of overweight and obese children vary widely between European regions, from around 40% of children aged two to ten years old in southern Italy to less than 10% in Belgium. Socioeconomic status had a major effect on these rates.. Our findings clearly show that children from disadvantaged families are more often overweight and obese than those from more advantaged groups, so its vital that extra efforts are made to target those worst off with bold policies designed to offer them the support they need, I.Family study coordinator Dr Wolfgang Ahrens emphasised.. Over the course of the study, ...
John Gilbertson, a third-year student at Drake University Law School, was recognized onstage during GRAMMY Week 2020 at the 22nd Annual Entertainment Law Initiative Event and Scholarship Presentation, hosted by the Recording Academy. His paper, titled Play It Again Sam: The Free-Market Case for Government Intervention in the Music Streaming Sector, received runner-up in the Entertainment Law Initiative Writing Competition, winning him a trip to Los Angeles and a $2,500 scholarship ...
The aim of this paper is to explore the equity principles in three main domains of government intervention (health, education and especially housing) and to draw lessons for the domain of transport. In line wi... Authors: J. F. Jeekel and C. J. C. M. Martens. ...
So who is correct? I am inclined partially to both sides. The fiscalians are correct that there exists the possibility of a long-drawn equilibrium of stagnation, which can be averted only with government intervention. The austerians are correct about the slippery slope and the dangers of a new bubble. The difficulty, even impossibility, of separating cause and effect (like in so many other areas of economic policy making) means that we will never be able to satisfactorily resolve the dispute about whether TARP and ARRA succeeded or failed, leave alone how much they contributed towards the present employment and output conditions ...
Its confusing to watch Congress do nothing but saber rattling in the face of the current U.S. rail crisis, writes Mike Bryan. Government intervention in this issue seems like a no brainer.
The dilution of government intervention in the form of minimum support prices, procurement and public distribution is undermining agricultural production in the country
Shortages of personal protective equipment and medical supplies could persist for years without strategic government intervention, officials from health care an
Currency exchange rates are highly volatile as they are based on short-term factors and are subject to substantial distortions from speculative movements, economic outlook and government interventions. Currency exchange rates, on their own, do not in our view reflect cost of living changes in the short-term. Exchange rates, even when averaged over a period of time such as a year, are not a good measure of the comparative value of a salary in relation to its comparative international purchasing power. In the short to medium term at least, apparent changes in the comparative level of remuneration between one country and another may be principally a function of changes in the exchange rate as opposed to cost of living ...
Currency exchange rates are highly volatile as they are based on short-term factors and are subject to substantial distortions from speculative movements, economic outlook and government interventions. Currency exchange rates, on their own, do not in our view reflect cost of living changes in the short-term. Exchange rates, even when averaged over a period of time such as a year, are not a good measure of the comparative value of a salary in relation to its comparative international purchasing power. In the short to medium term at least, apparent changes in the comparative level of remuneration between one country and another may be principally a function of changes in the exchange rate as opposed to cost of living ...
E-cigs are supposed to be a healthy alternative to cigarettes - especially with the lack of government intervention in the market as a whole, health findings like this can be very worrisome for the future of e-cig regulation. If the proper precautions arent taken, e-cig users (who think that theyre being safe) may be using faulty tanks and inhaling chemicals along with the nicotine hit.. That means lawsuits and regulation.. Luckily, from what we know now, this problem with formaldehyde is 100% avoidable. You just have to be smart with how you vape. Theres no reason to worry if you take certain precautions - and anyways, when youre eating or inhaling something, you should always try to be as safe as possible.. ...
Agriculture experienced a dramatic change since the 1970s in Bangladesh. The innovation of High Yielding Varieties (HYV) of crops, the extension of irrigation facilities, availabilities of chemical fertilizer and pesticides under subsidized rate, mechanization, government intervention and farmers
M-L: I was aware that Canadian healthcare was also the target for south-of-border criticism. I think its important to point out that such criticism doesnt come from ordinary Americans but from those with financial interests in paid-for healthcare, from extreme Republicans who have an ideological resentment of government intervention (except when Boeings civil aircraft gain hidden subsidies via the defence side of Boeings business), and - Im sorry to say - right-wing evangelicals - who prate on foolishly about state-imposed euthanasia as if it had anything to do with our NHS. In fact Brits wishing to end their lives have to pay £4000 to Swiss-based Dignitas and those accompanying them from the UK to Switzerland run a theoretical risk of being prosecuted ...
News coverage of the shortage of butter on French supermarket shelves (BBC, Bloomberg, NYT) is an economics lesson in itself.. As usual, when theres a shortage, some sort of government intervention in the free market is nearby: the end of milk quotas in the European Union in 2015. I can see someone arguing that the cause of the shortage wasnt the quotas but the repeal of them, but that seems like a stretch. ...
From Philadelphia to San Francisco, local moves toward metrowide broadband will fuel the debate over free enterprise versus government intervention.
Downloadable! We analyze the consequences for sickness absence of a selective softening of job security legislation for small firms in Sweden in 2001. According to our differences-in-difference estimates, aggregate absence in these firms fell by 0.2-0.3 days per year. This aggregate net figure hides important effects on different groups of employees. Workers remaining in the reform firms after the reform reduced their absence by about one day. People with a high absence record tended to leave reform firms, but these firms also became less reluctant to hire people with a record of high absence.
Lawmakers take the Obama administration to task for paying insufficient heed to the need to develop a coordinated federal policy for geospatial information.
The U.S. federal government enters a shutdown because neither legislation appropriating funds for fiscal year 2014 nor a continuing resolution for the interim authorization of appropriations are enacted before the new fiscal year begins. Participant recruitment in D2d is ready to launch; however, the countdown to the start of recruitment is aborted because the D2d funding agency (NIH) is considered a nonessential aspect of the U.S. Government operation. Interestingly, there are more than 850,000 non-essential government employees who stop going to work during a shutdown. However, taxpayers are still required to pay taxes during the shutdown! During the 16-day shutdown (October 1 to 17, 2013), which is the fourth-longest government shutdown in U.S. history, all communication between D2d investigators and NIDDK comes to a halt. The start of participant recruitment is postponed.. ...