TY - JOUR. T1 - Age-related changes in molar topography and shearing crest length in a wild population of mountain Gorillas from Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. AU - Glowacka, Halszka. AU - Mcfarlin, Shannon C.. AU - Catlett, Kierstin K.. AU - Mudakikwa, Antoine. AU - Bromage, Timothy G.. AU - Cranfield, Michael R.. AU - Stoinski, Tara S.. AU - Schwartz, Gary. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Objectives: Great ape teeth must remain functional over long lifespans. The molars of the most folivorous apes, the mountain gorillas, must maintain shearing function for 40+ years while the animals consume large quantities of mechanically challenging foods. While other folivorous primates experience dental senescence, which compromises their occlusal surfaces and affects their reproductive success as they age, it is unknown whether dental senescence also occurs in mountain gorillas. In this article, we quantified and evaluated how mountain gorilla molars change throughout their long lifespans. Materials and ...
Anthony, N.M., Johnson-Bawe, M., Jeffery, K., Clifford, S.L., Abernethy, K.A., Tutin, C.E., Lahm, S.A., White, L.J.T., Utley, J.F., Wickings, E.J. and Bruford, M.W. 2007. The role of Pleistocene refugia and rivers in shaping gorilla genetic diversity in central Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104: 20432-20436.. Arandjelovic, M., Bergl, R.A., Ikfuingei, R., Jameson, C., Parker, M. and Vigilant, L. 2015. Detection dog efficacy for collecting faecal samples from the critically endangered Cross River gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli) for genetic censusing. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140423.. Bennett, E.L. 2014. Legal ivory trade in a corrupt world and its impact on African elephant populations. Conservation Biology 29: 54-60.. Bergl, R.A. 2006. Conservation Biology of the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). City University of New York.. Bergl, R.A. and Vigilant, L. 2007. Genetic analysis reveals population structure and recent ...
Western gorillas live in groups that vary in size from two to twenty individuals. Such groups are composed of at least one male, several females and their offspring. A dominant male silverback heads the group, with younger males usually leaving the group when they reach maturity. Females transfer to another group before breeding, which begins at eight to nine years old; they care for their young infant for the first three to four years of its life. The interval between births, therefore, is long, which partly explains the slow population growth rates that make the western gorilla so vulnerable to poaching. Due to the long gestation time, long period of parental care, and infant mortality, a female gorilla will only give birth to an offspring that survives to maturity every six to eight years. Gorillas are long-lived and may survive for as long as 40 years in the wild. A groups home range may be as large as 30 square km, but is not actively defended. Wild western gorillas are known to use ...
Doctoral thesis (2015). According to the IUCN, the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman) is a critically endangered species. This species would play an important role in tropical forest dynamics ... [more ▼]. According to the IUCN, the western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla Savage & Wyman) is a critically endangered species. This species would play an important role in tropical forest dynamics. Indeed, its highly frugivorous diet and its large body mass would result in the implication of gorilla in the seed dispersal of many plant species. Moreover, by building its nest sites in open canopy forest, it would deposit the majority of seeds in habitats displaying potentially suitable light condition for their germination and for the subsequent seedling development. However, given the expansion of timber exploitation in Central Africa, ecological services dispensed by gorilla could be threatened. The objective of this thesis is to characterize the impacts of ...
The eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is a subspecies of Eastern Gorilla. It is now only found in the forests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.. This subspecies is sturdier in appearance than the western lowland gorilla. It has longer teeth, a stronger jaw and a broader torso. They have black coats, which in males turns silver at the back as the animal matures.. Habitat and diet. Eastern lowland gorilla is predominantly herbivorous, eating mostly leaves. They are known to eat only a few leaves from a single plant, allowing the plant to grow. They will also eat fruit, seeds, bamboo shoots and insects.. Behavior. Eastern lowland gorilla tends to be sociable and peaceful. It lives in groups of 5 to 30. A group usually consists of one silverback and few subdominant males. Silverbacks are the strong, dominant troop leaders. They are in charge of leading the group to food and protecting the group from danger. Males will slowly begin to leave their original group when they ...
Trypanosoma cruzi is an intracellular protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease. The parasite life cycle involves hematophagous reduviid bugs as vectors. Once parasites enter the host body, they invade diverse host cells including cardiomyocytes. Establishment of infection depends on various parasite molecules such as cruzipain, oligopeptidase B, and trans-sialidase that activate Ca2+ signaling. Internalized parasites escape from the parasitophorous vacuole using secreted pore-forming TcTOX molecule and replicate in the cytosol. Multiplied parasites eventually lyse infected host cells and are released in the circulation. During these events, the parasites manipulate host innate immunity and elicit cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. T lymphocyte responses are also disturbed ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
The 2 Days Gorilla Tracking Congo safari takes you through the Mountain gorilla tracking activity in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the Virunga National Park located east of the country bordering Uganda to the West through the East African Rift Valley and partly running through Lake Edward, The park also borders with Rwanda to the North west.
The western lowland gorilla is the most numerous and widespread of all gorilla subspecies. But their populations are being threatened by poaching and disease. Learn more about what WWF is doing to protect its future, and how you can help.
veterinary pathologist with the UC Davis Mountain Gorilla One Health Program who has studied gorilla diseases for more than 25 years.. The two gorillas described in the new study were members of the Hirwa group living in Rwanda. In 2008 and 2009, this group experienced outbreaks of respiratory disease, with various amounts of coughing, eye and nose discharge, and lethargy. In the 2009 outbreak, the Hirwa group consisted of 12 animals: one adult male, six adult females, three juveniles and two infants. All but one were sick. Two died: an adult female and a newborn infant.. Tissue analyses showed the biochemical signature of an RNA virus called human metapneumovirus (HMPV) infecting both animals that had died. While the adult female gorilla ultimately died as a result of a secondary bacterial pneumonia infection, HMPV infection likely predisposed her to pneumonia. HMPV was also found in the infant gorilla, which was born to a female gorilla that showed symptoms of respiratory disease.. The studys ...
Poaching: Mountain gorillas are not usually hunted for bushmeat, but they are frequently maimed or killed by traps and snares intended for other animals. They have been killed for their heads, hands, and feet, which are sold to collectors. Infants are sold to zoos, researchers, and people who want them as pets. The abduction of infants generally involves the loss of at least one adult, as members of a group will fight to the death to protect their young. The Virunga gorillas are particularly susceptible to animal trafficking for the illegal pet trade. With young gorillas worth from $1000 to $5000 on the black market, poachers seeking infant and juvenile specimens will kill and wound other members of the group in the process.[39] Those of the group that survive often disband. One well documented case was that known as the Taiping 4. In this situation, a Malaysian Zoo received four wild-born infant gorillas from Nigeria at a cost of US$1.6 million using falsified export documents.[40][41] ...
Gorillas are great apes and one of our closest living relatives. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many gorillas in its scientific collections. This specimen, USNM 588746 ( http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7585817 ), is a female western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla ).
... is a country of diverse landscapes, with open savannah, thick rainforest and spectacular mountain scenery. The country offers great biodiversity with its National Reserves and protected areas, home to a unique range of flora and fauna, including over 1000 bird species.. Wildlife. Uganda is famous for its wildlife, especially the mountain gorillas and for the opportunity for tracking these wonderful creatures.. Mountain gorillas are critically endangered species with less than 800 remaining individuals. Over half of these are found in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda, the rest are in the Virunga Volcanoes shared between Uganda, Rwanda and DR Congo.. Mountain gorillas are not known to survive in captivity so they can only be seen in their natural forest habitat. Our gorilla safaris in Uganda bring the opportunity to experience a trip of a lifetime to view these magnificent animals in this natural setting.. In Uganda, there are seven currently habituated mountain gorilla groups, with ...
The most recent census of mountain gorillas in Ugandas Bwindi Impenetrable National Park -- one of only two places in the world where the rare gorillas exist -- has found that the population has increased by six percent since the last census in 2002, according to the Uganda Wildlife Authority, the Wildlife Conservation Society, the Max Planck Institute of Anthropology and other groups that participated in the effort.
At least 35 rare mountain gorillas are unaccounted for three months after rebels seized the Rwandan national park where they sometimes range, conservationists said Thursday. But the primates,
Mountain gorillas are currently suffering from a serious inbreeding problem, and while scientists everywhere worry that this will lead them down the path to extinction, one new genetic study says that it might in fact be their salvation.
ID G3R0Q3_GORGO Unreviewed; 856 AA. AC G3R0Q3; DT 16-NOV-2011, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 16-NOV-2011, sequence version 1. DT 27-SEP-2017, entry version 34. DE RecName: Full=V-type proton ATPase subunit a {ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU361189}; GN Name=ATP6V0A2 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSGGOP00000008746}; OS Gorilla gorilla gorilla (Western lowland gorilla). OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; OC Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; OC Catarrhini; Hominidae; Gorilla. OX NCBI_TaxID=9595 {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSGGOP00000008746, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000001519}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSGGOP00000008746, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000001519} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RA Scally A.; RT "Insights into the evolution of the great apes provided by the gorilla RT genome."; RL Submitted (MAY-2011) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases. RN [2] {ECO:0000313,Ensembl:ENSGGOP00000008746} RP IDENTIFICATION. RG Ensembl; RL Submitted ...
Gorillas are great apes and one of our closest living relatives. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many gorillas in its scientific collections. This specimen, USNM 176215 ( http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7261517 ), is a male gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla ) from Cameroon. It was collected by Haberer.
Trek to the depths of Ugandas Bwindi Impenetrable National Park to see some of the last remaining wild mountain gorillas at work, rest and play.
After completing a genetic map of the subspecies, scientists say inbreeding has led to a substantial loss of diversity among mountain gorillas.
The newly released trailer for Virunga, a Netflix documentary, depicts the war over Africas wild mountain gorillas, an endangered species struggling to survive amidst poaching and dwindling habitat.
Buy Mountain Gorilla art prints by Kristin Serafini at Imagekind.com. Shop Thousands of Canvas and Framed Wall Art Prints and Posters at Imagekind.
Mountain gorillas are noted to be social animals that live in cohesive and stable gorilla groups that are kept together by the long term bonds that are between the Adult females and Males. Te relationship of female gorillas is noted to be weak.. The Silverbacks are concerned with protecting the members in their respective groups and do not mind about the territories since gorillas are non territorial. Most of the gorilla groups like 61% have one Silverback while 36% have more than one Silverback.. The other males tend to form male groups with one mature male and a count of younger males. The members in each gorilla group tend to range from 5 - 30 in numbers with the average count being 10 members.. In most times, an established gorilla group has one Silverback which is dominant and then followed by a subordinate Silverback which is most of the time a younger brother, half brother or the first son of the dominant Silverback. The hierarchy then features one or two black backs, three or four ...
Western gorilla MIR29A vectors (from $99), available in lentivirus, AAV, adenovirus, shRNA, CRISPR & many other formats from VectorBuilder.
The Mountain Gorilla is one of the two subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla. There are two populations. One is found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa, within three National Parks Mgahinga, in south-west Uganda; Volcanoes, in north-west Rwanda; and Virunga in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The other is found in Ugandas Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.. The fur of the Mountain Gorilla is often thicker and longer than that of other Gorilla species which enables them to live in colder temperatures. Gorillas can be identified by nose prints unique to each individual. Males usually weigh twice as much as the females, and this subspecies is on average the largest of all gorillas. Adult males have more pronounced bony crests on the top and back of their skulls, giving their heads a more conical shape. These crests anchor the powerful masseter muscles, which attach to the lower jaw (mandible). Adult females also have these crests, but they are less pronounced. Like all ...
Proximity data were collected in a captive breeding group of gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) at the San Diego Wild Animal Park (currently called the San Diego Zoo Safari Park) twice a year (spring and fall periods) for over 12 years, by using a convenient method in which individuals less than 5 m from each animal in the group were recorded by scan sampling, approximately once per hour. Immature ...
gorillas. By Johnnie. description. Mountain gorillas weigh from 200 to 400 pounds. A male mountain gorillas may stand as tall as 6 feet . Gorillas are covered with brownish hair on most of their bodys . habitat. Gorillas live in tropical rain forests and swamps . Slideshow 2882331 by woods
I started my research career at the Karisoke Research Center in Rwanda, where I conducted my PhD research on the mountain gorillas from 1990 to 1992. In 1998, I began my ongoing long-term research project in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, where I am studying the other population of mountain gorillas. In 2005, in collaboration with Christophe Boesch, I began a field project of western gorillas and chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. In recent years I have had collaborations and student projects at some other gorilla research sites including Mbeli Bai, Bai Hokou, and Karisoke. It has been a wonderful experience to observe habituated gorillas over such a long time period as well as see many different forests inhabited by gorillas ...
The Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden celebrated the coming Easter holiday by hosting a special egg hunt event just for gorillas.
Keepers at the San Francisco Zoo placed a newborn gorilla in an incubator Tuesday after his mother continued to ignore the infant, zoo officials said. The baby male, described as healthy and weighing 6 pounds, was removed from the gorilla house and put in the zoo hospital around 5 a.m., about 17 hours after his mother, an endangered western lowland gorilla named Monifa, gave birth. If Monifa remains aloof, keepers will decide whether to raise the infant by hand or to see if another female gorilla can become a surrogate mother.
Kabatwa, a silverback mountain gorilla, carries her twins in the Virunga Mountains, just outside northwestern Rwanda's Volcanoes National Park in Kinigi. According to a 2010 census, the total number of mountain gorillas has increased by a quarter over the past seven years to reach more than 780...
McGuire, M., Vonk, J., Fuller, G., & Allard, S. (2017). Using an ambiguous cue paradigm to assess cognitive bias in gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) during a browse manipulation. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 4 ...
Starting in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in southwestern Uganda, Gladys is linking national conservation, public health institutions, as well as communities to create fresh institutions and resources that improve both animal and human health.Gladys has set up a wildlife health monitoring infrastructure that monitors disease trends among the gorilla population and links animal health with human health. A human public health system compares disease trends in humans to those in the gorilla population and rallies the community as observers of disease treatments. Finally, an information and education campaign keeps the momentum of the human and animal health program by constantly raising awareness on the link between public health, conservation, ecotourism, livelihoods and the economic value of wildlife.Because the mountain gorilla is endangered and any disease outbreak will have catastrophic consequences on the remaining population, Gladys begins by keeping track of the disease trends in ...
availablepublic5377http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/the-gorilla-king-video-full-episode/5377/1174482461cove5377The Gorilla KingAmong the mountain gorillas of Rwanda, Titus reigns as king.Among the mountain gorillas of Rwanda, Titus reigns as king. In the decades that followed his birth in 1974, Titus was orphaned and abandoned, survived poachers, and overcame the deadly challenges of his rivals. Researchers and conservationists recount his triumphant story as they share their memories and archival footage of Titus, from his days as a newborn to his rise to power as a silverback.2008-04-20 00:01:00publishdisabledshowfalse14561Close Encounter with Huge Silverback Gorilla Cameraman Vianet Djenguet encounters a large siverback gorilla named Bouka. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/congo-face-face-huge-silverback-gorilla/14561/2016-10-19 20:00:00http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/files/2016/10/mezzanine_332-480x270.jpg2365856651cove14089S34 Ep1: Animal Reunions What happens when people are reunited with wild ...
CURRENT PROJECTS. Satellite Telemetry: The mountain gorillas of Rwanda and Uganda are textbook example of how tourism can be harnessed as a tool for wildlife conservation. However, repeated attempts to export this gorilla tourism model to the roughly 95% of gorillas who live in Western Equatorial Africa have largely failed. A major factor is that western gorillas move ten times further each day then their East African cousins. This makes them extraordinarily difficult to habituate to approach by humans and subsequently keep track of: creating high personnel costs and amplifying disease spillover and psychological stress. These same constraints have also limited research on the social behaviour and ecology of both gorillas and chimpanzees primarily to questions that can be answered by observing a single social group. Very little empirical work has looked at networks of interaction between social groups. A potential technological fix for these problems lies in new satellite telemetry collars that ...
August 27 2004 (Torino Italy) Scientists fear that emerging evidenc...Congos Odzala National Park a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve contains ... We have not confirmed this as an outbreak of Ebola yet but there ...Fewer than 100000 western lowland gorillas remain on Earth. A stud...Ebola outbreaks have already occurred in this general area. In the ...,Scientists,fear,new,Ebola,outbreak,may,,explain,sudden,gorilla,disappearance,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
say gorillas are taking over. Theres Gorilla Glue, Gorilla Tape, and even Gorilla Glass! I… as foolish as we thought. Gorilla Glass uses a unique chemical strengthening… glass surfaces available. Check out a durability demonstration of the same glass used in Samsung Galaxy S phones and Gorilla Glass own glass…. ...
Citation. Gomez A, Rothman JM, Petrzelkova K, Yeoman CJ, Vlckova K, Umaña JD, Carr M, Modry D, Todd A, Torralba M, Nelson KE, Stumpf RM, Wilson BA, Blekhman R, White BA, Leigh SR. Temporal Variation Selects for Diet-microbe Co-metabolic Traits in the Gut of Gorilla Spp.. The ISME Journal. 2016 Feb 01; 10: 514-26.. External Citation. Abstract. Although the critical role that our gastrointestinal microbes play in host physiology is now well established, we know little about the factors that influenced the evolution of primate gut microbiomes. To further understand current gut microbiome configurations and diet-microbe co-metabolic fingerprints in primates, from an evolutionary perspective, we characterized fecal bacterial communities and metabolomic profiles in 228 fecal samples of lowland and mountain gorillas (G. g. gorilla and G. b. beringei, respectively), our closest evolutionary relatives after chimpanzees. Our results demonstrate that the gut microbiomes and metabolomes of these two ...
eCard description: a reclining male gorilla, clearly enjoying his life of leisure., artist:Care2, section:Wildlife, category:Endangered, type:image
Shabani lives in Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens in Nagoya (AFP/Getty) "He certainly didnt have quite the same following here that he has in Japan." On Twitter many Japanese women have tweeted praise and pictures of Shabani, Mail Online reported, including one women who wrote: "I went to Higashiyama Zoo. This hot Shabani ikemen was certainly handsome." Another female visitor shared an image of the zoo with her friends and the caption: "The meeting of going to see the handsome gorilla Shabani... it was a fun holiday." Shabani arrived at Taronga Zoo as a baby with another silverback, Kibabu, who is now living out his "retirement" at a zoo on the NSW south coast, explained another staffer, Paul Fahy. "Obviously western lowland gorillas are a critically endangered species, so Tarongas part of a coordinated breeding programme. The decision was made for Shabani to go to Japan as part of the breeding program, which is all about ensuring genetic diversity," Fahy said. ...
There are two sub-species of lowland gorilla; western and eastern, both of which inhabit isolated rainforest pockets where they...
So, back to the gorilla story. When I was running TCUs Fort Worth Contemporary Arts in 2011, I asked to borrow the gorilla for a show-I wanted to show him on his own, with no static from other work-and the G-M Foundation agreed to loan him. I wont apologize for referring to an artwork with a pronoun. Thats the effect My Gorilla has on me. There, I made it worse. I do refer to him as My Gorilla. I wonder how many of us who love art, and see a lot of it, get so attached to something in some collection somewhere that they/we start to feel territorial about it. (Theres a Dieter Roth at the Walker I do that with, but its the only other work I can think of that inspires such possessiveness in me.). Heres what happened. A few things happened, actually. The art handlers show up at the space in their truck-Im pretty sure it was Unified, which is a good sign-and the gorilla is strapped to a huge wooden pallet. His arm, of course, is in its own crate. Both arm and gorilla feel like they must weigh ...
Six-month-old Afia clung on to her keeper as she would her mother and is said to be strong, alert and vocal. The Western lowland gorilla, who was born in February, lives at Bristol Zoo's Gorilla Island.
The San Francisco Zoo said a 1-year-old western lowland gorilla was killed when the group of gorillas were being moved into their night quarters.
The rangers of Virunga National Park serve on the front lines in the fight to end illegal wildlife trafficking in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, often at great personal risk and sacrifice. Thanks to the rangers efforts, the park and its critical mountain gorilla population are rebounding.  Learn more about the annual National Geographic Explorer of the Year award
Mountain gorillas: 1. Evil poachers: 0. The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund reports that while this behavior has been seen in adults before, this is the first time that juvenile gorillas have shown off their
(1992) Karen Garner preparing a gorilla hair for analysis using PCR (polymerase chain reaction). This hair is from Peanuts, a silverback male mountain gorilla (named by Dian Fossey) who died May 1, 1989, at about age 29. The study is being done to assess the level of genetic diversity in gorilla populations, to clarify gorilla classification at the subspecies level, and to develop methods for pedigree determination. The bands (black) on the autoradiograms show the sequence of bases in a sample of DNA. At the San Diego Zoo in California. DNA Fingerprinting. MODEL RELEASED
This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonians Open Access page ...
Many of the gorillas abilities are thought to be socially acquired, including food cleaning behavior. But during a series of tests, researchers found gorillas cleaned sand from a dirty apple 75 percent of the time, UPI wrote.. Damien Neadle, a researcher at the University of Birmingham, said, In four of our five gorillas, at least one of the techniques for cleaning was similar to that observed in the wild.. "Given that these two groups are culturally unconnected, it suggested that social learning is not required for this behavior to emerge.. Scientists suggest their findings - published in the journal PLoS One - dont diminish the importance of social learning among apes. It simply proves gorillas can also develop talents and skills not their own.. Neadle said, Here, we argue that individual learning is responsible for the form of the behavior, whilst social learning possibly contributes to its frequency.". Intrinsic learning and social learning arent mutually exclusive. Gorillas can learn ...