बाँझ शर्तों के तहत Gibberella zeae, संग्रह के लिए एक प्रक्रिया में ascospores के विकास की प्रक्रिया का अध्ययन करने के लिए आदेश में...
Para estudiar los procesos de desarrollo de ascosporas en Gibberella zeae, un procedimiento para la recolección en condiciones...
The first inroads into the understanding of GAs were developments from the plant pathology field, with studies on the bakanae, or "foolish seedling" disease in rice. Foolish seedling disease causes a strong elongation of rice stems and leaves and eventually causes them to topple over.[4] In 1926, Japanese scientist Eiichi Kurosawa identified that foolish seedling disease was caused by the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi.[4] Later work at the University of Tokyo (notable from Yabuta, Sumiki and Hayashi) showed that a substance produced by this fungus triggered the symptoms of foolish seedling disease and they named this substance "gibberellin".[1][4] The increased communication between Japan and the west following World War II enhanced the interest in gibberellin in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US).[1] Workers at Imperial Chemical Industries in the UK and the Department of Agriculture in the US both independently isolated gibberellic acid [4] (with the Americans originally referring ...
Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones that are essential for many developmental processes in plants, including seed germination, stem elongation, leaf expansion, trichome development, pollen maturation and the induction of flowering (Achard and Genschik, 2009). Hence, mutant plants that are deficient in GA exhibit a dwarf and late-flowering phenotype, and treating these plants with GA restores normal growth. Historically, GA was first identified in the pathogenic fungus Gibberella fujikuroi, the causal agent of the foolish-seedling disease of rice, causing excessive elongation of infected plants (Yabuta and Sumiki, 1938). Since its original discovery, ,130 GAs have been identified in plants, fungi and bacteria, although only a few GAs have biological activity (Yamaguchi, 2008); many non-bioactive GAs exist in plants, and these act as precursors for the bioactive forms or are de-activated metabolites. The major bioactive GAs, which include GA1, GA3, GA4 and GA7, are derived from a basic ...
Bakanae (バカナエ) (pronounced "ba-ka-na-eh") or bakanae disease(馬鹿苗病, バカナエビョウ, Bakanae-byou), from the Japanese for "foolish seedling", is a disease that infects the rice plant. It is caused by the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi, the metabolism of which produces a surplus of gibberellic acid. In the plant, this acts as a growth hormone, causing hypertrophy. The afflicted plants, which are visibly etiolated and chlorotic, are at best infertile with empty panicles, producing no edible grains; at worst, they are incapable of supporting their own weight, topple over, and die (hence "foolish seedling disease"). The earliest known report of bakanae is from 1828; it was first described scientifically in 1898 by Japanese researcher Shotaro Hori, who showed that the causative agent was fungal. The fungus affects rice crops in Asia, Africa, and North America. In epidemic cases yield losses may reach up to 20% or more. A 2003 publication from the International Rice Research ...
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. It binds two moles of GTP, one at an exchangeable site on the beta chain and one at a non-exchangeable site on the alpha chain.
대전광역시 유성구 대학로 245 한국과학기술정보연구원TEL : 042.869.1234 서울시 동대문구 회기로 66NDSL고객센터 : 080.969.4114E-mail : [email protected] 대표자 : 한선화사업자등록번호 : 205-82-04043 ...
Close The Infona portal uses cookies, i.e. strings of text saved by a browser on the users device. The portal can access those files and use them to remember the users data, such as their chosen settings (screen view, interface language, etc.), or their login data. By using the Infona portal the user accepts automatic saving and using this information for portal operation purposes. More information on the subject can be found in the Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. By closing this window the user confirms that they have read the information on cookie usage, and they accept the privacy policy and the way cookies are used by the portal. You can change the cookie settings in your browser. ...
Catalyzes the hydration of cyanide to formamide. Degradation of cyanide may be important for plant pathogenic fungi in infection of cyanogenic plants.
Chronological events associated with the interaction between a strain of Trichoderma harzianum, T472, with known biological control activity against perithecial production of G. zeae, were studied with scanning electron microscopy to investigate the mechanisms of control. Large clusters of perithecia consisting of 5-15 perithecia formed on the autoclaved, mulched wheat straw inoculated with G. zeae alone (control) with an average of 157 perithecia per plate. Small clusters consisting of 3-6 and an average of 15 perithecia per plate perithecia formed on straw that was treated with T. harzianum. The mature perithecia from straw treated with T. harzianum produced less pigment and were lighter in color than those from the control plates. Furthermore the cells of the outer wall of these perithecia were abnormal in appearance and unevenly distributed across the surface. Immature perithecia were colonized by T. harzianum approximately 15 d after inoculation (dai) with the biocontrol agent and pathogen. Few
ID W7MUU1_GIBM7 Unreviewed; 302 AA. AC W7MUU1; DT 16-APR-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 16-APR-2014, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 14. DE SubName: Full=Glutathione S-transferase {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EWG51435.1}; GN ORFNames=FVEG_10403 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EWG51435.1}; OS Gibberella moniliformis (strain M3125 / FGSC 7600) (Maize ear and OS stalk rot fungus) (Fusarium verticillioides). OC Eukaryota; Fungi; Dikarya; Ascomycota; Pezizomycotina; OC Sordariomycetes; Hypocreomycetidae; Hypocreales; Nectriaceae; OC Fusarium; Fusarium fujikuroi species complex. OX NCBI_TaxID=334819 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EWG51435.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000009096}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:EWG51435.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000009096} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=M3125 / FGSC 7600 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000009096}; RX PubMed=20237561; DOI=10.1038/nature08850; RA Ma L.-J., van der Does H.C., Borkovich K.A., Coleman J.J., RA Daboussi M.-J., Di Pietro A., Dufresne ...
Canadian Postal Codes must have 6 digits. Do not use four letter state codes, use two letters or type out complete state name. Do not add periods to two letter state codes. ...
The diversity of fusaria in symptomatic Citrus trees in Greece, Italy and Spain was evaluated using morphological and molecular multi-locus analyses based on fragments of the calmodulin (CAM), intergenic spacer region of the rDNA (IGS), internal transcribed spacer region of the rDNA (ITS), large subunit of the rDNA (LSU), RNA polymerase largest subunit (RPB1), RNA polymerase second largest subunit (RPB2), translation elongation factor 1-alpha (EF-1α) and beta-tubulin (TUB) genes. A total of 11 species (six Fusarium spp., and five Neocosmospora spp.) were isolated from dry root rot, crown, trunk or twig canker or twig dieback of citrus trees. The most commonly isolated species were Fusarium sarcochroum, F. oxysporum and Neocosmospora solani. Three new Fusarium species are described, i.e., F. citricola and F. salinense belonging to the newly described F. citricola species complex; and F. siculi belonging to the F. fujikuroi species complex. Results of pathogenicity tests showed this new complex ...
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Gibberella zeae (anamorph: Fusarium graminearum) causes head scab or head blight of wheat, barley, and oats, and foot and crown rot of corn. Recent scab outbreaks in Asia, Canada, Europe, South America and the United States highlight the increased threat this disease poses to food supplies worldwide. A better understanding of the biology of the scab organism is warranted to develop new control strategies. Our long term goals are: (1) to understand the genetic basis for inoculum development, mycotoxin production, and pathogenicity and (2) to use genomics to develop a biology- based control program for scab, using the genomics programs of wheat and corn to enhance this program. We have sequenced and analyzed a cohort of over 12,000 ESTs from 3 cDNA libraries representing different culture conditions and developmental stages. We will present the functional categorization of the genes in these libraries and a comparative analysis of gene ...
Citation: SCHISLER, D.A., KHAN, N.I., BOEHM, M.J., VAN CAUWENBERGE, J.E., SLININGER, P.J. DISCOVERY, PILOT-PLANT PRODUCTION, AND EFFICACY OF ANTAGONISTS OF FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT (SCAB) OF WHEAT. 8TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF PLANT PATHOLOGY. ABSTRACT PAPER NUMBER 3.85. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: A serious impediment to the commercialization of biocontrol agents is the lack of adequate methodologies for selecting biocontrol agents that have both high efficacy and amenability to the stresses of commercial-scale biomass production. Seven microbial strains were obtained from wheat anthers and were effective against three different isolates of Gibberella zeae in greenhouse tests. Bacillus subtilis strains AS 43.3, AS 43.4, and Cryptococcus nodaensis OH 182.9 reduced disease severity by ,77%, 93%, and 56%, respectively. Yeasts Cryptococcus nodaensis OH 182.9 and Cryptococcus sp. OH 181.1 reduced disease severity by as much as 60% in a series of field experiments on winter and durum ...
A field mushroom improves its odds by manic seeding, producing 16 billion spores that are released at a rate of 100 million an hour. Some fungi have evolved methods to disperse spores a few inches higher, improving their odds of picking up a favorable breeze. Puffball mushrooms launch their spores upward into the air when the fruiting body is pressed by a raindrop or the foot of an animal. (See picture- Note cloud from Earth Star). Recent research has identified ways some plants have developed to launch their spores. Gibberella zeae, a fungal pathogen of wheat is currently the reigning champion in acceleration. By producing chemicals that create high osmotic pressure in the cells, it is able to accelerate the spores to 870,000 times the acceleration of gravity, reaching 80 miles per hour. This translates to traveling 2,000,000 spore lengths per second. They are shot into the air to an amazing altitude of -are you ready for this?- quarter of an inch. (Remember, they are infinitesimally light ...
Jagung super hibrida yang mempunyai ketahanan terhadap penyakit busuk tongkol (Gibberella zeae), warna biji menarik dan produksi yang tinggi. Cocok untuk dataran tinggi dan cocok untuk dipanen muda (konsumsi).. Kemasan : 1 ...
NIBIO leverer kunnskap om mat- og planteproduksjon, miljø, klimasmart landbruk, kart, arealbruk, genressurser, skog, ressursforvaltning og landbruksøkonomi.
NIBIO leverer kunnskap om mat- og planteproduksjon, miljø, klimasmart landbruk, kart, arealbruk, genressurser, skog, ressursforvaltning og landbruksøkonomi.
Literature References: A class of plant growth hormones first isolated in 1938 from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi (Sawada) Wollenweber (Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon) the fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice: Yabuta, Sumiki, J. Agric. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 14, 1526 (1938). Isolated also from higher plants; for source references see review by Lang, Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 21, 537 (1970). More than 60 gibberellins are known of which gibberellin A3, q.v., is the most important. GA3 and mixtures of GA4 and GA7 are available commercially. All gibberellins are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton containing the gibbane nucleus. Major structural differences lie in the substituents at positions 4a, 7, 8 (gibbane numbering) and the presence or absence of a g-lactone ring. Total synthesis of racemic gibberellins A2, A4, A9, A10: Mori et al., Tetrahedron 25, 1293 (1969); of gibberellin A4: A. L. Cossey et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 1980, 4383; of gibberellin A15: Nagata et al., J. Am. Chem. ...
Fumonisins are important mycotoxins which often contaminate several cereals such as maize, wheat or rice, although they can also occur in a wide variety of other commodities. Fumonisins are responsible of serious chronic and acute diseases in human and animals and their presence is under regulation in more than 100 countries. Fumonisin production is basically limited to the members of the formerly so-called ,i,Gibberella fujikuroi,/i, species complex. ,i,Fusarium fujikuroi,/i, has been described as a maize and rice pathogen causing important agricultural losses. However, little information is available about the phylogenetics of this species and its ability to produce fumonisins in rice. In this work, we studied 23 strains isolated from rice in the Philippines and performed a phylogenetic analysis using the partial sequence of the elongation factor -1 alpha including isolates belonging to closely related species. Fumonisin production was analysed in seven-day-old cultures grown in ...
TRITICUM AESTIVUM, BROTWEIZEN (PFLANZENBAU); SCHÄDEN AN WURZELN UND ANDEREN UNTERIRDISCHEN PFLANZENORGANEN (PHYTOPATHOLOGIE); FUSARIUM (PHYTOPATHOLOGIE); TRITICUM AESTIVUM, BREAD WHEAT (CROP PRODUCTION); DAMAGE OF ROOTS AND OTHER SUBTERRANEAN PLANT ORGANS (PLANT PATHOLOGY); FUSARIUM (PLANT PATHOLOGY ...
Bacillus velezensis is an endospore-forming, free-living soil bacterium with potential as a biopesticide against a broad spectrum of microbial pathogens of plants. Its potential for commercial development is enhanced by rapid replication and resistance to adverse environmental conditions, typical of Bacillus species. However, the use of beneficial microbes against phytopathogens has not gained dominance due to limitations that may be overcome with new biopesticidal strains and/or new biological knowledge. Here, we isolated B. velezensis strain 9D-6 and showed that it inhibits the in vitro growth of prokaryotic and eukaryotic pathogens, including the bacteria , Clavibacter michiganensis, Pantoea agglomerans, Ralstonia solanacearum, Xanthomonas campestris, and Xanthomonas euvesicatoria; and the fungi Alternaria solani, Cochliobolus carbonum, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, Gibberella pulicaris,
Repeat induced point mutation (RIP) mechanism in Fungal genome , combined with the study of pathogenicity makes it a interesting candidate for variation studies. F. graminearum is a causative agent of epidermic plant disease called scab or Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) in Wheat and Barley. The Fusarium comparative project of Broad Institute resulted in sequencing of two strains of Fusarium graminearum, PH-1 (NRRL 31084) and GZ3639 (NRRL 29169). The comparative study resulted in identification of 10,495 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between the two strains.. Mapping of the SNPs over the chromosome shown very localized distribution of SNPs in the repeat rich telomere and regions rich with pathogenicity related genes (Cuomo CA et. al). This data is now integrated in the Gibberella zeae database.. Reference: "The Fusarium graminearum genome reveals a link between localized polymorphism and pathogen specialization". Cuomo CA et al. Science. 2007 Sep 7;317(5843):1400-2. Pubmed : 17823352. ...
If you are a hog operator, you know that feeding vomitoxin infected corn is a big problem. As we are now into that time of year, I thought this article about spraying fungicides on corn might be helpful. This is why I talked last winter about using TwinLine on corn, or Quadris, Headline or Acapela along with Folicur. Instead of Folicur which is fairly cheap, you could substitute Prosaro or Proline or Caramba.. The forecast for the next 14 days is normal to below normal temperatures with showery conditions. Ideal for infection. Just like it was at wheat heading. All we need after this is a bunch of wet weather in Sept/Oct. With that combination we could be in for a bout of gibberella ear rot come harvest time.. ...
Fungal highly reducing polyketide synthases (HRPKSs) are an enigmatic group of multidomain enzymes that catalyze the biosynthesis of structurally diverse compounds. This variety stems from their intrinsic programming rules, which permutate the use of tailoring domains and determine the overall number of iterative cycles. From genome sequencing and mining of the producing strain Eupenicillium brefeldianum ATCC 58665, we identified an HRPKS involved in the biosynthesis of an important protein transport-inhibitor Brefeldin A (BFA), followed by reconstitution of its activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in vitro. Bref-PKS demonstrated an NADPH-dependent reductive tailoring specificity that led to the synthesis of four different octaketide products with varying degrees of reduction. Furthermore, contrary to what is expected from the structure of BFA, Bref-PKS is found to be a nonaketide synthase in the absence of an associated thiohydrolase Bref-TH. Such chain-length control by the partner ...
Phenolic esters have attracted considerable interest due to the potential they offer for peroxidase catalysed cross-linking of cell wall polysaccharides. Particularly, feruloyl residues undergo radical coupling reactions that result in cross-linking (intra-/intermolecular) between polysaccharides, between polysaccharides and lignin and, between polysaccharides and proteins. This review addresses for the first time different studies in which it is established that cross-linking by dehydrodiferulates contributes to maizes defences to pests and diseases. Dehydrodiferulate cross-links are involved in maize defence mechanisms against insects such as the European, Mediterranean, and tropical corn borers and, storage pest as the maize weevil. In addition, cross-links are also discussed to be involved in genetic resistance of maize to fungus diseases as Gibberella ear and stalk rot. Resistance against insects and fungus attending dehydrodiferulates could go hand in hand. Quantitative trait loci mapping for
Davidson, SE and Reid, JB and Helliwell, CA (2006) Cytochromes P450 in gibberellin biosynthesis. Phytochemistry Reviews, 5. pp. 405-419. ISSN 1568-7767 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Enhanced homologous recombination in Fusarium verticillioides by disruption of FvKU70, a gene required for a non-homologous end joining mechanism. AU - Choi, Yoon E.. AU - Shim, Won Bo. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. N2 - Fusarium verticillioides (teleomorph Gibberella moniliformis) is associated with maize worldwide causing ear rot and stalk rot, and produces fumonisins, a group of mycotoxins detrimental to humans and animals. While research tools are available, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms associated with fungal virulence and fumonisin biosynthesis in F. verticillioides is still limited. One of the restraints that hampers F. verticilli- oides gene characterization is the fact that homologous recombination (HR) frequency is very low (,2%). Screening for a true gene knock-out mutant is a laborious process due to a high number of ectopic integrations. In this study, we generated a F. verticillioides mutant (SF41) deleted for FvKU70, a gene directly responsible for ...
The app, available as a free download, helps users identify common ear rots and determine safe levels for the use of grain affected by mycotoxins. The app also has information on ear rot management and properly storing moldy grain. Resources include practical tips for ear rot management and in-depth information on mycotoxins and conditions that favor ear rot development.. Farmers can also access information from the website, which features high quality images to help with ear rot identification and links to additional corn ear rot and mycotoxin management resources.. The website was created as part of the Integrated Management Strategies for Aspergillus and Fusarium Ear Rots of Corn project, which was established in 2012 with funding from the U.S. Department of Agricultures National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The goal of the project is to coordinate and promote a research and Extension collaboration that provides corn producers with new tools for managing ear rots and mycotoxins.. Ear ...
The correlation of ATP citrate lyase (ACL) and acetyl CoA levels with trichothecene production in Fusarium graminearum was investigated using an inhibitor (precocene II) and an enhancer (cobalt chloride) of trichothecene production by changing carbon sources in liquid medium. When precocene II (30 µM) was added to inhibit trichothecene production in a trichothecene high-production medium containing sucrose, ACL expression was reduced and ACL mRNA level as well as acetyl CoA amount in the fungal cells were reduced to the levels observed in a trichothecene trace-production medium containing glucose or fructose. The ACL mRNA level was greatly increased by addition of cobalt chloride in the trichothecene high-production medium, but not in the trichothecene trace-production medium. Levels were reduced to those level in the trichothecene trace-production medium by addition of precocene II (300 µM) together with cobalt chloride. These results suggest that ACL expression is activated in the presence of
Read "A Rice Semi-Dwarf Gene, Tan-Ginbozu (D35), Encodes the Gibberellin Biosynthesis Enzyme, ent-Kaurene Oxidase, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Fusarium proliferatum ATCC ® 12617™ Designation: IMI 58293 [1135, CBS 264.54] Application: produces gibberellic acid GA3, gibberellin A3
Computational Techniques for Biologic Species Distribution Modeling: 10.4018/978-1-61692-871-1.ch015: Computational modeling techniques for species geographic distribution are critical to support the task of identifying areas with high risk of loss of
The fumonisins are a group of mycotoxins produced primarily by Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium proliferatum, although a few other Fusarium species also may produce them. Traditionally, Fusarium moniliforme is the fungal species associated with fumonisins, but this name is no longer used, due to advances in taxonomy and nomenclature. There are at least 28 different forms of fumonisins, most designated as A-series, B-series, C-series, and P-series. Fumonisin B1 is the most common and economically important form, followed by B2 and B3. Maize is the most commonly contaminated crop, and fumonisins are the most common mycotoxins in maize, although these toxins can occur in a few other crops as well. Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisins are distributed worldwide. The primary health concerns associated with fumonisins are acute (single exposure) toxic effects in horses and swine, and carcinogenic (able to cause cancer) properties. Horses that are poisoned with fumonisins may develop a fatal ...
Conifer diterpene synthases (diTPSs) catalyze the multi-step cycloisomerization of geranylgeranyl diphosphate, or copalyl diphosphate, to a variety of diterpenes in general (i.e., primary) and specialized (i.e., secondary) metabolism. Despite their functional diversity, the known conifer diTPSs are structurally closely related, with variations in three conserved domains, α, β and γ. The catalytic specificity of conifer class I and class I/II diTPSs is predominantly determined by the protein environment of the C-terminal class I active site through stabilization of common and unique carbocation intermediates. Using the crystal structure of Taxus brevifolia taxadiene synthase as template, comparative modeling and mutagenesis of the class I diTPS ent-kaurene synthase from Picea glauca (PgKS) was performed to elucidate the catalytic specificity of PgKS relative to spruce diTPSs of specialized metabolism. N-terminal truncations demonstrated a role for the βγ domain in class I enzyme activity for PgKS,
Key message Predictabilities for wheat hybrids less related to the estimation set were improved by shifting from single- to multiple-trait genomic prediction of Fusarium head blight severity.
Ear rot diseases are beginning to develop in some Nebraska fields and reportedly those in other states, as well. Corn fields should be scouted prior to harvest to assess ear rot disease, paying special attention to higher risk fields. Husks of affected ears may be discolored before other ears in the field or tip over early. Some fungal growth may only be evident after husks are opened on the ear to reveal a cottony fungal growth that can vary in color.. Ear rot diseases are caused by several species of fungi that can continue to grow in stored grain, causing further loss of grain quality. In addition, some fungi may produce secondary mycotoxins that can be harmful at higher concentrations to livestock and other consumers.. Ear rot diseases are more common in wounded ears, especially those damaged by ear-feeding insects or hail. In addition, some growing conditions, especially damp weather and cool temperatures during fall that slow grain drying, can favor fungal infection as well.. Corn ...
Fusarium head blight continues to be the biggest emphasis. Yield loss due to head blight in Minnesota was 33, 18, 5-8, and 5% in 1993, 94, 95, and 96, respectively. The decrease is partly due to a change in weather. There also has been a very rapid change towards less susceptible cultivars, especially 2375, which occupied 70% of the acreage in 1994. 2375 becomes infected, but fills kernels rapidly and in the presence of the toxin. The resistance in 2375 is not a Chinese source. 2375 is now declining in popularity due to agronomic problems. There are many resistant lines in the pipeline for release, with most carrying resistances from Chinese material. Head blight is more severe on durum wheat, and production of durum is now moving to the west in an attempt to escape the disease. All of resistance screening is being done with Fusarium graminearum. Seed treatments have been found to be effective in preventing the seedling blight phase of the disease. UM is hiring a molecular biologist in the ...
The Plant Management Network, an online journal of the American Phytopathological Society with content appropriate for all plant health practitioners.
A cis-acting enoyl reductase (ER) catalytic domain was isolated from a fungal highly reducing iterative polyketide synthase (HR-iPKS) for the first time and studied in vitro. The ER from the squalestatin tetraketide synthase forms a discrete dimeric protein in solution. The ER shows broad substrate selectivi
WoRMS (2005). Diatoma moniliformis. In: Kociolek, J.P.; Balasubramanian, K.; Blanco, S.; Coste, M.; Ector, L.; Liu, Y.; Kulikovskiy, M.; Lundholm, N.; Ludwig, T.; Potapova, M.; Rimet, F.; Sabbe, K.; Sala, S.; Sar, E.; Taylor, J.; Van de Vijver, B.; Wetzel, C.E.; Williams, D.M.; Witkowski, A.; Witkowski, J. (2017). DiatomBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=164000 on 2018-01- ...
Principal Investigator:KUMAGAI Susumu, Project Period (FY):1991 - 1992, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for international Scientific Research, Section:Joint Research
Looking for DURAC Gravity ASTM Certified Hydrometer (12M035)? Graingers got your back. Price:$457.00. Easy ordering & convenient delivery. Log-in or register for your pricing.
A plants eventual size depends on the integration of its genetic program with environmental cues, which vary on a daily basis. Both efficient carbon metabolism and the plant hormone gibberellin are required to guarantee optimal plant growth. Yet, little is known about the interplay between carbon metabolism and gibberellins that modulates plant growth. Here, we show that sugar starvation in Arabidopsis thaliana arising from inefficient starch metabolism at night strongly reduces the expression of ent-kaurene synthase, a key regulatory enzyme for gibberellin synthesis, the following day. Our results demonstrate that plants integrate the efficiency of photosynthesis over a period of days, which is transduced into a daily rate of gibberellin biosynthesis. This enables a plant to grow to a size that is compatible with its environment. ...
The Plant Management Network, an online journal of the American Phytopathological Society with content appropriate for all plant health practitioners.
Michigan State University Extension applies research from MSU to help Michigan residents solve everyday problems in agriculture, community development, nutrition, family finances, youth development and more.
Fusaric acid: | | Fusaric acid | | | ||| | | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled.
Choline- and acetylcholine-induced changes in the morphology of Fusarium graminearum: evidence for the involvement of the choline transport system and acetylcholinesterase
This is a fungus disease of rice in which leaves and stems of infected plants showed abnormally tall growth. The infection is known as Bakanae disease and is due to the fungal production of a plant growth hormone. It is also known as Cotton Boll Rot ...