This survey of West German respondents elicited their opinions on West Germany and its relationship with the United States and other countries. Topics covered include the respondents view of Helmut Kohls handling of his job as chancellor of West Germany, impressions of political leaders, the political leader most interested in arms control, and Gorbachevs motives in relationships with western countries. In addition, respondents were asked which countries they thought were working for peace, which countries were more involved in unrest, and which countries were friends to West Germany. They also were queried about whether there was a need to change West Germanys foreign policy, whether the Soviets should reduce their conventional forces in Europe, whether NATO was necessary for the defense of Western Europe, and whether the cold war between West and East was coming to an end. Views on the United States short-range nuclear weapons and on American troops in West Germany also were included. ...
Get this from a library! West Germany. [Barbara Einhorn; Chris Fairclough; Malcolm S Walker] -- An introduction to the geography, history, and culture of West Germany.
Ussr Trade West Germany News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Ussr Trade West Germany From The latimes
West Germany is the colloquial name given to the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland) prior to German reunification in 1990. It was formed from the British, French and American zones of occupied Germany in 1949, and the provisional capital of the state was Bonn. West Berlin was not officially part of the Federal Republic until 1991; its status remained that of a city under allied military government. Heavy US American investments in the country lead it to the German economic miracle. ...
The body of West Germanys murdered ambassador to Guatemala, Count von Spreti, was flown by Luftwaffe jet from Guatemala to Bonn on Friday (10 April).
A Federal Republic of China (Chinese: 中華聯邦共和國; pinyin: Zhonghua Lianbang Gongheguo) is a proposed federal republic encompassing mainland China, Macau, Hong Kong and Taiwan. This Third Republic (following on from the Republic of China and the Peoples Republic of China) is proposed by supporters of the Tibet independence movement, although it would not in effect create an independent Tibet. Yan Jiaqi, writing for the Tibetan government in exile,[1] has written that:. It would be a federation with the characteristics of a confederation. Federal China would consist of two kinds of republics: loose republics such as Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang: and close republics consisting the rest of China.. According to Yan:. They would differ from the existing federal countries in their defence, taxation and legal systems. This model, however, in which the close republics would have an arrangement based on the United States of America, and the loose ...
In this paper, we combine vital statistics and survey data to obtain parity specific birth rates for West Germany. Since vital statistics do not provide birth parity information, one is confined to using estimates. The robustness of these estimates is an issue, which is unfortunately only rarely addressed when fertility indicators for (West) Germany are reported. In order to check how reliable our results are, we estimate confidence intervals and compare them to results from survey data and estimations conducted by the German Statistical Office. Although our estimations show a similar trend, the magnitude of some fertility indicators differ substantially from the ones reported in other studies. However, estimations from other studies do not give a consistent picture of German fertility, either.. ...
This paper examines the impact of institutional factors on the structure of matching processes in external labour markets. Drawing on 1984-1995 employment history data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation and the German Socio-Economic Panel, the paper describes re-employment dynamics for unemployed workers in the United States and West Germany. Consistent with earlier research that has emphasized the strong skill stratification of the German labour market, the data show lower rates of occupational mobility among unemployed workers in Germany. Using a two-sided probit model, the paper tests for two key generative mechanisms: more comprehensive labour market regulation potentially implying risk-averse hiring by employers, and more comprehensive social security that may induce more selective job search by workers. The empirical data support both predictions, so that both low levels of labour market regulation and low levels of welfare state support are conducive to higher levels of ...
Downloadable! In 1987 the European Community began the ambitious task of forging a single market for goods and services across the national borders of its member states by 1992. Substantive reform of the Communitys Common Agricultural Policy - necessary for the full integration of existing markets - has not yet been accomplished and has proven difficult to achieve. Creating a trulycommonagricultural policy in the European Community requires, at a minimum, eliminating price differences resulting from country- and commodity-specific exchange rates, known asgreen rates.The authors discuss the various policy instruments that complicate the effects of these policy-determined price differences on crop production and the demand for inputs. They present a model that estimates the cross-commodity biases created by multiple policy instruments and that quantifies the effects of removing green-rate differentials in what was West Germany. The effects of price changes on domestic production are statistically
-- Deutsche Bundesbank President Karl Otto Poehl said West Germany`s second-quarter growth in gross domestic product will be ``very favorable.`` He conditioned his confidence on continued stabilized
Berlin is the capital and largest city of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as one of its sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). Having formerly been the capital city of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Duchy of Brandenburg, it has been a center of German political and intellectual life since the 18th century, and is today regarded as one of the most significant cities in the world. During the Cold War it was divided into an Eastern and a Western part. Both were considered to be under the control of the four WWII Allies. However, in fact, the USSR and East Germany (a.k.a. the German Democratic Republic) made East Berlin into the capital of East Germany, whereas the Western Allies (USA, UK, France) and West Germany (the Federal Republic of Germany) insisted on the allied status of all sectors of Berlin and made Bonn into the provisional capital of West Germany. A wall between the two parts was built by East Germany in order to stop people escaping from East Berlin to West Berlin for ...
Helga - Vom Werden des menschlichen Lebens (English: Helga - On the Origins of Human Life, lit. On the development of human life) is a 1967 West German sex education documentary and the first film of the Helga trilogy. Its release in West Germany was followed by international releases to many European countries, the British Commonwealth and the United States. It became one of the greatest box-office successes of West German cinema, viewed by forty million people in West Germany and internationally. In the first months of its showing in West Germany the audience had reached four million people. The film featured scenes of childbirth which were the first to be shown publicly in Germany. Helga was the first in a series of educational films which were considered relatively permissive at the time. The film was considered a part of an enlightenment wave which was undertaken by the West German Federal government at the time. In 1968, in France, the film was viewed by five million people. In ...
Rates of at-risk alcohol consumption are higher in the South and East of Germany, compared to the North and West, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health. However, compared to West Germany, people in East Germany eat more healthily, while rates of smoking and lack of physical activity appear to be similar across regions.. Josefine Atzendorf, the corresponding author said: Previous studies on lifestyle risk factors generally focused on age- or gender-specific differences. However, there are indicators that smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption and physical activity also vary across regions. We examined how these behaviours differed according to sociodemographic factors, and between North, South, East and West Germany.. Using data on 9,204 people living in Germany, the authors found that East Germany had the highest prevalence for at-risk alcohol consumption (18.3% of the population), followed by South Germany (16.7%), West Germany (14.6%) and North Germany ...
The fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 offered the unique opportunity to compare populations of a similar genetic and geographic background which had been living under quite different environmental exposure conditions for over 40 years. Since 1990 comparative epidemiological studies were performed between various regions in former East and West Germany with yearly questionnaires and 3 years physical, dermatological, allergological and exposure examination in a total of about 30,000 preschool children. There were striking differences between the various German regions with higher prevalence rates of respiratory atopy (hay fever, asthma) and atopic sensitization (prick test, RAST) in West Germany, while atopic eczema was significantly higher in East Germany (17.5 vs. 11.4% in West Germany). Total serum IgE levels were markedly higher in children in the east of Germany, similarly to the prevalence of parasitic infestation (questionnaire data as well as positive ascaris RAST). In multivariate logistic ...
Herfs first monograph, Reactionary Modernism: Technology, Culture and Politics in Weimar and the Third Reich (1984), in which he coined the term reactionary modernism, focused on the thinking of ideologues of Weimars conservative revolution and of currents in the Nazi Party and Nazi regime. His subsequent books examine the political culture of West Germany before and during the battle over the Pershing missiles in the 1980s: War By Other Means: Soviet Power, West German Resistance and the Battle of the Euromissiles (1991); memory and politics regarding the Holocaust in East and West Germany: Divided Memory: The Nazi Past in the Two Germanys (1997); Nazi Germanys domestic anti-Semitic propaganda The Jewish Enemy: Nazi Propaganda During World War II and the Holocaust (2006); and Nazi Germanys propaganda aimed at North Africa and the Middle East Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World (2009). His most recent book and the subject of his lecture is: Undeclared Wars with Israel: East Germany and ...
Germany Table of Contents The number of salaried employees grew greatly in the postwar era in West Germany, from 16 percent of the workforce in 1950, to 33 percent in 1974, and to 42 percent in 1989. Salaried employees work in three main areas: commercial, technical, and administrative. In 1989, 68 percent of salaried employees worked in the services sector and 32 percent in industry.. Geissler divides salaried employees (including civil servants) into two groups: a lower group that performs simple routine tasks (hairdressers, salesclerks, bus drivers, and low-level civil servants such as letter carriers) and that in 1989 accounted for 9 percent of West Germanys population; and an upper group with advanced education and responsibility, often unsupervised, that performs complex tasks (accountants, teachers, lawyers, and engineers) and that accounted for 28 percent of the population. The jobs of the upper group often involve much stress, and half its members have complained of it, compared with ...
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good article}} {{Use dmy dates,date=May 2012}} {{Infobox scientist ,name = Max Born ,image = Max Born.jpg ,image_size = 240px ,caption = Max Born (1882-1970) ,birth_date = {{birth date,1882,12,11,df=y}} ,birth_place = [[Wrocław,Breslau]], [[German Empire]] ,death_date = {{death date and age,df=yes,1970,1,5,1882,12,11}} ,death_place = [[Göttingen]], [[West Germany]] ,residence = Göttingen, West Germany ,citizenship = German, British ,fields = [[Physics]] ,workplaces = [[Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main,University of Frankfurt am Main]],br/>[[University of Göttingen]],br/>[[University of Edinburgh]] ,alma_mater = [[University of Göttingen]] ,doctoral_advisor = [[Carl Runge]] ,academic_advisors = [[Woldemar Voigt]],br/>[[Karl Schwarzschild]] ,doctoral_students = [[Victor Frederick Weisskopf]],br/>[[J. Robert Oppenheimer]],br/>[[Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim]],br/>[[Max Delbrück]] ,br/>[[Walter Elsasser]],br/>[[Friedrich Hund]],br/>[[Pascual Jordan]],br/>[[Maria ...
Executive summary: Chancellor of West Germany, 1949-61. Mayor of Cologne during the Weimar Republic, pushed out of office by the Nazis only to be reinstated by the Allies after conclusion of the War and then almost immediately deposed by the British for his criticism of policy. Elected first Chancellor of West Germany on 15 September 1949 and held the office fourteen years.. Father: Konrad ...
On the 6:th of July the ruling world champion Brazil could not score a single goal. Lato, the man with the Golden Shoe, could score and so Poland became a World Cup medal winner. Next day did not end totally as well as I had hoped and wished. Though the final started as a dream come through: Neeskens put a penalty kick behind the back of West Germanys goal keeper Sepp Maier after only two minutes. But Paul Breitner aswered with a penalty goal some twenty minutes later. Gerhard Gerd Müller, the nations Bomber, finally turned the direction with a goal two minutes before half time. West Germany had won its second World Cup with 2-1 ...
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James Poterba is President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is also the Mitsui Professor of Economics at M.I.T ...
Wimbledon champion Boris Becker and Hansjoerg Schwaier won their matches Friday to get West Germany off to a 2-0 lead against the U.S. in the Davis Cup quarterfinals in Hamburg, West Germany. Becker
The present research project specifically deals with the identification of production processes and technologies for plastic materials that were used for industrial design in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) between 1949 and 1990, as well as their degradation and possible preventive and active measures.. In the years following World War II, the nation of Germany was split in two: the Federal Republic of Germany occupied by the United States, England, and France, and the GDR under Soviet control. West Germany and East Germany, as they were known in the United States, were rebuilt with different political ideologies and were economically and socially separated. Beginning in the 1950s, the GDR developed into one of the leading plastics-producing nations, exporting its products to almost all countries of the Eastern Bloc and even to the West via veiled channels. This continued until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990. Project Goal. To date, ...
This data collection consists of a cumulative file of the Politbarometer West surveys for 1991, which queried citizens of the former West Germany. In these surveys, certain topical questions were asked each month and others were asked irregularly or only once. Data cover the most important problems in Germany, level of satisfaction with democracy, party preference, voting behavior in the last parliamentary election, level of sympathy for coalition and opposition parties, and opinions about Gorbachev, Bush, Adenauer, Erhard, Honecker, and Ulbricht. Those surveyed also were asked about the federal railway system, preferences for chancellor, level of support for parties backing Kohl and Engholm, level of support for parties forming coalitions, the similarity/diversity of German political parties, the impact of parliamentary decisions, the economic situation in the former Federal Republic and the German Democratic Republic, and the economic situation of the respondent. Additional questions concerned ...
The Federal Republic of Germany, with 83 million inhabitants, is the second most populous state in Europe after Russia. The country was only established in 1871, but since then has gone through various incarnations. After the end of World War II, German was divided into West Germany and East Germany. Following the end of the Cold War, it was reunited in 1990. Its current Chancellor is Angela Merkel and it plays a central role in the European Union
Treaty of Rome, international agreement, signed in Rome on March 25, 1957, by Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany), Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, that established the European Economic Community (EEC), creating a common market and customs union among its
The years 1945-61 saw the greatest transformation in weaponry that has ever taken place, as atomic and thermonuclear bombs, intercontinental ballistic missiles and chemical and biological weapons were developed by the superpowers. It was also a distinct era in Western intelligence collection. These were the years of the Germans. Mass interrogation in West Germany and spying in East Germany represented the most important source of intelligence on Soviet war-related science, weapons development and military capability until 1956 and a key one until 1961. This intelligence fuelled the arms race and influenced Western scientific research, weapons development, and intelligence collection. Using intelligence and policy documents held in British and US archives and records of the Ministry of State Security (MfS) of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), this book studies the scientific intelligence-gathering and subversive operations of the British, US, and West German intelligence services in the period
Data SOEP - SocioEconomic Panel started in 1984 in West Germany with 5921 households, surveyed people in 1990 East Germany was included with 2179 households, 4453 surveyed people Analysis starts in 1991
Primary care physicians in Germany are essential participants in infectious disease surveillance through mandatory reporting. Feedback on such surveillance should reflect the needs and attitudes of these physicians. These issues were investigated in a questionnaire survey among 8,550 randomly sampled physicians in Germany in 2001. Of the 1,320 respondents, 59.3% claimed not to have received any feedback on infectious disease surveillance, and 3.7% perceived feedback as not important. Logistic regression analysis showed that physicians in the former East Germany were 2.2 times more likely to have received feedback than those in the former West Germany. Physicians preferred to receive occasional reports (e.g., in case of outbreaks, 31.6%) as opposed to actively having to search for constantly updated information on the Internet (7.8%). The preferred formats were fax (31.7%), mail (30.9%), and the official organ of the German Medical Association (Deutsches Arzteblatt) (30.5%). Feedback of surveillance data
Contact the responsible Swiss representation or consulate when you want to register or unregister as a resident, when you need a new passport, have moved or wish to apply for citizenship. The entire selection of services offered can be found in the dropdown menu to the right. The contact details of the responsible Swiss representation are shown on the corresponding page.. Swiss citizens who get into difficulties abroad, also can ask for advice and help from the Swiss representative.. ...
0 December 6 2004 CONTENTS Introduction I. December 2004 06:20:44 Bundesland. December 2004 06:20:45 Candidate. December 2004 06:20:45 City.
So the ICTY Judges were very sure to make it clear that both Milosevic and Karadzic were on the same page generally in seeking a Greater Serbia, a thread running throughout the Prosecution case against Milosevic in his case. Milosevic denied it in his trial since it was nothing but NATO propaganda.. Both Karadzic and Milosevic wanted to preserve the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as much as possible. That was their goal, not to create a Greater Serbia by ethnically cleansing non-Serb areas in the republics which had split off from the Federal Republic. But that is the mantra still chanted in the Karadzic case and the thesis of the prosecution case is that this alleged desire to create a Greater Serbia, was a joint criminal enterprise and, that from this ambition, all the crimes they allege against them were the consequence.. I will not go deeply into the concept of joint criminal enterprise since it is a concept unknown to law anywhere in the world and is an invention by the prosecution of ...
The International Criminal Court (ICC) investigates and, where warranted, tries individuals charged with the gravest crimes of concern to the international community: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression.//​La Cour pénale internationale (CPI) mène des enquêtes et, le cas échéant, juge les personnes accusées des crimes les plus graves qui touchent lensemble de la communauté internationale : génocide, crimes de guerre, crimes contre lhumanité et crime dagression.
FROM THE DESK OF GOV GENERAL JAMES MORGAN NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER TO THE PRESIDENT FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA Aso Rock villa, Asokoro District, Abuja Direct Security Line +234-7027195831, CONFIDENTIAL DIPLOMATIC IMMUNITY PAYMENT DEAR SIR/MADAM, I am Gov General James Morgan (Rtd), National Security Adviser to President UMARU MUSA YARADUA President Federal Republic of Nigeria. I…
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CHINA-NIGERIA/ - RTX29L0H Chinese President, Xi Jinping attends a signing ceremony with President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing Chinese President, Xi Jinping attends a signing ceremony with President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari (not pictured) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, April 12, 2016. REUTERS/Kenzaburo Fukuhara/Pool
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In the case of Germany, the former head of West German military intelligence, Gerd-Helmut Komossa has in recent years published a book entitled The German Card: The Hidden Game of the Secret Services (Die deutsche Karte. Das verdeckte Spiel der geheimen Dienste) which reveals that in 1949 the USSA forced the government of West Germany to sign a secret agreement with the USSA that ceded German national sovereignty to the USSA until the year 2099, thus rendering Germany a vassal state to the USSA for 150 years. His book caused a big controversy in Germany, but the premise is obvious. Almost 70 years after WW-II, and approximately 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, after the reunification of West and East Germany, and many years after the collapse of the USSR, the USSA still stations large numbers of military forces on German soil. There are still dozens of American military bases and facilities in Germany. The conclusion is self-evident. Germany is not presently a sovereign nation, almost ...
Following monetary union with west Germany in June 1990, the median real monthly wage of prime age east German workers rose by 83% in six years. I use the German Socio-Economic Panel data to investigate the determinants of this wage growth and some of its implications. For the 1990-1991 period I find that the biggest gainers were low-wage workers generally, and women and the less educated specifically. In the 1991-1996 period the biggest gainers were women and the better educated. Job changing rates were high; a majority of workers had changed jobs by 1996. The return to job changing, particularly changing to a job in the west, was high in 1990-1991 but fell greatly in the later period, so that overall only 18% of wage growth was due to job changing within the east, and 7% to east-west job changing. ...
For preparations for conduct, instruction for old nation peoples army ground troops, the headquarters in eastern army is reorganized by April 16, 1991 by the eastern part headquarters / army corps (Korps / Territorialkommando Ost). Native district Defence Force (Territorialheer) and the field army corps under the NATO conduct were placed under subordination on a merger and in this way fitted army fifth organization announced on the West Germany side. However, when [1] did not perform this about the placement to the East Germany distant place until August, 1994 when the withdrawal of the German stationing Soviet Union forces was completed, about the transfer preparations to the old nation peoples army garrison town in East Germany of the NATO corps (field army), it was guaranteed formally, and, as for the reorganization, native district became driven by Defence Force on the form. An organization of native district Defence Force was the military authorities corps which became independent from ...
The illuminated hands of a vast clock sweep relentlessly above the deserted Packhof quarter of Wittenberge; the span of the dial, over 20ft across, makes it the largest clock in continental Europe. That such a giant timepiece should dominate this small town on the banks of the Elbe river seems almost like a taunt; a larger-than-life reminder that, as far as many are concerned, time is running out for Wittenberge.. For this once booming town in the former Democratic Republic of Germany now has a more dubious claim to fame. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall 15 years ago and subsequent reunification of East and West Germany, Wittenberge has seen the most dramatic exodus of people of any place in the former communist half of the country. Contrary to the blooming landscape the former chancellor Helmut Kohl predicted East Germany would become, when he basked in the collective euphoria of 83m Germans celebrating turning into one nation again, all that flourishes among this towns many crumbling ...
Downloadable! This paper documents the relationship between foreign ownership and firm survival for enterprises in Germany using unique tailor-made new representative data that merge information from surveys performed by the Statistical Offices, from administrative data collected by the Tax Authorities and from a commercial data provider. It contributes to the literature by providing the first evidence on the role of foreign ownership for firm survival in Germany, one of the most important destination countries for foreign direct investments. Our micro-econometric analysis reveals a ceteris paribus higher risk of exit for foreign owned firms in West Germany but not in East Germany.
In July 1991 the European Community and its member states decided to impose an arms embargo on the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. For a full record of the application of this embargo, please consult the database listing for the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In September 1991 the United Nations Security Council decided to establish an arms embargo that applied to all of the territory of the former Yugoslavia in UNSC resolution 713.
Sarah Kirsch is a distinguished German poet whose work is almost unknown in Britain. She was born in 1935 and lived and worked until 1977 in what was then the DDR. In 1976 she had signed, together with eleven other leading artists, a petition asking the East German government to reconsider the Ausbürgerung of Wolf Biermann who had become too outspoken for the regime. (During a concert tour in West Germany, Biermann was stripped of his DDR citizenship and forbidden to return.) But this open display of dissent was of no avail, and Sarah Kirsch, in the wake of her part in the protest, left the DDR the following year, together with her eight year old son, and settled in West Germany. The move from Germany to Germany did not silence the poet, and Sarah Kirsch continued to write and publish poetry, but until now no representative English translations of her work were available. Even the well-anotated and informative collection, Three Contemporary German Poets: Wolf Biermann, Sarah Kirsch, Reiner ...
19951122 Unanimously Decides on Conditional Suspension of General Sanctions Against Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Subject to Follow-Up of Peace Agreement The Security Council this afternoon decided to end the arms embargo on the former Yugoslavia and to indefinitely suspend a series of sanctions on the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) which have been in place since May 1992. By a vote of 14 in favour, none against and one abstention (Russian Federation), the Council decided to end its prohibition on the delivery of weapons and military equipment to the territory of the former Yugoslavia put in place by its resolution 713 (1991). It decided that the lifting of the embargo would commence when the Secretary-General reported to the Council that the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had signed the Peace Agreement agreed to at Dayton, Ohio. By the resolution, the embargo would remain in place during the first 90 ...
The Popular Independent Movement (French: Mouvement indépendant populaire), abbreviated to MIP, was a Luxembourgian single-issue political party in the 1960s. It sought to represent the interests of the 12,000 people who had been conscripted into the Wehrmacht during the German occupation of Luxembourg during the Second World War. The party tried to claim compensation for those conscripted from the government of West Germany as victims of Nazi Germany. A 1959 treaty between West Germany and Luxembourg, compensating Luxembourg for the German occupation and recognising the legitimacy of the actions of the resistance, was thought by the former conscripts to discriminate against them, who dubbed it the Treaty of Shame (French: traité de la honte). The treaty took two years to ratify, after a protracted debate in the Chamber of Deputies and a protest of 10,000 people in Place Guillaume II, in Luxembourg City. The Popular Independent Movement was formed following these popular protests. A ...
Using sibling data from the German Life History Study and fixed-effects models, I find that birth order has a strong negative effect on educational attainment in West Germany-being born later translates to less education. The strength of the birth order effect is comparable to those of many commonly used family background indicators. This finding contrasts many sceptical accounts of birth order found in the sociological and psychological literatures. The results of this study also show the sensitivity of birth order estimates to model specification, pointing to a likely cause for conflicting results in the previous literature. Birth order effects are weaker for females and in larger families, but do not vary according to families socioeconomic characteristics. The effects are likewise strong at transition from compulsory school to Gymnasium, but not significant on the transition from Gymnasium to university. Overall, the results do not support theories emphasizing the dilution of socioeconomic ...
The Government of Jersey, the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the USAs Department of Justice have made the following joint announcement:. Jersey, Nigeria and the United States of America are to return more than US$300 million in confiscated funds to the people of Nigeria in a landmark agreement.. On Monday, 3 February 2020, the Government of Jersey, the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Government of the United States of America entered into an Asset Recovery Agreement to repatriate more than US$300 million of forfeited assets to Nigeria. The funds were laundered through the U.S. banking system and then held in bank accounts in Jersey in the name of Doraville Properties Corporation, a British Virgin Islands company, and in the name of the son of the former Head of State of Nigeria, General Sani Abacha. In 2014 a U.S. Federal Court in Washington D.C. forfeited the money as property involved in the illicit laundering of the proceeds of corruption arising in Nigeria during the ...
Moishe Postone offers some interesting points in the following essay.. Anti‑Semitism and National Socialism. Moishe Postone. What is the relation of anti‑Semitism to National Socialism? The public discussion of this problem in the Federal Republic has been characterized by a dichotomy between liberals and conservatives, on the one side, and the Left, on the other. Liberals and conservatives have tended to emphasize the discontinuity between the Nazi past and the present. In referring to that past they have focused attention on the persecution and extermination of the Jews and have tended to deemphasize other central aspects of Nazism. By underlining the supposed total character of the break between the Third Reich and the Federal Republic, this sort of emphasis on anti‑Semitism has paradoxically helped avoid a fundamental confrontation with the social and structural reality of National Socialism. That reality certainly did not completely vanish in 1945. The condemnation of Nazi ...
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Columbus Verlag Paul Oestergaard is a major German globe making company founded in Berlin in 1905 by Paul Oestergaard and run by successive generations of his descendants up to his great-grandson in the present day. From the beginning, Columbus emphasized mass-production to make globes affordable to a broad public. Before World War II, the company had a large export business, producing globes in 24 languages. After the war, because the Russian blockade in 1948-49 isolated Berlin from the rest of West Germany, the company established a plant in Stuttgart. Throughout its history, the company has developed innovative designs for conveying the educational content of their globes.. Cartouche on terrestrial globe: COLUMBUS GLOBE/ Edited/ by cartographer/ W. Kaaen/ COLUMBUS-VERLAG-PAUL OESTERGAARD/ BERLIN AND STUTTGART/ 667/ MADE IN [??]/ Scale 1:115 Mill./ Nr. 560905. Cartouche on celestial globe: COLUMBUS-CELESTIAL GLOBE/ compiled by/ PROF. DR. JOHANNES RIEM/ drawn by C. Luther/ COLUMBUS VERLAG PAUL ...
It works great so long as history remains on a steady course, driven by long-term trends. But when the accidents of history intervene - say, a particularly forceful statesman who had his own ideas for how history ought to proceed - then Szilards extrapolations fail. That explains his particular failure when it comes to Germany, for he was writing not only before the Berlin Wall, but also before Willy Brandts Ostpolitik. The history of Germany changed drastically when West Germany accepted the separate sovereignty of the East. The Voice of the Dolphins is best known for its plot twist, which suggests that the super-intelligent dolphins who are directing the course of world events may not be all that they seem. But it is clear from the very first pages that the whole story is an allegory and must be taken as such. By 1960, mankind had attained, for the first time, the power to destroy itself - something that was not necessarily true just a few years earlier in the nuclear age. The dolphins - ...
The approaches in the world follow: (i) Strengthen mutual security; e.g.: the former USSR, Yugoslavia, etc. (ii) Protection from secession; e.g.: Nigeria, Ethiopia, and India. (iii) Independence from colonialism. e.g.: Argentina from Spain, Australia from the UK, Brazil from Portugal, Canada from the UK, Comoros from France, India from the UK, Iraq from the UK, Malaysia from the UK, Mexico from Spain, Micronesia from the US, Russia from the former USSR, Sudan from the British Empire and Egypt, the US from the UK, and Venezuela from Spain. (iv) Ousting communist regimes; e.g.: Bosnia-Herzegovina. (v) Protection from Communism; e.g.: West Germany. (vi) Preservation of neutrality; e.g.: Switzerland and Nepal (declaring 14 zones and 75 districts), (vii) Consolidation of peoples harmony; e.g.: United Arab Emirates and the Netherlands. (viii) Giant nations; e.g.: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Ethiopia, Germany, India, Nigeria, Russia, and the United States. (ix) Identity; e.g.: South Africa, DR ...
Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Marriott MBE (retd) Andrew was commissioned into the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers in 1977 then served with the Second Battalion in Northern Ireland, West Germany, West Berlin and the Falkland Islands. He graduated from the Pakistan Command and Staff College in 1987. Following this he served in company command and staff appointments in…
1951: The Treaty of Paris. This established the European Coal and Steel Community. The inner six of Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany laid early foundations for European integration.. 1957: The Treaty of Rome. The inner six nations establish the European Economic Community (EEC, also known as the Common Market).. 1960: Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom (the outer seven) form the European Free Trade Association.. 1961 and 1969: Britain applies for membership of the EEC. Membership application vetoed by President of France, Charles de Gaulle.. 1973: Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom join the EEC, taking its membership to nine countries.. 1975: United Kingdom referendum on membership of EEC: 67.2% voted in favour of remaining in the EEC.. 1993: The Treaty of Maastricht comes into effect, which in turn establishes the European Union.. 2002: The Euro replaces the national currencies of 12 member states in ...
1983: American President Ronald Reagan didnt mince his words. The previous year, he had predicted that the West would consign Marxism and Leninism to the ash heap of history. In March 1983, he labelled the Soviet Union an evil empire.. Also in March, Reagan proposed the Strategic Defense Initiative, intended to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. In April, the United States Navy conducted a large fleet exercise in the northern Pacific. An important NATO exercise was planned for Europe in November, around the same time that Pershing II medium-range ballistic missiles were to be deployed in West Germany.. Viewed from Moscow, all this bellicose rhetoric and activity was highly alarming. Was it the prelude to a sneak attack on the Soviet Union?. Continue reading. ...
Following his graduation in medicine, Paul Grof took his psychiatric training and became specialized in psychiatry in 1962. He worked as a research psychiatrist in the Psychiatric Research Institute in Prague, and as a fellow in psychoendocrinology of affective disorders in West Germany. In the fall of 1968 Dr. Grof was recruited as research psychiatrist and faculty member at McMaster University, Canada.. Between 1974 and 1977 he helped develop and run Affective disorder Clinics at the Sunnybrook Medical Center at the University of Toronto, and several other Canadian universities. Dr. Grof spent 1977 and 1978 as a Visiting Scientist at the National Institute of Mental Health in Washington, initially in a clinical neuropharmacology branch with Dennis Murphy and later in the psychobiology branch with Fred Goodwin.. In l982 Dr. Grof became Director of Research and Education at the Hamilton Psychiatric Hospital, a teaching hospital of McMaster University where he expanded research activities in ...
Founder, Owner & Principal Consultant, Optimum Performance Technologies, a training development, success coaching & strategy consulting outfit, in the field of brain-based, future-focused, change-oriented technologies: brain ergonomics; learning; thinking; creativity & innovation; change management; peak performance; opportunity discovery, knowledge management, & strategic exploration. Originally trained as a mechanical engineer, with factory induction in Australia & West Germany. Spent twenty-four hectic years working in quiet desperation as a trouble-shooting corporate rat, through many diverse operational portfolios, & with last ten years at general management/board level with regional ASEAN exposure, up to late 1991. Inducted through traditional general management education at London Business School, UK., & unorthodox enterprise education at Excellerated Business Schools, Kona, Hawaii, USA. Transformed personal hobbies into a self-sustaining business, since the early nineties - doing what I ...
Founder, Owner & Principal Consultant, Optimum Performance Technologies, a training development, success coaching & strategy consulting outfit, in the field of brain-based, future-focused, change-oriented technologies: brain ergonomics; learning; thinking; creativity & innovation; change management; peak performance; opportunity discovery, knowledge management, & strategic exploration. Originally trained as a mechanical engineer, with factory induction in Australia & West Germany. Spent twenty-four hectic years working in quiet desperation as a trouble-shooting corporate rat, through many diverse operational portfolios, & with last ten years at general management/board level with regional ASEAN exposure, up to late 1991. Inducted through traditional general management education at London Business School, UK., & unorthodox enterprise education at Excellerated Business Schools, Kona, Hawaii, USA. Transformed personal hobbies into a self-sustaining business, since the early nineties - doing what I ...
Sarkaria, Sarbjit S. (1990). Neural networks for perpetual grouping. PHD thesis, Aston University. Scharf, T.S. (1990). The role of the greens in the local politics of West Germany. PHD thesis, Aston University. Sharma, Sanjeev (1990). Spray drier simulation and air flow pattern studies. PHD thesis, Aston University. Shorrock, Patricia J. (1990). Surface properties of enterococcus faecalis in relation to infective endocarditis. PHD thesis, Aston University. Siddique, Mohammad (1990). A knowledge-based system for process planning in a seamless steel tube plant. PHD thesis, Aston University. Slaven, A. and Armstrong, Richard A. (1990). The influence of age on the pattern and flash visual evoked field. IN: Society of Experimental Optometry. 1990-01-01 - 1990-01-01. (Submitted) Smith, P.J. (1990). An effective use of 3-D CAD/CAM withing an overall C.I.M. framework. Masters thesis, Aston University. Smith, S.N.; Ince, E. and Armstrong, Richard A. (1990). Effect of osmotic and matrix potential on ...
Dr. Keith Moore was born and raised in Lexington, Kentucky. He attended college at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, and received his medical degree from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine in 1986. Dr. Moore completed his internship and residency at Tripler Army Medical Center in Honolulu, Hawaii. He also served in the U.S. Army as a staff orthopedic surgeon at Darnall Army Hospital in Ft. Hood, Texas; a brigade surgeon in New York; and General Medical Officer in Schweinfurt, West Germany. In 1995, Dr.
The genus Echinacea, indigenous to North America, belongs to the aster family (Asteraceae) and includes nine different species (Anon. 1997a). Of these species, E. purpurea, the purple coneflower, is both most commonly used as a medicinal herb and intensively studied. Less popular species of the genus include E. pallida, the pale purple coneflower, and E. angustifolia, the narrow-leafed purple coneflower (Foster 1997, Anon. 1996).. According to one source, Echinacea seems to have been used as a remedy for more ailments than any other plant (Anon. 1997a). All parts of this plant have been used for medicinal purposes including snakebites, common colds, toothaches, sores, wounds, and herpes. Due to its demonstrated immune-boosting properties, current research is examining its potential to treat cancer, arthritis, AIDS, and chronic fatigue syndrome. In West Germany, more than 200 pharmaceutical preparations, including extracts, salves, and tinctures, are made from Echinacea plants (Anon. ...
Italy became world champions for the third time in 1982, their triumph on Spanish soil made memorable by the scoring feats of six-goal striker Paolo Rossi and an iconic celebration by Marco Tardelli. The romantic-minded may have shed a tear for Brazil and France - unlucky losers in two of the finest matches of any FIFA World Cup™ - but few begrudged Enzo Bearzots men a 3-1 victory over a rugged West Germany team in a Final in which Rossis opening goal secured him the Golden Shoe to complete a personal redemption story even more dramatic than the Italians revival after a faltering start. ...
Seven red raspberry (Rubus Ideaus L.) samples from Oregon, Washington, British Columbia and New Zealand were processed into juice. These, along with three juice samples supplied from West Germany were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography, (HPLC), for nonvolatile acid, sugar, anthocyanin and anthocyanidin composition. In order to quantitate the compounds of interest, particular attention was given to selection and improvement of HPLC analytical procedures. Adequate resolution of malic acid from isocitric by reverse phase C-18 chromatographic media was achieved using a two column system. The more uniform response of analytes to refractive index detection allowed for quantitation of isocitric acid. Sugar analysis based on a crosslinked cation exchange resin required removal of the acids from the juice via anion exchange. Resolution of anthocyanin pigments was achieved using as organic modifier 15% acetic acid. Acetic acid (15%) demonstrated high selectivity in resolving pigments with ...
These, then, are the two basic reasons why Germany could not be a normal country: its geographical situation, and a national character with an unusually low threshold for the ambiguity reality naturally tends to serve up. Both go back far in history but took on a more dramatic character with the consequences of World War II: the stark division of Germany and the searing memory of the Nazi regime and its unprecedented crimes. The question now is whether, some 64 years after World War II and twenty years after German reunification, these reasons have lost whatever validity they may have had. If one defines normalcy as moderation and balance, the Cold War Federal Republic was already a normal country. Its break with Germanys totalitarian and racist past was more thorough than was the case, for instance, for Austria or Italy or Japan, let alone for Russia or China, where yesterdays tyrants are still honored. The break with Nazism had its pathological aspects, as some German youth were driven by ...
Berlin is a town of superlative. Since the re-union of the parted Federal Republic and Democratic Republic, Berlin has claimed its rightful position as capitol of Germany.Located in northeastern Germany, it is the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg Metropolitan Area, comprising 5 million people from over 190 nations.
Background: In the two decades since reunification, East Germans have experienced a large increase in life expectancy and a convergence with the West German mortality level. This gain in life expectancy appears even more impressive if we assume a different scenario in which the Berlin Wall did not fall, and the old East Germany still existed. Objective: This analysis takes into account that East German mortality would not have remained static without reunification. Thus, it shows how many years of life expectancy were actually added by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Method: The analysis shows the improvements for single age groups by projecting life expectancy based on mortality levels during the 1970s and 1980s using the Lee-Carter method. I use national-level data for both sexes for East Germany before reunification. Results: I find that, without reunification, current life expectancy at birth among East Germans would be 4.0 years lower for females and 5.7 years lower for males. I also show that ...
Elite & Special Forces Main Page German Elite & Special Forces Main Page PART ONE: BACKGROUND 1.0 Introduction This article provides an overview of the contemporary Elite and Special Forces of the Federal Republic of Germany, typically referred to as Germany. Germany has had contemporary elite and special forces since joining NATO (the North…
(The following statement was released by the rating agency)LONDON, February 15 (Fitch) Fitch Ratings has affirmed sixGerman development banks Long- and Short-Term Issuer Default Ratings (IDRs) atAAA and F1+ respectively. The Outlook on all the Long-Term IDRs is Stable. Their Support Ratings have been affirmed at 1.The banks are KfW, Landwirtschaftliche Rentenbank (Rentenbank),NRW.BANK, Investitionsbank Berlin (IBB), InvestitionsbankSchleswig-Holstein (IB.SH) and Landeskreditbank Baden-Wuerttemberg-Foerderbank (L-Bank).For KfW and Rentenbank, which benefit from an explicit guaranteefrom the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG; AAA/Stable), Fitch has alsoaffirmed the Support Rating Floor (SRF) at AAA. NRW.BANK, IBB, IB.SH and L-Bank are owned by their respectiveGerman federal states and benefit from their respective guarantees. The ratingsof the German federal states reflect the stability and sustainability of thesolidarity system for German federal states.A full list of rating actions is at the end
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and. - The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (German: Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie), abbreviated BMWi, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany.. . JariwalaSusanne KochMarkus WintererDavid S. GingerGerd Bacher. Al- Khafaji , Andre Mayer , Yiwang Chen , Hella-Christin Scheer , and Thomas Riedl.. First Name. Last Name. Affiliation. Country. First Name. Last Name. Affiliation. Technical University of Vienna. Austria. Gerd. Grau. York University. Canada. Politecnico di Torino. Italy. Thomas. Riedl. University of Wuppertal. Germany.. Animated puppet theater! Laura Heits work at the Gene Siskel Film Center.. Easily Embarrassed (Netherlands) Idyllic Life (2008) Planet Discovery (2009) Tales of the Coin Spinner (2012) Easily Embarrassed is a duo of Dutch musicians Jeffrey van der Schilden and Nick van der Schilden (yes, two brothers).. The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (German: ...
At first sight, that is a routine decision. After all, the government argues that this is nothing but a security fence. It does indeed have a certain security function, and Israeli public opinion accepts it as such. But by now, informed people must know that this wall is intended as the future border of Israel. Therefore, this week all government spokespersons took pains to stress that the new path of the wall cuts off only 7-8% of the West Bank.. The word only deserves attention. President Bill Clintons last peace plan spoke about the annexation of 3-4% of the West Bank to Israel, in return for the transfer of 1% of Israeli territory to the Palestinian state. Seven percent of the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany is much more than the whole state of Saxony. Seven percent of the territory of the United States of America is more than the whole giant state of Texas. (Imagine: Mexico conquers Texas, builds a wall between it and the rest of the US and fills it with Mexican ...
German Accreditation Body at a Glance. The DAkkS is the national accreditation body of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a central building block of the quality infrastructure and issues accreditations in the field of conformity assessment. The DAkkS acts in the legal mandate and in the interest of the state, the economy and the protection of society and the environment. ...
State House Uganda - News President Museveni is hailed by counterparts for securing critical infrastructure and installations of the Republic of South Sudan, IGAD Summit passes a 19-point decision including a call for immediate cessation of hostilities - to consider other measures should hostilities not cease within 4 days. The IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held its 23rd Extraordinary Summit in Nairobi, Kenya on 27th of December 2013, under the Chairmanship of H.E.Hailemariam Desalegn, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to discuss the situation in the Republic of South Sudan.. The Assembly was attended by H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni; H.E Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republicof Djibouti; H. E. Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; H.E. Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia; H.E. Bakri Hassan Saleh,First Vice President of the Republic of the Sudan; and H.E Dr. Barnaba MarialBenjamin, Minister for ...
After independence in 1960, Somalia followed a foreign policy of nonalignment. It received major economic assistance from the United States, Italy, and the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as from the Soviet Union and the Peoples Republic of China.. In 1963, Somalia severed diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom for a period following a dispute over the Northern Frontier District (NFD), an area traditionally inhabited almost exclusively by Somalis. In accordance with an informal plebiscite demonstrating the overwhelming desire of the regions population to join the newly-formed Somali Republic,[3] Led by the Northern Province Peoples Progressive Party (NPPPP), Somalis in the NFD vigorously sought union with the Somali Republic to the north,[4] and Somalia similarly urged self-determination for the Cushitic peoples of the area. In response, the Kenyan government enacted a number of repressive measures designed to frustrate their efforts, including the creation of concentration ...
The production of nuclear-grade zirconium sponge and the fabrication of zirconium-base alloys have been considered vital in some European countries, because of the need for zirconium independence for military (atomic bomb) or economic (nuclear power plant) reasons. This paper describes the various steps of this scientific and industrial development, mainly from 1950 to 1984, in which mostly the Federal Republic of Germany and France were involved. The important improvements brought by Europe to the basic processes are pointed out, and the present status of the European zirconium industry is described. The original paper was published by ASTM International in STP 939, Zirconium in the Nuclear Industry: Seventh International Symposium, 1987, pp. 35-46. ...
Other functions. Member of the International Ozone Commission and of the International Commission of the Upper Atmosphere of IAMAP (International Association for Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics) (1974-1984).. Member of NASA Stratospheric Research Advisory Committee (1975-1977).. Member, Atmospheric Sciences Advisory Committee, National Foundation (1977-1979).. Member, Committee of Atmospheric Sciences (CAS), National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. (1978-1980).. Member, Advisory Committee, High Altitude Pollution Program, Federal Aviation Authority (FAA), U.S.A. (1978-1982).. Member, Commission of Air Chemistry and Global Air Pollution (CACGP) of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics (IAMAP) (1979-1990).. Member of Special Inter-Ministerial Advisory Commission on Forest Damage in the Federal Republic of Germany (1983-1987).. Member, Commission of the Parliament of the F.R.G. for the Protection of the Earths Atmosphere (Enquete-Kommission zum Schutz der ...