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New Haven, CT: (Mar-09-08) Federal agencies brought charges against Yale-New Haven Hospital, alleging that it billed Medicare for inflated charges. Officials claimed that the allegations involved charges to Medicare for infusion therapy, chemotherapy administration and blood transfusion services. According to federal laws, Medicare only allowed payment for one unit of infusion therapy and chemotherapy administration per patient visit, and one unit of blood transfusion services per day. The lawsuit accused Yale-New Haven Hospital of billing Medicare for multiple units of these services ...
The history of Yale New Haven Hospital extends back to 1826 when the General Hospital Society of Connecticut was chartered as the first hospital in Connecticut and the fourth voluntary hospital in the nation. The hospital rented temporary quarters and raised US$5,000 toward the purchase of land and construction. A new 13-bed hospital opened in 1833 on seven and a half acres of land bordered by Cedar Street and Howard, Davenport and Congress avenues. The original building, called the State Hospital, was designed by prominent New Haven architect Ithiel Town and cost US$13,000. In 1862, the State Hospital was converted to a military hospital to care for Union soldiers during the American Civil War. The hospital was renamed to the Knight United States Army General Hospital in honor of Jonathan Knight, the president of the board of trustees. Some attending physicians moved with the civilian patients to temporary quarters on Whitney Avenue. After the Civil War, the hospital was turned over to the ...
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Beginning in 1990, funded by the National Institutes on Aging, a multidisciplinary group of researchers at Yale were among the first to show that falls could be prevented and that even after accounting for the costs of intervention, fall prevention is cost effective because it decreases health services utilization. See list of references.. In fiscal year 1996 the State of Connecticut Injury Data report revealed that Connecticut s most common and costly unintentional injuries were fall related. In response to this data, in early 2000 the Connecticut Hospital Association; the Connecticut Association for Home Care, Inc.; Gaylord Hospital; Qualidigm; Yale School of Medicine; and University of Connecticut School of Medicine proposed an interdisciplinary fall prevention effort to translate original work at Yale University into protocols that could be used in clinical and community settings. This effort was named The Connecticut Collaboration for Fall Prevention (CCFP) and was funded by the Donaghue ...
New Haven (locally noo-HAY-vən), in the U.S. state of Connecticut, is the principal municipality in Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, Connecticut, and is part of the New York metropolitan area. It is the second-largest city in Connecticut (after Bridgeport), with a population of 129,779 people as of the 2010 United States Census. According to a census of 1 July 2012, by the Census Bureau, the city had a population of 130,741.. New Haven was founded in 1638 by English Puritans, and a year later eight streets were laid out in a four-by-four grid, creating what is commonly known as the "Nine Square Plan". More about New Haven on Wikipedia ...
Yale - New Haven Hospital in New Haven, CT - Get directions, phone number, research physicians, and compare hospital ratings for Yale - New Haven Hospital on Healthgrades.
Find Tuina Acupuncturists in West Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut, help from West Hartford Tuina Acupuncturists for Tuina Acupuncture in West Hartford.
This page provides relevant content and local businesses that can help with your search for information on Presbyopia Surgery. You will find informative articles about Presbyopia Surgery, including Presbyopia Eye Disorder Symptoms and Treatment. Below you will also find local businesses that may provide the products or services you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in New Haven, CT that can help answer your questions about Presbyopia Surgery.
Connecticut Super Lawyers and Rising Stars are our only lists nationwide that have been published in a year that is different than the list selection. For example, the Connecticut Super Lawyers 2011 list was selected and notifications were mailed to attorneys in late May 2010. The Super Lawyers list was then published in New England Super Lawyers Magazine in November 2010 and in Connecticut Magazine in February 2011.. Super Lawyers has made a one-time change in the way the year is designated to align Connecticut Super Lawyers with the way we make the designations nationwide. This transition year will be 2011.. In late May 2011, selection notifications were sent to the 2011 New England Super Lawyers list. That list was featured in New England Super Lawyers Magazine in November 2011 and Connecticut Magazine in a special advertising section in February 2012. We refer to this list online as Connecticut Super Lawyers 2011/2012 so that it is differentiated from the list previously designated as ...
By R. Scott Warren, Professor of Botany. Presented at the October 6, 1999, meeting of the Connecticut College faculty. William A. Niering, Lucretia L. Allyn Professor of Botany, came to Connecticut College in the fall of 1952 with appointment as instructor of Botany; that year he taught seniors in the class of 1953. He died this August 30th, 47 years later, just after speaking to the class of 2003 on the importance of environmental stewardship in their roles as citizens of both Connecticut College - and the rest of Planet Earth. With that address, Bill touched half a century of Connecticut College students, and his 47 years here spanned more than half of the life of his - and - our institution - a couple of rare claims for a faculty member toward the end of 20th century.. But Bill Niering will be remembered at Connecticut College and in international scientific and conservation communities for much more than his longevity.. ...
Report of the States Attorney for the Judicial District of New Haven Concerning the Shooting Death of Tyshan Napoleon in New Haven on March 11, 2005. Abstract: Report of the States Attorney for the Judicial District of New Haven Concerning the Shooting Death of Tyshan Napoleon in New Haven on March 11, 2005
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Connecticut Pediatric Otolaryngology is dedicated to providing the highest quality of care to children with ear, nose and throat (otolaryngologic) disorders. We provide all essential otolaryngologic services to children throughout Connecticut and neighboring states. We pride ourselves in providing professional, quality care to your child, as well ensuring your understanding of your childs disorder and treatment. Our priority is our patients and their families.. We are committed to being the leader in pediatric otolaryngology in the community and academic arena. We are always available as a resource to pediatric clinicians seeking guidance in the specialty of Otolaryngology, as well as being an integral part of the Otolaryngology Residency Program at Yale University School of Medicine.. Connecticut Pediatric Otolaryngology is also dedicated to the advancement of knowledge in the care of children with otolaryngologic disorders through clinical research and investigation. We are active initiators ...
CONNECTICUT. Bridgeport Protestant Orphan Asylum, Ellsworth Street, Bridgeport (private corporation) Est 1867. Fairfield County Temporary Home, Norwalk (Fairfield County) Est. 1884. Hartford County Temporary Home, Warehouse Point (Hartford County) Est. 1883. Hartford Orphan Asylum, Putnam Street, Hartford (private corporation). Est 1829. Middlesex County Temporary Home, Haddam. (Middlesex County). Est. 1883. Mt Carmel Childrens Home, Mount Carmel (private corporation) Est 1897. New Haven County Temporary Home, Shelton Avenue, New Haven (New Haven County) Est. 1884. New London County Temporary Home, Smith Avenue, Norwich (New London County) Est. 1884. Rock Nook Childrens Home, Norwich (United Workers). Est. 1879. St James Orphan Asylum, Church Street (Sisters of Mercy). Est 1854. Stamford Childrens Home, East Main Street, Stamford (Childrens Home Society) Est. 1895. Swedish Christian Orphanage, Cromwell (Swedish Eastern Missionary Association) For children of Scandinavian parentage. Est ...
Hitler and his henchmen victimized an entire continent and exterminated millions in his quest for a co-called Master Race. But the concept of a white, blond-haired, blue-eyed master Nordic race was not Hitlers. The idea was created in the United States, and cultivated in Connecticut, two to three decades before Hitler came to power, the product of the American eugenics movement. Hartford and indeed the state of Connecticut played an important albeit unknown role in this countrys campaign of ethnic cleansing. Whats more, Connecticut was an important player in Americas eugenic nexus with Nazi Germany. Eugenics was the racist American pseudoscience determined to wipe away all human beings except those who conformed to a Nordic stereotype. The philosophy was enshrined into national policy by forced sterilization and segregation laws, as well as marriage restrictions enacted in 27 states. In 1909, Connecticut became the third state to adopt such laws. Ultimately, eugenics coercively sterilized ...
Review Graduate Program details of Master of Science in Biomedical Engineering in West Haven Connecticut United States from University of New Haven. |p|If the idea of using scientific information to design useful products to improve human life thrills you, then you may want to build a...
Department of Epidemiology & Public Health and Department of Medicine, Yale University, and Jonathan Borak & Company, New Haven, Connecticut. Department of Medicine, Yale University, and Jonathan Borak & Company, New Haven, Connecticut.. Peak Statistical Services, Evergreen, Colorado. Jonathan Borak & Company, New Haven, Connecticut. Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, Yale University, and Jonathan Borak & Company, New Haven, Connecticut. Readers are invited to submit letters for publication in this department. Submit letters online at http://joem.edmgr.com. Choose "Submit New Manuscript." A signed copyright assignment and financial disclosure form must be submitted with the letter. From available at www.joem.org under Author and Reviewer information.. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journals Web site (www.joem.org).. Disclosure: The authors ...
Cindy - This article may be of interest for research and discussion - opportunities for risk reduction and pollution prevention could be explored. See the section on environmental exposures. Skin Exposure to Isocyanates: Reasons for Concern http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1849909 Dhimiter Bello,1,2 Christina A. Herrick,3 Thomas J. Smith,1 Susan R. Woskie,2 Robert P. Streicher,4 Mark R. Cullen,5 Youcheng Liu,5 and Carrie A. Redlich5 1 Exposure, Epidemiology and Risk Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA 2 Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts, USA 3 Department of Dermatology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA 4 Division of Applied Research and Technology, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA 5 Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA Address ...
Dr. Fehon is an Assistant Professor within the Department of Psychiatry and a member of the Medical Staff at Yale New Haven Hospital. As Chief Psychologist for Psychiatric Services, Dr. Fehon oversees and coordinates the predoctoral psychology training program within Yale New Haven Hospital and Yale New Haven Psychiatric Hospital. Since completing his internship and postdoctoral training at Yale in 1993, Dr. Fehon has devoted his career to psychology training and the development of hospital-based programs for adolescents, families, and adults. Most recently, Dr. Fehon has been responsible for the development of a Behavioral Medicine program that provides integrated psychological services to chronically ill adults within the Yale-New Haven Transplantation Center, and within the Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital. As a member of the liver transplant and palliative care services, Dr. Fehon provides integrated psychological care to aid coping, resilience and quality of life with patients ...
BACKGROUND: The risk of Kaposis sarcoma and non-Hodgkins lymphoma is increased in people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV). Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been widely used by HIV-infected people in North America, Europe, and Australia since about 1997. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) incidence and mortality rates have fallen markedly in association with the use of HAART, but its impact on the incidence of cancer in HIV-infected people is less clear. METHODS: Cancer incidence data from 23 prospective studies that included 47 936 HIV-seropositive individuals from North America, Europe, and Australia were collated, checked, and analyzed centrally. Adjusted incidence rates (expressed as number of cancers per 1000 person-years) for Kaposis sarcoma, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, Hodgkins disease, cervical cancer, and 20 other cancer types or sites were calculated. Rate ratios were estimated, comparing incidence rates from 1997 through 1999 with rates from 1992
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Efavirenz liquid formulation in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. AU - Starr, Stuart E.. AU - Fletcher, Courtney V.. AU - Spector, Stephen A.. AU - Brundage, Richard C.. AU - Yong, Florence H.. AU - Douglas, Steven D.. AU - Flynn, Patrizia M.. AU - Kline, Mark W.. PY - 2002/7/23. Y1 - 2002/7/23. N2 - Background. This study determined the safety, pharmacokinetics, antiviral activity and immunologic effects of efavirenz liquid formulation, nelfinavir and nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in HIV-infected children, 3 to 9 years of age. Methods. Plasma HIV-1 RNA and lymphocyte subsets were measured at various intervals after initiation of therapy. Pharmacokinetic studies were performed at Week 2, and doses of efavirenz and nelfinavir were adjusted if area under the curve values fell outside specified target ranges. Results. This combination of antiretrovirals was well-tolerated. Pharmacokinetic values were similar to those observed in a previous study ...
Group B streptococcal (GBS) infections are the leading bacterial cause of serious neonatal disease in the United States (1). In 1996, in collaboration with the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, CDC issued consensus guidelines for preventing perinatal GBS disease (2--4). These guidelines recommend using either a screening-based or a risk-based strategy to identify women who should receive intrapartum antimicrobial prophylaxis. To assess adoption of the GBS disease prevention guidelines, the Connecticut and Minnesota state health departments surveyed prenatal-care providers during January--April 1998. This report presents the survey findings, which indicate that most prenatal-care providers in Connecticut and Minnesota have adopted perinatal GBS disease prevention policies and that strategy choice may vary by state and provider type. In Connecticut, surveys were mailed to all (n=576) licensed obstetricians/gynecologists (OBs). Group ...
Vermont Business Magazine The Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is reminding anglers and the general public as a whole to avoid disturbing spawning sea lamprey that may currently be found in the Connecticut River and several of its tributaries. The invasive, non-native sea lamprey that plague Lake Champlain are a separate population of fish.. "Sea lamprey are native to the Connecticut River basin and play a vital role in the ecosystem," said Lael Will, fisheries biologist with Vermont Fish & Wildlife. "Vermont is also home to a separate population of non-native sea lamprey that are actively controlled as a nuisance species in Lake Champlain. Confusion can arise over the differing management goals for these two populations of sea lamprey. We believe its important to highlight and contrast the conservation value of Connecticut River sea lamprey, educate the public, and encourage folks to do their part to protect this important population of fish.". "If you happen to see a spawning sea lamprey or ...
Spinal cord and back injuries from a motorcycle, bicycle or car accident are a focus for Hartford, Connecticut personal injury lawyer Scott F. Lewis. Call 860-881-2719 for a free phone consultation.
Title: Reviewing the Cardiovascular Complications of HIV Infection After the Introduction of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. VOLUME: 5 ISSUE: 4. Author(s):G. Barbaro. Affiliation:Viale Anicio Gallo 63, 00174 Rome, Italy.. Keywords:human immunodeficiency virus, highly active antiretroviral therapy, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease. Abstract: Studies published before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) have tracked the incidence and course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in relation to cardiac disease.The introduction of HAART regimens, by preventing opportunistic infections and reducing the incidence of myocarditis, has reduced the prevalence of HIV-associated cardiomyopathy of about 30% and the prevalence of cardiac involvement of AIDSassociated malignancies of about 50%. However, HAART regimens, especially those including protease inhibitors have been shown to cause, in a high proportion of HIV-infected patients, a metabolic syndrome ...
Dont forget your bug spray - mosquitoes carrying the West Nile virus have been found in twelve Connecticut towns so far this summer.. The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) and the State Mosquito Management Program have found infected mosquitoes in Bridgeport, East Haven, Fairfield, Glastonbury, Greenwich, Manchester, New Haven, Norwalk, Plainfield, Stamford, Stratford and Westport.. "Over the rest of the summer and into early fall, we expect to see further build-up of West Nile virus with increased risk for human infection throughout the state, especially in densely populated communities where the virus is found," said Dr. Theodore G. Andreadis, Chief Medical Entomologist of the CAES, in a release from the Connecticut Department of Public Health.. Mosquitoes in Voluntown were found to be carrying eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) last month, but since then, all mosquitoes trapped have tested negative.. For more information on the West Nile virus and how to prevent it, visit ...
FARMINGTON || The Office of the Chief Medical Examiner has been told it will lose its full accreditation and will be placed on a probationary term from the national medical examiners association following reductions in the offices budget and an increase in drug overdoses in the state. A loss of accreditation could reduce the ability of the medical examiners office to assist law enforcement efficiently with homicide investigations, reduce prosecutors ability to bring charges, and affect family members attempting to address insurance concerns or those seeking emotional closure. State Senate Minority Leader Len Fasano, R-North Haven, said in a release that a loss of full accreditation is a result of budget cuts from a Democrat-approved state budget. While Democrat lawmakers claim they want to make Connecticut a bioscience capital, their budget didnt even properly fund a core and basic public health function. According to NAMEs letter, each pathologist performed an average of 276 autopsies in 2010
Results: A total 307 human immunodeficiency virus positive patients, 153 highly active antiretroviral therapy na ve (who didnt take highly active antiretroviral therapy) and 154 on highly active antiretroviral therapy were enrolled in the study. The mean ( SD) age of the participants was 34.69 ( 8.86) years and about 61% were females. The prevalence of renal impairment in highly active antiretroviral therapy na ve and on highly active antiretroviral therapy individuals was 30.1% and 12.9% respectively. Proteinuria was found in 17.9 % of the participant. Low CD4 count (Adjusted odds ratio= 24.11; (95% CI 11.06, 52.56) and being highly active antiretroviral therapy na ve (Adjusted odds ratio = 6.58; 95% CI 2.99, 14.47) showed significant association with the prevalence of renal impairment ...
ABSTRACT Objective: Studies have shown that HIV-infected injection drug users (IDUs) are less likely to receive antiretroviral therapy than non-drug users. We assess factors associated with initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in HIV-infected IDUs. Methods: A cohort study of IDUs carried out between 1 January 1996 and 30 June 1999 at a community-based study clinic affiliated to the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. The participants were a total of 528 HIV-infected IDUs eligible for HAART based on CD4+ cell count. The main outcome measure was the time from treatment eligibility to first self-reported HAART use, as defined by the International AIDS Society USA panel (IAS USA) guidelines. Results: By 30 June 1999, 58.5% of participants had initiated HAART, most of whom switched from mono- or dual-combination therapy to a HAART regimen. Nearly one-third of treatment-eligible IDUs never received antiretroviral therapy. Cox proportional hazards regression showed that ...
They discuss the variations in the timing and duration of hospice enrollment and their implications in an article published in Journal of Palliative Medicine, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the Journal of Palliative Medicine website until September 20, 2015. In "Geographic Variation of Hospice Use Patterns at the End of Life," Shi-Yi Wang, MD, PhD, Yale University School of Public Health (New Haven, CT), and coauthors from Yale Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine (New York, NY), James J. Peters VA Medical Center (Bronx, NY), and John D. Thompson Hospice Institute for Education, Training and Research, Inc. (Branford, CT), performed a retrospective analysis of Medicare patients who used hospice services during the last 6 months of their lives. The researchers compared hospice use data on a state-by-state basis and identified important differences between states in the percentages of ...
Primers were used to amplify a 561-bp region of the 16S rRNA gene of Ehrlichia phagocytophila from Ixodes scapularis ticks and small mammals collected in Rhode Island and Connecticut. DNA sequences for all 50 E. phagocytophila-positive samples collected from 1996 through 1998 in southwestern Connecticut were identical to the sequence reported for E. phagocytophila DNA from confirmed human cases. In contrast, the sequences from 92 of 123 E. phagocytophila-positive Rhode Island samples collected from 1996 through 1999 included several variants differing by 1-2 nucleotides from that in the agent infecting humans. While 11.9% of 67 E. phagocytophila-positive ticks collected during 1997 in Rhode Island harbored ehrlichiae with sequences identical to that of the human agent, 79.1% had a variant sequence not previously described. The low incidence of human ehrlichiosis in Rhode Island may in part result from interference by these variant ehrlichiae with maintenance and transmission of the true agent of human
Primers were used to amplify a 561-bp region of the 16S rRNA gene of Ehrlichia phagocytophila from Ixodes scapularis ticks and small mammals collected in Rhode Island and Connecticut. DNA sequences for all 50 E. phagocytophila-positive samples collected from 1996 through 1998 in southwestern Connecticut were identical to the sequence reported for E. phagocytophila DNA from confirmed human cases. In contrast, the sequences from 92 of 123 E. phagocytophila-positive Rhode Island samples collected from 1996 through 1999 included several variants differing by 1-2 nucleotides from that in the agent infecting humans. While 11.9% of 67 E. phagocytophila-positive ticks collected during 1997 in Rhode Island harbored ehrlichiae with sequences identical to that of the human agent, 79.1% had a variant sequence not previously described. The low incidence of human ehrlichiosis in Rhode Island may in part result from interference by these variant ehrlichiae with maintenance and transmission of the true agent of human
We have developed a model to determine whether asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals who have a rapid CD4 cell decline are a subgroup who might benefit from early antiretroviral therapy. Data were obtained from a subgroup of participants in the Concorde and EACG020 trials, two randomized, double-blind, comparative trials of immediate (IMM) versus deferred (DEF) zidovudine therapy in asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals. The subgroup comprised 297 patients (IMM = 154, DEF = 143) who had at least one CD4 cell count before and after randomization. The median CD4 cell count at randomization was 491 x 10(6)/L, and the median follow-up was 61 months. The rate of CD4 decline before and after randomization was estimated using multi-level linear regression analysis, and patients were stratified into quartiles according to the rate of CD4 cell decline before randomization. Outcome measures were the development of AIDS, a 50% drop in CD4 count from the baseline, and death. A Cox proportional hazards model was
TY - JOUR. T1 - Neurobehavioral effects in HIV-Positive individuals receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Gaborone, Botswana. AU - Lawler, Kathy. AU - Jeremiah, Kealeboga. AU - Mosepele, Mosepele. AU - Ratcliffe, Sarah J.. AU - Cherry, Catherine. AU - Seloilwe, Esther. AU - Steenhoff, Andrew P.. PY - 2011/2/18. Y1 - 2011/2/18. N2 - Objective: To explore the prevalence and features of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HANDS) in Botswana, a sub-Saharan country at the center of the HIV epidemic. Design and Methods: A cross sectional study of 60 HIV-positive individuals, all receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and 80 demographically matched HIV-seronegative control subjects. We administered a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery and structured psychiatric interview. The lowest 10th percentile of results achieved by control subjects was used to define the lower limit of normal performance on cognitive measures. Subjects who scored abnormal on ...
It is important to consider the role that HIV infected individuals play in ongoing HIV transmission. Different anti-HIV treatment regimens may lead to variations in HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV infected individuals. HIV infected people with viral loads of less than 1,000 copies/ml are less likely to transmit HIV through heterosexual sex. However, condom use sometimes decreases after individuals start combination antiretroviral therapy (ART); also, some studies have shown an increased rate in acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) following initiation of ART, and those on ART may transmit a drug-resistant strain of HIV. In the SMART study, participants were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups:. ...
It is important to consider the role that HIV infected individuals play in ongoing HIV transmission. Different anti-HIV treatment regimens may lead to variations in HIV transmission risk behavior among HIV infected individuals. HIV infected people with viral loads of less than 1,000 copies/ml are less likely to transmit HIV through heterosexual sex. However, condom use sometimes decreases after individuals start combination antiretroviral therapy (ART); also, some studies have shown an increased rate in acquiring sexually transmitted infections (STIs) following initiation of ART, and those on ART may transmit a drug-resistant strain of HIV. In the SMART study, participants were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups:. ...
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus and is the causative organism for the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) [1]. Two major subtypes of HIV-HIV-1 and HIV-2-are known to exist [2]. Over 95% of patients infected with HIV will, without treatment, develop progressive immunodeficiency as indicated by falling CD4-positive T cell counts and/or development of AIDS defining illnesses within 10 years of seroconversion [3, 4]. In general, disease progression is slower in those infected with HIV-2 compared with the globally more common HIV-1 [1, 2].. HIV infection is associated with myriad central nervous system (CNS) sequelae. These include, but are not limited to, toxoplasmosis, primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL), tuberculous meningitis (TBM), cryptococcal meningitis and immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) [5-8]. These may all disrupt cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation causing an abnormal accumulation of CSF within the cranium, an associated rise in intracranial pressure ...
Racial/ethnic disparities in the incidence of HIV/AIDS among children have been documented since 1981--1986, when 78% of children with AIDS were black or Hispanic (1). These racial/ethnic disparities have been reflected in rates of perinatal HIV infection. Although the total number of annual perinatal HIV infections in the United States has decreased approximately 90% since 1991 (3) and the findings in this report indicate a continued decrease during 2004--2007, racial/ethnic disparities persist. Of all reported diagnoses of perinatal HIV infection during 2004--2007, 85% were in children who were black or Hispanic, and rates were several-fold higher among black and Hispanic children than among white children. To eliminate perinatal transmission and racial/ethnic disparities, continued measures are needed, including primary HIV prevention for women, reproductive health and family planning for women with HIV infection, and prenatal care and early treatment with antiretroviral medications for ...
West Nile (WN) virus, a mosquito-transmitted virus native to Africa, Asia, and Europe, was isolated from two species of mosquitoes, Culex pipiens and Aedes vexans, and from brain tissues of 28 American crows, Corvus brachyrhynchos, and one Coopers hawk, Accipiter cooperii, in Connecticut. A portion of the genome of virus isolates from four different hosts was sequenced and analyzed by comparative phylogenetic analysis. Our isolates from Connecticut were similar to one another and most closely related to two WN isolates from Romania (2.8 and 3.6 percent difference). If established in North America, WN virus will likely have severe effects on human health and on the health of populations of birds. ...
Objective: Some HIV patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) do not resolve their plasma viraemia or HIV RNA can reappear after a period of virological control. We investigate whether polymorphisms in cytokine genes affect the control of plasma HIV RNA over 5 years on HAART. Design: The study utilized adult HIV-infected patients in Western Australia. Plasma HIV-RNA levels were assessed from commencement of HAART in patients who had a CD4 T-cell count less than 100 cells/μl before HAART and achieved immune reconstitution assessed by CD4 T-cell counts. Results: Control of plasma viraemia could be predicted from carriage of allele 2 at position -889 in the IL1A gene (IL1A-889*2). This was significant when assessed by the proportion of patients with a plasma HIV-RNA level of 400 copies/ml or less (P = 0.002). At 48 months post-HAART, proportions were approximately 0.76, 0.51 and 0.32 for IL1A (1,1), (1,2) and (2,2) patients, respectively. The outcome was independent of the ...
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The study has identified criteria for priority setting of HIV/AIDS interventions in Thailand using perspective of policy makers, PLWHA, and VHVs, and revealed that different stakeholders have different preferences vis-à-vis these criteria. A number of observations can be made.. First, the findings show that policy makers give priority to preventing HIV interventions, and targeting high risk populations. This is in line with the Thai national policy on priority setting of HIV interventions, which focuses on prevention among people who may be the most at risk of transmitting HIV [3]. Yet, although policy makers may put higher priority on HIV prevention programs, it is obvious that therapy cannot be neglected [3, 14, 19]. The Thai national HIV/AIDS plan emphasizes integrating HIV and AIDS prevention and treatment programs [3, 31]. The emphasis on intervention effectiveness and related quality of evidence confirms the importance that is attributed to evidence-based medicine in Thailand ...
Background: Scale up of paediatric antiretroviral therapy in resource limited settings continues despite limited access to routine laboratory monitoring. We documented the weight and height responses in HIV infected Ugandan children on highly active antiretroviral therapy and determined clinical factors associated with successful treatment outcomes.. Methods: A prospective cohort of HIV infected children were initiated on HAART and followed for 48 weeks. Body mass index for age z scores(BAZ), weight and height-for-age z scores (WAZ & HAZ) were calculated: CD4 cell % and HIV-1 RNA were measured at baseline and every 12 weeks. Treatment outcomes were classified according to; both virological and immunological success (VS/IS), virological failure and immunological success (VF/IS). virological success and immunological failure (VS/IF) and both virological and immunological failure (VF/IF).. Results: From March 2004 until May 2006, 124 HIV infected children were initiated on HAART. The median age ...
Acute HIV infection - MedHelps Acute HIV infection Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Acute HIV infection. Find Acute HIV infection information, treatments for Acute HIV infection and Acute HIV infection symptoms.
Law enforcement officers have started carrying naloxone with them on drug raids, when K-9s are often sent into houses or cars to find narcotics. Three police dogs in Florida were rushed to an animal hospital last year when they ingested fentanyl, a powerful painkiller that is often mixed with street heroin but 50 times more potent. Even just a small amount of powdered fentanyl can sicken police officers, so dogs are even more at risk, said Brian Foley, deputy chief in Hartford, where 11 members of a SWAT team were sent to a hospital after they were exposed to a mix of heroin and fentanyl during a raid in September. Last year, the Drug Enforcement Administration released a video warning officers a very small amount of fentanyl ingested or absorbed through the skin can be lethal. Andy Weiman, a detective who trains dogs for the Broward County, Florida, Sheriffs Office, said a German shorthaired pointer named Primus became listless after a search inside a suspected drug house in October. Symptoms of
In birds nest samples taken from a vent in the police department two weeks ago, insect experts found northern fowl mites and American house dust mites, says a final report prepared by state entomologist Gale Ridge of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven.|br/||br/|Last month he filed a complaint with the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, saying deer ticks, bird mites and spiders infested the department after nesting birds brought them inside.|br/||br/|The citys workers compensation medical provider, meanwhile, drew blood from 117 officers during the past few days and awaits confirmation whether any tested positive for Lyme disease.|br/||br/|The city will treat the confirmed cases, but not take responsibility for any diseases, Director of Administration Sandra Dennies said.|br/||br/|State entomologists said the birds -- they havent confirmed which species they are -- brought mites into the police department after their young hatched and left their nests.|br
https://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=topics.about_airnow. The National Weather Service forecast office in Upton, New York (Central Long Island) will relay official air quality information from New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut state environmental agencies, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC), New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJ DEP), and Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (CT DEEP). Air Quality Index (AQI) - a measure of how polluted the air is and what health effects this results in. ...
Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndromes (IRIS) are exaggerated pathological inflammatory reactions occurring after initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) due to exuberant immune responses to occult or apparent opportunistic infections or cancers. In view of paucity of studies from Nigeria, we report 3 cases of IRIS presenting as disseminated infections in HIV-1 infected patients initiating HAART. The first case was a previously healthy female who developed disseminated tuberculosis after 4 weeks of regular HAART. Her HAART regimen was continued and she improved after commencement of anti-tuberculosis drugs, with evidence of progressive increase in CD4 cell count. The second case was a HAART-experienced female who stopped her drugs for 4months. Two months after recommencement of her previous HAART regimen, she developed features of disseminated herpes zoster infection, despite evidence of decrease in viral load by 95%. HAART was continued and she recovered completely after
SOURCES: European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; European Institute for Crime Prevention and Control International Statistics on Crime and Justice, 2011; crime; Last updated: 01/04/03; https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2011/World_Drug_Report_2011_ebook.pdf, World Drug Report 2011, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), 2011, p. 217.; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Source tables; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. Source tables; Wikipedia: List of countries by prevalence of opiates use ("World Drug Report 2011" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2011. "World Drug Report 2006" . United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2006. http://www.unodc.org/documents/wdr/WDR_2009/WDR2009_eng_web.pdf); The Eighth United Nations Survey on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2002) (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Centre for International Crime ...
Retrospective of versatile sculptor Elbert Weinberg. Elbert Weinberg, a supremely gifted sculptor, was widely regarded as one of the most promising young artists of the 1950s and 1960s. His sculptures are imbued with historical, literary, mythological, and biblical subtext and so belong to the grand art historical tradition. Weinbergs work can be found in Atlanta, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, San Francisco and his home city of Hartford, and in public and private collections across the United States and Europe. He is perhaps best known for his two Holocaust memorials in Wilmington, Delaware, and West Hartford, Connecticut. In 2014, the Weinberg Trust donated several of Weinbergs sculptures, many of his prints and drawings, a large collection of manuscripts, ephemera, and photographs documenting his work to the Hartford History Center at the Hartford Public Library. This in-depth analysis of the artists most important sculptures includes a brief biography, two interpretive essays, and more than ...
Introduction Definition of the Prevention Area Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is the complete removal of the foreskin of the penis by surgical means. Though VMMC may be conducted for a number of reasons, evidence from three clinical trials has shown that medical male circumcision can significantly reduce (but not eliminate) mens risk of acquiring HIV through heterosexual vaginal sex. The U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) supports provision of VMMC by qualified, well-equipped professionals, and with the clients informed consent. To ensure that VMMC is provided as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that a minimum package of services should be available in all facilities providing male circumcision. This package includes HIV testing and counseling, screening and syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) where required; provision and promotion of male and female condoms; and counseling on
Dr. Tracy Batchelor received his undergraduate and medical degrees from Emory University as well as graduate degrees from Harvard University. He completed training in internal medicine at Yale-New Haven Hospital, neurology at Massachusetts General Hospital and neuro-oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. He served as the chief resident in neurology in his final year of residency training at Mass General. He joined the professional staff at Mass General in 1996 and served as Director of the Neuro-Oncology Fellowship Training Program from 1996-2006. He has served as Executive Director of the Stephen E. and Catherine Pappas Center for Neuro-Oncology and Chief of the Division of Neuro-Oncology at Mass General Cancer Center since 2001. He is currently a Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School ...
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Title:Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention among South AfricanYouth: A Meta-Analytic Review. VOLUME: 11 ISSUE: 7. Author(s):Lori A.J. Scott-Sheldon, Paige Walstrom, Abigail Harrison, Seth C. Kalichman and Michael P. Carey. Affiliation:The Miriam Hospital, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, CORO West, Suite 309, 164 Summit Ave., Providence, RI 02906, USA.. Keywords:HIV, intervention, meta-analysis, sex, South Africa, youth.. Abstract:Objectives: To examine the efficacy of sexual risk reduction interventions among South African youth. Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify studies published between 2007 and early 2013. Studies were eligible if they (1) targeted youth age 9-26, (2) evaluated sexual risk reduction interventions and (3) reported at least one behavioral outcome. Independent raters coded study characteristics, and intervention content. Weighted mean effect sizes were calculated; positive effect sizes indicated less sexual risk behavior ...
Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) CD8+ T-Lymphocyte Reactivity during Combination Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-1-Infected Patients with Advanced Immunodeficiency. Charles R. Rinaldo Jr.,1,2,* Xiao-Li Huang,1 Zheng Fan,1 Joseph B. Margolick,3 Luann Borowski,1 Aki Hoji,1 Christine Kalinyak,1 Deborah K. McMahon,1,2 Sharon A. Riddler,1,2 William H. Hildebrand,4 Richard B. Day,1 and John W. Mellors1,2,5. Graduate School of Public Health1 and School of Medicine,2 University of Pittsburgh, and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center,5 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261; Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 212053; and University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 731904. Received 17 December 1999/Accepted 29 January 2000. Journal of Virology, May 2000, p. 4127-4138, Vol. 74, No. 9. The long-term efficacy of combination antiretroviral therapy may relate to augmentation of anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) CD8+ T-cell ...
This paper has not been published elsewhere nor has it been submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. This study was funded under a cooperative agreement from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH/NIDA). The authors gratefully acknowledge the collaborative contributions by NIDA, the Coordinating Center (Virginia Commonwealth University/University of Maryland at College Park, Bureau of Governmental Research), and the Research Centers participating in CJDATS (Brown University, Lifespan Hospital; Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services; National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Center for Therapeutic Community Research; National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Center for the Integration of Research and Practice; Texas Christian University, Institute of Behavioral Research; University of Delaware, Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies; University of Kentucky, Center on ...
Cerebral palsy is a generalized term used to describe a number of disorders related to a difficulty with muscular control, and a subject with which Connecticut cerebral palsy lawyers are very familiar. Cerebral palsy was once attributed solely to complications during childbirth - most notably oxygen deprivation, causing brain damage - but it is now known that there are many factors that can lead to a childs cerebral palsy. An experienced cerebral palsy attorney can answer many questions about the possible causes of your childs birth injury, and work with you to determine whether you want to pursue legal action to recover damages.. There are four primary types of cerebral palsy. The most common is spastic cerebral palsy, which causes a constant state of reflex, causing continual spasms. This type of cerebral palsy occurs in about 75 percent of cases. Athetoid palsy is marked by slow, uncontrolled movements, and affects a small percentage of patients, as does ataxic cerebral palsy. The most ...
Information on antiretroviral dosing errors among health care providers for outpatient human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients is lacking. We evaluated factors associated with nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor dosing errors in a university-based HIV clinic using an electronic medical record. Overall, older age, minority race or ethnicity, and didanosine use were related to such errors. Impaired renal function was more common in older patients and racial or ethnic minorities and, in conjunction with fixed-dose combination drugs, contributed to the higher rates of errors in nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor dosing. Understanding the factors related to nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor dosing errors is an important step in the building of preventive tools.
Substantial research is currently being performed to develop a vaccine to prevent the human parvovirus B19 infection. If proved to be safe and effective, a vaccine could be administered to children early in life to prevent infection during childhood. The vaccine also could be administered during pregnancy to prevent the occasional fetal death that occurs from the parvovirus B19 infection.. top. About the Authors. Hal Jenson, M.D.. Dr. Jenson graduated from George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, DC,. He also completed a residency in pediatrics at the Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and a fellowship in pediatric infectious diseases and epidemiology at Yale University School of Medicine.. Dr. Jenson has an active research program on the biology of Epstein-Barr virus and other human and non-human primate herpes viruses.. He is active in the general pediatric and infectious diseases teaching and clinical activities ...
Substantial research is currently being performed to develop a vaccine to prevent the human parvovirus B19 infection. If proved to be safe and effective, a vaccine could be administered to children early in life to prevent infection during childhood. The vaccine also could be administered during pregnancy to prevent the occasional fetal death that occurs from the parvovirus B19 infection.. top. About the Authors. Hal Jenson, M.D.. Dr. Jenson graduated from George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, DC,. He also completed a residency in pediatrics at the Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and a fellowship in pediatric infectious diseases and epidemiology at Yale University School of Medicine.. Dr. Jenson has an active research program on the biology of Epstein-Barr virus and other human and non-human primate herpes viruses.. He is active in the general pediatric and infectious diseases teaching and clinical activities ...
Substantial research is currently being performed to develop a vaccine to prevent the human parvovirus B19 infection. If proved to be safe and effective, a vaccine could be administered to children early in life to prevent infection during childhood. The vaccine also could be administered during pregnancy to prevent the occasional fetal death that occurs from the parvovirus B19 infection.. top. About the Authors. Hal Jenson, M.D.. Dr. Jenson graduated from George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, DC,. He also completed a residency in pediatrics at the Rainbow Babies and Childrens Hospital of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and a fellowship in pediatric infectious diseases and epidemiology at Yale University School of Medicine.. Dr. Jenson has an active research program on the biology of Epstein-Barr virus and other human and non-human primate herpes viruses.. He is active in the general pediatric and infectious diseases teaching and clinical activities ...
At the IV South Africa AIDS Conference, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit (RHRU) of University of Witwatersrand, the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, and Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) called upon government to urgently implement expanded roles for health care workers in the delivery of comprehensive HIV/AIDS services through task-shifting, in order to achieve the treatment targets set forth in the South African National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV/AIDS 2007-2011. The NSP calls for decentralisation of comprehensive HIV/AIDS services to the primary health care level, a larger role for nurses in the provision of life-saving antiretroviral therapy (ART), and ART coverage for 80% of people in urgent clinical need. At the close of the AIDS conference taking place in Durban, there were 999 days until the NSP targets are supposed to be met. The NSP recommends professional nurses initiate and manage ART for adults and children (now the domain of ...
IIIMMed (Surg), FCS (SA), FRCS (Edin), is Emeritus Professor of Paediatric Surgery, Red Cross War Memorial Childrens Hospital, Cape Town. Correspondence. Non-therapeutic, non-religious circumcision is the surgical procedure most commonly published about,1 but substantive indications are lacking. Since its introduction to the USA during the Victorian period, when it was thought that it prevented masturbation,2 medical justifications for the procedure progressed to prevention of various infective conditions (sexually transmitted diseases, penile and cervical cancer) and controlling of the sexual drive. Recent Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS/World Health Organization (UNAIDS/WHO) policy proposes male circumcision for the prevention of HIV/AIDS.3,4. HIV/AIDS in Africa is mainly spread by multiple concurrent heterosexual relationships,5 compounded by female subjugation6,7 and poverty.8,9 Condoms, although highly protective, are infrequently used, particularly among circumcised ...
BACKGROUND: The OCTANE trial reports superior outcomes of lopinavir/ritonavir vs. nevirapine-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) among women previously exposed to single-dose nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission. However, lopinavir/ritonavir is 12 times costlier than nevirapine.. METHODS: We used a computer model, with OCTANE and local data, to simulate HIV-infected, single-dose nevirapine-exposed women in South Africa. Outcomes of three alternative ART sequences were projected: no ART (for comparison), first-line nevirapine, and first-line lopinavir/ritonavir. OCTANE data included mean age (31 years) and CD4 cell count (135/μl); median time since single-dose nevirapine (17 months); and 24-week viral suppression efficacy for first-line ART (nevirapine: 85%, lopinavir/ritonavir: 97%). Outcomes included life expectancy, per-person costs (2008 US$), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios.. RESULTS: With no ART, projected life expectancy was 1.6 years and per-person cost was ...
One of the earliest psychology societies was La Société de Psychologie Physiologique in France, which lasted 1885-1893. The first meeting of the International Congress of Psychology took place in Paris, in August 1889, amidst the Worlds Fair celebrating the centennial of the French Revolution. William James was one of three Americans among the four hundred attendees. The American Psychological Association was founded soon after, in 1892. The International Congress continued to be held, at different locations in Europe, with wider international participation. The Sixth Congress, Geneva 1909, included presentations in Russian, Chinese, and Japanese, as well as Esperanto. After a hiatus for War War I, the Seventh Congress met in Oxford, with substantially greater participation from the war-victorious Anglo-Americans. In 1929, the Congress took place at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, attended by hundreds of members of the American Psychological Association[25] Tokyo Imperial ...
FERNANDES, Ana Paula Morais et al. Lipodystrophy syndrome associated with antiretroviral therapy in HIV patients: considerations for psychosocial aspects. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem [online]. 2007, vol.15, n.5, pp.1041-1045. ISSN 1518-8345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692007000500024.. Several side effects have been strongly associated with antiretroviral therapy in HIV patients. Among them, the lipodystrophy syndrome which presents alterations in body shape with central adipose hypertrophy and peripheral lipoatrophy, reported by patients as a visible marker identifying them as HIV patients. This manuscript presents an analysis of current literature regarding the psychosocial aspects of HIV patients with lipodystrophy associated with antiretroviral therapy. The results show that the alterations in body shape can be disturbing in terms of psychosocial well being, affecting quality of life and increasing the stigma associated with the disease, with consequent disturbances in social ...
Hepatitis B or C virus infection has an important influence on treatment and outcomes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. HIV worsens the prognosis in hepatitis B- or C virus-infected patients, and patients on antiretroviral therapy are more likely to experience hepatotoxicity if they are co-infected with a hepatotropic virus. There is a paucity of data on the epidemiology of hepatotropic viruses in relation to each other and to HIV in KwaZulu-Natal. The aim of this study was to describe the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus in HIV-positive and -negative individuals in KwaZulu-Natal from 2002-2010, using a large laboratory database of routine serological results. Patients who had an HIV or hepatitis B or C test performed at the National Health Laboratory Service Department of Virology in Durban from 2002-2010 were included in the study. The study revealed that the overall seropositivity of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was 12.05%, and that of hepatitis C
ry about fifty guns. Nothing has yet been done to these works. Next Portland, with works carrying about forty or fifty guns, and Fort Penobscot and batteries, carrying about one hundred and fifty guns. These are only partly built. New Hampshire. Defenses of Portsmouth and the vicinity, about two hundred guns. These works are also only partly built. Massachusetts. Projected works east of Boston, carrying about sixty guns These are not yet commenced. Works for defence of Boston Harbor carry about five hundred guns. These are nearly three-quarters completed. Those of New Bedford harbor carry fifty guns: not yet begun. Rhode Island. Newport harbor,--works carry about five hundred guns, nearly completed. Connecticut. New London harbor, New Haven, and the Connecticut river. The first of these nearly completed ; the two latter not yet begun. New York. The works projected for the defence of New York harbor are estimated to carry about one thousand guns ...
The University last week received 15 grant awards totaling more than $12 million of the nearly $20 million awarded by the Connecticut Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee to advance embryonic and human adult stem cell research in the state. A total of 21 grants were awarded. The disbursements are the first made under Connecticuts 10-year, $100 million commitment to fund stem cell research, as authorized by Gov. M. Jodi Rell and the General Assembly in 2005. California, New Jersey, Maryland, and Illinois have passed stem cell research legislation, but Connecticut is the first state to implement an ongoing, structured grant program for stem cell research. The state-funded grants will support some 23 investigators from UConn departments at both the Storrs campus and the Health Center who are already engaged in significant stem cell and regenerative biology research.. The grants also will expand UConns cross-campus Stem Cell Institute, which is committed to stem cell biology, while allowing ...
In this issue of the journal, Jin et al. [1] report a detailed analysis of the association between sexual risk-reduction behaviours other than condom use and incident HIV infection in a cohort of HIV-seronegative men who have sex with men (MSM) in Sydney, Australia. Sexual risk-reduction behaviours that are studied here include serosorting, unprotected anal intercourse with HIV-seronegative partners only; negotiated safety, unprotected anal intercourse with HIV-seronegative primary partners only; strategic positioning, unprotected insertive anal intercourse and withdrawal, unprotected receptive anal intercourse without ejaculation. In a world where condom use during anal intercourse has been the cornerstone of HIV prevention among MSM, it is remarkable that all these risk-reduction behaviours include anal intercourse without condom use. This inevitably raises the question why the sexual behaviour identified as the primary driver of the HIV epidemic in MSM has become the central component ...
Ann Arbor, MI, April 8, 2014 /3BL Media/ - While preventable, carbon monoxide poisoning is a serious and sometimes fatal condition. Large weather events, such as snowstorms and heavy storms that cause power outages, can lead to an increase in the number of reported carbon monoxide exposures. Researchers from Hartford Hospital in Hartford, Connecticut explored the link between these major storms and the rise in carbon monoxide exposure cases. They found that portable generators were the most common source of carbon monoxide exposure after storms which resulted in power losses; car exhaust was the most frequent source of exposure after heavy snowstorms. Their findings are published in the May issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.. In 2011, 12,136 unintentional exposures were reported to U.S. Poison Control Centers. Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless, and tasteless gas that can build up to dangerous levels in unventilated areas. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include ...
A Requiem For Haiti: Hartford-Area Musicians Holding Benefit Concert Sunday. WILLIAM WEIR. January 22, 2010. Watching the devastation in Haiti on TV, Jack Pott of the Hartford vocal group Voce and his family made a donation to help with relief efforts. Like a lot of people, he figured that was all he could do.. But this Sunday, he and scores of other Hartford-area musicians will contribute to the cause with a concert. Pott heard about the performance this week and signed on immediately.. "It seems like the best and right thing to do," he said.. The Hartford Symphony Orchestra and singers from several choirs will perform Gabriel Faur s Requiem at Immanuel Congregational Church in Hartford at 3 p.m. All musicians, singers and stage hands are donating their services, and all proceeds will go to the American Red Cross to help Haitis earthquake victims.. Tom Cooke, executive director of Voce, said he and artistic director Mark Singleton were in the choral groups office earlier this week when they ...
Looking for online definition of Diplomate of the Homeopathic Association of Naturopathic Physicians in the Medical Dictionary? Diplomate of the Homeopathic Association of Naturopathic Physicians explanation free. What is Diplomate of the Homeopathic Association of Naturopathic Physicians? Meaning of Diplomate of the Homeopathic Association of Naturopathic Physicians medical term. What does Diplomate of the Homeopathic Association of Naturopathic Physicians mean?
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is able to enter from the periphery to the central nervous system, triggering neurocognitive impairment which can be asymptomatic, mild cognitive and motor impairment or in a few cases severe dementia. With the availability and efficacy of antiretroviral therapy, HIV patients have a better quality of life. However, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) still prevail in near 50% of the treated patients. In this study, we used ELISA to measure neurofilament light chain (NF-L) and neopterin, as markers of neuronal injury and immune activation, respectively. We used plasma and cerebrospinal (CSF) samples obtained from HIV-seropositive (HIV+) patients (n=35) at different stages of HAND, compared to HIV-seronegative controls (n=10). HIV+ patients were subjected to standard laboratory tests (including viral load and CD4+ cell count) and neuropsychological tests (eight domains). Statistical tests included Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis and Spearmans ...
Dr. Alpert is Clinical Director of the Department of Psychiatry and Associate Director of the Depression and Clinical and Research Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital. He is also an Associate Professor of Psychiatry and serves as Director of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry for Harvard Medical School. He is also a chairperson of the Partners Human Research Committee (IRB).. Dr. Alpert received his B.A. from Yale College, M.D. from Yale University School of Medicine, and Ph.D. in behavioral pharmacology from the University of Cambridge (U.K.) as a Marshall Scholar. He completed residency training in pediatrics at Boston Childrens Hopsital Medical Center and in psychiatry at McLean Hospital.. Dr. Alpert has a special interest in pharmacological and other innovative approaches to treatment resistant major depressive disorder, clinical features of depressive subtypes biomarkers of response to antidepressants and placebo, psychiatric education, and ethical issues in the design and ...
Hardcover: 1076 pages). Customers who purchased this book also bought Wound Care Practice, 2nd Edition. About the Editors. Eric P. Kindwall, M.D.,began diving in 1950 and later developed an interest in diving physiology while majoring in zoology at the University of Wisconsin. He is a 1960 graduate of Yale University School of Medicine, where his M.D. thesis was entitled "Some Observations on Decompression Sickness". After leaving Yale, he did postgraduate research at the Laboratory of Aviation and Naval Medicine, Department of Physiology, Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. On returning to the United States, he entered a rotating internship at the University of Virginia and completed a residency at Harvard.. During the Vietnam War, Dr. Kindwall served in nuclear submarines and became Assistant Director of the U.S. Navy School of Submarine Medicine, where he was Senior Officer in Charge of the Diving Medicine Program. After leaving the Navy in 1969, Dr. Kindwall was chief of the Department of ...
Cerebrospinal Fluid Neopterin in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection Bruce J. Brew, MB, FRACP, Ravi B. Bhalla, PhD,? Morris Paul, PhD,* H. Gallardo, MS,* Justin C. McArthur, MBBS,S Morton K. Schwartz, PhD,t and &chard W. Price, MD We evaluated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of neopterin, a putative marker of activated macrophages, in 97 subjects infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 who had a spectrum of neurological complications. The highest CSF neopterin concentrations occurred in those with neurological opportunistic infections, primary central nervous systems lymphoma, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)dementia complex. In general, the CSF concentration of neopterin was independent of CSF cell count and blood-brain barrier disruption to albumin. In the patients with AIDS dementia complex, CSF neopterin concentrations correlated with severity of disease and decreased in conjunction with clinical improvement following treatment with zidovudine. ...
CONTEXT: Presence of low-frequency, or minority, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drug resistance mutations may adversely affect response to antiretroviral treatment (ART), but evidence regarding the effects of such mutations on the effectiveness of first-line ART is conflicting.. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of preexisting drug-resistant HIV-1 minority variants with risk of first-line nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based antiretroviral virologic failure.. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review of published and unpublished studies in PubMed (1966 through December 2010), EMBASE (1974 through December 2010), conference abstracts, and article references. Authors of all studies were contacted for detailed laboratory, ART, and adherence data.. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA ABSTRACTION: Studies involving ART-naive participants initiating NNRTI-based regimens were included. Participants were included if all drugs in their ART regimen were fully active by standard HIV ...
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HIV prevalence among female sex workers, drug users and men who have sex with men in Brazil: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Summary: Malta and colleagues recently performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies assessing HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW), and drug users (DU) in Brazil. Whereas HIV prevalence in the general population is around 0.6%, combined HIV prevalence for FSW was 6.2 (95% CI: 4.4-8.3), 13.6 (95% CI: 8.2-20.2) for MSM, and 23.1 (95% CI: 16.7-30.2) for drug users, with injection drug use and syringe/needle sharing as key predictors of HIV-infection. While these populations show increased HIV prevalence in most, if not all epidemics, how do these numbers match up to what we know about the Brazilian response to the epidemic? What are some of the defining features of Brazils response that allowed it to keep HIV prevalence low in the general population? Has Brazil also achieved successes in MSM, FSWs, and DUs ...
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individuals, despite the widespread use of prophylaxis and the development of new chemotherapeutic agents. The study of P. carinii and of pulmonary host defenses directed against it has been limited by lack of reliable, reproducible methods to obtain pure populations of organisms in useful quantities. While recent success has been achieved with cultures of rat P. carinii organisms, cultures of mouse P. carinii organisms have not been successful. Experiments were performed to determine whether P. carinii organisms derived from mice could be propagated in vitro. Mouse P. carinii organisms, obtained from the lungs of chronically infected athymic mice, were inoculated into spinner flasks containing HEL299 feeder cells seated on microcarrier beads. The numbers of mouse P. carinii organisms increased significantly over 7 days in culture. To test the viability and pathogenicity of ...
Viral suppression at the time of immunisation is the most important determinant of long-term response to yellow fever vaccination among people with HIV, Swiss investigators report in Clinical Infectious Diseases. Every person with an undetectable viral load at the time of first yellow fever vaccination continued to have a protective response ten years after vaccination, they found.. "Persons infected with HIV demonstrated good short-term immune response to YFV [yellow fever vaccination], which decreased to 75% ten years p.v. [post vaccination," comment the authors. "The long-term immune response of patients with HIV RNA suppressed at vaccination remained unimpaired for up to ten years.". The investigators believe their findings have implications for vaccination strategies, writing: "HIV-infected patients mount a long-standing protective immune response to YFV up to at least ten years if they are vaccinated while remaining on successful cART [combination antiretroviral therapy]…until further ...
Leen dit bij een bibliotheek! Artificial intelligence in medicine : 14th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2013, Murcia, Spain, May 29-June 1, 2013 : proceedings. [Niels Peek; Roque Marín Morales; Mor Peleg;] -- This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2013, held in Murcia, Spain, in May/June 2013. The 43 revised full and short papers ...
Lyme Disease Ticks more Abundant and Active Early in 1998 Abstract: The Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven received almost twice as many ticks for testing for the Lyme disease pathogen this year than during the first three months last year. Also, nymphal ticks have been received earlier this year. From January 1 to April 3, 366 Ixodes scapularis ticks (the tick that carries the Lyme disease pathogen known as the deer tick) were received. ...
Porphyria cutanea tarda in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive men: case report and literature review. Low-dose multidrug chemotherapy plus Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis for HIV-related Kaposis sarcoma
GUIMARAES NEBENZAHL, H; LOPES, Â; CASTRO, R and PEREIRA, F. Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus and syphilis among individuals attending anonymous testing for HIV in Luanda, Angola. SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2013, vol.103, n.3, pp.186-188. ISSN 2078-5135.. BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis remain major infections around the world. In Angola, about 166 000 individuals are living with HIV, representing a prevalence of 1.98% in adults between 15 and 49 years of age. In a 2003 study in Luanda, 4.5% of pregnant women had antibodies to HIV and 8.1% to HBV, and 5.4% were infected with Treponema pallidum. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV-1 and 2, HBV, HCV and T. pallidum serological markers, and hence the prevalence of these infections, in individuals attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic in Luanda, Angola, and the burden of ...
Early ribavirin pharmacokinetics, HCV RNA and alanine aminotransferase kinetics in HIV/HCV co-infected patients during treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin, Academic Article ...
We have examined cell-free viral populations in the blood plasma and seminal plasma compartments of men infected with subtype C human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) using the V3-specific heteroduplex tracking assay (V3-HTA). We studied two cohorts of subjects who had visited either a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic for genital tract inflammation in the form of urethritis (n = 43) or a dermatology clinic (controls, n = 14) in Malawi.
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection models in cynomolgus macaques are important for analysis of the pathogenesis of immunodeficiency virus and for studies on the efficacy of new vaccine candidates. However, very little is known about the pathogenesis of SIV or simian human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) in cynomolgus macaques from different Asian countries. In the present study, we analysed the infectivity and pathogenicity of CCR5-tropic SIVmac and those of dual-tropic SHIV89.6P inoculated into cynomolgus macaques in Indonesian, Malaysian or Philippine origin. The plasma viral loads in macaques infected with either SIVmac239 or SHIV89.6P were maintained at high levels. CD4+ T cell levels in macaques infected with SIVmac239 gradually decreased. All of the macaques infected with SHIV89.6P showed greatly reduced CD4+ T-cell numbers within 6 weeks of infection. Eight of the 11 macaques infected with SIVmac239 were killed due to AIDS symptoms after 2-4.5 years, while four of the five macaques
Co-infection with HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV) has become an important factor of co-morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HIV/HBV co-infection and its effect on the disease progression in people living with HIV/AIDS identified in Yaoundé Central Hospital. Blood samples from 75 HIV positive patients were collected in Yaoundé Central Hospital from November 2015 to February 2016, for the determination of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) using immunoassays. Cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) T-cells count and biochemical markers of liver function were also collected and analyzed. The socio-demographic data were also collected. The effect sizes were confirmed using G*Power version 3.1.9.2 software. The data were entered and analyzed using the SPSS Version 22.1 software.  The statistical tests performed were x2, and Pearson correlation, with significant difference at the threshold p ≤ 0.05. Hepatitis B virus surface antigen
We report a case of osteomyelitis due to Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) in an AIDS patient shortly after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy with subsequent immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS).
Opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons have been shown to increase the rate of HIV replication. In populations where prophylaxis against Pneumocystis pneumonia is utilized, bacterial pneumonia is now the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infection in HIV+ patients. Our prior studies have shown that chronic alcohol consumption in demarcated simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus macaques increases plasma viral load set point and accelerates progression to end-stage acquired immune deficiency syndrome. While chronic alcohol abuse is well known to increase the incidence and severity of bacterial pneumonia, the impact of alcohol consumption on local and systemic SIV/HIV burden during lung infection is unknown. Therefore, we utilized the macaque SIV infection model to examine the effect of chronic ethanol (EtOH) feeding on SIV burden during the course of pulmonary infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae, the most commonly identified ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - HIV infection drives IgM and IgG3 subclass bias in Plasmodium falciparum-specific and total immunoglobulin concentration in Western Kenya. AU - Odhiambo, Eliud O.. AU - Datta, Dibyadyuti. AU - Guyah, Bernard. AU - Ayodo, George. AU - Ondigo, Bartholomew N.. AU - AbongO, Benard O.. AU - John, Chandy. AU - Frosch, Anne E.P.. PY - 2019/8/30. Y1 - 2019/8/30. N2 - Background: HIV infection is associated with more frequent and severe episodes of malaria and may be the result of altered malaria-specific B cell responses. However, it is poorly understood how HIV and the associated lymphopenia and immune activation affect malaria-specific antibody responses. Methods: HIV infected and uninfected adults were recruited from Bondo subcounty hospital in Western Kenya at the time of HIV testing (antiretroviral and co-trimoxazole prophylaxis naïve). Total and Plasmodium falciparum apical membrane antigen-1 (AMA1) and glutamate rich protein-R0 (GLURP-R0) specific IgM, IgG and IgG subclass ...
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In the context of increasing HIV prevalence among women in regular sexual partnerships, this paper examines the relationship between male injecting drug users (IDUs) risky injecting practices and sexual risk behaviors with casual partners and inconsistent condom use with regular partners. Data were drawn from the behavioral tracking survey, conducted in 2009 with 1,712 male IDUs in two districts each of Manipur and Nagaland states, in north-east India. IDUs risky behaviors were determined using two measures: ever shared needles/syringes and engaged in unprotected sex with casual paid/unpaid female partners in the past 12 months. Inconsistent condom use with regular sexual partners (wife/girlfriend) in the past 12 months was assessed in terms of non-condom use in any sexual encounter. More than one-quarter of IDUs had shared needles/syringes, and 40% had a casual sexual partner. Among those who had casual sexual partners, 65% reported inconsistent condom use with such partners. IDUs who shared needles