This article analyses neuronal determinism (neurodeterminism) and mentions that at first sight it appears to be a type of qualified determinism. Neurodeterminism is better conceived as determinism tout court when it is applied to human beings. It differs importantly from genetic determinism, together the two views that are often regarded as similar in form if not in content. Moreover, the article examines the question of genetic determinism, because it is a paradigm of qualified determinism. It then explains the meaning of determinism tout court, its relation with the notions of
Coynes main assertion really is that all critics of the selfish gene are sensationalizing evidence against genetic determinism and (I think its sometimes called) panselectionism as evidence against the selfish gene, which is natural selection solely for personal gain. His only evidence against this is a bald assertion that Dawkins denied this. Since people can be diplomatic in presenting their views, I think the only effective rebuttal would be to rehearse the well-known ways that the selfish gene metaphor is entirely independent of genetic determinism. Perhaps the problem is that theyre not so well-known? Maybe, maybe not. But epistasis, methylation, gene expression, genetic assimilation, epigenesis, the whole rogues gallery of failed assassins who aimed at the selfish gene, are all evidence against genetic determinism. (Neutral and nearly-neutral evolution are irrelevant apparently.) In this context, I disagree Coynes vituperation of motive is effective. I cant even feel that its a real ...
Theological determinism is a form of determinism which states that all events that happen are pre-ordained, or predestined to happen, by a monotheistic deity, or that they are destined to occur given its omniscience. Two forms of theological determinism exist, here referenced as strong and weak theological determinism.[21] The first one, strong theological determinism, is based on the concept of a creator deity dictating all events in history: everything that happens has been predestined to happen by an omniscient, omnipotent divinity.[22] The second form, weak theological determinism, is based on the concept of divine foreknowledge - because Gods omniscience is perfect, what God knows about the future will inevitably happen, which means, consequently, that the future is already fixed.[23] There exist slight variations on the above categorisation. Some claim that theological determinism requires predestination of all events and outcomes by the divinity (i.e. they do not classify the weaker ...
Written By Johanna Ahola-Launonen. University of Helsinki. In bioethical discussion, it is often debated whether or not some studies espouse genetic determinism. A recent study by Tuomas Aivelo and Anna Uitto[1] give important insight to the matter. They studied main genetics education textbooks used in Finnish upper secondary school curricula and compared the results to other similar studies from e.g. Swedish and English textbooks. The authors found that gene models used in the textbooks are based on old Mendelian law-based gene models not compatible with current knowledge on gene-gene-environment-interaction. The authors also identified several types of genetic determinism, that is, weak determinism and strong determinism, which both were present in the textbooks. The somewhat intuitive remark is that genetic education has to have a strong trickle-down effect on how people understand genes, and that we should be careful not to maintain these flawed conceptions. Furthermore, it would be ...
Figure 4 Comparison of recombination (rec.) rates in Soay and Lacaune populations. Left: scatterplot of posterior means of rec. rates (on a log scale). The green line is the line y = x and the red line is a lowess smoothed line (f = 0.05). Right: Scatterplot of the ratio of posterior variance (Soay/Lacaune) as a function of the average of the posterior mean rec. rates in the two populations (on a log scale). The green line corresponds to equal variances and the red line is a lowess smoothed line (f = 0.05). Points in gray on both panels correspond to intervals with average rec. rate , 1.5 cM/Mb. ...
Despite its potential utility for predicting cows milk yield responses to once-daily milking (ODM), the genetic basis of cow milk trait responses to ODM has been scarcely if ever described in the literature, especially for short ODM periods. This study set out to (1) estimate the genetic determinism of milk yield and composition during a 3-wk ODM period, (2) estimate the genetic determinism of milk yield responses (i.e., milk yield loss upon switching cows to ODM and milk yield recovery upon switching them back to twice-daily milking; TDM), and (3) seek predictors of milk yield responses to ODM, in particular using the first day of ODM ...
Two men buried in the same grave in the predynastic burial ground of Adaima (Upper Egypt, around 3400 B.C. evince thoracic anomalies. One man had a bifid rib and the other a sternal perforation. Amplification and sequencing of mitochondrial DNA suggested they were maternally related. In the light of these findings, we therefore sought the genetic determinism of these characteristics; they may be minor developmental anomalies arising from a similar genetic determinism with epigenic control of development. This hypothesis raises a number of implications for anthropobiological study.
Hard Determinism is subject to cause and effect. Hard Determinists argue that we live in a mechanistic universe, supported by Newtonian physics. Newton argues that everything is governed by the laws of nature which can be determined by social, biological or political matters; therefore hard determinism negates free will. Within this framework, Hard Determinists argue that the laws of cause and effect also apply to human behaviour. For example, in the field of Psychology Watson argued that out behaviour is determined by pre-controlled factors. Our behaviour and actions are involuntary reflexes to a prior condition. If this is to be so, then Hard Determinism does indeed negate freedom of will. Key thinkers such as Skinner and Loche have both contributed to the hard determinism argument. Skinners psychological findings show that our behaviour is modified by positive and negative factors. These actions in contrast to Watson are voluntary; however they are still determined by prior causes; therefore ...
Scepticism about technological determinism emerged alongside increased pessimism about techno-science in the mid-20th century, in particular around the use of nuclear energy in the production of nuclear weapons, Nazi human experimentation during World War II, and the problems of economic development in the third world. As a direct consequence, desire for greater control of the course of development of technology gave rise to disenchantment with the model of technological determinism in academia.. Modern theorists of technology and society no longer consider technological determinism to be a very accurate view of the way in which we interact with technology, even though determinist assumptions and language fairly saturate the writings of many boosters of technology, the business pages of many popular magazines, and much reporting on technology[citation needed]. Instead, research in science and technology studies, social construction of technology and related fields have emphasised more nuanced ...
As a scientist and a believer in human progress, I have been concerned about how well the established process of teshuvah (repentance) has worked. Yom Kippur after Yom Kippur - in fact, since the 11th century - we have recited the same confessional prayer, Al Chet. If we were any good at repentance, shouldnt the list have changed in 1,000 years? Even if we dont want to change the ancient formula, shouldnt we be able to feel that we had eliminated or reduced at least a few on the list? Yet the list of sins remains the same, as does the ritual for expunging them. Why havent we improved?. Perhaps we are genetically stuck. The newspapers and scientific journals are full of genetic determinism. Human geneticists, aided by the massive investment in the human genome project, have identified hundreds of genes in which specific alterations cause conditions that range from mental retardation to dyslexia. Mouse geneticists have created models not only of human disease, but also of mating and mental ...
Abstract: New discoveries of detailed mechanisms underlying genome expression (overlapping genes and gene sharing, antisense transcription, trans-splicing, RNA editing, to name just a few), genome regulation (via transcription factors, digital RNA regulatory network, epigenetic system), and (post) translational processes (e.g. ribosomal slippage) show two things: how surprisingly complex life processes are at the genomic level, and how little causal power is being asserted by a single, autonomous gene, if defined as a stretch of DNA. Genetic information is developmentally constituted. The main argument against genetic determinism has always been that the actual activity of the gene and hence its contribution to the phenotype depends on environmental elements outside the transcription unit. The genomic processes referred to in this talk prove the ultimate truth of that saying, and show that often you wont need to look outside the traditional gene to find the environment.s logical syntax ...
Bad genetics and bad evolutionary psychology make for a dangerous cocktail, says Gabby Dover Dear Mr Darwin, Ive been stimulated to write to you again. You might recall how I suggested that our previous correspondence on modern genetics and evolution be published, with your permission. You never got back to me on that, I suspect because we were immersed in a discussion on the genetic determinism of human nature, which did not leave us much time to make plans for the future. That discussion ended on the high falsetto note of desire of the great Russian bass singer, Feodor Chaliapin, as he spontaneously exercised an act of free will in the rendition of a particular song on a particular day, without so much as a glance at his genetic makeup or at his cultural upbringing. No nature; no nurture - just Chaliapin. That was my way of expressing the argument that our particular behaviours and psychologies are singular acts of free will, day on day, exercised by uniquely formed individuals. A person is ...
Oftentimes parents insist that in spite of treating their children the same they have turned out to be quite different. Does this prove the overbearing influence of genetics on personality? The authors of Separate Lives make a convincing argument that the answer to that question is that it does not. As ones first child develops, it `s easy to point out the effects of environment. But since subsequent children are so different from the first born and from each other, the proponents of nurture become converts to genetic determinism. Identical twin studies have shown the importance of heredity, but the authors claim that it also shows the importance of environment since even though those twins have 100% genetic similarity, they are only about 50% similar in personality. This source of dissimilarity, they believe, can only have one origin and that has to be the environment.. But are not these siblings brought up in the same environment? The authors thesis is that the environment only seems the ...
Richard Charles Dick Lewontin (born March 29, 1929) is an American evolutionary biologist, mathematician, geneticist, and social commentator. A leader in developing the mathematical basis of population genetics and evolutionary theory, he pioneered the application of techniques from molecular biology, such as gel electrophoresis, to questions of genetic variation and evolution. In a pair of seminal 1966 papers co-authored with J.L. Hubby in the journal Genetics, Lewontin helped set the stage for the modern field of molecular evolution. In 1979 he and Stephen Jay Gould introduced the term spandrel into evolutionary theory. From 1973 to 1998, he held an endowed chair in zoology and biology at Harvard University, and since 2003 has been a research professor there. Lewontin opposes genetic determinism. Lewontin was born in New York City to parents descended from late 19th-century Eastern European Jewish immigrants. He attended Forest Hills High School and the École Libre des Hautes Études in ...
Im not one to be worried about genetic determinism (usually just an insult which describes very few scholars), but this is a bit ridiculous. First, the primary research, of which you can find a pre-print online, seems to indicate that around ~30% of the outcome of financial decisions are heritable. That is, that ~30% of the variation in financial decisions within the population can be accounted for by variation in genes within the population. Additionally, theres some context missing. The researcher expresses surprise that monozygotic twins converge in behavior as they age, and that parental influence tends to wear off as people leave the home. I dont know if the researcher was taken out of context, but this is a totally unsurprising result. Over time shared home environment, what your parents model and teach you, tends to wear off, and gene-environment correlation increases the correspondences between particular genetic makeups and behaviors (i.e., identical twins resemble each other more ...
What might these two trends suggest about the future of parenthood? If they seem like trends that run counter to each other-back to nature and away from it-I would suggest that in fact both reflect a similar acceptance of the idea that parents do not need a dramatic physical bond with their newborn child. In an age of genetic determinism, this seems a somewhat strange attitude, but maybe it is precisely because these days we imagine ourselves as so linked to our biological offspring through our chemical codes that we downplay the power of cultural processes-experiences we ourselves must go through-- that teach us about how our childrens bodies came from our own and are intimately and deeply connected to us ...
Maybe, but heres the beauty of the genetic profiling: Its not going to lead to a genetic determinism like that, he said. You are not going to develop stroke, all right? You now know that you have three times the possibility of the average individual to develop stroke. So you have a strong incentive to take measures to prevent stroke. One of them is to make sure that you dont have high blood pressure; one of them is that you will not smoke. One of them is you will drink alcohol only moderately. ...
By Sheldon Krimsky, Visit Amazons Jeremy Gruber Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Jeremy Gruber, , Ruth Hubbard, Stuart Newman, Evelyn Fox Keller, Visit Amazons David S. Moore Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, David S. Moore. Can genes verify which fifty-year-old will succumb to Alzheimers, which citizen will end up on balloting day, and which baby could be marked for a lifetime of crime? convinced, in accordance with the web, a couple of medical experiences, and a few within the biotechnology who may still understand higher. Sheldon Krimsky and Jeremy Gruber assemble a staff of genetic specialists to argue that treating genes because the holy grail of our actual being is a patently unscientific undertaking. Genetic Explanations urges us to exchange our religion in genetic determinism with clinical wisdom approximately how DNA really contributes to human development.. the idea that of the gene has been gradually revised due to the fact that Watson and Crick ...
Play media In biology, motility is the ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process. It is not to be confused with mobility, which describes the ability of an object to be moved. Motility is genetically determined (see genetic determinism) but may be affected by environmental factors. For instance, muscles give animals motility but the consumption of hydrogen cyanide (the environmental factor in this case) would adversely affect muscle physiology causing them to stiffen leading to rigor mortis. Most animals are motile but the term applies to unicellular and simple multicellular organisms, as well as to some mechanisms of fluid flow in multicellular organs, in addition to animal locomotion. Motile marine animals are commonly called free-swimming. Motility may also refer to an organisms ability to move food through its digestive tract, i.e. peristalsis (gut motility, intestinal motility, etc.). An example of intestinal motility is the contraction of smooth muscles ...
Genetic determinism of the fatty acid composition of palm oil in Elaeis (E. guineensis Jacq. and E. oleifera (H.B.K) Cortès) by genetic mapping and differential expression analysis of candidate genes : [W550]. Montoya Carmenza, Cuellar Térésa, Lopes Ricardo, Summo Marilyne, Bittencourt Daniela, Pinaglia Céline, Rivallan Ronan, Espeout Sandra, Pitollat Bertrand, Flori Albert, Villeneuve Pierre, Pina Michel, Cochard Benoît, Cros David, Herrero Javier, Omoré Alphonse, Zambrano Jorge, Syaputra Indra, Alarcón Wilmar Hernán, Nouy Bruno, Amblard Philippe, Leroy Thierry, Ritter Enrique, Billotte Norbert. 2014. In : Plant and Animal Genomes Conference XXII Conference, San diego, United States, San Diego, United States, January 11-15, ...
This VR experience is a collaboration with a visual artist and was showcased at the Ecole cantonale dart de Lausanne.. The work questions genetic determinism, representation, network infrastructure and privacy and uses a range of digital techniques to reflect about technology. Current technological approaches are characterised by an aspiration to map the world in order to achieve a full quantification of reality. The quest for a detailed acquisition allows for the reduction of the subject to mere data, a collection of commodified objects. The installation uses an array of technological tools -VR, DNA test, AI, photography- and aims to present the outcomes of a theoretical research through a personal journey.. ...
Who do you think you are? And is the answer in your genes? This month were delving into genes and genealogy. Plus, putting an end to genetic determinism, and an ancient Egyptian gene of the month.
It is well over a decade since John Fischer and Mark Ravizza - and before them, Jay Wallace and Daniel Dennett - defended responsibility from the threat of determinism. But defending responsibility from determinism is a potentially endless and largely negative enterprise; it can go on for as long
Guest Opinion by Dr. Tim Ball. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.. George Santayana (Original quote from his book The Life of Reason, much paraphrased.). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and its supporters urge action because the planet and humans are threatened by global warming. We must modify our behavior, mitigate the warming, or die by the millions. In the centuries prior to the First World War (WWI) these reactions were classified as climatic determinism, the idea that human behavior is dictated by climate. As one research group explains.. Climatic determinism has a very long and checkered history. It gave a framework for thinking about the relationship between the human and natural environments by making the climate a demiurge of social universe.. Later, they explain why they are discussing the concept.. While most of such thinking has been discredited, in recent years, the omnipresence of anthropogenic climate change has caused a resurgence ...
In this study, we wanted to provide a valid French translation of the FAD-plus. We thus conducted a CFA based on the four-factor model described by Paulhus and Carey (2011), including Free Will, Scientific Determinism, Fatalistic Determinism and Unpredictability. The final version is presented in the Appendix.. The CFA conducted on Paulhus and Careys model was not entirely satisfactory. Most of the fit indices did not reach acceptable thresholds. Therefore, we looked at the possible sources of misspecification. We found several misspecifications, which was suggestive of a high degree of overlap in item content. This overlap between errors was present only between items within the same subscales. It is possible that these items, although worded differently, ask the same question within the same subscale. In addition, we removed six items based on the EFA (Sample 1) and on the subsequent CFA (Sample 2). One possibility would be to re-test the questionnaires with a different translation for these ...
We can be determined by predetermined causes or we can be determined by probabilistic random causes. To me, either one qualifies as determinism, but usually the former is qualified as being hard determinism because there is no possible deviation from the path of unfolding events. If we type 1+1 into a calculator, we always get an output of 2 because its just a sequence of switches that always give the same result. But whether a photon travels through the left slit or right slit cannot be known until it happens. John Bell proved that there are no variables somehow hidden in the universe that determines which slit the photon will go through and it is actually a causeless event, so hard determinism is out. If the universe were rewound, it would almost certainly unfold differently ...
In feminist theory and gender studies, gender essentialism is the attribution of a fixed essence to women.[6] Womens essence is assumed to be universal and is generally identified with those characteristics viewed as being specifically feminine.[6] These ideas of femininity are usually related to biology and often concern psychological characteristics such as nurturance, empathy, support, non-competitiveness, etc.[6] Feminist theorist Elizabeth Grosz states in her 1995 publication, Space, Time and Perversion: Essays on the Politics of Bodies, that essentialism entails the belief that those characteristics defined as womens essence are shared in common by all women at all times. It implies a limit of the variations and possibilities of change-it is not possible for a subject to act in a manner contrary to her essence. Her essence underlies all the apparent variations differentiating women from each other. Essentialism thus refers to the existence of fixed characteristic, given attributes, and ...
Soft Determinism (or compatibilism) is the view that determinism is true, but free will exists nevertheless. Soft determinists have two critics: hard determinists and incompatibilists. Although the arguments against soft determinism seem insurmountable, there are several ways to reply to the critics. One way is to challenge the truth of incompatibilism. For example, some philosophers disagree that we would need to violate a law of nature in order to have free will. One such philosopher is David Lewis, who argues that we might be able to do things that require a law of nature to be broken without ourselves breaking a law of nature. Lewis calls such an action a divergence miracle because it requires that a miracle occurs, but not that we are the ones conducting the miracles. For example, God could render a law of nature false so that one of us can act in a way that violates a law of nature.[2]. Another way to reply to the critics is to argue that while determinism is true, the interpretation of ...
The team brings together colleagues from the unit specialized in ontogenesis processes, which are the processes that lead to the establishment of differentiated cells, tissues, organs or functional structures. These processes can occur during the development phases (embryo, larvae) as well as during the juveniles or adult phases: embryogenesis, morphogenesis, gametogenesis, gonadogenesis, neurogenesis and genesis of the shell (biomineralization). All these processes condition closely the adaptation of organisms to their environment and if their determinism is primarily genetic they are also likely influenced by their environment.. Members of the team develop their expertise on economically important species presenting relevant characteristics for the questions addressed: the differently structured germinal niches between oysters (Mollusc, bivalve) and the small-spotted catshark (Vertebrate, Chondrichthyes), gametogenesis blockings observed in triploid oysters with partial sterilisation, the ...
Free Will vs. Determinism Society walks about day-by-day living their lives and never really thinking or breaking down how their day unfolds or why it plays...
This paper proposes determinism measure (DET) based on recurrence plot, which is capable of showing the recurrence property of a deterministic dynamical sy
Griffiths (1999), Okasha (2002), and LaPorte (2004) have suggested a form of species essentialism which can be called relational essentialism. According to relational essentialism, certain relations among organisms, or between organisms and the environment, are necessary and sufficient for membership in a species. Such relations, argue Griffiths, Okasha, and LaPorte, are species essences. For example, they suggest that being descendent from a particular ancestor is necessary and sufficient for being a member of a species.. Devitt (2008) rejects relational essentialism. He argues that relational essentialism fails to answer two crucial questions. The taxon question: Why is organism O a member of species S? The trait question: Why do members of species S typically have trait T? Devitt suggests that to answer these questions species need intrinsic essences; and because relational essentialism only posits relational essences, relational essentialism fails to answer these questions. Devitts target ...
Appendix Essentialism Teach just what people need to learn Essentialism calls on us to teach the essence of any subject rather than unimportant, distracting, and peripheral details. By teaching essentials, … - Selection from E-Learning by Design, 2nd Edition [Book]
Acute infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces a wide range of innate and adaptive immune responses. A total of 20-50% of acutely HCV-infected individuals permanently control the virus, referred to as spontaneous hepatitis C clearance, while the infection progresses to chronic hepatitis C in the majority of cases. Numerous studies have examined host genetic determinants of hepatitis C infection outcome and revealed the influence of genetic polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigens, killer immunoglobulin-like receptors, chemokines, interleukins and interferon-stimulated genes on spontaneous hepatitis C clearance. However, most genetic associations were not confirmed in independent cohorts, revealed opposing results in diverse populations or were limited by varying definitions of hepatitis C outcomes or small sample size. Coordinated efforts are needed in the search for key genetic determinants of spontaneous hepatitis C clearance that include well-conducted candidate genetic and ...
Kant (on one reading) holds that the initial conditions of the universe and the laws of nature depend on us (noumenally speaking). This reconciles determinism with freedom: sure, our actions are determined by the laws and initial conditions, but the laws and initial conditions are up to us. Kant also thinks that a further merit of this view is that one can blame people whose misdeeds come from a bad upbringing, because noumenally speaking they were responsible for their own upbringing.. Lewis holds that freedom is compatible with determinism, and in a deterministic world had one acted otherwise, the laws would have been different.. Everybody agrees that the view I ascribe to Kant is crazy (though not everybody agrees that the ascription is correct). But Lewiss view is supposed to be much saner than Kants.. How? The obvious suggestion is that Lewis only makes the laws depend counterfactually on our actions (assuming determinism) while Kant makes the laws depend explanatorily on our actions. But ...
Ayala, Francisco (2008) What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics. [Preprint] Ballinger, Clint (2008) Determinism and the Antiquated Deontology of the Social Sciences. [Preprint] Ballinger, Clint (2008) Determinism and the Antiquated Deontology of the Social Sciences. [Preprint] Biddle, Justin and Leuschner, Anna (2015) Climate Skepticism and the Manufacture of Doubt: Can Dissent in Science be Epistemically Detrimental? [Preprint] Birch, Jonathan (2017) Animal Cognition and Human Values. [Preprint] Deem, Michael (2016) Dehorning the Darwinian Dilemma for Normative Realism. [Preprint] Dorato, Mauro (2002) Determinism, Chance and Freedom. [Preprint] Dorato, Mauro (2012) THE NATURAL AMBIGUITY OF THE NOTION OF NATURAL, AND HOW TO OVERCOME IT. [Preprint] Ellerman, David (2014) On Property Theory. [Preprint] Elliott, Kevin (2010) Direct and Indirect Roles for Values in Science. [Preprint] Elliott, Kevin (2013) Douglas on Values: From Indirect Roles to Multiple Goals. ...
I was pleased to find John Hartungs prescient article, Prospects for Existence, in the last Skeptic. He neatly expressed many of my thoughts on morality in the age of modern science. However, I believe that Hartung is wrong in his assertion that free will and determinism are mutually exclusive propositions. Its true that, in the usual sense, freedom and determinism are antonyms. But I have found that upon closer inspection, most apparent paradoxes can be seen to coexist peacefully on a higher level of abstraction. Like matter and antimatter, they can both exist at the same time as long as they stay in separate orbits, so to speak. The key is to realize that determinism and free will are located on opposite ends of the same logical continuum. Let me illustrate what Im talking about by describing an epiphany from my youth. At the Seattle Worlds Fair in the 1950s I came across a mathematics exhibit. One display that particularly caught my eye was a dynamic demonstration of the statistical ...
Chiefly, however, determinism is self-stultifying. If my mental processes are totally determined, I am totally determined either to accept or to reject determinism. But if the sole reason for my believing or not believing X is that I am causally determined to believe it I have no ground for holding that my judgment is true or false. J. R. Lucas has put the point cogently with reference to Marxist and Freudian forms of determinism thus. The Marxist who says that all ideologies have no independent validity and merely reflect the class interests of those who hold them can be told that in that case his Marxist views merely express the economic interests of his class, and have no more claim to be judged true or valid than any toher view. So too the Freudian, if he makes out that everybody elses philosophy is merely the consequence of childhood experiences, is, by parity of reasoning, revealing merely his delayed response to what happened to him when he was a child. Lucas then makes the same point ...
When Jeffreys spoke at the Andrea Dworkin Commemorative Conference, she credited Dworkin as being her inspiration. Moreover, she spoke at lengths about Dworkins pioneering book, Woman Hating while denigrating the bodies of trans women. During her entire presentation, Jeffreys never once noted that - in the very book Jeffreys cited as being the inspiration for her activism - Dworkin advocated that trans people be given free access to trans medical care or that Dworkin viewed gender identity research as being rightly subversive to patriarchy and the very sex essentialism Jeffreys promotes.[2] Even more telling of the ideological split between TERFs who call themselves Radical Feminists and the actual Radical Feminist movement is the reality that TERFs did 1/3 of the work for a governmental study which effectively ended the coverage of trans medical care under both public and private insurance. In what way does cutting off trans medical access, demonstrably resulting in the death and suffering of ...
Some language encourages essentialist thinking. While philosophers have focused on essentialism and generic generalizations, I argue that nouns as a category are poised to refer to kinds and to promote representational essentializing. Our psychological propensity to essentialize when nouns are used reveals a limitation for ameliorative projects. Ameliorated nouns (and their conceptual correlates) can continue to underpin essentializing inferences. Given the way language and cognition function, ameliorative projects can fail to meet core anti-essentialist social and political ends by failing to consider the import of vehicles of representation. Yet, I argue, representational essentialism does not doom anti-essentialist ameliorative projects. Rather, would-be ameliorators ought to attend to the propensities for our representations to essentialize and to the complex relationship between essentialism and prejudice.. ...
The field of epigenetics shows that the genetic structures we inherit from our parents dont remain fixed throughout our lives either, but are altered by our life experiences, so that the biology we pass on to our children will be different from that we inherited. For example, experiments training mice to develop an aversion to a particular smell have shown that this aversion was genetically passed down to their offspring, who became two hundred times more sensitive to the smell than other mice. This new behaviour is reflected in changes to both the genes and brain structure of the mice. Similarly, in human beings, studies show that twins exposed to very different environments and experiences show striking differences in their DNA in later life. Or, in a Swedish study of the descendants of a population which endured famine in the Nineteenth Century, it was found that the men had inherited a much stronger than normal resistance to cardiovascular disease, whilst those women descended from women ...
Some naive arguments are nonetheless sound. (I know I have two hands, …) But thats not where I want to take this line of thought, though I could try to.. I think there are two kinds of answers to this naive argument. One could simply deny (2), espousing an error theory about what happens when people say I did A even though I didnt want to. But suppose we want to do justice to common sense. Then we have to accept (2). And (1) seems to be just a consequence of the desire-belief theory. So what to can one say?. Well, one can say that what I want is used in a different sense in (1) and (2). The most promising distinction here seems to me to be between what one wants overall and what one has a desire for. The desire-belief theorist has to affirm that if I do something, I have a desire for it. But she doesnt have to say that I desire the thing overall. To make use of this distinction, (2) has to say that I act while doing what I do not overall want.. If this is the only helpful distinction ...
For the open borders advocates, the problem with immigration restrictions is not that they dont work. The problem is that they do! Open borders advocates should be calling out economic determinists for their flawed reading of history and heavy status quo bias, not siding with economic determinists just in order to contradict or one-up restrictionists! By siding with economic determinists, open borders advocates undersell the significance of immigration restrictions and their effectiveness in destroying wealth.. Even the weaker claim that borders are already at their most closed point is suspect. When I made a condensed version of this argument to John Lee, he pointed out a somewhat different interpretation of Bhagwatis piece. In Johns reading, it may be the case that borders are already at the most closed level possible. Thus, government policies restricting immigration do affect the levels of immigration, but they cannot cut immigration down to zero, and current policies already achieve the ...
A number of commentators have drawn a distinction between a strict scientific or logical definition of causation and a more flexible practical definition.9 12 37 49 They do so because they believe that the aims of science and public health are different. The primary aim of public health is to intervene to reduce morbidity and mortality from the disease.(page 3)2 In contrast, the primary aim of science is, as commonly stated, to explain the world; such investigations may or may not lead to effective public health strategies.. Thus, some have recommended that epidemiologists abandon the traditional scientific concept of causes as necessary and sufficient conditions in favour of a broader concept with more practical value.9 57 Bunge, the philosopher of science, is frequently cited in this context for his claim that there are more forms of determination than strict determinism.69 Even some advocates of determinism admit that while probabilistic causal models are not wholly accurate, they can ...
Ive lost track of the number of times Ive sat fuming at presentations by designers extolling the glories of electronic networking. Ive always been a believer in the sloppy old face-to-face method of communication, and the tech geeks, from computer lab support staff to TEDsters frustrate me with their hand-held pod-cast technoenthusiasm. I use technology, communicate electronically, even socially network to a modest extent, but Ive never been one to believe that technology, especially paperless, would be the salvation of western or any other civilization. Forty years ago Robert Heilbronner opened a can of worms when he wondered, Do Machines Make History? His essay, later reframed and reissued, was an examination of technological determinism. The term technological determinism has been traced to Thorstein Veblen. It is the concept that technology is self-driven, existing outside of social influences. Heilbronner wondered, following Marx, whether The hand-mill gives you society with the ...
Scholars have linked higher IQ at early school age to weight gain and increased head size in the first month of a babys life. The results were determined - as apparently intelligence is - by analyzing data from more than 13,800 children who were born full-term.
Authors gravitate to the area of research which fits their surname. Hunts example is an article on incontinence in the British Journal of Urology by A. J. Splatt and D. Weedon. We feel its time to open up this whole issue to rigorous scrutiny. You are invited to send in examples of the phenomenon in the fields of science and technology (with references that check out, please) together with any hypotheses you may have on how it comes about. No prizes, other than seeing your name in print and knowing you have contributed to the advance of human knowledge. ...
Introduction Hi, Im Glenn Fiedler and welcome to Networking for Game Programmers. Lately Ive been doing some research into networking game physics simulations via deterministic lockstep methods. The basic idea is that instead of synchronizing the state of physics objects directly by sending the positions, orientations, velocities etc. over the network, one could synchronize the simulation implicitly by sending just the player inputs. This is a very attractive synchronization strategy because the amount of network traffic depends on the size of the player inputs instead of the amount of physics state in the world.
Introduction Changes in movement variability and complexity may reflect an adaptation strategy to fatigue. One unresolved question is whether this adaptation is hampered by the presence of low back pain (LBP). This study investigated if changes in movement variability and complexity after fatigue are influenced by the presence of LBP. It is hypothesised that pain free people and people suffering from LBP differ in their response to fatigue. Methods The effect of an isometric endurance test on lumbar movement was tested in 27 pain free participants and 59 participants suffering from LBP. Movement variability and complexity were quantified with %determinism and sample entropy of lumbar angular displacement and velocity. Generalized linear models were fitted for each outcome. Bayesian estimation of the group-fatigue effect with 95% highest posterior density intervals (95%HPDI) was performed. Results After fatiguing %determinism decreased and sample entropy increased in the pain free group, compared ...
Peoc' h, R., 1984: Contribution to the study of the determinism of fanning for ventilation, and with scent gland exposed, in honeybees
Theres lots more to say about this basic argument, and there are lots of ways in which people have tried to get around the conclusion. But none of them work.. Tamler: I notice that the argument makes no mention of the theory of determinism. But historically the debate over freedom and responsibility has revolved around the truth of determinism, and the question of whether free will and moral responsibility are compatible with it.. Galen: Yes, many people think that determinism-the view that the history of the universe is fixed, the view that everything that happens is strictly necessitated by what has already gone before, in such a way that nothing can ever happen otherwise than it does-is the real threat to free will, to ultimate moral responsibility. But the basic argument against ultimate moral responsibility works whether determinism is true or false. Its a completely a priori argument, as philosophers like to say. That means that you can see that it is true just lying on your couch. You ...
Perhaps the two best arguments in favor of anti-realism are the underdetermination of theory by the data and the pessimistic meta-induction. The first one says that the empirical evidence available at any given time will always under-determine (i.e., will not be able to completely discriminate between) alternative theories. Perhaps the best way to picture this is to plot some points on a standard X-Y axis and then fit a curve to them. If you think of the points as data and of the curve as the theory explaining them, you will immediately realize that there is literally an infinite number of curves that can equally well fit the data: the points under-determine the curve. But, you say, surely by adding new data I will eliminate many of those other curves from competition, thus approaching the true function. You will, but the new set of data is still going to be fit adequately by an infinity of theories, and so on. Okay, the next line of defense for the realist is to do what scientists often do ...
Perhaps the two best arguments in favor of anti-realism are the underdetermination of theory by the data and the pessimistic meta-induction. The first one says that the empirical evidence available at any given time will always under-determine (i.e., will not be able to completely discriminate between) alternative theories. Perhaps the best way to picture this is to plot some points on a standard X-Y axis and then fit a curve to them. If you think of the points as data and of the curve as the theory explaining them, you will immediately realize that there is literally an infinite number of curves that can equally well fit the data: the points under-determine the curve. But, you say, surely by adding new data I will eliminate many of those other curves from competition, thus approaching the true function. You will, but the new set of data is still going to be fit adequately by an infinity of theories, and so on. Okay, the next line of defense for the realist is to do what scientists often do ...
E advantages and disadvantages of cloning. Has helped over eleven million people protect themselves from scams? Scambusters is committed to helping you avoid getting. Me people think that cloning is great. Oning technology has received great attention in recent. Has helped over eleven million people protect themselves from scams. E to my naturally. Scambusters is committed to helping you avoid getting. Sed on human ethic cloning takes away the ethical issues that are crucial to human. Uman Cloning Human cloning is the process of transplanting nuclear DNA from an adult. R argumentative essays. Essay Presentation on Human Cloning. human stem cell research and experimentation: all sides to the debateEssay on cloning and genetic engineering. essay on ishant sharma height Human cloning Summary. Since November 1994, Scambusters? Ture of Human Cloning in America! En against cloning may. a short essay on food security in india, a2 english lit lang coursework, advantages of human cloning essay a short ...
The language used by geneticists to describe the genes is permeated with biblical imagery. Geneticists call the genome the Bible, the Book of Man and the Holy Grail. They convey an image of this molecular structure as more than a powerful biological entity: it is also a mystical force that defines the natural and moral order. And they project an idea of genetic essentialism, suggesting that by deciphering and decoding the molecular text they will be able to reconstruct the essence of human beings, unlock the key to human nature. As geneticist Walter Gilbert put it, understanding our genetic composition is the ultimate answer to the commandment know thyself. Gilbert introduces his lectures on gene sequencing by pulling compact disk from his pocket and announcing to his audience, This is you. Former director of the Human Genome Project and Nobel Prize winner James Watson has proclaimed in public interviews that DNA is what makes us human, and that, in large measure, our fate is in our ...
A common theme in the contemporary medical model of psychiatry is that pathophysiological processes are centrally involved in the explanation, evaluation, and treatment of mental illnesses. Implied in this perspective is that clinical descriptors of these pathophysiological processes are sufficient to distinguish underlying etiologies. Psychiatric classification requires differentiation between what counts as normality (i.e.- order), and what counts as abnormality (i.e.- disorder). The distinction(s) between normality and pathology entail assumptions that are often deeply presupposed, manifesting themselves in statements about what mental disorders are. In this paper, we explicate that realism, naturalism, reductionism, and essentialism are core ontological assumptions of the medical model of psychiatry. We argue that while naturalism, realism, and reductionism can be reconciled with advances in contemporary neuroscience, essentialism - as defined to date - may be conceptually problematic, and we pose
Transphobes are having a moment in Aotearoa. Attempts to pass a bill allowing transgender people to change the sex on their birth certificates without having to go through the courts have been met by vigorous opposition from a small but well-organised group of Trans-Exclusionary Radical Feminists (TERFs) or - as they would rather be called - gender critical feminists. These activists, who probably number in the dozens rather than thousands, have been joined on social media and petition websites by a large contingent of overseas allies, most notably from the UK. In the process, we have learned of the existence in that country of a trans-exclusionary subculture that has been radicalised by, of all places, the parenting forum Mumsnet.. It may be a good time, then, to examine what being gender critical actually means.. At first blush, the phrase gender critical feminist is essentially meaningless: all feminism is gender critical by definition. The TERF label is at least partially ...
Davidsons Challenge to the Non-Causalist, (with Guido Löhrer), American Philosophical Quarterly (2016): 85-96.. Epistemic Issues in the Free Will Debate: Can We Know When We Are Free?, Philosophical Studies (2013): 363-380.. Action Explanation and the Free Will Debate: How Incompatibilist Arguments Go Wrong. Philosophical Issues (2012): 351-368.. Taking Procrustes Axe to Professor Fishers Response, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, Volume 17 (2011): 1009-10, co-authored with Donald Stanley.. A Flawed Conception of Determinism in the Consequence Argument, Analysis, Volume 71 (2010): 30-38. Prepublication copy here.. The Problem of Evil: Skeptical Theism Leads to Moral Paralysis, International Journal for Philosophy of Religion. 67:2 (2010). Evidence and Simplicity: Why We Should Reject Homeopathy, Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, Volume 16 (2010): 276-281.Prepublication copy here.. Applying the Simplicity Principle to Homeopathy: What Remains? Focus on ...
A couple of posts ago, I wrote about the relevance of choice in morality. I argued that morality requires determinism because it is ultimately about using social forces such as praise and condemnation to promote some desires and inhibit others.. I applied this to smoking and obesity to outline criteria where, in a determined world, people can be held morally responsible for these actions and obligated to pay their own costs.. These points are also relevant to the issue of homosexuality. In this issue, we frequently encounter the claim that homosexuality ought not to be condemned because it is not a choice, Do not blame me, I did not choose to be gay.. Recently, when people are confronted with the opinion that homosexuality is a choice, will make the retort, When did you choose to become straight?. Clever, right?. Actually, no.. It is a clearly flawed response that suggests that the speaker is clutching at straws in a desperate attempt to defend a strongly desired conclusion, without regard ...
Sociobiology: sociobiology investigates the biological basis for behavior in humans and animals. The term was coined by E. O. Wilson (E.O. Wilson, Sociobiology The New Synthesis, 1975). The sociobiological approach was criticized in the following years for the fact that it defined differences in gender and origin as too strong and decisive. It thus laid the foundation for determinism. See also explanation, behavior, freedom of will, evolution, Darwinism. ...
How should neuroscience, psychology and behavioral genetics impact legal responsibility practices?Recent findings from these fields are sometimes claimed to threaten the moral foundations of legal responsibility practices by revealing that determinism, or something like it, is true.
Theres that amusing scene in the cartoon comedy Kung Fu Panda where Kung Fu Master Shifu attempts to calm his spirit in the local temple by haltingly reciting the mantra inner peace… while obviously distraught, distracted, and annoyed by area sounds.. I. Diagnosing Spiritual Anxiety. Perhaps most of us are a little like that. We know we should have inner peace, but we are irritated, tense, and anxious. Our spirits are more like a storm and less like a gentle breeze.. What is going on inside us? At some level, many identify the human spirit with mere emotions which have merely chemical causes and effects. I am anxious because of my hormones and the complex interactions between my brain and body.. Of course such chemical and physical chains of events have been observed with their corresponding emotions. The question then becomes whether more is going on.. Can my self-awareness, my will, moral responsibility, creativity and emotions be wholly explained by chemical determinism? Am I merely a ...
I have over 50 years of theoretical, experimental, and observational experience as a scientist especially interested in scientific philosophy. Although I have produced over 500 scientific reports, including journal articles, chapters, books, consulting reports, and computer programs, the best by far is my book, The Scientific Worldview: Beyond Newton and Einstein. It introduced univironmental determinism as the universal mechanism of evolution and the proper basis for scientific philosophy. It challenges the current, wildly popular, though absurd claim that the universe is finite and that it exploded out of nothing. This theme was developed in detail in my recent book, Infinite Universe Theory. Both books are completely logical from beginning to end in support of infinite universe theory as a replacement for the Big Bang Theory. The switch from the assumption of finity to the assumption infinity will result in the Last Cosmological Revolution ...
Whats in a name? For those who believe in nominative determinism, which suggests that people feel compelled to enter a particular profession based on their surname, well, your very future is in your name. A set of researchers based in Dublin set out to prove that your health is also contained within your name - and if your last name happens to be Trust, they just may have accomplished this.. Right on time for a little Christmas cheer, the British Medical Journal offers us a new study that begins with the authors gravely hypothesizing that people with a last name of Brady would have a higher incidence of bradycardia (slow heart rate). First they scoured online residential telephone listings to determine the number of people in Dublin with the surname Brady. Then, because the prevalence of bradyarrhythmia is unknown, they used pacemaker surgery as an indication of bradycardia. Accessing the pacemaker database at a university teaching hospital in Dublin, they calculated the proportion of ...
Genetic variation and the consequence in phenotype. What makes us who we are?. Popular opinion, fostered by the newspapers and television, took the view that we were determined by our genes. That is to say, everything about us was determined by our genes. Although most scientists did not believe this was not the case, it was not until the completion of the mapping of the genome that science reporters began seriously to latch on to the idea that there really is more to us than just our genes.. Steven Rose puts it this way:. Humans are not empty organisms, free spirits constrained only by the limits of our imaginations. Nor are we reducible to nothing but machines for the replication of our DNA. We are rather, the product of the constant dialectic between the biological and the social through which humans have evolved, history has been made and we as individuals have been developed.. (1) Lifelines, Biology, Freedom and Determinism, copyright (c) Steven Rose 1997, Allen Lane Penguin Press, ...
Settlers acted as the link between indigenous populations and the imperial hegemony, thus bridging the geographical, ideological and commercial gap between the colonizers and colonized. While the extent in which geography as an academic study is implicated in colonialism is contentious, geographical tools such as cartography, shipbuilding, navigation, mining and agricultural productivity were instrumental in European colonial expansion. Colonizers awareness of the Earths surface and abundance of practical skills provided colonizers with a knowledge that, in turn, created power.[16]. Anne Godlewska and Neil Smith argue that empire was quintessentially a geographical project.[17] Historical geographical theories such as environmental determinism legitimized colonialism by positing the view that some parts of the world were underdeveloped, which created notions of skewed evolution.[16] Geographers such as Ellen Churchill Semple and Ellsworth Huntington put forward the notion that northern ...
by Thea Elijah. Every single time you flip a coin, it will come down either heads or tails. And every single time you flip a coin, the odds for how it lands are exactly the same: 50-50. It could be heads. It could be tails. And no matter how many times you flip that coin, every individual throw keeps the same odds. 50-50, heads or tails.. Not all things are determined by a previous chain of events. There are a million million coins flipping right now in your world-in your body-in your life.. There is instability, there is chaos, there is open chance built into the system. It begins on the atomic level and it works its way up from there.. What I am here to speak about is the flipping of coins; the welcome chaos, the open chance and instability of the universe; and how this allows free will to overcome determinism in the healing of body mind and spirit in Chinese Medicine.. When we flip a single coin, it is impossible to know if it will come down heads or tails. If we flip that same coin a million ...
This definition captures the very essence of self-organization and is more precise than qualifying it as emergence of order out of fluctuations: the matter is that the notion of order itself requires further explication. From thermodynamic point of view, autowaves belong to so-called dissipative structures, maintained only under a continuous flow of reagents and energy. 30 1 From Strict Determinism to Self-organization Meanwhile, dissipative structures can well be stationary. Such structures were firstly observed by a French physicist Benard in thin layers of a viscous liquid heated from below: These are so-called Benard cells separated from each other by coherent upward-directed convection flows of the liquid. 2012) performed on fresh water hydra embryos. By studying the size distribution of gene ks1 expression spots, the authors found that it is close to scale-free patterns just at the time of determination of the main body axis. It would be of a great interest to know whether scale-free ...
The deeper I move into traditional realms of theological thought, the more I am convinced that one of the biggest dangers in the teachings of the Institute in Basic Life Principles (IBLP) is that it teaches a subtle form of superstitious determinism. Rather than being free to live our lives without fear, we are taught that any small compromise with the world - even an unintentional or innocent one - may put us in danger of losing our salvation or of being overcome by demonic influence. Hundreds of children had their beloved dolls taken away - some of them had to watch them being destroyed - because Bill Gothard told their families that Cabbage Patch dolls were evil and opened their children to demonic influence. Other people found themselves compelled to divest their homes of family heirlooms because the figurines, masks, or other items, even though used purely for decoration, were focal points for demonic influence, according to Gothards teachings.. I do not doubt that some people found ...
The development of thermodynamics in the second half of the 19th century has had a strong impact on both technology and natural philosophy. It is true that the steam engine for the conversion of heat into work existed before thermodynamics was developed as a branch of physics. However, the systematic theory improved the conversion process, and it succeeded in developing other processes essential to modern life, notably refrigeration and rectification. So, altogether thermodynamics has provided humanity with cheap energy, and cheap fuel, -- consequently with cheap, and abundant, and unspoiled food. Thus thermodynamics has made populations grow, and life expectancy increase beyond anything people could possibly have imagined 200 years ago. At the same time thermodynamics has uncovered the precarious balance between determinism and stochasticity which is essential to processes on earth, including life. The competition of those intentions is described by the doctrine of energy and entropy in ...
A physics engine is deterministic when it behaves the same each time it is replayed from its original state. Different applications have different requirements for determinism. * Action replay as in sports games, e.g. watching a goal scored from various angles. * Implementing network play by duplicating the physics engine on all computers involved in the simulation. The simulations drift out of sync if the engine is not deterministic. * Even with a more conventional client/server model, it is not uncommon to do some physics on the client to help hide the network latency. See also [[Framerate Independence]] and [[Canonical Game Loop]]. [[Category:Tutorial ...
Philosophical Isms at Erratic Impacts Philosophy Research Base. Resources include actualism, agnosticism, atheism, behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, Darwinism, Deism, determinism and more.
During the Great Expulsion and the Dark Age that followed, coffee was considered a luxury in some habitats where valuable agricultural space was reserved for more needed staples. With the advent of the First Federation and the accompanying stability, coffee production exploded throughout many areas of the Solar System and beyond. In the Current Era, some form of coffee can usually be found in most systems. Indeed, many habitats, settlements, or even worlds have a signature house blend created specifically for that location. These run the gamut from traditional edible varieties; similar tasting but chemically altered equivalents needed for certain tweaks, neogens, and xenosophonts; and narcogram coffee for use through DNI to name just a few. In a likely example of nominative determinism, the planet New Java hosts what is widely thought to be the single largest repository of coffee types in the Interstellar Coffee Heritage and Research Institute ...
Townes first wrote about the parallels between religion and science in IBMs Think magazine in 1966, two years after he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for his groundbreaking work in quantum electronics: in 1953, thanks in part to what Townes calls a revelation experienced on a park bench, he invented the maser (his acronym for Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission), which amplifies microwaves to produce an intense beam. By building on this work, he achieved similar amplification using visible light, resulting in the laser (whose name he also coined) . . . .. [Townes:] Science and religion have had a long interaction: some of it has been good and some of it hasnt. As Western science grew, Newtonian mechanics had scientists thinking that everything is predictable, meaning theres no room for God - so-called determinism. Religious people didnt want to agree with that. Then Darwin came along, and they really didnt want to agree with what he was saying, because it seemed to negate ...
The systemic injection of L-Acetylcarnitine (L-Ac) induces a reversible increase in recurrent inhibition. In addition, L-Ac potentiation of recurrent inhibition has been found to increase the synchronous activity of single motor units, as detected by traditional linear analysis in the time domain. This result has been recently confirmed using a nonlinear method based on the analysis of embedded determinism (%DET) extracted from the surface EMG. The present study aimed at testing the general applicability of RQA methodology, as a viable tool for assessing motor unit synchronization, by extending the analysis of surface EMG, as revealed by changes in %DET induced by L-Ac, to many upper and lower limb muscles and to muscles that are not easily studied by needle electrodes, such as the orbicularis oculi. Subjects performed brief periods of tonic contractions, alternated to periods of rests to avoid muscle fatigue. Pharmacological enhancement of recurrent inhibition was obtained by a short-lasting ...
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John-Dylan Haynes lab - Core scientific topics: Brain imaging; Consciousness; Intentions; Free Will; Determinism; Decision making; Volition; Awareness; Attention; Cognitive neuroscience; Neuroimaging; fMRI; Reward; Libet-experiment; Neuromarketing; Neurotechnology; Clinical neuroimaging; Multiple sclerosis; Eating disorders; Self control; Self regulation;
I think that an overwhelming majority of American citizens today would say that you shouldnt create human beings to experiment on them or for spare parts, Bond said. The journal supports a plan by Democratic Sens. Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts and Dianne Feinstein of California that would place a 10-year ban on human cloning but allow the cloning of human cells and tissues for research. Current law bans federally funded research on human embroyos, but not private work. The Feinstein-Kennedy proposal would allow such research up to the point of transferring cloned cells to a womans uterus. The Republican and Democratic plans have stalled in the Senate because of a lack of common ground between the two proposed bills. The journal also urged scientists to engage in an honest debate with the general public on the use of human cloning. We need to think about what, if any, circumstances might warrant cloning, as well as the circumstances under which it should never be allowed, the editorial ...
Nikolas T. Nikas, president and general counsel of Bioethics Defense Fund (BDF), will be coming to speak to the Vanderbilt community about the law, science and ethics surrounding human cloning, animal-human hybrids, and 3-parent embryos. Nikas is known for his expertise in clearly integrating the principles of natural law and political theory with the facts of science and medicine to be used as the foundation for strategic legislation, litigation, education and media. Nikas is consulted across the nation and the world on issues of abortion, healthcare rights of conscience, human cloning/embryonic stem cell research, and physician assisted suicide. He is a dynamic speaker, and gave a well-attended lecture on the scientific/medical details, as well as the ethical issues, with stem cell research in 2013. The Society of Saints Cosmas and Damian is delighted to welcome him back to campus.. FREE lunch!! will be provided for the first 75 in attendance, donated by the SSCD faculty adviser, Dr. Wes ...
Text of S. 1036 (110th): Human Cloning Prohibition Act of ... as of Mar 29, 2007 (Introduced version). S. 1036 (110th): Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 2007
For example, cystic fibrosis is caused by variants in the CFTR gene. This gene codes for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, an ion channel protein that controls the transport of chloride ions from inside to outside of cells that line the lungs (and some other organs). The most common variant is a deletion of three nucleotides that causes the amino acid phenylalanine to not be incorporated into the polypeptide chain during translation. The resulting protein is non-functional because it does not fold correctly and is more readily degraded. This leads to abnormally thick mucus due to impaired movement of chloride ions and water to outside the cell ...
To extend the understanding of host genetic determinants of HIV-1 control, we performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 2,554 infected Caucasian subjects. The study was powered to detect common genetic variants explaining down to 1.3% of the variability in viral load at set point. We provide overwhelming confirmation of three associations previously reported in a genome-wide study and show further independent effects of both common and rare variants in the Major Histocompatibility Complex region (MHC). We also examined the polymorphisms reported in previous candidate gene studies and fail to support a role for any variant outside of the MHC or the chemokine receptor cluster on chromosome 3. In addition, we evaluated functional variants, copy-number polymorphisms, epistatic interactions, and biological pathways. This study thus represents a comprehensive assessment of common human genetic variation in HIV-1 control in Caucasians.
By Catherine Haug, December 11, 2016 (Image, right, from Wikimedia Commons). Kombucha is one of my favorite fermented beverages, and a great way to add more fermented foods to your diet, to support your microbiome and immune system. But making serial batches can get old and tiresome. What if you could just make one batch and add to it regularly for a continuous brew?. Kombucha has many health benefits. It contains high levels of antioxidants, b-vitamins, probiotics and glucaric acid in addition to the beneficial microbes. It has been reported to have a variety of health benefits including (1):. ...
Free essay examples, how to write essay on Human Cloning Research Moral Organ example essay, research paper, custom writing. Write my essay on cloning human research.
Medical technology has reached a point where human cloning is beginning to look like a real possibility. But is it really. And if it is, should we do it? Cloning is a form of asexual reproduction, which does not occur in nature among higher organisms. The method used is called nuclear transfer.
A new stem cell discovery has reawakened controversy about human cloning - though technical challenges mean scientists are far from being able to create human babies as in Michael Bays 2005 sci-fi flick The Island.
WASHINGTON (AllPolitics, Jan. 20) -- Spurred by a Chicago scientists announcement that he wants to clone a human, the federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says it has the authority to regulate human cloning, and will block anyone who tries it without permission. The scientist, Richard Seed, jumped into the public eye with his announcement he wants to clone a human within 18 months. Trained as a physicist, Seed has no medical degree or laboratory support, so his plan may be far-fetched. But the FDA said it can go to court to stop unauthorized cloning attempts. Were not only able to move, were prepared to move, Dr. Michael Friedman, acting FDA commissioner, told The Associated Press. One man [Seed] whos on the fringe has drawn a lot of attention in Washington and state capitals, Dr. Benjamin Younger of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine told the AP. If they are going to do this, come up with legislation that bans cloning but protects research. President Bill Clinton has ...
Medical technology has reached a point where human cloning is beginning to look like a real possibility. But is it really. And if it is, should we do it? Cloning is a form of asexual reproduction, which does not occur in nature among higher organisms. The method used is called nuclear transfer.
If human cloning is banned in the United States it is not going to stop it from happening all it is going to do is take out of the hands of legitimate respectable scientists and put in on the street. If we ban this research it will only create a black market for human embryos with specific traits and instead of seeing the many benefits that this technology has to offer it will just make wealthy criminals richer. And if it is banned we wont be able to regulate it making those who use it even more susceptible to life threatening errors. This will only increase the loss of life that might come with this. And do you think if this research field is in the hands of crime lords they will spend their time and money doing cancer research? Of course they wont! So instead of taking the opportunity to cure one of mans worst diseases congress is busy passing legislation to grant exclusive rights of this incredible technology to criminals ...
Human cloning Many couples across the world have had problems with conceiving a child, this may have be due to the fact that they are infertile. Cloning...
Opponents of the stem call initiative are not accepting last weeks voter approval of it. Missourians Against Human Cloning got almost 49 percent of the voters last week to say no to Amendment Two and thats close enough for Executive Secretary Jaci Winship to vow an ongoing fight. She cautions against a quick reaction. She says a well thought-out strategy is needed for the long term, maybe a couple of years. She hopes to get a meeting of organization leaders later this week to lay out some early strategy which could include a new petition campaign to overturn the constitutional change voters approved a week ago. She says the closeness of the vote has energized people who think they did not do enough or were not involved. She says a lot of people remain confused about the issue and she sees her organization as the one to end their confusion. Legislation limiting the impact of Amendment two is likely to be introduced in the general assembly next year. Winship says several people have talked to ...
MODEL RELEASED. Human cloning. Conceptual image of identical cloned babies crawling across a DNA autoradiogram. The sequence of pink bands on the autoradiogram represents the code contained in the genetic material DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). This determines the hereditary characteristics of an individual. Human clones are genetically-identical duplicates that are created by transplanting DNA from a template person into an egg (female reproductive cell) which has had its DNA removed. Triggering the growth and development of the egg will ultimately produce a baby that is a clone of the original individual. - Stock Image G340/0056
CES is full of some crazy stuff, but one of the craziest things we saw was from newcomer PsychaSec, which promises to grow a clone from your cells and upload your consciousness into that clone. You know, in case you die or something similarly catastrophic.When Tuan first sent photos back from the show floor, I thought someone had seriously lost their marbles. CES has its fair share of outlandish prototype tech, but human cloning is still a bit sci-fi. And I wanted to know why there wasn't a proper 'live' demo of a working clone. It also kicked off my déjà vu because I just read Richard Morgan's Altered Carbon last month, plus Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom last week. I went on a cyberpunk book binge over the holidays, and that name sounded awful familiar.