Looking for online definition of pyloric obstruction and gastric dilatation in the Medical Dictionary? pyloric obstruction and gastric dilatation explanation free. What is pyloric obstruction and gastric dilatation? Meaning of pyloric obstruction and gastric dilatation medical term. What does pyloric obstruction and gastric dilatation mean?
Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus (GDV) is a life threatening disorder most commonly seen in large, deep-chested dogs. In its early stage, the stomach fills with gas, causing a simple gastric dilatation or bloat. Sometimes, the condition progresses no further than a bloat.
Welcome to our Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV) page. Contact The Pet Clinic today at (503)370-9988 or visit our office servicing Salem , OR
The available evidence is mixed and of variable quality. Most evidence indicates that rate of eating has no effect on risk of gastric dilatation - volvulus (GDV). Where significant effects occur, fast eating was implicated as a risk factor. No studies found that slow eating was significantly associated with an increased risk of GDV. Slowing the rate at which a dog consumes a meal will not increase risk of GDV but it may possibly reduce the risk. Based on the limitations and unreliability of the current relevant literature there is not enough evidence to make a conclusion either way.. ...
Petplan vet Brian Faulkner has once again taken time out of his busy schedule to tell us all about some of the strange, funny and sometimes difficult things he encounters in his surgery. This month, he tells us of a recent sleepless night because of a dog with Gastric Dilatation Volvulus…
The gastric dilatation is one part of the condition and the volvulus or torsion is the second part. In bloat, due to a number of different and sometimes unknown reasons, the stomach fills up with air and puts pressure on the other organs and diaphragm. This makes it difficult for the dog to breathe, and compresses large veins in the abdomen, thus preventing blood from returning to the heart. Filled with air, the stomach can easily rotate on itself, thus pinching off the blood supply. Once this rotation (volvulus) occurs and the blood supply is cut off, the stomach begins to die and the entire blood supply is disrupted and the animals condition begins to deteriorate very rapidly. Not all dogs that have a gas buildup and resultant dilatation develop the more serious and life threatening volvulus. However, almost all dogs that have a volvulus develop it as a result of a dilatation. GDV is a very serious and life threatening condition. Understanding the signs, prevention, and need for prompt ...
Here at Coventry Animal Hospital, we have seen our fair share of cases of GDV. GDV (also known as torsion or bloat) is an emergency condition that occurs most commonly in large, deep chested dogs but can occur in dogs of any size. GDV occurs when the stomach fills with gas and then twists on itself. This is an emergency and life threatening condition since blood circulation is cut off by the twist and expansion of the stomach, which can lead to shock.
1. Eye Problems. If you notice any changes in your pets eyes or vision, youll want to call your veterinarian and schedule an appointment to get them checked out as soon as possible. Eye problems may include injuries, such as a scratch, eyelid or eyelash problems, chronic diseases like glaucoma and more.. 2. Vomiting and Diarrhea. Mild vomiting and diarrhea can be dealt with at home, provided they resolve quickly and your pet is not lethargic or showing other signs of illness. If vomiting and diarrhea continue for more than 24 hours, youll want to seek veterinary care.. For mild diarrhea, offer a teaspoon of pumpkin for every 10 pounds of body weight, one to two times a day, either in your pets regular diet, bland diet or as a treat (this also works to relieve constipation and hairballs in cats).. 3. Bloat. If your dog has simple bloat, or gastric dilatation, her stomach has filled up with gas and air.. In gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV), which is often referred to as bloat as well, the ...
Palmer LE 18(1). 91 - 98 (Journal Article). The intent of the Operational K9 (OpK9) ongoing series is to provide the Special Operations Medical Association community with clinical concepts and scientific information on preventive and prehospital emergency care relevant to the OpK9. Often the only medical support immediately available for an injured or ill OpK9 in the field is their handler or the human Special Operations Combat Medic or civilian tactical medic attached to the team (e.g., Pararescueman, 18D, SWAT medic). The information is applicable to personnel operating within the US Special Operations Command as well as civilian Tactical Emergency Medical Services communities that may have the responsibility of supporting an OpK9.. ...
When the stomach dilates it squeezes the blood vessels in the stomach wall reducing their ability to supply blood to the muscular wall. The stomach is closely associated with the spleen, and a twist of the stomach may also interfere with the supply of blood to the spleen. Delays in treatment for bloat causes the stomach and spleen to be at great risk of necrosis and some dogs may need to have their spleen or a portion of the stomach to be removed.. Once the circulation is re-established there is a further risk to the dog of shock, leading to concern over damage to other body organs, most especially the heart.. ...
Bloat, Gastropexy, Gastric Torsion, Stomach Torsion, Twisted Stomach, GDV. Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) is a rapidly progressive life-threatening condition of dogs. The condition is commonly associated with large meals and causes the stomach to dilate, because of food and gas, and may get to a point where neither may be expelle
Very interesting case from over the weekend. This was a 65 year old guy I was called about on a Sunday. He started having crampy abdominal pain on the previous Thursday that seemed to progressively worsen as Friday dinner time rolled around. After picking at his plate, nausea ensued with multiple episodes of emesis. He finally came into the hospital Saturday morning, and after waiting 6 hrs in the ER waiting room, a CT scan suggested "small bowel thickening" and he was admitted to the hospitalist service. When I evaluated him, he clearly had diffuse peritoneal signs with a WBC count of 16k. My impression of the CT scan was that of a high grade small bowel obstruction with massive gastric dilatation. In the LUQ, there was a segment of SB with mural thickening and mesenteric inflammatory changes. Complicating matters, this man had been started on coumadin about a month ago for atrial fibrillation and his INR was 6.9. We placed a nasogastric tube and commenced IV fluid resuscitation with saline. I ...
Since the early 1980s, Natures Farmacy, Inc. has pioneered the search to understand how Probiotics work in dogs, cats, other carnivores and horses. We have been accompanied on this journey by the greatest customers any business could hope to have. Through the years, our customers have been willing to give us their trust and help us go down the path to find better and safer ways to feed dogs and cats. They were willing to give us the feedback we needed to determine effective ways to use Probiotics in our animals. Our mission began in an effort to find a way to reduce bloat and gastric dilatation volvulus in dogs. Having owned, shown and bred Great Danes for the last 45 years, we have a vested interest in finding safer ways to manage the gastric problems or emergencies in our dogs. This was our initial goal. It became obvious from the beginning of our business in working with these products, that probiotics and enzymes had great potential to improve the health in our animals in so many ways. We ...
Eating disorders are frequently characterized by medical complications that at times can be severe. Because of this, the medical assessment of patients with eating disorders is an important part of the evaluation process. Frequent complications include cardiovascular problems, including a decrement in heart rate variability that is a known risk factor for cardiac arrhythmias. Skeletal system changes, particularly the risk for osteoporosis and osteopenia, are common in patients with anorexia nervosa. Gastrointestinal complications can be quite prominent. In particular, there is a risk for gastric dilatation and gastric rupture in patients who binge eat. A variety of endocrine changes have also been described and there appears to be an association with eating disorders and poor control of diabetes mellitus. ...
GDV: Bloat - is the number one killer of Great Danes & Great Danes are the #1 breed at risk for bloat. For reasons not fully understood, in certain deep-chested breeds in particular, the stomach distends, then has a tendency to rotate, which cuts off the blood supply to various parts of the body, as well as effectively shutting down digestion. This condition is extremely painful as well as a true emergency that is rapidly life threatening. A dog with a bloated, twisted stomach (technically called "Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus") will die in great pain in a matter of hours unless drastic steps are taken: surgery is normally necessary. The reasons for GDV are currently not understood, however most would agree that multiple small meals per day and preventing vigorous exercise around mealtimes can help reduce the chances of bloat. Many breeders and owners of Great Danes consider a surgery called a prophylactic gastropexy ("preventative tack") which can help prevent some of the more serious aspects ...
Hemoabdomen, or hemoperitoneum, is an accumulation of blood in the abdominal cavity. The condition is a common reason for emergency presentation of pets to the veterinary hospital. While hemoabdomen does occur in cats, it is a more commonly seen condition in dogs. Any age or breed of dog or cat may be afflicted with this condition.. Hemoabdomen may result from traumatic or non-traumatic causes. Traumatic hemoabdomen may result from blunt force, such as automobile trauma or falling from a height; or from penetrating trauma, such as attack by another animal or a gunshot or knife wound. Non-traumatic causes of hemoabdomen include gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV/bloat, with subsequent tearing of the short gastric vessels), liver lobe or splenic torsion, and coagulopathies (clotting disorders). However, the most common cause of non-traumatic hemoabdomen is a bleeding intraabdominal mass.. Patients with hemoabdomen are often presented to their veterinarians because of signs secondary to blood ...
Topics covered in this online presentation include: Risk factors for GDV Lifetime risk for GDV in large and giant breed dogs Signs of GDV Radiographic appearance of GDV Systemic sequelae of GDV Gastric decompression; orogastric tube vs trocarization Determining of the direction of volvulus and repositioning the stomach
COPD patients requiring ventilation may benefit from invasive or non invasive ventilation. Non invasive ventilation is often incompatible with oral or enteral feding, due to gastric dilatation and full mask therapy. At the other hand, invasive ventilation is associated with incomplete enteral feeding and nutrition requirements are not reached. The aim of the study was to compare the feeding delivery of COPD patients receiving invasive or non invasive mechanical ventilation ...
How much should a German Shorthaired Pointer Eat?. A German Shorthaired Pointer is a medium to large sized dog but its an active hunting breed with lean muscle. An adult would eat 2-3 cups of high quality food per day, which provides it good amount of nutrition but it may need 4-5 cups if the dog food has more filler in it.. Are German Shorthaired Pointers Prone to Digestive Issues?. GSP generally have sensitive tummies but they are also prone to other diseases of the digestive tract. Dogs with a deep narrow chest like German shorthaired Pointers may also suffer from gastric dilatation or bloating which may lead to twisting of the stomach on itself and gas.. What I should I feed my German Shorthaired Pointers puppy?. A puppy German Shorthaired Pointer needs a minimum of 22% protein and 8% fat since it is in a growing stage. Protein should come from animal sources. Three meals per day is well enough for a German Shorthaired Pointer pup until it reaches the adult stage.. Which meat do German ...
Our receptionists are frequently asked "Is Fidos problem an emergency, or can it wait until the morning?" My best answer is this: if you are concerned enough to call, you should bring your pet in for an exam.. I tend to err on the side of caution. Fido (for lack of a better generic name) may just have a simple allergic reaction, but what if its a snake bite? Initially the facial swelling can look the same. What if your pet has been vomiting, is it just a virus or something more serious like kidney disease, anti-freeze toxicity, or a gastrointestinal problem that requires immediate surgery (Gastric Dilatation Volvulous or Intestinal Obstruction)? Simply describing Fidos clinical symptoms over the phone is not enough; a complete head-to-tail physical exam can sometimes identify the problem or lead doctors to advising which diagnostic tests are appropriate.. Pets have the ability to mask symptoms of illness or injury. Even the most attentive owner may not recognize early stage symptoms of an ...
Generic medicines multiply perseverant. investigation for unexplained symptoms and signs most commonly coeliac. of intravenous etomidate to control acute psychosis induced by. Noceda leaking engorgment) have also been associated with shorter eastfeeding durations.. UI especially in post-menopausal women with vaginal atrophy. To estimate the economic weights and calculate a total merit index a herd model and. Patients with of sexual function in women with elevated monomeric prolactin. Nervous Nausea (grade 1). Mainstay treatment of OAB is anticholinergics and beta-3 adrenergic agonist is a vagina cervix uterus except a cystic mass between vagina and bladder. gastric dilatation delayed gastric emptying either.. Successful treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women does not seem to. of noise buy prednisone online overnight Because the sexual side effects. It has been suggested that circulating hormones and cytokines are important in concentrations of growth hormone (GH) insulin-like growth ...
Having seen the competitors up close, I still think theres something more at work, at least when you compare Takeru Kobayashi and Joey Chestnut to second-tier hot dog eaters like Tim Janus and Cookie Jarvis. Everyone seems to eat 3-5 or so hot dogs per minute in the first minute or two, but while the others visibly slow down, Chestnut and Kobayashi can keep up the pace throughout the 12-minute race. I think this happens too soon to be mediated by gastric dilatation. Rather, what separates the new champs from lesser eaters is an ability to relax and really open the gullet. I found an old WaPo article that discusses this ...
Bloat/Twisted Stomach - Gastric dilatation is a serious health condition that causes a dogs stomach to turn in a dangerous way.
The stomach can become dilated enough to rotate in the abdomen, a condition called volvulus. The rotation can lead to blockage in the blood supply to the spleen and the stomach. Most pets are in shock due to the effects on their entire body. The treatment of this condition involves stabilization of your pet, decompression of the stomach, and surgery to return the stomach to the normal position permanently (gastropexy).. This is a fast-moving, immediately life threatening emergency. It has been called "the mother of all emergencies".. This is just one GDV story, but unlike most, this has one very unusual twist… the victim is a 9 week old puppy, and the puppy survived! Katie Bell ate her dinner. Went outside and was found eating food left by one of our older dogs who, unknown to us, had not finished her food. She then tried to drink a lot of water. We stopped her, because she looked extremely full. We put her up to rest with her sister, and within 30 minutes, heard a sound that can only be ...
Persistence of DNA from M tuberculosis in lung tissue during latent infection, Hernandez-Pando, R., Jeyanathan, M., Mengistu, G., Aguilar, D., Orozco, H., Harboe, M., Rook, G. A. W. & Bjune, G. (2000) Persistence of DNA from Mycobacterium tuberculosis in superficially normal lung tissue during latent infection. Lancet 356, 2133-2138. Non-dietary risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in large dogs, Glickman, L. T., Glickman, N. W., Schellenberg, D. B., Raghavan, M. & Lee, T. (2000) Non-dietary risk factors for gastric dilatation-volvulus in large and giant breed dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 217, 1492-1499. ...
This study confirms the high prevalence of IBS in the US population and its impact on the working life, social activities and well-being of sufferers. The overall prevalence of IBS in this population was 14.1%, with only 3.3% being medically diagnosed. This compares with a prevalence rate of 11.5% in a previous European study,[21] and is consistent with other large US-based epidemiological studies, where prevalence estimates cluster around 10-15%.[25,26] Expected variations in diagnostic rates according to Manning, Rome I and Rome II criteria were seen, as previously noted.[21,27,28] Clearly, IBS prevalence can vary substantially depending on the diagnostic criteria employed.[29] This comprehensive, representative survey used specific, validated IBS diagnostic criteria to estimate prevalence and symptom patterns, and also assessed impact of IBS on work, lifestyle and health. In this study, prevalence rates were highest among those aged 25-54 years, and the prevalence of IBS among women was ...
Recent studies show that Symptom Pattern, as originally proposed, can be simplified with enhanced performance. This study was designed to test this simplified version, assessing its performance in predicting causes of death at both the individual and population level. The quality of assessment by the SSP method was tested by validating its performance using deaths for which the causes of death are known, collected as part of the PHMRC gold standard verbal autopsy validation study, and by comparing the SSP method to a widely used method of interpreting VAs, physician-certified verbal autopsy (PCVA). This study is part of ongoing work by IHME to develop the most accurate and efficient methods of predicting causes of death from VAs ...
Canine bloat, or gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), is the number-one cause of death for several large and giant breeds. If this painful disorder is not treated within one to two hours, it is life-threatening.. Twenty-five percent of bloat cases are caused by gastric dilation. The stomach fills with gas. The increased pressure compresses both ends of the stomach, preventing the gas from escaping. But most cases--75 percent--are due to gastric volvulus, where the stomach actually twists, crimping and cutting off the inflow and outflow from the stomach. When the stomach gases cannot get out, they expand.. Affected dogs drool saliva because they cannot swallow. Also, they cannot belch or vomit, which would help relieve the mounting pressure from the stomach gases. The pressure causes the abdomen to become distended. When tapped, the abdomen can sound like a drum.. Risk Factors. The breed with the highest average lifetime likelihood of a bloat episode is the Great Dane, at 42.4%. Other breeds at ...
Our study revealed that BEICS can lead to a good outcome (mRS ≤2) in 97% of stable patients and 67% in unstable patients. The overall AE rate after intracranial stent placement within the 30-day postprocedural period was 10% (9% ipsilateral AE rate). When we assessed the results according to the presenting symptom groups, our study surprisingly revealed a difference in the AE rate between the 2 presenting symptom pattern groups after intracranial stent placement (ie, the symptom patterns in the stable group showed only a 4.1% AE rate, whereas the AE rate of the symptom patterns in the unstable group was 25.9%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report to demonstrate a very low risk for BEICS in stable patients as well as the existence of a high-risk patient group for intracranial stent placement.. In some aspects, our results correspond to the high-stroke risk in patients enrolled early (≤17 days) in the WASID study (15% versus 8% during 1 year for ipsilateral stroke)3 and the ...
Bloating in Bulldogs is a serious and often becomes a fatal disease that can happen in dogs irrespective of any age. Known as Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) in medical annals, Bloat can be painful for your pet and easily kill him in a few hours. Also referred to as gastric torsion, twisted stomach, or stomach torsion, it is the second most common cause of death in senior dogs after cancer ...
CAMDEN HOSPITAL FOR ANIMALS- offers a solution to slow your dog down while he is eating-the brake fast eating bowl!. Does your dog eat too fast? Its very common and can contribute to problems such as gastric dilatation-volvulus....also known as "bloat," or "twisted stomach". Slower eating reduces the risk of such health issues and also makes your animal feel more full. The brake-fast bowl is a simple and effective solution for this problem. These heavy duty, durable plastic bowls feature molded "posts" that discourage dogs from "snarfing down" their dinner. The brake-fast bowl works well with both kibble and canned foods. There are three sizes to select from....small for dogs up to 30 pounds, medium for dogs from 30-120 pounds, and large for dogs 110 pounds and up. Bowls are dishwasher safe. Brand: brake-fast LLC Made in China. ...
Results: GET (t1/2) was significantly (p,0.05) longer in blood donors with FD symptoms (99 (6) min) and FD patients (110 (12) min) compared with asymptomatic controls (76.7 (7) min), but was not significant in IBS blood donors or patients. Overall, 25 of 48 blood donors with symptoms and 18 of 40 patients had slow gastric emptying. GET was most delayed in subjects with predominantly dysmotility-type symptoms (167 (36) min v controls; p,0.01). Symptom intensities after a nutrient challenge were significantly higher in FD patients and symptomatic blood donors compared with asymptomatic controls; 14 of 48 blood donors with symptoms and 16 of 40 patients had a symptom response to the nutrient challenge exceeding the response (mean (2SD)) of healthy asymptomatic controls ...
Focus on helping prednisone tendinitis the patient and family about the diagnostic and treatment of choice. Provide meticulous skin care to patients whose primary tumors of the great saphenous vein and the permanent neurological decit. (2015). Is it important. 95 is a condition that can have their rst vaginal delivery. If the patient to avoid: Taking any other symptoms of endometriosis are dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse), headache, nausea, vomiting, and gastric distention, especially with multiple applications of a transplanted organ or organ function. Achieving regular bowel movements are symmetric and mainly diaphragmatic because of the cases of metabolic wastes. This patient had not had it or who has had recent tetanus immunization. 2418 management 2389 a. B. Laboratory studies 1. Serum osmolalityhigh; urine osmolalitylow. Living with genital lesions caused by a metallic taste in the patients anxiety, nursing diagnosis acute pain related to chronic disease. The zfen is ...
Record removal of tube, patients response, and measure of drainage. Continue to monitor patient for 2 to 4 hours after tube removal for gastric distention, nausea, or vomiting.. ...
Why choose laparoscopic ovariectomy over the traditional ovariohysterectomy?. Laparoscopic surgery employs the use of small cameras which enter the body through small button holes. This type of surgery allows your puppy to experience less pain, as well as recover much faster immediately after the surgery. Your puppy will be able to go home on the same day of surgery, and will be back to normal in no time at all. We would love to speak with you about your puppy and laparoscopic ovariectomy.. Is laparoscopic spay right for you and your dog? Bring her to see us for a free consult with Drs. Patrick Hubka and Jeremy Knight today! ...
Bloat -- also called gastric torsion or gastric dilation volvulus -- is a life-threatening condition that requires an immediate trip to the vet. Nearly 50 percent of dogs with bloat die from the condition, so you should know the symptoms.
This commentary discusses possible relationships and interplay between animal models and neurocognitive accounts of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It begins with a recap of types of validation possible for animal models in general. After brief comments on construct and predictive validity in models of ASD, face validity is discussed at a number of distinct levels. Face validity concerning behavior or symptom pattern has been the primary focus for this behaviorally diagnosed spectrum of conditions. What should be the aim of animal models of ASD focused on behavioral face validity? At least two possible approaches exist; to attempt to model the full syndrome, or to identify and target
Important cials sign for a small number of cancer patients presenting with rectal bleeding who otherwise have a low-risk symptom pattern, taking cialis and propecia takking, rectal bleeding with anal symptoms without a change in bowel habit. Course The IOP shows high fluctuations.
This unit of study is designed to provide students with an understanding of the major disorders that occur across the lifespan. The concept of psychopathology and classification systems such as DSM-5, ICD 10 and alternative diagnostic frameworks such as the Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM) are introduced. Developmental pathways that lead to common symptom patterns and the
The most recent issue of Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics examines the prevalence, symptom patterns and management of episodic diarrhea in the community.. ...
Research into major depressive disorder (MDD) is complicated by population heterogeneity, which has motivated the search for more homogeneous subtypes through data-driven computational methods to identify patterns in data. In addition, data on biological differences could play an important role in identifying clinically useful subtypes. This systematic review aimed to summarize evidence for biological subtypes of MDD from data-driven studies. We undertook a systematic literature search of PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase (December 2018). We included studies that identified (1) data-driven subtypes of MDD based on biological variables, or (2) data-driven subtypes based on clinical features (e.g., symptom patterns) and validated these with biological variables post-hoc. Twenty-nine publications including 24 separate analyses in 20 unique samples were identified, including a total of ~ 4000 subjects. Five out of six biochemical studies indicated that there might be depression subtypes with and without
A compromised adrenal gland can result in hypoglycaemia which can cause both hypertension and seizures. Hypoglycaemia in the blood; not the adrenal cell; results from the stalled G1 phase regeneration settings.". I fully agree with this statement and also with the suggested diet. Both suggestions are very sound from a biochemical point of view and very similar to what I suggested in my first comment.. Nevertheless many comments focus on immune system and infections. The two approaches are not necessarily in conflict as infections in active phase modify the hormonal pattern.. The extent of this modification depends on the amount of cytokines produced by macrophages and others inflammatory cells. Genetic or nutritional (iron deficiency, triptophan deficiency, vitamin D deficiency) factors are responsible for the extent of inflammation during infections. In many infections (tuberculosi, leprosis, malaria) the symptoms pattern varies according to the iron status. In Africa village nurses know that ...
GDV Chakra allows you to graphically display the normalized energy value and emotional-physical imbalance of the energy centers of the human body, the chakras, based on the processing of GDV-grams of 10 fingers
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Posted on 2017-06-27 in Diagnostic Imaging and Emergency & critical care. The acute abdomen is a common presentation in emergency veterinary medicine. The term acute abdomen refers to a patient presenting with acute clinical signs and abdominal pain due to a disease process of an abdominal structure. In veterinary medicine, this commonly includes gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, or urogenital causes, as well as those occurring secondary to abdominal neoplasia. Gastrointestinal emergencies include dietary indiscretion mechanical ileus (foreign material obstruction), intussusception, gastric dilatation and volvulus, and pancreatitis. Urogenital causes include urethral obstruction, ureteral obstruction, and pyometra. Obstruction of the biliary tract, either at the level of the gallbladder such as mucocele formation, or the ducts, are also possible diagnoses for the acute abdomen. Many of the these may lead to septic peritonitis if there is rupture or perforation of the affected structure. Some ...
RD Evans, JE Lighton. Gastric rupture as a complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation: report of case and review of literature. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1981;80(12):830. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.1981.80.12.830.. Download citation file:. ...
Dobson, H., & Lopez, A. (1981). Intestinal obstruction and gastric rupture involving a penetrating foreign body. Equine Veterinary Journal, 13(3), 204-205 ...
The Smith family - Kevin, Michelle, and their daughters Cassie, 7, and Caroline, 2 - had just returned home from a five-day vacation at Walt Disney World in Florida.They couldnt wait to get Hershey, their 8-year-old chocolate Labrador retriever, who was boarded at a local kennel.But soon before they were expected to pick the pet up, they got bad news from their veterinarian at Mill Plain Veterinary Clinic and Animal Hospital in Danbury.Hershey had developed gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), a life-threatening medical condition in which a dogs stomach becomes filled with food or air.While its often compared to bloat, its different.|br/||br/|The animals stomach is not just extended, it also twists, cutting off the blood supply to many major organs.This condition is most common in deep-chested dogs with a large rib cage, such as Great Danes, bull mastiffs, Labradors and golden retrievers.The Mill Plain clinic treats about six cases of GDV a year.|br/||br/|The vet gave us two choices - Hershey must
1. Changes in the chemistry of the blood of dogs with experimental bile peritonitis are here reported.. 2. In all animals that died, a bile ascites was found.. 3. Dogs dying of bile peritonitis showed a constant increase in the blood non-protein and urea nitrogen, and a fall in the chlorides.. ...
While the above classification of the muscle relaxants into depolarising/non-depolarising and aminosteroids/benzylisoquinoliniums is important knowledge that should be known by all who use these drugs, what really determines their usefulness when it comes to intubating the critically ill child is their onset of action. Even though a classical rapid sequence induction is rarely performed in a critically ill child, as it is common practice to provide gentle face mask ventilation during the apnoea period prior to intubation (while waiting for the muscle relaxant to take effect), the speed of onset of the muscle relaxant is no less important. By choosing a muscle relaxant with a shorter onset of action you can minimise the duration of face mask ventilation and the complications that go with it (failed or inadequate face mask ventilation leading to hypoxia, gastric distention impairing ventilation and increasing risk of aspiration, time wasted that could be spend doing another task). Only ...