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In 2009 the Group of 20 (G20) made commitments to reduce fossil fuel subsidies. It agreed to "rationalize and phase out over the medium term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption." Later that year APEC countries made a similar commitment.. Many countries are now working to reform their fossil fuel subsidies, but progress has been slow. There are many economic, political and social hurdles that need to be overcome to make lasting changes.. In December 2017, New Zealand delivered a Ministerial Statement to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), encouraging it to address the global harm being caused by inefficient fossil fuel subsidies. Ministerial statement fossil fuel subsidies. Endorsed by 11 other WTO Members, the statement confirms the environmental, development and trade benefits of fossil fuel subsidy reform, and includes a political commitment by participants to look at avenues to bring the issue into the WTO.. Watch our short film on reforming fossil fuel ...
Burning fossil fuels can cause acid rain, global warming, oil spills, and air and water pollution. All of these things are VERY bad for the environment. It affects the air we breathe, water we drink, and damages the ecosystem. Damaging the ecosystem will affect the lives we live for many years to come. In the US we use about 17 million barrels of oil every day. If you think that is bad 86% of US energy comes from fossil fuels. What Can You Do About It? What are Fossil Fuels? by Trisha Minocha Fossil Fuels are nonrenewable forms of energy from a million years ago. They come from underground and will not last forever. Coal, natural gas, and oil are fossil fuels ...
Governments, individuals, and industry all bear some responsibility for global warming. But fossil fuel companies are substantial contributors to the problem, and therefore must take responsibility for their actions.. There are several steps fossil fuel companies should take. An essential first action is for fossil fuel companies to stop disseminating climate disinformation, either directly or through trade associations and other industry groups. This should include severing ties with organizations like the American Legislative Exchange Council.. Fossil fuels companies should also fully disclose the financial and physical risks of climate change, invest in low-carbon and renewable energy resources, support policies to shift away from fossil fuels, publicly disclose their direct and indirect political spending, and pay for their share of the costs of climate-related damages and climate preparedness.. ...
Data & statistics on Trends in global fossil fuel use per person: Trends in global fossil fuel use per person (source: Galloway, 1988)., Reported as head of cattle, rather than in acres. Other credits generated could include: carbon accumulation in woody biomass (Heath et al., 2003a) and from the use of perennial grasses for cellulosic ethanol production, with the ethanol substituting for fossil fuel use (Nelson personal communication), and methane credits (per head, 11: assumptions on global fossil fuel use in the energy [r]evolution scenario...
CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels have increased at an average annual rate of 3.4 per cent between 2000 and 2008, compared with one per cent per year in the 1990s.. Emissions from land use change have remained almost constant since 2000, but now account for a significantly smaller proportion of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions (20 per cent in 2000 to 12 per cent in 2008).. The fraction of total CO2 emissions remaining in the atmosphere has likely increased from 40 to 45 per cent since 1959, models suggests this is due to the response of the natural CO2 sinks to climate change and variability.. Emissions from coal are now the dominant fossil fuel emission source, surpassing 40 years of oil emission prevalence.. The financial crisis had a small but discernable impact on emissions growth in 2008 - with a two per cent increase compared with an average 3.6 per cent over the previous seven years. On the basis of projected changes in GDP, emissions for 2009 are expected to fall to their ...
Most of the fuels people burn are fossil fuels. A big use is to make electricity. In power plants fossil fuels, usually coal, are burned to heat water into steam, which pushes a fan-like object called a turbine. When the turbine spins around, magnets inside the turbine make electricity. Crude oil can be separated to make various fuels such as LPG, gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, and diesel fuel. These substances are made by fractional distillation in an oil refinery. They are the main fuels in transportation. That means that they are burned in order to move cars, trucks, ships, airplanes, trains and even spacecraft. Without them, there wouldnt be much transport. People also burn fossil fuels to heat their homes. They use coal less for this than they did long ago, because it makes things dirty. In many homes, people burn natural gas in a stove for cooking. Fossil fuels are widely used in construction. . ...
Most of the fuels people burn are fossil fuels. A big use is to make electricity. In power plants fossil fuels, usually coal, are burned to heat water into steam, which pushes a fan-like object called a turbine. When the turbine spins around, magnets inside the turbine make electricity. Crude oil can be separated to make various fuels such as LPG, gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, and diesel fuel. These substances are made by fractional distillation in an oil refinery. They are the main fuels in transportation. That means that they are burned in order to move cars, trucks, ships, airplanes, trains and even spacecraft. Without them, there wouldnt be much transport. People also burn fossil fuels to heat their homes. They use coal less for this than they did long ago, because it makes things dirty. In many homes, people burn natural gas in a stove for cooking. Fossil fuels are widely used in construction. . ...
A number of industrial processes produce combustible dust as a by-product. The most common being wood dust. Combustible dust has been defined as: a solid material composed of distinct particles or pieces, regardless of size, shape, or chemical composition, which presents a fire or deflagration hazard when suspended in air or some other oxidizing medium over a range of concentrations.[11] In addition to wood, combustible dusts include metals, especially magnesium, titanium and aluminum, as well as other carbon-based dusts.[11] There are at least a 140 known substances that produce combustible dust.[12]:38[13] While the particles in a combustible dusts may be of any size, normally they have a diameter of less than 420 μm.[11][note 1] As of 2012[update], the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration has yet to adopt a comprehensive set of rules on combustible dust.[14] When suspended in air (or any oxidizing environment), the fine particles of combustible dust present a potential ...
A number of industrial processes produce combustible dust as a by-product. The most common being wood dust. Combustible dust has been defined as: a solid material composed of distinct particles or pieces, regardless of size, shape, or chemical composition, which presents a fire or deflagration hazard when suspended in air or some other oxidizing medium over a range of concentrations.[10] In addition to wood, combustible dusts include metals, especially magnesium, titanium and aluminum, as well as other carbon-based dusts.[10] There are at least a 140 known substances that produce combustible dust.[11]:38[12] While the particles in a combustible dusts may be of any size, normally they have a diameter of less than 420 µm.[10][note 1] As of 2012[update], the United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration has yet to adopt a comprehensive set of rules on combustible dust.[13]. When suspended in air (or any oxidizing environment), the fine particles of combustible dust present a ...
A pre-requisite for making the transition to a clean energy future is to switch subsidies from fossil fuels to renewable energy projects. If thats the case, why are we still bank-rolling dirty energy projects in developing countries?. World Bank lending for fossil fuels rose by 94% between 2007 & 2008 to over $3 billion which far outweighs the $476 million they gave to "new renewables" energy projects. World Bank lending for coal in particular rose 256% from 2007 to 2008. This contradicts the Banks own rhetoric in their "World Development Report" published in September that advises against "locking the world into high-carbon infrastructure".. Steve Kretzmann of Oil Change International has been campaigning for the elimination of fossil fuel subsidies for many years. He says that if the G20 leaders were serious about their Pittsburgh commitment to phasing out subsidies for fossil fuels, they could end World Bank and Export Credit Agency support at the stroke of a pen. However, rather than ...
Yvo de Boer, the head of the UNFCCC has done a lot to move the global climate negotiations forward. No questions about that. But yesterday he shocked me by - at the opening ceremony of all places - strongly endorsing fossil fuels and putting a lot of hope in making dirty fuels a little cleaner (you can listen to his speech here). This, to put it midly, is unhelpful. The fossil fuel industry, which made record profits in recent years, hardly needs de Boers pity. It is the industry, that caused the problem we are dealing with here in the first place (as you all know, but Yvo seemed to have forgotten for a moment). Fossil fuels will not be gone tomorrow, true. But if we want to fight climate change, we need to move beyond them. At Bali governments should commit to ending all subsidies for fossil fuels - which are still massive. Institutions like the World Bank or the Asian Development Bank like to talk about how much money they spend on renewables. But they also still fund the climate problem - ...
Sept. 13, 2017 - Over 220 organizations from 55 countries have released a signed declaration calling for a managed decline of the fossil fuel industry in line with the Paris climate goals. The Lofoten Declaration demands climate leadership that includes an end to exploration and expansion of new fossil fuel reserves.. "The world already has access to more oil, coal, and gas than we can afford to burn if we hope to stay within the Paris climate goals," says Truls Gulowsen of Greenpeace Norway. "It is imperative that we stop exploring and expanding into new reserves, and instead start thinking about how we are going to have a just transition away from our dangerous dependence on fossil fuels.". The Declaration is being launched publicly in advance of Norways national elections next week. One of the Declarations core themes is that countries like Norway, who have built incredible wealth from the fossil fuel sector, must lead by proving a fossil-free economy is possible with a just transition and ...
The ASUC Senate unanimously approved a bill at a meeting Wednesday ordering the divestment of its funds from fossil fuel companies while encouraging other institutions of higher education to follow suit.. The bill - SB 10 - binds the ASUC to complete the withdrawal of any of its $3 million in total investments from fossil fuel companies. CalSERVE Senator Nolan Pack, an author of the bill, said he sought to use UC Berkeleys position as a global leader to curb the effects of climate change. SB 10 was supported by a coalition of campus environmental groups and Cal Berkeley Democrats.. The bill is part of a wider movement at universities across the nation to support divestment from fossil fuel companies by institutions of higher education.. Senator Sadia Saifuddin, chief of the senate finance committee, was unsure of how the ASUC would logistically divest from fossil fuel companies, saying that the senate would discuss that now that the bill has passed.. According to a press release, divestment ...
Resnick-Day is the activist with Greenpeace who questioned Clinton on Thursday. Dorozenski is the democracy campaign director at Greenpeace. Resnick-Day said after her exchange with Clinton: "To be clear, we are talking about more than just individual contributions from oil and gas employees. According to data compiled by Greenpeaces research department, Secretary Clintons campaign and the Super PAC supporting her have received more than $4.5 million from the fossil fuel industry during the 2016 election cycle. Eleven registered oil and gas industry lobbyists have bundled over $1 million to her campaign." See from Greenpeace: "Hillary Clintons Connection to the Oil and Gas Industry.". The Huffington Post in "Hillary Clintons Biggest Campaign Bundlers Are Fossil Fuel Lobbyists" reported last year: "Nearly all of the lobbyists bundling contributions for Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clintons campaign have at one time or another worked for the fossil fuel industry.". Resnick-Day ...
United States Eatet [72] Inventors Robert J. Mackey Morton Grove; lhor B. Karpowycz, Chicago, both of I11. [211 App]. No. 780,476 [22} Filed Dec. 2, 1968 [45] Patented Sept. 21, 1971 I73] Assignee Sun Electric Corporation [54] COMBUSIIBLE GAS MEASUREMENT 21 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs. [52] 11.8. C1 23/232, 23/254, 23/255, 73/27, 117/227, 252/462, 252/472 [51] 1nt.C1 ..B0ljll/12, GOln 31/10, GOln 31/12 [501 Field of Search 1.23/232, 232 E, 254, 254 E, 255, 255 E, 2.2, 288.3; 73/27; 252/462, 472; 117/227, 231 [56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,030,283 2/1936 Rewal 252/462 X 2,273,981 2/1942 Morgan et al 23/232 E Primary Examiner-Morris D. Wolk Assistant ExaminerR. M. Reese Attorney-Molinare, Allegretti, Newitt & Witcoff ABSTRACT: The measurement of combustible gases comprises passing a stream of gas containing the combustible gases over a conductive metal wire coated with a thin catalytic coating of a mixture of thorium oxide and black palladium powder and/or black platinum powder. ...
Background: Given the rapid increase in the popularity of e-cigarettes and the paucity of associated longitudinal health-related data, the need to assess the potential risks of long-term use is essential.. Objective: To compare exposure to nicotine, tobacco-related carcinogens, and toxins among smokers of combustible cigarettes only, former smokers with long-term e-cigarette use only, former smokers with long-term nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) use only, long-term dual users of both combustible cigarettes and e-cigarettes, and long-term users of both combustible cigarettes and NRT.. Design: Cross-sectional study.. Setting: United Kingdom.. Participants: The following 5 groups were purposively recruited: combustible cigarette-only users, former smokers with long-term (≥6 months) e-cigarette-only or NRT-only use, and long-term dual combustible cigarette-e-cigarette or combustible cigarette-NRT users (n = 36 to 37 per group; total n = 181).. Measurements: Sociodemographic and smoking ...
Radiocarbon (14C) is the natural radioactive carbon isotope which is produced in the atmosphere by cosmic ray induced reactions with atmospheric nitrogen. The radioactive half life of 14C is 5700 years. In an undisturbed steady state situation the atmospheric 14CO2 activity corresponds to an equilibrium between production in the atmosphere and decay of 14C in all carbon reservoirs exchanging CO2 with the atmosphere. The natural equilibrium level of atmospheric 14CO2 has been disturbed through mans activities in the last century, (1) by the ongoing input of fossil fuel CO2 into the atmosphere known as Suess effect, and (2) through nuclear detonations in the atmosphere in the 1950s and early 1960s (14C bomb effect). CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels, due to its age of several hundred million years is free of 14C. Adding fossil fuel CO2 to the atmosphere therefore leads not only to an increase of its mole fraction but also to a dilution of the 14C/C ratio in CO2. While the Suess effect caused a ...
It is almost impossible to ignore fossil fuel use in the world today. Fossil fuels come in three main forms: coal, natural gas and petroleum (oil). Fossil fuels were created by dead organic matter millions of years ago.
There is considerable uncertainty about levels of greenhouse gas emissions particularly for those associated with land use change as well as for fugitive emissions associated with oil and gas extraction and coal mining. Estimates of emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels have the least degree of uncertainty, but do vary depending on the data source. In 2007 estimates of emissions from fossil fuel combustion varied by only 2.7% across data sources (Macknick, 2011). Default uncertainty estimates (2 standard deviations) that have been used by the IPCC for emissions coefficients for fossil fuel combustion range from 7.2% for coal use in industry to 1.5% for diesel used in road transport (Olivier et al., 2010). In summary, the uncertainty for fossil fuel based carbon dioxide emissions is ±5% (UNEP, 2012). There is much greater variation in estimates of carbon dioxide emissions from cement production and gas flaring but these are a relatively small fraction of total emissions (Macknick, 2011). ...
The planet can no longer afford these subsidies. We should move to scrap them as soon as possible and make the switch to a green economy. The energy landscape is changing quickly The energy transition is happening now, all around us. The growth rate of renewables is three times faster than fossil and nuclear fuel, with record growth rates in solar and wind power. The United Kingdom just went 100 days on 100 per cent renewable energy sources, and no one noticed. However, despite the rapid pace of change, the bulk of all our power for heating, lighting, cooking, transport and industry still comes from fossil fuels.. A major way to reduce air pollution, which is above World Health Organization safe levels in many cities around the world, is to switch more quickly away from fossil fuels. We should eliminate fossil fuel subsidies, except for liquefied petroleum gas cooking programmes.. UN Environment, in collaboration with the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and the ...
Natural News) Carbon dioxide is always going to be an unfortunate byproduct of burning fossil fuels. But researchers have been looking for ways to minimize this in order to reduce the harmful effects to the environment. Now according to a recent report, one group of hard-working experts may have finally found a breakthrough.. According to a news release from the Ohio State University, a group of engineers have successfully developed new technologies that "have the potential to economically convert fossil fuels and biomass into useful products" including electricity while skipping all the harmful carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. The details of these new technologies have been laid out in two separate papers, both of which were published in the journal Energy & Environmental Science. According to the report, the findings allow for a fossil fuel that doesnt cause pollution.. While that may seem contradictory, thats really the simplest way to describe their breakthrough. The first of ...
Like it says in the highly acclaimed DVD Blind Spot; If we keep burning fossil fuels, our ecology will collapse, and if we stop burning fossil fuels our economy will collapse. If we keep pumping in CO2 to the atmosphere, the tipping point of methane self-release occurs (some think we are AT that tipping point), and the biosphere becomes unlivable at a rate that is too fast for adaptation for most life. It doesnt matter where the CO2 comes from; fossil fuel burning, forest burning, volcanic increase, or bio-fuels ...
Fossil fuel market prices dont reflect the externality, or social cost, of pollutants, including carbon dioxide that causes global warming. Since the catastrophic effects of climate change will occur decades in the future, it is easier to measure the cost of preventing them than the the damage that will occur if we dont. Internalizing the prevention cost by adding it to fossil fuel market prices makes these prices more closely reflect the real cost of fossil fuels.
With 2016 is set to be the hottest year on record and a climate sceptic elected to the White House, the need for stronger action on climate change is more urgent than ever.. We know that to stop the worst of climate change, almost all of the known reserves of fossil fuels must stay in the ground. Despite this fact, the fossil fuel industry continues with business as usual. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, we will blow the 1.5 target created in Paris within three years without a step change in global action. Is it time to look for ways to radically reduce the influence of the fossil fuel sector within our politics?. APPCCG chair Caroline Lucas MP will bring together a panel of speakers for an interactive discussion on conducting fossil free politics, discussing the reasons for pursuing it and how to implement it in practice.. Speakers will be confirmed shortly. ...
Investments in coal, oil, and gas increase financial risk without increasing returns, according to the new report Climate proofing your investments: Moving funds out of fossil fuels published by The Australia Institute.. To meet the internationally-agreed two degree global warming limit, fossil fuel businesses must leave in the ground two-thirds of the reserves currently on their books. Failure to incorporate this risk is causing inaccurate share valuations.. The report includes the first simulation comparing performance of an Australian fossil fuel free investment portfolio with an indexed ASX portfolio and It identifies a series of ASX-listed companies that are most at risk of stock devaluation due to climate change.. ...
Washington D.C., Oct 6, 2016 / 12:02 am (CNA/EWTN News).- On the Feast of St. Francis of Assisi this week, seven Catholic organizations on five continents announced they are divesting from fossil fuel companies in an effort to care for creation.. The announcement also fell on the last day of the Season of Creation, a Christian celebration and period of reflection on the state of the environment which began with the World Day of Prayer for the Care of Creation on Sept. 1.. The move is the largest joint faith-based divestment from fossil fuels to date. Earlier this year, four Catholic orders in Australia announced they were divesting of coal, oil and gas following the call of Pope Francis in his encyclical "Laudato Si: On Care for Our Common Home.". The initiative is also part of a larger, global movement to divest from fossil fuels, one of the largest such movements in history. Almost 600 institutions worth over $3.4 trillion globally have announced divestment commitments, according to ...
We are sitting on a time bomb: more than 500 gigatons of carbon dioxide in the United States completely under the control of unaccountable fossil fuel corporations. These companies have so many incentives to turn their reserves into profitable returns on investment-are we really ready to stake our collective future on the hope that these companies go green in time to avert climate catastrophe? As the Trump administration continues to run down the carbon clock as quickly and as irresponsibly as it can, the time has come to promote solutions that can deal with this massive private control of fossil fuel reserves. A future government may have no choice but to de-privatize control of these reserves, which would detach them from single-minded profit interests and take fossil fuel companies, powerful forces of climate opposition, out of the equation as we genuinely figure out the rest of the green transition.. The 2017 Atlantic Hurricane season kicked-off with a series of record-breaking storms ...
Oil spills continued to be a problem in 2015 with a number of major incidents in North America. These spills contaminated both land and waterways and prompted the evacuation of local citizens. Whether by pipe, ship, rail or truck, there are well founded concerns about the safety of transporting fossil fuels. These concerns add weight to the argument that we need to expedite the shift away from fossil fuels. Many consecutive years with substantial numbers of spills illustrate the dangers associated with transporting fossil fuels ...
Activists claim Dane County may be the first in the country to pledge against investing in fossil fuels.. Thursday night the board voted unanimously to keep from financial stakes in the 200 companies with the largest reserves. The board cited environmental and global warming concerns echoed by local activists 350 Madison.. "When you as individuals buy gas or dont buy gas or invest in fossil fuels, or dont invest in fossil fuels, nobody in Washington knows about it," the groups Dick Smith said to the board. "But when you pass a resolution anybody can know about it.". District 4 Supervisor Kyle Richmond said he and a group of five other board members are planning a trip to Texas to lobby for a similar change, expecting a more hostile political climate.. The move may not make a major financial impact on the oil companies or Dane County, which hasnt invested directly in privately-issued stock in at least a decade.. Image Credit: WMTV News, Madison, Wisconsin.. ...
On December 19, 2017, the government of China announced that it is commencing development of a nationwide CO2 trading system, that when launched will become the worlds largest carbon trading system, annually covering about 3.5 billion tons of CO2 emissions in Chinas electric power sector ...
This paper presents a quantitative analysis of the historic fossil fuel and cement production records of the 50 leading investor-owned, 31 state-owned, and 9 nation-state producers of oil, natural gas, coal, and cement from as early as 1854 to 2010. This analysis traces emissions totaling 914 GtCO2e - 63% of cumulative worldwide emissions of industrial CO2 and methane between 1751 and 2010 - to the 90 "carbon major" entities based on the carbon content of marketed hydrocarbon fuels (subtracting for non-energy uses), process CO2 from cement manufacture, CO2 from flaring, venting, and own fuel use, and fugitive or vented methane. Cumulatively, emissions of 315 GtCO2e have been traced to investor-owned entities, 288 GtCO2e to state-owned enterprises, and 312 GtCO2e to nation-states. Of these emissions, half has been emitted since 1986. The carbon major entities possess fossil fuel reserves that will, if produced and emitted, intensify anthropogenic climate change. The purpose of the analysis is to ...
The Copenhagen Accord of 2009 essentially put a quota as well as "best by" date on fossil fuels. When combined with a growing perception that these are yesterdays energy sources, the recent plunge in oil prices takes on a new perspective.. One hundred sixty-seven countries, including all of the major carbon polluters, have agreed that the Earths average temperature must be kept from rising more than 2oC above the preindustrial level.. The Carbon Tracker Initiative has estimated that to meet that goal only 565 gigatons of CO2 can be added to the atmosphere by the "best by" deadline of 2050. Burning all of the current proven reserves of fossil fuels would release 2,795 gigatons therefore technically 80% of the worlds total reserves are unburnable.. The 565 gigaton useable quota has to be divvyed up amongst three resources; coal, oil and natural gas.. According to Carbon Tracker the 2795 gigaton figure is derived 65% from coal, 22% from oil and 13% from gas but this is not necessarily the ratio ...
President Obama recently stated "Weve got to look at the energy sources of the future." And while he was specifically pointing to wind and solar power, it appears hes overlooking what his own Department of Energy recently reported will dominate the next 30 years of energy production - namely fossil fuels. According to DOE projections, petroleum, natural gas, and coal - which currently provide 87% of total U.S. energy - will remain the nations dominant energy sources in 2040 still topping more than 80% of our energy needs. So, despite President Obamas dismissal of fossil fuels as "energy sources of the past," his own Department of Energys forecast foretells a much different story.. ...
While Canada taxes the consumption of oil and natural gas, many other countries in the world offer subsidies instead. Subsidies targeted at consumption, or reducing the cost of fossil fuels to the end user, is where the majority of global fossil fuel subsidies reside ...
A global campaign against investment in fossil fuel industries is attracting a diverse entourage, including university students and staff. The movement is coagulating around anti-fossil fuel networks, such as Go Fossil Free, 350.org, as well as various local activist hubs such as Fossil Free ANU. Frustrated by government prevarication, the campaign avows to curb carbon emissions by pressuring investors to shun fossil fuel industries such as coal mining in the hope that they adopt more environmentally benign practices or go out of business.. The divestment movement has many opponents, including some university endowment fund trustees, who believe that divesting is financially irresponsible, ineffective in leveraging positive change, or unlawful. This seminar assesses these rival claims, especially the legal issues, and considers whether divestment should be pursued.. Professor Richardson is a leading world authority on this subject, and author of books such as Socially Responsible Investment Law ...
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The findings suggest that while baseline cotinine concentration levels among exclusive smokers, G2 and G3 users are similar, which may have implications for addiction and their viability as a substitute for smoking, G2 and G3 users had significantly lower levels of exposure to a potent lung carcinogen and a cardiovascular toxicant. In fact, in 30% of the EC users sampled, total NNAL levels were below the LOD. However, seven of the EC users had higher levels of NNAL than would be expected given previous studies examining NNAL in non-tobacco/nicotine users and even those exposed to secondhand smoke.22 These elevated levels most likely suggest misreporting of complete combustible tobacco abstinence over the previous 3 months, but contamination of e-cigarette liquids with NNK at levels not previously not seen in the literature18 or interindividual differences in NNK metabolism could also be contributing. The total NNAL levels of smokers in this study were consistent with previous ...
El cambio climático es una de las mayores amenazas del siglo XXI. Los combustibles fósiles constituyen actualmente la fuente de energía más importante para el transporte, por lo que los diferentes gobiernos están empezando a tomar medidas para promover el uso de combustibles más limpios.. Los combustibles derivados de biomasa son una alternativa prometedora para diversificar las fuentes de energía, reducir la dependencia de los combustibles fósiles y disminuir las emisiones de efecto invernadero. Los esfuerzos de los investigadores se han dirigido en los últimos años a los biocombustibles de segunda generación, producidos a partir de recursos no alimenticios.. El tema de esta tesis de doctorado es la producción de biocombustibles de segunda generación mediante conversión termoquímica: en primer lugar, la biomasa se gasifica y convierte en gas de síntesis, una mezcla formada mayoritariamente por hidrógeno y monóxido de carbono; a continuación, el gas de síntesis puede ...
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Cet ensemble pile combustible, membrane lectrolytique polym re et humidification autonome, pr sente une membrane changeuse dions (12) plac e entre des couches de diffusion dhydrog ne et doxyg ne (14, 16), afin de former un ensemble lectrodes membranaires (10), lequel est son tour plac entre une paire de plaques collectrices de courant (20, 22), pr sentant des canaux de champ d coulement (34, 36) servant l coulement des r actifs proximit des couches de diffusion respectives, afin de produire des r actions lectrochimiques anodiques et cathodiques correspondantes. Divers modes de r alisation de lensemble incorporent au moins lune des caract ristiques suivantes: canaux de champ d coulement interdigit s (34, 36), coulements de r actifs contre-courant, alignement oppos de canaux, et zones daccroissement (82, 84) de lhydratation de la membrane non catalys e.
Further cost reduction potentials are assumed for fuel power technologies in use today for coal, gas, lignite and oil. Because they are at an advanced stage of market development the potential for cost reductions is limited, and will be achieved mainly through an increase in efficiency. There is much speculation about the potential for carbon capture and storage (CCS) to mitigate the effect of fossil fuel consumption on climate change, even though the technology is still under development. CCS means trapping CO2 from fossil fuels, either before or after they are burned, and storing (effectively disposing of) it in the sea or beneath the surface of the earth. There are currently three different methods of capturing CO2: pre-combustion, postcombustion and oxyfuel combustion. However, development is at a very early stage and CCS will not be implemented - in the best case - before 2020 and will probably not become commercially viable as a possible effective mitigation option until 2030. Cost ...
Cheap Alternative energy will replace oil & other Fossil Fuels. We are close to the end of the fossil fuel era. The trend is up for renewable energy
The following post was submitted by Art Hunter. Alternate non-fossil fuel energy forms have been around for as long as our historical records go, so wind and solar are certainly not new. Humanity has been functioning in a mixed energy generation environment for this same period of time, so the so-called "Transition off Fossil Fuels" is not new either. It is instead part of a continuing cycle. Certainly it is disruptive to the dominant fossil fuels that have expanded over the last 100 years to be an integral part of the worlds economy. With the advent of LENR this present mix of energy sources will get another new generator. This one however is going to be a major disruption over the next decades but I dont see it as destabilizing the world order any more than it is destabilized right now. It shall most certainly be a major factor, particularly in OPEC and other countries that depend on oil revenues (taxes, royalties, other income) for their survival. They will be hit the hardest but the rest ...
America faces two critical challenges this century. The first is responding to the uncertainty that the abnormally high and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) level will have detrimental environmental consequences for human civilization. The second is replacing the diminishing U.S. technically recoverable fossil fuel endowment with new non-fossil fuel energy Continue reading 68 - Understanding Why Wind and Ground Solar Energy Cannot Replace Fossil Fuels→. ...
Greenhouse gases produced by the burning of fossil fuels have resulted in well-publicised changes to the Earths climate. But the impacts of fossil fuels start long before their carbon dioxide reaches the atmosphere. Our new research, published today in Science, looks at the effects of coal, oil and gas extraction on biodiversity. via Leave it…
In a recent piece, Bradford Cornell is quoted as estimating that Yale would lose $50.09 million per year if fossil fuel stocks were divested from the endowment. Losing money would imply that they would receive less income than they did from the fossil energy stocks. All that is sold causes a decrease in sales of energy from fossil fuels.
Americans have turned to cleaner energy, and we are moving beyond the dirty, outdated fossil fuels of the past. WEC is a founding member of the Power Past Coal coalition, which helps communities stand up against plans to build massive coal export terminals in the region and look to a better, cleaner future for our children and communities.. Coal is the dirtiest, most carbon-intensive fossil fuel. Becoming a gateway for coal export would fly in the face of our regions leadership in the clean energy economy. Shipping up to a hundred million tons of coal a year to Asia through West Coast ports would spread toxic coal dust in communities all along the rail line, clog our railroads and ports, risk our families health, pollute our air and water, and stoke the climate crisis.. We can do better than coal export to build our regions economy. Washington and Oregon have a long and proud history of economic innovation, and our region already supports thousands of high-tech and clean energy jobs. We ...
A major problem with coal is that its full costs are not reflected in its market price, and thus while we may seemingly purchase and burn coal cheaply, in reality we are paying a much higher cost in the long run, if we look at the big picture. Economists refer to the impacts on human and environmental health which are not reflected in the price of coal as "externalities". Those who benefit from the seemingly cheap electricity dont pay for these externalities directly, but the public eventually has to pay in the form of medical bills, environmental cleanups, etc.. A 2013 report published by the International Monetary Fund concluded that global fossil fuel subisides amount to $1.9 trillion annually. $1.4 trillion of this is due to externalities, $800 billion due to climate change. This estimate is based on a conservative social cost of carbon of $25 per tonne of CO2 emitted. An arguably more realistic estimate of $100 per tonne of CO2 would bring global fossil fuel subsidies to over $4 trillion ...
Article: Sandy forces climate change on US election despite fossil fuel lobby - Its not that our politicians didnt know about climate change: Ive watched, for two decades, as the worlds best scientists make the annual trek to Capitol Hill to lay out the latest data. Its that, as scary as those charts and graphs were, the fossil fuel industry was scarier still.
You can imagine a world in which energy sources like solar, wind and biomass are the best and most efficient available. But here on planet Earth, fossil fuels are our best source of energy. Happily, as a recent Congressional Research Service report concluded, the country that has the largest total fossil fuel resources is not Russia or Saudi Arabia. It is the United States. In fact, the United States and the world have plenty of petroleum and coal to last more or less forever at what would be-absent atrocious government policies-declining prices ...
I would like to thank Professors Mark Wallace and Timothy Burke for their recent letters to The Daily Gazette about the prospect of the College divesting from fossil fuels.. I agree with Professor Wallace that it is important to maintain the commitment to social justice on which the College was built. I also agree with Professor Burke that divestment should not be considered the end game of the struggle to keep fossil fuel in the ground and thus avoid catastrophic climate change. Divestment should play a role in a multidimensional strategy.. Before addressing environmental movement strategy, I feel compelled to fill in a blank that stood out in Professor Burkes analysis: a frank reading of climate science. We must work backwards from the increasingly detailed thresholds that climate scientists are presenting to us. In an article published in Nature last month, Dr. Christophe McGlade and Dr. Paul Ekins determined that one-third of oil reserves, one-half of gas reserves, and more than eighty ...
Investment in fossil fuels is increasingly being seeing as a liability, not an asset. Foundations and individuals divesting from fossil fuels because they are damaging the environment is nothing new; just last week, Dutch Bank Rabobank pledged to exit all its positions in shale gas drilling after citing issues with water and soil contamination from fracking that pose unacceptable risks to biodiversity, ecosystems and local residents.
A Users Guide To Oil, Coal, and GasThere are many reasons to reject fossil fuels now, after 200 years of their reign as societys primary energy source. History will articulate both the benefits provided to human society derived from fossil fuel energy technologies from 1750 to the present - and the extensive costs. In addition…
Twelve days of unprecedented worldwide action against fossil fuels concluded Sunday showing that the climate movement will not rest until all coal, oil and gas is kept in the ground. The combined global efforts of activists on six continents now pose a serious threat to the future of the fossil fuel...
Oxford University has passed a motion requiring its endowment fund to divest from all direct investments in fossil fuel companies, and end future investment in funds that primarily hold stock in fossil fuel companies. The motion further requires endowment managers to request evidence of plans to achieve net-zero carbon dioxide emissions from companies across Oxfords […]. Continue Reading ...
Organizers of the growing movement to persuade investors to divest from fossil fuels will announce a major milestone Monday, when more than 50 foundations, institutions and wealthy individuals who control at least $50 billion in assets will pledge to begin pulling their investments from fossil fuels, particularly coal and oil.. The announcement, a day after more than 300,000 climate activists descended on New York City for an unprecedented Peoples Climate March, is the latest sign that divestment is gaining steam. One of the foundations pledging to divest is the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, created by the descendents of Standard Oil co-founder John D. Rockefeller; one of the institutions pledging is the World Council on Churches-which represents over 300 churches and 590 million people in 150 countries... "The snowball is picking up speed very rapidly," said Ellen Dorsey, executive director of the Wallace Global Fund and the originator of the Divest-Invest initiative. "Theres a new urgency ...
After environmentalist Bill McKibben spoke at Syracuse University [15] on Oct. 10, a signup sheet circulated among students and faculty members who were interested in accomplishing McKibbens tasks to take action against climate change. Three student groups hosted a meeting today that marked the first step toward achieving these goals.. Members of Syracuses Eco-Reps [16] and the Syracuse chapter of the U.S. Green Building Council [17] (USGBC), as well as members of ESFs Green Campus Initiative [18] (GCI) and interested students and faculty members, met today to discuss Syracuses investment in fossil fuel companies. Most of the 25 people at the meeting, which was held in Huntington Crouse Beard Halls Gifford Auditorium at 1:30 p.m., had attended McKibbens lecture last week. One concrete piece of advice McKibben had given those looking to get involved was to push the university to divest, or cease investing, in fossil fuel companies.. At the meeting, Zach Goldberg, president of Eco-Reps, ...
UPDATE 3:32pm PDT: Abby has been extracted after an epic 8 hour blockade. Donate to get all five awesome climate defenders out of jail!. Five residents of Seattle and Everett, WA, working with Rising Tide Seattle, have stopped work at a Burlington Northern Santa-Fe Rail Yard in Everett by erecting a tripod-structure on the outbound railroad tracks, directly in front of a mile-long oil train. Follow Rising Tide Seattle for live updates on Facebook and Twitter.. Seattle resident Abby Brockway - a small business owner, and mother - is suspended from the structure 18 feet above the tracks while four other residents are locked to the legs the tripod. The group is demanding an immediate halt to all shipments of fossil fuels through the Northwest and calling on Governor Inslee to reject permits for all new fossil fuel projects in Washington, including proposed coal and oil terminals.. Donate to support Abby and the other involved in the action!. "People in the Pacific Northwest are forming a thin green ...
Despite multiple climate action commitments the EU budget and European public banks continue to finance fossil fuel production and consumption across the EU and internationally.This study shows the scale of the problem with the EU providing an annual average of €4bn in fossil fuel subsidies through its budget, development and investment banks and funds. The growing support for gas, and the continued provision of support for coal-fired power, are particularly concerning.
This paper reviews Chinas future fossil fuel supply from the perspectives of physical output and net energy output. Comprehensive analyses of physical output of fossil fuels suggest that Chinas tota
But carbon rationing via investor revolt against fossil fuels is both intellectually and politically misplaced. It is incontrovertible that our modern way of life depends on mineral energies. Fossil fuels are the stock of energy that is portable and storable, quite unlike the diluted flow of energy that comes from solar or wind. Chemistry and physics cannot be changed by altering a few high-profile investment portfolios.. ...
Are you looking for information on International Fossil Fuel Subsidies? Please click here if so. For information on U.S. fossil fuel subsidies, youve co
UPDATE #1, June 22: G8 leaders released a statement calling for a phase out of "inefficient" fossil-fuel subsidies over the medium term -- but they failed to take strong action to make good on their committment. The momentum is building, we have one month until the Rio and G20 meetings where we can finally move from talk to action. Help grow the call by forwarding this campaign to your friends!. UPDATE #2, June 5: Nearly a million people have signed on to end fossil fuel subsidies -- either with us or our fantastic partners! Our friends at Avaaz have been doing incredible work on this campaign, getting over 650,000 people signed on! Once we hit a million well move into Phase 2: a surround-sound effort to pressure world leaders and politicians in the lead-up to the Rio Summit. UPDATE #3, June 14: Over a million people have now signed on to petitions calling for an end to fossil fuel subsidies -- either with 350.org or with our partners. Well be delivering your signatures in cities around the ...
NEW Analysis of Fossil Fuel Subsidies vs. Climate Finance - December 2012 (pdf) In 2009, G20 leaders pledged to phase out fossil fuel subsidies. While thi
Download 4-page term paper on Can Hydrogen Replace Fossil Fuels (2020) ☘ Feasible Replacement for Fossil Fuels? The manifestation of a Hydrogen economy holds much technical and political appeal. However, the realization of this vision is fraught…
Quakers in Britain were the first church in Britain to divest our centrally held money from fossil fuels. Local and area meetings are now doing the same. By divesting we help to question the morality of the fossil fuel industry, and challenge its power.
This report begins by outlining the fast growing campus divestment movement, globally and in Australia, and explores the debate about the moral university and fossil fuels. It then explores the first national poll to assess public attitudes towards universities ethics and investments, conducted following the national controversy around the ANU divestment decision.. The survey data show broad support for universities investing ethically, and for the idea that universities should avoid fossil fuel investments. The data suggest university divestment decisions would attract more support than criticism from the public and alumni.. ...
John Abraham: A new study finds 6.5% of global GDP goes to subsidizing dirty fossil fuels That is a lot of money! Source: Fossil fuel subsidies are a...
Domestic Heating Engineer / Gas Engineer required for our client who are a reputable electrical, plumbing and heating service provider with UK coverage, the company...
The three principal methods of thermo-chemical conversion corresponding to each of these energy carriers are combustion in excess air, gasification in reduced air, and pyrolysis in the absence of air. Direct combustion is the best established and most commonly used technology for converting wastes to heat. During combustion, biomass is burnt in excess air to produce heat. The first stage of combustion involves the evolution of combustible vapours from wastes, which burn as flames. Steam is expanded through a conventional turbo-alternator to produce electricity. The residual material, in the form of charcoal, is burnt in a forced air supply to give more heat.. Co-firing or co-combustion of biomass wastes with coal and other fossil fuels can provide a short-term, low-risk, low-cost option for producing renewable energy while simultaneously reducing the use of fossil fuels. Co-firing involves utilizing existing power generating plants that are fired with fossil fuel (generally coal), and displacing ...
But how can such emissions endanger life in the ocean? The underlying process leading to ocean acidification is very simple, much simpler than the CO2-induced changes in our climate system. Its origin lies in the absorption of massive amounts of man-made CO2 by the surface ocean. Nearly half of the amount of the gas that has been released from fossil fuels through human activities since the beginning of the industrial revolution - over 500 billion tons of it - has been taken up by the ocean, as the largest habitat on our planet serves as its largest sink of greenhouse gases: in the long term, it is expected to absorb 90 per cent of all fossil fuel CO2 released into the atmosphere. The acidification of seawater will continue to creep into the deep ocean, even long after emissions dwindle or come to an end. It may be described as a blessing for our climate system because it dampens CO2-induced greenhouse warming - but it will prove to be a curse for marine life ...
2. There is a significant lack of political and social will around the globe to completely convert away from fossil fuels. Fossil fuels mean convenience and big money to those that cultivate them. The oil lobbyists in Washington DC have a lot of say in how money is spent by the government to research and produce alternative energy sources. This excessive lobbying hinders research and keeps the potential of new alternative technologies from reaching their full abilities to replace fossil fuels. The global economy would be shattered by the complete elimination of fossil fuels. The buoyancy of the US dollar is in great part due to its uses in the oil trade. We all know that the US dollar is no longer backed by gold, so its strength is purely relative to the worlds economy. A large factor of the value of the US dollar is its weight in oil. So the effects would be far too devastating on the world economy, and thus the COMPLETE elimination of fossil fuel would sink the global markets and its ripple ...
Here is our *Implementing partner **Requirement (Infosys)*. Kindly share suitable resumes ASAP to [email protected] *Role: UX/UI Designer With oil & gas industry* *Location: Houston , TX* *Duration of contract: Long Term * *Interview: Phone/ Skype * *Required start date: Immediately* *Client : Infosys* *Rate : Open * *Technical Skills*:- Need a RA experience person in Houston. At least 3 yrs experience in RA with UI/UX Experience in *Requirements Analysis and UI/UX Design.* Experience in oil & gas industry preferred. Experience in using source control systems such as TFS, Subversion, Git. Some experience with SQL Server database concepts. Active participant in software requirements analysis community with keen interest in the latest best requirements analysis practices and trends. eExperience working on a mixed discipline Agile / Scrum / Nexus product development team. Detail oriented. *Regards,* *Neha Gupta* *Desk no : 609-853-0818 Ext-2105* *Email id :* *[email protected] ,[email protected],* ...
1.1.1 Combustible Gas Detection Sensor Assemblies Part Number Model Number - Description 967-525520-100 FP-700 Catalytic Combustible Gas Sensor Assembly 967-215520-100 IR-700-CH Infrared Combustible Hydrocarbon Sensor Assembly 1.1.2 Hydrogen Sulfide Gas Detection Sensor Assemblies Part Number Model Number - Description 967-015520-100 TP-700 Solid State MOS H2S Sensor Assembly 967-242490-100 DM-700-H2S Electro Chemical H2S Sensor Assembly 1.1.3…
The Navy is following the lead of the General Services Administration, which last year became the first federal agency to require its vendors to report carbon emission and set lower targets. The U.S. military is also broadening its use of solar and other renewable energy, seeking to lessen its dependence on supply chains and on oil, a commodity vulnerable to global tensions. The Navy is responsible for about one-third of the Pentagons use of fossil fuel, Mabus said
The bushfire tragedy is a poignant reminder that Australia, and the rest of the world, must get serious about climate change and reduce fossil fuel reliance
I think that it is possible for biofuels to replace fossil fuels. However, it may not be commercially viable. I cant think of a single application using fossil petroleum fuels which could not use biofuels instead (at least without some modification to the existing process or equipment). However, it may be less desirable for companies to make the switch if the biofuel costs more to produce.. ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Trump administration is targeting federal funding for studying and tracking climate change while boosting the continued burning of planet-warming fossil fuels. The White Houses 2019 spending plan seeks to reduce or eliminate climate science programs across an array of federal agencies, from gutting efforts to track greenhouse gas emissions and research to eliminating funding for NASA satellites that study the impacts of climate change.
For renewable energy to ever compete with fossil fuels, the industry has to be able to lower costs to below that of building fossil-fuel power plants. Subsidies or mandates can't drive
As renewable energy prices have plummeted, theres been an accompanying drop in demand for fossil fuel energy. The market shifts have taken a toll on the worlds largest maker of gas turbines, General Electric, which today (Dec. 7) announced plans to cut 12,000 jobs. Those cuts will mostly come from
This report estimates fossil fuel subsidies to be around USD 425 billion. Such subsidies represent large lost opportunities for governments to invest in renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainable development.
The coronavirus pandemic has indelibly impacted the global energy sector. Although the demand for oil has noticeably dropped and prices have plunged, the pace of shift to renewable energy from fossil fuel is still uncertain.
Royal Dutch Shell may be spending billions of dollars on renewable energy and and electric cars, but the oil major is not straying far from its fossil fuel roots just yet.
With a single executive order issued at the end of March, the Trump administration launched a robust effort to roll back Obama-era climate policies designed to reduce U.S. carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Chief among those policies is the Clean Power Plan, which targets coal and natural gas-fired electric power plants that account for about 40 percent of the nations CO2 emissions. Private and public-sector investors may see the executive order as a green light to double down on relatively cheap fossil fuels and reduce holdings in more costly, climate-friendly, non-carbon generation technologies such as wind, solar and nuclear. But they may want to think twice before making such transactions.. Electricity-sector investments in fossil-fuel-based infrastructure tend to be for the long-term, directing funds to power plants designed to run for more than 40 years, or 10 presidential terms. Return on such investments could be significant if U.S. emissions regulations remain weak (e.g. Trumps rollbacks ...
Dozens of Canadas top scholars are urging a sweeping remake of how the country produces and uses its energy in a necessary effort to wean itself off fossil fuels.. But dont worry, they say. This will hardly hurt at all.. "The main theme of this is to create a positive vision of the future," said University of Lethbridge Prof. Bryson Brown.. "A 30-year time frame for getting really low with our carbon emissions is not as dramatic a transformation as some people may fear.". Brown is one of 59 scientists, economists, engineers, sociologists, architects and philosophers from all 10 provinces who collaborated on a report released Wednesday. It was developed to inform public debate for Decembers climate meeting in Paris and proposed ambitious targets.. Canada needs a price on carbon, the report suggests. Emissions should be cut by up to 28 per cent over 2005 levels by 2025 and by 80 per cent by 2050. By 2035, Canadas entire electricity grid should be completely low-carbon.. The good news, the ...
The total emissions and the energy required for bio fuel production is not per se better than can be achieved with fossil fuels.
The Church of England and Methodist Church in Britain have both announced policies for disinvestment in companies linked to fossil fuels.. The Church of England is to divest £12 million from thermal coal and tar sands. The Church Commissioners, Church of England Pensions Board and the Central Board of Finance will no longer make any direct investments in any company where more than 10 per cent of its revenues are derived from the extraction of thermal coal or the production of oil from tar sands. This coincides with the adoption of a new climate change policy recommended by the Churchs Ethical Investment Advisory Group (EIAG) that sets out how the churchs three national investing bodies will support the transition to a low carbon economy.. The latest policy from the Methodist Church in Britain sets out how the Central Finance Board (CFB) will assess the exposure of companies to different types of fuel when managing its investment portfolios. The policy states that the CFB will evaluate ...
No climate scientist considers a two-degree C temperature increase "safe". In fact, many experts, along with more than 100 countries, want overall global warming to be limited to less than 1.5 degrees C.. The burning of fossil fuels has already pushed the global average temperature 0.8 C higher, triggering a number of documented large- scale changes, including record numbers of extreme weather events, record melt of Arctic sea ice, spring arriving two to four weeks earlier, and much more.. The IEAs urgent recommendations come on the heels of a U.S. Department of Energy announcement last week that global carbon emissions jumped six percent in 2010, the biggest increase ever. That puts the world on the road to a worst case scenario of six degrees C of global warming by 2100.. The IEA is anything but radical or unconventional. Created in 1974 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) after the 1973 oil crisis, its focus was providing reliable and scientific information ...
|p| The energy extracted from |a name=fossil fuels href=http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1592982352/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=moana-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1592982352 target=_blank|fossil fuels|/a| are what, for the most part, powers our homes, our cars and other means of transportation, the manufacturing of products and foodstuffs.|/p|
Despite robust global economic growth over the past two years, worldwide carbon emissions from fossil fuels grew very little in 2014, and might even fall this year.
Find out how best to teach the activity, Fossil Fuels and the Carbon Cycle, in which students use a classroom model to learn how geologists locate fossil fuels.
Find out how best to teach the activity, Fossil Fuels and the Carbon Cycle, in which students use a classroom model to learn how geologists locate fossil fuels.
The Gulf Coasts economy and ecology are in serious danger from the BP oil spill. The damage is expected to be unprecedented. Today, we want to know if you think this should serve as a wake-up call to the country. Should the US invest more in alternative fuels and less in fossil fuels? Share your opinion in our poll.
Most of the energy that fuels our lives comes from plants. Whether it is a fossil fuel that was formed hundreds of millions of years ago or the food we eat, all carbon-borne energy has its ultimate origins…
British and Finnish scientists have found a way of generating renewable propane using a bacterium widely found in the human intestine and say the finding is a step to commercial production of a fuel that could one day be an alternative to fossil fuel reserves.
Modern society is largely built on energy provided by fossil fuel. These fuels come from the depths of our planet and provide us with
Yale College students approved a referendum calling on the university to "divest its endowment from those fossil fuel companies contributing the most to climate change and associated social harms.". About 52 percent of undergraduates voted in the Yale College Council referendum, the YCC reports. Of those, 83 percent favored divestment.. "These results meet the guidelines required for the Yale College Council to support the referendum statement," the YCC says. The next step is for the YCC to "present a position paper supporting the issue to the administration on behalf of Yales undergraduate students.". YCC referendums are a new mechanism to gauge opinion "on important issues concerning student life or Yale policy," the college council says. The divestment resolution is the first, prompted by a petition from the student group Fossil Free Yale. That organization has already been meeting with the universitys Advisory Committee on Investment Responsibility to discuss ways to measure the ...
Nine months after they promised to do so, Pitt administrators have revealed that the school invests $26 million in the fossil fuel industry, information requested by a student group that wants Pitt to divest such holdings. The group, the Fossil Free Pitt Coalition, requested the information last year and will present the investment information to...