Numerous studies have been performed to determine the degree of cerebellar tonsillar ectopia necessary for diagnosis of Chiari I malformation.7 An early study by Aboulezz et al. found that the position of the cerebellar tonsils on MRI in normal subjects was up to 2.8 mm below the level of the foramen magnum, while that of Chiari I patients was between 5.2 to 17.7 mm below the foramen magnum.8 In a larger series, Barkovich et al. found that the cerebellar tonsils extended up to 5 mm below the foramen magnum in normal patients, as compared to 3 to 29 mm in Chiari I patients.9 Milhorat et al. studied 364 symptomatic patients; the cerebellar tonsils were at least 5 mm below the foramen magnum in all but 9%. However, all of these patients showed compression of CSF spaces at the foramen magnum.10. The largest study of this type to date was performed by Meadows et al. in 2000, reviewing the MRI studies of over 22,000 patients. The authors found that 0.77% of patients had cerebellar tonsillar ectopia of ...
Foramen Magnum is the largest foramen within the skull and centrally, in the deepest portion of the posterior cranial fossa. It is surrounded anteriorly by the…
TY - JOUR. T1 - Vertebral artery compression during roll tilt. T2 - Is the edge of the foramen magnum a culprit?. AU - Choi, Jeong Yoon. AU - Seo, Woo Keun. AU - Oh, Kyungmi. AU - Seo, Sang Il. AU - Ryou, Namhyung. AU - Chae, Sungwon. PY - 2015/1/1. Y1 - 2015/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84937039674&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84937039674&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.3988/jcn.2015.11.3.292. DO - 10.3988/jcn.2015.11.3.292. M3 - Letter. AN - SCOPUS:84937039674. VL - 11. SP - 292. EP - 294. JO - Journal of Clinical Neurology (Korea). JF - Journal of Clinical Neurology (Korea). SN - 1738-6586. IS - 3. ER - ...
instruction Round liner: 1RL 3RL 4RL 5RL 7RL 9RL 11RL 13RL 15RL 18RL. Round shader: 3RS 5RS 7RS 8RS 9RS 11RS 13RS 15RS. Flat shader: 4F 5F 6F 7F 8F 9F 11F 13F 15F. Single stack magnum: 5M1 7M1 9M1 11M1 13M1 15M1 19M1 21M1 23M1 25M1 29M1 35M1 39M1. Double stack magnum: 5M2 7M2 9M2 11M2 13M2 15M2. Round magnum: 5RM 7RM 9RM 11RM 13RM 15RM. Introduction of tattooing needles:. The common needle size of a liner includes: 3, 5, 7, 9. Too thin or thick needles will affect the effect.. Generally blunt needles are suitable for shading and coloring. Too sharp needles may damage the skin.. Flat shader needle: Good for perfecting details and tiny patterns, not suitable for big-area coloring. Double stack magnum: With high-density needles, it can puncture the skin shallowly. It is excellent for fine shading.. Single stack magnum: Widely used, it is excellent for coloring. You can adjust the intensity. Round magnum: It can create even shading effect and is excellent for showing changes in light and shade. ...
Objective: The extensive approaches to the anterior and middle cranial base underwent to changes over the years thank to the deep-microsurgical and endoscopic key-hole techniques. The familiar with endoscopic and endoscope assisted techniques helped to improve the so-called work-corridors technique. The "far lateral" approach described by B. George is a milestone in the approaches to the foramen magnum region, but the development of this approach has gradually brought to consider redundant the vertebral artery transposition and the condyle drilling. The improvement of the experience and the use of deep microsurgery, in the majority of the cases lead to consider these steps time consuming and riskfull. The authors report their experience in the treatment of lesions of foramen magnum region with this "less invasive far-lateral approach" (LIFLA).. Methods: In the last two years 2 patients suffering from meningiomas involving anterior and antero-lateral parts of foramen magnum, 3 patients with ...
Cerebellar tonsillar position is the vertical distance (green arrows) from the tip of the cerebellar tonsils to a line drawn between the anterior and posterior rims of the foramen magnum (McRae line - dotted blue line). Normal is for the tonsils to be above the foramen magnum although it is fairly frequent to descend a few millimeters without constituting a Chiari 1 malformation. ...
Back to harvesting hops. I picked approximately 1.6 pounds of Cascade hop cones. I only picked half a pound of Magnum hops as many were totally brown. I have them drying under a ceiling fan in my air conditioned basement. It only takes 2 to 3 days and they are completely dry. Then I will tightly pack them in gallon sized ziplock bags, squeeze the air out and seal them. I put them in the freezer until I have a brewing friend that is ready to take them.. I got stung by a bee while harvesting this time. Bees were constantly buzzing around but left me alone for the most part. One stung my toe through the opening in my sandals. After I had the Magnum bines lowered, I saw the hive in the peak of my garage - the Magnums are mounted in the peak using a pulley. Not sure if the bine movement pissed them off or not. First time in 9 years of growing hops I got stung. Would have really sucked if I used a ladder to harvest, I would have probably gotten stung a bunch more times as the top of the bines were ...
The Magnum Light Phaser is a light gun created in 1987 for the ZX Spectrum computer. A version was also released for the Commodore 64/128. It was Amstrads last peripheral for the video game console. The Magnum Light Phaser in many ways resembles the Light Phaser, the Sega Master System light gun, released in 1986. It was a Sinclair-branded Far Eastern product which was included in promotional bundles such as the "James Bond 007 Action Pack", along with a small number of lightgun-compatible games.. It was also available separately in a £29.95 pack along with six games. Only a few games bothered with lightgun compatibility (Operation Wolf, the original arcade gun game, was the most notable) and fewer still were produced specifically for use with the Magnum. Even so, the lightgun was widely available, largely because Amstrads bundling policy ensured wide distribution.. Software Creations created five exclusive games for the Commodore 64 package.. ...
The SRT group takes ordinary vehicles and turns them into high performance muscle machines; they have three cars and a Jeep named SRT-8, all using the 6.1 liter Hemi engine. The least likely of the trio is the Dodge Magnum, the station wagon were not supposed to call a station wagon.. The Magnum R/T has a nice ride and surprisingly good dry-road handling, with quite a bit of power; but its hard to break the rear tires loose for longer than it takes to chirp them. Though big, its easy to throw through tight or fast turns, and works well on wet roads, keeping its footing even when we tried to knock it off kilter with sudden straight-line acceleration. The SRT-8 ups the ante by over 80 horsepower, making it more difficult to keep the rear tires planted, especially on wet or dirty roads. Acceleration is a blast, and unpowered dry-clean road cornering is even better than the Magnums already-quite-good performance. In the hands of a professional driver, the sheer amount of tilt you can experience ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a patient registry, consecutive patients without surgery who had PCMR flow images in 5-8 axial planes between the foramen magnum and C4 were identified. Four contiguous regions were defined from the foramen magnum to C4. In each region, the fastest positive flow (PSV) and fastest negative flow (PDV) were tabulated. Changes in peak velocity by cervical spinal level and age and sex were tested for significance with linear mixed-effects models. ...
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Born in Marseilles, Antoine dAgata left France in 1983 and remained overseas for the next ten years. Finding himself in New York in 1990, he pursued an interest in photography by taking courses at the International Center of Photography, where his teachers included Larry Clark and Nan Goldin. During his time in New York, in 1991-92, dAgata worked as an intern in the editorial department of Magnum.. After a four-year hiatus he began working on self-assigned projects that documented the darker corners of society in his home country of France and beyond. Shooting in his signature graphic black and white, his images are often provocative, regularly inserts himself in the story. Since 2005 Antoine dAgata has had no settled place of residence but has worked around the world. He joined Magnum in 2004.. ...
Born in Marseilles, Antoine dAgata left France in 1983 and remained overseas for the next ten years. Finding himself in New York in 1990, he pursued an interest in photography by taking courses at the International Center of Photography, where his teachers included Larry Clark and Nan Goldin. During his time in New York, in 1991-92, dAgata worked as an intern in the editorial department of Magnum.. After a four-year hiatus he began working on self-assigned projects that documented the darker corners of society in his home country of France and beyond. Shooting in his signature graphic black and white, his images are often provocative, regularly inserts himself in the story. Since 2005 Antoine dAgata has had no settled place of residence but has worked around the world. He joined Magnum in 2004.. ...
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So, location of unified api is an interesting topic... Can things be arranged in such a way that the abstraction largely exists only on the client in its own project? So, what about a change of ideas The three pain points in the abstraction are: * Authentication * Connectivity * Differences in COE features/api that need abstracting. Authentication issues: All OpenStack services use the same creds. Its painful if you ever have to use another set. How does a client ask Magnum for creds for a COE if it doesnt have some. Its painful if doesnt use keystone tokens. Three ways to solve this... 1, add keystone auth support to the COEs and have Magnum always configure it. 2, Proxy the COE api through Magnums api, and deal with authentication on the Magnum side using Keystone. 3, Have some kind of way to provision users/creds in each of the COEs and have a way to fetch the creds easily via Magnums api. Connectivity issues: The cloud ops ensure Magnum/Keystone/etcs apis are available. The COEs api ...
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John Hillerman, who played stuffed-shirt Higgins to Tom Sellecks freewheeling detective Thomas Magnum in the 1980s TV series Magnum, P.I. has died, his nephew said Thursday. Hillerman was 84.
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... junction surgery is complex, is anatomical, is biomechanical, is philosophical and needs highest degree of technical expertise and experience. Whilst successful surgery may produce remarkable clinical results and may be compatible with good and new life, any complication can be devastating for the patient and for the family. The advances in surgery in this region have been a result of improvement in radiological investigations and improved understanding of the biomechanics of the region. From decompressive anterior transoral surgery and foramen magnum posterior decompression, the focus is now on stabilization and craniovertebral junctional realignment. A number of techniques have recently been proposed that have wide implications for treatment and provide hope and opportunity for the unfortunate patients who harbor these problems. Craniovertebral junction is amongst the most rapidly evolving subject. Newer understanding is making this subject remarkably result oriented. The ...
The study compares autologous grafts vs. non-autologous grafts. Non-autologous grafts include synthetics and grafts from animals. Autologous grafts have a better side-effect profile than non-autologous grafts. We believe this improved side-effect profile will result in a decreased incidence of reoperation for post-operative infections and post-operative fluid collections (pseudomeningoceles and seromas). Study is open to all non-pregnant minor and adult subjects. Subjects must have symptomatic Chiari Malformation described as , or equal to 6mm descent of the cerebellar tonsils below the foramen magnum with accompanying headaches and/or neurologic findings (arm pain/weakness, myelopathy, etc.). After the 12-month follow-up is completed on the first 100 subjects there will be an interim analysis of the results in order to determine whether one of the treatments has a statistically superior outcome. If a statistically superior outcome is noted, the trial will stop after being reviewed by a data ...
5. Quantification of CSF flow can be achieved by defining a region of interest (ROI) and charting velocity VS Time (pulsatile being forward in systole and backwards in diastole). Utility of CSF is commonly used in NPH (aqueductal flow) / Foramen magnum (CSF flow at this level)abnormalities including post fossa cysts/ chiari malforamtions etc / Arachnoid cysts for evaluating communication to ventricles / VP shunts functioning (where no signal demonstration amounts to no flow ) / spinal cord syringes ...
The contents of the jugular foramen (1,3,4) and hypoglossal canal (2) have been partially exposed without disturbing their relations. The capsule of the atlantoepistrophic joint (22) has been partially resected. The opposing articular surfaces of this joint are incongruous as compared to those of the atlantooccipital joint (6). A dense plexus of blood vessels (16) occupies the area between the dens and the margin of the foramen magnum. The apical ligament of the dens was not well defined ...
The alar ligaments join the lateral margins of the sloping upper posterior margin of the dens of C2 to the lateral margins of the foramen magnum (adjacent to the occipital condyles) and lie on either side of the apical ligament. The may be obliqu...
Stay up-to-date and subscribe to Magnum In Motions online essays or simply collect your favorite stories and watch them on the move (iPod, iPhone, TV or any other device that will play a QuickTime movie).. ...
Stay up-to-date and subscribe to Magnum In Motions online essays or simply collect your favorite stories and watch them on the move (iPod, iPhone, TV or any other device that will play a QuickTime movie).. ...
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