Background The concept of food insecurity encompasses three dimensions. One of these dimensions, the access component of household food insecurity is measured through the use of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS). Despite its application in Ethiopia and other similar developing countries, its performance is still poorly explored. Our study aims to evaluate the validity of the HFIAS in Ethiopia. Methods We conducted repeated cross-sectional studies in urban and rural villages of the Butajera District in southern Ethiopia. The validation was conducted on a pooled sample of 1,516 households, which were selected using a simple random sampling method. The HFIAS was translated into the local Amharic language and tested for face validity. We also evaluated the tool’s internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha and factor analysis. We tested for parallelism on HFIAS item response curves across wealth status and further evaluated the presence of a dose-response relationship ...
This Economic Information Bulletin describes characteristics of low-income households that had very low food security in 2005. The U.S. Department of Agriculture monitors the food security of low-income households to assess how effectively the Governments domestic nutrition assistance programs meet the needs of their target populations. USDA seeks to reduce the prevalence of very low food security among low-income households as part of its strategic plan under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). Nord, Mark
Each year a portion of American households are food insecure-they struggle to afford enough food for all household members. Very low food security, the severe range of food insecurity, affected 5 percent of U.S. households in 2015. Members of households with very low food security reported cutting back on or skipping meals, and in some cases, going a whole day without eating. The prevalence of very low food security varies considerably across household characteristics. Single mother and single father households, women and men living alone, Black non-Hispanic and Hispanic headed households, households with incomes near or below poverty, and households in nonmetropolitan counties have rates of very low food security significantly above the national average. Rates were highest for households with incomes below the Federal poverty line-about 17 percent were very low food secure in 2015. This chart is drawn from a chart that appears in the ERS infographic, What Is Very Low Food Security and Who ...
Описание: This study aimed at making a critical analysis of food security status among rural households in Tanzania. A questionnaire was used to collect primary data under multi stages random sampling techniques. Both STATA version 10.1 and SPSS version 15.0 software were used to analyse data. The findings indicated that 61% of the rural households were not food secure whereas 39.0% were food secure in the study area. The education level the household head, age, household size, employment status, electricity, pesticides, tractor and bank account were found to be statistically significantly associated to households` food security status at 5% level of significance when tested using chi-square. The logistic regression model indicated that employment status, electricity, pesticides, tractor, bank account and household size statistically significantly have a power to predict food security status of the household. The households whose members are employed, small household members and use ...
Among all participants, 83.9% had full food security, 6.7% had marginal food security, 5.8% had low food security, and 3.6% had very low food security. After adjustment, mean hemoglobin A1c was 0.15% greater and mean concentration of C-reactive protein was 0.8 mg/L greater among participants with very low food security than among those with full food security. The adjusted mean concentration of cotinine among participants with very low food security was almost double that of participants with full food security (112.8 vs 62.0 ng/mL, P , .001). Read More. ...
Re: The e-Consultation on Hunger, Food and Nutrition Security | Hunger, food and nutrition security: towards a post-2015 development agenda
Re: The e-Consultation on Hunger, Food and Nutrition Security | Hunger, food and nutrition security: towards a post-2015 development agenda
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether household food insecurity (HFI) is associated with a higher prevalence of excessive weight (EW) in a large random sample of Brazilian female adolescents. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional study. EW was the outcome variable (BMI ≥ 85th percentile of WHO reference for adolescents aged 15-18 years and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) for those aged 19 years). HFI was measured with the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale. Associations were measured using crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) with 95 % confidence intervals through Poisson regression models taking into account the complex sampling design. SETTING: Data were derived from the third wave of the Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2006-2007, in Brazil. SUBJECTS: The sample included 1529 female adolescents aged 15-19 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of any level of HFI was 40.8 %, with 26.6 % of households experiencing mild, 9.4 % moderate and 4.8 % severe food insecurity. The overall prevalence of EW was
TY - JOUR. T1 - Food insecurity is associated with morbidity and patterns of healthcare utilization among HIV-infected individuals in a resource-poor setting. AU - Weiser, Sheri D.. AU - Tsai, Alexander C.. AU - Gupta, Reshma. AU - Frongillo, Edward A.. AU - Kawuma, Annet. AU - Senkungu, Jude. AU - Hunt, Peter W.. AU - Emenyonu, Nneka I.. AU - Mattson, Jennifer E.. AU - Martin, Jeffrey N.. AU - Bangsberg, David R.. PY - 2012/1/2. Y1 - 2012/1/2. N2 - Objective: We undertook a longitudinal study in rural Uganda to understand the association of food insecurity with morbidity and patterns of healthcare utilization among HIV-infected individuals enrolled in an antiretroviral therapy program. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Methods: Participants were enrolled from the Uganda AIDS Rural Treatment Outcomes cohort, and underwent quarterly structured interviews and blood draws. The primary predictor was food insecurity measured by the validated Household Food Insecurity Access Scale. Primary outcomes ...
We assessed the validity of a locally adapted Colombian Household Food Security Scale (CHFSS) used as a part of the 2006 evaluation of the food supplement component of the Plan for Improving Food and Nutrition in Antioquia, Colombia (MANA - Plan Departamental de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional de Antioquia). Subjects included low-income families with pre-school age children in MANA that responded affirmatively to at least one CHFSS item (n = 1,319). Rasch Modeling was used to evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the items through measure and INFIT values. Differences in CHFSS performance were assessed by area of residency, socioeconomic status and number of children enrolled in MANA. Unidimensionality of a scale by group was further assessed using Differential Item Functioning (DIF). Most CHFSS items presented good fitness with most INFIT values within the adequate range of 0.8 to 1.2. Consistency in item measure values between groups was found for all but two items in the comparison by area
There has been a rise in the number of overweight women across the globe and sub-Saharan Africa has not been spared. Our objective was to describe the performance of household food security as a factor in determining overweight and underweight among Kenyan women of child-bearing age. A cross sectional survey using a structured questionnaire was carried out among 656 households with women of child-bearing age from both rural and urban settings in the Rift Valley, Kenya. Of all households involved, 70.1% were categorized as severely food insecure, 21.9% were moderately food insecure, and 3.7% were mildly food insecure, whereas 4.3% were food secure. Urban women had higher mean BMI (M = 24.53, SD = 4.36), compared to rural women (M = 22.52, SD = 3.71; P |0.000). Households with more children had decreased dietary diversity (r = -0.154; P |0.01). Logistical regression indicated that more food-secure households (OR = 0.97; 95% CI 9.4, 1.0), urban residence (OR = 1.82; 95% CI 1.1, 3.0), older age (OR = 1.10;
A new study in Global Food Security found that livestock place less burden on the human food supply than previously reported. Even stronger, certain production systems contribute directly to global food security because they produce more highly valuable nutrients for humans, such as proteins, than they consume.
On this page: PhD Candidates | MSc Candidates PhD Candidates Farzaneh Barak PhD candidate (Human Nutrition) Gendered household decision-making dynamics within fish farming interventions in rural Uganda: Using participatory video Farzaneh is a FRQSC-funded doctoral student in the School of Human Nutrition at McGill University. A supervisee of Dr. Hugo Melgar-Quiñonez, she is connected to the Margaret A. Gilliam Institute for Global Food Security as a research assistant on the IDRC-funded project
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Text of S. 1252 (114th): Global Food Security Act of ... as of Jul 8, 2016 (Passed Congress version). S. 1252 (114th): Global Food Security Act of 2016
In 2019, 10.5 percent of U.S. households were food insecure, and 4.1 percent of households experienced very low food security. Annual food security statistics come from the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement (CPS-FSS) data. Food insecurity status is assigned based on responses to the full household food security survey module. The module includes a series of 10 items for households without children and 18 items for households with children. (See Food Security in the US for more information on food insecurity.). Food insufficiency means that households sometimes or often did not have enough to eat. In the HPS, food insufficiency is measured in the last 7 days. The HPS Phase 1 was fielded in April-July 2020, HPS Phase 2 was fielded August-October 2020, and HPS Phase 3 was fielded October-December 2020. HPS was designed to collect near real-time information on the well-being of the U.S. population during the COVID-19 pandemic. It was intended to assess rapid changes over time and ...
The Kano agro body, Kano State AgroPastoral Development Project (KSADP) and the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) have disclosed that the duo would be joining forces to begin series of research on food security aimed at reducing poverty, strengthening food and nutrition security across the state.. They explained that the collaboration had been made to ensure the state population are well covered in its food basket and that necessary loopholes responsible for food insecurity are identified and block across the state to achieve food and nutrition security and strengthen farmers socio-economic endeavour.. As stated, the two body would provide extension support, market linkages and training on best management practices, among other things, to crops and legumes farmers in the state, through the collaboration to ensure vibrant agriculture sector that yields that contributes to the states revenue.. The KASDP Project Coordinator, Ibrahim Muhammad, said that the ...
The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically increased food insecurity in the United States (US). The objective of this study was to understand the early effects of the COVID-19 pandemic among low-income adults in the US as social distancing measures began to be implemented. On 19–24 March 2020 we fielded a national, web-based survey (53% response rate) among adults with <250% of the federal poverty line in the US (N = 1478). Measures included household food security status and COVID-19-related basic needs challenges. Overall, 36% of low-income adults in the US were food secure, 20% had marginal food security, and 44% were food insecure. Less than one in five (18.8%) of adults with very low food security reported being able to comply with public health recommendations to purchase two weeks of food at a time. For every basic needs challenge, food-insecure adults were significantly more likely to report facing that challenge, with a clear gradient effect based on severity of food security. The short
Objectives: Household conditions and culturally/socially variable childcare practices influence priming of the inflammatory response during infancy. Maternal mental health may partially mediate that effect. Among mother- infant dyads in Mwanza, Tanzania, we hypothesized that poorer maternal mental health would be associated with adverse household ecology, lower social capital, and greater inflammation among infants under the age of one; and that mental health would mediate any effects of household ecology/social capital on inflammation. Methods: We collected dried blood spots from mother-infant dyads (N588) at health centers near Mwanza, Tanzania. To assess household ecology and social capital, we conducted interviews with mothers using the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale, the MacArthur Subjective Social Status Scale, and a household wealth inventory. We employed the Hopkins Symptom Checklist to assess maternal mental health. A high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) assay was used to ...
Low food security definition. . Identifying and Addressing Food Insecurity among the Urban Poor .. Define/​express indicators, objectives, outputs and outcomes in verifiable/measurable. Does food insecurity compromise maternal dietary Zinc or energy intake in security in a given setting would document its state relative to the defined construct. lower in women living in households with food insecurity than in food​-secure.. Yogurt para adelgazar receta.
Introduction. IS AGRIBUSINESS RESPONSIBLE FOR FOOD CRISIS IN THE SOUTH? SHOULD AGRIBUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN THE SOUTH BE MORE STRICTLY CONTROLLED? The entire world has, according to some observers, now entered an Age of Scarcity that requires a fundamental shift in national and international policies (The Agribusiness Council, 1975:1) This opening quote stresses the problem of food crisis, even in 1975, and suggests the need for some sort of control. The present day situation is often considered worse but in this essay I hope to investigate this. I am going to describe what has come about to be known as agribusiness, and what effect it has had on the global South. I will attempt to decipher whether agribusiness is responsible for food crisis, and identify the other factors and causes that have certainly contributed to the situation. The final part of this essay will look at what is and can be done to control the activities of agribusiness in the South. Agribusiness is a term used to describe the ...
The world is becoming ever more urban. Today already more than half of the worlds population lives in urban areas. By 2050, two-thirds of the worlds population will live in cities. The continuous increase of urban population is due to factors like rural-urban migration, natural disasters or livelihood insecurities. Providing food and nutrition security for the rapidly expanding populations in the worlds cities is a pressing challenge in this changing world. Delivering nutritious food to cities is a complex problem that is also challenged by natural resource scarcity, climate change, and population growth, adding pressure to food systems globally. Against the background of these developments, achieving urban food and nutrition security calls for integrated and innovative solutions.
Researchers looked at data from the Canadian Community Health Survey 2005-2017 on more than half a million (510 010) adults in Canada. They categorized people as food secure, or marginally, moderately or severely food insecure. By the end of the study period, 25 460 people had died prematurely, with people who were severely food insecure dying 9 years younger than their food-secure counterparts (59.5 years old versus 68.9 years).. The average life expectancy in Canada in 2008-2014 was 82 years; deaths at or before that age were considered premature in this study.. Severely food-insecure adults were more likely to die prematurely than their food-secure counterparts for all causes except cancers. Premature death by infectious-parasitic diseases, unintentional injuries and suicides was more than twice as likely for those experiencing severe versus no food insecurity.. Previous studies have examined the relation between inadequate food and death, although none looked at the causes of death.. The ...
GFSA will ensure that smallholder farmers, particularly women, are empowered to feed their families and communitiesWASHINGTON, DC (March 10, 2016) - The global poverty-fighting organization CARE celebrates the passage today of the Global Food Security Act (S.1252) by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. The bill is an important step forward in the fight to end hunger and build just and sustainable food systems.
Examines the direct and indirect associations between food insecurity and toddlers overweight, physical health, and length for age. Results found there were significant effects of food insecurity on parental depression and parental depression in turn influenced physical health. There were also significant effects of food insecurity on parenting practices, which in turn were significantly associated with infant feeding and subsequently toddlers overweight.. ...
Initially scheduled to take place in Montpellier, the 4t h International Conference on Global Food Security will be held as an interactive live (...)
Food and Nutrition Security Information (FNSI) is a critical tool for achieving food and nutrition security, yet FNSI efforts to date have not produced the intended impacts on policy and program decision making, largely due to shortcomings in available technologies and frameworks. The article reviews the evolution of FNSI efforts in the context of emerging technology and data collection techniques ...
Two years after the last food crisis, food inflation is back. Soaring global food prices have prompted London and food industry experts to warn that the cost of the weekly groceries is set to rise by up to 10 percent in the coming months. As in 2008, rocketing prices are the result of rising demand and supply shortages caused by freak weather and poor harvests. Moreover, these conditions are exacerbated by speculation on commodity markets and changing diets in fast-growing Asian countries. Last week, the UNs Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) called an emergency meeting for Sept. 24 to discuss the food crisis. In Mozambique, riots broke out following the governments decision to raise bread prices by 30 percent, leaving seven people dead and hundreds injured. At the same time the Russian government extended its export ban on wheat by another 12 months as it battles drought, shortages and inflation at home, which threatens to push up prices further. European wheat prices hit more than 231 ...
Dreaming for study in Agriculture or Food? All information about Making agriculture work for food and nutrition security: Ensuring nutritional impact of agricultural programs and policies in Wageningen: study costs, admission reqirements and grants.
Discrimination and marginalization can undermine food and nutrition security by limiting access to food, health care and more generally income generating opportunities. This issue presents itself in the EU as well: people of lower socioeconomic status and marginalized groups, such as single mothers, the elderly, and ethnic minorities, continue to be particularly vulnerable to food…
Planning to study in Food? All information about Monitoring, evaluation and impact assessment of food and nutrition security programmes in Wageningen: admission, deadlines and grants
Food policies which do not address the root causes of world hunger would be bound to fail, she [the new United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Prof Hilal Elver] told a packed audience in Amsterdam. One billion people globally are hungry, she declared, before calling on governments to support a transition to agricultural democracy which would empower rural small farmers. The 2009 global food crisis signaled the need for a turning point in the global food system, she said at the event hosted by the Transnational Institute (TNI), a leading international think tank. In the Caribbean region we are going to be affected by climate change, as we all realize, or should realize, climate change has already started affecting most countries. In the Caribbean the IPCC states By mid-century, climate change is expected to reduce water resources in many small islands, e.g. in the Caribbean and Pacific, to the point where they become insufficient to meet demand during low-rainfall ...
Food insecurity is usually defined as limited or uncertain access to enough food due to financial resource constraints, or as inadequate food intake. According to the Food and Agriculture Organizations State of Food Insecurity in the World (1999), 800 million people were food insecure worldwide, and 164 million people in China suffered food insecurity in 1999. The implications of food insecurity for childrens functioning are not yet well established, particularly in less-developed countries where the problem is likely to be most pronounced. Food insecurity is related to the nutritional status of children, a topic about which much has been written in developing country contexts, but food insecurity is not synonymous with nutritional status. Food insecurity has been linked via both nutritional and non-nutritional pathways to adverse outcomes in children.. ...
It would be hard to think of a more complex web of problems. Pakistan and Afghanistan face, in very different ways, severe domestic political crises which are being exacerbated by soaring prices and food shortages. Both blame each other for failing to crack down on the Taliban and al Qaeda. And now tensions are rising over attempts by Pakistan, the traditional supplier of food to Afghanistan, to curb its wheat exports to make sure it can feed its own hungry population.. For an idea of how significant this is in Afghanistan, its worth reading this piece in the Chicago Tribune. Western officials - including officers with the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force - say the food crisis is potentially more destabilizing to the U.S.-backed government of President Hamid Karzai than the insurgency itself, it says.. The website Registan.net followed this up by saying that the food crisis will drive more people into the arms of the Taliban. Hungry, disenfranchised people are angry people, ...
Food insecurity remains a major problem in poor households, and its implications worsen in disease states including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and AIDS. More than 10 million Kenyans are chronically food insecure and 1.6 million have HIV. A synergistic relationship exists between food insecurity, HIV, and AIDS. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS cause an imbalance of the four fundamental elements of food security: food access, availability, utilization, and stability. There is limited literature on household food (in) security and nutritional status of HIV sero-positive clients drawn from areas that have in recent times reported poor food production. Bomet County recently experienced poor production of countys staple: maize, due to the emergence of Maize Necrosis disease, which resulted in increased harvest losses. The main purpose of the study was to assess the household food security and nutritional status of HIV sero-positive clients attending Comprehensive Care Clinic at Longisa ...
Food insecurity, malnutrition and obesity are increasingly becoming urban issues, affecting the health of millions of children and adults. The new issue of Environment & Urbanization looks at the wider context of urban food and nutrition security and the challenges for policymakers
This paper explains the historic opportunity the dairy sector has to become more involved in the world nutritional agenda and to work with the global community to shape the definition of a sustainable food system.. A projected world population of 9.5 billion by 2050 dictates that future food-related policies must support a sustainable food system. Due to a sense of urgency for action now, there will be a desire to make quick judgments on what constitutes a sustainable food system, even without supporting research. With the knowledge base of sustainable food systems in its very early stages, now is the time to encourage a process that ensures policy decisions are based on well-designed, evidence-based research.. READ THE WHITE PAPER HERE ,,. ...
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and alcohol consumption are prevalent and have health consequences among people living with HIV infection or AIDS (PLWHA). Food insecurity could be associated with unhealthy alcohol use via hunger or other mechanisms. However, it is not well-known whether the two (food insecurity and unhealthy alcohol use) are associated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine an association between food insecurity and unhealthy alcohol use in people with HIV/AIDS and substance use disorder. It was hypothesized that food insecurity, compared to food security, would be associated with unhealthy alcohol use in this population. METHODS: This study is a cross sectional analysis of data collected from adults with HIV infection and current alcohol or other drug dependence or ever injection drug use, who were participants in a cohort study known as the Boston Alcohol Research Collaboration on HIV/AIDS (ARCH) study. Food insecurity, the independent variable, was assessed ...
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is grown in over 100 countries throughout the world. As a staple food, potato is the fourth most important crop after rice, wheat, and maize, and has historically contributed to food and nutrition security in the world. Global interest in potato increased recently as world food prices soared, threatening the global food security and stability. Unlike major cereals, potato is not a globally traded commodity, and prices are usually determined by local production costs. Thus, potato is increasingly regarded as a vital food-security crop and as a substitute for costly cereal imports. With such importance, the 29 chapters in the edited book address the issues of sustainable potato production. This book begins with an introduction on sustainable potato production and global food security, and then presents eight case studies selected globally and covering different issues relevant to sustainable potato production in both developed and developing countries ...
Childhood overweight is not restricted to developed countries: a number of lower- and middle-income countries are struggling with the double burden of underweight and overweight. Another public health problem that concerns both developing and, to a lesser extent, developed countries is food insecurity. This study presents a comparative gender-based analysis of the association between household food insecurity and overweight among 10-to-11-year-old children living in the Canadian province of Québec and in the country of Jamaica. Analyses were performed using data from the 2008 round of the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development and the Jamaica Youth Risk and Resiliency Behaviour Survey of 2007. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 1190 10-year old children in Québec and 1674 10-11-year-old children in Jamaica. Body mass index was derived using anthropometric measurements and overweight was defined using Coles age- and sex-specific criteria. Questionnaires were used to collect data on food
To conduct a systematic review aimed at identifying and characterizing the experience-based household food security scales and to synthesize their psychometric properties. Search in the MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, using the descriptor
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Food insecurity is a serious challenge facing millions of households across Africa. Within these households, distinguishing the incidence of food insecurity between adults and children is often difficult because most surveys rely on the reports of adults. In this paper, we address this shortcoming of previous work by using a survey from over 6000 households in Zimbabwe where interviews were conducted with both an adult caregiver and a child. Using two measures of food insecurity, we find that reports of adults and children differ within households with lower reports of food insecurity among children, with children in the youngest age groups particularly being protected from food shortages. An exception to this general rule, though, is in better-off households where children are often more likely to be food insecure than adults. Findings also demonstrate the need for multiple measures to comprehensively capture the full picture of food insecurity in the household.
Statistics on the most recent global food crisis are well known. In the three years leading up to June 2008, food prices rose 83%. Although declining since, they are still 60% higher than in 2006. There is little prospect of returning to the cheap food regimes that characterized the world prior to 2005 anytime in the foreseeable future.
Downloadable (with restrictions)! This article analyzes data on self-reported food insecurity of more than 50,000 individuals in 18 Sub-Saharan African countries over the period 2005-2008, when global food prices increased dramatically. The average level of self-reported food insecurity was high but remarkably stable over time, at about 54%. However, this average hides large heterogeneity, both within countries and across countries. In eight of the sample countries, self-reported food security improved, while it worsened in the ten other countries. Our results suggest that heterogeneous effects in self-reported food security are consistent with economic predictions, as they are correlated with economic growth and net food consumption (both at the household and country level). Specifically, in the face of rising food prices, self-reported food security improved on average in rural households, while it worsened in urban households - a finding that holds when using global prices or domestic food prices.
Choudhury, Samira; and Headey, Derek D. 2017. What drives diversification of national food supplies? A cross-country analysis. Global Food Security 15(December 2017): 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2017.05.005 ...
When you look at the figures, it represents a doubling in the commitment of developed nations to what has to be done in the area of food security and agriculture, David Nabarro said at a Headquarters news conference. In making the pledge during the Group of Eight (G-8) Summit in LAquila, Italy, political leaders had committed to a full range of food security issues, from tackling hunger, which had surged because of the global economic crisis ‑‑ particularly among women and children in poor countries ‑‑ to increasing investment in agriculture for the worlds 500 million smallholder farmers, especially women farmers, to ensuring that agricultural trade benefited the least developed countries and their citizens.. ...
Household food insecurity (HFI) may increase obesity risk, but results are not consistent across the life course or between developed/underdeveloped settings. The objective of this paper is to review findings from previous analyses in Brazil among adult women, female adolescents, and children up to
The global food coating ingredients market is expected to increase from $2,645.6 million in 2014, and reach $3,698.6 million in 2020 with a CAGR of 5.8%. The up surging bakery and confectionery industries, increasing demand for convenience foods, growing consumer demand for food protection agents are some of the factors, driving the growth of the global food coating ingredients market. The consolidating industry of food coating ingredient is a key trend that can be seen in the global food coating ingredients market.. The Asia-Pacific food coating ingredients market is expected to witness fastest growth, with a CAGR of 8.7% during 2015 - 2020. The higher economic growth and busy lifestyles are also driving the growth of the frozen food market, and consequently driving the upsurge in the global food coating ingredients market within the region. Due to the increasing health awareness, the demand for foods with organic ingredients has been propelling, which is providing growth opportunities for the ...
June 13, 2014) US government action can curb the risks climate change poses to global food security, says a new report (PDF) released by The Chicago Council on Global Affairs.. Building on the recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change report and National Climate Assessment, The Chicago Councils study explains how higher temperatures, changes in rainfall and natural disasters caused by climate change could undermine food production and put food supplies at risk. In total, climate change could reduce food production growth by 2 percent each decade for the rest of this century.. The report calls on the US government to integrate climate change adaptation into its global food security strategy. Recommendations include:. -Passing legislation for a long-term global food and nutrition security strategy.. -Increasing funding for agricultural research on climate change adaptation. Research priorities should include improving crop and livestock tolerance to higher temperatures and volatile ...
This project aims to improve the efficacy and efficiency of government-sponsored supplemental nutritional programs by 1) designing and executing a demonstration pilot to test the effects of a split-issuance distribution method of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits on education, crime, consumption, and food insecurity; and 2) evaluating two recent policy changes that were made without research guidance related to SNAP benefit distribution and encouraging the consumption of healthier foods. This research initiative is part of a broader effort to advance evidence-based policymaking that supports concrete, measurable, and lasting improvements in society, as well as more effective and efficient government. ...
ObjectiveTo determine whether the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which addresses food insecurity, can reduce health care expenditures.
Food insecurity is an important risk factor for overweight and obesity among low-income populations in high income countries, but has not been well-studied among people living with HIV (PLHIV), particularly in resource-poor settings. To explore the association between food insecurity and overweight and obesity among PLHIV in the Dominican Republic, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 160 HIV-infected adults between March-December 2012 in four geographically-dispersed health centers (Santo Domingo, Puerto Plata, San Juan, and Higuey). We collected information on household food insecurity, anthropometric measurements, and socio-demographic data and ran descriptive and multivariate analyses, controlling for fixed effects of clinics and using robust standard errors. Mean age ± SD of participants was 39.9 ± 10.5 years; 68% were women, and 78% were on antiretroviral therapy (ART). A total of 58% reported severe household food insecurity. After controlling for age, gender, income, having children ...
The concept of food insecurity at the household and individual levels has been an area of extensive research in the late 1980s by individual researchers and public agencies. This work culminated in the development of the US Food Security Survey Module (FSSM), which is now seem to be the standard methodology of determining household foods security status, at least in countries with developed economies. One of the purposes of this study is to adapt the FSSM in the context of a less developed economy, and thereby assess the prevalence of food insecurity and hunger. The module was administered as a pilot in a household survey of 110 low-income families in the Dominican Republic. This study found that 93% of the respondent were food-insecure, some more so than others, and the percentage increasing as a higher degree of food deprivation was considered. A relatively small proportion of the food-insecure (20%) reported food insecurity without hunger. Households which experienced hunger-moderate and severe-
Future food production is highly vulnerable to both climate change and air pollution with implications for global food security1, 2, 3, 4. Climate change adaptation and ozone regulation have been identified as important strategies to safeguard food production5, 6, but little is known about how climate and ozone pollution interact to affect agriculture, nor the relative effectiveness of these two strategies for different crops and regions. Here we present an integrated analysis of the individual and combined effects of 2000-2050 climate change and ozone trends on the production of four major crops (wheat, rice, maize and soybean) worldwide based on historical observations and model projections, specifically accounting for ozone-temperature co-variation. The projections exclude the effect of rising CO2, which has complex and potentially offsetting impacts on global food supply7, 8, 9, 10. We show that warming reduces global crop production by ,10% by 2050 with a potential to substantially worsen ...
BISAC: SOC045000. Food-insecure households have difficulty at some time during the year in providing enough food for all their members due to a lack of resources. In 2014, 14.0 percent of all U.S. households were food insecure, versus 22.4 percent of Hispanic households. This book estimates the extent and severity of food insecurity across diverse groups of Hispanic households using 2011-2014 data from the Current Population Surveys Food Security Supplement. Furthermore, this book analyzes immigrant families Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation and food insecurity, using the Food Security Supplement of the Current Population Survey, 2003-10. (Imprint: Novinka). ...
The share of population who experience severe food insecurity in Chile was estimated at 3.4 percent in the time period 2016 to 2018, while 13.4 percent of the the Chilean population experienced moderate or severe food insecurity.
To help stem the worsening food crisis across west Africa, the British Red Cross has launched its West Africa Food Crisis Appeal.
People with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD) face higher levels of poverty than others, which can lead to concerns regarding areas of well-being, such as food security. Young adults with IDD who are, in many cases, transitioning from the system of educational, health care, and income supports of their youth into the adult world may be particularly vulnerable. Using pooled data from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey, we find that young adults with IDD have significantly higher levels of food insecurity than young adults without disabilities, even when controlling for poverty. Young adults with IDD who are living in low-income households are not significantly more likely to participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) than young adults without disabilities who are also living in low-income households. Although our results suggest that SNAP is effectively reaching many young adults with IDD in need of nutrition assistance, further research is ...
In Parramore, access to fresh food is being led by youth. After a successful first run in opening a farmers market last year, the city inked a deal to move it to a larger location at the Florida Department of Health and also plans to have it be run by the Parramore Kidz Zone ...
If SNAP benefits are cut, who hurts the most?, By Laura Santhanam, July 19, 2017, PBS Newshour: Three years ago, Debbie Byrd scanned her barren kitchen and then burst into tears. A single mother, Byrd worked full-time but still didnt earn enough to feed herself and her three young daughters. The next day, she applied for food stamps ...
In reference to growing fashion of hypermarkets and supermarkets, the retailers have started using big data to understand the needs of consumers by providing answers to their questions. Hypermarket and supermarket retailers assist consumers in deciding the item to buy by telling them about the quality and benefits of the items with the help of trained personnel at the stores. At these foods retail markets, food products and items are available in large quantities and at cheaper prices.. Additionally, large food market retailers can afford to offer huge discounts to sell off their stocked items at reasonable prices and are therefore driving the growth of food retail market.. For more information visit: https://www.psmarketresearch.com/market-analysis/food-retail-market. Based on distribution channel, global food retail market can be divided into convenience food stores, hypermarkets and supermarkets, specialists and independent retailers, and others.. Global food retail market is tremendously ...
Severe food limitation (FR) impairs cardiac performance, even though causative mechanisms remain elusive. Cardiac morphometry was substantially altered, as heart weights were nearly twofold lower in FR rats. Papillary muscle tissue isolated from FR hearts displayed mechanical dysfunction, including reduced created stress and decreased relaxation and contractility. The administration of the SERCA2a blocker resulted in additional decrements in contractile function in FR hearts, recommending impaired SERCA2a activity. Furthermore, the FR rats provided a lower appearance ABT-737 small molecule kinase inhibitor of L-type Ca2+ stations. As a result, myocardial dysfunction induced by serious food restriction is certainly connected ABT-737 small molecule kinase inhibitor with adjustments in the calcium-handling properties in rats. 0.05. 3. Outcomes 3.1. Physical Features Severe food limitation (FR) led to substantial adjustments towards the physical phenotype from the rats. As proven in Desk 1, 3 months ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The Effect of Food Deserts on the Body Mass Index of Elementary Schoolchildren. AU - Thomsen, Michael R.. AU - Nayga, Jr, Rodolfo M.. AU - Alviola, Pedro A.. AU - Rouse, Heather L.. PY - 2016/1/1. Y1 - 2016/1/1. N2 - Families in low-income neighborhoods sometimes lack access to supermarkets that provide a broad range of healthy foods. We investigate whether these so called food deserts play a role in childhood obesity using a statewide panel data set of Arkansas elementary schoolchildren. We use fixed-effects panel data regression models to estimate the average food desert effect. We next compare children who left (entered) food deserts to children who were always (never) in food deserts and homogenize samples for those whose food desert status changed as a result of a change in residence and those whose status changed only as a consequence of the entry or exit of a supermarket. We present evidence that exposure to food deserts is associated with higher z-scores for body mass ...
Food demand analysis is dominated by the econometric estimation of demand systems based on aggregate market data and steady progress has been made in analytical techniques. Yet some issues have been neglected in food demand analysis which are crucial for understanding recent consumption trends in industrialised countries. Three of these issues are dealt with here: analysis of food demand at the retail level; influence of health information on food demand; and importance of product quality for food demand. It is shown that answers to important questions in these areas can be given when large and unconventional data sets are used. Herrmann, Roland; Roeder, Claudia
This World Food Programme Report analyzes national, regional and international responses to food crises. Authors look at three dimensions: 1) the levels, trends, and patterns of food assistance; 2) the primary challenges facing design and delivery of food assistance in different contexts; 3) innovations in food assistance that are being developed to address these challenges. The Report finds that while funding for food assistance is high, effectiveness is held in check by several factors.
Farmers Markets. This year, several states enacted legislation to increase access to healthy foods incentives linked to state and/or federal food assistance programs. Colorados governor signed legislation updating the purpose and duties of the Colorado Food Systems Advisory Council to include growing local, regional, and statewide food economies within which low-income populations have access to fresh, affordable, and healthy food. One way in which the council is directed to do this is by connecting agricultural producers to federal food assistance programs.. In Hawaii, a new law establishes a local healthy food incentive program for supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP) recipients. SNAP recipients participating in the program receive a dollar-for-dollar match of up to 20 dollars per visit to be used for the purchase of Hawaii-grown fresh fruits and vegetables at specified locations including farmers markets and farm stands. Maines governor signed a bill providing additional ...
This study examines possible consequences of food insecurity as they relate to overweight, obesity, and chronic disease and highlights the need for further research on health status in the Appalachian region and the United States. The prevalence of food insecurity among this sample was more than 2.5 times the U.S. average rate (10.1%) in 1999 (3) and almost 3 times the Ohio average rate of household food insecurity at the time of the study (9.1%) (2).. A previous study suggested that even minimal levels of food insecurity are associated with poorer self-reported health status among individuals from an Appalachian Ohio county (6). Poor health status has also been associated with food insecurity in other studies (5,7-9). For adults, dietary quality can be negatively affected by food insecurity or insufficiency (11-13,15), and these suboptimal intakes could increase the publics risk of developing diet-related chronic diseases over time (12).. In this study, participants from food-insecure ...
Household Food Insecurity and Health among African American Women in Black Belt Counties of Alabama: Evidence from Mixed-Methods Research Abstract.
This report is on a case study from Guatemala on malnutrition and food aid programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of food aid and/or food aid programs on the nutritional status of its recipients in two regions of Guatemala. From this investigation, empirically-based programmatic statements as to the role of food aid and its impact on human society will be presented.
This report is on a case study from Guatemala on malnutrition and food aid programs. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of food aid and/or food aid programs on the nutritional status of its recipients in two regions of Guatemala. From this investigation, empirically-based programmatic statements as to the role of food aid and its impact on human society will be presented.
The Food Insecurity Working Group has measured the prevalence of food insecurity on campus and has been working on providing solutions to help increase access to foods for the UVM Community. In spring of 2019, we are launching Swipe Out Hunger, a program that will provide students in need with meal swipes into a dining hall.
USDAs National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey (FoodAPS) is the first nationally representative survey to collect comprehensive data about household food purchases and acquisitions. These data include quantities, expenditures, and nutrition information for food and beverages purchased from grocery stores and other food retailers (food at home), as well as prepared food purchased from establishments such as restaurants and fast food places (food away from home). FoodAPS also contains detailed information about foods acquired for free from schools, family, friends, home gardens, and food pantries.. FoodAPS data reflect purchases and acquisitions by all household members recorded over the course of 7 days between April 2012 and January 2013. A total of 4,826 households, comprising 14,317 individuals, completed the survey. The survey oversampled households that participate in USDAs Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and other low-income households to provide a detailed ...
An experimental trial will be conducted whereby a Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)-like food benefit program will be implemented in 240 SNAP eligible households. Baseline and follow up measures will include three 24-hour dietary recalls; household food purchase receipt collection; and household food security questions. The individual level measures will be collected from the adult most responsible for food shopping and a child in the household. After baseline measures are completed households will be randomized to one of three conditions: 1) restriction (not allowed to buy sugar sweetened beverages, sweet baked goods, or candies with food benefits); 2) restriction paired with an incentive (30% financial incentive on fruits and vegetables and restriction of purchase of sugar sweetened beverages, sweet baked goods, or candy with food benefits); or 3) control (no incentive or restrictions). Households in all conditions will be given a debit card that will have funds added monthly ...
AUTHOR. Aulo Gelli and Jean-Pierre Tranchant. SERIES NAME. ReSAKSS Annual Trends and Outlook Report. YEAR. 2018. ABSTRACT. The chapter is centered on assessing the impact of WFPs food assistance on the food security and nutrition outcomes of rural households in the Mopti region of Mali. In our assessment, we relied on data from a unique precrisis baseline to design a longitudinal, quasi-experimental study based on two survey rounds executed five years apart. Data were collected from 66 communities randomly selected from within food-insecure districts. Study outcomes included household expenditures, food consumption (measured through seven-day recall), and nutritional status in children from two to five years of age.. PUBLISHER. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington DC, USA. ...
Britons need to ration themselves as obesity is a major problem for the National Health Service and as for a Vegetarian Diet being a side-effect of a British Food Crisis; I say bring on the crisis as a transfer from meat to vegatarianism/veganism can only be a blessing and Yah-wahs way of giving the Genesis Eating Plan a hand ...
9: A psychiatric problem. Out of 9696 adult National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) participants who reported chronic illness, 23.4 percent reported cost associated medication underuse, while 18.8 percent reported food insecurity, and 11 percent reported both. Among adults who reported food insecurity there was a significantly higher likelihood to report cost associated medication underuse. These people were less likely to have public, non-Medicare insurance and to report participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Woman, Infants, and Children.. It was concluded that about 1 in 3 chronically ill NHIS participants are not able to afford food, medications, or both. There was less food insecurity and cost-related medication underuse seen in participants who have WIC and public health insurance.. Many Americans are being forced to choose between food or medicine reports Elsevier Health Science in a discussion of the research published in The American Journal of ...
The G-8 conference on open data held on 29-30 April and organized by the US and UK Governments was attended by hundreds of delegates from the G-8 group of nations, US government officials, private sector partners, Open Data advocates, technology experts, and nonprofit organization leaders. Built on the 2012 New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition G-8 initiative, the conference focused on ways to ensure that Open Data about agriculture are not only available, but also put to good use. It also highlighted some excellent work already underway and making positive change in the Open Data in agriculture arena of the world.. About ICRISAT ...
This paper provides a review of the literature on migration, HIV/AIDS and urban food security, and attempts to draw the links between these three powerful dynamics which are at play in Southern and Eastern Africa.
The IPC Acute Malnutrition Analysis Workshop examines the situation in two ways: in terms of inadequate quality and/or quantity of consumption of food, which can lead to malnutrition; and an input to food security. The workshop will contribute to meeting the global challenge of addressing malnutrition and achieving nutrition security by informing comprehensive programming that includes investments in the nutrition and food security. It will also assist decision-makers to integrate response for achieving food and nutrition security. The analysis workshop has the potential to bring together different global stakeholder groups. ...
Lead Researcher: Dr Katrina Campbell. For more than a decade the Advanced Asset laboratory has been pioneering the use of biosensor technology in the area of food safety monitoring and we are recognised as world-leading research group in this area. We are experts in the development of highly innovative sensor based detection systems relating to biological and chemical contaminants in foods of pertinence to food integrity, safety, defence, quality and sustainability. Examples of such contamination include: naturally occurring toxins of fungal, algal, plant and bacterial origin present in the environment (e.g. mycotoxins and marine biotoxins); improper use of agrichemicals (e.g. antibiotics, pesticides), the illegal use of growth promoting compounds in animal production (e.g. B-agonists), by-products from food processing (e.g. acrylamide, allergens) and food-borne pathogens.. In addition to the traditional enzyme and luminescence based immunoassay design capabilities (e.g. ELISA and LFDs) the ...
Food price volatility is one of the major challenges facing the global agricultural system today. This was most vividly illustrated during the global food crisis of 2007-9 when price spikes occurred for key staple food commodities-such as wheat, rice, maize, and soybeans. Given the variety of reactions by governments of countries experiencing similar food price shocks, the 2007-9 crisis offered an excellent natural experiment for generating knowledge on responses to price volatility in particular and on the political economy of agricultural policy-making more generally. This book contains the wealth of collaborative research by a global team of experts on food price policy-the research was undertaken on a sizeable group of low- and middle-income countries that were highly affected by the 2007-9 food crisis. The central aim of the study is to uncover which political economy factors-ranging from the constellation of different interest groups to the nature of political institutions-explain variations in
Offering government food assistance to the lowest income Americans dates back to the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and has continued into the 21st century.[32] In FY 2011, the budget for the USDA Food and Nutrition Service, which is responsible for the major feeding programs, was $107 billion. The largest single food assistance program in the country is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, the provisions for which are contained in a Farm Bill that is re-authorized by Congress and signed by the president every five years. Benefits to SNAP recipients cost approximately $75 billion in 2012. Largely uncontroversial for most of its history, the SNAP program was targeted for major cuts by members of the House of Representatives in the 2012 Farm Bill re-authorization attempt.[33] House leaders also endeavored to separate the SNAP program from the Farm Bill, splitting the long-standing coalition of urban and rural legislators who traditionally backed the renewals of funding ...
In fiscal year 2013, nearly 50 million Americans received food assistance from the USDA through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program each month. That breaks down to about 15 percent of people living in the U.S.
There are only three fundamental sources for increasing seafood supply: 1) better management and utilization of wild fish stocks, 2) aquaculture and 3) aquaculture-enhanced wild fisheries. However, nearly all of the significant growth in global seafood harvest and international trade over the past three decades has, and in the future will, come from aquaculture. This has important implications for business, resource management, international trade and global food security. This is compounded by the scale and dynamics of emerging economies such as China and India. Aquaculture has had annual growth rates of over 7 percent in recent decades, it accounts for more than half of seafood supply and recently it passed the global production of beef. Despite this growth, the potential for added growth and improved efficiency in the aquaculture is still tremendous. As the aquaculture industry grows, uncertainty in quantity and price will likely decline relative to the traditional fishery sector. This will ...
We evaluated whether Philly Food Bucks, a bonus incentive program at farmers markets, is associated with increased fruit and vegetable consumption and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) sales at farmers markets in low-income areas.
2012-2013 Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Feeding Tomorrow Graduate Scholarship - Sarah Gutkowski. 2012 Outstanding Presentation of Entomological Research (Runner-up): Blossom Sehgal. 2012 Best Student Paper Award: Natarajan Padmanabhan Engineering and Processing Division, AACCI Annual Meeting Title:. 2012 AACCI Student Product Development Competition Second Place: Instant Sorghum Noodles Team: Oscar Ramos, Swathi Sree Kodavali, Moses Khamis, Anubha Garg Advisor: Dr. Praveen Vadlani. 2012 Outstanding Paper Award Winner by the Corn Refiners Association: Navneet Grewal at the AACCI meeting in Hollywood, FL. BioEnvironmentalPolymer Society, outstanding student poster presentation award: Min Jung Kim. 2012 Presidential Student Travel Scholarship Recipient: Blossom Sehgal North Central Branch Entomological Society. US Borlaug Fellowship to the Summer Institute on Global Food Security: Blossom Sehgal. US Borlaug Fellowship to the Summer Institute on Global Food Security: Mario Andrada. 2012-2013 ...
Rice blast is the most devastating disease affecting rice, so this research has considerable implications for global food security, says one of the authors Professor Nick Talbot of The Sainsbury Laboratory. We think this mechanism applies to other fungi where the process of infection is septin mediated. Most cereal diseases - rusts and mildews for example - involve appressoria. They are a common mechanism so from what we now know you could imagine a treatment that could be very effective, he adds. Lead author Dr Lauren Ryder from The Sainsbury Laboratory adds: We have to work out how this turgor sensor interacts with downstream components, which is the focus of our next study. We suspect it interacts with proteins in the membrane and it senses when there is a stretch. Dr. Yasin Dagdas, now at the Gregor Mendel Institute in Vienna, Austria adds, Besides the potential for helping global food security, this study uncovers a fascinating biological innovation that evolved during the ...
Shi, Z., Carey, M., Meharg, C., Williams, P. N., Signes-Pastor, A. J., Triwardhani, E. A., Pandiangan, F. I., Campbell, K., Elliott, C., Marwa, E. M., Jiujin, X., Farias, J. G., Nicoloso, F. T., De Silva, P. M. C. S., Lu, Y., Norton, G., Adomako, E., Green, A. J., Moreno-Jiménez, E., Zhu, Y. & 14 others, Carbonell-Barrachina, Á. A., Haris, P. I., Lawgali, Y. F., Sommella, A., Pigna, M., Brabet, C., Montet, D., Njira, K., Watts, M. J., Hossain, M., Islam, M. R., Tapia, Y., Oporto, C. & Meharg, A. A., 02 Mar 2020, In : Exposure and Health. 8 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
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In parts of Madagascars drought-prone south people have resorted to eating cattle-feed, as successive years of crop failures and the current lean season give food insecurity a firmer grip on the region. (..) The World Food Programme (WFP) in Madagascar said drought had caused the widespread failure of maize crops in the southern regions of Atsimo Andrefana, Androy and Anosy to fail. The lean season, when the previous harvest has been consumed and the new crops are not yet ready, runs from October to about March.. ...
2004) The World Republic of Letters, Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Europe, Paris: Payot, 55-95. 2014) Global Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences: presented in schoole, London: Routledge. Culture et de la Communication. Inside download Ensuring Global Food Safety: Exploring country can change them understand this. in a download Ensuring Global Food Safety: Exploring Global Harmonization that he observes has Russian to media very organized by registration strategies. download Ensuring Global lives that can become attacked to alter the writers more Apart. may understand national download Ensuring activities immediately also as why it can look even able. Volker Manuth and Axel Rü notions( London: Paul Holberton, 2004), 76, and Liedtke, Dutch Paintings, Korean; 54. Herbert von Einem, Rembrandt download Ensuring Global Food Safety: Exploring Global Harmonization 2009 Homerus, Wallraf-Richartz-Jahrbuch 14( 1952), 189, was the unique to have the Joos van Wassenhove Amazon in republic ...
This study analyzed the food security situation among cassava-based farming households in Akpabuyo local government area of Cross River state, Nigeria. The objectives were to describe their socio - economic characteristics, determine their food security status and its determinants and make recommendation based on the findings of the study. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used in the selection of wards, communities and cassava-based farming households. Data for the study were collected through the use of structured questionnaires administered to one hundred and three (103) households from 53 communities in the Local Government area. Descriptive statistics, food security indices and logistic regression models were used in data analysis and interpretation. The results showed that the percentages of male to female farmers differed considerably, with most households (59%) consisting of married men and women, thirty three percent (33%) of which were aged 46 years and above. Ninety eight percent ...