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There is significant debate over whether GM food producers should be required to label their products as GM foods. And, there is debate within this debate, surrounding whether, if labeling is adopted as the proper approach, whether the GM food producers should be the ones required to fund the labeling. The typical proposal would include levying a tax on food producers to fund the labeling process. ...
A platform for all. The FAO GM Foods Platform is a simple online platform to share information on safety assessment of foods derived from recombinant-DNA plants authorized in accordance with the Codex Guideline for the conduct of food safety assessment of foods derived from recombinant-DNA plants (CAC/GL 45-2003, annex III adopted in 2008). This Platform also facilitates the effective utilization of food safety assessment in situations of Low Level Presence (LLP) of r-DNA plant materials in food.. How it works. The FAO GM Foods Platform is freely accessible for those who want to browse the information. Registration is required for those who need to upload information. Only officially nominated Focal Points can register to the Platform thus only official information/data are shared. Contact us. If you need help, visit the FAQ for visitors page where you will find answers to many common questions. User guide is also available. If youre still unable to find what youre looking for, contact us at ...
The responsibility for demonstrating the safety of any new food product on the market lies with the developer of that product. This is also the case for new chemicals and drugs. When an applicant seeks approval for a new GM food, they must provide FSANZ with the evidence that supports the safety of the product. It is a requirement that this data be generated according to quality assurance guidelines that are based on internationally accepted protocols (i.e. validated methodology and procedures that are consistent with Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)) and stand up to external scrutiny (i.e. independent audits and documentation trails). To achieve this, the applicant submits to FSANZ a comprehensive dossier of quality-assured raw experimental data for each GM food. This enables FSANZ to independently assess the data and reach a conclusion about the safety of the food. ...
The acreage for genetically modified crops (GMOs)-particularly soybean-has steadily increased since 1996, when the first crop of Roundup Ready soybean (intended for food production) was grown. The Roundup Ready soybean varieties derive from a soybean line into which a glyphosate-resistant enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate-synthase (EPSPS) gene was introduced. The inserted and the flanking regions in Roundup Ready soybean have recently been characterized. It was shown that a further 250-bp fragment of the epsps gene is localized downstream of the introduced nos terminator of transcription, derived from the nopaline synthase gene from Agrobacterium tumefaciens. We examined whether this 250-bp fragment could be of functional importance. Our data demonstrate that at least 150 bp of this DNA region are transcribed in Roundup Ready soybean. Transcription of the fragment depends on whether read-through events ignore the nos terminator signal located upstream. Our data also indicate that the read-through ...
Friends of the Earth Germany sent out mixed signals on Tuesday as it praised EU requirements to label genetically modified foods from April 18 while criticizing loopholes in the rules. New labeling guidelines for food packaging and menus would enable consumers to recognize and, if they wanted, avoid GM food, the environmental group said. But, it pointed out, some foods, including milk, cheese, yogurt, meat and eggs from animals fed GM feed, will not have to be labeled. Between 80 and 90 percent of GM plants worldwide are used for animal feed, the organization said. ...
EU - The agriculture committee rejected the European Commissions draft law that would give member states the power to restrict or prohibit the use of EU-approved GM food or feed on their territory.
An Indian environment ministry panel recommended to the government that it allow cultivation of a genetically-modified mustard variety, taking it closer to becoming the countrys first GM food crop for commercial production.
No one is monitoring, like trans fats, which have caused millions of premature deaths; refer below.. It is claimed that Americans have eaten GM foods for years with no ill effects. But these foods are unlabeled in the US and no one has monitored the consequences. With other novel foods like trans fats, it has taken decades to realize that they have caused millions of premature deaths.[1]. 1. Paula Hartman Cohen, 2006. Trans Fats: The story behind the label. Harvard Public Health Review. hsph.harvard.edu. ...
Safety assessment of GM foods has been based on the idea of substantial equivalence such that if a new food is found to be substantially equivalent in composition and nutritional characteristics to an existing food, it can be regarded as safe as the conventional food. However, several animal studies indicate serious health risks associated with GM food consumption including infertility, immune dysregulation, accelerated aging, dysregulation of genes associated with cholesterol synthesis, insulin regulation, cell signaling, and protein formation, and changes in the liver, kidney, spleen and gastrointestinal system. There is more than a casual association between GM foods and adverse health effects. There is causation as defined by Hills Criteria in the areas of strength of association, consistency, specificity, biological gradient, and biological plausibility. The strength of association and consistency between GM foods and disease is confirmed in several animal studies. Specificity of the ...
Does genetic manipulation causes unintended changes in food quality and composition? Are genetically modified (GM) foods less nutritious than their non-GM counterparts, or different in unknown ways .... http://phys.org/news/2014-04-approach-gm-foods.htm. ...
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Prof. Joe Cummins review some of the scientific evidence behind a series of recent scandals involving the safety of GM food and feed. They expose fatal flaws in the regulatory process and highlight how Europe is in danger of approving GM varieties that are genetically unstable and hence illegal as well as unsafe
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has raised some concerns over the safety of genetically modified (GM) food and has urged for an overhaul of the existing regulatory mechanism
The Conservation Council says the State Governments decision to allow genetically modified cotton to be grown in the Kimberley could lead to unlabelled GM foods.
blackbeak writes The BBC today characterized those who avoid GM foods as overly fussy, the very same day that the Wall Street Journal announced that picky eating may be recognized in the 2013 DSM as a psychiatric disorder. The DSM item refers to something completely different, though Im sure many ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Allergenicity assessment of transgenic mustard (Brassica juncea) expressing bacterial codA gene. AU - Singh, A. K.. AU - Mehta, A. K.. AU - Sridhara, S.. AU - Gaur, S. N.. AU - Singh, B. P.. AU - Sarma, P. U.. AU - Arora, N.. PY - 2006/4/1. Y1 - 2006/4/1. N2 - Background: Assessing the allergenicity and toxicity of genetically modified (GM) crops is essential before they become a regular part of our food supply. The present study aimed to assess the allergenicity of Brassica juncea (mustard) expressing choline oxidase (codA) gene from Arthrobacter globiformis that provides resistance againstq1 abiotic stresses. Methods: SDAP, Farrp, and Swiss-Prot databases were used to study allergenicity of choline oxidase. Digestibility of choline oxidase was assessed in simulated gastric fluid (SGF). Specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactivity of native and GM mustard was compared by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and skin tests in respiratory-allergic patients. Allergenicity ...
If Monsantos Roundup herbicide were actually safer than table salt as they once advertised, the consumption of GM food wouldnt be nearly as controversial. The truth, however, is that virtually all GM food today contains residues of this toxic chemical. Incidentally, this disproves that GM and non-GM foods are substantially equivalent, which is the primary doctrinal justification behind why GM foods are not properly safety tested... | GMOs & FOOD, WATER & SOIL MATTERS
Before any GMO or derived product can be placed on the EU market, it is required to pass an approval system in which its safety vis-à-vis humans, animals and the environment is thoroughly assessed. In line with the provisions of the Regulation on GM food and feed, the European Commission asked EFSA to develop and publish a detailed guidance document to assist applicants in the preparation and presentation of applications for the authorisation of GM food and/or feed.. Upholding its commitment to involve stakeholders in the risk assessment process, the guidance document has substantially benefited from comments received during a 4-week period of public consultation as well as feedback received during a stakeholder consultation held in May 2004**. It provides detailed guidance for the preparation and presentation of applications within the framework of the Regulation on GM food and feed, and of Directive 2001/18/EC*** on the deliberate release into the environment of GMOs. This document therefore ...
Over 95 percent of Americans polled said they think GM foods should require a label, stating its an ethical issue and consumers should be able to make an informed choice. Like people in Europe, Americans are suspicious of GM foods, and a large part of why many continue to buy them is because they are unaware that theyre already in the food. A prominent GM food label would be a death sentence to U.S. GM crops, which are right now enjoying a free for all when it comes to entering the food market ...
Genetically-modified foods (GM foods) have been the centre of controversy. There are those who claim they completely safe and that they are here to help the world get rid of hunger. There are also those who claim that they are harmful for consumption that have a number of side effects. Unlike aspartame and MSG, GM foods have not fully been accepted as being bad for us. Regardless, I will list down some of the opposing views on it and I think, when an issue that relates to food is deemed controversial, it is best to assume it is harmful and we should avoid these just in case. To be clear, with GM foods I am also referring to Genetically-modified organism (GMOs) as they are most commonly known an they refer to crop plants created for human or animal consumption using the latest in molecular biological techniques. What this means is that plants that have been modified using the latest in biological and genetical procedures to induce or enhance a desired trait. In this sense, genes are being played ...
The history of events and the quotes below are adapted from Andy Rowells book, Dont Worry, Its Safe to Eat, Earthscan, 2003, ISBN 1853839329. On 10 August 1998 the GM debate changed forever with the broadcast of a programme on British TV about GM food safety featuring a brief but revealing interview with Dr Arpad Pusztai about his research into GM food safety. Dr Pusztai told of his findings on the ill effects of GM potatoes on laboratory rats. He was subsequently gagged and suspended by his institute, the Rowett Research Institute in Scotland, his research team was disbanded, and his research data was confiscated. He was subjected to a campaign of vilification and misrepresentation by several pro-GM scientific bodies and pro-GM lobbyists, in an attempt to discredit him and his research. The story began three years earlier. Thats when the UK governments Scottish Office commissioned a three-year multi-centre research programme into the safety of GM food under the coordination of Dr Arpad ...
A comprehensive safety evaluation was conducted to assess the potential allergenicity of newly introduced proteins in genetically modified (GM) crops. We assessed the allergenicity of CP4 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) in GM soybeans. This assessment was performed by IgE immunoblotting with soy-allergic childrens sera, amino acid sequence homology with known allergens, and the digestibility of CP4 EPSPS. No differences in IgE-antigen binding by immunoblotting were found between GM soy samples and the corresponding non-GM samples ...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of glyphosate on soil microbial activity under appropriate and water deficit conditions. The factors consisted of four treatments with different Roundup Ready® soybean cultivars, two herbicidal treatments [glyphosate (1.080 and 1.800 g a.e. ha-1) + control] and two soil moisture treatments (appropriate and water deficit conditions), plus two soybean conventional varieties subject only to the soil moisture treatments. It was evaluated total organic carbon (TOC), basal respiration rate (CO2), microbial carbon biomass (MCB), metabolic quotient (qCO2), microbial quotient (qmic), nodule number (NN), and dry weight of nodules per plant (DWNP). Except for TOC, all other microbiological parameters were significantly influenced by the application of glyphosate, and the effects are more evident at a 1.800 g a.e. ha-1 dose in Roundup Ready® soybean cultivars associated to water deficit condition. The soil
Despite overwhelming public disapproval of genetically modified crops, the Merkel government is reluctant to prohibit imports of GM soy and corn. EURACTIV Germany reports. The German government will thoroughly investigate the proposal, said a spokesman from the Agriculture Ministry, in response to an initiative the European Commission presented on Wednesday (22 April). But already, he said, negative effects on the free movement of goods on the EU internal market can be feared.. The European Commission has proposed giving member states the right to impose their own national import bans on genetically modified fruits and vegetables - even if these foods and feeds are permitted at the EU level. The new concept is intended to find the right balance between maintaining an EU approval system and giving member states the opportunity to freely decide on the use of GMOs within their own territory, a Commission spokesman said.. Meanwhile, the German government is decidedly against cultivation of ...
experts believe that it could be, in part, due to the recent introduction of genetically modified (GM) foods. If evidence from around the world is anything
Critics of Séralinis study complain that it does not follow internationally standardized protocols set by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).. But in fact, no such protocols for testing GM foods have ever been set by the OECD, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), or any other body. This is in spite of repeated demands for standardized protocols by scientists and civil society groups, who have criticized the weakness of industry studies submitted in support of applications for GM crop approvals.. Industry and academic scientists researching the health effects of GMOs are free to design their own experiments. So it is absurd to argue that Séralini has broken some fundamental rule in his protocol design. There is no rule.. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has listed some OECD protocols that it deems relevant to GM food safety testing, but EFSA does not require or even recommend any particular protocol.5 The OECD protocols that EFSA lists vary widely ...
Critics of Séralinis study complain that it does not follow internationally standardized protocols set by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).. But in fact, no such protocols for testing GM foods have ever been set by the OECD, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), or any other body. This is in spite of repeated demands for standardized protocols by scientists and civil society groups, who have criticized the weakness of industry studies submitted in support of applications for GM crop approvals.. Industry and academic scientists researching the health effects of GMOs are free to design their own experiments. So it is absurd to argue that Séralini has broken some fundamental rule in his protocol design. There is no rule.. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has listed some OECD protocols that it deems relevant to GM food safety testing, but EFSA does not require or even recommend any particular protocol.5 The OECD protocols that EFSA lists vary widely ...
The risk assessment of GM plants and derived food/feed is based on comparison with non-GM counterparts. The GMO Panel considers that a comparative approach following international risk assessment standards using molecular, compositional and other analyses[1] remains an appropriate basis for determining whether animal feeding studies are needed.. The Panel recommends that any risk assessment of GM food/feed should first consider whether initial studies using in silico[2] and in vitro[3] approaches may answer some of the safety questions and indicate whether there is a need for subsequent in vivo[4] studies, such as animal feeding trials. This report discusses in depth the strengths and weaknesses of repeated dose animal feeding trials for the risk assessment of whole GM food or feed. Such feeding trials on the whole food or feed should be considered in cases of substantial differences between the GM plant and its conventional counterpart or where there are indications for the potential occurrence ...
With the widespread use of Roundup Ready soya (event 40-3-2) (RRS), the traceability of transgenic components, especially protein residues, in different soya-related foodstuffs has become an important issue. In this report, transgenic components in commercial soya (including RRS) protein concentrates were firstly detected by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. The results illustrated the different degradation patterns of the cp4-epsps gene and corresponding protein in RRS-derived protein concentrates. Furthermore, western blot was applied to investigate the single factor of food processing and the matrix on the disintegration of CP4-EPSPS protein in RRS powder and soya-derived foodstuffs, and trace the degradation patterns during the food production chain. Our results suggested that the exogenous full length of CP4-EPSPS protein in RRS powder was distinctively sensitive to various heat treatments, including heat, microwave and autoclave (especially), and only one degradation fragment
There is broad scientific consensus that food on the market derived from GM crops pose no greater risk than conventional food.[1][2][3][4][5][6] No reports of ill effects have been documented in the human population from GM food.[2][4][7] In 2012, the American Association for the Advancement of Science stated Foods containing ingredients from genetically modified (GM) crops pose no greater risk than the same foods made from crops modified by conventional plant breeding techniques.[1] The American Medical Association, the National Academies of Sciences and the Royal Society of Medicine have stated that no adverse health effects on the human population related to GM food have been reported and/or substantiated in peer-reviewed literature to date.[2][4][7] A 2004 report by Working Group 1 of the ENTRANSFOOD project, a group of scientists funded by the European Commission to identify prerequisites for introducing agricultural biotechnology products in a way that is largely acceptable to European ...
In the creation of GM crops like corn and soy bean, novel proteins are created that can cause allergies and assault the immune system. This in turn creates illness, especially in the offspring of mothers fed such foods, and to their young fed diets containing GM ingredients. The genetic modification of such food crops can also lower their nutrient content, elevate potential toxins, and also create novel RNA variations. The latter are not destroyed by digestion, and so called micro RNA has been found in mammalian tissues where they can exert influences on gene expression and therefore affect health across generations, (Zhang et al, 2011). These kinds of problems are in part due to the inherent genetic instability of GM plants that can result in spontaneous and unpredictable mutations, (Wilson et al 2006).. In their detailed review of animal safety studies of GM foods, Dona & Arvanitoyannis (2009) conclude that The results of most of the rather few studies conducted with GM foods indicate that ...
Séralini founded the Committee of Research and Independent Information on Genetic Engineering (CRIIGEN) with Corine Lepage, a former politician, and Pierre-Henri Gouyon, a professor from the Muséum national dhistoire naturelle, in 1999.[5] CRIIGEN is publicly opposed to genetically modified food (GM food).[8][9][10] Séralini founded CRIIGEN because he judged that studies on GM food safety were inadequate, and questioned their acceptance.[8]. In 2007, Séralini and two other authors from the University of Caen and the University of Rouen published a Greenpeace-funded paper using data obtained from rat feeding studies conducted by Monsanto in 2004.[11][12][13] They concluded that the genetically modified maize used, MON 863, resulted in significant variations to the control rats weight, triglyceride levels and urine composition.[11] They also concluded it effected the liver, kidney, adrenal glands, heart, and haematopoietic system and recommended that safety experiments continue beyond 90 ...
My country does not conduct safety assessment of GM food but the country has, or the country is in the process of developing national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food ...
This is a second post from my educational series Lets end war on GMO. You can read the first one, where I explain the science behind GMO concerns here. Firstly, I would like to thank everyone for high engagement of my pervious post on wordpress.com and social media. I am thrilled that many of you…
Over 300 people dined on Golden Rice, a variety of genetically modified (GM) rice, during an event supporting GM foods in Wuhan, Hubei Province on October 19.
he introduction of GM foods has led to the evolution of a food safety assessment paradigm that establishes safety of the GM food… Expand ...
Widely viewed as either a breakthrough in scientific research or a dangerous experiment, genetically modified foods are not exactly shy of media attention.. Unapproved genetically modified wheat from GM giant Monsanto was recently detected in a field in Oregon. The discovery resulted in both Japan and South Korea suspending wheat imports from the US, and further fuelled the debate surrounding the safety of GM seeds.. Executive director of the US Centre for Food Safety, Andrew Kimbrell said Monsanto has placed the US wheat industry at grave risk and that it must be held responsible.. Over 90 percent of corn and soybean crops in the US are genetically modified. New labelling laws which will require the mandatory labelling of foods that contain GM ingredients, are seeing food manufacturers across the country struggle to source conventional ingredients to replace GM varieties in fear that sales will dwindle once food is properly labelled.. But what does this mean for Australian food manufacturers ...
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Part 8 - This compilation includ 79 studies, surveys, and analyses that suggest genetically engineered (GMO/ Monsanto) crops, foods and related pesticides.
Australians are famously early adopters of new technologies. Despite this, most of us are opposed to genetically modified (GM) food crops and are concerned about the multinational industries and lack of regulation surrounding these. Every independent survey of Australians attitude towards GM shows a majority − including farmers, food manufacturers and major retailers − oppose GM food products.. Yet the story of GM uptake in Australia is one of regulatory failure, industry done-deals, and a revolving-door relationship between industry and government. Multinational GM companies are firmly embedded in a complex of regulators, private and public research institutions, universities, public bodies, science education bodies, public relations companies and industry front groups.. In Edging Towards BioUtopia, Professor Richard Hindmarsh describes the ways in which this network has created a social agenda behind the development and regulation of genetic engineering that has been constructed or ...
MON 89788 is a variety of Roundup Ready soybeans made by Monsanto, sold under the brand name Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield Soybeans. They are genetically engineered to allow them to withstand the herbicide glyphosate (the active ingredient in Monsantos herbicide Roundup). When planting RR soybeans, a farmer can spray the entire crop with glyphosate, killing only the weeds and leaving the soybeans alive. However, one concern with the heavy use of glyphosate on Roundup Ready Crops is that it will lead to the development of glyphosate resistant weeds (sometimes referred to as superweeds).[1] ...
I think that a completely home-grown GM food crop like the long lasting tomato might well have had a different reaction in India. In China they seem to emphasize a lot more on home grown GM technology. But it is really difficult to make what if predictions with the GM food issue because it is not a matter of science with clear cut causes and effects. This is a game of moving goalposts. Anti-GMO activists are good at picking holes, creating doubt, and scaring people. If one doubt is addressed, they can come up with some other doubt. Maybe with the tomato as well, if the multinationals are evil line cannot be used, they will find something else to scare people ...
I do think that genetically modified food should be labeled because it is not equitable for the government to leave the public in the dark on vital issues such as the one at hand. Regardless, they choose to put a respective quantity of the general community at risk if they have allergies, follow specific diets for health reasons, religiously obey a various selection of food, etc. In 1992, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) steadfastly denied the society the right to label the specific GM foods. Wouldnt this be suspicious if they were dead-set against broadcasting the produces constituents? The FDAs insecure claim that finally withered the crowd was that Gm foods are no different than regular food, and therefore should not be highlighted. Whats more, is that their mandatory notification process, which encourages employees overseeing the biotechnology to keep an eye on the products, is supervised by no other than an FDA blue-collar worker. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has stood ...
My obsession for chips and salsa/guacamole has come to a halt. Why? Because of my new obsession with the horrors of genetically modified (GM) foods. The corn in tortilla chips is one of the major GM foods. The more I read, the more terrified I became. Especially when I thought about my child spending playdates…
The debate over genetically modified food aid has put starving Africans in the center of a global trade dispute. Meron Tesfa Michael reviews the debate in the African press.
My main interest is research into the interface between science, technology and society with particular focus on issues in relation to food and agriculture. Within this field, I have a particular interest in understanding how technologies are interpreted, adapted, shaped and managed by society. I use primarily qualitative sociological methods such as focus group interviews, individual and text analysis when studying these issues.. My research has addressed these questions within a number of different thematic fields:. GM foods. I have, since the late 1980s, participated in several Danish and EU research projects addressing the societal reception of the new biotechnologies. A core interest has been to understand how differences in values and risk perceptions can help explain the lasting controversy between a skeptical population and the more enthusiastic researchers and industries. In addition I have studied GM food policies, with particular attention to the role of participatory ...
In February of this year he returned to the fray in collaboration with Stanley Ewen, a pathologist at the University of Aberdeen. This time the claim was that GM potatoes also affected the rats guts, livers and other organs. The Royal Society, Britains most august scientific body, felt moved to comment. It criticised the two researchers for poor experimental design, for their hasty remarks about the dangers of genetic modification, and for the fact that they broadcast their results in the mass media rather than the peer-reviewed scientific press.. That last criticism has now been addressed. But the article that appears in the Lancet suggests that the other two complaints were on the mark. The paper looks at the effects on rats of potatoes that have been genetically engineered to produce an insecticidal molecule called GNA, which is normally found in snowdrops. For comparison, some rats were fed with normal potatoes that had been mixed with GNA by more traditional methods. Dr Pusztai and Dr ...
Germanys agriculture and consumer affairs minister presented a bill Monday that would clear the way for genetically modified food. But the issue is loaded with the promise, opportunities and risks of new technologies.
October 7, 1999 Showing that a genetically modified food is chemically similar to its natural counterpart is not adequate evidence that it is safe for human consumption Whenever official approval for the introduction of genetically modified (GM) foods has been given in Europe or the United States, regulatory committees have invoked the concept of substantial equivalence. This means that if a GM food can be characterized as substantially equivalent to its natural antecedent, it can be assumed to pose no new health risks and hence to be acceptable for commercial use. At first sight, the approach might seem plausible and attractively simple, but we believe that it is misguided, and should be abandoned in favour of one that includes biological, toxicological and immunological tests rather than merely chemical ones. The concept of substantial equivalence has never been properly defined; the degree of difference between a natural food and its GM alternative before its substance ceases to be ...
Although Codex does suggest that transmissible antibiotic resistant genetic strains should not be used, it clearly states that they should not be removed from consideration for use. This does little to ease the concerns related to antibiotic resistance in general. This is because, as mentioned earlier, any gene that is inserted into another organism via genetic modification is inherently unstable. Not only that, but this process creates the potential to destabilize other genes as well. So the possibility still exists even when not using what is considered a transmissible gene. Codex, of course, does not address this issue. It merely suggests that these antibiotic resistant genes not be removed from consideration as potential transfers and recipients ...