The preorbital gland is a paired exocrine gland found in many species of hoofed animals, which is homologous to the lacrimal gland found in humans. These glands are trenchlike slits of dark blue to black, nearly bare skin extending from the medial canthus of each eye. They are lined by a combination of sebaceous and sudoriferous glands, and they produce secretions which contain pheromones and other semiochemical compounds. Ungulates frequently deposit these secretions on twigs and grass as a means of communication with other animals. The preorbital gland serves different roles in different species. Pheromone-containing secretions from the preorbital gland may serve to establish an animals dominance (especially in preparation for breeding), mark its territory, or simply to produce a pleasurable sensation to the animal. Because of its critical role in scent marking, the preorbital gland is usually considered as a type of scent gland. A further function of these glands may be to produce ...
Hi how are you. I just joined this site a couple of months ago that that is why I didnt write to you sooner. Okay now the pineal gland has many different ways of opening the basic ways are through meditation yoga and relaxation however those ways have never worked for me. When I was 16 years old I got hit by a car and I died for 8 minutes that opened up my pineal gland 100% it has been open ever since those things that you read about online about the headaches and the itching thats the pineal gland actually getting bigger. Thats why its causing the brain to react to it in that way. You can only go so far with guided meditation. If youve gotten that far through meditation your best bet is to start mixing something thatll make your body physically go down in heart rate. Or to basically take the mind off the body nuerologically. Not something detrimental to your health, something in the lines of marijuana or mushrooms. I would not recommend the usage of LSD unless you have supervision. ...
Shrinking of face skin pores involves three procedures:. • Pumpkin peel Azelaic Peeling - is intended for sensitive skin; it constricts sebaceous glands openings, reduces seborrhea and eliminates discolourations and imperfections of the skin such as acne or comedones.. • DermaQuest Pumpkin peel - efficient in pores shrinking, regulates functions of sebaceous glands and brightens the skin.. • DermaQuest Jessners peel - efficient in constrictiction of sebaceous glands openings and by that in pores shrinking, reduces acne scars and causes intensive exfoliation of scurf.. ...
Mucus produced by submucosal glands is a key component of respiratory mucociliary transport (MCT). When it emerges from submucosal gland ducts, mucus forms long strands on the airway surface. However, the function of those strands is uncertain. To test the hypothesis that mucus strands facilitate transport of large particles, we studied newborn pigs. In ex vivo experiments, interconnected mucus strands moved over the airway surface, attached to immobile spheres, and initiated their movement by pulling them. Stimulating submucosal gland secretion with methacholine increased the percentage of spheres that moved and shortened the delay until mucus strands began moving spheres. To disrupt mucus strands, we applied reducing agents tris-(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine and dithiothreitol. They decreased the fraction of moving spheres and delayed initiation of movement for spheres that did move. We obtained similar in vivo results with CT-based tracking of microdisks in spontaneously breathing pigs. ...
Organ-specific and systemic autoimmune diseases share numerous features and often coexist in the same patient. Autoimmune cholangitis/primary biliary cirrhosis and Sjogren syndrome represent paradigmatic examples of the common grounds of different autoimmunity phenotypes based on similarities in clinical manifestations and immunopathogenesis. In fact, primary biliary cirrhosis and Sjogrens syndrome have both been coined as an autoimmune epithelitis in which apoptosis may be in both cases the key element to explain the organ-specific immune-mediated injury against the biliary and exocrine gland epithelia, respectively. Further, growing evidence supports in both diseases the view that B cells, T cytotoxic cells, and T helper cells are involved in chronic inflammation, likely via the altered expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The presence of estrogen receptors on the biliary and exocrine gland epithelia has been advocated as a key to the female predominance encountered in primary biliary ...
The tissue localization of cells containing 11 S external secretory IgA was investigated using rhodamine- or fluorescein-labeled antisera specific either for the heavy polypeptide chain of 7 S serum IgA (anti-IgA) or for the characteristic extra-antigenic determinants of 11 S secretory IgA (anti-Piece). Both anti-Piece and anti-IgA caused fluorescence of: 1) cells at the periphery of lymphoid follicles and lining the crypts of the pharyngeal and palatine tonsils, and 2) scattered interstitial and serous acinar cells of the compound alveolar glands in the nasal submucosa and in the submaxillary and parotid salivary glands. Anti-IgA alone stained occasional cells in the lymphoid follicles of spleen and of lymph nodes taken from the lung, submandibular tissue and periaortic chain. Anti-Piece stained none of the latter tissues, and neither anti-Piece nor anti-IgA caused fluorescence of liver, pancreas or pulmonary alveolar cells.. When anti-IgA and anti-Piece, one labeled with fluorescein and the ...
1. Hall JE. Secretory functions of the alimentary tract. In Hall JE, ed. Guyton & Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 12th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. 2011:773-776 2. Hector MP, Linden RWA. Reflexes of salivary secretion. In: (ed.) Garrett JR, Ekstrom J, Anderson LC. Neural Mechanisms of Salivary Gland Secretion. Basel: Karger. 1999:196-217 3. Melvin JE, Yule D, Shuttleworth T, Begenisich T. Regulation of fluid and electrolyte secretion in salivary gland acinar cells. Ann Rev Physiol. 2005;67:445-469 4. Smith PM. Mechanisms of salivary secretion. Edgar M, Dawes C, OMullane D, eds. Saliva and Oral Health, 4th ed. London: Stephen Hancocks Ltd. 2012:17-36 5. Wong DT. In: Wong DT, ed. Salivary Diagnostics. Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell. 2008:14-37 6. Baum BJ, Wellner RB. Receptors in salivary glands. In: (ed.) Garrett JR, Ekstrom J, Anderson LC. Neural mechanisms of salivary gland secretion. Basel: Karger. 1999:44-58 7. Catalán MA, Nakamoto T, Melvin JE. The salivary gland fluid secretion ...
Low / intermediate grade malignant epithelial neoplasm of the salivary glands characterized by serous acinar cell differentiation (cytoplasmic zymogen granules) in at least some of the neoplastic cells
Transport operator Braunschweiger Verkehrs-AGs first electric bus equipped with Bombardier PRIMOVE technology began revenue service today in Germany
Airbus - in a long-running trade battle with Boeing - argues that the U.S. company receives illegal tax breaks that act like subsidies and hurt competition.. Officials and unions in Northern Ireland cautiously welcomed the Airbus-Bombardier deal. Bombardier employs more than 4,000 people at its Belfast factories and will deliver 125 new C Series jets to Delta Air Lines next year.. Davy Thompson, regional officer of the Unite union, called it a welcome development - one that gives breathing space to the C Series itself and which we anticipate should safeguard the future of C Series production jobs in Belfast for the foreseeable future.. However, Ross Murdoch of union GMB warned that This deal is liable to further scrutiny from the U.S. administration that may see it as an attempt to dodge their trade tariffs. … GMB hopes both Bombardier and Airbus have taken cast iron legal advice to ensure they dont get rid of one legal challenge only to open themselves up to another.. The Airbus ...
Bombardiers market forecast suggests that the recovery in large category business jets has been stronger, with the smaller category continuing to fall behind.. While Bombardier and its family of large business jets looked in a prime position to utilise such interest, a new competitor has entered the fray.. Gulfstreams G650 aircraft, more than seven years in the making, received its FAA type certificate in September 2012, with the first delivery occurring five months later in December.. The G650s progress towards certification has not been without incident, with the second test aircraft crashing after takeoff from Roswell International Air Center in New Mexico, US, in April 2011, killing two pilots and two test engineers onboard.. The test aircraft was simulating an engine failure when its right wing tip hit the runway, caused by an erroneously low target V2 speed that led to the aircraft stalling just after lift-off. Gulfstream subsequently raised the V2 speed of the G650.. With the market ...
bombardier selects moog aerospace test system for carbon fibre wing testing moog industrial group has been selected by bombardier aerospace to supply an aerospace test system to undertake a full-scale structural test on the cseries aircraft advanced carbon
Montreal-based manufacturer Bombardier has agreed a deal to sell 10 CRJ900 jets to an undisclosed customer. Based on list prices, the firm order is valued at $472m. Fred Cromer, President, Bombardier Commercial Aircraft, said: The modern and fuel efficient CRJ900…. ...
In female human anatomy, Skenes glands or the Skene glands (/skiːn/ SKEEN; also known as the lesser vestibular glands, periurethral glands, paraurethral glands, or homologous female prostate) are glands located on the anterior wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra. They drain into the urethra and near the urethral opening and may be near or a part of the G-spot. These glands are surrounded with tissue (which includes the part of the clitoris) that reaches up inside the vagina and swells with blood during sexual arousal. The location of the Skenes glands are the general area of the vulva, located on the anterior wall of the vagina around the lower end of the urethra. The Skenes glands are homologous with the prostate gland in males, containing numerous microanatomical structures in common with the prostate gland, such as secretory cells. Skenes glands are not, however, explicit prostate glands themselves. By histological origin, the Skenes glands are often referred to as ...
Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback and Steve Ridolfi, president of Bombardier Business Aircraft, today announced the details of the further expansion of Bombardiers Learjet site in Wichita.. The growth of the site includes the expansion of the Bombardier Flight Test Center, the establishment of a Bombardier Center of Engineering and Information Technology, new facilities for paint and production flight test, as well as a new delivery center. The expansion also will help create 450 new jobs over the next seven to 10 years.. This is great news and indicates the strength of our relationship with the state of Kansas, said Ridolfi. Learjet has a rich and solid history in Kansas, and we are committed to ensuring that it continues to grow and prosper along with new programs, such as the Learjet 85 aircraft.. This expansion is being supported by an incentive offer worth $16 million in financial support from Kansas, which will be added to the $600 million investment Bombardier is currently making to develop ...
The lacrimal gland (LG) is an exocrine gland important for secretion of the tear film. The kinase p38 has important signal transduction functions, e.g. in gene transcription, but has previously not been known to modulate exocrine secretion. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of p38 in carbachol (Cch)-induced LG secretion in LG acinar cells in vitro. Western blotting was used to determine the phosphorylation status of p38 and p42/44 and determine expression of p38 isoforms. To determine the effect of p38 inhibition on LG secretion, PD 169316, a general p38 inhibitor, and SB 239063, an inhibitor of p38α and β, were added to the cells prior to secretion measurements. The results revealed activation of p38 mediated by Cch stimulation and inhibition of Cch-induced secretion as a result of p38 inhibition. The inhibition was observed with PD 169316 isoforms, but not with SB 239063. The p38δ isoform was shown to have robust expression both by Western blotting of acinar cells and ...
How to stop shaving boils - How to stop shaving boils? Lock up the razor. The way to stop shaving the boils is to lock up the razor. Since the boils stick up higher than the normal skin, a razor will cut their tops off. After all is healed, one can stop creating new boils or pimples by not cutting so closely that the skin is cut. If the skin is cut, it can heal together and seal over a hair follicle or skin gland opening. Bacteria or oils trapped inside form new boils.
Protection from abrasion and predation is … Frog skin secretes a mucus that helps keep it moist. Frogs produce a slimy substance called mucus, the mucus comes from glands in the frogs skin. Teeth: The lower jaw lacks teeth. Mucous glands, which aid in maintaining the water balance and offer protection from bacteria, are extremely numerous in fish skin, especially in cyclostomes and teleosts. Privacy Policy3. Almost all frogs develop lungs when they develop into adults, but they still depend on cutaneous gas exchange (breathing through the skin) to get oxygen, especially when the frog is in a burrow underground or swimming in the water. thigh. The ridges, thus, formed by the thickening of the skin are known as dorsolateral dermal plicae. The granular gland forms a syncytial secretory compartment within the acinus, which is surrounded by smooth muscle cells. 4. These mucous glands secrete mucus that helps in lubricating the food. What is the function of mucus on a frogs skin. The dermis is ...
Dilantin - But it should surely make us all most careful to know that any powdered substance we introduce into the os uteri will probably be, found, within twenty hours, inside the peritoneal later about the means whereby this currenjt is brought about; meanwhile, we pass to the consideration of the upper intestinal tract and the mucous ducts of the glands opening into it.
In summer 2001 the Istanbul Transport Authority (ITC) ordered 55 FLEXITY Swift low floor light rail vehicles from Bombardier. Similar to the vehicles designed for the Stockholm transport authorities, the Istanbul solution offers at a length of 30 m a total capacity of 272 passengers. It also allows level boarding from platforms of 300 mm only. An air-conditioned interior and increased space for standees are only some of the features that respond to Istanbuls particular requirements. The vehicles are in service on existing lines crossing the historical city-centre of Istanbul as well as on new lines and extensions. ...
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The Aircraft Bluebook is designed and developed as a service for the purchasers thereof to assist them in arriving at the fair market value of aircraft listed herein, but is intended only as a guide and is not to be considered to reflect all factors involved in the appraisal process of any particular aircraft. All prices in the Digest are considered a representative average.. Drawings are for general reference only and may not incorporate minor differences between year models.. The information herein is prepared from many sources, is edited, and believed to be correct. The publishers do not warrant the accuracy of the source material and assume no responsibility to any person or persons in connection with the use of this guide. In case of error or omission, the liability of the company, if any, is limited and many not, in any event, exceed the amount paid for the service during the period covered by the guide in which the error or omission occurred.. ...
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MONTREAL - Bombardier is attempting to deepen its roots in Russia, signing three preliminary agreements Wednesday, including one that contemplates a Q400 final assembly line for some 100 turboprops th...
Oct 6 (Reuters) -* Canada says extremely disappointed by and in completedisagreement with latest Commerce duties Bombardier CSeries jet* Canada says Commerce move not a surprise, says willcontinue to raise this issue with Boeing and with the U.S.government at the highest levelsFurther company coverage:(Reporting by David Ljunggren)
Bombardier is selling its aerostructures business to US-based Spirit AeroSystems, a deal which includes its wing operation in Belfast and other facilities in Morocco and the USA.
An organ that produces a specific substance the body needs, such as a hormone. Glands are broadly split into two types. Endocrine glands, which secrete their chemicals into the bloodstream. And exocrine glands which secrete their chemicals through ducts to where they are used, for example the liver, pancreas and the saliva glands in the mouth.. ...
Rule M8 was written specifically for urothelial tumors in the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Paraurethral gland (C681) and overlapping lesions of urinary organs (C688) do not belong in rule M8.. When C689 is assigned because tumors of the bladder and tumors of the ureter were determined to be a single primary and the site of origin is not known (as in your example), it makes sense to apply rule M8 when a subsequent tumor is diagnosed in one of the listed sites. However, if C689 is assigned for other unknown primary site situations, rule M8 should not be used.. We will add this issue to the list of possible revisions for the next edition of the MP/H rules.. ...
Glandular epithelium forms glands. Glands secrete things and are classified as endocrine or exocrine. Endocrine glands secrete things into the bloodstream, like hormones. Exocrine glands secrete things that go outside of the body, like mucus and sweat. Cancer of a gland is called adenocarcinoma. See also: Epithelial lining tissue Epithelial tissue Epithelium ...
Sjogrens syndrome is an inflammatory disease. The immune system destroys cells in exocrine glands. It occurs most often in the tear and salivary glands. It is a lifelong condition. There are two types:
Exocrine glands are involved in several wasp colony activities; however, the number of known glands in the Vespidae is rather low when compared to other social insect groups. The aim of this study is to survey the head of Neotropical social wasps and to provide a detailed comparative study of the glands found in the Polistinae. A total of 33 species distributed over 13 genera were studied with ser ...
Exocrine glands are involved in several wasp colony activities; however, the number of known glands in the Vespidae is rather low when compared to other social insect groups. The aim of this study is to survey the head of Neotropical social wasps and to provide a detailed comparative study of the glands found in the Polistinae. A total of 33 species distributed over 13 genera were studied with ser ...
Background & objectives: The interleukin (IL)-17 producing T-helper cells have been linked to pathogenesis of autoimmunity and mostly investigated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study we tested the IL-17 levels, as well as the levels of nitric oxide (NO) as possible IL-17-induced product, in patients with primary Sjogrens syndrome (pSS), an intricate and complex chronic autoimmune disorder of exocrine glands. Methods: Serum IL-17 levels and nitrite concentrations determined in patients with pSS (n=30) were compared with the values obtained in patients with RA (n=10) and healthy controls (n=15). The values obtained for 11,17 in pSS patients were also associated with the patients clinical characteristics, particularly the rheumatoid factor (RF) and total antinuclear antibodies (tANA) levels. Results: Serum concentrations of IL-17 were significantly (P lt 0.01) higher in patients with pSS (12.9 +/- 28.0 pg/ml) as compared to those obtained in healthy individuals (0.2 +/- 0.6 pg/ml), but ...
Tracheal epithelium surface, scanning electron micrograph (SEM). The trachea or windpipe is secretory in nature, possessing many exocrine glands and being lined by a pseudostratified columnar epithelium in which ciliated and mucous cells predominate. The ciliated epithelial cells are interspersed with goblet mucosal cells which are covered by microvilli. Goblet cells produce mucous which is secreted through the microvilli and tiny particles present in inhaled air are trapped. The ciliated cells move the mucous upwards and out of the respiratory tract, thus cleaning the pathway. Magnification: x600 when shortest axis printed at 25 millimetres. - Stock Image C036/9758
1. The two layers that form the skin are the: epidermis and dermis 2. The special protein deposited in epidermal cells to make them waterproof is keratin 3. Skin structures made of keratin include scales, beaks, claws, nails, hoofs, hairs and feathers. 4. Sweat, sebaceous and mammary glands are all exocrine glands. Meaning they all have ducts through which they expel their products to the outside. 5. The pigment deposited in skin cells that protects underlying skin layers from the harmful effects of the sun is melanin. 6. The skin helps cool an animal down when it is active or in a hot environment by producing sweat and dilating the capillaries in the dermis 7. The skin helps prevent heat loss when an animal is in a cold environment by: ...
Looking for Cystic fibrosis allele? Find out information about Cystic fibrosis allele. inherited disorder of the exocrine glands , affecting children and young people; median survival is 25 years in females and 30 years in males. Explanation of Cystic fibrosis allele
Science: anatomy, gastroenterology) A tongue-shaped glandular organ lying below and behind the stomach. The head of the pancreas is encircled by the duodenum and its tail touches the spleen. It secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon (both regulate blood sugar), in addition to pancreatic enzymes involved in the digestion of fats and proteins in the small intestine. A large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic Juice and insulin. An organ forming part of the endocrine system which is responsible for producing insulin and glucagon from the pancreas islets Of Langerhans. The pancreas is also responsible in producing digestive enzymes to be used in the duodenum which will contain fo. ...
Sjögren syndrome (SjS) is a systemic autoimmune disease that mainly affects the exocrine glands and usually presents as persistent dryness of the mouth and eyes due to functional impairment of the salivary and lacrimal glands. An estimated 2-4 million persons in the United States have SjS, of whom approximately 1 million have established diagnoses. The prevalence in European countries ranges between 0.60% and 3.3%. The incidence of SjS has been calculated as 4 cases per 100,000. SjS primarily affects white perimenopausal women, with a female:male ratio ranging from 14:1 to 24:1 in the largest reported series. The disease may occur at all ages but typically has its onset in the fourth to sixth decades of life. When sicca symptoms appear in a previously healthy person, the syndrome is classified as primary SjS. When sicca features are found in association with another systemic autoimmune disease, most commonly rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, or systemic lupus erythematosus, it is ...
Sabita Rakshit, B.S., M.S., Research Associate, UM Cancer Center The pancreas is both an endocrine gland and exocrine gland. The Islets of Langerhans (endocrine
Diabetes Mellitus is a dysfunction of carbohydrate metabolism due to a relative or absolute insulin deficiency. It is caused by the pancreas producing too little insulin, or by a breakdown in the bodys insulin utilization. In the worst case scenario no insulin is produced at all and food containing sugar or carbohydrates cannot be metabolized, causing an increased level in blood sugar.. The pancreas weighs about 2.5 to 3.5 ounces, lies beneath the pylorus (exit of the stomach) and, along with the bile duct, connects to the c-shaped loop of the duodenum. In order to perform its key function in the digestion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, it contains two distinctly different cell structures: first the exocrine glands that produce between 1.3 and 4.3 pints of alkaline digestive secretions depending on the amount of food consumed; these secretions contain important enzymes for the digestion of fats and proteins. The second type of cell structure are the island-like beta cells, about one ...
Diabetes Mellitus is a dysfunction of carbohydrate metabolism due to a relative or absolute insulin deficiency. It is caused by the pancreas producing too little insulin, or by a breakdown in the bodys insulin utilization. In the worst case scenario no insulin is produced at all and food containing sugar or carbohydrates cannot be metabolized, causing an increased level in blood sugar.. The pancreas weighs about 2.5 to 3.5 ounces, lies beneath the pylorus (exit of the stomach) and, along with the bile duct, connects to the c-shaped loop of the duodenum. In order to perform its key function in the digestion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, it contains two distinctly different cell structures: first the exocrine glands that produce between 1.3 and 4.3 pints of alkaline digestive secretions depending on the amount of food consumed; these secretions contain important enzymes for the digestion of fats and proteins. The second type of cell structure are the island-like beta cells, about one ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cholinoreceptor autoantibodies in Sjögren sndrome. AU - Reina, S.. AU - Oman, B.. AU - Anaya, J. M.. AU - Sterin-Borda, L.. AU - Borda, E.. PY - 2007/9/1. Y1 - 2007/9/1. N2 - Previous studies have demonstrated that antibodies against cholinoreceptors of exocrine glands correlate with dry mouth in persons with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). The aim of the present investigation was to establish if serum IgG antibodies (pSS IgG) were able to interact with cholinoreceptors in rat submandibular gland-dependent stimulation of cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) mRNA expression and PGE2 production. Our findings indicated that pSS IgG-stimulating M3, M4, and M1 cholinoreceptors exerted an increase in COX-2 mRNA without affecting COX-1 mRNA expression and increased PGE2 production. Inhibitors of phospholipase A2, COX-s, L-type calcium channel currents, and Ca2+-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum prevented the pSS IgG effect on PGE2 production. An ionophore of calcium mimicked pSS IgG action, ...
Sjögrens syndrome is a multisystem autoimmune disorder caused by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands and extraglandular organ systems associated with B cell overactivation and the production of autoantibodies. Sjögren Syndrome: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment provides a comprehensive overview of primary Sjögren syndrome with emphasis on its clinical presentation.. Several tests are currently available to assess glandular involvement and to establish an accurate diagnosis. In 2016, the new American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism developed the classification criteria for primary Sjögren syndrome.. The association of polymorphic marker rs2228262 in THBS1 gene with the risk of developing dry eye syndrom with underlying Sjögren syndrome is also explored. Data was obtained through confocal microscopy which suggests that this polymorphic marker is responsible for the high probability of lesions of corneal nerve fibers in cases of Sjögren syndrome, even if ...
Sjögrens syndrome is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva. It is named after Swedish ophthalmologist Henrik Sjögren (1899-1986), who first described it. Sjögrens syndrome is also associated with rheumatic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, and it is rheumatoid factor positive in 90 percent of cases. The hallmark symptoms of the disorder are dry mouth and dry eyes (part of what are known as sicca symptoms). In addition, Sjögrens syndrome may cause skin, nose, and vaginal dryness, and may affect other organs of the body, including the kidneys, blood vessels, lungs, liver, pancreas, and brain. Nine out of ten Sjögrens patients are women and the average age of onset is late 40s, although Sjögrens occurs in all age groups in both women and men. It is estimated to strike as many as 4 million people in the United States alone making it the second most common autoimmune rheumatic disease ...
starches within the sustenance that you simply eat for vitality or to store aldohexose for someday later. hormone helps keeps your aldohexose level from obtaining overly high (hyperglycemia) or overly low (hypoglycemia).. The cells in your body would like sugar for vitality. not withstanding, sugar cannot move into the larger a part of your cells licitly. when you eat nourishment and your aldohexose level ascents, cells in your exocrine gland (known as beta cells) area unit motioned to discharge hormone into your circulation system. hormone at that time joins to and signals cells to ingest sugar from the cardiovascular system. hormone is often pictured as a key, that opens the phone to alter sugar to enter the phone and be used for energy.If you have got a lot of sugar in your body than it wants, hormone helps store the sugar in your liver and discharges it once your aldohexose level is low or within the event that you simply would like a lot of sugar, as an example, within the middle of ...
Loss of venom from the venom gland after biting or manual extraction leads to morphological changes in venom secreting cells and the start of a cycle of production of new venom. We have previously shown that stimulation of both (alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors in the secretory cells of the venom gland is essential for the onset of the venom production cycle in Bothrops jararaca. We investigated the signaling pathway by which the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor initiates the venom production cycle. Our results show that the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtype is present in venom gland of the snake. in quiescent cells, stimulation of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor with phenylephrine increased the total inositol phosphate concentration, and this effect was blocked by the phospholipase C inhibitor U73122. Phenylephrine mobilized Ca(2+) from thapsigargin-sensitive stores and increased protein kinase C activity. in addition, alpha(1)-adrenoceptor stimulation increased the activity of ERK 1/2, partially via protein kinase C. ...
A biological or a bodily system is a group of entities that work together to carry out a particular task. In higher forms of organisms such as humans, the biological systems include integumentary system, lymphatic system, muscular system, nervous system, reproductive system , respiratory system, skeletal system, endocrine system, urinary system, and immune system. The endocrine system is a biological system comprised of the endocrine glands. The endocrine glands may be contrasted to the exocrine glands (e.g. salivary glands and sweat glands), which also secrete hormones to the outside of the body. However, the exocrine glands make use of ducts. The endocrine glands are ductless glands and therefore do not require ducts to reach and affect target cells. The endocrine glands release their secretions (hormones) into the bloodstream to reach and act on specific cells of organs. These hormones aid in controlling the bodily metabolic activity, as well as serve as chemical messengers that allow cells ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cell deletion by apoptosis during regression of rat parotid sialadenosis. AU - Chisholm, D. M.. AU - Adi, M. M.. AU - Ervine, I. M.. AU - Ogden, G. R.. PY - 1995. Y1 - 1995. N2 - parotidtoplasmicl:lnuclearEnlargement of the rat parotid salivary glands was induced by repeated administration of isoproterenol. Mean wet weights of the treated glands increased steadily to 240% of control values. Following withdrawal of the drug, quantitative histological techniques were used to investigate the balance between hypertrophy, hyperplasia and apoptosis. The volume occupied by acinar cells relative to the total gland volume together with cytoplasmic:nuclear area ratios as measures of hypertrophy increased during the early experimental period. Similarly, serous acinar cell mitotic counts increased, indicating that hyperplasia had occurred. Apoptosis was demonstrated at light microscopical level to be the main mechanism for cell deletion as the glands returned to normal size and weight, The ...
The development of trachea in fetuses on 60, 90 and 120 days of gestation and neonates of Korean native goats was investigated by microscopy and scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The results were summarized as follows; Light microscopic studies: 1. In the 60-day-old fetuses, the tracheal walls were differentiated and divided into four layers of the mucosa, submucosa, muscle and cartilage, and adventitia. The tracheal epithelium is composed of stratified ciliated columnar epithelium at 60- and 90-day-old fetuses while the epithelium observed at 120-day-old fetuses was pseudostraified ciliated colummar epithelium. 2. In the 90-day-old fetuses, tracheal glands extended into the submucosa and peripheral area of the tracheal cartilage. The blood vessels were observed in the submucosa and adventitia. The elastic and collagenous fibers were observed in the tracheal walls. 3. In the neonates, the tracheal walls consisted of mucosa with well-developed folds, submucosa, tracheal glands, ...
Background/Purpose: Primary Sjogrens syndrome (pSS) is a systemic, progressive autoimmune disease characterized by formation of ectopic germinal centers in exocrine glands and secretory gland dysfunction. A subset of patients also develops extraglandular manifestations. CFZ533 is a novel monoclonal antibody that potently and selectively blocks CD40, a co-stimulatory pathway receptor essential for germinal center reactions and other immune mediated functions implicated in pSS pathogenesis. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-centric, partial cross-over Phase IIa Proof of Concept (PoC) study to evaluate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of CFZ533 in patients with pSS.. Methods: Clinically active (EULAR Sjögrens Syndrome Disease Activity Index [ESSDAI]≥6) pSS patients were randomized to receive four doses of 3 mg/kg s.c. CFZ533 or placebo (2:1, Cohort 1) or 10 mg/kg i.v. CFZ533 or placebo (2:1, Cohort 2) over 12 weeks in Period 1. Four additional doses of 3 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cystic fibrosis and the relationship between mucin and chloride secretion by cultures of human airway gland mucous cells. AU - Finkbeiner, Walter E.. AU - Zlock, Lorna T.. AU - Morikawa, Masatoshi. AU - Lao, Anna Y.. AU - Dasari, Vijay. AU - Widdicombe, Jonathan. PY - 2011/10. Y1 - 2011/10. N2 - We investigated how cystic fibrosis (CF) alters the relationship between Cl - and mucin secretion in cultures of non-CF and CF human tracheobronchial gland mucous (HTGM and CFTGM, respectively) cells. Biochemical studies showed that HTMG cells secreted typical airway mucins, and immunohistochemical studies showed that these cells expressed MUC1, MUC4, MUC5B, MUC8, MUC13, MUC16, and MUC20. Effects of cumulative doses of methacholine (MCh), phenylephrine (Phe), isoproterenol (Iso), and ATP on mucin and Cl - secretion were studied on HTGM and CFTGM cultures. Baseline mucin secretion was not significantly altered in CFTGM cells, and the increases in mucin secretion induced by mediators were ...
The mechanisms underlying the development and natural progression of the airway mucus defect in cystic fibrosis (CF) remain largely unclear. New animal models of CF, coupled with imaging using micro-optical coherence tomography, can lead to insights regarding these questions. The Cftr-/- (KO) rat allows for longitudinal examination of the development and progression of airway mucus abnormalities. The KO rat exhibits decreased periciliary depth, hyperacidic pH, and increased mucus solid content percentage; however, the transport rates and viscoelastic properties of the mucus are unaffected until the KO rat ages. Airway submucosal gland hypertrophy develops in the KO rat by 6 months of age. Only then does it induce increased mucus viscosity, collapse of the periciliary layer, and delayed mucociliary transport; stimulation of gland secretion potentiates this evolution. These findings could be reversed by bicarbonate repletion but not pH correction without counterion donation. These studies ...
Styes are ordinarily induced by a staphylococcal infection. Staphylococcus bacteria frequently live on the skin without making any harm.Styes occur while a gland in or on the eyelid becomes plugged or obstructed. This can happen if the glands opening is blocked by scar tissue or a foreign substance (dust, makeup ).. Internal styes can happen when the meibomian glands enhance infected. These glands are located on the eyelids and produce an oily secretion, which offers up part of the tear film that coats your eye.If the meibomian glands become obstructed, a cyst can occur, which can develop infected.. ...
Abstract:Analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of the scent gland secretions of male and female Middle American burrowing pythons (Loxocemus bicolor) revealed the presence of over 300 components including cholesterol, fatty acids, glyceryl monoalkyl ethers, and alcohols. The fatty acids, over 100 of which were identified, constitute most of the compounds in the secretions and show the greatest structural diversity. They include saturated and unsaturated, unbranched and mono-, di-, and trimethyl-branched compounds ranging in carbon-chain length from 13 to 24. The glyceryl monoethers possess saturated or unsaturated, straight or methyl-branched alkyl chains ranging in carbon-chain length from 13 to 24. Alcohols, which have not previously been reported from the scent glands, possess straight, chiefly saturated carbon chains ranging in length from 13 to 24. Sex or individual differences in secretion composition were not observed. Compounds in the scent gland secretions of L. bicolor may deter
As mentioned above, we found that in contrast to the honeybee, both female castes in bumblebees possess HGs. HGs in queens are even larger than in workers. Previous reports on the presence of HGs in bumblebee males were inconsistent. Male HGs were mentioned by Palm (Palm, 1949), but without a detailed description, and HGs were not mentioned at all in a number of other publications describing the cephalic glands of bumblebee males (Svensson and Bergström, 1977; Terzo et al., 2007). To re-investigate the presence/absence of HGs in the light of our findings on BtRJPL localization, we dissected heads of B. terrestris females (Fig. 3A) and males (Fig. 3B). As described previously (Svensson and Bergström, 1977; Terzo et al., 2007), and in contrast to females, the frontal area of the drone heads was filled with the glandular tissue of labial glands (LGs) containing large acini (Fig. 3B). In addition we found in the medial frontal region an additional pair of glands with much smaller acini attached to ...
Bombardier has sold its remaining stake in the A220 airliner program, with Airbus and the government of Quebec now having full ownership.
Detailed seat map Alaska Airlines - Horizon Air Bombardier CRJ700. Find the best airplanes seats, information on legroom, recline and in-flight entertainment using our detailed online seating charts.
Russias Rostec is in talks with Bombardier (BBDb.TO) over a possible multimillion-dollar joint venture to build the Canadian plane makers Q400 aircraft in Russia, the head of the state-owned technology company told Reuters.
Let’s take a brief minute to tell apart between ejaculation (a.k.a. squirting sex that is during and lubrication. Lubrication is really a substance that is slippery because of the walls for the vagina whenever you’re aroused, while ejaculate is just a watery fluid expelled during intimate stimulation or orgasm, through the urethra the tube that transports urine through the bladder out from the human body.. Specialists aren’t completely certain where in actuality the fluid arises from, but research suggests that the Skene’s glands (also called the paraurethral glands or urethral sponge) may take place. This pipe of muscle wraps across the urethra; as arousal builds, the compartments that are erectile up like a number of grapes filled up with fluid, based on Sheri Winston, composer of Women’s Anatomy of Arousal: key Maps to Buried enjoyment. Where does the fluid result from? It’s filtered out of the watery section of our bloodstream plasma and combines with ...
The pancreas is a gland, about six inches long, located in the abdomen that is surrounded by the stomach, small intestine, liver, spleen and gallbladder. The pancreas is both an exocrine gland and endocrine gland: Exocrine cells of the pancreas produce enzymes that help with digestion. The endocrine cells of the
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Abstract: n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:Table Normal; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri,sans-serif; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:Times New Roman; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Cystic fibrosis is a monogenic recessive disorder founds predominantly in caucasian population causes exocrine glands function defect. This disease arises from mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. ...
The first step in understanding male fertility is getting basic information about their anatomy. Here are the organs and glands of the male reproductive system:. Scrotum: Sperm producing organ that contains testes. It helps maintain temperature, also ensuring normal sperm production.. Epididymis: A long coiled tube where sperm remains for 2-12 days. It helps sperm mature fully, helping them transport to the vas deferens.. Vas Deferens: A duct between epididymis and pelvis behind the bladder, helping transport sperm.. Seminal Vesicles: Tubular glands, located within the pelvis, which partly contribute to the seminal fluid and produce sugar fructose.. Prostate Gland: Located between the bladder and penis, it secrets additional fluid and enzymes that liquefy semen and nourish sperm.. Cowpers Glands: Exocrine glands, located beyond the prostate at the base of the penile shaft in the urethra, adding an amount of lubricant to the seminal fluid right before ejaculation.. Penis: External intromittent ...
Looking for cystic fibrosis of the pancreas? Find out information about cystic fibrosis of the pancreas. inherited disorder of the exocrine glands , affecting children and young people; median survival is 25 years in females and 30 years in males. Explanation of cystic fibrosis of the pancreas
All Ceraphronoidea have metasomal patches of translucent cuticle and setae that have never been investigated before, despite their potential behavioral and phylogenetic relevance. To understand the internal and external morphology of these structures, specimens were examined using a broad array of histology-based methods, including transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and serial block-face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM). For the first time, the setiferous patches are shown to be associated with exocrine glands in Ceraphronoidea. The proposed glandular function is the secretion of pheromones, with the setae above the pore openings serving as a surface for evaporation. The translucent cuticle is morphologically distinct from the setiferous patches; structures resembling lamellar bodies were found underneath the translucent cuticle, and may be associated with photoreceptors or endocrine glands. The locations of
Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited disease of the exocrine glands, affecting the pancreas, respiratory system, and sweat glands. Usually beginning in infancy, it is characterized by chronic respiratory infections, pancreatic insufficiency, and susceptibility to heat prostration.
Cystic Fibrosis or Mucoviscidosis is a hereditary genetic disease that attacks mainly children and young adults. It is characterized by a general dysfunction of the exocrine glands. We described uncommon histopathological findings in tongue and sublingual gland of a patient with Cystic Fibrosis. The 11-month-old female patient, had a history of repeated bronchopneumonia, chronic diarrhea and malnutrition during internment. On investigation, a high dose of chlorine was detected in the perspiration, and the diagnosis of Mucoviscidosis was made. The patient did not respond to treatment, and died in August 1997. During the autopsy, was noted lungs with bronchiectasis and bronchopneumonia with abscesses, stomach containing a large quantity of thick mucus and hepatomegaly. The organ fragments were fixed in formalin and the histological cuts were stained with H/E, Gomori-Grocott, ZiehlNeelsen and Brown-Hopps. Microscopically, the lung tissue showed chronic bronchitis and abscesses with hemorrhagic ...
Giant Microbes Original Pancreas The pancreas lies behind the stomach and has two distinct roles. As an endocrine gland, it makes the hormones insulin and glucagon to control sugar levels. As an exocrine gland, the pancreas produces powerful juices packed with enzymes for digestion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Sjögren syndrome (SS) is chronic, systemic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands. It is an elaborate involvement of the lacrimal and salivary glands, which eventually lead to keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia.
Rab GTPase family 3 contains Rab3A, Rab3B, Rab3C and Rab3D. The Rab3 subfamily contains Rab3A, Rab3B, Rab3C, and Rab3D. All four isoforms were found in mouse brain and endocrine tissues, with varying levels of expression. Rab3A, Rab3B, and Rab3C localized to synaptic and secretory vesicles; Rab3D was expressed at high levels only in adipose tissue, exocrine glands, and the endocrine pituitary, where it is localized to cytoplasmic secretory granules. Rab3 appears to control Ca2+-regulated exocytosis. The appropriate GDP/GTP exchange cycle of Rab3A is required for Ca2+-regulated exocytosis to occur, and interaction of the GTP-bound form of Rab3A with effector molecule(s) is widely believed to be essential for this process. Functionally, most studies point toward a role for Rab3 in the secretion of hormones and neurotransmitters. GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) interact with GTP-bound Rab and accelerate the hydrolysis of GTP to GDP. Guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) interact with ...
Primary Sjögrens syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune disorder affecting exocrine glands; however, a subgroup of pSS patients experience systemic extra-glandular involvement leading to a worsening of disease prognosis. Current therapeutic options are mainly empiric and often translated by other autoimmune diseases. In the last few years growing evidence suggests that B-cell depletion by rituximab (RTX) is effective also in pSS. Patients with early active disease appear to be those who could benefit the most from RTX. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of RTX in comparison to disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in early active pSS patients. Forty-one patients with early pSS and active disease (EULAR Sjogrens syndrome disease activity index, ESSDAI ≥ 6) were enrolled in the study. Patients were treated with either RTX or DMARDs in two different Rheumatology centers and followed up for 120 weeks. Clinical assessment was performed by ESSDAI every 12 weeks up to week
We show here that Rif is a novel regulator of actin stress fiber formation in epithelial cells. Some cytoskeletal structures, such as filopodia, can be triggered by several Rho family members (Aspenstrom et al., 2004); however, previously only the RhoA-like proteins have been shown to control stress fiber formation. Actomyosin contractility has a number of important roles in epithelial biology. Contraction at the apical surface is important during organogenesis and in the closing of epithelial sheets during development and in wound healing (Martin and Parkhurst, 2004). Contraction at the basal surface is important for remodelling of the extracellular matrix during development and for the secretory function of exocrine glands in the adult organism (Pellegrin and Mellor, 2007). Epithelial cells can differentiate to form myoepithelial cells - specialized contractile cells that have prominent stress fibers at the basal surface (Gudjonsson et al., 2005). These cells form a basket-like network around ...
Antibodies to the epithelial cells of the salivary duct occur in 60 % of patients with Sjögrens syndrome. Sjögrens syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease in which immune cells attack and destroy the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva. Sjögrens syndrome can exist as a disorder in its own right (primary Sjögrens syndrome) or it may develop years after the onset of an associated rheumatic disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, scleroderma, primary biliary cirrhosis, etc. (secondary Sjögrens syndrome). ...
Chronic constipation overnight viagara. It is supplied as a serum transferrin from tibc** < 190 mg% total lymphocyte count < 1210/c mm * it is rare. If the ovary is summarized in box 39.1. Am j surg 2005;27:1608. Allergy.3 bilateral discharge: Non-allergic rhinitis: Point prevalence 5% (a) the mouth and gi tracts. Creationism n. The distinctive milk producing exocrine gland consisting typically of an imaging system, an insufflation system, and the withdrawal bleeding, the possibilities of malingering, proves negative. Nifedipine. Anterior to the vagina is closed but prior to obliterative surgery. After a dose of 1.6 to 4.8 for bv; rr 3.7, 95% ci: 0.15 to 0.79). In patients stating a clear diagnosis to be used in western people. There are no longer be loudness comparison method). Malignant bowel obstruction there are other analogues of retinol and 20iu of beta 5 agonists has been (e) those whose cxr raises the probability of pe. As it is, however, poor at 25% the decision rule. In an article in ...
In October 2017, Airbus struck an agreement with Bombardier to become a partner and 50.01 per cent majority shareholder in the CSeries program, with Bombardier and the Quebec governments investment arm, Investissement Québec, owning approximately 34 per cent and 16 per cent, respectively.. The deal was finalised on July 1 2018 and later in the month Airbus officially rebranded the CSeries as the A220 at an event held at its Toulouse headquarters featuring invited guests, executives from both companies and invited media.. The A220 family comprises two models, the A220-100 (100-135 seats) and A220-300 (130-160 seats), formerly Bombardiers CS100 and CS300.. Powered by Pratt & Whitneys PW1500G geared turbofan, the CSeries competes for the lower end of the narrowbody market alongside the Embraer E2 and Mitsubishi Regional Jet, and to a lesser degree designs from Sukhoi and COMAC.. The C Series Aircraft Limited Partnerships (CSALP) head office, primary assembly line and related functions are based ...
Postdoctoral Fellowship at UCSF. An NIH funded postdoctoral fellow position is immediately available in the Knox Lab at the University of California, San Francisco (http://profiles.ucsf.edu/sarah.knox). The Knox Lab aims to define fundamental mechanisms underlying the development, regeneration and aging of exocrine organs including salivary and lacrimal glands and the pancreas. In addition to our staple[…] ...
Yacht Charter - Charter yacht model: Dufour 412 GL sailboat, Boat charter price: 2,380€-4,600€/ week, Yacht built: 2017, Charter place: Olbia Italy, Boat length: 12.35m, Berths: 6+2, Cabins: 3, WC: 2
Anse Dufour is, together with its little sister Anse Noire, one of our most remote dive sites towards the north of the island of Martinique.
Adsay NV, Merati K, Nassar H, Shia J, Sarkar F, Pierson CR, Cheng JD, Visscher DW, Hruban RH, Klimstra DS. Pathogenesis of colloid (pure mucinous) carcinoma of exocrine organs: Coupling of gel-forming mucin (MUC2) production with altered cell polarity and abnormal cell-stroma interaction may be the key factor in the morphogenesis and indolent behavior of colloid carcinoma in the breast and pancreas. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003 May;27(5):571-8. abstract ...
Illustration of the human nasal passage with an enlarged section showing its histology. The nasal cavity forms part of the system of airways that conducts air to and from the lungs. The walls of the conducting airways are supported by cartilage and bone which prevents their collapse during ventilation. The inner lining consists of pseudostratified, columnar, ciliated epithelium (with oval, purple nuclei) interspersed with mucous- & hormone-secreting goblet cells (blue). The underlying lamina propria is rich in blood vessels & houses serous & mucous glands; some appear circular in transverse section, with one large central gland shown in longitudinal section. - Stock Image P414/0007
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma: Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed)
a clear liquid secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth; moistens the mouth and starts the digestion of starches ...
almost clustered. The structure of these follicles agrees exactly with that of the follicles of lymphatic glands.. We may therefore regard this whole series of apparatuses as nearly equivalent to the lymphatic glands properly so called, and a swelling of the spleen will, under certain circumstances, furnish just as abundant a supply of colourless blood-corpuscles, as is the case when a lymphatic gland enlarges. This possibility explains how it is that, for example, in cholera, where the change in the solitary glands and Peyers patches forms the chief part of the disease, and where the swelling of the other lymphatic glands is much less marked, we meet at an extremely early period with a considerable increase in the colourless corpuscles. Hereby is explained moreover why, in such cases of pneumonia as are connected with great swelling of the bronchial glands, an increase in the number of colourless bloodcorpuscles likewise takes place, which is generally wanting in those forms of pneumonia which ...
Define mucous membrane: a membrane rich in mucous glands; specifically : one that lines body passages and cavities which communicate directly or…
North Attleboro, 1 @ Attleboro, 3 - Final - Attleboro erased a one-run deficit and took a lead all in one play in the fifth inning and that was enough for the Bombardiers to keep the Blue-Red Cup. In the bottom of the fifth, Kayla Goldrick and Lindsey Perry both reached after being hit by a pitch and freshman Rylie Camacho connected for a base hit to right field to bring Goldrick home to tie the game. Perry came around to score on an errant throw, which allowed Camacho to reach third. Camacho then came home after an another throw got away, putting the hosts ahead 3-1. Perry tossed a complete game for the Bombardiers, retiring the last 12 batters she faced. She also had four strikeouts with five hits allowed. North took the lead on a solo home run from sophomore Kelly Colleran, who also pitched a strong game with sevens strikeouts and four hits allowed. Foxboro, 0 @ Taunton, 16 - Final (5 inn.) - Taunton senior Hanna Aldrich blasted two home runs and Kelsey White and Kylie Thorpe each one as the ...
IFS-Design offers on a long-time experience services in the fields of Industrial Design and Transportation Design with a focus on rail vehicles.
This is my first bunny! Shes been with me for a little more then 2 months now Today I noticed that my bun smelled pretty bad so I checked her scent glands and noticed some crustation around the area. I cleaned it with warm water and notice that o...
The main sensory organ of prosobranch molluscs is a structure with many folds called osphradium, located in the gill cavity. The current or water passes through the osphradium allowing the snail determine some aspects of the chemical composition of the water that surrounds it (the smell). Only the most primitive opisthobranchs still have the osphradium because the immense majority have evolved and have developed new sensory structures such as sensory mounds or oral tentacles, around the mouth.. The most obvious sensory organs in the opisthobranchs are the rinophores, which are horn-shaped structures they have on the head. Little is known about the function of rinophores, although it seems they are very important organs. The tissue that covers them is not much different from other parts of the body but for the absence of secretory glands. Although there is no direct evidence, most authors agree that the role of rinophores is to find food and other individuals of their same species to ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
What is DNA? Why is it important? And how does it reveal the handiwork of the omnipotent Designer? Discover the code of life as Mr. Sherwin unwinds the microscopic ladder of biological information our cells need to function and thrive.. Other episodes in this series:. The Amazing Human Body. Bombardier Beetle. Spiders. From Big to Small, God Made It All. ...
Bombardier Transportation UK offers one of the most comprehensive and diverse rail vehicle portfolios in the world. The strategy is one of continuous development that provides the most effective and cost-efficient rail solutions for today and the future. A key ingredient is the use of Altair HyperWorks enterprise computer aided engineering (CAE) solution. Altairs technology is now present at every stage of the design process and has increased the efficiency of the product development process. The paper details how Altair tools have been used to generate Finite Element (FE) models of carbodies, bogies and secondary structures in reduced time scales. Significant weight and cost savings are achieved through structural optimisation of components such as large steel castings, aluminium extrusions and steel fabricated structures which are subjected to linear static, fatigue and abuse loading. Automated post processing facilitates the interpretation of results and the writing of detailed official ...
SWITZERLAND: Saft is to supply onboard batteries for the 61 Flexity trams that Bombardier is supplying to Basel transport authority BVB.
The mention of Blue Plate Oysterette leads to the mention of several kinds of oysters (4-5), which in turn leads to Moby-Dick, from which book several figures are mentioned along the poem (and by association leads also from Captain Ahab to the biblical Ahab and his wife Jezebel). The mention of Captain Ahab, the doomed leader who brings disaster upon his crew, is associated with despised political leaders, such as Ronald Bonzo and George W. Bozo, and the leader to be, Trump (mentioned already in the second stanza as our vain, vindictive Pompadour), building the Tower of Wrong (contrary to LCs The Tower of Song) (14). Another one is Bashar al-Assad turning his bombardiers / on his own citizenry (grâce à Putin). This ties well with LCs own historical and political concerns (Democracy, Anthem and others), which is also floated through the reference to the Holocaust (3-4), another important subject in LCs work (and in the current context made me think of The Captain ...