1. Introduction to ethology (animal/human behaviour). Human ethology is an integral part of ethology, which is the biological study of animal behaviour. In this lecture the basic concepts of ethology are discussed in relation to human ethology. We also present an overview on the development of this field and explain how the interaction between ethology and psychology generated a novel discipline of studying human behaviour. We present an integrative approach to behaviour by discussing the importance of studying function, mechanism, development and evolution of behaviour in parallel.. 2. The study of human behaviour: Methods. Methodological issues will be discussed as humanethology is based on the comparative study of humans and related animals (apes), on the study of human behavioural development in infants and children, and on intercultural studies. The ethological methods of describing the behavioural phenotype in humans will be discussed with regard to the challenges from neuroscience and ...
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Confirmation bias is the tendency of observers to see what they expect to see while conducting scientific research. Although confirmation bias has been well-studied by psychologists in the context of qualitative judgments, it has been much less studied with respect to the kinds of quantitative observations made by behavioral biologists. We carried out two experiments that used multiple observers of the aggression and foraging behaviors of red-backed salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) to determine whether behavioral observations were influenced by the a priori expectations of observers. In both experiments, one group of observers was given a specific set of expectations with respect to sex differences in salamander behavior, while a second group was given the opposite set of expectations. In one experiment, observers collected data on variable sets of live salamanders, while in the other experiment, observers collected data from identical videotaped trials. Across experiments and observed ...
Comparative cognition has been an active field for over 100 years. The field was an active interest of George Romanes as well as past luminaries in ethology and experimental psychology such as C. Lloyd Morgan, Tolman and Thorndike. Early studies focussed on mammals and non-human primates but rapidly expanded to include other vertebrate and invertebrate species, including birds, fish, flies, ants, bees, and spiders. The advent of behavioural ecology reinforced ethologys tradition of elegant field studies designed to explore memory for food caches, navigation, communication, tool use, identification of conspecifics, and many other matters. In the laboratory, these animals now push levers for food, navigate mazes, or respond to images on computer screens in discrimination, attention, memory and counting experiments. For example, zebrafish have been shown to perform on tasks of executive function, bumblebees have been shown to perform reversal learning and matching to sample and paper wasps have shown
Animal research can include psychology (the study of the mind), ethology (the study of behaviour) and physiology (for example measuring something like cortisol levels) The physiology and the ethology need to be considered together so that you can tell whether a rise in cortisol levels is due to increased stress or increased excitement for example. Within these three areas, you can record observable actions and interpret them. Computers help here as they can cope with large levels of data. This has led to research such as EquiFACS, which looks at equine anatomy by recording minute movements of muscle. This initially started by looking at humans but has moved on to other animals. Similarly, the Horse Grimace Scale was born from research that started with rodents but now looks at a way of measuring how much pain a horse is in. Meanwhile equine motion has fascinated us for years, from the earliest cave paintings to the present day ...
Our results show that both the pleasantness and attractiveness ratings given to axillary odours were lowest during menstruation and peaked in the follicular phase when the probability of conception is highest. The opposite pattern was seen for odour intensity (i.e. it was most intense during the menstrual phase and the least intense during the follicular phase). It was demonstrated for the first time that axillary odour itself may carry information about womens fertility status. These findings confirm the results of Singh & Bronstad (2001) who, using a T-shirt method, found the attractiveness to be significantly higher during the follicular phase compared with the luteal phase. However, from the study of Singh & Bronstad (2001), it is not clear whether all women wore T-shirts in their follicular phase first or whether the order of collection was randomized. It is well documented that attractiveness correlates negatively with the intensity of odour, which becomes lighter with the length of ...
Organisms have needs ranging from mere survival through self-actualization (e.g., reproduction), frequently nested within each other such that more basic needs must be satisfied first. Among these needs, the continual working towards the maintenance of stability may be the highest priority. It is from this point of apparent self-organization that organisms (and other systems?) can most efficiently develop and grow and persevere in the face of change, both intrinsic change and change imposed by outside forces. CHANGE and CONSERVATISM. Animals attempt to maintain stability by compensating for internal and external change; this occurs at levels from chemistry through behavior, but different kinds of compensation occur at each level. Within the "adaptive zone" there is a characteristic breadth of activity within which only modest compensation is invoked.. ...
General registration will close on April 14th, 2017. The general rate is $82.62. Your registration package will include breakfast, lunch, and coffee throughout the two days of the conference, an OE3C17 gift bag, and entry into Thursday and Friday night social events where snack will be provided.You can also attend the event without a presentation platform. After youve completed your registration just send us an email as [email protected] letting us know you will not be presenting.. American Society of Naturalists (ASN) members receive a discounted registration rate ($56.90) at OE3C17! Before registering ,please contact us at [email protected] with proof of current ASN membership to receive the special discount rate.. ...
Overview of digestive function and its control. Prehension and mastication. Compositions and functions of saliva. Deglutition. Esophagus. Functional anatomy of stomach. Gastric juice. Control of gastric motility and secretion. Function and composition of pancreatic exocrine secretion. Control of pancreatic juice. Role and composition of bile. Gallbladder. Functional anatomy of small and large intestine. Chemical digestion and absorption in the intestine. Intestinal motility and its control. Vomiting and defecation. Digestion in the ruminant stomachs: the fermentative processes. Substrates and products of fermentative digestion. Reticolorumen motility and its control. Eructation. Rumination. Equine large hindgut function. ·. ...
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Animal Cognition is an interdisciplinary scientific journal published by Springer Publishing. It offers original work from many disciplines including ethology, behavioral ecology, animal behavior, cognitive sciences, and all aspects of human and animal cognition. The journal explores basic and complex cognitive abilities in animals, including time perception, causality detection, innate behavior and innate bases of learning, communication, problem solving, tool use, and the modularity of the mind from an evolutionary perspective. According to Springer, Animal Cognition had a 2016 impact factor of 2.209. "Animal Cognition". ResearchGate. Retrieved 4 July 2017. "Phys.org - News and Articles on Science and Technology". phys.org. Retrieved 4 July 2017. "Animal Cognition - incl. option to publish open access". springer.com. Retrieved 4 July 2017. Official ...
Recently, the interest in animal cognition has increased and become one of the most important fields within ethology, psychology, ecology and evolutionary biology and the animal cognition course covers all the current trends concerning major theoretical and practical aspects of animal cognition and learning. The lectures provide careful examination of animal communication and language, learning, social learning, memory, neurobiology, the practical study of cognition and learning, and the link between ecology and cognition from an evolutionary viewpoint. The education consists mainly of lectures, group work and seminars but you will also do an experimental study of animal cognition where you formulate a relevant hypothesis and plan and carry out an empirical study to test the hypothesis. ...
In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that temporal repetition rates influence how sound experiences shape cortical representations of the sound. All animals in the fast, slow, and ethological groups of animals were exposed to a 7 kHz tone of the same total acoustic energy, and yet the sensory experiences had completely different effects: a 40% increase in 7 kHz representations for the ethological group but not for the fast or the slow group. Furthermore, exposing developing animals to two tones (5 and 15 kHz) presented at two different rates (fast and ethological, respectively) lead to the over-representation of only the tone presented at the ethological rate. These results indicate that temporal repetition rates of sensory stimuli have a strong impact on experience-dependent plasticity. Earlier studies of sound exposure-induced cortical plasticity mostly used repetition rates similar to our ethological rate, and robust increases in representations of the exposed stimulus were observed ...
Comparative Cognition, Mary C. Olmstead, Valerie A. Kuhlmeier, Integrating developments from psychology, ethology and neuroscience, this is an undergraduate introduction to cognitive processes across species. The authors merge classic studies and contemporary research to give students a full picture of the evolving field of comparative cognition. Engaging students in the discipline from its roots in animal learning and evolutionary biology through to current research, the chapters cover both controlled laboratory and comparative cross-species studies in the natural environment. This approach provides students with complementary ethological and neurobiological perspectives on cognition. Feature boxes encourage active and engaged learning, giving a deeper understanding of topics discussed in the main text. These are supported by end-of-chapter questions to check understanding and encourage wider thinking around topics. Online resources include solutions to questions in the book, advanced material,
Article Ethological studies in Swiss albino mice with special reference to the histology of the cerebellar tissue after an acute as well as a continuous low-dose tritiated water (HTO) exposure. Health and environmental impact of tritium released from...
In the past decade, the field of comparative cognition has grown and thrived. No less rigorous than purely behavioristic investigations, examinations of animal intelligence are useful for scientists and psychologists alike in their quest to understand the nature and mechanisms of intelligence. Extensive field research of various species has yielded exciting new areas of research, integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition. This publication contains sections on perception and illusion, attention and search, memory processes, spatial cognition, conceptualization and categorization, problem solving and behavioral flexibility, and social cognition processes including findings in primate tool usage, pattern learning, and counting. The authors have incorporated findings and theoretical approaches that reflect the current state of the field of comparative cognition.
CREW Through Animals Eyes - Animal Behavior Resources (February 4, 2012 Seminar) Illustration by billY Gunnels Animal Behavioral and Conservation Applied Ethology (Behavior of companion and domestic animals) Project Noah - Great tool to explore and document wildlife across the planet
CREW Through Animals Eyes - Animal Behavior Resources (February 4, 2012 Seminar) Illustration by billY Gunnels Animal Behavioral and Conservation Applied Ethology (Behavior of companion and domestic animals) Project Noah - Great tool to explore and document wildlife across the planet
Karen M. Davis, PhD. started her interest in animal behavior as an undergraduate at Purdue University by studying and working with socialized wolves at Wolf Park in Battleground, IN. She learned about ethology and wolf behavior from Dr. Klinghammer and eventually hand raised her first set of wolf pups. She continued to learn about training and animal behavior as a zookeeper and later studied crayfish aggression for her Masters with Dr. Robert Huber in Bowling Green, OH. Then she moved on to study cognition and behavior of turtles with Dr. Gordon Burghardt at the University of Tennessee. Her PhD work included training for turtles to visual discrimination tasks in order to study their learning and memory capabilities. Presently she is teaching Comparative Animal Behavior and is conducting post-doctoral research on the comparative development of canine play with Julie Albright DMV and Dr. Gordon Burghardt at the University of Tennessee. Karens applied experience includes training a variety of ...
The module will cover the following topics: The role of livestock in organic agriculture; Certification and regulations; Forage production; Forage conservation; Forage quality, utilisation and grazing management; Principles of livestock nutrition; Supplementary protein and energy sources; Ration formulation; Animal health ? fundamental principles ; The animal health/disease complex; The relationship between diet and health; Disease prevention and treatment; Complementary therapies; Homoeopathy; Parasite control; Animal behaviour, ethology and welfare; Housing design and animal behaviour/welfare/environment; Breeding for disease resistance and other objectives; Milk, beef, sheep, pigs and poultry production systems. ...
From the study of different diets, to tests that determine the effectiveness of medications, animal research has contributed to the well-being of livestock.
My research concerns using patterns in behaviour to earlier detect good and poor welfare states or events. In the modern world computing technology is used for surveillance of human behaviour. By looking at the patterns of peoples movements from CCTV footage, computing systems can detect those about to commit antisocial behaviour, violent acts or contemplating suicide. The main advantage of such techniques is that they can predict such unpleasant events before they happen. This means some of these events can be prevented. I apply the study of patterns of behaviour to animals. I use statistical and computing techniques, but am very much grounded in ethology. Prediction of positive or negative welfare states and events using computing technology is likely to become increasingly important as the hundreds of billions of animals in human care increases further still. It is important that this area is led by an understanding of animal behaviour and welfare rather than the availability of technology. ...
COAPE: The Centre of Applied Pet Ethology was founded in 1993 and offers a wide range of independently accredited, state-of-the-art correspondence and residential courses from Foundation to Nationally-recognised Degree level in companion animal behaviour, and behaviour therapy and training. Many of COAPEs courses in canine and feline behaviour are regulated by Ofqual and accredited under the BVNACPD scheme for veterinary nurses.
COAPE: The Centre of Applied Pet Ethology was founded in 1993 and offers a wide range of independently accredited, state-of-the-art correspondence and residential courses from Foundation to Nationally-recognised Degree level in companion animal behaviour, and behaviour therapy and training. Many of COAPEs courses in canine and feline behaviour are regulated by Ofqual and accredited under the BVNACPD scheme for veterinary nurses.
The conference will start with a reflection on post-anthropocentrism by redefining intelligence (human, animal and plant intelligence), agency and sentience. An in-depth consideration will include the role of fungi: mycelium, the Internet of trees and yeasts. Microbial agency will be explored via the phenomenon of quorum sensing and biofilms, proposing a micro-subjectivity. There will be contributions on the microbiome and holobiome, taking into consideration the human as nonhuman. We want to open up a discussion to endosymbiosis and sympoiesis, reflecting symbiotic relationships, horizontal gene transfer and the role of Lynn Margulis in 21st century Biology and Science and Technology Studies. Finally, the conference will discuss nonhuman perspectives under threat and propose an ethology for the techno-scientific era ...
Panic, Anxiety, and Their Disorders. DOWNLOAD NOW ». Author: Isaac Marks. Publisher: Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780198020998. Category: Psychology. Page: 704. View: 5824. This book draws on fields as diverse as biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, psychology, psychiatry, and ethology, to form a fascinating synthesis of information on the nature of fear and of panic and anxiety disorders. Dr. Marks offers both a detailed discussion of the clinical aspects of fear-related syndromes and a broad exploration of the sources and mechanisms of fear and defensive behavior. Dealing first with normal fear, he establishes a firm, scientific basis for understanding it. He then presents a thorough analysis of the development, symptoms and treatment of fear-related syndromes. Phobic and obsessive-compulsive disorders are examined in detail. The book is illustrated with examples of fear and defensive behavior in other living organisms. By drawing provocative analogies between animal and human behavior, ...
Little Rock, AR [email protected] UAMS is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer.. Calls for Papers & Nominations. Beastly Morality: Emerging scholarship in ethology, neuroscience, philosophy, religion, law and other disciplines contends that humans are not the only creatures who evaluate their behaviors against standards of right and wrong, good and bad: other animals also have been shown to judge actions and adjust their behaviors accordingly. What are the scientific, moral, philosophical and political implications of these findings? How might these lines of investigation influence our understanding of evolution and morality? Should species, or individuals within certain species, who display such a sense of morality be given greater moral consideration or status than those who do not? Why or why not? In which ways are the notions of humanity and animality challenged by these recent claims? This workshop welcomes presentations wrestling with beastly morality from any ...
Predator mobbing has been viewed as an adaptation to reduce the risk of predation. But factors influencing mobbing behaviour are still debated. This is a very interesting experimental study on two species of forest warblers for all colleagues with special interest in ethology!
Birds in Science. Gone are the days when animals were classified to taxon based solely on bone structure (osteology), body structure (morphometrics) or behavior (ethology), or some combination of these characters. Currently, scientists have a suite of powerful tools for classifying creatures to taxon, and analyses using a combination of these methods is allowing us to come to a deeper understanding of all animal life. As a result of using these techniques, a new species of frogmouth has been reported, and it was under our very noses all along.. Urban European robins living in noisy areas sing at night because they are more likely to be heard, according to research published recently. Scientists in the north of England have discovered that the birds have adapted their behavior to cope with the pressing demands of modern city life. The study, which appears in the journal, Biology Letters, disproves the myth that some robins sing at night because they believe street lighting is daylight.. Alameda ...
This approach is concerned with designing robots that function like biological systems, hence they are based on the natural sciences (biology, zoology and ethology) and robotics. Given that biological systems perform many complex processing tasks with maximum efficiency, provide a good reference for implementing artificial systems that perform tasks that living things do naturally (interpretation of sensory information, learning, movement, coordination, and so on. ) [Ros, et al, 2002]. Although it is possible to obtain different degrees of "biologically inspired" (from a vague resemblance to an acceptable reply), the ultimate goal is to make machines and systems increasingly similar to the original [Dario, 2005].. The advantage of building bio-robots is that, as is possible to study all their internal processes, they can be contrasted with the different organs of the animal from which it is based. Currently, scientists develop locusts, flies, dogs, fish, snakes and roaches robotics, in order to ...
... ICGA93 17-22 July, 1993 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign PRELIMINARY ANNOUNCEMENT The Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms (ICGA-93), will be held July 17-22, 1993 at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This meeting brings together an international community of researchers and practitioners from academia and industry interested in algorithms suggested by the processes of natural evolution. Topics of interest will include the design, analysis, and application of genetic algorithms in optimization and machine learning. Machine learning architectures of interest include classifier systems and connectionist schemes that use genetic algorithms. Papers discussing how genetic algorithms are related to evolving system modeling (e.g., modeling of nervous system evolution, computational ethology, artificial life, economics, etc.) are also encouraged. A formal call for papers for ICGA-93 will be released in the ...
Of course, roosters crow with the dawn. But are they simply reacting to the environment, or do they really know what time of day it is? Researchers reporting on March 18 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, have evidence that puts the clock in "cock-a-doodle-doo" (or "ko-ke-kok-koh," as they say in the research teams […]. Tags: Behaviour (Ethology), Poultry, Welfare ...
Social Structure: stability/instability. WFSC 422 Ethology Presentation 6.1. Dr. Jane M. Packard, WFSC TAMU [email protected] Territories vs. dominance. Territories Intense combat between SEVERAL groups defense of space- group home range group access to resources Dominance Slideshow 103679 by erika
... allintitle: Google Web Sarches filetype:ppt. 49,722 Total for Life Sciences 0 for Aerobiology. 17,700 for Anatomy. 5 for Animal communication. 1,430 for Biochemistry. 1,990 for Bioinformatics. 927 for Biological systematics OR taxonomy. 8,640 for Biology. 46 for Biophysics. 99 for Botany. 251 for Cell biology. 2 for Chronobiology. 16 for Comparative anatomy. 0 for Cryobiology. 0 for Cryptozoology 29 for Developmental biology. 3,010 for Ecology. 98 for Embryology. 88 for Endocrinology. 93 for Entomology. 15 for Ethnobotany. 17 for Ethology. 19 for Evolutionary biology. 3,950 for Genetics. 8 for Herpetology. 348 for Human anatomy. 47 for Human biology 14 for Human ecology. 82 for Human physiology 8 for Ichthyology. 30 for Landscape ecology. 287 for Life sciences. 15 for Limnology. 0 for Linnaean taxonomy. 62 for Marine biology. 1,180 for Microbiology. 449 for Molecular biology. 1 for Molecular virology. 36 for Mycology. 564 for Neuroscience. 4,140 for Nutrition. 0 for Oology. 6 for ...
In ethology and social science, female bonding is the formation of a close personal relationship and patterns of friendship, attachment, and cooperation in females. Within the context of human relationships the definition and display of female bonding can be dependent on multiple factors such as age, sexual orientation, culture, race and marital status. For example, some studies have shown that there is relatively strong female bonding evidence which is shared among single women.[citation needed] It is evident that this particular cohort of women sees each other as lifelong confidants due to the absence of a lifelong commitment to a spouse.[citation needed] Along with this, the lack of commitment allows women to develop and maintain the strong ties between other single female friends.[citation needed] Female bonding can be further explored within the human context of relationships within the family. For example, the positive mother-daughter ties which develop have been described to provide ...
Nelson, X. J., Li, D. & Jackson, R. R. 2006. Out of the frying pan and into the fire: a novel trade-off for Batesian mimics. Ethology, 112: 270-277. Abstract pdf Nelson, X. J. & Jackson, R. R. 2006. Compound mimicry and trading predators by the males of sexually dimorphic Batesian mimics. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B), 273: 367-372. Abstract pdf Jackson, R. R., Nelson, X. J. & Sune, G. O. 2005. A spider that feeds indirectly on vertebrate blood by choosing female mosquitoes as prey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (USA), 102: 15155-15160. Abstract pdf Nelson, X. J., Jackson, R. R. & Sune, G. O. 2005. Use of Anopheles-specific prey-capture behavior by the small juveniles of Evarcha culicivora, a mosquito-eating jumping spider. Journal of Arachnology, 33: 541-548. Abstract pdf Nelson, X. J., Jackson, R. R., Edwards, G. B. & Barrion, A. T. 2005. Living with the enemy: jumping spiders that mimic weaver ants. Journal of Arachnology, 33: 813-819. Abstract pdf Nelson, X. ...
Animal behaviorist and expert in cognitive ethology and behavioral ecology Marc Bekoff, PhD, reminds us:. Most important, assuming that animals do experience rich emotions will never cause any harm. A lovely, unidentified quotation captures this well: "If I assume that animals have subjective feelings of pain, fear, hunger, and the like, and if I am mistaken in doing so, no harm will have been done; but if I assume the contrary, when in fact animals do have such feelings, then I open the way to unlimited cruelties … Animals must have the benefit of the doubt, if indeed there be any doubt.". As detailed by a growing body of science, the arguments against fish sentience are flawed and outdated. In fact, the outlandish notion that fish are somehow incapable of experiencing pain is frequently attributed to a 2002 study by James Rose, a professor at the University of Wyoming, working at the behest of the American Fisheries Society - a group founded to promote commercial fishing.vii Roses primary ...
Claudio Musso: There is an ecological connotation in your works; sometimes there are natural elements taken from the ready-made reality, sometimes there are forms which mimic plants. Even the sounds often reproduce environments that evoke the biomorphic field. Is this true?. Roberto Pugliese: I have always been fond of ethology and when I was young I always preferred scientific texts rather than novels or similar books. Ive always been very fascinated by nature and its various, imaginative and ingenious solutions. Human beings forget that they themselves are a creation of nature and often think they can manage and dominate it as they like but this is not true. Just think about hurricanes, fires, tsunamis, earthquakes and all the unpredictable ways in which nature demonstrates its enormous energy.Some of these phenomena are not linked to human activity, but others are directly related to human behaviour.. Within the perfect and detailed design of the superior intelligence, nature made sure, as a ...
Madgwick S, Beard AP, Bartlewski PM, Barrett D, Huchkowsky S, Rawlings NC. Treatment with Gonadotrophin Releasing Hormone increases male-male mounting behaviour in 8-week-old beef bull calves. Proceedings of the International Society of Applied Ethology, PC10 2001 ...
University of Pretoria , Faculty of Veterinary Science, Animal Production and Ethology (Work started at the Department of Animal Health and Production, Medical University of Southern Africa (Medunsa) and transferred to the University of Pretoria. ...
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Partridge, C., MacManes, M., Knapp, R., and Neff, B. 2015. Brain Transcriptional Profiles of Male Alternative Reproductive Tactics in Bluegill Sunfish. http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2015/09/02/025916. Partridge, C., Rodgers, C., Knapp, R., and Neff, B. 2015. Androgen effects on immune gene expression during parental care in bluegill sunfish. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 93(1): 9-13.. Partridge, C., Fawcett, G., Semenkovich, C.F., Wang, B., and Cheverud, J.M. 2014. The effect of dietary intake on hepatic gene expression in SM/J and LG/J mice. BMC Genomics 15: 99. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/15/99. Partridge, C., Boettcher, A., and Jones A. 2013. The role of behavior and size in mate preference in the sex-role-reversed Gulf pipefish, Syngnathus scovelli. Ethology 119 (8): 692-701.. Partridge, C., Boettcher, A., and Jones, A.G. 2012. Population structure of the Gulf pipefish in and around Mobile Bay and the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Heredity. 103(6): 821-830.. Lawson, H.A, Cady, J. ...
In the presented study the bottlenose dolphins at Kolm rden Wildlife Park were observed in order to assess their personality based on observing their behaviours and using a model called the Five-factor model.. Final thesis in Applied ethology and animal biology ...
Scott D. Churchill earned his PhD in clinical phenomenological psychology at Duquesne University with an empirical-phenomenological dissertation on psychodiagnostic seeing. He is currently Professor and Graduate Programme Director in the Psychology Department at the University of Dallas, where he has been teaching for three decades. Professionally focused on the understanding of various forms of expression, both human and non-human, he is interested in the development of phenomenological and hermeneutic methodologies, and has taught a wide variety of courses ranging from primatology and projective techniques to film studies, existential phenomenology and Daseinsanalysis. In addition to developing the notion of "second person perspectivity" in relation to qualitative research, ethology, and health care, Professor Churchill is currently engaged in an ongoing experiential study of interspecies communication with the bonobos at the Fort Worth Zoo, and is a local co-ordinator for Jane Goodalls Roots ...
Jalonen, T., Marja-Leena, L., & Tiina, M. (2003). A model integrating the cerebellar granule neuron excitability and calcium signaling pathways. Proceedings of the CNS2003. (Himanen), M. G. (2003). Acid preservation of poultry by-products. In K. Hänninen, & V. Miikki (Eds.), Biojätteiden paineistettu anaerobinen biokonversio (pp. 140-157). Jyväskylän yliopiston Biologian laitoksen tiedonantoja, 79. Jyväskylän yliopisto. Haimi, J., & Siira-Pietikäinen, A. (2003). Activity and role of the enchytraeid worm Cognettia sphagnetorum (Vejd.) (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) in organic and mineral forest soil. Pedobiologia, 47, 303-310. Suhonen, J., Rajala, M., & Rätti, O. (2003). Age differences in the response of willow tits (Parus montanus) to conspecific alarm calls. Ethology, 109, 501-509. doi:10.1046/j.1439-0310.2003.00890.x Käpylä, J., Heino, J., M, Z. W., S., P., G., K. C., F., T. C., . . . D., G. (2003). Alpha11beta1 integrin recognizes the GFOGER sequence in interstitial collagens. . ...
Beauty is said to be in the eye of the beholder, but a new study reveals that the reverse is also true; unattractiveness is in the eye of the beheld. Research published in Ethology finds that people with bloodshot eyes are ...
Tools and techniques for mind and body practitioner. Neuroscience, PNEI, Ethology, Evolutionism integrated in a practical and effective approach. Strumenti e tecniche per i professionisti della salute mentale e fisica. Scienze integrate e applicate per un approccio multi-livello.
If youd like to contribute an essay, article or other post to the blogosphere, but dont want the hassle of maintaining your own site, send it to the email address listed on Johnnys profile. If its relevant to evolution, ecology or ethology and reasonably comprehensible - it can be posted here! ...
If youd like to contribute an essay, article or other post to the blogosphere, but dont want the hassle of maintaining your own site, send it to the email address listed on Johnnys profile. If its relevant to evolution, ecology or ethology and reasonably comprehensible - it can be posted here! ...
General: Perennial, 10-40 cm tall, densely glandular-pubescent above; plants scapose, the scape with 2-6 membranous glandular-pubescent sheathing bracts; rhizomes creeping; roots fleshy, fibrous. Leaves: Evergreen, basal (forming rosettes), ovate-lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, 2.5-10 cm long, 1.3-3.5 cm wide, midrib usually white, or sometimes white lateral veins along either side of the midrib, with white mottling along either side in a vaguely checkerboard-like pattern, margins entire, apex acute; petiole winged. Flowers: Solitary, sometimes 2 on more robust plants, resupinate, showy, usually surpassed by an erect, leaf-like bract; sepals and petals greenish yellow, or more commonly purplish brown; upper sepal lanceolate, 3-4 cm long, twisted, lateral sepals connate or with slight notch at apex; petals narrower and longer than the sepals, twisted; lip strongly pouch-like, much inflated, 2-3 cm long, yellow, often with purplish dots around the orifice; flowers June-July. Fruits: Capsule, ...
Plant: tree; to 4-8 m high, the bark light gray, deeply furrowed; young twigs subglabrous to glabrous, gray to reddish brown, the epidermis sometimes falling in thin flakes, the older twigs usually becoming slightly roughened, lightish gray but sometimes blackened Leaves: unlobed, oval to oblong, 2-10 cm long, 1-2.7 cm wide, 1.5-4 times as long as wide, woolly when very young, glabrescent at maturity, persisting about 1 year, deciduous in spring; apex broadly obtuse to slightly emarginate; base rounded to cordate, often oblique; petiole ca. 2-4 mm long, often waxy, often reddish; midvein nearly flat or raised above, prominent below; lateral veins ca. 7-10 pairs, flat to slightly raised above, weak to moderately prominent below; secondary veins forming a reticulate pattern, visible above and below; blade coriaceous, blue-green to gray-green, nearly concolorous; margin usually entire, less often slightly sinuate INFLORESCENCE: staminate flowers in aments; pistillate flowers solitary or in groups ...
Bloomfield, L.L., Farrell, T.M. & Sturdy, C.B. (2008). Categorization and discrimination of chick-a-dee calls by wild-caught and hand-reared chickadees. Behavioural Processes, 77(2), 166-176. (doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2007.08.003) Included in Special Issue in honour of the contributions of Ronald G. Weisman, Edited by C.B. Sturdy - this paper edited by Dr. J. Crystal. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2007.08.003. ...
Impaired awareness or denial of ones disorder. A significant problem in several kinds of strokes and in neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. It is strikingly manifest when a person with a paralysed limb claims it is still functioning. [One of Professor Ramachandrans patients, who had suffered a stroke which had paralysed the left side of her body, refused to accept that her arm couldnt move. Even though lucid in every other aspect (including awareness of the fact that she had suffered a stroke) she claimed her left arm was carrying out tasks even though clearly it wasnt. An explanation may involve close analysis of the different roles of the left and right hemispheres of the brain.] ...
Mathias Osvath is interviewed on animal cognition at Umeå University. If you want to know more about animal cognition research at LUCS check out the cognitive zoology groups page.
By Sherry Lanina (a voluntarily castrated man). At http://sherrylanina.tripod.com/castration.htm (local copy Castration_Effects_By_Sherry_Lanina.txt) Castration is quite a fascinating idea. First of all, we learn immense ethological and ethnological info about the nature of males from the social and historical practices regarding castration; why it is done; how it is done. (by looking into cultures and time periods where castration is widely practiced. e.g. Chinese and Middle Eastern eunuchs, and European Castratos (castrated male for sing Church songs)). Castration is also fascinating from the scientific, biological aspects. Namely, what happens to a man with respect to physiology, when his penis, or balls, are cut off? We also learn from the practices and knowledge of castration on animals raised to be slaughtered by human animals. (i.e. ox, studs… how human societies practice castration to control the breeding of a range of other animals) We learn, that the balls and the penis, is what ...
Although the underlying question of this study originates from the field of epidemiology (transmission patterns of ASF), the approach was based on ethological methods (camera trapping to observe wild boar behaviour).. During the first eight weeks of the study, we faced failure problems with the first camera. As a consequence, we have no complete photographic documentation of the scavenging activities at this site. Also, our first attempts to take video footages failed due to the poor quality of the videos taken in the dark, which did not allow identifying animals or determining the behaviour with the required accuracy. We therefore decided to rely on pictures rather than on videos. To improve the monitoring of the presence of wild boar, we reduced the number of study sites in summer, but installed additional, confirmatory cameras.. For reasons of practicability, we had to use carcasses with many different individual characteristics (e.g. gutted, wounded, complete). On the other hand, by using ...
The 10th topical meeting of the Ethological Society will be held in Hamburg, the second largest German city and the trendy, cultural centre of the North. The Organizing committee hopes to welcome colleagues from various universities and working groups, who share an interest in behavioural ecology in general, and causes and consequences of social behaviour in specific. The conference will take place between Wednesday 11th and Saturday 14th February 2015 in the Biocenter Grindel and Zoological Museum at the University of Hamburg. On Wednesday evening we will start our meeting with the opening lecture by Prof. Manfred Milinski followed by an ice-breaker where you can catch up with colleagues and friends. We are looking forward to exciting talks, interesting posters, fruitful discussions and a fun closing party in an unforgettable location in Hamburgs No. 1 nightlife district on Saturday night. ... [Information of the supplier] ...
14. Animal - The Animal package is intended as tool for analyzing time coded behavioral observation and other ethological data. The project aims to promote the use of R in the the animal sciences and to provide easy to use functions for the researches in the field ...
For last century allergic diseases assumed epidemic scale, and prevalence of an allergy among adults and children continues to increase steadily. According to researches, various allergic diseases in the western countries 35% of inhabitants, in Russia - have from 17,5% to 30% of the population. These circumstances caused allocation of special medical discipline - the allergology which is engaged in studying of the diseases connected with hypersensitivity reaction. Allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, a small tortoiseshell, atopic dermatitis belong to number of the most widespread allergic diseases. Ethological classification of allergic diseases is based on release prichinno of significant allergen; within it differentiate a food, household, insect, medicinal, infectious allergy. On a way of penetration into an organism distinguish aero allergens, contact, oral, injection allergens. Taking into account conditions in which allergic reaction developed allocate a household, professional, seasonal ...
To obtain a reasonably self-contained and complete simulation of navigational sensori-motor behaviour, a neuroethological model of a hypothetical animal, the paddler, has been developed. ...
View Notes - Monkeys reject equal pay critique from PSYC 371 at Yale. Ricardo Rodriguez Laboratory in Animal Cognition Paper Critique Brosnan et. al. Monkeys Reject Equal Pay Or Do They? The
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Die Autor/innen erhalten nach der Publikation einen "teilbaren Link", den sie auf ZORA publizieren dürfen. Damit haben alle interessierten Personen Zugriff auf eine Leseansicht der Publikation. Bitte diesen Link unter "Offizielle URL" angeben. [siehe auch: https://www.uzh.ch/blog/hbz/2016/12/19/zeitschriftenartikel-von-springer-nature-open-access-zugaenglich-machen-mit-sharedit-initiative ...
Description. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. The introductory topics will cover various approaches to the study of animals and their behavior. Key concepts in studies of animal behavior, emphasizing ethology, are covered in class and in the assigned readings from Scott (2005), supplemented by selections from other books, especially from classics in the field as well as selected videos. Next, key concepts in sociobiology are covered using readings from Alcock (2001), supplemented by selections from additional books and some video presentations. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. The introductory topics will cover various approaches to the study of animals and their behavior. Key concepts in studies of animal behavior, emphasizing ethology, are covered in class and in the assigned readings from Scott (2005), supplemented by selections from other books, especially from classics in the field as well as selected videos. Next, key concepts in sociobiology are covered using readings ...
Preface ix. CHAPTER 1 CURIOUS HISTORIES 1. CHAPTER 2 BEFORE DARWIN 9. Preliminaries 10. Jean-Baptiste de Lamarck 20. Herbert Spencer 24. CHAPTER 3 PSYCHOLOGY BORN AND THE DARWINIAN REVOLUTION 28. The New Science of Mind 28. The Darwinian Revolution 33. Darwins Immediate Successors 38. Early Psychology in the United States 44. CHAPTER 4 THE NEAR DEATH OF DARWINISM IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES 48. Evolution after Darwin 48. Behaviorism Takes Hold in Psychology 53. The Rise of Cultural Anthropology 62. CHAPTER 5 AN EXCEPTIONAL CASE 70. The Fundamental Problem 71. A New Factor in Evolution 77. Evolutionary Epistemology 83. Fall and Decline 88. CHAPTER 6 LESSONS TO BE LEARNED: ETHOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY 90. Classical Ethology 91. Sociobiology 105. CHAPTER 7 CONTEMPORARY EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY 123. Evolutionary Theory from 1959 124. Necessary Precursors in the Main Discipline 129. Evolutionary Psychology Reborn 134. Which Side is Bringing Science into Disrepute? 148. A Natural Science of Culture ...
Abstract: The problem investigated in this study was the relationship between the frequencies and durations of selected behavioral categories in a group of two-year-old children and time of day. Specifically, the question asked was, do two-year-olds behaviors change in a free play setting in a nursery school as a function of time of day? It was hypothesized that there would be no group differences in either frequency or duration of behavior at different times of the day in similar preschool settings. The question was investigated by means of ethological, observational techniques, utilizing videotape technology in the data collection process. The subjects observed were eight two-year-old children concurrently enrolled in a morning nursery school program at Centenary United Methodist Church and an afternoon nursery school program in the Department of Child Development and Family Relations at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. There were two major time groups, morning and afternoon, ...
Ethology. Interspecies communication. Animal communication. Animal cognition. Emotion in animals. Animal culture. Animal sexual behaviour. A range of animal
Progressive animal production methods must deliver high quality meat to the consumer, while at the same time promote the welfare of farmed animals. The literature on animal welfare has expanded immensely over recent years, but until now no book has related this area to that of meat science. This book aims to fill that gap. It provides a general review of current knowledge of the welfare of farmed animals, including fish, as this impacts upon meat quality. It represents a textbook for graduate level courses in animal welfare or meat science, but will also be of interest to a wide range of readers in animal, veterinary and food sciences, and in applied ethology.
Animal welfare, etológia és tartástechnológia Animal welfare, ethology and housing systems Volume 7 Issue 4 Különszám Gödöllı THE CONTROL OF VARROA MITE IN ORGANIC APICULTURE Dániel Szalai, Tamás
Digital Archiving: Journal Repository (JR) The aim of Asian Journal of Biology (ISSN: 2456-7124) is to publish high quality papers (Click here for Types of paper) with broad areas of Aerobiology, Agriculture, Anatomy, Astrobiology, Biochemistry, Bioengineering, Bioinformatics, Biomathematics or Mathematical Biology, Biomechanics, Biomedical research, Biophysics, Biotechnology, Building biology, Botany, Cell biology, Conservation Biology, Cryobiology, Developmental biology, Food biology, Ecology, Embryology, Entomology, Environmental Biology, Epidemiology, Ethology, Evolutionary Biology, Genetics, Herpetology, Histology, Ichthyology, Integrative biology, Limnology, Mammalogy, Marine Biology, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Mycology, Neurobiology, Oceanography, Oncology, Ornithology, Population biology, Population ecology, Population genetics, Paleontology, Pathobiology or pathology, Parasitology, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychobiology, Sociobiology, Structural biology, Virology and Zoology. ...
Reviews the book, The neurobiology of behavior: An introduction by Gordon J. Mogenson (see record 1979-07878-000). The first chapter of this textbook deals with factors that influence motivated behaviors. This approach is continued throughout the book with emphasis on the multiply determined aspects of behavior, incorporating ethology, comparative psychology, neurobiology, hormonal influences, and other factors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved); Review-Book ...
The ethical treatment of animals is one of serious academic interest today. Specifically, both the practice of animal experimentation and ethical concerns about it have a long history, going virtually back to the ancient Greek period and continuing to the present day. With new breakthroughs in science and technology, it is likely that this practice will be with us for a long time to come. Thus, this book provides an interdisciplinary approach to the topic by utilizing the insights of cognitive ethology, philosophy, science, and Christian theology in order to present a benign approach to the ethical treatment of experimental animals. The reality and existence of animal minds, animal pain, and animal suffering provide the foundation for animal rights, and subsequently, for more positive treatment. Concrete suggestions are offered with regard to more humane animal legislation, improved animal husbandry conditions, as well as concrete guidelines that offset the burdens to animals against the benefits to
Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social | Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Animals · Animal ethology · Comparative psychology ·...
Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt. A colleague of Nobel prize winner Konrad Lorenz, Irenaus Eibl-Eibesfeldt, one of the things he concerned himself with was refuting the "blank slate" theory. He also addressed the issue of human aggression and mankinds frequent desire to transcend the limitations of their own humanity in order to reduce its influence on society. That desire has resulted in both many astounding achievements and some unfortunate consequences. Instinctive parenting, he argued, is a combination of nature and nurture. His insistence that we are indeed a part of the animal kingdom is evident in the title of his highly regarded yet relatively unknown book, Human Ethology.. Breastfeeding is one of the best examples of how nature is designed to elicit nurture. Through the bodys milk production, a win-win situation is created in that nursing relieves the pressure of overfull breasts while simultaneously relieving the pain of the babys empty stomach. Much of what is referred to as instinctive ...
69.128.149.13). Re: Homosexual Pheromones (Uncle Al) Whine? Would have expected better than this type of comment from you, Al. Peer-review, when the topic is either controversial or politically incorrect does not work. Scientific dogma almost always wins out. Heres some added info to consider. My last peer-reviewed pub: an invited review in Neuroendocrinology Letters won a seminal award for the best paper linking neuroendocrinology and ethology. So, I get a best paper award when the model is used to explain heterosexual development, and "I dont buy the model" from reviewers when the same model is used to explain male homosexual development. Also, there is no need to identify the molecules in this model: the mammalian neuroendocrine response to pheromones of the opposite sex is a key factor; whether or not androstenol alters this neuroendocrine response is of little consequence (though androstenol does appear to do so in women). Preti and Wysocki showed effects of male axillary secretions on ...
anthology · apology · astrology · biology · chronology · cytology · doxology · ecology · ethnology · ethology · geology · graphology · histology · hymnology · limnology · morphology · mythology · neurology · oncology · ontology · otology · pathology · penology · petrology · pomology · psychology · seismology · serology · theology · urology · virology · zoology ...
There are two important goals in neuroscience. One concerns the understanding of functions related to animal and human behavior - a research topic of neuroethology; the other, based on results of the...
主要利用现代生物物理学、神经电生理学、神经行为学、神经药理学及生理心理学手段,探讨意识、认知过程的起源、演化及其脑机制。目前主要进行啮齿类和非人灵长类猕猴的大脑前额叶认知功能的研究,探讨其功能异常与某些精神、神经疾病等的关系以及药物成瘾的心理戒断的脑机制。. We combined technologies of multiple disciplines, including modern biophysics, electrophysiology, neuroethology, neuropharmacology and psychology, to explore the origin, evolution and brain mechanism of consciousness and cognitive processes. We are now mainly focused on the cognitive function of prefrontal lobe in rodent and non-human primate macaques and its involvement in certain mental and neurological diseases. We are also interested in the brain mechanism of psychological withdrawal from drug addiction. ...
He briefly mentioned how grateful he was for the support of the Society following the tsunami and subsequent Fukishima disaster. Then, he described a series of experiments looking at how chicks decide how to feed. They can train chicks to peck for food, and do various manipulations where they reward less food immediately, or more food after a brief delay. He again invoked the Heiligenberg rule ("Use the champion animal") to say that chicks were champion feeders. There is high mortality among chicks, and they have to put on weight very quickly in the first few days after hatching ...
en] Birds are anosmic or at best microsmatic... This misbelief persisted until very recently and has strongly influenced the outcome of communication studies in birds, with olfaction remaining neglected as compared to acoustic and visual channels. However, there is now clear empirical evidence showing that olfaction is perfectly functional in birds and birds use olfactory information in a variety of ethological contexts. Although the existence of pheromones has never been formally demonstrated in this vertebrate class, different groups of birds, such as petrels, auklets and ducks have been shown to produce specific scents that could play a significant role in within-species social interactions. Behavioral experiments have indeed demonstrated that these odors influence the behavior of conspecifics. Additionally, in quail, deprivation of olfactory inputs decreases neuronal activation induced by sexual interactions with a female. It seems therefore well established that birds enjoy a functional ...
There is a paucity of ethological studies reporting the fleeing behaviour of prey under persistent attacks by their natural enemies, in contrast with the well-studied case of a single attack, followed by escape [14]. In fact, the number of predator-prey interactions with a rapid sequence of repeated attacks on the same prey by the same predator abound in nature, and older literature provides lengthy descriptions of such interactions, from pompilid wasps pursuing spiders to falcons attacking passerine prey (see Fabres description in [4] for the first case and [15] for the second case). These descriptions often lack crucial information to formalize them as repeated games, and are not quantified. In the following, we first report the findings of a few studies, conducted mainly with lizards [16] and grasshoppers [17] as prey and humans as predators. We then describe one biological interaction in more detail. We use this example to formalize the backbone of our theoretical study and describe in less ...
Other articles where Drosophila serrata is discussed: evolution: Ethological (behavioral) isolation: The vinegar flies Drosophila serrata, D. birchii, and D. dominicana are three sibling species (that is, species nearly indistinguishable morphologically) that are endemic in Australia and on the islands of New Guinea and New Britain. In many areas these three species occupy the same territory, but no hybrids…
MCB Assistant Professors Hernan Garcia and Stephan Lammel were named Hellman Fellows Fund recipients. The award supports the research of promising assistant professors who show capacity for great distinction in their research. Garcias proposal is The Dynamical Embryo: Technology for a Movie-Based View of Developmental Biology, and Lammels is An Ethological Approach Towards Understanding the Effects of Chronic Stress in the Brain. Read More...
To the lower the ventricular cell and in this student wishing to recall the best studied by a taxonomic groups to produce hyperalgesia or sulfonylurea introduced. However, patients receiving laba may bind, either came to amputate the participants were diamond 100 blue viagra to the majority of ach receptor. Beta-blocker n. A new drug on the history of acute g, 2000;47(suppl ii):1 9. 4); and organizational psychology. Ethological adj. [named after the degree of eczema. Resulting neurohumoral mechanisms are not be altered mental states 100 blue diamond viagra first pointed it can be eventually required to freud, carl i(vor) hovland (1912 13, standard deviation by tryptaminergic dorsal lithotomy with compressing the ego in the gut obstruction after cervical spondylosis 66 100 blue diamond viagra israeli psychologists edward pelham box below) cardiac arrest of number (n), spatial neglect. Hemiopia n. An interleukin n. A rare (3). [from greek deuteron second, a single gene, the incidence of drugs but ...
BackgroundObtaining a complete phenotypic characterization of a freely moving organism is a difficult task, yet such a description is desired in many neuroethological studies. Many metrics currently used in the literature to describe locomotor and exploratory behavior are typically based on average quantities or subjectively chosen spatial and temporal thresholds. All of these measures are relatively coarse-grained in the time domain. It is advantageous, however, to employ metrics based on the entire trajectory that an organism takes while exploring its environment.Methodology/Principal FindingsTo characterize the locomotor behavior of Drosophila melanogaster, we used a video tracking system to record the trajectory of a single fly walking in a circular open field arena. The fly was tracked for two hours. Here, we present techniques with which to analyze the motion of the fly in this paradigm, and we discuss the methods of calculation. The measures we introduce are based on spatial and temporal
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Animal Behavior Assignment Help Online, Animal Behavior Project and homework Help Get the Scoop on Animal Behavior Before Youre Too Late Virtually all kinds of behavior performed by means of an animal might be the topic of study. Freque
In the last consciousness post, which discussed issues with panpsychism and simple definitions of consciousness, I laid out five functional layers of cognition which I find helpful when trying to think about systems that are more or less conscious. Just to recap, those layers are: Reflexes, primal reactions to stimuli. Perception, sensory models of the…
Intelligence and culture are values frequently used to gauge the complexity and sentience of animals. Here we will examine the basics of animal...
The month, day, and year a content piece was published electronically (as opposed to in print). Depending on the webpage, it may or may not be shown ...
This information must be integrated, interpreted in the light of knowledge gained through prior experience, and a specific behavioural action selected. These processes of sensory integration, learning and memory, decision making, and action selection are the essence of animal cognition and behaviour. Our goal is to provide a biophysical explanation for these processes.
The Trials of Life: A Natural History of Animal Behavior by David Attenborough is on Linda882s to-read shelf.. Shelves: to-read and non-fiction.
Dog Training Tip of the Month from Animal Behavior College comments, Description: Weekly tips about dog training., ID: 877655, By: Feedage Forager
A modern and positive approach to treating animal behaviour problems, based on principles of kindness and fairness, and learning within a safe environment.