Medicinal plants are an essential part of indigenous pharmaceutical systems. We studied the medicinal plants used by the Popoluca of the Sierra Santa Marta (Eastern Mexico). This study is part of a series on the ethnopharmacology of various Macro-Mayan groups. During 16 months of ethnobotanical fieldwork, 614 taxa used medicinally and 4488 individual use-reports were documented. The data are analysed using the concept of the healers consensus in order to identify culturally important medicinal plants. The medicinal uses of the plants were grouped into 13 illness categories. The responses for each species were summarized for each of the categories and were ordered by frequency of mention. The most frequently recorded medicinal plants of the Popoluca are Hamelia patens, used to stop bleeding from wounds, and Byrsonima crassifolia, used against diarrhoea. The high-ranked medicinal species were assessed pharmacognostically using published phytochemical and pharmacological data. Popoluca medicinal uses
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The Journal of Ethnopharmacology is dedicated to the exchange of information and understandings about peoples use of plants, fungi, animals,...
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1983 (English)In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, ISSN 0378-8741, E-ISSN 1872-7573, Vol. 8, no 3, 251-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published ...
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Value chain studies, including production system and market chain studies, are essential to value chain analysis, which when coupled with disease risk analysis is a powerful tool to identify key constraints and opportunities for disease control based on risk management in a livestock production and marketing system. Several production system and market chain studies have been conducted to support disease control interventions in South East Asia. This practical aid summarizes experiences and lessons learned from the implementation of such value chain studies in South East Asia. Based on these experiences it prioritizes the required data for the respective purpose of a value chain study and recommends data collection as well as data analysis tools.

This practical aid is intended as an adjunct to the FAO value chain approach and animal diseases risk management guidelines document. Further practical advice is provided for more effective use of value chain studies in South and South East Asia as part
The practice of traditional medicine is as old as the human race and plants are an important source of research and development of new drugs. Anthelmintic resistance in human and animal pathogenic helminths has been spreading in prevalence and severity to a point where there is multi-drug resistance against the three major classes of anthelmintics. It has become a global phenomenon in gastrointestinal nematodes of farm animals, and hence the need for novel anthelmintic products. The objectives of this study were to document plants which are commonly used in the treatment and control of helminthosis in Loitoktok District of Kenya and to determine the bioactivity, anthelmintic efficacy and preliminary phytochemistry of herbal remedies from selected plants from the study area. An ethnopharmacological study was done through gathering information from 23 traditional health practitioners from across the district. Plants used traditionally as anthelmintics were identified by the traditional healers and ...
In spite of the constantly increasing need for new antibacterial agents, antibiotic drug discovery and development seem to have greatly decelerated in recent years. Presented with the significant problem of advancing antibacterial resistance, the global scientific community has attempted to find alternative solutions. One of the most promising ones is to find new sources of antibiotic agents from ethnomedicinal plants those used by local people since first for the treatment diseases caused by bacteria. The present research focuses the consensus of local people of Brahmanbaria district in the use of ethnomedicinal plants to treat different ailments in their daily life and to evaluate the antibacterial properties of most cited ethnomedicinal plant species. Ethnomedicinal data were collected in between June 2015 to June 2017 from 467 local people using mainly key informants interviews and also followed by plant interviews, field interviews, checklist interviews, group discussions and market ...
Historically, medicinal plants have been a key element of healthcare, and are still widely used as alternative and complementary therapy (mainly in developed countries) or as a primary treatment (in most developing countries). Moreover, many of the modern pharmaceuticals were developed from molecules extracted from natural sources, and medicinal plants still today represent an important pool for the identification of novel drug leads. The ethnopharmacological tradition in Central and Eastern Europe has a great historical significance and large part of the Western world´s knowledge for therapeutic properties of medicinal plants has its roots in the Greek and Roman cultures (e.g., with a reference to the influential works of Dioscorides, Pliny the Elder, and Galen). The German-speaking Central European areas have also played very important roles, with some influential medieval herbal book editions such as the Mainz Herbal (Herbarius Moguntinus, 1484) and The German Herbal (1485). Moreover, at the
Read the latest research out of the Quave Research Group, available via open access HERE. Nelson, K.N., J.T. Lyles, T. Li, A. Saitta, E. Addie-Noye, P. Tyler, C.L. Quave. (2016) Anti-acne activity of Italian medicinal plants used for skin infection. Frontiers in Pharmacology 7:435.. Continue reading. ...
AIM OF STUDY: The objective of this study was to observe the systemic exposure of quercetin (QCT) including its free and total concentration in rat blood samples following a single p.o. dose of Feng-Liao-Chang-Wei-Kang granules (FLCWKG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six male rats were given the FLCHKG and the serial blood samples were collected. Fully or partially validated LC/MS/MS methods were develop ...
Navigating environmental change and sustaining environmental commons (e.g. the climate system, wildlife, freshwater) will depend, in a large part, on coordinated action across levels (local, regional, global) and knowledge systems (Reid et al. 2006; Armitage 2008; Berkes 2012). While knowledge systems are themselves a kind of commons (Hess and Ostrom 2006), our emphasis in this paper is on environmental commons and the ways of knowing (or knowledge systems) associated with them. Different environmental commons are shared by diverse social actors with unique (although not independent) forms and types of knowledge (e.g. indigenous and western knowledge). Identifying opportunities to bridge different knowledge systems has been a key theme in commons governance for some time (Ostrom et al. 2002; Reid et al. 2006), although getting clarity on the appropriate settings in which to do so remains a challenge.. Diverse types and sources of knowledge can make important contributions towards understanding ...
Diabetes is one of the most important multifactorial, metabolic and chronic diseases, with fatal complications that remain a public health problem worldwide. The estima..
International seafood trade takes place through value chains that link production in developing countries to developed country markets. As a result of the emergence of the global value chain analytical framework from the political economy of development (and underdevelopment) approach, value chain analysis has traditionally maintained a production orientation to study the workings and impacts of value chains. This paper challenges this prevailing focus by looking backwards from final demand to production, enabling an examination of the ways in which seafood value chains are shaped by value chain agents abilities to generate, disseminate and respond to market information. The paper reveals what consumers perceive as valuable, examines the governance and coordination conditions under which information is disseminated as not all value chain relationships are equally conducive to knowledge transfer, and enlarges existing examinations of upgrading by analysing the role of market information. The ...
in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2017), 196. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Heinsia crinita is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of febrile illness and erectile dysfunction. Its stem bark powder is found in some peripheral markets in ... [more ▼]. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Heinsia crinita is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of febrile illness and erectile dysfunction. Its stem bark powder is found in some peripheral markets in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as a remedy against malaria. Investigations were conducted on crude extracts of leaves, fruits and stem barks in view to validate their use and to determine which plant part possesses the best antiplasmodial properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different plant parts were extracted with methanol, ethanol and dichloromethane. Based on the preliminary assays, the dichloromethane extract of the stem bark was subjected to fractionation using preparative HPLC system and column chromatography. This step ...
in Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2017), 196. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Heinsia crinita is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of febrile illness and erectile dysfunction. Its stem bark powder is found in some peripheral markets in ... [more ▼]. ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Heinsia crinita is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of febrile illness and erectile dysfunction. Its stem bark powder is found in some peripheral markets in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) as a remedy against malaria. Investigations were conducted on crude extracts of leaves, fruits and stem barks in view to validate their use and to determine which plant part possesses the best antiplasmodial properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different plant parts were extracted with methanol, ethanol and dichloromethane. Based on the preliminary assays, the dichloromethane extract of the stem bark was subjected to fractionation using preparative HPLC system and column chromatography. This step ...
This paper analyzes how the formation of Global Value Chains (GVCs) has affected the exchange rate elasticity of exports. Using a panel framework covering 46 countries over the period 1996-2012, we first find some suggestive evidence that the elasticity of real manufacturing exports to the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) has decreased over time. We then examine whether the formation of supply chains has affected this elasticity using different measures of GVC integration. Intuitively, as countries are more integrated in global production processes, a currency depreciation only improves competitiveness of a fraction of the value of final good exports. In line with this intuition, we find evidence that GVC participation reduces the REER elasticity of manufacturing exports by 22 percent, on average.
Agricultural value chain development has emerged as a key methodology employed by multi- and bilateral donors, nongovernmental organizations, and research institutions to drive economic development. Value chain upgrading can result in significant economic impact in developing countries, contributing up to 30% of gross domestic product (United Nations Conference on Trade and
blank care delivery value chain. Care Delivery Value Chain. INFORMING AND ENGAGING. PATIENT VALUE (Health outcomes per unit of cost). MEASURING. ACCESSING. PREVENTION& SCREENING. DELAYING PROGRESSION. MANAGEMENT OF CLINICAL DETERIORATION. DIAGNOSING & STAGING. Slideshow 6860557 by garth-west
which they use with remarkable success.. Rajasthan: Van Vagris, Kal Beliyas and Bhils. The Van Vagris. The Van Vagris (forest dwellers) of Rajasthan inhabit a sparsely wooded sandy terrain in the semi-arid region of Ajmer, Nagaur, Sikar, Churu and Jhunjhunu districts of Rajasthan and the adjoining districts of Haryana They are totally nomadic and camp for a few days only on sand dunes away from the villages and towns in small bands of a few families. The strongest bond is between brothers-in-law. The Van Vagris depend for their subsistence almost entirely on meat. Though large game is now scarce and its hunting is prohibited by law, there is enough small game like jackal, fox, hare, monitor lizard, partridge and quail that they are never short of meat. The vegetarian component of their diet comes from food which their women beg from village homes.. The Van Vagris use a variety of equipment for hunting, snaring and trapping. The items include gun, spear, long stick, bow and arrow, net (jaal), ...
Table 1. Perception of totemic kinship practices with gorillas among interviewees in five villages of Lebialem Division, July 2007.. ...
Fig. 2. Reasons for not hunting gorillas as reported by hunters in five villages in Lebialem Division, July 2007 (percentage of respondents who reported themselves as hunters, n = 71). ...
I just found this study summary on PubMed about the drug which is supposedly used by Haitian priests to create zombies: The ethnobiology of the Haitian zombi Davis EW. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 1983 Nov;9(1):85-104 For many years students of Haitian society have suggested that there is an ethnopharmacological basis for the notorious zombies, the living…
Kaushik, N., Bagavan, A., Rahuman, A. A., Zahir, A. A., Kamaraj, C., Elango, G., Jayaseelan, C., Kirthi, A. V., Santhoshkumar, T., Marimuthu, S., Rajakumar, G., Tiwari, S. K., Sahal, D., 2015. Evaluation of antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants from North Indian Buchpora and South Indian Eastern Ghats. Malaria Journal (In Press). Singh, N., Kaushik, N.K., Mohanakrishnan, D., Tiwari, S. K., Sahal, D. 2015. Antiplasmodial Activity of Medicinal Plants from Chhotanagpur Plateau, Jharkhand, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 165: 152-162. PubMed link. Suryanarayanan, T. S. , Gopalan, V., Sahal, D. and Sanyal, K. 2015. Establishing a national fungal genetic resource to enhance the bioeconomy. Current Science. 109: 1033-1037.. Sabareesh, V., Sahal, D. 2015. Explorations into conformationally distinct isomeric peptides of opposite directionalities by high resolution electrospray collision induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry. International Journal of MassSpectrometry. 391: 31- ...
The origin of many modern drugs is derived from ethnopharmacology, traditional medicine, and reverse pharmacology. Natural products have been a boon for both organic as well as medicinal chemists and practitioners of traditional medicine in exploring new biosynthetic pathways, charting novel synthesis strategies, and finding cures for human diseases. However, there has been a de-emphasis on natural product-based drug discovery programs over the last 20 years by the pharmaceutical industry, in part because of a perceived promise of high-throughput screening and combinatorial chemistry which never came to fully meet heightened expectations ...
Treating Viral Infections. Traditional medicines use graviola leaves as treatment for viral infections. An article released in "The Journal of Ethnopharmacology" in May of 1998 discovered that extracts from the leaves suppressed the herpes simplex virus. The herpes virus is spread through bodily fluids and often transmitted while kissing or through sexual contact.. According the University of Maryland Medical Center, up to 90 percent of the United States population has been exposed to one form of the infection and there is no cure. Some anti-viral medications can reduce the number of outbreaks or lessen symptoms. More research is needed to determine what function graviola can play in the treatment or prevention of herpes.. Pain Reduction. Supplementing with graviola leaves may reduce swelling and pain, according to a study published in May of 2010 in the "International Journal of Molecular Sciences." Researchers gave mice with burnt paws extracts of graviola leaf and observed their behaviors. ...
Treating Viral Infections. Traditional medicines use graviola leaves as treatment for viral infections. A short article published in "The Journal of Ethnopharmacology" in Might of 1998 found that extracts from the leaves reduced the herpes simplex infection. The herpes infection is spread out through physical fluids and frequently transferred while kissing or through sexual contact.. According the University of Maryland Medical Center, as much as 90 percent of the United States population has actually been exposed to one form of the virus and there is no treatment. Some anti-viral medications can decrease the variety of outbreaks or decrease symptoms. More research is had to identify what role graviola can play in the treatment or avoidance of herpes.. Pain Decrease. Supplementing with graviola leaves might minimize swelling and discomfort, according to a research study released in May of 2010 in the "International Journal of Molecular Sciences." Researchers provided mice with burned paws ...
Analeptics. Analgesics and Antipyretics. Analytical Toxicology. Anesthetics. Anthelmintics. Antiallergics. Antiarrhytmic Drugs. Antiasthmatics. Antibiotics. Antiemetics. Antiepileptic Drugs. Antihypertensive Agents. Anti-inflammatory/ Antirheumatic Drugs. Antimycotics. Antipsychotics/Neuroleptics. Anti-Ulcer Drugs. Appetite Suppressants. Beta Blockers. Biochemical Pharmacology. Blood Pressure Increasing Agents. Calcium Antagonists. Cancer Chemotherapy. Cardiac Glycosides and Synthetic Cardiotonic Drugs. Cardioactive and Vasoactive Drugs. Chemical Contraception. Chinese Medicine Resources. Clinical Pharmacology. Cough Remedies. Diuretics. Drug Delivery System. Drug Information. Drug Metabolism. Drugs Affecting Circulation. Drugs Used in Dermatology. Ethnopharmacology. Gallbladder and Liver Therapeutics. Gastroprokinetic Agents. Gout Remedies. Health Informatics. Herbal Medicine. HIV and AIDS Therapeutics. Hormones. Immunopharmacology. Immunotherapy and Vaccines. Interferons. Laxatives. Local ...
Vishwanatha, U., Guruprasad, K. P., Gopinath, P. M., Acharya, R. V., Prasanna, B. V., Nayak, J., Ganesh, R., Rao, J., Shree, R., Anchan, S., Raghu, K. S., Joshi, M. B., Paladhi, P., Varier, P. M., Muraleedharan, K., Muraleedharan, T. S. & Satyamoorthy, K., 15-09-2016, In : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 191, p. 387-397 11 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
Trevizan, Lucas Noboru Fatori; Nascimento, Kamilla Felipe do; Santos, Joyce Alencar; Kassuya, Candida Aparecida Leite; Cardoso, Claudia Andrea Lima; Vieira, Maria do Carmo; Moreira, Flora Martinez Figueira; Croda, Julio; Formagio, Anelise Samara Nazari (2016). "Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti- Mycobacterium tuberculosis activity of viridiflorol: The major constituent of Allophylus edulis (A. St.-Hil., A. Juss. & Cambess.) Radlk". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 192: 510-515. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2016.08.053. PMID 27612433 ...
Vishwanatha, U., Guruprasad, K. P., Gopinath, P. M., Acharya, R. V., Prasanna, B. V., Nayak, J., Ganesh, R., Rao, J., Shree, R., Anchan, S., Raghu, K. S., Joshi, M. B., Paladhi, P., Varier, P. M., Muraleedharan, K., Muraleedharan, T. S. & Satyamoorthy, K., 15-09-2016, In : Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 191, p. 387-397 11 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to [email protected] Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified ...
Philips and Pacific Knowledge Systems partner to bring clinical expert intelligence to Europe. Pacific Knowledge Systems (PKS) has signed an agreement with Philips to enhance its laboratory automation system - LABOSYS - to deliver greater clinical insights as well as advanced demand management, error detection, patient-centric reporting, clinical alerting and data mining capabilities to improve the overall laboratory quality, workflow and service for Philips end-users.. Read More ...
The results also suggest that red EBNs in cave interiors or swiftlet houses are very likely the results of environmental conditions therein. Another reflection from this study is that ethnopharmacological studies have convincingly helped document the claimed values and identify the bioactive components of indigenous materials developed through empirical knowledge gained down the ages. The contributions of scientific studies to clarify misconceptions, refute unreliable claims and reject faked products are equally important. The myth of the red colour of EBNs has perpetuated for over a century in Chinese communities and many consumers believe in claims of their supposedly higher values to health and thus pay a higher price for them. Simple experiments can equally offer sound findings for refining understandings of ethnopharmacological products. With our findings about the origin of the red colour in red EBNs, further research is expected on the chemical nature and mechanisms of the colour changes, ...
Working with Accenture, COFCO implemented a new IT strategy and platform to improve data and information sharing among the different parts of the value chain.
Engendering Research in LIVES Value Chain Development Interventions. Ephrem Tesema and Kathleen Colverson March 26-28, 2013 Addis Ababa/ ILRI Campus. Outline. Why engender r esearch in LIVES? How does LIVES gender work intersect with ILRIs CG research plan on Livestock and Fish? Slideshow 7082318 by cora-vinson
Dione, M.M., Ouma, E.A., Lule, P. and Pezo, D. 2014. Animal health services delivery systems and disease surveillance in the smallholder pig value chain in Uganda. Paper presented at the Second International Conference on Animal Health Surveillance (ICAHS2), Havana, Cuba, 7-9 May ...
The rise of global value chains (GVCs) is posing new challenges to analyses of countries competitiveness. Commonly used measures such as gross exports and revealed comparative advantage are becoming obsolete. This column presents a new measure called global-value-chain income that is based on the value added by countries along the international production chain. It shows
Malcolm Beveridge from the WorldFish Centre explains the main results of a visit to Uganda to investigate possibilities for aquaculture value chain development as part of the proposed CGIAR Livestock Fish Mega Program. For this approach to have impacts, he emphasizes the need for the right partnerships - with the private sector, government, research … "it is no longer acceptable - it just doesnt work - to just produce a technology, drop it in a country, and expect it to work." He was speaking in the margins of the CGIAR Livestock Fish Mega Program stakeholder consultation meeting in Addis Ababa, 24 and 25 August 2010 ...
KPI Library | Value Reference Model | Value Chain. KPI Library is a community for performance management professionals. Use KPI Library to search for Key Performance Indicators by process and industry, ask help or advice, and read articles written by independent experts.
KPI Library | Value Reference Model | Value Chain. KPI Library is a community for performance management professionals. Use KPI Library to search for Key Performance Indicators by process and industry, ask help or advice, and read articles written by independent experts.
Just as mobile gaming has expanded the market by making games accessible to billions of people across the globe via smartphones and tablets, cloud gaming has the potential to expand the market for premium games beyond the current console and PC audience by making them accessible to anyone on any device.. This infographic provides an overview of the cloud gaming ecosystem. To learn about the value chain, impacts to markets and consumers, new business models, summary of services, and risks/opportunities, download our free report.. ...
Facilitating the development of higher value products and feedstock materials, in response to market needs and opportunities in the value chains ...
Press release - Transparency Market Research - Aerosol Market Analysis, Segments, Growth and Value Chain 2016-2023 - published on openPR.com
This download Strategy is Digital: How Companies Can Use Big Data in the Value Chain input will feature to carry children. In delivery to recall out of this speech maintain be your missing pp. literary to be to the visual or early featuring. convey your relative regime or payroll film not and well forward you a novel to receive the small Kindle App.
A value chain is a series of activities or processes that aims at creating and adding value to an article at every step during the production process.
articles in it will address the specifics of this body of knowledge. But first, it is important to take a broader look at the differences between open and closed knowledge systems. Why? Because any knowledge system whose adherents wish it to remain responsive to changing events in a rapidly changing world must remain open to absorbing new information and adapting itself to that new information. To achieve an open knowledge system, one must first understand what it means for a knowledge system to be "closed ...
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems, FoIKS 2014, held in Bordeaux, France, in March 2014. The 14 revised full p
The world is undergoing an unprecedented shock as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting lockdowns in nearly all economies. As major world economies are being put on hold, millions of jobs and incomes are being lost, which has created an imperative for economic policy actions. Government healthcare responses have so far been aimed at containment with measures aimed at slowing the rate of infection and limiting social and work-related interactions, accompanied by fiscal and monetary policies to support businesses and protect peoples incomes. Despite these measures, it is becoming clear that the economic and social consequences of the current crisis will be profound and long lasting, and still largely uncertain, and highlight the extent to which the economic crisis is transmitted not only through domestic policies but the severe disruption to trade in global supply chains, which account for two thirds of world trade (Baldwin and Lopez-Gonzalez, 2015). ...