Rosse, F. van, Bruijne, M.C. de, Wagner, C., Stronks, K., Essink-Bot, M.L. Design of a prospective cohort study to assess ethnic inequalities in patient safety in hospital care using mixed methods. BMC Health Services Research: 2012, 12(450 ...
A study has found major ethnic inequalities in poverty among young people in New Zealand has remained the same for over two decades.
This study highlights the wide range of barriers to insulin initiation in Malaysia and provides an overview as to why the use of insulin remains low. What is remarkable is the similarity of the barriers encountered in a multicultural, Asian country to barriers reported in studies conducted in the West. A Pubmed search of qualitative studies which focus on barriers to insulin initiation identified eight studies from North American [25, 26], UK [27-30], European [31] and South African [32] settings. Thematic consistency is apparent between these studies and our study, suggesting that these barriers are widely held ideas and that the results of this study are generalisable.. Studies on psychological insulin resistance amongst multi-ethnic populations have found that ethnicity is an important determining factor. Studies in the west have found that Hispanic and ethnic minorities are less willing to start insulin therapy [19, 33]. Reasons for this resistance include perceived lack of access to care ...
Attenuation of the effect of ethnicity on the risk of incident ischemic stroke when P-wave terminal force was included in the models raises the possibility that differences in AF predictors and subsequently ethnic differences in AF (including paroxysmal AF) could partially explain the ethnic difference of stroke incidence. Although we could not confirm that such attenuation is statistically significant, given the overlapping CIs of the HR in the models, the persistence of attenuation among different models is in favor of none by chance results.. Because we showed that ECG AF predictors were equally predictive for AF and that they are more prevalent in blacks than whites, it would be expected that an increased prevalence of AF in blacks compared with whites would result-just the reverse of findings reported by previous studies but is in concert with the fact of high stroke burden in blacks and the strong association between AF and stroke. A potential explanation for this paradox comes from the ...
Kitty Lymperopoulou 1, Nissa Finney 2, Gemma Catney 3, 1 University of Manchester, 2 University of St Andrews, 3 University of Liverpool There has been a longstanding debate in the UK about the residential patterns of ethnic minority groups and the consequences of these patterns for social cohesion. However, there has been less focus on the role of residential segregation in perpetuating the socio-economic disadvantage of ethnic minority groups, and as yet there is little evidence on how residential segregation patterns relate to spatial patterns of ethnic inequality. This chapter draws on data from the 2001 and 2011 Censuses in the UK to explore how ethnic group concentrations within local authorities in England and Wales are related to patterns of ethnic inequality in employment, education, housing, and health. The Index of Dissimilarity is used to measure residential segregation for nine ethnic minority groups in 2011 and how it has changed since 2001, for neighbourhoods (output areas) within ...
The goal of this resource is to provide public health professionals, researchers, staff in provincial/territorial governments and community organizations with evidence and areas for action to inform STBBI prevention programming, policy and research that address STBBIs among diverse ethnocultural communities across Canada. This publication summarizes current research evidence and gaps related to prevention and the determinants of vulnerability to and resilience against STBBIs among ethnocultural minorities.. For any comments or inquiries on this publication, please contact [email protected] ...
The purpose of this study was to assess the association and report effect sizes between the rs9939609 SNP in the FTO gene with direct measures of body fat using imaging techniques in a multi-ethnic cohort. We found differences in minor allele frequency among the four groups such that the frequency of the minor allele was highest in the European and South Asian groups, and lowest in Aboriginal and Chinese groups. In Aboriginals and Europeans, the minor allele was associated with dietary intake and VAT (Europeans only). When the four ethnic groups were analysed together, the FTO rs9939609 minor allele was also associated with body fat measures and SAT.. The minor allele frequencies reported in the present study are similar to that found in a number of studies investigating similar ethnic groups (Al-Attar et al., 2008; Li et al., 2008; Sanghera et al., 2008; Rong et al., 2009; Yajnik et al., 2009). Our investigation adds to this by providing direct comparisons of allele frequency in these ethnic ...
In support of the Stanford University School of Medicine mission, DISCOVeR Lab, led by Dr. Latha Palaniappan, a physician scientist, conducts research that seeks to investigate racial/ethnic health disparities in cardiometabolic disease risk, burden, screening, treatment and outcomes in multiethnic populations. She along with collaborators at Stanford and other world-renown institutions, take what they learn from patient care back to their labs to guide their research projects into new diagnostics and treatments for various illnesses.. DISCOVeR research projects seek to address the gap in knowledge of health and health-related patient centered outcomes, specifically exploring gender and racial/ethnic disparities in obesity, diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Learn more about the STRONG-D Study here and the IMPACT Study here.. ...
A study of 31,000 people with Alzheimers disease in the U.S. found that people diagnosed with the condition lived, on average, 4.8 years after their diagnosis. However, there were considerable differences in the length of time people from different ethnic backgrounds survived. People from a Latin American background lived 40% longer than White people while African-Americans lived 15% longer. Asian, American Indian and White people all lived with the disease for about the same length of time ...
Alberts CJ, van der Loeff MFS, Hazeveld Y, et al. A longitudinal study on determinants of HPV vaccination uptake in parents/guardians from different ethnic backgrounds in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. BMC Public Health 2017 Feb 21;17:220 ...
Background Mounting evidence signifies that humans have significant difficulties in understanding emotional expressions from individuals of different ethnic backgrounds, leading to reduced recognition accuracy and stronger amygdala activation. bilaterally was observed and this was paralleled by reduced overall performance, especially for anger and disgust depicted by male expressions. However, no gender difference occurred. Taken together, while gender exerts only a… More →. ...
France estimates that its ethnic minority populations can be divided as follows: 4 to 7 million Arabs, 3 to 5 million blacks, 1.5 million Asians and 600,000 Jews. The majority ethnic groups in France...
Okorocha: Ethnic groups shouldnt determine next ... - Okorocha: Ethnic groups shouldnt determine next president - A former governor of Imo State and Senator representing Imo West, Rochas Okorocha, has said vision, and not ethnicity, should determine the next...
I agree with Marysia.. For one, I would like to point out that "white privilege" does not mean that all people of Anglo descent (and yes I know that "Anglo" and "white" do not mean the same thing exactly, but I use Anglo because it is the generally accepted term for lack of a better word) should feel guilty for what someone who happens to be the same ethnic group did two hundred years ago. After all, I cannot think of a single ethnic group, "white" or not, that has not gone to war with another group or discriminated against another group. It happens often.. What white privilege refers to is the fact that certain ethnic groups have fewer problems with poverty, have better standards of education, have lower rates of infant mortality, etc. These ethnic groups fall under the blanket of what we call Anglo. I do not believe that most white privilege is intentional- after all, no baby decides what social class or ethnic group to be born into. In fact, what separates white privilege from racism is the ...
INTRODUCTION. The term race refers to a group of genetically related persons who share certain physical characteristics such as skin colour and facial features, and who have for a long time been isolated geographically, or have in common cultural or religious practices.1, 2 On the other hand, the term ethnicity, which has been found to be more socially acceptable, applies to a group of people of the same nationality, language or culture, and who may or may not have genetic markers in common.1, 2. There are two ways of considering race. The first is in terms of anthropological classifications of negroid, caucasoid etc; and the second is based either on overt physical characteristics or, as in the United States, on self racial-identification.3 Almost universally throughout the world, this second system of classification is applied.. As there is no clear distinction between race and ethnicity, many researchers no longer distinguish between these, but rather use the single term race/ethnicity.1, 2 ...
Peter Whincup and colleagues carry out a cross-sectional study examining ethnic differences in precursors of of type 2 diabetes among children aged 9-10 living in three UK cities.
UPDATE: We will discontinue using quotation marks to identify parts of an article, but retain the capitalization; eg, This is discussed in the Methods section (not the
UPDATE: We will discontinue using quotation marks to identify parts of an article, but retain the capitalization; eg, This is discussed in the Methods section (not the
Bastarni (it); Basztarnák (hu); ባስተርናያውያን (am); Bastarni (hr); Бастарны (ru); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh-hans); باستارنيون (ar); bastarnes (ca); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh-hk); Bastarnen (de); Bastarnas (pt); Bastarnae (en-gb); Bastarnos (es); Бастарни (bg); Бастарни (sr); Bastarni (ro); バスタルン族 (ja); Bastarnas (pt-br); Bastarnové (cs); Bastarner (sv); Bastarnowie (pl); Бастарни (uk); Bastarnae (nl); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh-hant); Bastarnes (fr); Bastarni (sh); 巴斯塔奈人 (zh); Bastarnae (en); Bastarnae (en-ca); Βαστάρνες (el); Бастарны (be) historical ethnical group (en); Indogermanischer Volksstamm (de); народ, обитавший с конца III в. до н. э. по III век в восточном Прикарпатье (ru) Peucini (it); バスタルナエ人, バスタルナエ, バスタルナエ族 (ja); Bastarnae (fr); Bastaner (sv); Peucynowie, Peukinowie (pl); Певкіни (uk); Bastarnae (sh); ...
Are the secret societies of the oligarchs composed of a distinct race or subspecies of man? Does it matter? And what do they believe?
Quote: Originally Posted by Mr. Sfm Hello everybody, is there a quick way to find out a racial make-up of the street, block and neighbors around any h
This thesis deals with socioeconomic and ethnic inequalities in psychological factors and in health-related quality of life among patients with coronary heart disease, as well as with psychosocial predictors of positive and negative changes in quality of life among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). With regard to the psychological factors, the present study is focusing on the following most commonly researched characteristics: psychological well-being, vital exhaustion, Type D personality and hostility. Psychological well-being is characterized by the occurrence and severity of the depression and anxiety symptoms, which are strongly associated with the coronary heart disease. Vital exhaustion, a state characterized by lack of energy, increased irritability and feelings of demoralisation, is also known as one of the risk factors for coronary heart disease, and has been shown to be a substantial predictor of myocardial infarction. Type D personality defines individuals who experience ...
Denver Public Schools Division of Personnel Services ESTIMATED ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS (PERCENTAGES) ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS - OCTOBER 15, 1965 Anglo- Spanish- Asian Indian School Caucasian Negro American Derivation & Others Total Pupils Alameda 63* $ 35$ 1% 1% 100$ Alcott 96 0 b 0 0 100 Asbury 97 0 2 1 0 100 Ash Grove 98 0 0 1 1 100 Ashland b2 0 57 0 1 100 Ashley 90 b b 2 0 100 Barnum 71 0 29 0 0 100 Barrett b 9b 1 1 0 100 Beach Court 75 0 23 1 1 100 Belmont 7b 0 26 0 0 100 Berkeley 92 0 8 0 0 100 Boettcher & Hospital 83 7 10 0 0 100 Boulevard 28 0 72 0 0 100 Bradley 99 0 0 0 1 100 Broirwell 96 1 0 2 1 100 Brown 80 0 17 3 0 100 Bryant-Webster 30 0 68 2 0 100 Carson 99 0 1 0 0 100 Cheltenham 36 5 58 1 0 100 Colfax 68 l 31 0 0 100 College View 80 0 20 0 0 100 Columbian 83 0 17 0 0 100 Columbine 1 9b 3 2 0 100 Cory 98 0 1 1 0 100 Cowell 7b 0 26 0 0 100 Crofton 9 2b 65 2 0 100 Denison 9b 0 5 1 0 100 Doull 98 0 2 0 0 100 Eagleton 51 1 b7 1 0 100 Ebert 18 30 51 1 0 100 Edison 90 0 10 0 0 100 Ellis ...
DENVER PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT OF ESTIMATED ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION OF PUPILS, CLASSROOM TEACHERS AND OTHER CERTIFICATED AND CLASSIFIED PERSONNEL SEPTEMBER 26, I969 Office of Planning, Research, and Budgeting October 27, 1969 ...
Introduction. Outline and account for the disadvantages experienced by minority ethnic groups in British society. Society is made up of a number of social divisions including age, sex, ethnicity, income, wealth and sexual orientation. Many theorists and critics have their own definition of social divisions. For example, Bilton et al (2002, p.70) states: In broad terms, the concept of social divisions refers to ways in which, either as individuals or more commonly as members of social groupings, we construct social differences among ourselves.... There has been a growing interest in the study of race and ethnicity in Britain over the course of the twentieth century. I, therefore, intend to discuss the difficulties faced by ethnic minority groups in Britain. It is also important to examine how ethnic minority groups are disadvantaged from access to other social rights - such as the rights to housing, education and employment (Ginsburg, 1998; Macey, 1995), which is what I intend to discuss ...
The main plan of my research is to expand follow-up studies on the global birth cohorts from diverse ethnic groups to eventually enable precise screening. This aim is aligned with the missions of Stanford Long-Range Planning and Precision Health to diminish health disparities. Therefore, our research supports the University mission of deep phenotyping and care of diverse patients and populations. These studies have the potential to specify mechanistic and causality insights from the drivers of diabetes and insulin resistance risk in different ethnicities. The ultimate goal of my research is to pave the way for opportunities to prevent insulin resistance as early as 10-20 years before the onset of diabetes and the age-related adverse outcomes such as vascular dementia and to reduce the widening ethnic inequalities ...
Genomic diversity of 21 STR loci has been studied in six ethnic populations of Daghestan (the Caucasus), namely, Avars, Dargins, Kubachians, Lezgins, and Nogais, and the results have been compared with these data for European, African, and East Asian ethnic groups. Daghestan is unique in its ethnic diversity, which is the greatest in the Caucasus: 26 out of approximately 50 autochthonous ethnic groups of the Caucasus live there. The genetic origin of this wide ethnic diversity of Daghestan and the Caucasus as a whole is still obscure. The genetic heterogeneity of Daghestan populations has been found to be lower than that of most other populations in the world. This is explained by a prolonged isolation and gene drift in their demographic history. Generalized genetic distances between ethnic groups calculated for the whole set of loci studied allow differentiating Asian populations from African ones, with European populations occupying intermediate positions. All Daghestan ethnic populations form a
Resource to help facilitate discussions about childcare practice and safeguarding issues in black and minority ethnic communities.
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Background: South Asians (SA) have a high prevalence of diabetes (DM) which may be due to differences in insulin resistance (IR) or beta-cell function. We compared the prevalence of DM, IR, and beta cell function between SA and four race/ethnic groups. We also determined whether the association between age and adiposity with IR and beta cell function differed by ethnicty.. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of two cohorts aged 44-84 years without CVD: the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). We compared 799 SA with 2,611 Whites, 1,879 African Americans (AA), 1,493 Latinos and 801 Chinese Americans (CA). DM was classified by fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or use of a diabetes medication. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-IR and beta cell function by the HOMA-ß model. Spline curves displayed the effect of age and waist with HOMA-IR and HOMA- ...
Advanced CKD is one of the starkest examples of disparities in health conditions, with rates of ESRD for racial/ethnic minorities ranging from 1.5 to 4.0 times those of age-adjusted white counterparts, although there are relatively similar rates for the early stages of CKD (1). Despite the consistent findings of increased ESRD among racial/ethnic minorities, the reasons for these disparities remain elusive. Health research often tries to identify an independent role of race/ethnicity by controlling for factors, such as socioeconomic status, education, health care utilization, and insurance, and exploring potential polymorphisms of genes that may influence the development and/or progression of CKD (1,2). However, rarely do we reflect on what the designation of race/ethnicity actually means beyond a simple census marker. The concepts of race and more recently, ethnicity are deeply integrated into the social fabric of our society. Yet, they often mean different things to different people, and the ...
Using data from a large national English patient survey we found substantially more negative experiences reported by ethnic minorities (particularly South Asians and Chinese), younger patients and those with poor self-rated health. Differences by gender and socioeconomic deprivation were limited and inconsistent. A substantial proportion of ethnic differences reflected concentration of ethnic minority patients in low-performing practices (consistent with the minorities concentrated in poor practices hypothesis, table 1), but concentration in low-scoring practices explained little of the large differences observed among patients of different age and self-rated health. In spite of large within-practice differences among patients of different ethnicity and self-rated health, primary care practices varied substantially in respect of these differences and in some practices South Asian and Chinese patients evaluated their experience similarly or more positively compared with White patients. This ...
This is a concise essay on the culture of different ethnic groups in Nigeria, West Africa. I hope to paint a mosaic of the traditions and activities to readers/5(12).
Women of the Yi ethnic group embroider in Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture, southwest Chinas Yunnan Province, July 21, 2014. Embroidery works of the Yi ethnic group were known as culture heritages of Yunnan Province. (Xinhua/Yang Zongyou). ...
Categoría:Etnias de Canadá (es); Kategoria:Kanadako etniak (eu); بؤلمه:کانادادا یاشایان خالقلار (azb); Kategorie:Ethnische Gruppe in Kanada (de-ch); Kategorie:Ethnische Gruppe in Kanada (de); Category:Ethnic groups in Canada (en-gb); رده:اقوام در کانادا (fa); Категория:Етнически групи в Канада (bg); Kategori:Etniske grupper i Canada (da); Categorie:Grupuri etnice din Canada (ro); زمرہ:کینیڈا کے نسلی گروہ (ur); Kategorio:Etnoj en Kanado (eo); Категорија:Етнички групи во Канада (mk); Kategori:Etniska grupper i Kanada (sv); Category:カナダの民族 (ja); Категорія:Народи Канади (uk); Төркем:Канада халыклары (tt); Category:Ethnic groups in Canada (en); श्रेणी:कनाडा की मानव जातियाँ (hi); Катэгорыя:Народы Канады (be); 분류:캐나다의 민족 (ko); ...
14965 high-quality HD Stock Video Shots about ethnic group from our Stock Footage Library are ready for instant licensing and customized download.
Kenny - YBM project officer, Hackney CVS I started off as a young man whose parents were very protective of and never let me interact with the outside world. Going to school was for me the only opportunity to... ...
Gardiner P, Whelan J, White LF, Filippelli AC, Bharmal N, Kaptchuk TJ. A systematic review of the prevalence of herb usage among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States.. J Immigr Minor Health. Aug 1, 2013; 15: 4: 817-28: PubMed PMID22723252; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4401997 ...
This course provides basic theoretical and empirical knowledge about racial and ethnic relations in the United States. The first part of the course explores theories that explain the introduction, maintenance, reproduction, and persistence of race and ethnicity as meaningful social groupings. With this theoretical backdrop, we examine racial and ethnic relations in the "real world." The main themes of this course are: 1) to explain whether, how and why race and ethnicity matter; 2) to demonstrate how race and ethnicity interact with and relate to larger social and economic institutions in the U.S.; and 3) to help you to construct theoretically informed and cogent arguments that support your own perspectives on racial and ethnic group relations.. We will consider the following questions: 1. What accounts for biological emphasis of race? 3. What accounts for racial/ethnic groups position in the class hierarchy? 4. How does the fact of being a racial/ethnic minority affect other group experiences? ...
Thinking about other ethnic groups in the abstract may lead to different feelings than those we actually experience during interactions with members of those groups.
Israel-based international defense company Elbit Systems gave the Ethiopian government spyware software, which they later used to track supporters of the Oromo ethnic group.
Basic Facts about Hair The cells that produce our hair have the fastest growth rate of all cells in the human body. Each hair goes through an independent cycle of growth, which lasts on average 5 years.
People from Black, Asian and other ethnic minority groups are at a higher risk of dying from coronavirus, says a report by Public Health England (PHE). The rep
Hypertension is a major cause of disease burden in all racial and ethnic groups and in both developing and developed regions and countries. Much of the racial and ethnic disparity in cardiovascular ou
In an iconic scene from the movie, Jennifer Lopez shows Constance Wu a few pole tricks, and Wu deflates. "I cant do that. What if you dont have muscles to do that?" From the pole, Jennifer Lopez replies matter-of-factly, "You can, and you will. Every girl has muscles to do this." Theres a common misconception that pole dancing is for young, thin women with strong arms and an athletic build. Or more recently, for men.. As the founding organization behind the "pole fitness" movement more than 20 years ago, S Factor has led thousands of women of all levels of ability to discover their own sensual, feminine power. You dont have to be an athlete to join the diverse women of S Factor in tapping into your own power. Your body, age, and shape are not obstacles to dancing - your beliefs are the only limitations. You can do this, and this is for you.. Dont believe us? Watch how three generations of women have made S Factor their family practice: ...
စာသားများကို Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike လိုင်စင်ဖြင့် ရရှိနိုင်ပြီး ထပ်ဆောင်းသတ်မှတ်ချက်များ ရှိနိုင်သည်။ အသေးစိတ်အတွက် အသုံးပြုခြင်းဆိုင်ရာ သတ်မှတ်ချက်များတွင် ကြည့်ပ ...
How is ethnicity related to risk for bipolar disorder? Some ethnic groups may show greater or less risk for bipolar disorder than others. Incidence...
Research from the Vanguard Group finds there are differences in defined contribution (DC) retirement plan account balances across racial and ethnic groups.
In a pre-class survey, I asked my students questions about their own racial/ethnic backgrounds and the types of places they have lived in. Race first, where I grouped the "mixed" race answers for people who combined White with Latinx or Black into the minority group for this table. This course. Read more ...
And heres where the short- and long-term meanings of "diversity" can actually diverge, in an interesting--and, I believe, very telling--way. Now, I happen to be an enthusiastic supporter of all the ideals encoded into the long-term meaning of "diversity", but I vehemently oppose it in its short-term sense. My justification is simple: I have literally not the slightest doubt that color-blind policies will lead, in the long-term--and probably sooner than most people expect--to "diversity" in the short-term sense (i.e., representation levels of minority groups in, say, university populations--including elite ones--that are approximately proportional to those groups presence in society at large). After all, eventual integration into, and mirroring of, the overall traits of the general population has been the fate of every single other racial or ethnic minority in the history of America. And while each groups history has been different (with that of African-Americans being a particularly striking ...
This paper considers the extent to which ethnicity is a factor in the ways in which families structure care of children and of disabled adults.
This course examines issues of diversity in colleges and universities from varied perspectives, including institutional; pedagogical; methodological; gender, race/ethnicity and class; and policy.
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The scope of published literature on racial/ethnic disparities is broad. In addition, although racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality rates10 and dental care11 have been fairly well described, relatively little has been published on racial/ethnic disparities in children and adolescents. The terms that have been used to describe disparities also have been neither standardized nor consistent. As a consequence, the literature search was limited to only those studies that specifically examined racial/ethnic disparities for US children and adolescents, to ensure a focus on disparities and a body of literature in urgent need of a systematic review. Thus, articles on racial/ethnic disparities in neonatal and infant mortality and dental care were excluded, because disparities in these domains have comparatively been more well described, and articles on pediatric workforce diversity, an area that was addressed in a recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement,12 also ...
Introduction: Neighborhood environments have been investigated in relation to individual cardiovascular disease risk. However, few studies have examined the contribution of neighborhood environments to racial/ethnic differences in cardiovascular health (CVH).. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that there would be significant racial/ethnic differences in ideal CVH and these differences would be reduced after adjustment for neighborhood factors.. Methods: We used data from the MESA baseline examination (2000-2002; mean age=62, SD=10). Ideal cardiovascular health was defined using guidelines from the American Heart Association 2020 Strategic Impact Goals. We examined seven CVH indicators (blood pressure, fasting glucose, cholesterol, body mass index, diet, physical activity, and smoking) and three summary measures (health factors, health behaviors, overall CVH). We compared racial/ethnic differences in ideal CVH before and after adjustment for neighborhood factors (socioeconomic, physical activity, ...
Despite documented health disparities among people from black and ethnic minority groups, the literature on interventions aiming to improve health and social outcomes for this disadvantaged population is scant. People from black and ethnic minority groups experiencing homelessness and mental illness face additional challenges, as traditional housing and support strategies may not adequately address their needs. To our knowledge, this is the first study examining the effectiveness of a HF program which has been specifically adapted for this population. Enhancing HF with anti-racist/anti-oppressive principles of practice for black and ethnic minority homeless adults with mental illness successfully improved housing stability and community functioning for this population, compared to usual care, at the Toronto site of the At Home/Chez Soi trial. Our findings are consistent with previous studies of HF using rent supplements and mental health services (ACT or ICM) which report improvements in housing ...
Whiteside, D. (2011). Desire for inclusion in association football amongst minority ethnic communities in England: PhD Thesis. Loughborough: Loughborough University
This systematic review identified that concepts related to ethnicity and perceptions of ethnic differences affect immunisation decision-making among parents from BAME backgrounds, living in the UK. Factors related to ethnicity, such as religion, upbringing and migration and language, affected parents perceived importance of immunisations, whether immunisations were permitted or culturally acceptable and their understanding of immunisation/the immunisation schedule, which may have facilitated or inhibited immunisation. Beliefs about ethnic differences resulted in some parents being concerned about biological differences in risk of disease or immunisation side effects or that the UK environment was riskier than their home environment. Beliefs about ethnic differences caused parents to demand tailored information.. Ethnicity is a complex construct and its different facets and associated factors should be considered when seeking to understand the immunisation decisions of parents from BAME ...
Editors Note: Below is a list of the major ethnic groups found in the world according to the World Factbook 2008. Many of these groups number in the many millions and compose a significant portion of the population. Palestinians are not listed as a distinct ethnic group but are found only as "Palestinian Arabs" in the listing for the Gaza Strip. Yet much of the world believes that this small group of poorly defined Arabs deserves its own sovereign state while the many other distinct and larger groups do not ...
New genetic immune disorder identified A new immune disorder has been identified -- DOCK2 deficiency -- named after the mutated gene responsible for the disease. An international team of collaborators studied five children, four boys and one girl, from different ethnic backgrounds who had experienced debilitating infections early in life. The children were diagnosed with combined immunodeficiency, which refers to a group of inherited disorders distinguished by defects in immune system cells called T cells. CIDs also may affect other cells of the immune system, including B cells ...
Penile size differs between men of different ethnic backgrounds and large studies of penis girth and length have been conducted by condom manufacturers....
dress, Dutch biscuit sellers , ethnic minority groups , fashion accessories, food and tableware , Laroon, Marcellus (1653-1702), street life , Tempest, Pierce (1653-1717 ...
A fact sheet that describes the incidence and death rates for selected cancers among racial and ethnic groups living in the United States.
Our study is the first epidemiological study using large population-based cancer registries to evaluate for a possible causal role of UVR in the development of NHL among Hispanics in the United States. We did not find a positive association between NHL incidence and potential sunlight exposure in Hispanics. On the contrary, we found that the incidence of NHL increased as mean annual UV index decreased or the latitude of residency increased. This trend was uniformly observed in both genders and in all race/ethnicity groups (Hispanics, blacks, and whites). Using the similar methodology to analyze melanoma incidence rates from the same six states, we found a positive association between potential exposure to UVR and the risk of melanoma in Hispanics, blacks, and whites, which confirms the extant evidence on UVR as the major melanoma risk factor.5 Therefore, it appears that the role of solar radiation in the occurrence of NHL is dissimilar to that in the development of melanoma in populations in ...
Native of the Bwa-Land in Mali, I undertook a study to understand the social dynamics among people living in this geographical zone. The Bwa-Land is located in the Sahelian region of Mali. There live together Bwa, the major ethnic group, and some other minor ethnic groups such as Dafing, Peulh, Dogon and Manianka. Except the Peulhs (stockbreeders), all other ethnic groups practice crop farming and off-farm activities. Bwa people are considered conservative, are administratively marginalised in Mali and not much studied. The objectives of the doctoral studies were to: present the links between indigenous socio-agricultural practices and factors of rural modernisation in the Bwa-Land; explain the coexistence of lack of change and of trends towards evolution; define the role of the factors of modernisation and evolution in the attitudes of the peasants Bwa and Dafing vis-à-vis these factors; measure the evolution of integration of the Bwa-land to the dynamics of democratic progress occurring at ...
Lipnicki DM; Crawford JD; Dutta R; Thalamuthu A; Kochan NA; Andrews G; Fernanda Lima-Costa M; Castro-Costa E; Brayne C; Matthews FE, 2017, Age-related cognitive decline and associations with sex, education and apolipoprotein E genotype across ethnocultural groups and geographic regions: a collaborative cohort study, PLOS ONE, vol. 12, http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002261. Opel N; Redlich R; Kaehler C; Grotegerd D; Dohm K; Heindel W; Kugel H; Thalamuthu A; Koutsouleris N; Arolt V, 2017, Prefrontal gray matter volume mediates genetic risks for obesity, Molecular Psychiatry, vol. 22, pp. 703 - 710, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mp.2017.51. Lipnicki DM; Crawford JD; Dutta R; Thalamuthu A; Kochan NA; Andrews G; Lima-Costa MF; Castro-Costa E; Brayne C; Matthews FE, 2017, Age-related cognitive decline and associations with sex, education and apolipoprotein E genotype across ethnocultural groups and geographic regions: a collaborative cohort study, PLoS Medicine, vol. 14, ...
Objective. Prevalence and severity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in adults is suggested to be distinctly different between ethnic groups. The impact of ethnicity is not as well delineated in pediatric SLE (pSLE). We compared prevalence and extent of major organ involvement, disease activity, and damage in pSLE between different ethnic groups.. Methods. Ethnic demographic profiles of an inception cohort of 265 patients with pSLE followed at Sick Kids Hospital in Toronto were determined and compared to the Metropolitan Toronto at-risk population. Patients were categorized into ethnic subsets based on self-designated ethnic origins. Disease characteristics including major organ involvement, disease activity, and damage measures were longitudinally determined and compared among ethnic groups.. Results. Ethnicity data were available on 259/265 pSLE patients (99.6%); the majority were non-Caucasian (60%) compared to the Metropolitan Toronto at-risk population (40%) (p , 0.0001). Non-Caucasian ...
Six people were killed in a gunfight Tuesday between two factions of an ethnic group over control of a hilly region in southeastern Bangladesh where armed gangs are active, police said. The clash took place between Parbatya Chattogram Jana Sanghati Samiti and its reformist faction, both dominated by the influential Chakma tribe in Bandarban district, police official Mobasser Hossain said. He said all of the dead were from the reformist faction. The group previously fought an insurgency against Bangladeshs military and other security agencies for decades with Indias help, demanding greater autonomy for a region known as Chittagong Hill Tracts. The insurgency ended after the group signed a peace treaty with the government in 1997, but some group members were unhappy because they wanted more political freedom for the ethnic group. Hossain said the bodies were being taken to a police station and police have launched an investigation.
A woman of Dong ethnic group arranges cotton yarns used for weaving traditional Dong cloth in Lexiang Village of Rongjiang county, Southwest Chinas Guizhou province, Dec 19, 2015. The handmade cloth is mainly used by local people to make traditional costumes of Dong ethnic group. [Photo/Xinhua]. ...
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For a long time, doctors thought MS most commonly affected non-Hispanic white people. Now we are learning that MS not only affects members of different minority groups, such as African Americans and Latinos, but it may also have different symptoms and get worse faster in people from different racial and ethnic backgrounds.. Recent studies of people in the U.S. military and members of the Kaiser Permanente health system indicate that the risk of developing MS may be highest in African Americans. At the same time, many studies have also shown that people from racial and ethnic minorities, particularly African Americans and Hispanics, may use or have access to fewer health services, which can mean getting diagnosed later, missing out on treatments that could be helpful, and having worse health.. Studies of how MS affects minorities are only just beginning. As more people from different racial and ethnic groups become involved in medical research around MS, we will learn more about how the disease ...
Over time, information on enrollment by race and ethnic group has improved, but nevertheless, information on this important demographic of patient enrollment is far from ideal," said Jeffrey S. Berger, MD, MS, director of cardiovascular thrombosis; assistant professor of medicine and surgery at the Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology at NYU School of Medicine. "It is imperative that all studies provide basic information including race and ethnicity. Furthermore, we must have good representation of different ethnic and minority groups in RCTs to apply data appropriately.". According to study authors, diversity in RCTs must be increased because representation of minority ethnic groups remains too low. Study findings showed that only 15 percent of trials had sufficient diversity to even attempt efficient analysis of results by race. Researchers also cited that RCTs in the United States were more likely to report race than international trials with no U.S. participants. However, enrollment ...
October was Black History Month. For many of us this milestone will have been overlooked. If youre not from a Black or Minority Ethnic group (BME), then the issues and your general awareness of the struggles, plight and achievements of Black and other ethnic minority groups can easily have passed you by. Nevertheless, minority groups…
The definition and use of racial categories in health data were largely unquestioned until recently because of the tacitly accepted role of genetically transmitted physical characteristics in defining racial groups (such as skin colors), as well as the role of genetically transmitted physical characteristics in health status differences (such as skin cancers). When race is used in health data, there is a tendency to assume that a genetic reason may explain differences. But often there is no known potential genetic explanation for differences that are documented. Until recently, there has been little research dedicated to how well or how poorly the racial categories of health data used for public policy actually meet scientific criteria of mutually exhaustive and exclusive groupings of people by any definable characteristics. A recent multiracial Public Health Service workshop concluded, "Current concepts of race and ethnicity in public health surveillance data lack clarity, precision and ...
Although made up of many diverse ethnic groups and tribes, Kenyans have strong sense of national pride which may be due in part to unity in the struggle for Uhuru (Kiswahili: "freedom") - independence from British colonial rule, achieved in 1963. Most Kenyans seem optimistic about the countrys future. Kenyans understandably pursue the business opportunities offered by tourism with a zeal that may be off putting to some visitors, but are usually open, talkative and friendly once business matters have been settled.
Although made up of many diverse ethnic groups and tribes, Kenyans have strong sense of national pride which may be due in part to unity in the struggle for Uhuru (Kiswahili: "freedom") - independence from British colonial rule, achieved in 1963. Most Kenyans seem optimistic about the countrys future. Kenyans understandably pursue the business opportunities offered by tourism with a zeal that may be off putting to some visitors, but are usually open, talkative and friendly once business matters have been settled.
If an African-American patient comes into a doctors office, does he get similar care compared with a Caucasian patient?. "No," says the Institute of Medicine. The present research "demonstrates significant variation in the rates of medical procedures by race, even when insurance status, income, age, and severity of conditions are comparable. This research indicates that U.S. racial and ethnic minorities are less likely to receive even routine medical procedures and experience a lower quality of health services.". For example, minorities are less likely to receive appropriate cardiac medications or undergo cardiac bypass surgery as well as kidney dialysis or transplants. In contrast, they are more likely to receive less desirable procedures such as lower limb amputations for diabetes.. In a nation where we value racial equality and justice why and how do these gross inequalities exit? This is the topic of a panel discussion at a conference this Friday October 14 at Christian Brothers University ...
A growing literature links discrimination to key markers of biobehavioral health. While racial or ethnic differences in pain are seen in experimental and clinical studies, the authors were interested in how chronic discrimination contributes to pain within multiple racial or ethnic groups over time....
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African-American Internet users are heavy consumers of online information and online entertainment, but African-Americans are the least likely to use the Internet and those who do go online are less active users than users of other ethnicities.
Dr Peter Brindle, lead author on the paper published online today in the BMJ journal Heart, said: "The ETHRISK calculator adjusts for ethnic groups and is based on a re-calibration of the Framingham risk equations. It provides a much more realistic assessment of the risk of having heart disease and stroke within a 10-year period, faced by an individual from one of these groups ...
Yet there is one frontier in suicide prevention that seems especially promising, though in a way, it maybe a bit removed from the problems human element: big data predictions and intervention targeting. We know that some populations are more likely than others to commit suicide. Men in the United States account for 79 percent of all suicides. People in their 20s are at higher risk than others. And whites and Native Americans tend to have higher suicide rates than other ethnicities. Yet we dont have the greatest ability to grasp trends and other niche factors to build up actionable, targetable profiles of communities where we should focus our efforts. Were stuck trying to expand a suicide prevention dragnet, as opposed to getting individuals at risk the precise information they need (even if they dont tip off major signs to their friends and family).. Thats a big part of why last year, groups like the National Action Alliance for Suicide Preventions Research Prioritization Task Force listed ...
As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. In this way each of the major ethnic groups would control its "home region." At the same time the British determined that 52% of the delegates to the national legislature would come from the Northern Region as the price of getting northerners to support independence.. The secession of the Biafran Republic meant that the entire Eastern Region, under Igbo leadership (or domination) seceded from the rest of Nigeria. There was also a short-lived effort by the Mid-West region to secede as the Republic of Benin.. ...
His comments come in the wake of the release of a report by the Race for Opportunity campaign, which suggested that people in this category are better represented at university now but still find it more difficult to gain employment than their white counterparts ...
Describes the nature and extent of residential provision for people with intellectual disabilities in 1991 in England, Scotland and Wales. Data from the OPCS Census suggest that: (1) substantial regional and national variation existed; (2) overall, the level of provision was significantly lower than Department of Health targets for 1991; (3) the majority of people with intellectual disabilities were living in relatively large-scale congregate care settings; (4) the majority of residents were younger and middle-aged adults; (5) young black men were significantly more likely to be placed in residential provision than their peers from other ethnic groups; (6) young Asian men, young Chinese/Other men and young Asian women were significantly less likely to be placed in residential provision than their peers from other ethnic groups; (7) rates of employment and marriage among residents were markedly lower than for the general population. The results are discussed in relation to national policy aims ...
Did you know that Vietnam has 54 officially recognized ethnic groups, speaking more than 50 languages? Explore the countrys rich diversity with a look at the many traditions that define contemporary life in Vietnam.
This webinar addresses what standardized race and ethnicity data is and why it is important to collect. It also provides the strategies and tools to help staff successfully collect patients and race and ethnicity data and respond to patient questions and concerns.. Learning Objectives:. ...
The Hmong are part of a large people group. About 780,000 are found in 12 of the northern provinces of Vietnam. But the Hmong are part of the Miao people
The reasons for this have not been determined. Traditional cardiac risk models, developed by studying mostly white Americans, dont fully apply to ethnic communities. This is a knowledge gap that must be filled in the coming years. Fortunately, there is a model for doing so: research performed in a small town in Massachusetts over the past seven decades. Known as the Framingham Heart Study, it is perhaps the most influential investigation in the history of modern medicine ...
In the Middle East especially, there are many groups who only work with and socialize within group or origin. This is similar way to the class system opera
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
(HealthDay)-Hispanic Americans meet more heart-healthy goals than other racial and ethnic groups in the United States, according to a new study.
About 30,000 people in North America have HD, and another 150,000 are considered at risk for inheriting the illness because they have (or had) a parent with HD. Most of those affected by the illness develop it in middle adult life, but about 10% will have onset prior to age 20 (juvenile HD) and another 10% after age 55. Men and women are equally likely to inherit the gene and develop the illness. HD can affect people of all ethnic groups, but is more common among those of European descent ...
The FDA is encouraging more people--including members of diverse racial and ethnic groups, women, and older adults--to participate in clinical trials. Learn why.
Intermarriage is believed to extend cross group interaction beyond the couple in the relationship, and create connections between the social networks to
Этот отчет предоставляет краткий обзор настоящей ситуации в отношении соблюдения прав меньшинств и коренных народов в России. Он исследует сложности применения международных механизмов для защиты меньшинств и коренных народов, уделяя основное внимание Рамочной конвенции о защите национальных меньшинств, разработанной в Совете Европы, хотя другие международные стандарты (установленные ОБСЕ и Организацией Объединенных Наций) также приняты во внимание. В частности данный отчет рассматривает сложности в отношении участия гражданского ...
The Health ASERT Programme Wales is a research programme commissioned by the Office of the Chief Medical Officer, Welsh Assembly Government to investigate health promotion issues among Minority Ethnic Groups, Refugees/Asylum seekers, and Gypsy Travellers.The acronym ASERT stands for Asylum Seekers, Ethnic minorities, Refugees and Travellers. Research was undertaken by the Research Centre for Transcultural Studies in Health, Middlesex University and the Centre for Health Services Studies, University of Kent at Canterbury between February 2003 and March 2004.The study aimed to enhance the evidence base on health promotion issues related to minority ethnic groups, refugees/asylum seekers and Gypsy Travellers in Wales in order to inform policy and programme development in the Welsh Assembly Governments Health Promotion Division (now known as Public Health Improvement Division) and elsewhere in the Office of the Chief Medical Officer.The study objectives were to: identify gaps in the existing ...
The study objectives were to examine the association of maternal haemoglobin with stillbirth and perinatal death in a multi-ethnic population in England. We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis using anonymised maternity data from 14 001 women with singleton pregnancies ≥24 weeks gestation giving birth between 2013 and 2015 in two hospitals - the Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust and Guys and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were undertaken to analyse the associations between maternal haemoglobin at first visit and at 28 weeks with stillbirth and perinatal death, adjusting for 11 other risk factors. Results showed that 46% of the study population had anaemia (haemoglobin |110 g/l) at some point during their pregnancy. The risk of stillbirth and perinatal death decreased linearly per unit increase in haemoglobin concentration at first visit (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] stillbirth = 0·70, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0·58-0·85, aOR perinatal death = 0·71,