Visual outcome of cataract surgery at Gondar University Hospital Tertiary Eye Care and Training Center, North West Ethiopia Mohammed Seid Hussen,1 Kbrom Legesse Gebreselassie,1 Mohammed Assen Seid,2 Gizachew Tilahun Belete1 1Department of Optometry, 2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia Background: Globally, cataract is the leading cause of blindness which accounts for 51% of 39 million blind people. The visual rehabilitation is made through sight-restoring surgery. The patients’ postoperative visual satisfaction, vision related quality of life, ability to function in daily activities and their overall productivity mainly depend on the visual outcome. However, there are limited data on the visual outcome and its associated factors in the study area. Therefore, this study intended to evaluate the postoperative level of visual acuity to provide a baseline information regarding visual outcome and design a standardized
Human Monocytes/Macrophage Inflammatory Cytokine Changes Following in vivo and in vitro Schistomam manoni Infection Mistire Wolde, 1, 2 Lisa C Laan, 3 Girmay Medhin, 1 Endalemaw Gadissa, 4 Nega Berhe, 1, 5 Aster Tsegaye 2 1Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3Department of Molecular Cell Biology and Immunology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 4Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 5Oslo University Hospital-Ulleval, Centre for Imported and Tropical Diseases, Oslo, NorwayCorrespondence: Mistire WoldeAklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, EthiopiaEmail [email protected]: Epidemiological and animal studies indicate that helminth infections have positive effects due to their potential to protect against autoimmune diseases. Here, we
Investigating distinct individual- and household-level risk factors for acquiring Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection can inform disease prevention efforts and implicate possible routes of transmission. This study determined the magnitude of H. pylori infection among schoolchildren in Ziway, central Ethiopia and identified personal and household correlates of H. pylori infection in young Ethiopian children. A total of 434 schoolchildren participated in this cross-sectional study. Infection status was assessed using antigen and antibody rapid tests. Demographic and lifestyle information was obtained from parents via an interviewer-led questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were performed to assess the relationships between potential individual- and household-level risk factors and H. pylori infection. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was 65.7% (285/434). Of the personal variables assessed, the age group 10-14 years was found to be significantly associated with higher
Epidemiological information on the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in different regions is a prerequisite to develop appropriate control strategies. Therefore, this present study was conducted to assess the magnitude and pattern of intestinal parasitism in highland and lowland dwellers in Gamo area, South Ethiopia. Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2010 and July 2011 at Lante, Kolla Shelle, Dorze and Geressie kebeles of Gamo Gofa Zone, South Ethiopia. The study sites and study participants were selected using multistage sampling method. Data were gathered through house-to-house survey. A total of 858 stool specimens were collected and processed using direct wet mount and formol-ether concentration techniques for the presence of parasite. Out of the total examined subjects, 342(39.9%) were found positive for at least one intestinal parasite. The prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica/dispar was the highest 98(11.4%), followed by Giardia lamblia 91(10.6%),
Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Diabetic retinopathy of Patients Attending the Diabetes Clinic at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, South Western ...
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BACKGROUND: The role played by social determinants of health including social, economic, environmental and cultural factors in influencing health outcomes for many health conditions has been widely described. However, the potential impact of these factors on morbidity and mortality of infectious diseases particularly tuberculosis (Tb)/HIV co-infection mortality is scantly addressed. We assessed the role that social determinants play in Tb/HIV co-infection mortality in southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study collated Tb and HIV data from Jimma University Teaching Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia for the period of September 2010 and August 2012. Data analysis was conducted using STATA version 14 for mackintosh. Both descriptive and inferential statistics analyses were performed. Logistic regression was applied to identify factors associated with Tb/HIV co-infection mortality at P value of ≤0.05 in the final model. RESULTS: Fifty-five (20.2 %) patients died during the study period. ...
article{dd946182-cc9b-45da-80fe-824daa64be35, abstract = {,p,Most patients with celiac disease are positive for either HLA-DQA1*05:01-DQB1*02 (DQ2.5) or DQA1*03:01-DQB1*03:02 (DQ8). Remaining few patients are usually DQA1*02:01-DQB1*02 (DQ2.2) carriers. Screenings of populations with high frequencies of these HLA-DQA1-DQB1 haplotypes report a 1% to 3% celiac disease prevalence. The aim was to determine the prevalence of HLA-DQ risk haplotypes for celiac disease in Ethiopian children. Dried blood spots collected from 1193 children from the Oromia regional state of Ethiopia were genotyped for HLA-DQA1 and DQB1 genotyping using an asymmetric polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a subsequent hybridization of allele-specific probes. As references, 2000 previously HLA-genotyped children randomly selected from the general population in Sweden were included. DQ2.2 was the most common haplotype and found in 15.3% of Ethiopian children, which was higher compared with 6.7% of Swedish references (P ...
Background: The challenges of research in economically stunted countries settings remains a profound concern and is linked to socioeconomic development of these countries. More research is needed regarding psychiatric morbidity in rural areas of the developing and poverty stricken countries. The present studies were undertaken within the framework of a broader ongoing community-based project on the course and outcome of major psychiatric disorders in the rural Butajira district located in Ethiopia. This thesis treats the course and outcome of bipolar I disorder in the district.. Objectives: Through appraising mental health and population based research in a rural Ethiopian district, to evaluate the utility of modern research instruments, and to obtain baseline information relating to bipolar I disorder in the poverty stricken rural Butajira district of Ethiopia. The specific objectives were: 1. Evaluating and comparing two different screening methods of case detection and identification for ...
article{4189009, author = {Dumon, Mathijs and Tolossa, Alemayehu Regassa and Capon, Boris and Detavernier, Christophe and Van Ranst, Eric}, issn = {0016-7061}, journal = {GEODERMA}, keyword = {Ethiopia,Ferrolysis,Fractionation,Planosol,Clay mineralogy,Quantitative,X-RAY-DIFFRACTION,KAOLINITE-SMECTITE,FERROLYSIS,SEQUENCE,COMPLEX,ILLITE,RED}, language = {eng}, pages = {184--196}, title = {Quantitative clay mineralogy of a Vertic Planosol in southwestern Ethiopia: impact on soil formation hypotheses}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.012}, volume = {214-215}, year = {2014 ...
In this prospective, population-based study from rural Ethiopia, 28.7% of pregnant women were screened to have symptoms of depression. These women had significantly increased odds of unplanned utilisation of institutional delivery care, mostly due to emergency presentations rather than planning to deliver in a healthcare facility. Assisted delivery was also significantly greater in women with antenatal depressive symptoms.. Overall, the prevalence of antenatal depressive symptoms in our study is consistent with studies in Ghana (26.3%) and Cote dIvoire (28.3%) which used the same measure [18, 23]. Studies in South Africa [25], Vietnam [17] and Southern Brazil [24] using other screening tools (Self-Reporting Questionnaire and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale) also reported rates of antenatal depressive symptoms of 30-39%.. Prior to the introduction of the health extension programme [71], and until 2011, institutional delivery rates in Ethiopia were very low [52]. Recent trends indicate ...
January 2018. A study on sero prevalence of foot and mouth diseases in West and South West Shoa zones of Oromia regional state, central Ethiopia. Cross-sectional study was conducted from December, 2008 to April, 2009 to determine the sero prevalence of foot and mouth disease (FMD) virus in West and South West Shoa zones of Oromia regional state, central Ethiopia. The samples were processed with the 3 ABC ELISA kits that can able to identify natural infected animal from vaccinated animals. From the total sera of 421 tested, the overall sero prevalence of FMD in.... Author(s): Kebede Shanko Hordofa, Tesfaye Rufael Chibsa and Enquibaher Kasaye ...
TY - UNPB. T1 - Household trajectories in rural Ethiopia - what can a mixed method approach tell us about the impact of poverty on children?. AU - Camfield, Laura. AU - Roelen, Keetie. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. N2 - The paper explores the dynamics of child and household poverty in rural Ethiopia using three rounds of household survey and qualitative data collected by Young Lives, a longitudinal study of child poverty. It uses a mixed-method taxonomy of poverty (Roelen and Camfield 2011) to classify children and their households into four groups: ultra-poor, poor, near-poor and non-poor. Survey and qualitative data are then used to analyse the movements in and out of poverty and explore the factors that underpin these movements. The use of mixed methods in both the identification of the poor and analysis of their mobility illustrates that the combined use of qualitative and quantitative information can lead to deeper insights and understandings. The paper reports a reduction in the percentage of poor ...
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Addis Ababa today has the major facilities and elements to develop MICE Tourism. For instance, hotels with conference facilities, air connectivity, good weather, ECA, Millennium hall, the upcoming Addis Africa convention centre, and experienced event planners ready to host MICE.. Above all, the city being headquarter for AU and the leading diplomatic city in Africa evidence its enormous tourism potential for MICE. So, thats why we name Addis Ababa as Meeting Capital of Africa.. National museum, Entoto tourism, upcoming Adwa culture center, opening of the national palace for visitors, and the giant shopping facility development at Legehar are also additional competitive grounds to convert conference attendants in to leisure tourists during spare times.. ABN Any of the developments from tourism Ethiopia to put MICE vision in to action in Addis Ababa?. Sileshi In tourism Ethiopia, we have established Ethiopian Convention Bureau /ECB/ and assign dedicated expertise & management. The mission of the ...
Declining soil fertility status and poor agronomic practices, including minimum use of inorganic fertilizers and inappropriate plant population are the major reasons for low productivity of soybean. A field experiment was carried out to determine the response of soybean to plant population and NP fertilizer in Kersa woreda of Jimma zone, south western Ethiopia during the 2015/2016 cropping season. Four levels of NP fertilizer (23/23, 23/46, 46/46 and 69/69 kg/ha) and plant population (166667, 200000, 33333 and 400000 plants/ha) were laid out in a factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with three replications. The analysis of variance also showed that the interaction effects of plant population and NP fertilizer were significant on number of pods, pod length, number of nodules, hundred seed weight, biomass yield and grain yield. Whereas plant population had significant influences on days to 50% flowering, days to 50% maturity, number of branch, number of nodules, plant height, leaf area
Method: Data were collected from 10 rural villages of the Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, using a structured interview schedule. The 1,094 eligible women respondents were selected using a combination of simple random and multi-stage sampling techniques. The main outcome variable of the study (IM) was measured by reported infant deaths during the twelve months preceding the survey, and was estimated at 9.6% or 96 infant deaths per 1,000 births. Pregnancy and health care variables were used as the main explanatory variables along with other household and individual characteristics ...
Mental illnesses are more common among the prison population than the general public. However, little attention is given to mental health service in low and middle income countries in general. The problem is more so for prisoners where the overall health care is poor. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of anxiety and the associated factors among prisoners of North West Amhara, Ethiopia. Institutional based cross-sectional study was employed from February to March 2015 by taking a sample of 700 prisoners. Simple random sampling method was employed to select three prisons out of 10 prisons found in the North West Amhara region. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale was used to assess prisoners anxiety status. The receiver- operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the cutoff point with high sensitivity and specificity. Structured and pretested interviewer administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were checked, coded and entered
The Government of Ethiopia recognized the need for providing equitable access to promotive, preventive, and selected curative health services to its people, and launched the health extension program (HEP) in 2003 to facilitate achieving universal access to Primary Health Care and accelerate the countrys progress, including reducing hunger and child mortality [18]. Child nutrition is one of the seven major components of the health extension packages which is the responsibility of the Health Extension Workers [19].. Due to the above efforts, Ethiopia has made a considerable progress in several dimensions, including reducing the burden of child malnutrition [3]. In the country, food insecurity remain a big challenge and over 30% of the population are below the food poverty line, unable to afford the minimum caloric intake for a healthy and active life [15]. The magnitude of the problem is not uniform throughout the country due to different reasons [13]. In Ethiopia, the government Health Policy ...
1. The Oromia Mass Media Organization invites interested and eligible bidders for the supply of complete set (Transmitter and receiver) digital Microwave field to TV studio link that can have at least 4 video input/output. The bidder shall supply, install, test and give training. 2. The bid should be prepared in two separate envelopes technical and financial proposals. 3. Photocopy of renewed license, VAT and performance certificates should be submitted within the envelope of technical proposal. 4. Bidders can obtain bid documents from Oromia Mass Meida Organization Adama office before or/on November 23, 2009 during office hours against payment or non-refundable Birr 50.00 (Fifty) 5. Sealed bids marked as for the supply of complete set (Transmitter and receiver) digital Microwave field to TV studio link to Oromia Mass Media Organization and addressed to: Oromia Mass Media Organization ...
However the immediate area did not encourage the founding of a town due to the lack of firewood and water, so settlement actually began in the valley south of the mountain in 1886. Initially, Taytu built a house for herself near the Filwoha hot mineral springs, where she and members of the Showan Royal Court liked to take mineral baths. Other nobility and their staffs and households settled the vicinity, and Menelik expanded his wifes house to become the Imperial Palace which remains the seat of government in Addis Ababa today. The name changed to Addis Ababa and became Ethiopias capital when Menelik II became Emperor of Ethiopia. The town grew by leaps and bounds. One of Emperor Meneliks contributions that is still visible today is the planting of numerous eucalyptus trees along the city streets.. On 5 May 1936, Italian troops occupied Addis Ababa during the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, making it the capital of Italian East Africa from 1936 to 1941 after killing about a million Ethiopians ...
Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) pose significant public health challenges in school children in developing countries. The aim of this study is to determine prevalence of intestinal parasites among elementary school children in Mizan-Aman town, southwest Ethiopia. Institution-based cross-sectional study involving 460 elementary school children in Mizan-Aman Town was conducted from May to June 2013. The school children were selected using multistage sampling technique. Data on demography and predisposing factors of IPIs were collected using pretested questionnaire. Moreover, single stool specimen was examined microscopically after wet mount and formol-ether sedimentation concentration procedures. Infection intensity of Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) was estimated using Kato-Katz egg counting method. Age of the children ranged from 5 to 17 years. Overall, 76.7 % (95%CI: 72.8-80.6) of the children harbored at least one species of intestinal parasite. Eight species of
Background: Understanding ecological factors that influence risky sexual behavior of adolescents is vital in designing and implementing sexual risk reduction interventions in specific contexts. Interventions undertaken without understanding the critical factors may not produce the desired results. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with adolescent risky sexual behavior among school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among randomly selected school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected by an anonymous self administered questionnaire. Risky sexual behavior was assessed by asking question about sexual activity, consistent condom use and faithfulness to a single partner. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify factors related to sexual behavior using the ecological framework. Result: Overall 377(10.6%) of the 723 sexually active students were involved in risky sexual practices. Risky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ownership and use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) by the local community 2 years after a free distribution campaign in Ethiopia.
|i|Background|/i|. Preeclampsia is the second most common problem that causes maternal morbidity and complication in low-income countries. In contrast to death due to other direct causes, preeclampsia-related death is appeared to be connected with multiple factors; yet, factors have paucity and are limited. Considering the clinical significance, this study aimed to identify that individual and obstetric factors of preeclampsia can be an input for disease identification involving clinicians in southern Ethiopia. |i|Methods|/i|. A case-control study was conducted among mothers with a singleton pregnancy who attended perinatal care in all six public hospitals in the provinces around the Omo stream. A sample size of 487 women with a singleton pregnancy (163 cases and 326 controls) was involved in the study. All cases were enrolled, while controls were selected consecutively using a random sampling technique. Data were gathered using a structured questionnaire and data extraction sheet. Descriptive data were
Timely initiation of breastfeeding is defined as putting the newborn to the breast within one hour of birth. Significant benefits in reducing neonatal mortality and morbidity can be attained with effective promotion of timely initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding during the first months of life. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess timely initiation of breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in South Gondar, Amhara regional state, Northern Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was employed. A multistage stratified sampling technique was used to select the sample of 845 mothers with 97.4% response rate. Moreover, data were collected by face to face interview using a semi structured questionnaire. The prevalence of timely initiation of breastfeeding was 48.7% (54.7% in urban and 25.1% in rural areas). The odds of initiation of breastfeeding within one hour was higher for urban mothers (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR] 2.1; 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 1.4, 3.3),
AJOL is a Non Profit Organisation that cannot function without donations. AJOL and the millions of African and international researchers who rely on our free services are deeply grateful for your contribution.. AJOL is annually audited and was also independently assessed in 2019 by E&Y. Your donation is guaranteed to directly contribute to Africans sharing their research output with a global readership.. ...
Ethiopia has a proud and long history. In the Bible, it is known as, the land of Cush, named after Noahs grandson. Semitic people-groups have populated Ethiopia for quite some time. Semites from Saba (modern-day Yemen on the southern tip of the Arabian peninsula) were the descendants of Joktan (Genesis 10:26). They made their way across the narrow Red Sea and settled in the northern highlands of Ethiopia. Today, the majority of northern Ethiopians descends from these Joktan-clan Semites and are known as the Amhara. Their Hebrew-sounding language, Amharic, has become the dominant language in all of Ethiopia.. The Queen of Sheba is often depicted in Ethiopian art and folklore. According to Ethiopian history, she was a Sabean queen. She visited Solomon to hear his wisdom and, upon her return to Ethiopia, she gave birth to a son, Menelik (meaning from the king). At twenty years of age, Menelik traveled from Ethiopia to his fathers courts in Israel. There, he was recognized by Solomon and was ...
The study aimed to determine the prevalence of malaria in Halaba special district, Southern Ethiopia, from 2013 to 2017. Of a total 583,668 malaria suspected cases examined during the study period, 55,252 (9.5%) were microscopically confirmed to be positive for malaria, at the rate of 27,712 (50.2%) females and 27,540 (49.8%) males (P = 0.95). The highest prevalence of 8454 (15.3%) malaria cases were observed in Halaba health center, followed by Halaba district hospital, at 7290 (13.2%), while the lowest cases, 1765 (3.2%), were confirmed in Wejago health center. The highest prevalence of malaria, 25,716 (46.5%), was registered among the age group ≥ 15 year old (P = 0.006). Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum were the two major malaria parasites detected in this study, with the prevalence of 33,855 (62.3%) and 21,397 (38.7%), respectively (P = 0.0001). The detected high prevalence of P. vivax in this study may clearly indicate that more attention has been given to control P. falciparum strains
When Dr Dawit Worku was doing his residency in obstetrics and gynaecology at the Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, the main teaching hospital of Addis Ababa University, he was struck by the number of women with advanced cervical, uterine and ovarian cancers who were referred to the hospital from all corners of Ethiopia. There were about five gynaecologic oncologists in the country at that time, he recalls. As a result, the waiting times for patients with reproductive organ cancers were unacceptably long. Many women with potentially curable tumors did not receive treatment on time. By the end of his residency, Dr Dawit had decided to continue his studies and to sub-specialise in gynaecologic oncology.. The burden of cancer is rising in Ethiopia, and two-thirds of all cancer deaths occur among women. Specialists like Dr Dawit are part of a growing community of clinicians and public health experts linked to Addis Ababa University who are committed to making screening, early diagnosis and ...
Predictors of Immunization Defaulting among Children Age 12-23 Months in Hawassa Zuria District of Southern Ethiopia: Community Based Unmatched Case Control Study
Baudron, F., J.-Y. Duriaux Chavarría, R. Remans, K. Yang, and T. Sunderland. 2017. Indirect contributions of forests to dietary diversity in Southern Ethiopia. Ecology and Society 22(2):28. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09267-220228
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The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among people with epilepsy at Gondar University Hospital. In this study, the prevalence of depression was found to be 45.2 %. Out of these (29.6 %) mild, (14.8 %) moderate and (0.8 %) were severe depression. This result is similar with the study done in Poland (49.2 %) [21], Mexico (42.7 %) [22], Nigeria (42, 45 %) [23] and Ethiopia (49.3 %) [16]. The results of this study confirm the study done elsewhere as depression is a common co morbid psychiatric disorder among epileptic patients.. This figure (45.2 %) is lower than the study carried out in Korea (62 %) [19], Iraq (51.6 %) [24], Pakistan (60 %) [25], Gaza (63 %) [26], and Nigeria (85.5 %) [27]. This variation may be due to using different diagnostic criteria or different rating scales in diagnosing depression and recruiting epileptic patients with different seizure types, variable frequency and severity, and with different antiepileptic medications. For ...
Vaccination can reduce child mortality significantly and is a cost effective way to improve child health.Worldwide, more than 22 million children do not receive the basic recommended vaccinations.Vaccination coverage in Ethiopia remains low. Research on child health has focused on socio-economic factors such as maternal education and access to health care, but little attention has been given to demographic factors and womens autonomy within the household. The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of demographic factors and womens autonomy on the completion of childhood vaccination in rural Ethiopia.. Methods ...
The Addis Ababa City Administration Mass Media Agency invites all interested and eligible parties to bid for the supply and installation of two Digital Broadcasting Television studies, Master control and VTR equipments with full accessories.. Bidders or agents must produce, their evidence of their currently licenses that they have paid up all government taxes and registration certificate.. Bidders can personally put their offers in the tender box prepared for this purpose Unit Dec. 22, 2008 up to 12:30 PM in room No.375. Wax-sealed Bids shall be delivered to The Addis Ababa City Administration Mass Media Agency and should provide one original and one copy of Technical and Financial documents separately. Bids will be opened in the presence of bidders or their legal representatives on Dec. 22, 2008 at 2:00 A.M. at Room No.375.. The Addis Ababa City Administration Mass Media Agency has the right to accept or reject any or all bids.. Starting from the first date of this announcement bidders can ...
Background The acceptance of HIV testing among patients with tuberculosis (TB) is low in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study was to assess predictors of acceptance of HIV testing among patients with TB in North Ethiopia. Methods A case control study was conducted in eight randomly selected health facilities in North Ethiopia from February 5 to March 11, 2009. A total of 282 participants (188 controls and 94 cases) were included in the study. Cases were TB patients who refused to be tested for HIV. We used quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. For the quantitative survey, cases and controls were interviewed by trained nurses using a pre-tested and structured questionnaire. In-depth interviews were conducted with 5 nurse counselors and 15 TB patients. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was done using SPSS 16.0 statistical software. Results The uptake of HIV testing among TB patients in the study health facilities was 70.6%. The rate of TB/HIV co-infection in those who were ...
Background: DOTS as a strategy was introduced to the tuberculosis control programme in Southern region of Ethiopia in 1996. The impact of the programme on treatment outcomes and the trend in the service coverage for tuberculosis has not been assessed ever since. The aim of the study was to assess trends in the expansion of DOTS and treatment outcomes for tuberculosis in Hadiya zone in Southern Ethiopia. Methods: 19,971 tuberculosis patients registered for treatment in 41 treatment centres in Hadiya zone between 1994 and 2001 were included in the study. The data were collected from the unit tuberculosis registers. For each patient, we recorded information on demographic characteristics, treatment centre, year of treatment, disease category, treatment given, follow-up and treatment outcomes. We also checked the year when DOTS was introduced to the treatment centre. Results: Population coverage by DOTS reached 75% in 2001, and the proportion of patients treated with short course chemotherapy ...
Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mortality. Then, a case-control study among 120 cases and 360 controls was conducted to identify the determinants of perinatal mortality. Data were collected by using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables having a significant association with perinatal mortality at |span class=inline_break||svg xmlns:xlink=
In 2010, when the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Help Ethiopia Address Low TB Performance (HEAL TB) project was designed, the population of Ethiopia was estimated to be 80 million, with more than half of Ethiopians living in the Amhara and Oromia Regions-18.1 and 29.6 million people respectively. Ethiopia was seventh among the 22 high-burden countries for tuberculosis (TB), with an estimated sputum-smear- positive rate of 163 per 100,000 population. Mortality was 92 per 100,000 population. e case detection rate was also very low, at 35.8% per the 2009-2010 report. The treatment success rate (TSR) was 84% and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) was a major concern, but there was no solid program. As for HIV, adult prevalence was 2.3% per the 2010 estimate.. The HEAL TB project supported 55 million people in five years. HEAL TB was a five-year, USAID-funded TB project implemented in the Amhara and Oromia Regions of Ethiopia. HEAL TB used a phased approach ...
Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), renal Zone has a total population of 2,929,628, an increase of 40.26% over the 1994 census, of whom 1,486,040 are men and 1,443,588 women; with an area of 45,944.63 square kilometers, North Gondar has a population density of 63.76. While 462,700 or 15.79% are urban inhabitants, a further 2,148 or 0.07% are pastoralists. A total of 654,803 households were counted in this Zone, which results in an average of 4.47 persons to a household, and 631,509 housing units. The main ethnic group reported in North Gondar was the Amhara (97.84%); all other ethnic groups made up 2.16% of the population. Amharic was spoken as a first language by 98.32%; the remaining 1.62% spoke all other primary languages reported. 95.38% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and 4.29% of the population said they were Muslim.[2] The 1994 national census reported a total population for this Zone of 2,088,684 in 434,297 households, of ...
The Leishmanin skin test was performed on 1353 people in a kala-azar endemic region of south-west Ethiopia. Physical examinations were also carried out on 2723. Two of these individuals, both males, had active visceral leishmaniasis with Leishmania organisms demonstrated by spleen puncture. Two other males, including one member of the research team, had parasitologically proven cutaneous leishmaniasis. Because there was negligible migration and little movement of individuals outside of their tribal territories, the geographical distribution of skin test positivity and clinical findings could be determined and correlated with environmental parameters. The level of positive skin tests for the groups tested ranged from over 64% for the three tribes collectively inhabiting the lower regions of the Omo Valley (altitude approx. 500 m) to 6.4% for the Suri tribe, which lives at 1400 m. Skin test positivity was highest in areas of deeply fissuring montmorillonite soils and where Phlebotomus langeroni orientalis
INTRODUCTION: insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) stood at center in the current efforts to prevent and control malaria at community and individual levels. Though ITNs are the most prominent measure for large-scale deployment in highly endemic areas their compliance in terms of ownership and usage needs attention. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the ownership and utilization pattern of ITNs in Harari Peoples National Regional state, Ethiopia. METHODS: a community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Harari National Regional State from September to October, 2012. A total of 784 households were included from malarious areas. Data were collected by using structured questionnaires and observational checklist. RESULTS: about 57.9% of participants had at least one ITNs. The utilization of ITNs based on history of sleeping under net in the previous night was 73.3%. Regarding proper use of ITNs, 57.9% of respondents demonstrated proper hanging and tucking. Those households with secondary
A delay presentation for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients care (that is late engagement to HIV care due to delayed HIV testing or delayed linkage for HIV care after the diagnosis of HIV positive) is a critical step in the series of HIV patient care continuum. In Ethiopia, delayed presentation (DP) for HIV care among vulnerable groups such as tuberculosis (Tb) /HIV co-infected patients has not been assessed. We aimed to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with DP (CD4 | 200 cells/μl at first visit) among Tb/HIV co-infected patients in southwest Ethiopia. A retrospective observational cohort study collated Tb/HIV data from Jimma University Teaching Hospital for the period of September 2010 and August 2012. The data analysis used logistic regression model at P value of ≤ 0.05 in the final model. The prevalence of DP among Tb/HIV co-infected patients was 59.9 %. Tb/HIV co-infected patients who had a house with at least two rooms were less likely (AOR, 0.5; 95 % CI: 0.3-1.0) to
A delay presentation for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients care (that is late engagement to HIV care due to delayed HIV testing or delayed linkage for HIV care after the diagnosis of HIV positive) is a critical step in the series of HIV patient care continuum. In Ethiopia, delayed presentation (DP) for HIV care among vulnerable groups such as tuberculosis (Tb) /HIV co-infected patients has not been assessed. We aimed to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with DP (CD4 | 200 cells/μl at first visit) among Tb/HIV co-infected patients in southwest Ethiopia. A retrospective observational cohort study collated Tb/HIV data from Jimma University Teaching Hospital for the period of September 2010 and August 2012. The data analysis used logistic regression model at P value of ≤ 0.05 in the final model. The prevalence of DP among Tb/HIV co-infected patients was 59.9 %. Tb/HIV co-infected patients who had a house with at least two rooms were less likely (AOR, 0.5; 95 % CI: 0.3-1.0) to
Country Topographic Profile: Ethiopia is located in the northeastern part popularly known as the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bound on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the south by Kenya and on the west by the Sudan. With an area of 1,112,000 km2, Ethiopia is as large as France and Spain combined. From the north and running down the centre are the Abyssinian highlands, to the west of the chain the land drops to the grasslands of Sudan, to the east to the deserts of the Afar and the Red Sea. South of Addis Ababa the land is dominated by the Rift Valley Lakes. The main rivers are the Blue Nile, the Tekezze, the Awash, the Wabe Shabele, the Omo, and the Baro. The major lakes are Abaya, Abiyata, Awasa, Chamo, Hayk, Langano, Shala, Tana& Ziway. As the country is located within the tropics, its physical conditions and variations in altitude have resulted in great diversity of climate, soil, flora and fauna.. ...
Workplace violence is a major problem in the health sector for health professionals. This study showed that the prevalence of workplace violence among nurses working in the Amhara National Regional State was 26.7 %. This is higher than the finding of the previous study, which was done in Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia [13]. This could be due to differences in the setting of the study.. The prevalence of work place violence in the current study was higher when compared with the findings in USA 25 % [14], Palestine 20.8 % [15], Iran 19 % [16], and Hong Kong 18 % [17]. These may be due to socio economic differences between the countries. This issue can directly expose health care professionals for workplace violence as there is mismatch between health care service need and health care delivery in resource limited countries like Ethiopia. These results in dissatisfaction of health care service consumers in the health care organization so this can lead to workplace violence for health ...
Malaria is one of the major public health problems in Ethiopia where ¾ of the landmass is malarious and an estimated 68% of the population lives in these areas [2, 3]. The CareStart™ Malaria HRP-2/ pLDH (Pf/PAN) combo test has been widely used by health extension workers at health posts in Ethiopia since 2005 [10]. In the present study, CareStart™ RDT showed high sensitivity and specificity (Table 3). The high sensitivity and specificity of CareStart™ RDT was in line with a report from Kola Diba Health Center, Northwest Ethiopia [14, 17]. This study revealed a lower sensitivity and higher specificity compared to reports from Northeast Ethiopia and Sierra Leone [2, 5]. Generally, CareStartTM RDT showed good sensitivity and specificity as compared to that of light microscopy.. The diagnostic performance of the CareStart™ RDT for the diagnosis of different Plasmodium species was evaluated. When compared to light microscopy, CareStart™ RDT falsely detected P. falciparum infection in two ...
Users socio-economic characteristics can influence the visit and utilization pattern of urban green infrastructure. Assessing the influence of socio-economic characteristics of people on the utilization of UGI is an important instrument to show gaps for city/town planners, developers and decision makers. This paper investigates the effect of socio-economic characteristics of people on a monthly visit of green infrastructure in Southern Ethiopia. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and key informant interview, a total of 400 urban communities were interviewed in the entire study area. The collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics, multiple regression models and chi-square test. The majority (54%) of respondents in Hawassa city visit two to three times per month, in Bodity town 22% of respondents visited UGI two to three times per month. Whereas, 30% of respondent in Wolayita Sodo visit UGI once a month. In general, 28.75% and 23.75% of respondents visited green ...
BACKGROUND: Amhara Regional State of Ethiopia has a population of approximately 19.6 million, is prone to unstable and epidemic malaria, and is severely affected by trachoma. An integrated malaria and trachoma control program is being implemented by the Regional Health Bureau. To provide baseline data, a survey was conducted during December 2006 to estimate malaria parasite prevalence, malaria indicators, prevalence of trachoma, and trachoma risk factors in households and people of all ages in each of the ten zones of the state, excluding three urban centers (0.4% of the population).
Travel from Lebanon to Ethiopia, Travel to Ethiopia from Lebanon, Visit Ethiopia from Lebanon, Holidays in Ethiopia for a national of Lebanon, Vacation in Ethiopia for a citizen of Lebanon, Going to Ethiopia from Lebanon ...
INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in low and middle-income countries. Substance use negatively affects TB treatment outcomes. Our recent study has found that khat use predicted poorer adherence to anti-TB medications. However, there is scarce longitudinal study on predictors of khat use among outpatients with TB, and this study aimed at addressing this research gap. METHODS From October 2017 to October 2018, 268 outpatients with tuberculosis on DOTs were enrolled in a longitudinal study from 26 health institutions in Southwest Ethiopia. Structured questionnaires translated into local languages (Afaan Oromoo and Amharic) were used to assess khat use. Patients were followed for six months, and data were collected on three occasions during the follow-up. A generalized linear mixed model was used to identify the relation between khat use and predictors. Model fitness was checked using the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC). Odds ratio (OR) and 95% CI were ...
A large amount of coffee waste water is generated from coffee processing plants. These residues possess serious environmental problems following the direct discharge in to the nearby water bodies and cause serious environmental and health problems. This study aimed to: (i) review wet coffee processing waste management practice in Ethiopia, (ii) characterize wet coffee processing waste and determine its total reducing sugar potential, (iii) quantify wet coffee processing waste and estimate its bio-ethanol potential and also evaluate the feasibility of bio-ethanol production and (iv) optimize the parameters and produce bio ethanol from wet coffee processing waste. The review of wet coffee processing waste management practice in Ethiopia revealed that there are about 1026 operational wet coffee processing industries and many more industries are under construction. In 2012, the estimated amount of wet coffee processing waste from operational industries in Ethiopia was about 291,600 tones / year. The ...
Atlantis existed and was connected with ancient Ethiopia, quoting The Ethiopian History of Marcellus.. Col. Alexander Braghine believed[156] in a connection between the ancient Ethiopians and Atlantis. The map above dating from 1650 and published in a book[292] by J.A. Rogers shows the South Atlantic as The Ethiopic Ocean, while the entire central Africa is named Ethiopia. We can only conclude that the location of the original Ethiopia is nearly as difficult to pinpoint as the location of Atlantis itself.. In 1936, D. Duvillé suggested[284] that there had been two Atlantises - one in the Atlantic and one in Ethiopia.. It might be worth noting that in Greek mythology, Poseidon was given two Ethiopias, one in the east and the other in the west.. ...
Tsetse populations and trypanosome prevalence in cattle were monitored from 1986 to 1993 in the Ghibe valley, southwest Ethiopia. From January 1991 to October 1993 between 2000 and 4000 cattle were treated at monthly intervals with a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, cypermethrine high-cis. A dosage of 1 ml per 10 kg bodyweight was used to control tsetse flies (Glossina spp.). Treatments were given as a pour-on applications along the backlines of animals, using automatic drench-gun applicators. This resulted in a decline of 93 percent in the apparent density of G. pallidipes and of 83 percent in the apparent density of G. mortsitans submorsitans by 1993. This reduction was associated with a reduction in trypanosome prevalence in cattle of 74 percent, despite a high level of resistance to all available trypanocidal drugs. The numbers of Stomaxys spp. and Tabanidae were also significantly reduced (P,0.01 ...
Background: Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that infects humans and a broad spectrum of warm-blooded vertebrates. The present study was undertaken with the objectives of isolation and determining the genotypes of T. gondii strains from sheep and goats slaughtered in East and West Shewa Zones of Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia. Methods: Hearts of 47 sheep and 44 goats that were seropositive in the Direct Agglutination Test (DAT) were bioassayed in mice. A multiplex PCR assay with 15 microsatellite markers was employed for genotyping of T. gondii isolates from sheep and goats. Results: Viable T. gondii were isolated from 47 (51.65%) animals, 27 sheep and 20 goats. Most isolates caused sub-clinical infections in mice, however, 2 sheep and 1 goat isolates were mouse-virulent, killing mice between 19-27 days post-inoculation. The success of T. gondii isolation in mice increased significantly (P = 0.0001) with higher DAT antibody titers in sheep and goats. Genotyping
The moral bankruptcy of the World Bank in Ethiopia. Ethiopians have been the object of a cruel bureaucratic joke by the World Bank. Last week, an official investigative report surfaced on line showing World Bank bureaucrats in Ethiopia have been playing Deception Games of displacement, deracination, forced resettlement and a kinder and gentler form of ethnic cleansing in the Gambella region of Western Ethiopia. Tens of thousands of Anuaks in Gambella have been removed illegally and in violation of policy from their ancestral homelands and left high and dry and twisting in the wind, courtesy and cash of the World Bank!. For years, the fat cat World Bank bureaucrats and their ilk in Ethiopia have categorically denied allegations of any links between the so-called Protection of Basic Services Project (PBS) and the villagization program undertaken by the Thugtatorship of the Tigrean Peoples Liberation Front (T-TPLF). (The term villagization is a euphemism for civilization of the Anuak to ...
DKT Ethiopia (DKT/E) is a leading provider of family planning and HIV prevention products in Ethiopia. Active in Ethiopia since 1990, DKT/E regularly delivers roughly one-third of couple years protection (CYP) in Ethiopia.
MSF Holland, Norwegian Refugee Council, and Al Maktoum Foundation of the United Arab Emirates are banned by the Government of Ethiopia for three months. The statement of Agency for Civil Society Organizations, the agency that registers and regulates charities in Ethiopia, has indicated that the three foreign aid agencies are banned for three months until final diction will be reached.. It is indicated that the three agencies were said engaged in activities contrary to their mandate. MSF Holland, and Norwegian Refugee Council are banned for producing and disseminating fake information on social media and other media outlets.. It is also stated that the three aid agencies have brought to Ethiopia staffs and employed them for over six months without getting permission for the relevant government agencies that gives work permit for foreigners in Ethiopia. In addition, MSF Holland has also imported satellite radio communication equipment and distributed to its staff, who have been using the devices ...
The Ethiopia Embassy Worldwide page indicates the comprehensive list of Foreign Embassies and Consulates from around the world located in Ethiopia as well as Estonian Embassies, Consulates and other Estonian representations worldwide.. There are about 68 Foreign Embassies and 5 Consulates placed in the territory of Ethiopia.. Ethiopia itself in total counts near 33 Embassies and 10 Consulates spread all over the world.. In the list below, you can connect with any of indicated specific Embassy or Consulate in Ethiopia or Estonian Embassy or Consulate in specific foreign country to get the complete information as regards of contact details and services offered by that particular diplomatic or consular office.. ...
The scarcity of grazing and water for an animal has a negative effect on household welfare and food security either by affecting livestock production directly, affecting crop or off-farm income due to labor reallocation or through its direct impact on time leisure consumption. The economic impacts of resource (grazing and water) scarcity on welfare are undermined. Thus, a better understanding that is derived from the factual evidence is required. The first objective of this paper is to explore the link between natural resource scarcity and per capita food consumption expenditure (PCFE) as proxy for welfare and food security followed by the second objective of analyzing whether this effect is uniform across all quantile groups and there is gender differential effect using distance and shadow price as resource scarcity indicators. The paper used a relatively unique data set from a randomly drawn 518 sample farmers in Northern Ethiopia. To address our first objective, we employ the IV two-stage least
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Medicinal_plants_and_enigmatic_health_pr.html?id=mZ1LAQAAIAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareMedicinal plants and enigmatic health practices of northern Ethiopia ...
Livestock production is an integral part of the Ethiopian agricultural sector that approximately shares 40% of the national agricultural output [1]. Previously, it was reported that Ethiopia has the largest livestock population in Africa [2]. However, due to the prevailing animal diseases, the economic benefits gained from this sector still remain marginal. Animal diseases are among the principal causes of poor livestock performance and cause of high economic losses in the country [3, 4].. Conventional veterinary service is still less developed in the country, which is characterized by lack of adequate animal health infrastructure, veterinary clinics, and veterinarians. Furthermore, most modern drugs are expensive and not affordable to the majority of Ethiopian farmers and pastoralists [5, 6]. The majority of livestock raisers in Ethiopia are far away from the sites of animal clinic stations [7]. These factors make Ethiopian livestock raisers rely on endogenous ethnoveterinary knowledge and ...
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), a vector-borne disease caused by species of the L.donovani complex, has (re)-emerged in Ethiopia during the last two decades and is currently of increasing public health concern. However, very little is known about VL epidemiology in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to provide detailed epidemiological information on seroprevalence, associated factors and incriminated vectors of VL in Shebelle Zone and Ethiopian Somali Region in general. A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted between March and May 2016 in Gode and Adadle districts of Shebelle Zone, Ethiopian Somali Region. Two-stage semi-random sampling was applied for selecting study participants for the field survey. The study included structured questionnaire interviews, serological assays (rK39-immunochromatographic test), ELISA and entomological surveys. From a total of 361 participants, 57 (15.8%) were seropositive for VL including 46 (12.7%) rK39 positive and 11 (3.0%) positive by
Learn how to call Ethiopia from Ethiopia. Out complete resource guide gives you the Ethiopia country code & Ethiopian dialing code to make your international calls.
Washington, DC) - The World Bank undermined the rights of indigenous peoples and the environment with its approval on July 12, 2012, of a US$684 million loan, Human Rights Watch, Friends of Lake Turkana, International Rivers, Survival International, and the Bank Information Center said today. The loan is for a 1000-kilometer transmission line that would supply power to Kenya from Ethiopias controversial Gibe III dam.. The World Banks board of directors approved the loan without applying the Banks social and environmental standards to the Gibe III dam, a power source for the transmission line. Gibe III, under construction in southern Ethiopia, has been linked to serious human rights abuses and environmental concerns, the organizations said.. The World Bank stood by its principles in 2010 when it refused to fund the Gibe III dam in the absence of concrete measures to uphold the rights of indigenous peoples and address serious environmental concerns, said Ikal Angelei from Friends of Lake ...
Purpose : Success in treating amblyopia is critically dependent on treatment adherence. There are limited studies performed in the East African region to assess barriers to adherence with amblyopia treatment and outcomes of treatment. Our study aims to identify factors associated with higher compliance in amblyopia treatment. Methods : A hospital-based retrospective and prospective observational study was performed at the pediatric ophthalmology clinic of Menilik II Referral Hospital in Addis Ababa from March to June 2015. Included were Ethiopian children, between ages 4 and 8, with a clinical diagnosis of amblyopia defined as an interocular acuity difference of at least 0.2 logMAR. Patients with deprivation amblyopia, neurologic or traumatic eye disease or previous intraocular surgery were excluded. We collected demographic and clinical data from charts. Parents were asked to estimate the number of hours they were able to administer patching in the past week and fill out a brief questionnaire ...
Background:- In Ethiopia, malaria is seasonal and unstable, causing frequent epidemics. It usually occurs at altitudes < 2,000 m above sea level. Occasionally, transmission of malaria occurs in areas...
Erika Wheeler, Christina Carroll, Andrew Lopreiato, and Joe Iskander made up four of the five bioengineering students on the trip to Addis Ababa. It was part of a spring break sojourn as members for Innovators for Global Health, a student organization that equips hospitals with low-cost medical devices created with locally sourced parts. Photos courtesy of Caitlynn Tov. This was the organizations second time in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia lacks access to many necessary medical devices, Iskander says. A 2011 study that examined more than 100,000 pieces of medical equipment in developing countries found that 80 percent of the equipment was donated. But, the overwhelming majority of the donated items were unusable after five years. And in Ethiopia, these devices often cant be repaired because the parts are hard to find.. They need devices that are designed for them that they can build on their own, Iskander says. Repairing equipment for someone fixes an immediate problem but it also causes ...
INTRODUCTION: intestinal helminthic infections are important public health problems in developing countries. In Ethiopia, intestinal parasitic infections are highly prevalent because of low living standards and poor environmental sanitation. There are several areas in Ethiopia from which epidemiological information is lacking including Babile town. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminthic infection among students of Babile town. METHODS: a cross sectional study was conducted from May 14 to June 08, 2012. Stool samples collected from 644 students were examined by the McMaster method. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. Univariate analysis was carried out using the Chi-square test to check for presence or absence of association between exposure and the presence of infection and odds ratios with 95% CI were computed to measure the strength of association. Logistic regression was used to calculate predictors of helminthic infection. Statistical signi?cance was
Anatomical distribution and characterisation of cysts. The liver, shoulder, tongue, heart and masseter harboured at least one cyst. Shoulder muscles were the most frequently infected (30.5%), followed by the liver (22.6%) and tongue (18.5%) (see Table 3). Among the 177 cattle harbouring metacestodes of T. saginata (see Table 1), 131 (74.0%) had at least one cyst in a single organ or muscle whereas the remaining 46 (26.0%) had cysticerci in more than one organ or muscle.. The number of cysts found in a given organ or muscle ranged from one to nine; the highest number was recorded in the shoulder muscle. Among the different parts affected, shoulder muscles, liver and heart together accounted for 65.4%, 66.0% and 65.4% relative prevalence, cyst count and relative viability respectively (see Table 3 and Table 4).. Out of 661 cysts examined, 185 (28.0%), 284 (43.0%) and 192 (29.0%) were found to be viable, non-viable and calcified, respectively. The highest relative viability was recorded in the ...
BACKGROUND. Malaria is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia, accounting for over five million cases and thousands of deaths annually. The risks of morbidity and mortality associated with malaria are characterized by spatial and temporal variation across the country. This study examines the spatial and temporal patterns of malaria transmission at the local level and implements a risk mapping tool to aid in monitoring and disease control activities. METHODS. In this study, we examine the global and local patterns of malaria distribution in 543 villages in East Shoa, central Ethiopia using individual-level morbidity data collected from six laboratory and treatment centers between September 2002 and August 2006. RESULTS. Statistical analysis of malaria incidence by sex, age, and village through time reveal the presence of significant spatio-temporal variations. Poisson regression analysis shows a decrease in malaria incidence with increasing age. A significant difference in the ...
Use of inoculants in Ethiopia for food legume production including peanut is very infant. Due to low productivity of peanut in Ethiopia, enhancing the peanut-rhizobia symbiosis thereby improve the productivity using inoculation of effective rhizobia is essential. The native rhizobia population, the host genotypes and environmental condition are the major factors affecting the efficacy of inoculated rhizobia. The soil of the study sites had the native rhizobia capable of nodulating peanut greater than 102 g−1 of soil. Large number of native rhizobia in the two soils could be because of the presence of conducive soil properties (Yousef et al. 1987; Thrall et al. 2007; Drew et al. 2012) and cultivating the host plant for long time (Cheminingwa and Vessey 2006; Kimiti and Odee 2010). However, the previous experiment conducted this region showed that inoculation of locally isolated rhizobia improved the yield of common bean (Anteneh 2016), Fababean (Argaw et al. 2012a) and Field pea (Argaw et al. ...
The amount of carbon dioxide seeping out of the Earths surface is poorly understood. Magma carries dissolved carbon dioxide from the deep earth towards the surface, where it is released and travels along fractures in the crust.. Research by Oxford Earth Sciences DPhil student Jonathan Hunt (Worcester 2011, Univ 2015), working with supervisors Tamsin Mather and David Pyle, Deep Carbon collaborator Pete Barry, and Addis Ababa University researcher Amdemichael Zafu, attempts to quantify this phenomenon in central Ethiopia, where a continental rift is splitting one tectonic plate in two. A similar study undertaken in Kenya and Tanzania suggested that the flow of carbon dioxide through the East African Rift was much larger than previously thought. Hunt and the team undertook new surveys and found that it varies greatly, which makes estimating a total flow through the rift very difficult. By compiling the locations and distribution of hot springs and volcanic vents, the researchers were able to ...
CAIRO (AP) - Egypt wants the United Nations Security Council to undertake its responsibilities and prevent Ethiopia from starting to fill its massive, newly built hydroelectric dam on the Nile River next month amid a breakdown in negotiations, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shukry told The Associated Press on Sunday, accusing Ethiopian officials of stoking antagonism between the countries.. Ethiopia announced Friday that it would begin filling the dams reservoir in July even after the latest round of talks with Egypt and Sudan failed last week to reach a deal governing how the dam will be filled and operated. Egypt formally asked the Security Council to intervene in a letter the same day. The responsibility of the Security Council is to address a pertinent threat to international peace and security, and certainly the unilateral actions by Ethiopia in this regard would constitute such a threat, Shukry said in an interview with the AP. Filling the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam would ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Cervical cancer is the most frequent female malignancy in most developing countries. Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection with dysplasia and carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The objective of this study was to identify the prevailing HPV genotypes responsible for the development of cervical cancer among women in Ethiopia and the Sudan. A molecular characterization of HPV was done on 245 paraffin embedded cervical biopsy samples collected from the two countries. Amplification of HPV and subsequent genotyping was done using SPF10 primers and Line probe assay. Of samples collected from Ethiopian patients, 93% (149/160) and 13% (21/160) had high risk and low risk HPV genotypes, respectively. Among samples collected from the Sudan, 94% (80/85) harbored high risk and 11.7% (10/85) low risk HPV genotypes. Human papillomavirus 16 was the most frequent genotype identified in samples from Ethiopia (91%, 136/149) and the Sudan (82.5%, 66/80). HPV ...
The decline of soil fertility has been one of the major constraints to low level of agricultural productivity and it primarily referred to the exploitation of soil nitrogen. Nitrogen could be added to or lost from the soil via different natural and human-induced processes. The work area is located in lower bilate river basin within the ethiopian rift valley which was characterized by an arid climatic conditions. The core objectives of this work were modeling of the soil nitrogen balance and the plant available stock soil nitrogen by using GIS and Remote sensing and assessing the uncertainities and source of errors. The widely used methodology of Stoorvogel and Smaling was adapted for soil nutrient balance estimation while the plant available stock soil nitrogen was determined using empirical relations. This book described acomprehensive methodology which is spatially explicit for modelling soil nitrogen balance and is very useful to professionals working in agricultural land management and ...
Ethiopia has welcomed the imminent return to the country of a national treasure: strands of hair that belonged to the emperor Theodoros II, and kept since 1959 at the National Army Museum, London. It is an exemplary gesture of good will on the part of the museum, welcomed the embassy of ethiopia in a press release, while the restitution of works of art and goods, african purchased by the western countries during the colonization remains a controversial subject. READ ALSO african art Works: there are other ways than that of the return in The United Kingdom, the museums are generally opposed to the refunds, arguing that the pieces preserved in museums are visible to all. But the National Army Museum is considered happy to respond to the request of the ethiopian authorities made in April 2018, deeming it reasonable because of the highly symbolic. We are excited to be able to make it to the people of Ethiopia these human remains symbolic, said in a press release Justin Maciejewski, ...
Hematological abnormalities are common in HIV positive patients. Of these, thrombocytopenia is a known complication which has been associated with a variety of bleeding disorders. However, its magnitude and related factors have not been well-characterized in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of thrombocytopenia before and after initiation of HAART among HIV positive patients attending Black Lion Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A cross sectional study was conducted from February to April 2017 in Black Lion Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A total of 176 patients on HAART were selected using simple random sampling techniques. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the study patients were collected using structured questionnaire. Measurements of platelet counts and CD4 + T cell counts were made using Sysmex XT 2000i hematology analyzer and BD FACS Count CD4 analyzer, respectively.
Induced abortion is one of the greatest human rights dilemmas of our time. Yet, abortion is a very common experience in every culture and society. According to the World Health Organization, Ethiopia had the fifth largest number of maternal deaths in 2005 and unsafe abortion was estimated to account for 32% of all maternal deaths in Ethiopia. Youth are disproportionately affected by the consequences of unsafe abortion. The objective of this study was, therefore, to determine the magnitude and identify factors associated with abortion among female Wolaita Sodo University students. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Wolaita Sodo University between May and June 2011. Data were collected from 493 randomly selected female students using structured and pre-tested questionnaires. The rate of abortion among students was found to be 65 per 1000 women, making it three fold the national rate of abortion for Ethiopia (23/1000 women aged 15-44). Virtually all of the abortions (96.9%) were induced
The Prevalence and Associated Factors of Occupational Injury among Workers in Arba Minch Textile Factory, Southern Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study Abstract.
The center is opened on Friday by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), UNICEF, Vital Events Registration Agency (VERA) and the Agency for Refugees and Returnees Affairs (ARRA). The centre, also known as a One-Stop-Shop, marks the beginning of a process that will lead to a government-owned digitalized and harmonized model for refugees assistance that will also serve local communities, according to the statement. The initiative is in line with the Global Compact on Refugees which promotes the provision of common services and infrastructure for both refugees and local communities.. Financed by the European Unions Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF), which is administered by the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the one-stop-shop is the first of 27 such facilities to be established throughout Ethiopia to support the integration of services for refugees with national systems as enshrined in Ethiopias revised new refugee law that was adopted in January of this year.. Ato Amdework Yehualawork, the Head ...
Fruit juices are the specialized drinks which are rich in vitamins and nutrients that can help prevent common birth defects as well as cancer and also contain enzymes that are essential for digestive process. The study was performed to evaluate the microbiological quality of locally processed juices such as mango and avocado juices from some selected hotels and cafeteria found in Arba Minch town. Four mango and Avocado, total 8 juice samples from two hotels and cafeterias were collected and their microbial load was analyzed in Microbiology laboratory on appropriate media by using serial dilution techniques followed by spread plate techniques. The highest colonies were observed from mango juice sample from cafeteria two and the lowest colony from hotel one are 94 colonies and 0 colony respectively. The mean bacterial count of avocado juice sample was 49500 cfu/ml which was relatively higher than the mean colonies of mangos juice sample was 15420 cfu/ml. The total mean of bacterial colonies were ...
December 7, 2017 , The Ethiopian government used Israeli-developed spyware to track and spy on Ethiopian dissidents living abroad during an espionage campaign that began in 2016, according to a new report by The Citizen Lab, a research facility at The University of Torontos Munk School of Global Affairs. The spyware, a commercial product known as PC Surveillance System (PSS) and posing as Adobe updates and plugins, was developed by Israel-based Cyberbit, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Elbit Systems, Israels international defense company. According to Citizen Lab, the campaign was aimed at supporters of the Oromo ethnic group, who make up Ethiopias largest ethnically based regional states, Oromia. Targets included the executive director of the US-based Ethiopian diaspora media outfit, the Oromia Media Network (OMN), who is a prominent Oromo activist, a PhD student in London who was a frequent guest on OMN, and a lawyer teaching at a US university who is also the founder of the Association of ...
December 7, 2017 , The Ethiopian government used Israeli-developed spyware to track and spy on Ethiopian dissidents living abroad during an espionage campaign that began in 2016, according to a new report by The Citizen Lab, a research facility at The University of Torontos Munk School of Global Affairs. The spyware, a commercial product known as PC Surveillance System (PSS) and posing as Adobe updates and plugins, was developed by Israel-based Cyberbit, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Elbit Systems, Israels international defense company. According to Citizen Lab, the campaign was aimed at supporters of the Oromo ethnic group, who make up Ethiopias largest ethnically based regional states, Oromia. Targets included the executive director of the US-based Ethiopian diaspora media outfit, the Oromia Media Network (OMN), who is a prominent Oromo activist, a PhD student in London who was a frequent guest on OMN, and a lawyer teaching at a US university who is also the founder of the Association of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - How does population density influence agricultural intensification and productivity? Evidence from Ethiopia. AU - Josephson, Anna Leigh. AU - Ricker-Gilbert, Jacob. AU - Florax, Raymond J.G.M.. PY - 2014/10. Y1 - 2014/10. N2 - This study uses household-level panel data on smallholder farmers in Ethiopia to estimate how rural population density (RPD) affects agricultural intensification and productivity. Our results suggest that higher RPD is associated with smaller farm sizes, and has a positive effect on input demand, represented by increased fertilizer use per hectare. Overall, increased input use does not lead to a corresponding increase in staple crop yields, and thus farm income declines as population density increases. This suggests a situation where farmers in areas of high RPD may be stuck in place, unable to sustainably intensify in the face of rising RPD and declining farm sizes.. AB - This study uses household-level panel data on smallholder farmers in Ethiopia to ...
Mercy Corps has been working in Ethiopia since 2004. Ethiopia is Africas second-most populous nation, and although the economy have been steadily growing, the vast majority of Ethiopia remains impoverished. More than 83 percent of the population lives in rural areas vulnerable to droughts caused by climate change as well as economic instability and conflict spillover from neighboring Somalia and South Sudan.. Back-to-back seasons of minimal rainfall led to a severe drought in 2016, killing valuable livestock and necessitating further humanitarian assistance in 2017. According to the U.N., the drought is worse than the 2010-11 drought because of consecutive droughts and a low rainfall forecast for the next few months.. Find out how investing in resilience helps fight drought ▸. ...
Mercy Corps has been working in Ethiopia since 2004. Ethiopia is Africas second-most populous nation, and although the economy have been steadily growing, the vast majority of Ethiopia remains impoverished. More than 83 percent of the population lives in rural areas vulnerable to droughts caused by climate change as well as economic instability and conflict spillover from neighboring Somalia and South Sudan.. Back-to-back seasons of minimal rainfall led to a severe drought in 2016, killing valuable livestock and necessitating further humanitarian assistance in 2017. According to the U.N., the drought is worse than the 2010-11 drought because of consecutive droughts and a low rainfall forecast for the next few months.. Find out how investing in resilience helps fight drought ▸. ...
Nairobi (Kenya), 7 September 2020 - The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and U.S. Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons recently concluded an agreement which will see UNODC implement a new four-year, USD 1.5 million law enforcement project on countering trafficking in persons (TIP) in Ethiopia.. The aim of the new project on Enhancing Effective and Victim-Centered Criminal Justice Responses to Trafficking in Persons in Ethiopia, is two-fold: First, to strengthen and enhance the protection of victims of TIP as witnesses, and secondly, to enhance specialized law enforcement responses to detect, investigate and prevent TIP, especially trafficking of children.. Every year, thousands of men, women, and children are exploited and trafficked. Trafficking in Persons is a serious crime, a grave violation of human rights, and is affecting every region in the world. This is no different in Ethiopia where domestic and foreign victims are exposed to labour ...
Scabies Outbreak Investigation among â  Yekolo Temarisâ  in Gondar Town, North Western Ethiopia, November 2015, Zeyneba Jemal Yassin