If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
To address the urgent and growing problems of organ sales, transplant tourism and trafficking in organ donors in the context of the global shortage of organs, a Summit Meeting of more than 150 representatives of scientific and medical bodies from around the world, government officials, social scientists, and ethicists, was held in Istanbul from April 30 to May 2, 2008.
To address the urgent and growing problems of organ sales, transplant tourism and trafficking in organ donors in the context of the global shortage of organs, a Summit Meeting of more than 150 representatives of scientific and medical bodies from around the world, government officials, social scientists, and ethicists, was held in Istanbul from April 30 to May 2, 2008.
This book offers a comprehensive legal and ethical analysis of the most interesting and broadest reaching development in health care of the last twenty years: its globalization. This book ties ... More. This book offers a comprehensive legal and ethical analysis of the most interesting and broadest reaching development in health care of the last twenty years: its globalization. This book ties together the manifestation of this globalization in four related subject areas-medical tourism, medical migration (the physician "brain drain"), telemedicine, pharmaceutical research and development-and integrates them in a philosophical discussion of issues of justice and equity relating to the globalization of health care. Medical tourism and telemedicine are growing, multi-billion-dollar industries affecting large numbers of patients. Estimates show that more than 400,000 patients (50,000 of whom were American) sought treatment at a single facility in Thailand in 2005. The U.S. heavily depends on ...
by Dominic Wilkinson and Julian Savulescu. On the 24th July 2017, the long-running, deeply tragic and emotionally fraught case of Charlie Gard reached its sad conclusion (Box 1). Following further medical assessment of the infant, Charlies parents and doctors finally reached agreement that continuing medical treatment was not in Charlies best interests. It is expected that life support will be withdrawn in the days ahead.. Over the course of multiple hearings at different levels of the court in both London and Strasbourg, the Charlie Gard case has raised a number of vexed ethical questions (Box 2). The important role of practical ethics in cases like this is to help clarify the key concepts, identify central ethical questions, separate them from questions of scientific fact and subject arguments to critical scrutiny. We have disagreed about the right course of action for Charlie Gard,1 2 but we agree on the key ethical principles as well as the role of ethical analysis and the importance of ...
Medical ethics has had a rich and complex history over the past 40 years. It has been transformed from a rather clear and straightforward set of rules and attitudes, shaped largely by the medical profession itself, into a major field of academic and social inquiry. Contemporary work in medical ethics can be divided into three parts: ethical analysis and arguments of large-scale issues in science, practice and policy (such as consideration of the ethical issues concerning cloning or resource allocation); theoretical inquiry into the foundations of medical ethics; and practical analysis of particular dilemmas in clinical practice. This last area in medical ethics is normally referred to as clinical ethics, and is in many respects the most important and vibrant part of medical ethics today. It lives through its intimate connection with clinical practice and medical and healthcare education, the ways in which suggestions made by practitioners of clinical ethics are rapidly tested in clinical ...
Chervenak and McCullough see this point of view as simplifying the whole abortion debate "because it prevents ethical analysis of induced abortion and feticide in medical ethics from being paralyzed by divisive debates about a fetal right to life that have been going on for decades, indeed centuries, without any basis for resolution." They state, "The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient does not require appeal to the discourse of fetal rights.". Thus the article quickly disregards that all-important line from the Declaration of Independence: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." Note that the Declaration did not say "born equal," but "created equal." There can be no dispute that the creation of a unique human life occurs at the moment when an egg is fertilized, not at the moment of birth. Thus human rights begin even ...
Much of Elsters writing is characterized by attempts to use analytical theories, especially rational choice theory, as a springboard for philosophical and ethical analysis, with numerous examples from literature and history. "Elster has made important contributions to several fields," Daniel Little wrote in a review essay. "The breadth and depth of his writings are striking in a time of high specialisation; he is read and discussed by political scientists,legal scholars, economists and philosophers. His work is difficult to summarise in a slogan, but ... it is generally informed by a broad and deep acquaintance with relevant literature in economics, political science, history, philosophy, and psychology."[4] A student of the philosophy of social science (a topic he investigated through case studies in Explaining Technical Change), Elster strongly argued that social scientific explanations had to be built on top of methodological individualism (the belief that only individuals, not larger ...
All life depends on Earths natural resources. In a tragic paradox, human beings are extracting needed, non-renewable resources at a rate that will exhaust the supply for future generations. It is imprudent to place all hope in a technological solution to this paradox. A change in human behavior will have to accompany any realistic attempt to preserve and protect Earths precious natural resources. Meeting this challenge must begin with a thorough understanding of the science behind natural resources. Similarly, any proposed actions will require careful ethical analysis and spiritual reflection. As with every topic in Healing Earth, natural resources must be approached from the standpoint of an integral ecology--a standpoint that integrates science, ethics, spirituality, and action.. ...
At one university incoming undergraduate students are invited or expected to take part in discussions about the relationship between consumption and poverty. The tone of the invitation issued to the incoming students makes it fairly clear (to me) that the students who participate in these discussions will be led to question the uprightness of modern American consumerist society.. I am all in favor of ethical analysis in the university. But Im much less in favor of hortatory ethical instruction in the university. I am also opposed to prejudging answers to (ostensible) questions that do not have a self-evident answers.. Value-free analysis of political, social, legal, ethical, and moral questions may well be impossible. But doesnt it still make sense to try to create an academic atmosphere that encourages free inquiry, an atmosphere that does not frown on heretical conclusions ...
Professor Moriggl is a Specialist in Anatomy, particularly interested in Clinical Anatomy. Most of the research he has done (over 70 original articles so far) was and is related to this discipline of anatomy. Professor Moriggl started his University career in 1986 in Innsbruck and has done ultrasonography ever since. Some of Professor Moriggls former scholars are practically concerned with ultrasonography. Professor Moriggl has had clinical training, especially in diagnostic imaging. This practical background was the starting point of his constantly increasing engagement in regional anesthesia and pain medicine. In 2008 he has become one of the founding members of a Special Interest Group for Ultrasound in Pain Medicine within the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine and is now its Educational Director. Apart from scientific publications he has done numerous contributions for books and booklets on regional anesthesia and pain medicine (e.g. Practical Guide by Vincent Chan ...
The difference in this argument and one that actually has something to compare, a base line from which to work, should be obvious. The atheist who argues for Carriers idea must forge his own base line by setting up a straw man (um, God) and then privileging his assumptions about the nature of religion in such a way that he just nixes the possibly of any other kind of theology. Thats not a real comparison. The fine tuning argument can compare fine tuning to lack thereof, compare target levels to the actual mark that is hit. The contingency arguments (quantum and other forms of cosmology) can compare contingency to necessity. Religious experience arguments are drawn from the results of experience, they compare experience to non experience. The two instances in which I do use design arguments are those in which comparisons can be made between the nature of the world and state of existence known to lack that attribute as known non designed reality; the use of the "God Pod" as evoking innate ideas. ...
There have been protests against fracking in the US and the same arguments are now being made here. "Fracking pollutes the groundwater - peoples drinking water is at risk." "Fracking causes earthquakes." "Fracking uses vast amounts of water, some of which is recovered and is polluted." Some of the pollution arguments are difficult to support. Yes, in the US some people have turned on the tap and been able to light a stream of gas bubbling out of the water. The question is whether this is due to fracking or is naturally occurring. Fracking, which involves driving high-pressure water, chemicals and sand into shale beds to split them apart and release gas, takes place 650m - 800m below the level where drinking water is extracted [British Geological Survey], so its unlikely to affect it. There are certainly concerns about water in general. Yes, fracking does use vast amounts of water in the initial stages and this is usually trucked in. Constant lorry movements will be a major impact on local ...
The Annual Pain Medicine Meeting is a three and a half day scientific and educational event on invasive and non-invasive targeted therapies in pain medicine. This international meeting is provides a wide range of educational opportunities to meet the needs of a diverse audience and is structured in such a way to allow learners to tailor their educational experience and select content based on their individual needs. The comprehensive offering ensures a strong practical focus delivering information of take-home value that can be put to immediate use in practice. Meeting highlights include:. ...
The mission of this SIG is to help members understand the scientific basis of regeneration medicine and the promote development of evidence-based clinical applications to relieve chronic pain.. The goal of the Regenerative Pain Medicine SIG is to create a platform for members collaboration on: ...
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1. Dawkins describes religious belief as due entirely to faith and almost entirely inherited from ones parents, scientific belief as due to rational and skeptical investigation. In doing that, he is implicitly comparing the average religious believer with the professional scientist--indeed, with the upper end of professional scientists. The average believer in evolution or relativity or whatever is no more able to provide a convincing account of the evidence and arguments for his position than the average religious believer--both of them hold their beliefs not because of rational investigation but because the people around them told them those things were true. And religious leaders, at least some of them, offer arguments for their positions which are based on more than just faith, whether or not those arguments are correct--offer the evidence of miracles, rational arguments such as those of Aquinas, and the like. Its true that there is more rehashing of old arguments and less new ...
UPDATE: Let me add a word about the fact that Alito has taken various positions as a legal advocate and not simply as a private individual. Arent his ideas about abortion, expressed in legal writing, as an advocate, something that relate to abortion rights and not simply to abortion? An advocate has a goal in mind and, in pursuit of this goal, searches for legal arguments that might persuade a court. What an advocate does with legal texts and arguments is different from what a judge does. Advocates dont really think their arguments are the best answers, just that they are professionally arguable and would produce the desired results. If you asked the advocate to be honest and say what he would decide if he were the judge, assuming this advocate was honest and ethical, he would often admit that he would reject his own argument. Thus, Alito can properly distinguish the arguments he supported as an advocate with the goal of overturning abortion rights from the opinions he would reach as a judge ...
This journal has built its reputation, in part, on the value of airing differences. This commitment is based on a belief in the potential for discussion in which the presuppositions and conditions of argument are carefully and clearly exposed to offer the optimal opportunity for advancing understanding. My own particular theoretical predilection is for the pragmatist approach developed by Richard Rorty, in which privileged claims to knowing are abandoned in favor of emergent understandings through dialogue. The problems under consideration here-the source and status of traumatic memory and the appropriate therapeutic response-demand such an approach.. My faith in our capacity to advance understanding and consensus has certainly been sorely tested in the experience of this exchange, particularly with the commentary written by Frederick Crews. Any reader of his critique will be struck, I believe, by the menace and scale of his attack and by an avowed indifference to dialogue; "there is nothing ...
This book introduces readers to the many arguments and controversies concerning abortion. While it argues for ethical and legal positions on the issues, it focuses on how to think about the issues, not just what to think about them. It is an ideal resource to improve your understanding of what people think, why they think that and whether their (and your) arguments are good or bad, and why. Its ideal for classroom use, discussion groups, organizational learning, and personal reading. -/- (...) From the Preface -/- To many people, abortion is an issue for which discussions and debates are frustrating and fruitless: it seems like no progress will ever be made towards any understanding, much less resolution or even compromise. -/- Judgments like these, however, are premature because some basic techniques from critical thinking, such as carefully defining words and testing definitions, stating the full structure of arguments so each step of the reasoning can be examined, and comparing the strengths ...
Politics is an extension of war by other means. Arguments are soldiers. Once you know which side youre on, you must support all arguments of that side, and attack all arguments that appear to favor the enemy side; otherwise its like stabbing your soldiers in the back - providing aid and comfort to the enemy. People who would be level-headed about evenhandedly weighing all sides of an issue in their professional life as scientists, can suddenly turn into slogan-chanting zombies when theres a Blue or Green position on an issue ...
SSHD_CONFIG(5) FreeBSD File Formats Manual SSHD_CONFIG(5) NAME sshd_config -- OpenSSH SSH daemon configuration file SYNOPSIS /etc/ssh/sshd_config DESCRIPTION sshd(8) reads configuration data from /etc/ssh/sshd_config (or the file specified with -f on the command line). The file contains keyword-argu- ment pairs, one per line. Lines starting with `# and empty lines are interpreted as comments. Arguments may optionally be enclosed in double quotes (") in order to represent arguments containing spaces. The possible keywords and their meanings are as follows (note that key- words are case-insensitive and arguments are case-sensitive): AcceptEnv Specifies what environment variables sent by the client will be copied into the sessions environ(7). See SendEnv in ssh_config(5) for how to configure the client. The TERM environ- ment variable is always sent whenever the client requests a pseudo-terminal as it is required by the protocol. Variables are specified by name, which may contain the wildcard ...
Since we want to understand the range of possible phenotypic variations in different animals development we have decided to use modelling approaches. Our models take as inputs these gene networks and the initial distribution of cells in space (in a given stage in development) and provide as a result the final organ morphology and patterns of gene expression in a given organ (in a given, latter, stage of development).. Each model is simply a mathematical implementation of a hypothesis about how an organ develops. We construct these hypotheses, based on experimental work from other groups, and implement them in a computational model. The advantage of computational models in respect to merely verbal arguments is that the models provide precise quantitative predictions that are more easily to unambigously compare with experimental results (from new experiments aimed at testing the hypothesis). Merely verbal arguments are more difficult to be proven wrong or right and get even difficult to express ...
This really is a controversial topic. There is always a controversy which drug is more dangerous; some people say Cannabis is more dangerous than LSD and there are people who strongly disagree with it. Like there is always an argument about Meth and Heroin. Which one is the most dangerous? But all these arguments are pointless as all these drugs cause physical harm and their overall impact on society is really bad. So theres no point arguing and fighting for the worst! Point to be noted, many researches suggest- Tobacco and Alcohol are more dangerous than many illegal and infamous drugs ...
In this case, no argument is needed to m220a-DataReader.ck because the data filenames are coded in the content of the second file. Since no arguments are passed to m220a-DataReader.ck, it handles only the reading in files part, while all data-to-sound mappings are defined in m220a-Player.ck. Also note the syntax: we shred multiple chuck files in the terminal by separating them with a space.. m220a-duo.ck demonstrates how to play both data files at the same time but on different audio channels.. Important: you need to modify the dataDir variable to have the paths point to where youve downloaded the data files on your computer.. ...
A week on from results day, arguments are still raging about whether some A levels are easier than others. Although ministers apparently feel honour-bound to insist that they are all equally difficult, Carol Fitz-Gibbon cites authoritative research to confirm what any sixth-former knows: that whatever the pass rates say, standards vary. Teenagers pick courses according to their ability as well as their interests. The rise of non-traditional A levels, such as photography and communications, may cause long-term problems for the supply of teachers in declining subjects such as physics and French. But what did ministers expect once schools started offering a wider menu? Indeed, what would have been the point if everyone had carried on as before? The new and much larger generation of sixth-formers was unlikely to have the same academic interests and talents as their highly selected predecessors. Admissions officers are well aware of the differences between A levels and can vary their offers ...
Advanced introduction to basic, non-measure theoretic probability covering topics in more depth and with more rigor than MATH 230. Topics include random variables with discrete and continuous distributions. Independence, joint distributions, conditional distributions, generating functions, Bayes formula, and Markov chains. Rigorous arguments are presented for the law of large numbers, central limit theorem, and Poisson limit theorems. Instructor: Staff. ...
Advanced introduction to basic, non-measure theoretic probability covering topics in more depth and with more rigor than MATH 230. Topics include random variables with discrete and continuous distributions. Independence, joint distributions, conditional distributions, generating functions, Bayes formula, and Markov chains. Rigorous arguments are presented for the law of large numbers, central limit theorem, and Poisson limit theorems. Instructor: Staff. ...
Hard numbers can be hard to find, but data-driven arguments are the best way to support a business case for your project or strategic initiative. The book, Metrics: How to Improve Key Business Results (Apress/available now) seeks to clarify this murky topic. Author Martin Klubeck presents theories and practical advice on filtering out distractions and zeroing in on what...
Couples fight, and it is a known fact of life!If you are in a long term relationship with anyone, you two may have argued. While some arguments are important and even ...
When the vaccine arguments are hot and furious, a frequent insult is: "You dont understand the science!" The confusion in this case doesnt arise from ignorance of science, but from ignorance of history. The people who think that vaccines saved millions of children from death see the story like this:. Childhood illnesses run uncontrolled through the population leaving dead bodies in every house. Parents are in despair. Brave doctor cooks up a vaccine, the disease stops dead, and all children come through to a healthy adulthood. Read more. ...
00670 00671 rcpt_options=[]): 00672 This command performs an entire mail transaction. 00673 00674 The arguments are: 00675 - from_addr : The address sending this mail. 00676 - to_addrs : A list of addresses to send this mail to. A bare 00677 string will be treated as a list with 1 address. 00678 - msg : The message to send. 00679 - mail_options : List of ESMTP options (such as 8bitmime) for the 00680 mail command. 00681 - rcpt_options : List of ESMTP options (such as DSN commands) for 00682 all the rcpt commands. 00683 00684 msg may be a string containing characters in the ASCII range, or a byte 00685 string. A string is encoded to bytes using the ascii codec, and lone 00686 \\r and \\n characters are converted to \\r\\n characters. 00687 00688 If there has been no previous EHLO or HELO command this session, this 00689 method tries ESMTP EHLO first. If the server does ESMTP, message size 00690 and each of the specified options will be passed to it. If EHLO 00691 fails, HELO will be tried and ...
defines the name of the data file. The structure of the data file is the same as for routine contour i.e.: data file have to contain only values of a function to be plotted, the increments of the arguments are supposed to be constant. Every raw of the data matrix is written as one ASCII string with an arbitrary format and ended by the return character. The disintegration of a long string into several short ones is permitted, but one must take into account that every new row of the matrix must be started as a new record in the data file. This command is obligatory for the control file. ...
Usage: fossil diff,gdiff ?OPTIONS? ?FILE1? ?FILE2 ...? Show the difference between the current version of each of the FILEs specified (as they exist on disk) and that same file as it was checked out. Or if the FILE arguments are omitted, show the unsaved changes currently in the working check-out. If the --from VERSION or -r VERSION option is used it specifies the source check-in for the diff operation. If not specified, the source check-in is the base check-in for the current check-out. If the --to VERSION option appears, it specifies the check-in from which the second version of the file or files is taken. If there is no --to option then the (possibly edited) files in the current check-out are used. The --checkin VERSION option shows the changes made by check-in VERSION relative to its primary parent. The -i command-line option forces the use of the internal diff logic rather than any external diff program that might be configured using the setting command. If no external diff ...
Usage: fossil all SUBCOMMAND ... The ~/.fossil file records the location of all repositories for a user. This command performs certain operations on all repositories that can be useful before or after a period of disconnected operation. On Win32 systems, the file is named _fossil and is located in %LOCALAPPDATA%, %APPDATA% or %HOMEPATH%. Available operations are: cache Manages the cache used for potentially expensive web pages. Any additional arguments are passed on verbatim to the cache command. changes Shows all local checkouts that have uncommitted changes. This operation has no additional options. clean Delete all extra files in all local checkouts. Extreme caution should be exercised with this command because its effects cannot be undone. Use of the --dry-run option to carefully review the local checkouts to be operated upon and the --whatif option to carefully review the files to be deleted beforehand is highly recommended. The command line options supported by the clean command ...
If our political arguments are based on the premise that one side is right and the other is evil, it makes it much easier for twisted minds to justify violence.
The possible role of double valence fluctuation in both lead and oxide ions with reference to metallization in oxides of lead is examined by x-ray-photoemission spectroscopy, ultraviolet-photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), and 207Pb NMR studies. The double valence fluctuations may be viewed as Pb4++2O2-⇄Pb2+O22-. While the insulating oxides PbO, Pb3O4, and Sr2PbO4 show a single oxide ion, O2- characterized by O(1s) at 529.7 eV, the insulating peroxide BaO2 is characterized by the ion O22- with a single O(1s) at 533 eV. The metallic PbO2, BaPbO3, BaBiPbO3, and SrPbO3 showed the occurrence of both O2- and O22- ions. The valence band in these compounds has also been studied by UPS, and clear evidence for the coexistence of O2- and O22- is seen in PbO2. A simultaneous study of 207Pb NMR suggests that the Pb ion could also exist in mixed-valence states. Qualitative arguments are presented to rationalize the existence of such mixed valences of the anion in metal oxides in general and their role in ...
Detect changes in multiple synchronous sequences.. Multiple sequence arguments are scanned for changes in the unique value combination at corresponding locations. Each change in the combination is taken as a new event onset. The length of an event is determined by the number of identical consecutive combinations.. ...
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You dont have to accept pain as a normal part of having cancer of getting cancer treatment. There are many different medicines available to help you. These medicines come in many forms, including pills, patches, and a special pump. Heres what you need to know.
We have remained at the forefront of medicine by fostering a culture of collaboration, pushing the boundaries of medical research, educating the brightest medical minds and maintaining an unwavering commitment to the diverse communities we serve.. ...
She was on as much pain medicine as she could be. I should have taken a picture of the full room-with all the monitors and machines and her. We got some of just her but not of the "big picture". Honestly she was so restless that it was hard to feel like we could stop and take "just for documentation" pictures. As it is, the pictures we have of the first day I felt we were risking disturbing her because she wasnt resting well at all. I thought a couple times that I would take more pictures but it didnt feel right…thats the only way I can explain it.. Unfortunately, Ruby was in a lot of pain and she was not sleeping soundly, despite the sedation and as much pain medicine as they could give her. Her pressures were really high, her heart rate was really high, and she was restless.. I swear your adrenaline kicks in because otherwise you wouldnt be able to cope. I felt like I was on autopilot the first day. And Id be going and going and making calls, asking questions, trying to calm Ruby, going ...