Renal Epithelial Cell Growth Kit (ATCC ® PCS-400-040) contains components that when added to Renal Epithelial Cell Basal Medium (ATCC ® PCS-400-030) create a complete ATCC ® Primary Cell Solutions™ culture environment for renal epithelial cells derived from normal human kidney (e.g., Primary Renal Proximal Tubule Epithelial Cells, Normal, Human, ATCC ® PCS-400-010; Primary Renal Cortical Epithelial Cells, Normal, Human, ATCC ® PCS-400-011; Primary Renal Mixed Epithelial Cells, Normal, Human, ATCC ® PCS-400-012). The low serum (0.5% FBS) medium formulation is designed to support normal renal cell morphology as well as promote rapid growth and proliferation. No feeder layers, extracellular matrix proteins or other substrates are required.
ATCC ® Normal Human Primary Small Airway Epithelial Cells, when grown in Airway Epithelial Cell Basal Media supplemented with Bronchial Epithelial Cell Growth Kit (ATCC PCS-300-040) components, provide an ideal cell system to propagate small airway epithelial cells in serum-free conditions. The cells are cryopreserved at the first passage to ensure the highest viability and plating efficiency. ATCC ® Primary Cell Solutions™ cells, media, supplements and reagents are quality tested together to guarantee optimum performance and reliability.
Bronchial Epithelial Cell Growth Kit (ATCC ®  PCS-300-040) contains components that when added to Airway Epithelial Cell Basal Medium (ATCC ®  PCS-300-030) create a complete ATCC ®  Primary Cell Solutions™ culture environment for bronchial/tracheal epithelial cells derived from normal human lung (e.g., Primary Bronchial/Trachel Epithelial Cells, Normal, Human, ATCC ®  PCS-300-010). The serum-free medium formulation is designed to support normal bronchial/epithelial cell morphology as well as promote rapid growth and proliferation. No feeder layers, extracellular matrix proteins or other substrates are required.
Understanding how insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) signaling in mammary epithelial cells may be modified or interrupted by modifications in the cellular environment may lead to 1) methods to increase the growth and proliferation of normal mammary epithelial cells for an increase in the amount of milk produced on a per animal basis or to 2) the development of medical interventions to disrupt the growth and proliferation of cancerous mammary epithelial cells. IGF-I, a signaling protein provided by stromal cells and through the bloodstream, stimulates the proliferation of mammary epithelial cells and is crucial for mammary development. Collagen I is an extracellular matrix protein (ECM) found in skin and in other connective tissues throughout the body. The guiding question in this dissertation was how IGF-I signaling and how binding protein profile were influenced by autocrine IGF-I and by collagen I. The MAC-T cell line was chosen as the cell model utilized in these investigations because it ...
Definition of squamous epithelial cell in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is squamous epithelial cell? Meaning of squamous epithelial cell as a legal term. What does squamous epithelial cell mean in law?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of cytokines on ICAM-1 and ZO-1 expression on human airway epithelial cells. AU - Shahana, Shahida. PY - 2005/9. Y1 - 2005/9. N2 - The presence of adhesion molecules on airway epithelial cells may be important in recruiting leukocytes to the epithelium. The study aimed at investigating the effects of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-8, IL-13 and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on cell viability and intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and zonula occludens protein (ZO)-1 expression on cultured human basal and columnar airway epithelial cells. Cycloheximide (CHX) induced cell death in both cell lines. The cytokines IL-4, IL-8, IL-13 and IFN-gamma had only minor effects on cell proliferation in the columnar 16HBE14o-cells, and inhibited the effects of CHX on cell death. IFN-gamma increased ICAM-1 expression in both cell lines. Western blot analysis showed that CHX inhibited both ICAM-1 and ZO-1 expression in the basal cell line. A combination of IL-4 and IFN-gamma appeared to break ...
Polarized epithelial cells play fundamental roles in the ontogeny and function of a variety of tissues and organs in mammals. The morphogenesis of a sheet of polarized epithelial cells (the trophectoderm) is the first overt sign of cellular differentiation in early embryonic development. In the adult, polarized epithelial cells line all body cavities and occur in tissues that carry out specialized vectorial transport functions of absorption and secretion. The generation of this phenotype is a multistage process requiring extracellular cues and the reorganization of proteins in the cytoplasm and on the plasma membrane; once established, the phenotype is maintained by the segregation and retention of specific proteins and lipids in distinct apical and basal-lateral plasma membrane domains. ...
Regulation of alveolar epithelial cell phenotypes in fetal sheep: roles of cortisol and lung expansion.: Our aim was to determine whether cortisols effect on a
Epithelial cells of different tissues or species diverge substantially in their culture requirements. Thus, in vivo-like culture of epithelial cells necessitates optimization of the entire culturing process including transport, isolation, medium composition and culture conditions. In the present study we established a new protocol for a differentiated cell culture system of the porcine cervical epithelium, based on easily accessible slaughterhouse material. The morphology and tested functional markers of our culture system are comparable to the native tissue as shown by histology, immunohistochemistry and alcian blue staining. The use of fibroblast-conditioned medium supported proliferation of cervical epithelial monolayers suggesting that stromal growth factors or cytokines released into the medium are required for cell growth in these epithelia. The supplementation of the conditioned medium with EGF further optimized proliferation and mitochondrial activity of the cervical epithelial cells. ...
We have studied the survival requirements of developing lens epithelial cells to test the hypothesis that most cells are programmed to kill themselves unless they are continuously signaled by other cells not to do so. The lens cells survived for weeks in both explant cultures and high-density dissociated cell cultures in the absence of other cells or added serum or protein, suggesting that they do not require signals from other cell types to survive. When cultured at low density, however, they died by apoptosis, suggesting that they depend on other lens epithelial cells for their survival. Lens epithelial cells cultured at high density in agarose gels also survived for weeks, even though they were not in direct contact with one another, suggesting that they can promote one anothers survival in the absence of cell-cell contact. Conditioned medium from high density cultures promoted the survival of cells cultured at low density, suggesting that lens epithelial cells support one anothers survival ...
Metzger TC, Khan IS, Gardner JM, Mouchess ML, Johannes KP, Krawisz AK, Skrzypczynska KM, Anderson MS. Lineage tracing and cell ablation identify a post-Aire-expressing thymic epithelial cell population. Cell Rep. 2013 Oct 17;5(1):166-79.. ...
This project addresses possible biological mechanisms underlying the adverse human health effects associated with exposure to the respirable fine particulate matter present in air pollution (PM2.5). Epidemiological studies suggest that humans, especially those with chronic pulmonary or cardiovascular disease, are adversely affected by exposure to PM2.5 and animal toxicological studies have shown that PM2.5 introduced into the respiratory tract cause adverse health effects such as inflammation. In order to bridge the gap between human epidemiological and animal toxicological studies, this research will investigate the effects of PM2.5 upon human respiratory tract epithelial cells. The underlying hypothesis of this research is that respirable particulates carry as yet unidentified toxic environmental chemicals into the respiratory tract where they are deposited onto the epithelial cell lining and act to disrupt normal epithelial cell functions, resulting in inflammation. ...
Epithelial cells isolated from fresh human breast surgically resected tumor and normal margin. Cryopreserved samples available in frozen aliquots. High quality human breast primary epithelial cell cultures available for research.
RT-PCR analysis of ABC, SLC and SLCO drug transporters in human lung epithelial cell models. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 61 (5) , pp. 583-591. 10.1211/jpp/61.05.0006 ...
Epithelial Cell Medium (EpiCM) is a complete medium designed for optimal growth of normal human epithelial cells in vitro. It is a sterile, liquid medium which contains essential and non-essential amino acids, vitamins, organic and inorganic compounds, hormones, growth factors, trace minerals and a low concentration of fetal bovine serum (2%). The medium is bicarbonate buffered and has a pH of 7.4 when equilibrated in an incubator with an atmosphere of 5% CO2/95% air. The medium is formulated (quantitatively and qualitatively) to provide a defined and optimally balanced nutritional environment that selectively promotes proliferation and growth of normal human epithelial cells in vitro ...
The thymus is a complex cellular structure made up of several interdependent cell types and is the primary site for T cell development. A population of fetal thymic epithelial cells (TEC), marked by MTS20 and MTS24, when grafted in vivo can generate a functional thymus containing all thymic epithelial cells and is capab,e of supporting T cell differentiation. Further analysis using in vivo grafting experiments have determined the endoderm as the sole origin for all major thymic epithelial subsets. These findings suggest the possibility that a bipotent thmic epithelial progenitor cell (TEPC) gives rise to both cortical and medullary epithelial compartments. The first ai of this study was to address whether bipotent mouse TEPC give rise to both medullary and cortical epithelial cell populations and to begin to establish a model of TEC differentiation through ontogeny. Its second aim was to start to define condidtions for maintaining functionally undifferentiated RTEPC in vitro. Finally, as little ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - miR-30 family controls proliferation and differentiation of intestinal epithelial cell models by directing a broad gene expression program that includes SOX9 and the ubiquitin ligase pathway. AU - Peck,Bailey C.E.. AU - Sincavage,John. AU - Feinstein,Sydney. AU - Mah,Amanda T.. AU - Simmons,James G.. AU - Lund,P. Kay. AU - Sethupathy,Praveen. PY - 2016/7/29. Y1 - 2016/7/29. N2 - Proliferation and differentiation of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) occur in part through precise regulation of key transcription factors, such as SOX9. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as prominent fine-tuners of transcription factor expression and activity. We hypothesized that miRNAs, in part through the regulation of SOX9, may mediate IEC homeostasis. Bioinformatic analyses of the SOX9 3′-UTR revealed highly conserved target sites for nine different miRNAs. Of these, only the miR-30 family members were both robustly and variably expressed across functionally distinct cell types of the murine ...
Background MicroRNA (miR) expression is commonly dysregulated in many cancers, including breast. MiR-92 is one of six miRs encoded by the miR-17-92 cluster, one of the best-characterised oncogenic miR clusters. We examined expression of miR-92 in the breast epithelium and stroma during breast cancer progression. We also investigated the role of miR-92 in fibroblasts in vitro and showed that down-regulation in normal fibroblasts enhances the invasion of breast cancer epithelial cells. Methodology/Principal Findings We used laser microdissection (LMD) to isolate epithelial cells from matched normal, DCIS and invasive tissue from 9 breast cancer patients and analysed miR-92 expression by qRT-PCR. Expression of ERβ1, a direct miR-92 target, was concurrently analysed for each case by immunohistochemistry. LMD was also used to isolate matched normal (NFs) and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) from 14 further cases. Effects of miR-92 inhibition in fibroblasts on epithelial cell invasion in vitro was
TY - JOUR. T1 - Regulation of TLR2 expression and function in human airway epithelial cells. AU - Melkamu, Tamene. AU - Squillace, Diane. AU - Kita, Hirohito. AU - OGrady, Scott M.. PY - 2009/5/1. Y1 - 2009/5/1. N2 - Toll-like receptor (TLR1-6) mRNAs are expressed in normal human bronchial epithelial cells with higher basal levels of TLR3. TLR2 mRNA and plasma membrane protein expression was enhanced by pretreatment with Poly IC, a synthetic double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) known to activate TLR3. Poly IC also enhanced mRNA expression of adaptor molecules (MyD88 and TIRAP) and coreceptors (Dectin-1 and CD14) involved in TLR2 signaling. Additionally, mRNA expression of TLR3 and dsRNA-sensing proteins MDA5 and RIG-I increased following Poly IC treatment. In contrast, basal mRNA expression of TLR5 and TLR2 coreceptor CD36 was reduced by 77% and 62%, respectively. ELISA of apical and basolateral solutions from Poly IC-stimulated monolayers revealed significantly higher levels of IL-6 and GM-CSF compared ...
We have established a spontaneously immortalised mammary epithelial cell line, BME65Cs. This cell line exhibits the majority of normal MECs features, whereas growth character, the ability to form colonies and expression of relevant breast tumor genes are significantly different from breast cancer cells (MCF-7). These data suggest that BME65Cs cells are not derived from malignant transformations. Whether or not in vitro spontaneous transformation is correlated with in vivo benign tumor transformation, the immortal BME65Cs cell line will be a useful tool for studying the molecular mechanism of tumorigenesis and cellular senescence. In contrast, TERT or SV40 gene mediated immortalization by the random integration of exogenous genes may bring an unforeseeable influence on natural gene expression and regulation.. There are three types of human mammary epithelial cell progenitors have been identified. The first is thought to be a luminal-restricted progenitor; the second type is a bipotent progenitor ...
Lin, H., Li, H., Cho, H.-J., Bian, S., Roh, H.-J., Lee, M.-K., Kim, J. S., Chung, S.-J., Shim, C.-K. and Kim, D.-D. (2007), Air-liquid interface (ALI) culture of human bronchial epithelial cell monolayers as an in vitro model for airway drug transport studies. J. Pharm. Sci., 96: 341-350. doi: 10.1002/jps.20803 ...
Increased Growth of a Newly Established Mouse Epithelial Cell Line Transformed with HPV-16 E7 in Diabetic Mice. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Nothing screws up a perfectly good theory faster than reality and the reality is that studies about the long-term results of Trans-Epithelial v PRK v LASEK v Epi-Lasik seem inconclusive. In the end, the patient gets about the same result. Surgeons who do Trans-Epithelial swear by it - and may be correct - but the studies have not shown it to be significantly better. Trans-Epithelial may not be better than the other surface ablation techniques, but it certainly does not appear to be any worse ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors Controlling Growth, Motility, and Morphogenesis of Normal and Malignant Epithelial Cells. AU - Birchmeier, Carmen. AU - Meyer, Dirk. AU - Riethmacher, Dieter. PY - 1995/1/1. Y1 - 1995/1/1. N2 - Factors that control epithelial growth, motility, and morphogenesis play important roles in malignancy and in normal development. Here we discuss the molecular nature and the function of two types of molecules that control the development and maintenance of epithelia: Components that regulate epithelial cell adhesion; and soluble factors and their receptors that regulate growth, motility, differentiation, and morphogenesis. In development, the establishment of epithelial cell characteristics and organization is crucially dependent on cell adhesion and the formation of functional adherens junctions. The integrity of adherens junctions is frequently disturbed late in tumor progression, and the resulting loss of epithelial characteristics correlates with the metastatic potential of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Endothelin-1 increases expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and production of interlukin-8 in hunan pulmonary epithelial cells. AU - Peng, Hong. AU - Chen, Ping. AU - Cai, Ying. AU - Chen, Yan. AU - Wu, Qing hua. AU - Li, Yun. AU - Zhou, Rui. AU - Fang, Xiang. PY - 2008/3. Y1 - 2008/3. N2 - Inducible cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and inflammatory cytokines play important roles in inflammatory processes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Endothelin-1 (ET-1) might be also involved in the pathophysilogical processes in COPD. In the present study, we determined whether ET-1 could regulate the expression of COX-2 and alter the production of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in human pulmonary epithelial cells (A549). Induced sputum samples were collected from 13 stable COPD patients and 14 healthy subjects. The COX-2 protein, ET-1, PGE2 and IL-8 in these sputum samples were analyzed. A549 cells were incubated with ET-1 in the presence or absence of celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor. The ...
HIV-1 infections of women are mainly acquired through female reproductive tract where cervical and vaginal epithelial cells are the first line of defense. Although HIV-1 does not directly infect epithelial cells, HIV-1 obligatorily interacts with and crosses over epithelial layer to infect susceptible target cells, mainly CD4+ T cells, in the lamina propria to initiate an infection. However, the mechanism and ramification of the interaction of HIV-1 and epithelial cells in vaginal transmission of HIV-1 remain to be elucidated. We hypothesized that cervical epithelial cells are not a passive barrier, but actively respond to HIV-1 to change mucosal milieu and facilitate HIV-1 transmission. We tested this hypothesis by studying the responses of cervical epithelial cells to HIV-1 through profiling genome-wide transcription. We found 1) cervical epithelial cells actively respond to HIV-1. Five hundred forty-three transcripts/genes in cervical epithelial cells were significantly altered in expression ...
The secreted polypeptide transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) exerts its multiple activities through type I and II cell surface receptors. In epithelial cells, activation of the TGF-beta signal transduction pathways leads to inhibition of cell proliferation and an increase in extracellular matrix production. TGF-beta is widely expressed during development and its biological activity has been implicated in epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, e.g., in branching morphogenesis of the lung, kidney, and mammary gland, and in inductive events between mammary epithelium and stroma. In the present study, we investigated the effects of TGF-beta on mouse mammary epithelial cells in vitro. TGF-beta reversibly induced an alteration in the differentiation of normal mammary epithelial NMuMG cells from epithelial to fibroblastic phenotype. The change in cell morphology correlated with (a) decreased expression of the epithelial markers E-cadherin, ZO-1, and desmoplakin I and II; (b) increased expression ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Recognition of the neural chemoattractant netrin-1 by integrins α6β4 and α3β1 regulates epithelial cell adhesion and migration. AU - Yebra, Mayra. AU - Montgomery, Anthony M P. AU - Diaferia, Giuseppe R.. AU - Kaido, Thomas. AU - Silletti, Steve. AU - Perez, Brandon. AU - Just, Margaret L.. AU - Hildbrand, Simone. AU - Hurford, Rosemary. AU - Florkiewicz, Elin. AU - Tessier-Lavigne, Marc. AU - Cirulli, Vincenzo. PY - 2003/11. Y1 - 2003/11. N2 - Netrins, axon guidance cues in the CNS, have also been detected in epithelial tissues. In this study, using the embryonic pancreas as a model system, we show that Netrin-1 is expressed in a discrete population of epithelial cells, localizes to basal membranes, and specifically associates with elements of the extracellular matrix. We demonstrate that α6β4 integrin mediates pancreatic epithelial cell adhesion to Netrin-1, whereas recruitment of α6β4 and α3β1 regulate the migration of CK19+/PDX1+ putative pancreatic progenitors on ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - PRRX2 as a novel TGF-β-induced factor enhances invasion and migration in mammary epithelial cell and correlates with poor prognosis in breast cancer. AU - Juang, Yu Lin. AU - Jeng, Yung Ming. AU - Chen, Chi Long. AU - Lien, Huang Chun. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - TGF-β and cancer progression share a multifaceted relationship. Despite the knowledge of TGF-β biology in the development of cancer, several factors that mediate the cancer-promoting role of TGF-β continue to be identified. This study aimed to identify and characterise novel factors potentially related to TGF-β-mediated tumour aggression in breast cells. We treated the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF10A with TGF-β and identified TGF-β-dependent upregulation of PRRX2, the gene encoding paired-related homeobox 2 transcription factor. Overexpression of PRRX2 enhanced migration, invasion and anchorage-independent growth of MCF10A cells and induced partial epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), as determined by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - IL-17F-induced IL-11 release in bronchial epithelial cells via MSK1-CREB pathway. AU - Kawaguchi, Mio. AU - Fujita, Junichi. AU - Kokubu, Fumio. AU - Huang, Shau Ku. AU - Homma, Tetsuya. AU - Matsukura, Satoshi. AU - Adachi, Mitsuru. AU - Hizawa, Nobuyuki. PY - 2009/5/1. Y1 - 2009/5/1. N2 - IL-17F is involved in asthma, but its biological function and signaling pathway have not been fully elucidated. IL-11 is clearly expressed in the airway of patients with allergic airway diseases such as asthma and plays an important role in airway remodeling and inflammation. Therefore, we investigated the expression of IL-11 by IL-17F in bronchial epithelial cells. Bronchial epithelial cells were cultured in the presence or absence of IL-17F and/or Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-13) or various kinase inhibitors to analyze the expression of IL-11. Next, activation of mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase (MSK) 1 by IL-17F was investigated. Moreover, the effect of short interfering RNAs ...
Mammary epithelial cells culture model systems have identified a number of genes whose alterations are involved in mammary carcinoma cell line development..
TY - JOUR. T1 - Morphogenetic clonal growth of kidney epithelial cell line MDCK. AU - McAteer, James A.. AU - Evan, Andrew P.. AU - Gardner, Kenneth D.. PY - 1987/3. Y1 - 1987/3. N2 - MDCK (Madin-Darby canine kidney) cells were cultured either 1) dispersed within hydrated collagen gel (HCG) or 2) seeded atop a collagen substrate and then immediately overlaid with HCG. Individual cells exhibited clonal growth in three dimensions to form spherical cysts made up of a simple epithelium enclosing a fluid-filled lumen. The cells of MDCK cysts were polarized with the basolateral surface in contact with the collagen gel and the apical surface bordering the lumen. The ultrastructure of MDCK cysts showed similarities to distal nephron. The cells bore apical microvilli and solitary cilia and had occluding junctions and a simple basolateral surface. MDCK cysts increased in size (, 800 μm diameter) with continued culture. MDCK cysts grown between layers of HCG were stripped free of the overlying collagen to ...
The continued presence of bacterial and viral antigens in the lumen of the vagina coupled with the periodic presence of antigens in the lumena of the upper reproductive tract provide an ongoing challenge that can compromise female reproductive health and threaten life. Separating underlying tissues from luminal antigens, polarized epithelial cells of the cervix, uterus and Fallopian tubes have evolved to protect against potential pathogens. Once thought to function exclusively by providing a crucial barrier, mucosal epithelial cells are now known to function as sentinels that recognize antigens, respond in ways that lead to bacterial and viral killing, as well as signal to underlying immune cells when pathogenic challenge exceeds their protective capacity. Unique to epithelial cells of the female reproductive tract is the regulatory control of the female sex hormones. Acting both directly and indirectly through underlying stromal cells, estradiol and progesterone regulate epithelial cell innate ...
Diabetic Mouse Tracheal and Bronchial Epithelial Cells from Creative Bioarray are isolated from the tracheal and bronchial tissues of Diabetic (db/db) mice. Diabetic Mouse Stomach Epithelial Cells are grown in T25 tissue culture flasks pre-coated with gelatin-based coating solution for 2 min and incubated in Creative Bioarrays Culture Complete Growth Medium generally for 3-7 days. Cultures are then expanded. Prior to shipping, cells at passage 3 are detached from flasks and immediately cryo-preserved in vials. Each vial contains at least 0.5x10^6cells per ml. The method we use to isolate primary epithelial cells was developed based on a combination of established and our proprietary methods. Cells are incubated with EpCAM-1 (CD326) antibody, following the application of magnetic beads pre-coated with secondary antibody ...
Epithelial cells respond to growth factors including epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and insulin. Using high-content immunofluorescence microscopy, we quantitated differences in signaling networks downstream of EGF, which stimulated proliferation of mammary epithelial cells, and insulin or IGF-1, which enhanced the proliferative response to EGF but did not stimulate proliferation independently. We found that the abundance of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p21Cip1 and p57Kip2 increased in response to IGF-1 or insulin but decreased in response to EGF. Depletion of p57Kip2, but not p21Cip1, rendered IGF-1 or insulin sufficient to induce cellular proliferation in the absence of EGF. Signaling through the PI3K (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase)-Akt-mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway was necessary and sufficient for the increase in p57Kip2, whereas MEK [mitogen-activated or extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) kinase]-ERK activity ...
Compromised epithelial cell integrity is a common feature associated with chronic lung inflammatory states such as asthma. While epithelial cell damage is largely due to sustained effects of inflammatory mediators localized to airways, the subsequent process of epithelial cell differentiation is attributed to members of the transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase family called the ErbBs. MUC4, a large molecular weight membrane-bound glycoprotein, has recently been identified as a potential ligand for the ErbB-2 receptor. In this study, we investigated the possible role of interleukin-9 (IL-9), a Th2 cytokine, on MUC4 expression using a lung cancer cell line, NCI-H650. We determined that IL-9 up-regulates MUC4 expression in a time and concentration-dependent fashion. Nuclear run-on assays indicated transcriptional regulation of MUC4 while no post-transcriptional mRNA stabilization was observed by actinomycin D chase experiments. IL-9 also increased MUC4 glycoprotein expression as determined by ...
Intestinal transplantation (IT) remains highly experimental compared to other solid organ transplants because of poorly defined mechanisms of graft rejection. In this project, the role of luminal bacteria-derived endotoxin and inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-6, TNF-{dollar}\alpha){dollar} in intestinal epithelial damage during acute graft rejection was examined. In a novel mouse model of IT, the acute intestinal rejection was associated with elevated levels of endotoxin, IL-6, and TNF-{dollar}\alpha{dollar} in the peripheral blood. The progressive increase in endotoxin and TNF-{dollar}\alpha{dollar} levels correlated well with the histologic severity of epithelial damage. To further define the role of endotoxin and inflammatory cytokines on intestinal epithelial cells, several epithelial cell lines from the small intestine of BALB/c mice were established by transfection of primary cultured epithelial cells with pMK16 plasmid containing the origin-deficient simian virus 40 (SV40) DNA. One epithelial
According to the John Hopkins Lupus Center, the presence of squamous epithelial cells in a urine sample often indicates that the sample was contaminated. However, epithelial cells can also indicate...
Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint ...
Respiratory system epithelial cells and macrophages are the crucial natural resistant cells that play an essential function in the pathogenesis of influenza A pathogen infection. the lack of TNF- induction in L5D1 virus-challenged pigs, coincided with better cell loss of life and the decreased discharge of contagious pathogen from infected pig epithelial cells. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), a protein suppressor of the JAK-STAT pathway, was constitutively highly expressed and transcriptionally upregulated in H5N1 virus-infected pig epithelial cells and macrophages, in contrast to the corresponding human cells. The overexpression of SOCS3 in infected human macrophages dampened TNF- induction. In summary, we found that the reported low susceptibility of pigs to contemporary Eurasian HPAI H5N1 computer virus infections coincides at the level of innate immunity of respiratory epithelial cells and macrophages with a reduced output of viable computer virus and an attenuated ...
Inactivation of the ARF-p53 tumor suppressor pathway leads to immortalization of murine fibroblasts. The role of this pathway in immortalization of human epithelial cells is not clear. We analyzed the functionality of the p14(ARF)-p53 pathway in human mammary epithelial cells (MEC) immortalized by human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) E6, the p53 degradation-defective E6 mutant Y54D, or hTERT. E6-MEC or E6Y54D-MEC maintains high-level expression of p14(ARF). Late-passage hTERT-immortalized MEC express p53 but down-regulate p14(ARF). Enforced expression of p14(ARF) induces p53-dependent senescence in hTERT-MEC, while both E6-MEC and E6Y54D-MEC are resistant. We show that E6Y54D inhibits p14(ARF)-induced activation of p53 without inactivation of the p53-dependent DNA damage response. Hence, p53 degradation and inhibition of p14(ARF) signaling to p53 are independent functions of HPV16 E6. Our observations imply that long-term proliferation of MEC requires inactivation of the p14(ARF)-p53 pathway.
Interferons play a critical role in regulating both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Previous reports have shown increased levels of IFN-γ, IFN-γ-inducing IL-12 and IFN-γ-inducible chemokine IP-10 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study focuses on the regulation of the IP-10 secretion in co-cultures of lung epithelial cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). No IP-10 secretion was detected in cells cultured alone, whereas a significant increase in IP-10 levels was observed in epithelial cell/PBMC co-cultures. Furthermore, the results show that interactions between lung epithelial cells, lymphocytes and monocytes are needed for basal IP-10 secretion. Interestingly, we have also shown that incubation with IL-12 can induce an IFN-γ independent increase in IP-10 levels in co-cultures. Furthermore, inhibition studies supported the suggestion that different intracellular pathways are responsible of IFN-γ and IL-12 mediated IP-10 secretion.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Vectorial secretion of interleukin-8 mediates autocrine signalling in intestinal epithelial cells via apically located CXCR1. AU - Rossi, O.. AU - Karczewski, J.. AU - Stolte, E.H.. AU - Brummer, R.J.. AU - van Nieuwenhoven, M.A.. AU - Meijerink, M.. AU - van Neerven, R.J.J.. AU - van Ijzendoorn, S.C.. AU - van Baarlen, P.. AU - Wells, J.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - BackgroundIn the intestinal mucosa, several adaptations of TLR signalling have evolved to avoid chronic inflammatory responses to the presence of commensal microbes. Here we investigated whether polarized monolayers of intestinal epithelial cells might regulate inflammatory responses by secreting IL-8 in a vectorial fashion (i.e. apical versus basolateral) depending on the location of the TLR stimulus.ResultsIn the Caco-2 BBE model of polarized villus-like epithelium, apical stimulation with TLR2 and TLR5 ligands resulted in the apical secretion of IL-8. The CXCR1 receptor for IL-8 was expressed only on the apical ...
Act1/CIKS is an intracellular protein that has been shown to play an important role in mediating IL-17A and IL-25 signaling effects. Recently, defects in Act1 function and/or expression has been implicated in inflammatory disease, such as psoriatic arthritis and atopic dermatitis. We have found that the modulation of Act1 expression levels in human airway epithelial cells changes the expression levels of some genes, in the absence of cytokine stimulation. RNAseq is a powerful new technique to quantitatively measure changes at the transcriptome level. Here we describe the use of RNAseq to globally analyze the effects of modulating Act1 expression in human airway epithelial cells. ...
The p53 tumor suppressor protein has been implicated as a mediator of programmed cell death (PCD). A series of nontransformed mammary epithelial cell (MEC) lines were used to correlate p53 function with activation of PCD. Treatment of MECs expressing mutant, inactive, or no p53 with DNA-damaging agents did not induce apoptosis. Upon introduction of temperature-sensitive p53 into HC11 cells, which lack wild-type (wt) p53, PCD was observed after mitomycin treatment at 32 degrees, when the ts p53 protein is in wt conformation. Thus, wt p53 mediates activation of PCD in response to mitomycin in HC11 cells. Treatment of the MCF10-A cells, which express wt p53, with various DNA-damaging agents led to nuclear accumulation of p53. Only mitomycin treatment led to an increase in the number of apoptotic nuclei. ErbB-2-transformed MCF10-A cells responded to mitomycin, cisplatin, and 5-Fl-uracil, suggesting that signaling from activated ErbB-2 enhances the cells ability to respond to DNA damage. A ...
The underlying mechanisms of protein sorting in polarized epithelial cells are poorly understood. Several studies have determined membrane targeting of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) using epithelial cells such as Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Polarized epithelial cells are composed of apical and basolateral plasma membrane domains with specific protein compositions separated by tight junctions. Purinergic, muscarinic, and adrenergic receptors are a few examples of GPCRs that have been shown to localize to specific membranes in MDCK cells. The current work seeks to determine the differences in subcellular localization of the human prostaglandin E2 receptors. The EP receptors are all GPCRs, which differ in their second messenger pathways. The EP3 receptor is unique in that it has eight different isoforms that differ in the lengths of the carboxyl tail. The EP3 isoforms, as well as the EP2 and EP4 receptors, have distinct properties, including different agonist-induced ...
How is intestinal epithelial cells abbreviated? T84 stands for intestinal epithelial cells. T84 is defined as intestinal epithelial cells very rarely.
The kinetics of colorectal epithelial cell proliferation (CECP) have been found to be altered in patients at increased risk for colon cancer. Altered CECP kinetics include an increase within the colon crypts of the overall proportion of proliferating cells (labeling index; LI) and the proportion of proliferating cells that are in the upper 40% of the crypts (phi h). Use of CECP as a biomarker to measure effects of calcium interventions on the colon has been reported in five small uncontrolled clinical trials, nine small randomized placebo-controlled trials, and three full-scale randomized placebo-controlled trials. All five uncontrolled trials indicated substantial and significant decreases in proliferation. Of the nine small controlled trials, three found statistically significant decreases in the LI, and the remainder were inconclusive because of insufficient sample size. Of the three full-scale trials, one found a decrease in, or normalization of, the phi h but no effect on the LI; a second ...
Carriers of mutations in the cell cycle checkpoint protein kinase ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM), which represent 1-2% of the general population, have an increased risk of breast cancer. However, experimental evidence that ATM deficiency contributes to human breast carcinogenesis is lacking. We report here that in MCF-10A and MCF-12A cells, which are well established normal human mammary gland epithelial cell models, partial or almost complete stable ATM silencing or pharmacological inhibition resulted in cellular transformation, genomic instability, and formation of dysplastic lesions in NOD/SCID mice. These effects did not require the activity of exogenous DNA-damaging agents and were preceded by an unsuspected and striking increase in cell proliferation also observed in primary human mammary gland epithelial cells. Increased proliferation correlated with a dramatic, transient, and proteasome-dependent reduction of p21(WAF1/CIP1) and p27(KIP1) protein levels, whereas little or n
TY - JOUR. T1 - Signal transduction through CD16 in human conjunctival epithelial cells. AU - Fujihara, T.. AU - Takeuchi, T.. AU - Saito, K.. AU - Tsubota, K.. PY - 1996/2/15. Y1 - 1996/2/15. N2 - Purpose. Recently epithelial cells are considered to be involved in the regulation of immunological reactions. We examined whether three types of Fc gamma receptors including Fcg RI, II, III (CD64, CD32, CD16, respectively) were expressed in human conjunctival epithelial cells. Methods. Conjunctival epithelial cells were isolated from normal human volunteers by brush cytology. Human conjunctival epithelial cell line (ChWK) was also used for the following analysis. Expression of Fc gamma receptors on thses cells were analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence using a flow cytometry. To characterize Fc gamma receptor, biotin-labeled cells were lysed and immunoprecipitated, followed by SDS-PAGE, and blotting onto PVDF membrane. The signals were detected by ECL chemiluminescent system. Furthermore, ...
Multi-tilt EM tomogram of primary human small airway epithelial cell (SAEC) in interphase state. The tomogram refers to the SAEC in Figure 4 of the pu...
Small airway (airway diameter , 1-2 mm) inflammation is thought to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of asthma including airways hyper-responsiveness, spontaneous exacerbations of symptoms, and tissue remodeling [3]. Non-invasive markers of inflammation, such as NO gas in the exhaled breath, could assist in the management of airway inflammation, but the anatomical source remains unclear. Our study demonstrates that small airway epithelial cells can be differentiated at an air-liquid interface to express markers such as mucin and cilia. The differentiated epithelium produces a very small, but detectable, amount of NO gas at baseline. However, the production is significantly increased, due to the upregulation of iNOS, following exposure to soluble inflammatory mediators, most notably a combination of IL-1β, TNF-α and IFN-γ. As such, iNOS in the small airway epithelium is a probable source of NO in the exhaled breath of asthma.. Bronchioles are generally , 1 mm in diameter, are devoid of ...
We previously developed a model in which rabbit gall bladder epithelial cells in collagen gels proliferated and formed multicellular spherical cysts after 2 to 4 days. In the present study, we examined in depth the dynamic processes of loss and reestablishment of cell polarity of rabbit gallbladder epithelial cells isolated and cultured in collagen gel. Six hours after being place in culture, the isolated epithelial cells had lost the morphologic features and phenotypic markers inherent in the in vivo gallbladder mucosa, and autophagic vacuoles appeared transiently, reflecting epithelial cell injury, or remodelling, or both. After 12 hours, mucin dots appeared in clumps of epithelial cells and gradually became larger, and the epithelial cell clumps were transformed into multicellular cysts after 1 to 2 days. The luminal surfaces of the mucin dots (intracytoplasmic inclusions or small lumens sealed by several epithelial cells) and multicellular cysts were covered by microvilli and presented profiles of
Primary airway epithelial cell culture provides a valuable tool for studying cell differentiation, cell-cell interactions, and the role of immune system factors in asthma
The paired non-malignant and malignant African-American prostate epithelial cell lines RC-77 T/E and RC-77 N/E represent one of only a few cell lines derived from African-American prostate cancer patients [30]. E006AA, RC-165 N, and MDA-PCa 2a/2b are other African-American patient-derived cell lines. E006AA also has a highly tumorigenic derivative, E006AA-hT, and an associated stroma cell line, S006AA [27]. While the E006AA-hT model can be used to examine the differences between less and more highly tumorigenic cancers, it does not have a non-malignant paired epithelial cell line. The RC-165 N cell line is unique because it was derived from benign prostate tissue of an African-American male and was immortalized by telomerase [41]. This cell line is useful for understanding the functions of the androgen receptor in prostate epithelial cells. MDA-PCa 2a/2b cells are tumorigenic but differ in vivo and in vitro. These cell lines are a useful androgen sensitive model, but, unlike RC-77 cells, they do ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Airway epithelial cells modulate cholinergic neurotransmission in dog trachea. AU - Aizawa, H.. AU - Matsumoto, K.. AU - Shigyo, M.. AU - Inoue, H.. AU - Koto, H.. AU - Takata, S.. AU - Hara, N.. PY - 1994/7. Y1 - 1994/7. N2 - We investigated the effects of epithelial cells on excitatory cholinergic neurotransmission in dog trachea, to shed more light on the role of airway epithelial cells in regulating airway responsiveness. Airway epithelial cells were prepared by an enzymatic dissociation of the tracheal mucosa using protease-free collagenase. Tracheal smooth muscle contractions evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) or acetylcholine (ACh) were measured before and after the application of epithelial cells. Isolated and dispersed epithelial cells (3 × 105 cells/ml) suppressed the amplitude of the twitch-like contractions evoked by EFS in the combined presence of guanethidine sulfate (10-6m) and indomethacin (10-5m). In contrast, epithelial cells did not affect the ...
We have assessed the ability of Wnt-1, Wnt-2, Wnt-3, Wnt-3A, Wnt-4, Wnt-5A, Wnt-5B, Wnt-6, Wnt-7A, and Wnt-7B to transform mammary epithelial cells and found that Wnt-1, Wnt-2, Wnt-3 and Wnt-3A proteins transform mammary epithelial cells Wnt-7A and Wnt-7B proteins partially transform and Wnt-4, Wnt-5A, Wnt-5B, and Wnt-6 proteins does not affect mammary epithelial cells. Transformation correlated with Wnt-mediated increases in the cytosolic pool of beta-catenin. By generating chimeric Wnt proteins and Wnt-1 deletions we have defined regions of Wnt-1 that are critical for transformation potential, signal transduction and frzb association. We have demonstrated that a secreted protein, frzb, blocks Wnt signaling and that a cytosolic protein, fused, is a negative regulator of Wnt signaling in mammalian cells. Wnt-1 acts as a mitogen in cultured Rat-1 fibroblasts, allowing growth of cells in serum-free medium. Using the TAC-2 mammary epithelial cell line, we found that Wnt-1 induces branching morphogenesis of
In this work, the interaction between a rat cortical thymic epithelial cell (TEC) line (R-TNC.1) with nursing activity and thymocytes as well as BWRT 8 thymocyte hybridoma (TH) cells has been studied. The R-TNC.1 cell line significantly bound thymocytes and TH. Binding was stronger during the first 30 min of cell incubation and was followed by a progressive deadhesion. Among adherent thymocytes the proportion of apoptotic cells increased with culture time which was a consequence of higher capacity of the line for binding of apoptotic than viable cells and induction of apoptosis in a subset of adherent thymocytes. Emperiopolesis activity of this thymic nurse cell (TNC) line was manifested by engulfment of thymocytes as well as TH cells. A subset of viable intra-TNC thymocytes has been triggered to die by apoptosis, whereas other internalized thymocytes have been stimulated to proliferate, as measured by an increase in the percentage of cells in mitosis and higher incorporation of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU)
Influenza B viruses cause seasonal epidemics and are a considerable burden to public health. To understand their adaptation capability, we examined the genetic changes that occurred following 15 serial passages of two influenza B viruses, B/Brisbane/60/2008 and B/Victoria/504/2000, in human epithelial cells. Thirteen distinct amino acid mutations were found in the PB1, PA, hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA), and M proteins after serial passage in the human lung epithelial cell line, Calu-3, and normal human bronchial epithelial (NHBE) cells. These changes were associated with significantly decreased viral replication levels. Our results demonstrate that adaptation of influenza B viruses for growth in human airway epithelial cells is partially conferred by selection of HA1, NA, and polymerase mutations that regulate receptor specificity, functional compatibility with the HA protein, and polymerase activity, respectively ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Arginine Relieves the Inflammatory Response and Enhances the Casein Expression in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cells Induced by Lipopolysaccharide. AU - Wu, T.. AU - Wang, Chao. AU - Ding, L.. AU - Shen, Y.. AU - Cui, H.. AU - Wang, M.. AU - Wang, H.. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - © 2016 Tianyou Wu et al.As one of functional active amino acids, L-arginine holds a key position in immunity. However, the mechanism that arginine modulates cow mammary inflammatory response in ruminant is unclear. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effects of L-arginine on inflammatory response and casein expression after challenging the bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The cells were divided into four groups, stimulated with or without LPS (10 µg/mL) and treated with or without arginine (100 µg/mL) for 12 h. The concentration of proinflammatory cytokines, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and Toll-like ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evidence for active acetylcholine metabolism in human amniotic epithelial cells. T2 - Applicable to intracerebral allografting for neurologic disease. AU - Sakuragawa, Norio. AU - Misawa, Hidemi. AU - Ohsugi, Keiko. AU - Kakishita, Kouji. AU - Ishii, Takashi. AU - Thangavel, Ramasamy. AU - Tohyama, Jun. AU - Elwan, Mohamed. AU - Yokoyama, Yasunobu. AU - Okuda, Osamu. AU - Arai, Hajime. AU - Ogino, Ikuko. AU - Sato, Kiyoshi. PY - 1997/8/22. Y1 - 1997/8/22. N2 - Human amniotic epithelial (HAE) cells have been used for allotransplantation in patients with lysosomal storage disease due to lack of expression of HLA antigens. Previously, we have reported the expression of differentiation markers for both neural stem cells, and neuron and glial cells. In the present study, we investigated the presence of choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) and acetylcholine (ACh) in HAE cells using different experimental approaches. Cultured HAE cells showed strong immunoreactivity against ChAT antibody. ...
Stem cells of somatic tissues are hypothesized to protect themselves from mutation and cancer risk through a process of selective segregation of their template DNA strands during asymmetric division. Mouse mammary epithelium contains label-retaining epithelial cells that divide asymmetrically and retain their template DNA. Immunohistochemistry was used in murine mammary glands that had been labeled with [3H]thymidine during allometric growth to investigate the co-expression of DNA label retention and estrogen receptor (ER)-α or progesterone receptor (PR). Using the same methods, we investigated the co-localization of [3H]thymidine and ER-α or PR in mammary tissue from mice that had received treatment with estrogen, progesterone, and prolactin subsequent to a long chase period to identify label-retaining cells. Label-retaining epithelial cells (LRECs) comprised approximately 2.0% of the entire mammary epithelium. ER-α-positive and PR-positive cells represented about 30-40% of the LREC subpopulation.
Human Amniotic Epithelial Cell Lysate https://www.sciencepro.com.br/produtos/sc-7116 https://www.sciencepro.com.br/@@site-logo/logo-novo.png ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Exocytosis of vacuolar apical compartment (VAC) in Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells: CAMP is involved as second messenger. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Purpose: : Epithelial cells from several mucosal sites (including conjunctiva) have been shown to actively participate during inflammatory episodes by producing and secreting cytokines and chemokines. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern of cytokines/chemokine secretion from conjunctival epithelial cells under the effect of Th1 and Th2-type cytokines to further clarify the role of conjunctival epithelium in ocular surface inflammation. Methods: : IOBA-NHC (normal human conjunctival) epithelial cells were exposed to Th1- (IFN-γ and TNF-α) or Th2- (IL-4 and IL-13) derived cytokines for 48 h. Time dependency (30 min, 2 h and 24 h) of TNF-α induced cytokine/chemokine secretion was additionally studied. Cytokine/chemokine production was determined in supernatants by a 22-multiplex bead-based assay in a Luminex 100-IS. Additionally, eotaxin-2 and -3 production was analyzed with by ELISA. Results: : After 48 h of Th1 stimulation, cells produced high levels of IL-1α, IL-6, IL8, RANTES ...
Epithelial cells form sheets of cells, epithelia, that line the outer and inner surfaces of the body and constitute the building blocks for glandular tissues. Hence, epithelial cells are found in many parts of the body, including skin, airways, the digestive tract, glandular tissues and organs, as well as the urinary and reproductive systems. The wide range of functions of epithelial cells can be broadly divided into two main categories, being in charge of the transfer of compounds in or out of the body, as well as being a protective barrier against invading pathogens and physical, chemical or biological abrasion.. Transfer of compounds is a key process for glandular epithelial cells involved in absorption and secretion. The epithelial cells in the digestive system form vast surfaces to enable efficient absorption of the ingested food particles. The same food particles must be predigested into smaller constituents before they can be taken up by the absorptive epithelial cells, a process that is ...
The correct establishment and maintenance of cell polarity are crucial for normal cell physiology and tissue homeostasis. Conversely, loss of cell polarity, tissue disorganisation and excessive cell growth are hallmarks of cancer. In this review, we focus on identifying the stages of tumoural development that are affected by the loss or deregulation of epithelial cell polarity. Asymmetric division has recently emerged as a major regulatory mechanism that controls stem cell numbers and differentiation. Links between cell polarity and asymmetric cell division in the context of cancer will be examined. Apical-basal polarity and cell-cell adhesion are tightly interconnected. Hence, how loss of cell polarity in epithelial cells may promote epithelial mesenchymal transition and metastasis will also be discussed. Altogether, we present the argument that loss of epithelial cell polarity may have an important role in both the initiation of tumourigenesis and in later stages of tumour development, favouring the
Although approximately two-thirds of breast cancers are estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, only a small proportion of epithelial cells in the mammary gland express the ER. The origin of the ER-positive breast cancers is unknown. Recently, we have developed a culture method to grow two morphologically and antigenically distinguishable types of normal human breast epithelial cells (HBEC) derived from reduction mammoplasty. In this report, we studied the expression of ER in these two types of cells and their transformed cell lines. The results indicate that Type I HBEC with luminal and stem cell characteristics expressed a variant ER (approximately 48 kd) by Western blot analysis. This variant ER contains a deletion in the DNA binding domain (exon 2) as revealed by RT-PCR analysis. The lack of the DNA-binding domain of the variant ER was also confirmed by the ER-estrogen responsive element binding assay, as well as by the immunofluorescence staining of the ER using anti-ER antibodies which recognize ...
MatTeks Normal Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells (NHBE) provide an ideal serum-free culture system to study cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, drug
Interferonε (IFNε) is a unique type I IFN that has distinct functions from IFNα/β. IFNε is constitutively expressed at mucosal tissues, including the female genital mucosa, and is reported to be modulated by estrogen and seminal plasma. However, its regulation by cytokines, including TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17, IL-22 and IFNα, which are commonly present in the female genital mucosa, is not well documented in freshly isolated primary cervical cells from tissues. We determined the effect of these cytokines on gene expression of type I IFNs in an immortalized endocervical epithelial cell line (A2EN) and in primary cervical epithelial cells. Several pro-inflammatory cytokines were found to induce IFNε, and TNFα induced the strongest response in both cell types. Pretreatment of cells with the IκB inhibitor, which blocks the NF-κB pathway, suppressed TNFα-mediated IFNε gene induction and promoter activation. Expression of IFNα, IFNβ, and IFNε was differentially regulated in response to
ORCID: 0000-0001-7695-4538, Gong, Yiping, Liu, Xuefeng, Amersi, Farin et al (show 3 more authors) , Dang, Catherine, Giuliano, Armando E and Cui, Xiaojiang (2017) Characterization of primary human mammary epithelial cells isolated and propagated by conditional reprogrammed cell culture. Oncotarget, 9 (14). Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link. ...
Cortical (cTEC) and medullary (mTEC) thymic epithelial cells establish key microenvironments for T-cell differentiation and arise from thymic epithelial cell progenitors (TEP). However, the nature of TEPs and the mechanism controlling their stemness in the postnatal thymus remain poorly defined. Using TEC clonogenic assays as a surrogate to survey TEP activity, we found that a fraction of cTECs generates specialized clonal-derived colonies, which contain cells with sustained colony-forming capacity (ClonoTECs). These ClonoTECs are EpCAM+MHCII-Foxn1lo cells that lack traits of mature cTECs or mTECs but co-express stem-cell markers, including CD24 and Sca-1. Supportive of their progenitor identity, ClonoTECs reintegrate within native thymic microenvironments and generate cTECs or mTECs in vivo. Strikingly, the frequency of cTECs with the potential to generate ClonoTECs wanes between the postnatal and young adult immunocompetent thymus, but it is sustained in alymphoid Rag2-/-Il2rg-/- counterparts. ...
Free Online Library: Phosphorylation of p53 protein in A549 human pulmonary epithelial cells exposed to asbestos fibers. (Research). by Environmental Health Perspectives; Health, general Environmental issues
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Virulence factor-dependent basolateral invasion of choroid plexus epithelial cells by pathogenic Escherichia coli in vitro. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - HorB (HP0127) is a Gastric Epithelial Cell Adhesin. AU - Snelling, William J. AU - Moran, Anthony AU - Ryan, Kieran. AU - Scully, Paul. AU - McGourty, Kieran AU - Cooney, Jakki AU - Annuk, Heidi AU - OToole, Paul. PY - 2007/5/4. Y1 - 2007/5/4. N2 - Background: The Helicobacter pylori protein HorB (encoded by HP0127) is a member of a paralogous family that includes the adhesins BabA, AlpA, AlpB, and HopZ, which contribute to adhesion to gastric epithelial cells. Of the verified H. pylori porins, the HorB sequence is most similar to that of HopE, but the function of HorB is unknown. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of HorB in H. pylori gastric epithelial cell adhesion.Materials and methods: We disrupted the horB gene in H. pylori and measured the adhesion to gastric epithelial cells (AGS cells). We then assessed the effect that HorB disruption had on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) O‐chain production and Lewis x and Lewis y antigen expression. A HorB mutant in the ...
Looking for online definition of Epithelioid cells in the Medical Dictionary? Epithelioid cells explanation free. What is Epithelioid cells? Meaning of Epithelioid cells medical term. What does Epithelioid cells mean?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cyclooxygenase-2-mediated metabolism of arachidonic acid to 15-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid by rat intestinal epithelial cells. AU - Seon, Hwa Lee. AU - Rangiah, Kannan. AU - Williams, Michelle V.. AU - Wehr, Angela Y.. AU - DuBois, Raymond N.. AU - Blair, Ian A.. PY - 2007/11. Y1 - 2007/11. N2 - Rat intestinal epithelial cells mat permanently express the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) gene (RIES cells) were used to investigate COX-2-mediated arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. A targeted chiral lipidomics approach was employed to quantify AA metabolites that were secreted by the cells into the culture media. When intact RIES cells were treated with calcium ionophore A-23187 (1 μM) for 1 h, 11-(R)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (HETE) was the most abundant metabolite, followed by prostaglandin (PG) E2, 15-(S)-HETE, 15-oxo-eicosatetraenoic acid (ETE), and 15-(R)-HETE. Incubation for a further 23 h after the calcium ionophore was removed resulted in a substantial increase in PGE2 ...
The splicing-factor oncoprotein SRSF1 (also known as SF2/ASF or ASF/SF2) is upregulated in breast cancers. We investigated the ability of SRSF1 to transform human and mouse mammary epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro. SRSF1-overexpressing COMMA-1D cells formed tumors, following orthotopic transplantation to reconstitute the mammary gland. In three-dimensional (3D) culture, SRSF1-overexpressing MCF-10A cells formed larger acini than control cells, reflecting increased proliferation and delayed apoptosis during acinar morphogenesis. These effects required the first RNA-recognition motif and nuclear functions of SRSF1. SRSF1 overexpression promoted alternative splicing of BIM (also known as BCL2L11) and BIN1 to produce isoforms that lack pro-apoptotic functions and contribute to the phenotype. Finally, SRSF1 cooperated specifically with MYC to transform mammary epithelial cells, in part by potentiating eIF4E activation, and these cooperating oncogenes are significantly coexpressed in human breast ...
Purpose: Autologous serum (AS) eye drops offer a potential treatment alternative for non-healing corneal epithelial defects in clinical practice. In corneal epithelial cell cultures, fetal bovine serum (FBS) is often used to support the growth of the cells. The dose-dependent effect of AS and FBS on viability, migration and proliferation of human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) have not been specified yet. The purpose of this study was to analyse the concentration-dependent effects of AS and FBS on HCEC viability, migration and proliferation, in vitro.. Methods: First, AS was prepared from 13 patients according to the regulations of the LIONS Cornea Bank Saar-Lor-Lux, Trier/Westpfalz. HCECs were firstly cultured in DMEM/F12 with 5% FBS, 0.5% DMSO, 10 ng/mL human epidermal growth factor, 1% insulin-transferrin-selenium, then were incubated in serum media which was consisting of DMEM/F12 supplemented by 5%, 10%, 15% or 30% AS or FBS for 24 hours. Thereafter, HCEC viability was analysed using Cell ...
Increasing expression of the normal human CMR cDNA in cystic fibrosis epithelial cells results in a progressive increase in the level of CFTR protein expression, but a limit on the level of cAMP-Stimulated chloride secretion Academic Article ...
Epithelial cells are uniquely positioned at the interface between inside and outside of the organism, which makes them perfect candidates for initiating and orchestrating local immune responses. In addition to establishing which TLR receptors are expressed in primary nasal epithelial cells from healthy individuals, our data furthermore suggest that nasal epithelium has developed a delicate response system towards microbial exposures. Firstly, despite the presence of TLR4 and its prime co-stimulatory molecules CD14 and MD-2, nasal epithelium from healthy individuals does not respond to LPS. As the nasal mucosa is constantly exposed to high concentrations of endotoxin, this unresponsiveness could provide a mechanism to dampen the inflammatory response in the nasal mucosa in order to avoid a chronic inflammatory response. Secondly, levels of TLR expression in individuals varies strongly, to the extent that some individuals not express TLRs that others do. Thirdly, not only are the expression levels ...
Kazantseva, M., Cooney, D., & Hickey, A. (2002). Development of a lung model utilizing human alveolar epithelial cells for evaluating aerosol drug delivery. In Respiratory Drug Delivery VIII (pp. 707 - 710). Raleigh, NC: Davis Horwood International Publishing, Ltd ...
HLA-DR+ gut epithelial cells may present antigen to intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL). This study aimed to isolate an IEL population from the human colon to activate CD3 + IEL by a human colonic epithelial cell line (HT-29), bearing different concentrations of class II antigen (HLA-DR). IEL were isolated by a mechanical method from six patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and from 14 control patients. IEL were cocultured with HT-29 which had been induced to express class II molecules by gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) in a dose dependent manner. The phenotype and the subsequent expression of activation markers by the IEL were determined to two colour flow cytometry. The IEL population had a CD4/CD8 ratio similar to that seen in tissue sections. In the mixed cell culture, the degree of IEL activation showed a positive correlation with the degree of HLA-DR expression by the HT29 cells and the IEL secreted a IFN-gamma like factor that in turn stimulated the HT-29. Thus, depending on their expression of HLA
The thymus constitutes the primary lymphoid organ responsible for the generation of naive T cells. Its stromal compartment is largely composed of a scaffold of different subsets of epithelial cells that provide soluble and membrane-bound molecules essential for thymocyte maturation and selection. With senescence, a steady decline in the thymic output of T cells has been observed. Numeric and qualitative changes in the stromal compartment of the thymus resulting in reduced thymopoietic capacity have been suggested to account for this physiologic process. The precise cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying thymic senescence are, however, only incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrate that TGF-beta signaling in thymic epithelial cells exerts a direct influence on the cells capacity to support thymopoiesis in the aged mouse as the physiologic process of thymic senescence is mitigated in mice deficient for the expression of TGF-beta RII on thymic epithelial cells. Moreover, TGF-beta signaling in