The dementia epidemiology research group conducts research relating to cognitive function and dementia in aging populations throughout the United States. A primary focus is determining predictors and outcomes of cognitive decline and dementia in older adults. This is particularly important in a population where the lifetime risk of dementia ranges from 20% for men to 33% for women, with even higher lifetime risks for milder forms of cognitive impairment.. With primary research goals of understanding the mechanisms that cause cognitive decline, identifying novel risk factors for cognitive impairment, and looking for strategies to prevent and treat cognitive disorders, the group works to improve the outlook of cognitive aging. An additional focus of our group is conceptualization and characterization of Healthy Brain Aging.. Some of our current funded research projects include:. ...
Nested case-control (NCC) design is a cost-effective sampling method to study the relationship between a disease and its risk factors in large epidemiologic studies. It inherits advantages from both retrospective case-control design and prospective cohort design. In this talk, I will start with a brief overview of the Cox proportional hazards model for the analysis of NCC data. Then I will discuss some practical issues encountered from our collaborative NCC studies and present some recent developments in methodology for NCC data analysis. Numerical simulation studies and real data applications are used to illustrate the proposed methods. ...
PRAGUE -- The first-ever large epidemiologic study of cutaneous appendageal carcinomas revealed a major increase in incidence, National Cancer Institute researchers concluded.
There are several different ways we think that hearing loss can be related to cognitive decline and dementia. The most intuitive reason for a lot of people is that its just some type of common cause-aging, for instance, or some type of common neurodegenerative process between the ear and the brain, or maybe things like hypertension and diabetes, conditions that cause small-vessel disease. We dont think its only that though, mainly because in these very large epidemiologic studies, when we controlled and adjusted for all those factors, were still seeing a very, very strong association between hearing loss and dementia. We think its unlikely that thats explaining away the entire effect, so its not just purely correlation ...
OPHGs Population-based epidemiologic studies are the basis for estimating the absolute, relative, and attributable risks that gauge the effects of genomic factors on the health of individuals and populations.
Our studies focus on the causes of cancer, cancer prevention, factors associated with cancer survival, and the effects of cancer on the quality of life.
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They contain primary & secondary literature: articles that describe experiments of various kinds (primary literature) or studies that look at a group of experiments to see if there is broad support for the results of individual studies (secondary literature ...
This course will focus on epidemiologic methods - primarily methods used in observational studies, cohort studies, case-control studies and randomized controlled trials. With respect to cohort studies, topics covered include cohort identification, ascertainment of exposure status, follow-up of cohort members, measuring outcomes, sources of bias and interpretational issues. Case-control topics include issues around defining cases and controls, control of confounding, and sources of bias/systematic error. Topics around randomized trials include randomization procedures, defining and assembling treatment/intervention arms, selecting study subjects and approaches to data collection. Other topics covered in this course include surveillance and ecologic studies. Pros and cons of all study designs will be discussed, in part through readings of published papers. Fundamentals of data analysis will also be addressed, but a detailed discussion is reserved for Epidemiology Research II.
Description: Epid 601 is a comprehensive course in the basic concepts, principles, and methods of population-based epidemiologic research, which serves as a foundation for subsequent courses in epidemiology, biomedical research, and quantitative methods. Class topics expand on those covered in Epid 600. Emphasis is given to study design, quantitative measures, statistical analysis, data quality, sources of bias, and causal inference. The general approach of this course is both theoretical and quantitative, focusing on the investigation of disease etiology and other causal relations in public health and medicine ...
Filtrado por: Department Epidemiology Eliminar la restricciónDepartment: Epidemiology Research Field Health Sciences, Medicine and Surgery Eliminar la restricciónResearch Field: Health Sciences, Medicine and Surgery School Rollins School of Public Health Eliminar la restricciónSchool: Rollins School of Public Health ...
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Background: Previous US population-based epidemiologic studies of anaphylactic deaths have been limited by small populations and/or few deaths. The objective of this study was to determine the 10-year incidence of death from anaphylaxis in Florida and its descriptive epidemiology.. Methods: Patients who died from anaphylaxis from 1996 to 2005 were identified from ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes on death certificates statewide. Age, race and gender-specific anaphylactic death rates were calculated.. Results: There were 89 deaths among Florida residents. The individuals with autopsy confirmed diagnoses, and those with clinical diagnoses only, did not differ with regard to race, anaphylactic triggers or the clinical variables of lung and heart disease. Annual death rate for anaphylaxis in Florida was 5.02/10 000 000. The relative risk of death from anaphylaxis was 14.09 for individuals ≥65 years old (P = 0.0000002) and 6.38 for individuals 35-64 years old (P = 0.0019) compared with those who were 5-14 ...
CONCLUSION: The tophus represents a complex and organized chronic inflammatory tissue response to monosodium urate monohydrate crystals involving both innate and adaptive immune cells. The coexpression of IL-1beta and TGFbeta1 suggests that both proinflammatory and antiinflammatory factors present within the tophus contribute to a cycle of chronic inflammation, attempted resolution, and tissue remodeling.. Large Epidemiologic Studies of Gout: Challenges in Diagnosis and Diagnostic Criteria. Curr Rheumatol Rep.2010 Dec 17.. Large epidemiologic studies of gout can improve insight into the etiology, pathology, impact, and management of the disease. Identification of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals is considered the gold standard for diagnosis, but its application is often not possible in large studies. Therefore, under such circumstances, several proxy approaches are used to classify patients as having gout, including ICD coding in several types of databases or questionnaires that are usually ...
CONCLUSION: The tophus represents a complex and organized chronic inflammatory tissue response to monosodium urate monohydrate crystals involving both innate and adaptive immune cells. The coexpression of IL-1beta and TGFbeta1 suggests that both proinflammatory and antiinflammatory factors present within the tophus contribute to a cycle of chronic inflammation, attempted resolution, and tissue remodeling.. Large Epidemiologic Studies of Gout: Challenges in Diagnosis and Diagnostic Criteria. Curr Rheumatol Rep.2010 Dec 17.. Large epidemiologic studies of gout can improve insight into the etiology, pathology, impact, and management of the disease. Identification of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals is considered the gold standard for diagnosis, but its application is often not possible in large studies. Therefore, under such circumstances, several proxy approaches are used to classify patients as having gout, including ICD coding in several types of databases or questionnaires that are usually ...
Hartge1 emphasizes the issues related to response in population-based epidemiologic studies. She notes that epidemiologists do not always document response rates in their publications and that, when available, these rates have declined, particularly among potential control subjects being recruited into case-control studies. In fact, a critical and challenging aspect of population-based case-control study designs is how to develop a scientifically sound and cost-effective method for identifying and enrolling control subjects.. Care must be taken to define the studys population base when developing the approach for control identification. Ideally, this base is the population that spawned the case subjects. Should any member of the control population be diagnosed with the disease under study, it must be guaranteed that the individual would be identified as a member of the case group. The defined population base will depend on the source of case subjects: medical practices or hospitals, health ...
The NIDA-funded Drug Dependence Epidemiology Training (DDET) Program is designed to increase the number and quality of expert drug dependence epidemiologists, with special focus on HIV and advanced statistical methods to the design and analysis of epidemiologic study. DDET has trainees at the pre-doctoral and post-doctoral levels.. The training program capitalizes on the interdisciplinary resources at Johns Hopkins University and involves collaborations with outside institutions to provide trainees with the skills and experiences needed to lead multi-disciplinary research. Trainees achieve this through a rigorous program of coursework, research apprenticeships, and integrative activities that provide a solid foundation in the area of drug dependence epidemiology. ...
The MBI Al Jaber Foundation has announced a significant donation towards the construction of a new research facility at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) that will have a focus on epidemiology and infectious diseases.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major neoplasm worldwide (1), and its prevalence and mortality have been increasing (2). A paradigm shift from surveillance for early detection of cancer or adenomas (polypectomy) to new preventive strategies, including chemoprevention, is needed to lower the burden of this disease. Several large epidemiologic and/or clinical studies have evaluated the possible effects of more than 200 agents, including fiber, calcium, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs including aspirin and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, in protecting against CRC development (3). Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, especially COX-2 inhibitors alone or in combination, have shown the most promise for CRC risk reduction (4), but reports have revealed an increased risk of serious cardiovascular events associated with COX-2 inhibitor use (5, 6). In light of the adverse cardiovascular effects of otherwise effective COX-2 inhibitors and ineffective clinical results with other agents ...
Lynne Messer teaches across the educational spectrum, from undergraduate epidemiology, masters level womens health, masters and doctoral health and social inequalities, and doctoral research methods. Her research explores the intersection of social-environmental justice and residential segregation in exacerbating maternal and child health disparities among vulnerable populations. Her early work focused on better characterizing the built and social environments for population-based epidemiologic disparities research. Her later work incorporated other non-social area-level exposures, including air pollution and environmental contaminants, for maternal and child health. In her current work, she seeks to integrate these related environmental factors with research on fetal development and intergenerational transmission to understand the potential for fetal priming to explain the persistence of health disparities among vulnerable subpopulations. Education, Degrees B.S., University of Oregon, Community
A review of epidemiological studies on workers exposed to low doses of ionizing radiation is proposed. Method: Workers included are radiologists and radiological technologists, miners, air flight attendants and nuclear industry workers. Studies were listed through medline data base (National Library of Medicine) without restriction on date of publication. Results: Radiologists and radiological technologists were among the first to be occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation. Excesses of leukemia, lung and skin cancer were observed for older registration years. For more recent years, epidemiological data lack sufficient statistical power to conclude. Among uranium miners, the lung cancer dose-effect relationship is well established. Effect modifiers have also been observed: decreases in the effect with time since exposure and age at exposure. An increase with the fractionation of dose is also strongly suspected. Excesses of malignant melanomas and breast cancers were observed among airflight ...
Redundant causation from a sufficient cause perspective. Gatto, Nicolle M.; Campbell, Ulka B. // Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations;2010, Vol. 7, p5 Sufficient causes of disease are redundant when an individual acquires the components of two or more sufficient causes. In this circumstance, the individual still would have become diseased even if one of the sufficient causes had not been acquired. In the context of a study, when any... ...
All members are invited to the annual Epidemiology Research Interest Section meeting! At this years meeting, we will showcase young investigator work with a poster competition. Our agenda will include a brainstorming symposium and section ideas for the 2015 meeting and a brief business affairs meeting, bookended by socializing and informal mentoring. The purpose of the Epidemiology Section is to provide a forum to increase collaboration and networking among obesity Epidemiology researchers, early career investigators, interested TOS members and to facilitate the dissemination of knowledge to the scientific community, public policy stake holders, and the public. The Epidemiology Section would like to thank all of those who made generous contributions to make this event possible.. We look forward to meeting you! ...
What sparked your decision to become an epidemiologist?. In the early years of my PhD study, I was a research assistant doing data collection in the field for a formative research study as part of the National Childrens Study. One day during the study interview, the mother of a 4-year old who was born preterm expressed her great anxiety and concern regarding her sons health and development because she was once told by others her son might fall behind his peers. She was desperate to know more about the potential adverse impact of preterm birth and approaches to mitigating such risk. That moment certainly sparkled my interest in learning more about developmental origins of disease and life course epidemiology.. What kind of research are you doing and why do you think its important?. My overarching research interests center on the DOHaD hypothesis and identifying potentially modifiable early life factors to improve womens reproductive outcomes and offspring health outcomes throughout the life ...
In this study, we evaluated the effects of SNPs in pre-miRNA on the clinical outcomes of a Chinese CRC population. We found that 2 SNPs, rs6505162 in pre-miR-423 and rs4919510 in pre-miR-608, were significantly associated with altered overall survival and recurrence-free survival of the patients. In addition, joint effects of the 2 SNPs on CRC outcome were observed, especially in patients treated with chemotherapy.. Genetic polymorphisms in pre-miRNA genomic regions have been associated with the risk and clinical outcomes of various solid malignancies such as cancers of breast, prostate, lung, bladder, esophagus, and kidney (18, 21, 31, 33, 35-37). In addition, a few studies also reported the implications of pre-miRNA SNPs in the risk of CRC (38, 39). However, it remains to be determined whether these SNPs affect the clinical outcome of CRC patients. The only previously reported epidemiologic study on miRNA-related SNPs was conducted by Lee and colleagues, who did not identify any significant ...
The burden of COVID-19 among Black and Latinx individuals may be greater than reported. See Use of Population Data to Assess Inequities in COVID-19 Deaths by Race/Ethnicity Reported by the CDC https://t.co/s01tkDkBqv via @JAMANetworkOpen part of @JAMANetwork ...
Critics dismiss some theistic arguments as "god of the gaps", however, in the case of these three "enduring gaps" -- great phrase, Doug! -- it is not what we dont know, it is what we do know. Everything that begins to exist must have a sufficient cause and reason -- and the only sufficient explanatory cause for "us" is God ...
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multifactorial complex disease with both genetic and environmental factors contributing to the etiology of this severe disease. Fir...
This study room provides a general overview and introduction to the Cornell-China-Oxford project. The project is a large and comprehensive epidemiologic study designed to explore and investigate the relationship between diet and disease.
Background: Elevated levels of circulating estrogens are linked to breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women; however, little is known about the importance of patterns of estrogen metabolism and the role of specific estrogen metabolites (EM). Estrogen metabolism entails hydroxylation at sites C2, C4 or C-16, and conjugation (predominantly via methylation, sulfation or glucuronidation). Recent research, primarily laboratory studies, has focused on the possible carcinogenic role for 4-hydroxyestrogens (4-hydroxyestrone (4-OHE1) and 4-hydroxyestradiol (4-OHE2)) and 16-alpha-hydroxyestrone (16 - OHE1), and an anti-carcinogenic role for 2-methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2). Further, the catechol estrogen 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OHE1) has been postulated to be either weakly estrogenic or antiestrogenic. The recent development of sophisticated laboratory methods to measure these metabolites in sera from large epidemiologic studies may provide clues to breast carcinogenesis and potentially help identify women ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Surveillance for Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Recommendations from a National Workshop. AU - Raskob, Gary E.. AU - Silverstein, Roy. AU - Bratzler, Dale W.. AU - Heit, John A.. AU - White, Richard H. PY - 2010/4. Y1 - 2010/4. N2 - Abstract: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), known collectively as venous thromboembolism (VTE), affect an estimated 900,000 people in the U.S. each year, resulting in several hundred thousand hospitalizations and about 300,000 deaths. Despite this substantial public health burden, no systematic collection of VTE-related morbidity and mortality data exists in the U.S. The available information about disease prevalence and incidence consists of estimates based mainly on population-based epidemiologic studies and analysis of hospital discharge or health insurance claims databases. The limited scope of the available data has raised the question of whether a systematic surveillance system for VTE should be established. ...
Oil and Gas Development and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Evidence from San Joaquin Valley, California. Characterizing the Epidemiologic Profile of Women of Reproductive Age Living with Rheumatic Heart Disease in Uganda. Predicting survival for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma using a multicenter consortium ...
In the context of epidemiologic transition and disease prevention, it is important to be able to assess the scope of existing CVD, but there is a lack of systematic monitoring of CVD morbidity and mortality in Tunisia and in most of the developing world. In Tunisia, the only available population-based epidemiologic data is a profile of CVD risk factors (22-24). In 1996, we conducted an epidemiological survey of a representative household sample (n = 957) of the adult urban population in Sousse. The objectives of the study were 1) to estimate the prevalence of the primary CVD risk factors in an urban context and 2) to collect data that would serve as a baseline for assessing future trends in risk factors. We observed a high prevalence (18.8%) of hypertension (blood pressure greater than 160/95 mm Hg); 28.8% had blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg. Of the survey participants, 10.2% had a history of diabetes and 27.7% were obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥30), with a significantly higher rate ...
Filtrado por: Committee Goswami, Neela , Emory University Eliminar la restricciónCommittee: Goswami, Neela , Emory University Year 2017 Eliminar la restricciónYear: 2017 Keyword Tuberculosis Eliminar la restricciónKeyword: Tuberculosis Keyword TNF Eliminar la restricciónKeyword: TNF Research Field Health Sciences, Epidemiology Eliminar la restricciónResearch Field: Health Sciences, Epidemiology Research Field Health Sciences, Public Health Eliminar la restricciónResearch Field: Health Sciences, Public Health School Rollins School of Public Health Eliminar la restricciónSchool: Rollins School of Public Health ...
Epidemiologic Research Designs. Ramon Jason M. Javier, M.D., D.P.A.F.P. Department of Preventive and Community Medicine College of Medicine U.E.R.M.M.M.C.I. Objectives. To define epidemiology and differentiate the two main categories of epidemiologic work. Slideshow 807102 by ely
The latest Flu data, fresh from the excellent Epidemiology Research Unit, Communicable Diseases Branch, Queensland Health, shows the usual post-winter spike (shoulder) in Flu cases and the subsequent plunge thanks to a week of fewer confirmed Flu cases. The report also shows that FluB strains have increased in percentage to 43% of all the detection…
The Sequencing Strategies for Population and Cancer Epidemiology Studies (SeqSPACE) Webinar Series provides an opportunity for our grantees and other interested individuals to share lessons learned and practical information regarding the application of next generation sequencing to cancer epidemiology studies.
An Epidemiologic Study on Basal Cell Carcinoma and its Related Risk Factors in Patients Referred to Razi Hospital Tumor Clinic in Autumn 2005- ...
Loftfield, Erikka et al "Comparison of Collection Methods for Fecal Samples for Discovery Metabolomics in Epidemiologic Studies." Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers 25.11 (2016): 1483-1490. Web. 16 Dec. 2017. ...
Clinical conditions associated with environmental exposures: an epidemiologic study in two communities in Juana Diaz, Puerto Rico
Hankin, J.H.; Stallones, R.A.; Messinger, H.B., 1968: A short dietary method for epidemiologic studies. 3. Development of questionnaire
... is dedicated to increasing understanding about cancer causes, prevention and control. The scope of the journal embraces all...
Find great deals for Cancer Epidemiology: 2009: Volume 2: Modifiable Factors by Humana Press Inc. (Hardback, 2008). Shop with confidence on eBay!
The universe had a beginning and demands a sufficient cause, which must be eternal and therefore non-material, incredibly powerful and intelligent, aka God as described in the Bible.
Atieh Rahmati, Ramin Shakeri, Hooman Khademi, Hossein Poutschi, Akram Pourshams, Arash Etemadi, Masoud Khoshnia, Amir Ali Sohrabpour, Ali Aliasgari, Elham Jafari, Farhad Islami, Shahryar Semnani, Abdolsamad Gharravi, Christian C Abnet, Paul D P Pharoah, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Sanford M Dawsey, Reza Malekzadeh, Farin Kamangar ...
Thrusfield, M. V., 1986: Epidemiological studies using computerized data bases iii. examples of epidemiological studies using computerized data bases
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Mocroft A, Lundgren JD, Sabin ML, Monforte Ad, Brockmeyer N, Casabona J, Castagna A, Costagliola D, Dabis F, De Wit S, Fätkenheuer G, Furrer H, Johnson AM, Lazanas MK, Leport C, Moreno S, Obel N, Post FA, Reekie J, Reiss P, Sabin C, Skaletz-Rorowski A, Suarez-Lozano I, Torti C, Warszawski J, Zangerle R, Fabre-Colin C, Kjaer J, Chene G, Grarup J, Kirk O; Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) study in EuroCoord ...
Compare major epidemiologic study designs including strengths and weaknesses of each and issues of interpretation of each including bias and confounding ...
Abstract: Measuring human exposures to ambient air pollutants is challenging, particularly in large epidemiologic studies in which direct monitoring is not feasible. Thus, several exposure estimation methods, including land use regression and Kriging, have been developed to estimate individual exposures within urban areas. A major limitation of these methods is their use of residential address to estimate exposures. Because of the variation in air pollutant concentrations within an urban area, a residential exposure may differ substantially from exposures experienced while away from home.. We are developing an innovative, feasible and cost-effective method to measure time-activity data, i.e. human movement over time, and incorporate these data into current residence-based methods of air pollutant exposure estimation. We will use cellphones equipped with global positioning system (GPS) to measure the daily movements of 40 cellphone-using volunteers in western New York for a period of three ...
BACKGROUND:. Venous thromboembolism, comprising deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Nevertheless, no comprehensive, prospective, population-based epidemiologic studies have simultaneously examined lifestyle, molecular, and biochemical risk factors for this important disease.. DESIGN NARRATIVE:. Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism cases were identified and verified in order to estimate incident rates of hospitalized venous thromboembolism in the combined ARIC and CHS cohorts. The association of venous thromboembolism was determined prospectively with demographic and lifestyle factors, plasma lipids, medical history, and hemostatic components (including fibrinogen, platelet count, factors VIIc and VIIIc) using existing ARIC and CHS data. A nested case control study was conducted using stored pre-diagnosis blood and DNA specimens to determine the prospective associations of venous thromboembolism ...
Public elementary and secondary school students; suspension and expulsion; sufficient cause. Provides that in no case shall sufficient cause for the suspension or expulsion of a student from attendance at a public elementary or secondary school include only instances of truancy or nonviolent behavior. Current law provides that in no cases may sufficient cause for suspensions include only instances of truancy.
General field of research: osteoarthritis, gout, pain mechanisms, epidemiology of musculoskeletal/rheumatic diseases. Summary of research interests: Dr. Neogi is internationally recognized for her expertise in the epidemiology and management of osteoarthritis, mechanisms of osteoarthritis-related pain, risk factors and management of gout, and classification criteria and outcome measures for various rheumatic diseases. She serves on numerous scientific organizations and committees, and has received awards for her research. Additionally, Dr. Neogi has an active NIH-funded research program, mentors numerous trainees and junior faculty, and is involved in teaching students and trainees.. Keywords: rheumatology, epidemiology, osteoarthritis, gout, methodology, classification criteria, outcome measures. ...
PubMed journal article The HFE Cys282Tyr mutation as a necessary but not sufficient cause of clinical hereditary hemochromatosi were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone or iPad.
Principal Investigator:TSUJI Ichiro, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Public health/Health science
Epidemiology Research International is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of epidemiology.
Nutritional Epidemiology 9780199754038 by Willett, Walter. Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc. FREE shipping to most Australian states.
LetPub整理了最新的CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION 影响因子,期刊投稿经验, Impact Factor(IF),期刊官方投稿网址,审稿周期/时间,研究方向,SCI期刊分区,中国作者发表的文章等信息, 以供中国作者投稿前参考。
LUNET, Nuno. Epidemiological studies are like cherries, one draws another. Gac Sanit [online]. 2009, vol.23, n.5, pp.479-482. ISSN 0213-9111.. The proverb "Words are like cherries", meaning that when you start talking subjects pop up and you end up with long conversations, just like cherries coming out of the plate in chains when you pick one, may also be applied to epidemiological research. A sequence of epidemiological studies, each being drawn from the previous, is presented as an example of how each investigation may raise new questions to be addressed in following studies. This description stresses the need for appropriate planning and the usefulness of pilot testing to depict inadequacies that can hardly be anticipated without field work. I intend to illustrate how epidemiological research can provide a deep approach to research questions, as long as findings are properly interpreted and suboptimal methodological options are taken into account in future investigations.. Keywords : ...
This course covers the essential concepts, principles, and methods of epidemiologic research. Content includes key features of descriptive and analytic epidemiology, measures of risk, measures of association, causal inferences, and study designs. The course will emphasize application of the principles and methods in reviewing and using epidemiologic knowledge and research findings and in guiding practice and research. (COM HL SYS ...
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details ...
Re. Härmä M, Ropponen A, Hakola T, Koskinen A, Vanttola P, Puttonen S, Sallinen M, Salo P, Oksanen T, Pentti J, Vahtera J, Kivimäki M. Developing register-based measures for assessment of working time patterns for epidemiologic studies. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2015;41(3):268-279. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.3492 ...
This book provides a practical guide to the understanding, interpretation, and application of the principles of nutritional epidemiology, set in the context of public health nutrition. Relating dietary and nutritional exposures to health outcomes requires a rigorous approach to measurement of both the key exposure and outcome variables of interest and also the associated measurement errors. Moreover, the analysis of such data requires appropriate statistical approaches that take into account sampling, measurement techniques, and the role of confounders in the context of specific study designs. The first part of the book brings a practical focus to the scientific concepts underlying study design with emphasis on design, planning, and evaluation of nutritional epidemiological studies; issues of sampling, sample size and power; and an understanding of the impact of measurement error, with practical remedies. The second part deals with the problems of measurement and interpretation of a variety of variables
By helping to develop local expertise in cancer epidemiology and strengthening research institutions through international collaborations, IARC aims to enhance cancer prevention. Ideal candidates are epidemiologists, statisticians, physicians and oncologists, public health specialists and others with a direct interest in working in cancer epidemiology or registration, particularly in low- and medium-resource countries.. The programme aims to provide training for personnel at all levels of experience, leaders in research as well as supporting workers. Participants will be accepted from any institution or group involved in cancer monitoring, in the evaluation of care practices and preventive interventions, or in etiological research. Programme: The Summer School is organized in modules. All lectures are complemented with practical sessions and group work. Lecturers will be a combination of external invited specialists and IARC scientists.. Two modules will be held from 17 June to 5 July. The first ...
Here you can find the schedule of the first two years of the online master specialisation Nutritional Epidemiology and Public Health. During these years you will follow all the courses online (including exams) and visit the campus once to get some practical knowledge. Click on the image to enlarge the schedule or download it as a PDF-file by clicking on the link below.
The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to ... More. The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to accurately measure a wide range of exposures (risk factors) in epidemiology, including demographic, anthropometric, nutritional, medical, reproductive, genetic, metabolic, and environmental factors. It covers the methods and quality control approaches for the most commonly used data collection methods in epidemiology, including personal interviews, self administered questionnaires, abstraction of records, keeping of dairies, measurements in blood and other body products, and measurements of the environment. The emphasis is on general methods and examples, but not on detailed reviews of the measurement ...
Anokute CC. Epidemiologic studies of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia--Part I--Screening of 3158 males in King Saud University. J R Soc Health. 1990; 110(6): 201-3 ...
[Epidemiologic study of symptoms of minimal brain dysfunction: problems in quantitative evaluation].: The paper deals with problems arising during processing of
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your report in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention format for free.
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NIH Funding Opportunities and Notices in the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts: Mitochondria in Cancer Epidemiology, Detection, Diagnosis and Prognosis (R21) PA-08-144. NCI
Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention by David Schottenfeld, 9780195149616, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
This text is intended for those who wish to understand the complex relationships between diet and risks of important diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular disease. It is aimed both at researchers engaged in the unraveling of these complex relationships and at readers of the rapidly multiplying and often confusing scholarly literature on the subject.
From "Preparing for the Final: Getting to Know the Paper", by Katherine Hartmann, M.D., Ph.D., EPID 168 lab instructor, 1997 (currently Director, North Carolina Program for Womens Health Research, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research). Minor edits and formatting by Victor Schoenbach, 3/18/2001.. ...
From "Preparing for the Final: Getting to Know the Paper", by Katherine Hartmann, M.D., Ph.D., EPID 168 lab instructor, 1997 (currently Director, North Carolina Program for Womens Health Research, Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research). Minor edits and formatting by Victor Schoenbach, 3/18/2001.. ...
Epidemiological Study on ,I,Chlamydia trachomatis,/I, Infection in Pregnant Housewives and Investigation on Its Influence on Outcome of Pregnancy and on Their Newborns (1990 ...
The Epidemiology (EPI) Program is one of the founding programs at the University of Hawaii Cancer Center (UHCC), and currently composed of 11 full members and...
the_late_famed_evolutionary_biologist_ernst_mayrs_theory_of_genetic_revolution_introduced_in_1954_remains_controversial_to_this_day_and_has_many_detractors
An epidemiologic study that observes subjects in differently exposed groups and compares the incidence of symptoms. Although ordinarily prospective in nature, such a study is sometimes carried out retrospectively, using historical data. See prospective study. Prospective study - аn inquiry in which groups of individuals are selected in terms of whether they are or are not exposed to certain factors, and then followed over time to determine differences in the rate at which disease develops in relation to exposure to the factor. Also called cohort study. ...
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiological evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Andres Cardenas. Andres Cardenas is a doctoral student at the Oregon State University (OSU) Superfund Research Program (SRP) Center under the guidance of Molly Kile, ScD. Cardenas will conduct an eight week externship at the Dartmouth SRP Center with Margaret Karagas, Ph.D., and Carmen Marsit, Ph.D., who are working with a birth cohort in New Hampshire to evaluate prenatal effects of metal mixtures.. Cardenas will apply and validate newly developed methods in environmental and molecular epidemiology research to adjust for cellular heterogeneity when measuring DNA methylation extracted from whole blood and other tissues. He will also apply this new biostatistical method to measure specific cell types in blood. Although the primary focus of the externship will be on metals, the method can be applied to ongoing work at the OSU SRP, which involves determining the health effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) mixtures.. "The externship with Dr. Karagas and Dr. Marsit will enable me to ...
The proposed data linkage was perceived to be useful for pharmacovigilance research across all methods used in this study. Small-scale studies have already indicated that it is possible to use linked data for epidemiology research19-22 and that linked data can be used successfully for signal generation relevant to possible ADRs.8 Participants indicated conditional support for the proposed linkage, with conditions ranging from anonymisation of the data to ethical approval as well as adherence to legislation and professional codes of conduct. A range of potentially relevant legal frameworks was identified during the interviews including the Data Protection Act 1998, the Common Law Duty of Confidentiality, and the Human Rights Act 1998.10 In the qualitative studies, there was confusion as to which legislation, which guidelines and standards were directly relevant to the proposed data linkage.10 Several statements included potential regulatory and legislative frameworks but did not discuss any of ...
Epidemiological research has gone through a very exciting time over the past years in rheumatic and musculoskeletal disorders (RMDs). The future is just as exciting. Although traditional epidemiology in terms of prevalence and incidence of diseases is quite well-known now, there are many gaps to our knowledge in particular in the field of outcomes research (what to assess, when and how?) but also in the field of predictive factors (e.g. predictive factors of severity and of treatment response). Better knowledge in outcomes assessment is key to feasibility of standardised assessments and is the basis of shared decision making. Better knowledge of predictive factors will open the door to truly personalised medicine. Some future directions will be discussed in this talk. ...
Research in environmental epidemiology encompasses exogenous risk factors and health outcomes. Exogenous risk factors broadly include environmental contaminants (particularly exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, pesticides heavy metals, etc), the built environment (such as building, housing, and land use), and social factors (such as psychosocial stress).
[40 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Epithelial Ovarian Cancer - Epidemiology Insights to 2025 report by Delve Insight. DelveInsight Epithelial Ovarian Cancer - Epidemiology Forecast To 2025 provides an...
Vineis, P., van Veldhoven, K., Chadeau-Hyam, M. and Athersuch, T. J. (2013), Advancing the application of omics-based biomarkers in environmental epidemiology. Environ. Mol. Mutagen., 54: 461-467. doi: 10.1002/em.21764 ...
Gary L. Ellison, Ph.D., M.P.H., is the Branch Chief for the Environmental Epidemiology Branch in the Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program at NCI.
The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to ... More. The accurate measurement of exposure to putative causes of disease is essential to the validity of epidemiologic research. This book covers general principles and methods that can be applied to accurately measure a wide range of exposures (risk factors) in epidemiology, including demographic, anthropometric, nutritional, medical, reproductive, genetic, metabolic, and environmental factors. It covers the methods and quality control approaches for the most commonly used data collection methods in epidemiology, including personal interviews, self administered questionnaires, abstraction of records, keeping of dairies, measurements in blood and other body products, and measurements of the environment. The emphasis is on general methods and examples, but not on detailed reviews of the measurement ...
World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Cohort and case-control methodologies are the main tools for analytical epidemiological research. Other important types of epidemiological studies mainly for generating hypotheses include cross-sectional and ecological, or correlation studies. The conclusions that can be drawn from findings of these types of studies are, however, much weaker compared to those of cohort and case-control studies. This is not to say that findings from cohort and case-control studies always reflect true associations which can be universally generalized. Epidemiological research is, to a large extent, of an observational character as opposed to experimental research. Experimental research provides data from which firmer conclusions can be made as compared with epidemiological studies. In experimental research, investigators can manipulate one factor while controlling others, and the main research question can be broken down into subquestions with comparatively ...
Generous contact efforts were used to recruit 3,004 respondents into the first wave of the St. Louis Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) project, a psychiatric epidemiologic study of the general population, conducted from 1981-1982. These efforts were
Astute at recognizing technology trends, how they interrelate, and their implications for business, Pal brings his insights to bear on client strategy, CSC research and innovation strategy. Πληροφορίες βιβλιογραφίαςΤίτλοςMeasurement Error and Gail, Jacques BenichouΕπιμελητέςMitchell H. With this perspective and a focus on both continuous and categorical...https://books.google.gr/books/about/Measurement_Error_and_Misclassification.html?hl=el&id=TyeMGIBUz84C&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareMeasurement Error and Misclassification in Statistics and EpidemiologyΗ βιβλιοθήκη μουΒοήθειαΣύνθετη Αναζήτηση ΒιβλίωνΑγορά eBook - 117,17 €Λήψη αυτού του βιβλίου σε έντυπη μορφήCRC Measurement Error Example Generally, a disclosure limitation method can be regarded as a data filter that transforms the true data generating process. Gail, Jacques BenichouJohn Wiley & Sons, 2 Νοε 2000 - 978 ...
From a methodologic standpoint, the scholarly study was perfectly conducted, and the chance factor appealing, hemoglobin A1C, is available widely, while not measured in nondiabetic CKD sufferers consistently. Therefore, this research offers an exceptional possibility to review the interpretation of an applicant novel risk element in sufferers with CKD as well as the intellectual procedure that people must make use of to answer fully the question posed by our name. In traditional epidemiology, we evaluate organizations between characteristics appealing (predictors) and disease end factors (final results) to raised understand the condition procedure. Characteristics that may be associated with disease final results in epidemiologic research are known as risk elements; any suggested risk factor is certainly scrutinized by many follow-up questions. We will use the following four questions to evaluate the clinical effect of the paper by Trivin (1) and as a road map for where the literature on ...
Methods for the estimation of the effects of chronic disease risk factors on mortality continue to be an area that generates confusion and controversy. In response to the frequently observed U-or J-shaped relations between risk factors and mortality, some authors suggest that subjects dying during the first k years of follow-up where k is some...
CHILD Study Investigator. Member of the Genetics and the Environmental Working Groups. Dr. Brauer is a co-PI on the project "CANUE - Canadian Consortium for the Urban Environment" and co-investigator on the project "Programmatic research to understand how modifiable environmental factors interact with the genome in the development of asthma," both funded by CIHR.. ...
Overview - Original, clinical epidemiologic research on the most common chronic illnesses of children-asthma and allergies-as well as many less common and rare diseases.
Original, clinical epidemiologic research on the most common chronic illnesses of children-asthma and allergies-as well as many less common and rare diseases.
This superb text gives a concise, systematic account of what is currently known about the epidemiology and primary prevention for most forms of human cancer.
A: I work on epidemiologic studies of the causes and consequences of obesity in diverse populations. I also work on randomized trials of treatment and prevention of obesity in youth, particularly study design, development of measurements and data analysis.. ...
Rationale must be provided as to why the requested samples are required at the current time, rather than after completion of the Studys 5-year follow-up, with the potential at that time for a more efficient study design; e.g., nested case-controls, etc ...
Affiliation:東京医療保健大学,医療保健学部,教授, Research Field:Japanese history,Cancer epidemiology and prevention, Keywords:考古学,プロゲステロン,エストロゲン,肥満,乳がん,体重,栄養学,日本史,食文化,食品, # of Research Projects:2, # of Research Products:12, Ongoing Project:古代食の総合的復元による食生活と疾病の関係解明