HepVu Releases State-Level Maps Showing Impact of Hepatitis C Epidemic Across the U.S. New Data from Emory, UAlbany, and CDC Show Nine States Make Up More than 50 Percent of Hepatitis C Infections PR Newswire ATLANTA, Jan. 16, 2019 ATLANTA, Jan. 16, 2019 /PRNewswire/...
As you gaze unknowingly into the seemingly infinite depths of the optics of this altogether passionate embodiment of insatiability, you experience a gradual realisation that the heavily-embellished vocabulary scattered lavishly throughout the sentence you are currently reading is indisputably nothing greater than a generous ration of masculine bovine faeces ...
A U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study says that about half of all gay and bisexual black men will be diagnosed with HIV and AIDS.
HIV has spread at an alarming rate in South Africa, making it the country with the highest number of HIV infections. Several studies have investigated the histories of HIV-1 subtype C epidemics but none have done so in ...
The most significant change in the global response to HIV has been the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) using drug combinations in developing countries. Since WHO and UNAIDS launched the 3 by 5 strategy in 2003,1 the number of people on ART has grown to exceed 4 million people by the end of 2008.2 High levels of ART in many countries are now having a major impact on HIV prevalence. Because survival of individuals on ART is greatly prolonged, HIV prevalence in the population as a whole will be higher than in the absence of ART. These increased prevalence effects are often reflected in surveillance data which the UNAIDS Estimation and Projection Package (EPP) fits to the model developed by the UNAIDS Reference Group on Estimates, Modelling and Projections (hereafter, the Reference Group model).3-6 EPP has been used extensively for modelling national epidemics.7-10 The EPP model must incorporate these effects of ART on prevalence before fitting to the data. High levels of ART can ...
Indiana HIV outbreak, hepatitis C epidemic sparks CDC alert - AP News: INDIANAPOLIS (AP) - An Indiana county is experiencing nearly daily .12/17/2017 19:31:51PM EST.
Tatyana Kushner, MD, MSCE, is Assistant Professor in the Division of Liver Diseases at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York. She completed her medical school and internal medicine training at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, a fellowship in gastroenterology and a masters in clinical epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania, and a fellowship in transplant hepatology at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Her research focuses on both epidemiologic and patient-centered outcomes in viral hepatitis, with an emerging focus in the area of womens health and pregnancy care, and the goal of developing and studying interventions to improve clinical outcomes in this patient population. She has recently established a Womens Liver Clinic at Mount Sinai in order to enhance the diagnosis and management of liver disease during pregnancy and post-delivery, particularly of hepatitis B and hepatitis C. ...
Analyses from a new computer model suggest that the widespread use of direct-acting hepatitis C antivirals is likely to help bring about the virtual end ...
LOS ANGELES - The number of whooping-cough cases in California is now at an epidemic level, state health officials said Friday. News on NewsHub.org
With all the recent news stories about WoW ruining lives, destroying children, supporting terrorism, etc., its nice to see the media reporting on the positiv...
Newswise - Are you aware that colds, flu, most sore throats and bronchitis are caused by viruses? Did you know that antibiotics do not help fight viruses and that using them for viral infections only decreases their effectiveness overall? Millions of Americans take antibiotics each year to fight illness, trusting theyll work. However, the pathogens…
Project Inform fights the HIV and hepatitis C epidemics by assuring the development of effective treatments and a cure; supporting individuals to make informed choices about their health; advocating for quality, affordable health care; and promoting medical strategies that prevent new infections.
Researchers have determined the peak of the hepatitis C epidemic in North America occurred about 15 years earlier than previously believed.
Microorganisms are found everywhere and constitute the major part of every ecosystem in the environment. They live either freely or as parasite (sleigh and Timbury 1998).. In some cases, they live as transient contaminants in formites or hands when they constitute a major health hazards as source of community and hospital acquired infections (Pettet et al., 1999).. The increasing incidents of epidemic outbreak of certain disease depends on its rate of spread from one community to the other and has then become a major public health concern(Scott et al., Galteli et al., 2006) Although it is acceptable that the infection risk in the general community is less than that associated with patients in the hospital , the yearly increase in food poisoning cases in which households outbreak are a major factor required in the assessment 0of the probable cases and sources (Scott et al., 1982). [Read more…]. ...
Satellites open up new opportunities to predict and help combat epidemic outbreaks, as well as joining the hunt for the origin of pathogens.. The scope of this website is to demonstrate the potential of Earth Observation for a new service which supplies new and improved types of information.. ...
A standard American breakfast includes sugary cereals, fruit juices, and toast. It turns out that is leading the epidemic on metabolic diseases in the U.S.
An interview with U.S. ambassador-at large Deborah Birx will explore global leaders strategies to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030.
Cholera epidemic spreads in DRC; Efforts to fight disease remain underfunded, U.N.N. Information Centre reports, adding, Over the past six months, the U.N.
If patients could recognise themselves, or anyone else could recognise a patient from your description, please obtain the patients written consent to publication and send them to the editorial office before submitting your response [Patient consent forms] ...
Research to improve understanding of African MSM. 1. The epidemiology of MSM in Africa The keynote address entitled "Time to act: Responding to the HIV Pandemic Among MSM" was delivered by Professor Chris Beyrer of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Systematic reviews of HIV living in low and middle-income countries, from which data are available, consistently show that MSM are at high risk of HIV compared to the local heterosexual population. Aggregate HIV prevalences among African MSM are reported to range from 8.8% in Sudan to 32.9% in Zambia. Many of these studies were performed using respondent driven or snowball sampling and therefore are not generalizable but highlight a concentrated MSM HIV epidemic in countries with more generalized heterosexual epidemics. Biologically, unprotected anal sex, particularly receptive anal sex carries a high risk of transmitting HIV (Estimated to be approx. 1.4% with each episode which is 18 times higher than for vaginal sex.). Individual ...
For example, condom use is widely promoted as an HIV prevention measure and is effective in countries such as Thailand, where the epidemic is spread primarily through sex work. However, studies have found no evidence that condom use has played a primary role in HIV decline in generalized, primarily heterosexual epidemics, such as those in southern Africa, the authors note. This is mainly because most HIV transmission there occurs in more regular sexual relationships, in which achieving consistent condom use has proved extremely difficult.. The evidence is similarly lacking for other popular prevention approaches as well, according to the authors. Studies have shown no consistent reduction in risk for those testing HIV-negative and testing programs have produced no evidence of HIV reduction in populations. The treatment of other STIs has had discouraging results; vaccine development trials and microbicide testing have been disappointing; and abstinence is not likely to have a major impact since ...
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - July 22, 2015) - Watch the trailer at the following link: http://bit.ly/1r75ARd iTunes link: http://apple.co/1Mlr1Yg Bang Albino Films today announced that it is making its documentary Deal with it: Untold Stories of Hepatitis C in Canada available digitally through iTunes. The eye-opening film uncovers the countrys hidden...
Synonyms for epidemiological model in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for epidemiological model. 153 synonyms for model: representation, image, copy, miniature, dummy, replica, imitation, duplicate, lookalike, facsimile, mock-up, pattern, example, design. What are synonyms for epidemiological model?
Hard-hit by a cholera epidemic that started in 2010, Haiti now faces a new threat in the expanding chikungunya virus, authorities said Wednesday.
It seems of late that obesity is the new sky-is-falling health care issue I see in papers all the time. One of the easiest ways to create a trend is to
Sprinkled among the healthy trees are clusters of sick ones, denuded of leaves and standing like skeletons, their desiccated branches bereft of olives. The trees are succumbing to a bacterial outbreak that is sweeping across one of Italys most famous olive regions, as families that have manufactured olive oil for generations now fear ruin, even as officials in the rest of Europe fear a broader outbreak ...
Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko has called on the international community to help the country combat the swine flu epidemic which hit the country last week. Kiev is taking emergency measures to stop the outbreak.
Overdoses in Toronto are already on the rise, though they have yet to reach the same crisis point as Western Canada, and city leaders will meet this week to try and stanch the flow
In this paper, an SIS epidemic model with age of vaccination is investigated. Asymptotic smoothness of the semi-flow is proved. By analyzing the corresponding characteristic equations, the local...
Increase of sexually transmitted hepatitis C virus in HIV+ men who have sex with men in Barcelona, Spain. A problem linked to HIV infection?, Sandra Manzanares- ...
Dear Frustrated...I have been very frustrated myself recently...Please visit www.ahummingbirdsguide.com there you will find your sx as well as several others...countless people on this site are in the same boat with you and I and most are having ME sx...Im being tested for it right now and I have informed my Dr I believe there to be an epidemic outbreak...He said it was a possibility...I will be contacting my local heath dept this am as I have already contacted the CDC(centers for disease control) and thats what they told me to do...My fiancee thought I was a hypochondriac until I found this info 2 weeks ago...He now believes me when I complain of everything from excessive gas to sneezing...Im a nurse and for the last year I have experienced both on a daily basis...couldnt figure it out due to the fact that gas and sneezing arent related...well, they are with ME...I believe Im on the right track and Im attempting to help as many people that will listen...take a few minutes and check it ...
At the Microbiology Department, we seek to maximise efficiency and sustainability to meet the needs of the public. We have a broad catalogue of services with state-of-the-art tools in clinical microbiology, in terms of both diagnosis and the monitoring of microorganisms in the population and the study of epidemic outbreaks.
Olmsted, Blaxill and Stagliano provide current news from inside the autism epidemic on science, politics, treatment, government affairs, vaccine safety and more.
Olmsted, Blaxill and Stagliano provide current news from inside the autism epidemic on science, politics, treatment, government affairs, vaccine safety and more.
Host John Oliver came out swinging at Big Pharma last night in a segment about the opioid epidemic on HBOs Last Week Tonight.
Epidemiology plays an all-important role in many areas of medicine, from discovering the relationship between tobacco smoking and lung cancer, to documenting the impact of diet, the environment, and exercise on general health, to tracking the origin and spread of new epidemics such as Swine Flu. It is truly a vital field, central to the health of society, but it is often poorly understood, largely due to misrepresentations in the media.
09:33, 6 April 2010 diff hist +158‎ N Amanda N. Wavrin Week 10 ‎ New page: ==Vibrio cholerae Journal Club Article== ===Host-induced Epidemic Spread of the Choler Bacterium== ====Vocabulary==== #hyperinfectious # # # # # # # # # current ...
Uganda is one of only two countries in the world that has successfully reversed the course of its HIV epidemic. There remains much controversy about how Ugandas HIV prevalence declined in the 1990s.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Severe population collapses and species extinctions in multihost epidemic dynamics. AU - Maslov, Sergei. AU - Sneppen, Kim. PY - 2017/8/22. Y1 - 2017/8/22. N2 - Most infectious diseases, including more than half of known human pathogens, are not restricted to just one host, yet much of the mathematical modeling of infections has been limited to a single species. We investigate consequences of a single epidemic propagating in multiple species and compare and contrast it with the endemic steady state of the disease. We use the two-species susceptible-infected-recovered model to calculate the severity of postepidemic collapses in populations of two-host species as a function of their initial population sizes, the times individuals remain infectious, and the matrix of infection rates. We derive the criteria for a very large, extinction-level, population collapse in one or both of the species. The main conclusion of our study is that a single epidemic could drive a species with high ...
The West Nile virus epidemic in the United States this year is on track to be the deadliest ever since the mosquito-borne disease was first detected here 13 years ago.
The meth epidemic has ignited fears of backyard explosions and poor, white people with rotten teeth, bad attitudes and dangerous actions. Seldom a day goes by without hearing of another meth bust. Heavily armed soldiers smashing through front doors dominate media images. Is this a war on drugs or a war on people?. More people are coming to the conclusion that prohibition laws and zero-tolerance thinking, translated into laws, have driven controlled substance manufacturing out of the pharmaceutical industry, where it was done competently, and into the hands of bootleggers.. Remember those jumpin 50s, 60s, and 70s? Amphetamines were the nations diet pills. More plentiful than McDonalds hamburgers, they had mainstream public acceptance. Using amphetamines to control a super-sized appetite was socially acceptable; to use speed as a psychological stimulant, or upper, was reserved for truckers, then bikers, and viewed as serious abuse.. While housewives buzzed around, following any fad ...
Marin County ranks high in the state in the number of unimmunized children, and the current whooping cough epidemic has not changed some parents minds.
Recommendations: Applicants should find ways to better use epidemiologic and program data, and to tailor guidance recommendations to local situations. Applicants should develop innovative strategies to reach different segments of the population, considering age, risk, use of new social networking technologies and products, and changes in local country situations. , Partners should provide support to countries in using available disaggregated data and qualitative research to inform the choice of strategic priorities and to address bottlenecks in linking prevention to the treatment cascade. Partners should provide better support for differentiated approaches for prevention.. Key populations. Findings: There is greater prioritization of key populations in all applications, compared to the previous funding cycle. All countries are working to identify these populations, estimate their size and address their needs. , The TRP noted what it called an "increasingly restrictive environment" for key ...
A recent late-stage clinical trial for an Alzheimers drug therapy was canceled because the drug was ineffective. Can you talk a bit about that?. This was a big disappointment. The hypothesis was that the abnormal accumulation of amyloid protein was creating this gunk in the brain, basically clogging brain circuits and causing cell death. By targeting treatments that would eliminate this accumulation, you could prevent the neuron destruction that was occurring.. The particular drug that was developed was designed to do exactly that. Unfortunately, it was not effective in slowing down the clinical expression of Alzheimers disease. The trial was done in patients who already had clear diagnoses, and it may be that the compound, if it was effective, was started too late.. Do you think theres a lack of awareness in our country about Alzheimers disease?. Our country has been very slow to realize that we have a national epidemic on our hands. Its a late-onset illness, so a lot of whats been seen ...
The Sexually Transmitted Disease EpidemicSexually transmitted diseases are running rampant through out the world today. This global epidemic is effecting the worlds total health level and is severely straining the world health care system. The disease...
The ambassadors of Finland, the United States and the United Kingdom appealed to the Constitutional Committee of the Riigikogu Estonian state to recognize the extent of the local HIV epidemic, and to appoint a special commission to deal with the problem.
The worldwide HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to worsen and about 39.5 million people are currently infected with HIV, says a United Nations report released Tuesday.
A South Africa Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program Resident Advisor, Dr Seymour Williams was placed in country in July 2011. The Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training program was reviewed by a national and international reviewer team in January 2012 and the recommendations of the review team are in the process of being tabled with various stakeholders. The Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training cohort continues to support outbreak responses nationally and also recently supported the typhoid outbreak in Zimbabwe.. The existing Influenza program activities are being strengthened by the recent appointment Dr Richard Davis as the Deputy Director Influenza. The program is aimed at building strong regional partnerships for the detection, surveillance, and response to seasonal, pandemic, and zoonotic influenza in South Africa and selected countries of the Southern Africa Development Community.. The National Department of Health intends establishing a National Health Emergency ...
Background: Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak occurs annually among cattle in Tamilnadu, however increased morbidity and mortality was reported in the year 2013 despite preventive measure by the Department of Animal husbandry. Siddha System of medicine is popular and extensively practiced in Tamilnadu. A study was carried out with the objective to understand the Ethno-veterinary practices adopted during an epidemic outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease among cattle in several villages of Nagapattinam district in the month of December 2013. Methodology: Cattle farmers were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire to capture details on number of cows owned, number affected, presenting signs and symptoms, interventions done, details of person who treated, details of medicines administered including external medicines, dose and duration, outcome of treatment and economic impact during the second fortnight of December 2013 along with photo documentation wherever required. Results: ...
Since 2000, outbreaks of HCV infection have been reported in HIV-infected MSM [5-10]. We have estimated the incidence of HCV over the last two decades in a large group of HIV-infected MSM with documented dates of HIV seroconversion in Europe and Canada. Our data show that, regardless of the estimation method applied, HCV incidence had already increased in the period before 2000 and has continued to do so since. These results are in agreement with a recent phylogenetic study in which the divergence of currently circulating HCV viral strains was used to reconstruct the history of the HCV epidemic among HIV-positive MSM. Of all transmission events in that study, 15% was estimated to have occurred before 1996, 22% in the period 1996-2000 and 63% after 2000 [11]. The few longitudinal studies on the incidence of HCV in HIV-infected MSM that evaluated time trends have limited statistical power owing to the small numbers of observed HCV seroconversions or dichotomized calendar period. The HCV incidence ...
The opioid epidemic in the U.S. is a current public health crisis that stems from high rates of prescribing and misuse of prescription opioid drugs. Opioid drugs, such as oxycodone (e.g. Percocet) or hydrocodone (e.g. Vicodin), are prescribed as painkillers, and have seen a sharp increase in the rate of prescriptions written in the past two decades. Opioid medications, even those prescribed by a doctor for legitimate medical needs, are highly addictive, and can lead to abuse if not used as directed. When those who become addicted to prescription painkillers can no longer get access to the pills, many turn to heroin, which is cheaper and often easier to acquire on the illegal drug market than opioid pills. Heroin is a drug that is usually injected directly into the bloodstream, and this manner of dosing exposes users to bloodborne pathogens, such as HIV and HCV, through the sharing of needles, syringes, or other instruments that have come into contact with the blood of others who are infected. ...
Jobs at Africa Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) - 109 Positions for KADAIS Team Lead, KADAIS Interviewers, HIV Counsellors, KADAIS Survey Manager, Field Laboratorians, NSTOP LGA Malaria Focal Persons in Kaduna, Kano, Zamfara, Nigeria for job seekers and professionals. Apply today
This article focuses on the study of an age-structured two-strain model with super-infection. The explicit expression of basic reproduction numbers and the invasion reproduction numbers corresponding to strain one and strain two are obtained. It is shown that the infection-free steady state is globally stable if the basic reproductive number $ R_0 $ is below one. Existence of strain one and strain two exclusive equilibria is established. Conditions for local stability or instability of the exclusive equilibria of the strain one and strain two are established. Existence of coexistence equilibrium is also obtained under the condition that both invasion reproduction numbers are larger than one.
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An SIR epidemiological community-structured model is constructed to investigate the effects of clustered distributions of unvaccinated individuals and the distribution of the primary case relative to
Researchers and advocates alike hope this new information will help dispel some of the stigma attached to having hep C - particularly for older adults - and encourage more people to get tested and connected with potentially life-saving treatment. The research is further proof that anyone born between 1945 and 1964 should be tested for HCV, even if they feel like theyve never been at risk. Published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, the research shows that the hepatitis C epidemic can be traced to hospital transmissions caused by the practice of reusing needles in medical settings ...
This World Hepatitis Day, Congressman Mike Honda (D-Silicon Valley) and Congressman Hank Johnson (D-GA) will join with community leaders, in solidarity with those impacted by viral hepatitis around the world, to host a press conference calling on Congressional colleagues to urgently commit bold leadership and resources to eliminate the hepatitis B and C epidemics in the United States ...
This World Hepatitis Day, Congressman Mike Honda (D-Silicon Valley) and Congressman Hank Johnson (D-GA) will join with community leaders, in solidarity with those impacted by viral hepatitis around the world, to host a press conference calling on Congressional colleagues to urgently commit bold leadership and resources to eliminate the hepatitis B and C epidemics in the United States ...
Some California counties are showing substantially higher rates of whooping cough than the state average. And health officials say the epidemic this year could be one of the worst in fifty years.
Read the latest West Country stories, Nursery serves no-added-sugar meals to fight obesity epidemic on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest West Country news
Micaela Martinez-Bakker is a PeerJ user. Bio: I am an infectious disease ecologist. I am currently a NSF Postdoctoral Fellow in Biology at Princeton University (Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology). My primary interest is the seasonality of infectious diseases, though I am broadly interested in various aspects of disease and population ecology. My current research focuses on trying to understand the ecological, demographic, and environmental drivers behind seasonal epidemics of childhood infectious diseases, namely poliomyelitis, measles, and chickenpox. A few of my new projects include biological rhythms, digital epidemiology, transgenerational immunity, and vaccine modes of action. I utilize cutting-edge statistical inference techniques to couple disease incidence data with mechanistic epidemiological models to gain insight to the population dynamics of disease.
Lahrouz, A. and Omari, L. (2013) Extinction and stationary distribution of a stochastic SIRS epidemic model with non-linear incidence. Statistics & Probability Letters, 83, 960-968.
View Notes - andersson from MATH 101 at Uni Saarland. STOCHASTIC EPIDEMIC MODELS AND THEIR STATISTICAL ANALYSIS Hakan ANDERSSON and Tom BRITTON February 2000 Hakan Andersson Group Financial Risk
The spatial structure and local contact network for dihydropteroate synthase (1aj0).(a) The local structure of the catalytic resi
Results of a disease awareness programme offering Chinese migrants on-site testing for chronic hepatitis B and C virus infection in six urban areas in the Netherlands, Irene ...
Family Time Fitness says: Absolutely!. The Fitness 4 Homeschool Curriculum allows homeschool parents to teach physical education without previous knowledge of physical education and athletic development. Our program, designed by experts in fitness training, nutrition and body movement, is designed to suit every age and ability level while affordably fitting into your budget. Our program combines flexibility and fun with a comprehensive curriculum to give your children a foundation for strong bodies and minds. We created the Fitness 4 Homeschool curriculum because of a lack of fitness programs for homeschoolers. We started this program because we couldnt find any at all! With the child obesity epidemic on the rise in the U.S., now is the time to give our children the exercise guidance they need while building the skills necessary to stay fit for a lifetime.. We believe that a PE curriculum is absolutely essential for a balanced homeschool classroom. Our expertly designed program has been created ...
Intraspecific competition, dispersal and disease dynamics in discrete-time patchy environments The impact of long-range dispersal on the rate of spread in population and epidemic models
New Drug Overdose Data Capture Earliest Days Of Fentanyls Deadly Westward Expansion - Read online for free. A rigorous effort to track U.S. overdose deaths and the drugs that caused them offers a snapshot of a fentanyl epidemic on the cusp of a westward shift. A study released Friday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows the synthetic opi
Already a borderline epidemic on the west coast, Fentanyl, perhaps more than other opioids, is posed to become a public-health crisis in Nova Scotia, believes Vice Newss Hilary Beaumont. Plus, there are three recounts underway in the wake of the Nova Scotia provincial election: Chester-St. Margarets, Waverley-Fall River-Beaverbank, and Guysborough-Eastern Shore-Tracadie. Finally, North Dartmouth comes to grips with another […]. ...
They are willing to inject pregnant woman with this vaccine and not be held responsible for those injections. They wont be held responsible if your child develops autism or brain chemical imbalances. You have to consider here as well the linkage between vaccinations and these neurological disorders. There is essential a "drugging of our children" of our time. 10 million American children dont go to school before they get a class 2 drug, the same class as cocaine! Are these chemical imbalances really just a new epidemic of the past 25 years? An epidemic that didnt happen to any other generation before it? Consider that there are no cases of autism in adults. And still world health organizations refuse to acknowledge that autism is affecting our children possibly because of the vaccinations.. Do you really want to take that risk? When our bodies are meant to naturally fight off virus and bacteria themselves? ...
Does a Flu Vaccine Protect The Elderly for Long Enough? The flu vaccine is less protective for elderly patients, and just how long the protection lasts is unclear. Does it last beyond a typical seasonal epidemic? Thats important to know for patients in climates where the virus activity is frequent, even year-round, say researchers from Tan Tock Seng Hospital (Singapore), National University of Singapore, and Nagasaki University.
An ambitious treatment target to help end the AIDS epidemic UNAIDS / JC2684 (English original, October 2014) Copyright Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). All rights reserved.
The Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan is racing against time to prevent HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, from assuming epidemic proportions with the nation witnessing a rise in the number of prostitutes
Remember the West Nile is going to kill us all scare?  As predicted, its gone through its epidemic spread, and now is into its pandemic stage:   6 human cases this year.  Keep wearing your DEET, though.
President Donald Trump is launching a campaign to end the HIV epidemic in the United States by 2030, targeting areas where new infections happen and getting highly effective drugs to people at risk. Briefing...
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) brings together the efforts and resources of 10 UN system organizations in the AIDS response. The UNAIDS Committee of Cosponsoring Organizations (CCO) serves as the forum for these co-sponsors to meet on a regular basis to consider matters of major importance to UNAIDS, and to provide input from the different organizations into the policies and strategies of UNAIDS ...
Testing organizations nationwide are turning to INSTI to make their HIV testing goals a reality. Were partners and teammates in ending the HIV / AIDS epidemic.
If institutions are able to suppress and control public debate of issues in which they have an interest, then the public will be ill served by placing its full trust in those institutions, even when those institutions cloak themselves in science and good intentions." ...
Download a PDF of Reconsidering Primary Prevention of HIV. Available in English, Español , Français. The world needs a new phase in the evolution of the HIV response-one that reinvigorates prevention by seamlessly combining the efficacy of upstream, midstream, and downstream interventions with the powerful effectiveness of community action.. Gay men and other men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender women are 24, 24, 13.5, and 49 times more likely to acquire HIV, respectively, than adults in the general population (15 years old and older). Globally, these "key populations" disproportionately bear the burden of new infections, as gay men and other men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, sex workers, and transgender women accounted for 45% of all new HIV infections in 2015.. Key populations are rendered vulnerable to HIV by upstream factors like punitive and discriminatory laws and politically driven policies, creating stressors that exacerbate ...
Existing estimates of the basic reproduction number, R0, for human schistosomes are mostly in the range 1-4, implying that schistosomes should be relatively easy to eliminate from endemic areas, which is contrary to practical experience. An estimate of R0 for a site in Zimbabwe is obtained here using a mathematical model explicitly incorporating two features believed to be epidemiologically significant; age-dependent exposure and acquired immunity. Parameter estimates are, as far as possible, obtained independently, but the coefficients representing man-snail and snail-man transmission, as well as parameters representing effects of acquired immunity, must be estimated indirectly by fitting the model to field data. Heterogeneity in human exposure and contamination is crudely incorporated by considering `wormy and non-wormy fractions of the population. The results suggest R0 to be in the range 4-5 or more, higher than previous estimates and despite only moderate levels of infection at this site. ...
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health has observed increasing numbers of reported cases of hepatitis C virus infection in people between the ages of 15 and 25; the rate almost doubling between 2002 and 2012, while newly diagnosed cases went down in other age groups. These 15-25 year-olds almost certainly acquired their infection well within the previous 10 years. While much attention has been appropriately directed toward the hepatitis C epidemic in the "baby boomer" generation, hepatitis C in adolescents and young adults represents a new epidemic wave of hepatitis C. All indications are that these infections were acquired through injection drug use. Interviews are difficult to obtain, but the most common story is prescription opioid use leading to injection of prescription opioids and heroin. Heroin is cheaper than prescription drugs and all too available. Because of the difficulty in getting enough data from interviews to explore the networks of transmission of hepatitis C among ...
The question of whether carbon dioxide should be considered a pollutant under the Clean Air Act and regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency has been a political football for the past decade. In 1998, the Clinton administration decided that it was, but in 2003, the Bush administration reversed this policy. And in 2007, the Supreme Court split things down the middle, ruling that the EPA had the authority to regulate emissions of greenhouse gases but was possibly not required to do so.. All of that took place within the context of the contentious argument over global warming. But now there is a new charge against carbon dioxide that may strike more deeply at the heart of American public opinion: The claim that it promotes obesity.. That is the conclusion of Danish researcher Lars-Georg Hersoug, who examined 22 years worth of data on weight gain in Denmark and found that skinny people showed proportionately as much weight gain as those who were already overweight. This suggested to him that ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Dengue is an emerging tropical disease infecting tens of millions of people annually. A febrile illness with potentially severe hemorrhagic manifestations, dengue is caused by mosquito-borne viruses (DENV-1 to -4) that are maintained in endemic transmission in large urban centers of the tropics with periodic epidemic cycles at 3- to 5-year intervals. Puerto Rico (PR), a major population center in the Caribbean, has experienced increasingly severe epidemics since multiple dengue serotypes were introduced beginning in the late 1970s. We document the phylodynamics of DENV-4 between 1981 and 1998, a period of dramatic ecological expansion during which evolutionary change also occurs. The timescale of viral evolution is sufficiently short that viral transmission dynamics can be elucidated from genetic diversity data. Specifically, by combining virus sequence data with confirmed case counts in PR over these two decades, we show that the pattern of cyclic epidemics is strongly correlated with coalescent
Kaposis sarcoma (KS) is a type of cancer that can form in the skin, lymph nodes, or other organs. The skin lesions are usually purple in color. They can occur singularly, in a limited area, or be widespread. It may worsen either gradually or quickly. Lesions may be flat or raised. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is found in the lesions of all those who are affected. Risk factors include poor immune function, either as a result of disease or specific medications, and chronic lymphedema. Five sub-types are described: classic, African, immunosuppresion therapy-related, epidemic, and non-epidemic. Classic KS tends tends to affect older men, be slow growing, and affect the legs. African KS occurs in young adult males in Africa and can be more aggressive. Immunosuppresion therapy-related KS generally occurs in people following organ transplantation and mostly affects the skin. Epidemic KS occurs in people with AIDS and many parts of the body can be affected. Non-epidemic KS occurs in gay males without ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The overall objective is to test the hypothesis that initial pathogen reproduction at the outbreak focus is the primary determinant of subsequent epidemic sprea...
This teaching guide helps instructors use a specific primary source set, The Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1878, in the classroom.
When epidemic cholera appeared in Haiti in October 2010, the medical community there had virtually no experience with the disease and needed rapid training as the epidemic spread throughout the country. We developed a set of training materials specific to Haiti and launched a cascading training effort. Through a training-of-trainers course in November 14-15, 2010, and department-level training conducted in French and Creole over the following 3 weeks, 521 persons were trained and equipped to further train staff at the institutions where they worked. After the training, the hospitalized cholera patients case-fatality rate dropped from 4% to <2% by mid-December and was <1% by January 2011. Continuing in-service training, monitoring and evaluation, and integration of cholera management into regular clinical training will help sustain this success.
Courses on HPLC, GC, AAS, Lab Safety, Spectroscopy & Microbiology, to help you succeed in your career & earn more by staying abreast with the latest developments.
Courses on HPLC, GC, AAS, Lab Safety, Spectroscopy & Microbiology, to help you succeed in your career & earn more by staying abreast with the latest developments.
A look at some of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) activities this month: providing medical care to refugees in "The Jungle" makeshift camp in Calais, France; opening cholera centers in Borno State, Nigeria, where people have fled their homes due to violence caused by groups including Boko Haram; vaccinating children against measles in southern DRC during one of the biggest epidemic outbreaks this area has seen in recent years; continuing to provide care during the violent conflict in Yemen; working to address the challenges to providing vaccination campaigns where dea ...
A look at some of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) activities this month: providing medical care to refugees in "The Jungle" makeshift camp in Calais, France; opening cholera centers in Borno State, Nigeria, where people have fled their homes due to violence caused by groups including Boko Haram; vaccinating children against measles in southern DRC during one of the biggest epidemic outbreaks this area has seen in recent years; continuing to provide care during the violent conflict in Yemen; working to address the challenges to providing vaccination campaigns where dea ...
Title: Survival and extinction of epidemics on random graphs with general degrees Abstract: We establish the necessary and sufficient criterion for the contact process on Galton-Watson trees (resp. random graphs) to exhibit the phase of extinction (resp. short survival). We prove that the survival threshold $\lambda_1$ for a Galton-Watson tree is strictly positive if and only if its offspring distribution has an exponential tail, settling a conjecture by Huang and Durrett. On the random graph with degree distribution $D$, we show that if $D$ has an exponential tail, then for small enough $\lambda$ the contact process with the all-infected initial condition survives for polynomial time with high probability, while for large enough $\lambda$ it runs over exponential time with high probability. When $D$ is subexponential, the contact process typically displays long survival for any fixed $\lambda,0$. Joint work with Shankar Bhamidi, Danny Nam, and Allan Sly. ...
Title: Survival and extinction of epidemics on random graphs with general degrees Abstract: We establish the necessary and sufficient criterion for the contact process on Galton-Watson trees (resp. random graphs) to exhibit the phase of extinction (resp. short survival). We prove that the survival threshold $\lambda_1$ for a Galton-Watson tree is strictly positive if and only if its offspring distribution has an exponential tail, settling a conjecture by Huang and Durrett. On the random graph with degree distribution $D$, we show that if $D$ has an exponential tail, then for small enough $\lambda$ the contact process with the all-infected initial condition survives for polynomial time with high probability, while for large enough $\lambda$ it runs over exponential time with high probability. When $D$ is subexponential, the contact process typically displays long survival for any fixed $\lambda,0$. Joint work with Shankar Bhamidi, Danny Nam, and Allan Sly. ...
Large cities can contain populations that move rapidly from one section to another in an efficient transportation network. An emerging air-borne or contact based pathogen could use these transportation routes to rapidly spread an infection throughout an entire population in a short time. Further, in many developed countries, the aging population is increasing. The family structure in these societies may also affect the course of a disease. To help understand the impact of an epidemic on family structure in a networked population, an individual based computer model that randomly generates networked cities with a specified range of population and disease characteristics and individual schedules, infectivity, transmission and hygiene factors was developed. Several salient issues emerged. First, a city of highly active individuals may in fact diminish the number of fatalities because the average duration of the interactions between agents is reduced. Second, home schooling can significantly improve ...
Microscopes are not the only tools available to study disease. A new ESA project employs satellites to predict and help combat epidemic outbreaks, as well as join the hunt for the origin of the deadly Ebola virus.
There is a new epidemic sweeping the country. It is highly contagious, there is no vaccine and the condition may be life-long. There is possibly no cure. It strikes like lightning, and affects men, women and children of all ages. Symptoms start with mild emotional upset and rapidly progress to outright lunatic tendencies along with a need to nurture, fret-over and spoil rotten. Essential tasks like going to work or cooking dinner get put off in favour of vet visits or coop cleaning, and in extreme cases, waiting for couriered mealworm deliveries to arrive. If this sounds like you, be afraid. You have probably been infected with the latest variant of avian flu, or influHENza. Known as the HeN1 strain, your prospects are indeed beak.. It is not known exactly where the current outbreak has its roots, but scientists believe that a small group of allotment holders in the UK may have been cross infected with an older, pure breed strain of the virus from the Netherlands, resulting in a mutation ...
I appreciate what you are saying Shawn and I agree with you. As you say if we do what we did and didnt work it wont work, and that is the problem. The new leaders are as corrupt as the old ones and left and right ends in oppression. But finding peace for only myself is hard as well when our forest are in fire in order to a new "green energy crop" to set in, our planet is going down and they are telling lie after lie after lie. Money is the God, big pharma is the God, Vaccibes are the God, big computer guy now is the God who is going to vaccinate us, chip us, control us and create new epidemics to create new vaccines. Im not saying that, the economist magazine its saying that, many doctor that YouTube take their videos off, dr Vindana Shiva is giving good broad analysis where she links all this issues. The question is for me how to rescue the future for my grandchildren? ...
Originally Posted by quatrotritikali Is a universal flu vaccine really a good idea? Influenza spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics, resultin