General physical findings in viral meningitis are common to all causative agents. Enteroviral infection is suggested by the following: Exanthemas Contact with small children with febrile illnesses ... more
This review provides the latest update on the interplay between human host factors/processes and non-polio enteroviruses (NPEV). We focus on the interactions involved in viral attachment, entry, internalization, uncoating, replication, virion assembly and eventual egress of the NPEV from the infected cells. We emphasize on the virus- human host interplay and highlight existing knowledge gaps that needs further studies. Understanding the NPEV-human host factors interactions will be key in the design and development of vaccines as well as antivirals against enteroviral infections. Dissecting the role of human host factors during NPEV infection cycle will provide a clear picture of how NPEVs usurp the human cellular processes to establish an efficient infection. This will be a boost to the drug and vaccine development against enteroviruses which will be key in control and eventual elimination of the viral infections.. Conclusions: The emergence of outbreaks of enteroviral infections in different ...
Aims/hypothesis Virally induced inflammatory responses, beta cell destruction and release of beta cell autoantigens may lead to autoimmune reactions culminating in type 1 diabetes. Therefore, viral capability to induce beta cell death and the nature of virus-induced immune responses are among key determinants of diabetogenic viruses. We hypothesised that enterovirus infection induces a specific gene expression pattern that results in islet destruction and that such a host response pattern is not shared among all enterovirus infections but varies between virus strains. Methods The changes in global gene expression and secreted cytokine profiles induced by lytic or benign enterovirus infections were studied in primary human pancreatic islet using DNA microarrays and viral strains either isolated at the clinical onset of type 1 diabetes or capable of causing a diabetes-like condition in mice. Results The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine genes (IL-1-a, IL-1-β and TNF-a) that also mediate ...
MalaCards based summary : Keshan Disease, also known as caused by deficiency of selenium in the diet, is related to atrial standstill 1 and dilated cardiomyopathy. An important gene associated with Keshan Disease is GPX1 (Glutathione Peroxidase 1), and among its related pathways/superpathways are Allograft rejection and Immune response NFAT in immune response. The drugs Selenium and Micronutrients have been mentioned in the context of this disorder. Affiliated tissues include heart, liver and thyroid, and related phenotype is immune system ...
Japans largest platform for academic e-journals: J-STAGE is a full text database for reviewed academic papers published by Japanese societies
AB - BackgroundOral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is less immunogenic in low- or middle-income than in high-income countries. We tested whether bacterial and viral components of the intestinal microbiota are associated with this phenomenon.MethodsWe assessed the prevalence of enteropathogens using TaqMan array cards 14 days before and at vaccination in 704 Indian infants (aged 6-11 months) receiving monovalent type 3 OPV (CTRI/2014/05/004588). Nonpolio enterovirus (NPEV) serotypes were identified by means of VP1 sequencing. In 120 infants, the prevaccination bacterial microbiota was characterized using 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing.ResultsWe detected 56 NPEV serotypes on the day of vaccination. Concurrent NPEVs were associated with a reduction in OPV seroconversion, consistent across species (odds ratio [95% confidence interval], 0.57 [.36-.90], 0.61 [.43-.86], and 0.69 [.41-1.16] for species A, B, and C, respectively). Recently acquired enterovirus infections, detected at vaccination but not 14 days ...
Kids infected with enterovirus more likely to have type 1 diabetes A new research published in Diabetologia implies that children who have been infected with enterovirus are 48 percent more likely to are suffering from type 1 diabetes. The scholarly study is definitely by Dr Tsai Chung-Li, China Medical University, Taiwan, and colleagues proper dose . Type 1 diabetes is known as to be caused by complex conversation between genetic susceptibility, the disease fighting capability, and environmental elements, say the authors. Although cue for genetic predisposition has been elucidated, proof also points to involvement of enterovirus infection, including infections such as poliovirus, Coxsackievirus A, Coxsackievirus B, and echovirus. To investigate the link between EV an infection and subsequent type 1 diabetes, the researchers used nationwide population-based data from Taiwans national medical health insurance system.. ...
FUNDING NOTICE. The Glycosmedia website and newsletter has been made possible with funding support from our sponsors. None of our sponsors have control over the content of the website, newsletter, apps, Twitter feed or RSS newsfeed.. For information about sponsorship and advertising please contact our editor-in-chief Jim Young [email protected] ...
Researchers from the University of New South Wales, Australia, reviewed 26 previous studies examining enterovirus infection and Type 1 diabetes, involving a total of 4,448 people.. ...
This new foundation, led by top researchers, is funding studies to detect & treat the elusive enterovirus infections that many believe trigger and per
Enterovirus D68 was identified as the causative agent in an outbreak of severe respiratory illness in children in Missouri. Enterovirus infection causes mild to severe respiratory illness with severe disease found primarily in children with a history of asthma or wheezing. Molecular detection by PCR is recommended for rapid diagnosis, but will not speciate the enteroviruses. If specific serotyping is required, samples should be submitted to a state health laboratory or the CDC.. Resources:. ...
Not to bury the lead but.... Dr. C says that he obtained tissues samples from a recent patient of his who, tragically, committed suicide. The family was kind enough to donate the body to Dr. Cs research. (Side note: Im trying to walk a fine line here because Dr. C states that his findings will be announced at the March IACFS conference and not before then, so I dont want to steal his thunder). All I can reveal at this point is that Dr. C found a raging enterovirus infection all throughout a major, very critical organ from this deceased patients body. (Im sorry, I cant reveal the organ). Dr. C is certain that it is the same enterovirus he has been finding in the linings of the guts of his patients for years. (Although, he noted that this enterovirus was detected by the protein that it produces, not directly by sequencing the virus, which is very expensive. When and if he ever obtains the funds, he would like to sequence the virus from his organ sample and conclusively prove that it is the ...
From Mikovits to Lipkin to Montoya, and I think a couple in between, there have been studies noting some abnormalities in cytokine production, if...
The epidemiology of enteroviral infection in South Korea during 1999-2011 chronicles nationwide outbreaks and changing detection and subtyping methods used over the 13-year period. Of 14,657 patients whose samples were tested, 4,762 (32.5%) samples were positive for human enterovirus (human EV); as diagnostic methods improved, the rate of positive results increased. A seasonal trend of outbreaks was documented. Genotypes enterovirus 71, echovirus 30, coxsackievirus B5, enterovirus 6, and coxsackievirus B2 were the most common genotypes identified. Accurate test results correlated clinical syndromes to enterovirus genotypes: aseptic meningitis to echovirus 30, enterovirus 6, and coxsackievirus B5; hand, foot and mouth disease to coxsackievirus A16; and hand, foot and mouth disease with neurologic complications to enterovirus 71. There are currently no treatments specific to human EV infections; surveillance of enterovirus infections such as this study provides may assist with evaluating the need to
The use of the neutralisation assay in the serotyping of unknown enterovirus isolates has been successfully applied for years since its description by Lim and Benyesh-Melnick. However, the procedure is labour-intensive and time consuming. In addition, the continuous depletion of the Benyesh-Melnick sera makes it prohibitive for most diagnostic laboratories to continue using the assay. Owing to these factors, a majority of laboratories only type for the polioviruses and report any other enterovirus isolate as a nonpolio enterovirus. With this approach, however, important findings such as the isolation of a new enterovirus or association of a known enterovirus with a new clinical syndrome will remain unidentified. <br>In this study, a multiple-serum-pools approach similar to that described by Lim and Benyesh-Melnick (LBM) for the neutralisation test, was applied in an immunofluorescence (IMF) test for the rapid serotyping of enteroviruses. This test was able to type any unknown enterovirus
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is a well recognised disease in children. The aetiology, except for neuroblastoma accounting for a few patients, remains unknown.1 Viral infection is one of the presumed physiopathological mechanisms. We report a case of opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome due to enterovirus infection with spontaneous remission, no recurrence, and full recovery after 36 months follow up.. A two year old girl, with a previously normal development, exhibited acute ataxia after a two day history of fever and vomiting. One day later, she developed myoclonic jerks and opsoclonus. Initially, she was febrile (39°C), irritable, and unable to sit or to stand because of truncal ataxia. There was resistance to neck flexion. Rapid irregular and oscillatory eye movements were seen with continual myoclonus of the neck and limbs. Enterovirus RNA was detected in CSF at day 3 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR).2 The CSF, on day 3, contained 113 leucocytes/mm3 (98% lymphocytes and 2% polymorphonuclear ...
Objective: In order to complete these data and to answer clearly to the question of the role of persistent infection by enteroviruses in atherosclerosis, we propose this research program involving the Departments of Vascular Surgery of three University hospitals of the Rhône-Alpes region and of three laboratories of Virology interested by the relationship between chronic diseases and enterovirus infection... Methods: It is projected to include about one hundred voluntary adults exhibiting carotid atheromatous lesions requiring a surgical removal. Because of the difficulty to define a pertinent control group, each patient will be his/her own control. In addition to the fragment of pathologic carotid, it will be taken arterial and venous fragments from vessels that are never the seat of atherosclerosis lesions. To reach the best sensitivity, enterovirus RNA will be detected by nested RT-PCR.. Evaluation criteria: The main evaluation criterion will be the percentage of detection of enterovirus ...
1. Pallansch M, Roos R (2007) Enteroviruses: polioviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and newer enteroviruses. In: Knipe DM, Howley PM, editors. Fields Virology. 5th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 839-893.. 2. PlevkaP, PereraR, CardosaJ, KuhnRJ, RossmannMG (2012) Crystal structure of human enterovirus 71. Science 336: 1274.. 3. PlevkaP, PereraR, CardosaJ, KuhnRJ, RossmannMG (2012) Structure determination of enterovirus 71. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr 68: 1217-1222.. 4. WangX, PengW, RenJ, HuZ, XuJ, et al. (2012) A sensor-adaptor mechanism for enterovirus uncoating from structures of EV71. Nat Struct Mol Biol 19: 424-429.. 5. AlexanderJPJr, BadenL, PallanschMA, AndersonLJ (1994) Enterovirus 71 infections and neurologic disease-United States, 1977-1991. J Infect Dis 169: 905-908.. 6. McMinnPC (2002) An overview of the evolution of enterovirus 71 and its clinical and public health significance. FEMS Microbiol Rev 26: 91-107.. 7. OoiMH, WongSC, LewthwaiteP, ...
Enterovirus (EV-D68 and EV71) symptoms include runny nose, fever, cough, and sneezing. Get the facts on treatment and prevention of non-polio enteroviruses.
enterovirus - MedHelps enterovirus Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for enterovirus. Find enterovirus information, treatments for enterovirus and enterovirus symptoms.
As of 2015, no specific treatment exists for hand-foot-and-mouth disease and herpangina, two forms of enteroviruses called coxsackieviruses, except the administration of acetaminophen or ibuprofen...
The aim of this project is to study the particular characteristics and to unravel the molecular mechanism of action of novel inhibitors of the replication of picornaviruses (genus enterovirus) that have recently been discovered in our laboratory. The development of inhibitors of enterovirus replication is of utmost importance. Despite intensive vaccination campaigns, the poliovirus is still not eradicated. It is now widely accepted that antivirals will be needed to aid in the late stages of the polio endgame and in the post-polio era. Besides polio, many other enteroviruses cause a wide spectrum of diseases in man (aseptic meningitis; viral myocarditis, respiratory tract infections); there is no vaccine nor specific therapy available. Host institute ...
The National Poliovirus Laboratory of Greece was established in 1995. It has been a member of the WHO network of national reference laboratories.It has been responsible for the virological confirmation of the eradication of poliomyelitis in Greece. It is mow over 10 years since the last case of poliomyelitis was detected in Greece. The laboratory results are reported monthly of WHO. The laboratory has been participating in the proficiency testing and laboratory accreditation organized annually by WHO.. Services. Poliovirus isolation and characterization from cases of acute flaccid paralysis. Enterovirus isolation and characterization form clinical specimens. Enterovirus detection by WHO proposed methodology and by molecular methods. Serology for enteroviruses. Isolation and characterization of enteroviruses from environmental samples.. Contact persons:. Andreas Mentis, [email protected] ...
... (EV68, EV-D68 or HEV68) is a type of enterovirus (see Enterovirus) that can cause mild to severe respiratory illness. Enteroviruses as a group are fairly common illnesses however EV68 is uncommon. Enterovirus-68 infections are difficult to track, because its symptoms are like the symptoms of the common cold and other illnesses. Many hospitals and clinics do not test for specific types of enteroviruses. Common symptoms include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough, and body/muscle aches. However, more severe infections may cause difficulty in breathing and even respiratory failure. Infants and children under the age of 5 are at the highest risk for serious infections, but older children and teenagers may also be at risk, because they have not yet developed immunity (protection from) to many viruses. Children with asthma seem to have a higher risk for respiratory problems with this virus and may need to be hospitalized. The virus can be spread through saliva, sneezing, or touching ...
Enteroviruses cause a range of human and animal diseases, some life-threatening, but there remain no licenced anti-enterovirus drugs. However, a benzene-sulfonamide derivative and related compounds have been shown recently to block infection of a range of enteroviruses by binding the capsid at a positively-charged surface depression conserved across many enteroviruses. It has also been established that glutathione is essential for the assembly of many enteroviruses, interacting with the capsid proteins to facilitate the formation of the pentameric assembly intermediate, although the mechanism is unknown. Here we show, by high resolution structure analyses of enterovirus F3, that reduced glutathione binds to the same interprotomer pocket as the benzene-sulfonamide derivative. Bound glutathione makes strong interactions with adjacent protomers, thereby explaining the underlying biological role of this druggable binding pocket and delineating the pharmacophore for potential antivirals.
PEREZ, Ana C. et al. Hepatitis and coagulopathy secondary to neonatal enteroviral infection. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2009, vol.107, n.6, pp.550-553. ISSN 0325-0075.. Enteroviruses cause a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations in neonates, from asymptomatic infection to severe and fulminant, sometimes fatal disease. A septic disease is the clinical manifestation of one fourth of the cases in neonates, with multiorganic affection. Hepatitis and coagulopathy are related to bad prognosis, generally associated to catastrophic hemorrhages. In those cases, an aggressive support therapy and correct administration of platelet and clotting factor replacement is necessary. The liver, in survivors, frequently has sufficient regenerative capacity to allow normalization of hepatic function and adequate growth of the child. We present the case of a newborn who developed hepatitis and coagulopathy secondary to an enteroviral infection, with total recovery and absence of hemorrhagic complication. Her ...
With an increase in viral illness being reported locally, and clusters of enterovirus EV-D68 growing across WV, Princeton Health Care is protecting its residents of the long-term care facility by limiting visitors to only those who are healthy.. Princeton Health Care Centers physician and infection control preventionist have carefully reviewed recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control. After this careful consideration, the decision has been made to limit visitors to only those who are healthy until further notice.. We are seeing an increase in respiratory illness in the region. Implementing our visitor limitations helps to protect our residents who may already be facing medical challenges.. Enteroviruses are very common viruses; there are more than 100 types. Most people infected with enteroviruses have no symptoms or only mild symptoms, but some infections can be serious. Infants, children and teenagers are most likely to get infected with enteroviruses and become sick. Most ...
Enterovirus: This group includes enteroviruses, which attack the vertebrate intestinal tract and often invade the central nervous system as well; rhinoviruses, which infect the tissues in the vertebrate nose; and the virus agent of foot-and-mouth disease. Among the enteroviruses are polioviruses, echoviruses (enteric, cytopathogenic, human, orphan), and Coxsackie viruses.
Physical examination findings in enteroviral disease vary greatly depending on the type of illness and etiologic agent, as follows: Nonspecific febrile illness: Physical findings are those of general... more
Most patients with type 1 diabetes are considered to have a T-cell mediated autoimmune disease. The chemokine CXCL10 promotes the migration of activated T-cells. Virus infections might contribute to the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes and enterovirus protein and/or genome have been detected in beta-cells from a majority of tested newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes. The chemokine CXCL10 is induced in human islet cells by enterovirus infections in vivo and in vitro, but is not expressed in islets from normal organ donors. Since CXCL10 is a chemokine known to be induced by virus infections and/or cellular damage, our aim was to study if levels of CXCL10 are elevated in serum from children with type 1 diabetes and whether it correlates to the presence of enterovirus markers. CXCL10, neutralizing antibody titer rises against certain enterovirus, and antibodies against GAD65 were measured in serum, and enterovirus PCR was performed on whole blood from 83 type 1 diabetes patients at onset, ...
We describe an improvement of an earlier reported real-time RT-PCR assay for the detection of enterovirus RNA, based on the 5 exonuclease digestion of a dual-labeled fluorogenic probe by Taq DNA polymerase. A different extraction method, real-time RT-PCR instrument and primer set were evaluated. Our data show that the optimized assay yields a higher sensitivity and reproducibility and resulted in a significant reduced hands-on time per sample.
Several cases of the respiratory illness enterovirus have been detected in children in B.C. this summer, prompting a warning to take precautions from the provincial centre for disease control.. The BCCDC says eight children, most of them under two years old, have had confirmed cases of the infection.. Most people with enterovirus have only mild, cold-like symptoms, but the more severe cases can come with neurological complications such as muscle weakness or even paralysis.. People with asthma and other lung conditions are more susceptible to serious complications.. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Danuta Skowronski says the numbers are low so far, but more infections are likely to occur in the fall and early winter period.. Unlike the flu, there is no vaccine available for enterovirus and officials say cleaning hands regularly and staying home when you are ill to protect yourself and others will help stop the circulation of the virus.. ...
Several cases of the respiratory illness enterovirus have been detected in children in B.C. this summer, prompting a warning to take precautions from the provincial centre for disease control.. The BCCDC says eight children, most of them under two years old, have had confirmed cases of the infection.. Most people with enterovirus have only mild, cold-like symptoms, but the more severe cases can come with neurological complications such as muscle weakness or even paralysis.. People with asthma and other lung conditions are more susceptible to serious complications.. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Danuta Skowronski says the numbers are low so far, but more infections are likely to occur in the fall and early winter period.. Unlike the flu, there is no vaccine available for enterovirus and officials say cleaning hands regularly and staying home when you are ill to protect yourself and others will help stop the circulation of the virus.. ...
To develop a real-time diagnostic technique with Virosensor for Enterovirus 71 and Influenza Virus detection, the investigators conduct a prospective clinical study. In comparison with results from direct sequencing of Enterovirus 71 and Influenza Virus, the investigators evaluate the performance of virosensor , including reproducibility, sensitivity, specificity, and cross-reaction. The potential factors which may interfere with the results would be investigated. With such technique, the investigators hope to make early diagnosis and give Enterovirus 71 and Influenza Virus patients early treatment to reduce the complications and case-fatality rate ...
Enterovirus definition, any of several picornaviruses of the genus Enterovirus, including poliovirus, that infect the human gastrointestinal tract and cause diseases of the nervous system. See more.
关键词: 克山病, 褐土, 地理流行病学, 紫色土, 暗棕壤, 克山病区, 自然环境, 自然地理环境, 温带, 地方病 Abstract: The so-called Keshan disease is an endemic myocardosis. It was first identified in 1935 in Keshan county, Heilongjiang province, yet, up to date, the cause for this disease has not yet been well known. This paper tries to elucidate the geographical distribution and other basic epidemiological Characteristics of the disease from geogra-phical point of view, with a view to providing a geoscientific background for checking and curing the disease according to specific local conditions.First part describes the geograpical distribution and the basic epidemiologieal characteristics of the disease in our country.Second part analyses the relationship between the Keshan disease and its physical geographical environment. By means of integrated analysis of the geographical ele-ments we find that the disease and its physical environment is very closely related. ...
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , bio-gentaur \ VIROLOGY Enterovirus Type 71 Sucrose Purified \ GEN0810047SP for more molecular products just contact us
View Enterovirus Type 68 Major Group (09/2014 Isolate 4) Culture Fluid (1 mL) 0810304CF from our online collection of viruses, microorganisms, and other products for infectious disease diagnostic development. Browse our larger selection of Microorganisms,Microorganisms,Microorganisms for Assay Developers,Research and Development,Clinical Laboratories products from ZeptoMetrix.
Submit a raw clinical sample (not a culture isolate) for enterovirus PCR. This test will detect enterovirus, but will not differentiate viruses in this family or provide serotyping information.. Collection Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA). Submission Container/Tube: Screw-capped, sterile container. Specimen Volume: 1 mL. Collection Instructions: Spin down promptly.. ...
Aseptic Meningitis, Cerebrospinal Fluid, Concentration, Diseases, Echovirus, Enterovirus, Enterovirus Infections, Evaluation, Genome, Genomes, Human, Hydrolysis, Infections, Limit Of Detection, Meningitis, Research, RNA, Sensitivity, Specificity, Standards
Doctors at Advocate Sherman Hospital say Kane County parents should be aware but not unduly concerned about reports that children in Colorado who have tested positive for enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) recently were diagnosed with neurological symptoms that include limb weakness and temporary paralysis.. According to a report in Sherman Hospitals excellent e-news page the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that nine children were diagnosed with temporary paralysis. Four of those children tested positive for EV-D68, with another two children reportedly having another enterovirus or rhinovirus strain.. Dr. James Malow, infectious disease specialist at Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, agrees that these reports are no reason for undue concern among parents at this time, but parents should be aware of the situation.. "This is something that needs to be investigated fully. We need to see what develops," he says. "Thats why the CDC is contacting state and local health officials - ...
There are many types of enteroviruses. The viruses mostly cause illness in babies, children, and teens. This is because most adults have already had enteroviruses and have built up immunity.
testing analysis of enterovirus detection, E. coli, Cryptosporidium, giardia, Fecal coliform, bacteriological analysis, water pollution, Virology, bacteriology, protozoan parasites, Enterococcus, endocrine disrupter, bacteriological material testing
Enterovirus infection, laboratory role in management of bloodborne viruses, virus infection in immunocompromised patients, antiviral resistance, application of NGS in diagnostic virology laboratory, clinical virology training ...
Enteroviral infections of the heart are among the most commonly identified causes of acute myocarditis in children and adults and have been implicated in dilated cardiomyopathy. Although there is considerable information regarding the cellular immune response in myocarditis, little is known about innate signaling mechanisms within the infected cardiac myocyte that contribute to the host defense against viral infection. Here we show the essential role of Janus kinase (JAK) signaling in cardiac myocyte antiviral defense and a negative role of an intrinsic JAK inhibitor, the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS), in the early disease process. Cardiac myocyte-specific transgenic expression of SOCS1 inhibited enterovirus-induced signaling of JAK and the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), with accompanying increases in viral replication, cardiomyopathy, and mortality in coxsackievirus-infected mice. Furthermore, the inhibition of SOCS in the cardiac myocyte through ...
Enteroviral infections of the heart are among the most commonly identified causes of acute myocarditis in children and adults and have been implicated in dilated cardiomyopathy. Although there is considerable information regarding the cellular immune response in myocarditis, little is known about innate signaling mechanisms within the infected cardiac myocyte that contribute to the host defense against viral infection. Here we show the essential role of Janus kinase (JAK) signaling in cardiac myocyte antiviral defense and a negative role of an intrinsic JAK inhibitor, the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS), in the early disease process. Cardiac myocyte-specific transgenic expression of SOCS1 inhibited enterovirus-induced signaling of JAK and the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT), with accompanying increases in viral replication, cardiomyopathy, and mortality in coxsackievirus-infected mice. Furthermore, the inhibition of SOCS in the cardiac myocyte through ...
BROOMFIELD, CO--(Marketwired - October 20, 2016) - ViroCyt®, the innovator in rapid virus quantification, and recently acquired by Sartorius, a leading international pharmaceutical and laboratory equipment provider, announced today the addition of another member of its ViroTag® portfolio of antibody-based detection reagents: ViroTag EV71.Enterovirus 71 or EV71 causes epidemics of...
An attenuated strain of enterovirus 71 belonging to genotype a showed a broad spectrum of antigenicity with attenuated neurovirulence in cynomolgus monkeys.: En
(Lily Choi | The Oswegonian) Cases of the enterovirus (EV-D68), the respiratory illnesses caused by an uncommon virus that has infected people in 13 different
The Enterovirus, an offshoot of the flu, has made a resurgence across the country. Over 700 people have caught the virus since the beginning of the outbreak in the early months of August.